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January 2006 6676 Pure Mathematics P6/FP3 Mark Scheme

Question
Number
Scheme Marks
1.
2.
3.
cos +
2

i
2
sin



cos +
10

i
10
sin


,
_

+
+
,
_

+
10
) 1 4 (
sin i
10
) 1 4 (
cos
k k
, k = 2, 3, 4(or equiv.)
[

,
_

+
,
_

,
_

+
,
_

,
_

+
,
_

10
17
sin i
10
17
cos ,
10
13
sin i
10
13
cos ,
10
9
sin i
10
9
cos

]
[Degrees : 18, 90, 162, 234, 306]


4 . 0
2 . 0
2
2 d
d
1 1
1 1 1 1
0

,
_


y y
y y
h
y y
x
y
2
1 0 1
0
2
2
2
d
d
h
y y y
x
y

+

,
_

01 . 0
2
1 0 1
+ y y y
[For M1, an attempt at evaluating
0
2
2
d
d

,
_

x
y
is required.]

08 . 2
1 1
+

y y

Subtracting to give
1
y

84 . 0
(a) Complete method for finding image:
e.g.

,
_

1 2
2 4

,
_

,
_

+ 1
2
1 2x
x
The image is the point (2, 1)
(b)

1 2
2 k
= 0
Characteristic equation: 0 6
2


Solving : ( ) ( ) 0 2 3 + ...
3 , 2
(both)
(c) Method for finding an eigenvector

,
_

,
_

,
_

,
_

,
_

1
2
3
1 2
2 2
y
x
y
x
y
x
and

,
_

,
_

,
_

,
_

,
_

2
1
2
1 2
2 2
y
x
y
x
y
x

B1
B1
M1A2,1,0
(5)

Total 5 marks
M1A1

M1

A1
M1A1
(6)
Total 6 marks
M1
A1
(2)
M1
A1
M1
A1
(4)
M1
1
January 2006 6676 Pure Mathematics P6/FP3 Mark Scheme

4.

Equations are: x y
2
1
and
. 2x y
Alt:
0 2 3 2
1 2
2 2
2
+

,
_

,
_

,
_

m m
my
y
mx
x
M1A1
[ m = , 2] Correct equations A1

A =

,
_

0 1 9
1 0
2 1
k
k
(a) Det. A = 18 9
2
+ k k
Setting to zero and solving for k [ ( ) ] 0 ) 3 ( 6 k k
6 , 3 k k

(b) Cofactors

,
_

k k k
k
k k
2
2
9 18 2
9 9
[B1 for each row (or column)]
A
1
=

,
_


k k
k k
k k
9 9
18 9
2 2
det
1
2
[A1 f.t. is on determinant or cofactors ]
(i) When n = 1, LHS = 1(2)
1
= 2; RHS = 2{1 + 0} = 2

true for n = 1
Suppose true for n = k, then
A1
A1
(3)

Total 9 marks
M1A1
M1
A1
(4)
B3
M1A1
(5)

Total 9 marks
2
January 2006 6676 Pure Mathematics P6/FP3 Mark Scheme
5.
6.

1
1
1
2 ) 1 ( 2 ) 1 ( 1 { 2 2
+
+
+ + +

k k
k
r
k k r
}

= 2 + k 2
k + 1
+ k 2
k + 1
= 2(1 + k 2
k + 1
)
=
1
2 } 1 ) 1 {( 1 [ 2
+
+ +
k
k ]
So, if true for n = k then true for n = k + 1, but true for n = 1,

true, by induction, for all values of n .


+
Z
(ii) Showing true for n = 1 ,
x x
y
3 2
3
d
d
+



1
1
1
1
) 3 2 (
) 3 ( )! 1 ( 3
) 1 (
d
d
+
+
+
+
+


n
n
n
n
n
x
n n
x
y
=
1
1
2
) 3 2 (
)! ( 3
) 1 (
+
+
+
+

n
n
n
x
n

Conclusion

(a) Correct method for producing 2
nd
order differential equation
e.g.
( ) { }
2
4
d
d
d
d
2 1
d
d
y x
x x
y
x
x
+

'

+
attempted
( )
x
y
y
x
y
x
y
x
d
d
8 1
d
d
2
d
d
2 1
2
2
+ + + seen + conclusion AG
Differentiating again w.r.t. x:
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
d
d
2
d
d
8
d
d
8
d
d
2
d
d
2 1
x
y
x
y
x
y
y
x
y
x
y
x

,
_

+ + + or equiv.
[e.g. ( )
2
2
2
3
3
d
d
) 1 2 ( 4
d
d
8
d
d
2 1
x
y
y
x
y
x
y
x +

,
_

+
(c)
x
y
d
d
(at x = 0) = 1
Finding
2
2
d
d
x
y
(at x = 0) ( = 3)
Finding
3
3
d
d
x
y
, at x = 0; = 8[A1 f.t. is on part (c) values only ]
B1
M1
A1
M1
A1(cso)
(5)
B1
M1A1
A1
A1(cso)
(5)
Total 10 marks

M1
A1*
(2)
M1A2,1,0
(3)
0 1 u

3
January 2006 6676 Pure Mathematics P6/FP3 Mark Scheme

7.
...
3 2
3
4
2
3
2
1
+ + + + x x x y

[Alternative (c):
Polynomial for y: y = + ...
3 2
+ + + cx bx ax M1
In given d.e.:
(1 + 2x)(a + 2bx + 3cx
2
+ )
( 4 + x
+ ...
3 2
+ + + cx bx ax )
2
M1A1
a = 1 B1, Complete method for other coefficients M1, answer A1

(a)

,
_



c
Q R
1
1
1

,
_

c
RP
2
3
4
(both)

c 1 1 1
c 2 3 4


k j i
Q R x P R

= (5 4c) i (6 + 5c) j + k
(b) c = 2
d = 6 5c = 4 AG
(c) r.
p

,
_

1
4
3
Substituting point in plane to give p, r.
7.

,
_

1
4
3

(d) Equation of normal to plane through S : r =

,
_

,
_

1
4
3
10
5
1
t
Meets plane where
7
1
4
3
.
10
4 5
3 1

,
_

,
_

+
+
+
t
t
t

t
1
S
has position vector

,
_

,
_

1
4
3
2
10
5
1
t
=

,
_

8
3
5

(a) Relating lines and angle (generous)
[
P to and P to between angle 2 i 2 t t
]
Angle between correct lines is
2

B1
M1
M1A1
M1A1
(6)
Total 11 marks
B1
M1A1
(3)
A1
A1*(cso)
(2)
M1
M1A1
(3)
B1
M1A1
0 1 u

4
January 2006 6676 Pure Mathematics P6/FP3 Mark Scheme
8.
Circle
Selecting correct (top half) semi-circle .
[If algebraic approach:
Method for finding Cartesian equation M1
Correct equation, any form,
0 ) 2 ( ) 2 ( + + y y x x
A1
Sketch: showing circle M1
Correct circle { centre (1, 1)}, choosing only top half A1]
(b) | z + 1- i | is radius; = 2

(c) z =
,
_

+
2
) i 1 ( 2 2 ) i 1 ( 2

) i 1 ( 2
) i 1 ( 2 ) i 1 ( 2
2
i 2
+
+ +

+

z
z
(= 1

)
Arg (1
)
2

is line segment, passing through (1,0)



Alt :
2 2
) 2 (
) 2 ( ) 4 2 2 (
) 2 (
2 2
y x
y x i y x
iy x
i
iv u
+ +
+ + + +

+ +
+
+
M1
sin 2 1 , cos 2 1 + + y x M1

) 4 sin 2 2 cos 2 2 (
..... ) 4 sin 2 2 cos 2 2 (
+ +
+ + +


i
w
{=
) ( f 1 i +
} A1,
part of line u = 1, show lower half of line
A1,A1
M1A1
(5)
Total 13 marks
M1
A1
M1
A1
(4)
M1A1
(2)
M1
M1A1
A1,A1
A1
(6)
Total 12 marks
0 1 u

5