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WAP 2012

Konsolidasi
Sebuah grup tiang 3 x 4 (diameter = 0.5 m, kedalaman tiang = 7.5 m, spacing = 1.5 m) dikonstruksi di tanah
dengan profile sebagai berikut:
Cc = Cc / (1 + eo)
Cr = Cr / (1 + eo)
0 9 m:
Lempung (gamma-sat = 17 kN/m3, Cc = 0.4, Cr = 0.04, Po= 100 kN/m2)
9 12 m: Lempung (gamma-sat = 18 kN/m3, Cc = 0.3, Cr = 0.03, Po= 120 kN/m2)
12 20 m: Pasir (gamma-sat = 19 kN/m3)
MAT berada pada permukaan tanah. Jika beban luar adalah 3000 kN.
Penurunan konsolidasi
7.5 m =
5m

7m
10.5 m

4m

3m

09m
Cc = 0.4

Cr = 0.04

Po = 100 kN/m2

@ 7 m o = 7 m 17 kN/m3 = 119 kN/m2


@ 7 m u = 7 m 10 kN/m3 = 70 kN/m2
@ 7 m o = 119 kN/m2 70 kN/m2 = 49 kN/m2
Bg = 2 1.5 m + 0.5 m = 3.5 m
Lg = 3 1.5 m + 0.5 m = 5.0 m
z = 7 m (2/3 7.5 m) = 2 m
= 3000 kN / [(3.5 m + 2 m)(5.0 m + 2 m)] = 77.9 kN/m2
o + > Po perhitungan konsolidasi 2 bagian: [o Po] + [Po o + ]
Sconsol = [0.04 log(100 / 49) + 0.4 log((49+77.9) / 100)] 4000 mm
Sconsol = 49.6 mm + 165.5 mm = 215.1 mm
9 12 m
Cc = 0.3

Cr = 0.03

Po = 120 kN/m2

@ 10.5 m o = 9 m 17 kN/m3 + 1.5 m 18 kN/m3 = 180 kN/m2


@ 10.5 m u = 10.5 m 10 kN/m3 = 105 kN/m2
@ 10.5 m o = 180 kN/m2 105 kN/m2 = 75 kN/m2
Bg = 2 1.5 m + 0.5 m = 3.5 m
Lg = 3 1.5 m + 0.5 m = 5.0 m
z = 10.5 m (2/3 7.5 m) = 5.5 m
= 3000 kN / [(3.5 m + 5.5 m)(5.0 m + 5.5 m)] = 31.7 kN/m2
o + < Po perhitungan konsolidasi 1 bagian [o o + ]
Sconsol = 0.03 log((75 + 31.7) / 75) 3000 mm
Sconsol = 13.8 mm
Total
Sconsol = 215.1 mm + 13.8 mm = 228.9 mm