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Problem 1

m A. 0,20 B. 0,24 C. 0,28 D. 0,32 E. 0,40 (Soal UMPTN 1995 Fisika) Solution

Sebuah benda bermassa 20 gram dan bermuatan q = +0,5 C digantungkan pada seutas tali ringan yang massanya dapat diabaikan. Tepat disebelah kanan benda pada jarak 15 cm diletakkan muatan q' = 1 C yang menyebabkan posisi benda menjadi seperti gambar. Jika 1/4o = 9 x 109 Nm2/C2 dan g = 10 s2, tegangan pada tali dekat pada harga .....Newton

We have three forces that are acting on q1, weight of q1, rope tension and Coulomb force. Find the weigth of q1 first: W = mg = 20 103 (10) = 2 101 Newton Coulomb force from interaction with q2 Fc = kq1q2/r2 Fc = (9109)(0.5106)(106)/(15102 )2 Fc = 0.2 Newton T = [(Fc)2 + (W)2] Insert your data and we get T = 0.28 N Take a note that T , Fc and W are in equilibrium condition, so then T = Fc + W (in vectors sum symbol) Proton yang bergerak dari keping A ke B seperti terlihat pada gambar, memperoleh kecepatan 2 x 105 m s1. Jika antara dua keping vakum, d = 1 cm, dan massa proton = 1,6 x 1027 kg, muatan proton = 1,6 x 1019 C, maka beda potensial keping sejajar tersebut adalah...volt (Soal UMPTN 1994 Fisika) Solution Using mechanic energy conservation law:

Problem 5 An

electron travels into two plates with speed of 105 m/s. The electric field between two plates is 104 N/C. Determine the value of d when the electron reaches the positive plate!

Diberikan dua buah keping sejajar seperti gambar. Sebuah elektron bergerak dengan kecepatan 105 m/s memasuki keping. Kuat medan listrik antara kedua keping adalah 104 N/C, tentukan nilai jarak d saat

elektron mencapai keping positif! (Fisika Study Center) Solution Consider the case as projectile motion, the horizontal distance d

Find the acceleration of electron in the plates caused of coulomb force

The vertical distance of electron to get the time for reaching the positive plate

Back to horizontal distance and get d

Problem 6 Titik A terletak dalam medan listrik. Kuat medan listrik di titik A= 0,5 N C. Jika di titik A diletakkan benda bermuatan listrik 0,25 C, maka pada benda tersebut bekerja gaya Coulomb sebesar.... A. 0,125 N B. 0,25 N C. 0,35 N D. 0,40 N E. 0,70 N (Soal EBTANAS Fisika Tahun 2000)

Solution Electric field E = 0.5 NC1 Electric charge q = 0.25 C F = qE F = (0.25)(0.5) = 0.125 N Problem 7 What must be the distance between point charge q1 = 25.0 C and point charge q2 = 64.0 C for the electrostatic force between them to have a magnitude of 3.60 N? Tentukan jarak antara dua buah muatan titik q1 = 25,0 C dan q2 = 64,0 C agar gaya listrik statis antara kedua muatan sebesar 3,60 N ! Solution Using the basic of electrical force formula

Problem 8 Given 4 particles form a square of edge length d = 10 cm with charges q1 = 10 C, q2 = +20 C, q3 = 20 C, and q4 = +10 C. Find the net electric field produced by the particles at the square's center! 4 buah muatan membentuk suatu persegi dengan panjang sisi d = 10 cm. Keempat muatan masing-masing q1 = 10 C, q2 = +20 C, q3 = 20 C, and q4 = +10 C.Tentukan besar kuat medan listrik yang dihasilkan muatan-muatan tersebut pada pusat persegi!

Solution These are the directions of electric fields that are produced by 4 charges. To simplify the calculations, find the sum E1 and E2, first find the distance of each charge to the center of square. The distances are 0.5d2 E1 and E3

E13 direction is the same with E3 direction.

E2 and E4

E24 in the same direction with E2 Finally the sum of E13 and E24 , E13 = E24 = x

(E13 and E24 forms an angle of 90o) Proceed with the data, k = 9 x 109, = 106, r = 0.5d2 and d = 101 m.

Question 1 Two particles with electric charges are R meter away. The presence electric force is F. If the distance between two charges is changed to be 4R, find the ratio of electric forces presence in 4R and R distances! Answer Electric force formula

so then

Question 3 Given two arranged charges Q1 and Q2 as shown in the figure! Q1 = + 1 C, Q2 = 2 C and k = 9 x 109 N m2 C 2 , then find the electric field of point P and its diection! Point P is located between two charges 4 cm away from Q1 Solution Electric field formula resulted by a charge at a point that is r away from the charge

We have two different E at point P

Use above formula and then get the sum of two electric field produced

The direction of resultant is to the right. Question 4 Given three charges A, B and C form a right triangle shown our figure below. Find the resultant of electric force at charge A if FAB = FAC = 5 Newton! Solution The angle formed by FAB and FAC 90 so using resultant formula then we get

Question 5 Three charges form an isoceles triangle as shown below, separated 10 cm away each others. Q1 = + 1 C, Q2= Q3 = 2 C and k = 9 x 109 N m2 C 2 find the electric force resultant at charge Q1 ! Answer As our previous question with the angle of 60 , and we get

Keep 18 x 1011 N as X for easier calculation

Problem 6 Two charges that are Q1 = 1 C dan Q2 = 4 C 10 cm in distance. Find the location of a point where its magnitude of electric field is 0 N/C! Pembahasan There are three locations of possibilities, at the left of Q1, at the right of Q2 or betwen the two.

The most possible locations that will produce zero electric field at point P are at the left of Q1 and the at the right of Q2. Try to take the first posiblity, consider the point P distance as x.

Problem 7 A negative electric charge of Q Coulomb rest in a homogenous electric field E with its direction is to the south. Determine the force acting on the charge and its direction! Answer The relationship of electric field E, electric force F and charge: F = QE where:

F and E in the same of direction for a positive electric charge F and E in the opposite of direction for an negative charge By applying two statement above we have the direction of electric charge is to the North, cause of its negative charge.

Problem 8 Three charges around point P are shown in below figure!

Use k = 9 x 109 N m2 C 2 , Q1 = + 1012 C, Q2 = + 2 x 1012 C dan Q3 = - 1012 C, find the electric potential of point P ! Solution The sum of electric potential at point P could be expressed as

Problem 9 8 charges form a cube as shown our figure in below. 4 charges with

+ 5 C of electric charge and the rest are 5 C . The cube side lenght is r. Find the magnitude of electric potential at point P, which is the center mass of the cube !

Solution Applying the sum of electric potential at a point cause of 8 charges

Problem 10 Two charged particles at distance x tied by massless strings of lengts L shown below! Use tan = 0,75 and the strings tension are 0,01 N, find the electric force that is acting on each charge! Answer Projection of forces acting on Q2 Apply equilibrium conditions for this case: FC = T sin FC = 0,01 x 0,6 = 0,006 Newton

Problem 11 An negative charge of 5 Coulomb rests between two charged plates A and B. The electric force acts on the charge is 0,4 N with its direction is to the plate B as shown in our figure above, find the magnitude of electric field of plates A B and the sign of plate A! Solution F = QE E = F / Q = 0,4 / 5 = 0,08 N/C and the sign of plate A is negative. Problem 12 A ball conductor with electric charge of Q and its radius isi 10 cm as shown in the figure below. If the electric potential at point P is (kQ / x ) volt, find the

magnitude of x ! Solution Use this equation to find the magnitude of electric potential at a point outside of the ball, V = (kq)/r where r is the distance of the point from the center of the ball or x = (0,1 + 0,2) = 0,3 meter. Problem 13 Determine the work needed to move a positive charge of 10 C from 230 kilovolt of electric potential to 330 kilovolt ! Solution W = q V W = 10C x 100 kvolt = 1 joule Problem 14 Given a bal conductor l as shown below figure! E is the electric field at any points at certain distance from the center of the ball that its charge is +q. Find the elecric field at points P, Q and R use x as the ball radius and point R at distance h from the ball surface! Answer

point P is inside the ball so then EP = 0 point Q is in the surface of the ball so then EQ = (kq)/x2 point R is outside of the ball so then ER = (kq)/(x + h)2

Problem 15 A particle of mass m with negative charge rests betweeb two paralell plate that are different in sign. Use g as the acceleration due to gravity and Q as particle charge and then find the magnitude of electric charge between two plates and the sign of plate Q ! Solution In this case we have an equlilibrium state at particle cause of its weight and electrostatics force at the other side, consider these statement to find the sign of Q.

F and E in the same of direction for a positive electric charge F and E in the opposite of direction for an negative charge Then we have the sign of plate Q is negative, and the magnitude of of electric field E F coulomb = W qE = mg E = (mg)/q

prep: fisikastudycenter.com