Perbedaan Penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT Part 1

By Swara Bhaskara on September 8, 2009 ‡ 22:04 11 Comments Apakah anda sering dibingungkan oleh penggunaan kata depan IN, ON, dan AT? Jangan khawatir! Anda tidak sendirian. Ketiga kata depan (presposition) ini tidak hanya membingungkan beginners, tetapi juga advanced learners, bahkan native English speakers sekalipun. Tulisan ini membahas perbedaan penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT, ketika digunakan sebagai keterangan waktu (modifier of time), keterangan tempat (modifier of place), dan berbagai ungkapan lainnya. Perhatikan dan hafalkan tipe noun yang mengikutinya dan ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya. Jika dilink, sebaiknya anda ikuti link-nya agar anda lebih cepat memahami perbedaan penggunaan kedua kata depan yang dilink tersebut.

Penggunaan IN
a. in + the + ruangan/bangunan/container
Pada phrase seperti ini, IN = inside (di dalam), dan merupakan antonim (kebalikan) dari OUT (di luar). Note: Tergantung konteks kalimatnya, adjective pronouns (i.e. my, his, her, their, our, your, its) juga dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan the, namun, keduanya tidak dapat digunakan secara bersamaan. Misalnya: in the room - in his room; in the pocket ± in my pocket. Tetapi INCORRECT jika: in the his room; in the my pocket, dst Contoh: 1. My classmates were in the classroom while I was lying sick in my room. (lie = terbaring; Teman-teman kelasku berada di dalam kelas sementara aku terbaring sakit di kamarku) 2. The water in the fridge is not cold. The fridge must¶ve been out of order. (fridge = refrigerator = kulkas; out of order = rusak; Air di kulkas tidak dingin. Mungkin kulkasnya telah rusak ). 3. Don¶t put your damp clothes in the drawer. (damp = lembab; drawer = laci khusus untuk pakaian; Jangan taruh pakaian lembabmu di dalam laci pakain). Note: AT juga bisa digunakan jika kata yang mengikuti merupakan nama bangunan. Misalnya: at the bookstore, at the police station, at the university, at the restaurant, dst. Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location, dan maknanya lebih luas (atau kurang spesifik) dibandingkan dengan IN. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. a).

b. in + wilayah (blok, RT, RW, desa, kabupaten, provinsi, kota, pulau, negara, dll.)
Cont0h: 1. Ahmad Fannany lives in Palembang. (Ahmad Fannany tinggal di Palembang)

(Kelas (pelajaran itu dimulai di pagi hari dan berkahir di sore hari). (Mereka tidak saling mengenal/tahu pada awalnya. 2. semua pulau di Indonesia akan menjadi gurun di masa mendatang) f. INCORRECT jika ditulis ³in the midnight atau in midnight´. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. g. b) e. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. Jika penebangan hutan secara besar-besaran terus berlangsung seperti yang terjadi saat ini. Kata-kata lain yang dapat mengikuti AT dapat dilihat pada Penggunaan AT. in + the + morning/afternoon/evening Contoh: 1. 2. bersekolah bukan merupakan keharusan. you will be linked to Practice test 6. Most people in Indonesia reside in Java. The class begins in the morning and ends in the afternoon. but in the end they became friends. c. My birthday is in October. He left in the evening and will be back at midnight. Amelia and Henni are in Japan now. all of the islands in Indonesia will become deserts in the future. (Dia berangkat/pergi sore hari dan akan kembali tengah malam). 2. (Amelia dan Henni ada di Jepang sekarang). memproklamirkan Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama hari atau tanggal. in the middle . in + nama bulan/tahun Contoh: 1. (Di bagian akhir artikel ini. Note: Gunakan AT jika diikuti oleh midnight. in + the + past/future Contoh: 1. 3. (deforestation = penggundulan hutan. 4. (reside = live = tinggal: Kebanyakan orang di Indonesia tinggal di Jawa). They didn¶t know each other in the beginning. in + the + beginning/end Contoh: 1. but it is now. attendance at school was not compulsory. d.2. desert = gurun. If the massive deforestation continues as it does today. In the past. tetapi sekarang menjadi keharusan). In the end of this article. e. Most people in villages cannot access internet. (Ulang tahunku adalah pada bulan Oktober) 2. (Dulu. kamu akan dilink (ditautkan) ke Practice test 6). (Kebanyakan orang (yang tinggal) di desadesa tidak dapat mengakses internet). (Indonesia kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1945). tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berteman).

I am lost. Which one do you prefer: being in time. atau telat?). 2. in the street Contoh: 1. (Dia tidak dapat memparkir mobilnya di driveway (jalur/jalan keluar-masuk mobil di rumah/kantor/banguan. tepat waktu. g) i. once in a while Once in a while = at times =occasionally = sometimes = kadang-kadang/sekali-sekali. I am in the middle of nowhere. Contoh: . I stopped paddling my bicycle and then pushed the brake because a crowd of kittens was playing in the way. Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama jalan. Teman-temanku tidak dapat melihatku karena aku berada di tengah-tengah kerumunan orang). My friends could not spot me because I was in the middle of the crowd. or late? (Yang mana yang kamu lebih suka: tiba lebih awal sedikit. in the way Contoh: 1. Note: Bedakan dengan on the way. He was in time. (Bloko telah tiba 15 menit sebelum meetingnya dimulai). j) k. He could not park his car in the driveway because another car was in the way. Children should not play in the street. Aku tidak tahu dimana aku sekarang berada). 2. (spot = melihat. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. Bloko had arrived 15 minutes before the meeting began. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. 2. Note: Apakah bedanya dengan ON TIME ? (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Anak-anak seharusnya tidak bermain di jalan). (Dulu. 2. (Aku tersesat. on time. c ) j. aku biasa bermain bola di jalan di depan rumahku). (Aku berhenti mengayuh sepedaku dan kemudian menginjak rem karena segerombolan anak kucing sedang bermain di jalan/jalur (yang aku mau lewati). 1. I used to play football in the street in front of my house. h. etc ke jalan utama) karena ada sebuah mobil yang lain yang mengalangi jalan ke driveway tersebut). in time In time = early enough = ³beberapa saat sebelum waktu yang telah ditentukan´.Contoh: 1.

in the meantime. third. in + the + ordinal number + row (pada baris ke). etc). o. mari kita bersenang-senang). anak nakal itu berprilaku baik). (army = angkatan darat. dst. don¶t they? (Murid-murid yang duduk di baris pertama di kelas biasanya memiliki nilai yang lebih baik. Once in a while. thirteenth. (Sekolah (akan) dimulai dalam beberapa minggu.«. Contoh: 1. we go out for dinner. My brother has been in the army since he graduated from senior high school.1. (Kadang-kadang. The number of females in the air force is much fewer than that of males. m. Ordinal number : first. Robert finished his assignment in no time at all. Kakakku telah di angkatan darat sejak dia tamat SMA). fourth. (Robert menyelesaikan tugas/PR-nya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat). sementara belum sekolah. eleventh.e di restaurant. in the event that (= if). bukan?) p. Contoh: . (air force = angkatan udara. Kamu akan dapat menonton pertunjukkan itu dengan paling baik jika kamu duduk di baris pertama). second. let¶s have fun. twenty third. pada saat yang bersamaan. warung. the naughty boy behaves well. Jumlah perempuan di angkatan udara jauh lebih sedikit dari pria). twenty fourth. twenty first. Contoh: 1. 2. (in the first row = pada baris pertama. twelfth. Contoh: 1. You will be able to watch the performance best if you sit in the first row. «. Students who sit in the first row of the classroom usually have better grades. 2. in + the + army/air force/navy. School starts in several weeks. (Kadang-kadang. Contoh: 1. in the meantime In the meantime = at the same time = meanwhile = sementara itu. kami makan malam di luar (i. n. in no time at all In no time at all = dalam waktu yang sangat singkat. l. twenty second. Once in a while. 2.

(Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). janganlah dihiraukan. (get) in touch with. The last time I was in touch with her was last January. jika seseorang memberitahu anda lewat SMS. Oleh karena itu. Contoh: 1. (Sangat sulit menghubungi Jenny karena dia bekerja seharian) 2. anda akan tertipu). dan AT Part 2. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). Ingatlah bahwa kami tidak pernah memberitahu anda lewat SMS. you will be notified by mail. You could save someone¶s life in the event that he or she doesn¶t breathe and his or her heart fails to beat. Therefore. (Kamu seharusnya tahu bagaimana melakukan CPR (pertolongan pernafasan dari mulut ke mulut). ON. Jika dihiraukan. q. 3. 2. Feel free to post a question in case you need further explanations (Jangan sungkan memposting pertanyaan jika kamu butuh penjelasan lebih lanjut). Otherwise.1. (Aku akan memberimu kunci rumah agar kamu dapat menggunakannya (masuk rumah) jika aku pulang telat). (get) in contact with (berhubungan/berkomunikasi). It¶s very difficult to get in touch with Jenny because she works all day. you will be fooled. in the event that someone tells your winning a prize by SMS. do not bait. sebuah prosedur penyelamatan (jiwa) sebelum ambulance tiba. Nah sekarang. dan AT Part 3. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. in case (if). Please remember (that) we will NEVER notify you by SMS. Kamu dapat menyelamatkan jiwa seseorang jika orang itu tidak bernafas atau jika jantungnya tidak berdetak). . anda akan diberitahu lewat email. (be fooled = tertipu. In the event that you win a certain prize. an important life saving procedure before a medical assistance arrives. r. Jika anda memenangkan sebuah hadiah tertentu. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. You should know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The last time I got in contact with her was last January. 2. ON. I will give you the key to the house so you¶ll have it in case I arrive a little late. Contoh: 1.

(cheek = pipi). We had to sit still on the couch listening.Penggunaan Kata Depan ON Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. b ) d. juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns. Janet just got on the plane. 3. Sebaliknya. but I will be free on Saturday. ON berarti ³di atas´ jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. lives on Jalan Diponegoro. baik sebagai modifier of place. 2. Note: Article the. Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. many train passengers usually have no seats. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966. b. Mr. 2. on + the + permukaan benda Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. or exactly on August 17. A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning. They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train. modifier of time. 2. My birthday is in October. . 3. couch = sofa). 1945. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. on + nama hari/tanggal Contoh: 1. We were not allowed to make comments. 2. A few days before Idul Fitri. on + nama jalan Contoh: 1. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. Contoh: 1. d) c. (still = diam. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. 4. gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan ³di atas´ tetapi bendanya tidak menempel. I saw Maria on a bus this morning. 3. a. exactly on October 24. I will be busy on Friday. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). I put the book on your desk. Why don¶t you hang your pictures on the wall? There¶s something on your cheek. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). our English teacher. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike 1. You¶re late. Smith.

dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck. Luckily. Bedakan dengan in time. they left for their home village. on time On time = punctual = tepat waktu. 2. The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue. Despite the bad weather. The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman. I would have sat on the back of the truck. h. Contoh: 1. y Untuk truck. you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. . h). on the beach Contoh: 1. Get in the car! 2. e. 2. 3. I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago. 2. Robby arrived at 10. Sir. He was on time. If you go to Kuta. He lives on the twenty. The meeting started at 10 a. 1. our plane took off on time. we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor. on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floor Contoh: 1. Contoh: 1. After all family members had got in the van. 2. on the corner On the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor. gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir.Note: y Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van. otherwise. f. Heru lives in an apartment.m. Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan. (lie = berbaring) g.second floor of that apartment. Bali. there was one seat left in the truck. 1. (Lihat IN.

3. My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny¶s is on the right. Before the television era. 2. 2. of course. m. on the way On the way = dalam perjalanan. on the sidewalk Contoh: 1. 2. On the whole. k. Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues. The manager is on the telephone. i. I think James is on the way to his girl friend¶s house now. on the whole. ditambahkan kata ³Avenue´ (disingkat Ave. I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus. I do. Note : the didak digunakan jika on diikuti oleh television. Contoh: 1.) jika jalan tersebut membentang dari timur ke barat. He will be here soon. on +the + right/left. Misalnya Pasadena Ave. the harus digunakan jika diikuti oleh telephone/phone. Misalnya: Main St. (Lihat IN. bisa tidak) jika diikuti oleh radio. Contoh: 1. The debate will be on television tonight. we used to listen to live sports games on the radio. 2. j. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio. Contoh: 1. n.Note: Di Canada dan USA. the optional (bisa digunakan. on the whole On the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan. on the other hand . The one sitting on the right is Lucy. l. Walk on the sidewalk. while the one on the left is Lissie. Bedakan dengan in the way. Don¶t walk in the street. nama jalan ditambahkan kata ³Street´ (disingkat St. he is considered successful in governing our country. Do you know those two girls? Yes. j). the rescue mission was well done.) jika jalannya membentang dari utara ke selatan. Contoh: 1. Sebaliknya.

2. Note: ON pada ungkapan on foot juga bisa digantikan dengan BY. ON. p. but today it¶s on sale for $75. 2. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. he prefers to go to his office on foot. Nah sekarang. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. The cellphones will go on sale this weekend. the simple past tense is. his parents want him to take economics. 2.On the other hand = however = nevertheless. The regular price of the book is $99. ON. Contoh: 1. on sale On sale = diobral. The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time. on the other hand. o. Contoh: 1. dijual lebih mural dari harga normal. dan AT Part 1. dan AT Part 3 . Although he has a car. (i. on the other hand. My car did not start so I came on foot. Contoh: 1. on foot On foot = walking = jalan kaki.e by foot).95. He wants to study English at the university.

The class begins at 7 a.m. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. lives at 10 Jalan Diponegoro. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. baik sebagai modifier of place. Toronto. afternoon. dst. midnight (tengah malam). c. He is usually still at work at 5 p. on the other hand. . Dundass St. evening. a) Contoh: 1.m and ends at 9. 2. kemudian diikuti oleh nama jalan. dll. d. our English teacher. I was helping my mother at 6 o¶clock last night. 2. at + home/school/work Contoh: 1. at + dawn/noon/night/ midday/dusk/ night/midnight Gunakan AT jika dikuti oleh dawn (subuh). Contoh: 1. Mr. e. noon atau midday (tengah hari). dll) Penulisan alamat umumnya diawali dengan nomor rumah/kantor. Bats are nocturnal animals because they are active at night. b. at + alamat (rumah/kantor. I once lived at 101-17 Maitland.m. modifier of time.30 a. We met John at the bookstore yesterday. a. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). 2. gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh morning. Why are you still at home? Aren¶t you supposed to be at school? 2. at + the + nama bangunan Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location.Penggunaan preposition AT Berikut adalah beberapa penggunaan AT ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. dusk (magrib). tetapi kurang spesifik dibandingkan dengan IN. night (malam). Smith. at + jam Contoh: 1. Jane is at the bank at present. c) Contoh: 1.

and to practice. at once At once = immediately = segera. 2. (be admitted = diterima) 2. you¶re required to have a TOEFL score at least 550. at least At least = at the minimum= sekurang-kurangnya/minimal. Contoh: 1. but at present I am reading this topic. . k. at + present/the moment At present = at the moment = now= sekarang. Contoh: 1.2. Please come here at once. i. We usually have lunch at noon. 3. (get together = ngumpul-ngumpul). If you want to improve your English. I don¶t have much time to wait. h. you will need to spend at least an hour a day to read the grammar. at first At first= initially = in the beginning = pada awalnya. at times At times = once in a while = occasionally = sekali-sekali. At times. bukan at time. Perhatikan: pada ungkapan ini. They are hardworking persons. 2. Hey guys! Let¶s get together at times. Contoh: 1. Note: jika tanpa AT. to look up dictionary. In order to be admitted as a student at the Canadian universities. g. Please submit your report at once. 2. They leave the house at dawn and return home at dusk. kata time selalu diimbuhi huruf s (menjadi: at times). it is hard to understand what he says. f. kadang-kadang. He is on the phone at the moment. Contoh: 1. ONCE dapat berarti ³satu kali´ dan ³dulu´. I was reading the usage of the simple present tense this time yesterday.

untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. Rini was nervous at first. (gradually = sedikit demi sedikit. but later she felt more relaxed.Contoh: 1. ON. ON. . Nah sekarang. Even though James was not attracted to Ani at all at first. dan AT Part 1. admire = mengagumi). he gradually admired her inner beauty. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. dan AT Part 2. 2.

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