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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,826);(13,826);(13,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}
{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}
{\sp{\sn fLayoutInCell}{\sv 1}}}}
{\shp{\*\shpinst\shpleft2786\shptop8053\shpright2800\shpbottom8066\shpfhdr0\shpw
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 14}}
{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(13,13);(13,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}
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{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}
{\sp{\sn fLayoutInCell}{\sv 1}}}}
{\shp{\*\shpinst\shpleft2786\shptop8053\shpright2800\shpbottom8066\shpfhdr0\shpw
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 14}}
{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(13,13);(13,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}

{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}


{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 1653}}
{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(1666,13);(1666,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 13}}
{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(13,13);(13,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 1253}}
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{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(1253,13);(1253,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(13,13);(13,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 1214}}
{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(1226,13);(1226,0);(0,0);}}
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
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{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 346}}
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{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(346,13);(346,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
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{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(13,13);(13,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn rotation}{\sv 0}}
{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 1507}}
{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 13}}
{\sp{\sn shapePath}{\sv 4}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(1506,13);(1506,0);(0,0);}}
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}

{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}


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{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 14}}
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{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
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{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 1000}}
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;5;(0,0);(0,13);(1000,13);(1000,0);(0,0);}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;12;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;2457
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}
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{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;32;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;15;(13,53);(240,53);(240,53);(240,66);(240,66);(13,66
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;16;(13,53);(240,53);(240,53);(240,66);(240,66);(240,6
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{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;34;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
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{\shp{\*\shpinst\shpleft8386\shptop7306\shpright8746\shpbottom7426\shpfhdr0\shpw
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{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}
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{\sp{\sn geoRight}{\sv 360}}


{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 120}}
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;16;(13,53);(266,53);(280,53);(280,66);(280,66);(266,6
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{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;34;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
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{\sp{\sn fLayoutInCell}{\sv 1}}}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl666\margr133\marg
t666\margb480
\pard\li1493\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1493\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs
18\cf0\par\pard\li1493\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1493\ri0\sl-360\s
lmult0 \*\tx1853\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100\b {A.}\b0 \tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscale
x100\b {Satuan dalam Ekosistem }\b0 \par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf
0\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-226\slmult
0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Antara makhluk hidup satu dengan yang lain
akan selalu terjadi interaksi. }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0
\f0\charscalex100 {Ekosistem tersusun atas komponen-komponen yang saling b
erinteraksi satu }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex10
0 {dengan yang lainnya. Komponenitu membentuk satuan-satuan organisme }\pa
r\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {kehidupan. Antara
}{ }\fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100\i {individu}\i0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 { yan
g satu dengan lainnya dalam satu daerah akan }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413
\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {membentuk }\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100\i {po
pulasi}\i0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {. Selanjutnya, antara populasi yang satu
dengan yang lainnya }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex
100 {dalam satu daerah akan terjadi interaksi membentuk }{ }\fs24\cf0\f0\c
harscalex100\i {komunitas}\i0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {. Selanjutnya, }\par\
pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {komunitas ini juga
akan selalu beriteraksi dengan tempat hidupnya. Misalnya, }\par\pard\li18
53\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {rumput hidup di tanah, belalan
g hidup di rerumputan, dan ikanikan hidup di air. }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\s
lmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Hubungan antara makhluk hidup dengan lin
gkungannya akan membentuk }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-426\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100\i {ekosistem}\i0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {. Kumpulan ekosistem di
dunia akan membentuk }\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100\i {biosfer}\i0 \fs24\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100 {. Urutan satuan-}\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\c
harscalex100 {satuan makhluk hidup dalam ekosistem dari yang kecil sampai yang b
esar adalah }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {seb
agai berikut: }\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols3\colno1\colw3786\colsr-0\colno2
\colw1360\colsr-0\colno3\colw6293\pard\li2266\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\p
ard\li2266\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 { Individu }\par\pard\
li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0
\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-3
86\slmult0 \*\tx2213\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {1.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex1
00 {Individu }\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0
\sl-400\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {populasi }\par\column\pard\li0\ri0\
sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li0\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx1560\*\tx3053\fs24
\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {komunitas
}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {ekosistem
}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {biosfer }\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\li
2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f

0\charscalex100 {Istilah individu berasal dari bahasa Latin individum yan


g berarti tidak dapat }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\chars
calex100 {dibagi. Di dalam ekologi, individu dapat diartikan sebagai seb
utan untuk }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {mak
hluk tunggal. Beberapa pengertian individu antara lain: }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl
-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx2933\fs24\cf0\f0\
charscalex100 {a.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Suatu individu selalu menggam
barkan sifat tunggal }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2
573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \*\tx2933\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {b.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0
\charscalex100 {Dalam diri yang tunggal terjadi proses hidup sendiri }\par\pard\
li2573\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \*\tx2933
\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {c.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Proses hidup yan
g satu dengan lainnya berbeda }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par
\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \*\tx2213\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {2.}\tab \fs
24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Populasi }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0
\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Populasi adalah
semua individu sejenis yang menempati suatu daerah tertentu. }\par\pard\li2213\r
i0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Suatu organisme disebut sejenis bi
la memenuhi persyaratan sebagai berikut: }\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\pard\sect
\sectd\sbkpage\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn666\margrsxn133\margtsxn666\margb
sxn533\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmul
t0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl
-400\slmult0 \*\tx2573\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {a.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscale
x100 {Menempati daerah atau habitat yang sama }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmul
t0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx2573\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex
100 {b.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Mempunyai persamaan bentuk, susunan tub
uh, dan aktifitas }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213
\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx2573\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {c.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\ch
arscalex100 {Mampu menghasilkan keturunan yang subur, yaitu yang mampu }\
par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {berkembang biak.
}\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-400\slmult
0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Sebagai contoh, pada suatu lahan seluas 200 m terda
pat 500 batang tanaman }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charsc
alex100 {jagung, 100 ekor belalang, 50 ekor jangkrik, 10 ekor burung,
dan 3 batang }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {
tanaman turi. Berdasarkan data tersebut maka di dalam lahan atau daera
h }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {tersebut terd
apat beberapa populasi, yaitu populasi jagung, populasi belalang, }\par\pard\li2
213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {populasi jangkrik, populasi b
urung dan populasi turi. }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard
\li1853\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx2213\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {3.}\tab \fs24\cf
0\f0\charscalex100 {Komunitas }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par
\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Komunitas dapat di
artikan sebagai seluruh populasi yang menempati daerah }\par\pard\li2213\r
i0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {yang sama. Di daerah tersebut,
antarjenis makhluk hidup yang satu dengan }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-400\sl
mult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {yang lainnya akan terjadi interaksi. Kemudian
interaksi itu membentuk suatu }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-426\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\
charscalex100 {kumpulan, di mana di dalamnya setiap individu menemukan lingkunga
n yang }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {dapat m
emenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Di dalam kumpulan tersebut terdapat }\par\par
d\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {suatu kerukunan untuk hi
dup bersama, toleransi kebersamaan, dan hubungan }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\s
lmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {timbal balik yang menguntungkan dan ada pula
yang merugikan. }\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1853\r
i0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx2213\fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {4.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\char
scalex100 {Ekosistem }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2
213\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Ekosistem merupakan tatanan
secara utuh dari seluruh unsur lingkungan }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\sl
mult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {hidup yang saling mempengaruhi. Ekosistem

juga dapat diartikan sebagai }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\


f0\charscalex100 {hubungan timbal balik yang kompleks antara organisme de
ngan }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {lingkungan
nya. Berdasarkan sejarah terbentuknya, ekosistem dapat dibedakan }\par\pard\li22
13\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {menjadi tiga, yaitu: }\par\par
d\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx25
73\fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {a.}\tab \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Ekosistem Ala
mi, yaitu ekosistem yang terbentuk secara alami, tanpa }\par\pard\li2573\
ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {adanya pengaruh atau campur tanga
n manusia. Misalnya, ekosistem gurun }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\
cf0\f0\charscalex100 {pasir, ekosistem hutan tropis, dan ekosistem hutan gugur.
Setiap ekosistem }\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbkpage\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn6
66\margrsxn133\margtsxn666\margbsxn666\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\
par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-213\slmult0
\fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {mempuny
ai ciri khas. Ciri itu sangat ditentukan oleh faktor suhu, curah }\par
\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {hujan, iklim, dan la
in-lain. }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-4
00\slmult0 \*\tx2573\fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {b.}\tab \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex1
00 {Ekosistem Buatan, yaitu ekosistem yang sengaja dibuat oleh manusia.
}\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Misalnya, kola
m, waduk, sawah, ladang, dan tanam. Pada umumnya, }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\s
l-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {ekosistem buatan mempunyai komponen
biotik sesuai dengan yang }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0
\charscalex100 {diinginkan pembuatnya. Pada ekosistem sawah, komponen biot
ik yang }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {banyak
, yaitu padi dan kacang. }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard
\li2213\ri0\sl-400\slmult0 \*\tx2573\fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {c.}\tab \fs22\cf
0\f0\charscalex100 {Ekosistem Suksesi, yaitu ekosistem yang merupakan hasi
l suksesi }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {ling
kungan yang sebelumnya didahului oleh kerusakan. Pada lingkungan }\par\pa
rd\li2573\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {demikian, jenis tumbu
han yang berkembang ditentukan oleh jenis }\par\pard\li2573\ri0\sl-426\slmu
lt0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {organisme yang hidup di sekitarnya. }\par\pard\l
i1853\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li1853\ri0\sl-386\slmult0 \*\tx2213\
fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {5.}\tab \fs24\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {Biosfer }\par\par
d\li2213\ri0\sl-213\slmult0 \fs18\cf0\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\c
f0\f0\charscalex100 {Biosfer adalah kumpulan dari semua ekosistem yang te
rdapat di permukaan }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscal
ex100 {bumi ini. Ada pula ahli yang menyatakan bahwa biosfer adalah te
mpat }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {beroperasi
nya ekosistem. Bagian bumi yang dihuni organisme hanya beberapa }\par\pard\li221
3\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {meter di bawah permukaan tanah
hingga 9.000 meter di atas permukaan bumi, }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0
\fs22\cf0\f0\charscalex100 {serta beberapa meter di bawah permukaan laut.
Jadi, tidak di seluruh bagian }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs22\cf
0\f0\charscalex100 {bumi ini terdapat ekosistem sebab hanya daerah yang
terdapat kehidupanlah }\par\pard\li2213\ri0\sl-413\slmult0 \fs24\cf0\f0\charsca
lex100 {yang dapat disebut ekosistem. }\par}