Perbedaan Penggunaan in, On Dan At

Perbedaan Penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT Part 1

By Swara Bhaskara on September 8, 2009 ‡ 22:04 11 Comments Apakah anda sering dibingungkan oleh penggunaan kata depan IN, ON, dan AT? Jangan khawatir! Anda tidak sendirian. Ketiga kata depan (presposition) ini tidak hanya membingungkan beginners, tetapi juga advanced learners, bahkan native English speakers sekalipun. Tulisan ini membahas perbedaan penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT, ketika digunakan sebagai keterangan waktu (modifier of time), keterangan tempat (modifier of place), dan berbagai ungkapan lainnya. Perhatikan dan hafalkan tipe noun yang mengikutinya dan ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya. Jika dilink, sebaiknya anda ikuti link-nya agar anda lebih cepat memahami perbedaan penggunaan kedua kata depan yang dilink tersebut.

Penggunaan IN
a. in + the + ruangan/bangunan/container
Pada phrase seperti ini, IN = inside (di dalam), dan merupakan antonim (kebalikan) dari OUT (di luar). Note: Tergantung konteks kalimatnya, adjective pronouns (i.e. my, his, her, their, our, your, its) juga dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan the, namun, keduanya tidak dapat digunakan secara bersamaan. Misalnya: in the room - in his room; in the pocket ± in my pocket. Tetapi INCORRECT jika: in the his room; in the my pocket, dst Contoh: 1. My classmates were in the classroom while I was lying sick in my room. (lie = terbaring; Teman-teman kelasku berada di dalam kelas sementara aku terbaring sakit di kamarku) 2. The water in the fridge is not cold. The fridge must¶ve been out of order. (fridge = refrigerator = kulkas; out of order = rusak; Air di kulkas tidak dingin. Mungkin kulkasnya telah rusak ). 3. Don¶t put your damp clothes in the drawer. (damp = lembab; drawer = laci khusus untuk pakaian; Jangan taruh pakaian lembabmu di dalam laci pakain). Note: AT juga bisa digunakan jika kata yang mengikuti merupakan nama bangunan. Misalnya: at the bookstore, at the police station, at the university, at the restaurant, dst. Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location, dan maknanya lebih luas (atau kurang spesifik) dibandingkan dengan IN. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. a).

b. in + wilayah (blok, RT, RW, desa, kabupaten, provinsi, kota, pulau, negara, dll.)
Cont0h: 1. Ahmad Fannany lives in Palembang. (Ahmad Fannany tinggal di Palembang)

INCORRECT jika ditulis ³in the midnight atau in midnight´. In the past. b) e. In the end of this article. semua pulau di Indonesia akan menjadi gurun di masa mendatang) f. but it is now. Kata-kata lain yang dapat mengikuti AT dapat dilihat pada Penggunaan AT. (reside = live = tinggal: Kebanyakan orang di Indonesia tinggal di Jawa). attendance at school was not compulsory. 3. in + nama bulan/tahun Contoh: 1. (Dia berangkat/pergi sore hari dan akan kembali tengah malam).2. g. (Kelas (pelajaran itu dimulai di pagi hari dan berkahir di sore hari). bersekolah bukan merupakan keharusan. tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berteman). in + the + beginning/end Contoh: 1. in + the + morning/afternoon/evening Contoh: 1. If the massive deforestation continues as it does today. desert = gurun. Most people in Indonesia reside in Java. Most people in villages cannot access internet. all of the islands in Indonesia will become deserts in the future. (Ulang tahunku adalah pada bulan Oktober) 2. He left in the evening and will be back at midnight. 2. 2. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. e. (Indonesia kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1945). 2. My birthday is in October. Jika penebangan hutan secara besar-besaran terus berlangsung seperti yang terjadi saat ini. Amelia and Henni are in Japan now. kamu akan dilink (ditautkan) ke Practice test 6). 4. in the middle . c. (Kebanyakan orang (yang tinggal) di desadesa tidak dapat mengakses internet). but in the end they became friends. memproklamirkan Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama hari atau tanggal. (Amelia dan Henni ada di Jepang sekarang). They didn¶t know each other in the beginning. (Di bagian akhir artikel ini. in + the + past/future Contoh: 1. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Mereka tidak saling mengenal/tahu pada awalnya. (deforestation = penggundulan hutan. you will be linked to Practice test 6. tetapi sekarang menjadi keharusan). The class begins in the morning and ends in the afternoon. (Dulu. Note: Gunakan AT jika diikuti oleh midnight. d.

(Aku tersesat. (Anak-anak seharusnya tidak bermain di jalan). (Dulu. 2. or late? (Yang mana yang kamu lebih suka: tiba lebih awal sedikit. on time. Teman-temanku tidak dapat melihatku karena aku berada di tengah-tengah kerumunan orang). (Lihat Penggunaan ON. aku biasa bermain bola di jalan di depan rumahku). I am in the middle of nowhere. tepat waktu. c ) j. Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama jalan. j) k. atau telat?). 2. (Bloko telah tiba 15 menit sebelum meetingnya dimulai). (Aku berhenti mengayuh sepedaku dan kemudian menginjak rem karena segerombolan anak kucing sedang bermain di jalan/jalur (yang aku mau lewati).Contoh: 1. Bloko had arrived 15 minutes before the meeting began. in time In time = early enough = ³beberapa saat sebelum waktu yang telah ditentukan´. Note: Apakah bedanya dengan ON TIME ? (Lihat Penggunaan ON. Children should not play in the street. etc ke jalan utama) karena ada sebuah mobil yang lain yang mengalangi jalan ke driveway tersebut). Note: Bedakan dengan on the way. He was in time. h. (Dia tidak dapat memparkir mobilnya di driveway (jalur/jalan keluar-masuk mobil di rumah/kantor/banguan. I stopped paddling my bicycle and then pushed the brake because a crowd of kittens was playing in the way. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. in the way Contoh: 1. once in a while Once in a while = at times =occasionally = sometimes = kadang-kadang/sekali-sekali. I used to play football in the street in front of my house. He could not park his car in the driveway because another car was in the way. Which one do you prefer: being in time. 2. g) i. 1. 2. in the street Contoh: 1. I am lost. (spot = melihat. My friends could not spot me because I was in the middle of the crowd. Contoh: . Aku tidak tahu dimana aku sekarang berada).

warung. eleventh. Contoh: 1. in no time at all In no time at all = dalam waktu yang sangat singkat.«. twenty second. we go out for dinner. Kakakku telah di angkatan darat sejak dia tamat SMA). You will be able to watch the performance best if you sit in the first row. in + the + army/air force/navy. fourth. Once in a while. mari kita bersenang-senang). Ordinal number : first. (army = angkatan darat.1. twenty first. 2. n. 2. sementara belum sekolah. don¶t they? (Murid-murid yang duduk di baris pertama di kelas biasanya memiliki nilai yang lebih baik. in the meantime In the meantime = at the same time = meanwhile = sementara itu. Contoh: 1. Robert finished his assignment in no time at all. Contoh: . (in the first row = pada baris pertama. (Sekolah (akan) dimulai dalam beberapa minggu. Kamu akan dapat menonton pertunjukkan itu dengan paling baik jika kamu duduk di baris pertama).e di restaurant. in the event that (= if). (Kadang-kadang. etc). in + the + ordinal number + row (pada baris ke). Contoh: 1. dst. Contoh: 1. m. third. Once in a while. Students who sit in the first row of the classroom usually have better grades. second. Jumlah perempuan di angkatan udara jauh lebih sedikit dari pria). pada saat yang bersamaan. let¶s have fun. anak nakal itu berprilaku baik). thirteenth. «. bukan?) p. My brother has been in the army since he graduated from senior high school. the naughty boy behaves well. School starts in several weeks. (Kadang-kadang. 2. (air force = angkatan udara. twelfth. twenty third. The number of females in the air force is much fewer than that of males. in the meantime. o. twenty fourth. kami makan malam di luar (i. l. (Robert menyelesaikan tugas/PR-nya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat).

you will be fooled. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). Contoh: 1. Jika dihiraukan. Jika anda memenangkan sebuah hadiah tertentu. ON. janganlah dihiraukan. 2. ON. sebuah prosedur penyelamatan (jiwa) sebelum ambulance tiba. (Kamu seharusnya tahu bagaimana melakukan CPR (pertolongan pernafasan dari mulut ke mulut). You should know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). dan AT Part 2. (Aku akan memberimu kunci rumah agar kamu dapat menggunakannya (masuk rumah) jika aku pulang telat). an important life saving procedure before a medical assistance arrives. (Sangat sulit menghubungi Jenny karena dia bekerja seharian) 2. jika seseorang memberitahu anda lewat SMS. The last time I got in contact with her was last January. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. You could save someone¶s life in the event that he or she doesn¶t breathe and his or her heart fails to beat. anda akan tertipu). in case (if). in the event that someone tells your winning a prize by SMS. q. (get) in contact with (berhubungan/berkomunikasi). (be fooled = tertipu. Kamu dapat menyelamatkan jiwa seseorang jika orang itu tidak bernafas atau jika jantungnya tidak berdetak). It¶s very difficult to get in touch with Jenny because she works all day. Ingatlah bahwa kami tidak pernah memberitahu anda lewat SMS. Oleh karena itu. I will give you the key to the house so you¶ll have it in case I arrive a little late.1. . Contoh: 1. Therefore. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). do not bait. Otherwise. (get) in touch with. Feel free to post a question in case you need further explanations (Jangan sungkan memposting pertanyaan jika kamu butuh penjelasan lebih lanjut). 2. The last time I was in touch with her was last January. dan AT Part 3. Nah sekarang. Please remember (that) we will NEVER notify you by SMS. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. In the event that you win a certain prize. 3. you will be notified by mail. r. anda akan diberitahu lewat email.

d) c. I saw Maria on a bus this morning. on + nama hari/tanggal Contoh: 1. couch = sofa). our English teacher. We were not allowed to make comments. My birthday is in October. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966. b. 2. exactly on October 24. Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. many train passengers usually have no seats.Penggunaan Kata Depan ON Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. 2. 2. . a. A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning. Janet just got on the plane. 3. Sebaliknya. A few days before Idul Fitri. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). 3. I put the book on your desk. We had to sit still on the couch listening. 1945. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. modifier of time. baik sebagai modifier of place. lives on Jalan Diponegoro. Why don¶t you hang your pictures on the wall? There¶s something on your cheek. 2. on + nama jalan Contoh: 1. juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns. ON berarti ³di atas´ jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). Smith. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike 1. b ) d. (still = diam. Mr. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. on + the + permukaan benda Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. Contoh: 1. 3. Note: Article the. 4. Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. (cheek = pipi). They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train. or exactly on August 17. gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan ³di atas´ tetapi bendanya tidak menempel. but I will be free on Saturday. You¶re late. I will be busy on Friday.

e. we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor. The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman. (Lihat IN. on the corner On the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. otherwise. He lives on the twenty. 2. Sir. Despite the bad weather. on time On time = punctual = tepat waktu. 2. The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue. you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor. Contoh: 1. on the beach Contoh: 1. gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir. He was on time. 1. If you go to Kuta. h). 3. Bali. dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck. Contoh: 1. Get in the car! 2.Note: y Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van. I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago. (lie = berbaring) g. 2. they left for their home village. on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floor Contoh: 1. our plane took off on time.m.second floor of that apartment. there was one seat left in the truck. f. I would have sat on the back of the truck. h. Luckily. Heru lives in an apartment. Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan. The meeting started at 10 a. y Untuk truck. After all family members had got in the van. 2. Robby arrived at 10. Bedakan dengan in time. . 1.

Walk on the sidewalk.Note: Di Canada dan USA. Contoh: 1. the rescue mission was well done. on the sidewalk Contoh: 1. nama jalan ditambahkan kata ³Street´ (disingkat St. Sebaliknya. Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues. m. j). ditambahkan kata ³Avenue´ (disingkat Ave. he is considered successful in governing our country. He will be here soon. i. j. Misalnya Pasadena Ave. on the other hand . I think James is on the way to his girl friend¶s house now. Do you know those two girls? Yes. 2. My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny¶s is on the right. while the one on the left is Lissie. The manager is on the telephone. the harus digunakan jika diikuti oleh telephone/phone. Bedakan dengan in the way. of course.) jika jalannya membentang dari utara ke selatan. on the way On the way = dalam perjalanan. Contoh: 1. the optional (bisa digunakan. 3. 2. Misalnya: Main St. Note : the didak digunakan jika on diikuti oleh television. we used to listen to live sports games on the radio. Contoh: 1. k. Before the television era. Don¶t walk in the street. (Lihat IN. I do. on the whole On the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan. I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus. Contoh: 1. on the whole. 2. The debate will be on television tonight. 2. bisa tidak) jika diikuti oleh radio. l.) jika jalan tersebut membentang dari timur ke barat. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio. On the whole. on +the + right/left. n. The one sitting on the right is Lucy.

2. 2. Contoh: 1. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. The regular price of the book is $99. but today it¶s on sale for $75. he prefers to go to his office on foot. p. My car did not start so I came on foot. Note: ON pada ungkapan on foot juga bisa digantikan dengan BY. dan AT Part 3 .On the other hand = however = nevertheless. He wants to study English at the university. ON. Contoh: 1. dijual lebih mural dari harga normal. The cellphones will go on sale this weekend. on sale On sale = diobral. ON. 2. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. on the other hand. o. on the other hand. on foot On foot = walking = jalan kaki.95. his parents want him to take economics. Nah sekarang. the simple past tense is. Although he has a car. dan AT Part 1.e by foot). Contoh: 1. (i. The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time.

We met John at the bookstore yesterday. dll. Toronto. d.m.Penggunaan preposition AT Berikut adalah beberapa penggunaan AT ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. He is usually still at work at 5 p. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. c) Contoh: 1. c. . lives at 10 Jalan Diponegoro. at + home/school/work Contoh: 1.30 a.m. Bats are nocturnal animals because they are active at night. at + the + nama bangunan Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location. noon atau midday (tengah hari). on the other hand. midnight (tengah malam). e. dll) Penulisan alamat umumnya diawali dengan nomor rumah/kantor.m and ends at 9. at + jam Contoh: 1. I once lived at 101-17 Maitland. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). 2. evening. Dundass St. at + dawn/noon/night/ midday/dusk/ night/midnight Gunakan AT jika dikuti oleh dawn (subuh). our English teacher. Why are you still at home? Aren¶t you supposed to be at school? 2. a) Contoh: 1. Contoh: 1. baik sebagai modifier of place. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. dst. afternoon. Smith. Jane is at the bank at present. modifier of time. at + alamat (rumah/kantor. The class begins at 7 a. gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh morning. night (malam). 2. tetapi kurang spesifik dibandingkan dengan IN. I was helping my mother at 6 o¶clock last night. 2. b. dusk (magrib). a. kemudian diikuti oleh nama jalan. Mr.

Contoh: 1. to look up dictionary. kata time selalu diimbuhi huruf s (menjadi: at times). f. and to practice. 2. g. He is on the phone at the moment. Hey guys! Let¶s get together at times. h. it is hard to understand what he says. but at present I am reading this topic. They leave the house at dawn and return home at dusk. If you want to improve your English. at least At least = at the minimum= sekurang-kurangnya/minimal. Contoh: 1. Perhatikan: pada ungkapan ini. Note: jika tanpa AT. at first At first= initially = in the beginning = pada awalnya. 3. We usually have lunch at noon. kadang-kadang. you¶re required to have a TOEFL score at least 550. i. at times At times = once in a while = occasionally = sekali-sekali. I don¶t have much time to wait. In order to be admitted as a student at the Canadian universities.2. 2. Please submit your report at once. k. . at once At once = immediately = segera. Contoh: 1. ONCE dapat berarti ³satu kali´ dan ³dulu´. At times. (be admitted = diterima) 2. at + present/the moment At present = at the moment = now= sekarang. They are hardworking persons. you will need to spend at least an hour a day to read the grammar. bukan at time. Contoh: 1. I was reading the usage of the simple present tense this time yesterday. 2. (get together = ngumpul-ngumpul). Please come here at once.

Rini was nervous at first. dan AT Part 2. but later she felt more relaxed. ON. dan AT Part 1. ON. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. admire = mengagumi).Contoh: 1. 2. (gradually = sedikit demi sedikit. . Even though James was not attracted to Ani at all at first. he gradually admired her inner beauty. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. Nah sekarang.

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