Perbedaan Penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT Part 1

By Swara Bhaskara on September 8, 2009 ‡ 22:04 11 Comments Apakah anda sering dibingungkan oleh penggunaan kata depan IN, ON, dan AT? Jangan khawatir! Anda tidak sendirian. Ketiga kata depan (presposition) ini tidak hanya membingungkan beginners, tetapi juga advanced learners, bahkan native English speakers sekalipun. Tulisan ini membahas perbedaan penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT, ketika digunakan sebagai keterangan waktu (modifier of time), keterangan tempat (modifier of place), dan berbagai ungkapan lainnya. Perhatikan dan hafalkan tipe noun yang mengikutinya dan ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya. Jika dilink, sebaiknya anda ikuti link-nya agar anda lebih cepat memahami perbedaan penggunaan kedua kata depan yang dilink tersebut.

Penggunaan IN
a. in + the + ruangan/bangunan/container
Pada phrase seperti ini, IN = inside (di dalam), dan merupakan antonim (kebalikan) dari OUT (di luar). Note: Tergantung konteks kalimatnya, adjective pronouns (i.e. my, his, her, their, our, your, its) juga dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan the, namun, keduanya tidak dapat digunakan secara bersamaan. Misalnya: in the room - in his room; in the pocket ± in my pocket. Tetapi INCORRECT jika: in the his room; in the my pocket, dst Contoh: 1. My classmates were in the classroom while I was lying sick in my room. (lie = terbaring; Teman-teman kelasku berada di dalam kelas sementara aku terbaring sakit di kamarku) 2. The water in the fridge is not cold. The fridge must¶ve been out of order. (fridge = refrigerator = kulkas; out of order = rusak; Air di kulkas tidak dingin. Mungkin kulkasnya telah rusak ). 3. Don¶t put your damp clothes in the drawer. (damp = lembab; drawer = laci khusus untuk pakaian; Jangan taruh pakaian lembabmu di dalam laci pakain). Note: AT juga bisa digunakan jika kata yang mengikuti merupakan nama bangunan. Misalnya: at the bookstore, at the police station, at the university, at the restaurant, dst. Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location, dan maknanya lebih luas (atau kurang spesifik) dibandingkan dengan IN. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. a).

b. in + wilayah (blok, RT, RW, desa, kabupaten, provinsi, kota, pulau, negara, dll.)
Cont0h: 1. Ahmad Fannany lives in Palembang. (Ahmad Fannany tinggal di Palembang)

The class begins in the morning and ends in the afternoon. (deforestation = penggundulan hutan. INCORRECT jika ditulis ³in the midnight atau in midnight´. Most people in Indonesia reside in Java. If the massive deforestation continues as it does today. bersekolah bukan merupakan keharusan. memproklamirkan Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama hari atau tanggal. In the past. (Mereka tidak saling mengenal/tahu pada awalnya. (reside = live = tinggal: Kebanyakan orang di Indonesia tinggal di Jawa). Note: Gunakan AT jika diikuti oleh midnight. Amelia and Henni are in Japan now. semua pulau di Indonesia akan menjadi gurun di masa mendatang) f. 3. Most people in villages cannot access internet. b) e. in + nama bulan/tahun Contoh: 1. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. 4. They didn¶t know each other in the beginning. (Indonesia kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1945). tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berteman). He left in the evening and will be back at midnight. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Dulu. In the end of this article. (Kelas (pelajaran itu dimulai di pagi hari dan berkahir di sore hari). e. g. tetapi sekarang menjadi keharusan). you will be linked to Practice test 6. but it is now. 2. d. (Di bagian akhir artikel ini. (Dia berangkat/pergi sore hari dan akan kembali tengah malam). (Amelia dan Henni ada di Jepang sekarang). kamu akan dilink (ditautkan) ke Practice test 6).2. in the middle . 2. in + the + past/future Contoh: 1. c. in + the + beginning/end Contoh: 1. all of the islands in Indonesia will become deserts in the future. Jika penebangan hutan secara besar-besaran terus berlangsung seperti yang terjadi saat ini. desert = gurun. 2. Kata-kata lain yang dapat mengikuti AT dapat dilihat pada Penggunaan AT. My birthday is in October. in + the + morning/afternoon/evening Contoh: 1. attendance at school was not compulsory. (Kebanyakan orang (yang tinggal) di desadesa tidak dapat mengakses internet). but in the end they became friends. (Ulang tahunku adalah pada bulan Oktober) 2.

in the way Contoh: 1. j) k. etc ke jalan utama) karena ada sebuah mobil yang lain yang mengalangi jalan ke driveway tersebut). (spot = melihat. Note: Bedakan dengan on the way. c ) j. in time In time = early enough = ³beberapa saat sebelum waktu yang telah ditentukan´. (Dia tidak dapat memparkir mobilnya di driveway (jalur/jalan keluar-masuk mobil di rumah/kantor/banguan. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Aku tersesat. 2. (Anak-anak seharusnya tidak bermain di jalan). tepat waktu. I used to play football in the street in front of my house. I am lost. Bloko had arrived 15 minutes before the meeting began. (Aku berhenti mengayuh sepedaku dan kemudian menginjak rem karena segerombolan anak kucing sedang bermain di jalan/jalur (yang aku mau lewati). Aku tidak tahu dimana aku sekarang berada). atau telat?). I am in the middle of nowhere. h. or late? (Yang mana yang kamu lebih suka: tiba lebih awal sedikit. 1. Teman-temanku tidak dapat melihatku karena aku berada di tengah-tengah kerumunan orang). Which one do you prefer: being in time. My friends could not spot me because I was in the middle of the crowd. 2. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Dulu. (Bloko telah tiba 15 menit sebelum meetingnya dimulai). Children should not play in the street. Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama jalan. once in a while Once in a while = at times =occasionally = sometimes = kadang-kadang/sekali-sekali. 2. Note: Apakah bedanya dengan ON TIME ? (Lihat Penggunaan ON. I stopped paddling my bicycle and then pushed the brake because a crowd of kittens was playing in the way. 2. He could not park his car in the driveway because another car was in the way. He was in time.Contoh: 1. Contoh: . aku biasa bermain bola di jalan di depan rumahku). on time. g) i. in the street Contoh: 1.

third. in the event that (= if). twenty first. in + the + ordinal number + row (pada baris ke). Robert finished his assignment in no time at all. second. twenty third. dst. Contoh: 1. twenty fourth. Contoh: . thirteenth. sementara belum sekolah. don¶t they? (Murid-murid yang duduk di baris pertama di kelas biasanya memiliki nilai yang lebih baik. Jumlah perempuan di angkatan udara jauh lebih sedikit dari pria).e di restaurant. (army = angkatan darat. My brother has been in the army since he graduated from senior high school. The number of females in the air force is much fewer than that of males. bukan?) p. (air force = angkatan udara. we go out for dinner. eleventh. 2. let¶s have fun. Kakakku telah di angkatan darat sejak dia tamat SMA). in no time at all In no time at all = dalam waktu yang sangat singkat. Contoh: 1. o. fourth. pada saat yang bersamaan. 2.1. (in the first row = pada baris pertama. Students who sit in the first row of the classroom usually have better grades. «. (Kadang-kadang. twelfth. kami makan malam di luar (i. (Sekolah (akan) dimulai dalam beberapa minggu. n.«. You will be able to watch the performance best if you sit in the first row. etc). anak nakal itu berprilaku baik). in the meantime In the meantime = at the same time = meanwhile = sementara itu. warung. School starts in several weeks. Contoh: 1. Ordinal number : first. Kamu akan dapat menonton pertunjukkan itu dengan paling baik jika kamu duduk di baris pertama). 2. twenty second. in the meantime. l. the naughty boy behaves well. m. (Kadang-kadang. (Robert menyelesaikan tugas/PR-nya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat). Contoh: 1. Once in a while. Once in a while. in + the + army/air force/navy. mari kita bersenang-senang).

You could save someone¶s life in the event that he or she doesn¶t breathe and his or her heart fails to beat. Feel free to post a question in case you need further explanations (Jangan sungkan memposting pertanyaan jika kamu butuh penjelasan lebih lanjut). in case (if). Therefore. q. I will give you the key to the house so you¶ll have it in case I arrive a little late. Nah sekarang. dan AT Part 2. (get) in touch with. Ingatlah bahwa kami tidak pernah memberitahu anda lewat SMS. anda akan diberitahu lewat email. (Aku akan memberimu kunci rumah agar kamu dapat menggunakannya (masuk rumah) jika aku pulang telat). do not bait. ON. sebuah prosedur penyelamatan (jiwa) sebelum ambulance tiba. (be fooled = tertipu. jika seseorang memberitahu anda lewat SMS. . 2. 3. anda akan tertipu). You should know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Otherwise. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). The last time I was in touch with her was last January. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. janganlah dihiraukan. It¶s very difficult to get in touch with Jenny because she works all day. Kamu dapat menyelamatkan jiwa seseorang jika orang itu tidak bernafas atau jika jantungnya tidak berdetak). (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). ON. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. you will be fooled. in the event that someone tells your winning a prize by SMS. Contoh: 1. r. Jika anda memenangkan sebuah hadiah tertentu. dan AT Part 3. Oleh karena itu. you will be notified by mail. 2. Jika dihiraukan. Contoh: 1.1. The last time I got in contact with her was last January. (get) in contact with (berhubungan/berkomunikasi). (Sangat sulit menghubungi Jenny karena dia bekerja seharian) 2. (Kamu seharusnya tahu bagaimana melakukan CPR (pertolongan pernafasan dari mulut ke mulut). an important life saving procedure before a medical assistance arrives. Please remember (that) we will NEVER notify you by SMS. In the event that you win a certain prize.

or exactly on August 17. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. many train passengers usually have no seats. couch = sofa). 4. A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). ON berarti ³di atas´ jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. My birthday is in October. . baik sebagai modifier of place. We had to sit still on the couch listening. our English teacher. Janet just got on the plane. I saw Maria on a bus this morning. I put the book on your desk. 3. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. 2. (still = diam. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike 1. 2. (cheek = pipi). on + the + permukaan benda Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. 3. Contoh: 1. A few days before Idul Fitri. 3. lives on Jalan Diponegoro. juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns. They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train. Mr. a. b ) d. We were not allowed to make comments. on + nama jalan Contoh: 1. You¶re late. modifier of time. Note: Article the. Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. I will be busy on Friday. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. Smith. b. Sebaliknya. but I will be free on Saturday. d) c. 2. exactly on October 24. Why don¶t you hang your pictures on the wall? There¶s something on your cheek. on + nama hari/tanggal Contoh: 1. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966. 2.Penggunaan Kata Depan ON Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan ³di atas´ tetapi bendanya tidak menempel. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). 1945.

2. The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue. h). on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floor Contoh: 1. (Lihat IN. on the beach Contoh: 1. gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir. I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago. Bali. Heru lives in an apartment. He lives on the twenty. . e. 2. I would have sat on the back of the truck. If you go to Kuta. 2. dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck. otherwise. You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor. 2. y Untuk truck. Contoh: 1. on the corner On the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. Bedakan dengan in time. 1. Contoh: 1. 3. After all family members had got in the van. our plane took off on time. we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor. The meeting started at 10 a. Robby arrived at 10. on time On time = punctual = tepat waktu. He was on time. there was one seat left in the truck.Note: y Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van.second floor of that apartment. (lie = berbaring) g. f. 1.m. Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan. they left for their home village. Luckily. Sir. you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. Despite the bad weather. h. The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman. Get in the car! 2.

on the whole On the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan. on the way On the way = dalam perjalanan. Before the television era. The debate will be on television tonight. Contoh: 1. Note : the didak digunakan jika on diikuti oleh television. ditambahkan kata ³Avenue´ (disingkat Ave. m. on the whole. I do. we used to listen to live sports games on the radio. Don¶t walk in the street. nama jalan ditambahkan kata ³Street´ (disingkat St. the rescue mission was well done. j. 2.) jika jalan tersebut membentang dari timur ke barat. My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny¶s is on the right. on the sidewalk Contoh: 1. Misalnya: Main St. (Lihat IN. the harus digunakan jika diikuti oleh telephone/phone.Note: Di Canada dan USA. I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus. Contoh: 1. Contoh: 1. he is considered successful in governing our country. 2. k. Bedakan dengan in the way. 2. 3. Sebaliknya. n. Walk on the sidewalk. Do you know those two girls? Yes.) jika jalannya membentang dari utara ke selatan. on the other hand . The one sitting on the right is Lucy. the optional (bisa digunakan. of course. He will be here soon. Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues. The manager is on the telephone. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio. Contoh: 1. bisa tidak) jika diikuti oleh radio. 2. Misalnya Pasadena Ave. I think James is on the way to his girl friend¶s house now. On the whole. j). on +the + right/left. l. while the one on the left is Lissie. i.

The cellphones will go on sale this weekend. on the other hand.95. on the other hand. Contoh: 1. The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time. (i. dan AT Part 3 . Contoh: 1.e by foot). The regular price of the book is $99. on foot On foot = walking = jalan kaki. ON. Although he has a car. Contoh: 1. on sale On sale = diobral. 2. dan AT Part 1. ON. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. p. My car did not start so I came on foot. 2. dijual lebih mural dari harga normal. He wants to study English at the university. Note: ON pada ungkapan on foot juga bisa digantikan dengan BY. he prefers to go to his office on foot. 2.On the other hand = however = nevertheless. Nah sekarang. o. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. his parents want him to take economics. but today it¶s on sale for $75. the simple past tense is.

our English teacher. gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh morning. I was helping my mother at 6 o¶clock last night. The class begins at 7 a.m. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. c) Contoh: 1. dll. Why are you still at home? Aren¶t you supposed to be at school? 2. Mr. kemudian diikuti oleh nama jalan. dst. . at + dawn/noon/night/ midday/dusk/ night/midnight Gunakan AT jika dikuti oleh dawn (subuh). evening. We met John at the bookstore yesterday. Dundass St. lives at 10 Jalan Diponegoro. He is usually still at work at 5 p. 2.30 a. Jane is at the bank at present. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. 2. tetapi kurang spesifik dibandingkan dengan IN. I once lived at 101-17 Maitland. night (malam). Smith. 2. at + home/school/work Contoh: 1. a. modifier of time. e. at + jam Contoh: 1. b. on the other hand. d. Contoh: 1. a) Contoh: 1. baik sebagai modifier of place. Bats are nocturnal animals because they are active at night. afternoon.m.m and ends at 9.Penggunaan preposition AT Berikut adalah beberapa penggunaan AT ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). noon atau midday (tengah hari). c. dll) Penulisan alamat umumnya diawali dengan nomor rumah/kantor. at + the + nama bangunan Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location. midnight (tengah malam). at + alamat (rumah/kantor. Toronto. dusk (magrib).

at least At least = at the minimum= sekurang-kurangnya/minimal. Contoh: 1. They leave the house at dawn and return home at dusk. at once At once = immediately = segera. at + present/the moment At present = at the moment = now= sekarang. Note: jika tanpa AT. at first At first= initially = in the beginning = pada awalnya. at times At times = once in a while = occasionally = sekali-sekali. Please submit your report at once. They are hardworking persons. h. 2. Contoh: 1.2. Contoh: 1. and to practice. We usually have lunch at noon. bukan at time. you¶re required to have a TOEFL score at least 550. g. Hey guys! Let¶s get together at times. Contoh: 1. 2. I don¶t have much time to wait. 2. If you want to improve your English. but at present I am reading this topic. At times. k. kata time selalu diimbuhi huruf s (menjadi: at times). it is hard to understand what he says. to look up dictionary. Perhatikan: pada ungkapan ini. f. He is on the phone at the moment. you will need to spend at least an hour a day to read the grammar. ONCE dapat berarti ³satu kali´ dan ³dulu´. Please come here at once. . 3. (get together = ngumpul-ngumpul). kadang-kadang. (be admitted = diterima) 2. I was reading the usage of the simple present tense this time yesterday. i. In order to be admitted as a student at the Canadian universities.

he gradually admired her inner beauty. Even though James was not attracted to Ani at all at first. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. 2. admire = mengagumi). Nah sekarang. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. ON. dan AT Part 1. ON. (gradually = sedikit demi sedikit. .Contoh: 1. but later she felt more relaxed. Rini was nervous at first. dan AT Part 2.

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