Perbedaan Penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT Part 1

By Swara Bhaskara on September 8, 2009 ‡ 22:04 11 Comments Apakah anda sering dibingungkan oleh penggunaan kata depan IN, ON, dan AT? Jangan khawatir! Anda tidak sendirian. Ketiga kata depan (presposition) ini tidak hanya membingungkan beginners, tetapi juga advanced learners, bahkan native English speakers sekalipun. Tulisan ini membahas perbedaan penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT, ketika digunakan sebagai keterangan waktu (modifier of time), keterangan tempat (modifier of place), dan berbagai ungkapan lainnya. Perhatikan dan hafalkan tipe noun yang mengikutinya dan ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya. Jika dilink, sebaiknya anda ikuti link-nya agar anda lebih cepat memahami perbedaan penggunaan kedua kata depan yang dilink tersebut.

Penggunaan IN
a. in + the + ruangan/bangunan/container
Pada phrase seperti ini, IN = inside (di dalam), dan merupakan antonim (kebalikan) dari OUT (di luar). Note: Tergantung konteks kalimatnya, adjective pronouns (i.e. my, his, her, their, our, your, its) juga dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan the, namun, keduanya tidak dapat digunakan secara bersamaan. Misalnya: in the room - in his room; in the pocket ± in my pocket. Tetapi INCORRECT jika: in the his room; in the my pocket, dst Contoh: 1. My classmates were in the classroom while I was lying sick in my room. (lie = terbaring; Teman-teman kelasku berada di dalam kelas sementara aku terbaring sakit di kamarku) 2. The water in the fridge is not cold. The fridge must¶ve been out of order. (fridge = refrigerator = kulkas; out of order = rusak; Air di kulkas tidak dingin. Mungkin kulkasnya telah rusak ). 3. Don¶t put your damp clothes in the drawer. (damp = lembab; drawer = laci khusus untuk pakaian; Jangan taruh pakaian lembabmu di dalam laci pakain). Note: AT juga bisa digunakan jika kata yang mengikuti merupakan nama bangunan. Misalnya: at the bookstore, at the police station, at the university, at the restaurant, dst. Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location, dan maknanya lebih luas (atau kurang spesifik) dibandingkan dengan IN. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. a).

b. in + wilayah (blok, RT, RW, desa, kabupaten, provinsi, kota, pulau, negara, dll.)
Cont0h: 1. Ahmad Fannany lives in Palembang. (Ahmad Fannany tinggal di Palembang)

Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. 4. tetapi sekarang menjadi keharusan). My birthday is in October. The class begins in the morning and ends in the afternoon.2. all of the islands in Indonesia will become deserts in the future. He left in the evening and will be back at midnight. Kata-kata lain yang dapat mengikuti AT dapat dilihat pada Penggunaan AT. d. memproklamirkan Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama hari atau tanggal. c. but it is now. (Ulang tahunku adalah pada bulan Oktober) 2. (Dulu. (Di bagian akhir artikel ini. (Amelia dan Henni ada di Jepang sekarang). (Dia berangkat/pergi sore hari dan akan kembali tengah malam). (deforestation = penggundulan hutan. 2. Amelia and Henni are in Japan now. b) e. 2. 3. (Kebanyakan orang (yang tinggal) di desadesa tidak dapat mengakses internet). If the massive deforestation continues as it does today. (reside = live = tinggal: Kebanyakan orang di Indonesia tinggal di Jawa). kamu akan dilink (ditautkan) ke Practice test 6). e. in the middle . but in the end they became friends. bersekolah bukan merupakan keharusan. Most people in Indonesia reside in Java. In the past. in + nama bulan/tahun Contoh: 1. Jika penebangan hutan secara besar-besaran terus berlangsung seperti yang terjadi saat ini. Most people in villages cannot access internet. INCORRECT jika ditulis ³in the midnight atau in midnight´. (Kelas (pelajaran itu dimulai di pagi hari dan berkahir di sore hari). desert = gurun. tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berteman). Note: Gunakan AT jika diikuti oleh midnight. attendance at school was not compulsory. in + the + past/future Contoh: 1. (Indonesia kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1945). (Mereka tidak saling mengenal/tahu pada awalnya. semua pulau di Indonesia akan menjadi gurun di masa mendatang) f. in + the + morning/afternoon/evening Contoh: 1. in + the + beginning/end Contoh: 1. you will be linked to Practice test 6. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. They didn¶t know each other in the beginning. 2. In the end of this article. g.

Children should not play in the street. on time. Note: Apakah bedanya dengan ON TIME ? (Lihat Penggunaan ON. Note: Bedakan dengan on the way. c ) j. I used to play football in the street in front of my house. etc ke jalan utama) karena ada sebuah mobil yang lain yang mengalangi jalan ke driveway tersebut). My friends could not spot me because I was in the middle of the crowd. in the way Contoh: 1. j) k. or late? (Yang mana yang kamu lebih suka: tiba lebih awal sedikit. 2. (Dia tidak dapat memparkir mobilnya di driveway (jalur/jalan keluar-masuk mobil di rumah/kantor/banguan. atau telat?). (Aku berhenti mengayuh sepedaku dan kemudian menginjak rem karena segerombolan anak kucing sedang bermain di jalan/jalur (yang aku mau lewati). once in a while Once in a while = at times =occasionally = sometimes = kadang-kadang/sekali-sekali. Contoh: . in time In time = early enough = ³beberapa saat sebelum waktu yang telah ditentukan´. Which one do you prefer: being in time. Bloko had arrived 15 minutes before the meeting began. aku biasa bermain bola di jalan di depan rumahku). 2. He was in time.Contoh: 1. 1. (Dulu. g) i. Teman-temanku tidak dapat melihatku karena aku berada di tengah-tengah kerumunan orang). Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama jalan. (spot = melihat. h. (Anak-anak seharusnya tidak bermain di jalan). I am lost. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Aku tersesat. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Bloko telah tiba 15 menit sebelum meetingnya dimulai). tepat waktu. 2. I am in the middle of nowhere. I stopped paddling my bicycle and then pushed the brake because a crowd of kittens was playing in the way. in the street Contoh: 1. He could not park his car in the driveway because another car was in the way. Aku tidak tahu dimana aku sekarang berada). 2.

Kamu akan dapat menonton pertunjukkan itu dengan paling baik jika kamu duduk di baris pertama). 2. Students who sit in the first row of the classroom usually have better grades. twelfth. in no time at all In no time at all = dalam waktu yang sangat singkat. in the meantime. twenty second. pada saat yang bersamaan. o. we go out for dinner. (air force = angkatan udara. sementara belum sekolah. Contoh: 1. warung. Ordinal number : first. thirteenth. m. second. (army = angkatan darat.e di restaurant. bukan?) p. etc). don¶t they? (Murid-murid yang duduk di baris pertama di kelas biasanya memiliki nilai yang lebih baik. kami makan malam di luar (i. (Kadang-kadang. (Robert menyelesaikan tugas/PR-nya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat). Kakakku telah di angkatan darat sejak dia tamat SMA). Once in a while. let¶s have fun. eleventh. in the meantime In the meantime = at the same time = meanwhile = sementara itu. Contoh: 1. Contoh: . Robert finished his assignment in no time at all. You will be able to watch the performance best if you sit in the first row. Once in a while. mari kita bersenang-senang). (Sekolah (akan) dimulai dalam beberapa minggu. twenty fourth. Contoh: 1.1. 2. Jumlah perempuan di angkatan udara jauh lebih sedikit dari pria). l. «. the naughty boy behaves well. n. anak nakal itu berprilaku baik). third. School starts in several weeks. (Kadang-kadang. The number of females in the air force is much fewer than that of males. My brother has been in the army since he graduated from senior high school. dst. in + the + ordinal number + row (pada baris ke). fourth.«. Contoh: 1. (in the first row = pada baris pertama. in + the + army/air force/navy. 2. twenty third. in the event that (= if). twenty first.

(Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). sebuah prosedur penyelamatan (jiwa) sebelum ambulance tiba. Otherwise. you will be fooled. I will give you the key to the house so you¶ll have it in case I arrive a little late. Contoh: 1. It¶s very difficult to get in touch with Jenny because she works all day. (get) in contact with (berhubungan/berkomunikasi). you will be notified by mail. Jika anda memenangkan sebuah hadiah tertentu. janganlah dihiraukan. ON. (Kamu seharusnya tahu bagaimana melakukan CPR (pertolongan pernafasan dari mulut ke mulut). You could save someone¶s life in the event that he or she doesn¶t breathe and his or her heart fails to beat. ON. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN.1. The last time I was in touch with her was last January. 3. 2. (Aku akan memberimu kunci rumah agar kamu dapat menggunakannya (masuk rumah) jika aku pulang telat). q. In the event that you win a certain prize. Oleh karena itu. Nah sekarang. (Sangat sulit menghubungi Jenny karena dia bekerja seharian) 2. (get) in touch with. an important life saving procedure before a medical assistance arrives. The last time I got in contact with her was last January. You should know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Therefore. dan AT Part 2. (be fooled = tertipu. r. in case (if). dan AT Part 3. Please remember (that) we will NEVER notify you by SMS. Jika dihiraukan. jika seseorang memberitahu anda lewat SMS. do not bait. Kamu dapat menyelamatkan jiwa seseorang jika orang itu tidak bernafas atau jika jantungnya tidak berdetak). anda akan diberitahu lewat email. Contoh: 1. . Ingatlah bahwa kami tidak pernah memberitahu anda lewat SMS. in the event that someone tells your winning a prize by SMS. anda akan tertipu). sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. 2. Feel free to post a question in case you need further explanations (Jangan sungkan memposting pertanyaan jika kamu butuh penjelasan lebih lanjut). (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu).

3. Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. on + nama jalan Contoh: 1. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns. many train passengers usually have no seats. on + the + permukaan benda Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). Smith. Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. ON berarti ³di atas´ jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. d) c. (cheek = pipi). our English teacher. Janet just got on the plane. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. modifier of time. A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning. We had to sit still on the couch listening.Penggunaan Kata Depan ON Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. couch = sofa). maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). We were not allowed to make comments. b. Contoh: 1. 4. 3. You¶re late. exactly on October 24. I will be busy on Friday. 2. 1945. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966. a. . or exactly on August 17. I put the book on your desk. A few days before Idul Fitri. lives on Jalan Diponegoro. baik sebagai modifier of place. Sebaliknya. I saw Maria on a bus this morning. Mr. My birthday is in October. 3. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. b ) d. 2. on + nama hari/tanggal Contoh: 1. They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train. (still = diam. 2. gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan ³di atas´ tetapi bendanya tidak menempel. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike 1. Why don¶t you hang your pictures on the wall? There¶s something on your cheek. but I will be free on Saturday. 2. Note: Article the.

m. 1. He lives on the twenty. The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman. The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue. we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor. h). 3. h. 2. on the beach Contoh: 1. our plane took off on time. Contoh: 1. on time On time = punctual = tepat waktu. gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir. 2. Bedakan dengan in time. y Untuk truck. Robby arrived at 10. I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago.second floor of that apartment. You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor. . Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan.Note: y Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van. (Lihat IN. The meeting started at 10 a. Get in the car! 2. Luckily. 2. f. Despite the bad weather. Bali. on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floor Contoh: 1. there was one seat left in the truck. (lie = berbaring) g. 2. you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck. After all family members had got in the van. Heru lives in an apartment. 1. Sir. otherwise. on the corner On the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. He was on time. e. Contoh: 1. I would have sat on the back of the truck. they left for their home village. If you go to Kuta.

Contoh: 1. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio. Before the television era. (Lihat IN. m. Contoh: 1. The manager is on the telephone. on the whole On the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan. On the whole. Note : the didak digunakan jika on diikuti oleh television. j. the rescue mission was well done.) jika jalan tersebut membentang dari timur ke barat. n. Do you know those two girls? Yes. on +the + right/left. Contoh: 1. Walk on the sidewalk. on the sidewalk Contoh: 1. The one sitting on the right is Lucy. Misalnya: Main St. Bedakan dengan in the way. Sebaliknya. l. the harus digunakan jika diikuti oleh telephone/phone. My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny¶s is on the right. the optional (bisa digunakan. I think James is on the way to his girl friend¶s house now. Misalnya Pasadena Ave. i. we used to listen to live sports games on the radio.) jika jalannya membentang dari utara ke selatan. he is considered successful in governing our country. nama jalan ditambahkan kata ³Street´ (disingkat St. on the other hand . He will be here soon. 2. on the way On the way = dalam perjalanan. 2. I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus.Note: Di Canada dan USA. of course. 2. ditambahkan kata ³Avenue´ (disingkat Ave. The debate will be on television tonight. 3. I do. k. on the whole. while the one on the left is Lissie. 2. bisa tidak) jika diikuti oleh radio. Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues. Don¶t walk in the street. Contoh: 1. j).

2. on the other hand. Contoh: 1. on sale On sale = diobral. he prefers to go to his office on foot. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. Nah sekarang. o. on the other hand. The regular price of the book is $99. Although he has a car. on foot On foot = walking = jalan kaki. 2. p. He wants to study English at the university. the simple past tense is. dan AT Part 1. dan AT Part 3 . 2. My car did not start so I came on foot. Contoh: 1. (i. but today it¶s on sale for $75. Note: ON pada ungkapan on foot juga bisa digantikan dengan BY. dijual lebih mural dari harga normal.e by foot). his parents want him to take economics. ON. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN.95. ON. The cellphones will go on sale this weekend.On the other hand = however = nevertheless. Contoh: 1. The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time.

(Lihat Penggunaan IN. c. e. Contoh: 1. Mr. lives at 10 Jalan Diponegoro. He is usually still at work at 5 p. evening. I was helping my mother at 6 o¶clock last night.m and ends at 9. gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh morning. modifier of time.m. at + jam Contoh: 1. Smith. tetapi kurang spesifik dibandingkan dengan IN. at + home/school/work Contoh: 1. 2. dll. Bats are nocturnal animals because they are active at night. on the other hand. kemudian diikuti oleh nama jalan. I once lived at 101-17 Maitland. .30 a. at + the + nama bangunan Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location.Penggunaan preposition AT Berikut adalah beberapa penggunaan AT ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. b. dll) Penulisan alamat umumnya diawali dengan nomor rumah/kantor. The class begins at 7 a. Why are you still at home? Aren¶t you supposed to be at school? 2. Toronto. baik sebagai modifier of place. a. d. Dundass St. Jane is at the bank at present. noon atau midday (tengah hari). dusk (magrib). We met John at the bookstore yesterday.m. 2. our English teacher. a) Contoh: 1. 2. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). (Lihat Penggunaan IN. at + alamat (rumah/kantor. afternoon. dst. at + dawn/noon/night/ midday/dusk/ night/midnight Gunakan AT jika dikuti oleh dawn (subuh). c) Contoh: 1. night (malam). midnight (tengah malam).

If you want to improve your English. i. at + present/the moment At present = at the moment = now= sekarang. At times. Please submit your report at once.2. He is on the phone at the moment. Hey guys! Let¶s get together at times. They leave the house at dawn and return home at dusk. In order to be admitted as a student at the Canadian universities. I was reading the usage of the simple present tense this time yesterday. k. I don¶t have much time to wait. 3. Please come here at once. Contoh: 1. you will need to spend at least an hour a day to read the grammar. They are hardworking persons. Contoh: 1. but at present I am reading this topic. at once At once = immediately = segera. ONCE dapat berarti ³satu kali´ dan ³dulu´. f. kata time selalu diimbuhi huruf s (menjadi: at times). We usually have lunch at noon. 2. at least At least = at the minimum= sekurang-kurangnya/minimal. you¶re required to have a TOEFL score at least 550. 2. 2. to look up dictionary. Note: jika tanpa AT. . it is hard to understand what he says. g. Contoh: 1. (get together = ngumpul-ngumpul). h. kadang-kadang. at times At times = once in a while = occasionally = sekali-sekali. at first At first= initially = in the beginning = pada awalnya. Perhatikan: pada ungkapan ini. bukan at time. and to practice. (be admitted = diterima) 2. Contoh: 1.

Even though James was not attracted to Ani at all at first. ON. ON. he gradually admired her inner beauty. Rini was nervous at first.Contoh: 1. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. dan AT Part 1. 2. (gradually = sedikit demi sedikit. admire = mengagumi). . sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. dan AT Part 2. but later she felt more relaxed. Nah sekarang.

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