P. 1
Perbedaan Penggunaan in, On Dan At

Perbedaan Penggunaan in, On Dan At

|Views: 3,603|Likes:
Dipublikasikan oleh Micael Dhion

More info:

Published by: Micael Dhion on Feb 29, 2012
Hak Cipta:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/04/2013

pdf

text

original

Perbedaan Penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT Part 1

By Swara Bhaskara on September 8, 2009 ‡ 22:04 11 Comments Apakah anda sering dibingungkan oleh penggunaan kata depan IN, ON, dan AT? Jangan khawatir! Anda tidak sendirian. Ketiga kata depan (presposition) ini tidak hanya membingungkan beginners, tetapi juga advanced learners, bahkan native English speakers sekalipun. Tulisan ini membahas perbedaan penggunaan IN, ON, dan AT, ketika digunakan sebagai keterangan waktu (modifier of time), keterangan tempat (modifier of place), dan berbagai ungkapan lainnya. Perhatikan dan hafalkan tipe noun yang mengikutinya dan ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya. Jika dilink, sebaiknya anda ikuti link-nya agar anda lebih cepat memahami perbedaan penggunaan kedua kata depan yang dilink tersebut.

Penggunaan IN
a. in + the + ruangan/bangunan/container
Pada phrase seperti ini, IN = inside (di dalam), dan merupakan antonim (kebalikan) dari OUT (di luar). Note: Tergantung konteks kalimatnya, adjective pronouns (i.e. my, his, her, their, our, your, its) juga dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan the, namun, keduanya tidak dapat digunakan secara bersamaan. Misalnya: in the room - in his room; in the pocket ± in my pocket. Tetapi INCORRECT jika: in the his room; in the my pocket, dst Contoh: 1. My classmates were in the classroom while I was lying sick in my room. (lie = terbaring; Teman-teman kelasku berada di dalam kelas sementara aku terbaring sakit di kamarku) 2. The water in the fridge is not cold. The fridge must¶ve been out of order. (fridge = refrigerator = kulkas; out of order = rusak; Air di kulkas tidak dingin. Mungkin kulkasnya telah rusak ). 3. Don¶t put your damp clothes in the drawer. (damp = lembab; drawer = laci khusus untuk pakaian; Jangan taruh pakaian lembabmu di dalam laci pakain). Note: AT juga bisa digunakan jika kata yang mengikuti merupakan nama bangunan. Misalnya: at the bookstore, at the police station, at the university, at the restaurant, dst. Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location, dan maknanya lebih luas (atau kurang spesifik) dibandingkan dengan IN. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. a).

b. in + wilayah (blok, RT, RW, desa, kabupaten, provinsi, kota, pulau, negara, dll.)
Cont0h: 1. Ahmad Fannany lives in Palembang. (Ahmad Fannany tinggal di Palembang)

in + the + beginning/end Contoh: 1. The class begins in the morning and ends in the afternoon. all of the islands in Indonesia will become deserts in the future. e. (reside = live = tinggal: Kebanyakan orang di Indonesia tinggal di Jawa). attendance at school was not compulsory. b) e. 2. (Ulang tahunku adalah pada bulan Oktober) 2. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. In the past. (deforestation = penggundulan hutan. semua pulau di Indonesia akan menjadi gurun di masa mendatang) f. but in the end they became friends. but it is now. Amelia and Henni are in Japan now. Note: Gunakan AT jika diikuti oleh midnight. desert = gurun. 2. (Di bagian akhir artikel ini. in + nama bulan/tahun Contoh: 1. (Amelia dan Henni ada di Jepang sekarang). (Indonesia kemerdekaannya pada tahun 1945). (Kelas (pelajaran itu dimulai di pagi hari dan berkahir di sore hari). you will be linked to Practice test 6. in the middle . d.2. bersekolah bukan merupakan keharusan. They didn¶t know each other in the beginning. g. My birthday is in October. in + the + past/future Contoh: 1. Most people in villages cannot access internet. Most people in Indonesia reside in Java. in + the + morning/afternoon/evening Contoh: 1. In the end of this article. INCORRECT jika ditulis ³in the midnight atau in midnight´. (Kebanyakan orang (yang tinggal) di desadesa tidak dapat mengakses internet). He left in the evening and will be back at midnight. kamu akan dilink (ditautkan) ke Practice test 6). tetapi sekarang menjadi keharusan). Kata-kata lain yang dapat mengikuti AT dapat dilihat pada Penggunaan AT. 4. memproklamirkan Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama hari atau tanggal. (Mereka tidak saling mengenal/tahu pada awalnya. Jika penebangan hutan secara besar-besaran terus berlangsung seperti yang terjadi saat ini. 3. (Dia berangkat/pergi sore hari dan akan kembali tengah malam). (Dulu. tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berteman). (Lihat Penggunaan ON. c. If the massive deforestation continues as it does today. 2.

2. in the way Contoh: 1. I am lost. Note: Apakah bedanya dengan ON TIME ? (Lihat Penggunaan ON. c ) j. aku biasa bermain bola di jalan di depan rumahku). g) i. j) k.Contoh: 1. or late? (Yang mana yang kamu lebih suka: tiba lebih awal sedikit. (Anak-anak seharusnya tidak bermain di jalan). I stopped paddling my bicycle and then pushed the brake because a crowd of kittens was playing in the way. (Dia tidak dapat memparkir mobilnya di driveway (jalur/jalan keluar-masuk mobil di rumah/kantor/banguan. on time. in time In time = early enough = ³beberapa saat sebelum waktu yang telah ditentukan´. in the street Contoh: 1. Aku tidak tahu dimana aku sekarang berada). (Dulu. Children should not play in the street. 2. (Aku tersesat. He was in time. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. 2. Teman-temanku tidak dapat melihatku karena aku berada di tengah-tengah kerumunan orang). I used to play football in the street in front of my house. Bloko had arrived 15 minutes before the meeting began. 1. atau telat?). tepat waktu. h. (Lihat Penggunaan ON. (Bloko telah tiba 15 menit sebelum meetingnya dimulai). My friends could not spot me because I was in the middle of the crowd. (Aku berhenti mengayuh sepedaku dan kemudian menginjak rem karena segerombolan anak kucing sedang bermain di jalan/jalur (yang aku mau lewati). Note: Bedakan dengan on the way. Which one do you prefer: being in time. once in a while Once in a while = at times =occasionally = sometimes = kadang-kadang/sekali-sekali. Note: Gunakan ON jika diikuti oleh nama jalan. etc ke jalan utama) karena ada sebuah mobil yang lain yang mengalangi jalan ke driveway tersebut). Contoh: . I am in the middle of nowhere. 2. (spot = melihat. He could not park his car in the driveway because another car was in the way.

in + the + army/air force/navy. Once in a while. twenty second. Robert finished his assignment in no time at all.«. Contoh: . 2. sementara belum sekolah. Kakakku telah di angkatan darat sejak dia tamat SMA). twenty first. in the event that (= if). we go out for dinner. Jumlah perempuan di angkatan udara jauh lebih sedikit dari pria). bukan?) p. Once in a while. m. in + the + ordinal number + row (pada baris ke). (Kadang-kadang. second. My brother has been in the army since he graduated from senior high school. third. mari kita bersenang-senang).e di restaurant.1. 2. etc). pada saat yang bersamaan. l. (air force = angkatan udara. dst. You will be able to watch the performance best if you sit in the first row. Contoh: 1. Contoh: 1. Students who sit in the first row of the classroom usually have better grades. kami makan malam di luar (i. o. eleventh. anak nakal itu berprilaku baik). warung. the naughty boy behaves well. (Robert menyelesaikan tugas/PR-nya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat). let¶s have fun. twenty third. (army = angkatan darat. «. Contoh: 1. (in the first row = pada baris pertama. in no time at all In no time at all = dalam waktu yang sangat singkat. thirteenth. Ordinal number : first. twelfth. fourth. Contoh: 1. twenty fourth. The number of females in the air force is much fewer than that of males. n. (Sekolah (akan) dimulai dalam beberapa minggu. (Kadang-kadang. Kamu akan dapat menonton pertunjukkan itu dengan paling baik jika kamu duduk di baris pertama). 2. School starts in several weeks. in the meantime. don¶t they? (Murid-murid yang duduk di baris pertama di kelas biasanya memiliki nilai yang lebih baik. in the meantime In the meantime = at the same time = meanwhile = sementara itu.

3. Kamu dapat menyelamatkan jiwa seseorang jika orang itu tidak bernafas atau jika jantungnya tidak berdetak). Therefore. 2. . (Aku akan memberimu kunci rumah agar kamu dapat menggunakannya (masuk rumah) jika aku pulang telat). 2. (Sangat sulit menghubungi Jenny karena dia bekerja seharian) 2. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). sebuah prosedur penyelamatan (jiwa) sebelum ambulance tiba. Otherwise.1. you will be notified by mail. ON. Feel free to post a question in case you need further explanations (Jangan sungkan memposting pertanyaan jika kamu butuh penjelasan lebih lanjut). Ingatlah bahwa kami tidak pernah memberitahu anda lewat SMS. ON. (Kamu seharusnya tahu bagaimana melakukan CPR (pertolongan pernafasan dari mulut ke mulut). Nah sekarang. In the event that you win a certain prize. jika seseorang memberitahu anda lewat SMS. It¶s very difficult to get in touch with Jenny because she works all day. Jika dihiraukan. You should know how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). do not bait. in the event that someone tells your winning a prize by SMS. anda akan diberitahu lewat email. Contoh: 1. dan AT Part 3. in case (if). janganlah dihiraukan. I will give you the key to the house so you¶ll have it in case I arrive a little late. anda akan tertipu). Jika anda memenangkan sebuah hadiah tertentu. (get) in touch with. Contoh: 1. The last time I was in touch with her was last January. Oleh karena itu. an important life saving procedure before a medical assistance arrives. r. you will be fooled. Please remember (that) we will NEVER notify you by SMS. (get) in contact with (berhubungan/berkomunikasi). dan AT Part 2. q. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan IN dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. (be fooled = tertipu. (Terakhir kali aku berkomunikasi dengan dia adalah Januari lalu). The last time I got in contact with her was last January. You could save someone¶s life in the event that he or she doesn¶t breathe and his or her heart fails to beat.

(still = diam. Mr. Janet just got on the plane. but I will be free on Saturday. 2. . exactly on October 24. Why don¶t you hang your pictures on the wall? There¶s something on your cheek.Penggunaan Kata Depan ON Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan kata depan (preposition) ON ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. Note: Article the. My birthday is in October. Note: Gunakan AT untuk menyatakan alamat (no. 3. our English teacher. 0n + a/the + bus/plane/train/ship/bike 1. 2. You¶re late. They have to stand on the train or even dangerously sit on the roof of the train. lives on Jalan Diponegoro. 3. a. ON berarti ³di atas´ jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. b. We had to sit still on the couch listening. (cheek = pipi). 3. rumah/bangunan + nama jalan). I saw Maria on a bus this morning. Contoh: 1. 4. I will be busy on Friday. I was born on the 24th of October in 1966. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. on + the + permukaan benda Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. Sebaliknya. on + nama hari/tanggal Contoh: 1. 2. Smith. or exactly on August 17. A few days before Idul Fitri. Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. We were not allowed to make comments. Note: Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh nama bulan atau tahun. (Lihat Penggunaan AT. A terrible accident took place on Jalan Sudirman this morning. I put the book on your desk. gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan ³di atas´ tetapi bendanya tidak menempel. baik sebagai modifier of place. 2. couch = sofa). d) c. b ) d. 1945. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). many train passengers usually have no seats. modifier of time. juga bisa digantikan dengan adjective pronouns. on + nama jalan Contoh: 1.

1. Robby arrived at 10. otherwise. I would have sat on the back of the truck. (Lihat IN. we have only one room left on the thirteenth floor. The shopping center is on the corner of Main Street and Pasadena Avenue.Note: y Gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh car/van. The meeting started at 10 a. Luckily. Get in the car! 2. gunakan IN jika berada di dalam ruangan sopir. 2. Biasanya digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu lokasi yang terletak di sebuah persimpangan jalan. . Despite the bad weather. f. You guys can sleep on the bed and I will sleep on the floor. Contoh: 1. h). on the corner On the corner = di pojok/di persimpangan. If you go to Kuta. The police station is on the corner of Jalan Diponegoro and Jalan Sudirman. After all family members had got in the van. 1. h. there was one seat left in the truck. (lie = berbaring) g. He was on time. you will see a lot of tourists lying on the beach. 2.m. Contoh: 1. He lives on the twenty. e. on + the + (ordinal number/adjective) + floor Contoh: 1. our plane took off on time. 2. Heru lives in an apartment. Bedakan dengan in time. y Untuk truck. 3. Bali.second floor of that apartment. on the beach Contoh: 1. dan gunakan ON jika berada di bak truck. on time On time = punctual = tepat waktu. they left for their home village. Sir. I saw them walking on the beach a few minutes ago. 2.

Misalnya Pasadena Ave. 2. Contoh: 1. on the way On the way = dalam perjalanan. He will be here soon. of course. (Lihat IN. Don¶t walk in the street. 2. he is considered successful in governing our country. 2. The debate will be on television tonight. The manager is on the telephone. I do. Contoh: 1. the rescue mission was well done. ditambahkan kata ³Avenue´ (disingkat Ave. My office is on the left wing of the building while Ronny¶s is on the right. Before the television era. Do you know those two girls? Yes.) jika jalan tersebut membentang dari timur ke barat. Note : the didak digunakan jika on diikuti oleh television. I think James is on the way to his girl friend¶s house now. i. k. Sebaliknya. bisa tidak) jika diikuti oleh radio. j. Misalnya: Main St. while the one on the left is Lissie. j). l. on + television/ the telephone/(the) radio. the harus digunakan jika diikuti oleh telephone/phone. Walk on the sidewalk. m. Although SBY has been criticized on certain issues. Contoh: 1. on the sidewalk Contoh: 1. we used to listen to live sports games on the radio. n. The one sitting on the right is Lucy. the optional (bisa digunakan. on the other hand . 3. I will buy the book (that) the professor told us to read on the way to campus. on the whole. on the whole On the whole= in general = secara keseluruhan.Note: Di Canada dan USA. On the whole.) jika jalannya membentang dari utara ke selatan. 2. Bedakan dengan in the way. on +the + right/left. nama jalan ditambahkan kata ³Street´ (disingkat St. Contoh: 1.

On the other hand = however = nevertheless. Contoh: 1. dijual lebih mural dari harga normal. 2.e by foot). The cellphones will go on sale this weekend. Note: ON pada ungkapan on foot juga bisa digantikan dengan BY. dan AT Part 1. My car did not start so I came on foot. sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan AT silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. on the other hand. on the other hand. The regular price of the book is $99. on foot On foot = walking = jalan kaki. Contoh: 1. ON. 2. 2. ON. his parents want him to take economics. Contoh: 1. the simple past tense is. Although he has a car.95. but today it¶s on sale for $75. dan AT Part 3 . he prefers to go to his office on foot. He wants to study English at the university. o. Nah sekarang. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan ON dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. on sale On sale = diobral. p. The present perfect tense is never used to indicate a specific time. (i.

Dundass St. dll. evening.Penggunaan preposition AT Berikut adalah beberapa penggunaan AT ketika digunakan dalam prepositional phrase. kemudian diikuti oleh nama jalan. Jane is at the bank at present. our English teacher. dusk (magrib). at + the + nama bangunan Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan general location. We met John at the bookstore yesterday. dst. at + dawn/noon/night/ midday/dusk/ night/midnight Gunakan AT jika dikuti oleh dawn (subuh). Why are you still at home? Aren¶t you supposed to be at school? 2. c. at + alamat (rumah/kantor. I once lived at 101-17 Maitland. midnight (tengah malam). lives at 10 Jalan Diponegoro. Smith. at + jam Contoh: 1. afternoon. Bats are nocturnal animals because they are active at night. c) Contoh: 1. . dll) Penulisan alamat umumnya diawali dengan nomor rumah/kantor. 2. night (malam). Mr.30 a. I was helping my mother at 6 o¶clock last night. a) Contoh: 1. 2. gunakan IN jika diikuti oleh morning. Toronto. 2. Contoh: 1. a. maupun ketika digunakan dalam ungkapan-ungkapan (expressions). He is usually still at work at 5 p. modifier of time. (Lihat Penggunaan IN. The class begins at 7 a. at + home/school/work Contoh: 1.m. e. on the other hand. noon atau midday (tengah hari). b.m. (Lihat Penggunaan IN.m and ends at 9. d. tetapi kurang spesifik dibandingkan dengan IN. baik sebagai modifier of place.

at times At times = once in a while = occasionally = sekali-sekali. at first At first= initially = in the beginning = pada awalnya. you¶re required to have a TOEFL score at least 550. I was reading the usage of the simple present tense this time yesterday.2. I don¶t have much time to wait. If you want to improve your English. Please come here at once. Hey guys! Let¶s get together at times. Contoh: 1. but at present I am reading this topic. it is hard to understand what he says. you will need to spend at least an hour a day to read the grammar. . We usually have lunch at noon. 2. 3. at + present/the moment At present = at the moment = now= sekarang. At times. (be admitted = diterima) 2. at once At once = immediately = segera. Perhatikan: pada ungkapan ini. at least At least = at the minimum= sekurang-kurangnya/minimal. Contoh: 1. He is on the phone at the moment. Contoh: 1. and to practice. to look up dictionary. In order to be admitted as a student at the Canadian universities. kadang-kadang. i. Note: jika tanpa AT. kata time selalu diimbuhi huruf s (menjadi: at times). They are hardworking persons. ONCE dapat berarti ³satu kali´ dan ³dulu´. They leave the house at dawn and return home at dusk. Contoh: 1. g. (get together = ngumpul-ngumpul). Please submit your report at once. f. bukan at time. 2. 2. h. k.

sedangkan perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan ON silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. Rini was nervous at first. Nah sekarang.Contoh: 1. dan AT Part 2. ON. but later she felt more relaxed. dan AT Part 1. admire = mengagumi). 2. Even though James was not attracted to Ani at all at first. (gradually = sedikit demi sedikit. untuk mengetahui perbedaan penggunaan AT dengan IN silakan baca Perbedaan Penggunaan IN. . he gradually admired her inner beauty. ON.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Mengunduh
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->