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# APPENDIX

## Review for the Fundamentals of Engineering Examination

The Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam is given semiannually by the National Council of Engineering Examiners (NCEE) and is one of the requirements for obtaining a Professional Engineering License.A portion of this exam contains problems in statics, and this appendix provides a review of the subject matter most often asked on this exam. Before solving any of the problems, you should review the sections indicated in each chapter in order to become familiar with the boldfaced definitions and the procedures used to solve the various types of problems. Also, review the example problems in these sections. The following problems are arranged in the same sequence as the topics in each chapter. Besides helping as a preparation for the FE exam, these problems also provide additional examples for general practice of the subject matter. Solutions to all the problems are given at the back of this appendix.

## Chapter 2Review All Sections

C-1. Two forces act on the hook. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force. C-2. The force F = 450 lb acts on the frame. Resolve this force into components acting along members AB and AC, and determine the magnitude of each component.
30

## C 45 450 lb 30 200 N 40 B 500 N

618

Prob. C1

Prob. C2

APPENDIX C R E V I E W

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619

## C-3. Determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant force.

C-5. The force has a component of 20 N directed along the -y axis as shown. Represent the force F as a Cartesian vector.

y 250 N
3 4 5

## z 400 N F x 300 N 150 20 N 70 y

30

Prob. C3

Prob. C5

C-4. If F = 530i + 50j - 45k6 N, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the force.
z

C-6. The force acts on the beam as shown. Determine its coordinate direction angles.

45 x x 30

75 lb

Prob. C4

Prob. C6

620

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

F U N D A M E N TA L S

OF

E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N

C-7. The cables supporting the antenna are subjected to the forces shown. Represent each force as a Cartesian vector.
z F1 F2 F3 80 lb 100 ft 160 lb

C-9. Determine the component of projection of the force F along the pipe AB.
z

100 lb

## B F 10 ft 20 ft 4 ft A 3 ft { 20i 30j 60k} lb

2 ft

20 ft

60 ft x 30 ft

Prob. C9 Prob. C7 C-8. Determine the angle u between the two cords.

## Chapter 3Review Sections 3.13.3

C-10. The crate at D has a weight of 550 lb. Determine the force in each supporting cable.

z C A 2m 30 2m u x 4m 2m B y 2m D A B
5 3 4

2m

Prob. C8

Prob. C10

APPENDIX C R E V I E W

FOR THE

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E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N

621

C-11. The beam has a weight of 700 lb. Determine the shortest cable ABC that can be used to lift it if the maximum force the cable can sustain is 1500 lb.

C-13. The post can be removed by a vertical force of 400 lb. Determine the force P that must be applied to the cord in order to pull the post out of the ground.

B
4 3 5

B A u A 10 ft u C P

30

Prob. C11

Prob. C13

C-12. The block has a mass of 5 kg and rests on the smooth plane. Determine the unstretched length of the spring.

## Chapter 4Review All Sections

C-14. Determine the moment of the force about point O.

0.3 m

600 lb 20 0.5 ft

200 N/m

0.4 m 30 O 45 5 ft

Prob. C12

Prob. C14

622

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

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E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N

C-15. Determine the moment of the force about point O. Neglect the thickness of the member.

C-17. Determine the moment of the force about point A. Express the result as a Cartesian vector.

50 N 100 mm 60

6m A 1m 45 O 100 mm x 200 mm 1m 1m 5m

{30i

40j

50k} N

y 2m

Prob. C15

Prob. C17

C-16.

## Determine the moment of the force about point O.

C-18. Determine the moment of the force about point A. Express the result as a Cartesian vector.

z B 500 N F 130 lb

14 ft 3m 45 O 1 ft 3 ft A

C 2 ft 2 ft 4 ft y

5 ft

Prob. C16

Prob. C18

APPENDIX C R E V I E W

FOR THE

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623

## C-19. Determine the resultant couple moment acting on the beam.

C-21. Replace the loading shown by an equivalent resultant force and couple-moment system at point A.

400 N

400 N

40 N 30 N 200 N m

## 200 N 0.2 m 200 N 3m 2m 300 N 3m 3m A B

3 4 5

50 N

300 N

Prob. C19

Prob. C21

C-20. Determine the resultant couple moment acting on the triangular plate.

C-22. Replace the loading shown by an equivalent resultant force and couple-moment system at point A.

4 ft

4 ft 4 ft

200 lb

## 150 lb A 4 ft 300 lb 300 lb 3 ft 150 lb 3 ft 200 lb

Prob. C20

Prob. C22

624

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

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E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N

C-23. Replace the loading shown by an equivalent single resultant force and specify where the force acts, measured from point O.

C-25. Replace the loading shown by an equivalent single resultant force and specify the x and y coordinates of its line of action.

## y 500 lb 250 lb 3 m 200 N 2m 1m 500 lb

z 200 N 2m 1m 3m

100 N 3m

100 N

3 ft

3 ft

3 ft

3 ft

Prob. C23

Prob. C25

C-24. Replace the loading shown by an equivalent single resultant force and specify the x and y coordinates of its line of action.

C-26. Determine the resultant force and specify where it acts on the beam measured from A.

150 lb/ft

## 400 N 100 N 3m 500 N 4m 4m y 6 ft 8 ft A B

Prob. C24

Prob. C26

APPENDIX C R E V I E W

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625

C-27. Determine the resultant force and specify where it acts on the beam measured from A.

## Chapter 5Review Sections 5.15.6

C-29. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of reaction at the supports. Neglect the thickness of the beam.

## w 160 N/m w A 2.5x3 A x 5 ft 4m 5 ft B 5 ft 500 lb

4 3 5

600 lb ft

Prob. C27

Prob. C29

C-28. Determine the resultant force and specify where it acts on the beam measured from A.

C-30. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of reaction at the supports.

## 500 N 200 lb/ft 150 lb/ft 0.5 m A A 6 ft 3 ft 3 ft B 2m 2m B 500 lb 400 N

Prob. C28

Prob. C30

626

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

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E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N

C-31. Determine the components of reaction at the fixed support A. Neglect the thickness of the beam.

C-33. The uniform plate has a weight of 500 lb. Determine the tension in each of the supporting cables.

200 N

200 N

200 N z A

30 1m 3m 1m 1m 400 N

C 200 lb y 2 ft 2 ft

60 A x 3 ft

Prob. C31

Prob. C33

C-32. Determine the tension in the cable and the horizontal and vertical components of reaction at the pin A. Neglect the size of the pulley.

## Chapter 6Review Sections 6.16.4, 6.6

C-34. Determine the force in each member of the truss. State if the members are in tension or compression.

C B

6 ft D A B 4 ft 4 ft 300 lb 4 ft 600 lb ft D

3 ft

A 2 ft 2 ft

300 lb

Prob. C32

Prob. C34

APPENDIX C R E V I E W

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627

C-35. Determine the force in members AE and DC. State if the members are in tension or compression.

C-37. Determine the force in members GF, FC, and CD. State if the members are in tension or compression.

1000 lb

## 6 ft F E D 700 lb 3 ft C B 4 ft 800 lb A B 4 ft G 500 lb C 6 ft F D

6 ft

Prob. C35
8 ft

Prob. C37

C-36. Determine the force in members BC, CF, and FE. State if the members are in tension or compression.

C-38. Determine the force P needed to hold the 60-lb weight in equilibrium.

4 ft

A 4 ft

B 600 lb

4 ft

C 600 lb

D 4 ft 800 lb

Prob. C36

Prob. C38

628

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

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## C-39. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of reaction at pin C.

C-41. Determine the normal force that the 100-lb plate A exerts on the 30-lb plate B.

500 lb 400 lb B

4 ft A 3 ft 3 ft 3 ft 3 ft B 1 ft 4 ft 1 ft A

Prob. C39

Prob. C41

## C-40. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of reaction at pin C.

C-42. Determine the force P needed to lift the load. Also, determine the proper placement x of the hook for equilibrium. Neglect the weight of the beam.

0.9 m

400 N 800 N m 1m 2m C 1m B 1m A 1m

100 mm

100 mm

100 mm

x 6 kN

Prob. C40

Prob. C42

APPENDIX C R E V I E W

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629

## Chapter 7Review Section 7.1

C-43. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and moment acting in the beam at point B.

## Chapter 8Review Sections 8.18.2

C-46. Determine the force P needed to move the 100-lb block. The coefficient of static friction is ms = 0.3, and the coefficient of kinetic friction is mk = 0.25. Neglect tipping.

8 kN 3 kN/m

P 30

## Prob. C43 Prob. C46

C-44. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and moment acting in the beam at point B, which is located just to the left of the 800-lb force.

800 lb

400 lb 300 lb ft

C-47. Determine the vertical force P needed to rotate the 200-lb spool. The coefficient of static friction at all contacting surfaces is ms = 0.4.

A B 6 ft 3 ft C 3 ft 2 ft P

Prob. C44

C-45. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and moment acting in the beam at point B.
12 in. 6 in. 3 kN/m A

30

A 6m

B 3m

C B

Prob. C45

Prob. C47

630

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

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C-48. Block A has a weight of 30 lb and block B weighs 50 lb. If the coefficient of static friction is ms = 0.4 between all contacting surfaces, determine the frictional force at each surface.

C-50. The filing cabinet A has a mass of 60 kg and center of mass at G. It rests on a 10-kg plank. Determine the smallest force P needed to move it. The coefficient of static friction between the cabinet A and the plank B is ms = 0.4, and between the plank and the floor ms = 0.3.

20 lb 30 B 0.8 m

0.2 m 0.2 m A

P A 10 lb G

1.3 m

Prob. C48

1m

C-49. Determine the force P necessary to move the 250-lb crate which has a center of gravity at G. The coefficient of static friction at the floor is ms = 0.4.

Prob. C50

## Chapter 9Review Sections 9.19.3

(Integration is covered in the mathematics portion of the exam.) C-51. Determine the location (x, y) of the centroid of the area.

1.5 ft 1.5 ft

P G 4.5 ft

2.5 ft

3.5 ft 2 ft A 2 ft 3 ft 3 ft

3 ft x

Prob. C49

Prob. C51

## APPENDIX C R E V I E W C-52. area.

FOR THE

F U N D A M E N TA L S

OF

E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N

631

## Determine the location (x, y) of the centroid of the

C-54. Determine the moment of inertia of the area with respect to the x axis.

## Chapter 10Review Sections 10.110.5

(Integration is covered in the mathematics portion of the exam.) C-53. Determine the moment of inertia of the crosssectional area of the channel with respect to the y axis.

C-55. Determine the moment of inertia of the crosssectional area of the T-beam with respect to the x axis passing through the centroid of the cross section.

8 in. 2 in.

## 20 mm 100 mm 20 mm 150 mm x 20 mm 8 in. C

150 mm

2 in.

Prob. C53

Prob. C55

632

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

F U N D A M E N TA L S

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E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N

## Partial Solutions and Answers

C1. 45.93 b = 52.2 Ans. 75 45.93 b = cos-1 a b = 52.2 Ans. 75 -37.5 g = cos-1 a b = 120 Ans. 75 C7. F1 = 160 lb a = C3. 4 FRx = 300 + 400 cos 30 - 250 a b = 446.4 N 5 3 FRy = 400 sin 30 + 250 a b = 350 N 5 Ans. FR = 41446.422 + 3502 = 567 N 350 u = tan-1 Ans. = 38.1 a 446.4 F = 4302 + 502 + 1-4522 30 b = 66.0 a = cos-1 a 73.7 50 b = 47.2 b = cos-1 a 73.7 -45 g = cos-1 a b = 128 73.7 Fy = -20 Fy = cos b F F = ` C8. = 73.7 N Ans. F2 = = F3 = = 20 100 i kb 102.0 102.0 Ans. 5-31.4i - 157k6 lb 10 20 100 80 lb a i j kb 102.5 102.5 102.5 Ans. 57.81i - 15.6j - 78.1k6 lb 60 30 100 100 lb a i + j kb 120.4 120.4 120.4 549.8i + 24.9j - 83.0k6 lb Ans. a = cos-1 a

FR = 42002 + 5002 - 21200215002 cos 140 Ans. = 666 N FAB 450 = sin 105 sin 30 = 869 lb Ans. FAC 450 = sin 45 sin 30 FAC = 636 lb Ans.

C2.

C4.

rOA = 5-2i + 2j + 2k6 m rOB = 52i + 4j - 2k6 m cos u = rOA # rOB 1-2i + 2j + 2k2 # 12i + 4j - 2k2 u = 90 Ans. rOA rOB 212224

C9.

= 0

C5.

## FAB = F # uAB = 1-20i - 30j + 60k2 # a3 4 i - jb = 36 lb Ans. 5 5

cos g = 41 - cos2 70 - cos2 150 g = 68.61 1From Fig. g 6 902 F = 23.09 cos 70i + 23.09 cos 150j + 23.09 cos 68.61k = 57.90i - 20j + 8.42k6 N Ans. -20 ` = 23.09 N cos 150 C6. Fx = 75 cos 30 sin 45 = 45.93 Fy = 75 cos 30 cos 45 = 45.93 Fz = -75 sin 30 = -37.5

C10.

4 + : Fx = 0; FAC - FAB cos 30 = 0 5 3 + c Fy = 0; FAC + FAB sin 30 - 550 = 0 5 FAB = 478 lb Ans. FAC = 518 lb Ans. + c Fy = 0; -2115002 sin u + 700 = 0 u = 13.5 5 ft LABC = 2a b = 10.3 ft cos 13.5

C11.

PARTIAL SOLUTIONS AND ANSWERS 4 1F 2 - 519.812 sin 45 = 0 5 sp Fsp = 43.35 N Fsp = k1l - l02; 43.35 = 20010.5 - l02 l0 = 0.283 m Ans. C20. d+MCR = 300142 + 200142 + 150142 = 2600 lb # ft Ans. 4 + : FRx = Fx ;FRx = 1502 = 40 N 5 3 + TFRy = Fy ;FRy = 40 + 30 + 1502 5 = 100 N

633

C12.

+QFx = 0;

C21.

C13.

Ans. Ans.

Ans.

## +bMAR = MA ; MAR = 30132 + 3 1502162 + 200 5 = 470 N # m Ans.

C14.

d+MO = 600 sin 50 152 + 600 cos 50 10.52 = 2.49 kip # ft Ans. e+MO = 50 sin 60 10.1 + 0.2 cos 45 + 0.12 - 50 cos 60 10.2 sin 452 = 11.2 N # m Ans. d+MO = 500 sin 45 13 + 3 cos 452 - 500 cos 45 13 sin 452 = 1.06 kN # m Ans. i j k 6 5 3 M A = rAB * F = 3 1 30 40 -50 = 5-500i + 200j - 140k6 N # m Ans. F = 130 lb a 4 12 3 i + j kb 13 13 13 = 5-30i + 40j - 120k6 lb C23. C22.

C15.

3 + ; FRx = Fx ; FRx = 200 - 11002 = 140 lb 5 4 + TFRy = Fy ; FRy = 150 - 11002 = 70 lb 5 FR = 41402 + 702 = 157 lb 70 b = 26.6 d u = tan-1 a 140

C16.

Ans. Ans.

## +bMAR = MA ; MAR = MRA 3 4 11002142 - 11002162 + 150132 5 5 Ans. = 210 lb # ft

C17.

C18.

+ TFR = Fy ; FR = 500 + 250 + 500 = 1250 lb +bFRx = MO ; 12501x2 = 500132 + 250162 + 500192 x = 6 ft

i j k -6 14 3 M A = rAB * F = 3 -3 -30 40 -120 # ft Ans. = 5160i - 780j - 300k6 lb C19. e+MCR = MA = 400132 - 400152 + 300152 + 20010.22 = 740 N # m Ans. Also, e+MCR = 300152 - 400122 + 20010.22 = 740 N # m Ans.

Ans.

Ans.

C24.

## MRx = Mx ; -800y = -400142 - 500142 800x = 500142 - 100132

634
C25.

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

F U N D A M E N TA L S

OF

## E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N + : Fx = 0; -A x + 400 = 0; A x = 400 N Ans. By = 300 N

+ TFR = Fy ; FR = 200 + 200 + 100 + 100 Ans. = 600 N MRx = Mx ; -600y = 200112 + 200112 + 100132 - 100132 y = -0.667 m Ans. MRy = My ; 600x = 100132 + 100132 + 200122 - 200132 x = 0.667 m Ans. FR = +bMAR 1 16211502 + 811502 = 1650 lb 2 = MA ;

C30.

Ans.

## + c Fy = 0; A y + 300 - 500 = 0 A y = 200 N C31.

Ans.

C26.

Ans.

+ : Fx = 0; -A x + 400 cos 30 = 0 A x = 346 N Ans. + c Fy = 0; A y - 200 - 200 - 200 - 400 sin 30 = 0 A y = 800 N d+ MA = 0; MA - 20012.52 - 20013.52 - 20014.52 -400 sin 3014.52 - 400 cos 3013 sin 602 = 0 MA = 3.90 kN # m

Ans.

4

Ans.

C27.

FR = +bMAR

## w1x2 dx = 2.5x dx = 160 N 0 L L = MA ;

4

Ans.
C32. +gMA = 0; T142 + 3 T1122 - 300182 - 600 = 0 5 T = 267.9 = 268 lb Ans.

x =

xw1x2 dx L = w1x2 dx L

0 L

## 2.5x4 dx 160 = 3.20 m

Ans.

4 + : Fx = 0; A x - a b1267.92 = 0 5 A x = 214 lb Ans. 3 + c Fy = 0; A y + 267.9 + a b1267.92 - 300 = 0 5 A y = -129 lb Ans. C33. Fz = 0; TA + TB + TC - 200 - 500 = 0

C28.

+ TFR = Fy ; FR =

## 1 1502162 + 150162 + 500 2 = 1550 lb Ans.

+bMAR = MA ; 1 1550d = c 1502162 d142 + [150162]132 + 500192 2 d = 5.03 ft Ans. C29. 3 + : Fx = 0; -A x + 500a b = 0 5 A x = 300 lb Ans. 4 +gMA = 0; By1102 - 500a b 152 - 600 = 0 5 By = 260 lb Ans. 4 + c Fy = 0; A y + 260 - 500 a b = 0 5 A y = 140 lb Ans. Mx = 0; TA132 + TC132 - 50011.52 - 200132 = 0 My = 0; -TB142 - TC142 + 500122 + 200122 = 0 TA = 350 lb, TB = 250 lb, TC = 100 lb

Ans.

C34.

Joint D: + c Fy = 0; 3 F - 300 = 0; 5 CD

Ans.

## 4 + : Fx = 0; -FAD + 15002 = 0; 5 FAD = 400 lb 1C2

Ans.

PARTIAL SOLUTIONS AND ANSWERS Joint C: +RFy = 0; FCA = 0 FCB = 500 lb 1T2 Ans. Joint A: + c Fy = 0; FAB = 0 C35. C38. + c Fy = 0; 3P - 60 = 0 P = 20 lb Ans. C39. +gMC = 0;

635

Ans.

+QFx = 0; FCB - 500 = 0; 4 - a b1FAB2192 + 400162 + 500132 = 0 5 FAB = 541.67 lb 3 + : Fx = 0; -Cx + 1541.672 = 0 5 Cx = 325 lb Ans. 4 + c Fy = 0; Cy + 1541.672 - 400 - 500 = 0 5 Cy = 467 lb Ans. C40. +gMC = 0; FAB cos 45112 - FAB sin 45132 + 800 + 400122 = 0 FAB = 1131.37 N + : Fx = 0; -Cx + 1131.37 cos 45 = 0 Cx = 800 N Ans. + c Fy = 0; -Cy + 1131.37 sin 45 - 400 = 0 Cy = 400 N Ans. C41. Plate A: + c Fy = 0; 2T + NAB - 100 = 0 Plate B: + c Fy = 0; 2T - NAB - 30 = 0 T = 32.5 lb, NAB = 35 lb C42.

Ans.

Ans.

## Joint C: + c Fy = 0; -FDC + 400 = 0; FDC = 400 lb 1C2 Ans.

C36.

Section truss through FE, FC, BC. Use the right segment. + c Fy = 0; FCF sin 45 - 600 - 800 = 0 +gMC = 0; FFE142 - 800142 = 0 T + MF = 0; FBC142 - 600142 - 800182 = 0 FBC = 2200 lb 1C2 Ans. FFE = 800 lb 1T2 Ans. FCF = 1980 lb 1T2 Ans.

C37.

Section truss through GF, FC, DC. Use the top segment. +gMC = 0; FGF182 - 700162 - 10001122 = 0 FGF = 2025 lb 1T2 Ans. 4 + : Fx = 0; - FFC + 700 + 1000 = 0 5 d+ MF = 0; FCD182 - 1000162 = 0 FCD = 750 lb 1C2 Ans. FFC = 2125 lb 1C2 Ans.

Ans.

## Pulley C: + c Fy = 0; T - 2P = 0; T = 2P Beam: + c Fy = 0; 2P + P - 6 = 0 P = 2 kN Ans. +gMA = 0; 2112 - 61x2 = 0 x = 0.333 m Ans.

636
C43.

APPENDIX C

REVIEW

FOR THE

F U N D A M E N TA L S

OF

## E N G I N E E R I N G E X A M I N AT I O N Block B: + c Fy = 0; NB - 20 sin 30 - 50 = 0 NB = 60 lb + : Fx = 0; FB - 20 cos 30 = 0 FB = 17.3 lb 160.4160 lb22

A y = 8.75 kN. Use segment AB. + : Fx = 0; NB = 0 Ans. + c Fy = 0; 8.75 - 311.52 - V = 0 B V = 4.25 kN Ans. B +gMB = 0; MB + 311.5210.752 - 8.7511.52 = 0 MB = 9.75 kN # m Ans.

C48.

Ans.

## Blocks A and B: + c Fy = 0; NA - 30 - 50 - 20 sin 30 = 0

C44.

A x = 0, A y = 100 lb. Use segment AB. + : Fx = 0; NB = 0 Ans. + c Fy = 0; 100 - V = 0 B V = 100 lb Ans. B +gMB = 0; MB - 100162 = 0 MB = 600 lb # ft Ans. C49.

## NA = 90 lb + : Fx = 0; FA - 20 cos 30 - 10 = 0 FA = 27.3 lb 160.4190 lb22 Ans.

If slipping occurs: + c Fy = 0; NC - 250 lb = 0 NC = 250 lb + : Fx = 0; P - 0.412502 = 0 P = 100 lb If tipping occurs: d+ MA = 0; -P14.52 + 25011.52 = 0 P = 83.3 lb Ans.

C45.

## A x = 0, A y = 4.5 kN, wB = 2 kN>m. Use segment AB. + : Fx = 0; NB = 0 + c Fy = 0; 4.5 -

Ans.

1 162122 + V = 0 B 2 C50.

## V = 1.5 kN Ans. B 1 +gMB = 0; MB + c 162122 d122 - 4.5162 = 0 2 MB = 15 kN # m C46.

P for A to slip on B: + c Fy = 0; NA - 6019.812 = 0 NA = 588.6 N + : Fx = 0; 0.41588.62 - P = 0 P = 235 N P for B to slip: + c Fy = 0; NB - 6019.812 - 1019.812 = 0 NB = 686.7 N + : Fx = 0; 0.31686.72 - P = 0 P = 206 N P to tip A: d+ MC = 0; P11.32 - 6019.81210.22 = 0 P = 90.6 N Ans.

Ans.

C47.

## +gMB = 0; 0.4NA1122 + NA1122 - P162 = 0 +gFy = 0; P + 0.4NA + NB - 200 = 0 P = 98.2 lb Ans.

+ : Fx = 0; 0.4NB - NA = 0

## PARTIAL SOLUTIONS AND ANSWERS ' xA = A 1 1 11202130023 11002126023 12 12

637

C51.

x =

C53.

Iy =

1 1-12122122 + 1.5132132 + 4 a b132132 2 = 1.57 ft 1 2122 + 3132 + 132132 2 ' yA y = = A 1 1122122 + 1.5132132 + 1 a b132132 2 = 1.26 ft 1 2122 + 3132 + 132132 2

## = 124 11062 mm4 I = 1I + Ad22 = c + c

Ans.
1 18211223 + 18211221622 d 12

C54.

Ans.

C55.

x =

## ' 4182122 + 9122182 xA = = 6.5 in. A 8122 + 2182

Ans.
Ix = 1I + Ad22 = c 1 1221823 + 18212216.5 - 422 d 12

C52.

x = 0 1symmetry2 y =

Ans. Ans.

+ c

Ans.