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Binary ionic Compounds Type 1 y Contain a positive ion-cation- always written first in the formula and a negative ionanion.

o The cation is named first and then anion o A monatomic-one atom- cation takes its name of the element. o A monatomic anion is named by taking the root if the element name and adding ide. Ex. NaClsodium chloride

Binary ionic Compounds type II y The ion with the higher charge has a name ending with ic, and the one with the lower charge has a name ending in ous o EX. Fe3+ is called ferric ion, and Fe2+ is called ferrous ion.

Ionic Compounds with Polyatomic Ions y y Oxyanions: anions that contain an atom of a given element and different numbers of oxygen atoms When there are two members in such a series, the name of the one with the smaller number of oxygen atoms ends in ite and the name of the one with larger numbers ends in ate o EX. SO32- = sulfite and SO42- = sulfate When more than two oxyanions make up a series, hypo-less than- and per- more than are used as prefixes to name the member of the series with the fewest and most oxygen atoms, respectively. o ClO- = hypo chlorite o ClO2- = chlorite o ClO3- = chlorate o ClO4- = perchlorate

Binary Compounds Type III; Covalent y y Binary covalent compounds-formed between two nonmetals Do not contain ions, though named similarly o The first element in the formula is named first, using its full name o The second element is named as if it were an anion. o Prefixes are used to denote the number of atoms present  Mono-1; Di-2; Tri-3; Tetra-4; Penta-5; Hexa-6; Hepta-7; Octa-8; Nona-9; Deca-10 o The prefix mono- is never used for naming the first element  Ex. CO is called carbon monoxide

Acids y y An acid can be viewed as a molecule with one or more H+ ions attached to an anion. The rules depend on whether or not the anion contains oxygen o If it does NOT, then the acid is named with the prefix hydro- and the suffix ic EX. HCl = hydrochloric acid o If it does contain oxygen, the acid is formed from the root name od the anion with a suffix ic or ous, depending on the name of the anion  If the anion name ends in ate, the ate is replaced by ic (or sometimes ric) y Ex. H2SO4 = sulfuric acid o If the anion has an ite ending, the ite is replaced by ous.  Ex. H2SO3 = sulfurous acid