Perbedaan Penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT Part 1

By Swara Bhaskara on September 8, 2009 ‡ 22:04 11 Comments Apakah anda sering dibingungkan oleh penggunaan kata depan IN, ON, dan AT? Jangan khawatir! Anda tidak sendirian. Ketiga kata depan (presposition) ini tidak hanya membingungkan beginners, tetapi juga advanced learners, bahkan native English speakers sekalipun. Tulisan ini membahas perbedaan penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT, ketika digunakan sebagai keterangan waktu (modifier of time), keterangan tempat (modifier of place), dan berbagai ungkapan lainnya. Perhatikan dan hafalkan tipe noun yang mengikutinya dan ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya. Jika dilink, sebaiknya anda ikuti link-nya agar anda lebih cepat memahami perbedaan penggunaan kedua kata depan yang dilink tersebut.

Penggunaan IN
a. in + the + ruangan/bangunan/container
Pada phrase seperti ini, IN = inside (di dalam), dan merupakan antonim (kebalikan) dari OUT (di luar). Note: Tergantung konteks kalimatnya, adjective pronouns (i.e. my, his, her, their, our, your, its) juga dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan the, namun, keduanya tidak dapat digunakan secara bersamaan. Misalnya: in the room - in his room; in the pocket ± in my pocket. Tetapi INCORRECT jika: in the his room; in the my pocket, dst Contoh: 1. My classmates were in the classroom while I was lying sick in my room. (lie = terbaring; Teman-teman kelasku berada di dalam kelas sementara aku terbaring sakit di kamarku) 2. The water in the fridge is not cold. The fridge must¶ve been out of order. (fridge = refrigerator = kulkas; out of order = rusak; Air di kulkas tidak dingin. Mungkin kulkasnya telah rusak ). 3. Don¶t put your damp clothes in the drawer. (damp = lembab; drawer = laci khusus untuk pakaian; Jangan taruh pakaian lembabmu di dalam laci pakain). Note: AT juga bisa digunakan jika kata yang mengikuti merupakan nama bangunan. Misalnya: at the bookstore, at the police station, at the university, at the restaurant, dst. Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location, dan maknanya lebih luas (atau kurang spesifik) dibandingkan dengan IN. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. a).

b. in + wilayah (blok, RT, RW, desa, kabupaten, provinsi, kota, pulau, negara, dll.)
Cont0h: 1. Ahmad Fannany lives in Palembang. (Ahmad Fannany tinggal di Palembang)

(Indonesia kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1945). 3. (Dulu. (deforestation = penggundulan hutan. Most people in villages cannot access internet. 2. d. all of the islands in Indonesia will become deserts in the future. (reside = live = tinggal: Kebanyakan orang di Indonesia tinggal di Jawa). tetapi sekarang menjadi keharusan). (Dia berangkat/pergi sore hari dan akan kembali tengah malam). (Mereka tidak saling mengenal/tahu pada awalnya. (Amelia dan Henni ada di Jepang sekarang). Jika penebangan hutan secara besar-besaran terus berlangsung seperti yang terjadi saat ini. kamu akan dilink (ditautkan) ke Practice test 6). (Kelas (pelajaran itu dimulai di pagi hari dan berkahir di sore hari). memproklamirkan Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama hari atau tanggal. in + nama bulan/tahun Contoh: 1. My birthday is in October. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. If the massive deforestation continues as it does today.2. but in the end they became friends. Note: Gunakan AT jika diikuti oleh midnight. in + the + beginning/end Contoh: 1. In the past. in the middle . in + the + past/future Contoh: 1. b) e. in + the + morning/afternoon/evening Contoh: 1. INCORRECT jika ditulis ³in the midnight atau in midnight´. you will be linked to Practice test 6. (Kebanyakan orang (yang tinggal) di desadesa tidak dapat mengakses internet). bersekolah bukan merupakan keharusan. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. 2. 4. semua pulau di Indonesia akan menjadi gurun di masa mendatang) f. e. but it is now. Kata-kata lain yang dapat mengikuti AT dapat dilihat pada Penggunaan AT. desert = gurun. (Ulang tahunku adalah pada bulan Oktober) 2. The class begins in the morning and ends in the afternoon. tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berteman). Amelia and Henni are in Japan now. Most people in Indonesia reside in Java. He left in the evening and will be back at midnight. 2. attendance at school was not compulsory. g. c. (Di bagian akhir artikel ini. They didn¶t know each other in the beginning. In the end of this article.

2. Contoh: . Bloko had arrived 15 minutes before the meeting began. Teman-temanku tidak dapat melihatku karena aku berada di tengah-tengah kerumunan orang). 2. 1. etc ke jalan utama) karena ada sebuah mobil yang lain yang mengalangi jalan ke driveway tersebut). Which one do you prefer: being in time. g) i. c ) j. in time In time = early enough = ³beberapa saat sebelum waktu yang telah ditentukan´. j) k.Contoh: 1. (Anak-anak seharusnya tidak bermain di jalan). once in a while Once in a while = at times =occasionally = sometimes = kadang-kadang/sekali-sekali. 2. Note: Apakah bedanya dengan ON TIME ? (Lihat Penggunaan ON. Children should not play in the street. in the way Contoh: 1. in the street Contoh: 1. aku biasa bermain bola di jalan di depan rumahku). (spot = melihat. on time. I used to play football in the street in front of my house. (Dulu. (Dia tidak dapat memparkir mobilnya di driveway (jalur/jalan keluar-masuk mobil di rumah/kantor/banguan. (Aku tersesat. tepat waktu. Aku tidak tahu dimana aku sekarang berada). (Aku berhenti mengayuh sepedaku dan kemudian menginjak rem karena segerombolan anak kucing sedang bermain di jalan/jalur (yang aku mau lewati). He was in time. h. atau telat?). (Bloko telah tiba 15 menit sebelum meetingnya dimulai). 2. Note: Bedakan dengan on the way. Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama jalan. My friends could not spot me because I was in the middle of the crowd. or late? (Yang mana yang kamu lebih suka: tiba lebih awal sedikit. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. I stopped paddling my bicycle and then pushed the brake because a crowd of kittens was playing in the way. I am lost. I am in the middle of nowhere. He could not park his car in the driveway because another car was in the way.

twenty first. sementara belum sekolah. 2. «. in the meantime In the meantime = at the same time = meanwhile = sementara itu. don¶t they? (Murid-murid yang duduk di baris pertama di kelas biasanya memiliki nilai yang lebih baik. fourth. in the event that (= if). dst. the naughty boy behaves well. in no time at all In no time at all = dalam waktu yang sangat singkat. mari kita bersenang-senang). (Kadang-kadang.1. (in the first row = pada baris pertama. in + the + army/air force/navy. School starts in several weeks. Contoh: .e di restaurant. m. thirteenth. Kamu akan dapat menonton pertunjukkan itu dengan paling baik jika kamu duduk di baris pertama). Kakakku telah di angkatan darat sejak dia tamat SMA). Contoh: 1. Ordinal number : first. pada saat yang bersamaan. kami makan malam di luar (i. third. Jumlah perempuan di angkatan udara jauh lebih sedikit dari pria). Contoh: 1. My brother has been in the army since he graduated from senior high school.«. (air force = angkatan udara. twenty fourth. (Kadang-kadang. Contoh: 1. (Robert menyelesaikan tugas/PR-nya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat). (Sekolah (akan) dimulai dalam beberapa minggu. Contoh: 1. twenty second. second. we go out for dinner. 2. twelfth. 2. l. eleventh. bukan?) p. n. Once in a while. Students who sit in the first row of the classroom usually have better grades. You will be able to watch the performance best if you sit in the first row. in the meantime. The number of females in the air force is much fewer than that of males. warung. twenty third. in + the + ordinal number + row (pada baris ke). anak nakal itu berprilaku baik). Robert finished his assignment in no time at all. o. etc). (army = angkatan darat. Once in a while. let¶s have fun.

Ingatlah bahwa kami tidak pernah memberitahu anda lewat SMS. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. (get) in touch with. ON. Contoh: 1. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). You could save someone¶s life in the event that he or she doesn¶t breathe and his or her heart fails to beat. 2. anda akan tertipu). . in the event that someone tells your winning a prize by SMS. you will be fooled. r. janganlah dihiraukan. you will be notified by mail. Kamu dapat menyelamatkan jiwa seseorang jika orang itu tidak bernafas atau jika jantungnya tidak berdetak). do not bait.1. Therefore. dan AT Part 3. (get) in contact with (berhubungan/berkomunikasi). Jika dihiraukan. I will give you the key to the house so you¶ll have it in case I arrive a little late. In the event that you win a certain prize. Please remember (that) we will NEVER notify you by SMS. (be fooled = tertipu. sebuah prosedur penyelamatan (jiwa) sebelum ambulance tiba. ON. an important life saving procedure before a medical assistance arrives. Feel free to post a question in case you need further explanations (Jangan sungkan memposting pertanyaan jika kamu butuh penjelasan lebih lanjut). (Aku akan memberimu kunci rumah agar kamu dapat menggunakannya (masuk rumah) jika aku pulang telat). dan AT Part 2. It¶s very difficult to get in touch with Jenny because she works all day. 3. q. You should know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). in case (if). Contoh: 1. (Kamu seharusnya tahu bagaimana melakukan CPR (pertolongan pernafasan dari mulut ke mulut). (Sangat sulit menghubungi Jenny karena dia bekerja seharian) 2. The last time I got in contact with her was last January. Nah sekarang. Jika anda memenangkan sebuah hadiah tertentu. 2. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). Oleh karena itu. Otherwise. jika seseorang memberitahu anda lewat SMS. The last time I was in touch with her was last January. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. anda akan diberitahu lewat email.

They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train. on + nama hari/tanggal Contoh: 1. juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966.Penggunaan Kata Depan ON Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. We had to sit still on the couch listening. . (Lihat Penggunaan AT. our English teacher. baik sebagai modifier of place. 2. many train passengers usually have no seats. We were not allowed to make comments. Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. 2. I will be busy on Friday. exactly on October 24. 3. d) c. but I will be free on Saturday. A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning. I saw Maria on a bus this morning. 1945. b ) d. Note: Article the. I put the book on your desk. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). or exactly on August 17. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike 1. (still = diam. Contoh: 1. a. b. on + nama jalan Contoh: 1. modifier of time. Why don¶t you hang your pictures on the wall? There¶s something on your cheek. 3. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. lives on Jalan Diponegoro. Janet just got on the plane. You¶re late. gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan ³di atas´ tetapi bendanya tidak menempel. Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. 3. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. (cheek = pipi). Smith. A few days before Idul Fitri. Mr. 2. Sebaliknya. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). 4. My birthday is in October. on + the + permukaan benda Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. 2. couch = sofa). ON berarti ³di atas´ jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya.

on the beach Contoh: 1. h. 1. on the corner On the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. Bali. After all family members had got in the van. our plane took off on time. If you go to Kuta. Contoh: 1. 2. Contoh: 1. (Lihat IN. The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue. dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck. He lives on the twenty.Note: y Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van. 2. Robby arrived at 10. there was one seat left in the truck. Get in the car! 2. I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago. Despite the bad weather. Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan. I would have sat on the back of the truck. they left for their home village. 2. h). we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor.second floor of that apartment. 3. f. The meeting started at 10 a. e. otherwise. . on time On time = punctual = tepat waktu. on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floor Contoh: 1. (lie = berbaring) g. Heru lives in an apartment. He was on time. 1.m. 2. gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir. You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor. y Untuk truck. you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. Luckily. Bedakan dengan in time. The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman. Sir.

on +the + right/left. 2. 2. Bedakan dengan in the way. I think James is on the way to his girl friend¶s house now. the harus digunakan jika diikuti oleh telephone/phone. on the other hand . ditambahkan kata ³Avenue´ (disingkat Ave. The one sitting on the right is Lucy. My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny¶s is on the right. while the one on the left is Lissie. Sebaliknya. Don¶t walk in the street. he is considered successful in governing our country. (Lihat IN. Contoh: 1. the rescue mission was well done. j. j). on the sidewalk Contoh: 1. on the whole On the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan. nama jalan ditambahkan kata ³Street´ (disingkat St. On the whole. He will be here soon. The debate will be on television tonight. I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus. Before the television era. bisa tidak) jika diikuti oleh radio. n.Note: Di Canada dan USA. k. l. Do you know those two girls? Yes. on the whole. The manager is on the telephone. Misalnya Pasadena Ave. the optional (bisa digunakan. Contoh: 1. 2. Walk on the sidewalk. Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues.) jika jalan tersebut membentang dari timur ke barat.) jika jalannya membentang dari utara ke selatan. i. 2. m. on the way On the way = dalam perjalanan. of course. Misalnya: Main St. Contoh: 1. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio. I do. Contoh: 1. Note : the didak digunakan jika on diikuti oleh television. 3. we used to listen to live sports games on the radio.

Although he has a car. My car did not start so I came on foot. He wants to study English at the university. p. he prefers to go to his office on foot. on the other hand. (i. Contoh: 1. the simple past tense is. 2. Contoh: 1. dijual lebih mural dari harga normal. Contoh: 1. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. his parents want him to take economics.e by foot). Note: ON pada ungkapan on foot juga bisa digantikan dengan BY. 2. on sale On sale = diobral. but today it¶s on sale for $75. The cellphones will go on sale this weekend. dan AT Part 3 . The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time. on foot On foot = walking = jalan kaki.On the other hand = however = nevertheless. ON.95. The regular price of the book is $99. dan AT Part 1. o. on the other hand. 2. Nah sekarang. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. ON.

2. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). tetapi kurang spesifik dibandingkan dengan IN. Jane is at the bank at present. e. Dundass St. our English teacher. dst. at + jam Contoh: 1. gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh morning. Contoh: 1. at + dawn/noon/night/ midday/dusk/ night/midnight Gunakan AT jika dikuti oleh dawn (subuh). a. d. He is usually still at work at 5 p.Penggunaan preposition AT Berikut adalah beberapa penggunaan AT ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. kemudian diikuti oleh nama jalan. The class begins at 7 a. at + the + nama bangunan Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location. . I was helping my mother at 6 o¶clock last night. 2. lives at 10 Jalan Diponegoro. noon atau midday (tengah hari). baik sebagai modifier of place. at + home/school/work Contoh: 1.m and ends at 9. dll) Penulisan alamat umumnya diawali dengan nomor rumah/kantor.30 a. on the other hand. night (malam). modifier of time. dusk (magrib). at + alamat (rumah/kantor. c. Toronto. midnight (tengah malam). I once lived at 101-17 Maitland. evening. dll. Bats are nocturnal animals because they are active at night. afternoon. Mr. (Lihat Penggunaan IN.m. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. b.m. Smith. c) Contoh: 1. a) Contoh: 1. 2. We met John at the bookstore yesterday. Why are you still at home? Aren¶t you supposed to be at school? 2.

Contoh: 1. Note: jika tanpa AT. Please come here at once. Contoh: 1. They leave the house at dawn and return home at dusk. at + present/the moment At present = at the moment = now= sekarang. kadang-kadang. to look up dictionary. 3. (get together = ngumpul-ngumpul). In order to be admitted as a student at the Canadian universities. it is hard to understand what he says. bukan at time. at least At least = at the minimum= sekurang-kurangnya/minimal. you¶re required to have a TOEFL score at least 550. Perhatikan: pada ungkapan ini. at once At once = immediately = segera.2. Please submit your report at once. g. at first At first= initially = in the beginning = pada awalnya. 2. He is on the phone at the moment. f. At times. We usually have lunch at noon. k. Contoh: 1. but at present I am reading this topic. Contoh: 1. h. at times At times = once in a while = occasionally = sekali-sekali. I was reading the usage of the simple present tense this time yesterday. ONCE dapat berarti ³satu kali´ dan ³dulu´. I don¶t have much time to wait. you will need to spend at least an hour a day to read the grammar. They are hardworking persons. 2. . (be admitted = diterima) 2. i. kata time selalu diimbuhi huruf s (menjadi: at times). Hey guys! Let¶s get together at times. If you want to improve your English. 2. and to practice.

untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. . admire = mengagumi). (gradually = sedikit demi sedikit. 2. dan AT Part 1. he gradually admired her inner beauty. ON. Even though James was not attracted to Ani at all at first. dan AT Part 2. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. Rini was nervous at first. ON.Contoh: 1. but later she felt more relaxed. Nah sekarang.