DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
RINGKASAN ................................................................................................. i
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... ii
KATA PENGANTAR ................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI .................................................................................................. vi
DAFTAR TABEL .......................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR GAMBAR ..................................................................................... x
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN.................................................................................... xi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN ........................................................................ 1

BAB II

TEORI DASAR ............................................................................. 4
2.1

Sifat Fisik Lumpur pemboran................................................. 4
2.1.1 Densitas Lumpur Pemboran........................................ 4
2.1.2 Viskositas Lumpur Pemboran..................................... 6
2.1.3 Gel.Strength................................................................. 10
2.1.4 Laju Tapisan................................................................ 11
2.1.5 Mud Cake.................................................................... 12
2.1.6 Derajat Keasaman (pH)............................................... 13

2.2

Fungsi Lumpur Pemboran...................................................... 15

2.3

Sistem Sirkulasi Lumpur Pemboran....................................... 18

2.4

Komposisi Lumpur Pemboran................................................ 21

2.5

Jenis Lumpur Pemboran......................................................... 24
2.5.1 Lumpur Berbahan Dasar Air (Water Base)................. 24
vi

vii

DAFTAR ISI
(Lanjutan)
Halaman
2.5.2 Lumpur Berbahan Dasar Minyak (Oil based)............. 25
2.5.3 Lumpur Berbahan Dasar Gas...................................... 25
2.6
BAB III

Lumpur XCD Polimer( Xanthan Gum )................................. 26

METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ................................................. 28
3.1

Tujuan Pengamatan .............................................................. 27

3.2

Jenis Lumpur Yang Dipakai................................................... 27

3.3

Sistem Lumpur XCD Polimer Dengan
Bahan Dasar Air Asin............................................................. 29
3.3.1 Penentuan Jenis Berat.................................................. 31
3.3.2 Viskosity (Kekentalan)................................................ 32
3.3.3 Rheology Lumpur........................................................ 33
3.3.4 Gel Strength................................................................. 35
3.3.5 Laju Tapisan (Mud Cake)............................................ 35
3.3.6 Penentuan pH Lumpur................................................. 37

BAB IV

HASIL PENELITIAN DI LABORATORIUM ......................... 39
4.1

Spesifikasi Standar Lumpur Pemboran ................................ 39

4.2

Berat Jenis Lumpur Bor.......................................................... 40

4.3

Viskositas Lumpur ................................................................ 41

viii

DAFTAR ISI
(Lanjutan)
Halaman

BAB V

4.4

Rheology Lumpur ................................................................. 43

4.5

Gel Strength (Daya Agar)....................................................... 46

4.6

Laju Tapisan ......................................................................... 49

4.7

Mud Cake .............................................................................. 49

4.8

pH Meter................................................................................. 50

PEMBAHASAN ........................................................................... 52
5.1 Densitas (Berat Lumpur)......................................................... 52
5.2 Viscosity.................................................................................. 53
5.3 Plastic Viscosity....................................................................... 54
5.4 Yield Point............................................................................... 54
5.5 Gel Strength 10 detik............................................................... 55
5.6 Gel Strength 10 Menit............................................................. 55
5.7 Water Loss dan Mud Cake...................................................... 56
5.8

BAB VI

pH Meter................................................................................. 57

KESIMPULAN ............................................................................ 58

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ..................................................................................... 60
DAFTAR SIMBOL ........................................................................................ 61

ix

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel

Halaman

2.1

Sifat Fisik Lumpur dan Fungsinya Serta Alat Pengukurnya..………. 13

3.1

Komposisi Bahan Lumpur XCD Polimer...…………………………. 29

4.1

Spesifikasi Standar Lumpur Pemboran XCD Polimer ………….....

40

4.2

Hasil Pengukuran Berat Jenis Lumpur terhadap Temperatur.........

41

4.3

Hasil Pengukuran Viscositas Lumpur Terhadap Temperatur...........

43

4.4

Hasil Analisa Rheology Lumpur RPM 600 terhadap Temperatur...... 44

4.5

Hasil Analisa Rheology Lumpur RPM 300 terhadap Temperatur.....

44

4.6

Hasil Pengukuran Plastic Viscosity Terhadap Temperatur...............

45

4.7

Hasil Pengukuran Yeild Point Terhadap Temperatur.......................

46

4.8

Hasil Pengukuran Gel Strength 10 Second Terhadap Temperatur....

47

4.9

Hasil Pengukuran Gel Strength 10 Minute Terhadap Temperatur....

48

4.10 Hasil Pengukuran Laju Tapisan Terhadap Temperatur....................... 49
4.11 Hasil Pengukuran Mud Cake Terhadap Temperatur........................... 50
4.12 Hasil Pengukuran pH Meter Terhadap Temperatur............................ 51

DAFTAR GAMBAR

x

Gambar

Halaman

2.1

Hubungan Tekanan Hidrostatik Lumpur vs Laju Pemboran................. 6

2.2

Hubungan Shear Stress dengan Shear Rate (Newtion Fluids)............... 8

2.3

Hubungan Shear Stress dengan Shear Rate (Non-Newtion).................. 8

2.4

Sistem Sirkulasi Lumpur....................................................................... 20

2.5

Ikatan Kimia Xanthan Gum................................................................... 27

3.1

Mud Balance.......................................................................................... 31

3.2

Mursh Funnel dan Cup.......................................................................... 33

3.3

Fann VG Meter...................................................................................... 35

3.4

API Filter Press...................................................................................... 36

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

xi

Lampiran

Halaman

A

Tabel Hasil Pengukuran Sifat-Sifat Fisik Lumpur Pemboran............... 62

B

Gambar Hasil Pengukuran Sifat-Sifat Fisik Lumpur Pemboran............ 69

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