Perbedaan Penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT Part 1

By Swara Bhaskara on September 8, 2009 ‡ 22:04 11 Comments Apakah anda sering dibingungkan oleh penggunaan kata depan IN, ON, dan AT? Jangan khawatir! Anda tidak sendirian. Ketiga kata depan (presposition) ini tidak hanya membingungkan beginners, tetapi juga advanced learners, bahkan native English speakers sekalipun. Tulisan ini membahas perbedaan penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT, ketika digunakan sebagai keterangan waktu (modifier of time), keterangan tempat (modifier of place), dan berbagai ungkapan lainnya. Perhatikan dan hafalkan tipe noun yang mengikutinya dan ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya. Jika dilink, sebaiknya anda ikuti link-nya agar anda lebih cepat memahami perbedaan penggunaan kedua kata depan yang dilink tersebut.

Penggunaan IN
a. in + the + ruangan/bangunan/container
Pada phrase seperti ini, IN = inside (di dalam), dan merupakan antonim (kebalikan) dari OUT (di luar). Note: Tergantung konteks kalimatnya, adjective pronouns (i.e. my, his, her, their, our, your, its) juga dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan the, namun, keduanya tidak dapat digunakan secara bersamaan. Misalnya: in the room - in his room; in the pocket ± in my pocket. Tetapi INCORRECT jika: in the his room; in the my pocket, dst Contoh: 1. My classmates were in the classroom while I was lying sick in my room. (lie = terbaring; Teman-teman kelasku berada di dalam kelas sementara aku terbaring sakit di kamarku) 2. The water in the fridge is not cold. The fridge must¶ve been out of order. (fridge = refrigerator = kulkas; out of order = rusak; Air di kulkas tidak dingin. Mungkin kulkasnya telah rusak ). 3. Don¶t put your damp clothes in the drawer. (damp = lembab; drawer = laci khusus untuk pakaian; Jangan taruh pakaian lembabmu di dalam laci pakain). Note: AT juga bisa digunakan jika kata yang mengikuti merupakan nama bangunan. Misalnya: at the bookstore, at the police station, at the university, at the restaurant, dst. Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location, dan maknanya lebih luas (atau kurang spesifik) dibandingkan dengan IN. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. a).

b. in + wilayah (blok, RT, RW, desa, kabupaten, provinsi, kota, pulau, negara, dll.)
Cont0h: 1. Ahmad Fannany lives in Palembang. (Ahmad Fannany tinggal di Palembang)

bersekolah bukan merupakan keharusan. in the middle . If the massive deforestation continues as it does today. (Dulu. semua pulau di Indonesia akan menjadi gurun di masa mendatang) f. d. e. b) e. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. attendance at school was not compulsory. In the end of this article. all of the islands in Indonesia will become deserts in the future. in + nama bulan/tahun Contoh: 1. (Mereka tidak saling mengenal/tahu pada awalnya. Kata-kata lain yang dapat mengikuti AT dapat dilihat pada Penggunaan AT. 2. (Amelia dan Henni ada di Jepang sekarang). you will be linked to Practice test 6. (Kelas (pelajaran itu dimulai di pagi hari dan berkahir di sore hari). but in the end they became friends. 2. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. In the past. Most people in villages cannot access internet. My birthday is in October. in + the + beginning/end Contoh: 1. (Dia berangkat/pergi sore hari dan akan kembali tengah malam). (Kebanyakan orang (yang tinggal) di desadesa tidak dapat mengakses internet). kamu akan dilink (ditautkan) ke Practice test 6). tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berteman). Amelia and Henni are in Japan now. The class begins in the morning and ends in the afternoon. 4. (Indonesia kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1945). (Ulang tahunku adalah pada bulan Oktober) 2. (deforestation = penggundulan hutan. c. memproklamirkan Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama hari atau tanggal. tetapi sekarang menjadi keharusan). but it is now. He left in the evening and will be back at midnight. Most people in Indonesia reside in Java. 2. INCORRECT jika ditulis ³in the midnight atau in midnight´. Jika penebangan hutan secara besar-besaran terus berlangsung seperti yang terjadi saat ini. in + the + morning/afternoon/evening Contoh: 1. 3. in + the + past/future Contoh: 1. They didn¶t know each other in the beginning. desert = gurun. (Di bagian akhir artikel ini. Note: Gunakan AT jika diikuti oleh midnight. (reside = live = tinggal: Kebanyakan orang di Indonesia tinggal di Jawa).2. g.

I used to play football in the street in front of my house. Bloko had arrived 15 minutes before the meeting began. Aku tidak tahu dimana aku sekarang berada). (Aku tersesat.Contoh: 1. (Dulu. 2. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. Which one do you prefer: being in time. in the street Contoh: 1. 2. on time. Note: Bedakan dengan on the way. I am in the middle of nowhere. I am lost. Contoh: . in the way Contoh: 1. j) k. h. Teman-temanku tidak dapat melihatku karena aku berada di tengah-tengah kerumunan orang). Note: Apakah bedanya dengan ON TIME ? (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Anak-anak seharusnya tidak bermain di jalan). 2. c ) j. Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama jalan. (Aku berhenti mengayuh sepedaku dan kemudian menginjak rem karena segerombolan anak kucing sedang bermain di jalan/jalur (yang aku mau lewati). g) i. 1. once in a while Once in a while = at times =occasionally = sometimes = kadang-kadang/sekali-sekali. or late? (Yang mana yang kamu lebih suka: tiba lebih awal sedikit. (Dia tidak dapat memparkir mobilnya di driveway (jalur/jalan keluar-masuk mobil di rumah/kantor/banguan. Children should not play in the street. He was in time. tepat waktu. etc ke jalan utama) karena ada sebuah mobil yang lain yang mengalangi jalan ke driveway tersebut). atau telat?). 2. in time In time = early enough = ³beberapa saat sebelum waktu yang telah ditentukan´. aku biasa bermain bola di jalan di depan rumahku). (Bloko telah tiba 15 menit sebelum meetingnya dimulai). He could not park his car in the driveway because another car was in the way. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. I stopped paddling my bicycle and then pushed the brake because a crowd of kittens was playing in the way. My friends could not spot me because I was in the middle of the crowd. (spot = melihat.

n. thirteenth. Kamu akan dapat menonton pertunjukkan itu dengan paling baik jika kamu duduk di baris pertama). Once in a while. 2. Ordinal number : first. Jumlah perempuan di angkatan udara jauh lebih sedikit dari pria). (Sekolah (akan) dimulai dalam beberapa minggu. (air force = angkatan udara. pada saat yang bersamaan. (army = angkatan darat. twelfth.e di restaurant. warung. Kakakku telah di angkatan darat sejak dia tamat SMA). third. etc). we go out for dinner. sementara belum sekolah. «. 2. in + the + ordinal number + row (pada baris ke). in + the + army/air force/navy. School starts in several weeks.«. (Kadang-kadang. Contoh: 1. The number of females in the air force is much fewer than that of males. Contoh: 1. My brother has been in the army since he graduated from senior high school. Students who sit in the first row of the classroom usually have better grades. kami makan malam di luar (i. twenty first. 2. Contoh: 1. in no time at all In no time at all = dalam waktu yang sangat singkat. l. Contoh: 1. Once in a while.1. twenty fourth. bukan?) p. m. in the meantime. don¶t they? (Murid-murid yang duduk di baris pertama di kelas biasanya memiliki nilai yang lebih baik. twenty second. Contoh: . fourth. let¶s have fun. o. Robert finished his assignment in no time at all. eleventh. (Robert menyelesaikan tugas/PR-nya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat). in the meantime In the meantime = at the same time = meanwhile = sementara itu. (in the first row = pada baris pertama. You will be able to watch the performance best if you sit in the first row. the naughty boy behaves well. in the event that (= if). anak nakal itu berprilaku baik). second. dst. twenty third. (Kadang-kadang. mari kita bersenang-senang).

janganlah dihiraukan. Jika anda memenangkan sebuah hadiah tertentu. in the event that someone tells your winning a prize by SMS. q. You should know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). do not bait. In the event that you win a certain prize. you will be fooled. jika seseorang memberitahu anda lewat SMS. (get) in touch with. (Kamu seharusnya tahu bagaimana melakukan CPR (pertolongan pernafasan dari mulut ke mulut). ON. Jika dihiraukan. Ingatlah bahwa kami tidak pernah memberitahu anda lewat SMS. The last time I got in contact with her was last January. Please remember (that) we will NEVER notify you by SMS. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). Therefore. you will be notified by mail.1. You could save someone¶s life in the event that he or she doesn¶t breathe and his or her heart fails to beat. 2. Kamu dapat menyelamatkan jiwa seseorang jika orang itu tidak bernafas atau jika jantungnya tidak berdetak). Contoh: 1. I will give you the key to the house so you¶ll have it in case I arrive a little late. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. (Aku akan memberimu kunci rumah agar kamu dapat menggunakannya (masuk rumah) jika aku pulang telat). The last time I was in touch with her was last January. Contoh: 1. dan AT Part 3. sebuah prosedur penyelamatan (jiwa) sebelum ambulance tiba. Otherwise. an important life saving procedure before a medical assistance arrives. in case (if). r. . It¶s very difficult to get in touch with Jenny because she works all day. anda akan diberitahu lewat email. ON. (be fooled = tertipu. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). 3. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. Oleh karena itu. (Sangat sulit menghubungi Jenny karena dia bekerja seharian) 2. Feel free to post a question in case you need further explanations (Jangan sungkan memposting pertanyaan jika kamu butuh penjelasan lebih lanjut). Nah sekarang. anda akan tertipu). 2. dan AT Part 2. (get) in contact with (berhubungan/berkomunikasi).

many train passengers usually have no seats. Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. d) c. 2. b ) d. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns. I put the book on your desk. 2. A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning. (cheek = pipi). I will be busy on Friday. baik sebagai modifier of place. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. couch = sofa). 3. You¶re late. Janet just got on the plane. ON berarti ³di atas´ jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. A few days before Idul Fitri. We had to sit still on the couch listening. 2. (still = diam. 3. 4. 3.Penggunaan Kata Depan ON Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. We were not allowed to make comments. I saw Maria on a bus this morning. but I will be free on Saturday. Why don¶t you hang your pictures on the wall? There¶s something on your cheek. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike 1. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966. Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. My birthday is in October. lives on Jalan Diponegoro. Mr. our English teacher. modifier of time. Smith. Note: Article the. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. b. exactly on October 24. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. 1945. gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan ³di atas´ tetapi bendanya tidak menempel. Sebaliknya. 2. or exactly on August 17. on + the + permukaan benda Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. on + nama hari/tanggal Contoh: 1. They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train. Contoh: 1. a. on + nama jalan Contoh: 1. .

(Lihat IN. Luckily. Bali. After all family members had got in the van. otherwise. The meeting started at 10 a. The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue. Contoh: 1. we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor.second floor of that apartment. on the beach Contoh: 1. He was on time. Heru lives in an apartment. (lie = berbaring) g. y Untuk truck. h. The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman. 1.Note: y Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van. on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floor Contoh: 1. Robby arrived at 10. they left for their home village. there was one seat left in the truck. on the corner On the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. Get in the car! 2. 2. dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck. 2. on time On time = punctual = tepat waktu. . f. Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan. 3. you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir. Despite the bad weather. h). 2. He lives on the twenty. e. You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor. Contoh: 1. I would have sat on the back of the truck. I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago. If you go to Kuta. 1.m. our plane took off on time. Sir. Bedakan dengan in time. 2.

the rescue mission was well done. He will be here soon. on the way On the way = dalam perjalanan. 2. 3. The debate will be on television tonight. (Lihat IN. I think James is on the way to his girl friend¶s house now. he is considered successful in governing our country. n. Sebaliknya. i. j. l. m.) jika jalan tersebut membentang dari timur ke barat. the harus digunakan jika diikuti oleh telephone/phone. the optional (bisa digunakan.Note: Di Canada dan USA. The manager is on the telephone. on the whole On the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan. My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny¶s is on the right. Before the television era. on the whole. The one sitting on the right is Lucy. Note : the didak digunakan jika on diikuti oleh television. Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues. of course. Contoh: 1. we used to listen to live sports games on the radio. I do. 2. on the sidewalk Contoh: 1. j). I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus.) jika jalannya membentang dari utara ke selatan. Misalnya: Main St. on the other hand . ditambahkan kata ³Avenue´ (disingkat Ave. Contoh: 1. 2. On the whole. Do you know those two girls? Yes. Misalnya Pasadena Ave. on +the + right/left. Contoh: 1. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio. bisa tidak) jika diikuti oleh radio. while the one on the left is Lissie. nama jalan ditambahkan kata ³Street´ (disingkat St. Contoh: 1. 2. k. Don¶t walk in the street. Walk on the sidewalk. Bedakan dengan in the way.

2.e by foot). on sale On sale = diobral. Note: ON pada ungkapan on foot juga bisa digantikan dengan BY. ON. on the other hand. Contoh: 1. dijual lebih mural dari harga normal. Although he has a car. 2. the simple past tense is. he prefers to go to his office on foot.On the other hand = however = nevertheless. ON. but today it¶s on sale for $75. (i. o. Contoh: 1. He wants to study English at the university. Nah sekarang. on the other hand. dan AT Part 3 . The cellphones will go on sale this weekend. on foot On foot = walking = jalan kaki. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. his parents want him to take economics. The regular price of the book is $99. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. My car did not start so I came on foot. 2.95. dan AT Part 1. Contoh: 1. The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time. p.

evening. a) Contoh: 1. We met John at the bookstore yesterday. modifier of time. midnight (tengah malam). on the other hand. lives at 10 Jalan Diponegoro. Mr. (Lihat Penggunaan IN.m and ends at 9. Dundass St. 2. at + the + nama bangunan Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location. tetapi kurang spesifik dibandingkan dengan IN. at + alamat (rumah/kantor.30 a. at + dawn/noon/night/ midday/dusk/ night/midnight Gunakan AT jika dikuti oleh dawn (subuh). baik sebagai modifier of place. I once lived at 101-17 Maitland. Why are you still at home? Aren¶t you supposed to be at school? 2. e. at + jam Contoh: 1. night (malam). Contoh: 1.m. c. Smith.Penggunaan preposition AT Berikut adalah beberapa penggunaan AT ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. 2. Jane is at the bank at present. at + home/school/work Contoh: 1. Bats are nocturnal animals because they are active at night. Toronto. dst. dll. dusk (magrib). our English teacher. The class begins at 7 a. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. c) Contoh: 1. .m. gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh morning. I was helping my mother at 6 o¶clock last night. 2. b. d. afternoon. He is usually still at work at 5 p. a. kemudian diikuti oleh nama jalan. dll) Penulisan alamat umumnya diawali dengan nomor rumah/kantor. noon atau midday (tengah hari). maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions).

Please come here at once. Contoh: 1. h. Note: jika tanpa AT. you¶re required to have a TOEFL score at least 550. you will need to spend at least an hour a day to read the grammar. 2. ONCE dapat berarti ³satu kali´ dan ³dulu´. . at + present/the moment At present = at the moment = now= sekarang. at once At once = immediately = segera. i. (be admitted = diterima) 2. kata time selalu diimbuhi huruf s (menjadi: at times). kadang-kadang. f. k. If you want to improve your English. at times At times = once in a while = occasionally = sekali-sekali. We usually have lunch at noon. g. it is hard to understand what he says. Contoh: 1. Contoh: 1. They leave the house at dawn and return home at dusk. and to practice. I was reading the usage of the simple present tense this time yesterday. He is on the phone at the moment. but at present I am reading this topic. In order to be admitted as a student at the Canadian universities. Contoh: 1. 3. Hey guys! Let¶s get together at times. 2. Perhatikan: pada ungkapan ini. At times. at least At least = at the minimum= sekurang-kurangnya/minimal. Please submit your report at once. at first At first= initially = in the beginning = pada awalnya. 2. They are hardworking persons.2. (get together = ngumpul-ngumpul). to look up dictionary. I don¶t have much time to wait. bukan at time.

Rini was nervous at first. Even though James was not attracted to Ani at all at first. dan AT Part 1. ON. ON. but later she felt more relaxed. dan AT Part 2. he gradually admired her inner beauty. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. . sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN.Contoh: 1. 2. (gradually = sedikit demi sedikit. Nah sekarang. admire = mengagumi).

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