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Commas

Comma Rules
 Rule 1: Use commas to separate items in a series.  Examples:
 January, February, and March are all months in a year.  Mr. ONeill, Mr. Keffaber, Mr. Temple and Miss Kinney are all Explorer teachers.

Items in a Series
 When separating items in a series, they can be words, phrases, or clauses.  Examples:
 There were fingerprints at the top, on the sides, and on the bottom. (phrases)  We sang, we danced, and we played trivia games. (clauses)

Comma Rules Continued


 Rule 2: Use a comma to separate two or more adjectives that come before a noun.  Examples:
 That is one fat, lazy cat!

Separating two or more adjectives


 Sometimes the final adjective in a series is thought of as part of the noun. When this is the case, DO NOT use a comma!  Examples:
 An unshaded electric light hung from the ceiling.

Comma Rules Continued


 Rule 3: Use a comma before and, but, and, but, for, nor, or, so, for, nor, or, so, or yet when it joins independent clauses in a compound sentence.  Example:
 She offered me a ticket to run in the mini marathon, but I declined her offer.

Exception to the Rule


 When the independent clauses are very short and there is no chance of misunderstanding, the comma before and, but, and, but, or or is sometimes omitted.  Examples:
 It rained and it rained!  Come with us or meet us there.

Try it!
 Open your grammar books (green books) and do the following exercises
 Review B on page 604-605 (1-10) 604(1 Exercise 4 on page 606-607 (1-10) 606(1*** Just write which words the comma needs to be between***