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# Assignment 10: Current and Resistance

Due: 8:00am on Friday, February 10, 2012 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy.

## Current in an Ionic Solution

Current passes through a solution of sodium chloride. In 1.00 second, electrode and Part A ions arrive at the positive electrode. ions arrive at the negative

What is the current passing between the electrodes? Hint A.1 General considerations on ionic solutions Hint not displayed Hint A.2 Find the current due to the positive ions Hint not displayed Express your answer in milliamperes to three significant figures. ANSWER: 10.6 Correct Part B What is the direction of the current in the ionic solution? Hint B.1 Conventional direction of current Hint not displayed ANSWER: away from the negative electrode toward the negative electrode Correct

A Stretchable Resistor
A wire of length and cross-sectional area has resistance . Part A What will be the resistance of the wire if it is stretched to twice its original length? Assume that the density and resistivity of the material do not change when the wire is stretched. Hint A.1 Formula for the resistance of a wire Hint not displayed Hint A.2 Find the cross-sectional area of the stretched wire Hint not displayed Express your answer in terms of the wire's original resistance . ANSWER: =

Correct

## Jumper Cables and Ohm's Law

Learning Goal: To learn to apply the concept of current density and microscopic Ohm's law. A "gauge 8" jumper cable has a diameter of 0.326 centimeters. The cable carries a current of 30.0 amperes. The electric field in the cable is 0.062 newtons per coulomb. Part A What is the material of the cable? Hint A.1 How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint A.2 Find the resistivity Hint not displayed Hint A.3 Resistivity of common metals Hint not displayed Choose the correct metal that makes up the cable. ANSWER: copper silver aluminum gold steel Correct Part B What electric field would have been required to create a current of 30.0 amperes in an aluminum wire of the ohm-meters.

same diameter? The resistivity of aluminum is Hint B.1 How to approach the problem Hint B.2 Resistivity defined

Hint not displayed Hint not displayed Express your answer in newtons per coulomb. Use three significant figures. ANSWER: 9.90102 = Correct Part C What electric field would have been required to create a current of 30.0 amperes in a copper "gauge 10" wire with diameter equal to 0.259 centimeters? Express your answer in newtons per coulumb. Use three significant figures.

9.80102 = Correct

The resistance of a copper "gauge 10" jumper cable with diameter length of the cable. Hint D.1 Resistance defined Hint not displayed Express your answer in meters. Use three significant figures. ANSWER: 3.80 = Correct

## centimeters is 0.0124 ohms. Find the

Exercise 25.12
A copper wire has a square cross section 2.5 The density of free electrons is Part A . on a side. The wire is 4.4 long and carries a current of 3.9 .

Find the magnitude of the current density in the wire. Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: 6.2105 = Correct Part B Find the magnitude of the electric field in the wire. Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: 1.1102 = Correct Part C How much time is required for an electron to travel the length of the wire? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: 9.6104 = Correct

## Maximum Current and Current Density in a Cuboidal Resistor

A rectangular block of metal of resistivity has dimensions between two opposite faces of the block. Part A . A potential difference is to be applied

To which two faces of the block should the potential difference be applied to give the maximum current density? Hint A.1 Calculate the current density in a rectangular block of metal Hint not displayed ANSWER: to the faces that are a distance apart to the faces that are a distance apart

## to the faces that are a distance Correct Part B

apart

What is the maximum current density from Part A? Hint B.1 How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables , (the resistivity of the material), and . ANSWER: = Correct Part C To which two faces of the block should the potential difference be applied to give the maximum current? Hint C.1 Calculate the current in a rectangular block of metal Hint not displayed ANSWER: to the faces that are a distance apart to the faces that are a distance to the faces that are a distance Correct Part D What is this maximum current? Hint D.1 How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables , (the resistivity of the material), and . ANSWER: = Correct apart apart

## Stretching the A-Rod

Learning Goal: To learn to apply the concept of current density and microscopic Ohm's law. A slab of metal of volume is made into a rod of length . The rod carries current when the electric field inside is . Part A Find the resistivity of the metal . Hint A.1 How to approach the problem