Tabel 1 Perhitungan Kebutuhan Air Bersih

Dasar Takeo Morimura
Kreteria
Kepatan hunian
5 s/d
10 m2
C1 =koefisien; 1,5-2,0
20%tambahan untuk antisipasi kebocoran, perawatan alat plambing
asumsi 1 penghuni rumah
1 kk
=

No.

Kebutuhan Bangunan

luas
bang
unan
(m2 )

5 orang
Kebutuhan Air

KESEPAKATAN
jumlah Luas Total m2

Perbandingan
Luas Efektif
Lantai /Total %

Luas Efektif

Jumlah
Penghuni
p

Kebutuhan Air per
orang/liter

q

l/orang.hari
I. BANGUNAN UTAMA
1
Office
2
Multi-function Laboratory
3
Work Shop
4
Canteen
5
Class Room
6
Diesel Generator House
7
Guard House
8
Garage
9
Water Tank
II. DORMITORY
a.   T#120
c.   T#54
d.  T#45
III. TEMPORARYDORMITORY
1 Guest House
T#90
2 Mess (kap 12 org)
IV. BANGUNAN PENUNJANG
1 Clinic
2 Store
3 Mosque
V. PUBLIC FACILITY AREA
1 Sport Hall
2 Tennis Courts
3 Play Ground
4 Garden
Jumlah

630
243
108
75
60
40
8
150
20

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

630
243
108
75
60
40
8
150
20

120
54
45

1
6
10

90
180

60.00
60.00
60.00
60.00
60.00
60.0
-

Kebutuhan Air
bersih rata rata
perhari

kebocoran,
perawatan alat
plambing

Keburtuhan Air
Bersih Total

r

QD=Qd +r

Qd = p xq
m3/hari

378.00
145.80
64.80
45.00
36.00

38
15
6
5
3

250
250
250
250
250

9.45
3.65
1.62
1.13
0.75

1.89
0.73
0.32
0.23
0.15

4.80

3

250

0.75

0.15

120
324
450

5
30
50

250
250
250

1.25
7.50
12.50

2
2

180
360

10
24

250
250

2.50
6.00

100
36
150

1
1
1

100
36
150

60
60
60

60.00
21.60
90.00

6
2
9

250
250
250

1.50
0.54
2.25

864
436
100
200

1
1
1
1

864
436
100
200

60

518.40

52

250

12.96

0.25
1.50
2.50
0.50
1.20
0.30
0.11
0.45
2.59

QD

Pemakaian Air
Per Jam

waktu pemakaian

11.34
4.37
1.94
1.35
0.90
0.90
1.50
9.00
15.00
3.00
7.20
1.80
0.65
2.70
15.55

77.21 Qh

Qh =QD/t
m3/jam

Pemakaian Pada
jam Puncak

Qh

8
8
8
8
8

1.42
0.55
0.24
0.17
0.11

m3/jam
2.13
0.82
0.36
0.25
0.17

8

0.11

0.17

8
8
8

0.19
1.13
1.88

8
8

0.38
0.90

8
8
8

0.23
0.08
0.34

8

1.94

0.28
1.69
2.81
0.56
1.35
0.34
0.12
0.51
2.92
14.48

9.65

Tabel 2 2. Dimensi Pipa
Jaringan pipa
Utama dan
0-A
A-1
A-B
B-2
B-C
C-D
D-E
E-F
F-G
G-5
G-H
H-I
I-8
I-J
J-K
K-10
K-L (Water Tank)

Qhmax
(m3/jam)
14.48
0.36
14.11
0.82
13.29
12.62
11.94
11.52
9.39
0.46
8.93
8.77
0.51
8.26
5.34
0.56
4.78

Q
l/menit
241.3
6.1
235.2
13.7
221.5
210.3
199.0
192.0
156.6
7.7
148.9
146.1
8.4
137.7
89.1
9.4
79.7

Q
l/dtk
4.021
0.101
3.920
0.228
3.692
3.505
3.317
3.200
2.609
0.128
2.482
2.435
0.141
2.294
1.484
0.156
1.328

V
m/dtk

D
m

D
cm

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

0.0653
0.0104
0.0645
0.0156
0.0626
0.0610
0.0593
0.0583
0.0526
0.0116
0.0513
0.0508
0.0122
0.0494
0.0397
0.0129
0.0375

6.534
1.037
6.451
1.555
6.261
6.100
5.934
5.828
5.263
1.163
5.133
5.084
1.222
4.935
3.970
1.288
3.755

D
inchi

D pasaran
Inci

2.572
0.408
2.540
0.612
2.465
2.401
2.336
2.295
2.072
0.458
2.021
2.002
0.481
1.943
1.563
0.507
1.478

Kebutuhan Hidrant

2.5
1.5
2.5
1.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
1.5
2
2
1.5
2
1.5
1.5
1.5

L

5.8
5.0
9.8
9.6
24.4
19.3
40.6
52.5
2.8
13.9
27.9
29.6
18.4
45.0
20.0
18.8
30.0

C

A
m2

130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130

0.0032
0.0011
0.0032
0.0011
0.0032
0.0032
0.0032
0.0032
0.0020
0.0011
0.0020
0.0020
0.0011
0.0020
0.0011
0.0011
0.0011

V cek
m2/dtk
1.27
0.09
1.24
0.20
1.17
1.11
1.05
1.01
1.29
0.11
1.23
1.20
0.12
1.13
1.30
0.14
1.17

HL

0.180
0.002
0.293
0.018
0.653
0.470
0.892
1.080
0.115
0.009
1.063
1.086
0.014
1.481
1.192
0.017
1.456

Hsisa
m
12
11.8
11.5
10.9
10.4
9.5
9.4
9.3
8.2
7.1
5.7
4.5
Pompa

4,65
Jumlah
Luas Total
4.00
m2
Hidrant
Kebutuhan Air Hidrant
Spesifikasi Pillar Hydrant:
• debit air : 1000 liter/menit
• tekanan air tertinggi : 4,5 kg/cm2
• diameter selang min : 2 ½ inch
• panjang selang : 30 meter
• diameter minimum : 4 inch
• peletakan dari muka tanah : 50 cm
Penanganan maksimum 2 jam, dengan asumsi setelah 2
jam petugas pemadam kebakaran sudah sampai di lokasi.
Kebutuhan Air Hidrant
1000
x
= lt/menit
1
jam
60,000
=
liter
60 m3
=
Volume GR Hidrant

5

buah

60

Tabel 2 Dimensi Hidrant
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Jalur
a-b
b-c
c-d
d-e
e-h
e-f
f-g

Q
l/menit
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

Q
m3/dtk
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017
0.017

l/dtk
16.667
16.667
16.667
16.667
16.667
16.667
16.667

V
m/dtk
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

A
m2
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.008

D
m
0.1030
0.1030
0.1030
0.1030
0.1030
0.1030
0.1030

D
D dipakai
inchi
inchi
4.06
4
4.06
4
4.06
4
4.06
4
4.06
4
4.06
4
4.06
4

Tabel 3 Debit dan Dimensi Drainase

D
m
0.102
0.102
0.102
0.102
0.102
0.102
0.102

A

V
m2/dtk
0.0081
2
0.0081
2
0.0081
2
0.0081
2
0.0081
2
0.0081
2
0.0081
2
L total

L
cm peta
54.58
105.24
72.11
52.16
14.2
37
10.77
346.06

L
m real
2.73
5.26
3.61
2.61
0.71
1.85
0.54
hf

Hf
0.12
0.23
0.16
0.12
0.03
0.08
0.02
0.77

L
No

Saluran

slove awal slove akhir slove

n

M
1 A-B
2 C-Z
X-Z
Z-D
D-F
E-F
F-G
3 D-H
A1-h
H-I
F-I
I-J
4 K-L
L-M
M -N
I-N
N-O
5 P-Q
Q-R
N-R
R-S
6 T-U
7 V-W

90.72
48.11
27.94
12.57
10.92
41.04
30
52.32
29.25
10.92
37.03
52.32
30.63
58.01
10.92
81.78
17.8
28.55
8.27
39.23
20.12
74.5
75.85

6.86
6.86
6.82
6.815
6.81
6.825
6.79
6.81
6.81
6.79
6.81
6.79
6.78
6.75
6.775
6.78
6.75
6.775
6.75
6.75
6.74
6.795
6.79

6.8
6.815
6.815
6.81
6.79
6.79
6.75
6.79
6.79
6.78
6.78
6.74
6.775
6.72
6.75
6.75
6.725
6.75
6.74
6.74
6.73
6.76
6.76

0.06
0.045
0.005
0.005
0.02
0.035
0.04
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.03
0.05
0.005
0.03
0.025
0.03
0.025
0.025
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.035
0.03

0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.012

to

Q = 0 ,2 7 8
debit kumulatif
C .I .A

Saluran Rencana

Slove
menit slove awalslove akhir
21.67 6.80
5.80
16.71 6.80
5.80
19.77
6.82
5.80
13.26
5.80
5.70
9.37
5.70
5.60
16.23
6.80
5.60
13.51
5.60
5.00
20.50
5.70
5.20
15.33
6.70
5.20
10.76
5.20
5.00
15.90
5.60
5.00
17.07
5.00
4.50
20.70
6.80
6.20
19.90
6.20
5.50
8.96
5.50
4.80
23.63
5.00
4.80
11.43
4.80
4.50
14.48
6.50
5.30
9.36
5.30
4.70
20.39
4.80
4.70
14.60
4.70
4.20
21.87
6.50
5.00
22.76
6.50
5.00

H asumsi

1.00
1.00
1.02
0.10
0.10
1.20
0.60
0.50
1.50
0.20
0.60
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.70
0.20
0.30
1.20
0.60
0.10
0.50
1.50
1.50

td
td
tc
detik
menit
menit
67.8
1.1
22.80
24.6
0.4
17.12
10.2
0.2
19.94
11.4
0.2
13.45
9.1
0.2
9.52
17.1
0.3
16.52
15.7
0.3
13.77
42.6
0.7
21.21
8.7
0.1
15.47
6.0
0.1
10.86
21.9
0.4
16.27
42.6
0.7
17.78
16.2
0.3
20.97
41.0
0.7
20.59
2.8
0.0
9.00
150.7
2.5
26.14
10.3
0.2
11.61
9.6
0.2
14.64
2.0
0.0
9.39
70.5
1.2
21.57
9.2
0.2
14.76
38.8
0.6
22.52
39.9
0.7
23.42

tc
I
jam
mm/jam
0.38
94.93
0.29
114.90
0.33
103.81
0.22
134.99
0.16
170.00
0.28
117.69
0.23
132.85
0.35
99.62
0.26
122.94
0.18
155.69
0.27
118.89
0.30
112.07
0.35
100.38
0.34
101.61
0.15
176.41
0.44
86.64
0.19
148.92
0.24
127.55
0.16
171.47
0.36
98.51
0.25
126.88
0.38
95.72
0.39
93.23

C
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

A
m2
2,442.2
1,575.6
350.3
350.3
1,925.9
215.9
1,319.9
2,480.0
609.6
199.3
199.3
872.7
559.9
1,854.5
2,414.4
244.3
1,465.5
634.736
2,100.26
275.823
93.754
1,388.50
2,385.98

A
Q genangan
Ha
0.024
0.3867
0.016
0.3020
0.004
0.0607
0.004
0.0789
0.019
0.5461
0.002
0.0424
0.013
0.2925
0.025
0.4121
0.006
0.1250
0.002
0.0517
0.002
0.0395
0.009
0.1631
0.006
0.0937
0.019
0.3143
0.024
0.7104
0.002
0.0353
0.015
0.3640
0.006
0.1350
0.021
0.6007
0.003
0.0453
0.001
0.0198
0.014
0.2217
0.024
0.3710

s^0.5

n

b

h

A

K

R

V

slope

q
0.38670
0.00001
0.30195
0.00001
0.06066 0.0000102
0.74932
1E-06
0.74932
1E-06
0.04237 0.000012
0.79169 0.000006
0.4121 0.000005
0.1250 0.000015
0.54
0.000002
0.0395 0.000006
0.577 0.000005
0.0937 0.000006
0.4081 0.000007
0.5018 0.000007
0.9099 0.000002
1.41
0.000003
0.1350 0.000012
0.1350 0.000006
0.0453
1E-06
0.0652 0.000005
0.2217 0.000015
0.3710 0.000015

0.003 0.012
0.003 0.012
0.003 0.012
0.001 0.012
0.001 0.012
0.003 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.004 0.012
0.001 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.003 0.012
0.003 0.012
0.001 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.003 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.001 0.012
0.002 0.012
0.004 0.012
0.004 0.012

1.5 1.5 2.25
1.5 1.25 1.875
1
1
1
1.5 1.5 2.25
1.5 1.5 2.25
1
1
1
1.5 1.5 2.25
1.5 1.5 2.25
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1.5
1 1.5
1
1
1
1.5 1.5 2.25
1.5 1.5 2.25
1.5 1.5 2.25
1.5
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1.5 1.5 2.25
1.5 0.5 0.75
1.5
1 1.5
1.5 1.5 2.25

4.5
4
3
4.5
4.5
3
4.5
4.5
3
3
3
3.5
3
4.5
4.5
4.5
5.5
3
3
4.5
2.5
3.5
4.5

0.5 0.166
0.469 0.159
0.333 0.128
0.5 0.052
0.5 0.052
0.333 0.139
0.5 0.129
0.5 0.117
0.333 0.155
0.333 0.057
0.333 0.098
0.429 0.106
0.333 0.098
0.5 0.139
0.5 0.139
0.5 0.074
0.545 0.096
0.333 0.139
0.333 0.098
0.5 0.052
0.3 0.084
0.429 0.183
0.5 0.203

Q
VxA
0.37
0.30
0.13
0.12
0.12
0.14
0.29
0.26
0.16
0.06
0.10
0.16
0.10
0.31
0.31
0.17
0.29
0.14
0.10
0.12
0.06
0.28
0.46

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