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Automatic Light Switching

Abstract:

When we think about warehouses of today’s industries, the first thought that pops is “THE

DARKNESS”. This paper deals with the automatic switching ON and OFF of lights in warehouses using microprocessors and sensors. The circuit consists of two optical sensors, counters, photo transistors and relay switches. One optical sensor is installed at the entry door and another optical sensor is installed at the exit door of the ware house. The receiver sections of the sensors are connected to the photo transistors that produce voltage on incident light. When a person enters the warehouse, the rays from the optical sensor-1(at the entry door) are cut and hence the voltage produced by the photo transistor-1 is lowered. On this lowered voltage, the counter-1 increases its count by ONE. Similar connections are made with the sensor-2 (at the exit door). The rays from it are cut when a person leaves the warehouse.

Microcontroller Comparator
Microcontroller
Comparator

The counter-2 that is connected to the sensor-2 will count the number of persons leaving the warehouse. A comparator is connected across both the counters. When the difference between the two counters is NOT ZERO, a signal is sent from the comparator to drive the relay switch in order to switch ON the lights. The switch is ON as long as the difference between the two counters is NOT ZERO i.e. as long as there is some person inside the warehouse. Thus the light is switched ON and OFF without manual switching ON. Moreover the energy can be saved because the lights are switched ON only when a person enters the warehouse and are switched OFF as soon as everyone leaves the warehouse. An external circuit for manual operation can be provided in case of emergencies.

Block diagram:

Entry Level

Wireless transceiver

Automatic Light Switching Abstract: When we think about warehouses of today’s industries, the first thought that

Exit Level

Wireless transceiver

Automatic Light Switching Abstract: When we think about warehouses of today’s industries, the first thought that

Scope:

Compa

rator

In this project you will learn about

  • 1. Micro controller

  • 2. Interfacing

    • a. SENSOR

    • b. COMPARATOR

  • 3. PCB DESIGNING

  • Tolls required:

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    Micro controller IDE and KiCAD

    Micro controller IDE and KiCAD http://prayogtech.co.in/#act/academicprojects.html

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