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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL ............................................................................................................i


HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN .............................................................................................. ii
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN .............................................................................................. iii
KATA PENGANTAR ...........................................................................................................iii
DAFTAR ISI........................................................................................................................ V
DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................................................ vi
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ........................................................................................................vii
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

A. LATAR BELAKANGMASALAH ...................................................................................... 1


B. PEMBATASAN MASALAH ............................................................................................... 1
C. PERUMUSAN MASALAH ................................................................................................. 2
D. URAIAN SINGKAT PERUSAHAAN................................................................................. 2

1. Sejarah Singkat Perusahaan. 3


2. Struktur Organisasi...............4
3. Sumber Air5
BAB II

PROSES PRODUKSI PERUSAHAAN.. ..................... 6

A.

BAHAN BAKU PRODUKSI. ...................... 6

B.

MESIN DAN PERALATAN PRODUKSI. ...................... 6

C.

PROSES PRODUKSI1 ...................... 7

D.

DIAGRAM ALIR PROSES PRODUKSI.. .................... 9

BAB III

PENENTUAN KESADAHAN,PH,TURBIDITY PADA AIR BAKU DAN AIR


RESERVOIR DI INSTALASI PENGOLAHAN AIR GUNUNG
PANGILUN....10

A. TINJAUAN UMUM AIR.10

1. Definisi Air ..........10


2. Pengotor Utama Zat-Zat Yang Ada Dalam Air ................... 11
3. Proses Pengolahan Air. .................... 12
4. pH Larutan ................... 26
5. Turbidity Kekeruhan. ................... 27
6. Alkalinity.. ................... 27

7. Kesadahan .................... 28
8. Kesadahan Kalsium ................. 28
9. Kesadahan Total................... 29
A. ALAT YANG DI GUNAKAN ..................... 30
1. pH. ...................... 30

2. Kekeruhan (Turbidity) ................. 30


3. Kesadahan Total...30
4. Kesadahan Kalsium.. ................... 31
B. BAHAN YANG DIGUNAKAN ................... 31
1. pH ..................................................................................................31
2. Kekeruhan (Turbidity) .............................................................................31
3. Kesadahan Total...................................................................................31
4. Kesadahan Kalsium .............................................................................32
C. PROSEDUR KERJA................................................................................................ 32
1. pH. ............................................32
2. Kekeruhan (Turbidity...........................................32
3. Kesadahan Kalsium .............................................33
4. Kesadahan Total ..... ................................ 33
D. PENGAMATAN............................................34
1. Data. . ............................................34
2. Perhitungan. .............................................36
E. Pembahasan................................................38
BAB IV PENUTUP.40
A. Kesimpulan40
B. Saran-Saran...40

DAFTAR PUSTAKA