DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman
Gambar 2.1.

: Dual Porosity pada Reservoir rekah Alami …………….........… 15

Gambar 2.2.

: Diagram Percobaan Pengukuran Permeabilitas ……………...... 19

Gambar 2.3.

: Kurva Permeabilitas Efektif Untuk Sistem Minyak dan Air ....... 21

Gambar 2.4.

: Variasi Pc Terhadap Sw ................................................................ 22

Gambar 2.5.

: Kesetimbangan Gaya-gaya pada Batas Air-Minyak-Padatan
.........................................................................................................
24

Gambar 2.6.

: Distribusi Ideal Fasa Fluida “Wetting” dan “non Wetting”
Untuk Kontak Antar Butir-butir Batuan yang Bulat
.........................................................................................................
24

Gambar 2.7.

: Kurva
Tekanan
Kapiler
.........................................................................................................
26

Gambar 2.8.

: Kompresibilitas Gas Alam Sebagai Fungsi dari Tekanan dan
Temperatur
Reduced
.........................................................................................................
31

Gambar 2.9.

: Tipe Plot Kompresibilitas Sebagai Fungsi Tekanan dan
Temperatur
Konstan
.........................................................................................................
32

Gambar 2.10. : Sifat-sifat Pseudoritical Gas Alam Sebagai Fungsi Gravity Gas
.........................................................................................................
32
Gambar 2.11. : Viscositas
Gas
Alam
pada
1
atm
.........................................................................................................
35
Gambar 2.12. : Kuva

Hubungan

µ

Gas

vs

Gravity

Gas

................................17................................................... 36 Gambar 2............................................................................................ : Kurva Kelaruan Gas Sebagai Fungsi Tekanan Reservoir .......................14..................... : Mekanisme Pendorong Water Drive ......... 41 Gambar 2.......................................16...................................................................... 41 Gambar 2.............................................. 48 Gambar 2.. : Tipe-tipe Fungsi Tekanan Terhadap FVF ............................. 39 Gambar 2..................................22........... 49 Gambar 2..........................20............ : Kelarutan Gas dalam Air ...............................................................................13............................................................ 51 Gambar 2..................................... : Depletion Drive Reservoir .............. : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Basah ..........................19............................................. 50 Gambar 2.................................................................................................................. : Pengaruh P dan T pada Viscositas Gas .................................................................................1................................................................................... : Kelarutan Gas dalam Minyak dari Reservoir Minyak ..................... 62 .................. 42 Gambar 2....... 37 Gambar 2...............................................15....................... 52 Gambar 3.................... : Aliran Radial Steady State ................................................................18..21....... : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Kering .................. : Diagram Fasa untuk Gas Kondensat ....................

......Gambar 3.......... dan b Berdasarkan Plot (∆P2 / qsc) vs qsc ............................................ : Grafik Deliverabilitas ........ : Plot Test Konvensional untuk (∆ψ ........3........................ : Plot Test Konvensional untuk ∆P2 vs qsc ............ : Harga ∆PD pada Berbagai Kondisi Batas ..............2..................................... 90 Gambar 4............... 71 DAFTAR GAMBAR (Lanjutan) Halaman Gambar 3.................................5... : Aliran Radial Unsteady State dengan Tekanan Sumur Konstan .......................6.. 88 Gambar 4. : Diagram Laju Produksi dan Tekanan dari Back Pressure ......................................................................................... : Diagram Laju Produksi dan Tekanan dari Isochronal Test ......................................................... 91 Gambar 4........................ 78 Gambar 4................................................................. 76 Gambar 3..................................5..............bqsc) vs qsc pada LIT ........ : Koefisien Kecepatan Gas ...... : Variasi Harga Perkalian µz untuk Gas Nyata ......................................................... 97 Gambar 4..... 66 Gambar 3..............4...........................................................................................................4........................2.................... 99 Gambar 4............ : Penentuan at........................................... a dan b Berdasarkan Metoda Grafik ................................3.................................................................7.............................................1................................................ 96 Gambar 4............................... : Penentuan at....................................

..... : Plot Tes Isochronal Untuk (∆ψ ........................ : Plot Antara ∆P2 vs qsc pada Modified Isochronal .............................................................. : Solusi Line Source dan Waktu Derivative ....... : Diagram Tekanan dan Laju Produksi Selama Uji Modified Isochronal ........................................................................................ 100 Gambar 4......................................................... : Hubungan (∆ψ ............ : Tipe Kurva Derivative untuk Penyelesaian Wellbore Storage ........................................................................................16.....................12..................................................................................... 112 Gambar 4....................... 102 Gambar 4.. : Plot (∆P2 –bqsc2) vs qsc pada Uji Modified Isochronal .........................................................................................................15.................................................. : Bentuk Grafik Laju Alir dan Tekanan Ideal pada Pressure BuildUp ........ : Hubungan ∆P2 vs qsc ................................................. : Horner Plot untuk Reservoir Gas yang Infinte ..................................................9...............................17......13........................ 118 Gambar 4................................................................................. 121 Gambar 4.....................14....... 119 Gambar 4...........................bqsc) vs qsc pada Modified Isochronal ................................11.8...................... 123 ........ 107 Gambar 4.......................................................................................bqsc) vs qsc pada LIT ..................... 113 Gambar 4... 108 Gambar 4.................................... 106 Gambar 4.....................10..............

132 DAFTAR GAMBAR (Lanjutan) Halaman Gambar 4...................................... 130 Gambar 4......................... 135 Gambar 4.................. : Plot Derivative pada Constan Pressure Boundary .......... : Plot Derivative pada Aliran Radial Infinite Acting ........ 134 Gambar 4................. : Plot Derivative pada Closed Outer Boundary (Pseudosteady State) ........ : Plot Derivative pada Infinite Conductivity Fracture .......................... 131 Gambar 4............................................................................................... : Plot Derivative pada Finite Conductivity Fracture ...... 133 Gambar 4...........................................................................18....................................21... : Plot Derivative pada Linear Impermeabel Boundary ................................................................................ 128 Gambar 4.............................................................................................................. : Plot Derivative ................. : Plot Derivative pada Sistem Dual Porositas .....26.......................... 129 Gambar 4................27.............................. : Plot Derivative pada Karakteristik Kerusakan sumur ............................19...................................... 125 Gambar 4............................25..................................................................................................................................24....................................20.22....23.................................. : Daerah Aliran Infinite Acting Reservoir Constant Pressure Boundary ..........Gambar 4........

............................... 138 Gambar 4.......................... : Reaksi Build-Up dan Drawdown pada Closed Reservoir (Pseudosteady State) .................... : Perbandingan Antara Persamaan (4-58) dan (4-60) untuk Menetukan ω Secara Langsung ..... 137 Gambar 4...................................................................... : Bentuk Grafik Laju Alir dan Tekanan Ideal pada Pressure Drawdown ....... 141 Gambar 4.......30........................31..........................................28............................................................. 139 Gambar 4....................................32...........................................29.............................................................................................. 137 Gambar 4.....33........... : Aliran Radial pada Infinite Acting ........................................................................... 143 ................................................................ : Skema Hubungan Tekanan vs Waktu .................................................................. 138 Gambar 4........................ : Reaksi Build-Up dan Drawdown pada Reservoir Constant Pressure Boundary .....................................

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