i

KATA PENGANTAR
Penulisan laporan ini adalah tugas yang harus dilaksanakan agar penulis
mendapatkan nilai laporan kasus di departemen kardiologi RSUP HAM. Di dalam
laporan ini akan dibahas mengenai latar belakang, teori stenosis mitral dan gagal
jantung.
Pada latar belakang dijelaskan alasan penulis mengangkat topik ini sebagai
judul laporan kasus. Pada tinjauan pustaka dijelaskan mengenai stenosis mitral
mulai dari definisi, teori patogenesis dan kaitannya dengan gagal jantung.
Penulis paham bahwa tak ada gading yang tak retak. Penulis sangat
mengharapkan kiranya pembaca dapat memberikan masukan guna memperbaiki
penulisan maupun konten dari proposal ini agar ke depannya menjadi lebih baik.
Terakhir, penulis ucapkan terima kasih untuk dosen pembimbing, dr.
Zulfikri Muchtar, Sp. JP (K). Buat kedua orang tua yang mendukung tak hanya
materiil tetapi juga moriil. Serta adik-adik dan teman-teman yang tak henti-henti
menghibur saat stress. Terakhir dan teramat penting, puji dan syukur penulis
ucapkan kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, karena berkat rahmatNya penulis dapat
menyelesaikan proposal penelitian ini tepat pada waktunya.

Medan, 14 Maret 2012

Penulis

.....2..................................................................................................7 Diagnosa ..2 Epidemiologi..........................................................................................................................................2..............................................................1 Rumusan Masalah.............10 2........18 2.................25 2.....................12 2...............................................................................1....13 2.......1 Bab II Tinjauan Pustaka.........................1 Definisi ..........................2............7 Diagnosa .........................7 2............................................................................3 2.........................................................................................................................3 Etiologi ...............................................................................................................................................5 Patofisiologi......14 2.........................4 Patogenesa .........1....................................2............................................................................................................2......................................................................6..........................................3 2.....................................14 2.. Gejala Klinis.................................i Daftar Isi .................2...................................................................10 Komplikasi............................12 2............................................................1........................................8 2...................................................................................1.1..............................................1 Tujuan Penulisan ....................................1..............27 ....................................1..............................................3 Etiologi .....................................................8 Diagnosa Banding...................................................3 2.................................ii DAFTAR ISI Kata Pengantar ...1.................................................................... Gagal Jantung 2...........................ii Bab I ............1 Manfaat Penulisan.......1...................................................................11 Prognosis ................................................9 Penatalaksanaan....1....3 2................................................3 2.......4 Patogenesa ...........................................2 Epidemiologi...1 Latar Belakang .1.................................1 Definisi .......15 2....................................6 2............................6.5 Patofisiologi..............................................................................2.........................................4 2.....................13 ...............................1......... Gejala Klinis.......................................................................................................7 2................2............................................. Stenosis Mitral ........................

........................................................2..... Hubungan Stenosis Mitral dengan Gagal Jantung..........9 Penatalaksanaan........................36 2..........8 Diagnosa Banding....................49 ........................11 Prognosis .....................................................................................................38 Tinjauan Pustaka ......30 2...........35 2.....iii 2...............................................3.....33 2....2.................................2.............................................................................................................................37 Bab III Laporan Kasus......................10 Komplikasi......................................................................2................