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Essay On Dengue Fever

ESSAY ON DENGUE FEVER OUTLINES

(530 words)

Introduction History and prevalence of dengue in different countries Symptoms Causes Treatment Conclusion Nowadays many people suffer from dengue. Dengue fever is an

infectious disease carried by mosquitoes and caused by any four related dengue viruses. This disease used to be called break-bone fever because it sometimes causes severe joint and muscle pain. Dengue fever is a quite dangerous febrile (Feverish) disease can be found in the tropics and Africa. Dengue fever is

transmitted by Aedes Aegypti mosquito, which also transmits diseases as yellow fever.

Health 200 and

experts Dengue

have

known

about

dengue were

fever reported

from

more

than

years. early

or dengue-like epidemics in America,

throughout north

the 19th Africa,

20th centuries

southern

Europe,

the eastern Mediterranean, Asia and Australia and various Islands in the Indian Ocean, the south and central Pacific and the Caribbean. It has steadily

increased in both incidence and distribution over the past 40 years. Annually, it in is estimated that there deaths. are 20 million fever is cases a of dengue viral infection, disease resulting common

around

24,000

Dengue

flu-like

throughout urban and

the

tropical

and areas.

sub-tropical Today, it

regions afflicts

around

the

world, physical

mainly pain

in and

pre-urban

(cause

suffering) an estimated 50 million to 100 million in the tropics.

The

symptoms

of

dengue

fever are severe headache, pain in the muscles and joints, and rash that can be described as small red spots. Some patients experience gastritis, diarrhea,

vomiting and abdominal pain. Dengue fever usually starts suddenly with a high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, and pain in the muscles and joints. A rash usually appears 3 to 4 days after the start of the fever. Nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite are common.

Each especially factors

type in

of the

the western to

dengue hemisphere. the

virus

is

re-emerging have fever shown such as

worldwide, that several

Researches dengue travel,

are

contributing increased

resurgence

uncontrolled

urbanization,

international

substandard

socio-economic

conditions, and finally global warming. Global warming has shown to be a major contributor to the spread of dengue fever. Global warming can cause dry spells in some countries and increased rainfall and humidity in others. The dry spells reduce small medium bodies of water like springs and ponds to small puddles that rainfall become and potential humidity breeding also leads ground to for mosquitoes. of water Likewise that affords increased possible

collection

breeding grounds for mosquitoes.

Dengue mosquito

is that

spread prefers

by to

the bite

Aedes

Aegypti, They breed

a in

domestic, clean water.

day-biting Currently

humans.

there is no vaccine available to prevent dengue. Scientists are also trying to invent a vaccine against dengue fever, but the researches are only at the stage

of experiments yet. The only treatment is rest and intake of plenty of fluids like water, juices, milk etc.

The

researchers

therefore

conclude

that

dengue

fever

should

be considered in the differential diagnosis of fever and rash in the returning traveler. Dermatologists should be aware of the distinctive exanthema of dengue fever. Recognition which is of the critical dengue as fever rash permits can a rapid to and early

diagnosis,

dengue

fever

progress

life-threatening

dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which is fatal and obviously can cause death to the victim.

Essay Written By:

Sanjran Gichki

BA student

IMCB-F-10/4