DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman
Gambar 2.1.

: Dual Porosity pada Reservoir rekah Alami …………….........… 15

Gambar 2.2.

: Diagram Percobaan Pengukuran Permeabilitas ……………...... 19

Gambar 2.3.

: Kurva Permeabilitas Efektif Untuk Sistem Minyak dan Air ....... 21

Gambar 2.4.

: Variasi Pc Terhadap Sw ................................................................ 22

Gambar 2.5.

: Kesetimbangan Gaya-gaya pada Batas Air-Minyak-Padatan
.........................................................................................................
24

Gambar 2.6.

: Distribusi Ideal Fasa Fluida “Wetting” dan “non Wetting”
Untuk Kontak Antar Butir-butir Batuan yang Bulat
.........................................................................................................
24

Gambar 2.7.

: Kurva
Tekanan
Kapiler
.........................................................................................................
26

Gambar 2.8.

: Kompresibilitas Gas Alam Sebagai Fungsi dari Tekanan dan
Temperatur
Reduced
.........................................................................................................
31

Gambar 2.9.

: Tipe Plot Kompresibilitas Sebagai Fungsi Tekanan dan
Temperatur
Konstan
.........................................................................................................
32

Gambar 2.10. : Sifat-sifat Pseudoritical Gas Alam Sebagai Fungsi Gravity Gas
.........................................................................................................
32
Gambar 2.11. : Viscositas
Gas
Alam
pada
1
atm
.........................................................................................................
35
Gambar 2.12. : Kuva

Hubungan

µ

Gas

vs

Gravity

Gas

................................. 62 ..... : Pengaruh P dan T pada Viscositas Gas ......... : Tipe-tipe Fungsi Tekanan Terhadap FVF .................................... 41 Gambar 2.....................................................................................................................19.......... : Kurva Kelaruan Gas Sebagai Fungsi Tekanan Reservoir ................................................................................................ : Mekanisme Pendorong Water Drive .. 41 Gambar 2................17................................................ : Depletion Drive Reservoir .............................................. 52 Gambar 3............................................ 37 Gambar 2........ 36 Gambar 2...............................................13............................................ : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Kondensat ................................................................ : Aliran Radial Steady State ............................20.. 49 Gambar 2............................. 51 Gambar 2......................22............................................................................. 48 Gambar 2.......................................1........ : Kelarutan Gas dalam Minyak dari Reservoir Minyak .............................................16....... : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Basah ............................15....................................................14.............................. 39 Gambar 2........................ 42 Gambar 2.................................................. 50 Gambar 2........................................................................ : Kelarutan Gas dalam Air ..........................................................................21.......... : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Kering .............18................................................

............... : Plot Test Konvensional untuk (∆ψ ............................................... : Aliran Radial Unsteady State dengan Tekanan Sumur Konstan ...... 96 Gambar 4.............2.............5....................................................................... 91 Gambar 4..................................................1...........4.......... 90 Gambar 4...............3..................... : Diagram Laju Produksi dan Tekanan dari Back Pressure .............................. : Penentuan at..............................................Gambar 3..............................................................7.... dan b Berdasarkan Plot (∆P2 / qsc) vs qsc .................................2......5.................................. 76 Gambar 3....................................................................... : Harga ∆PD pada Berbagai Kondisi Batas ...................4............................ : Grafik Deliverabilitas ..................... : Plot Test Konvensional untuk ∆P2 vs qsc ........................................ : Penentuan at.......................................................................... a dan b Berdasarkan Metoda Grafik ................................................... : Variasi Harga Perkalian µz untuk Gas Nyata ............................ : Koefisien Kecepatan Gas ............................... 66 Gambar 3............................................ 78 Gambar 4.bqsc) vs qsc pada LIT ...... 97 Gambar 4......................................3................................................ 88 Gambar 4........... 71 DAFTAR GAMBAR (Lanjutan) Halaman Gambar 3........................ 99 Gambar 4... : Diagram Laju Produksi dan Tekanan dari Isochronal Test ................................6...................

.............................. 113 Gambar 4.......10....................................bqsc) vs qsc pada Modified Isochronal ............................................ : Plot Antara ∆P2 vs qsc pada Modified Isochronal ........................................................................................... : Solusi Line Source dan Waktu Derivative ..................................................... 102 Gambar 4. 107 Gambar 4...............................14................. : Hubungan ∆P2 vs qsc .....................................................................................13......................................................................................... : Diagram Tekanan dan Laju Produksi Selama Uji Modified Isochronal ..... : Hubungan (∆ψ ... 100 Gambar 4.................................................................................................................... : Plot Tes Isochronal Untuk (∆ψ ............ : Tipe Kurva Derivative untuk Penyelesaian Wellbore Storage ............................................................ 119 Gambar 4..................... 118 Gambar 4..................17.12.. 123 .......... 121 Gambar 4......................................................... 106 Gambar 4....................... : Bentuk Grafik Laju Alir dan Tekanan Ideal pada Pressure BuildUp .....11. 108 Gambar 4.................................................................8....... 112 Gambar 4...........................16...........................................................................9................... : Horner Plot untuk Reservoir Gas yang Infinte .........................15........................... : Plot (∆P2 –bqsc2) vs qsc pada Uji Modified Isochronal ...................................................................................bqsc) vs qsc pada LIT ................................

.......... 130 Gambar 4....... : Plot Derivative ............................................ 135 Gambar 4......................................24...................... 132 DAFTAR GAMBAR (Lanjutan) Halaman Gambar 4...............................................26...............................................23......................................................... : Plot Derivative pada Linear Impermeabel Boundary .................................................18............................................... 128 Gambar 4...................................................................................Gambar 4........................................21.................................................22............ 125 Gambar 4................. 133 Gambar 4......................... : Plot Derivative pada Infinite Conductivity Fracture ..............................25....... 131 Gambar 4........... : Plot Derivative pada Aliran Radial Infinite Acting .... 129 Gambar 4............................................................................... : Daerah Aliran Infinite Acting Reservoir Constant Pressure Boundary ......................20......... : Plot Derivative pada Closed Outer Boundary (Pseudosteady State) .... : Plot Derivative pada Sistem Dual Porositas ............. 134 Gambar 4........19..27................................ : Plot Derivative pada Finite Conductivity Fracture ............ : Plot Derivative pada Karakteristik Kerusakan sumur .......................................................................... : Plot Derivative pada Constan Pressure Boundary .................................................................

............................................................30...................29.................. : Perbandingan Antara Persamaan (4-58) dan (4-60) untuk Menetukan ω Secara Langsung ............................................................. 137 Gambar 4.......................................... : Bentuk Grafik Laju Alir dan Tekanan Ideal pada Pressure Drawdown ..................... 141 Gambar 4................................32.................... 143 ................................ : Skema Hubungan Tekanan vs Waktu ........................................ : Aliran Radial pada Infinite Acting .....................................................................................................31............... : Reaksi Build-Up dan Drawdown pada Closed Reservoir (Pseudosteady State) .............................................................33........ 138 Gambar 4.................28.................................... 138 Gambar 4............ 139 Gambar 4...................................................... : Reaksi Build-Up dan Drawdown pada Reservoir Constant Pressure Boundary .................................................................................. 137 Gambar 4.................

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