DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman
Gambar 2.1.

: Dual Porosity pada Reservoir rekah Alami …………….........… 15

Gambar 2.2.

: Diagram Percobaan Pengukuran Permeabilitas ……………...... 19

Gambar 2.3.

: Kurva Permeabilitas Efektif Untuk Sistem Minyak dan Air ....... 21

Gambar 2.4.

: Variasi Pc Terhadap Sw ................................................................ 22

Gambar 2.5.

: Kesetimbangan Gaya-gaya pada Batas Air-Minyak-Padatan
.........................................................................................................
24

Gambar 2.6.

: Distribusi Ideal Fasa Fluida “Wetting” dan “non Wetting”
Untuk Kontak Antar Butir-butir Batuan yang Bulat
.........................................................................................................
24

Gambar 2.7.

: Kurva
Tekanan
Kapiler
.........................................................................................................
26

Gambar 2.8.

: Kompresibilitas Gas Alam Sebagai Fungsi dari Tekanan dan
Temperatur
Reduced
.........................................................................................................
31

Gambar 2.9.

: Tipe Plot Kompresibilitas Sebagai Fungsi Tekanan dan
Temperatur
Konstan
.........................................................................................................
32

Gambar 2.10. : Sifat-sifat Pseudoritical Gas Alam Sebagai Fungsi Gravity Gas
.........................................................................................................
32
Gambar 2.11. : Viscositas
Gas
Alam
pada
1
atm
.........................................................................................................
35
Gambar 2.12. : Kuva

Hubungan

µ

Gas

vs

Gravity

Gas

..........................................................................................21.....................14.... : Mekanisme Pendorong Water Drive ............................ : Aliran Radial Steady State . 41 Gambar 2................................................................20............................................................13......................................................................................................................................... 52 Gambar 3....18........................ 49 Gambar 2............ : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Kering ........... 62 ...... : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Kondensat ..... 48 Gambar 2......... 36 Gambar 2.............. 39 Gambar 2................................................................................................................... : Kelarutan Gas dalam Air ........................... : Kelarutan Gas dalam Minyak dari Reservoir Minyak .........................................................................16............ 51 Gambar 2.................................................................................... : Pengaruh P dan T pada Viscositas Gas ...................................................................................... : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Basah ...............................................................................................17.........................................................................................19.................... 37 Gambar 2.................15.....22.............................................................. : Tipe-tipe Fungsi Tekanan Terhadap FVF ..............1........... 42 Gambar 2................................................... : Depletion Drive Reservoir .... : Kurva Kelaruan Gas Sebagai Fungsi Tekanan Reservoir .... 41 Gambar 2............ 50 Gambar 2............

.................. : Plot Test Konvensional untuk (∆ψ ...............Gambar 3................... : Harga ∆PD pada Berbagai Kondisi Batas .bqsc) vs qsc pada LIT ......... 99 Gambar 4.....................................................3.................................................................................................................2......................... 97 Gambar 4.................................. 66 Gambar 3.......................................... 71 DAFTAR GAMBAR (Lanjutan) Halaman Gambar 3.......................................................... 88 Gambar 4..... : Plot Test Konvensional untuk ∆P2 vs qsc ....................1..............................5............ : Grafik Deliverabilitas .......... : Diagram Laju Produksi dan Tekanan dari Back Pressure ......................... : Penentuan at. : Variasi Harga Perkalian µz untuk Gas Nyata ................................................................................. : Aliran Radial Unsteady State dengan Tekanan Sumur Konstan ......................7.................... dan b Berdasarkan Plot (∆P2 / qsc) vs qsc ......... 90 Gambar 4............... 96 Gambar 4.... : Penentuan at............3............. : Koefisien Kecepatan Gas ........................................................................ 91 Gambar 4..........4..........4....5.......2.......................................................................6..................................................................................................................................... : Diagram Laju Produksi dan Tekanan dari Isochronal Test ............................. 78 Gambar 4............. a dan b Berdasarkan Metoda Grafik ... 76 Gambar 3..........................................................

......................................................... 119 Gambar 4..................................... : Hubungan (∆ψ ........ 121 Gambar 4........................................17.............................. 112 Gambar 4...................................................... 107 Gambar 4.................................................................................. : Plot Tes Isochronal Untuk (∆ψ .............. 100 Gambar 4.............................................................................................. : Hubungan ∆P2 vs qsc .............8.16... 106 Gambar 4...........................................................11............................ : Plot Antara ∆P2 vs qsc pada Modified Isochronal ......................................... : Diagram Tekanan dan Laju Produksi Selama Uji Modified Isochronal . : Bentuk Grafik Laju Alir dan Tekanan Ideal pada Pressure BuildUp .................................................................................................. : Plot (∆P2 –bqsc2) vs qsc pada Uji Modified Isochronal ............ 118 Gambar 4. : Solusi Line Source dan Waktu Derivative .......... 102 Gambar 4.............................................................................10....bqsc) vs qsc pada Modified Isochronal ......................14................................................................................................................12.13...................15........... 123 ... : Horner Plot untuk Reservoir Gas yang Infinte ..................9................................................................bqsc) vs qsc pada LIT ..................... 108 Gambar 4........................... : Tipe Kurva Derivative untuk Penyelesaian Wellbore Storage ................ 113 Gambar 4....................................................................................................

........................................................................22.............................................................27......................... : Plot Derivative pada Constan Pressure Boundary . 125 Gambar 4.......... : Plot Derivative pada Linear Impermeabel Boundary .............................................................. : Plot Derivative pada Karakteristik Kerusakan sumur ................................. 132 DAFTAR GAMBAR (Lanjutan) Halaman Gambar 4................................................... 129 Gambar 4........ : Daerah Aliran Infinite Acting Reservoir Constant Pressure Boundary ..........................26........................... : Plot Derivative ...............................................18.........21........................... 135 Gambar 4..... 134 Gambar 4. 133 Gambar 4.................... : Plot Derivative pada Infinite Conductivity Fracture .............................................. : Plot Derivative pada Finite Conductivity Fracture ......................25...................... : Plot Derivative pada Sistem Dual Porositas .......................23................................................................................................................................ 131 Gambar 4. : Plot Derivative pada Aliran Radial Infinite Acting ......20...................Gambar 4.............................24.......................................................... : Plot Derivative pada Closed Outer Boundary (Pseudosteady State) ..............................................19......................... 130 Gambar 4.................. 128 Gambar 4......................................

.............................................................29................................................ 137 Gambar 4.............................32........33. : Bentuk Grafik Laju Alir dan Tekanan Ideal pada Pressure Drawdown ................ 139 Gambar 4.................................31................... : Perbandingan Antara Persamaan (4-58) dan (4-60) untuk Menetukan ω Secara Langsung ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Gambar 4......................................................... : Reaksi Build-Up dan Drawdown pada Reservoir Constant Pressure Boundary ... 143 .................................................. : Reaksi Build-Up dan Drawdown pada Closed Reservoir (Pseudosteady State) ........................................28..................................30......................... : Aliran Radial pada Infinite Acting .... : Skema Hubungan Tekanan vs Waktu ............... 138 Gambar 4................ 141 Gambar 4................................................ 137 Gambar 4......................

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