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KAMUS DWIBAHASA

**A *a posteriori ( p-str-r, -r, -r, -r, ) a posteriori adjective. & adverb. Derived by or designating the process of reasoning from facts or particulars to general principles or from effects to causes; inductive; empirical, *a, an indefinite article 1. (denoting an unspecified member of a class, or a member of a class considered as representative of the whole), [not translated]: there's a snake in the well, ada ular di dalam perigi; I prefer to stay in a hotel, saya lebih suka menginap di hotel; a shark has sharp teeth, ikan yu bergigi tajam; 2. (denoting some particular member of a class) a certain, se-[ + classifier], [i.e., sebuah for inanimate objects, seekor for animals, seorang for human beings etc]: there's a fire in a hotel in Pudu Road, ada kebakaran di sebuah hotel di Jalan Pudu; my mother knows a girl who can cook, ibu saya kenal seorang gadis yang pandai memasak; she has a cat and a dog, dia mempunyai seekor kucing dan seekor anjing; exceptions, (when followed by an expression of time or an abstract noun.) suatu: we met on a fine, summer's day, kami bertemu pada suatu hari yang cerah dalam musim panas; the accident happened on a Sunday in January, kemalangan itu terjadi pada suatu hari minggu dalam bulan Januari; this is an interesting problem, ini suatu persoalan yang menarik; a brilliant future, suatu masa depan yang cemerlang; b. (when followed by a person's name) ;

seorang yang bernama: there's a Mr. Tan downstairs, ada seorang yang bernama Encik Tan di bawah; 3. (denoting each or any given member of a class) sese [ + classifier]: non-citizen cannot vote, seseorang yang bukan warganegara tidak boleh mengundi; a textbook must be relevant to the syllabus, sesebuah buku teks hendaklah berkaitan dengan sukatan pelajaran; 4. a. (preceding classifiers, nouns (denoting units of time, weight, local currency etc, expressions of quantity and fractions) se-: a word, sepatah kata; an egg, sebiji telur, sebutir telur; a letter, sepucuk surat; a ringgit, seringgit; an hour, sejam; three times a week, tiga kali seminggu; a kilo, sekilo; a whole bottle of tomato ketchup, sos tomato sebotol penuh; a spoonful of sugar, sesudu gula; a group of tourists, sekumpulan pelancong, serombongan pelancong; a million passengers, sejuta penumpang; a dozen, sedozen; a half, setengah; a half-hour, half an hour, setengah jam; a third of my income, sepertiga (daripada) pendapatan saya; a fifth, seperlima; 1. or two, se-[classifier] dua; (preceding units of foreign currency) satu: it costs a dollar fifty, harganya satu dollar lima puluh sen, 2. se-[noun. of type listed in sense 4. above] dua, satu dua [noun]:

a. he'll arrive in an hour or two, dia tiba sejam dua lagi; b. a word or two, sepatah dua kata; c. drink a glass or two of water, minumlah air segelas dua; d. he's written a book or two on that subject, dia pernah menulis buku sebuah dua tentang hal itu; not a (single) ..., tidak se-[classier noun.] pun, tidak se-[noun. of type listed in sense 4. above] pun: e. I didn't understand a word, saya tidak mengerti sepatah kata pun; f. he hasn't a penny, dia tidak punya sesen pun.

*am. abbreviation ante meridiem (nt m-rd-m) Before noon. pagi; (technical) a.m.: at 8.30 a.m., pada pukul 8.30 pagi. *Aalenian Aalen *abaca (b-k) noun. 1. A bananalike plant (Musa textilis) native to the Philippines and having broad leaves with long stalks, (pokok) abaka 2. The fibers obtained from the stalks of this plant, used to make cordage, fabric, and paper. In this sense, also called *manila, *Manila hemp, serat abaka. *aback (-bk) adverb. take (someone) aback, memeranjatkan seseorang, mengejutkan seseorang; be taken aback, terperanjat, terkejut: he was taken aback by the rude reply, dia terperanjat mendengar jawapan yang kasar itu. *abacterial abakteria *abactinal abaktinal *abacus (b-ks, -bks) noun. plural abacuses or abaci (b-s, -bk). sepua, sempoa, dekakdekak. A manual computing device consisting of a frame holding parallel rods strung with movable counters, *abaft (-bft) adverb.

1. towards the stern, ke buritan, ke arah buritan; 2. at the stern, di buritan; preposition, di sebelah buritan dari : abaft the main mast, di sebelah buritan dari tiang utama. *abalone (b-ln, b-l-) noun. abalone Any of various large, edible marine gastropods of the genus Haliotis, having an ear-shaped shell with a row of holes along the outer edge. The colorful, pearly interior of the shell is often used for making ornaments,. *abambulacral abambulakrum *abandon (-bndn) (-bndn) verb, transitive. abandoned, abandoning, abandons. noun.; with abandon, (dengan) sekehendak hati: to dance with abandon, menari dengan sekehendak hati; to weep with abandon, menangis sekehendak hati; transitive verb. 1. leave behind, forsake, meninggalkan: a. to abandon a sinking ship, meninggalkan kapal yang sedang tenggelam; b. to abandon ones wife and children, meninggalkan anak isteri; c. she abandoned her baby, dia meninggalkan bayinya; 2. discontinue, menghentikan: a. after three days the search for survivors was abandoned, selepas tiga hari usaha mencari orang-orang yang mungkin terselamat itu pun dihentikan; b. to abandon research project, menghentikan sesuatu projek penyelidikan; c. to abandon a habit, menghentikan sesuatu tabiat; 3. give up, relinquish, membatalkan, menggugurkan: a. the government was forced to abandon its plan to build a new port, kerajaan terpaksa membatalkan rancangannya untuk membina sebuah pelabuhan baru; to abandon a claim, menggugurkan tuntutan; abandon oneself to despair, abandon hope, berputus asa;

abandon oneself to oneselfs fate, berserah kepada nasib, menyerah kepada nasib; abandon oneself to grief, abandon oneself to sorrow, membiarkan diri dilanda duka, membiarkan diri dilanda kesedihan. *abandoned (-bndnd) adjective. Deserted; forsaken, terbiar, ditinggalkan + appropriate noun.; (of baby, child) buangan, dibuang orang; dibuang ibunya/: abandoned windmills, kincir-kincir yang terbiar; a home for abandoned wives, rumah tempat kediaman isteri-isteri yang ditinggalkan suami; an abandoned child, anak buangan; an abandoned house, rumah tinggal, rumah yang tidak berpenghuni lagi. *abandonment noun. 1. leaving behind, forsaking (perbuatan, tindakan) meninggalkan; (of baby, child) pembuangan, (perbuatan) membuang: a. the abandonment of a ship, tindakan meninggalkan kapal; b. the abandonment of ones family, perbuatan meninggalkan anak isteri; 2. discontinuance (of activity etc), penghentian, (tindakan) menghentikan; 3. giving up, relinquishment (of a plan, claim, etc), pengguguran, tindakan menggugurkan. *abapical abapeks *abase (-bs) verb, transitive. abased, abasing, abases. To lower in rank, prestige, or esteem, abase oneself, menjatuhkan maruah diri sendiri, merendahkan harga diri sendiri: he only abases himself by such behaviour, dia menjatuhkan maruah dirinya sendiri sahaja dengan tingkah laku yang demikian. *abasement noun. 1. act of abasing, penghinaan; 2. state of being abased, kerendahan harga diri. *abash (-bsh) verb, transitive. abashed, abashing, abashes.

To make ashamed or uneasy; disconcert, memalukan, menjatuhkan air muka; *abashed adjective. silu, malu: he felt abashed as his poor results were read out to the class, dia berasa silu sewaktu keputusan peperiksaannya yang buruk itu dibacakan kepada murid-murid sedarjahnya. *abashment noun. perasaan malu, rasa malu. *abate (-bt) intransitive verb. 1. (of wind, storm, etc) To reduce in amount, degree, or intensity; lessen, reda: a. the storm gradually abated, ribut semakin reda; 2. (of flood) surut; 3. (of emotion) reda, mengendur, berkurang: a. after everything had been clarified, his anger abated, setelah segala-galanya dijelaskan barulah reda kemarahannya; 4. (of fever) kebah, berkurang; transitive verb. 1. reduce, a. (in amount) mengurangkan; i. to abate a tax ,mengurangkan cukai; b. b. (in intensity, degree) mengendurkan, mengurangkan: i. to abate someones zeal, mengendurkan semangat seseorang; 2. (legal) remove, do away with, memberhentikan, menghapuskan: a. to abate the smoke nuisance in the area, menghapuskan gangguan asap di kawasan itu. *abatement (-btmnt) noun. 1. act of abating, a. (of wind, storm, etc) reda, redanya;

b. (of flood) surut, surutnya; c. (of emotion) reda, redanya, berkurang, berkurangnya; d. (of fever) kebah, kebahnya, berkurang, berkurangnya ; 2. (legal) removal (of nuisance etc) pemberhentian, penghapusan; 3. (legal) annulment, pembatalan, pemberhentian: a. the abatement of a writ, pembatalan writ; 4. amount abated, reduction, potongan. *abattoir (b-twr) noun. A slaughterhouse, rumah sembelih, pembantaian. *abaxial (b-ks-l) adjective. abaksial Biology. Located away from or on the opposite side of the axis, as of an organ or organism, *abaxile abpaksi *Abbe number nombor Abbe *Abbe refractometer meter bias Abbe *Abbe sine condition syarat sinus Abbe *abbey (b) noun. 1. (building for monks, nuns) biara; 2. church, gereja: Westminster Abbey, Gereja Westminster. *abbreviate (-brv-t) (-brv-t) verb, transitive. abbreviated, abbreviating, abbreviates. 1. To make shorter, menyingkatkan, memendekkan: a. November is usually abbreviated to Nov., November biasanya disingkatkan menjadi Nov.; 2. (article, speech, etc) meringkaskan, menyingkatkan, memendekkan. *abbreviation (-brv-shn) noun. 1. act of abbreviating, a. (word, phrase) penyingkatan;

b. (article, speech, etc) peringkasan, penyingkatan, pemendekan; 2. abbreviated form, singkatan, kependekan: a. "km" is the abbreviation for "kilometer", km ialah kependekan bagi "kilometer". *ABC noun. 1. the alphabet, ABC, huruf: a. to learn the ABC, belajar ABC or belajar mengenal huruf; 2. rudiments, asas: a. the ABC of cooking, asas masak-memasak. *abcauline abkaulis *abdicate (bd-kt) verb. abdicated, abdicating, abdicates. verb, transitive. To relinquish (power or responsibility) formally, turun takhta, turun dari takhta: King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936, Raja Edward VIII turun takhta pada tahun 1936; transitive verb. melepaskan: to abdicate ones authority, melepaskan kuasa seseorang; abdicate the throne, turun takhta. *abdication noun. 1. also abdication of the throne, penurunan dari takhta, (tindakan) turun dari takhta; 2. (of authority, responsibility, etc) melepaskan. *abdomen (bd-mn, b-dmn) noun. abdomen The part of the body that lies between the thorax and the pelvis and encloses the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, and pancreas. Also called *belly,. *abdominal adjective. abdomen: the abdominal pain, sakit abdomen. *abdominal appendage - apendaj abdomen *abdominal cavity - rongga abdomen

*abdominal scute - skut abdomen *abdominal segment - segmen abdomen *abdominal sternite, sternit abdomen *abdominal tergite, tergit abdomen *abducens (b-d snz, -dy -) noun. plural abducentes (bd -sntz, -dy -). Abdusens. Either of the sixth pair of cranial nerves that convey motor impulses to the rectus muscle on the lateral side of each eye, *abducens nerve : saraf abdusens *abduct (b-dkt) verb, transitive. melarikan, abduk *abduction noun. 1. pemelarian, perbuatan melarikan (orang, seseorang). 2. Biologi. Pengabdukan *abductor abduktor *abductor muscle otot abduktor *abductor noun. orang yang melarikan (seseorang). *abductor ventralis superficialis abduktor ventralis superfisialis *abductor ventralis superficialis abduktor ventralis superfisialis *abeam (-bm) adverb. (of ship) di (sebelah) rusuk; (of island etc) di (sebelah) sisi: the island lay abeam of the ship, pulau itu terletak di rusuk kapal; at noon we came abeam of the island, pada waktu tengah hari kami sampai di sisi pulau itu. *abelian group, kumpulan Abelan *abelian, Abelan *aberrant (-brnt, br-) adjective. 1. menyimpang (daripada kebiasaan): abducted, abducting, abducts. To carry off by force; kidnap,

a. aberrant behaviour, tingkah laku yang menyimpang (daripada kebiasaan). 2. (Biology) aberan *aberration aberasi *aberration (b-rshn) noun. 1. penyimpangan, aberasi: an aberration from the norms of behaviour, penyimpangan daripada norma-norma tatasusila. 2. (sains) aberasi *aberration of light, aberasi cahaya *abet (-bt) transitive verb. /bersubahat, bersekongkol/ dengan: accused of abetting the kidnapper, dituduh bersubahat dengan penculik; to abet someone in a crime, bersubahat dengan seseorang dalam melakukan perbuatan jenayah. *abetment noun. persubahatan, (perbuatan) bersubahat. *abettor, abetter noun. subahat, rakan sekongkol. *abeyance (-bns) noun /be in, fall into, go into/ abeyance, a. (of custom) tidak diamalkan orang; b. (of law) tidak dikuatkuasakan lagi, terbiar (saja): a. a law that has fallen into abeyance undang-undang yang tidak dikuatkuasakan lagi; hold (something) in abeyance, membiarkan [sesuatu] begitu saja: the committee decided to hold the issue in abeyance, jawatankuasa itu memutuskan untuk membiarkan perkara yang berkenaan begitu saja. *abhor (b-hr) transitive verb. /amat; sangat/ benci akan, membenci/, benci sekali akan:

to abhor violence, amat membenci keganasan; *abhorred adjective. /amat, sangat/ dibenci: an abhorred villain, seorang durjana yang amat dibenci. *abhorrence (b-hrns, -hr-) noun. revulsion, /perasaan benci, kebencian/ (yang amat sangat); hold something in abhorrence, /amat, sangat/ benci akan sesuatu, benci sekali akan sesuatu, sangat membenci sesuatu. *abhorrent (b-hrnt, -hr-) adjective. /amat, sangat/ dibenci, dibenci sekali, menjadi kebencian orang: an abhorrent practice, suatu amalan yang amat dibenci; be abhorrent to someone, menjadi kebencian seseorang, /amat, sangat/ dibenci (oleh) seseorang, dibenci sekali oleh seseorang: corruption is abhorrent to him, rasuah menjadi kebenciannya. *abhymenial abhimenium *abidance (-bdns) noun. kepatuhan: abidance by the law, kepatuhan kepada undang-undang. *abide (-bd) intransitive verb. 1. remain, continue, berkekalan, berterusan, berpanjangan; 2. (archaic) dwell, diam, tinggal; transitive verb. 1. tolerate, sabar dengan: a. he can't abide liars, dia tidak sabar dengan pendusta; 2. (archaic) await, menantikan, menunggu; abide by

be faithful to, adhere to, (tetap) berpegang pada, mematuhi: to abide by a promise, berpegang pada janji; comply with, accept, mematuhi, menerima (dan mematuhi): to abide by the decision of the majority, menerima dan mematuhi keputusan ramai; they have agreed to abide by all the rules, mereka bersetuju untuk mematuhi segala peraturan; endure, menanggung: to abide by the consequences, menanggung akibatnya; *abiding (-bdng) adjective. abadi, berkekalan: an abiding passion for literature, keghairahan yang abadi terhadap kesusasteraan. *abience keabienan *abient abien *abietin abietin *abietine abietin *abietine -abietin *ability (-bl-t) noun. 1. power to do something a. (mental, physical) kebolehan, kemampuan, keupayaan: i. his ability to solve the problem, kebolehannya menyelesaikan masalah itu; ii. the armed forces have the ability to defend the nation, angkatan bersenjata mempunyai kebolehan untuk mempertahankan negara; iii. mental ability, kemampuan mental; b. (financial) kemampuan, keupayaan; c. (legal) hak; 2. (usually in plural) mental power, talent, kebolehan, kemampuan:

a. a man of many abilities, seorang yang banyak kebolehannya; have the ability to (do something), see ABLE (be able to); to the best of ones ability, sedaya upaya, dengan segala daya upaya, sedapat-dapatnya, sebolehbolehnya, seberapa boleh. *abiocoen abiosen *abiogenesis (b--jn-ss) noun. abiogenesis The supposed development of living organisms from nonliving matter. Also called autogenesis, spontaneous generation, *abiology abiologi *abiosis abiosis *abiotic (b-tk) adjective. abiosis

Nonliving: The abiotic factors of the environment include light, temperature, and atmospheric gases. - *abiosis (-ss) noun, *abiotically adverb. *abiotic environment - persekitaran abiosis *abiotroph abiotrof *abiotrophy abiotrofi *abject (bjkt, b-jkt) adjective. 1. wretched, hina: an abject slave, seorang abdi yang hina; 2. despicable, keji, hina: the most abject of liars, pembohong yang paling keji; abject behaviour, kelakuan yang keji; 3. self-abasing, menghina diri (sendiri), menjatuhkan /maruah, harga diri/ (sendiri): abject obedience, kepatuhan yang menghina diri sendiri; to make an abject apology, meminta maaf secara menghina diri sendiri. *abjection pengabjekan

*abjection noun. 1. kehinaan. 2. pengabjekan *abjunction abjungsi *abjuration noun. renunciation, a. (of belief, doctrine, etc) /persumpahan, ikrar/ akan meninggalkan [appropriate noun.]; b. (of claim, right, etc) /persumpahan, ikrar/ akan menggugurkan [appropriate noun.]; c. (of allegiance, faithfulness, etc) persumpahan tidak akan taat setia; d. (of claimant) /persumpahan, ikrar/ tidak akan menyokong [appropriate noun.]. *abjure (b-j r) transitive verb. renounce, a. (belief, doctrine, etc) /bersumpah, berikrar/ akan meninggalkan: to abjure a heresy, bersumpah akan meninggalkan faham yang menyeleweng; b. (claim, right, etc) /bersumpah, berikrar/ akan menggugurkan [noun]; c. (allegiance, faithfulness, etc) /bersumpah, berikrar/ tidak akan [verb]: to abjure ones allegiance to ones country, bersumpah tidak akan taat setia kepada tanah air seseorang; d. (claimant) bersumpah tidak akan menyokong: to abjure a pretender, bersumpah tidak akan menyokong penuntut hak takhta. *ablastin ablastin *ablation (-blshn) noun. 1. Surgical excision or amputation of a body part or tissue. 2. The erosive processes by which a glacier is reduced. 3. Aerospace. The dissipation of heat generated by atmospheric friction, especially in the atmospheric reentry of a spacecraft or missile, by means of a melting heat shield, pengablatan, ablasi. *ablation cone, kon lelasan *ablation, lelasan, pelelasan, ablasi *ablaze (-blz) adjective.

1. on fire; terbakar, dijilat api: the building was still ablaze two hours after the fire brigade arrived, bangunan itu masih lagi terbakar dua jam selepas pasukan bomba tiba; be set ablaze, terbakar; set something ablaze, (accidentally) menyebabkan sesuatu terbakar; (deliberately) membakar; 2. brightly illuminated, radiant, (with lights) terang-benderang: the hall was ablaze with lights, dewan itu terang-benderang dengan cahaya lampu; (with colour, jewels) berkilauan: at sunset the sky is ablaze with colour, pada waktu senja langit berkilauan dengan warna; a crown ablaze with jewels, mahkota yang berkilauan dengan intan permata; 3. excited, wrought up, meluap-luap: he was ablaze with anger, kemarahannya meluap-luap. *able (bl) adjective. berkebolehan; (in a given skill) mahir: an able politician, seorang ahli politik yang berkebolehan; one of the more able students in the class, salah seorang penuntut yang lebih berkebolehan dalam darjahnya; an able carpenter, tukang kayu yang mahir; be able to, 1. (general) dapat, boleh: be able to speak four languages, dapat bertutur dalam empat bahasa; be able to walk, dapat berjalan; 2. have right, power, etc to, boleh:

only Parliament is able to make laws, hanya Parlimen yang boleh menggubal undang-undang; 3. have financial means to, mampu, dapat: she was able to pay the rent, dia mampu membayar sewa itu. *able-bodied adjective. tegap dan sihat. *ablution (-bl shn, -bl -) noun. 1. (usually in plural), (act) persucian; a. perform ones ablutions, bersuci; 2. (in Islam) berwuduk, mengambil air sembahyang; 3. (water) air untuk bersuci. *abnegation (bn-gshn) (formal) noun. 1. self-denial, /perbuatan, sikap/ mengetepikan [noun]: a. the abnegation of worldly pleasures, perbuatan mengetepikan kenikmatan duniawi; 2. usually self. abnegation, self-sacrifice, pengorbanan diri. *abnormal (b-nrml) adjective. abnormal, tak normal, luar biasa: abnormal behaviour, kelakuan yang abnormal; abnormal children, kanak-kanak tak normal; abnormal cost, kos abnormal; abnormal return, pulangan abnormal. *abnormal movement pergerakan abnormal *abnormality (bnr-ml-t) noun. 1. unusualness, keabnormalan, ketaknormalan, keluarbiasaan; 2. abnormal thing, feature, etc, keabnormalan: a. congenital abnormalities, keabnormalan bawaan.

*ABO incompatibility ketakserasian ABO *aboard (-brd, -brd) adverb. 1. in or on ship, aircraft, etc, /di, di dalam/ + appropriate noun: that night he did not sleep aboard, malam itu dia tidak tidur di kapal; 2. onto or into ship, aircraft, etc, /ke atas, ke dalam/ + appropriate noun: they pulled the unconscious man aboard, mereka menarik orang yang pengsan itu ke atas kapal; /climb, come, get, go/ aboard, naik (ke + appropriate noun.): all the passengers have gone aboard, semua penumpang telah naik ke kapal; take someone aboard, membawa seseorang naik (ke +appropriate noun.); take something aboard, menaikkan sesuatu (ke + appropriate noun.); preposition 1. in or on, di, di atas: passengers aboard the Titanic, penumpang-penumpang di kapal Titanic; 2. onto or into, ke, ke atas, ke dalam: to haul the crate aboard the boat, menarik peti kayu itu ke atas kapal; /climb, come, get/ aboard ship etc, naik ke (kapal dan lain-lain); put /someone, something/ aboard ship etc, menaikkan /seseorang, sesuatu/ ke (kapal dan lainlain); take someone aboard ship etc, membawa seseorang naik ke (kapal dan lain-lain); take something aboard ship etc, menaikkan sesuatu ke (kapal dan lain-lain). *abode (-bd) noun. also place or abode, (tempat) kediaman, tempat tinggal; (indicating humility) pondok, gubuk: welcome to our humble abode, selamat datang ke pondok kami yang tidak sepertinya ini; /or, with/ no fixed abode, tidak mempunyai tempat kediaman tetap;

take up ones abode with someone, /duduk, tinggal, diam/ bersama seseorang. *abode. past tense & past participle of ABIDE. *abolish (-blsh) transitive verb. 1. do away with, (general) menghapuskan; (tax) memansuhkan: to abolish slavery, menghapuskan pengabdian; 2. annul, memansuhkan: to abolish a law, memansuhkan undang-undang; 3. dissolve, membubarkan: the Ministry of the Navy has been abolished, Kementerian Tentera Laut telah dibubarkan. *abolition (b-lshn), abolishment noun. 1. doing away with, (general) penghapusan; (tax) pemansuhan; 2. annulment, pemansuhan; 3. dissolution, pembubaran. *abomasitis abomasitis *abomasum (b-msm) noun. abomasum The fourth division of the stomach in ruminant animals, such as cows, sheep, and deer, in which digestion takes place, *abominable (-bm-n-bl) adjective. 1. detestable, keji: abominable practices, amalan-amalan yang keji; 2. (colloquial) very unpleasant, teruk betul; (of weather) buruk sekali, dahsyat (betul): the food at the hotel was abominable, makanan di hotel itu teruk betul; what abominable weather we're having, buruk sekali cuaca sekarang ini.

*abominate (-bm-nt) transitive verb. membenci, benci akan: to abominate cruelty to animals, membenci kekejaman terhadap haiwan; he abominates opera, dia benci akan opera. *abomination (-bm-nshn) noun. 1. detestation, kebencian, perasaan benci; hold something in abomination, membenci, benci akan; 2. detestable act, habit etc, appropriate noun. + (yang) keji: accused of abominations, dituduh melakukan perbuatan-perbuatan keji; an abomination before God, sesuatu yang keji di sisi Tuhan. *aboospore aboospora *aboral (-brl, br-) adjective. Located opposite to or away from the mouth, aboral *aboriginal (b-rj-nl) adjective. 1. indigenous, asli: aboriginal inhabitants, penduduk-penduduk asli; 2. pertaining to aborigines, orang asli: aboriginal art, kesenian orang asli. *aborigine (b-rj-n), aboriginal noun. orang asli; the Australian Aborigines, orang asli Australia. *abort (-brt) intransitive verb. 1. have a miscarriage, keguguran: she aborted at the fifth month, dia keguguran semasa mengandung lima bulan; 2. terminate prematurely, terbantut: the space flight aborted owing to engine failure, penerbangan ke angkasa lepas itu terbantut oleh sebab kerosakan enjinnya; transitive verb.

1. cause to be delivered of foetus prematurely, menggugurkan /kandungan, anak/: the doctors decided to abort her, doktor-doktor memutuskan untuk menggugurkan kandungannya; 2. to bring forth prematurely, menggugurkan: to abort a twelve-week old foetus, menggugurkan janin yang sudah dua belas minggu dalam kandungan; 3. terminate prematurely, membantutkan, menyebabkan terbantut: to membantutkan rancangan. *abortifacient abortifasien *abortifacient (-brt-fshnt) adjective. Causing abortion, abortifasien *abortion (-brshn) noun. 1. premature expulsion of embryo or foetus, a. (by artificial means) pengguguran /kandungan, anak/ (seseorang), membuang kandungan: she died after an abortion, dia meninggal dunia selepas pengguguran anaknya; b. (by natural process) keguguran: her pregnancy terminated in an abortion, kehamilannya berakhir dengan keguguran; have an abortion, a. (by artificial means) membuang kandungan, membuang hamil, menggugurkan /anak, kandungan/; b. (by spontaneous expulsion) keguguran; 2. failure, kegagalan, kebantutan, terbantutnya. *abortionist noun. orang yang menggugurkan /kandungan, anak/, penggugur kandungan. *abortive adjective. terbantut, gagal: an abortive rebellion, pemberontakan yang terbantut; his efforts were abortive, usahanya terbantut; to render a plan abortive, menyebabkan sesuatu rancangan terbantut. abort a plan,

*abortive infection penjangkitan gugur *abound intransitive verb.; abound in, a. exist in quantity in, banyak sekali di, melimpah-limpah di: fish abound in the river, ikan banyak sekali di sungai itu; b. also abound with, be full of, penuh dengan: the river abounds in fish, sungai itu penuh dengan ikan; the forest abounds with wild animals, hutan itu penuh dengan binatang liar; the article abounds in typing errors, makalah itu penuh dengan kesilapan taipan. *about (-bout) adverb. 1. round, around, a. here and there, di sana. sini: i. there will be some thunderstorms about tonight, malam ini nanti akan berlaku ribut petir di sana sini; b. in various directions, ke sana sini, ke sana ke mari: i. the street was full of people running about, looking for shelter, jalan itu penuh dengan orang yang berlari ke sana sini mencari perlindungan; c. (implying aimlessness, idleness or diffuse action), [use reduplicated form of verb): i. I've been kept waiting about for too long, sudah terlalu lama saya dibiarkan menunggu-nunggu saja. 2. approximately, kira-kira, lebih kurang, sekitar: a. there were about fifty people present, ada kira-kira lima puluh orang yang hadir [for phrases such as climb about, run about, wave ones arm about etc see appropriate verbs]; preposition

1. round, around, a. encircling, (di) sekitar, (di) sekeliling: i. the hills about the town, bukit-bukit di sekitar bandar itu; b. near, dekat, berhampiran dengan, (di) sekeliling: i. the streets about the palace, jalan-jalan dekat istana itu; c. here and there in, di sana sini di: i. his papers were scattered about the room, kertas-kertasnya bertaburan di sana sini di bilik itu; 2. on (ones person), connected with, pada: a. I didn't happen to have his letter about me at the time, kebetulan suratnya tidak ada pada saya waktu itu; b. there's something about that house that unnerves me, ada sesuatu pada rumah itu yang membuat saya gelisah; 3. concerning, tentang, berkenaan dengan; (when followed by a verbal noun.), [usually not translated]: a. I know nothing about the matter, saya tak tahu apa-apa tentang perkara itu; b. what was his talk about?, tentang apakah ceramahnya itu?; c. we felt uneasy about leaving our daughter alone at night, kami berasa khuatir meninggalkan anak perempuan kami berseorangan pada malam hari; [for phrases such as come about, knock about, etc, see appropriate verbs]; [see also AROUND, ROUND]; i. about face, (United States) see about turn; (it's) about time, 1. almost time, sudah hampir waktunya: a. it's about time for you to go to bed, sudah hampir waktunya kamu masuk tidur; 2. high time, sudah sampai masanya: a. it's about time you stopped smoking, sudah sampai masanya kamu berhenti merokok;

ii. about turn, pusing ke belakang; iii. be about (somewhere) ada (di...): 1. there was nobody about on the street, tidak ada orang di jalan; iv. be (up and) about again, cergas semula; v. be about ones /business, affairs/ sibuk bekerja: 1. although it was only 5.30, the organizers of the exhibition were already about their business, walaupun baru pukul 5.30, penyelenggara pameran sudah sibuk bekerja; vi. be about to [in/in] baru saja /hendak, akan/ [verb]; (colloquial) sudah hendak [verb]: 1. our guests are about to depart, tamu kita sudah hendak berangkat; vii. /how, what/ about (something), 1. (in formal invitation) bagaimana kalau [verb], apa kata [verb] nak [verb]: a. how about a game of tennis?, bagaimana kalau kita main tenis?; 2. (used to get information, someones opinion) bagaimana dengan: a. how about the second question, was it difficult?, bagaimana dengan soalan kedua, susahkah? *about-face, about-turn noun. 1. reversal of direction, berpusing ke belakang, berputar balik; 2. do an about-face, a. turn and face the other way, berpusing ke belakang, berputar balik; b. reverse policy, opinion, action, etc, /berputar, mengubah/ haluan: i. he did an unexpected about-face, dia berputar haluan dengan tidak disangkasangka; 3. reversal (of policy, opinion, attitude, etc) /perputaran, perubahan/ haluan: a. an about-face on foreign policy, perputaran haluan dalam dasar luar;

intransitive verb. 1. reverse direction, berpusing ke belakang, berputar balik; 2. reverse (policy, stand, etc) /berputar, mengubah/haluan. *above adverb. 1. at a higher point, di (sebelah) atas: a. the branches above, dahan-dahan di sebelah atas; b. from above, dari atas: c. seen from above, dilihat dari atas; 2. to a higher point, ke atas; 3. on a higher floor, di atas, di tingkat atas: a. there are three bedrooms above, ada tiga buah bilik tidur di atas; 4. to a higher floor, ke atas, ke tingkat atas: a. a stairway that leads above, tangga yang menuju ke atas; 5. in the sky, di langit: a. the moon above, bulan di langit; 6. (of sky, ceiling, etc), [not translated]: a. the blue sky above, langit biru; 7. upstream, di (sebelah) hulu; (when distance is specified) ke hulu: a. there are rapids above, ada jeram di sebelah hulu; b. the campsite is just three miles above, tapak perkhemahan itu hanya tiga batu ke hulu; 8. earlier (in book, article, etc) di atas: a. see Section B above, sila lihat Bahagian B di atas; b. and above, (dan) ke atas: 18 and above, 18 tahun ke atas; c. in the ranks of Captain and above, yang berpangkat Kapten dan ke atas;

d. noun.; the above, yang di atas; preposition 1. at a place etc higher than, di atas: a. he lived in a room above the shop, dia tinggal di sebuah bilik di atas kedai; b. to fly above the clouds, terbang di atas awan; 2. to a place etc higher than, melewati, melampaui: a. the flood waters have risen above the steps, air bah telah naik melewati tangga; 3. more than, lebih daripada: a. above freezing point, lebih daripada takat beku; b. her car costs above M$15,000, keretanya berharga lebih daripada M$15,000; c. to be above twenty one in age, berusia lebih daripada dua puluh satu tahun; d. to value honour above wealth, menghargai maruah lebih daripada kekayaan; 4. too honourable to stoop to (something) bukanlah orangnya untuk: a. he is above telling lies, dia bukanlah orangnya untuk berbohong; b. be not above, sanggup: i. I am not above doing what is necessary, saya sanggup melakukan apa yang perlu; 5. too respected for, tidak dapat [verb ]: a. he thinks he is above criticism, dia menganggap dirinya tidak dapat dikritik; b. her behaviour is above reproach, kelakuannya tidak dapat dicela; c. be above the law, tidak dapat disentuh (oleh) undang-undang, terkecuali daripada

tindakan undang-undang: d. no one is above the law, tidak ada seorang pun yang tidak dapat disentuh undang-undang; 6. too difficult to be understood by, tidak dapat difahami [seseorang], [seseorang] tidak /memahami, faham akan/: 7. to be above someones comprehension, tidak difahami seseorang; a. this article is above me, rencana ini tidak dapat saya fahami;

8. louder than (other sound, noise) dalam: a. a shot was heard above the dawn, dalam bunyi bising itu kedengaran sedas tembakan; 9. higher than, lebih tinggi daripada; a. I can't go above B flat, saya tidak dapat bernyanyi lebih tinggi daripada nada B flet; 10. further north than, di sebelah utara: a. a town situated forty eight kilometres above Kuala Lumpur, sebuah bandar yang terletak empat puluh lapan kilometer di sebelah utara Kuala Lumpur; 11. up stream from, di sebelah hulu; a. the rapids are above the bridge, terdapat jeram di sebelah hulu jambatan itu; above all (else), (yang) terutama, terpenting, yang paling /utama, penting/: he was a writer, a politician and above all a good father, dia penulis, ahli politik dan yang terutamanya dia bapa yang baik; and beyond, (rhetorical) lebih (besar) daripada: his contributions to the country were above and beyond what was expected, sumbangannya kepada negara lebih besar daripada yang dijangka; above ground, masih hidup; /be, get, rise/ above oneself, besar kepala: you had better do something about that boy, he's getting above himself, kamu patut berbuat sesuatu untuk menasihati budak itu, dia sudah mula besar kepala.

*above-board adjective. bersih, jujur: an open and above-board action, (suatu) tindakan secara terbuka dan bersih; adverb. secara /bersih, jujur: everything was done openly and above-board, segala-galanya dilakukan secara terbuka dan bersih. *above-mentioned, above-named

adjective /dinyatakan, tersebut/ di atas: the above-mentioned candidates, calon-calon yang dinyatakan di atas; noun.; the above-mentioned, yang /dinyatakan, tersebut/ di atas. *abrade transitive verb. 1. wear away, scrape off (rock, bark of tree, etc), (active) melelaskan; (passive) lelas; 2. injure (skin), (active) melecetkan, melelaskan; (passive) melecet, lelas; *abraded adjective. 1. worn away, scraped on; lelas: abraded rocks, batu-batu yang lelas; 2. injured (of skin) melecet, lelas. *abrading adjective. melelaskan *Abraham (br-hm). In the Old Testament, the first patriarch and progenitor of the Hebrew people. He was the father of Isaac, Nabi Ibrahim. *abranchiate (-brngk-t, -t) noun. An animal that has no gills, abrankiat *abrase las *abrasion noun. 1. act, process of abrading, pelelasan, pelasan, abrasi; 2. abraded area or surface, a. a. (of rock, bark of tree, etc) lelasan, bahagian yang lelas; b. (of skin) lelasan, bahagian yang melecet, bahagian yang lelas *abrasion platform pentas pelasan *abrasion test ujian lelasan *abrasive adjective.

1. tending to wear away, melelaskan; 2. harsh, rough, a. (of remarks etc) tajam, pedas; b. (of character) kasar; noun, pelelas, pengempelas, bahan las *abreast (-brst) adverb. seiring, beriring, beriringan, bersaing, berdamping, berdampingan: they walked two abreast, mereka berjalan berdua-dua seiring; /come, draw/ abreast of, (datang) menyampingi: a police car drew abreast of the lorry, sebuah kereta polis datang menyampingi lori itu; in line, sejajar (dalam satu baris); keep abreast /of, with/, (figurative) mengikuti: to keep abreast of the latest developments, mengikuti perkembangan-perkembangan yang terbaru; to keep abreast of the times, mengikuti (aliran) zaman. *abridge transitive verb. shorten, meringkaskan, menyingkatkan; *abridged adjective. shortened, diringkaskan; ringkas, disingkatkan: *abridged edition, edisi ringkas. *abridgment, *abridgement noun. 1. act of condensing (book etc) /kerja, usaha/ meringkaskan, menyingkatkan/, peringkasan, penyingkatan; 2. 2. abridged version, ringkasan, singkatan, versi ringkas. *abrine, abrin *abroad adverb. 1. in another country, di luar negeri; 2. to another country, ke luar negeri;

3. (archaic) out of doors, di luar rumah; /be, get, spread/ abroad, be, become widespread, tersebar luas, a. when the news got abroad, apabila khabar itu tersebar luas; b. a rumour is abroad that..., khabar angin tersebar luas kononnya... from abroad, dari luar negeri. *abrogate transitive verb. 1. repeal, memansuhkan, membatalkan: to abrogate a treaty, memansuhkan perjanjian; to abrogate a law, memansuhkan undang-undang; 2. discontinue, memupuskan, menghapuskan: a. to abrogate a custom, memupuskan adat kebiasaan. *abrogation noun. 1. repeal, pemansuhan, pembatalan; 2. discontinuation, pemupusan, penghapusan. *abrupt adjective. 1. sudden, tiba-tiba, mendadak; (of corner, turn, etc) tajam: an abrupt change in the weather, perubahan cuaca yang tiba-tiba; come to an abrupt end, tiba-tiba (sahaja) /berakhir tamat, selesai/ , /berakhir, tamat, selesai/ dengan tibatiba; come to an abrupt /halt, stop/, tiba-tiba (sahaja) berhenti, berhenti dengan tiba-tiba, mendadak (sahaja); 2. brusque, kasar: an abrupt reply, jawapan yang kasar; an abrupt manner of speaking, gaya pertuturan yang agak kasar;

3. disconnected, tidak lancar, terputus-putus: an abrupt style of writing, gaya penulisan yang tidak lancar; 4. steep, curam: an abrupt descent, jalan turun yang curam. *abruptly-acuminate akuminat terjal *abruptly-pinnate pinat terjal *abruptness noun. 1. suddenness, tiba-tiba, mendadak; 2. brusqueness, kasar: abruptness of manner, gaya yang kasar; 3. disconnectedness, ketidaklancaran, tidak lancar, terputus-putus; 4. steepness, kecuraman: the abruptness of the slope, kecuraman cerun itu. *absarokit, absarokit *abscess (bss) noun. abses A localized collection of pus in part of the body, formed by tissue disintegration and surrounded by an inflamed area, *abscess noun. abses, bengkak (yang) bernanah. *abscessed adjective. berabses, bengkak (dan) bernanah. *abscession pengabsesan *abscise luruh *abscisin absisin *abscisine absisina *abscissa absisa *abscissa, abscissae, absisa *abscissic acid asid absisik *abscission (b-szhn). noun.

1. The act of cutting off. 2. Botany. The shedding of leaves, flowers, or fruits following the formation of the abscission zone, peluruhan, keluruhan, luruhan *abscission layer lapisan luruhan, lapisan peluruhan *abscond intransitive verb. melarikan diri; abscond with, melarikan; guilty of absconding with the company's money, bersalah kerana melarikan wang syarikat. *absconder noun. orang yang melarikan diri. *abseil intransitive verb. menakik turun *absence noun. 1. state of being away, (general) ketiadaan: the absence of three key players weakened the team, ketiadaan tiga orang pemain utama telah melemahkan pasukan itu; during his father's absence, semasa ketiadaan bapanya; in the absence of someone, in someones absence, semasa ketiadaan seseorang; (from school, meeting, seminar, etc) ketidakhadiran; (from work) ketidakhadiran (di tempat kerja), tidak datang (bekerja), tidak hadir (di tempat kerja); 2. occasion of being away, (general) tiada, tidak ada; (from school, meeting, seminar, etc) tidak hadir; (from work) tidak datang, tidak hadir: i. frequent absences from work, sering tidak datang bekerja; 3. non-existence, lack, ketiadaan, tidak adanya:

the absence of skilled labour, ketiadaan tenaga mahir; a total absence of prejudice, tidak adanya prasangka sama sekali; i. in the absence of something, dengan tiadanya sesuatu, oleh sebab ketiadaan sesuatu. *absent /with, without/ leave, tidak hadir /dengan, tanpa/ izin, kebenaran/; absent voter, pengundi yang tidak hadir; transitive verb.; absent oneself from, a. (school, work) tidak /hadir di, pergi ke, datang ke/; b. (meeting, seminar, etc) tidak menghadirkan diri di: he absented himself from the board meeting, dia tidak menghadirkan diri di mesyuarat lembaga. *absent adjective. 1. being away, a. (general) tidak ada: i. absent from church, tidak ada di gereja; b. (from school, meeting, seminar, etc) tidak hadir: i. absent committee members, ahli-ahli jawatankuasa yang tidak hadir; c. (from work) tidak /datang, hadir/; 2. non-existent, lacking, tidak ada: a. in this species, the tail is absent, tidak ada ekor pada haiwan spesies ini; 3. inattentive, seperti sedang /melamun, berkhayal/: a. she had an absent look on her face, kelihatan pada wajahnya seperti dia sedang melamun; *absentee landlord noun. tuan tanah duduk luar. *absentee noun.

1. /orang, anggota, dan lain-lain / yang tidak hadir; 2. (attributive) duduk luar, yang tinggal di tempat lain: c. absentee landlord, tuan tanah duduk luar. *absenteeism (bsn-tzm) noun. 1. Habitual failure to appear, especially for work or other regular duty, ketidakhadiran, amalan ponteng kerja, perbuatan ponteng kerja; 2. (from school) ketidakhadiran, perbuatan ponteng sekolah. **absent-minded adjective. 1. abstracted, selalu lupa, pelupa: an absolute professor, seorang profesor yang selalu lupa; 2. reflecting abstractedness, yang diucapkan secara tidak sedar. *absent-mindedness noun. sifat /selalu lupa, pelupa/. *absolute (bs-l t, bs-l t) adjective. 1. having, exercising unlimited authority, mutlak: absolute ruler, pemerintah mutlak; absolute monarchy, pemerintahan beraja mutlak; 2. unlimited, unqualified, full, mutlak, sepenuhnya, penuh: absolute freedom, kebebasan mutlak; absolute power, kuasa mutlak; absolute confidence, keyakinan sepenuhnya; absolute ownership, hak milik mutlak; absolute majority, majoriti mutlak; 3. undoubted, positive, mutlak, tidak dapat diragui lagi, tidak disangsikan (sama sekali): absolute proof, bukti yang tidak dapat diragui lagi;

absolute honesty, kejujuran mutlak; 4. outright, unmitigated, a. (of lie, nonsense, etc) sama sekali, semata-mata: an absolute lie, dusta semata-mata; b. (of person) benar-benar, betul-betul: an absolute idiot, benar-benar tolol; 5. perfect in quality or nature, sempurna, tidak bercela: absolute beauty, kecantikan yang sempurna; 6. (technical) mutlak: absolute pressure, tekanan mutlak; absolute density, ketumpatan mutlak; absolute cost, kos mutlak; absolute volume, isi padu mutlak; in absolute terms, secara mutlak: prices remained the same in absolute terms but increased by 5% relatively, harga-harga tetap sama secara mutlak, tetapi naik dengan 5% secara relatif: *absolute address, alamat mutlak *absolute age - umur mutlak *absolute alcohol noun. alkohol mutlak. *absolute coding pengkodan mutlak *absolute coefficient pekali mutlak, koefisien mutlak *absolute concentration, kepekatan mutlak *absolute density, ketumpatan mutlak *absolute determination, penentuan mutlak *absolute electrometer, elektrometer mutlak *absolute error, ralat mutlak *absolute expansion, pengembangan mutlak

*absolute galvanometer, galvanometer mutlak *absolute growth - pertumbuhan mutlak *absolute humidity kelembapan mutlak *absolute inequality, ketaksamaan mutlak *absolute length - panjang mutlak *absolute magnitude noun. magnitud mutlak. *absolute majority noun. majoriti mutlak, kelebihan undi mutlak. *absolute monarchy noun. (system) pemerintahan beraja mutlak; (state) kerajaan mutlak. *absolute music noun. muzik mutlak. *absolute pitch noun. pic mutlak. *absolute recruitment - pengrekrutan mutlak *absolute scale of temperature, skala mutlak suhu *absolute temperature suhu mutlak *absolute value noun. nilai mutlak. *absolute zero noun. sifar mutlak. *absolutely adverb. 1. definitely, positively, completely, sama sekali, benar-benar: to refuse absolutely, enggan sama sekali; an absolutely reliable secretary, setiausaha yang benar-benar dapat dipercayai; absolutely wrong, salah sama sekali; absolutely necessary, benar-benar perlu;

2. (as strong affirmative) tentu sekali, sudah /tentu, pasti/; "Do you agree?" 'absolutely!", "Kamu setuju?" "Sudah tentu!"; 3. not relatively, secara mutlak. *absolutely continous, selanjar secara mutlak

*absolution noun. (Roman Catholic) pengampunan, absolusi: absolution from sin, pengampunan daripada dosa. *absolutism (bs-l tzm) noun. a. A political theory holding that all power should be vested in one ruler or other authority. b. A form of government in which all power is vested in a single ruler or other authority, faham kuasa mutlak. *absolve transitive verb. 1. clear, free, membebaskan: to absolve someone from his obligation, membebaskan seseorang daripada tanggungjawabnya; to absolve someone from his loath, vow/, membebaskan seseorang daripada /sumpah, ikrar/ yang telah dibuatnya; to absolve someone from blame, membebaskan seseorang daripada dipersalahkan or dipertanggungjawabkan; 2. (Roman Catholic) mengabsolusikan: to absolve someone from his sins, mengabsolusikan seseorang daripada dosanya. *absorb transitive verb. 1. suck up, take in, menyerap: cotton wool absorbs water, kapas menyerap air; a material capable of absorbing sound, sejenis bahan yang dapat menyerap bunyi; to absorb the contents of a book, menyerap kandungan sesebuah buku; 2. use up, engage, (someones attention, interest) menuntut: i. his work absorbs all his attention, kerjanya menuntut seluruh perhatiannya; (time) menghabiskan, mengambil; 3. consume, menyerap, menampung:

the local market could not absorb the surplus sugar, pasaran tempatan tidak dapat menyerap lebihan bekalan gula; 4. defray, menanggung: the wholesaler agreed to absorb the advertising costs, pihak pemborong bersetuju menanggung kos pengiklanan; 5. incorporate, menyerap: the business was absorbed by a larger company, perniagaan itu telah diserap oleh sebuah syarikat yang lebih besar; *absorbability noun. kebolehserapan. *absorbable adjective. terserapkan, boleh serap. *absorbance spectrum spektrum keserapan *absorbance, keserapan, serapan *absorbed adjective.; /be, become/ absorbed in, asyik dengan, /asyik, lekat + appropriate verb; (in activity that is spiritual in nature) khusyuk + appropriate verb: she became absorbed in social work, dia asyik dengan kerja kebajikan; to be absorbed in a book, (sedang) asyik membaca buku; to be absorbed in meditation, khusyuk bertafakur; with absorbed /attention, interest/, dengan asyiknya, dengan /sepenuh minat, keasyikan. *absorbed dose dos terserap *absorbed light, cahaya terserap *absorbed, diserap, serapan, terserap *absorbent adjective. boleh menyerap, dapat menyerap, perserapan; noun. bahan penyerap, zat penyerap, bahan serap, yang diserap *absorber noun. penyerap, alat serap

*absorber of heat, alat serap haba, penyerap haba *absorbing adjective. mengasyikkan: an absorbing novel, sebuah novel yang mengasyikkan; *absorbing state keadaan menyerap *absorptiometer, meter serap *absorption penyerapan *absorption apparatus, radas serapan, radas penyerapan *absorption band, jalur penyerapan, jalur serapan *absorption coefficient pekali penyerapan *absorption edge, pinggir serapan *absorption noun. 1. act, process of absorbing, a. (liquid, sound, heat, etc) penyerapan, serapan; b. (cost, expenses, etc) penyerapan, penanggungan: i. absorption of the increased duty, penyerapan cukai yang bertambah; 2. engrossment, keasyikan; (inactivity that is sublime in nature) kekhusyukan: a. his absorption in his work, keasyikannya bekerja; 3. incorporation, penyerapan: a. the absorption of the surrounding small holdings by the estate, penyerapan kebunkebun kecil di sekitarnya oleh perusahaan ladang tersebut. *absorption power, kuasa serapan *absorption tower menara penyerapan *absorptive adjective. penyerap, serapan: absorptive membrane, membran penyerap. *absorptive membrane membran menyerap

*absorptivity coefficient pekali kedayaserapan *absorptivity noun. keterserapan, keserapan, daya penyerapan, kedayaserapan *abstain intransitive verb. also abstain from voting, tidak mengundi, berkecuali: all the delegates supported the motion except for three who abstained, kesemua perwakilan menyokong usul itu kecuali tiga orang yang tidak mengundi; abstain from, refrain voluntarily from, (general) menahan diri daripada: to abstain from comment, menahan diri daripada membuat ulasan; (food, drink) menjauhi, menahan diri daripada /(me)makan, (me)minum/; (for health or religious reasons) memantang, memantangkan, berpantang /memakan, makan, meminum, minum/: to abstain from fatty foods, memantang makanan berlemak. *abstainer noun. pemantang. *abstemious adjective. 1. (of person, habit) sangat sederhana makan minumnya: a man of abstemious habits, orang yang sangat sederhana makan minumnya; 2. (of meal, diet, etc), (sangat) sederhana. *abstemiousness noun. kesederhanaan makan minum. *abstention noun. 1. see ABSTINENCE; 2. (in voting) a. act of abstaining, tindakan untuk /berkecuali, tidak mengundi/, berkecuali, tidak mengundi: the United States' abstention disappointed the African nations, tindakan Amerika Syarikat untuk tidak mengundi mengecewakan negara-negara Afrika; b. instance of abstaining, berkecuali, tidak mengundi: ten votes in favour, six against and three abstentions, sepuluh undi menyokong, enam menentang dan tiga berkecuali. *abstinence noun.; abstinence from, a. (general) menahan diri daripada /(me)makan, (me)minum/: abstinence from certain kinds of food, menahan diri daripada memakan jenis-jenis makanan yang tertentu; b. (alcoholic drink) menjauhi, menahan diri daripada. *abstract (b-strkt, bstrkt) adjective. abstrak, mujarad: an abstract concept, konsep abstrak; abstract art, seni abstrak; noun. 1. summary, ikhtisar, ringkasan, intisari, abstrak: an abstract of a speech, ikhtisar ucapan; an abstract of a working paper, ikhtisar kertas kerja; 2. abstract term, perkataan yang abstrak, kata abstrak; 3. abstract work of art, karya abstrak; 4. the abstract, appropriate noun.

+ yang /abstrak, mujarad/: pure science involves the study of the abstract, sains tulen melibatkan pengkajian gagasan-gagasan yang abstrak; in the abstract, pada teorinya, /dari segi, secara teori; transitive verb. 1. separate, remove, memisahkan: to abstract metal from ore, memisahkan logam daripada bijih; 2. regard abstractly, mengabstrakkan: one of man's greatest feats was to abstract the idea of number, salah satu kejayaan manusia yang terbesar ialah mengabstrakkan pengertian nombor; 3. (euphemism) steal, kebas, mengambil; 4. summarize, mengikhtisarkan, meringkaskan, mengikhtisarkan: to abstract an article, mengikhtisarkan makalah. *abstract number, nombor niskala *abstract symbol, simbol niskala *abstract, abstrak, niskala *abstracted adjective. absent-minded, seperti memikirkan sesuatu yang lain: he sat silent and abstracted, dia duduk berdiam diri seperti memikirkan sesuatu yang lain. *abstractedness noun. keadaan seperti memikirkan sesuatu yang lain. *abstraction noun. 1. act of a. (separating, removing), pemisahan: the abstraction of metal from ore, pemisahan logam daripada bijih; b. (regarding something abstractly), mengabstrakkan; 2. visionary idea, /konsep, ideal yang abstrak: justice is an abstraction, keadilan adalah suatu konsep yang abstrak; 3. absent-mindedness, (keadaan) seperti memikirkan sesuatu yang lain; 4. abstract work of art, karya abstrak. *abstraction, peniskalaan, pengabstrakan *abstriction pengabstrikan *abstruse adjective. sukar difahami: abstruse matters, perkara-perkara yang sukar difahami. *abstruseness noun. kesukaran (untuk) memahami. *absurd (b-srd, -zrd) adjective. 1. unreasonable, illogical, yang bukan-bukan, tidak munasabah, tidak masuk akal: an absurd question, soalan yang bukan-bukan; an absurd request, permintaan yang bukan-bukan; don't be absurd, jangan /merepek, mengarut; 2. laughable, menggelikan (hati), lucu: an absurd hat, topi yang menggelikan hati; look absurd, kelihatan lucu. *absurdity noun. 1. state of being absurd, tidak munasabahnya: the absurdity of the accusation, tidak munasabahnya tuduhan itu; 2. absurd act, /perbuatan, tindakan yang tidak /munasabah, masuk akal/; 3. absurd statement, kenyataan, kata-kata yang bukan-bukan, karut, merepek/. *abterminal abterminal

*abundance (-bndns) noun. banyaknya; (of hair, foliage, etc) lebatnya: they were amazed at the abundance of the harvest, mereka hairan melihat banyaknya hasil tuaian; an abundance of (something), (sesuatu) berlimpah-limpah, berlebih-lebih, melimpah-ruah, kelimpahan: there was an abundance of food, makanan berlebih-lebih; in abundance, banyak sekali: fruit in abundance, buah-buahan yang banyak sekali; live in abundance, hidup mewah. *abundance of element, kelimpahan unsur *abundant (-bndnt) adjective. 1, (general) amat banyak : an abundant supply of weapons, bekalan senjata yang amat banyak; a river abundant in fish, sungai yang amat banyak ikannya; abundant proof, bukti yang amat banyak; 2. (of hair, foliage, etc) lebat. *abuse (-by z) noun. 1. misuse, a. (of power, privilege, etc) penyalahgunaan, (perbuatan) menyalahgunakan: abuse of power, penyalahgunaan kuasa; b. (of trust, confidence, etc) pensiasiaan, (perbuatan) mensia-siakan; 2. wrong, corrupt practice, amalan yang salah: to put a stop to abuses, menghentikan amalan-amalan yang salah; 3. maltreatment, penganiayaan: child abuse, penganiayaan kanak-kanak; 4. insulting, coarse speech, caci maki, (kata-kata) makian: to hurl abuse at so, melemparkan caci maki kepada seseorang; term of abuse, kata makian; transitive verb. 1. misuse, a. (power, privilege, etc) menyalahgunakan: to abuse ones authority, menyalahgunakan kuasa seseorang; b. (trust, confidence, etc) mensia-siakan; 2. revile, mencaci maki, memaki-maki: he often abuses his wife, dia sering mencaci maki isterinya; 3. maltreat, mendera, menganiayai; the court found that the child had been abused on three occasions, mahkamah mendapati kanak-kanak itu telah didera tiga kali. *abusive adjective. 1. (of words, speech, language, etc) kesat: abusive jibes, ejek-ejekan yang kesat; abusive language, bahasa yang kesat, kata makian; 2. (of person) yang / menghamburkan, melemparkan/ /kata-kata makian, caci maki/: an abusive spectator, seorang penonton yang menghamburkan kata-kata makian; /be, become/ abusive, mula /menghamburkan, melemparkan/ /kata-kata makian, caci maki/. *abut intransitive verb.; abut /on, upon/, (of land, estate, country, etc) berbatasan dengan, bersempadan dengan: their land abuts on mine, tanah mereka bersempadan dengan tanah saya; abut/on, upon, against/, (of part of building) bercantum dengan: the shed abuts on the house, bangsal itu bercantum dengan rumah. *abutment noun. (archit & engin) lateral support, penampan.

*abysmal (-bzml) adjective. 1. (figurative) immeasurable, tidak terhingga, bukan kepalang: abysmal ignorance, kejahilan yang tidak terhingga; 2. (colloquial) extremely bad, teruk (sekali): the paper presented was abysmal, kertas yang dikemukakan teruk sekali. *abyss (-bs) noun. 1. bottomless chasm, jurang yang amat dalam; 2. (figurative) immeasurable depth (of despair, shame) yang tidak terhingga: in the abysmal of despair, dalam kekecewaan yang tidak terhingga; 3. hell, neraka. *abyssal abis *abyssal (-bsl) adjective. 1. Abysmal; unfathomable. 2. Of or relating to the great depths of the oceans, abis, kelebur: abyssal plain, dataran abis; abyssal depth, kedalaman abis, abyssal gap, luang abis, abyssal waters, perairan abis *abyssal depth - dalaman abis *abyssal fish - ikan abis *abyssal fishery perikanan abis *abyssal hill - bukit abis *abyssal phytoplankton fitoplankton abis *abyssal rock - batuan abis *abyssal waters perairan abis *abyssobenthos abisobentos, bentos abis *abyssopelagic - pelagos abis *acacia (-ksh) noun. 1. Any of various often spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Acacia in the pea family, having alternate, bipinnately compound leaves or leaves represented by flattened leafstalks and heads or spikes of small flowers. 2. Any of several other leguminous plants, such as the rose acacia, akasia. *academic adjective. 1. relating to scholarly activity, akademik: academic year, tahun akademik; academic record, rekod akademik; academic freedom, kebebasan akademik; 2. theoretical, akademik, teoretis: a purely academic question, soalan akademik semata-mata; noun. ahli akademik, pensyarah. *academical adjective. see ACADEMIC; noun. (in plural) pakaian akademik. *academician noun. ahli akademi, anggota akademi.

*academy noun. akademi. *acalyptrate akaliptrat *acantha akanta *acanthaster - akantaster *acanthin akantin *acanthine akantus; berakantus *acanthite akantit *acanthocarpous, akantokarpus *acanthocephala - akantosefala *acanthocephalous akantosefalon *acanthocladous akantokladus *acanthocyst akantosista *acanthodians akantodi *acanthodion akantodion *acanthoid akantoid *acanthophore akantofor *acanthopodous akantopod *acanthopore akantopor *acanthopterygian (kn-thpt-rj-n) noun. Any of a large group of fishes of the super order Acanthopterygii, having bony skeletons and spiny rays in the dorsal and anal fins and including the bass, perch, mackerel, and swordfish, akantopterigi *acanthor - akantor *acanthor larva - larva akantor *acanthosoma larva larva akantosoma *acanthosphenote akantosfenot *acanthozooid akantozooid

*acanthus (-knths) noun. Any of various perennial herbs or small shrubs of the genus Acanthus, native to the Mediterranean and having pinnately lobed basal leaves with spiny margins and showy spikes of white or purplish flowers, akantus. *acapnia akapnia *acariasis akariasis *acariasis (k-r-ss) noun. Infestation with or disease caused by mites, akariasis *acarina akarina *acarocecidium akarosesidium *acarodomatia hair bulu akarodomatium *acarology (k-rl-j) noun. The study of mites and ticks, akarologi *acarpellous akarpel *acarpy akarpi *acaryote akariot *acathocarpous akatokarpa *acaudate akaudat *acaudate (-kdt) also acaudal (-kdl) adjective. Having no tail, akaudat *acaulescent akaulesen *acaulescent, berbatang kontok, akaulesen *acauline akaulis *acauline, tak berbatang, akaulin *acaulous akaulis *accede (k-sd) intransitive verb.; accede to, a. assent to, menyetujui: to accede to a request,

menyetujui permintaan; to accede to a proposal, menyetujui , cadangan; b. succeed to, attain, menjadi: to accede to the presidency, menjadi presiden; accede to power, mula berkuasa; accede to the throne, naik takhta; c. become party to, menyertai: to accede to a treaty, menyertai perjanjian. *accelerate (k-sl-rt) intransitive verb. I. increase in speed, memecut, (bergerak) semakin /laju, deras/: the train accelerated after the bend, kereta api itu memecut selepas selekoh; 2. increase (in

rate) /bertambah, meningkat/ dengan pesat(nya): the rate of inflation is likely to accelerate, kadar inflasi mungkin bertambah dengan pesat; transitive verb. I. increase the speed of, memecutkan, melajukan; 2. increase the velocity of; mempercepat, melajukan, memecutkan: the pull of gravity accelerates the falling of a body, tarikan graviti mempercepat jatuhnya jisim; 3. expedite, hasten, mempercepat, mencepatkan, memesatkan: hormones that accelerate plant growth, hormon yang mempercepat pertumbuhan tanaman; to accelerate the passage of a bill, mempercepat kelulusan rang undang-undang; events which accelerated the fall of the socialist government, peristiwaperistiwa yang mempercepat kejatuhan kerajaan sosialis itu; *accelerated chamber, kebuk pecutan *accelerated death phase fasa kematian tercepat *accelerated motion, gerakan pecutan *accelerating adjective. I. causing quicker motion, pemecut, pencepat: accelerating force, daya pemecut; 2. hastening, makin pesat, makin cepat, memecut: the danger of war approached at an accelerating pace, bahaya peperangan makin pesat datangnya. *accelerating lens, kanta pemecut *acceleration (k-sl-rshn) noun. 1. act of increasing, a. (in speed, velocity) pemecutan, pelajuan, pencepatan, pergerakan yang semakin /laju, deras/; b. (in rate of development etc) perkembangan (yang) pesat: a sudden acceleration of economic activity, perkembangan pesat kegiatan ekonomi secara tiba-tiba; 2. power of accelerating, daya pecutan: the new model has good acceleration, model baru itu mempunyai daya pecutan yang baik; 3. rate of change in velocity, pecutan; to measure the of a falling body acceleration, mengukur pecutan jisim yang sedang jatuh. *acceleration gradient, kecerunan pecutan *accelerator noun. pemecut; (chemistry) pencepat. *accent (ksnt) noun. prominence given to syllable, tekanan (bunyi), aksen: in the word "remark" the accent is on the second syllable, bagi perkataan "remark" aksennya (ialah) pada suku kata yang kedua; 2. mark indicating stress or change of pronunciation, tanda aksen, tekanan (bunyi); 3. characteristic pronunciation, pelat, telor, loghat: to speak English with a French accent, bercakap bahasa Inggeris dengan pelat orang Perancis; 4. (in verse, prose) tekanan; 5. emphasis, tumpuan; at the fashion show the accent was on casual wear, tumpuan di pertunjukan fesyen itu ialah pada pakaian bersahaja; transitive verb. 1. pronounce with accent, menekankan, mengaksenkan; 2.

mark with accent, membubuh tanda aksen, tekanan (bunyi) pada: the first "e" should be accented, tanda aksen hendaklah dibubuh pada huruf "e" yang pertama; 3. see ACCENTUATE (sense 2.); *accented adjective. diaksenkan, beraksen ditekankan (bunyinya): accented syllable, suku kata yang diaksenkan. *accentuate (k-snch -t) transitive verb. 1. see ACCENT (senses 1. & 2.); 2. make conspicuous, menyerlahkan, menampakkan lagi: eye make-up accentuate the colour of the eyes, solekan mata menyerlahkan warna mata; the lighting accentuated the cracks in the ceiling, cahaya lampu itu menampakkan lagi rekahan-rekahan di siling; 3. (figurative) emphasize, menonjolkan, menegaskan: incidents which accentuate the instability of the region, kejadian-kejadian yang menonjolkan ketidakstabilan rantau tersebut. *accentuation noun. 1. penekanan, pengaksenan; 2. (figurative) penekanan: accentuation of the problem will do more harm than good, penekanan kepada masalah ini akan membawa lebih banyak keburukan daripada kebaikan. *accept (k-spt) intransitive verb. terima, menerima: I accept on condition..., saya terima dengan syarat...; transitive verb. 1. (general) menerima: to accept a gift, menerima pemberian; to accept an offer, menerima tawaran; to accept a decision, menerima keputusan; to be accepted by society, diterima masyarakat; 2. admit to oneself, menerima /hakikat, kenyataan/, mengakui: she refused to accept that her child was dead, dia enggan menerima hakikat bahawa anaknya telah meninggal dunia; to accept the fact that..., menerima hakikat bahawa...; 3. undertake to pay, menerima, /sanggup, sedia/ menjelaskan: to accept a bill of exchange, menerima bil perintah; accept someones apology, memaafkan seseorang; accept responsibility, menerima tanggungjawab, bertanggungjawab; accept responsibility for (something), mengaku bertanggungjawab /terhadap, kerana/ (sesuatu), menerima tanggungjawab /terhadap, kerana/ (sesuatu); accept the inevitable, menerima takdir; *acceptability noun. 1. capability of being accepted, kebolehterimaan, dapat diterima; 2. quality of being pleasing, menyenangkan. *acceptable (k-spt-bl) adjective. 1. capable of being accepted, /boleh, dapat/ diterima: her

explanation was quite acceptable to the committee, /penjelasannya dapat diterima oleh jawatankuasa itu; 2. pleasing, welcome, menyenangkan: a most acceptable gift, pemberian , yang amat menyenangkan. *acceptableness noun. see ACCEPTABILITY.

*acceptance (k-sptns) noun. 1. (act), (general) penerimaan: acceptance of a gift, penerimaan pemberian; acceptance of an appointment, penerimaan pelantikan; acceptance of a proposal, penerimaan cadangan; acceptance of a the theory, penerimaan teori; her acceptance by the community came as a surprise, penerimaan masyarakat terhadapnya memeranjatkan; 2. (commerce) an undertaking to meet bill. penerimaan: acceptance register, daftar penerimaan; acceptance of bills of exchange by banks, penerimaan bil pertukaran oleh bank; /find, gain, meet with, win/ acceptance, diterima: a theory that found acceptance in scientific circles, teori yang diterima oleh para ahli sains; his charming manners won him immediate acceptance into the community, tingkah lakunya yang menarik menyebabkan dia segera diterima oleh masyarakat itu. *acceptance sampling, pensampelan penerimaan *accepted (k-sptd) adjective. sudah diterima (umum), tidak dipertikaikan lagi: an accepted custom, adat yang sudah diterima; an accepted fact, kenyataan yang sudah diterima; accepted opinion, pendapat yang /sudah diterima umum, tidak dipertikaikan (lagi)/. *acceptor, penerimaan, penerimaan-setuju, penerima *access (kss) noun. 1. way of approach, entry, jalan masuk; (atrib) a, masuk: a. access to the village, jalan masuk ke kampung itu; access noun. road, jalan masuk; 2. opportunity, means, etc of approaching (someone, something) or using (something), [various translations]: a. to demand plural access to a building, menuntut hak masuk ke sesebuah bangunan; b. students who are denied access to the library, pelajar-pelajar yang tidak diberi kesempatan menggunakan perpustakaan; c. the only access to the professor is through his secretary, satu-satunya jalan menghubungi profesor itu ialah menerusi setiausahanya; d. he wanted access to the files, dia menghendaki kemudahan melihat fail-fail tersebut; e. access to such information, /hak, peluang/ mengetahui maklumat-maklumat demikian; 3. 3. sudden onset,

a. (of illness, disease) serangan yang tiba-tiba, mendadak/: i. an access of fever, serangan demam yang tiba-tiba; b. (of anger, passion, etc) landaan, [often dilanda, melanda]: i. to suffer from accesses of rage, dilanda perasaan marah yang amat sangat; ii. in an access of despair, dalam keadaan putus asa yang melandanya (itu); /easy, difficult/ of access, /mudah, sukar/ didatangi (orang); gain access to, dapat + appropriate verb: to gain access to someone, dapat berhubungan dengan seseorang; to gain access to a room, dapat memasuki bilik; to gain access to important state documents, dapat melihat dokumen-dokumen penting negara; give access to, membolehkan [seseorang] masuk, sampai/ ke: these manholes give access to the mains, lurang-lurang ini membolehkan orang sampai ke sesalur; give someone access to, membolehkan seseorang + appropriate verb: his position gives him access to the President, kedudukannya membolehkannya berhubungan dengan Presiden; to give so access to classified information, membolehkan seseorang mengetahui maklumat rahsia; have access to, [various translations]: the villagers have access to the common, penduduk-penduduk kampung boleh menggunakan tanah wakaf itu; to have access to the secret files, berpeluang melihat fail-fail sulit itu; only a few people have access to the information, hanya beberapa orang sahaja dapat mengetahui maklumat itu; means of access, jalan keluar masuk; right of access, hak masuk; transitive verb. (computer technology) mencapai.

*access arm (akses rm`) noun. A mechanical arm that moves the read/write head(s) over the surface of a disk in a disk drive. Also called head arm, lengan capaian *access method (akses meth`d) noun In programming, the means by which an application can read from or write to a resource, kaedah capaian *access mode, ragam capaian *access reserve, rezab laluan *access table, jadual capaian *access time (kss tm) noun. Computer Science. The time lag between a request for information stored in a computer and its delivery, masa capaian *access, laluan, capaian *accessary noun. see ACCESSORY (sense 2.). *accessibility (ak-ses`-bil-t) noun. 1. quality of being easily reached or entered, /mudah, boleh/ didatangi (orang): because of its accessibility the resort is often overcrowded, tempat peranginan itu selalu penuh sesak kerana mudah didatangi orang; 2. approachability (of person) mudah dihubungi: his accessibility made him popular, dia digemari ramai kerana mudah dihubungi; 3. quality of being open to the influence of, sifat [seseorang] yang mudah + appropriate verb: his accessibility to flattery, sifatnya yang mudah dipengaruhi puji-pujian. *accessible (k-ss-bl) adjective. 1. easily reached or entered, mudah didatangi (orang): the valley is accessible only in the summer months, lembah itu mudah didatangi orang hanya pada musim panas; 2. approachable, mudah dihubungi: a most accessible man, lelaki yang amat mudah dihubungi; 3. obtainable, boleh didapat, diperoleh/: accessible information, maklumat yang boleh didapat; be accessible to, a. be easily reached or entered by, /boleh, dapat/ didatangi; b. able to be used, known, etc, /boleh, dapat/ + appropriate verb: these old manuscripts are accessible to a limited few, naskhah-naskhah lama ini boleh dimanfaatkan hanya oleh beberapa orang tertentu; his private collection is now accessible to the public, koleksi peribadinya itu kini boleh dilihat oleh orang ramai; knowledge that is accessible to all, ilmu pengetahuan yang dapat diperoleh semua orang; c. be open to, terbuka kepada: a system of higher education that is accessible to all, sistem pelajaran tinggi yang terbuka kepada semua orang; d. be approachable to, mudah dihubungi: a leader who is accessible to his followers, seorang pemimpin yang mudah dihubungi oleh penyokong-penyokongnya; e. be open to the influence of: mudah + appropriate verb: to be

accessible to bribery, mudah disuap; to be accessible to pity, mudah berasa kasihan; to be accessible to argument, mudah menerima (baik)hujah-hujah (orang lain). *accession (k-sshn) noun. 1. act of acceding, a. (to the throne) also accession to the throne, naik ke takhta kerajaan, naik takhta, naiknya [baginda] ke takhta kerajaan: he was only nineteen at the time of his accession (to the throne) baginda baru berusia sembilan belas tahun pada waktu baginda naik takhta; b. (to office) menjadi, (mula) memegang jawatan: before his accession to the post of Vice-Chancellor, sebelum dia menjadi Naib Canselor; c. (to power), (mula) memegang, (mula) berkuasa, kuasa: after Hitler's accession to power, setelah Hitler mula memegang kuasa; 2. (legal) increase, pertambahan, accession to property, pertambahan harts; 3. addition, (appropriate noun. +) tambahan: a list of new accessions to the library, senarai (bahan bacaan)tambahan baru untuk perpustakaan. *accession number nombor kemasukan *accessory (k-ss-r) adjective. supplementary, tambahan: accessory details in the painting, perincianperincian tambahan dalam lukisan tersebut; noun. (usually in plural) 1. supplementary device or object, alat tambahan, aksesori: spare parts and accessories, alat gantian dan alat tambahan; 2. accompanying item of dress, hiasan tambahan, aksesori: scarves, belts and other accessories, skaf, tali pinggang dan hiasan tambahan lainnya; 3. also accessary (legal) peserta. *accessory body jasad aksesori *accessory bud tunas aksesori *accessory cell sel aksesori *accessory chromosome kromosom aksesori *accessory disc cakera aksesori *accessory DNA DNA aksesori *accessory food makanan aksesori *accessory gland kelenjar aksesori *accessory mineral mineral aksesori *accessory nasal sac - kantung nasus tambahan *accessory nerve saraf aksesori *accessory pigment - pigmen tambahan

*accessory sex gland, kelenjar seks aksesori, kelenjar jantina aksesori *accident (ks-dnt, -dnt) noun. kemalangan: road accidents, kemalangan (di) jalan raya; a fatal accident, kemalangan yang membawa maut; by accident, a. unintentionally, dengan tidak sengaja: the dog was shot by accident, anjing itu ditembak dengan tidak sengaja; b. by coincidence, secara kebetulan: he came across the document by accident, dia terjumpa dokumen itu secara kebetulan; /have, meet with/ an accident, terlibat dalam kemalangan. *accidental (ks-dntl) adjective. 1. unintentional, (secara) tidak sengaja: an accidental blow, pukulan yang tidak sengaja; accidental death, kematian /akibat, yang disebabkan oleh/ kemalangan; 2. by coincidence, secara kebetulan: an accidental meeting, pertemuan secara kebetulan; 3. subsidiary, tambahan: accidental benefits, faedah-faedah tambahan. *accidental error, ralat tak sengaja *accidental evolution evolusi kebetulan, evolusi tersasul *accidental inclusion, rangkuman tak sengaja *accidental species spesies tersasul *accident-prone adjective. (of person) mudah kemalangan. *acclaim (-klm) noun. 1. praise, sanjungan: his peace moves deserve world-wide acclaim, usaha damainya seyogia diberi sanjungan oleh seluruh dunia; 2. applause, tepuk sorak: a speech that was received with acclaim, ucapan yang disambut dengan tepuk sorak; ; transitive verb. 1. praise, menyanjung: to be acclaimed a great musician, disanjung sebagai tokoh muzik yang agung; 2. applaud, memberikan tepuk sorak kepada: to acclaim the guest of honour, memberikan tepuk sorak kepada tetamu kehormat; 3. hail as, mengisytiharkan sebagai: he was acclaimed the winner, dia diisytiharkan. sebagai pemenang. *acclamation (kl-mshn) noun. sambutan meriah: to be greeted with acclamation, disambut dengan tepuk sorak: by acclamation, dengan sebulat suara: elected by acclamation, dilantik dengan sebulat suara. *acclimate (-klmt, kl-mt) intransitive verb. & transitive verb. see ACCLIMATIZE. *acclimatise, *acclimatize, penyesuaikan iklim *acclimatised, *acclimatized, tersesuai iklim, disesuaikan iklim *acclimatization - penyesuaian

*acclimatization,

*acclimatisation

(-klm-t-zshn)

noun.

1.

adaptation

to

new

climate,

penyesuaiikliman, aklimatisasi, sesuaian iklim, penyesuaian iklim: acclimatization of plants in glasshouses, penyesuaiikliman tumbuh-tumbuhan dalam rumah-rumah kaca; 2. adaptation to new surroundings etc, penyesuaian diri: acclimatization to army life, penyesuaian diri dengan kehidupan tentera. *acclimatize (-klm-tz) intransitive verb. 1. adapt to new climate, menyesuai iklim, mengaklimatisasi: the eucalyptus has acclimatized well to Californian conditions, pokok kayu putih telah menyesuai iklim dengan baik dengan keadaan-keadaan di California; 2. adapt to new surroundings etc, menyesuaikan diri: the new settlers seem to acclimatize more easily, peneroka-peneroka baru itu kelihatan lebih mudah menyesuaikan diri; transitive verb. 1. adapt to new climate, menyesuaiiklimkan, mengaklimatisasikan: to acclimatize seals to tropical conditions, menyesuaiiklimkan anjing laut dengan keadaan iklim tropika; 2. adapt to new surroundings etc, menyesuaikan diri: to acclimatize oneself to rough living conditions, menyesuaikan diri dengan keadaan hidup yang susah; *acclimatized adjective. 1. adapted to new climate, telah /disuaiiklimkan, diaklimatisasikan/: acclimatized species, spesies yang telah disuaiiklimkan; 2. adapted to new surroundings etc, sudah menyesuaikan diri: after four years in Africa he was thoroughly acclimatized, dia benar-benar sudah menyesuaikan dirinya setelah empat tahun berada di Afrika. *acclivity, kecerunan mendaki *accolade (k-ld, -ld) noun. 1. gesture in conferring knighthood, tanda penganugerahan darjah kehormatan /kesateria, sateria/; 2. praise, sanjungan: his new play received accolades from the critics, dramanya yang baru itu mendapat sanjungan para pengkritik. *accommodate (-km-dt) verb. accommodated, accommodating, accommodates. 1. adjust, adapt, menyesuaikan: to accommodate ones views to those of ones colleagues, menyesuaikan pandangan seseorang dengan pandangan rakan sejawat; to accommodate oneself to new circumstances, menyesuaikan diri (seseorang) dengan keadaan baru; 2. a. provide (guest) especially with lodging, memberikan penginapan kepada: the hotel can accommodate all the participants, hotel itu dapat memberikan penginapan kepada semua peserta; b. put into (room(s) etc) menempatkan: the inmates are accommodated in clean rooms, penghuni-penghuni itu ditempatkan di bilik-bilik yang bersih; 3. have space for, muat: a lift that can accommodate twelve people, lif yang muat dua belas orang; 4. settle, menyelesaikan: they could not accommodate their differences, mereka tidak dapat menyelesaikan perselisihan mereka; 5, oblige,

menolong: they only did it to accommodate an old client, mereka berbuat demikian hanya untuk menolong pelanggan lama; 6. supply, memberi: the bank accommodated him with a loan, bank itu memberinya pinjaman; *accommodate, mengakomodasikan, akomodasikan *accommodating (-km-dtng) adjective. Helpful and obliging, mudah bertolak ansur: an

accommodating nature, sifat mudah bertolak ansur. *accommodation (-km-dshn) noun. 1. adjustment, adaptation, (to new circumstances etc) penyesuaian: the accommodation of the Catholic Church to new ideas, penyesuaian Gereja Katolik dengan idea-idea baru; 2. lodging, (tempat) penginapan: hotel accommodation, penginapan di hotel; 3. settlement, compromise, penyelesaian: an accommodation can be reached by compromise or arbitration, penyelesaian dapat dicapai dengan kompromi atau timbang tara; come to an accommodation, mencapai penyelesaian, mencapai kompromi; 4. loan, pinjaman. *accommodation address noun. alamat surat-menyurat. *accomodation mechanism - mekanisme penyesuaian *accompaniment (-kmp-n-mnt, -kmpn-) noun. 1. something accompanying, a. (an occurrence, event, etc), (often passive in Malay] disertai: death and destruction are the inevitable accompaniments of war, peperangan tidak dapat tidak disertai oleh kehilangan jiwa dan kemusnahan harta benda; b. food, jodoh, pemakan, tambahan (makanan): the usual accompaniment of roast beef, jodoh yang biasa dimakan dengan daging lembu panggang; 2. (music) iringan: a flute accompaniment, iringan flut; to the accompaniment of, dengan iringan, diiringi oleh: to the accompaniment of loud applause, dengan iringan tepuk sorak yang bergemuruh; to sing to the accompaniment of the piano, bernyanyi dengan iringan piano. *accompanist noun. /pemain muzik, pemuzik/ iringan. *accompany (-kmp-n, -kmpn) transitive verb. I. go or come with, a. (person) menemani, mengawani; (formal) mengiring, mengiringi : to accompany someone on a journey, menemani seseorang (sewaktu) dalam perjalanan; the Prime Minister was accompanied by two cabinet ministers, Perdana Menteri telah diiringi oleh dua orang menteri kabinet; b. (ship etc) mengiring mengiringi : the warships accompanying the convoy, kapal perang yang mengiringi konvoi; 2. be put with (often passive in Malay] disertakan bersama: a manual accompanies each set, sebuah buku panduan disertakan bersama setiap set; 3. occur concurrently with, (often passive in Malay] disertai: an earthquake accompanied by a tidal wave, gempa bumi yang disertai gelombang

gedang; 4. supplement, (always passive in Malay) disertai: he accompanied his words with frequent punches on the lectern, kata-katanya sering disertai beberapa tumbukan pada meja syarahan; 5. (music) mengiringi: to accompany so on the piano, mengiringi seseorang dengan piano; *accompanying adjective. 1. going or coming with, mengiring, mengiringi, pengiring: the President with her accompanying entourage, Presiden dengan rombongan pengiringnya; 2. that is put with, disertakan, dilampirkan: the position of the mine is marked on the accompanying map, kedudukan lombong itu ditandakan pada peta yang disertakan; 3. attending, mengiringi, menyertai: poverty with all its accompanying ills, kemiskinan dengan segala keburukan yang mengiringinya. *accomplice (-kmpls) noun. rakan sejenayah, subahat. *accomplish (-kmplsh) transitive verb. 1. complete successfully, menyempurnakan, melaksanakan (dengan sempurna): to accomplish an undertaking, menyempurnakan sesuatu yang telah disanggupi; 2. achieve, mencapai kejayaan, melaksanakan dengan jayanya; (aim, purpose, etc) mencapai: he has definitely accomplished more than his predecessor, dia pasti telah mencapai lebih banyak kejayaan daripada penyandang jawatan yang terdahulu daripadanya; *accomplishable adjective. 1. capable of being completed successfully, dapat /disempurnakan, dilaksanakan (dengan sempurna)/; 2. achievable, dapat /dicapai, dilaksanakan (dengan jayanya)/. *accomplished adjective. skilled, expert, ulung: an accomplished dancer, penari yang ulung; an accomplished scholar, sarjana yang ulung; an accomplished fact, /kenyataan, hakikat, fakta/ (yang tidak dapat disangkal lagi). *accomplishment noun.. 1. act of, a. (completing successfully) penyempurnaan, pelaksanaan (dengan sempurna): the accomplishment of a mission, penyempurnaan suatu misi; difficult of accomplishment, sukar /disempurnakan, dilaksanakan/; b. (achieving) pencapaian: the accomplishment of an objective, pencapaian sesuatu matlamat; 2. something accomplished, pencapaian, kejayaan: accomplishments in the field of science, pencapaian dalam lapangan sains; 3. acquired (social) skill, kebolehan, kemahiran: playing the piano is only one of her many accomplishments, bermain piano hanyalah salah satu kebolehannya. *accord (-krd) noun. 1. agreement (of ideas, opinions, etc) persetujuan, permuafakatan, kemuafakatan, muafakat: to reach an accord, mencapai persetujuan; 2. treaty, persetiaan, persetujuan, perjanjian: the Geneva Accord, Persetiaan Geneva; be in accord with, a. (of information, statement, claim, etc) /selaras, sejajar, bertepatan/ dengan; b. (of person), /bersetuju, bersependapat/ dengan; be out

of accord with, tidak /selaras, sejajar, bertepatan/ dengan; of one's own accord, dengan /kerelaan, kehendak, kemahuan/ seseorang sendiri; with one accord, a. (unanimously) dengan sebulat suara; b. (simultaneously), (dengan) serentak: to rise with one accord, bangun serentak; intransitive verb. 1. correspond, selaras, sejajar, bertepatan: his principles and his life-style do not always accord, prinsip dan gaya hidupnya tidak selalunya selaras; 2. tally, sama: figures that did not accord with those in our records, angka-angka yang tidak sama dengan yang terdapat dalam rekod kami; transitive verb. 1. give, grant, memberikan; to accord someone a hearty welcome, memberikan sambutan meriah kepada seseorang; 2. bestow upon, menganugerahi, mengurniai: to accord someone an honorary title, menganugerahi seseorang gelaran kehormat; *accordance (-krdns) noun.; in accordance with, a. in conformity with, menurut: in accordance with the decision of the court, menurut keputusan mahkamah; in accordance with someones wishes, menurut kehendak seseorang b. in agreement with, /selaras, sejajar, bertepatan/ dengan: your statement is not in accordance with the truth, kenyataan tuan tidak selaras dengan hal yang sebenarnya. *accordant adjective.; accordant with, see ACCORDANCE (in accordance with). *accordant fold structure, struktur lipatan sama jurus *accordant summit, kemuncak sama tinggi *accordant, sama jurus, sama tinggi *according adverb.; according as, depending on whether, bergantung kepada sama ada: the overhead wiring expands and contracts according as the temperature is high or low, wayar atas mengembang dan mengecut menurut tinggi rendahnya suhu. according to, a. (sesuatu) mengikut, menurut: according to age, mengikut umur; according to plan, mengikut rancangan; according to specifications, mengikut spesifikasi b. (seseorang) menurut: according to him, menurutnya; according to reliable sources, menurut sumber-sumber yang boleh dipercayai; according to officers of the department, menurut pegawai-pegawai jabatan itu. *accordingly (-krdng-l) adverb. 1. correspondingly, sewajarnya: he's a dangerous person and must be treated accordingly, dia orang yang berbahaya, dan mesti diperlakukan sewajarnya; 2. consequently, oleh sebab itu, oleh itu, /dengan, oleh, yang/ demikian, maka. *accordion (-krd-n) noun. akordion; accordion door, pintu palas. *accordion pleats noun. lisu akordion.

*accost (-kst, -kst) transitive verb. 1. approach and address, /menghampiri, mendatangi, mendekati/ dan menegur: a customs officer accosted them as they were hailing a taxi, seorang pegawai kastam menghampiri dan menegur mereka sewaktu mereka sedang memanggil teksi; 2. (of prostitute) solicit, mendekati. *account (-kount) noun. 1. (finance & book-keeping) akaun, kira-kira: a. to keep an account of all the expenses, menyimpan akaun segala perbelanjaan; to open an account, membuka akaun; account book, buku akaun; 2. narrative, kisah, cerita: a. Marco Polo's account of his travels, kisah Marco Polo tentang pengembaraannya; 3. descriptive statement, pemerian, keterangan: a. an account of a Malay wedding, pemerian istiadat perkahwinan orang Melayu; 4. report, laporan: a. newspaper accounts of the incident, laporan aurat khabar tentang kejadian tersebut; /bring, call/ someone to account (for his action, behaviour, etc) meminta seseorang memberikan /keterangan, penjelasan/ (tentang tindakannya, kelakuannya dll); /by, from/ ail accounts, menurut/kata, cerita/ orang, menurut berita yang tersebar; by ones own account, menurut kata-kata seseorang sendiri; give a good account of oneself, /menunjukkan, memperlihatkan/ kebolehan seseorang: she gave a good account of herself in the tennis tournament, dia telah menunjukkan kebolehannya dalam kejohanan tenis itu; of /great, some, little, no/ account, /sangat, agak, tidak berapa, tidak/penting; on account, secara kredit; on account of something, /kerana, oleh sebab/ sesuatu, disebabkan sesuatu: the flight was delayed on account of bad weather, penerbangan itu ditangguhkan kerana cuaca buruk;

on ones own account, a. at o's own risk, dengan menanggung sendiri segala kemungkinan, atas tanggungan sendiri; b. for ones own purpose, untuk (kepentingan) dirinya sendiri; on no account, not on any account, tidak sekali-kali; (imperative) jangan sekali-kali: do not on any account tell them where I am, jangan sekali-kali memberitahu mereka di mana saya berada; on account of someone, on someones account, /kerana, untuk/ seseorang: to make sacrifices on someones account, berkorban kerana seseorang; settle accounts, square accounts, a. /menjelaskan, melangsaikan, melunaskan/ hutang, menyelesaikan kira-kira; b. (figurative) membalas dendam; take something into account, take account of something, /mempertimbangkan, memperhitungkan/ sesuatu; /turn, put/ something to (good) account, menggunakan sesuatu dengan baiknya: in his book, he has put his knowledge of local culture to good account, dalam bukunya, dia menggunakan pengetahuannya tentang kebudayaan tempatan dengan baiknya; transitive verb. (ml) menganggap: he accounted himself lucky to have survived the crash, dia menganggap dirinya bernasib baik kerana terselamat daripada kemalangan itu; account for, a. explain, menerangkan sebab-sebab, menerangkan mengapa: to account for someones absence, menerangkan sebab-sebab seseorang tidak hadir; b. give a reckoning of; menerangkan, menjelaskan: to account for every dollar spent, menerangkan perbelanjaan setiap dolar; c. be the origin or cause of; merupakan: oil now accounts for 50% of the country's exports, minyak merupakan 50% daripada eksport negara itu. *accountability noun. kebertanggungjawapan: accountability lies with the manager,

kebertanggungjawapan terletak pada pengurus.

*accountable adjective. bertanggungjawab: a Member of Parliament is accountable to his constituents, seseorang Ahli Parlimen bertanggungjawab kepada penduduk-penduduk di kawasan pilihanrayanya; hold someone accountability (for something) menganggap seseorang

bertanggungjawab (terhadap sesuatu). *accountancy noun. ilmu perakaunan. *accountant noun. akauntan. *accounting machine, mesin pengakaunan *accounting noun. perakaunan, mengakaunkan: accounting procedures, prosedur perakaunan. *accoutrement noun. (in plural) pelengkapan, alat kelengkapan, peralatan. *accredit transitive verb. 1. (usually passive) send to foreign country especially as ambassador, mentauliahkan [seseorang] sebagai duta: he was accredited to Japan, dia ditauliahkan sebagai duta ke Jepun; 2. see CREDIT; *accreditation noun. pentauliahan. *accredited adjective. 1. officially authorized, recognized, a. (of person) bertauliah: our accredited representative in New Zealand, wakil bertauliah kami di New Zealand; b. (of organization) diiktiraf: an accredit institution, sebuah institusi yang diiktiraf; 2. generally accepted, diterima umum: accredit custom, adat yang telah diterima umum. *accrescent akresen *accretion pengakretan *accretion hypothesis, hipotesis tokokan *accretion, tokokan, penokokan, pengakretan *accrue (-kr ) intransitive verb. 1. To come to one as a gain, an addition, or an increment 2. To increase, accumulate, or come about as a result of growth 3. To come into existence as a claim that is legally enforceable, berakru. to allow interest to accrue, membiarkan faedah berakru; *accrued adjective. terakru: accrued interest, bunga terakru; accrued liability, liabiliti terakru. *acculturate (-klch-rt) intransitive verb. To cause (a society, for example) to change by the process of acculturation, berakulturasi; transitive verb. mengakulturasi.

*acculturation (-klch-rshn) noun. 1. The modification of the culture of a group or an individual as a result of contact with a different culture. 2. The process by which the culture of a particular society is instilled in a human being from infancy onward, akulturasi. *accumbent akumben *accumulate (-ky my-lt) intransitive verb. 1. a. (general) berkumpul; (in a heap, pile, etc) berkumpul, bertimbun, berlonggok: water accumulates in the low-lying areas, air berkumpul di kawasan-kawasan rendah; dust had accumulated on the ledges, habuk telah berkumpul di belebas; rubbish accumulating in the back lanes, sampah yang berlonggok di lorong-lorong belakang; 2. (of asset, dividend, profit, etc) bertambah: to allow interest to accumulate, membiarkan faedah bertambah; 3. (of trouble, problem, disaster, etc) datang bertimpa-timpa: soon after they arrived, their troubles began to accumulate, sebaik sahaja mereka sampai kesusahan pun datang bertimpatimpa; transitive verb. 1. amass, a. (wealth, fortune, etc) mengumpulkan, menghimpunkan: to accumulate a fortune, mengumpulkan harta kekayaan; to accumulate a collection of exquisite gems, mengumpulkan batu permata yang indah-indah; b. (knowledge, experience) menampung, membina, mengumpulkan; c. (debts) menghimpunkan; 2. collect, gather, mengumpulkan: old files accumulate dust, fail-fail lama mengumpulkan habuk; to have accumulated sufficient data, telah mengumpulkan data yang cukup; *accumulated adjective. 1. (general) terkumpul: the accumulated grime of years, kotoran yang terkumpul bertahun-tahun; the heat accumulated in the body, haba yang terkumpul di dalam tubuh; 2. (of wealth, fortune, etc) terkumpul, terhimpun: accumulated riches, kekayaan yang terkumpul; the accumulated spoils of the Huns, hasil jarahan orang Hun yang terkumpul; 3. (of knowledge, experience) terkumpul; 4. economics terkumpul: accumulated depreciation, susut nilai terkumpul; accumulated dividend, dividen terkumpul; accumulated fund, dana terkumpul. *accumulated catch - tangkapan tertumpuk *accumulation (-ky my-lshn) noun. 1. amassing, a. (of wealth, fortune, works of art, etc) pengumpulan, penghimpunan: the accumulation of a representative collection of the artist's work, pengumpulan contoh-contoh karya pelukis itu; b. (of knowledge, experience) penampungan, pengumpulan; c. (of debts) terhimpunnya; 2. collecting, gathering, pengumpulan: the accumulation of examples of errors in the use of language, pengumpulan contoh-contoh penyalahgunaan bahasa; 3. growing into a heap or large amount, bertimbunnya: the steady accumulation of silt at the river mouth, bertimbunnya kelodak secara berterusan di muara sungai; 4. accumulated mass, a. (of something amassed) terkumpul: an accumulation of wealth, kekayaan

yang terkumpul; an accumulation of knowledge, ilmu pengetahuan yang terkumpul; b. (of something collected) himpunan, tumpukan, penumpukan, terkumpul: an accumulation of evidence, bukti-bukti yang terkumpul; an accumulation of books, himpunan buku; c. (of something that has collected) terkumpul: the winter's accumulation of snow, salji yang terkumpul pada musim sejuk; an accumulation of leaves in the gutter, daun-daun yang terkumpul di dalam talang; d. (of something heaped) timbunan, longgokan; 5. economics pengumpulan: accumulation of capital, pengumpulan modal. *accumulation point, titik tumpukan *accumulative adjective. see CUMULATIVE. *accumulator noun. (storage battery) akumulator, penumpuk *accumulator plant, tumbuhan penumpuk *accuracy (akyr--s`) noun. ketepatan, kejituan: the defence disputed the accuracy of the statement, pihak pembela mempertikaikan ketepatan kenyataan itu; the accuracy of the translation, ketepatan terjemahan itu; with accuracy, dengan tepat. *accuracy control character, aksara kawalan kejituan *accurate (kyr-t) adjective. tepat; (of person) appropriate verb + dengan tepat, jitu: his aim was accurate, bidikannya tepat; an accurate estimate of expenses, anggaran perbelanjaan yang tepat; accurate scales, dacing yang tepat; a quick and accurate typist, jurutaip yang menaip dengan cepat dan tepat. *accursed (-krsd, -krst), accurst (-krst) (archaic) adjective. 1. doomed, terlaknat; 2. detestable, keji. *accusation (ky -zshn) noun. tuduhan: wild accusations, tuduhan melulu; be under an accusation of, menghadapi tuduhan, dituduh; bring an accusation against so, menuduh seseorang. *accusative (-ky z-tv) adjective. akusatif: the accusative case, kasus akusatif; noun. kasus akusatif: a word in the accusative, suatu perkataan dalam kasus akusatif. *accusatory (-tr, -tr) adjective. menuduh: in an accusatory manner, dengan gaya menuduh. *accuse (-ky z) transitive verb. menuduh: to be accusatory d of murder, dituduh membunuh; *accused adjective. dituduh, tertuduh: the accused person, orang yang dituduh; noun.; the accused, (yang) tertuduh, /orang, pihak/ yang dituduh. *accuser noun. penuduh, pihak yang menuduh.

*accusing adjective. menuduh: an accusing look, pandangan menuduh; *accusingly adverb. [various translations]: to look accusingly at so, memandang seseorang dengan pandangan menuduh; to point accusingly at so, menuding seseorang. *accustom transitive verb. membiasakan: to accustom oneself to the hot climate, membiasakan diri (seseorang) dengan keadaan iklim yang panas; *accustomed adjective. sudah menjadi sifat seseorang: the soldiers fought with their accustomed bravery, askar-askar itu berjuang dengan kegagahan yang sudah menjadi sifat mereka; be accustomed to, sudah biasa, betah: he is accustomed to rising early, dia sudah biasa bangun awal; be accustomed to working hard, sudah biasa bekerja keras; /become, get/ accustomed to, (menjadi) biasa dengan, (sudah) betah dengan: I have become accustomed to her ways, saya sudah biasa dengan ragamnya. *ace (s) adjective. handalan: he was the ace reporter on the paper, dia pemberita handalan di syarikat akhbar itu; noun. 1. card, daun sat; 2. (in tennis) servis cemerlang; 3. fighter pilot, juruterbang pejuang handalan; 4. expert, champion, jaguh: he's an ace at cards, dia itu jaguh bermain terup; a driving ace, jaguh lumba kereta; within an ace of, hampir-hampir; (something unfavourable) hampir-hampir, nyaris-nyaris: within an ace of victory, hampir-hampir berjaya; within an ace of collapse, nyaris-nyaris musnah. *acellular (-sly-lr) adjective. Containing no cells; not made of cells, asel *acellular bone structure - struktur tulang asel *acellular slime mould kulapuk lendir asel *acellular slime mould - kulapuk lendir asel *acelomate, beraselom, aselomat *acelome, aselom *acelous vertebra vertebra aselom *acentric asentromer *acephaline asefalin *acephalocyst asefalosista *acephalous (-sf-ls) adjective. Biology. Headless or lacking a clearly defined head, asefalon, tanpa kepala.

*acerate (s-rt) acerated (-rtd) adjective acerose, aserat *acerb (-srb) adjective. bitter, (in manner, temper) perengus; (of remark etc) pedas, tajam, kesat. *acerbity (-srb-t) noun. (formal) bitterness, a. (of criticism, remark, etc) kepedasan, ketajaman: a smile that did little to soften the acerbity of the remark, senyuman yang tidak dapat melembutkan kepedasan kata-katanya; b. (of tone) keras, kekerasan: to speak with a certain acerbity, bercakap dengan nada yang agak keras; c. (of person, manner) sifat perengus: his acerbity did not endear him to his colleagues, sifat perengusnya merenggangkan perhubungannya dengan temantemannya. *acerose (s-rs) adjective. Needlelike, as the leaves of pine; acerate, aseros *acervuline bak aservulus *acervuline -bak aservulus *acervulus (-srvy-ls) noun. plural 8acervuli. A tiny cushionlike or blisterlike structure produced by certain fungi on a plant host and consisting of a mass of hyphae-bearing asexually produced spores, aservulus *acervulus cerebrium serebrum aservulus *acetabuliform asetabuliform *acetabulum (s-tby-lm) noun 1. Anatomy. The cup-shaped cavity at the base of the hipbone into which the ball-shaped head of the femur fits. 2. Zoology. The cavity in the body of an insect into which the leg fits. 3. Zoology. A cup-shaped structure, such as the sucker of a tapeworm or leech, asetabulum, lesung *acetaldehyde asetaldehid *acetaldehyde (s-tld-hd) noun. A colorless, flammable liquid, C2H4O, used to manufacture acetic acid, perfumes, and drugs. Also called aldehyde, asetaldehid *acetamide asetamida *acetamide (-st-md, st-md) noun. The crystalline amide of acetic acid, CH3CONH2, used as a solvent and wetting agent and in lacquers and explosives, asetamida *acetate asetat *acetate (s-tt) noun. 1. A salt or ester of acetic acid. 2. Cellulose acetate or any of various products, especially fibers, derived from it, asetat

*acetate (s-tt) noun. 1. A salt or ester of acetic acid. 2. products, especially fibers, derived from it, asetat. *acetate agar agar-agar asetat *acetate agar -agar-agar asetat *acetate film, filem asetat *acete purse seine - pukat jerut udang baring *acete skimming net - siring - sungkur *acete trawl - pukat tunda udang baring *acetic adjective. asetik: acetic acid, asid asetik. *acetoacetyl asetoasetil *acetoin asetoin *acetolysis asetolisis *acetone (s-tn) noun. Abbr. acet.

Cellulose acetate or any of various

A colorless, volatile, extremely flammable liquid ketone,

CH3COCH3, widely used as an organic solvent, aseton. *acetone iodine decolourizer penyahwarna aseton iodin *acetous aselom *acetyl coenzyme A asetil koenzim A *acetylation flask, kelalang pengasetilan *acetylcholinesterase asetilkolinesterase *acetylchotine asetilkolina *acetylene (-stl-n, -n) noun. A colorless, highly flammable or explosive gas, C2H2, used for metal welding and cutting and as an illuminant, asetilena. *acetylene black, hitam asetilena *acetylene reduction penurunan asetilena *acetylene series, siri asetilena *acetylene, asetilena *acetylethylenimine asetiletilenimina

*acetylmethylcarbinol asetilmetilkarbinol *aceylcholine - asetilkolina *achaetous aketa *achalosia akalosia *ache (k) noun. 1. physical pain, kesakitan, rasa sakit; have aches and pains, berasa sakit-sakit; 2. distress, kepedihan; transitive verb. 1. be painful, sakit: his head ached all day, kepalanya sakit sepanjang hari; 2. be distressed, (berasa) pedih: her heart ached at the sight of the war orphans, pedih hatinya melihat anak ache anak yatim mangsa perang itu; 3. yearn, ingin sekali, berhasrat benar: he ached to go home, dia ingin sekali hendak pulang; ache for, merindukan, rindu akan: her heart ached for him, dia merindukan lelaki itu; to ache for home, merindukan kampung halaman. *acheilary akeilari *achene (-kn) noun. A small, dry, indehiscent one-seeded fruit with a thin wall, as in the sunflower, aken. *achenecetum akenesetum *achenial aken *achenodium akenodium *achieve transitive verb. mencapai: to achieve success, mencapai kejayaan; to achieve ones aims, mencapai matlamat seseorang. *achievement noun. pencapaian, prestasi: the achievement of his ambitions, pencapaian cita-citanya; an academic achievement, pencapaian akademik; scientific achievements, pencapaian-pencapaian dalam bidang sains. *Achilles (-klz) noun. Greek Mythology. The hero of Homer's Iliad, the son of Peleus and Thetis and slayer of Hector. *Achilles' heel (-klz hl) noun. A seemingly small but actually mortal weakness, ones Achilles' heel, kelemahan seseorang: pride was his Achilles' heel, rasa bangga ialah kelemahannya. *Achilles tendon (-klz tndn) noun. The large tendon connecting the heel bone to the calf muscle of the leg, tendon Achilles, tendon tumit *achlamydate aklamidat

*achlamydeous (kl-md-s, kl-) adjective. Having no perianth, as the flowers of a willow, aklamideus *achlorophyllous (-klr-fls, -klr-) adjective. Botany. Having no chlorophyll, aklorofil *achondroplasia (-kndr-plzh, -zh-) noun. Improper development of cartilage at the ends of the long bones, resulting in a form of congenital dwarfism, akondroplasia *achroacyte akroasit *achroglobin akroglobin *achromasie akromasie *achromatic (kr-mtk) adjective. 1. Designating color perceived to have zero saturation and therefore no hue, such as neutral grays, white, or black. 2. Refracting light without spectral color separation. 3. Biology. Difficult to stain with standard dyes. Used in reference to cells or tissues, akromat *achromatic substance, zat akromat *achromatin akromatin *achromatinic (-krm-tn) noun. The part of a cell nucleus that remains less colored than the rest of the nucleus when stained or dyed, akromatin *achromia akromia *achromic (-krmk) adjective. Having no color; colorless, akromik, akromia *achromic period, kala akromik *achromic point, takat akromik *achromite akromit *achromous akrom *acicle asikula *acicular (-sky-lr) adjective. Having the shape of a needle, berasikulum, asikulum *acicular crystal, hablur berasikulum *aciculiform asikuliform *aciculilignosa asikulilignosa

*aciculum (plu. *acicula) asikulum *acid (sd) adjective. 1. sour, masam: an acid taste, rasa masam; 2. caustic a. (of remark, criticism, etc) pedas, tajam; b. (of manner) /menyakitkan, menyakiti/ hati; 3. (chemistry) a. of: pertaining to acid, asid: acid dye, pencelup asid; b. having high acid concentration, berasid: acid soil, tanah berasid; noun. (chemistry) asid. *acid alizavine blue biru asid alizavina *acid alum hiematoxylin *acid alum-hiematoxylin asid alum-hematoksilin *acid capacity kapasiti asid, muatan asid *acid coagulating bacteria bakteria penggumpal asid *acid decalcifying agent - agen penyahkapuran asid *acid degradation pemecahan asid *acid fixing bath bekas penetap asid, takung penetap asid *acid forming element unsur pembentuk asid *acid fuchsin asid fuksin *acid phosphatase asid fosfatase *acid producing bacteria bakteria pengeluar asid *acid rain noun. Acid precipitation falling as rain, hujan asid. *acid reaction tindak balas asid *acid refractory bahan tak lakur asid *acid rock batuan asid *acid smut smut asid *acid soil tanah asid *acid soot jelaga asid *acid test noun.; A decisive or critical test, as of worth or quality, batu uji. *acid tide pasang-surut asid *acid water air berasid

*acid wine wain asid *acidaemia asidemia *acid-base balance imbangan asid-bes *acidic (-sdk) adjective. 1. see ACID adjective. (sense 3.); 2. (of oxide) berasid. *acidic asid, berasid *acidic fermentation fermentasi asid, penapaian asid *acidic oxide oksida asid *acidification noun. pengasidan. acidify intransitive verb. menjadi asid; transitive verb. mengasidkan. *acidify 1.(chemistry) keasidan; 2. sourness, kemasaman, rasa masam. *acidify mengasidkan, perasidkan *acidogenic microorganism mikroorganisma asidogen *acidophil asidofili *acidophilic (s-d-flk) also *acidophilus (-df-ls) adjective. Microbiology. Growing well in an acid medium, asidofil. *acidophile - asidofil *acidophilus milk susu asidofil *acidophyte asidofit *acidoproteolytic acidoproteolisis *acidosis (s-dss) noun. An abnormal increase in the acidity of the body's fluids, caused either by accumulation of acids or by depletion of bicarbonates, asidosis *acidproof kalis asid

*acidulous (-sj-ls) adjective. Slightly sour in taste or in manner, pedas, tajam; 2. (in speech, manner, etc) sinis. *aciform asiform *acinaciform asinasiform *acinar (s-nr, -nr) adjective. Of or relating to an acinus, asinus *aciniform asiniform

*acinus (s-ns) noun. plural acini (-n). Anatomy. One of the small saclike dilations composing a compound gland, asinus *acknowledge (k-nlj) transitive verb. 1. admit, mengakui: he acknowledged his ignorance of the law, dia mengakui kejahilannya tentang undang-undang; one should be able to acknowledge ones mistakes, seseorang harus dapat mengakui kesilapannya; to acknowledge defeat, mengaku kalah; 2. recognize, accept, mengakui; (formal) mengiktiraf: to acknowledge the truth of a statement, mengakui kebenaran sesuatu kenyataan; to acknowledge someone as leader, mengakui seseorang sebagai pemimpin; he was acknowledged as heir to the throne, baginda diiktiraf sebagai pewaris takhta kerajaan; 3. indicate appreciation for, menghargai: to acknowledge someones services, menghargai khidmat seseorang; 4. take notice of : indicate recognition, awareness of: a. (person), (through verbal response) menyapa, menegur; (by gesturing), [no specific translation]: the next time we met she refused to acknowledge me, apabila kami bertemu lagi dia tidak mahu menyapa saya; to acknowledge someone with a /nod, smile, wave, etc/ , /mengangguk, tersenyum, melambai dan lain-lain/ kepada seseorang; b. (greeting) membalas, menyahut: to acknowledge someones greeting with a nod, membalas sapaan seseorang dengan menganggukkan kepala; 5. admit receipt of, /memberitahu, memaklumi/ seseorang telah menerima: to acknowledge (receipt of) a letter, memberitahu telah menerima surat; *acknowledge akuan, membuat akuan *acknowledge character aksara akuan *acknowledged adjective. diakui; (formal) diiktiraf: an acknowledged leader , pemimpin yang diakui. *acknowledgement pengakuan *acknowledgment, acknowledgement (k-nlj-mnt) noun. 1. admission, pengakuan: a statement that could be taken as an acknowledgement of his guilt, kenyataan yang dapat dianggap sebagai pengakuan bahawa dia bersalah; 2. recognition, acceptance, pengakuan; (formal) pengiktirafan; 3. indication of appreciation for, penghargaan: an author's list of acknowledgements, senarai penghargaan penulis; in acknowledgement of something, sebagai penghargaan /terhadap, kepada/ sesuatu, sebagai menghargai sesuatu: in acknowledgement of his contributions, sebagai penghargaan terhadap sumbangannya; 4. (of a letter, gift ,etc) pemberitahuan bahawa sesuatu telah diterima, penerimaan. *acleidian akleidia *acme (km) noun. The highest point, as of perfection, mercu, puncak, kemuncak, akme

*acne (kn) noun. An inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin that is marked by the eruption of pimples or pustules, especially on the face, akne. *acoeloid ancestor leluhur aseloid *acoelom aselom *acoelomate lihat: acelomate *acoelous aselom *acolyte (k-lt) noun. 1. someone who assists a priest during certain church services, pembantu paderi; 2. (literature) follower, pengikut. *acone akon *acone eye mata akon *aconitase akonitase *acontoid akontoid *acorn (krn, krn) noun. The fruit of an oak, consisting of a single-seeded, thick-walled nut set in a woody, cuplike base, buah (pokok) ok, akorn *acorn-worm - cacing akorn *acotyledon akotiledon *acoustic akustik *acoustic bait - umpan akustik *acoustic nerve saraf akustik *acoustic scanning -pengimbasan akustik *acoustic sensory macula - makula deria akustik *acoustic survey tinjauan akustik, kajian akustik *acoustic, acoustical adjective. akustik. *acoustical well logging rakaman perigi akustik *acoustico-lateral centre pusat akustikolateral *acousticolateralis -akustikolateralis *acousticolateralis sense -deria akustikolateralis

*acoustico-lateralis system sistem akustikolateralis *acoustics noun. 1. (science) ilmu akustik; 2. acoustic properties, akustik: the acoustics of the concert hall are good, akustik dewan konsert itu baik. *acquaint (-kwnt) transitive verb.; acquaint oneself with, (mencuba) memahami, memaklumi: he will need time to acquaint himself with his new duties, dia memerlukan masa untuk memahami tugastugas barunya; acquaint someone with something, memaklumkan sesuatu kepada seseorang: to acquaint someone with the facts of the case, memaklumkan fakta kes tersebut kepada seseorang; to acquaint someone with the new methods of production, memaklumkan kaedah-kaedah baru pengeluaran kepada seseorang; *acquaintance (-kwntns) noun. 1. personal knowledge usually less than intimate,. (with person or between persons) perkenalan: the meeting that led to our acquaintance, pertemuan yang membawa kepada perkenalan (antara) kami; b. (with something) pengetahuan: his acquaintance with classical languages, pengetahuannya tentang bahasa-bahasa klasik; 2. friend, kenalan: a casual acquaintance, kenalan begitu sahaja; a wide circle of acquaintances, kenalan yang banyak; claim acquaintance with, mengaku kenal akan; have acquaintance with, a. (someone) kenal-kenal cina sahaja dengan (seseorang); b. (something) mempunyai pengetahuan tentang: he has little acquaintance with astronomy, dia mempunyai pengetahuan yang sedikit sahaja tentang ilmu falak; make /someones acquaintance, the acquaintance of so, acquaintance with so/, berkenalan dengan seseorang; on further acquaintance, setelah berkenalan lebih lama. *acquaintanceship noun. see ACQUAINTANCE (sense 1. a.). *acquainted (-kwntd) adjective.; be acquainted (with each other) mengenal satu sama lain, berkenalan, kenal-mengenal antara satu sama lain: we are not acquainted, kami belum berkenalan; be acquainted with, a. (someone) berkenalan dengan: we would like to get acquainted with him, kami ingin berkenalan dengan dia; b. (something) tahu akan, mengetahui: they are not yet acquainted with the facts of the case, mereka belum tahu lagi akan fakta-fakta kes itu; /become, get/ acquainted, berkenalan: they first got acquainted three months ago, mereka mula berkenalan tiga bulan lalu; /become, get/ acquainted with, a. (someone) mula berkenalan dengan; b. (something) mula mengetahui; make oneself acquainted with something, membiasakan diri seseorang dengan sesuatu; make someone acquainted with something, memperkenalkan sesuatu kepada seseorang. *acquiesce (kw-s) intransitive verb. bersetuju, akur: he acquiesced with a nod, dia bersetuju dengan menganggukkan kepalanya; acquiesce in, bersetuju dengan, menyetujui: he acquiesced in the

arrangements made during his absence, dia bersetuju dengan rancangan yang telah diatur semasa ketiadaannya. *acquiescence (kw-sns) noun. persetujuan, tanda bersetuju, keakuran: we took his silence to indicate acquiescence, kami menganggap perbuatannya berdiam diri itu sebagai tanda bersetuju. *acquiescent (kw-snt) adjective. 1.(by nature) pengakur: a gentle, acquiescent woman, perempuan yang lemah lembut dan pengakur; 2. (on particular occasion) akur. *acquiescently adverb. akur, (menunjukkan) tanda setuju: to smile acquiescently, tersenyum akur. *acquire (-kwr) transitive verb. 1. gain by ones skill, ability, effort, memperoleh: to acquire a skill, memperoleh kemahiran; to acquire a fortune, memperoleh kekayaan; 2. gain by ones behaviour, action, mendapat: to acquire the nickname "dictator", mendapat gelaran "diktator"; acquire a taste for something, mula menggemari sesuatu; acquire a reputation for something, menjadi terkenal kerana sesuatu; *acquire memperolehi, perolehan, diperoleh *acquired adjective. perolehan: wealth, both inherited and acquired, harta kekayaan, baik warisan mahupun perolehan; acquired character, watak perolehan; acquired immunity, keimunan perolehan. *acquired character - ciri perolehan, watak perolehan *acquired characteristic ciri perolehan *acquired immunity keimunan perolehan, kemanglian perolehan, keimunan perolehan *acquired perolehan *acquired taste adjective. cita rasa yang diperoleh. *acquired tolerance toleransi perolehan/ tasamuh perolehan *acquirement (-kwrmnt) noun. 1. see ACQUISITION (sense 1.); 2. something acquired, pencapaian: a man famous for his acquirements in music, lelaki yang termasyhur kerana pencapaiannya dalam lapangan seni muzik. *acquisition (kw-zshn) noun. 1. act of acquiring, pemerolehan: the acquisition of knowledge, pemerolehan ilmu pengetahuan; the acquisition of adjacent lands, pemerolehan tanah-tanah yang bersempadanan; the acquisition of a company, pemerolehan (se)sebuah syarikat; 2. something acquired, perolehan: territorial acquisition, wilayah perolehan; 3. welcome addition, /anggota,

orang/ baru (yang berguna): he would be a valuable acquisition to the team, dia akan menjadi anggota baru yang berguna bagi pasukan itu. *acquisitive adjective. (bersifat) cenderung /memperoleh, menghimpunkan/ harts benda; (of mind) bersifat cenderung /menimba, memperoleh/ ilmu pengetahuan; an acquisitive /person, society/, /orang, masyarakat/ yang berkeinginan memiliki kebendaan; acquisitive instinct, naluri ingin milik. *acquisitiveness noun. sifat cenderung/memperoleh, menghimpunkan/ harta benda; (of mind) sifat cenderung /menimba, memperoleh/ ilmu pengetahuan. *acquit transitive verb. 1. free from accusation, membebaskan: the court acquitted him of murder, mahkamah membebaskannya daripada tuduhan membunuh; 2. release from duty, obligation, membebaskan, melepaskan; 3. settle (debt, claim) menjelaskan, menyelesaikan, melunaskan; acquit oneself, memperlihatkan kebolehan seseorang: he acquitted himself well during the battle, dia memperlihatkan kebolehannya dalam pertempuran itu. *acquittal noun. (legal) pembebasan. *acral akral *acrandry akrandri *acrania -akrania *acrasin akrasin *acraspedote akraspedot *acraspedote medusa medusa akraspedot *acre noun. ekar; acres and acres of (something), (sesuatu yang) berekar-ekar (luasnya). *acreage noun. keluasan ekar. *acre-foot ekar-kaki *acre-yield hasil seekar

*acrid pedih/akrid *acrid (krd) adjective. 1. a. (of smell) menusuk hidung; b. (of taste) pedar; 2. (figurative) pedas, tajam: acrid remarks, kata-kata (yang) pedas. *acridine dye pencelup akridina

*acridine orange jingga akridina *acridity noun. I. a. (of smell) menusuk hidung; b. (of taste) kepedaran; 2. (figurative) kepedasan, ketajaman. *acriflavine akriflavina *acrimonious (kr-mn-s) adjective. I. (of argument, quarrel) sengit, seru: an acrimonious dispute, perbalahan sengit; 2. (of remark, words, etc) kesat: acrimonious words passed between the rivals, kedua-dua pesaing itu saling melemparkan kata-kata kesat. *acrimony (kr-mn) noun. rasa sakit hati: there was a touch of acrimony in his voice as he answered, ada sedikit rasa sakit hati pada nada suaranya ketika dia menjawab; the dispute aroused a certain amount of acrimony, pertelingkahan itu telah menimbulkan rasa sakit hati. *acritarch akritarka *acrobat noun. akrobat. *acrobatic adjective. akrobatik. *acrobatics noun. gerak akrobatik. *acroblast akroblas *acrocarpic /acrocarpous akrokarpa *acrocentric akrosentrum *acrocephaly akrosefali *acrochordal akrokorda *acrocidal capsule kapsul akrosid *acrocyst akrosista *acrodont akrodon *acrodont tooth gigi akrodon *acrodrome akrodrom *acrolaminar akrolamina *acrolein akrolein *acromegaly akromegali

*acromial akromion *acromio-clavicular akromioklavikel *acromion akromion *acron akron *acroneme akronem *acronym (kr-nm) noun. A word formed from the initial letters of a name, such as WAC for Women's Army Corps, or by combining initial letters or parts of a series of words, such as radar for radio detecting and ranging, akronim. *acropetal akropetal *acropetiolar akropetiol *acrophase akrofasa *acrophyll akrofil *acrophyte akrofit *acroplasm akroplasma *acropodium akropodium *acropora -akropora *acrorhagus akroragus *acrosarc akrosark *acroscopic akroskop *acrosome akrosom *acrospedote medusa medusa akrospedot *acrospire akrospir *acrospore akrospora *across (-krs, -krs) adverb. 1. crossed, bersilang: with arms across, dengan tangan bersilang;

2. to the opposite side, ke seberang (sana); (to where speaker is) ke seberang sini: he took me across in his boat, dia membawa saya ke seberang dengan perahunya; can you swim across?, boleh kamu berenang ke seberang sini?; 3. (in measurement) lebarnya: a lake that is one kilometre across, tasik yang lebarnya satu kilometer; preposition 1. (relating to motion) from side to side of, a. (road, bridge, etc) menyeberangi, melintasi: i. to run across the road, berlari menyeberangi jalan; b. (body of water) menyeberangi: i. to swim across the channel, berenang menyeberangi selat; c. (extensive stretch of land), (by air) menyeberangi, melintasi; (by land) merentasi, menyeberangi, melintasi: i. we flew across the desert to Egypt, kami terbang ke Mesir menyeberangi padang pasir; d. (field, room, courtyard, etc) melintasi: i. a dog darted across the lawn, seekor anjing meluru berlari melintasi padang; 2. (referring to position) from side to side of, melintang: a. lie across the bed, berbaring melintang katil; b. a line across the page, garis melintang di muka surat; 3. through, merentasi: a. the path across the bog, jalan kecil yang merentasi paya gambut; 4. extending over, merentangi: a. a rope was stretched across the road, seutas tali diregangkan merentangi jalan; b. the bridge across the canyon, jambatan yang merentangi lurah curam; 5. on the other side of, beyond, di seberang: a. his office is across the road, pejabatnya di seberang jalan;

b. a great and powerful nation across the Pacific, negara besar dan berkuasa di seberang Lautan Pasifik; 6. from either side of, dari kedua-dua sisi, dari sebelah [noun] masing-masing: a. they shook hands across the table, dari ke dua-dua sisi meja dari sebelah meja masingmasing mereka berjabat tangan; 7. the other side of, sebelah sana: a. to smile at someone from across the room, tersenyum pada seseorang dari sebelah sana bilik; one across the other, bersilang: the swords hung one across the other, pedang-pedang itu tergantung bersilang; to sit with one leg across the other, duduk bersilang lutut. *across-the-board adjective. menyeluruh: an across-the-board pay increase, kenaikan gaji yang menyeluruh; adverb. secara menyeluruh. *acrostic (-krstk, -krstk) adjective. & noun. A poem or series of lines in which certain letters, usually the first in each line, form a name, motto, or message when read in sequence, akrostik. *acrostichal akrostik *acrosyndesis akrosindesis *acrotergite akrotergit *acrotroch akrotrok *acrotrophic akrotrof *acrotrophic ovariole ovariol akrotrof *act bertindak, akta, berlakon, babak, aksi, lakonan *act (kt) noun. 1. deed, perbuatan: a. a criminal act, perbuatan jenayah; b. a foolish act, perbuatan bodoh; c. act of kindness, perbuatan baik;

d. act of vengeance, perbuatan membalas dendam; e. act of mercy, perbuatan ihsan; 2. statute, akta: a. Land Act, Akta Tanah; b. act of Parliament, akta Parlimen; 3. (of play, opera) babak: a. a three act play, lakonan tiga babak; 4. one of a series of short performances, (acara) persembahan: a. a song and dance act, sebuah persembahan nyanyian dan tarian; 5. pretence, kepura-puraan, pura-pura: a. his grief was only an act, kesedihannya hanya pura-pura; in the act of (doing something) ketika, sewaktu, semasa: a. in the act of kicking the ball, he lost his balance and fell, ketika menendang bola itu, dia hilang imbangan lalu jatuh; put on an act, (colloquial) berpura-pura + appropriate adjective. or verb: b. he put on an act to impress his superior, dia berpura-pura rajin untuk mendapat perhatian pegawai atasannya; intransitive verb. 1. take action, bertindak: a. the association called on the government to act quickly, persatuan itu menggesa kerajaan supaya bertindak segera; 2. have an effect, bertindak: a. snake venom acts on the nervous system, bisa ular bertindak atas sistem saraf; 3. perform (in film, play, etc) berlakon: a. Hitchcock usually acts in his own films, Hitchcock biasanya berlakon dalam filem-filem arahannya sendiri; 4. function, berfungsi; (of brake) makan:

a. the pump is not acting as it should, pam itu tidak berfungsi dengan sempurna; b. the fuse acts as a switch, fius itu berfungsi sebagai suis; 5. behave, berkelakuan: a. he has been acting rather peculiarly lately, dia berkelakuan agak ganjil akhirakhir ini; b. to act like an idiot, berkelakuan seperti orang bodoh; c. how to act, mengatur laku, menjaga tingkah laku: i. the young ladies were taught how to act at formal parties, gadis-gadis itu diajar tentang cara-cara mengatur laku di majlis rasmi; 6. pretend, berpura-pura: she's only acting, dia berpura-pura sahaja; transitive verb. 1. take the part of, /berlakon, memegang peranan/ sebagai: he acted Mac Beth at the Old Vic, dia berlakon sebagai Mac Beth di Old Vic; 2. perform, melakonkan: the play was never acted, drama itu tidak pernah dilakonkan; 3. behave as, berlaku seperti: he acted the fool, dia berlaku seperti orang bodoh; act as, a. (of person) /bertindak. berlaku/ sebagai, menjadi: to act as mediator, bertindak sebagai orang tengah; b. (of animal) menjadi: a dog can act as companion for a child, anjing boleh menjadi teman kepada kanak-kanak; c. see intransitive verb. (sense 4.); act on behalf of, bertindak bagi pihak; act for, bertindak bagi pihak: to act for ones client, bertindak bagi pihak pelanggan seseorang; act on, act upon, a. follow, bertindak /berdasarkan, mengikut, menurut/: acting on the committee's recommendation, bertindak berdasarkan cadangan

jawatankuasa; to act on ones intuition, bertindak mengikut intuisi seseorang;

b. see intransitive verb. (sense 2.); act out, melahirkan: c. to act out ones fears, melahirkan perasaan takut seseorang; act up, (colloquial) d. behave badly, berbuat perangai, meragam, menunjuk ragam: the child acts up every time he is scolded, anak itu berbuat perangai setiap kali dia dimarahi; e. hurt, sakit kembali: his old wound is acting up, luka lamanya sakit kembali; f. cause annoyance by functioning badly, meragam:

the car is acting up again, kereta ini meragam lagi; act up to, mengamalkan, mempraktikkan. *act of God noun. bencana alam. *actidione aktidion *actidone aktidon *actin aktin *actinal aktin *actine aktin *actinenchyma aktinenkima *acting adjective. pemangku: the acting President, pemangku Presiden; noun. 1. dramatic art, seni /lakon, drama/; 2. performance, lakonan: poor acting, lakonan yang lemah. *actiniform aktiniform *actinistia aktinistia *actinium (k-tn-m) noun. Symbol AcA radioactive element found in uranium ores, used in equilibrium with its decay products as a source of alpha rays. Its longest lived isotope is Ac 227 with a half-life of 21.7 years. Atomic number 89; melting point 1,050C; boiling point (estimated) 3,200C; specific gravity (calculated) 10.07; valence 3, aktinium.

*actinobacillosis aktinobasilosis *actinobacillus aktinobasilus *actinobiology aktinobiologi *actinoblast aktinoblas *actinochitin aktinokitin *actinocytic stoma stoma aktinosit *actinodermatitis aktinodermatitis *actinodrome aktinodrom *actinodromous aktinodrom *actinogonidial aktinogonidium *actinoid aktinoid *actinology aktinologi *actinomere aktinomer *actinometer (kt-nm-tr) noun. Any of several radiometric instruments, such as a pyrheliometer, used chiefly for meteorological measurements of terrestrial and solar radiation. aktinometer *actinomorphic (kt-n-mrfk) also actinomorphous (-fs) adjective Of or relating to a flower that can be divided into equal halves along any diameter, such as the flowers of the rose or tulip, aktinomorf *actinomycete (kt-n-mst, -m-st) noun. bacteria and fungi, aktinomiset *actinomycin D aktinomisin D *actinomycitin aktinomisitin *actinomycosis aktinomikosis *actinophage aktinofaj *actinopharynx aktinofarinks *actinopterygian aktinopterigia Any of various filamentous or rod-shaped, often

pathogenic microorganisms of the order Actinomycetales that are found in soil and resemble

*actinospore aktinospora *actinost aktinos *actinostele aktinostel *actinostome aktinostom *actinotrichium aktinotrikium *actinotrocha aktinotroka *actinotrocha larva -larva aktinotroka *actinozoa aktinozoa *actinula aktinula *action current arus tindakan *action (kshn) noun. 1. process or state of acting, tindakan, bertindak: a. an emergency that requires immediate action, keadaan cemas yang memerlukan tindakan segera; b. freedom of action, kebebasan bertindak; c. a man of action, orang yang banyak bertindak; 2. act, deed, tindakan, perbuatan: a. to judge a man by his actions, menilai seseorang daripada tindakannya; 3. movement, gerak-geri: a. the suspect's every action was closely watched, setiap gerak-geri orang yang disyaki itu diawasi dengan teliti; 4. operation, cara [sesuatu] berfungsi, jalannya: describe the action of a gear, huraikan cara gear berfungsi; 5. effect, tindakan: the action of acid on metal, tindakan asid atas logam; 6. (in a play, film, etc) aksi: a film full of action, filem yang penuh aksi; 7. legal proceeding, tindakan (undang-undang): civil action, tindakan sivil;

8. combat, pertempuran: killed in action, terbunuh dalam pertempuran; break off an action, menghentikan pertempuran; /bring an, take/ action against someone, mengambil tindakan undang-undang terhadap seseorang; go into action, mula bertempur; /be, go/ out of action, a. not in operation, rosak; b. unfit for work, tidak dapat /bekerja, bertugas/: after the accident he was out of action for three weeks, selepas kemalangan itu dia tidak dapat bekerja selama tiga minggu; put (something) into action, menjalankan sesuatu: to put a plan into action, menjalankan rancangan; put (something) out of action, menyebabkan sesuatu rosak; take action, mengambil tindakan, bertindak: the government took action to control the price of petrol, kerajaan mengambil tindakan untuk mengawal harga petrol. *action of water tindakan air *action potential (kshn p-tnshl) noun. A momentary change in electrical potential on the surface of a nerve or muscle cell that takes place when it is stimulated, especially by the transmission of a nerve impulse, keupayaan tindakan, potensi tindakan *action system sistem tindakan *action tindakan, lakonan, riak, gelagat *action tremor tremor tindakan *actionable adjective. boleh dakwa: libel is actionable, fitnah bertulis adalah kesalahan yang boleh dakwa. *activate transitive verb. mengaktifkan: to activate a mine, mengaktifkan periuk api; to activate molecules, mengaktifkan molekul; *activated absorption penyerapan aktifan *activated adjective. diaktifkan: activate carbon, karbon yang diaktifkan.

*activated atom atom aktifan *activated carbon karbon aktifan *activated charcoal arang teraktif *activated enzyme enzim teraktif *activated lymphocyte limfosit teraktif *activated macrophage makrofaj teraktif *activated sludge -enapcemar tergiat, enap cemar aktifan *activated diaktifkan, aktifan

*activating enzyme enzim mengaktif, enzim pengaktif *activating pengaktif, mengaktifkan

*activation analysis analisis pengaktifan *activation enzyme enzim mengaktif *activation hormone hormon pengaktifan *activation noun. pengaktifan. *activator noun. pengaktif. *activator RNA RNA pengaktif *activator pengaktif

*active adjective. 1. physically energetic, nimble, cergas: at seventy he is still very active, walaupun sudah berusia tujuh puluh tahun dia masih cergas; an active child, kanak-kanak yang cergas; 2. alert, cerdas: an active mind, akal yang cerdas; 3. effective, practical, aktif: to take an active part in something, mengambil bahagian yang aktif dalam sesuatu; be an active force, berpengaruh: he is still an active force in the party, dia masih berpengaruh dalam parti itu; 4. participating, contributing, aktif: an active member. ahli yang aktif; be active in (politics, an organisation, etc) /aktif, giat/ dalam (politik, pertubuhan, dl\); 5. (grammar) aktif: active voice, ragam aktif; 6. (of volcano) hidup, (masih) aktif; 7. (commerce)aktif: active bond, bon aktif; active money, wang aktif; active account, akaun aktif; active market, pasaran /cergas, aktif/; active balance, imbangan positif; 8. (science) aktif: active deposit, /endapan, enapan/ aktif; active hydrogen, hidrogen aktif; active ingredient, ramuan aktif; active mass, jisim aktif; noun. 1. (verb) kata kerja aktif; 2. (voice) the active, ragam aktif.

*active aktif, cergas, giat, tangkas *active bud tunas aktif *active centre pusat aktif *active deposit endapan aktif *active flight penerbangan aktif *active gear -peralatan aktif *active lattice kekisi aktif *active permafrost ibun kekal aktif *active reabsorption serapan balik aktif *active site tapak aktif *active swimmer - perenang giat/perenang aktif *active transport angkutan aktif *active uptake ambil naik aktif *active volcano volkano hidup, volkano aktif, gunung berapi aktif *activeness noun. see ACTIVITY (sense 1.). *activism (kt-vzm) noun. The theory, doctrine, or practice of assertive, often militant action, such as mass demonstrations or strikes, used as a means of opposing or supporting a controversial issue, entity, or person, aktivisme, dasar /aktivis, tindak cergas/. *activist noun. aktivis, penindak cergas. *activity coefficient pekali keaktifan *activity kegiatan, keaktifan *activity noun. 1. nimbleness, alertness, kecergasan: the operation on his knees will restrict his activity, pembedahan pada lututnya akan menyekat kecergasannya; 2. (usually in plural) pursuit, aktiviti, kegiatan: social activities, kegiatan-kegiatan sosial; extra-curricular activities, kegiatan-kegiatan luar kurikulum; 3. movement, liveliness, kesibukan, sibuk, aktiviti, kegiatan: there was a lot of activity at the house next door yesterday, rumah di sebelah sibuk sekali semalam; be scene of full of activity, sibuk: the market-place was a scene of great activity, pasar itu sibuk sekali; 4.

(commerce) aktiviti, kegiatan: activity of trade, aktiviti perdagangan; activity on the stock exchange, aktiviti di bursa saham; 5. (of volcano) kegiatan. *activity recorder perakam aktiviti *activity rhythm ritma aktiviti *activity vacuum vakum aktiviti *actomyosin aktomiosin *actor noun. theatrical performer, pelakon; (male) pelakon (lelaki), seniman. *actress noun. pelakon (wanita), seniwati. *actual adjective. 1. real, (general) sebenarnya: the actual scene of the crime, tempat sebenarnya jenayah itu berlaku; someones actual intention, tujuan seseorang yang sebenarnya; b. economics sebenar: actual cost, kos sebenar; actual savings, simpanan sebenar; actual loss, kerugian sebenar; 2. present, current, sekarang: the actual state of affairs, keadaan sekarang. *actual hakiki *actuality noun. 1. reality, kenyataan; in actuality, pada hakikatnya, sebenarnya; 2. (in plural) actual facts or conditions, hakikat (-hakikat), fakta (-fakta), kenyataan (-kenyataan): historical actualities, hakikat-hakikat sejarah. *actualization, actualisation noun. realisasi, menjadikan (sebagai) suatu kenyataan: the actualization of an idea, realisasi sesuatu idea. *actualize, *actualise transitive verb. make actual, menjadikan (sebagai) suatu kenyataan: to actualize ones ideals, menjadikan cita-cita seseorang sebagai suatu kenyataan; to actualize a project, menjadikan sesuatu projek sebagai suatu kenyataan. *actually adverb. 1. in actual fact, sebenarnya: the amount actually paid is not known, jumlah yang sebenarnya dibayar tidak diketahui; actually, I don't know him, sebenarnya saya tidak kenal akan dia; 2. (indicating incredulity) pula: he actually expected me to carry his bag for him, dia mengharapkan saya mengangkat begnya pula; 3. at present, sedang, sekarang: the party actually in power, parti yang sedang berkuasa. *actuarial adjective. aktuari: actuarial valuation, penilaian aktuari. *actuary (kch -r) noun. A statistician who computes insurance risks and premiums, aktuari.

*actuate (kch -t) transitive verb. I. set in motion, menggerakkan: to actuate a mechanism, menggerakkan mekanisme; 2. motivate, mendorong, menggerakkan: actuated by a desire for fame, didorong oleh keinginan untuk menjadi masyhur; *actuating adjective. 1. that sets in motion, penggerak, yang menggerakkan: an actuate force, daya penggerak; 2. motivating, mendorong, menggerakkan, menjadi /pendorong, penggerak/: actuate motive, niat yang mendorong. *actuation noun. penggerakan. *actuator noun. penggerak. *acuity akuiti *acuity (-ky -t) noun. ketajaman: visual acuity, ketajaman penglihatan; acuity of perception, ketajaman tanggapan. *aculea akulea *aculeiform akuleiform *aculeus akuleus *acumen (-ky mn, ky-) noun. kepintaran, akumen: business acumen, kepintaran dalam perniagaan; political acumen, kepintaran dalam politik. *acuminate (-ky m-nt, -nt) adjective. Tapering gradually to a sharp point, as the tips of certain leaves, akuminat *acuminate spine -spina runcing/ spina akuminat *acupuncture (ky -pngkchr) noun. A technique, as for relieving pain or inducing regional anesthesia, in which thin needles are inserted into the body at specific points, akupunktur. *acute akut *acute (-ky t) adjective. 1. keenly perceptive, shrewd, tajam + appropriate noun: an acute critic, seorang pengkritik yang tajam kritikannya; an acute businessman, ahli perniagaan yang tajam perkiraannya; 2. sensitive, keen, tajam: an acute sense of smell, deria bau yang tajam; acute hearing, pendengaran yang tajam; 3. critical, genting, runcing: an acute shortage of steel, masalah kekurangan keluli yang genting; 4. intense, amat sangat: acute distress, kesedihan yang amat sangat; acute pains in the chest, rasa sakit yang amat sangat di dada; 5. (of illness) akut, mendadak: acute appendicitis, apendisitis akut; an acute attack of pneumonia, serangan

pneumonia yang mendadak; 6. (mathematics) a. (of angle) tirus: acute angle, sudut tirus; b. (of triangle) bersudut tirus. *acute akut, tirus, runcing *acute angle sudut tirus *acute lethality -kemautan akut *acute strain strain akut *acute toxicity -ketoksikan akut *acuteness noun. 1. keenness of perception, shrewdness, ketajaman [+appropriate noun.]; 2. sensitiveness, ketajaman; 3. state of being critical, keruncingan, kegentingan; 4. intensity, amat sangat; 5. (of illness) akut, mendadak. *acyclic asiklik *ad hoc (d hk, hk) adjective. For the specific purpose, case, or situation at hand and for no other, ad hoc; adverb. secara ad hoc. *ad infinitum (d nf-ntm) adverb. To infinity; having no end, ad infinitum. *ad interim (d ntr-m) adjective. In or for the meantime; temporarily, ad interim. *ad lib (d lb) adverb. sekehendak hati, semahu-mahunya: to play the piano ad lib, bermain piano sekehendak hati. *ad libitum (d lb-tm) adjective. Music. At the discretion of the performer. Used chiefly as a direction giving license to alter or omit a part, ad libitum *ad litem adjective. ad litem. *ad nauseum adverb. /hingga, sampai/ /memualkan, menjelakkan, memuakkan/. *ad valorem adjective. & adverb. In proportion to the value, ad valorem. *adage (dj) noun. A saying that sets forth a general truth and that has gained credit through long use, pepatah, peribahasa. *adagio (-dj, -j-, -zh, -zh-) adjective., adverb. & noun. Music. In a slow tempo, usually considered to be slower than andante but faster than larghetto. Used chiefly as a direction, adagio. *Adam (dm) noun. Nabi Adam; ones /ale, wine/, air; Adam 's apple, halkum; as old as Adam, sudah wujud berkurun-kurun lamanya, sudah wujud /turun-temurun, sejak dahulu kala/: a superstition

that is as old as Adam, tahayul yang sudah wujud berkurun-kurun lamanya; not know someone from Adam, tidak kenal seseorang sama sekali. *adamant adjective. 1. (in character) /keras, tegar/ hati (sifatnya), (bersifat) tegar: I wish she were less adamant, kalaulah dia tidak begitu keras hati; 2. (in resolution) tetap /berpendapat, berpendirian/, /tetap dengan, tidak berganjak daripada/ pendirian seseorang: he was adamant that he was fit to work, dia tetap berpendapat bahawa dia sudah sihat dan dapat bekerja; on this issue, I am adamant, saya tetap dengan pendirian saya tentang perkara itu; be adamant to, tak berganjak walaupun: he was adamant to their entreaties, dia tidak berganjak walaupun mereka memujuk rayu. *adamantoblast adamantoblas *adambulacral adambulakrum *Adansonian taxonomy taksonomi Adanson *adapical adapeks *adapt menyesuai, suai *adapt intransitive verb. menyesuaikan diri: to adapt to ones new surroundings, menyesuaikan diri dengan keadaan baru di sekeliling seseorang; transitive verb. 1. adjust, menyesuaikan: she could not adapt herself to life in the city, dia tidak dapat menyesuaikan dirinya dengan kehidupan di kota; the symphony has been adapted for the piano, simfoni itu telah disesuaikan untuk piano; 2. make suitable (play, novel, etc) memadankan, mengadaptasikan, menyesuaikan; (to a new setting) menyadur: novels adapted for television, novel-novel yang dipadankan untuk tayangan di televisyen; a story written in Malay and adapted from Aesop's Fables, cerita yang ditulis dalam bahasa Melayu dan disadur daripada Dongeng Aesop; *adaptability ketersesuaian *adaptability noun. 1. ability to adapt, kebolehsesuaian, keupayaan menyesuaikan diri: the infinite adaptability of the human body, kebolehsesuaian tubuh manusia yang tidak terbatas; 2. capability of being adapted, /dapat, boleh/ disesuaikan. *adaptable adjective. 1. able to adapt, /dapat, boleh/ menyesuaikan (diri): an adaptable man, lelaki yang dapat menyesuaikan diri; 2. capable of being adapted, /dapat, boleh/ disesuaikan: an airconditioning unit adaptable for use in the home, unit penyaman udara yang boleh disesuaikan untuk kegunaan di rumah. *adaptable tersesuaikan

*adaptation penyesuaian *adaptation noun. 1. adjusting, a. (of person) penyesuaian diri; b. (of thing) penyesuaian: the adaptation of a sewing machine for embroidery stitching, penyesuaian mesin jahit untuk kerja sulammenyulam; 2. (of play, novel, etc) pemadanan, pengadaptasian, penyesuaian; (so as to be relevant to the local setting) penyaduran: the adaptation of the book for the stage has been completed, pemadanan buku itu untuk pementasan telah selesai; 3. something adapted (play, novel, etc) padanan; (so as to be relevant to the local setting) saduran. the screen adaptation of "Gone with the Wind", padanan cerita "Gone with the Wind" untuk filem. *adaptation -penyesuaian *adapted adjective. 4 adjusted, sesuai: the camel is well adapted to desert conditions, unta amat sesuai dengan keadaan gurun; 2. make suitable (of play, novel, etc) padan, telah /diadaptasikan, disesuaikan/; (to new setting) saduran. *adapter, adaptor noun. 1. (person) pemadan; 2. (device), penyesuai. *adapting penyesuaian, menyesuaikan, penyesuai *adaptiogenesis adaptiogenesis *adaptive enzyme enzim suaian *adaptive gene gen menyesuai *adaptive growth pertumbuhan menyesuai *adaptive immunity -keimunan penyesuaian *adaptive menyesuai *adaptive radiation penyebaran suai, penyebaran menyesuai *adaptive variance varians menyesuai *adaptive zone zon menyesuai *adaptor adaptor, penyesuai *adaptor modification pengubahsuaian penyesuai *adaptor molecule molekul penyesuai *adatom atom jerap *adaxial adaksial

*adcauline adkaulis *add intransitive verb. also add up, mencampur, menjumlah: the boy does not know how to add, budak (lelaki) itu tidak tahu mencampur; transitive verb. 1. combine to form a sum, a. (one number to another) mencampurkan: to add six and eleven, mencampurkan enam dengan sebelas; b. also add something up, (two or more numbers) mencampurkan, menjumlahkan: he added up the figures in the column, dia mencampurkan angka-angka dalam ruang itu; 2. also add (something) in, put or pour in, memasukkan, membubuh; (with intention to adulterate) mencampurkan: she added flour to the mixture, dia memasukkan tepung ke dalam adunan; 3. increase amount of, menambahkan, membubuh lagi: to add more sugar to the coffee, menambahkan gula ke dalam kopi; 4. join so as to increase, memasukkan, menggabungkan: to add the cost of the freight to the total cost, memasukkan kos pengangkutan ke dalam jumlah kos; to add the interest to the capital, memasukkan faedah ke dalam jumlah pinjaman pokok; to add the new evidence to that already available, memasukkan bukti yang baru diperoleh kepada yang sedia ada; 5. annex, menambahkan: to add a room to the house, menambahkan sebuah bilik lagi kepada rumah itu; 6. state further, menambah, /berkata, mengatakan/ lagi: he added that he was not certain, dia menambah bahawa dia tidak pasti; add a /point, remark, comment, etc/, menambah; add (something) in, a. see transitive verb. (sense 2.); b. include something, memasukkan: if we add in the cost of the packing...,kalau kami masukkan kos membungkus...; add to, a. increase, menambahkan lagi, menambah: news that will add to his worries, berita yang akan menambahkan lagi kerunsingannya; b. extend, membesarkan: they added to the house from time to time, mereka membesarkan rumah dari semasa ke semasa; add up, a. see intransitive verb.; b. result in correct total, mencapai jumlah yang betul: the figures somehow do not add up, angka-angka itu entah bagaimana tidak mencapai jumlahnya yang betul; c. make sense, munasabah, masuk akal, dapat diterima: statements that just do not add up, kenyataan-kenyataan yang tidak munasabah; add something up, see transitive verb. (sense 1. b.); add up to, a. be equal to, berjumlah; (of numbers), (men)jadi: their combined assets add up to over $3, 000,000, kalau digabungkan aset mereka berjumlah lebih daripada $3,000,000; two and two add up to four, dua dicampur dua menjadi empat; b. indicate, mean, menunjukkan: it all adds up to carelessness on his part, kesemuanya ini menunjukkan kecuaiannya; c. amount to, [no specific translation]: the information they have elicited does not add up to much, maklumat yang didapat oleh mereka tidak banyak; *add campur, imbuh, tambah, tokok

*added adjective. 1. (of effect, attraction, value, etc) tambahan; 2. (of enthusiasm, interest, etc) lebih: to do something with added interest, membuat sesuatu dengan lebih berminat; added to which,

/selain, di samping/ itu; give added/ effect, value, etc /, menambahkan /kesan, nilai, dan lain-lain/; take on an added significance, menjadi makin penting (lagi). *addend yang ditambah *addenda plural of ADDENDUM. *addendum (-dndm) noun. tambahan. *adder (dr) noun. Any of several nonvenomous snakes, such as the milk snake of North America, popularly believed to be harmful. *adder (dr) noun. One that adds, especially a computational device that performs arithmetic addition, alat tambah *adder-subtractor alat tambah-tolak *addict noun. 1. person addicted (to narcotics) penagih: a drug addict, penagih dadah; 2. enthusiastic devotee, kaki: a disco addict, kaki disko; transitive verb.; be addicted to, ketagih(an): to be addicted to gambling, ketagih judi. *addiction noun. ketagihan: addiction to opium, ketagihan candu. *addictive adjective. menagihkan: an addiction drug, dadah yang menagihkan. *ad-digital addigit *adding-machine noun. mesin jumlah. *addition fact fakta penambahan *addition noun. 1. act, process of adding, penjumlahan, pencampuran; 2. mathematical operation, kirakira campur: simple addition, kira-kira campur yang mudah; 3. that which is added, a. (person) orang baru: the recent addition to the committee, orang baru dalam jawatankuasa itu; b. (other than person) tambahan: an addition to someones income, tambahan kepada pendapatan seseorang; in addition, tambahan /lagi, pula/, selain itu: in addition, the price is high, tambahan lagi, harganya pun tinggi; in addition (to), di samping, selain: he paid me $200 in addition to what he owed me, dia membayar saya $200 di samping jumlah yang dipinjamnya daripada saya; in addition to which, (dan) di samping itu. *additional adjective. tambahan: additional help, bantuan tambahan; additional charges, bayaran tambahan yang dikenakan; additional information, maklumat tambahan. *additionally adverb. di samping itu, selain itu.

*additive penambah; bahan tambah *additive compound sebatian bahan tambahan *additive dimorphic trisomy trisomi dimorf tambah *additive effect kesan tambah *additive gene gen tambah *additive identity kepercaman terhadap penambahan *additive inverse songsangan terhadap penambahan *additive metamorphism kemetamorfan tertambahkan, kemetamorfan berdaya tambah *additive penambah; bahan tambah *additive tambahan, penambahan, tertambahkan, berdaya tambah, bahan tambahan, penambah, bahan tambah *additive volume law hukum isipadu tertambahkan, hukum isipadu berdaya tambah *additivity ketambahan *addle adjective. (of egg) busuk, tembelang, kemuruk; intransitive verb. menjadi /busuk, tembelang, kemuruk/: the eggs were left to addle in the nest, telur-telur itu dibiarkan menjadi busuk di dalam sarang; transitive verb. membengalkan: alcohol addles the head, minuman keras membengalkan kepala. *addle-brain, addle-head, addle-pate noun. orang yang bingung. *addle-brained, addle-headed, addle-pated adjective. bingung. *addled adjective. 1. (of egg) busuk, tembelang, kemuruk; 2. confused, bingung, bengang. *addospecies adospesies *address (-drs) noun. 1. (of person, organisation, etc) alamat: business address, alamat perniagaan; to change ones address, bertukar alamat; 2. (on letter, parcel, etc) alamat; 3. formal speech, ucapan; (by monarch, regent) titah ucapan: the chairman delivered a short address, pengerusi menyampaikan ucapan yang ringkas; form of address, a. (spoken) panggilan; b. (written) pendahuluan surat; pay ones addresses to, (mencuba) memikat; transitive verb. 1. put address on, membubuh alamat pada: to address a letter, membubuh alamat pada surat; 2. direct, a. (letter, package, etc) mengalamatkan: a parcel addressed to the mayor, bungkusan yang dialamatkan kepada Datuk Bandar; kindly address all enquiries to P.O. Box 501, sila alamatkan segala

pertanyaan ke P.S. 501; b. (remark, criticism, reproach, etc) menujukan: to address a criticism to someone, menujukan kritikan kepada seseorang; c. (protest, petition, etc) mengemukakan, mengajukan, mengutarakan: the petition was addressed to the United Nations, rayuan itu dikemukakan kepada Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu; 3. deliver a speech to, /berucap, memberi ucapan/ kepada: to address an audience, berucap kepada hadirin; 4. also address directly to, speak directly to, menujukan kata-kata kepada (seseorang): to address the chairman, menujukan kata-kata kepada pengerusi; 5. call by name, title, memanggil: don't address me as "Doctor", janganlah panggil saya "Doktor"; *address a few words (to an audience) memberi sepatah dua kata; address ones prayers (specific to God) berdoa; address oneself to, a. see ADDRESS (sense 4.); b. apply oneself to, menumpukan perhatian seseorang kepada: to address oneself to a task, menumpukan perhatian seseorang kepada sesuatu tugas. *address alamat, menyapa, sapakan *address format format alamat *address register daftar alamat *addressable teralamatkan *addressee noun. penerima. yang dialamat, yang disapa *addressing pengalamatan *addressograph noun. mesin alamat. *adduce transitive verb. 1. (arguments, reasons, etc) mengemukakan, mengutarakan, mengajukan: to adduce arguments, mengemukakan hujah-hujah; 2. (person, animal, object) mengemukakan: to adduce someone as proof that a man can be rich and yet humble, mengemukakan sebagai dalil bahawa seseorang itu, walaupun kaya, masih dapat merendah diri. *adducible adjective. dapat /dikemukakan, diutarakan, diajukan/: adducible examples, contoh-contoh yang dapat dikemukakan. *adduct aduk *adduction pengadukan *adductor aduktor, pengaduk *adductor muscle otot aduktor

*adductor profundus ventralis aduktor ventralis profundus *adductor ventralis superficialis aduktor ventralis superfisialis *adeciduate adesiduat *adelomycete adelomiset *adelophycean adelofisea *adelphogamy adelfogami *adenase adenase *adendroglia adendroglia *adenine adenina *adenitis adenitis *adeno-associated virus virus beradenosekutu *adenoblast adenoblas *adenocheiri adenokeiri *adenocyte adenosit *adenodactyli adenodaktili *adenohypophysis adenohipofisis *adenoid adenoid *adenoma adenoma *adenomyoma adenomioma *adenopathy adenopati *adenophore adenofor *adenose adenos *adenosine adenosina *adenosine deaminase adenosina deaminase *adenosine diphosphate (ADP) adenosina difosfat (ADP) *adenosine triphosphate (ATP) adenosina trifosfat (ATP)

*adenostamenous adenostamen *adeno-SV40 hybrid virus virus hibrid adeno-SV40 *adenotrophic adenotrof *adenovirus adenovirus *adenylic acid asid adenilik *adephage adefaj *adept (-dpt) adjective. 1. skilled, mahir: an adept mechanic, seorang mekanik yang mahir; 2. very clever, pandai, pintar: adept at making excuses, pandai berbuat helah; noun. pakar. *adequacy noun. 1 sufficiency, kecukupan, cukup tidaknya: the adequacy of the information was questioned, cukup tidaknya maklumat itu dipersoalkan; 2. ability to satisfy requirement, kemampuan, kelayakan: to doubt someones adequacy as a father, menyangsikan kemampuan seseorang sebagai ayah. *adequate (d-kwt) adjective. 1. sufficient, cukup, mencukupi: adequate supply of food, bekalan makanan yang cukup; adequate information, maklumat yang cukup; 2. proportional, memadai, mencukupi: he did not get adequate remuneration for the work he was doing, dia tidak mendapat ganjaran yang memadai bagi kerja yang dibuatnya; 3. having necessary ability, qualities, /layak, berkelayakan/ untuk melaksanakan: to be adequate to a task, layak melaksanakan sesuatu tugas; 4. satisfactory, memuaskan: his work is quite adequate, kerjanya agak memuaskan. *adequate zone zon cukup *adequately adverb. l. sufficiently, dengan/secukupnya, cukup/: the child was not adequately fed, anak itu tidak diberi makan dengan secukupnya; 2. satisfactorily, dengan memuaskan: to cope adequately with a situation, dapat mengawal keadaan dengan memuaskan. *adermin adermin *adesmy adesmi *adetopneustic adetopneusti *adfluvial -adfluvial *adfrontal adfrontal *adhere (d-hr) intransitive verb. stick fast, melekat: the stamp did not adhere, setem itu tidak melekat; adhere to, a. (idea, decision, demand, etc) tidak berganjak daripada, berpegang teguh pada: to

adhere to ones opinion, tidak berganjak daripada pendapat seseorang; b. (cause, doctrine, religion, etc) berpegang teguh pada, taat kepada: adhere to the teachings of Islam, berpegang teguh pada ajaran-ajaran Islam; c. (rule, instruction, plan, etc) berpegang teguh pada, mematuhi: he adheres to the party line, dia berpegang teguh pada pendirian parti; d. (agreement, promise, treaty, etc) berpegang teguh pada, menepati, mematuhi: to adhere to a treaty, berpegang teguh pada persetiaan; e. (person, organization) /setia, taat/ kepada: to adhere to a political party, setia kepada sesuatu parti politik. *adherence noun. 1. see ADHESION (sense 1.); 2. adhering, state of adhering, a. (to idea, decision, demand) /sikap, pendirian/ /tidak berganjak, berpegang (teguh)/: his uncompromising adherence to what he believes is right, sikapnya yang tidak berganjak daripada sesuatu yang dipercayainya benar; b. (to cause, doctrine, etc) pegangan yang teguh: adherence to ones principles, pegangan seseorang yang teguh pada prinsip-prinsip seseorang; adherence to Buddhism, pegangan yang teguh pada agama Buddha; c. (to religion) pegangan yang teguh, ketaatan; d. (to rule, instruction, plan, etc) kepatuhan, pegangan yang teguh: strict adherence to the law, kepatuhan sepenuhnya kepada undang-undang; e. (to agreement, promise; treaty, etc) kepatuhan, pegangan yang teguh; f. (to person, organization) kesetiaan, ketaatan. *adherent adjective. sticking (to something), attached, melekat; noun. (of idea, proposal, etc) penyokong; (of person, party) penyokong, pengikut. *adhesion (d-hzhn) noun. 1. act or state of sticking fast, pelekatan, perekatan; 2. see ADHERENCE (sense 2. b. & e.); 3. (medicine) perekatan. *adhesion culture kultur pelekatan *adhesion tension tegangan lekatan *adhesion lekatan *adhesive (d-hsv, -zv) adjective. 1. sticky, pelekat, perekat: glue is an adhesive substance, glu adalah bahan pelekat; 2. gummed so as to stick, berpelekat, berperekat: adhesive envelope, sampul surat yang berpelekat; adhesive tape, pita pelekat; noun. (bahan) /pelekat, perekat/ *adhesive bahan lekatan, perekat, berdaya lekat, berdaya rekat *adhesive cell sel lekat, sel pelekatan *adhesive disc -cakera pelekat *adhesive force daya lekap

*adhesive gum, adhesive glue gam, pelekat, perekat *adhesive organ organ pelekat *adhesive papilla papila pelekat *adhesive pit -liang pelekat *adhesive root akar lekap *adhesiveness noun. kelekatan, kerekatan. *adiabatic elasticity -kekenyalan adiabatik *adiabatic lapse rate -kadar lelap adiabatik *adient adien *adieu (-dy , -d ) inter) 1. (said by someone who is leaving) selamat tinggal; 2. (said to someone who is leaving) selamat jalan; noun. 1. (said by someone who is leaving) selamat tinggal: make ones adieus, mengucapkan selamat tinggal; 2. (said to someone who is leaving) selamat jalan: he bade his guests adieu, dia mengucapkan selamat jalan kepada tetamu-tetamunya. *adieux plural of ADIEU. *adipocellulose adiposelulosa *adipocyte adiposit *adipoleucocyte adipoleukosit *adipolysis adipolisis *adipose (d-ps) adjective. adipos: adipose tissue, tisu adipos. *adipose eyelid -kelopak mata adipos *adipose fin sirip adipos *adipose mouse mencit adipos *adit (dt) noun. An almost horizontal entrance to a mine, kolong. *aditus aditus *adjacent adjective. 1. lying or situated closely, bersebelahan: adjacent blocks of flats, blok-blok rumah pangsa yang bersebelahan; adjacent streets, jalan-jalan raya yang bersebelahan: notes on the adjacent page, catatan pada muka surat yang bersebelahan; adjacent angles, sudut bersebelahan;

2. bordering, bersempadanan: adjacent towns, bandar-bandar yang bersempadanan; adjacent land, tanah yang bersempadanan. *adjacent distribution taburan bersebelahan *adjectival (jk-tvl) adjective. adjektif, kata sifat: adjectival clause, klausa adjektif. *adjective. (jk-tv) noun. adjektif, kata sifat. *adjoin (-join) intransitive verb. 1. (of area of land) bersempadanan: the two estates adjoin, kedua-dua ladang itu bersempadanan; 2. (of building, parts of building) bercantum, bersebelahan: our offices adjoin, pejabat kami bersebelahan; transitive verb. 1. (of area of land) bersempadanan dengan: his orchard adjoins mine, dusunnya bersempadanan dengan dusun saya; 2. (of building, parts of building) /bercantum, bersebelahan/ dengan: the room that adjoins the kitchen, bilik yang bercantum dengan dapur; *adjoin adjoin, dampingan *adjoining (-joinng) adjective. 1. (of area of land) bersempadanan: adjoining lots, lot-lot yang bersempadanan; 2. (of buildings, parts of building) /bersambung, bersebelahan/ dengan: the store adjoining the factory, star yang bersambung dengan kilang itu. *adjoint dampingan *adjoint operator pengeporasi dampingan *adjourn (-jrn) intransitive verb. 1. suspend proceedings for later resumption, ditangguhkan, ditunda: Parliament has adjourned for the Hari Raya holidays, persidangan Parlimen telah ditangguhkan selama cuti Hari Raya; 2. end, berakhir: the meeting adjourned at 5.00 p.m., mesyuarat itu berakhir pada pukul 5.00 petang; 3. move or go elsewhere, beredar: the guests adjourned to the verandah, para tetamu beredar ke beranda; transitive verb. menangguhkan, menunda: the chairman adjourned the meeting until the next day, pengerusi menangguhkan mesyuarat ke hari esoknya. *adjournment (-jrn) noun. 1. act of adjourning, penangguhan: the motion for the adjournment was passed, usul untuk penangguhan itu telah diluluskan; 2. period something is adjourned, tempoh penangguhan: during the one day adjournment, semasa penangguhan sehari itu. *adjudge (-jj) transitive verb. 1. decide, declare, memutuskan: the jury adjudged him guilty, juri memutuskan dia bersalah; to be adjudged the winner of the race, diputuskan sebagai pemenang perlumbaan itu; 2. order, pronounce by law, menghukum; 3. award, memberikan: to adjudge

damages, memberikan ganti rugi; to adjudge a prize to someone, memberikan hadiah kepada seseorang. *adjudicate (-j d-kt) intransitive verb. menjadi hakim; (in competition) menjadi pengadil; transitive verb. 1. decide judicially about (something) membuat keputusan tentang: to adjudicate a claim, membuat keputusan tentang sesuatu tuntutan; 2. pronounce (someone to be) menghukum: to adjudicate someone a bankrupt, menghukum seseorang bankrap; adjudicate /on, upon/, menghakimi: to adjudicate on all questions connected with the titles and transfers of landed property, menghakimi semua perkara yang berhubung dengan hak milik dan pindah milik tanah; *adjudicated adjective. dihukum: an adjudicated bankrupt, seorang yang dihukum bankrap. *adjudication noun. 1. act of deciding judicially about something, memutuskan: the matter is already before the tribunal for adjudication, perkara itu sudah pun dikemukakan kepada tribunal untuk diputuskan; 2. act of pronouncing someone to be, penghukuman. *adjudicator noun. pengadil. *adjunct noun. tambahan: an electric mixer with a number of useful adjuncts, alat pengadun elektrik yang mempunyai beberapa tambahan yang berguna; parenthetic clause adjunct, tambahan klausa parentesis. *adjuration noun. permintaan dengan sungguh-sungguh. *adjure (-j r) transitive verb. (formal) meminta dengan sungguh-sungguh: to adjure someone to tell the truth, meminta dengan sungguh-sungguh supaya seseorang mengatakan yang benar. *adjust (-jst) intransitive verb. menyesuaikan diri : to adjust to life in a foreign country, menyesuaikan diri dengan kehidupan di luar negeri; transitive verb. 1. change position of, membetulkan (duduk, letak): the nurse adjusted the pillow for the patient, jururawat membetulkan duduk bantal untuk pesakit itu; to adjust ones hat, membetulkan topi seseorang; 2. regulate, melaraskan, membetulkan: he adjusted the lens of the camera, dia melaraskan kanta kamera; to adjust a television set, membetulkan peti televisyen; 3. adapt, menyesuaikan: to adjust oneself to existing circumstances, menyesuaikan diri (seseorang) dengan keadaan sekarang; to adjust foreign policies in the light of new developments in world politics, menyesuaikan dasar luar negeri berdasarkan perkembangan baru politik dunia; to adjust ones expenditure to ones income, menyesuaikan perbelanjaan dengan pendapatan seseorang; 4. (accounting) menyelaraskan: to adjust the books, menyelaraskan buku akaun; 5. settle, menyelesaikan: to be told to adjust their

differences, disuruh menyelesaikan perselisihan di antara mereka; 6. (insurance) menentukan bayaran tuntutan; *adjust laras *adjustable adjective. /dapat, boleh/dilaraskan: adjustable seat, tempat duduk yang dapat dilaraskan. *adjustable boleh laras, terlaraskan *adjustable damper pelembap boleh laras, pelembap terlaraskan *adjusted adjective. 1. adapted, a. (of person) telah dapat menyesuaikan dirinya (dengan baik) dengan keadaan baru; b. (other than person), (sudah) disesuaikan: adjusted timetable, jadual waktu yang sudah disesuaikan; 2. (accounting) terlaras: adjusted gross income, pendapatan kasar yang terlaras; 3. regulated, dilaraskan, terlaras: the binoculars are not properly adjusted, binokular itu tidak dilaraskan dengan betul. *adjusted larasan, dilaraskan, dilaraskan *adjusted stream sungai terlaras *adjusted value nilai larasan *adjuster noun. (insurance) adjuster; (engineering) pelaras. *adjusting adjective. pelaras: adjusting screw, skru pelaras; *adjustment (-jstmnt) noun. 1. act of, a. (changing the position of) membetulkan: his tie needed a little adjustment, tali lehernya perlu dibetulkan sedikit; b. (regulating) pelarasan, pembetulan: the adjustment of the instrument took several hours, pelarasan alat itu memakan masa beberapa jam; c. (adapting) penyesuaian: adjustment to city life, penyesuaian dengan kehidupan kota; period of adjustment, tempoh penyesuaian; the eye's adjustment to bright light, penyesuaian mata kepada cahaya yang terang; adjustment to the immigration laws may be necessary, penyesuaian kepada undang-undang imigrasi mungkin diperlukan; 2. (accounting) pelarasan; 3. (insurance) penaksiran bayaran tuntutan; 4. control for adjusting, pelaras. *adjustment pelarasan, kelarasan, pembetulan *adjustor adjustor *adjutant (j-tnt) noun. adjutan: Adjutant General, Adjutan Jeneral. *adjuvant adjuvan *adjuvant disease penyakit adjuvan

*adjuvanticity keadjuvanan *adlacrimal adlakrimal *ad-lib adjective. secara spontan, tanpa persediaan: ad-lib comments, ulasan secara spontan; intransitive verb. 1. improvise speech, lines, ad lib; 2. perform spontaneously, /mempersembahkan, menyampaikan/ + appropriate noun. secara spontan: a musician, good at ad-libbing, ahli muzik yang pandai menyampaikan lagu secara spontan. *adman noun. (colloquial) juruiklan *admedial admedian *admen plural of ADMAN. *adminiculum adminikulum *administer (d-mn-str) transitive verb. 1. manage (affairs of, government, etc) mentadbirkan: to administer the affairs of a country, mentadbirkan hal-ehwal negara; a lawyer was appointed to administer the trust fund, seorang peguam telah dilantik untuk mentadbirkan dana amanah itu; 2. mete out, execute, menjalankan, melaksanakan: to administer the law, melaksanakan undangundang; to administer justice, menjalankan keadilan; to administer punishment to someone, menjalankan hukuman ke atas seseorang; 3. give, apply, memberi: to administer medicine, memberi ubat; to administer assistance, memberi pertolongan; administer a rebuke, memarahi; 4. tender, impose, mentadbirkan: the Governor administered the formal oath of office, Gabenor mentadbirkan upacara mengangkat sumpah untuk memegang jawatan. *administer mentadbirkan, tadbirkan, kelola, selenggara, tadbir, urus *administration (d-mn-strshn) noun. 1. act of; a. (managing affairs of; government, etc) pentadbiran: problems of administration, masalah pentadbiran; those responsible for the administration of the country, mereka yang bertanggungjawab terhadap pentadbiran negara; b. (executing, meting out) pelaksanaan: administration of the law, pelaksanaan undang-undang; c. (giving, applying (as remedy) pemberian: the immediate administration of an antidote is of the utmost importance, pemberian penawar racun dengan serta-merta amatlah penting; d. (tendering, imposing) pentadbiran; 2. governing body, pentadbiran: the head of administration at the institute, ketua pentadbiran di institut itu; the Mahathir administration, pentadbiran Mahathir. *administration pentadbiran, tadbiran *administrative adjective. tadbir: administrative duties, tugas tadbir; an administrative body, badan tadbir; administrative skill, kemahiran tadbir; administrative lag, kelemahan tadbir.

*administrative pentadbiran, tadbiran *administrator noun. pentadbir. *admirable adjective. mengagumkan: admirable courage, keberanian yang mengagumkan. *admiral (dmr-l) noun. (in the navy) laksamana. *Admiralty (dmr-l-t)noun. 1. department administering the navy, Jabatan Admiralti; 2. also Court of Admiralty, Mahkamah Admiralti. *admiralty -admiralti *admiralty pattern anchor pola admiralti; sauh admiralti *admiration (dm-rshn) noun. kekaguman, perasaan kagum : our admiration for his extraordinary skill, kekaguman kami terhadap kemahirannya yang luar biasa; to win someones admiration, menimbulkan kekaguman seseorang; (be) the admiration of, a. (someone) dikagumi: she was the admiration of the whole class, dia dikagumi seluruh darjahnya; b. (something) mengagumkan: the tapestry exhibit was the admiration of all, tapestri yang dipamerkan itu mengagumkan semua pengunjung; fill someone with admiration, /mengagumkan, menimbulkan kekaguman/ seseorang; be filled with admiration (for something), berasa amat kagum (terhadap sesuatu); be lost in admiration, dikuasai perasaan kagum. *admire (d-mr) transitive verb. mengagumi: to admire the beauty of a scene, mengagumi keindahan pemandangan; they admired her for her courage, mereka mengaguminya kerana keberaniannya; *admired adjective. dikagumi: a much admired statesman, seorang negarawan yang sangat dikagumi. *admirer noun. peminat, pemuja. *admiring adjective. I. having admiration for, mengagumi seseorang: he was surrounded by admiring fans, dia dikelilingi oleh peminat-peminat yang mengaguminya; 2. reflecting admiration, /membayangkan, melahirkan/ /kekaguman, rasa kagum/: admiring glances, kerlingan yang membayangkan kekaguman; *admissibility noun. /dapat, boleh/ diterima. *admissible (d-ms-bl) adjective. boleh diterima: admissible evidence, bukti yang boleh diterima; admissible claim, tuntutan yang boleh diterima. *admission (d-mshn) noun. 1. allowing entry to, a. (person) /membenarkan, dibenarkan/ masuk, kebenaran masuk; (to a place one pays to enter) masuk: to be refused admission, tidak dibenarkan masuk; admission by ticket, masuk dengan tiket; b. (other than person) kemasukan, masuknya:

the admission of light into the room, kemasukan cahaya ke dalam bilik itu; 2. allowing to join, a.(school, university, etc) penerimaan masuk: admission to the school is by examination, penerimaan masuk ke sekolah itu berasaskan peperiksaan; b. organization, academy, etc) penerimaan menjadi ahli; 3. charge for entering, bayaran masuk: admission one dollar, bayaran masuk satu dolar; 4. acknowledgement, pengakuan: admission of guilt, pengakuan bersalah; admission to the bar, penerimaan menjadi peguam; /by, on ones own/ admission, dengan pengakuan seseorang sendiri; gain admission to, a. (place) dapat /memasuki, masuk ke/; b. (organization, academy, etc) dapat menjadi ahli. *admission pengakuan, kemasukan *admit (d-mt) transitive verb. 1. (allow entry to, a. person) membenarkan masuk: he gave orders that children were not to be admitted, dia mengeluarkan arahan bahawa kanak-kanak tidak dibenarkan masuk; b. (other than person) /membolehkan, memungkinkan/ [sesuatu] masuk: holes were drilled to admit air, lubang-lubang digerudi untuk membolehkan udara masuk; 2. allow to join, a. (school, university, etc) menerima masuk: to be admitted to a university, diterima masuk ke universiti; b. (organization, academy, etc) menerima menjadi ahli: to be admitted to the Academy of Fine Arts, diterima menjadi ahli Akademi Seni Halus; c. (class, society, etc) menerima: although she married into the upper class, she was never really admitted into society, walaupun dia berkahwin dengan orang daripada golongan atasan, dia tidak benar-benar diterima oleh masyarakat golongan itu; 3. acknowledge, mengaku, mengakui: she admitted that she was afraid, dia mengaku bahawa dia takut; he freely admitted his error, dengan rela dia mengakui kesilapannya; admit defeat, mengaku kalah; 4. accommodate, muat untuk: the lift admits 5 persons, lif itu muat 5 orang; admit of, menimbulkan, terbuka kepada: the passage admits of several interpretations, petikan itu menimbulkan beberapa tafsiran; admit to, mengaku: he admitted to stealing the money, dia mengaku mencuri wang itu; admit someone to (the) hospital, memasukkan seseorang ke hospital; *admit masuk, mengaku *admittance (d-mtns) noun. membenarkan masuk: to refuse someone admittance, tidak membenarkan seseorang masuk; no admittance, /tidak dilarang, boleh/ masuk: no admittance except on business, dilarang masuk kecuali ada urusan. *admittance admitans *admitted adjective. acknowledged, diakui: an admitted fact, kenyataan yang diakui. *admittedly adverb. diakui: a policy admittedly progressive, dasar yang diakui progresif.

*admonish (d-mnsh) transitive verb. 1. mildly reprove, menegur: to admonish someone for his carelessness, menegur seseorang kerana kecuaiannya; 2. warn, caution, memperingatkan: he admonished his son not to drive too fast, dia memperingatkan anaknya supaya tidak memandu terlalu laju. *admonition (dm-nshn), admonishment noun. 1. mild reproof, teguran: admonition can often be more productive than punishment, teguran sering lebih berhasil daripada hukuman; 2. warning, caution, peringatan: they paid little heed to the teacher's admonition to be careful, mereka tidak berapa mempedulikan peringatan guru supaya berhati-hati. *admonitory (d-mn-tr, -tr) adjective. 1. conveying reproof, teguran: an admonitory letter, surat teguran; 2. conveying warning, memberi /amaran, peringatan/: raised an admonitory finger, mengangkat jari memberikan amaran. *adnasal adnasal *adnate adnat *adnation pengadnatan *adnephrine adnefrina *adnexa adneksa *adnexed teradneks *ado (-d ) noun.; without /further, more, much/ ado, /tanpa, dengan tidak/ berlengah-lengah lagi. *adobe adob, tanah liat kering, lempung kering *adobe (-db) noun. 1. a. A sun-dried, unburned brick of clay and straw. b. The clay or soil from which this brick is made. 2. A structure built with this type of brick, bata jemur, adob: an adobe house, rumah adob. *adolescaria adoleskaria *adolescence (dl-sns) noun. 1. and maturity, keremajaan. *adolescent (dl-snt) adjective. Of, relating to, or undergoing adolescence, remaja; noun. A young person who has undergone puberty but who has not reached full maturity; a teenager, anak remaja. The period of physical and psychological development from the

onset of puberty to maturity, masa remaja; 2. A transitional period of development between youth

*Adonis (-dns, -dns) noun. 1. Greek Mythology. A strikingly beautiful youth loved by Aphrodite, Adonis; 2. handsome young man, pemuda tampan. *adonitol adonitol *adopt (-dpt) transitive verb. 1. take as ones own, mengambil [seseorang] sebagai anak angkat: to adopt an orphan, mengambil anak yatim sebagai anak angkat; 2. accept and follow, /mengambil, menerima/ dan mengamalkan; (religious beliefs) menganut: to adopt new methods of teaching, mengambil dan mengamalkan kaedah-kaedah mengajar yang baru; to adopt Islam, menganut agama Islam; 3. take up, mengambil, menyerap: to adopt an idea, mengambil idea; many Arabic words were adopted into Malay, banyak perkataan Arab telah diserap ke dalam bahasa Melayu; 4. accept, menerima: the report was adopted by Parliament, laporan itu diterima oleh Parlimen; *adopted adjective. 1. (of person) a. (attributive) angkat: an adopted son, anak angkat; b. (predicate) anak angkat: he is adopted, dia anak angkat; 2. (of country) adopsi; 3. (of word) pinjaman, serapan. *adoption noun. 1. taking as ones own, pengambilan anak angkat: adoption is a lengthy process, pengambilan anak angkat melibatkan proses yang memakan masa; 2. accepting and following, pengambilan: the adoption of the new regulation, pengambilan peraturan baru; 3. taking up, pengambilan: the adoption of foreign words, pengambilan kata-kata asing; 4. accepting, penerimaan: the adoption of the minutes was agreed, penerimaan minit mesyuarat itu telah dipersetujui. *adoptive adjective. angkat: adoptive father, bapa angkat. *adoptive immunity keimunan adoptif *adoptive tolerance toleransi adoptif / tasamuh adoptif *adoptive transfer pemindahan adoptif *adorable (-dr-bl, -dr-) adjective. 1. lovable, menawan hati: an adorable child, seorang anak yang menawan hati; adorable little kittens, anak-anak kucing yang menawan hati; 2. charming, cantik: what an adorable hat!, (alangkah) cantiknya topi itu!. *adoral adoral *adoral zone zon adoral *adoration (d-rshn) noun. 1. worship, pemujaan: the adoration of the Cross, pemujaan Salib; 2. intense love, kasih sayang, kasih; (of husband, lover, etc) kasih sayang, kasih, cinta.

*adore (-dr, -dr) transitive verb. 1. worship, memuja: to adore God and sing His praises, menyembah Tuhan dan memuja-Nya; 2. love intensely, sangat /menyayangi, mengasihi/; (husband, lover, etc) sangat /menyayangi, mengasihi, mencintai/: she adores her elder sister, dia sangat menyayangi kakaknya; 3. like very much, sangat suka: I adore durians, saya sangat suka akan durian; *adoring adjective. 1. showing adoration, penuh kasih: to give someone an adoring look, melemparkan pandangan penuh kasih kepada seseorang; 2. motivated by adoration, a. (of fan, admirer, etc) memuja seseorang: to be surrounded by adoring fans, dikelilingi oleh peminat-peminat yang memujanya; b. (of mother, sister, etc) sangat/ mengasihi, menyayangi/ seseorang: his adoring mother agreed with him on every point, ibunya yang sangat mengasihinya bersetuju sahaja dengan segala yang dikatakannya; c. (of husband, lover, etc) sangat /menyayangi, mengasihi, mencintai/ seseorang: to have an adoring husband, mempunyai suami yang sangat menyayanginya. *adorn (-drn) transitive verb. menghiasi: flowers adorn her hair, rambutnya dihiasi bunga-bunga; the bridal room has been adorned beautifully, bilik pengantin itu telah dihiasi dengan indahnya; *adorned adjective. dihiasi: china teacups adorned with roses, cawan teh tembikar yang dihiasi bunga mawar. *adornment (-drnmnt) noun. 1. act of adorning, menghiasi: a woman who spends hours on her own adornment, seorang wanita yang menghabiskan masa berjam-jam menghiasi dirinya; 2. something that adorns, perhiasan: the adornments of a room, perhiasan-perhiasan bilik. *adpressed tertekan *adradial canal salur adradius *adradius adradius/adjejari *adrectal adrektum *adrenal adrenal *adrenal (-drnl) adjective. 1. At, near, or on the kidneys. 2. Of or relating to the adrenal glands or their secretions, adrenal: adrenal artery, arteri adrenal; adrenal gland, kelenjar adrenal; adrenal tumour, tumor adrenal; noun. kelenjar adrenal. *adrenal atrophy atrofi adrenal *adrenal cortex -korteks adrenal

*adrenal gland kelenjar adrenal *adrenal medulla medula adrenal *adrenalergene adrenalergen *adrenalergic adrenalergik *adrenalin, adrenaline (-drn-ln) noun. A hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that is released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress, as from fear or injury. It initiates many bodily responses, including the stimulation of heart action and an increase in blood pressure, metabolic rate, and blood glucose concentration, adrenalin. *adrenaline adrenalina *adrenergic adrenergik *adrenergic nerve saraf adrenergik *adrenine adrenina *adrenocortical adrenokorteks *adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) hormon adrenokortikotrof (ACTH) . *adrenoglomerulotrophin adrenoglomerulotrofin *adrift (-drft) adjective. & adverb. 1. terapung-apung: they were adrift for seven days in the Pacific, mereka terapung-apung selama tujuh hari di Lautan Pasifik; 2. (figurative) hanyut: to be adrift on a sea of trouble, hanyut dalam arus kesusahan; break adrift, terlepas hanyut; /carry, cast, turn/ (something) adrift, menghanyutkan sesuatu: to cast a boat adrift, menghanyutkan perahu; cut oneself adrift, memutuskan hubungannya: he cut himself adrift from his family, dia memutuskan hubungannya dengan keluarganya; cut something adrift, menghanyutkan sesuatu; let ones thoughts run adrift, membiarkan fikiran seseorang melayang; turn someone adrift, a. (from home) /mengusir, menghalau/ seseorang dari rumah; b. (from service) memberhentikan kerja. *adroit (-droit) adjective. 1. dextrous, skilful, cekap, pintar: an adroit footballer, pemain bola sepak yang cekap; 2. shrewd, bijak, pintar: adroit politician, ahli politik yang bijak. *adroitness noun. 1. dexterity, skill, kecekapan, kepintaran; 2. shrewdness, kebijakan, kepintaran. *adrostral adrostrum *adrostral carina - karina adrostrum *adrostral crest -rabung adrostrum

*adrostral groove alur adrostrum *adsorb (d-srb, -zrb) transitive verb. menjerap, jerapkan *adsorbate - bahan dijerap, yang dijerap *adsorbent bahan jerap *adsorbent (d-srbnt, -zr-) adjective. penjerap: adsorbent agent, agen penjerap; noun. zat penjerap. *adsorbent -bahan jerap *adsorption - jerapan, penjerapan *adsorption analysis - analisis penjerapan *adsorption complex kompleks jerapan *adsorptive - berdaya serap, menyerap, bahan serap *adtidal organism organisma bawah surutan *adulate (j-lt) transitive verb. menyanjung-nyanjung, terlalu memuji-muji: the party members adulated their leader, ahli-ahli parti ini terlalu memuji-muji pemimpin mereka. *adulation (j-lshn) noun. penyanjungan, pemujian. *adulatory adjective. menyanjung-nyanjung, terlalu memuji-muji. *adult (-dlt, dlt) adjective. dewasa: adult citizens, warganegara dewasa; books for adult reading, buku-buku untuk bacaan dewasa; an adult worm, cacing dewasa; adult education, pendidikan dewasa; to take an adult attitude towards a problem, mengambil sikap dewasa terhadap sesuatu masalah; noun. 1. (person) orang dewasa; 2. (animal) appropriate noun. + dewasa. *adult emergence kemunculan dewasa *adulterant (-dltr-nt) noun. A substance that adulterates, bahan lancung. *adulterate - menodai, pernodakan *adulterate transitive verb. To make impure by adding extraneous, improper, or inferior ingredients, melancungkan: the milk has been adulterated with water, susu itu telah dilancungkan dengan air; *adulterated - ternoda, dinodai *adulterated adjective. lancung: adulterated juice, jus lancung. *adulteration - penodaan

*adulterer noun. lelaki yang berzina. *adulteress noun. perempuan yang berzina. *adulterous adjective. 1. guilty of adultery, berzina, bermukah: an adulterous couple, pasangan yang berzina; 2. characterized by adultery, perzinaan, zina: an adulterous relationship, hubungan perzinaan. *adultery noun. zina; commit adultery, melakukan zina, berzina, bermukah. *adulthood noun. 1. (state) kedewasaan; reach adulthood, menjadi dewasa, mencapai kedewasaan; 2. (period) masa dewasa. *adumbrate (dm-brt, -dm-) transitive verb. 1. faintly indicate, outline, membayangkan: some demands were delicately adumbrated in the negotiation, beberapa tuntutan dibayangkan secara halus dalam perundingan itu; 2. foreshadow, mengalamatkan, memberikan petanda. *adumbration noun. 1. faint indication, outline, bayangan; 2. foreshadowing, mengalamatkan, memberikan petanda. *aduncate adunkat *advance - maju, naik, ke depan, mara, pendahuluan, kenaikan, kemaraan *advance (d-vns) noun. 1. forward movement, kemaraan: to check the enemy's advance, menyekat kemaraan musuh; 2. (referring to passage of time)a. (of age) kelanjutan : the advance of old age, kelanjutan umur; b. (of night) kelarutan; 3. spread (of disease, epidemic) merebaknya; 4. progress, kemajuan: recent advances in science, kemajuan-kemajuan dalam bidang sains akhirakhir ini; 5. (rare) rise (in wages, price, etc) kenaikan: an advance in the cost of living, kenaikan kos sara hidup; 6. also advance payment, payment beforehand, a. (in part), (bayaran) pendahuluan; b. (in full) bayaran sepenuhnya terlebih dahulu; 7. (in plural) overtures, /cubaan, gerak laku/ untuk /merapati, bermesra dengan/ seseorang: the girl rejected his advances, gadis itu menolak cubaan lelaki itu untuk merapatinya; s. supplying on credit, a. (of funds) pendahuluan, pinjaman; b. (of commodities) pembekalan (barang) secara kredit; 9. something given or supplied on credit, a. (funds) pendahuluan pinjaman, (commodities) bekalan (barang) secara kredit; advance booking, penempahan pendahuluan; advance copy, naskhah pendahuluan; advance guard, a. (military) barisan hadapan; b. also advanced guard, see AVANT-GARDE; advance party, kumpulan perintis jalan; advance payment, see ADVANCE (sense 6.); the advance of /day, evening/, hari semakin /siang, malam/; give someone advance notice, memberitahu seseorang terlebih dahulu; have advance notice of at, /diberitahu, mendapat tahu/ tentang sesuatu terlebih

dahulu; in advance, terlebih dahulu: to pay in advance, membayar terlebih dahulu; in advance of (at), lebih /awal, dahulu/ daripada (sesuatu): the letter arrived in advance of the telegram, surat itu sampai lebih awal daripada telegram; British Summer Time is one hour in advance of Greenwich Mean Time, waktu Musim Panas Britain sejam lebih dahulu daripada Waktu Min Greenwich; in advance of ones time, mendahului zaman seseorang; make advances (to), a. make friendly approach to, mengambil langkah untuk berbaik-baik dengan: the Japanese have made advances to us concerning a trade agreement, Jepun mengambil langkah untuk berbaik-baik dengan kita berhubungan dengan perjanjian perdagangan; b. make amorous approach to, mencuba /memikat, bermesra dengan/: he makes advances to every pretty woman he meets, dia mencuba memikat setiap wanita cantik yang ditemuinya; make the first advances, /mengorak, membuka/ langkah pertama; intransitive verb. 1. move forward, a. (in position) mara: the search-party has advanced two miles upstream, pasukan penyelamat telah mara dua batu ke hulu; the flood waters advanced slowly, air bah beransur-ansur mara; b. (of night) semakin /larut, jauh/: as the night advanced, we became more worried, semakin larut malam, kami semakin bimbang; c. (of evening) semakin /kelam, gelap/; d. (of day) berlalu; 2. progress, meningkat maju: a country that has advanced tremendously since independence, negara yang telah meningkat maju dengan pesat sejak kemerdekaan; he advanced rapidly under the new management, dia meningkat maju dengan cepat di bawah pengurusan baru; 3. rise, meningkat; (of price, cost) meningkat, naik: sales advanced steadily, jualan terus meningkat; transitive verb. 1. move, push forward, memajukan: he advanced the minute-hand of his watch, dia memajukan jam panjang jam tangannya; he seized the seventh rank with his rook and advanced his king to the sixth, dia menguasai barisan ketujuh dengan tirnya dan memajukan rajanya ke barisan keenam; 2. put forward (plan, opinion, suggestion, etc) mengemukakan, mengajukan, mengutarakan: he advanced his views on the matter, dia mengemukakan pendapatnya tentang perkara itu; to advance a new theory, mengemukakan teori baru; 3. raise in rank, promote, menaikkan: to advance someone to the rank of Lieutenant, menaikkan seseorang ke pangkat Leftenan; 4. further, memajukan; (ones education) melanjutkan: he took every opportunity to advance his own interests, dia mengambil kesempatan apa saja untuk memajukan kepentingannya sendirian action that impeded rather than advanced the cause, tindakan yang menghalang dan bukan memajukan perjuangan itu; 5. hasten (event) mengawalkan, mengedepankan, menganjakkan ke hadapan: the date of the meeting has been advanced to July 28, tarikh mesyuarat itu telah diawalkan ke 28 Julai; 6. lend, meminjami: I advanced him $10, saya meminjaminya $10; 7. prepay, mendahulukan: his employer was kind enough to advance him a week's pay, majikannya telah bermurah hati untuk mendahulukannya gaji seminggu; 8. raise (price, rent, etc) menaikkan; advance as far as, see advance to; advance

/on, upon/, mara /ke arah, menuju/ : the enemy was reported to be advancing on the capital, pihak musuh dilaporkan sedang mara ke arah ibu negeri itu; advance to, mara hingga ke: the mob had advance to the outskirts of the city, kumpulan perusuh itu telah mara hingga ke pinggir kota; advance towards, a. go in the direction of (someone, something) /mara, menuju/ ke arah: b. begin to become or reach, /bergerak, menuju/ ke arah: as the country advanced independence..., ketika negara itu sedang menuju ke arah kemerdekaan...; *advance of a beach - majuan pantai *advance of a glacier - majuan glasier *advanced - lanjutan, terkedepan *advanced adjective. 1. forward, di (barisan) hadapan: the platoon took up an advanced position, platun itu mengambil kedudukan di barisan hadapan; 2. being ahead, (of work, project, etc) hampir selesai: the work is well advanced, kerja itu hampir selesai; 3. ahead of the times, (of person, opinion, idea, etc) mendahului zamannya: his advanced ideas influenced political developments in the country, buah fikirannya yang mendahului zamannya telah mempengaruhi perkembanganperkembangan politik di negaranya; 4. far on in time, course, growth, etc, a. (of night)jauh, larut: the night was well advanced, hari sudah jauh malam or malam telah larut; b. (of season) sudah lanjut: the summer was already advanced, musim panas sudah lanjut; c. (of disease) teruk, serius: cancer at its advanced stage, kanser yang sudah teruk; 5. higher, a. (of study, degree, diploma, etc) tinggi: advanced mathematics, (ilmu) matematik tinggi; b. (of course of study) lanjutan: an advanced course in civil engineering, kursus lanjutan kejuruteraan awam; advanced in years, of advanced age, lanjut /umur, usia/; in an advanced /stage, state/ of pregnancy, /sedang, sudah, dalam keadaan/ sarat, sedang sarat mengandung. *advanced feature sifat maju *advanced fry anak ikan berumur *advanced guard noun. /pasukan, barisan/ hadapan. *advancement - pemajuan *advancement (d-vnsmnt) noun. 1.(progress, development) kemajuan; (promotion) kenaikan pangkat, naik pangkat: he did it for personal advancement, dia melakukannya untuk kemajuan diri sendiri: the company has plans for your further advancement, syarikat ini mempunyai rancangan untuk kenaikan pangkat kamu; his advancement in the firm was rapid, dia cepat naik pangkat di firma itu; 2. elevation to higher position, status, kemajuan: those seeking personal advancement, mereka towards

yang mengejar kemajuan diri sendiri; 3, furtherance, improvement, pemajuan: the advancement of knowledge, pemajuan pengetahuan. *advantage - faedah, guna, manfaat *advantage (d-vntj) noun. 1. superiority, kelebihan: she had the advantage of knowing many languages, dia mempunyai kelebihan kerana mengetahui banyak bahasa; 2. favourable factor, circumstance, etc, kebaikan: the advantages of the plan far outweigh the disadvantages, kebaikankebaikan rancangan itu jauh melebihi keburukannya; a position which to him was more of a handicap than an advantage, kedudukan yang baginya lebih merupakan kelemahan daripada kebaikan; 3. benefit, faedah, manfaat: he gained little advantage from the course, sedikit sahaja faedah yang diperolehnya daripada kursus itu; 4. (tennis) faedah; be of advantage (to) berfaedah (bagi), bermanfaat (bagi): such an action would be of little advantage to him, tindakan demikian tidak begitu berfaedah baginya; give someone an advantage over, memberi seseorang kelebihan daripada: his years of experience gave him an advantage over his colleagues, pengalamannya yang bertahun-tahun memberinya kelebihan daripada rakan sepejabatnya; have /an, the/ advantage over someone, mempunyai kelebihan yang mengatasi seseorang: financially, he had the advantage over most of his rivals, dari segi kewangan dia mempunyai kelebihan yang mengatasi kebanyakan saingannya; /put, use, turn/something to ones own advantage, menggunakan sesuatu untuk /faedah, manfaat/ (diri)seseorang sendiri: he turned the situation to his own advantage, dia menggunakan situasi itu untuk faedah dirinya sendiri; sell something to (good) advantage, menjual sesuatu dengan mendapat keuntungan; take advantage of someone, a. misuse, mempergunakan: he took advantage of his friends, dia mempergunakan kawankawannya; b. (euphemism) seduce, menggoda; take advantage of something, mengambil kesempatan daripada sesuatu: some investors have taken advantage of the low share prices and increased their holdings, setengah-setengah pelabur telah mengambil kesempatan daripada harga syer yang rendah ini dan menambah syer mereka; to (good, the best) advantage, dengan sebaikbaiknya: a woman who uses her beauty to the best advantage, wanita yang menggunakan kejelitaannya dengan sebaik-baiknya; to no advantage, tidak /berfaedah, bermanfaat/; to someones advantage, /berfaedah, bermanfaat/ bagi seseorang, membawa /faedah ,manfaat/ kepada seseorang: you will hear something to your advantage, kamu akan mengetahui sesuatu yang berfaedah bagi kamu; transitive verb. memanfaatkan, memberikan /manfaat, faedah/ kepada, menguntungkan. *advantageous (dvn-tjs, -vn-) adjective. 1. superior, menguntungkan (seseorang), lebih baik: his specialized knowledge puts him in an advantageous position, pengetahuannya yang khusus

meletakkannya pada kedudukan yang menguntungkannya; 2. beneficial, menguntungkan, memberikan /faedah, manfaat/, berfaedah, bermanfaat: the trade agreement was advantageous to Malaysia, perjanjian perdagangan itu menguntungkan Malaysia. *advection (d-vkshn) noun. A local change in the properties, such as temperature, of an air mass caused by the horizontal movement of the air mass, alir lintang. *advection -perolakan haba *advective flux fluks air lintang *advehent advehen *advent (dvnt) noun. 1. coming, penciptaan, adanya; (of season) kemunculan, munculnya, kedatangan: the advent of the aeroplane has revolutionized travel, kemunculan kapal terbang mengubah corak perjalanan sama sekali; the advent of summer, kedatangan musim panas; 2. the Advent, coming of Christ, kedatangan Nabi Isa. *adventitia adventitia *adventitious - adventisius *adventitious (dvn-tshs, -vn-) adjective. (formal) 1. accidental, appropriate verb + secara kebetulan: adventitious causes, sebab-sebab yang timbul secara kebetulan; 2. Biology. Of or belonging to a structure that develops in an unusual place, adventitius: adventitious root, akar adventitius; adventitious tissue, tisu adventitius. *adventive adventif *adventive plant tumbuhan adventif *adventure noun. l. dangerous and risky exploit, kisah + appropriate noun. yang penuh bahaya dan cabaran; (as title of book etc) kisah /pengembaraan, pelayaran/ [as appropriate]: adventures on the high seas, kisah pelayaran yang penuh bahaya dan cabaran di laut lepas; 2. encountering of danger, risk, bahaya dan cabaran: new territories were opened up by men imbued with the spirit of adventure, daerah-daerah baru telah dibuka oleh orang-orang yang didorong semangat suka mengharungi bahaya dan cabaran; 3, novel and exciting experience, pengalaman yang baru dan penuh peristiwa: every day has its adventures, setiap hari ada sahaja pengalaman yang baru dan penuh peristiwa; 4. risky commercial speculation, spekulasi niaga yang penuh risiko; intransitive verb. see VENTURE.

*adventurer noun. 1 .person who seeks adventures, pengembara, petualang; 2. mercenary, /pejuang, askar/ upahan; 3. person who lives by his wits, petualang: do not trust your money to that adventurer, janganlah amanahkan wang kamu kepada si petualang itu. *adventuresome noun. see ADVENTUROUS.. *adventuress noun. woman who lives by her wits, petualang (perempuan). *adventurism (d-vnch-rzm) noun. Involvement in risky enterprises without regard to proper

procedures and possible consequences, especially the reckless intervention by a nation in the affairs of another nation or region, kenekatan. *adventurous adjective. 1. fond ; seeking adventures, suka /mengharungi, menempuh/ bahaya dan cabaran: adventurous seafarers of old, pelaut-pelaut zaman dahulu yang suka mengharungi bahaya dan cabaran 2. dangerous, risky, penuh bahaya dan cabaran; (of commercial undertaking) penuh risiko: an adventurous journey, perjalanan yang penuh bahaya dan cabaran; an adventurous business enterprise, usaha niaga yang penuh risiko. *adverb (dvrb) noun. adverb. *adverbial adjective. adverb: adverbial phrase, frasa adverb. *adversary (dvr-sr) noun. 1. opponent, lawan; 2. enemy, musuh, seteru; the Adversary, Iblis. *adversative adjective. lawanan; noun. kata lawanan. *adverse (d-vrs, dvrs) adjective. 1. hostile, memburuk-burukkan (+ appropriate noun.): there were many adverse comments about the play, terdapat banyak ulasan yang memburuk-burukkan lakonan itu; 2. unfavourable, a. (of condition) buruk: adverse weather conditions, keadaan cuaca yang buruk; b. (of circumstance) menyukarkan, tak menyenangkan; c.(of decision, verdict, etc)/ bertentangan, berlawanan/ dengan kepentingan (seseorang), merugikan (seseorang): an adverse decision, keputusan yang bertentangan dengan kepentingan seseorang; d. (of outcome, result, effect, etc) buruk: their divorce had an adverse effect on their child, perceraian mereka mendatangkan kesan yang buruk pada anak mereka; e. (of wind) sakal; 3. unsuitable, tidak sesuai: rearing sheep in these adverse conditions is difficult, sukar menternak biri-biri dalam keadaan yang tidak sesuai ini; 4. injurious, merosakkan: smoking has an adverse effect on the lungs, merokok mendatangkan kesan yang merosakkan pada paru-paru; adverse fortune, nasib /buruk, malang/; be adverse to, a. be opposed to, menentang: a group of students who were adverse to nuclear armament, kumpulan pelajar yang menentang perlengkapan senjata nuklear; b. be

contrary to, /bertentangan, berlawanan/ dengan: such action is adverse to party policy, tindakan seperti itu bertentangan dengan dasar parti; c. be injurious to, merosakkan. *adversity noun. kesusahan: he was courageous in adversity, dia tabah dalam menghadapi kesusahan; life's adversities have hardened him, kesusahan hidup (yang dialaminya) menjadikan dia tabah; companion in adversity, teman senasib. *advert noun. (United Kingdom), (colloquial) iklan. *advert intransitive verb. (formal) merujuk: he adverted to the clause on page two, dia merujuk klausa pada muka surat dua. *advertise - iklankan, mengiklankan *advertise intransitive verb. mengiklan: the new company advertised in all the local newspapers, syarikat yang baru ditubuhkan itu mengiklan dalam semua akhbar tempatan; transitive verb. 1. publicise (product, service, etc) mengiklankan: the house has been advertised for sale, rumah itu telah diiklankan untuk dijual; 2. display, memperlihatkan, memaparkan, mendedahkan, menampakkan: that remark only advertises your ignorance, kata-kata itu hanya memperlihatkan kejahilan kamu; 3. make generally known, menghebahkan: he did not advertise the fact of his divorce, dia tidak menghebahkan perceraiannya; advertise for, membubuh iklan untuk mendapatkan: to advertise for an accounts clerk, memasang iklan untuk mendapatkan seorang kerani perakaunan. *advertised adjective. 1. publicised (of product, service, etc) diiklankan: a widely advertised brand of coffee, jenama kopi yang diiklankan dengan meluas; 2. announced, (telah) diumumkan : the match started an hour later than the advertised time, perlawanan itu bermula sejam lewat daripada waktu yang telah diumumkan. *advertisement - iklan *advertisement (in newspaper etc) pengumuman. *advertisement noun. 1. public notice, iklan: to put an advertisement in the paper, membubuh iklan dalam surat khabar; advertisement charges, bayaran iklan; 2. announcement, pengumuman, mengumumkan: news of the scientific discovery received worldwide advertisement, berita penemuan saintifik itu diumumkan di seluruh dunia. *advertiser noun. pengiklan. *advertising - pengiklanan, mengiklankan

*advertising noun. 1.(act) pengiklanan: direct advertising, pengiklanan langsung; mass advertising, pengiklanan massa; 2. (business, profesion) /bidang, lapangan/ pengiklanan: a career in advertising, kerjaya dalam bidang pengiklanan; advertising agency, /agensi, syarikat/ pengiklanan; advertising campaign, kempen pengiklanan; advertising department, jabatan iklan; advertising manager, pengurus iklan; advertising media, media pengiklanan; advertising slogan, cogan kata iklan; *advertising noun. see ADVERTISE. *advice - ajaran, nasihat, amanat *advice noun. 1. counsel, nasihat: words of advice kata-kata nasihat; on the doctor's advice, atas nasihat doktor; 2. (usually in plural) communication from a distance, makluman: the latest advices from our New York branch, makluman terakhir dari cawangan kami di New York; advice note, nota makluman. *advisability noun. kebijaksanaan: to question the advisability of the action taken, mempersoalkan kebijaksanaan tindakan yang diambil. *advisable adjective. bijak, lebih /baik, elok/; (attributive) bijak: such a course of action would not be advisable, tindakan sedemikian tidak bijak; he considered it advisable to keep the matter secret, dia menganggap lebih baik perkara itu dirahsiakan sahaja; an advisable decision, keputusan yang bijak. *advisableness noun. see ADVISABILITY. *advise intransitive verb. memberikan nasihat; transitive verb. 1. counsel, menasihati, menasihatkan: he advised his son to attend lectures regularly, dia menasihati anak lelakinya supaya selalu menghadiri kuliah; the doctor advised complete rest, doktor menasihati saya supaya berehat sepenuhnya; 2. inform, notify, memberitahu, memaklumkan (sesuatu) kepada: we will advise you of any change of plan, kami akan memberitahu tuan tentang sebarang perubahan rancangan; *advised adjective.; keep someone advised, memberitahu seseorang, memaklumkan [sesuatu] kepada seseorang. *advisedly adverb. setelah berfikir /dalam-dalam, masak-masak, panjang/: he stayed away from the meeting advisedly, setelah berfikir dalam-dalam dia tidak menghadiri pertemuan itu. *adviser, advisor noun. penasihat: legal adviser, penasihat undang-undang. *advisory adjective. empowered to give advice, penasihat: advisory council, majlis penasihat; 2.

containing advice, makluman: an advisory letter, surat makluman.

*advocacy noun. sokongan: Gandhi's advocacy of the policy of non-violence, sokongan Gandhi terhadap dasar tanpa kekerasan. *advocate noun. 1. supporter, penyokong: an advocate of social reform, penyokong perubahan sosial; 2. barrister, peguambela; transitive verb. menyokong: to advocate free trade, menyokong perniagaan bebas. *advolute - advolut *adze (dz) noun. beliung; transitive verb. memotong dengan beliung. *aecial aesium *aecial initial pemula aesium *aecial primordium primordium aesium *aecidial aesidium *aecidiosorus aesidiosorus *aecidiospore aesidiospora *aecidium (plu. aecidia) aesidium *aeciospore aesiospora *aecium aesium *aedeagus aedeagus *aedes (-dz) noun. A mosquito of the genus Ades, including A. aegypti, which transmits diseases such as yellow fever and dengue. Also called yellow-fever mosquito, aedes. *aegis (js) noun. perlindungan, naungan: under the aegis of the government, di bawah perlindungan kerajaan. *aeolian aeolia *aeolian - sebab angin *aeolian (-l-n) adjective. 1. (music) aeolia: aeolian mode, mod aeolia; 2. borne, deposited, etc by the wind, bawaan angin. *aeolian deposit endapan aeolia *aeolian harp noun. hap aeolia.

*aeon - zaman berzaman *aeon (n, n) noun. berzaman-zaman: aeon ago, berzaman-zaman yang lalu.. *aerate (rt) transitive verb. mengudarakan; *aerated adjective. 1. exposed to the action of air, diudarakan; 2. charged with carbon dioxide or oxygen, berudara: aerated water, air berudara. *aeration noun. pengudaraan. *aeration porosity keliangan pengudaraan *aerator (rtr) noun. alat pengudaraan, pengudara *aerenchyma aerenkima *aerial (r-l, -r-l) noun. aerial, udara *aerial adjective. of, from, happening in the air, udara: aerial root, akar udara; aerial photograph, fotograf udara; aerial photographic survey, tinjauan fotografi udara; aerial camera, kamera udara; aerial cable, kabel udara; aerial map, peta udara; aerial attack, serangan udara. *aerial cable - kabel aerial *aerial distribution penyebaran udara *aerial hypha hifa udara *aerial mycelium miselium udara *aerial photograph fotograf udara, gambar udara *aerial plankton plankton udara *aerial respiration -respirasi udara *aerial root akar udara *aerial spraying penyemburan dari udara *aerial trap -perangkap udara *aerie (r, r) noun. see EYRIE. *aerobatics noun. terbang tambul, aerobatik. *aerobe noun. aerob. *aerobic adjective. aerob: aerobic respiration, respirasi aerob.

*aerobic plate count kiraan plat aerob *aerobic respiration respirasi aerob *aerobics noun. aerobik. *aerobiology (r-b-l-j) noun. The study of the sources, dispersion, and effects of airborne

biological materials, such as pollen, spores, and microorganisms, aerobiologi *aerobiosis (r-b-ss) noun. Life sustained by an organism in the presence of air or oxygen, aerobiosis *aerobiotic aerobiosis *aerocaulous aerokaulos *aerocyst aerosista *aerodrome (r-drm) noun. Chiefly British. An airdrome, lapangan terbang kecil. *aerodynamic (r-d-nmk) *also aerodynamical (--kl) adjective. 1. Of or relating to aerodynamics. 2. Styled with distinctively rounded edges so as to reduce wind drag and thereby increase fuel efficiency. Used especially of automobiles and vans, aerodinamik. *aerodynamic drag seretan aerodinamik *aerodynamic force daya aerodinamik *aerodynamic lift - angkatan aerodinamik *aerodynamics (r-d-nmks) noun. The dynamics of bodies moving relative to gases, especially the interaction of moving objects with the atmosphere, ilmu aerodinamik. *aeroembolism (r-mb-lzm) noun. Embolism that occurs as a result of the entrance of air bubbles into a blood vessel after surgical procedures or trauma, aeroembolisme *aerofilter aeroturas *aerofoil (r-foil) noun. Chiefly British. Variant of airfoil. propulsion. aerofoil, kerajang udara. *aerogenic aerogen *aerogenous aerogen A part or surface, such as a wing,

propeller blade, or rudder, whose shape and orientation control stability, direction, lift, thrust, or

*aerogram, *aerogramme noun. (r-grm) noun. 1. An air-mail letter in the form of a lightweight sheet of stationery that folds into its own envelope for mailing at a relatively low postage rate. Also called *air letter, surat udara; 2. see RADIO-TELEGRAM. *aerograph - aerograf *aerola aerola *aerolite (r-lt) also *aerolith (-lth) noun. A chiefly siliceous meteorite, aerolit. *aerological adjective. aerologi. *aerology (-rl-j) noun. Meteorology of the total vertical extent of the atmosphere as opposed to the study of the atmosphere near Earth's surface, aerologi, kaji udara. *aerometer (-rm-tr) noun. An instrument for determining the weight and density of air or another gas, aerometer. *aeromonas disease -penyakit aeromonas *aeromorphosis aeromorfosis *aeronautic (r-ntk) also aeronautical (-t-kl) adjective. Of or relating to aeronautics, penerbangan: aeronautic chart, carta penerbangan. *aeronautical engineering noun. kejuruteraan penerbangan. *aeronautics (r-ntks) noun. The design and construction of aircraft, aeronautik *aeronomy (-rn-m) noun. The study of the upper atmosphere, especially of regions of ionized gas, aeronomi *aerophora aerofora *aerophore (r-fr, -fr-) noun. A device to supply air to a nonbreathing infant or to a person in an environment where there is no oxygen, such as a closed mine or an underwater area, aerofor *aerophyllous aerofil *aerophyte (r-ft) noun. See epiphyte. A plant, such as a tropical orchid or a staghorn fern, that grows on another plant upon which it depends for mechanical support but not for nutrients, aerofit *aeroplane (r-pln) noun. Chiefly British. Variant of airplane. Any of various winged vehicles capable of flight, generally heavier than air and driven by jet engines or propellers, kapal terbang. *aeroplankton aeroplankton

*aerosin aerosin *aerosol (r-sl, -sl) noun. A gaseous suspension of fine solid or liquid particles, aerosol *aerosphere (r-sfr) noun. The lower portion of the atmosphere in which both uncrewed and crewed flight is possible, aerosfera. *aerostat (r-stt) noun. An aircraft, especially a balloon or dirigible, deriving its lift from the

buoyancy of surrounding air rather than from aerodynamic motion, aerostat *aerostatic aerostatik *aerotaxis (r-tkss) noun. Movement of an organism, especially a bacterium, toward or away from air or oxygen, aerotaksis *aerotriagulation - penyegitigaan udara *aerotropism aerotropisme *aeschynomenous aeskinomen *aesculin aeskulin *aesthacyte aestasit *aesthesis aestesis *aesthetasc aestetask *aesthete or *esthete (stht) noun. aestet. 1. One who cultivates an unusually high sensitivity to beauty, as in art or nature. 2. One whose pursuit and admiration of beauty is regarded as excessive or affected. *aesthetic or *esthetic (s-thtk) adjective. estetik: a highly developed aesthetic sense, deria estetik yang terbina dengan baik. *aesthetically adverb. dari segi estetik. *aestheticism or *estheticism (s-tht-szm) noun. Devotion to and pursuit of the beautiful; sensitivity to artistic beauty and refined taste, estetisisme. *aesthetics - estetika *aesthetics noun. ilmu estetik, estetika. *aestival (st-vl) adjective. Variant of estival. Of, relating to, or appearing in summer. musim panas, aestival.

*aestivate (st-vt) intransitive verb. 1. pass the summer, menghabiskan musim panas; 2. (zoo) estivat. *aestivation pengestivatan *aethalium aetalium *aether noun. see ETHER. *aethogametism aetogametisme *aetiology, *etiology (t-l-j) noun. plural etiologies. a. The study of causes or origins. b. The branch of medicine that deals with the causes or origins of disease, etiologi *afar adverb. 1. from a great distance, dari jauh; afar off, di kejauhan; from afar, dari jauh; 2. to a great distance, jauh: he has traveled afar, dia telah jauh mengembara. *affability noun. keramahan: he displays the same affability as his father, dia memperlihatkan keramahan seperti bapanya juga. *affable adjective. 1. easy to approach, peramah, ramah: we found him a most affable man, kami mendapatinya seorang yang sangat peramah; 2. mild, kindly, mesra: an affable smile, senyuman mesra; an affable reply, jawapan yang mesra. *affair (-fr) noun. 1. concern, urusan, hal: that is my affair, itu urusanku; 2. (in plural)

a. ordinary business, urusan:


don't meddle in his affairs, jangan campur tangan dalam urusannya;

b. commercial, professional business, urusan:


the bank takes an interest in his affairs, bank itu mengambil berat terhadap urusannya;

c. public matters, hal-ehwal:


world affairs, hal-ehwal dunia; current affairs, hal-ehwal semasa; affairs of state, hal-ehwal negara; 3. controversial incident, peristiwa, urusan:

the Lockheed affair, peristiwa Lockheed; 4. (colloquial) happening, peristiwa, [sometimes not translated]: the whole affair went very well, seluruh peristiwa itu berjalan dengan baik; the tea-party was a boring affair, jamuan teh itu membosankan; 5. (colloquial) thing, [not translated]: his outfit was a strange affair, pakaiannya ganjil; 6. also love affair, hubungan /cinta, asmara/: to have an affair (with someone), membuat hubungan cinta (dengan seseorang); affair of honour, perang /mendada, tanding(an) /,pertarungan; affair of the heart, hubungan /cinta, asmara/; state of affairs, keadaan: in the present state of affairs, dalam keadaan sekarang ini. *affect (-fkt) verb, transitive. affected, affecting, affects. noun. (psychology) afek; transitive verb. 1. act upon especially adversely, (active) menjejaskan; (passive) terjejas: the dry season affected the rice crop, musim kemarau menjejaskan hasil padi; heavy rain did not affect the attendance at the match, hujan lebat tidak menjejaskan kehadiran penonton di perlawanan itu; smoking affects health, merokok menjejaskan kesihatan; 2. involve, concern, (active) melibatkan; (passive) terlibat: this order affects all public servants, perintah ini melibatkan semua kakitangan awam; these restrictions affect canned food particularly, sekatan-sekatan ini melibatkan makanan dalam tin khususnya; a decision that affects me personally, keputusan yang melibatkan saya secara peribadi; 3. influence, mempengaruhi:

soil conditions affect plant growth, keadaan tanah mempengaruhi pertumbuhan tanaman; facts that affected the findings, fakta-fakta yang mempengaruhi kesimpulan yang dicapai; *affect. transitive verb. 1. pretend to feel, have, etc, berpura-pura: he affected not to hear, dia berpura-pura tidak mendengar; to affect innocence, berpura-pura tidak tahu; to affect illness, berpura-pura sakit; 2. imitate, meniru: he affected the American accent, dia meniru loghat orang Amerika; 3. like, prefer to use, suka menggunakan; (clothing) suka memakai: he affects long complicated sentences, dia suka menggunakan ayat-ayat yang paling dan rumit; a woman who affects very unusual clothes, seorang wanita yang suka memakai pakaian yang luar biasa; 4. assume character etc of, berlagak /sebagai, seperti/: he likes to affect the great philosopher, dia suka berlagak seperti ahli falsafah agung; 5. live, grow in, /terdapat, hidup/ di: polar bears that affect the coastal regions of the Arctic, beruang kutub yang terdapat di kawasan pinggir laut Artik; 6. tend to assume, mengambil bentuk: cells affecting hexagonal form, sel-sel yang mengambil bentuk heksagon; *affectation noun. 1. artificial manner of speech, dress, behaviour, kepura-puraan: she is sincere and quite without affectation, dia ikhlas tanpa kepura-puraan; 2. pretence, berpura-pura: an affectation of great wealth, berpura-pura kaya. *affected adjective. 1. emotionally moved, terharu: she was too affected to speak, dia sungguh terharu sehingga tidak dapat bercakap; 2. adversely acted upon, terjejas: medical supplies were airdropped in the affected areas, bekalan perubatan digugurkan dari udara ke tempat-tempat yang

terjejas; 3. involved, terlibat: only those affected are required to report to headquarters, mereka yang terlibat sahaja yang perlu melaporkan diri di ibu pejabat. *affected adjective. 1. pretentious, mengada-ada; 2. artificial, pretended, dibuat-buat: an affected style of speaking, gaya bercakap yang dibuat-buat; with affected friendliness, dengan kemesraan yang dibuat-buat; affected grief, kesedihan yang dibuat-buat. *affectedness noun. see AFFECTATION *affecting adjective. mengharukan: an affecting climax to a play, kemuncak lakonan yang mengharukan; a most affecting speech, ucapan yang mengharukan sekali; *affection noun. 1. fondness, kasih sayang: every child needs affection, setiap kanak-kanak memerlukan, kasih sayang; dogs can show great affection to their masters, anjing dapat menunjukkan kasih sayang kepada tuannya; have affection for someone, feel affection toward someone, hold someone in affection, menyayangi seseorang; 2. (in plural) emotion, affection sentiment, perasaan: to play on someones affections, memainkan perasaan seseorang; 3. medical disorder, penyakit: rheumatism is an affection of the joints, reumatisme ialah penyakit sendi. . *affectionate adjective. 1. possessing, showing affection, pengasih, 1 penyayang: she is naturally affectionate, dia memang penyayang; 2. expressive of affectionate, mesra: an affectionate greeting, sapaan mesra; an affectionate smile, senyuman mesra. *affectionately adverb. dengan penuh kasih sayang: she embraced him affectionately, dia memeluknya dengan penuh kasih sayang; an affectionately written letter, surat yang ditulis dengan penuh kasih sayang; yours affectionately, yang /mengasihi, menyayangi/. *affectionateness noun. sifat /pengasih, penyayang/ *affective adjective. afektif. *afferent aferen *afferent branchial artery -arteri brankia aferen *afferent nerve saraf aferen *affiance transitive verb. (archaic), (usually passive) menunangkan, mempertunangkan. *affidavit (f-dvt) noun. Law. A written declaration made under oath before a notary public or other authorized officer, afidavit. *affiliate noun. 1. (of organization) anggota gabungan; 2. (of person) ahli gabungan; intransitive verb. bergabung: the two clubs affiliated last year, kedua-dua kelab itu bergabung tahun lalu; the union

never affiliated with the Trade Union Council, kesatuan itu tidak bergabung dengan Majlis Kesatuan Sekerja; transitive verb.; affiliate someone to, a. also affiliate someone with, adopt someone as member of, (active) mengambil seseorang sebagai ahli gabungan; (passive), (menjadi) ahli gabungan; b. attach, connect someone to, menjadikan seseorang sebagai ahli gabungan; affiliates to, a. also affiliate something with, (active) mengambil sesuatu sebagai anggota gabungan; (passive) menjadi anggota gabungan: our soccer club is affiliated to the national organization, kelab bola sepak kami menjadi anggota gabungan persatuan kebangsaan; b. attach, connect something to, menjadikan sesuatu anggota gabungan: the local committee plans to affiliate the college to the university, jawatankuasa tempatan itu merancang untuk menjadikan kolej itu anggota gabungan universiti. *affiliation noun. 1. act of, a. (combining) penggabungan; b. (adopting) pengambilan sebagai anggota gabungan; c. (attaching, connecting) penggabungan; 2. see AFFILIATE (sense 1.); 3. connection especially in politics, hubungan: political affiliates, hubungan politik. *affine deformation - canggaan afin *affinis afinis *affinity - keafinan *affinity chromatography kromatografi keafinan *affinity noun. 1. strong liking, tertarik: there is a strong affinity between the two, mereka saling tertarik; feel an affinity /for, to/ someone, tertarik kepada seseorang; 2. person, thing one is attracted to, tertarik: she became his affinity, dia tertarik kepada gadis itu; 3. inherent likeness, kesamaan: twins often hold a strong affinity with each other, anak kembar sering kali mempunyai kesamaan di antara satu dengan yang lain; 4. relationship by marriage, persemendaan; 5. structural resemblance, kesamaan: there is an affinity between bahasa Malaysia and bahasa Indonesia, terdapat kesamaan antara bahasa Malaysia dengan bahasa Indonesia; 6. chemical, physical attraction daya tarik, afiniti. *affirm - mengiakan *affirm intransitive verb. (legal) berikrar; transitive verb. 1. assert firmly, menegaskan, menyatakan dengan tegas: he affirmed his loyalty to the King, dia menegaskan kesetiaannya kepada Raja; to affirm that one is telling the truth, menegaskan bahawa seseorang berkata benar; 2. (legal) uphold, mengesahkan: the judgment was affirmed by the appellate court, keputusan itu disahkan oleh mahkamah rayuan.

*affirmable adjective. dapat diakui. *affirmation noun. 1. act of, a. (asserting firmly) pengakuan: his affirmation that he was telling the truth, pengakuannya bahawa dia berkata benar; b. (upholding) pengesahan, pengiaan, mengiakan; 2. assertive statement, akuan; 3. (legal) declaration equivalent to an oath, ikrar. *affirmative - sah ia *affirmative adjective. 1. asserting as true, /mengiakan, mengakui/ + appropriate noun: the tests produced affirmative results, ujian-ujian itu menghasilkan keputusan yang mengiakan hipotesis; 2. indicating agreement, mengiakan: he gave an affirmative nod, dia mengangguk mengiakan; noun. bersetuju: the majority voted in the affirmative, majoriti mengundi bersetuju; answer in the affirmative, menjawab "ya"; (showing agreement) bersetuju, menjawab "ya". *affirming - mengiakan *affirming the consequent - mengiakan akibat *affix - lampir, kelat, lekat *affix noun. 1. (grammar) imbuhan; 2. addition, tambahan: the final paragraph is an affix to the original essay, perenggan akhir itu adalah tambahan kepada esei asal; transitive verb. 1. fasten, melekatkan; (by an adhesive) melekatkan, menampalkan: to affix labels to the boxes, melekatkan label pada kotak; 2. impress, mengecap: the document was affixed with an official stamp, dokumen itu dicap dengan cap rasmi; 3. add in writing, membubuh; (signature) membubuh, menurunkan: a footnote was affixed to the page, satu nota kaki dibubuh di muka surat itu; *affixation noun. 1. also affixture, act of, a. (fastening) pelekatan; (by an adhesive) pelekatan, penampalan; b. (impressing) pengecapan; c. (adding in writing) pembubuhan; 2. (grammar) pengimbuhan: distributional affixation, pengimbuhan berdasarkan distribusi; simultaneous affixation, pengimbuhan serentak. *affixed adjective. 1. fastened, terlekat; (by an adhesive) terlekat, tertampal: an old poster that still remains affixed to the wall, poster lama yang masih terlekat pada dinding itu; 2. added (in writing) terdapat; (of signature) diturunkan, terdapat. *afflatus noun. /ilham, inspirasi/ yang suci. *afflict transitive verb. (cause to suffer physically) menderita, menghidap; (bother, trouble) dihadapi: financial problems that afflict the country, masalah kewangan yang dihadapi oleh negara itu; afflict someone with, (usually passive) a. cause to suffer from (disease) menderita, menghidap: for many years he was afflicted with gout, bertahun-tahun lamanya dia menderita penyakit gout;

be afflicted with bad eyesight, penglihatan seseorang kabur; b. cause to suffer from (depression, sense of inferiority, etc) dirundung; c. bother, trouble someone with (complaint, problem, etc) menyusahkan. *afflicted adjective. grievously troubled by disease, a. (mentally) terseksa: an afflicted mind, jiwa yang terseksa; b. (physically) menderita; the afflicted, orang yang menderita. *affliction noun. 1. suffering, penderitaan, menderita; 2. cause of suffering, penyakit: the many afflictions of old age, berbagai-bagai penyakit tua. *afflictive adjective. menyakitkan: to make the afflictions of this life yet more afflictive, menyebabkan penderitaan hidup malah lebih menyakitkan lagi. *affluence noun. wealth, kemewahan, mewah: a man of considerable affluence, seorang yang sangat mewah. *affluent - anak sungai, afluen *affluent (fl -nt, -fl -) adjective. 1. wealthy, mewah. affluent society, masyarakat mewah; 2. abundant, profuse, melimpah-ruah, melimpah-limpah; noun. sungai alir masuk. *affluent -afluen *afflux - afluks *afford (-frd, -frd) transitive verb. 1. be able to pay, mampu: we can't afford the rent, kami tidak mampu membayar sewa; can you afford a new car?, mampukah kamu membeli kereta baru?; 2. be able to do, to spare (something) boleh: I can afford to wait, saya boleh menunggu; he cannot afford to miss the train, dia tidak boleh ketinggalan kereta api; we cannot afford any error, kami tidak boleh membuat kesilapan sama sekali; 3. give, offer, memberi: the job affords her great satisfaction, pekerjaan itu memberinya kepuasan; trees that afford ample shelter, pokok-pokok yang memberi naungan. *afforest - menghutankan *afforest transitive verb. menghutankan. *afforestable adjective. /dapat, boleh/ dihutankan. *afforestation penghutanan *affray noun. perkelahian, pergaduhan: to be involved in an affray, terlibat dalam perkelahian; an affray broke out in the crowd, suatu perkelahian berlaku di kalangan orang ramai yang berkerumun itu.

*affreightment noun. perjanjian tambang muatan kapal. *affricate noun. (phonetics) bunyi afrikat pelaku. *affricative adjective. & noun. bunyi afrikat pelaku. *affront noun. penghinaan: his dismissal was an affront to his pride, pemecatannya merupakan penghinaan kepada dirinya; to offer an affront to someone, memberi penghinaan kepada seseorang; transitive verb. (active) menghina; (passive) terhina: his bad behaviour affronted her dignity, kelakuannya yang buruk menghina maruah gadis itu; I was quite affronted at his remarks, saya agak terhina oleh kata-katanya. *Afghan noun. 1. (people) orang Afghanistan; 2. also Pashto, (language) bahasa Afghanistan. *afghani noun. afghani. *Afghanistan noun. Afghanistan. *afield adverb. 1. usually far afield, faraway, jauh. don't wonder too far afield, jangan merayau terlalu jauh; to) go far afield in search of fortune, pergi jauh untuk mencari kekayaan; 2. usually far afield, off the subject, terkeluar daripada tajuk; 3. a. in the field (especially battlefield) di medan perang: the soldiers lived in tents while afield, askar-askar tinggal di khemah semasa di medan perang; b. to the field (especially battlefield) ke medan perang. *afire adjective. & adverb. 1. terbakar. the house was afire, rumah itu terbakar; set (something) afire, membakar sesuatu; 2. meluap-luap, berapi-api: he was afire with enthusiasm for the proposed project, semangatnya terhadap projek yang dicadangkan itu meluap-luap. *aflagellar aflagelum *aflame adjective. & adverb. 1. in flames, terbakar: the village was afire, kampung itu terbakar; 2. in a glow of light, colour, bersemarak: the forest was afire with colour, hutan itu bersemarak dengan berbagai-bagai warna; the sky was afire in the setting sun, langit itu bersemarak ketika matahari terbenam; 3. keenly excited, aroused, a. (of person) bernyala-nyala, bersemarak: he was afire with the desire to acquire more knowledge, keinginan untuk memperoleh pengetahuan yang lebih banyak bernyala-nyala dalam dirinya; b. (of face) merah padam: his face was afire with fury, mukanya merah padam keberangan; c. (of eyes) bernyala-nyala, bersinar-sinar. *aflatoxin aflatoksin *afloat adjective. & adverb. 1. floating, terapung (-apung): there was something afloat in the middle of the lake, ada sesuatu yang terapung-apung di tasik itu; the balloon was afloat all afternoon, belon itu

terapung-apung sepanjang petang; 2. at sea, di laut: he spent many years afloat, bertahun-tahun dia di laut; life afloat, kehidupan seorang pelaut; 3. flooded, /digenangi, dibanjiri/ air: the decks were afloat after the storm, geladak itu digenangi air selepas ribut; 4. adrift, (figurative) terapungapung: to be afloat in a sea of indecision, terapung-apung kerana tidak dapat membuat keputusan; 5. in circulation, tersebar; (followed by clause), [not translated]: news of the defeat was soon afloat, berita kekalahan itu cepat tersebar; a rumour was afloat that a neighbouring country was involved in the arms sale, ada khabar angin bahawa sebuah negara jiran telah terlibat dalam penjualan senjata itu; 6. successfully functioning, berjalan lancar: after a difficult start, the project is now well afloat, selepas bermula dengan penuh kesukaran, projek itu sekarang ini berjalan lancar; 7. out of debt, solvent, mampu membayar hutang: despite the financial difficulties it faces the company is still afloat, walaupun mengalami kesulitan kewangan, syarikat itu masih mampu membayar hutang; get something afloat, a. mengapungkan: all attempts to get the ship afloat failed, segala usaha untuk mengapungkan kapal itu gagal; b. (figurative) menyelamatkan: they have done everything in their power to get the company afloat again, mereka telah berusaha sedaya-upaya untuk menyelamatkan syarikat itu; keep afloat, terus mengapung: in her struggle to keep afloat she must have swallowed some water, semasa dia meronta-ronta untuk terus mengapung, dia mungkin tertelan air; keep someone afloat, a. mengapungkan seseorang; b. (figurative) menyara hidup seseorang: his employer advanced him $500 to keep him afloat until pay-day, majikannya memberinya pendahuluan sebanyak $500 untuk menyara hidupnya sementara menunggu hari gaji; keep something afloat, a. mengapungkan sesuatu; b. (figurative) menyelamatkan sesuatu: the millions required to keep the bank afloat, wang berjuta-juta yang diperlukan untuk menyelamatkan bank itu ; /remain, stay/ afloat, tetap terapung: the ship remained afloat in spite of the gaping hole in her side, kapal itu tetap terapung meskipun terdapat lubang besar di bahagian tepinya; set something afloat, a. cause something to float in water, mengapungkan sesuatu: he set his toy boat afloat on the pond, dia mengapungkan bot mainannya di kolam itu; b. launch something, melancarkan sesuatu: the scheme was set afloat last week, skim itu dilancarkan minggu lalu. *aflotoxicosis -aflatoksikosis *aflower adjective. see FLOWERING. *afoot adjective. & adverb. in operation, sedang berlaku; (of plan, scheme, etc) sedang dijalankan: there is trouble afoot, ada kekacauan yang sedang berlaku; there is a plan afoot to improve working conditions, ada rancangan yang sedang dijalankan untuk memperbaiki keadaan kerja. *aforementioned adjective. yang tersebut /sebelumnya, dahulu/

*aforesaid adjective. yang tersebut /sebelumnya, dahulu/. *aforethought adjective. yang difikirkan terlebih dahulu. *afoul adjective. & adverb. terbelit-belit: a boat with its sails afoul, bot yang layarnya terbelit-belit; run afoul of, a. come into conflict with, berselisih dengan: to run afoul of the authorities, berselisih dengan pihak berkuasa; b. collide with, berlanggar dengan. *afraid adjective. 1. frightened, takut: don't be afraid, jangan takut; 2. apprehensive, khuatir, bimbang, takut: she is afraid that she said the wrong thing, dia khuatir dia tersalah cakap; I'm afraid for his health, saya khuatir akan kesihatannya; 3. disinclined, averse, takut: don't be afraid to ask for help, jangan takut meminta tolong; 4. filled with regret, concern, khuatir, [sometimes not translated]: you will miss the bus, I'm afraid, saya khuatir kamu akan ketinggalan bas; I'm afraid he is not in, dia tidak ada di rumah; I'm afraid I must go now, saya mesti pergi sekarang; be afraid of, a. be frightened of, takutkan, takut akan: there is nothing to be afraid of, tiada apa yang harus kamu takutkan; a child who is afraid of the dark, kanak-kanak yang takut akan kegelapan; b. be apprehensive of, takut, khuatir. *afreet noun. jin afrit. *afresh adverb. sekali lagi, semula: let's start afresh, marilah kita mulakan sekali lagi; to do something verb, membuat sesuatu semula. *Africa noun. Afrika. *African horse-sickness penyakit kuda Afrika *African noun. 1. (by citizenship) orang Afrika; 2. (by descent) orang keturunan Afrika. *African swine fever demam babi Afrika *Africanism (fr-k-nzm) noun. A characteristically African cultural feature, such as a belief or custom, Afrikanisme. *Africanist noun. pakar tentang hal-ehwal Afrika. *Afrikaans noun. bahasa Afrikaans. *Afrikaner noun. (orang) Afrikaner. *afrit noun. see AFREET. *Afro adjective. Afro; noun. potongan rambut Afro. Afro combining form. Afro: Afro-Asian, Afro-Asia; Afro-American, Afro-Amerika.

*aft adjective. buritan: the aft deck, geladak buritan; adverb. (toward stern of vessel) ke buritan; (at stern of vessel) di buritan. *aft anchoring -bersauh belakang *aft stem -linggisan dayung *after - selepas, lanjur *after (ftr) adjective. 1. later, succeeding, kemudian, /selepas, sesudah/ itu: in after years, pada tahun-tahun kemudian; 2. (nautical) buritan: the after cabins, kabin buritan; adverb. 1. behind, in pursuit, kemudian, selepasnya, sesudahnya: he went first, his wife came after, dia pergi dahulu, isterinya datang kemudian; 2. later, kemudian, /selepas, sesudah/ itu: I only heard about it months after, saya hanya mendengar tentang perkara itu beberapa bulan kemudian; soon after, tidak lama kemudian; /a, the/ /day, week, etc/ after, /sehari, seminggu dan lain-lain/ /selepas itu, sesudah itu, kemudian/, pada /hari, minggu, dan lain-lain/ berikutnya; conjunction selepas, sesudah, setelah: she came after they left, dia datang selepas mereka pergi; preposition 1. following in time, selepas, sesudah, setelah: after lunch, selepas makan tengah hari; after a short rest, selepas berehat sebentar; after the wedding, selepas majlis perkahwinan;

2. following continually, dari [noun] ke [noun], demi; (of period of time) dari se [noun] ke se [noun], berganti: line after line, dari satu baris ke satu baris; mistake after mistake, kesilapan demi kesilapan; they worked day after day, mereka bekerja dari sehari ke sehari; 3. following in place, selepas, sesudah: my name was after his on the list, nama saya selepas namanya dalam senarai itu; Q comes after P in the alphabet, dalam abjad, Q ialah selepas P; 4. behind, dari belakang, [sometimes not translated]: she followed after him, dia mengikutinya dari belakang; please close the door after you, tolong tutup pintu; he dragged the broken branch after him, dia mengheret dahan patah itu; 5. in pursuit, quest of, a. (someone) mencari; (in order to punish, arrest, etc) mencari, memburu; (usually with sexual intention) tergila-gila akan: his wife is after him, isterinya sedang mencarinya; he went into hiding when he learnt that the police were after him, dia bersembunyi apabila dia tahu pihak polis sedang memburunya; he has been after my sister for years, sudah bertahun-tahun dia tergila-gilakan kakak saya; b. (something) mengejar, memburu; (when object is not specified) mahu akan: the hounds were after the fox, anjing-anjing pemburu itu mengejar rubah; wealth and power are what he is after, yang dikejarnya ialah kekayaan dan kekuasaan; they are both after the same thing, mereka berdua mahu akan benda yang sama; 6. concerning, tentang: to ask after someones health, bertanya tentang kesihatan seseorang; she enquired after you, dia bertanya tentang kamu; 7. subsequent to, berikutan, selepas:

after what she has done, I refuse to help her, berikutan perbuatan itu, saya tidak mahu menolongnya; 8. following in excellence, importance, selepas: he ranks Jonson after Shakespeare, dia meletakkan Jonson selepas Shakespeare; the most celebrated surgeon after Dr. Christian Barnard, pakar bedah yang paling masyhur selepas Dr. Christian Barnard; 9. in the manner, style of, mengikut: a painting after Van Gogh, lukisan yang mengikut gaya Van Gogh; 10. with the name of, sempena: she was named after her aunt, dia diberi nama sempena nama emak saudaranya; 11. (United States) past the hour of, [not translated]: ten after nine, pukul sembilan sepuluh minit; [for phrases such as come after, go after, take after, etc see appropriate verbs]; after a few minutes, /tidak lama, beberapa waktu, sebentar:/ kemudian; after a while, dalam sedikit masa: you will get bored after awhile, kamu akan bosan dalam sedikit masa; after all, when all things are considered, kerana, [not translated]: you shouldn't worry about it, after all it's not your fault, kamu tidak perlu bimbang kerana itu bukan kesalahanmu; b. in the end, akhirnya: he got the contract after all, akhirnya dia dapat juga kontrak itu; c. in spite of everything, [various translations]: so you see I was right after all, tengok, betul juga kataku; so he doesn't know after all, jadi, betullah dia tidak tahu; she still loves him after all, rupa-rupanya, dia masih mencintainya; after some time, tidak lama kemudian, beberapa waktu kemudian:

they moved house after some time, tidak lama kemudian mereka berpindah rumah; after that, selepas itu, kemudian; after you, silakan; after you with (something), selepas kamu, tolong beri saya [sesuatu]: after you with the salt, selepas kamu, tolong beri saya garam itu; live happily ever after, hidup bahagia selama-lamanya; time after time, berkali-kali, berulang kali: I have reminded him time after time, berkali-kali saya mengingatkannya. *after cooling - pendinginan lanjur *after flow - aliran lanjur *after glow - marakan lanjur *after grass noun. see AFTERMATH (sense 2.). *after heat - haba lanjur *after inbreeding selepas biakbaka dalam *after ripening - selepas masak *after shock - kekejutan lanjur, renjatan lanjur *afterbirth noun. uri, tembuni. *after-brain otak selepas *after-burner noun. pembakar lanjut. *after-burning noun. pembakaran lanjut. *aftercare noun. jagaan susul. *after-death noun. hidup /sesudah, selepas/ mati. *afterdeck noun. geladak buritan. *after-effect noun. kesan (tinggal). *afterglow noun. radiance, a. (remaining after sunset) teja; b. (physics) bara /susulan, lanjur/. *after-hours adjective. /selepas, sesudah/ waktu tutup: after-hours dealings, urusan selepas waktu tutup. *after-image noun. also after sensation, imej tinggal.

*afterlife noun. 1. life after death, hidup /sesudah, selepas/ mati; 2. later period in person's lifetime, akhirakhir hayat seseorang. *aftermath noun. 1. consequences, akibat: the aftermath of a nuclear explosion, akibat letupan nuklear; 2. after grass, taruk baru. *afternoon noun. 1. period of day, a. (between noon and 2 o'clock) tengah hari: one afternoon, pada suatu tengah hari; b. (between 2 o'clock and sunset) petang: an afternoon flight, penerbangan petang; /late, in the late, late in the/ afternoon, pada waktu petang; 2. rather late period, a. (of life), (peringkat) selepas separuh umur: the afternoon of ones life, kehidupan seseorang selepas separuh umur; b. (of time) akhir-akhir: in the afternoon of the twentieth century, pada akhir-akhir abad kedua puluh; adverb. (United States), (colloquial) pada waktu tengah hari: afternoons he would go swimming with his friends, pada waktu tengah hari dia akan pergi berenang bersamasama kawannya. *afterpains noun. kesakitan susul. *after-ripening ranum *afters noun. (colloquial) /pembasuh, pencuci/ mulut. *after-sensation noun. see AFTER IMAGE. *after-sensation penderiaan *after-shaft noun. sandak bebas. *aftershave adjective. selepas bercukur: aftershave lotion, losen selepas bercukur; noun. also aftershave lotion, losen selepas bercukur. *after-shock noun. kejutan lanjuran. *after-taste noun. 1. rasa kesan; 2. (figurative) kesan : the after-taste of a divorce, kesan perceraian. *afterthought noun. 1. thought that comes later, sesuatu yang difikirkan kemudian: a clause that was added as an afterthought, klausa yang ditambahkan sebagai sesuatu yang difikirkan kemudian; 2. something added later, tambahan: the patio was an afterthought, laman dalam itu merupakan suatu tambahan. *after-treatment noun. rawatan susul. *afterwards, (United States) afterward adverb. rat a later time) kemudian, nanti. kelak; (subsequently) kemudian, /selepas, sesudah/ itu: he will see you afterwards, dia akan berjumpa dengan kamu kemudian; they left shortly afterwards, mereka bertolak tidak lama kemudian; he took her to a

party and afterwards took her home, dia membawa gadis itu ke suatu majlis dan kemudian menghantarnya pulang. *afterword noun. kata hujungan. *afterworld noun. akhirat, alam baka. *again adverb. 1. once more, lagi, sekali lagi: it won't happen again, perkara itu tidak akan berlaku lagi; say that again, katakan sekali lagi; the baby is crying again, bayi itu menangis lagi; 2. over again, semula: as many errors were found in the letter, she was asked to type it again, oleh sebab banyak kesilapan yang terdapat dalam surat itu, dia disuruh menaipnya semula; 3. back to original position, state, etc, semula: she is well again, dia sihat semula; the plant is operating again, loji itu berjalan semula; 4. usually and again, and then again, on the other hand, tetapi: he might agree and then again he might not, dia mungkin bersetuju tetapi mungkin juga tidak; 5. besides, further, (dan) juga, pula: she is beautiful and again, rich, dia cantik dan kaya pula; again we must bear in mind that..., dan juga kita mesti ingat bahawa...; again and again, time and (time) again, berkalikali, berulang-kali: I have told him again and again, saya telah memberitahunya berkali-kali; as /many, much/ again, a. the same number, quantity, sebanyak itu lagi: I'll need as much material again to make a jacket, saya memerlukan kain sebanyak itu lagi untuk membuat jaket; b. twice as many, much, dua kali banyak itu; come again, tolong ulang: come again, I didn't hear you, tolong ulang, saya tidak dengar; half as /many, much, long, etc / again, lebih /setengah, separuh/ daripada [noun]: the living room is half as long again as the dining room, bilik rehat itu panjangnya lebih setengah daripada bilik makan; never again, tidak lagi: never again will he be invited to this house, dia tidak akan dijemput lagi ke rumah ini. *against preposition 1. not in favour of, opposed to, a. (general) menentang: to be against apartheid, menentang dasar aparteid; public opinion seems to be against legalizing abortion, pendapat umum nampaknya menentang usul mengesahkan pengguguran kandungan; b. (proposal, motion, etc) menentang, membantah, membangkang: he voted against the motion, dia mengundi menentang usul itu; c. (enemy) menentang, melawan: to fight against subversive elements, berjuang menentang anasir-anasir subversif; d. (of vote) menentang: there were twenty votes for him and five against him, terdapat dua puluh undi yang menyokongnya dan lima yang menentangnya. (of condition, circumstances, etc) [various translations]: the weather was against us, cuaca seolaholah menentang kami; the odds seem to be against his getting the job, nampaknya terlalu banyak halangan baginya untuk mendapat kerja itu; 2. opposed in tendency, character to, /bertentangan, berlawanan/ dengan; (ones wishes, will) tanpa: forced to act against his conscience, terpaksa bertindak bertentangan dengan kata hatinya; to be married against ones will, berkahwin tanpa

kerelaan hati seseorang; 3. in violation of, melanggar: an act that is against the law, perbuatan yang melanggar undang-undang; 4. that prohibits, melarang, menegah: is there a law against talking too much?, adakah undang-undang yang melarang orang bercakap terlalu banyak?; 5. in the opposite direction to, a. (current, tide, wind) melawan, menyongsong: he swam against the current, dia berenang melawan arus; b. (nap, hair, etc) menyongsong: to brush a hat against the nap, memberus topi menyongsong; 6. standing, leaning beside, pada; (preceded by "with ones back", etc) bersandar pada: he carefully placed the spade against the fence, dengan cermat dia menyandarkan penyodok itu pada pagar; standing with his back against the cabinet, berdiri dengan belakangnya bersandar pada almari; 7. in sudden contact with, pada: she hit her head against the low beam of the attic, kepalanya terhantuk pada alang loteng yang rendah itu; 8. towards so as to hit, ke: he threw the ball against the wall, dia melemparkan bola itu ke dinding; 9. having as background, berlatarbelakangkan: the trees were dark against the bright sky, pokokpokok kelihatan gelap berlatarbelakangkan langit yang cerah; electric blue against the red, warna biru elektrik berlatarbelakangkan warna merah; 10. compared with, berbanding dengan: net profits of two dollars a share against ninety cents last year, keuntungan bersih sebanyak dua dolar setiap saham berbanding dengan sembilan puluh sen tahun lepas; 11. as protection, defence from, untuk mencegah: to be inoculated against typhoid, disuntik untuk mencegah tifoid; a campaign against drug abuse, kempen untuk mencegah penyalahgunaan dadah; 12. in preparation for, untuk (menghadapi): we got in supplies against the winter, kami telah mendapatkan bekalan untuk musim sejuk; 13. despite, meskipun, walaupun: he succeeded against many difficulties, dia berjaya meskipun terdapat kesulitan yang banyak; [for phrases such as appeal against, beat against, go against, protect against, run up against, etc see appropriate verbs]; as against, berbanding dengan: we have 200 students this year as against 150 last year, kami mempunyai 200 orang penuntut tahun ini berbanding dengan 150 tahun lalu, have nothing against /so, something/, bukan [seseorang] tidak suka akan /seseorang, sesuatu/: I have nothing against him, bukan saya tidak suka akan dia; have /one thing, something/ against so, something/, ada sesuatu tentang /seseorang, sesuatu/ yang [seseorang] tidak suka. *agalacia agalasia *agalactia agalaksia *agameon agameon *agamete agamet *agametic agamet

*agametoblast agametoblas *agamic (-gmk) also *agamous (g-ms) adjective. Biology. Occurring or reproducing without the union of male and female cells; asexual or parthenogenetic, agami *agamic reproduction pembiakan agami *agammaglobulinemia agamaglobulinemia *agamobium agamobium *agamogenesis (-gm-jn-ss, g-m-) noun. Asexual reproduction, as by budding, cell division, or parthenogenesis, agamogenesis *agamogenetic agamogenesis *agamogony agamogoni *agamohermaphrodite agamobermafrodit *agamont agamon *agamospecies agamospesies *agamospermy (-gm-sprm, g-m-) noun. Botany. The asexual formation of embryos and seeds without the occurrence of fertilization, agamospermi *agamous reproduction pembiakan agami *agape (-gp, -gp) adverb & adjective. In a state of wonder or amazement, as with the mouth wide open, ternganga, terlopong: he stood transfixed, his mouth agape with surprise, dia berdiri tercegat, mulutnya ternganga kerana terkejut. *agar (gr, gr) also *agar-agar (gr-gr, gr--) noun. A gelatinous material derived from certain marine algae. It is used as a base for bacterial culture media and as a stabilizer and thickener in many food products, agar-agar *agar count kiraan agar-agar *agar gel diffusion resapan gel agar-agar *agar overlay procedure tatacara agar-agar berlapis *agar slant culture kultur agar-agar condong *agar streak growth pertumbuhan corak agar-agar

*agaric g-r-k, -grk) noun. Any of various mushrooms of the genera Agaricus, Fomes, or related genera, having large umbrellalike caps with numerous gills beneath, agarik *agarose agarosa *agate mortar - lesung akik *agate (gt) noun. 1. (semi-precious stone) A fine-grained, fibrous variety of chalcedony with colored bands or irregular clouding, (batu) akik; 2. child's coloured marble, guli berwarna; 3. (printing) agat. *agave (-gv, -g-) noun. Any of numerous plants of the genus Agave, native to hot, dry regions of the New World and having basal rosettes of tough, sword-shaped, often spiny-margined leaves, sisal *agaze adjective. sambil merenung. *age - umur, peringkat, tua, usia, baya *age (j) noun. 1. length of time person or thing has existed, umur, usia; (when comparing persons of the same age) /sebaya, seumur/ dengan seseorang: can you guess his age?, dapatkah kamu meneka umurnya?; the age of the earth's crust, umur kerak bumi; she has a daughter your age, dia mempunyai anak perempuan yang sebaya dengan kamu; 2. normal duration, jangka /hayat, hidup/, /dijangka, dapat/ hidup: the age of a dog is twelve years, jangka hayat anjing ialah dua belas tahun or anjing dapat hidup selama dua belas tahun; 3. time of life person is qualified for something, umur: voting age, umur layak mengundi; retirement age, umur bersara; 4. stage of life, peringkat umur: middle age, peringkat separuh umur; 5. later part of life, tua, berumur: to be bent with age, bongkok kerana tua; 6. period in history, geologic time, zaman: the Dark Ages, Zaman Kelam; the Bronze Age, Zaman Perunggu; the Ice Age, Zaman Ais; 7. generation, zaman: traditions handed down through the ages, tradisi yang diturun-temurunkan dari zaman ke zaman; 8. (colloquial) a long time, lama betul: I waited ages for him to come, lama betul saya menunggu dia datang; 9. (psychology) umur: mental age, umur akal; achievement age, umur pencapaian; age before beauty, yang tua didahulukan; age distribution, taburan umur; age group, /kelompok, kumpulan/ umur; age limit, /had, batas/umur;/be, act/ ones age, jangan/berkelakuan, berperangai/ seperti kanak-kanak; carry ones age well, tidak akan /tua, usia, umur/, awet muda; come of age, menjadi dewasa; feel ones age, berasa diri seseorang tua: he has been feeling his age since his retirement, dia berasa dirinya tua semenjak dia bersara; for ages, lama betul; /look, show/ ones age, /kelihatan, tampak/ setua umur seseorang: she is over sixty but she doesn't look her age, umurnya lebih daripada enam puluh tahun tetapi dia tidak kelihatan setua itu; of age, berumur:

she is twenty-five years of age, dia berumur dua puluh lima tahun; of a certain age, agak berumur juga; of /an age with, the same age /, /sebaya, seumur/ dengan; old age, masa tua; over age, a. old enough, cukup umur: when you are over age you will be able to vote, apabila kamu cukup umur kamu boleh mengundi; b. too old, lebih umur: you are over age for half fares, kamu sudah lebih umur untuk membayar setengah tambang; under age, di bawah umur; intransitive verb. 1. become old, menjadi tua: he aged rapidly after his illness, dia cepat menjadi tua selepas sakit; 2. mature, menjadi matang: some wines age better than others, setengah-setengah wain menjadi matang lebih baik daripada yang lain; transitive verb. 1. make old, menuakan, membuat seseorang menjadi tua: money worries aged her greatly, kerisauan tentang wang cepat menuakannya; 2. mature, memeram: to age brandy, memeram brandi; *age and area theory teori umur dan kawasan *age class kelas umur *age composition susunan umur *age determination penentuan umur, penentuan usia *age frequency -kekerapan umur *age group -kumpulan umur *age hardening - pengerasan umur *age pyramid piramid umur *age resistor - perintang tua *age specific estimate -anggaran umur tertentu *age structure model -model struktur umur *aged adjective. 1. old, tua: an aged man, seorang lelaki tua; the aged, orang-orang tua: a home for the aged, rumah untuk orang-orang tua; 2. of, characteristic of old age, tanda tua: aged wrinkles, kedut-kedut tanda tua; 3. of the age of, berumur, berusia: a boy aged twelve, budak lelaki yang berumur dua belas tahun. *aged soil tanah tua *age-hardening noun. pengerastuaan *ageing penuaan; rnenua

*ageing adjective. 1. becoming old, meningkat tua: her ageing husband, suaminya yang meningkat tua; 2. relating to growing old, tua: to slow down the ageing process, melambatkan proses tua; *ageing cell sel menua *ageing of clone penuaan klon *ageing -penuaan; rnenua *ageless adjective. 1. not appearing old, a. (of person) tidak dimakan /lumur, usia, tua/ , awet muda: an ageless beauty, jelitawan yang awet muda; b. (of thing) tidak dimakan /zaman, masa/: an ageless sculpture, arca yang tidak dimakan zaman; 2. eternal, abadi; (of geographical feature) kekal: ageless truths, kebenaran yang abadi; an ageless theme, tema yang abadi; ageless hills, bukitbukau yang kekal. *agelessness noun. quality of not appearing old, /wajah, orang/ yang tidak dimakan /umur, usia, tua/, orang yang awet muda: she is an example of complete agelessness, dia contoh orang yang tidak dimakan umur. *agency noun. 1. business, place providing specific service, agensi: advertising agency, agensi pengiklanan; news agency, agensi berita; 2. business, place of representative, agent, agensi: our firm has agencies in all major cities, firma kami mempunyai agensi-agensi di semua bandar raya utama; 3. intervening action, kuasa, tindakan; (of fate, providence) kuasa: the rock surface had been worn smooth through the agency of water, permukaan batu itu dihakis licin oleh tindakan air; 4. mediation, instrumentality, perantaraan: to renew relations with a neighbouring country through the agency of its ambassador, memulihkan hubungan dengan negara jiran melalui perantaraan dutanya. *agency, organization, board - agensi, badan, kesatuan, lembaga *agenda - agenda *agenda (-jnd) noun. 1. A list or program of things to be done or considered, agenda. *agennesis agenesis *agent - agen, ejen *agent (jnt) noun. 1. one that acts for another, ejen, wakil: a real estate agent, ejen harta tanah; an insurance agent, ejen insurans; sole agent, wakil tunggal; /an intelligence, a secret/ agent, ejen, perisik, pengintip; 2. one that acts, has power to act, ejen; 3. spy, pengintip, ejen: North Korean agents, pengintip-pengintip Korea Utara; 4. substance producing effect or reaction, bahan, agen:

bleaching agent, bahan peluntur; catalytic agent, bahan mangkin; oxidizing agent, agen pengoksidaan; 5. natural force etc producing effect, agen: rain and frost are weathering agents, hujan dan fros adalah agen luluhawa; agents of pollination, agen pendebungaan; 6. active cause, punca: bad investment was the agent of his ruin, pelaburan yang merugikan menjadi punca kehancurannya; pengetahuan. *agent of pollination - agen pendebungaan *agent provocateur (-zhN pr-vk-tr) noun. A person employed to associate with suspected individuals or groups with the purpose of inciting them to commit acts that will make them liable to punishment, ejen provokasi. *age-old adjective. /telah, sudah/ lama + appropriate verb: kedua-dua keluarga itu. *ageostrophic ageostrof *ageotropic ageotrop *agglomerate aglomerat *agglomerate (-glm-rt) adjective. aglomerat: an agglomerate flower head, jambak bunga aglomerat; agglomerate rocks, batu-batan aglomerat; noun. 1. see AGGLOMERATION (sense 2.); 2. (geology) aglomerat; intransitive verb. 1. collect in a mass, terkumpul; (of people) berkumpul: the silt will agglomerate and block the entrance to the harbour, kelodak akan terkumpul dan menyekat jalan masuk ke pelabuhan; all sorts of junk has agglomerated in the antique shop, segala macam barang lama terkumpul di kedai antik itu; immigrants who agglomerated in certain areas of town, imigran-imigran yang berkumpul di kawasan-kawasan tertentu di bandar; 2. (technical) beraglomerat; transitive verb. 1. cause to collect in a mass, menyebabkan [sesuatu] terkumpul, mengumpulkan: the flooding river agglomerated mud on its banks, air sungai yang melimpah itu menyebabkan lumpur terkumpul di tebing-tebingnya; 2. (technical) mengaglomeratkan. *agglomerate -aglomerat *agglomerated adjective. teraglomerat: the agglomerated rock fragments, serpihan-serpihan batu yang teraglomerat. customs, adat resam yang telah lama the man who was the agent of her down-fall, lelaki yang menjadi punca keruntuhannya; 7. instrument, alat: books are the agents of knowledge, buku merupakan alat ilmu

diamalkan; the age-old feud between the two families, perseteruan yang telah lama wujud antara

*agglomeration pengaglomeratan *agglomeration (-glm-rshn) noun. 1. act of agglomerating, a. (general) pengumpulan; b. (technical) pengaglomeratan; 2. confused mass, a. (general) kumpulan, kelompok; b. (of ideas, facts, details) bauran, adukan: an agglomeration of ideas thrown together without regard to style, bauran pelbagai idea yang dicampuradukkan tanpa menghiraukan gaya penulisan; c. (of something piled, heaped up) longgokan, timbunan; 3. cluster, kelompok, kumpulan; (of island, stars) gugusan, kumpulan: a city surrounded by an agglomeration of suburbs, sebuah kota yang dikelilingi oleh kelompok-kelompok kawasan pinggir bandar; an agglomeration of sky scrapers, kumpulan bangunan pencakar langit. *agglomeration -pengaglomeratan *agglutinate aglutinat *agglutinate (-gl tnoun.-t) intransitive verb. 1. adhere as with glue, melekat; 2. (biology) beraglutinat; transitive verb. l. cause to adhere as with glue, melekatkan; 2. (science) mengaglutinatkan; *agglutinate -aglutinat *agglutinated adjective. melekat: agglutinated particles of sand, butir-butir pasir yang melekat. *agglutinating - mengaglutinat *agglutination pengaglutinatan *agglutination noun. l. act of adhering (causing to adhere) as with glue, pelekatan; 2. (biology), pengaglutinatan. *agglutinative adjective. (linguistics) aglutinatif: agglutinative language, bahasa aglutinatif. *agglutinin aglutinin *agglutinin (-gl tnoun.-n) noun. Physiology. A substance, such as an antibody, that is capable of causing agglutination of a particular antigen, especially red blood cells or bacteria, aglutinin. *agglutinin adsorption test ujian penjerapan aglutinin *agglutinin adsorption test -ujian penjerapan aglutinin *agglutinin -aglutinin *agglutinogen aglutinogen *aggradation - pendamparan

*aggradation pengagradatan *aggrade - damparkan, mendamparkan *aggrandize, aggrandise transitive verb. 1. increase power, wealth, influence etc of, mengagungkan kedudukan: a man who took every opportunity to aggrandize himself and his family, lelaki yang mengambil kesempatan apa sahaja untuk mengagungkan kedudukan dirinya dan keluarganya; a new conquest that aggrandize the city-state, penaklukan baru yang mengagungkan kedudukan negara kota itu; 2. exaggerate, magnify, membesar-besarkan: in aggrandizing the one he depreciated the other, dengan membesar-besarkan yang satu dia mengecil-ngecilkan yang satu lagi. *aggrandizement, aggrandisement noun. (often derogatory) pengagungan kedudukan: self-

aggrandizement, pengagungan kedudukan diri sendiri; everything he did was for his own aggrandizement, segala-gala yang dilakukannya itu hanya untuk pengagungan kedudukan dirinya sendiri. *aggravate (gr-vt) transitive verb. l. make worse, (illness, disease, injury, etc) a. 1. (general), (active) menjadikan /semakin, lebih, bertambah/ /buruk, teruk/ , menerukkan lagi; (passive) menjadi lebih /buruk, teruk/: scratching will only aggravate the rash, menggaru akan menjadikan ruam itu bertambah teruk; the fall aggravated his limp, akibat jatuh ketempangannya menjadi bertambah teruk; b. (pain, state of mind, emotion) menambahkan lagi: such news will only aggravate his grief, berita demikian akan menambahkan lagi kesedihannya; exercises that aggravated rather than eased the pain in his lower back, senaman yang menambahkan lagi sakit daripada melegakan rasa sakit pada pinggangnya; c. (offence), (active) memberatkan lagi; (passive) menjadi lebih berat: burglary aggravated by assault, perbuatan pecah rumah yang menjadi lebih berat kerana berlaku juga serangan; d. (situation, problem, relationship, etc), (active) memburukkan lagi, memperburuk; (passive) menjadi bertambah buruk: his interference aggravated an already tense situation, campur tangannya memburukkan lagi keadaan yang memang sudah tegang; 2. (colloquial) exasperate, menjengkelkan, menyakitkan hati; *aggravated adjective. 1. worsened, /semakin, bertambah/ /buruk, teruk/: the patient's aggravated condition, keadaan pesakit yang semakin teruk; an aggravated political situation, keadaan politik yang semakin buruk; 2. (colloquial) exasperated, marah: in an aggravated tone of voice, dengan nada suara yang marah.

*aggravating adjective. 1. making worse, teruk: the aggravating conditions in which they lived, keadaan hidup mereka yang teruk; 2. (colloquial) exasperating, menjengkelkan, menyakitkan hati: an aggravating remark, kata-kata yang menjengkelkan; *aggravation noun. 1. act of making worse, a. (general) menjadikan /semakin, lebih, bertambah/ /teruk, buruk/ , menjadi bertambah teruk: stress could cause an aggravation of his condition, ketegangan boleh menyebabkan keadaannya menjadi bertambah teruk; to prevent any further aggravation of the situation, untuk mengelakkan keadaan itu daripada menjadi bertambah teruk; b. (sensation, state of mind, emotion) menambahkan lagi, mempertambah; c. (offence) pemberatan, memperberat; d. (situation), (perbuatan yang) memperburuk: any aggravation of the present situation might be disastrous, sebarang perbuatan yang memperburuk keadaan masa kini mungkin membawa bencana; 2. (colloquial) a. act of exasperating, menjengkelkan, menyakitkan hati, menyebabkan sakit hati: to the aggravation of his employer, he was late again, dia terlambat lagi dan hal ini menjengkelkan majikannya; b. state of being exasperated, kejengkelan, rasa sakit hati: his snide remark increased her aggravation, sindirannya yang pedas menambahkan kejengkelan gadis itu; 3. something that aggravates, sesuatu yang/menjengkelkan, menyakitkan hati/. *aggregate (gr-gt) verb, transitive. aggregated, aggregating, aggregates (-gt). adjective. l. total, jumlah; (technical) agregat: aggregate wages, upah agregat; aggregate output, keluaran agregat; 2. Botany. Crowded or massed into a dense cluster, agregat: aggregate fruit, buah agregat; 3. (geology) batu baur; noun. 1. sum total, jumlah; (technical) agregat: the aggregate of these small errors may be so large that it will affect the outcome of the experiment, jumlah kesilapankesilapan kecil ini mungkin begitu besar hingga menjejaskan hasil uji kaji tersebut; the aggregate of man's knowledge, jumlah keseluruhan pengetahuan manusia; in the aggregate, pada keseluruhannya: this year's work in the aggregate is an improvement on last year's, pada keseluruhannya kerja tahun ini merupakan suatu kemajuan daripada kerja tahun lalu; 2. (geology) batu baur; 3. (used in making concrete, Tar macadam) batu-batu; intransitive verb. 1. collect together, berkumpul; 2. (colloquial) amount to, berjumlah: profits that aggregated 56 million ringgit, keuntungan yang berjumlah 56 juts ringgit; transitive verb. mengumpulkan: these small particles can be aggregated into lumps of matter, zarah-zarah halus ini dapat dikumpulkan menjadi gumpalan-gumpalan jirim. *aggregate fruit (gr-gt fr t) noun. A fruit, such as the raspberry, consisting of many individual small fruits derived from separate ovaries within a single flower, borne together on a common receptacle, buah agregat *aggregation - agregasi, pengagregatan

*aggregation noun. assemblage, collection, kumpulan: an aggregation of feudal states, kumpulan negerinegeri feudal; an aggregation of worshippers, kumpulan pemuja *aggressin agresin *aggression pengagresifan *aggression noun. 1. initiation of war etc, unprovoked attack, serangan, pencerobohan, pelanggaran: foreign aggression, serangan negara asing; accused of aggression, dituduh melakukan pencerobohan; methods of countering aggression, cara-cara menentang pencerobohan; 2. (psychology) hostile, destructive behaviour, sifat agresif, keagresifan, kelangsangan: the boy's aggression displays itself in acts of vandalism, keagresifan budak lelaki itu ternyata dalam perbuatannya merosakkan barang-barang. *aggressive adjective. 1. tending to attack others, agresif, cenderung /ke arah pencerobohan, bersengketa/: France was an aggressive power under Napoleon, Perancis merupakan kuasa yang agresif di bawah pimpinan Napoleon; 2. offensive, agresif: aggressive warfare, peperangan yang agresif; an aggressive foreign policy, dasar luar negeri yang agresif; /take, assume/ the aggressive, menceroboh, menyerang, melanggar; 3. quarrelsome, agresif, cenderung bergaduh, suka berkelahi: he became aggressive after a few drinks, dia menjadi agresif selepas meminum beberapa gelas arak; an aggressive nature, sifat yang agresif; 4. reflecting quarrelsome disposition, (bersifat) agresif: in an aggressive (tone of) voice, dengan nada suara yang agresif; aggressive remarks, kata-kata yang (bersifat) agresif; 5. assertive, enterprising, agresif: an aggressive businesswoman, seorang ahli perniagaan wanita yang agresif; aggressive leadership, kepemimpinan agresif; 6. (psychology) langsang, agresif. *aggressive behaviour kelakuan agresif *aggressiveness noun. 1. (of nation) tendency to attack others, belligerency, kecenderungan melakukan /pencerobohan, serangan/; 2. quality of, tendency to being quarrelsome, a. (of person) sifat [seseorang yang] /agresif, suka bergaduh/; b. (of behaviour, nature, etc) suka bergaduh; 3. assertiveness, sifat agresif, ketegasan; 4. (psychology) kelangsangan, keagresifan. *aggressor noun. attacker, a. (of country) penceroboh: Syria accused Israel of being the aggressor, Syria menuduh Israel sebagai penceroboh; b. (of person) penyerang, yang melakukan serangan: the prosecution has successfully established that the accused was the aggressor, pihak pendakwa telah berjaya membuktikan bahawa yang dituduh ialah penyerang dalam kes itu.

*aggrieve transitive verb. (usually passive) 1. grieve, distress, berasa sedih: it aggrieved her considerably that she was not re-elected, dia berasa amat sedih kerana tidak dilantik semula; 2. wrong, menyebabkan terkilan; *aggrieved adjective. 1. distressed, sedih: I felt aggrieved that I had not been invited, saya berasa sedih kerana tidak dijemput; 2. wronged, terkilan: the aggrieved party, pihak yang terkilan. *aghast (-gst) adjective. terkejut, tergamam: he fell on his knees, aghast at the news of the terrible carnage, dia bertelut kerana terkejut mendengar berita tentang pembunuhan beramai-ramai itu; stand aghast, terkejut, tergamam: the crowd stood aghast as the girl jumped off the bridge, orang ramai terkejut apabila melihat gadis itu terjun dari jambatan itu. *agile (jl, -l) adjective. 1. nimble, tangkas, lincah: her agile fingers flew over the keyboard, jarijarinya yang tangkas menari-nari di papan nada piano itu; 2. mentally alert, cerdas, pintar: an agile mind, otak yang cerdas. *agile - sigap, gesit, pantas, tangkas *agility (-jl-t) noun. 1. nimbleness, ketangkasan, kelincahan: he had the agility of a mountain goat, ketangkasannya seperti yang terdapat pada kambing gurun; 2. quality of being mentally alert. kecerdasan, kepintaran: his agility in argument, kecerdasannya berdebat. *agin preposition (jocular) see AGAINST. *aging - penuaan *agitate - gugat, goncang, menggoncang, menggugat *agitate (j-tt) intransitive verb. 1. (for something or for something to be done) menggesa-gesa, mendesak-desak, berjuang: to agitate for reforms, menggesa-gesa supaya diadakan pembaharuan; 2. (against something) berjuang: they agitated against the new taxes, mereka berjuang menentang cukai baru; transitive verb. 1. move vigorously, shake, a. (general) menggerak-gerakkan: leaves agitated by a strong wind, daun-daun yang digerak-gerakkan oleh angin kencang; b. (liquid, water surface) mengocak-ngocakkan: the wind agitated the surface of the lake, angin mengocakngocakkan air di permukaan tasik itu; c. (air) mengisarkan; 2. arouse, (when viewed favourably) merangsang, memberangsangkan; (when viewed unfavourably) menghasut, mengacum: the party agitated the people against the new regime, parti itu menghasut rakyat menentang rejim baru; 3. upset, a. (person) mengganggu fikiran, menggelisahkan, meresahkan; b. (mind) mengganggu, merunsingkan; c. (feelings) mengganggu

*agitated adjective. 1. aroused, naik /rangsang, berangsang/: the crowd became agitated at the referee's decision, para penonton naik berangsang dengan keputusan pengadil; 2. upset, a.(of person) terganggu fikiran, gelisah, resah; b. (of mind) terganggu, runsing; c. (of feelings) terganggu; d. (of voice) tidak tenang. *agitating adjective. 1. causing motion, penggerak, menggerakkan, mengerak-gerakkan; 2. arousing, merangsang, memberangsangkan: agitating speech, ucapan yang merangsang; 3. upsetting, mengganggu fikiran, merunsingkan: agitating news, berita yang mengganggu fikiran; agitating incident, kejadian yang mengganggu fikiran; *agitation (j-tshn) 1. vigorous movement, a. (general), (per)gerakan; b. (of liquid, water surface) kocakan; c. (of air) kisaran; 2. emotional disturbance, (keadaan) fikiran yang terganggu: be in a state of agitation, dalam keadaan fikiran yang terganggu; 3. arousal of public concern, a. (when viewed favourably) pemerangsangan, merangsang, memberangsangkan; b. (when viewed unfavourably) penghasutan, pengacuman: the agitation against the proposed legislation, penghasutan terhadap perundangan yang diusulkan. *agitator - penggugat, penggoncang *agitator noun. 1. (person), (when viewed favourably) pejuang; (when viewed unfavourably) pengacum, penghasut: political agitator, pejuang politik; 2. (apparatus) pemutar, pengaduk. *aglomerular aglomerulus *aglossate aglosat *aglossate -aglosat *aglow adjective. 1. (kelihatan) bercahaya, bersinar-sinar: the mountain peaks were aglow in the sunset, puncak-puncak gunung itu (kelihatan) bercahaya pada waktu senja; aglow with colour, berseri dengan pelbagai warna; aglow with light, berseri disinari cahaya; set something aglow, membuat sesuatu /bercahaya, bersinar, berseri-seri/; 2. (figurative) berseri-seri: aglow with delight, berseriseri kegembiraan. *agnate adjective. & noun. agnat. *agnatic adjective. agnatik: agnatic descent, keturunan agnatik. *agnostic adjective. & noun. agnostik: an agnostic philosophy, falsafah agnostik. *aglycon aglikon *agmatoploidy agmatoploidi

*agmato-pseudopolyploidy agmatopseudopoliploidi *agminated agminat *agnat agnat *agnatha -agnata *agnathostomatous agnatostoma *agnosticism (g-nst-szm) noun. 1. The doctrine that certainty about first principles or absolute truth is unattainable and that only perceptual phenomena are objects of exact knowledge. 2. The belief that there can be no proof either that God exists or that God does not exist, agnostisisme. *ago adverb. yang /lalu, lepas/, dahulu; (referring to a longer period) dahulu, yang /lampau, lalu/: a few minutes ago, beberapa minit yang lalu; some weeks ago, beberapa minggu yang lalu; about seven or eight years ago, kira-kira tujuh atau lapan tahun yang lampau; a moment ago, a short while ago, sebentar tadi; long ago, a. long since, pada suatu masa /yang lampau, dahulu/: it happened long ago, peristiwa itu berlaku pada suatu masa yang lampau; b. in by an gone days, pada zaman dahulu, dahulu kala; not long ago, tidak berapa lama dahulu. *agog (-gg) adjective. excited, menjadi ghairah: the whole town was agog, seluruh bandar itu menjadi ghairah; agog for news, amat menginginkan berita: they were agog for news from home, mereka amat menginginkan berita dari kampung; agog to hear etc (something), amat ingin mendengar dll (sesuatu); set something agog, menyebabkan sesuatu menjadi ghairah: the announcement set the city agog, pengumuman itu menyebabkan penduduk bandar menjadi ghairah. *agon agon *agonist agonis *agonistic agonis *agonistic behaviour -tingkah laku agonis *agonize, agonise intransitive verb. menderita: the victims agonized in pain, mangsa-mangsa itu menderita kesakitan; agonize over, berasa terseksa: she agonized over the thought of losing her son, dia berasa terseksa apabila mengenangkan bahawa dia akan kehilangan anaknya; *agonized, agonised adjective. 1. a. expressing physical pain, kesakitan; b. expressing emotional suffering, membayangkan penderitaan: the agonized expression on her face, wajahnya yang membayangkan penderitaan; 2. suffering agony, menderita.

*agonizing, agonising adjective. menyeksa: the pain was agonizing, sakitnya menyeksa; agonizing moments, saat-saat yang menyeksa; *agony (g-n) noun. 1. extreme physical pain, sakit yang amat sangat: the patient is in agony, pesakit itu sedang menderita sakit yang amat sangat; 2. emotional distress, penderitaan: the agony of a condemned man awaiting execution, penderitaan yang ditanggung oleh seseorang yang menunggu hukuman mati dijalankan; agony column, ruangan duka; (be in) an agony of despair, dalam keadaan putus /asa, harapan/; (be in) an agony of doubt, (dalam) keadaan serba salah; agony of mind, keseksaan /jiwa, batin/; (be in) an agony of remorse, /(rasa) sesal, penyesalan/ yang amat sangat; death agony, nazak. *agoraphobia (gr--fb-) noun. An abnormal fear of open or public places, agorafobia, gerun lapang. *agranular agranul *agranulocyte agranulosit *agranulocytosis (-grny-l-s-tss) noun. An acute disease marked by high fever and a sharp drop in circulating granular white blood cells. It may be drug-induced or the result of exposure to radiation, agranulositosis *agrarian (-grr-n) adjective. 1. Relating to or concerning the land and its ownership, cultivation, and tenure. 2. a. Relating to agricultural or rural matters. b. Intended to further agricultural interests, agraria. *agree (-gr) verb. agreed, agreeing, agrees. intransitive verb. 1. assent, bersetuju: a. the army agreed to withdraw from the area, pasukan tentera itu bersetuju untuk berundur dari kawasan itu; b. to agree to a proposal, bersetuju dengan sesuatu cadangan; 2. hold similar opinion, bersetuju, bersependapat: a. she agreed with her husband that the car was too expensive for them, dia

bersependapat dengan suaminya bahawa kereta itu terlalu mahal bagi mereka; be agreed, bersetuju:

we are all agreed that the project is feasible, kami semua bersetuju bahawa projek itu dapat dilaksanakan; 3. reach an agreement, mencapai persetujuan, bersetuju: a. we could not agree as to what measures should be taken, kami tidak dapat mencapai persetujuan tentang apakah langkah-langkah yang perlu diambil; agree to differ, agree to disagree, bersetuju untuk /berbeza, tidak bersetuju, berlainan pendapat/; 4. get along, sekata, secocok: a. they will never agree, mereka itu tidak akan sekata; 5. match, correspond, sama, serupa: a. his account did not sebenarnya berlaku; 6. (grammar) sesuai; transitive verb. grant, bersetuju, mengakui: 1. he agreed that the price was too high, dia bersetuju bahawa harganya terlalu mahal; agree on, agree upon, mencapai persetujuan tentang, bersetuju dengan, mempersetujui; agree with, suit constitution of, /serasi, sesuai/ dengan: i. the climate does not agree with him, dia tidak serasi dengan cuaca di situ. *agree, compromise - muafakat, sepakat, setuju *agreeable adjective. 1 pleasing, menyenangkan: an agreeable manner, gaya yang menyenangkan; agreeable weather, cuaca yang menyenangkan; 2. favourably disposed, bersetuju: they were agreeable to my suggestion, mereka bersetuju dengan usul saya. *agreement noun. 1. assent, persetujuan; 2. holding of similar opinion, persetujuan; be in agreement, bersetuju; 3. accord, persetujuan: to reach an agreement, mencapai persetujuan; 4. contract, binding arrangement, perjanjian: to sign an agreement, menandatangani perjanjian; 5. (grammar) kesesuaian. *agrestal agrestal agree with the facts, ceritanya tidak sama dengan yang

*agricultural adjective. pertanian: agricultural college, kolej pertanian; agricultural products, hasil pertanian. , *agricultural lime kapur pertanian *agriculturalist noun. ahli pertanian. *agriculture (gr-klchr) noun. The science, art, and business of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming, pertanian. *agriotype agriotip *agro-economy agroekonomi agro *agroecosystem agroekosistem *agroecotype - agroekotip *agro-industry agroindustri *agronomic (al) adjective. agronomi. *agronomist noun. ahli agronomi. *agronomy agronomi *agronomy (-grn-m) noun. Application of the various soil and plant sciences to soil management and crop production; scientific agriculture, agronomi. *agrophilous agrofili *agrostology (gr-stl-j) noun. The study of grasses, agrostologi *agro-technology agroteknologi *aground adjective. & adverb. terkandas; /be, go, run/ aground, terkandas; run (ship etc) aground, menyebabkan (kapal dll) terkandas. *ague (gy ) noun. 1. A febrile condition in which there are alternating periods of chills, fever, and sweating. Used chiefly in reference to the fevers associated with malaria. 2. A chill or fit of shivering, demam agu. *agynic agini *ahead adverb. 1. at, in the front, di hadapan : roadworks ahead, kerja-kerja membaiki jalan di hadapan; 2. in advance, dahulu: he went ahead to see whether the river was navigable, dia pergi dahulu untuk memeriksa sama ada sungai itu boleh dilalui; you should plan ahead, kamu harus

merancang dahulu; 3. to the front, ke hadapan: to walk straight ahead, berjalan terus ke hadapan; 4. (colloquial) winning, leading, mendahului + appropriate noun: he was ahead on points, dia mendahului peserta lain dari segi kiraan mata; ahead of, a. (in space) mendahului: he walked ahead of us, dia berjalan mendahului kami; b. (in time) lebih /awal, dahulu/ ahead of schedule, lebih awal dari masa yang dijadualkan; we arrived two hours ahead of them, kami tiba dua jam lebih awal daripada mereka; c. (figurative) mendahului: he was ahead of his classmates, dia mendahului kawan-kawan sedarjahnya; to be ahead of ones time, mendahului zamannya. *aheliotropism aheliotropisme *ahem interjection. ehem. *ahermatypic ahermatip *ahermatypic coral karang ahermatip *ahoy interjection. oi. *aianthous aiantus *aid - bantuan, alat bantu *aid (d) noun. 1. help, assistance, bantuan, pertolongan: the Red Crescent provided aid for the homeless, Pasukan Bulan Sabit Merah memberi bantuan kepada mereka yang kehilangan tempat tinggal; mutual aid society, persatuan bantuan bersama; 2. helper, pembantu, penolong; 3. something that helps, alat bantu: visual aid, alat bantu pandang; teaching aids, alat bantu mengajar; the grinder is a useful aid in the kitchen, pengisar ialah alat bantu yang berguna di dapur; /come, go/ to someones aid, /menolong, membantu/ seseorang; in aid of, untuk; (institution, organisation) bagi mengutip derma untuk: in aid of charity, untuk tujuan amal; in aid of the fire victims, untuk mangsa kebakaran; in aid of the orphanage, bagi mengutip derma untuk rumah anak yatim; to someones aid, untuk /membantu, menolong/ seseorang: a motorboat was sent to their aid, sebuah motobot telah dihantar untuk membantu mereka; /with, by/ the aid of, a. (someone) dengan /bantuan, pertolongan/ seseorang: with the aid of a neighbour he was able to put out the fire, dengan bantuan jirannya dia dapat memadamkan api kebakaran itu; b. (something) dengan menggunakan: to draw a circle with the aid of a pair of compasses, melukis bulatan dengan menggunakan jangka lukis; transitive verb. membantu, menolong: we are grateful to those who have aided our cause, kami terhutang budi kepada mereka yang telah membantu perjuangan kami; the clean mountain air would aid his recovery, udara pergunungan yang bersih akan membantu menyembuhkannya.

*aid hearing - alat bantu dengar *aide noun. 1. see AlDE-DE-CAMP; 2. assistant, pembantu, penolong: a nurse's aide, pembantu jururawat. *aided - dibantu *aide-de-camp (dd-kmp) noun. Abbr. ADC A military officer acting as secretary and confidential assistant to a superior officer of general or flag rank, adikung. *aide-memoire (dmm-wr, d-) noun. 1. A memorandum setting forth the major points of a proposed discussion or agreement, used especially in diplomatic communications. Also called position paper. 2. Something, such as a mnemonic device, that serves as an aid to memory, memo peringatan, surat tahkik. *AIDS (dz) noun. A severe immunological disorder caused by the retrovirus HIV, resulting in a defect in cell-mediated immune response that is manifested by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and to certain rare cancers, especially Kaposi's sarcoma. It is transmitted primarily by venereal routes or exposure to contaminated blood or blood products, AIDS. *aigialophilous aigialofili *aigrette aigret *aikido (k-d, -kd) noun. sports. A Japanese art of self-defense that employs holds and locks and that uses the principles of nonresistance in order to debilitate the strength of the opponent, aikido. *ail (l) intransitive verb. uzur, sakit: the old man is ailing, orang tua itu sedang uzur; transitive verb. merunsingkan, merisaukan: what ails him?, apa yang merungsingkannya?; *aileron - aileron *aileron (l-rn) noun. Either of two movable flaps on the wings of an airplane that can be used to control the plane's rolling and banking movements, aileron. *ailing adjective. 1. uzur, sakit: his ailing wife, isterinya yang uzur; 2. (figurative) merosot, meleset: the country's ailing economy, ekonomi negara yang merosot. *ailment noun. penyakit: childhood ailments, penyakit kanak-kanak. *aim - bedek, tenang, acu, acah *aim noun. 1. directing weapon etc at object, bidikan, tenangan: his aim is excellent, bidikannya tepat sekali; take aim, membidik, menenang; 2. target, sasaran: the bullet missed its aim, peluru itu

tidak mengenai sasarannya; 3. intention, tujuan, matlamat: our aim is to double production within the next five years, matlamat kami ialah untuk menggandakan pengeluaran dalam masa lima tahun akan datang; intransitive verb. I. take aim, membidik, menenang: he aimed carefully before pulling the trigger, dia membidik dengan berhati-hati sebelum menarik picu; 2, intend, bertujuan: he aims to major in psychology, dia bertujuan untuk mengkhusus dalam bidang psikologi; transitive verb. I. direct at target, a. (gun, pistol, etc) membidikkan, mengacukan; b. (blow, kick, missile) mengarahkan: he picked up a stone and aimed it at the dog, dia mengambil seketul batu lalu mengarahkannya kepada anjing itu; c. (camera) mengarahkan, menghalakan; 2. direct, a. (efforts, study, work, etc), (active) menujukan; (passive) bertujuan: his efforts were aimed at improving their working conditions, usaha-usahanya bertujuan untuk memperbaiki keadaan bekerja mereka; b. (remark, criticism, satire, etc) menujukan: a satire aimed at the nouveau riche, satira yang ditujukan kepada orang kaya baru; 3. intend, menujukan: these educational television programmes are aimed at young audiences, rancangan televisyen pendidikan ini ditujukan kepada penonton muda; aim at, a. direct (gun) towards,/ membidik, menenang/ ke arah; b. direct (blow, kick, missile etc) towards, mengarahkan+ appropriate noun. pada: she aimed at his head but hit the wall instead, dia mengarahkan pinggan itu kepada kepala lelaki itu tetapi terkena dinding; c. have as ones objective, mempunyai matlamat; (position, job) /berhasrat, bercita-cita/ untuk: a country that aims at becoming the world's largest producer of palm oil, sebuah negara yang mempunyai matlamat untuk menjadi pengeluar minyak kelapa sawit yang terbesar di dunia; he aimed at the prime ministership, dia berhasrat untuk menjadi perdana menteri; aim something at, see transitive verb.. *aimed fishing -penangkapan ikan tuju *aimed trawl - tunda tuju *aimless adjective. tanpa tujuan: an aimless life, hidup tanpa tujuan. *aimlessly adverb. tanpa tujuan: he wandered about aimless, dia merayau-rayau tanpa tujuan. *aimlessness noun. tanpa tujuan: the aimlessness of his existence, hidupnya yang tanpa tujuan. *aiphyllophilous aifilofili *aiptasia aiptasia *air alert noun. sedia udara. *air bag noun. beg udara. *air base noun. pangkalan /tentera udara, terbang/.

*air bath - bekas udara, takung udara *air bell - balang udara *air bladder pundi udara; lupa-lupa (ikan) *air blast - semburan udara *air blast freezer -penyejuk beku bagas udara *air bleed valve - injap jujus udara *air borne - bawaan udara *air borne cross infection saling jangkitan bawaan angin *air borne infection jangkitan bawaan udara *air borne microorganism mikroorganisma bawaan udara *air brake noun. (worked by compressed air) brek/angin, udara/. *air breathing adaptation -penyesuaian pernafasan udara *air breathing -pernafasan udara *air burst noun. /letupan, ledakan/ di udara. *air cell sel udara *air chamber kebuk udara *air chamber noun. kebuk udara. *Air Chief Marshal noun. Marsyal Besar Udara. *air cock picu udara *air column - turus udara *Air Commodore noun. Komodor Udara. *air compressor pemampat udara *air condition - penyamanan udara *air condition transitive verb. memasang alat penyaman udara di: to air condition the lounge, memasang alat penyaman udara di bilik istirahat; *air conditioner - penyaman udara

*air conduction - konduksi udara *air cured peram udara *air curtain noun. tirai udara *air damping - pelembapan udara *air density - ketumpatan udara *air dose dos udara *air drill - gerudi udara *air duct noun. salur udara, saluran udara; (biology) duktus udara. *air factor - faktor udara *air force noun. tentera udara. *air hostess noun. pramugari. *air injection - pancutan udara *air inlet manifold - manifold salur masuk udara *air jacket - jaket udara *air layering pengetutan *air letter noun. see AEROGRAM. *air lift pump - pam angkat udara, pam lif udara *air lift pump -pam angkat udara *air liner noun. kapal terbang penumpang. *air lock sendat udara *Air Marshal noun. Marsyal Udara. *air mass jisim udara *air mass noun. jisim udara: continental air mass, jisim udara kebenuaan; polar air mass, jisim udara kutub; tropical air mass, jisim udara tropika. *air moist - lengas udara *air monitor - monitor udara

*air noun. 1. gaseous substance enveloping earth, udara: to breathe in the mountain air, menyedut udara gunung; the stale air in the cellar, udara hapak di bilik bawah tanah; air pressure, tekanan udara; 2. space above the earth, udara, angkasa, awang-awang(an): birds of the air, burung-burung udara; battles fought in the air, pertempuran yang berlaku di udara; Bombay seen from the air, Bombay dilihat dari udara; 3. relating to flying or aircraft, udara: air freight, kargo udara; air travel, perjalanan dengan pesawat udara, penerbangan; 4. breeze, angin, bayu; 5. personal bearing, manner, gaya, lagak: with an air of importance, dengan gaya orang penting; with a lofty air, dengan lagak sombong; 6. confident bearing, gaya /amat yakin, penuh keyakinan/: she stood, then spoke with an air of confidence, dia bangun lalu berucap dengan gaya penuh keyakinan; 7. outward appearance, aura, suasana: an air of opulence, suasana kemewahan; 8. (music) air; airs and graces, lagak yang sombong; by air, melalui udara, dengan kapal terbang: to send goods by air, menghantar barang melalui udara; a change of air, bertukar angin; clear the air, a. membersihkan udara; b. (fig) menjernihkan suasana: to clear the air by having a frank discussion, menjernihkan suasana dengan mengadakan perbincangan terus terang; /come, go/ by air, /datang, pergi/ dengan kapal terbang; /come, go/ off the air, menghentikan siaran; /come, go/ on the air, memulakan penyiaran, mula ke udara; hot air, gembar-gembur; be in the air, a. uncertain, di awang-awang(an): his plans are still in the air, rancangannya masih di awang-awangan; b. spreading about, sedang tersebar; (of feeling) dapat dirasakan: disquieting rumours are in the air, desas-desus yang merisaukan sedang tersebar; love is in the air, suasana percintaan dapat dirasakan; c. (military) unprotected, tidak berperlindungan: the left flank was left in the air, rusuk kiri batalion itu tidak berperlindungan; in the open air, di /tempat, kawasan/ terbuka; be off the air, a. not be in the act of broadcasting, sudah tamat siarannya; b. not being broadcast on radio or television, tidak /disiarkan, ke udara/ lagi; be on the air, a. be in the act of broadcasting, sedang disiarkan, di udara sekarang; (at some future time) ke udara, disiarkan: the programme will be on the air in five minutes, rancangan itu akan ke udara dalam masa lima minit lagi; b. being broadcast on radio or television, disiarkan; /put on, give oneself/ airs, berlagak; take the air, mengambil angin; /tread, walk/ on air, /terlalu, sangat, sungguh/ /gembira, riang/; intransitive verb. 1. expose to air for freshening, menganginkan, mengudarakan; 2. expose to air for drying, menganginkan: she hung the clothes out to air, dia menyidai pakaian di luar untuk menganginkannya; transitive verb. I. ventilate, menganginkan, mengudarakan: to air the room by opening all the windows, menganginkan bilik dengan membuka semua tingkap; 2. expose to air for drying, menganginkan: bedding should be thoroughly aired, alatan tempat tidur haruslah dianginkan dengan sempurna; 3. publicize, mengemukakan: she aired her views on a number of subjects, dia mengemukakan pendapatnya mengenai beberapa perkara;

*Air Officer noun. Panglima Udara. *air pocket - saku udara, lompang udara *air pocket noun. poket udara. *air pollution pencemaran udara *air pore liang udara *air post noun. see AIRMAIL. *air power noun. kekuatan tentera udara. *air pressure - tekanan udara *air proof - kalis udara *air pump - pam udara *air pump noun. pam udara. *air raid noun. serangan udara. *air receiver - penerima udara *air rifle noun. see AIRGUN . *air sac noun. pundi udara. *air sampling - pensampelan udara *air screening test ujian saring udara *air shaft noun. 1. air well, telaga cahaya; 2. (of tunnel, mine, etc) lubang udara. *air shooting - tembakan udara *air space - ruang udara *air speed - laju di udara *air speed indicator - penunjuk laju di udara *air speed noun. laju udara. *air station noun. padang terbang. *air stone -batu udara *air stream noun. arus udara.

*air tight - kedap udara *air traffic noun. 1. movement of aircraft in given space, lalu lintas udara; 2. passenger, cargo, etc transported by air, air traffic craft, muatan pesawat. *air valve noun. injap udara. *air vessel - pengandung udara *Air Vice-Marshall noun. Naib Marsyal Udara. *air wave - gelombang udara *air well noun. telaga udara. *air-bed noun. geleca udara, tilam angin. *air-bladder noun. pundi udara; (offish) lupa-lupa. *airborne - di udara *airborne adjective. 1. carried by or through air, bawaan udara: airborne bacteria, bakteria bawaan udara; airborne infection, jangkitan bawaan udara; 2. in flight, berada di udara: they were soon airborne, tidak lama kemudian mereka ada di udara; 3. (military) di udara: airborne operation, operasi di udara. *airborne scintillation counter - pembilang kerlipan di udara *air-brick noun. bata berliang. *airbrush noun. penyembur, pistol sembur, penyemprot, berus angin. *air-bus noun. bas udara. *air-conditioned adjective. diperlengkapi dengan alat penyaman udara. *air-conditioner noun. penyaman udara, alat bawa dingin. air-cool transitive verb. mendinginkan udara; *air-conditioning noun. 1. (process, system) sistem penyaman udara; 2. (apparatus) penyaman udara, alat bawa dingin; *air-cooled adjective. dingin udara: air-cooled transformer, pengubah dingin udara. *aircraft noun. pesawat, pesawat /udara, terbang/, kapal terbang. *aircraft-carrier noun. kapal induk pesawat udara. aircrew noun. anak kapal. *air-cushion noun. kusyen udara.

*air-dried - kering udara *air-dried adjective. kering udara. *air-dried kering udara *airdrome noun. (United States) see AERODROME. *airdrop noun. guguran udara; transitive verb. menggugurkan dari udara. *air-dry kering udara *air-dry transitive verb. mengeringudarakan; *airfield noun. /lapangan, padang/ terbang. *airflow noun. aliran udara. *airfog signal -isyarat kabus *airfoil noun. (United States) see AEROFOIL. *airframe noun. kerangka pesawat udara. *air-gas noun. gas udara. *airglow -kilauan udara/kilauan malam *airglow noun. teja udara. *airgun noun. senapang angin. *airiness noun. 1. breeziness, keadaan [sesuatu] yang berangin: the airiness of the room makes it perfect for a children's nursery, keadaan bilik yang berangin itu menjadikannya amat sesuai sebagai bilik asuhan; 2. liveliness, gaiety, keriangan. *airing noun. 1. exposure to air, a. (for freshening) penganginan, pengudaraan, menganginkan, mengudarakan, the room needs an airing, bilik itu perlu dianginkan; b. (for drying) penganginan, menganginkan; 2. excursion in the open air, mengambil angin: she took the baby for an airing in his pram, dia membawa bayi itu dalam kereta sorongnya untuk mengambil angin; 3. exposure to public notice, mengemukakan; airing cupboard, almari pengangin; get an airing, (of idea, grievance, etc) dikemukakan; give something an airing, menganginkan sesuatu. *airing noun. see AIR. *air-jacket noun. jaket udara.

*airless adjective. 1. stuffy, tak berangin, berkuap: an airless room, bilik yang berkuap; 2. still, breezeless, hening: the evening was quiet and airless, malam itu sunyi dan hening. *airlift noun. pengangkatan udara; transitive verb. mengangkat melalui udara. *airline noun. system providing public air transport, sistem penerbangan. *airlock noun. block preventing flow of liquid, sendat udara. *airmail adjective. /dihantar, dikirimkan/ melalui udara: the airmail edition of The Times", edisi "The Times" yang dihantar melalui udara; noun. mel udara; transitive verb. /menghantar, mengirimkan/ [sesuatu] melalui mel udara. *airman noun. (in the air force) askar udara. *airplane noun. (United States) see AEROPLANE. *airport noun. lapangan terbang. *air-sea rescue noun. penyelamatan dengan pesawat terbang di laut. *airship noun. kapal udara. *airsick adjective. mabuk udara. *airspace noun. ruang udara. *airstrip noun. lapangan terbang kecil, padang terbang. *air terminal noun. /pangkalan, terminal/ udara. *airtight adjective. 1. impermeable to air, kedap udara: an airtight container, bekas yang kedap udara; 2. having no weak points, kedap: an airtight argument, alasan yang kedap. *air-to-air adjective. udara ke udara: air-to-air guided missile, peluru berpandu udara ke udara. *airway noun. 1. air shaft, lubang udara; 2. air route, jalan udara. *airworthy noun. layak terbang. *airy adjective. 1. breezy, berangin: the room is spacious and airy, bilik itu luas dan berangin; 2. weightless, tipis: airy voile, kain voile yang tipis; 3. light, graceful, lemah longlai, lemah gemalai: her airy tread, langkahnya yang lemah longlai; 4. lively, gay, riang; 5. empty, fanciful, kosong: airy ideals, impian-impian kosong; airy promises, janji-janji kosong; 6. immaterial, niskala, mujarad, tidak berbentuk: airy spirits, makhluk halus niskala; 7. (colloquial) nonchalant, acuh tak

acuh, endah tak endah: his friend's airy attitude infuriated him, sikap acuh tak acuh kawannya menyebabkan dia marah. *airy-fairy adjective. (derogatory) fanciful, penuh khayalan: an airy-fairy dream, impian yang penuh khayalan; airy-fairy schemes, rancangan yang penuh khayalan. *aisle (l) noun. 1. lateral division of church, ruang sayap; 2. passageway between rows of seats, lorong. *aisled adjective. furnished with aisle, berlorong; (of church) beruang sayap. *aisleless adjective. 1. without lateral division of church, tidak beruang sayap; 2. without passageway between rows of seats, tidak berlorong. *aistopod aistopod *aitch (ch) noun. (huruf) H; drop a.s aitches, tidak membunyikan huruf H. *aitchbone noun. 1. rump bone, tulang /punggung, pinggul/; 2. cut of meat around rump bone, daging /punggung, pinggul/ *ajar adjective. slightly open, terenggang, renggang, terbuka sedikit; adverb. terenggang, renggang, terbuka sedikit: leave the door ajar, biarkan pintu itu terenggang; stand ajar, terenggang. *ajar adjective. & adverb. not in harmony, tidak /seiring, seirama, seharmoni/: to be ajar with the times, tidak seiring dengan zamannya. *aithalophilous aitalofili *aitionastic aitionastik *Aitken counter pembilang Aitken *aitogenic aitogen *akaryocyte akariosit *akaryomastigont akariomastigon *akaryote akariot *akaryotic akariot *akene aken *akimbo (-kmb) adverb.; with arms aitchbone, bercekak pinggang.

*akin adjective. 1. related by blood, bersaudara; 2. having similar qualities, sama, serupa, seakanakan: feeling akin to terror, perasaan yang sama dengan kengerian. *akinesis akinesis *akinete akinet *akinetes -akinetes *akinetic akinetik *akinetoplastic akinetoplas *akont akon *akyne noun. alkuna. *ala - ala, kepak, sayap *ala ala; kepak/sayap *ala carte adjective. & adverb. ala carte. *ala spuria ala spuria *ala temporalis ala temporalis *alabaster (l-bstr) adjective. 1. of alabaster, alabaster: an alabaster vase, jambangan alabaster; 2. white and smooth like alabaster, putih /gebu; halus/: alabaster arms, lengan yang putih gebu; noun. (batu) pualam, alabaster. *alacrity noun. 1. eager readiness, keberiaan, beria-ia: the alacrity with which she accepted the invitation, keberiaannya menerima jemputan itu; 2. briskness, cergas, kecergasan; (of woman) kelincahan, lincah, kecergasan, cergas: she dismounted with alacrity, dia turun dari kuda itu dengan lincah. *alanine alanina *alar ala *alarm - penyedar *alarm clock noun. jam /loceng, gerak/ . *alarm defence system sistem pertahanan gera *alarm noun. 1. fear, kecemasan, (perasaan) cemas: she stepped back in alarm at the sight of the snake, dia mengundur ke belakang dengan cemas apabila ternampak ular itu; 2. apprehension,

kebimbangan, kerisauan, kekhuatiran; take alarm, (menjadi) /bimbang, risau, khuatir/: she took alarm when her father failed to meet her, dia menjadi bimbang apabila bapanya tidak datang menemuinya; 3. sound, signal, etc warning of danger, /amaran, tanda/ bahaya: sentries were posted at the gate to give the alarm against intruders, pengawal-pengawal ditempatkan di pintu masuk untuk memberikan amaran bahaya sekiranya penceroboh masuk: to sound the alarm, membunyikan amaran bahaya; 4. device that gives warning, penggera: burglar alarm, penggera pencuri; fire alarm, penggera kebakaran; 5. alarm clock, jam /loceng, gerak/; transitive verb. l. fill with fear, (active) mencemaskan; (passive) berasa cemas; 2. warn about danger, memberikan amaran bahaya kepada: to alarm the guards, memberikan amaran bahaya kepada pengawalpengawal; *alarm reaction -tindak balas amaran *alarm recruitment substance bahan pengrekrutan gera *alarming adjective. mencemaskan: alarming news from abroad, berita yang mencemaskan dari luar negeri; an alarming drop in production, kemerosotan hasil pengeluaran yang mencemaskan. *alarmist noun. pencemas, penggempar. *alary alari *alary noun. 1. Resembling, containing, or composed of wings or alae. 2. Anatomy. Concerned with the armpit; axillary, alari: alary muscle, otot alari. *alastrim alastrim *alate alat *alate (lt) adjective. Having winglike extensions or parts; winged, alat. *alb (lb) noun. jubah paderi *Albania (l-bn-, -bny, l-). Abbr. Alb. A country of southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea. Long a warring ground for rulers and peoples ranging from the Romans and Turks to the Serbs and Bulgarians, Albania became a republic in 1925, then a satellite of the U.S.S.R. in 1944. In 1961 the country's leaders broke with the Soviets and developed close economic ties with China, a relationship that deteriorated after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976. Tirana is the capital and the largest city. Population, 2,841,300, Albania. *Albanian noun. 1. (native, inhabitant)orang Albania; 2. (language) bahasa Albania.

*albatross (lb-trs, -trs) noun. plural albatross or albatrosses. Any of several large, web-footed birds constituting the family Diomedeidae, chiefly of the oceans of the Southern Hemisphere, and having a hooked beak and long, narrow wings, albatros. *albedo (l-bd) noun. plural albedos. The fraction of incident electromagnetic radiation reflected by a surface, especially of a celestial body, albedo *albeit (l-bt, l-) conj. Even though; although; notwithstanding, walaupun, sungguhpun, sekalipun, meskipun: he showed promise, albeit he failed, dia menunjukkan potensi, walaupun dia gagal. *albescent (l-bsnt) adjective. Becoming white or moderately white; whitish, albesen *albic albik *albicant albikan *albinism (lb-nzm) noun. Congenital absence of normal pigmentation or coloration in a person, an animal, or a plant, kebalaran, kebulaian. *albino (l-bn) noun. plural albinos. A person or an animal lacking normal pigmentation, with the result being that the skin and hair are abnormally white or milky and the eyes have a pink or blue iris and a deep-red pupil, balar, bulai, sabun, albino *album (lbm) noun. A book with blank pages for the insertion and preservation of collections, as of stamps, photographs, or autographs, album. *albomaculatus albomakulatus *albuginea albuginea *albumen glue - glu albumen *albumen (l-by mn) noun. The white of an egg, which consists mainly of albumin dissolved in water, albumen; 2. see ALBUMIN. *albumin (l-by mn) noun. A class of simple, water-soluble proteins that can be coagulated by heat and are found in egg white, blood serum, milk, and many other animal and plant juices and tissues. Also called albumen, albumin. *albumin gradient centrifugation pengemparan cerunan albumin *albuminoid albuminoid *albuminous albumin *albuminous cell sel albumin

*alburnum alburnum *alcaic (l-kk) adjective. Of, relating to, or being a verse form used in Greek and Latin poetry, consisting of strophes having four tetrametric lines, Alkaikos; noun. (in plural) sajak Alkaikos. *alchemist noun. A practitioner of alchemy, ahli alkimia. *alchemy (lk-m) noun. 1. A medieval chemical philosophy having as its asserted aims the transmutation of base metals into gold, the discovery of the panacea, and the preparation of the elixir of longevity, alkimia; 2. miraculous power of transmutation, kesaktian, keajaiban: leaves turned to gold by the alchemy of the seasons, daun-daun menguning oleh keajaiban musim; her beauty has a potent alchemy, kejelitaannya mempunyai kesaktian yang mujarab. *alcohol fuel - bahan api alkohol *alcohol noun. 1. also ethyl alcohol, (etil) alkohol; 2. intoxicating drink, arak, minuman keras, alkohol; 3. (chemistry) alkohol: methyl alcohol, metil alkohol; alcohol amide, alkohol amida; alcohol ether, alkohol eter; alcohol fuel, bahan api alkohol. *alcoholic adjective. 1. of; relating to alcohol, alkohol: an alcoholic odour, bau alkohol; 2. containing alcohol, beralkohol, mengandungi alkohol; alcoholic drinks, arak, minuman keras; 3. caused by alcohol, alkohol: alcoholic poisoning, keracunan alkohol; alcoholic fermentation, penapaian beralkohol. *alcoholicity (lk-h-ls-t) noun. Alcoholic content, kealkoholan. *alcoholism (lk-h-lzm, -h-) noun. The compulsive consumption of and psychophysiological

dependence on alcoholic beverages, alkoholisme. *alcoholometer (lk-h-lm-tr) also *alcoholmeter (lk-hl-mtr, -hl-) noun. alkoholometer. *alcoholuria alkoholuria *alcoholysis alkoholisis *Alcoran noun. Al-Quran. *alcove (lkv) noun. A recess or partly enclosed extension connected to or forming part of a room, reluang, ruang kecil. *alcyonacean coral -karang alsionasea An

instrument, such as a hydrometer, used to determine the amount of alcohol in a liquid,

*alcyonaria alsionaria *aldehyde fuchsin aldehid fuksin *aldehyde (ld-hd) noun. Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds obtained by oxidation of primary alcohols, characterized by the common group CHO, and used in the manufacture of resins, dyes, and organic acids, aldehid: aldehyde acid, asid aldehid; aldehyde condensation, kondensasi aldehid; aldehyde resin, resin aldehid. *alder (ldr) noun. 1. Any of various deciduous shrubs or trees of the genus Alnus, native chiefly to northern temperate regions and having alternate, simple, toothed leaves and tiny fruits in woody, conelike catkins. 2. The wood of these plants, used in carvings and for making furniture and cabinets, pokok alder. *Aldine adjective. Aldus: Aldine press, percetakan Aldus. *aldohexose aldoheksosa *aldolase aldolase *aldose aldosa *aldosterone aldosteron *aldosteronism (l-dst-r-nzm, ld-str-) noun. A disorder marked by excessive secretion of the hormone aldosterone, which can cause weakness, cardiac irregularities, and abnormally high blood pressure, aldosteronisme *ale (l) noun. ale, bir. *alecithal alesitin *alee adjective. & adverb. 1. on sheltered side of ship, di sebelah lindung angin; 2. towards sheltered side of ship, ke arah lindung angin: put the helm alee, pusingkan kemudi ke arah lindung angin. *alepidote alepidot *alert adjective. 1. vigilant, berjaga-jaga, berawas-awas, berwaspada: the possibility of an attack kept them all alert, kemungkinan berlakunya serangan membuat mereka sentiasa berjaga-jaga; alert to, cepat menyedari: alert to the problem of racial polarisation, cepat menyedari adanya masalah polarisasi ras; 2. mentally perceptive, responsive, a. (of person) peka dan pintar; b. (of mind) cerdas; 3. prompt, brisk, cepat: alert in answering questions, cepat menjawab soalansoalan; noun. 1. alarm, /amaran, tanda/ /bahaya, kecemasan/: air raid alert, amaran bahaya serangan udara; 2. period when warning is in effect, masa /berjaga-jaga, berawas-awas,

berwaspada/; /keep, put/ troops etc on the alert /memerintahkan, mengarahkan, menyuruh/ pasukan tentera dll /bersiap sedia, berawas-awas, berjaga-jaga/; on the alert, dalam keadaan /berjaga-jaga, berawas-awas, berwaspada, bersiap sedia/: they were on the alert for any sudden attack, mereka berada dalam keadaan berjaga-jaga sekiranya berlaku serangan mengejut; transitive verb. 1. signal to prepare for action, memberitahu supaya bersiap sedia: the division was alerted to the possibility of a sudden departure, bahagian itu telah diberitahu supaya bersiap sedia kerana kemungkinan diberangkatkan dengan tiba-tiba; 2. make aware, menyedarkan: to alert the younger generation to the dangers of drugs, menyedarkan generasi muda tentang bahaya dadah. *alertness noun. 1. vigilance, kewaspadaan, sifat /berjaga-jaga, berawas-awas/: but for the alertness of the sentry the camp would have been overrun, kalau tidak kerana kewaspadaan pengawal, perkhemahan itu tentu sudah ditawan; 2. quality of being mentally perceptive, responsive, a. (of person) kepekaan dan kepintaran; b. (of mind) kecerdasan; 3. promptness, briskness, kecepatan. *aletocyte aletosit *aletophilous aletofili *aletophyte aletofit *aleuriospore aleuriospora *aleurone aleuron *aleuroplast aleuroplas *aleurospore aleurospora *alevin -alevin *alexandrine adjective. Iskandarina; noun. also alexandrine verse, rangkap iskandarina. *alexin aleksin *alexine aleksina *alfalfa alfalfa *alfalfa mosaic virus virus mozek alfalfa *alfalfa noun. alfalfa. *alfanaftol

*alfresco adjective. & adverb. di /kawasan, tempat/ terbuka: an alfresco lunch, makan tengah hari di kawasan terbuka. *alga (lg) noun. plural *algae (-j). Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, photosynthetic

organisms, ranging in size from single-celled forms to the giant kelp. Algae were once considered to be plants but are now classified separately because they lack true roots, stems, leaves, and embryos, alga. *algae plural of ALGA. *algal (lgl) adjective alga *algal bloom A visible, colored area on the surface of bodies of water caused by excessive planktonic growth, blum alga, kembangan alga *algal ridge - permatang alga *alga-like bacteria bakteria bak alga *algebra (lj-br) noun. algebra, aljabar. *algebraic expression - ungkapan aljabar *algebraic factor - faktor aljabar *algebraic sign - tanda aljabar *algebraic sum - hasil tambah aljabar *algebraical adjective. algebra, aljabar: algebraical function, fungsi algebra; algebraical value, nilai algebra. *algeny algeni *Algeria noun. Algeria. *Algerian noun. 1. (native, inhabitant) orang Algeria; 2. dialek Algeria. *algesis algesis *algicide (lj-sd) noun. A substance used to kill or inhibit the growth of algae, racun alga. *algicolous algikol *algin (ljn) noun. Any of several derivatives, such as sodium alginate or alginic acid, of a gelatinous substance extracted from certain brown algae and widely used as a thickening, stabilizing,

emulsifying, or suspending agent in industrial, pharmaceutical, and food products, such as ice cream, algin *algoid (lgoid) adjective. Of or resembling algae, algoid *algology (l-gl-j) The branch of botany that deals with algae, Also called *phycology. algologi *algorithm (alg-ridh`m) noun. A finite sequence of steps for solving a logical or mathematical

problem, algoritma, alkhwarizmi *algorithmic - algoritma, alkhwarizmi *alias (l-s, lys) adverb. atau, alias: Salmah alias Saloma, Salmah atau Saloma; noun. nama lain, alias. *aliasing (l--sng`, ly-sng`) noun. In computer graphics, the jagged appearance of curves or diagonal lines on a display screen, which is caused by low screen resolution, mengalias *alibi (l-b) noun. 1. 1. Law. a. A form of defense whereby a defendant attempts to prove that he or she was elsewhere when the crime in question was committed. b. The fact of having been elsewhere when a crime in question was committed. 2. Usage Problem. An explanation offered to avoid blame or justify action; an excuse, alibi: to prove an alibi, membuktikan alibi: 2. (colloquial) excuse, alasan, dalih. *alien (l-n, lyn) adjective. 1. foreign, asing: an alien race, bangsa asing; alien political systems were forced on us, sistem politik asing dipaksakan terhadap kami; 2, usually to alien from different in nature or character, berlainan, berbeza: practices alien to our culture, amalan-amalan yang berlainan daripada amalan dalam kebudayaan kita; 3. usually alien to, out of harmony, opposed, bertentangan, bercanggahan: dictatorship is alien to democracy, kediktatoran bertentangan dengan prinsip-prinsip demokrasi; noun. 1. foreigner, /orang, warganegara/ asing; 2. being from another world, makhluk asing. *alien addition line titisan tambahan asing *alienable adjective. boleh diberi milik. *alienate transitive verb. 1. estrange, (active) merenggangkan; (passive) terenggang: his gambling habit alienated his friends, tabiatnya yang suka berjudi merenggangkannya daripada kawan-kawannya; 2. turn away, divert, memindahkan, mengalihkan: to alienate someones affection, memindahkan kasih sayang seseorang; 3. (legal) memberi milik: he was forced to alienate much of his land to the crown, dia terpaksa memberi milik sebahagian besar daripada tanahnya kepada kerajaan.

*alienation noun. 1. estrangement, pengasingan; 2. turning away, pemindahan, pengalihan: alienation of affection, pemindahan kasih sayang; 3. (psychiatry) pengasingan: mental alienation, pengasingan mental; 4. (legal) pemberian milik; 5. (theatre) pengasingan. *aliform aliform *alight adjective. 1. on fire, kindled, terbakar; (of fire, torch, lamp, candle) menyala, bernyala: the torch was to be kept continually alight, obor itu hendaklah sentiasa dibiarkan menyala; catch alight, terbakar; set something alight. membakar sesuatu; (fire, torch, lamp, candle) menyalakan sesuatu: the cause of the fire was a pile of rubbish which some youths had set alight to, punca kebakaran itu ialah longgokan sampah yang dibakar oleh sekumpulan pemuda; 2. lit up, a. disinari, diterangi: the house was alight with hundreds of candles, rumah itu diterangi oleh beratus-ratus lilin; b. (figurative), (of eyes) bersinar, bercahaya; (of face) bercahaya, berseri-seri: eyes that were alight with love, mats yang bersinar dengan kasih sayang; his face was alight with pleasure, mukanya bercahaya kerana gembira; *alight intransitive verb. 1. dismount, turun: she stumbled as she alighted from the train, dia tersandung ketika turun dari kereta api; he alighted at the National Museum, dia turun di Muzium Negara; 2 . land lightly, hinggap: a little sparrow alighted on the fence, seekor burung pipit hinggap di atas pagar; alight at, see (sense 1.); alight from see (sense 1.); alight on a see (sense 2.); b. find by chance, terjumpa: he alighted on the answer to the problem quite by chance, dia terjumpa akan jawapan masalah itu secara tidak sengaja. *align - jajarkan, menjajarkan *align (-ln) transitive verb. 1. arrange in a straight line, menjajarkan, menyebariskan: to align the tiles along the edge of the wall, menjajarkan ubin di sepanjang tepi tembok; 2. adjust (components) for proper interrelationship, menjajarkan: to align the wheels of a car, menjajarkan tayar kereta; 3. bring into agreement, co-operation, bersepakat, bekerjasama rapat: he aligned himself with the left wing of the party, dia bersepakat dengan sayap kiri parti itu; most of the back-benchers were aligned with those who wanted land reform, kebanyakan ahli biasa Parlimen bersepakat dengan mereka yang mahukan islah tanah. *alignment noun. 1. act of, a. (arranging in a straight line) penjajaran, penyebarisan: the alignment of the furrows was exact, penjajaran alur-alur itu betul-betul lurus; in alignment, sejajar, sebaris; out of alignment, tidak/ sejajar, sebaris/; b. (adjusting for proper interrelationship) penjajaran: wheel alignment, penjajaran roda; 2. alliance, union, penyekutuan. *aligning - menjajarkan

*alignment - penjajaran *alike adjective. sama, serupa: alike in looks and manner, sama dari segi rupa dan gaya; no two sets of finger prints are alike, tidak ada dua cap jari yang sama; adverb. dengan cara yang sama: he treats all customers alike, dia melayani semua pelanggannya dengan cara yang sama; /dress, dress someone/ alike, /memakai, memakaikan seseorang/ pakaian yang /serupa, sama/. *alike, similar - persis, sama, serupa, mirip, iras *alima alima *aliment (l-mnt) noun. food, makanan. *alimentary - alimentari, makanan *alimentary adjective. 1. nourishing, berkhasiat; 2. performing function of nutrition, penghadaman, pencernaan: the alimentary processes of the body, proses penghadaman dalam badan. *alimentary canal salur alimentari, salur makanan, terusan alimentari, saluran makanan *alimentary paste adunan alimentari *alimentary paste -adunan alimentari *alimentation alimentasi *alimentation noun. nourishment, alimentasi. *alimony (l-mn) noun. 1. Law. An allowance for support made under court order to a divorced person by the former spouse, usually the chief provider during the marriage. Alimony may also be granted without a divorce, as between legally separated persons. 2. maintenance, alimoni. *aliphatic (l-ftk) noun. Of, relating to, or designating a group of organic chemical compounds in which the carbon atoms are linked in open chains, alifatik. *aliquot alikuot *alisphenoid alisfenoid *alitrunk alitrunk *alive - hidup *alive adjective. 1. having life, living, (masih) hidup: he is still alive, dia masih hidup; wanted dead or alive, dikehendaki sama ada hidup atau mati; 2. while still living, hidup-hidup: to be burnt alive, A means of livelihood;

dibakar hidup-hidup; 3. in existence, hidup: such traditions are still alive, tradisi-tradisi seperti itu masih hidup; 4. of those living, di dunia ini: the kindest man alive, lelaki yang paling baik hati di dunia ini; 5. lively, cergas: although old she is very much alive, walaupun usianya tua, dia amat cergas; 6. swarming, teeming, penuh: the meat was alive with maggots, daging itu penuh dengan berenga; a jungle that is alive with game, hutan yang penuh dengan binatang; 7. (electricity) hidup; alive and kicking, masih cergas; be alive to, menyedari, sedar akan: he was alive to the dangers of working in the mine, dia sedar akan bahaya bekerja di lombong; be alive with, a. see (sense 6.); b. be animated with, berseri-seri dengan: her face was alive with laughter, mukanya berseri-seri dengan gelak ketawanya; c. be lively with, menjadi hidup: the air was alive with the promise of spring, suasana menjadi hidup dengan tanda-tanda permulaan musim bunga; keep something alive, [various translations]: we must keep the fire alive throughout the night, api itu hendaklah kita biarkan menyala sepanjang malam; it is cruel to keep the dog alive when it is suffering, kejam kalau kita membiarkan anjing itu terus hidup terseksa; more dead than alive, sudah hampir-hampir mati. *alizarin alizarin *alkalescent alkalesen *alkalescent-dispar group -kumpulan alkalesen-dispar *alkali (lk-l) noun. 1. A carbonate or hydroxide of an alkali metal, the aqueous solution of which is bitter, slippery, caustic, and characteristically basic in reactions. 2. Any of various soluble mineral salts found in natural water and arid soils. 3. Alkali metal, alkali. *alkali disease penyakit alkali *alkali flat noun. pamah alkali. *alkali forming bacteria bakteria pengalkali *alkali metal noun. logam alkali. *alkali mineral - mineral alkali *alkali rock - batuan alkali *alkali soil noun. tanah alkali. *alkalic igneous rock - batuan igneus alkali *alkalify intransitive verb. menjadi alkali; transitive verb. mengalkalikan. *alkalimeter noun. alkalimeter.

*alkaline alkali; beralkali *alkaline adjective. beralkali : alkaline fusion, pelakuran beralkali; alkaline salt, garam beralkali; alkaline solution, larutan beralkali. *alkaline -alkali; beralkali *alkaline earth - bumi alkali *alkaline fusion - pelakuran alkali, lakuran alkali *alkaline gland kelenjar alkali *alkaline tide pasang-surut alkali *alkalinity noun. kealkalian: the test for alkalinity, ujian kealkalian. *alkalization noun. pengalkalian. *alkalize, alkalise transitive verb. mengalkalikan. *alkaloid - alkaloid *alkaloid (lk-loid) noun. Any of various organic compounds normally with basic chemical properties and usually containing at least one nitrogen atom in a heterocyclic ring, occurring chiefly in many vascular plants and some fungi. Many alkaloids, such as nicotine, quinine, cocaine, and morphine, are known for their poisonous or medicinal attributes, alkaloid. *alkalosis alkalosis *alkane (lkn) noun. Any member of the alkane series, alkana. *alkaptonuria alkaptonuria *alkene (lkn) noun. Any of a series of unsaturated, open chain hydrocarbons with one or more carboncarbon double bonds, having the general formula CnH2n, alkena. *alkolosis alkolosis *Alkoran noun. see ALCORAN. *alkyl noun. alkil: alkyl halide, alkil halida; alkyl radical, radikal alkil. *alkylating agent agen mengalkil *all adjective. 1. the utmost, [various translations]: with all haste, (dengan) secepat mungkin or (dengan) secepat-cepatnya; with all (possible) care, dengan secermat-cermatnya or (dengan) secermat mungkin; in all earnestness I beg you to flee, dengan sesungguh-sungguhnya saya memohon agar

tuan menyelamatkan diri; 2. (usually in negative contexts) any, whatever, segala, semua: he dislikes artificiality in all forms, dia tidak suka akan segala bentuk kepura-puraan; to deny all responsibility, menolak segala tanggungjawab; beyond doubt, tidak dapat /diragu, disangsikan/ lagi; beyond all expectations di luar segala /jangkaan, dugaan/; 3. (as intensifier), [not translated]: the greatest empire in all history, empayar yang terbesar dalam sejarah; the most evil regime in all the world, rejim yang paling jahat di dunia; adjective. & pronoun 1. the whole amount, number (of), every one (of) a. (in combination with noun.) semua [noun], [noun] semuanya; (emphatic) kesemua [noun], [noun] kesemuanya; (final or with abstract noun.) segala [ noun. ]: my money has all been stolen, semua wang saya dicuri or wang saya semuanya dicuri or wang saya dicuri semuanya; not all (of) my money has been stolen, bukan semua wang saya yang dicuri or wang saya tidak semuanya dicuri or wang saya tidak dicuri semuanya; all (of) my friends were there, semua kawan saya hadir; we can overcome all obstacles if we remain united, kita dapat mengatasi segala rintangan jika kita tetap bersatu; b. (in combination with demonstrative pronoun) semua; (colloquial) semua (nya): all (of) that is our land, semua itu tanah kami or itu semuanya tanah kami; c. (in combination with personal pronoun) semuanya, sekalian, all of us are coming, kami semuanya akan datang or kami akan datang semuanya; all of /it, them/, /it, they/all, semuanya: it all began in 1967, semuanya bermula dalam tahun 1967; take all of it, ambillah semuanya; they all went home at four o'clock, semuanya pulang pada pukul empat; d. (in combination with numeral, or numeral and noun.) ke-[reduplicated numeral]-nya, ke-[reduplicated numeral]: all three (of the) girls are singers, ketiga-tiga gadis itu penyanyi or gadis itu ketiga-tiganya penyanyi or gadis itu penyanyi ketiga-tiganya; don't eat all four, jangan makan keempat-empatnya; e. (in combination with numeral and personal pronoun) ber-[numeral]: all four of you must come to the ceremony, you must all four come to the ceremony, kamu berempat mesti menghadiri upacara itu; f. (in combination with relative clause, or with noun. and relative clause) semua(nya) [relative clause], semua; (formal) segala: all (that) you need is to be found in our library, semua yang anda perlukan boleh didapat di perpustakaan kami; all the facilities that one could desire have been made available, semua kemudahan or segala kemudahan yang diingini telah disediakan; 2. (in combination with relative clause, with noun. + relative clause, or occasionally with noun. only) the limit (of), the only (thing) hanya... saja, hanya, saja: all (that) you need is a saw, yang anda perlukan hanya sebuah gergaji saja; all the facilities they gave me were a table and a chair, kemudahan yang diberikan kepada saya hanya sebuah meja dan sebuah kerusi; is that all (the money) you have on you?, itu sajakah (wang) yang ada pada kamu?; that's all I know, hanya itu saja yang saya tahu; that's all, itu sajalah; (at end of letter, news report, speech) sekian(lah); that's all the news for now from the United Nations headquarters, sekianlah dahulu berita dari ibu

pejabat Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu; 3. (in combination with noun.) the whole extent (of) seluruh(nya), keseluruhannya: all (of) Western Europe is experiencing abnormally high temperatures, seluruh Eropah Barat or Eropah Barat seluruhnya or Eropah Barat keseluruhannya sedang mengalami suhu yang luar biasa tingginya; not all of the palace was destroyed, bukan seluruh istana itu yang binasa or istana itu tidak seluruhnya binasa or istana itu tidak binasa seluruhnya; 4. (in combination with noun.) the whole length, duration (of) sepanjang: we sang all the way home, kami bernyanyi sepanjang jalan pulang ke rumah; all (of) next week, sepanjang minggu depan; all (the) year (round) sepanjang tahun; all day (long), sepanjang hari, sehari suntuk, sehari-harian; all night (long), sepanjang malam, semalam-malaman; in all my life, sepanjang /umur, hayat saya, seumur hidup saya; adverb. 1. wholly, entirely, a. (with adjective. or noun.) semuanya, seluruhnya [adjective., noun.], [adjective., noun.] semuanya, seluruhnya; (expressing predominance) belaka; (of a variety of objects in a set having some colour or favourable quality in common) serba: this story is not all true, cerita ini tidak semuanya benar; the world around him grew all dark and misty, dunia di sekelilingnya menjadi gelap dan berkabut belaka; my kitchen equipment is all new, peralatan dapur saya serba baru; dressed all in silk, berpakaian serba sutera; b. (with noun. only) i. consisting solely of, semata-mata: she thinks life in the city is all feasting and dancing, sangkanya hidup di kota besar semata-mata berpesta dan menari; this piece of meat is all bone, potongan daging ini tulang semata-mata; ii. (as intensifier), [usually not translated]: the girl was sitting all huddled up in the corner, gadis itu duduk meringkuk di sudut; their drinking water had all gone, air minum mereka sudah habis; 2. (sport) for each side, sama: the score is three all, kedudukannya tiga sama; love all, kosong sama; set all, satu set sama; pronoun & noun. l. everything, semuanya, segalanya, segala-galanya: tell me all, beritahu saya semuanya; she has staked her all on her son's winning the election, dia telah mempertaruhkan segala-galanya bagi kemenangan anaknya dalam pilihan raya itu; 2. all persons, semuanya, semua orang: all must register to vote, semuanya mesti mendaftarkan diri untuk mengundi; the ship's passengers were allowed on shore after all had been interrogated, para penumpang kapal itu dibolehkan mendarat setelah semuanya disoal; all and sundry, /siapa-siapa, sesiapa/ saja: I don't send invitations to all and sundry, saya tidak mengirimkan undangan kepada sesiapa saja; all at once, a. suddenly, tiba-tiba, sekonyong-konyong; b. simultaneously, serentak, serempak; all being well, kalau tak ada halangan; (for Muslims) Insyaallah; all but, a. every (thing) except, semua... kecuali: in all but the most remote areas, di semua daerah kecuali yang paling terpencil; he wrote all but the final chapter, dia menulis semua bab kecuali yang akhir; all for, a. in full agreement with, setuju /benar, sekali/ dengan: I'm all for such a step, saya setuju benar dengan tindakan demikian; b. fully intending to, betul-betul hendak: the manager was all

for sacking the strikers on the spot, pengurus itu betul-betul hendak memecat pemogok-pemogok pada ketika itu juga; all in, (colloquial) a. exhausted, /penat, letih/ /betul, sangat/; b. inclusive of all, termasuk segala-galanya: the house is $700 a month all in, bayaran sewa rumah itu berjumlah $700 sebulan termasuk segala-galanya; c. see ALL-IN; all in all, generally speaking, pada keseluruhannya, (pada) umumnya; all in one piece, masih utuh; all /kinds, manner, sorts/ of noun., noun. + of all /kinds, sorts/, berbagai-bagai; (formal) pelbagai, segala jenis; (informal) bermacam-macam, segala macam: this restaurant used to be frequented by all manner of people, restoran ini dulu didatangi oleh segala jenis manusia; the new rule caused all kinds of problems, peraturan yang baru itu menimbulkan bermacam-macam masalah; all of [+ measurement, noun. indicating amount] sekurang-kurangnya, tidak kurang daripada: he was all of two metres tall, tingginya sekurang-kurangnya dua meter; that car must have cost all of $20,000, harga kereta itu tentu tidak kurang daripada $20,000; all of a sudden, (dengan) tiba-tiba, sekonyong-konyong; all one (to someone) sama saja (bagi seseorang); all out, bermati-matian, mati-matian, berhabishabisan, habis-habisan: our team must go all out to win, pasukan kita harus berusaha bermatimatian untuk menang; [see also ALL-OUT adjective.]; all over, a. (of place) i. everywhere, merata-rata, di merata (-rata) tempat, di serata tempat; (on, in every part of body etc) seluruh, serata: I've looked all over for you, saya sudah mencari kamu merata-rata; her body was bruised all over, seluruh badannya lebam-lebam; the gown was covered all over with sequins, seluruh gaun itu dihiasi labuci; ii. everywhere in, di /seluruh, merata (-rata), serata/, di /merata-(-rata), serata/ tempat di; (as intensifier), [various translations]: all over the world, di seluruh dunia; you've got mud all over our shoes, kasutmu berlumuran lumpur; there are ants all over the food, makanan itu dikerumuni semut; b. finished, [various translations]: that's all over and done with, semua itu sudah berlalu; it's all over between them, hubungan mereka sudah putus; c. typically, memang: that's Joe all over, Joe memang begitu; all right, see ALL RIGHT; all round, a. for all present, untuk semua (yang hadir): to buy drinks all round; membeli minuman untuk semua; b. see ALL ROUND; all the + comparative adjective. or adverb., lebih + adjective., adverb. + some plants grow all the more quickly for being pruned, beberapa jenis tanaman tumbuh lebih cepat lagi kalau dipangkas; I felt all the better for my holiday abroad, saya berasa lebih sihat lagi sesudah bercuti di luar negeri; all the best (formula for wishing someone safety, success, etc) saya doakan supaya saudara /selamat, berjaya, d IV; all the more + noun., lebih banyak [noun] lebih banyak lagi: this new plan means all the more money for me, rancangan yang baru ini memungkinkan saya mendapat wang yang lebih banyak lagi; all the more so, lebih, lebih lagi, apatah, apa lagi: he enjoys visiting Malaysia, all the more so if durians are in season, dia suka mengunjungi Malaysia, lebih-lebih lagi kalau durian sedang bermusim; all the same, a.

unimportant, tidak menjadi hal: it's all the same to me whether he lives or dies, tidak menjadi hal bagi saya sama ada dia hidup atau mati; b. nevertheless, juga, walaupun begitu, namun (begitu): the weather was terrible, but the ceremony went ahead all the same, cuaca buruk sekali, tetapi upacara itu diteruskan juga; c. (in expression of thanks), [not translated]: "Would you like to smoke?" "No, thanks all the same,", "Mahu rokok?" "Tidak, terima kasih,"; all the time, a. continuously, tidak berhenti-henti; senantiasa: he practises all the time, dia tidak berhenti-henti berlatih; b alkyl see ALONG; all told, a. in total, (ke)semuanya: all told, 25 people lost their lives, semuanya 25 orang telah terkorban; b. in general, pada keseluruhannya, (pada) umumnya; (at) all hours, bila-bila saja, (pada) setiap waktu; till all hours, /sampai, hingga/ larut malam; be all attention, memberikan perhatian penuh; be all ears, memasang telinga; be all eyes, melihat dengan mata terbelalak; be all smiles, tersenyum lebar; habislah seseorang; and all, dan /semuanya, segala-galanya/: pythons swallow their victims whole: fur, claws, bones and all, ular sawa menelan mangsanya bulat-bulat: bulu, kuku, tulang dan semuanya; and all that, dan sebagainya, dan seterusnya, dan lain-lain: we'll put the soft drinks and cakes and all that on this table, minuman ringan, kek dan sebagainya kita letakkan di meja ini; at all, a. (in conditional sentences) . even a little, walau sedikit pun: if you had read the book at all, kalau kamu membaca buku itu walau sedikit pun",; ii. (as intensifier of "if) kalaupun, kalau, pun: if she came at all, she came late, kalaupun dia datang, dia datang lambat or kalau dia datang pun, dia datang lambat; b. (in positive sentences) anyhow, juga: I'm surprised you came at all, saya hairan saudara datang juga; c. (in negative sentences) i. (not) in the slightest, (not) in anyway, (tidak) sama sekali, sama sekali (tidak); (colloquial), (tidak) langsung: I didn't say that at all, saya sama sekali tidak berkata demikian; not at all worried, tidak khuatir sama sekali or sama sekali tidak khuatir; ii. (with negative adjective.) bukan [negative adjective.], (memang) [positive adjective. juga: it's not at all impossible, bukan tidak mungkin or (memang) mungkin juga; iii. (not) in reality, sebenarnya: they said he was sick, but he wasn't at all, mereka berkata dia sakit, tapi sebenarnya tidak; for all (+ noun. phrase, clause) walaupun, sungguhpun, meskipun: for all his wealth he was never happy, walaupun dia kaya, dia tidak pernah bahagia; for all that he's a politician, I still think he's sincere, sungguhpun dia ahli politik, saya tetap menganggap dia ikhlas; for all that, namun (begitu), /walaupun, sungguhpun, meskipun/ begitu), /walaupun, sungguhpun, meskipun/ demikian: I know he's quick-tempered, but he's a good manager for all that, saya tahu dia lekas marah, namun begitu dia seorang pengurus yang baik; for all I care, biar..., saya tak peduli kalau...: he can go to prison for all I care, biar dia masuk penjara, saya tak peduli; for all I know, for all anybody knows, etc, siapa tahu: this coin could be a forgery for all we know, syiling ini mungkin palsu, siapa tahu?; for no reason at all, tanpa sebab apa pun; (it's) all up /with, for/

someone, habislah seseorang; not at all (as reply) a. (to a question) sama sekali tidak: "Does it hurt?" "Not at all!", "Sakitkah?" "Sama sekali tidak!"; b. (to an apology) tidak / apa (-apa), mengapa/; (colloquial) tak /apa(-apa), mengapa/: "Sorry to trouble you.. ""Not at all!, "Maaf mengganggu saudara." "Tak apa-apa!"; c. (to an expression of thanks) sama-sama; (formal) terima kasih kembali: "Thank you very much!" "Not at all!", "Terima kasih banyak-banyak!" "Sama-sama!"; in all, semuanya, jumlahnya: we have invited 55 guests in all, tamu-tamu yang kita undang 55 semuanya; in all but..., almost, hampir; (used with noun.) hampir-hampir merupakan: the play is all but over, sandiwara itu hampir tamat; he was all but dead from thirst, dia hampir mati dahaga; this letter is all but an ultimatum, surat ini hampir-hampir merupakan kata dua; in all but name, (secara) tidak rasmi: his wife ruled the country in all but name for twenty years, isterinya memerintah negara itu secara tidak rasmi selama dua puluh tahun; /nobody, nothing/ at all, tiada /seorang, sesuatu/ pun, /seorang, sesuatu/ pun tidak: nobody came at all, tiada seorang pun yang datang or seorang pun tidak datang; not as + adjective. as all that, tidak se-[adjective.] itu: getting a work permit isn't as easy as all that, mendapat permit kerja tidak semudah itu; not all there, slightly crazy (colloquial) tiga suku, otak miring: he's not all there, dia tiga suku; of all (following superlative adjective.), [not translated]: this film is the best of all, filem inilah yang paling baik; of all /people, things, etc/, pula: why does he want to mend his bicycle in the bathroom of all places?, mengapa di bilik air pula dia hendak membaiki basikalnya?; it was my mother, of all people!, ibu pula (yang datang)!; once and for all, a. for all ever, untuk selama-lamanya; b. for the last time, untuk kali yang terakhir . *All Fools' Day noun. see APRIL FOOL'S DAY. *all fours noun.; on all fours, berlutut, melutut: she was on all fours scrubbing the floor, dia berlutut sambil menggosok lantai; crawl on all fours, merangkak: crawling on all fours like a baby, merangkak seperti bayi; crouch on all fours, mendekam: he got me to crouch on all fours so he could use my back for a table, dia menyuruh saya mendekam supaya dia dapat menggunakan belakang saya sebagai meja. *all or none law (lr-nn) adjective. Characterized by either a complete response or by a total lack of response or effect, as in neurological action above a threshold, hukum jadi atau tiada *all out adverb. sedaya-upaya: they went all out to get the contract, mereka berusaha sedaya-upaya untuk mendapatkan kontrak itu. *all right adjective. 1. satisfactory, memuaskan, agak baik: his grammar is all right, tatabahasanya memuaskan; 2. acceptable, boleh + appropriate verb: the book is all right for children, buku ini

boleh dibaca oleh kanak-kanak; 3. safe, selamat, tidak apa-apa: are you all right?, awak tidak apaapa?; 4. well, sudah baik: he was ill for a few days but he's all right now, dia sakit beberapa hari tetapi sudah baik sekarang; 5. agreeable, tidak (menjadi) keberatan: it is all right with me if it is all right with you, saya tidak keberatan jika saudara tidak keberatan; adverb. 1. satisfactorily, (dengan) baik: the car goes all right, motokar itu berjalan dengan baik; he is doing all right in school, kemajuannya baik di sekolah; 2. without doubt, memang: she is snooty all right, dia memang sombong; interjection. baiklah: All right let's start now, baiklah! Mari kita mulakan sekarang; all right I'll prove that you're wrong, baiklah! Saya akan membuktikan bahawa saudara salah. *all round adverb. (colloquial) in every way, dari /semua, segala/ segi: taken all round, its not a bad idea, dilihat dari semua segi, idea itu agak baik. *all, whole, entire, every, altogether - belaka, segala, segenap, sekalian, seluruh, semua *allaesthetic alaestetik *allagostemonous alagostamen *allantochorion alantokorion *allantoic alantois *allantoic acid asid alantoik *allantoic -alantois *allantoic bladder pundi alantois *allantoic placenta plasenta alantois *allantoic stalk tangkai alantois *allantoic vesicle vesikel alantois *allantoid alantoid *allantoin alantoin *allantois alantois *all-around adjective. see ALL-ROUND. *allassotonic alasotonik *allatal hormone hormon alatum

*allatectomy alatektomi *allautogamia alautogamia *allay transitive verb. 1. reduce, (active) mengurangkan; (passive) berkurang: the report allayed his suspicion, Laporan itu mengurangkan kecurigaannya; 2. relieve, melegakan, mengurangkan: a sedative which can ally the pain, sedatif yang dapat melegakan kesakitan. *all-clear noun. l. signal that danger is over, /tanda, isyarat/ semuanya selamat; 2. (figurative) green light, /kebenaran, izin/ untuk meneruskan: the all-clear for the highway project has been given, kebenaran untuk meneruskan projek lebuh raya itu telah diberikan. *allegation noun. act of alleging or something alleged, tuduhan, dakwaan: he did much damage to my reputation by his allegation of dishonesty, dia merosakkan nama baik saya dengan tuduhan bahawa saya tidak amanah; to make false allegations, membuat tuduhan palsu. *allege transitive verb. mengatakan: she alleged that the suspect had kidnapped her child, dia mengatakan bahawa orang yang disyaki itu telah menculik anaknya; in his defence he alleged temporary insanity, dalam pembelaan dirinya, dia mengatakan bahawa dia hilang akal sekejap. *allegiance noun. 1. loyalty to sovereign nation, cause, kesetiaan, taat setia: to take the oath of allegiance to the king, mengangkat sumpah taat setia kepada raja; 2. support, loyalty, kesetiaan: the families are split by differing political allegiances, keluarga-keluarga itu berpecah-belah kerana kesetiaan kepada fahaman politik yang berbeza. *allegoric, allegorical adjective. alegori: allegoric, allegorical figure, watak alegori. *allegorize transitive verb. mengalegorikan. *allegory noun. alegori. *allegretto adjective., adverb. & noun. allegretto. *allegro adjective., adverb. & noun. alegro *allergen (lr-jn) noun. alergen

A substance, such as pollen, that causes an allergy. [German Allergen : Allergie, allergy. See allergy + -gen, -gen.]. *allele (-ll) noun. One member of a pair or series of genes that occupy a specific position on a specific chromosome, alel *allele trend trend alel

*allelic complementation pemelengkapan alel *allelism kealelan /alelisme *allelobrachial alelobrakium *allelocatalysis alelokatalisis *allelochemic alelokimia *allelocytic stoma stoma alelosit *allelogenous alelogen *allelomorph alelomorf *allelomorphism alelomorfisme *allelopathic alelopati *allelopathy alelopati *allelosome alelosom *allelotropism alelotropisme *allelotype alelotip *allergen alergen *allergenic adjective. alergenik: allergenic agent, agen alergenik. *allergic adjective. 1. (medicine) alah, alergi: to be allergic to penicillin, alah kepada penisilin; allergic conjunctivitis, konjunktivitis alergi; 2. (colloquial) averse, menyampah, meluat : I am allergic to pop music, saya menyampah muzik pop. *allergic alveolitis alveolitis alergi *allergic encephalomyelitis ensefalomielitis alergi *allergic rhinitis rinitis alergi *allergist noun. pakar alergi. *allergized cell sel teralergi *allergy alergi

*allergy noun. (medicine) alergi, alahan; have an allergy to, a. (medicine), /alah, alergi,/ kepada; b. (colloquial), /menyampah, meluat/ kepada, /menyampah, meluat/ + appropriate verb: she has an allergy to long-haired youth, dia menyampah melihat pemuda yang berambut panjang. *alletechtomy aletektomi *alleviate transitive verb. lessen, relieve, a. (sorrow, grief: etc) mengurangkan; b. (sensation) melegakan, mengurangkan: to alleviate pain, melegakan rasa sakit; c. (troublesome situation, problem, etc) meringankan, mengurangkan: to alleviate the critical shortage of food in Ethiopia, meringankan masalah kekurangan makanan yang genting di Ethiopia. *alleviation noun. lessening, relieving, a. (sorrow, grief: etc) pengurangan, mengurangkan; b. (sensation) pengurangan, melegakan, mengurangkan; c. (troublesome situation, problem, etc) pengurangan, peringanan. *alley cat noun. kucing jalang. *alley noun. 1. also alley-way, street especially between or behind buildings, lorong: a long, narrow alley, lorong yang panjang dan sempit; 2. see BOWLING ALLEY; 3. (tennis) ruang antara; 4. path, walk in garden or park, lorong. *alley-way noun. see ALLEY (sense 1.). *alliaceous alium *alliance noun. 1. confederation (between nations) perikatan, bersekutu: Britain fought in alliance with France, Britain dan Perancis bersekutu dalam peperangan itu; they are in alliance, mereka bersekutu; 2. tie, connection, hubungan: they hoped for a closer alliance with the National Union of Bank Employees, mereka mengharapkan hubungan yang lebih rapat dengan Kesatuan Kebangsaan Pekerja-Pekerja Bank; 3. pact, agreement, perjanjian; 4. nations involved in an alliance, negara-negara berikat; 5. (becoming rare) union through marriage, hubungan (melalui perkahwinan): an alliance by marriage between the two royal families is desirable, hubungan melalui perkahwinan antara dua keluarga diraja itu amat diingini. *allied adjective. 1. joined, a. (by treaty) bersekutu, berikat: the allied forces, kuasa-kuasa bersekutu; b. usually Allied, Pihak Berikat; 2. connected, berkait(an), berhubung(an): closely allied to his lack of self-confidence was his fear of being ridiculed, bahawa dia takut dipersendakan berkaitan rapat dengan kurangnya kepercayaan terhadap dirinya sendiri; 3. connected by likeness, resemblance, descent, berkaitan: biology and allied sciences, biologi dan bidang-bidang ilmu sains berkaitan. *allience keadienan

*Allies noun.; the Allies, Pihak Berikat. *alligator noun. 1. (reptile) aligator; 2. (leather) kulit aligator. *alligator pear noun. buah avokado, apokad/. *all-important adjective. terpenting: the all-important evidence, bukti yang terpenting. *all-in adjective. 1. inclusive of all, keseluruhan: an all-in health insurance, insurans kesihatan keseluruhan; the all-in cost, kos keseluruhan; 2. (wrestling) without restriction, gaya bebas. *all-inclusive adjective. menyeluruh: an all-inclusive survey, tinjauan yang menyeluruh. *alliterate intransitive verb. 1. begin with the same letter, sound, beraliterasi: the "C" in "cat" does not alliterate with the "C" in "cent", "C" dalam "cat" tidak beraliterasi dengan "C" dalam "cent"; 2. use words beginning with the same letter, sound, menggunakan aliterasi. *alliteration noun. aliterasi. *alliterative adjective. aliteratif: alliterative poetry, puisi aliteratif. *allitic soil tanah alit *all-night adjective. 1. lasting throughout the night, sepanjang malam, semalaman, semalam suntuk: an all-night party, majlis tari-menari sepanjang malam; 2. open throughout the night, dibuka sepanjang malam: an all-night petrol station, stesen minyak yang dibuka sepanjang malam. *alloantigen aloantigen *alloantiserum aloantiserum *allobiogenesis alobiogenesis *allobiosis alobiosis *allocarpy alokarpi *allocate - memperuntukkan, peruntukkan *allocate transitive verb. menguntukkan; (duty, responsibility, etc) mengagih-agihkan, menguntukkan. *allocation noun. 1. act of allocating, penguntukan; (of duty, responsibility) pengagihan, penguntukan: the allocation of funds for the project, penguntukan wang untuk projek itu; 2. something allocated, peruntukan. *allocation - peruntukan *allocheiral alokeiral

*allochemic substance -bahan alokimia *allochroic alokroik *allochronic alokron *allochthonous alokton *allochthonous -aloktonus *allocoric alokori *allocortex alokorteks *allocycle alokitar *allodiploid alodiploid *allogamous alogami *allogamy alogami *allogamy noun. alogami. *allogene alogen *allogenic alogen *allogenic succession sesaran alogen *allograft alocantuman *allohaploid alohaploid *alloheteroploid aloheteroploid *alloiogenesis aloiogenesis *alloiometron aloiometron *allokinesis alokinesis *allokinetic alokinesis *allolysogenic alolisogen *allolysogenic -alolisogen *allometric alometri *allometric growth -pertumbuhan alometri

*allometry alometri *allomixis alomiksis *allomone alomon *allomorph noun. (linguistics) alomorf. *allomorphic adjective. (linguistics) alomorf. *allontoic bladder -pundi alontois *alloparalectotype aloparalektotip *allopatric alopatri *allopatric speciation penspesiesan alopatri *allopatry alopatri *allopelagic alopelagik *allophene alofen *allophenic alofen *allophillic alofili *allophily alofili *allophone noun. (linguistics) alofon. *allophonic adjective. (linguistics) alofon. *allophore alofor *allophycocyanin alofikosianin *allophytoid alofitoid *alloplasm aloplasma *alloplasmatic aloplasma *alloplasmatic structure struktur aloplasma *alloplasmic part bahagian aloplasma *alloplast aloplas *alloploid aloploid

*allopolyploid alopoliploid *allopolyploidy alopoliploidi *allorhizal aloriza *alloscutum aloskutum *allosematic alosematik *allosomal alosom *allo-species alospesies *allosteric alosterik *allosteric effector pengesan alosterik *allosteric preconditioning prakesuasanaan alosterik *allosterism alosterisme *allostosis alostosis *allosubstitution pengalogantian *allosyndesis alosindesis *allot transitive verb. 1. distribute by lot, mengumpukkan: to allot shares, mengumpukkan syer; 2. designate for a particular purpose, memperuntukkan, menguntukkan; (duty, responsibility, etc) memberikan: he allotted part of his leisure time to writing, dia menguntukkan sebahagian daripada masa lapangnya untuk menulis; the house allotted to me, rumah yang diperuntukkan kepada saya; a different task was allotted to each person, tugas yang berlainan diberikan kepada setiap orang. *allotetraploid alotetraploid *allotheria aloteria *allotherian aloteria *allotherm aloterma *allotment noun. 1. act of, a. (distributing by lot) pengumpukan; b. (designating for a particular purpose) penguntukan; (of duty, responsibility, etc) memberikan: the allotment of time to each participant, penguntukan masa bagi setiap peserta; 2. something allotted, peruntukan. *allotrope noun. alotrop.

*allotrophic alotrofi *allotrophy alotrofi *allotropic (al) adjective. alotroti: allotropic forms, bentuk-bentuk alotroti. *allotropism noun. alotropisme. *allotropous alotrop *allotropy alotropi *allotropy noun. alotrofi. *allottee noun. penerima umpuk. *allotype alotip *all-out adjective. (colloquial) habis-habisan: an all-out effort, usaha habis-habisan. *allow - diizinkan, izinkan *allow transitive verb. 1. permit, a. (by way of concession, permission) membenarkan, mengizinkan: they were not allowed to discuss the matter, mereka tidak dibenarkan membincangkan perkara itu; allow me to open the door for you, izinkan saya membuka pintu untuk saudari; he was allowed two cigarettes a day, dia dibenarkan (merokok) dua batang sehari; b. (to enable something to happen) membolehkan, memungkinkan: the driver pulled over to allow the faster car to pass, pemandu itu memandu keretanya ke tepi untuk membolehkan kereta yang lebih laju itu memotongnya; the vents in the wall allow fresh air to enter the room, liang-liang udara di dinding memungkinkan udara bersih masuk ke dalam bilik; c. (by neglect) membiarkan: she allowed herself to become sloppy, dia membiarkan dirinya menjadi selekeh; 2. provide (money, time, etc) memberikan: to allow at least one hour for the journey, memberikan masa sekurang-kurangnya satu jam untuk perjalanan itu; he allowed his son $10 a week, dia memberikan $10 kepada anaknya setiap minggu; we must allow room for the baby's cot, kita mesti memberikan ruang untuk katil bayi itu; 3. permit presence of, /membenarkan, mengizinkan/ + appropriate verb: no pets are allowed in the apartment, tidak dibenarkan membela haiwan peliharaan di pangsapuri ini; reporters are not allowed in the restricted area, pemberita-pemberita tidak dibenarkan masuk ke kawasan larangan; 4. admit, acknowledge, mengakui; (legal) meluluskan: I allow that he was facing a lot of problems, saya mengakui bahawa dia menghadapi banyak masalah; to allow a claim, meluluskan tuntutan; 5. admit as possible, membenarkan, mengizinkan: the facts allowed no other conclusion, keterangan itu tidak membenarkan kesimpulan lain dibuat; 6. (United States), (dialect) consider, assert, mengatakan: we allowed it was too early to go swimming, kami

mengatakan terlalu awal untuk pergi berenang; allow for, mengambil kira: to allow for the time difference between here and Hong Kong, mengambil kira perbezaan masa di antara tempat ini dan Hong Kong; allow something for, see (sense 2.); allow someone in, see (sense 3.); allow of, [various translations]: evidence that allows of only one conclusion, bukti yang membolehkan hanya satu kesimpulan dibuat; a tone which allowed of no reply, nada suara yang menyebabkan orang tidak berani menjawab; the matter allows of no delay, perkara itu tidak boleh dilambatkan; the rules were so worded as to allow of no misinterpretation, peraturan itu diungkapkan begitu rupa supaya tidak menimbulkan salah tafsiran. *allowable - terizinkan, boleh izin *allowable adjective. boleh dibenarkan: an allowable mistake, kesilapan yang boleh dibenarkan; the allowable rate of interest, kadar faedah yang boleh dibenarkan. *allowable error - ralat terizinkan, ralat boleh izin *allowance - keizinan, elaun *allowance noun. 1. limited quantity, sum given regularly, a. (of money) elaun. he gave his son an allowance of M$200 a month, dia memberi anak lelakinya elaun M$200 sebulan; the allowance for groceries was M$50, elaun untuk keperluan dapur ialah M$50; b. (of food etc) peruntukan: allowances in kind, peruntukan dalam bentuk barang; 2. discount, reduction, potongan: an allowance of l0% is made for cash payments, potongan sebanyak 10% diberikan bagi setiap bayaran tunai; 3. money for special expenses, elaun: entertainment allowance, elaun keraian; traveling allowance, elaun perjalanan; 4. sanction, permission, keizinan; 5. something allowed, peruntukan: free baggage allowance, peruntukan bagasi percuma; make allowance (s) for, a. give concession, memberikan kelonggaran: we must make allowances for his youth, kita mesti memberikan kelonggaran kerana usianya yang muda; b. allow for, mengambil kira, memperhitungkan: we must make allowances for the condition of the roads, kita mestilah mengambil kira keadaan jalan itu. *allowed - terizin, diizinkan *allowed transition - peralihan terizin *allowedly adverb. memang, diakui: his results are allowedly poor, keputusannya memang lemah. *alloy - aloi *alloy noun. 1. mixture of two or more metals, aloi, pancalogam: brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, loyang adalah aloi tembaga dan zink; 2. something that spoils, impairs, a. aloi; b. (figurative),

[various translations]: her happiness was without alloy, kebahagiaannya sejati; her face so refined of all alloy, wajahnya yang begitu jelita dan tidak ada cacat-celanya; transitive verb. 1. mix metals, mengaloikan; 2. impair, [various translations]: her happiness was somewhat alloyed by the absence of her mother, kebahagiaannya agak terjejas oleh ketiadaan ibunya. *alloy steel - keluli aloi *allozygosity kealozigotan *allozyme alozim *all-powerful adjective. /berkuasa, mempunyai kuasa/ penuh, /amat, sangat/ berkuasa: an all-powerful monarch, raja yang mempunyai kuasa penuh. *all-purpose - semua maksud, serbaguna *all-purpose adjective. serba guna. *all-right adjective. (United States), boleh tahanlah: he's an all-right guy, dia itu boleh tahanlah; it's an allright film, filem itu boleh tahanlah. *all-round adjective. 1. competent in many things, serba boleh: an all-round student, penuntut yang serba boleh; 2. comprehensive, inclusive, menyeluruh: an all-round reduction in price, penurunan harga yang menyeluruh; an all-round education, pendidikan yang menyeluruh. *allround light -suar keliling *all-rounder noun. (orang yang) serba boleh. *all-sorts noun. berbagai-bagai jenis gula-gula. *allspice noun. (spice) rempah allspice. *all-star adjective. bintang-bintang terkemuka, all-star soccer, bola sepak bintang-bintang terkemuka *all-time adjective. (informal) paling + appropriate verb, adjective.; (with "high", "low") paling: our company sales reached an all-time high, jualan syarikat kami mencapai peringkat yang paling tinggi; an all-time bestseller, buku laris yang paling banyak dijual. *allude intransitive verb.; allude to, secara tidak langsung /menyebut, menyentuh/; (used with modals such as "must", "will" or the negative "not") menyebut, menyentuh; (used in relative clause) dimaksudkan: he often alluded to the deteriorating state of the country's economy, dia selalu secara tidak langsung menyebut keadaan ekonomi negara itu yang kian merosot; if you must allude to her past record, will you please be discrete?, jika kamu terpaksa juga menyebut rekod

masa lalunya, bolehkah kamu lakukannya secara hati-hati?; although he did not mention her name, we were in no doubt who he was alluding to, walaupun dia tidak menyebut nama gadis itu, kami tahu siapa yang dimaksudkannya. *allulose alulosa *allure noun. daya /penarik, tarikan/: she exercised all her allure on him, dia menggunakan seluruh daya penariknya untuk memikat lelaki itu; the old house has an indefinable allure, rumah tua itu mempunyai daya tarikan yang sukar hendak diterangkan; transitive verb. (active) memikat, menggoda; (passive) terpikat, tergoda, tertawan: fables of mermaids alluring sailors to destruction, cerita-cerita dongeng yang mengisahkan bagaimana ikan duyung memikat pelaut ke arah kemusnahan; to be allured by promises, terpikat dengan janji-janji; *allurement noun. 1. something that allures, tarikan: the allurement of city life, tarikan kehidupan kota; 2. charm, daya /penarik, tarikan/: her allurement is in her style, daya tarikannya terletak pada gayanya. *alluring adjective. sangat menarik; (of smile, look, etc) menawan, memikat, menggoda: an alluring prospect, suatu kemungkinan yang, sangat menarik; an island remote and alluring, pulau yang terpencil dan sangat menarik; an alluring smile, senyuman yang menawan. *alluringly adverb. sangat menarik; (smile, look, etc) menawan, memikat, menggoda: the proposition was worded very alluringly, cadangan itu disusun dengan kata-kata yang amat menarik; to look alluringly at someone, memberikan pandangan yang menawan kepada seseorang. *allusion noun. 1. act of making indirect reference to, /menyebut, menyentuh/ (secara tidak langsung): his allusion to my prison record was unnecessary, dia tidak perlu menyebut rekod penjara saya; make an allusion, (secara tidak langsung) / menyebut, menyentuh/: he does not like people to make any allusion to his blindness, dia tidak suka orang menyebut hal matanya yang buta; 2. indirect reference, especially in literature, kilasan: an epic poem that is full of allusions, puisi epik yang penuh dengan kilasan. *allusion, metaphor - ibarat, kiasan *allusive adjective. 1. containing indirect reference, (secara tidak langsung) menyentuh, mengilatngilatkan: remarks that were allusive to her past, kata-kata yang mengilat-ngilatkan kehidupan masa silamnya; 2. using, full of allusions, penuh /alusi, kilatan/: an allusive style of writing, gaya penulisan yang penuh alusi.

*alluvial adjective. aluvium, lanar: alluvial dam, empangan aluvium; alluvial tin, timah lanar; alluvial plain, dataran aluvium; noun. lanar, aluvium. *alluvial dam - empangan lanar, empangan aluvium *alluvial deposit -mendapan lanar *alluvial fan - kipas lanar, kipas aluvium *alluvial -lanar *alluvial -lanar *alluvial lanar, aluvium *alluvial plane -satah lanar *alluviate - mengukup *alluviation pelanaran *alluviation - pengukupan, pelanaran *alluvium aluvium *alluvium - lanar, aluvium *alluvium -aluvium *alluvium noun. aluvium, lanar. *ally noun. one united to another for common purposes, a. (of country) sekutu: France was an ally of Britain during World War II, Perancis adalah sekutu Britain semasa Perang Dunia Ke-II; b. (of person) sekutu, bersekutu: the two men were allies in the Union dispute, kedua-dua lelaki itu bersekutu dalam pertikaian Kesatuan; intransitive verb. bersekutu: they allied to fight the enemy, mereka bersekutu untuk menentang musuh; transitive verb. l. unite, (by treaty) bersekutu: a Third World country which allied itself with a superpower, sebuah negara Dunia Ketiga yang bersekutu dengan sebuah kuasa besar; 2. (usually passive) connect (by likeness, resemblance, descent) ada persamaannya: a disease that is closely allied to dysentry, penyakit yang ada persamaannya yang rapat dengan penyakit disentri; English is allied to German, bahasa Inggeris ada persamaannya dengan bahasa Jerman; ally to, see transitive verb. (sense 2.); ally oneself with, see transitive verb. (sense 1.); *Alma mater (lm mtr, lm) noun. 1. The school, college, or university that one has attended.

2. The anthem of an institution of higher learning, Alma mater.

*almanac - almanak *almanac noun. takwim, penanggalan, almanak, kalendar. *almighty adjective. 1. usually Almighty, all-powerful, Maha /Berkuasa, Besar, Agung/: Almighty God, Tuhan yang Maha Berkuasa; 2. (slang) very great, /amat, sangat, sungguh/ + appropriate adjective.: with an almighty bang, dengan dentuman yang amat kuat; in an almighty quandary, dalam kesulitan yang amat besar; adverb. (colloquial) amat, sangat, sungguh: almighty scared, amat takut. *almond (mnd, mnd) noun. 1. (tree) pokok badam; 2. (nut), (buah) badam; 3. (attributive), (buah) badam 4. light yellowish brown colour, warna badam. *almoner noun. (United Kingdom) hospital social worker, almoner, pegawai kebajikan hospital. *almost adverb. nearly, a. (general) hampir(-hampir): he is almost as tall as his father, dia hampir setinggi bapanya; he is almost cured, dia hampir-hampir sembuh; mistakes on almost every page, kesilapan pada hampir setiap halaman; b. (relating to time) hampir: a porcelain vase that is almost 200 years old, sebuah pasu tembikar yang berusia hampir 200 tahun; it is almost tea time, sudah hampir waktu minum petang; c. (relating to condition, situation, action) hampir (-hampir); (relating to adverse situation) nyaris(-nyaris), hampir(-hampir), cemas-cemas: he is almost bankrupt, dia hampir-hampir bankrap; he was almost knocked down by a car, dia nyaris-nyaris dilanggar kereta; she almost blurted out the secret, dia nyaris-nyaris membocorkan rahsia itu; d. what would essentially approximate, (usually with negative) boleh dikatakan: during that one hour she said almost nothing, selama satu jam itu, dia boleh dikatakan tidak berkata sepatah pun; they almost always fail agree, mereka boleh dikatakan tidak pernah bersetuju; an almost watertight argument, suatu alasan yang boleh dikatakan tidak dapat disangkal lagi. *almost everywhere - hampir di mana-mana *almost, nearly - cemas-cemas, hampir-hampir, nyaris *alms noun. sedekah, derma. *almshouse noun. rumah /kebajikan, amal, miskin/. *aloe (l) noun. 1. (plant) pokok lidah buaya; 2. (in plural) also bitter aloes, (purgative) jadam. *aloft adjective. & adverb. I. up above, di atas; 2. upwards, ke atas 3. (nautical) a. on higher part of ship, di puncak layar: he stayed aloft to watch for sharks, dia berada di puncak layar untuk meninjau ikan yu; b. to higher part of ship, ke puncak layar .

*alone adjective. & adverb. 1. on ones own, (of person) seorang sahaja; (implying independence) seorang diri (sahaja), sendirian; (of animal) /satu, seekor/ sahaja; (of things), (/satu, sebuah/) sahaja: you are not alone in that opinion, bukan kamu seorang sahaja yang berpendapat begitu; Hamid remained alone in the shop, Hamid tinggal seorang diri di kedai; my father lives alone, bapa saya hidup sendirian; his house stands alone on the hill, hanya rumahnya sahaja yang di atas bukit itu; 2. unaided, sendiri: my son can now walk alone, anak saya sekarang sudah dapat berjalan sendiri; he built this house alone, rumah ini dibinanya sendiri; 3. (after noun.) a. without considering other instances, sendiri: our country alone produces two million metric tons each year, negara kita sendiri mengeluarkan dua juta tan metrik tiap-tiap tahun; b. to the exclusion of all else, semata-mata: wealth alone doesn't guarantee happiness, kekayaan semata-mata belum menjamin kebahagiaan; c. only, /hanya, cuma/... (sahaja); (of person) /hanya, cuma/... (seorang sahaja): God alone knows what happened, hanya Tuhan sahaja yang tahu apa yang terjadi; of the hundreds of invitees, I alone did not reply, daripada beratus-ratus orang yang diundang, hanya saya seorang sahaja yang tidak menjawab; all alone, a. solitary, seorang diri (sahaja): she was all alone in the house, dia seorang diri sahaja di rumah itu; b. without living relatives, (hanya) sebatang kara: I'm all alone in this world, saya hidup sebatang kara di dunia ini; go it alone, appropriate verb + sendirian: the other singers have dropped out of the programme, so you'll just have to go it alone, penyanyi yang lain sudah menarik diri dari acara itu, jadi kamu harus bernyanyi sendirian; /leave, let /someone, something,/ alone, a. (literal) meninggalkan seseorang sendirian: I would like to be left alone now, saya ingin ditinggalkan sendirian sekarang; b. not disturb, meddle with, touch someone, something, tidak,/mengganggu, mengusik(-usik) /seseorang, sesuatu/; (imperative) jangan /ganggu, usik(-usik)/: he kept pulling the cat's tail and wouldn't leave it alone, dia menarik-narik ekor kucing itu, dan tidak mahu berhenti mengganggunya; after that, they left me completely alone, sesudah itu mereka sedikit pun tidak mengganggu saya lagi; leave my books alone, jangan usik-usik buku saya itu; /leave, let/ well (enough) alone, membiarkan begitu (sahaja): the children were making an awful lot of noise in the bedroom, but they were so happy, that I decided to leave well alone, anak-anak itu sedang bising di bilik tidur, tetapi mereka begitu gembira sehingga saya memutuskan lebih baik membiarkan begitu; let alone, apalagi: she can't even stand yet, let alone walk, berdiri pun dia belum dapat, apalagi berjalan, *along (-lng, -lng) adverb. 1. usually along with, accompanying, bersama(-sama); (formal) berserta; (informal) ikut:

don't forget to bring your passport along (with you), jangan lupa membawa pasportmu bersama; along with my application I enclose a recent passport photo of myself, berserta dengan permohonan ini saya lampiran sekeping foto pasport saya yang terbaru; can my sister come along too?, bolehkah adik saya ikut?; sing along, ikut bernyanyi; 2. (indicating progressive motion), [use appropriate verb + reduplication]: he walked along, deep in thought, dia berjalan-jalan sambil termenung-menung; the ball rolled along for a few more metres, bola itu berguling-guling beberapa meter lagi; 3. (with numerical expression) further in a given direction, selang: three doors along (from here). selang tiga pintu (dari sini); preposition 1. over (part of) the length of, di; usually all along, right along, over the whole length of, di sepanjang: nipa palms usually grow along riverbanks, pokok nipah biasanya tumbuh di tebing sungai; to walk along a dirt road, berjalan kaki di jalan tanah; all along the route of the procession, di sepanjang jalan perarakan itu; 2. lengthwise on, /memanjang, membujur/ dari, the cat lay stretched out along the branch, kucing itu meniarap memanjang di dahan; 3. (literal & figurative) following, mengikut: the trail ran along a dry river-bed, denai itu mengikut dasar sungai yang kering; if you carry on along that track, you'll have problems, kalau terus mengikut jejak itu, kamu akan menghadapi masalah nanti; 4. by way of, melalui, lalu di: does this bus go along Petaling Street.?, adakah bas ini melalui Jalan Petaling?; along the way, a. di tengah jalan; b. (figurative) pada masa yang sama:

she picked up two gold medals along the way, dia menggondol dua pingat emas pada masa yang sama; all along, /sejak, dari/ mula (-mula) (nya) (lagi): I knew all along he was lying, saya memang tahu dari mula-mula lagi bahawa dia berbohong; be along, datang: Zainal will be along soon, Zainal akan datang sebentar lagi; well along, advanced, dalam peringkat-peringkat akhir; (in age) lanjut /umurnya, usianya/: the plans for the presidential visit are well along, rancangan untuk kunjungan Presiden sudah berada dalam peringkat-peringkat akhir; the headman is well along in years, penghulu itu sudah lanjut umurnya; [for phrases such as come along, get along, go along, move along, tag along, etc, see appropriate verbs]. *alongshore adverb. di sepanjang pantai: the ship sailed alongshore, kapal itu belayar di sepanjang pantai. *alongside adverb. I. along the side, di /tepinya, sisinya, sampingnya, sebelahnya/: a sawmill with logs piled alongside, sebuah kilang papan dengan kayu-kayu balak tersusun di tepinya; 2. in company, di /sisinya, sampingnya, sebelahnya/: the bride with her father alongside, pengantin perempuan dengan bapanya di sisinya; bring a boat etc alongside, mengemudikan sampan, dan sebagainya di /sisi, sebelah, tepi, samping/ +appropriate noun.; come alongside, (imperative) datanglah ke /sisi, tepi/; draw alongside, menghampiri /sisi, tepi/; preposition often alongside of, I. at the side of, di /sisi, tepi, sebelah, samping/: the ship was moored alongside the dock, kapal itu ditambatkan di sebelah limbungan; 2. a. di /sisi, samping, sebelah/: to walk alongside of someone, berjalan di sisi seseorang; b. (figurative) di /samping, sisi/: it is a pleasure to work alongside a brilliant director, seronok bekerja di samping seorang pengarah yang bijak. *aloof adjective. bersikap suka menyendiri: she was proud and aloof, dia sombong dan bersikap suka menyendiri; adverb.; /keep, hold, stand/ aloof from, a. (suka) /mengasingkan, memencilkan, menyisihkan, menjauhkan/ diri daripada, (suka) menyendiri dari: she stood aloof from the crowd, dia mengasingkan diri daripada orang ramai; b. (figurative) /menjauhkan, menyisihkan/ diri daripada; (of buyer, investor, etc) tidak mahu berurus niaga: to keep aloof from politics, menjauhkan diri daripada politik; meanwhile investors are holding aloof, dalam pada itu pelaburpelabur tidak mahu berurus niaga.

*aloofness noun. sikap suka menyendiri. *alosome alosom *aloud adverb. kuat-kuat, dengan kuat: read the story aloud, baca cerita itu kuat-kuat; /call, cry/ aloud, menjerit, memekik: she cried aloud when the boy kicked her, dia menjerit apabila budak lelaki itu menendangnya; say something aloud, menyebut sesuatu; think aloud, menyatakan /apa-apa yang difikirkan, fikiran/ seseorang. *alozygote alozigot *alp noun. alp; the Alps, Pergunungan Alp. *alpaca noun. 1. (animal) alpaka; 2. (wool) bulu alpaka; 3. (cloth) kain alpaka. *alpage alpaj *alpenhorn noun. hon Alp. *alpenstock noun. tongkat pendaki gunung. *alpha noun. 1. first Greek letter, alfa; 2. (United Kingdom) first-class mark in examination, markah A; 3. (astronomy) alfa. *alpha particle noun. zarah alfa. *alpha radiation - sinaran alfa *alpha ray noun. sinar alfa. *alphabet (alf-bet`) noun. The set of characters composed of the letters used in a written language, abjad. *alphabetic, *alphabetical adjective. 1. in the order of the alphabet, /mengikut, menurut/ abjad: in alphabetic order, mengikut urutan abjad; /arrange, put, etc/ something in alphabetic order, mengabjadkan sesuatu, menyusun sesuatu /mengikut, menurut/ abjad; 2. employing an alphabet. berabjad: an alphabetic language, bahasa berabjad. *alphabetization noun. 1. arranging in alphabetical order, 1 pengabjadan: the alphabetization of a glossary, pengabjadan senarai istilah; 2. alphabetical series, list, senarai menurut abjad. *alphabetize transitive verb. mengabjadkan: to alphabetize the entries of a dictionary, mengabjadkan katakata masukan sebuah kamus; to alphabetize a dialect, mengabjadkan sesuatu dialek. *alphameric - angka-abjad

*alpha-naphthol -alfanaftol *alphanumeric (al`f-n -mrik, al`f-ny -mrik) adjective. Consisting of letters and/or digits, and sometimes including control characters, space characters, and other special characters, angkaabjad *alphitomorphous alfitomorf *alphorn noun. see ALPENHORN. *alpine (lpn) adjective. Biology. Living or growing on mountains above the timberline: alpine plants, alpin *Alpine adjective. 1. of the Alps, Alp: Alpine fold mountain, gunung lipat Alp; 2. of, relating to, high mountains, Alp: Alpine glacier, glasier Alp; Alpine erosion, hakisan Alp; 3. growing on mountains above timberline, alp: Alpine flowers, bunga alp. *Alpinist noun. pendaki Pergunungan Alp. *already adverb. 1. (indicating completed action or action in process) sudah, sudah pun: he already knows the problem, dia sudah pun tahu tentang masalah itu; the bus has already left, bas itu sudah bertolak; it's already boiling, air sudah pun mendidih; 2. (with interrogative) sudahkah; (relating to time) sudah: have you finished your work already?, sudahkah kamu menyelesaikan kerja kamu?; is it five o'clock already?, sudah pukul lima? *alsinaceous alsina *also adverb. juga: his age should also be taken into account, usianya perlu juga diambil kira; it was also reported that..., telah juga dilaporkan bahawa...; he speaks not only German but also Dutch, dia boleh bertutur tidak sahaja dalam bahasa Jerman tetapi juga dalam bahasa Belanda. *also-ran noun. 1. (in horse or dog racing), (appropriate noun.) yang tidak /menang, mendapat tempat/; 2. (figurative), (person) orang yang gagal. *altar noun. 1. table etc for offerings to deity, mazbah, altar; 2. communion table in church, altar; lead someone to the altar, (old-fashioned or jocular) /mengahwini, menikahi/ seseorang, /berkahwin, bernikah/ dengan seseorang. *altar-boy noun. pembantu paderi. *altar-piece noun. perhiasan altar. *alter ego noun. alter ego.

*alter intransitive verb. berubah: he has altered since his wife died, dia sudah berubah sejak isterinya meninggal dunia; transitive verb. 1. change, mengubah: he has altered his way of life, dia telah mengubah cara hidupnya; 2. modify, meminda: to alter a skirt, meminda skirt; *alter, change - pinda, tukar, ubah *alterable adjective. 1. that can be changed, /dapat, boleh/ diubah: an alterable state of affairs, keadaan yang boleh diubah; 2. that can be modified, /dapat, boleh/ dipinda, diubah/: the coat is alterable, kot itu boleh dipinda. *alteration - pemindaan, pindaan, pengubahan *alteration - pengubahan *alteration - pengubahan *alteration noun. 1. act of altering, pemindaan, pengubahan; (of course) pengubahan: the alteration of the plan caused much confusion, pemindaan rancangan itu banyak menimbulkan kekeliruan; 2. result of altering, pindaan; (when sub) is not specified) perubahan: to charge five ringgit for alterations to a dress, mengenakan bayaran lima ringgit bagi pindaan baju; there isn't much alteration in the organisation, tidak banyak perubahan dalam organisasi itu. *alteration switch - suis pemindaan *alteration theory teori pengubahan *altercation noun. pertengkaran, perbalahan, perbantahan. *altered adjective. 1. changed, berubah: an altered personality, keperibadian yang berubah; 2. modified, dipinda: an altered design, reka bentuk yang telah dipinda. *altered soil tanah ubah *alternate selang *alternate - selang-seli, selang *alternate adjective. 1. occurring by turns, bersilih ganti, silih berganti, berganti-ganti, ganti-berganti, berselang-seli, berselang-selang, berselang-seling; (of visible thing) berselang-seli, berselangselang, berselang-seling: alternate rain and sunshine, hujan dan panas yang berselang-seli; a wall made of alternate layers of stone and timber, tembok yang dibina daripada lapisan batu dan kayu yang berselang-seli; 2. every other, berselang: he works on alternate days, dia bekerja berselang hari; 3. see ALTERNATIVE; 4. (of leaves, flowers, etc) selang; noun. (United States) 1 deputy, wakil; 2. substitute, pengganti; intransitive verb. 1. occur, appear, perform by turns, bersilih ganti,

silih berganti; (of visible thing, sound) berselang-seli, berselang-selang, berselang-seling: success alternated with failure, kejayaan dan kegagalan bersilih ganti; day and night alternate, siang dan malam silih berganti; red and blue stripes alternate with each other, jalur merah dan biru berselang-seli di antara satu dengan yang lain, the pitter-patter of rain alternating with the rustling of leaves, bunyi rintik-rintik hujan berselang-seli dengan desiran daun-daun; 2. often alternate between. change from one condition etc to another, bersilih ganti, silih berganti: to alternate between laughter and tears, gelak ketawa dan tangisan bersilih ganti; 3. (of electric current, voltage) berulang-alik; transitive verb. l. arrange, perform by turns, menyelang-nyelikan, menyelang-nyelangkan, menyelang-nyelingkan: the farmer alternated his crops, peladang itu menyelang-nyelikan tanamannya; 2. interchange, secara /berselang-seli, berselang-selang, berselang-seling/: she alternated tennis with badminton, dia bermain tenis dan badminton secara berselang-seli; alternate between, see intransitive verb. (sense 2); alternate with, see intransitive verb. (sense 1); alternate something with, see transitive verb. (sense 2.); *alternate angles noun. sudut berselang-seli. *alternate routing - laluan selang-seli *alternate -selang *alternate, intermittent - sela, lat, selang *alternating - berselang-seli, ulang-alik *alternating adjective. 1. occurring successively, silih berganti, bersilih ganti, berselang-seli, berselangselang, berselang-seling: alternating ebbs and flows, pasang dan surut yang silih berganti; 2. appearing, being heard in alternation, berselang-seli, berselang-selang, berselang-seling: alternating colours, warna-warna yang berselang-seli; alternating sound patterns, pola-pola bunyi yang berselang-seli. *alternating cleavage sigaran berselang *alternating current noun. arus ulang-alik. *alternating dominance kedominanan berselang *alternation - perselangan, perselang-selian *alternation noun. act of alternating, perselangan, penyelangan, perselingan, penyelingan: the alternation between light and dark, perselangan antara terang dengan gelap; the alternation of crops, penyelangan tanaman.

*alternation of generation - perselangan generasi, selangan generasi *alternation of part - perselangan bahagian *alternative adjective. available in place of another, lain; (fm/) alternatif, lain: an alternative route, jalan lain; an alternative proposal, cadangan alternatif; noun. pilihan, alternatif: he was given three alternatives, dia diberi tiga pilihan; have no alternative, tidak /mempunyai, ada/ /pilihan, alternatif/ tidak /mempunyai, ada/ /cara, jalan/ lain. *alternative inheritance pewarisan alternatif *alternative substrate substrat alternatif *alternatively adverb. sebagai /pilihan (lain), alternatif/: liable to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or alternatively to be imprisoned far thirty days, boleh didenda tidak lebih daripada $1,000 atau sebagai alternatif dipenjarakan selama tiga puluh hari. *alternator noun. pengulang-alik. *although con walaupun, sungguhpun, meskipun: although they do not have much in common, they are good friend: walaupun persamaan antara mereka tidak banyak, mereka berkawan baik; Sandra was looking well although she had slept little, Sandra kelihatan segar walaupun tidurnya sedikit; he did not open the windows although it was sweltering in the room, dia tidak membuka tingkap walaupun bilik itu panas sekali; although poor Alias is happy, sungguhpun miskin, Alias gembira. *alterne altern *alternipinnate alternipinat *altimeter (l-tm-tr) noun. An instrument for determining elevation, especially an aneroid barometer used in aircraft that senses pressure changes accompanying changes in altitude, meter tinggi, altimeter. *altiplanation - pengarasan altitud *altitude altitud *altitude acclimation aklimasi altitud *altitude noun. 1. height above sea level, ketinggian, altitud: the plane climbed to an altitude of 20, 000 metres, kapal terbang itu naik ke ketinggian 20, 000 meter; gain, a. (of aircraft, balloon, etc) naik, meninggi; b. (of motor vehicle) /menaiki, mendaki/ sesuatu; lose altitude, a. (of aircraft, balloon, etc) menurun, merendah, turun; b. (of motor vehicle) menuruni sesuatu; /high, low/ attitude,

/altitud, paras/ /tinggi, rendah/; 2. (mathematics) altitud; 3 altitude (usually in plural) region(s) tinggi. *altitudinal range julat altitud

high

*alto adjective. 1. (of voice) alto; 2. (of person) penyanyi alto; 3. part written for alto voice, bahagian alto. *altocumulus altokumulus *altogether adverb. 1. entirely, completely, sama sekali: this is a different question altogether, ini persoalan yang lain sama sekali; 2. on the whole, pada /keseluruhannya, umumnya/: altogether this school compares favourably with the others, pada keseluruhannya sekolah ini lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan sekolah-sekolah yang lain; 3. in all, semua sekali: how much is that altogether?, berapa harganya semua sekali?; noun.; in the altogether, tiada seurat benang pun di badan. *altostratus altostratus *altricial altriks *altrix altriks *altruism (ltr -zm) noun. Unselfish concern for the welfare of others; selflessness, altruisme. *altruist noun. altruis. *altruistic adjective. altruistik. *altruistic behaviour kelakuan altruis *alula alula *alum (lm) noun. Any of various double sulfates of a trivalent metal such as aluminum, chromium, or iron and a univalent metal such as potassium or sodium, especially aluminum potassium sulfate, AlK(SO4)212H2O, widely used in industry as clarifiers, hardeners, and purifiers and medicinally as topical astringents and styptics, tawas, alum. *alum granuloma granuloma alum *alum precipitated toxoid toksoid mendakan alum *alumina noun. alumina. *aluminium adjuvant adjuvan aluminium *aluminium noun. aluminium.

*alumnus noun. alumni. *alutaceous aluta *alveola alveola; alveolus *alveolar alveolus *alveolar adjective. 1. (anatomy) alveolus; 2. (linguistics) gusi. *alveolar -alveolus *alveolar duct duktus alveolus *alveolate alveolat *alveolation pengalveolusan; kealveolatan *alveoli plural of ALVEOLUS. *alveolitis alveolitis *alveolus (l-v-ls) noun. plural *alveoli (-l)A tiny, thin-walled, capillary-rich sac in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. In this sense, also called air sac, alveolus. *alveus alveus *always adverb. 1. every time, selalu. sentiasa: she's always complaining about her health, dia selalu bersungut tentang kesihatannya; 2. at all times, sentiasa, selamanya: the sun always sets in the west, matahari sentiasa terbenam di sebelah barat; carbon dioxide is always present in the atmosphere, karbon dioksida sentiasa ada di dalam atmosfera; 3. in all cases, semuanya: this species always has webbed feet, spesies ini semuanya mempunyai kaki yang berkulit renang; 4. in any case, [not translated]: if you don't feel well, you can always take the day off, kalau kamu berasa tidak sihat kamu boleh bercuti; 5, forever, sentiasa, selama-lamanya/ untuk selama-lamanya. *alysogenic alisogen *am intransitive verb. see BE. *amacrinc amakrin *amacrine cell -sel amakrin *amah noun. maid servant, amah, pembantu rumah, orang gaji. shall always remember your kindness, saya akan sentiasa mengenang budi baikmu; for always, (colloquial)

*amalgam noun. 1. mixture of metal and mercury, amalgam; 2. combination, gabungan, jalinan: an amalgam of fact and fantasy, gabungan kenyataan dan khayalan. *amalgamate intransitive verb. 1. combine, unite, bergabung, bersatu: when the two companies amalgamate profits will increase, apabila kedua-dua buah syarikat itu bergabung keuntungan akan bertambah; 2. combine with mercury, beramalgam; transitive verb. l. combine, unite, menggabungkan, menyatukan: attempts to amalgamate the companies were not quite successful, usaha-usaha untuk menggabungkan syarikat-syarikat itu tidak begitu berjaya; 2. combine with mercury, mengamalgamkan; *amalgamated adjective. 1. united into one body, bergabung, bersatu: Amalgamated Steel Works, Syarikat Keluli Bersatu; 2. combined with mercury, beramalgam: amalgamated copper plate, plat kuprum beramalgam. *amalgamation noun. l. act of, s. (combining) penggabungan, penyatuan: the amalgamation of the two oil giants, penggabungan dua syarikat raksasa minyak; b. (combining with mercury) pengamalgaman; 2. result of blending metals, amalgam: bronze is an amalgamation of copper and tin, gangsa ialah amalgam kuprum dengan timah; 3. merger, pergabungan. *amanuensis (-mny -nss) noun. One who is employed to take dictation or to copy manuscript, penyalin. *amaryllis (m-rls) noun. 1. Any of several chiefly tropical American bulbous plants of the genus Hippeastrum grown as ornamentals for their large, showy, funnel-shaped, variously colored flowers that are grouped in umbels, bakung, pandan suasa. *amass intransitive verb. terkumpul: mud and silt amassed in a heap at the river mouth, lumpur dan lanar terkumpul dalam satu timbunan di muara sungai; transitive verb. mengumpulkan, menghimpunkan: to amass a fortune, mengumpulkan harta; to amass a wealth of data, mengumpulkan data sebanyak-banyaknya. *amateur (m-tr, -tr, --ch r, -chr, -ty r) adjective. amatur: an amateur football player, pemain bolasepak amatur; noun. 1. non-professional, amatur: he played tennis as an amateur for many years, sudah bertahun-tahun dia bermain tenis sebagai seorang amatur; amateur golf, golf amatur; 2. non-expert, amatur, tidak mahir: although he tried hard to master the game, he remained an amateur, walaupun dia mencuba sedaya upaya untuk menguasai permainan itu, namun dia masih juga amatur; 3. one who is fond of, peminat: an amateur of the art of batik painting, seorang peminat seni lukis batik.

*amateurish adjective. bersifat amatur; (of person) appropriate verb + seperti seorang amatur, tidak mahir: his acting was rather amateurish, lakonannya bersifat agak amatur; an amateurish style, gaya yang bersifat amatur; an amateurish player, pemain yang bermain seperti seorang amatur. *amateurism noun. amaturisme. *amathophilous amatofili *amatory adjective. berahi, ghairah: an amatory look, pandangan berahi; an amatory poem, puisi berahi. *amaze transitive verb. sungguh menghairankan, mengagumkan: what amazed him was his mother's calmness, yang sungguh menghairankannya ialah ketenangan ibunya; *amazed adjective. sungguh hairan, kagum: he was amazed at the boy's courage, dia sungguh hairan melihat keberanian budak itu. *amazement noun. kehairanan, kekaguman; in amazement. dengan /hairan, kagum/: to stare at someone in amazement, merenung so dengan hairan; to someones amazement, yang /sungguh menghairankan, mengagumkan/ seseorang: to his amazement the girl did not even utter a word of protest, yang sungguh menghairankannya ialah bahawa gadis itu tidak membantah sama sekali. *amazing adjective. sungguh menghairankan, mengagumkan: with amazing results, dengan hasil yang sungguh menghairankan; amazing talents, bakat-bakat yang mengagumkan; *amb amba *ambassador noun. 1. diplomat permanently representing country or sovereign, duta (besar); 2. diplomat sent on special mission, duta khas, utusan; 3. official messenger, representative, duta: sportsmen should be good ambassadors for their country, ahli-ahli sukan sepatutnya menjadi duta yang baik untuk negara mereka; ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, Duta Besar Istimewa dan Mutlak. *ambassadorial adjective. duta: ambassadorial duties, tugas-tugas duta; at the ambassadorial level, pada peringkat duta. *ambassadress noun. 1. female diplomat permanently representing country or sovereign, duta (besar); 2. diplomat sent on special mission, duta khas; 3. official messenger, representative, duta; 4. wife of ambassador, isteri duta (besar). *amber adjective. 1. made of amber, ambar: an amber necklace, rantai leher ambar; 2. coloured like amber, berwarna /ambar, kuning jingga/: amber eyes, mata yang berwarna ambar; noun. 1. (resin) ambar; 2. (colour) warna /ambar, kuning jingga/; 3. yellow traffic light, lampu kuning.

*amber mutant mutan amber *ambiance noun. see AMBIENCE. *ambicarpous ambikarpa *ambidexterity, *ambidexerousness *ambidextrousness noun. 1. quality of being ambidextrous, kedwicekatan; 2. double ambidexterity dealing, sifat /bermuka dua, bermuka-muka/ *ambidextrous adjective. 1. skilful with both hands, dwicekatan, /dapat, boleh/ + appropriate verb dengan tangan kanan atau tangan kiri: an ambidextrous badminton player, pemain badminton yang dapat bermain dengan tangan kanan atau tangan kiri; 2. double ambidextrous dealing, hypocritical, bermuka dua, bermuka-muka; (of policy) bermuka-muka. *ambience noun. suasana. *ambiens ambiens *ambient ambien *ambient - ambien, sekeliling *ambient adjective. sekeliling, ambien, sekitar: ambient temperature, suhu sekeliling. *ambient noise bisingan ambien *ambient temperature - suhu ambien, suhu sekeliling *ambigenous ambigen *ambiguity (mb-gy -t) noun. 1. state, quality of, a. (admitting more than one interpretation) kekaburan, kesamaran; (of word, phrase, etc) /kekaburan, kesamaran/ makna, ketaksaan: he took great care to avoid all ambiguity, dia amat teliti supaya tidak berlaku kekaburan; the careless use of pronouns can result in ambiguity, penggunaan kata ganti nama secara tidak teliti boleh menimbulkan kekaburan makna; b. (being uncertain) tidak jelas; (of look, smile, etc) tidak jelas maknanya: the ambiguity of his political stance became an issue in the campaign, pendirian politiknya yang tidak jelas menjadi isu dalam kempen itu; 2. ambiguous phrase, expression, etc, appropriate noun. + (yang) /kabur, samar(-samar) maknanya, taksa: a statement that is full of ambiguities, satu kenyataan yang penuh dengan ungkapan-ungkapan yang kabur maknanya. *ambiguity ketaksaan *ambiguous (m-bgy -s) adjective. 1. admitting more than one interpretation, kabur, samar, samarsamar; (of word, phrase, etc) /kabur, samar, samar-samar/ maknanya, taksa: an ambiguous

answer, jawapan yang kabur; headlines are often ambiguous, tajuk utama selalunya kabur maknanya; the phrase "Maniam and Rani's cousin" is ambiguous, frasa "sepupu Maniam dan Rani" bersifat taksa; 2. uncertain, tidak jelas; (of look, smile, etc) tidak jelas maknanya: his position in the firm's hierarchy was rather ambiguous, kedudukannya dalam hirarki firma itu agak tidak jelas; 3. difficult to classify, tidak jelas (+ appropriate noun.): a rock of ambiguous character, batu yang tidak jelas jenisnya. *ambiguous genitalia - alat jantina berambiguiti *ambilateral ambilateral *ambiparous ambiparus; ambipariti *ambiphotoperiodic plant tumbuhan ambifotokala *ambisexual ambiseks *ambisporangiate ambisporangiat *ambit noun. 1. extent of action, influence etc, lingkungan, bidang (+ appropriate noun.): such matters are not within the ambit of your duties, perkara-perkara begitu tidak termasuk dalam lingkungan tugas saudara; misconception as to the ambit of this legislation, salah tanggapan terhadap lingkungan undang-undang ini; 2. circumference, lingkungan: within the ambit of a kilometre, dalam lingkungan satu kilometer; 3. boundary, limits, sempadan: the land that lies within the ambit of the kingdom, kawasan yang terletak dalam sempadan negara itu. *ambital ambit *ambition noun. cita-cita: to have great ambition, mempunyai cita-cita tinggi; the Chair of Physics was her ambition, menyandang Kerusi Fizik menjadi cita-citanya. *ambitious adjective. 1. full of ambition, /bercita-cita, mempunyai cita-cita/ tinggi: an ambitious man, seorang lelaki yang bercita-cita tinggi; be ambitious for, a. (someone) mencita-citakan kejayaan: he is ambitious for his son, dia mencita-citakan kejayaan anak lelakinya; b. (something) bercitacita untuk mendapatkan: to be ambitious for power, bercita-cita untuk mendapatkan kuasa; be ambitious of, bercita-cita untuk: a man who has always been ambitious of fame and fortune, seorang lelaki yang memang selama ini bercita-cita untuk menjadi masyhur dan kaya; be ambitious to (succeed etc), bercita-cita untuk (berjaya dan sebagainya); 2. showing ambition, hebat: an ambitious plan, rancangan yang hebat; 3. elaborate, istimewa: she planned to cook nothing more ambitious than rice and chicken curry, dia tidak bermaksud untuk memasak yang lebih istimewa daripada nasi dan kari ayam.

*ambitiousness noun. 1. quality of being full of ambition, sifatnya yang bercita-cita tinggi; 2. quality of showing ambition, kehebatan: to measure the value of a poem by the ambitiousness of its form, mengukur nilai sebuah puisi menurut kehebatan bentuknya. *ambitus ambitus *ambivalence, ambivalency noun. 1. (psychology) ambivalens; 2. (in gen and liter. use) keambivalenan: emotional ambivalence, keambivalenan perasaan; ambivalence of attitude, keambivalenan sikap. *ambivalent ambivalen *ambivalent adjective. ambivalen: an ambivalent nature, sifat ambivalen; love is the most ambivalent emotion, cinta itu suatu perasaan yang amat ambivalen. *ambivalent -ambivalen *amble noun. 1. easy gait (of person) gaya jalan yang perlahan; 2. leisurely walk, berjalan; 3. ambling gait (of horse) menggontai: the horse broke from an easy amble into a trot, kuda itu mula-mula menggontai, kemudian berlari-lari anak; go at an amble, menggontai; intransitive verb. l. walk leisurely, berjalan perlahan-lahan: to amble along the esplanade, berjalan perlahan-lahan di esplanad; 2. (of horse) menggontai; 3. ride at an easy pace, menunggang kuda perlahan-lahan: he was last seen ambling along the beach, kali terakhir dia dilihat menunggang kuda perlahan-lahan di sepanjang pantai; *ambling adjective. 1. (of horse) menggontai: an ambling pony, anak kuda yang menggontai; 2. (of horsedrawn vehicle) bergerak perlahan-lahan: ambling hackneys, kereta kuda sewa yang bergerak perlahan-lahan. *amblychromatic amblikrom *amblypod amblipod *amboceptor amboseptor *Amboinan 1. (island) Pulau Ambon; 2. also Ambon (port) kota Ambon. *ambon ambon *ambosexual amboseks *ambrien ambrien *ambrosia beetle kumbang ambrosia *ambrosia fungus kulat ambrosia

*ambrosia noun. 1. food of the Greek, Roman gods, santapan dewa-dewi; 2. something delightful to smell, bau yang harum; 3. something delightful to taste, makanan yang /lazat, enak, sedap/; 4. see BEE-BREAD. *ambrosial ambrosia *ambrosial adjective. 1. divine, dewa-dewi: ambrosial food, santapan dewa-dewi; 2. divinely fragrant, harum: ambrosial gardens, taman yang harum. *ambulacral ambulakrum *ambulacral groove alur ambulakrum *ambulacralium ambulakralium *ambulacriform ambulakriform *ambulacrum ambulakrum *ambulance chaser noun. (United States), (slang) pengejar ambulans. *ambulance chasing noun. (United States), (slang) mengejar ambulans. *ambulance noun. ambulans. *ambulant adjective. 1. moving from place to place, bergerak: an ambulant radio station, stesen radio bergerak; 2. (medicine) ambulan. *ambulatorial ambulatori *ambulatory adjective. 1. pertaining to walking, berjalan: ambulatory exercise, senaman berjalan; 2. adapted for walking, untuk berjalan; 3. not fixed or stationary, bergerak: an ambulatory library, perpustakaan bergerak; 4. also ambulant (medicine) ambulan; 5. (legal) capable of being changed, revoked, ambulatori: an ambulatory will, wasiat ambulatori; noun. (architecture) dawarun. *ambuscade noun. serang hendap; intransitive verb. & transitive verb. menyerang hendap. *ambush noun. 1. act of lying in wait, perbuatan bersembunyi untuk menyerang hendap; 2. surprise attack, serang hendap; 3. (concealed position) tempat (+ appropriate noun., pronoun) menyerang hendap: the gorge was used as an ambush, jurang itu dijadikan tempat menyerang hendap; to drive troops out of ambush, mengusir pasukan dari tempat mereka menyerang hendap; 4. person(s) in hiding to make surprise attack, penyerang hendap; fall into an ambush, diserang hendap; /lie, wait/ in ambush, bersembunyi untuk menyerang hendap; /make, lay, construct/ an ambush, mengatur serang hendap; intransitive verb. bersembunyi untuk menyerang hendap;

transitive verb. menyerang hendap: the patrol was ambushed at the bridge, pasukan itu diserang hendap di jambatan. *ameba noun. see AMOEBA. *amebic adjective. see AMOEBIC. *ameboid noun. see AMOEBOID. *amedullary nature -keadaan amedula *ameer noun. see AMIR. *ameiosis ameiosis *ameiotic ameiosis *amelification amelifikasi *ameliorant - bahan ameliorasi, bahan pembaikan *ameliorate - mengameliorasikan, memperbaikkan *ameliorate intransitive verb. menjadi lebih baik: the situation has ameliorated over the last few months, keadaan telah menjadi lebih baik dalam beberapa bulan akhir-akhir ini; transitive verb. memperbaiki: to ameliorate conditions in the industry, memperbaiki keadaan dalam industri itu. *amelioration - ameliorasi, pembaikan, keperbaikan *amelioration noun. pembaikan: the amelioration of living conditions, pembaikan keadaan hidup. *ameliorative - mengameliorasikan, memperbaikkan *ameliorator - pengameliorasi, pemperbaik *amelioratory - mengameliorasikan, memperbaikkan *ameloblast ameloblas *amen inter noun. amin; say amen to something, /mengaminkan, menyetujui/ sesuatu. *amenability noun. 1. always amenability to, responsiveness, sifat [seseorang] yang mahu + appropriate verb: his amenability to reason, sifatnya yang mahu menerima alasan; 2. willingness to yield, submissiveness, sifat [seseorang] yang mahu mengalah; 3. usually amenability to, answerableness, tanggungjawab: amenability to justice, tanggungjawab terhadap sistem keadilan; 4. ability to withstand testing, tahan uji: the amenability of the discovery to the usual test, penemuan itu tahan uji menurut ujian-ujian yang lazim,

*amenable adjective. 1. always to, responsive, mahu + appropriate verb: he is not amenable to discipline, dia tidak mahu mengikut disiplin; a man who is amenable to advice, orang yang mahu mendengar nasihat; 2. willing to yield, submit, mahu mengalah: he found his future wife amenable, dia mendapati bakal isterinya mahu mengalah; 3. always amenable to, answerable, responsible, bertanggungjawab: amenable to the law, bertanggungjawab terhadap undang-undang; 4. able to withstand testing, tahan uji: the results were amenable to scientific laws, kesimpulan-kesimpulan itu tahan uji menurut hukum-hukum sains. *amenableness noun. see AMENABILITY. *amend transitive verb. 1. improve, memperbaiki: to amend ones style of living, memperbaiki cara hidup seseorang; 2. correct, membetulkan: to amend a text, membetulkan teks; to amend the error, membetulkan kesalahan itu; 3. revise, alter (legislation etc) meminda: the bill was amended before it was passed, rang undang-undang itu telah dipinda sebelum diluluskan; *amendable adjective. 1. correctable,/ boleh, dapat dibetulkan: such mistakes are usually amendable, kesalahan-kesalahan seperti itu biasanya boleh dibetulkan; 2. revisable, alterable, (of legislation etc) boleh dipinda: amendable by an Act of Parliament, boleh dipinda oleh Akta Parlimen. *amended adjective. 1 corrected, dibetulkan: an amended manuscript, manuskrip yang dibetulkan; 2. revised, altered, (of legislation etc) dipinda: the amended constitution, perlembagaan yang dipinda. *amendment noun. 1. act of a. (correcting) pembetulan: the document needs no amendment, dokumen itu tidak memerlukan pembetulan; b. (revising, altering legislation etc) pemindaan; 2. result of amending, pindaan: to second an amendment, menyokong pindaan; to move an amendment, menyarankan pindaan. *amends noun.; especially make (all possible) amends, menebus (segala-galanya); (for something or something done) menebus: he is ashamed and wants to make amends, dia malu dan hendak menebus malunya itu; he made amends for his rudeness by giving her some flowers, dia menebus kekasarannya dengan memberinya bunga. *amenity - lipur *amenity forest - hutan lipur *amenity noun. 1. facilities which make life pleasant, kemudahan: the housing estate has excellent amenities, kawasan perumahan itu mempunyai kemudahan yang amat baik; 2. pleasantness, (of place) keselesaan: the amenity of the countryside, keselesaan di kawasan desa.

*amenorrhoea amenorea *amensalism (-mns-lzm) noun. A symbiotic relationship between organisms in which one species is harmed or inhibited and the other species is unaffected, amensalisme *ament amen *amentaceous beramen *amentum amentum *America noun. the United States of America, Amerika. *American aloe noun. see CENTURY PLANT. *American cloth noun. kain minyak. *American football noun. 1. (game) bola sepak Amerika; 2. (ball) bola (bola sepak Amerika). *American Indian noun. orang /Asli Amerika, Red Indian/. *american lobster -udang kara *American noun. 1. native, citizen of the United States, orang Amerika; 2. also American English, bahasa Inggeris Amerika. *Americanism noun. 1. custom, belief: etc peculiar to the United States, cara orang Amerika: TV dinners, chop suey and tinned beer are some of the examples of Americanism given by the author, makanan malam untuk menonton TV, chop suey dan bir dalam tin merupakan beberapa contoh cara orang Amerika yang disebut oleh penulis; 2. word, phrase, etc peculiar to the United States, ungkapan Amerika: many Americanisms have worked their way into the English Language, banyak ungkapan Amerika telah meresap masuk ke dalam bahasa Inggeris; 3. attachment to the United States, its people, etc, cinta terhadap Amerika: his Americanism comes to the fore whenever the United States constitution is criticised, cintanya terhadap Amerika menonjol apabila perlembagaan Amerika dikritik. *Americanization, Americanisation noun. pengamerikaan. *Americanize, Americanise intransitive verb. mengikut cara orang Amerika; transitive verb. (active) mengamerikakan; (passive) keamerikaan: steps towards Americanizing the education system, langkah-langkah ke arah mengamerikakan sistem pendidikan; he is completely Americanize, Americanise, dia terlalu keamerikaan. *amethyst noun. I. (gemstone) batu kecubung; 2. (colour) warna kecubung.

*ameristic ameristik *ametabola ametabola *ametaboly ametaboli *ametobolous ametobola *ametoecious ametoesius *amiability, *amiableness, noun. sifat yang ramah. *amiable adjective. ramah: an amiable fellow, orang yang ramah. *amicability noun. persahabatan. *amicable - karib *amicable adjective. secara persahabatan: the two reached an amicable agreement, kedua-dua pihak mencapai persetujuan secara persahabatan; the dispute was settled in an amicable manner, pertelingkahan itu diselesaikan secara persahabatan. *amicableness noun. see AMICABILITY. *amid (something) preposition di tengah-tengah: a house built amid clumps of bamboo, rumah yang dibina di tengah-tengah rumpun-rumpun bamboo; amid all the noise and movement he sat absorbed in his thoughts, di tengah-tengah kebisingan dan kesibukan dia duduk khusyuk berfikir; amid the cheers of his supporters, di tengah-tengah sorak-sorai penyokong-penyokongnya. *amicron amikron *amicronucleate amikronukleat *amictic amiksis *amictic lake -tasik amiktik *amidase amidase *amide link rangkai amida *amido-comb, form amido: amido acid, asid amido; amido oxime, amido oksim. *amidship -peminggang *amidships, (United States) amidships adverb. 1. at centre of vessel, di bahagian tengah kapal: the torpedo hit amidships, torpedo itu menghentam di bahagian tengah kapal; 2. towards middle of ship, ke tengah-tengah kapal: to run amidships, berlari ke tengah-tengah kapal.

*amidst preposition see AMID. *amino asid asid amino *amino noun. amino: group, kumpulan amino; amino resin, resin amino. *aminoacyl adenylate aminoasil adenilat *aminoacyl transferase aminoasil transferase *aminoacyl t-RNA synthetase aminoasil t-RNA sintetase *amino-combining form. amino-: amino acetic acid, asid amino asetik. *aminoglycoside aminoglikosida *aminoprotease aminoprotease *aminotransferase aminotransferase *amir noun. amir. *amisotrisomy amisotrisomi *amiss adjective. I. wrong, the matter, [various translations]; (colloquial) tak kena: is something amiss?, ada apa-apa?; something must be amiss if the place is full of police, tentu ada sesuatu yang terjadi jika tempat ini penuh dengan polis; according to the doctor there was nothing amiss with her, menurut doktor dia tidak sakit apa pun; everything is amiss, semuanya serba tak kena; 2. faulty, deserving complaint, [various translations]; (colloquial) tak kena: something is amiss with the car, ada sesuatu yang rosak pada kereta itu; there must be something amiss if the books do not balance, tentu ada sesuatu yang silap jika akaun ini tidak seimbang; his judgement was slightly amiss on this occasion, pertimbangannya tidak berapa tepat kali ini; 3. out of place, salah. it would not be amiss for you to participate, tidak ada salahnya or tidak salah jika kamu ikut serta; adverb. wrongly, salah: if you think he will not retaliate you have judged him amiss, jika kamu menganggap dia tidak akan membalas, pertimbangan kamu itu salah; not /come, go/ amiss, elok: a cup of tea would not come amiss, elok kalau dapat minum secawan teh; take something amiss, ambil hati terhadap sesuatu: please don't take his comments amiss, harap jangan ambil hati terhadap kata-katanya. *amitosis amitosis *amitriptyline (m-trpt-ln) noun. An antidepressant drug, C20H23N., amitriptilina

*amity (m-t) noun. plural amities. Peaceful relations, as between nations; friendship, persahabatan: for the two rivals amity quickly changed to enmity, bagi kedua-dua saingan itu persahabatan dengan cepat bertukar menjadi permusuhan; tariff agreements promoted amity between the two countries, persetujuan tarif menggalakkan persahabatan antara kedua-dua negara itu; treaty of amity, persetiaan persahabatan; in amity, secara /bersahabat, berbaik-baik/: to part in amity, berpisah secara bersahabat; in amity with, /bersahabat, berbaik-baik/ dengan: he resolved to live in amity with his neighbours, dia berazam untuk hidup berbaik-baik dengan jiran-jirannya. *amixia amiksia *amixis amiksis *ammensalism amensalisme *ammeter (mmtr) noun. Abbr. A. An instrument that measures electric current, meter ampere. *ammo noun. (colloquial)see AMMUNITION. *ammochaeta amokaeta *ammocoete larva larva amoset *ammonia noun. ammonia. *ammonia stripping penanggalan ammonia *ammoniac adjective. ammonia. *ammoniated adjective. terammonia: ammoniated electron, elektron terammonia. *ammonification pengammoniaan *ammonifier pengammonia *ammonifying bacteria bakteria pengammonia *ammoniotelic ammonioteli *ammonite ammonit *ammonite noun. amonit. *ammonitiferous ammonitifer *ammonium carbonate noun. ammonium karbonat. *ammonium chloride noun. ammonium klorida.

*ammonium fixation pengikatan ammonium *ammonium hydroxide noun. ammonium hidroksida. *ammonium nitrate noun. ammonium nitrat. *ammonium noun. ammonium: ammonium alum, ammonium alum; ammonium salt, garam ammonium. *ammonium sulphate noun. ammonium sulfat. *ammonization pengammoniaan *ammunition noun. 1. amunisi; 2. (figurative) senjata: his unwise remarks provided ammunition for his opponent, kata-katanya yang kurang bijak memberikan senjata kepada lawannya. *amnesia noun. amnesia, hilang ingatan. *amnesiac noun. pesakit /amnesia, yang hilang ingatan/. *amnesic adjective. amnesia, hilang ingatan: an amnesic condition, penyakit amnesia; an amnesic patient, pesakit amnesia; noun. see AMNESIAC. *amnestic syndrome sindrom amnestik *amnesty noun. 1. general pardon, pengampunan; 2. (legal) pardon by crown, government, amnesti, pengampunan; transitive verb. memberikan amnesti, mengampunkan. *amnicotous amnikol *amniocentesis amniosentesis *amnion amnion *amnionic amnion *amnioserosa amnioserosa *amniote amniot *amniotic amnion *amniotic adjective. amnion: amniotic fluid, cecair amnion. *amniotic -amnion *amniotic cavity rongga amnion *amniotic fluid bendalir amnion *amniotic fold lipatan amnion

*amoeba also *ameba (-mb) noun. plural amoebas or amoebae (-b). A protozoan of the genus Amoeba or related genera, occurring in water and soil and as a parasite in other animals. An amoeba has no definite form and consists essentially of a mass of protoplasm containing one nucleus or more surrounded by a delicate, flexible outer membrane. It moves by means of pseudopods, ameba. *amoebadiastase amebadiastase *amoebae plural of AMOEBA. *amoebiasis, *amebiasis. histolytica, amebiasis *amoebic adjective. ameba. *amoebic dysentery, *amebic dysentery (-mbk dsn-tr) noun. An acute disease caused by An infection or a disease caused by amoebas, especially Entamoeba

ingesting substances contaminated with the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica and characterized by severe diarrhea, nausea, and inflammation of the intestines, disentri ameba. *amoebiform amebiform *amoebina amebina *amoebism amebisme *amoebocyte amebosit *amoeboid ameboid *amoeboid locomotion gerak alih ameboid, gerakan amebaan *amoeboid movement pergerakan ameboid *amoebospore amebospora *amoebula amebula *amok adverb.; run amok, mengamuk. *among, *amongst preposition 1. surrounded by, a. (group of people) di antara: the pickpocket moved stealthily among the crowd, penyeluk saku itu bergerak secara diam-diam di antara orang ramai; b. (group of things) di tengah-tengah; (of person) di antara: a lone rose among a bed of daisies, sebatang pokok mawar di tengah-tengah batas daisy; sitting among the ruins, duduk di antara runtuhan; they hid themselves among the bushes, mereka bersembunyi di antara semak-samun; 2. in residence with, di kalangan: he lived among the aborigines, dia tinggal di kalangan orang asli;

3. in the locality of; di tengah-tengah: to live among the hills, tinggal di tengah-tengah kawasan bukit; 4. with a share for each, antara: the property is to be divided among his sons, harta itu hendaklah dibahagi-bahagikan antara anak-anak lelakinya; they only had five ringgit among them, antara mereka ada lima ringgit sahaja; 5. in the group, number, etc specified, antara: he found the letter among some old photographs, dia menjumpai surat itu antara gambar-gambar lama; among his good qualities, antara sifat-sifatnya yang baik; one among hundreds of students, satu antara beratus-ratus pelajar; he numbered among the great men of his age, dia tergolong antara orang-orang terkemuka pada zamannya; reckoned among his best plays, dianggap antara drama-dramanya yang terbaik; 6. outstanding in the category of, contoh: a sculptor among sculptors, seorang pengukir contoh; 7. with, by many, di kalangan: polygamy is permissible among Muslims, poligami dibenarkan di kalangan orang-orang Muslim; 8. through the whole group of, di kalangan: the discontent that spread among the immigrants, rasa tidak puas hati yang merebak di kalangan para pendatang; 9. with each other, sesama: they argued among themselves, mereka berbalah sesama sendiri; 10. by the joint action of, sesama: to settle the dispute among ourselves, menyelesaikan perselisihan sesama kita, *amoral adjective. amoral, bebas dari /akhlak, moral/: behavior that is entirely amoral, kelakuan yang betul-betul bebas dari landasan akhlak, *amorous adjective. 1. inclined to (especially sexual) love, penuh berahi: an amorous young man, pemuda yang penuh berahi; 2. in love, berahi akan, he is amorous of my sister, dia berahi akan adik perempuan saya; 3. of, pertaining to love, cinta; (of look, glance) berahi: amorous verses, sajaksajak cinta; amorous glances, pandangan berahi, *amorph amorf *amorphism (-mrfzm) noun. The state or quality of being amorphous, amorfisme *amorphous amorf *amorphous (-mrfs) adjective. I. shapeless, tidak tentu bentuknya: an amorphous jelly-like mass, sesuatu seperti agar-agar yang tidak tentu bentuknya; an old woman dressed in all, amorphous black garment, seorang perempuan tua yang memakai baju hitam yang tidak tentu bentuknya; 2. (chem & miner,) amorf: amorphous carbon, karbon amorf; amorphous silica, silika amorf; amorphous powder, serbuk amorf *amorphous -amorf *amorphousness noun. shapelessness, tidak tentu bentuknya,

*amortizable, *amortisable adjective. boleh dilunaskan, *amortization, *amortisation noun. 1. act, process of amortizing a debt, pelunasan: the amortization of intangible assets, pelunasan aset yang tak ketara; 2. sum devoted to amortizing a debt, wang pelunas (hutang) *amortize, *amortise transitive verb. melunaskan: to amortize a debt, melunaskan hutang; to amortize a great part of the estate, melunaskan sebahagian besar tanah pusaka; *amortized, *amortised adjective. terlunas: amortized loan, pinjaman terlunas, *amount - banyaknya, amaun *amount noun. 1. quantity, banyak(nya): the amount of food left over surprised her, dia terperanjat melihat banyaknya makanan yang berlebihan itu; 2. sum total jumlah; economics amaun: the amount still unsold, jumlah yang masih belum dijual; he only spent a small amount on repairs, dia hanya membelanjakan jumlah yang kecil bagi kerja-kerja pembaikan; amount owing, amaun terhutang; 3. full value, significance, effect, maksud(nya): the amount of the statement is that. maksud kenyataan itu ialah". a considerable amount, a fair amount, a certain amount, agak banyak; (of respect, prejudice ,etc), [not translated]: there was a fair amount of food left over, makanan yang berlebihan masih agak banyak; they ran into a considerable amount of resistance, mereka menghadapi tentangan yang agak banyak; at that time, there was still a considerable amount of prejudice against women employees, pada masa itu masih terdapat prasangka terhadap pekerja-pekerja wanita; any amount of, banyak: there was any amount of fruit on the tree, terdapat buah yang banyak di pokok itu; a great amount, a large amount, banyak; a small amount (of something) sedikit (sesuatu), jumlah (sesuatu) yang kecil; in large amount, by large amounts, dengan jumlah yang banyak; in small amounts, by small amounts, sedikit-sedikit, dengan jumlah yang sedikit; no amount of, sebanyak mana pun: no amount of argument will persuade him to change his mind, sebanyak mana pun hujah yang diberikan tidak akan mengubah fikirannya; intransitive verb.; usually amount to, a. reach a total of, jumlah [sesuatu],[sesuatu] berjumlah: he wanted to know what his debts amounted to, dia hendak mengetahui jumlah hutangnya; the bill amounted to one hundred ringgit, bil itu berjumlah seratus ringgit; b. mean, dimaksudkan oleh, maksud, erti; (something) sama seperti, bererti: this is what his statement amounts to, inilah yang dimaksudkan oleh kenyataannya itu; what he did amounted to embezzlement, yang dilakukannya itu sama seperti penggelapan wang; amount to little, tidak banyak ertinya; amount to nothing, tidak bererti: his arguments amount to nothing, hujah-hujahnya tidak bererti; it amounts to the same thing, itu sama sahaja; will/ not, never/ amount to/ much, anything/, tidak akan berjaya.

*amount of turning - banyaknya pusingan *amour noun. perhubungan cinta. *amp abbreviation ampere. *ampere noun. ampere. *ampersand (mpr-snd) noun. The character or sign (&) representing the word and, ampersan. *ampheclexis amfekleksis *ampherotoky amferotoki *amphetamine noun. amphetamina. *amphiagamospecies amfiagamospesies *amphiapomict amfiapomik *amphiarthrosis amfiartrosis *amphiaster amfiaster *amphiastral amfiaster *amphibia amfibia *amphibia - amfibia, amphibia *amphibian amfibia *amphibian adjective. see AMPHIBIOUS; noun. 1. (cold-blooded vertebrates) amfibia; 2. (aircraft) pesawat amfibia; 3. (vehicle) kenderaan amfibia. *amphibiotic amfibiosis *amphibious adjective. amfibia: frogs and salamanders are amphibious, katak dan salamander adalah amfibia; amphibious command ship, kapal perintah amfibia; amphibious assault, serangan amfibia; amphibious squadron, skuadron amfibia. *amphibious plant tumbuhan amfibia *amphiblastic amfiblas *amphiblastula amfiblastula *amphibole amfibol *amphibolic amfibol

*amphicarpic amfikarpa *amphicarpous amfikarpa *amphicaryon amfikarion *amphichrome amfikrom *amphicillin amfisilin *amphicoelous amfiselom *amphicoelous vertebra vertebra amfiselom *amphicondylous amfikondil *amphicone amfikon *amphicribral amfikribrum *amphicribral bundle berkas amfikribrum *amphicyclic amfikitar *amphicyte amfisit *amphid amfid *amphidelphic amfidelfik *amphidetic amfidet *amphidial amfid *amphidiploid amfidiploid *amphidisc amficakera *amphidromic point -titik amfidrom *amphidromic system - sistem amfidrom *amphigamy amfigami *amphigastrium (plu. amphigastrial) amfigastrium *amphigenesis amfigenesis *amphigenous amfigen *amphigonic amfigoni

*amphigony amfigoni *amphigynous amfigin *amphihaploid amfihaploid *amphikaryon lihat: amphicaryon *amphimict amfimik *amphimictic reproduction pembiakan amfimiksis *amphimixis amfimiksis *amphinucleolus amfinukleotus *amphinucleus amfinukleus *amphiodont amfiodon *amphiont amfion *amphiorientation amfiorientasi *amphioxus amfioksus *amphipathic amfipati *amphiphloic amfifloik *amphiphloic siphonostele sifonostel amfifloik *amphiphyte amfifit *amphiplatyan amfiplati *amphiploid amfiploid *amphipneustic amfipneustik *amphipneustic amfistoma *amphipodous amfipod *amphipyrenin amfipiren *amphirhinal amfirinion *amphisarca amfisarka *amphispermous amfisperma

*amphisporangiate amfisporangiat *amphispore amfispora *amphisternous amfisternum *amphistome amfistom *amphistomous amfistom *amphistylic amfistil *amphistylic skull tengkorak amfistil *amphitelic amfitelik *amphitene amfiten *amphithallic amfitalus *amphitheatre, (United States) *amphitheater noun. 1. oval or circular open theatre, amfiteater, perani; 2. arena, gelanggang; 3. large circular hollow, amfiteater; 4. semi-circular gallery in theatre, balkon. *amphithecium amfitesium *amphitoky amfitoki *amphitriaene amfitriaen *amphitrichous amfitrik *amphitrocha amfitroka *amphitropous amfitrop *amphiurna amfiurna *amphivasal amfivasal *amphixylie amfixilum *amphochromatophli amfokromatofili *amphocyte amfosit *amphogenic amfogen *amphogenous amfogen *ampholyte amfolit

*amphophil amfofili *amphoteric amfoterik *amphoteric colloid koloid amfoterik *amphotericin B amfoterisin B *amphoterotoky amfoterotoki *ampicillin ampisilin *amplaect amplaek *ample adjective. 1. more than adequate, lebih daripada cukup: there is ample room for everyone, terdapat ruang yang lebih daripada cukup untuk semua orang; to provide ample opportunity for promotion, mengadakan peluang yang lebih daripada cukup untuk kenaikan pangkat; 2. large, extensive, besar, luas: an ample dining room, bilik makan yang besar; the house has an ample garden, rumah itu mempunyai taman yang luas; 3. (euphemism) stout, buxom, gempal; (of bust) montok, subur: the woman had an ample figure, wanita itu berbadan gempal. *amplectant amptektan *amplexicaul ampleksikaul *amplexicaulous ampleksikaul *amplexiform ampleksiform *amplexus ampleksus *ampliate ampliat *amplicon amplikon *amplification - penguatan *amplification noun. 1. act of, a. (increasing) peluasan; b. (augmenting, elaborating a report, remark, etc) penghuraian: his statement needs amplification, kenyataannya memerlukan penghuraian; c. (augmenting or elaborating an account, story, etc) peluasan (+appropriate noun.): more details may be added for amplification, perincian yang lebih banyak boleh dimasukkan untuk peluasan laporan itu; d. (electricity) penguatan: the amplification of radio signals, penguatan isyarat-isyarat radio; 2. something added to amplify, perincian: the second report abounds with amplifications, laporan kedua itu mengandungi perincian yang banyak; 3. something amplified, a. (statement, remark, etc) huraian: an amplification of his statement was printed in the evening addition of the

paper, satu huraian tentang kenyataannya telah disiarkan dalam edisi petang akhbar itu; b. (account, story, etc) peluasan: the book is an amplification of a series of lectures given over the BBC, buku itu merupakan peluasan suatu siri kuliah yang diberikan melalui BBC. *amplified adjective. (electricity) dikuatkan: amplified energy, tenaga yang dikuatkan. *amplifier - amplifier *amplifier noun. (electricity) penguat, amplifier. *amplify intransitive verb. /meluaskan, memperluas/ + appropriate noun: where the writer was too brief and concise he would amplify a little, apabila keterangan penulis itu ringkas dan singkat dia akan meluaskannya sedikit; transitive verb. 1. increase, meluaskan, memperluas: to amplify the jurisdiction of the court, meluaskan bidang kuasa mahkamah itu; 2. augment, elaborate, a. (statement, remark, etc) menghuraikan: he was asked to amplify his statement to make it more understandable, dia diminta menghuraikan kenyataannya supaya lebih dapat difahami; b. (account, story, etc) meluaskan: to amplify a story by adding details, meluaskan cerita dengan memasukkan perincian; 3. (electricity) menguatkan; *amplitude modulation noun. pemodulatan /jerayun, amplitud/. *amplitude noun. 1. magnitude, besar: an island of some amplitude, pulau yang agak besar; 2. abundance, banyak(nya): the amplitude of the harvest was cause for rejoicing, banyaknya hasil tuaian memberi mereka sebab untuk bersuka-ria; 3. breadth, scope (as of mind) keluasan: the amplitude his of vision, keluasan visinya; 4. (phys & electr) jerayun, amplitud. *ampoule (mp l, -py l) noun. A small glass vial that is sealed after filling and used chiefly as a container for a hypodermic injection solution, ampul. *ampoule -ampul *ampulla ampula *ampullaceal ampula *ampullaceous ampula *ampullaceous sensilla sensila ampula *ampullae of Lorenzini ampula Lorenzini *ampullary ampulari *ampullary organ -organ ampula

*ampullula ampulula *amputate transitive verb. memotong, mengamputasi; *amputated adjective. dipotong, diamputasi: an amputated limb, anggota yang dipotong. *amputation noun. amputasi, pemotongan. *amputator noun. doktor yang melakukan amputasi. *amputee noun. orang yang menjalani amputasi. *ampyx ampiks *amuck adverb. see AMOK. *amulet (my-lt) noun. An object worn, especially around the neck, as a charm against evil or injury, tangkal, penangkal, azimat. *amuse transitive verb. 1. entertain, divert, menghiburkan (hati): they amused themselves by playing carom, mereka menghiburkan hati dengan bermain karom; 2. cause to laugh, menggelikan hati: his jokes amused us, leluconnya menggelikan hati kami; be amused /at, by/, geli hati + appropriate verb: she was highly amused by his antics, dia amat geli hati melihat gelagat lucu lelaki itu; to be amused at someones stories, geli hati mendengar cerita seseorang; keep someone amused, menghiburkan (hati) seseorang; *amused adjective. 1. entertained, diverted, terhibur; 2. tickled, geli hati; 3. showing amusement, menunjukkan seseorang geli hati: the amused look on his face, pandangan yang menunjukkan dia geli hati. *amusement arcade noun. arked hiburan. *amusement noun. 1. something that amuses, hiburan. a big city offering many amusements, sebuah kota besar yang menawarkan berbagai-bagai hiburan; one of his favourite amusements, salah satu hiburan yang digemarinya; 2. pleasant diversion, entertainment, menghiburkan (hati): she paints for her own amusement, dia melukis untuk menghiburkan hatinya sendiri; 3. state of being amused, (rasa) geli hati: she couldn't hide her amusement when I fell into the pool, dia tidak dapat menyembunyikan rasa geli hatinya apabila saya terjatuh ke dalam kolam itu/; 4. act of amusing, penghiburan, menghiburkan (hati): she had many plans for the amusement of the children during the holidays, rancangannya banyak untuk menghiburkan anak-anaknya semasa cuti sekolah; in amusement, geli hati: his sister listened in amusement as he told her the joke, kakaknya geli hati mendengar jenaka yang diceritakannya; to someones amusement, geli hati: to his friends'

amusement, he slipped and fell on the ice, rakan-rakannya geli hati melihat dia tergelincir dan jatuh ke atas air batu. *amusement park noun. taman hiburan. *amusing adjective. causing laughter or smile, /menghiburkan, menggelikan/ hati; (of person), (mudah) membuat /orang, seseorang/ ketawa: an amusing film, filem yang menghiburkan hati; I find her amusing, dia membuat saya ketawa or saya dapati dia mudah membuat orang ketawa; *amver system -sistem amver *amyelinic amielin *amygdala amigdala *amygdalin amigdalin *amygdaloid nucleus nukleus bak amigdala *amylase amilase *amylase noun. amilase. *amyliferous amilifer *amylo process proses amilo *amyloclastic amiloklas *amyloid amiloid *amyloid body jasad amiloid *amylolytic amilolisis *amylome amilom *amylopectin amilopektin *amyloplast amiloplas *amylopsin amilopsin *amylose amilosa *amylose noun. amilosa. *amylostatolith amilostatolitos *amylum amilum

*anabas (n-bs) noun. A freshwater fish of the family Anabantidae, native to Africa and southeast Asia and including the gourami and climbing perch, anabas *anabatic wind angin anabatik *anabiont anabion *anabiosis anabiosis *anabolic anaboli *anabolic hormone -hormon anaboli *anabolic steroid steroid anaboli *anabolism (-nb-lzm) noun. The phase of metabolism in which simple substances are synthesized into the complex materials of living tissue, anabolisme *anacanthous anakanta *anachronic adjective. salah masa. *anachronism -nkr-nzm) noun. 1. Representation of someone as existing or something as

happening in other than the chronological, proper, or historical order, anakronisme: Shakespeare's plays contain many anachronisms, drama-drama Shakespeare mengandungi banyak anakronisme; 2. someone, something, out of harmony with the time, ketinggalan (zaman): she is a living anachronism in this age of progress, dia ketinggalan dalam zaman yang serba maju ini; the plough now seems an anachronism, bajak sudah ketinggalan zaman. *anachronistic adjective. 1. chronologically out of order, salah masa, anakronistik; 2. out of harmony with the time, ketinggalan zaman. *anaconda (n-knd) noun. A large nonvenomous arboreal snake (Eunectes murinus) of tropical South America that kills its prey by suffocating it in its coils, anakonda. *anacrogynous anakrogin *anacromyoidian anakromioid *anadromic anadrom *anadromous - anadromi *anadromous anadromus *anadromous fish -ikan anadromi

*anadromy -anadromi *anaemia anemia *anaemia noun. anemia. *anaemic adjective. anemia. *anaerobe anaerob *anaerobe noun. anaerob. *anaerobic anaerob *anaerobic biological treatment perlakuan biologi anaerob *anaerobic coryneform bacteria bakteria korineform anaerob *anaerobic dehydrogenase anaerob dehidrogenase *anaerobic egg agar agar-agar telur anaerob *anaerobic nitrogen fixation pengikatan nitrogen anaerob *anaerobic plate count kiraan plat anaerob *anaerobic respiration -pernafasan anaerob *anaerobiosis anaerobiosis *anaerogenic anaerogen *anaerophyte anaerofit *anaesthesia, *anesthesia. (ns-thzh) noun. nitrous oxide, anestesia. *anaesthesiology, *anesthesiology. (ns-thz-l-j) noun. The medical study and application of anesthetics, anestesiologi. *anaesthetic, *anesthetic. adjective. & noun. anestetik. *anaesthetics, *anesthetics noun. anestetik. *anaesthetist * anesthetist (-nsth-tst) noun. A person specially trained to administer anesthetics, pakar anestesia, pakar bius. *anesthetization, anaesthetisation noun. pembiusan. Total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile

sensibility, induced by disease, injury, acupuncture, or an anesthetic, such as chloroform or

*anesthetize, anaesthetise (-nsth-tz) verb, transitive. anesthetized, anesthetizing, anesthetizes. To induce anesthesia in, membius. *anagenesis (n-jn-ss) noun. A pattern of evolution that results in linear descent with no branching or splitting of the population, anagenesis *anagram (n-grm) noun. A word or phrase formed by reordering the letters of another word or phrase, such as satin to stain, anagram. *anahaemin anahemin *anakinetic anakinetik *anakinetomere anakinetomer *anal (nl) adjective. Of, relating to, or near the anus, dubur: anal cerci, conet dubur; anal stage, peringkat dubur. *anal cercus conet dubur *anal fin sirip dubur *anal flap -kelepak dubur *anal gill insang dubur *anal lobe cuping dubur *anal opening pembukaan dubur *anal plate plat dubur *anal vein (wing) urat dubur (kepak) *analects, analecta noun. bunga rampai. *analgesia (nl-jz-, -zh) noun. A deadening or absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness, analgesia. *analgesic (nl-jzk, -sk) noun. A medication that reduces or eliminates pain, analgesia. *analgesic drug dadah analgesia *analog noun. (United States) see ANALOGUE. *analogic, analogical adjective. analogi.

*analogous adjective. 1. similar in certain respects, seakan-akan /sama, serupa/: uprisings analogous to those of the southern provinces, pemberontakan yang seakan-akan sama dengan pemberontakan di daerah selatan; the heart is analogous to a pump, jantung seakan-akan sama dengan pam; 2. (biology) beranalog; (attributive) analog, the gills of a fish and the lungs of man may be said to be analogous, insang ikan dan paru-paru manusia boleh dikatakan beranalog; analogous organ, organ analog. *analogous organ organ analog *analogue analog *analogue noun. 1. something analogous to another, analog appropriate noun. + yang seakan-akan /sama, serupa/: he related the development of the word to earlier analogues, dia mengaitkan perkembangan perkataan itu dengan perkataan terdahulu yang seakan-akan sama; Arctic vegetation has no analogue in warmer climates, tidak ada tumbuhan di kawasan iklim panas yang seakan-akan sama dengan tumbuhan Artik; 2. (biology) analog; analogue computer, komputer analog; meat analogue, daging buatan. *analogy noun. 1. similarity, analogi: the works of Bacon and Montaigne are full of analogies, karya Bacon dan Montaigne penuh dengan analogi; the analogy between the nervous system of the body and a telephone exchange, analogi antara sistem saraf badan dengan ibu sawat telefon; 2. comparison, analogi, perbandingan: to draw an analogy between the wing of an aeroplane and the wing of a bird, membuat perbandingan antara sayap kapal terbang dengan sayap burung; 3. (biology) analogi; 4. (logic) analogi; 5. (linguistics) analogi; /by, from/ analogy, dengan menggunakan analogi; by analogy with, on the analogy of, dengan beranalogi kepada, dengan menggunakan [noun] sebagai analogi: to form a new word on the analogy of the old one, membentuk kata baharu dengan menggunakan kata lama sebagai analogi. *analyse mencerakin *analyse transitive verb. 1. examine critically, minutely, menganalisis; (literature) menganalisis, mengupas: he was unable to analyse his own motives, dia tidak dapat menganalisis motifnya; to analyse a problem, menganalisis masalah; to analyse a novel, mengupas sebuah novel; 2. determine chemical ingredients; menganalisis: samples of the soil have been analysed, contohcontoh tanah itu telah dianalisis; to analyse water, menganalisis air; 3. resolve into grammatical constituents, menganalisis, menghuraikan: to analyse a sentence, menganalisis ayat; 4. see PSYCHOANALYSE. *analysis analisis, cerakinan

*analysis noun. 1. detailed examination, penganalisisan, analisis; (literature) penganalisisan, pengupasan: investigation and analysis are the basis of all research, pengkajian dan penganalisisan adalah asas bagi semua penyelidikan; an analysis of consumer behaviour, satu analisis tentang tindak-tanduk pengguna; an analysis of Tolstoy's "War and Peace", pengupasan novel Tolstoy "War and Peace"; in the final analysis, in the last analysis, in the ultimate analysis, setelah /diperhitungkan, diambil kira/ kesemuanya: in the final analysis, man must be held responsible for his own actions, setelah diperhitungkan kesemuanya, manusia mestilah bertanggungjawab atas tindakannya sendiri; 2. statement of findings, analisis; 3. see PSYCHOANALYSIS; 4. separation of compound into constituent parts, analisis: quantitative analysis, analisis kuantitatif; volumetric analysis, analisis volumetrik; 5. (linguistics) analisis; 6. (mathematics) analisis. *analyst noun. 1. someone who analyses, juruanalisis, penganalisis: systems analyst, juruanalisis sistem; 2. see PSYCHOANALYST . *analytic continuation - pelanjaran analisis *analytic curve - lengkung analisis, kelok analisis *analytic, analytical adjective. analitis: an analytic, mind, fikiran yang analitis; analytic, method, kaedah analitis; analytic psychology, psikologi analitis. *analytical - analisis, analisisan, beranalisisan *analytical balance - neraca analisis *analytical gap - luang analisisan, luang analisis *analytical standard -piawai analisis *analyze transitive verb. see ANALYSE. *anamestic anamestik *anamniote anamniot *anamniotic anamnion *anamorphic anamorf *anamorphosis anamorfosis *anandrous anandri *anangion anangion *anantherous ananter

*ananthous ananta *anapaest (United States) anapest noun. anapes. *anaphase anafasa *anaphora noun. anafora. *anaphragmic anafragma *anaphylactic shock kejutan anafilaksis *anaphylactic-like reaction tindak balas bak anafilaksis *anaphylactoid anafilaktoid *anaphylaxis anafilaksis *anaphylotoxin anafilotoksin *anaphysis anafisis *anaphyte anafit *anaplasia anaplasia *anaplasmosis anaplasmosis *anaplast anaplas *anaplerotic anaplerosis *anapleurite anapleurit *anapolytic anapolitik *anapophysis anapofisis *anapsid anapsid *anaptychus anaptikus *anarchic, *anarchical adjective. berunsur anarki: anarchic confusion, kekacauan yang berunsur anarki. *anarchism noun. 1. The theory or doctrine that all forms of government are oppressive and undesirable and should be abolished. 2. Active resistance and terrorism against the state, as used by some anarchists. 3. Rejection of all forms of coercive control and authority, anarkisme, faham anarki. *anarchist noun. penganut faham anarki.

*anarchy noun. 1. general disorder, lawlessness, (keadaan) anarki, keadaan huru-hara: after the fall of the government, the country drifted into a state of anarchy, setelah kerajaan jatuh negara itu hanyut dalam keadaan anarki; 2. absence of government, anarki; 3. absence of authority, order, huruhara, kekacauan 4. doctrine of political anarchism, anarkisme. *anarthrous anartrus *anasarca anasara *anaschistic anaskis *anastate anastat *anastomose anastomos *anastomosis anastomosis *anastral anaster *anathema noun. 1. someone, something detested, (seorang, sesuatu yang) dibenci: he was anathema to the trade unionists, dia dibenci oleh ahli kesatuan sekerja; his very name was anathema to the family, namanya sahaja pun dibenci oleh keluarga itu; 2. formal curse of the Church, kutukan; 3. someone, something so cursed, /seseorang, sesuatu/ yang dikutuk; 4. any strong curse, kata-kata sumpahan. *anathematize intransitive verb. menyumpah; transitive verb. menyumpah, menyumpahi *anatomical adjective. anatomi. *anatomist noun. 1. expert in anatomy, ahli anatomi; 2. dissector of dead bodies, pembedah mayat. *anatomize, anatomise transitive verb. 1. dissect, membedah; 2. analyse, menganalisis. *anatomy anatomi *anatomy (-nt-m) noun. 1. (the science) anatomi; 2. bodily structure of (part of) organism, anatomi; 3. dissection, pembedahan; 4. detailed analysis, penganalisisan: the anatomy of a murder, penganalisisan suatu pembunuhan; 5. (humorous) human body, tubuh, badan, tubuh badan: the female anatomy, tubuh badan wanita. *anatoxin anatoksin *anatrepsis anatrepsis *anatriaene anatriaen

*anatropal anatrop *anatropous anatrop *anauxotrophic anauksotrof *anavenom anavenom *anaxial anaksial *anaxon anakson *ancestor (nsstr) noun. 1. forefather, nenek moyang, leluhur: ancestor worship, pemujaan nenek moyang; 2. Biology. The actual or hypothetical organism or stock from which later kinds evolved, leluhur. *ancestral (n-sstrl) adjective. 1. of ancestors, nenek moyang. ancestral portrait, potret nenek moyang; ancestral customs, adat nenek moyang; 2. inherited from ancestors, pusaka: ancestral home, rumah pusaka. *ancestress noun. nenek moyang, *ancestrula ansestrula *ancestry noun. 1. lineage of ancestors, keturunan: he was proud of his noble ancestry, dia bangga dengan keturunan bangsawannya; 2. ancestors collectively, nenek moyang, leluhur *ancestry - keturunan, asal, baka, usul, leluhur *anchor lekat; pelekat *anchor (ngkr) verb. anchored, anchoring, anchors. noun. 1.(nautical) sauh, jangkar: anchor cable, kabel sauh; deep-sea anchor, sauh laut dalam; /be, lie, ride/ at anchor berlabuh, bersauh; /cast, drop the, let go the/ anchor,/membuang, menurunkan, melabuhkan sauh; come to anchor, melabuhkan sauh; weigh anchor, /membongkar, mengangkat, menaikkan/ sauh; 2. contrivance etc that holds something fast, penambat, pengukuh: a huge concrete block acted as an anchor for the pylon, sebuah blok konkrit yang sangat besar bertindak sebagai pengukuh bagi tonggak pedaka; 3. source of confidence, stability, pengukuh hidup: religion was his anchor, agama adalah pengukuh hidupnya; 4. see ANCHORMAN; intransitive verb. berlabuh: the ship anchored outside the harbour, kapal itu berlabuh di luar pelabuhan; transitive verb. 1. moor, melabuhkan: they anchored the boat near the buoy, mereka melabuhkan perahu itu dekat pelampung; 2. fix as with an anchor, appropriate verb + dengan kukuhnya: he anchored the ice-axe firmly into the

snow, dia memacakkan kapak ais itu dengan kukuhnya ke dalam salji; steel pegs anchored the tent to the ground, pasak keluli memancangkan khemah itu dengan kukuhnya ke tanah; *anchor bend -lihat: anchor knot *anchor dragging - pukat tarik Denmark *anchor gear -peralatan sauh *anchor head -kepala sauh *anchor knot -simpul sauh *anchor -lekat; pelekat *anchor light -suar berlabuh *anchor ring -gelang sauh *anchor seining -pukat tarik bersauh *anchorage noun. 1. act of anchoring, berlabuh: most ports charge fees for anchorage, kebanyakan pelabuhan mengenakan bayaran untuk berlabuh; 2. place for anchoring, tempat berlabuh; 3. fee charged for anchoring, cukai pelabuhan. *anchorage spine -spina sauh/spina tambatan *anchored - bersauh, disauhkan *anchored adjective. 1. at anchor, berlabuh: on any day there are at least twenty ships anchored here, pada sesuatu hari terdapat sekurang-kurangnya dua puluh kapal yang berlabuh di sini; 2. firmly fixed, [various translations]: throughout the evening his attention remained anchored on his grandson, sepanjang malam pandangannya terpaku pada cucu lelakinya; the door frames were well anchored into the wall, bingkai pintu terpasang dengan kukuhnya pada dinding. *anchored compound - sebatian bersauh *anchored vessel -kapal bersauh *anchoring - penyauh, penyauh *anchoring group - kumpulan menyauh *anchorite, anchoret noun. pertapa, zahid. *anchorman noun. (sport) tekong. *anchor-plate noun. plat penambat.

*anchovy (nchv, n-chv) noun. plural anchovy or anchovies. A small, herringlike marine fish of the family Engraulidae, especially the European fish (Engraulis encrasicholus), widely used in appetizers and various dishes, ikan bilis. *anchovy purse seine -pukat jerut bilis *anchylosis ankilosis *ancient (nshnt) adjective. 1. of early origin, kuno, purba, purbakala: ancient customs, adat-adat kuno; ancient artefacts, artifak purba; 2. very old, a. (of person) sangat tua; b. (of thing) sangat lama: this is a very ancient house, rumah ini sangat lama; c. (of tree) sangat tua; an ancient oak tree, pokok oak yang sangat tua; 3. (especially rel to period before the fall of Western Roman Empire) kuno, purba, purbakala: ancient Greek philosophers, ahli falsafah Yunani kuno; literature both ancient and modern, kesusasteraan purba dan moden; ancient history, a. sejarah /purba, kuno, purbakala/; b. (figurative) cerita /lama, basi/; noun. (archaic) old man, orang tua; the ancients, negara bertamadun /kuno, purba/. *ancient soil tanah purba *ancientness noun. kekunoan, kepurbaan, kepurbakalaan. *ancillary (ns-lr) adjective. 1. subordinate, secondary, (attributive) sampingan; (predicate) appropriate noun. + sampingan: ancillary industries, perusahaan sampingan; undertakings that are rather ancillary than essential, usaha yang lebih berupa usaha sampingan daripada usaha yang perlu; ancillary road, jalan /samping, rusuk/ ; 2. supporting, auxiliary, bantuan: ancillary services, perkhidmatan bantuan; surgery and its ancillary treatment, pembedahan dan rawatan bantuan. *ancillary metabolism metabolisme sampingan *ancipital ansipit *ancipitous ansipit *ancistroid ansistroid *anconeal ankoneal *anconeus ankoneus *ancophilous ankofili *and conjunction 1. as well as, in addition to, dan; (with words that come in pairs), [often not translated]: cats and dogs, kucing dan anjing; Malik and his friends, Malik dan kawan-kawannya; he punched and kicked me, dia menumbuk dan menendang saya; day and night, siang malam; rich and poor,

miskin kaya or kaya miskin; up and down, naik turun; pots and pans, periuk belanga; 2. (linking numbers), [not translated]: two hundred and twelve, dua ratus dua belas; four and twenty blackbirds, dua puluh empat ekor hurung hitam; one and a half hours, satu jam setengah; 3. along with, dan, serta, (berserta) dengan: the Sultan and his retinue, Sultan dan para pengiring baginda; 4. as a consequence, dan [noun] pun, lalu: I was rude and she lost her temper, saya berlaku kasar dan dia pun naik darah; 5. (indicating : action consequent on previous action) jika, kalau, jikalau: move and I'll shoot, jika bergerak, saya tembak; 6. and then, dan, lalu: he picked up a stone and threw it at the dog, dia mengutip seketul batu dan melemparkannya kepada anjing itu; 7. but, tetapi: he said he would come and he didn't, katanya dia akan datang, tetapi dia tidak datang; 8. at the same time, dan, sambil: they sang and danced throughout the night, mereka bernyanyi dan menari sepanjang malam; he just sat there and laughed, dia duduk sahaja di situ sambil ketawa; 9. (linking finite verbs in close sequence) dan, [or usually not translated]: go and see him, pergilah berjumpa dengan dia; come and try it, marilah mencubanya; write and tell me, tulis dan beritahu saya; 10. plus, ditambah, dicampur: two and three makes five, dua ditambah tiga jadi lima; 11. (indicating repetition, continuous action) a. (of noun) her [noun]: they walked for miles and miles, mereka berjalan berbatu-batu; b. (of verb) tidak berhenti-henti: she cried and cried, dia tidak berhenti-henti menangis; c. (of comparative adjective) bertambah, semakin, makin lama (se)makin [adjective.]: the waves rose higher and higher, ombak semakin tinggi; 12. different kinds of, a. (persons) berbagai-bagai /ragam, jenis/: there are men and men, ada berbagai-bagai ragam lelaki; b. (things) berjenis-jenis, berbagai-bagai jenis, bermacam-macam: there are books and books, ada bermacam-macam buku. *andalusite andalusit *andante (n-dnt, n-dnt) adjective., adverb. & noun. andante. *andantino (ndn-tn, ndn) adjective., adverb. & noun. andantino. *Andean adjective. Banjaran Andes. *Andes (ndz) noun. Banjaran Andes. *andesite (nd-zt) noun. A gray, fine-grained volcanic rock, chiefly plagioclase and feldspar, andesit. *andesite -andesit *andiron (ndrn) noun. One of a pair of metal supports used for holding up logs in a fireplace, penyangga (untuk meletakkan) kayu unggun. *andradite (n-drdt) noun. A green to brown or black calcium-iron garnet, Ca3Fe2(SiO4)3, andradit.

*andrangium andrangium *andrase andrase *andric andri *andrin andrin *andro-autosome androautosom *andro-comb noun. form andro. *androconium (plu. androconia) androkonium *androcyte androsit *androdioecious androdiesius *androecious androesius *androecium (n-drsh-m, -shm) noun. The stamens of a flower considered as a group, androesium. *androgametangium androgametangium *androgamete androgamet *androgametophyte androgametofit *androgamone androgamon *androgamous androgami *androgen androgen *androgen (ndr-jn) noun. A steroid hormone, such as testosterone or androsterone, that controls the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics, androgen. *androgenesis androgenesis *androgenetic androgenesis *androgenic androgen *androgenic gland kelenjar androgen *androgenous androgen *androgenous cell sel androgen *androgonidium (plu. androgonidia) androgonidium

*androgonium androgonium *androgynal androgin *androgynary androginari *androgyne androgin *androgyne (ndr-jn) noun. An androgynous individual, see HERMAPHRODITE. *androgynism androginisme *androgynodioecious androginodiesius *androgynophore androginofor *androgynous androgini *androgynous (n-drj-ns) adjective. 1. Biology. Having both female and male characteristics; hermaphroditic. 2. Being neither distinguishably masculine nor feminine, as in dress, appearance, or behavior; unisex, androgini. *androhermaphroditic androhermafrodit *android (ndroid) noun. Possessing human features, android. *andromerogone andromerogon *andromerogony andromerogoni *andromonoecious andromonoesius *andromonoecism andromonoesisme *androphore androfor *androphyll androfil *andropoetalous andropetal *androsin androsin *androsome androsom *androsporangium androsporangium *androspore androspora *androsporogenesis androsporogenesis

*androsporophyll androsporofil *androstenedione androstenedion *androsterone androsteron *androstrobilus androstrobilus *androtype androtip *anebous anebus *anecdotage noun. anecdotes collectively, anekdot, *anecdotal adjective. 1. of, relating to anecdotes, menggunakan anekdot; 2. consisting of anecdotes, beranekdot, mengandungi anekdot: an anecdotal speech, ucapan yang beranekdot, *anecdote (nk-dt) noun. 1. A short account of an interesting or humorous incident. 2. Secret or hitherto undivulged particulars of history or biography, anekdot. *anecdotic adjective. 1. see ANECDOTAL; 2. fond of, ready to tell anecdotes, suka menggunakan anekdot: an anecdotic biographer, seorang penulis biografi yang suka menggunakan anekdot. *anecdotist, anecdotalist noun. orang yang suka menggunakan anekdot. *anelectrotonus anelektrotonus *anellus anelus *anelytrous anelitron *anemia (-nm-) noun. (United States) A pathological deficiency in the oxygen-carrying component of the blood, measured in unit volume concentrations of hemoglobin, red blood cell volume, or red blood cell number, see ANAEMIA. *anemic adjective. (United States) 1 see ANAEMIC. *anemochore anemokor *anemochorous anemokor *anemochory anemokori *anemodophilous anemodofili *anemograph noun. anemograf *anemographic adjective. anemograf.

*anemometer

(n-mm-tr) noun.

An instrument for indicating and measuring wind force and

velocity, anemometer *anemometric adjective. anemometer. *anemone (-nm-n) noun. 1. Any of various perennial herbs of the genus Anemone, native chiefly to northern temperate regions and having palmately lobed leaves and large flowers with showy sepals. Also called windflower. 2. A sea anemone, anemone. *anemophilous anemofili *anemophily anemofili *anemoplankton anemoplankton *anemosporic anemospora *anemotaxis anemotaksis *anemotropism anemotropisme *anencephaly anensefali *anenterous anenter *anepimeron anepimeron *anepisternum anepisternum *aner aner *anergasia anergasia *anergy anergi *aneroid barometer noun. barometer aneroid. *anesthesia noun. (United States) see ANAESTHESIA. *anesthesiology noun. (United States) see ANAESTHESIOLOGY. *anesthetic adjective. (United States) see ANAESTHETIC. *anesthetist noun. (United States) see ANAESTHETIST. *anesthetization noun. (United States) see ANAESTHETIZATION. *anesthetize transitive verb. (United States) see ANAESTHETIZE. *anestrum anestrum

*aneucentric aneusentrum *aneugamy aneugami *aneuhaploid aneuhaploid *aneuploid aneuploid *aneuploidy aneuploidi *aneurin, aneurine aneurin *aneuronic aneuron *aneurysm also *aneurism (ny-rzm) noun. A localized, pathological, blood-filled dilatation of a blood vessel caused by a disease or weakening of the vessel's wall, aneurisme *aneusomatic aneusoma *aneuspory aneuspori *anew adverb. 1. again, semula: to take up a task anew, menjalankan tugas itu semula; 2. in a new, different way, baru: to begin life anew, memulakan hidup baru. *anfractouse anfraktus *angel (njl) noun. 1. divine attendant, messenger, malaikat; angel of death, malaikat maut; 2. guardian spirit, malaikat; 3. conventional representation of such beings, patung bidadari; 4. innocent, lovely person, seperti bidadari; 5. obliging, kind, loving person, baik hati; on the side of the angels, menyebelahi pihak yang benar . *angel cake, angel food (cake) noun. kek span angel. *angelic adjective. of: relating to angels malaikat; angelic smile, senyuman manis. *angelica (n-jl-k) noun. 1. a. Any of various herbs of the genus Angelica in the parsley family, having pinnately compound leaves and small white or greenish flowers in compound umbels, especially A. archangelica, whose roots and fruits are used in flavoring liqueurs and whose stems are candied and eaten. b. The edible stem, leaf, or root of Angelica archangelica. 2. Often Angelica A sweet white wine or liqueur, anjalika *anger (nggr) noun. A strong feeling of displeasure or hostility, kemarahan, keberangan, kegusaran. marah, meradang, berang, gusar; (of God, royalty) kemurkaan: his rudeness roused his teacher's anger, sikapnya yang tidak sopan menimbulkan kemarahan gurunya; to be filled with anger, naik marah, naik radang; to provoke someone to anger, menyebabkan seseorang /marah, naik radang/;

blind anger, gelap mata; in anger, in a moment of anger, semasa sedang marah, ketika sedang marah; in a fit of anger, semasa [seseorang] dalam keadaan terlalu marah; transitive verb. (active)/menjadikan, menyebabkan/ [seseorang]/ marah, meradang, gusar, berang/, memarahkan, menggusarkan, memberangkan; (God, royalty) memurkakan, /menyebabkan, menjadikan/ murka; (passive) marah ; (of royalty) murka. *angienchyma angienkima *angina (n-jn, nj-) noun. A condition, such as severe sore throat, in which spasmodic attacks of suffocating pain occur, angina. *angina pectoris noun. Severe paroxysmal pain in the chest associated with an insufficient supply of blood to the heart, angina pektoris. *angioblast angioblas *angiocarpic angiokarpa *angiocarpy angiokarpi *angiology (nj-l-j) noun. The study of blood and lymph vessels, angiologi *angioma (nj-m) noun. plural angiomas or angiomata (-m-t). A tumor composed chiefly of lymph and blood vessels, angioma. *angioneurotic angioneuron *angiosperm (nj--sprm) noun. A plant whose ovules are enclosed in an ovary; a flowering plant, angiosperma *angiospermous angiosperma *angiosporous angiospora *angiostomatous angiostoma *angiotensin (nj--tnsn) noun. Any of three polypeptide hormones, one of which is a powerful vasoconstrictor, that function in the body in controlling arterial pressure, angiotensin *angiotensinogen angiotensinogen *angiotonin angiotonin *angle - bucu, ceruk, pelosok, penjuru, sudut, selekoh, sanding *angle (-dozer) noun. /jentolak, dozer/ siku.

*angle at a centre - sudut di pusat *angle at a point - sudut di titik *angle between planes - sudut antara satah *angle bracket noun. parentheses, /kurungan, tanda kurung/ sudut. *angle in segment - sudut dalam tembereng *angle iron noun. sesiku besi. *angle (nggl) noun. 1.(geometry) sudut: acute angle, sudut tirus; obtuse angle, sudut cakah; right angle, sudut tegak; an angle of 60 degrees, sudut 60 darjah; 2. corner (as of building, stone) sudut, penjuru; 3. sharp projection, bucu: the carpenter planed the angles of a piece of wood, tukang kayu mengetam bucu-bucu kayu; 4. position, direction, etc from which something is presented to view, sudut: the shot was taken from an unusual angle, gambar itu diambil dari suatu sudut yang luar biasa; angle shot, gambar sudut; camera angle, sudut kamera; high angle shot, gambar dongak; low angle shot, gambar junam; 5. standpoint, aspect, sudut (pandangan): to consider a problem from all angles, mempertimbangkan sesuatu masalah dari segala sudut pandangan; 6. (slang) scheme, muslihat; at an angle, [various translations]: pictures hung at an angle, gambar yang tergantung senget; the house stands at an angle to the street, rumah itu terletak menyerong ke jalan; inclined at an angle of 45 degrees, condong 45 darjah; intransitive verb. l. move in angles, appropriate verb + berbelok-belok, bengkang-bengkok; (of road) berliku-liku: he angled across the meadow running this way and that, dia berlari berbelok-belok ke sana ke sini memintas padang; 2. turn at an angle, diagonally, membelok (tajam), menyiku: the road angled sharply to the right, jalan itu membelok tajam ke kanan; transitive verb. l. place, move at an angle, menyerongkan: he angled his car into the parking space, dia menyerongkan keretanya masuk ke tempat letak kereta; 2. (colloquial) present from a particular viewpoint, /mengemukakan, menulis/ [sesuatu] sesuai dengan sudut pandangan [noun]: the article seems to be angled at working mothers, rencana itu dikemukakan sesuai dengan sudut pandangan ibu-ibu yang bekerja; 3. strike, hit at an angle, memukul [sesuatu] menyudut: he angled the ball over the net, dia memukul bola itu menyudut melangkau jaring; 4. direct at an angle, mengarahkan: she angled a look behind her, dia mengarahkan pandangannya ke belakang; to angle a camera, mengarahkan kamera; *angle of depression - sudut tunduk *angle of deviation noun. sudut sisihan. *angle of dip - sudut miring

*angle of elevation - sudut dongak *angle of incidence - sudut tuju, sudut insiden *angle of incidence noun. sudut tuju. *angle of internal reflection - sudut pantulan dalam *angle of reflection noun. sudut pantulan. *angle of refraction noun. sudut pembiasan. *angle of repose - sudut istirahat *angle of repose noun. sudut rehat. *angle of rest - sudut diam, sudut rehat *angle of shear - sudut ricih *angle of slide - sudut gelincir *angle of variation - sudut ubahan, sudut variasi *angle sum - hasil tambah sudut *angle. intransitive verb.; angle for, a. memancing, mengail: to angle for catfish, memancing ikan duri; b. (figurative) memancing: to angle for an invitation to the party, memancing undangan untuk jamuan itu. *angled adjective. 1. having an angle or angles, berbucu, bersudut: an angled sail, layar yang berbucu; 2. (of story, statement, question, etc) ditulis dari sudut pandangan tertentu, + appropriate noun./: angled story, cerita yang ditulis dari sudut pandangan tertentu; a politically angled article, makalah yang ditulis dari sudut pandangan politik. *angled adjective. bersudut: a right-angled triangle, segi tiga bersudut tegak. *angle-parking noun. meletakkan kereta menyerong. *anglerfish (ngglr-fsh) noun. plural anglerfish or anglerfishes. A marine fish of the order

Lophiiformes or Pediculati, having a long dorsal fin ray that is suspended over the mouth and that serves as a lure to attract prey, ikan pemancing *angler noun. 1. someone who fishes with hook and line, pengail, pemancing; 2. someone who schemes, orang yang suka membuat muslihat; 3. also angler fish, ikan pemancing. *angler -pengail

*Anglican adjective. Gereja England; noun. ahli mazhab Gereja England. *Anglicism noun. 1. English idiom, word, etc, /perkataan, frasa/ Inggeris; 2. Englishness, sifat keinggerisinggerisan; 3. preference for what is English, kegemaran terhadap segala-gala yang bersifat Inggeris. *Anglicize, Anglicise transitive verb. menginggeriskan; *Anglicized, Anglicised adjective. keinggerisan. *Anglo-American adjective. Inggeris-Amerika. *Anglocentric adjective. bertumpuan Inggeris. *Anglocentricity noun. sifat bertumpu pada Inggeris. *Anglo-comb noun. form Inggeris Anglo-comb: the Anglo-comb Dutch Treaty, Persetiaan InggerisBelanda. *Anglo-French adjective. 1. of Norman-French language of medieval England, bahasa Inggeris-Perancis; 2. of England and France, Inggeris-Perancis; noun. bahasa Inggeris-Perancis. *Anglo-Indian adjective. 1. relating to person of mixed British and Indian descent, /berdarah campuran, kacukan/ Inggeris-India; 2. of British person who has lived in India for a long time, InggerisIndia; 3. (of word) Inggeris-India: "tiffin" is an Anglo-Indian word, "tiffin" adalah perkataan Inggeris-India; noun. 1. person of mixed British and Indian descent, (orang yang)/ /berdarah campuran, kacukan/ Inggeris-India; 2. British person who has lived in India for a longtime, orang Inggeris-India. *Anglo-Irish adjective. 1. relating to Irish of English descent, orang Inggeris Ireland; 2. relating to English and Irish, Inggeris-Ireland; 3. relating to English spoken in Ireland, bahasa InggerisIreland. noun. 1. Irish of English descent, orang Inggeris-Ireland; 2. English spoken in Ireland, bahasa Inggeris-Ireland. *Anglo-Norman adjective. & noun. bahasa Inggeris-Norman. *Anglophile noun. pemuja Inggeris. *Anglophobe (nggl-fb) noun. One who dislikes or fears England, its people, or its culture, pembenci Inggeris. *Anglophobia noun. sikap membenci Inggeris. *Anglophone adjective. & noun. penutur bahasa Inggeris.

*Anglo-Saxon adjective. 1. forming part of Germanic element in modern English, Inggeris-Saxon; 2. of Old English people before Norman conquest, (orang) Inggeris-Saxon; 3. of the old English language, bahasa Inggeris tua; 4. (colloquial),(of the English language) plain, biasa; 5. of English descent, berketurunan Inggeris; noun. 1. Old English person before Norman conquest, orang Inggeris-Saxon; 2. Old English language used before Norman conquest, bahasa Inggeris Tua; 3. person of English ancestry, (orang yang) berketurunan Inggeris. *angora (ng-gr, -gr, nggr-). adjective. 1. (hair) bulu angora; 2. (yarn) benang bulu angora; 3. (fabric) kain bulu angora; 4. see ANGORA CAT, ANGORA GOAT, ANGORA RABBIT. *Angora cat (ng-gr kt) noun. A domestic cat having long, silky hair, kucing Angora. *Angora goat (ng-gr gt) noun. Any of a breed of domestic goats having long, silky hair, kambing Angora. *Angora rabbit (ng-gr rbt) noun. Any of a breed of domestic rabbits having long, soft, usually white hair, arnab Angora. *angry adjective. 1. strongly displeased, marah, meradang, gusar, berang; (of God, royalty) murka: he was angry at being beaten, dia marah kerana dikalahkan; to be angry with someone, marah kepada seseorang; /become, get/ angry. menjadi /marah, gusar, berang/, naik /marah, radang, berang/; (of God, royalty) menjadi murka; 2. showing anger, marah, meradang, gusar, berang; (of God, royalty) murka: in an angry voice, dengan suara marah; an angry expression, air muka marah; angry words. kata-kata yang menunjukkan /kemarahan, kegusaran, keberangan/; 3. stormy, a. (of sea) bergelora; b.(of sky, clouds) gelap pekat; 4. inflamed, radang: an angry wound, luka radang. *angry, furious, inflamed - geram, berang, gusar, marah, murka, radang *angst noun. kebimbangan, keprihatinan. *anguiliform anguiliform *anguillid -anguilid *anguilliform -anguiliform *anguish noun. 1. acute physical pain, kesakitan, azab; 2. mental agony. seksaan /jiwa, batin/: she suffered extreme anguish as she watched her sick son waste away. dia menderita seksaan batin yang amat sangat apabila melihat anaknya sakit merana itu; in anguish, a, in a state of physical pain, kesakitan: he howled in anguish, dia melolong kesakitan; b. in a state of mental agony,

/jiwanya, batinnya/ terseksa: she was in anguish when told that her children were missing. jiwanya berasa terseksa apabila diberitahu bahawa anak-anaknya hilang. *anguished adjective. 1. expressing physical pain. azab. kesakitan: the anguished cries coming from the torture chamber, jeritan azab yang datang dari bilik seksaan; 2. tormented, terseksa; (of look) yang /menampakkan, menunjukkan/ jiwa, batin/ yang terseksa; an anguished conscience, batin yang terseksa; an anguished look. wajah yang menampakkan jiwa yang terseksa. *angular - sudut, sudutan *angular acceleration - pecutan sudut *angular acceleration noun. pecutan sudut. *angular adjective. 1. lean and bony. a. (of person) kurus; b. (of face) cengkung; 2. stiff, awkward, a. (in movement) kekok, canggung: angular gait. gaya berjalan yang kekok; b. (in character, manner) agak kasar: his angular disposition made it difficult for him to make friends, pembawaannya yang agak kasar menyebabkan dia sukar mendapat kawan; 3. having an angle or angles, berbucu-bucu. the church was an angular stone structure, gereja itu merupakan binaan batu yang berbucu-bucu; 4. placed at an angle, sudut: angular artery, arteri sudut; 5. measured by angle. sudut: angular divergence, capahan sudut; angular aperture, bukaan sudut. *angular -bersudut *angular bone tulang angular *angular momentum -momentum bersudut *angular momentum noun. momentum sudut. *angular velocity noun.. hala laju sudut. *angularity noun. condition. quality of, a. (being lean and bony) kekurusan, keadaan badan [seseorang] yang kurus; (of face) kecengkungan; b. (being jerky, awkward in movement) kekekokan, kecanggungan; c. (lacking suavity) kekasaran, agak kasar: she had a sharp angularity of manner that was annoying, gayanya yang agak kasar menjengkelkan; d. (having an angle or angles) keadaan [sesuatu] yang berbucu-bucu. *angularly adverb. 1. bonily, kurus; (of face) cengkung: an angularly built body, badan yang kurus; 2. jerkily, awkwardly. dengan /kekok, canggung/; 3. in a manner lacking suavity, dengan kasar; 4. with angles, berbucu-bucu: an angularly designed building, bangunan yang direka bentuk berbucu-bucu.

*angulosplenial angulosplenium *angulus angulus *angustifoliate angustifoliat *angustirostrate angustirostrat *anholocyclic anholokitar *anhydride noun. anhidrida. *anhydrite noun. anhidrit. *anhydrous - kontang *anhydrous adjective. kontang: anhydrous salt, garam kontang. *anhydrous ammonia - ammonia kontang *anidian anidian *anidocyst anidosista *aniline dye noun. pencelup anilina. *aniline noun. anilina. *anima noun. anima. *animadversion noun. adverse criticism, kritikan. *animadvert intransitive verb.; animadvert /on, upon/, a. criticize adversely, mengkritik: he animadverted for hours on the subject of nuclear disarmament, dia mengkritik pelucutan senjata nuklear berjamjam lamanya; b. make remarks, comment on, membuat komen tentang. *animal adjective. 1. of, rel to or derived from animal. Haiwan, binatang: animal life, kehidupan haiwan; animal community, masyarakat haiwan; animal behaviour, kelakuan binatang; animal fat, lemak binatang; animal science, sains peternakan; 2. characteristic of animal, [various translations]: the animal courage of the soldier, keberanian naluriah askar itu; he showed an animal instinct for survival, dia menunjukkan naluri kebinatangan untuk terus hidup; animal spirits, keriangan; 3. sensual, bestial, kebinatangan: animal desire, nafsu kebinatangan; his animal behaviour repelled her, tabiat kebinatangannya membuat gadis itu meluat; noun. 1. living thing other than plants, haiwan: man is a social animal, manusia ialah haiwan sosial; 2. any mammal other than man, binatang, haiwan; 3. brutish man, (seperti) binatang.

*animal gradient kecerunan giat *animal husbandry noun. penternakan haiwan, perusahaan ternakan. *animal kingdom noun. alam /haiwan, binatang/. *animal pest haiwan perosak *animal pole - kutub giat, kutub haiwan *animal region kawasan giat *animal starch noun. kanji haiwan. *animalcule (n-mlky l) noun. 1. animalkul. *animalism (n-m-lzm) noun. 1. sensuality, nafsu kebinatangan; 2. The doctrine that the human being is purely animal with no spiritual nature, animalisme; 3. qualities, traits typical of animals, sifat /binatang, haiwan/. *animalization, animalisation noun. sensualization, /menyebabkan, menjadikan/ [seseorang] bersifat seperti binatang. *animalize, animalise transitive verb. brutalize, sensualize, /menyebabkan, menjadikan/ [seseorang] bersifat seperti binatang. *animalizing agent agen penggiat *animate animat *animate adjective. 1. living, bernyawa, hidup; 2. lively, riang; transitive verb. 1. make alive, menghidupkan: we do not know what animate the body cells, kita tidak tahu apakah yang menghidupkan sel badan; 2. enliven, brighten up, [various translations]: to animate a discussion, merancakkan perbincangan; her gaiety animated us all, keriangannya menggirangkan kami semua; the presence of celebrities would animate the party, kehadiran orang-orang yang terkenal akan memeriahkan majlis itu; a wide grin animated her face, senyuman lebar menyerikan wajahnya; 3. fill with courage (active) memberikan semangat; (passive) menjadi bersemangat: he spent the next few minutes animating his tired men, selama beberapa minit kemudiannya dia memberikan semangat kepada orang-orangnya yang keletihan itu; 4. inspire to action, mendorong, merangsang: his success animated him to greater efforts, kejayaannya mendorongnya berusaha lebih giat lagi; she was animated by a desire to help, dia didorong oleh hasrat untuk A microscopic or minute organism, such as an amoeba or a

paramecium, usually considered to be an animal. 2. Archaic. A tiny animal, such as a mosquito,

memberikan pertolongan; 5. put to action, menghidupkan, menggerak-gerakkan: her nimble fingers animated the puppets, jari-jarinya yang tangkas menghidupkan patung-patung itu; 6. (cinema) menganimasikan; *animate -animat *animated adjective. 1. lively, vivacious, hidup, rancak; (of face) berseri-seri; (of person) girang: an animated debate, perdebatan yang rancak; she was intensely animated, dia amat girang; 2. (cinema) animasi: animated cartoons, kartun animasi; animated pictures, gambar-gambar animasi. *animated cartoon (n-mtd kr-t n) noun. A motion picture or television film consisting of a photographed series of drawings that simulates motion by means of very slight, continuous changes in the shapes of the drawings, kartun animasi. *animation (an`-mshn) noun. 1. liveliness, vivacity, a. (of manner) dengan rancak, dengan bersemangat, dengan penuh semangat: she told the story with great animation, dia bercerita dengan amat rancak; b. (of scene) menghidupkan: little bullock carts five animation to the scene, kereta-kereta lembu yang kecil menghidupkan pemandangan itu; 2. (cinema) a. (technique) animasi; b. The illusion of movement created by using a succession of static images. In computer graphics, the images can all be drawn separately, or starting and ending points can be drawn with the intervening images provided by software, see ANIMATED CARTOON. *animation -penganimatan *animator (n-mtr) noun. juruanimasi. 1. One that provides or imparts life, interest, spirit, or vitality. 2. One, such as an artist or a technician, who designs, develops, or produces an animated cartoon,. *animism (n-mzm) noun. animisme. 1. The attribution of conscious life to natural objects or to nature itself. 2. The belief in the existence of spiritual beings that are separable or separate from bodies. 3. The hypothesis holding that an immaterial force animates the universe. *animist noun. penganut animisme. *animistic adjective. animistik: animistic art, seni animistik. *animosity (n-ms-t) noun. plural animosities. 1. resentment, perasaan marah, kemarahan: the action of the council aroused the animosity of the locals, tindakan Majlis itu menimbulkan kemarahan penduduk tempatan; 2. enmity, permusuhan, perseteruan. *animus (n-ms) noun. 1. animosity, kebencian, rasa benci; have an animus against someone, membenci seseorang; 2. (psychology) animus.

*anion exchange capacity daya muat pertukaran anion *anion (nn) noun. A negatively charged ion, especially the ion that migrates to an anode in

electrolysis, anion. *anise (ns) noun. An annual, aromatic Mediterranean herb (Pimpinella anisum) in the parsley family, cultivated for its seedlike fruits and the oil obtained from them and used to flavor foods, liqueurs, and candies, pokok jintan manis. *anise seed oil - minyak jintan manis *aniseed (n-sd) noun. The seedlike fruit of the anise, jintan manis. *anisocarpous /anisocarpic anisokarpa *anisocercal anisoserkus *anisochela anisokela *anisocotyledonous anisokotiledon *anisocotylous anisokotil *anisocytic anisosit *anisodactylous anisodaktil *anisodont anisodon *anisogamete (n-s-gmt, g-mt, n-) noun. Either of two conjugating gametes that differ in structure or behavior, such as the small, motile male spermatozoon and the larger, nonmotile female ovum, See heterogamete, anisogamet *anisogametism anisogametisme *anisogamety anisogameti *anisogamonty anisogamonti *anisogamous anisogami *anisogamy (n-sg-m) noun. A union between two gametes that differ in size or form, anisogami *anisognathous anisognat *anisolateral anisolateral *anisole noun. anisol.

*anisomere anisomer *anisomerogamy anisomerogami *anisomerous anisomer *anisomorphic anisomorf *anisopetalous anisopetal *anisophyllous anisofil *anisophylly anisofili *anisopleural anisopleura *anisoploid anisoploid *anisopogonous anisopogon *anisopterous anisopter *anisorhiza anisoriza *anisosepalous anisosepal *anisospore anisospora *anisostemonous anisostamen *anisostylous anisostil *anisoterous anisoter *anisotonic anisotonik *anisotrisomic anisotrisom *anisotrophy anisotrofi *anisotropic (n-s-trpk, -trpk) adjective. Physics. Having properties that differ according to the direction of measurement, anisotropisme, tak isotropisme *ankle noun. 1. joint connecting foot with leg, buku lali, mata kaki; 2. area of this joint, pergelangan kaki; ankle-deep, dengan kaki terbenam ke paras /buku lali, mata kaki, pergelangan kaki/: he stood ankle deep in mud, dia berdiri dengan kakinya terbenam ke paras buku lali; ankle high, separas /buku lali, mata kaki, pergelangan kaki/; /turn, twist/ ones ankle, kaki seseorang /terseliuh, terpelecok, tergeliat/.

*ankle sock noun. stokin pendek. *anklebone noun. buku lali. *ankle-length noun. labuh hingga ke /buku lali, pergelangan kaki/: an ankle-length skirt, skirt yang labuh hingga ke buku lali. *anklet noun. 1. ornamental chain for ankle, /rantai, gelang/ kaki; 2. (United States) see ANKLE SOCK *ankyloblastic ankiloblas *ankylosis ankilosis *ankylostomosis ankilostomosis *ankyroid ankiroid *anlage anlaj *annal noun. annals of a single year, catatan untuk setahun. *annalist noun. pencatat sejarah. *annals noun. 1. record of events year by year, catatan tahunan, abad; 2. historical records, catatan sejarah. *anneal - sepuh-lindapkan, menyepuh-lindapkan *anneal transitive verb. 1. menyepuh lindap; 2. (figurative) /mencekalkan, menabahkan/ hati; *annealed adjective. 1. sepuh lindap: anneal copper wire, dawai kuprum sepuh lindap; 2. (figurative) /cekal, tabah/ hati. *annealing - penyepuhlindapan, sepuh lindap, menyepuh-lindapkan *annealing twin - kembar dua sepuh lindap *annectent anekten *annelide anelid *annex noun. 1. extension to a building, ruang tambahan; 2. addition to document, tambahan, lampiran: Parliament approved an annex to the treaty, Parlimen menyetujui tambahan pada persetiaan itu; transitive verb. 1. add (to building) menambahkan: a new wing was annexed to the main block, sebuah bahagian sampingan ditambahkan pada blok utama; 2. append, menambahkan, melampirkan: a glossary was annexed at the end of the book, satu glosari telah ditambahkan pada bahagian belakang buku; he annexed a codicil to his will, dia menambahkan satu kodisil pada

wasiatnya; 3. take possession of (territory, property, etc) mengilhakkan: Caesar annexed Britain to the Roman Empire, Caesar telah mengilhakkan Britain pada Empayar Rom; 4. (colloquial) take without permission, merampas; 5. attach (as attribute, consequence, condition), (active) menyertakan; (passive) ada pada: to annex a condition to an agreement, menyertakan syarat pada sesuatu perjanjian; the many privileges that are annexed to the Presidency, hak-hak istimewa yang ada pada jawatan Presiden. *annexation noun. 1. act of, a. (appending) penambahan, melampirkan; b. (taking possession of) pengilhakan: the annexation of various parts of Europe by Hitler, pengilhakan beberapa buah negara Eropah oleh Hitler; 2. something annexed, appropriate noun. + yang diilhakkan. *annexe noun. see ANNEX. *annidation anidasi *annihilate - memusnah habis, musnahkan habis *annihilate (-n-lt) transitive verb. 1. menghapuskan, memunahkan, melenyapkan, menghancurkan; (phys & chem) memusnahhabiskan: Hitler failed in his attempt to annihilate the Jewish race, Hitler gagal dalam percubaannya untuk menghapuskan bangsa Yahudi; the nuclear bomb can annihilate the whole world, bom nuklear dapat memunahkan seluruh dunia; matter cannot be annihilated, jirim tidak dapat dimusnahhabiskan; 2. (figurative), [various translations]: his argument was annihilated, hujahnya dikalahkan; he annihilated her with a glance, dia menghancurkan keyakinan gadis itu dengan jelingannya. *annihilation - pemusnahan habis, musnahan habis *annihilation (-n-lshn) noun. 1. act of annihilating, a. penghapusan, pemunahan, pelenyapan, penghancuran: her policy was simply that of annihilation, dasar negara itu semata-mata untuk pemunahan; uncontrolled hunting has resulted in the annihilation of many species of animals, pemburuan yang tidak terkawal telah mengakibatkan pemunahan beberapa banyak spesies binatang; b. (figurative), [various translations]: the annihilation of the home team in the quarterfinals, kekalahan pasukan tuan rumah dalam perlawanan suku akhir; the annihilation of the country's trade, pemusnahan perdagangan negara itu; 2. state of being annihilated, kemusnahan, kebinasaan, kelenyapan, kehancuran; 3.(physics) pemusnahhabisan. *annihilation of matter - pemusnahan jirim *annihilation radiation - sinaran musnahan habis *annihilator - pemusnah habis

*anniversary adjective. hari ulang tahun: anniversary celebration, perayaan hari ulang tahun; anniversary gift, hadiah hari ulang tahun; noun. 1. annual recurrence of a significant date, hari ulang tahun: a wedding anniversary, hari ulang tahun perkahwinan; 2. celebration of this, perayaan hari ulang tahun. *Anno Domini adverb. Tahun Masihi; noun. (humorous), (colloquial) usia tua. *annorthogenesis anortogenesis *annotate transitive verb. menganotasi; *annotated adjective. beranotasi: an annotated bibliography, bibliografi beranotasi; an annotated edition, edisi beranotasi. *annotation noun. 1. act of annotating, penganotasian; 2. critical, explanatory notes, anotasi. *annotinal anotin *annotinous anotinus *announce transitive verb. 1 proclaim, mengumumkan: to announce an engagement, mengumumkan pertunangan; the government announced a 2% reduction in the price of petrol, kerajaan mengumumkan penurunan harga petrol sebanyak 2%; 2. make identity known, memberitahukan: he announced himself as a police officer, dia memberitahukan bahawa dia adalah seorang pegawai polis; 3. make known the arrival of; mengumumkan ketibaan: Mr. and Mrs. Jones were announced, ketibaan Encik dan Puan Jones diumumkan; 4. make known the approach of; mengumumkan (bahawa) [sesuatu] sudah sedia: the maid came to the door to announce dinner, pembantu rumah itu datang ke pintu untuk mengumumkan makan malam sudah sedia; 5. make known through the senses, mind, menandakan: a roll of drums announced the arrival of the king, bunyi tambur menandakan ketibaan raja itu. *announcement noun. 1. act of; a. (proclaiming) pengumuman; b. (making known the arrival of) pengumuman tentang ketibaan; c. (making known the approach of) pengumuman (bahawa) [sesuatu] sudah sedia; 2. public notification. pengumuman: to make an announcement, membuat pengumuman; 3. brief I item. *announcer noun. juruhebah. *annoy transitive verb. 1. irritate. provoke. menjengkelkan. menggemaskan. menyakitkan hati: he annoyed his friend by coming late, dia menjengkelkan kawannya kerana dia datang lambat; 2. harass. mengganggu. mengacau: the mosquitoes are annoying us, nyamuk-nyamuk itu mengganggu kami;

*annoyance noun. 1. state of being annoyed, kejengkelan, rasa /gemas, sakit hati/: his expression reflected his annoyance. wajahnya mencerminkan kejengkelannya; 2. act of, a. irritating, provoking. menjengkelkan, menggemaskan, menyakitkan hati: his constant annoyance of his boss cost him his job. kerana selalu menjengkelkan ketuanya dia kehilangan kerja; b. harassing, mengganggu. gangguan: to protect the nest from the annoyance of the school boys. menjaga sarang itu daripada gangguan budak-budak sekolah; 3. source of irritation. nuisance. menjengkelkan, menggemaskan, menyakitkan hati: the next door children are an annoyance, anak-anak jiran sebelah rumah menjengkelkan. *annoyed adjective. jengkel. gemas. berasa sakit hati: I am annoyed with him. saya jengkel terhadapnya; he was annoyed at not being told about it. dia jengkel kerana tidak diberitahu tentang perkara itu. *annoying adjective. menjengkelkan. menggemaskan. menyakitkan hati: how annoying!. sungguh menjengkelkan!; annoying habits. tabiat yang menjengkelkan; *annual - semusim, tahunan *annual adjective. 1.(general) tahunan: annual rainfall, hujan tahunan; annual bonus. bonus tahunan; annual contribution. caruman tahunan; annual report. laporan tahunan; annual dinner. makan malam tahunan; annual leave. cuti tahunan; 2. (of plant) semusim; noun. 1. plant that lives for one year or season. pokok/semusim. setahun/; 2. book etc published every year. terbitan tahunan. *annual crop tanaman tahunan *annual mask tanda tahunan *annual plant tumbuhan semusim *annual rainfall - curahan hujan tahunan *annual ring cecincin tahunan, gelang tahunan *annual -semusim; tahunan *annual yield - hasil tahunan *annually adverb. /setiap. tiap-tiap/ tahun. *annuitant noun. penerima anuiti. *annuity - anuiti

*annuity noun. anuiti: he left his housekeeper an annuity of M$400 a year. dia meninggalkan anuiti sebanyak M$400 setahun kepada pembantu rumahnya; deferred annuity, anuiti tertunda; perpetual annuity, anuiti kekal; annuity fund, dana anuiti. *annul transitive verb. to make null and void, membatalkan, memansuhkan: to annul a marriage, membatalkan perkahwinan; the law has been annulled. undang-undang itu telah dibatalkan; to annul a contractive membatalkan kontrak. *annular anulus *annular (ny-lr) adjective. Shaped like or forming a ring, anulus. *annular -anulus *annular drainage pattern - corak saliran anulus, pola saliran anulus *annular eclipse noun. gerhana anulus. *annular eyelid -kelopak mata anulus *annular ligament noun. ligamen anulus. *annular thickening penebalan anulus *annular thickening -penebalan anulus *annulate anulat *annulate adjective. anulat. *annulet noun. (architecture) gelang. *annulment noun. nullification, pembatalan, pemansuhan. *annulus anulus *annulus noun. anulus. *annulus tympani anulus timpani *annulus tympani -anulus timpani *annunciate transitive verb. see ANNOUNCE. *annunciation noun. see ANNOUNCEMENT. *annunciator noun. see ANNOUNCER. *anococcygeal anokoksiks

*anodal, anodic adjective. anod. *anode anod *anode noun. anod: anode ray, sinar anod. *anodic anod *anodic cleaning - pembersihan anod *anodic etching - punaran anod *anodic polarization - pengutuban anod *anodize, anodise transitive verb. menyadur anod. *anodyne anodin *anodyne adjective. 1. capable of lessening pain, anodin; 2. soothing to the mind, feelings, menenangkan; noun. 1. medicine capable of lessening pain, anodin; 2. something soothing to the mind, feeling, penawar: time is the only anodyne of sorrow, masa sahajalah penawar kesedihan. *anoestrus anestrus *anoint transitive verb. rub, smear (as with oil) menyapukan, melumurkan, melumaskan: she anointed herself with oil, dia menyapukan minyak pada badannya. *anointment noun. 1. act of rubbing, smearing, as with oil, menyapukan, melumurkan, melumaskan; 2. ointment, salve, salap, minyak. *anomalicidal capsule kapsul anomalisid *anomalous - anomali *anomalous adjective. 1. (general) janggal: he was put in an anomalous position by his son's political affiliations, dia berada dalam kedudukan yang janggal disebabkan hubungan politik anak lelakinya; it seemed anomalous that in a family where everyone else was short he should be so tall, nampaknya janggal dalam keluarga yang semuanya pendek, dia seorang sahaja yang tinggi; 2. (technical) beranomali:-absorption, penjerapan beranomali; anomalous scattering, penyerakan beranomali; anomalous (abnormal) retina correspondence, kesepadanan retina (abnormal) beranomali; anomalous area, kawasan beranomali. *anomalous term - sebutan anomali *anomaly - anomali, kejanggalan

*anomaly anomali; kejanggalan *anomaly noun. 1. something anomalous, sesuatu yang janggal; (technical) anomali: a communist country with a king would be an anomaly, sebuah negara komunis yang beraja akan merupakan sesuatu yang janggal; there are many anomalies in the pay structure, terdapat banyak anomali dalam struktur gaji; 2. deviation from the usual order, kejanggalan. *anomic adjective. anomik: anomic society, masyarakat anomik; anomic division of labour, pembahagian kerja anomik. *anomocytic anomosit *anomophyllous anomofil *anomy, anomie noun. anomia: acute /anomy, anomie/, anomia genting; simple /anomy, anomie/, anomia sederhana. *anon abbreviation see ANONYMOUS. *anon adverb.(archaic& liter) soon, kelak, nanti: I shall see you anon, saya akan menemui saudara kelak; ever and anon, sekali-sekali, sekali-sekala, dari semasa ke semasa: ever and anon she thought of her younger days, sekali-sekali dia teringat akan hari-hari mudanya. *anonym noun. 1. see PSEUDONYM; 2. anonymous person, appropriate noun. + tanpa nama; 3. anonymous publication, terbitan tanpa nama. *anonymity noun. ketanpanamaan: the poet preserved his anonymity over the years, penyair itu mengekalkan ketanpanamaannya bertahun-tahun; the anonymity of the report cast doubts on its authenticity, ketanpanamaan laporan itu menyebabkan keasliannya disangsikan. *anonymous adjective. 1. of unknown name, tanpa nama, namanya tidak diketahui: an anonymous writer, penulis yang namanya tidak diketahui; an anonymous caller, pemanggil yang namanya tidak diketahui; wish, request, etc/ to /be, remain/ anonymous, /mahu, meminta supaya/ namanya dirahsiakan; 2. of unknown authorship, origin, source, etc, nama + appropriate noun. tidak diketahui, tanpa nama: an anonymous pamphlet, risalah yang nama penulisnya tidak diketahui; an anonymous donation, derma yang nama pendermanya tidak diketahui; an anonymous parcel, bungkusan yang nama pengirimnya tidak diketahui; anonymous letter, surat /layang, terbang/; 3. without clearly marked individuality, identity, a. (of person) tak bernama, tanpa nama: he looked down on a sea of anonymous faces, dia memandang ke bawah pada wajah-wajah tak bernama; b. (of thing) tidak bersifat tersendiri: a row of anonymous houses, deretan rumah yang tidak bersifat tersendiri.

*anonymously adverb. 1. without giving name, tanpa menyatakan nama seseorang; 2. without known authorship, origin, source, etc, tanpa nama + appropriate noun: anonymously, sajak itu diterbitkan tanpa nama penyairnya. *anonymousness noun. see ANONYMITY. *anopheles noun. nyamuk tiruk, anopheles. *anoplid anoplid *anorak noun. anorak. *anorexia anoreksia *anorexia nervosa anoreksia nervosa *anorganology anorganologi *anormogenesis anormogenesis *anorthogenesis anortogenesis *anorthoploid anortoploid *anorthosite anortosit *anorthospiral anortopilin *anosmatic anosmatik *anosmia anosmia *anosmic anosmia *another adjective. 1. one more, a. (followed by quantitative noun.) se + appropriate classifier [noun] lagi; (in imperative construction), /satu, se + appropriate classifier/ [noun] lagi: the fire has spread to another house, api (kebakaran) itu telah merebak ke sebuah rumah lagi; the hospital needs another eye specialist, hospital itu memerlukan seorang pakar mata lagi; another child came in, seorang kanak-kanak lagi telah masuk; he went to bed without another word, dia masuk tidur tanpa sepatah kata lagi; bring me another chair, bawakan saya sebuah kerusi lagi; b. (followed by abstract noun.) satu [noun] lagi: she has come up with another idea, dia mendapat satu idea lagi; another suggestion was put forward, satu cadangan lagi telah dikemukakan; c. (followed by noun. denoting quantity) se [noun] lagi: another plate of rice, sepinggan nasi lagi; have another cup of tea, minumlah teh secawan lagi; 2. more, lagi: give me another few minutes, berilah saya beberapa minit lagi; in another five days he will be in Jakarta, dalam masa lima hari lagi dia akan the poem was published

berada di Jakarta; 3. new, fresh, lain: give me another papaya, this one is bad, berilah saya buah betik yang lain, yang ini busuk; 4. different, lain: let's try another route, mari kita mencuba jalan yang lain; that is quite another matter, itu sebenarnya perkara lain; we could do it another time, kita boleh membuatnya pada masa yang lain; feel another man, be another man, telah berubah: since the accident he seems another man, sejak kemalangan itu nampaknya dia telah berubah; another time, on a separate occasion, lain kali: another time I hope you will be more polite, lain kali saya harap kamu akan lebih bersopan; 5. someone like, seorang [noun] lagi: he might yet be another Beethoven, dia mungkin menjadi seorang Beethoven lagi; pronoun 1. one more, /se + appropriate classifier, satu + appropriate classifier lagi; (of person) se + appropriate classifier lagi: I have been given one copy, can I have another?, saya telah mendapat satu salinan, bolehkah saya mendapat satu salinan lagi?; one wore black, another wore white, seorang memakai baju hitam, seorang lagi memakai baju putih; 2. a different one, noun. + (yang) lain: marriage is one thing, marriage without love is another, perkahwinan adalah satu perkara, perkahwinan tanpa cinta adalah satu perkara lain; I have taken that route before, I will try another, saya pernah melalui jalan itu dahulu, saya akan mencuba jalan yang lain; 3. someone like the first, pun /sama, sama juga, sama saja/: he's a liar, you're another, dia pembohong, engkau pun sama saja; such another, (old use or liter.) yang seperti /seseorang, sesuatu/: there could not be such another in existence, tidak ada yang seperti ini di dunia. *anovulatory anovulatori *anoxaemia anoksemia *anoxia anoksia *anoxic anoksia *anoxybiotic anoksibiosis *ansa ansa *anserine anserina *ansiform ansiform *answer noun. 1. spoken or written reply, jawapan: questions and answers, soalan dan jawapan; I wrote to them about a month ago and still have not received any answer, saya menulis kepada mereka lebih kurang sebulan dahulu dan masih belum menerima jawapan apa pun; 2. reaction, response, a. (retributory) balasan, membalas: his only answer was a blow, dia membalas hanya dengan pukulan; our answer to this ban was to boycott their products, kami membalas pengharaman ini

dengan memulaukan barangan mereka; b. (non-retributory), [not translated]: her answer was to burst into tears, dia hanya menangis; 3. solution, penyelesaian; (math & phys) jawapan: there is no easy answer to the problem, tidak ada penyelesaian yang mudah untuk masalah itu; 4. (legal)jawapan; give an answer, menjawab, memberikan jawapan; in answer to, a. (letter) sebagai /menjawab, membalas/; b. (question etc) sebagai menjawab; c. (request) sebagai memenuhi; d. (shout, telephone call, etc) sebagai menyahut: the fire brigade came in answer to my telephone call, bomba datang sebagai menyahut panggilan telefon saya; know all the answers, (colloquial) tahu akan /segala-galanya, semuanya/, serba tahu; be the answer to ones prayer, orang yang /diharap-harapkan, dicari-cari/; intransitive verb. 1. reply, menjawab; (by letter) menjawab, membalas: he answered without thinking, dia menjawab dengan tidak berfikir; she did not answer well in the last examination, dia tidak menjawab dengan baik dalam peperiksaan yang lalu; although I have written him three letters he still hasn't answered, walaupun saya telah menulis tiga pucuk surat dia masih belum membalas; 2. react, respond, a. (verbally) menyahut, menjawab; (on the telephone) menjawab, menyambut: we called several times but no one answered, kami memanggil beberapa kali tetapi tidak ada orang yang menyahut; b. (by opening the door) membuka pintu, keluar; c. (by nodding, smiling, shrugging, etc), [not translated]: she answer with a smile, dia tersenyum saja; 3. serve the purpose, sudah memadai: a safety pin will answer for the time being, buat sementara ini pin dawai sudah memadai; 4. succeed, berjaya: their plan did not answer, rancangan mereka tidak berjaya; transitive verb. 1. reply, menjawab; (by letter) menjawab, membalas: he answered every question, dia menjawab setiap soalan; have you answered the invitation?, sudahkah kamu menjawab undangan itu?; letters to be answered, suratsurat yang perlu dibalas; 2. react, respond to, a. (by doing something in return for) membalas: he answered blows with blows, dia membalas pukulan dengan pukulan; the signal was not answered, isyarat itu tidak dibalas; b. (by obeying, succumbing) mengikut: the listing ship would not answer the helm, kapal yang senget itu tidak mahu mengikut kemudinya; the horse answered the spur, kuda itu mengikut apabila dipacu; c. (by fulfilling a need, request, etc) menyambut: many people answered the appeal for donations, banyak orang yang menyambut rayuan meminta derma itu; d. (by acknowledging ones name) menyahut: to answer a roll-call, menyahut apabila nama dipanggil; e. (the telephone) menjawab, menyambut: the telephone stopped ringing before I could answer it, telefon itu berhenti berdering sebelum saya sempat menjawabnya; answer the /door, bell/, membuka pintu, keluar; f. (advertisement) menjawab: she got the job by answering an advertisement, dia mendapat kerja itu dengan menjawab iklan; 3. solve, menyelesaikan; (riddle) menjawab: problems that need to be answered, masalah yang perlu diselesaikan; 4. payoff, membayar; (debt) melunaskan, melangsaikan, membayar: to answer the debt one owes,

melunaskan hutang seseorang; 5. fulfill, serve the purpose, memenuhi: he seemed to answer all the requirements for the post, nampaknya dia memenuhi segala keperluan bagi jawatan itu; 6. give justification, defence, menjawab: to answer a charge of perjury, menjawab dakwaan sumpah palsu; 7. reply favourably, mengabulkan, memakbulkan: his prayers have been answered, doanya telah dikabulkan; answer (to) the description, /serupa dengan, sama dengan/ /gambaran, pemerian/: he answers the description of the murderer, dia serupa dengan gambaran yang diberikan tentang pembunuh itu; answer someone back, (colloquial) a. speak, reply rudely, /menjawab, melawan/ (seseorang): he is fond of answering back, dia suka menjawab; b. defend oneself, /mempertahankan, membela/ diri seseorang: it is unfair to criticize a person when he can't answer back, tidak adil mengkritik seseorang apabila dia tidak dapat mempertahankan dirinya; answer for, a. take responsibility or blame for, bertanggungjawab terhadap: he must answer for his son's conduct, dia mesti bertanggungjawab terhadap kelakuan anak lelakinya; b. pay the penalty of, /mendapat, menerima/ balasan terhadap: some day you will have to answer for what you did to him, suatu hari nanti kamu akan mendapat balasan terhadap apa yang telah kamu lakukan kepadanya; c. vouch for, menjamin : I can't answer for his honesty, saya tidak berani menjamin bahawa dia jujur; d. speak, reply on behalf of, bercakap bagi pihak: I agree with the suggestion but I can't answer for the others, saya bersetuju dengan cadangan itu tetapi saya tidak boleh bercakap bagi pihak yang lain; answer to, a. respond to, see transitive verb. (sense 2. b.); b. account to ,/menerangkan, menjelaskan/ kepada: you will have to answer to the headmaster if you are caught smoking, kamu mesti menerangkan kepada guru besar jika kamu ditangkap merokok; answer to the description of, see answer the description; answer to /the name of, that name/, (colloquial) bernama, namanya: they had a chimpanzee answering to the name of Minah, mereka ada seekor cimpanzi yang bernama Minah; there is no one here answering to that name, tidak ada orang yang namanya seperti itu di sini; *answerable adjective. I. responsible, bertanggungjawab: I am only answerable to the clerk of works, saya bertanggungjawab hanya kepada penyelia kerja; the management is not answerable for any loss of personal belongings, pihak pengurusan tidak bertanggungjawab terhadap kehilangan barangbarang kepunyaan sendiri; 2. capable of being answered, /dapat, boleh/ dijawab. *answering adjective. 1. replying, menjawab: an answering voice, suara menjawab; 2. corresponding, /serupa, sama/ dengan: a person answering the description broadcast by the police, seorang yang serupa dengan pemerian yang disiarkan oleh polis. *answering machine noun. mesin menjawab panggilan telefon.

*ant (nt) noun. Any of various social insects of the family Formicidae, characteristically having wings only in the males and fertile females and living in colonies that have a complex social organization, semut: ants nest, sarang semut; white ant, anai-anai; have ants in ones pants, (slang) resah gelisah. *antacid adjective. antasid. *antagglutinine antaglutinina *antagonism (n-tg-nzm) noun. 1. Hostility that results in active resistance, opposition, or

contentiousness, pertentangan: the antagonism between different social classes, pertentangan antara kelas sosial yang berbeza; feel (an) antagonism /for, towards/, berasa benci akan; in antagonism to, bertentangan dengan; 2. Biochemistry. Interference in the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure, antagonisme, penentangan. *antagonist antagonis *antagonist noun. I. opponent, penentang, antagonis; 2. (muscle) antagonis; 3. (drug) antagonis, dadah penentang. *antagonistic berantagonis *antagonistic adjective. bertentangan, berlawanan; (physiol, biology & med) berantagonis: antagonistic principles, prinsip-prinsip yang bertentangan; antagonistic races, bangsa-bangsa yang berlawanan; antagonistic muscle, otot berantagonis; be antagonistic to, menentang, melawan; (physiol, biology & med) berantagonis dengan: he is antagonistic to the idea, dia menentang gagasan itu; a group antagonistic to the government, kumpulan yang menentang kerajaan; the biceps muscle is antagonistic to the triceps, otot biseps berantagonis dengan otot triseps. *antagonistic -berantagonis *antagonize, antagonise transitive verb. 1. evoke, a. (opposition in) menimbulkan tentangan: severe restriction that is liable to antagonize the student body, sekatan yang keterlaluan yang boleh menimbulkan tentangan pihak pelajar; b. (hostility in) /menimbulkan, menaikkan/ kemarahan, menyebabkan [seseorang] marah: don't antagonize him, jangan menimbulkan kemarahannya; he antagonizes his colleagues by openly criticizing their work, dia menimbulkan kemarahan rakanrakan sekerjanya dengan mengkritik kerja mereka; 2. counteract, neutralize, meneutralkan: the coldness of the air antagonizes the warmth of the metal, kesejukan udara meneutralkan kepanasan logam itu. *antambulacral antambulakrum

*antapex antapeks *antapical antapikal *antapical plate plat antapikal *Antarctic adjective. Antartik; noun.; the Antarctic, kawasan Antartik. *Antarctic bottom water -air bawah Antartik *Antarctic circle -bulatan Antartik *Antarctic Circle noun. Garisan Antartik. *Antarctic circumpolar water -air lilitan Antartik *Antarctic convergence zone -zon penumpuan Antartik *Antarctic Ocean noun. Lautan Antartik. *Antarctica noun. Antartika. *antbocaulis antokaulis *ante noun. 1. (in poker etc) tagan, taruhan: to raise the ante, menaikkan tagan; 2. (United States) amount paid, wang yang dibayar; transitive verb. place (stake) in poker, menaruh. *anteater, ant-eater noun. 1. Any of several tropical American mammals of the family Myrmecophagidae, which lack teeth and feed on ants and termites, especially Myrmecophaga tridactyla, having an elongated, narrow snout, a long, sticky tongue, and an extended, shaggy-haired tail. 2. Any of several other animals, including the echidna, aardvark, and pangolin, that feed on ants, sejenis tenggiling. *ante-bellum adjective. sebelum perang; (before the American Civil War) sebelum Perang Saudara Amerika. *antebrachium antebrakium *antecedence noun. (formal) see PRECEDENCE. *antecedent - anteseden, antejadian *antecedent adjective. (formal) sebelum itu: antecedent circumstances, keadaan sebelum itu; antecedent to, sebelum: events antecedent to the assassination, peristiwa-peristiwa sebelum pembunuhan itu; noun. 1. something that precedes, appropriate noun. + sebelum: antecedents of the war, peristiwaperistiwa sebelum perang itu; the Model T was an antecedent of the modern car, Model T adalah

kereta yang direka sebelum kereta moden; 2. (linguistics) anteseden; 3. (in plural) a. ancestry, keturunan: to be proud of 0's antecedents, berbangga dengan , keturunan seseorang; b. past history (of person) sejarah hidup: little is known about his antecedents, tidak banyak yang diketahui tentang sejarah hidupnya; 4. (mathematics) antejadian, anteseden. *antecedent drainage saliran anteseden *antecedent river - sungai anteseden, sungai antejadian *antechamber antekebuk *antechamber noun. bilik antara. *anteclypeus anteklipeus *antecosta antekosta *antecoxal antekoka *antecubital antekubitus *antedate noun. /tarikh, tanggal/ yang lebih awal; transitive verb. 1. date back, mengawalkan /tarikh, tanggal/: to antedate a letter, mengawalkan tarikh surat; 2. precede, appropriate u + sebelum; (of death, marriage, etc) sebelum: the Peruvian Empire antedates that of Mexico, empayar Peru wujud sebelum empayar Mexico; an event that antedates the bombing of Hiroshima, suatu peristiwa yang berlaku sebelum pengeboman Hiroshima; his death antedated his father's by two years, dia meninggal dua tahun sebelum bapanya. *antediluvian adjective. 1. relating to the time before the Flood, sebelum /Bah, Banjir/ Zaman Nabi Noh a.s; 2. (colloquial) out-of-date, a. (of person) kolot, kuno, ketinggalan zaman; b. (of idea, notion, etc) kolot, kuno, ketinggalan zaman; c. (of plan) ketinggalan zaman; d. (of building, vehicle, etc) lama; noun. 1. very old person, orang yang (sangat) tua; 2. old-fashioned person, orang yang /kolot, kuno/, ketinggalan zaman. *antedorsal antedorsal *antefrons antefrons *antefurca antefurka *antelabrum antelabrum *antelope (ntl-p) noun. a. Any of various swift-running ruminant mammals of the family Bovidae, native to Africa and Asia and having long horns and a slender build. antelop.

*antemarginal antemarginal *antemeridian adjective. sebelum meridian, sebelum tengah hari. *ante-mortem adjective. & adverb. antemortem. *antenatal adjective. antenatal: antenatal care, penjagaan antenatal; antenatal clinic, klinik antenatal. *antenna noun. l. feeler, sesungut; 2. aerial, antena. *antennae plural of ANTENNA. *antennal carina -karina sesungut *antennal crest -rabung sesungut *antennal flagellum -flagelum sesungut *antennal peduncle -pedunkel sesungut *antennal scale -sisik sesungut *antennal spine -spina sesungut *antennal, antennary adjective. sesungut. *antennary antenari *antennary gland -kelenjar sesungut *antennation pengantenaan *antennifer antenifer *antennular flagellum -flagelum berantenul *antennular peduncle -pedunkel berantenul *antennular plate -plat berantenul *antennule antenul *antenodal antebuku *antenuptial adjective. sebelum perkahwinan. *antepenultimate, antepenult adjective. ketiga terakhir: in the series of words ray", lead", "appeal", "request", the antepenultimate word is lead", dalam siri perkataan "pray, lead", "appeal"' "request", perkataan yang ketiga terakhir ialah lead"; noun. appropriate noun. + yang ketiga

terakhir: in the word "temerity", the syllable "me" is the antepenultimate, dalam perkataan "temerity", suku kata "me" adalah suku kata yang ketiga terakhir. *antephase antefasa *anteposition antekedudukan *antergism antergisme *anterior adjective. 1. situated towards the front, anterior: anterior cilia arteries, arteri siliari anterior; anterior horn, tanduk anterior; 2. prior, sebelum(nya). *anterior -anterior *anterior cardiac sinus sinus kardiak anterior *anterior cardiac sinus -sinus kardiak anterior *anterior end -hujung anterior *anterior margin -pinggir anterior *anterior nasal flap -kelepak nasus anterior *anterior nostril -lubang hidung anterior *anterior plate -plat anterior *anterolateral anterolateral *anterolateral -anterolateral *ante-room noun. ruang antara. *antesternite antesternit *antheap see ANTHILL. *anthela antela *anthelate antelat *anthelion antelion *anthelix anteliks *anthem noun. l. song of devotion, lagu kebangsaan: national anthem, lagu kebangsaan negara; 2. (psalm, hymn) anthem, lagu puja. *anther anter/cepu debunga

*antheral adjective. cepu debunga, anter. *antherid anterid *antheridial cell sel anteridium *antheridial initial pemula anteridium *antheridiol anteridiol *antheridiophore anteridiofor *antheridium (plu. antheridia) anteridium *antherocyte anterosit *antherophore anterofor *antherozoid anterozoid *anthesin antesin *anthesis antesis *anthill, antheap noun. busut. *anthilly adjective. penuh dengan busut: an anthilly field, padang yang penuh dengan busut. *anthium antium *anthoblast antoblas *anthocarp antokarpa *anthocarpous antokarpa *anthochlore antoklor *anthocodium (plu. anthocodia) antokodium *anthocyanidin antosianidin *anthocyanin antosianin *anthocyathus antosiatus *anthodium antodium *anthogenesis antogenesis *anthologist, anthologer noun. penyusun /antologi, bunga rampai/.

*anthologize intransitive verb. menyusun /antologi, bunga rampai/; transitive verb. menyusun [sesuatu] dalam bentuk /antologi, bunga rampai/ *anthology (n-thl-j) noun. plural anthologies. A collection of literary pieces, such as poems, short stories, or plays, antologi, bunga rampai. *anthomedusa antomedusa *anthophilous antofili *anthophore antofor *anthophyte antofit *anthostrobilus antostrobilus *anthotaxis antotaksis *anthoxanthin antoxantin *anthozoan (nth-zn) noun. Any of a class (Anthozoa) of marine organisms, such as the corals and sea anemones, that have radial segments and grow singly or in colonies, antozoon *anthozoid antozoid *anthracene (nthr-sn) noun. A crystalline hydrocarbon, C14H10, extracted from coal tar and used in the manufacture of dyes and organic chemicals, antrasen *anthraciny antrasini *anthracite (nthr-st) noun. A dense, shiny coal that has a high carbon content and little volatile matter and burns with a clean flame. Also called hard coal, antrasit. *anthracitic adjective. antrasit. *anthracnose (n-thrkns) noun. Any of several diseases of plants caused by certain fungi and

characterized by dead spots on the leaves, twigs, or fruits, antraknos *anthracobiontic antrakobion *anthranilic acid asid antranilik *anthraquinone antrakuinon *anthrax (n thrks) noun. An infectious, usually fatal disease of warm-blooded animals, especially of cattle and sheep, caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. The disease can be transmitted to

human beings through contact with contaminated animal substances, such as hair, feces, or hides, and is characterized by ulcerative skin lesions, antraks. *anthropeic antropeik *anthrophile antrofili *anthropic (n-thrpk) also anthropical (--kl) adjective. Of or relating to human beings or the era of human life, antrop *anthropocentrism (nthr-p-sntrk) adjective. Regarding human beings as the central element of the universe, antroposentrisme. *anthropocentric (nthr-p-sntrk) adjective. Regarding human beings as the central element of the universe, antroposentrik. *anthropochore antropokor *anthropochory antropokori *anthropogenesis (nthr-p-jn-ss) noun. The scientific study of the origin and development of human beings, antropogenesis *anthropogenetic antropogenesis *anthropogenic antropogen *anthropogeny noun. antropogen. *anthropoid (nthr-poid) adjective. 1. Resembling a human being, especially in shape or outward appearance, antropoid; 2. (colloquial) apelike, human only in form, bersifat seperti beruk: those anthropoid mobsters, samseng-samseng yang bersifat seperti beruk itu; noun. antropoid. *anthropological adjective. of, connected with anthropology, antropologi: anthropological research, penyelidikan antropologi. *anthropologist noun. ahli antropologi. *anthropology (nthr-pl-j) noun. Abbr. anthrop. The scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of human beings, antropologi. *anthropometry (nthr-pm-tr) noun. The study of human body measurement for use in

anthropological classification and comparison, antropometri *anthropomorphism (nthr-p-mrfzm) noun. Attribution of human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena, antropomorfisme.

*anthropomorphous (nthr-p-mrfs) adjective. appearance, antropomorf *anthropophily antropofili *anthropophyte antropofit *anthropotomy antropotomi *anthropozoic antropozoik

Having

or

suggesting

human

form

and

*anti (nt, -t) noun. plural antis. A person who is opposed to something, such as a group, policy, proposal, or practice, anti: why were you someone anti all that?, kenapa kamu anti semua itu?; orang yang anti; the antis, mereka yang anti: the antis outnumbered the pros, mereka yang anti melebihi mereka yang pro. *anti foam solution larutan antibuih *anti. prefix anti *antiae antia *anti-aircraft adjective. pembinasa kapal terbang. *anti-alopecia antialopesia *anti-ambulacral antiambulakrum *anti-American adjective. anti-Amerika: anti-American feelings, perasaan anti-Amerika. *anti-apex antiapeks *anti-auxin antiauksin *antiavidin antiavidin *antibacterial (nt-bk-tr-l, nt-) adjective. Destroying or inhibiting the growth of bacteria,

antibakteria *antibacterial sensitivity test ujian kepekaan antibakteria *antibiogram antibiogram *antibiont antibion *antibiosis (nt-b-ss, nt-) noun. antibiosis. 1. An association between two or more organisms

that is detrimental to at least one of them. 2. The antagonistic association between an organism and the metabolic substances produced by another,

*antibiotic (nt-b-tk, nt-) noun. A substance, such as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms. Antibiotics are widely used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, antibiotik *antiblastic antiblas *antibody (nt-bd, nt-) noun. A protein substance produced in the blood or tissues in response to a specific antigen, such as a bacterium or a toxin. Antibodies destroy or weaken bacteria and neutralize organic poisons, thus forming the basis of immunity, antibodi *antibody deficiency syndrome sindrom antibodi *antibody turnover pusing ganti antibodi *antibrachial antibrakium *antibrachium antibrakium *anti-British adjective. anti-British. *antic (ntk) noun. A ludicrous or extravagant act or gesture; a caper, telatah: the clown's antics amused the children, telatah badut menggelikan hati kanak-kanak itu. *anti-cancer (nt-knsr, nt-) also *anticancerous (-sr-s) adjective. Effective in treating cancer, antibarah *anticatalyst noun. substance that prevents action of catalyst, antimangkin. *Antichrist noun. anti-Christ. *antichristian adjective. I. pertaining to Antichrist, anti-Christ; 2. opposed to Christianity, anti-Kristian. *anticipate (n-ts-pt) verb, transitive. anticipated, anticipating, anticipates, intransitive verb.

menceritakan sesuatu sebelum masanya: if I tell you how the story ends I will be anticipating, jika saya menceritakan bagaimana cerita itu berakhir saya akan menceritakan sesuatu sebelum masanya; transitive verb. I.(disputed usage) expect, menjangka, menduga: we anticipate a large crowd at the match, kami menjangka banyak orang yang akan menyaksikan perlawanan itu; an action that may be anticipated to have far anticipate reaching effects, satu tindakan yang dijangka akan mendatangkan kesan yang meluas; 2. provide for the probability of(something) happening, menjangka, menduga, mengagak, meramalkan: he anticipated the fall in share prices by liquidating his holdings, dia menjangka kejatuhan harga saham dengan menjual sahamnya; to anticipate someone's visit by stocking up food, menjangka kedatangan seseorang dengan

menyimpan makanan; 3. do something before (someone else) mendahului: they had anticipated all their competitors with the new line, mereka telah mendahului saingan mereka dengan jenis barangan baru itu; 4. foresee and satisfy beforehand, /menduga, menjangka/ dan memenuhi: to anticipate consumer demands, menduga dan memenuhi permintaan pengguna; 5. act in advance so as to thwart, a. (someone.) bertindak terlebih awal daripada: the enemy had anticipated us and mined the bridge, pihak musuh telah bertindak terlebih awal daripada kami dan meletupkan jambatan itu; b. (something) menggagalkan: he anticipated the punch by ducking, dia menggagalkan tumbukan itu dengan membongkok; 6. tell, write before its proper time, menceritakan sebelum masanya; 7. use before due time, berbelanja lebih dahulu sebelum mendapat: he anticipated his inheritance in buying the yacht, dengan membeli kapal pesiar itu, dia telah berbelanja lebih dahulu sebelum mendapat harta pusakanya; 8. pay (bill etc) before due date, membayar sebelum waktunya; 9. cause to happen earlier, mempercepat: the spread of revolutionary ideas anticipated the downfall of the monarchy, tersebarnya idea-idea revolusi mempercepat kejatuhan pemerintahan beraja; 10. consider in advance, memikirkan terlebih dahulu: to anticipate problems that may arise, memikirkan terlebih dahulu masalah yang mungkin timbul; *anticipated adjective. expected,/dijangka, diduga, diramalkan/ akan + appropriate verb: the anticipated storm did not eventuate, ribut yang dijangka akan berlaku itu tidak pula melanda. *anticipation noun. 1. expectation (especially pleasurable) penuh harapan: we look forward with anticipation to his new book, kami menanti-nanti buku barunya dengan penuh harapan; a look of anticipation, pandangan yang penuh harapan; 2. intuition, premonition, gerak hati, firasat; 3, the use of funds before it is due, penggunaan [noun] sebelum /memperolehnya, mendapatnya/: the anticipation of income, penggunaan pendapatan sebelum memperolehnya; 4, act of foreseeing and satisfying beforehand, /menduga, menjangka/ dan memenuhi: the anticipation of someone's wishes, menduga dan memenuhi kehendak seseorang; 5. prior action that thwarts etc the action of another, tindakan awal: the government's anticipation of the disturbances, saved many lives, tindakan awal kerajaan terhadap kekacauan itu telah dapat menyelamatkan beberapa banyak nyawa; 6. (music) dahuluan; in anticipation of, dengan menjangka bahawa [sesuatu] akan berlaku, kerana menjangka berlakunya [sesuatu]: in anticipation of a drought, the farmers lay in stores of fodder, kerana menjangka bahawa kemarau akan berlaku, petani-petani menyimpan makanan binatang; thanking you in anticipation, terlebih dahulu /saya, kami/ mengucapkan (ribuan) terima kasih. *anticipative adjective. expectant, terharap-harap.

*anti-clerical adjective. anti paderi; noun. orang yang anti paderi. *anticlimactic adjective. bersifat /antipuncak, antiklimaks/. *anticlimax (nt-klmks, nt-) noun. antiklimaks, antipuncak. 1. A decline viewed in

disappointing contrast with a previous rise. Something trivial or commonplace that concludes a series of significant events. 3. A sudden descent in speaking or writing from the impressive or significant to the ludicrous or inconsequential, or an instance of it. *anticlinal (nt-klnl, nt-) adjective. antiklin. 1. Sloping downward in opposite directions, as in an anticline. 2. Botany. Of or relating to the plane of a cell division perpendicular to the surface of a plant organ. *anticlinal plunge - tunjaman antiklin *anticline (nt-kln) noun. Geology. A fold with strata sloping downward on both sides from a common crest, antiklin *anticlockwise (nt-klkwz, nt-) adverb & adjective. Counterclockwise, lawan arah jam. *anticoagulant (nt-k-gy-lnt, nt-) noun. A substance that prevents the clotting of blood, bahan antigumpal, pengantikental. *anticoagulin antikoagulin *anticodon (nt-kdn, nt-) noun. A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides in transfer RNA designating a specific amino acid that binds to a corresponding codon in messenger RNA during protein synthesis, antikodon *anticoincidence - ketakserempakan, tak serempak *anticoincident circuit - litar tak serempak *anticoliform antikoliform *anticomplementary antipelengkap *anticontamination - antilumusan *anticonvulsant (nt-kn-vlsnt, nt-) noun. A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions,

antikonvulsan: anticonvulsant drugs, dadah antikonvulsan. *anticryptic antikrip *anticubital antikubus

*anticyclone (nt-skln, nt-) noun. An extensive system of winds spiraling outward from a highpressure center, circling clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere, antisiklon *anticyclonic adjective. antisiklon. *antideprenant antideprenan *antidepressant (nt-d-prsnt, nt-) noun. A drug used to prevent or relieve mental depression. antidepresan *antidiuretic antidiuresis *antidiuretic hormone (ADH) hormon antidiuresis (ADH) *antidotal adjective. penawar; (medicine) penawar racun, antidot. *antidote (nt-dt) noun. 1. A remedy or other agent used to neutralize or counteract the effects of a poison, penawar; (medicine) penawar racun, antidot: an antidote for snake bite, antidot untuk bisa ular; 2. (figurative) antidot; (of emotional suffering) penawar; an antidote to apathy, antidot kepada sikap acuh tak acuh; antidote to indolence, ubat penyakit malas. *antidote - ubat, penawar, penyembuh, antidot *antidromic antidrom *antidromous antidrom *antidromy antidromi *antidune - lawan kesan riak *antiematic - antimuntah *anti-enzyme antienzim *antifebrile antifebril *antifertilizin antifertilizin *antifibrinolysin antifibrinolisin *antifreeze antisejuk beku *anti-g suit adjective. baju anti-g.

*antigen

(nt-jn) also antigene (-jn) noun.

A substance that when introduced into the body

stimulates the production of an antibody. Antigens include toxins, bacteria, foreign blood cells, and the cells of transplanted organs, antigen *antigen binding capacity daya muat penambat antigen *antigen binding fragment (FAB) serpihan penambat antigen (FAB) *antigenic adjective. antigen: antigenic properties, sifat-sifat antigen. *antigenicity keantigenan *antigeny antigeni *antigibberellin antigiberelin *antiglobulin antiglobulin *anti-gravity noun. antigraviti. *antihaemorrhagic antihemoraj *antihaptane antihaptan *antihelix antiheliks *anti-hero noun. antiwira. *antihistamine antihistamina *antihistamine adjective. & noun. antihistamin. *antihormone antihormon *antiinducer aritipengaruh *anti-infection antijangkitan *antiinfective antijangkitan *antiinflammation antiradang *antiknock - antisedak *antiknock additive - bahan tambahan antisedak *antiknock noun. antiketuk. *antillotype antialotip

*antilobium antilobium *antilogarithm noun. also antilog (colloquial) antilogaritma. *antilymphocyte antilimfosit *anti-lymphocyte serum (LTS) serum antilimfosit (LTS) *antilysin antilisin *antimatter noun. antijirim. *antimere antimer *antimerism antimerisme *antimessenger DNA (amDNA) DNA antipengutus (amDNA) *antimetabolite antimetabolit *antimitotic antimitosis *antimonarchical adjective. antipemerintahan beraja. *antimonial, antimonic, antimonious adjective. antimonius. antimonious acid, asid antimonius. *antimony (nt-mn) noun. Symbol SbA metallic element having four allotropic forms, the most common of which is a hard, extremely brittle, lustrous, silver-white, crystalline material. It is used in a wide variety of alloys, especially with lead in battery plates, and in the manufacture of flame-proofing compounds, paint, semiconductor devices, and ceramic products. Atomic number 51; atomic weight 121.75; melting point 630.5C; boiling point 1,380C; specific gravity 6.691; valence 3, 5, antimoni, stibium *antimorph antimorf *antimutagen antimutagen *antimutagenic antimutagen *antimutator gene gen antimutator *antinatalist antinatalis *antineoplastic antineoplastik *antineuritic antineurisis *anti-novel noun. antinovel.

*antinuclear factor faktor antinukleus *antioxidant bahan antioksida *antiparallel antiselari *antipathetic adjective. 1. having aversion, tidak suka: the settlers were antipathetic to the new policy, para peneroka tidak suka akan dasar baru itu: 2. arousing aversion, menimbulkan rasa benci. *antipathy noun. 1. feeling of strong aversion, tidak suka, rasa benci; (medicine) antipati: to reel antipathy against someone., tidak suka akan seseorang; 2. object of aversion, a. (of person) orang yang dibenci; b. (of sl) sesuatu yang dibenci. *antipenicilloyl antipenisiloil *antipepsin antipepsin *antiperistalsis antiperistalsis *anti-pernicious anaemia factor faktor antianemia pernisius *antiperosis factor faktor antiperosis *antipersonnel adjective. pembinasa anggota. *antiperspirant antipeluh *antiperspirant adjective. & noun. antipeluh. *antipetalous antipetal *antiphagocyte antifagosit *antiphagocytic antifagosit *antiphon noun. 1.(verse of psalm) antifon; 2. reply, response, jawapan. *antiphonal adjective. 1. sung alternately, antifon: antiphonal singing, nyanyian antifon; 2. responsive, menyambut: the blare of trumpets is antiphonal to the beating of drums, bunyi trompet menyambut bunyi paluan gendang. *antiphyte antifit *antipodal antipod *antipodal adjective. 1. of the antipodes, antipodes: antipodal latitude, garisan lintang antipodes; antipodal to, berantipod dengan; 2. diametrically opposite, berlainan; (of person) berlainan + appropriate

noun: antipodal attitude, sikap yang berlainan; a strong bond that exists between these two antipodal women, ikatan teguh yang wujud antara kedua-dua wanita yang berlainan tabiat ini. *antipode noun. exact opposite, a. (of person) berlainan, jauh berbeza: a man he considered to be the very antipode to himself; orang yang dianggapnya berlainan daripada dirinya; b. (of quality) berlawanan. *antipodean noun. see ANTIPODAL. *antipodes noun. 1. regions situated diametrically opposite to each other, antipodes; 2. often Antipodes, Antipodes; 3. people living at opposite points on the globe, penduduk yang tinggal di antipodes; 4. see ANTIPODE. *antipolarity keantikutuban *antipope noun. antipaus. *antiprostate antiprostat *antiproton noun. antiproton. *antipygidial antipigidium *antipyretic antipiret *antipyretic adjective. & noun. antipiretik. *antipyrine antipirina *antiquarian adjective. connected with study of antiques, antiquities, kepurbaan: antiquarian research, kaji selidik kepurbaan; noun. see ANTIQUARY. *antiquarianism noun. kepurbaan. *antiquary noun. purbawan. *antiquated adjective. 1. obsolete, out of use, lapuk; (of language) kuno: antiquated laws, undang-undang lapuk; 2. old-fashioned, kolot, ketinggalan zaman: antiquated ideas of decorum, idea-idea kolot tentang cara berbudi bahasa; 3. aged, sudah tua. *antique adjective. 1. made in, resembling crafts of; earlier period, antik: an antique lamp, lampu antik; 2. of ancient times, zaman purba(kala): ruins of an antique city, reruntuhan bandar raya zaman purba; 3. old antique fashioned, ketinggalan zaman; (of idea, notion) kolot, ketinggalan zaman; noun. barang-barang /antik, kuno/: a dealer in antiques, penjual barang-barang antik; transitive verb. mengantikkan: to antique furniture, mengantikkan perabot. antiquity noun. 1. ancientness,

kepurbaan; (of family) telah wujud berzaman-zaman; of great antique, purba(kala); (of family) yang berzaman-zaman susur galurnya: a coin of great antique, duit syiling purba; a family of great antique, keluarga yang berzaman-zaman susur galurnya; 2, ancient times, zaman purba(kala): many of our customs spring from antique, kebanyakan adat resam kita berasal dari zaman purba; 3. people of ancient times, orang zaman purba(kala); 4. (in plural) building, works of art, etc of ancient times, bangunan dan barang-barang purba. *antirachitic antirakitis *antiragweed antiragweed *antireceptor antireseptor *antiscorbutic antiskorbutis *anti-Semite adjective. anti-Yahudi; noun. orang yang anti-Yahudi. *anti-Semitic adjective. anti-Yahudi. *anti-Semitism (nt-sm-tzm, nt-) noun. Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism, /faham, dasar/ anti-Yahudi. *antisepalous antisepalus *antisepsis antisepsis *antisepsis noun. antisepsis. *antiseptic antiseptik *antiseptic adjective. & noun. antiseptik: an antiseptic solution, larutan antiseptik; instruments should be antiseptic before use in surgery, semua peralatan mestilah antiseptik sebelum digunakan dalam pembedahan. *antiserum antiserum *antisheep hemolysin hemolisin antibebiri *antishigella antiserum antiserum antisyigela *antisigma antisigma *antislavery adjective. antiperhambaan, antipengabdian. *antisocial adjective. 1. not sociable, tidak suka bergaul, antisosial: his antisocial attitude made him unpopular among the staff, sikapnya yang tidak suka bergaul menyebabkan dirinya tidak disukai

oleh kakitangan di situ; 2. injurious or hostile to organized society, antisosial: crime is antisocial, jenayah adalah antisosial. *antisolar takat antisuria *antisome antisom *antispadix antispadiks *antisquama antiskuama *antistatic adjective. antistatik. *antisterility faktor keantisterilan *antistiffness faktor keantikakuan *antistreptokinase antistreptokinase *antistreptolysin antistreptolisin *antistrophe noun. antistrof. *antistyle antistil *anti-submarine adjective. antikapal selam. *antisuppressor antipenindas *anti-tank adjective. pembinasa kereta kebal. *antitegula antitegula *antitermination antipenamatan *antitetanus serum serum antitetanus *antitheism noun. antiteisme. *antitheist noun. antiteis. *antithesis noun. 1. direct opposite, sesuatu yang /bertentangan, berlawanan/: rhyme is sometimes taken as the antithesis of reason, puisi kadangkala dianggap sebagai sesuatu yang bertentangan dengan logik; 2. contrast, bertentangan; 3. (rhetorical) antitesis. *antithetic antitesis *antithetic, antithetical adjective. 1. (rhetorical) berantitesis; 2. contrasted, bertentangan: the antithetic symbolism of fertility and barrenness, perlambangan kesuburan dan ketandusan yang

bertentangan; 3. consisting of two opposites, bertentangan: their essential motives are antithetic, motif utama mereka bertentangan. *antithrombin antitrombin *anti-thyroid antitiroid *antitiropin antitiropin *antitoxic adjective. antitoksin: antitoxic serum, serum antitoksin. *antitoxin antitoksin *antitoxin noun. antitoksin. *antitrade adjective. baratan: antitrade wind, angin baratan; noun. angin baratan. *antitragus antitragus *antitrochanter antitrokanter *antitrope antitrop *antitropic antitropik *antitropous antitrop *antitrypsin antitripsin *antitubuline antitubulin *antitumor antitumor *antitype antitip *antivenene, antivenin noun. antivenin. *antivenom antivenom *antiviral antivirus *antivirus antivirus *antivitamin antivitamin *antler (ntlr) noun. One of a pair of hornlike, bony, deciduous growths, usually elongated and branched, on the head of a deer, moose, elk, caribou, or other member of the deer family, tanduk rusa

*antlered adjective. 1. having antlers, bertanduk: an antlered stag, rusa jantan yang bertanduk; 2. furnished with stag's horns, dihias dengan tanduk rusa: an antlered wall, dinding yang dihias dengan tanduk rusa. *antlia (ntl-) noun. A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere near Hydra and Vela, antlia *ant-lion, *ant lion (nt ln) noun. Any of various insects of the family Myrmeleontidae, the adults of which resemble dragonflies, undur-undur *antonym (nt-nm) noun. Abbr. ant. A word having a meaning opposite to that of another word: The word wet is an antonym of the word dry. *antonymic adjective *antonymous (n-tn-ms) adjective. *antonymy noun, antonim, kata lawan. *antonymous adjective. berlawanan. *antorbital antorbit *antorbital process cuaran antorbitan *ant-queen rani semut *antracite antrasit *antrose antros *antrum (ntrm) noun. plural *antra (-tr). 1. A cavity or chamber, especially one in a bone. 2. Either of the sinuses in the bones of the upper jaw, opening into the nasal cavity, antrum *anucleolate anukleolat *anuerysm anuerisme *anumenid wasp angkut-angkut *anuria (-n r-, -ny r-) noun. The absence of urine formation. Also called *anuresis, anuria *anuric (-n rk, -ny r-) adjective, *anurous anuri *anus (ns) noun. plural *anuses. The opening at the lower end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste is eliminated from the body, dubur, jubur, anus. *anvil (nvl) noun. 1. A heavy block of iron or steel with a smooth, flat top on which metals are shaped by hammering, andas, paron; 2. incus, andas.

*anxiety (ng-z-t) noun. plural *anxieties. noun. 1. uneasiness, kebimbangan, kerisauan, kecemasan, kekhuatiran: to wait with anxiety, menunggu dalam kebimbangan; news that might help relieve his anxiety, berita yang mungkin menolong melegakan kerisauannya; 2. earnest desire, hasrat, keinginan: anxiety for promotion, hasrat untuk naik pangkat; anxiety to fulfill someone's wishes, hasrat untuk memenuhi kehendak seseorang; 3. instance of feeling uneasy, worried, kebimbangan, kerisauan, kecemasan, kekhuatiran: to be plagued with anxieties, dihantui oleh kebimbangan; 4. (psychology) kerisauan, kebimbangan. *anxious adjective. 1. uneasy, worried, bimbang, risau, cemas, khuatir: he was anxious about the future of the business, dia bimbang tentang masa depan perniagaan itu; 2. distressing, worrying, mencemaskan, membimbangkan, merisaukan: anxious moments, saat-saat yang mencemaskan; 3. earnestly wishing, ingin sekali, berhasrat: she was most anxious to meet his family, dia ingin sekali berjumpa dengan keluarga lelaki itu; they were anxious for the contract to be renewed, mereka ingin sekali kontrak itu diperbaharui. *anxiously adverb. 1. uneasily, dengan /bimbang, risau, cemas, khuatir/: to wait anxiously for news, menunggu dengan bimbang untuk mendengar berita; 2. eagerly, dengan bersungguh-sungguh: she anxiously tried to make everyone feel at home, dia dengan bersungguh-sungguh mencuba membuat semua orang berasa selesa tinggal di situ. *any (n) adjective. 1. one no matter which one (relating to person) a. (in conditional and hypothetical clauses) sebarang, mana/pun, saja/; (preceding proper noun., noun. indicating profession, specific group, etc) seseorang, sebarang, [sometimes not translated]; (immediately following "if') ada, [sometimes sebarang]: if you ask any woman, you'll get the same answer, jika kamu menanyai wanita mana pun, kamu akan mendapat jawapan itu juga; if you know any Malaysian living in Canberra, jika kamu kenal akan sebarang orang Malaysia yang tinggal di Canberra...; if there is any doctor on board..., jika ada doktor di dalam kapal terbang ini...; if any child falls ill, please inform the headmistress, jika ada kanak-kanak yang jatuh sakit, beritahulah guru besar; b. (in interrogative sentences), [not translated, sometimes sebarang]: has any student been reported missing?, adakah pelajar yang dilaporkan hilang?; will any electrician be able to do the job?, dapatkah sebarang juruelektrik membuat kerja itu?; c. (in imperative sentences) sebarang, mana /pun, saja/: try telling that to any child, cubalah beritahukan hal itu kepada sebarang kanak-kanak; d. (in affirmative sentences) mana /pun, saja/, sebarang: any man would be attracted to her, lelaki mana pun akan tertarik kepadanya; 2. one no matter which one (relating to animal), [not translated]: have you any cats?, kamu ada kucing?; he wanted to know if there were any white ants in the building, dia hendak tahu kalau ada anai-anai di dalam bangunan ini; 3. one no matter

which one (relating to thing) a. (in conditional and hypothetical clauses), [not translated]; (indicating kind, type) sebarang, apa pun, apa saja; (with uncountable noun.), [not translated]: if this pan has any lid, it should be in the box, jika kuali ini bertutup, tentulah tutupnya ada di dalam kotak ini; if any dictionary is lost, you're responsible, jika ada kamus apa pun yang hilang, kamulah yang bertanggungjawab; if you have any money..., jika kamu ada wang; b. (in interrogative sentences), [not translated, sometimes sebarang, apa pun, apa saja]: are there any letters for me?, adakah surat untuk saya?; may I sing any song I like?, bolehkah saya menyanyikan sebarang lagu yang saya sukai?; have you any coffee?, kamu ada kopi?; c. (in affirmative, negative and imperative sentences) sebarang, mana /pun, saja/, [sometimes not translated]; (indicating kind, type) apa pun, apa saja, sebarang; (with uncountable noun.), [not translated]: join any two points in the graph, sambungkan dua titik mana pun di dalam graf ini; you may choose any colour you like, kamu boleh memilih warna apa saja yang kamu sukai; I haven't any vinegar left, saya tidak ada cuka lagi; 4. no matter how great or little, [not translated], sebarang, [sometimes apa pun, apa saja]: does he have any experience?, ada pengalamankah dia?; there isn't any difference at all, tidak ada perbezaan sama sekali; if you need any help. jika kamu memerlukan pertolongan apa pun ..; 5. every, setiap, sebarang, mana /pun, saja/: she will buy any dress that strikes her fancy, setiap baju yang menarik hatinya akan dibelinya; 6. great, unlimited (in amount) berapa [banyak] pun, se[banyak] mana pun: any quantity you desire, berapa banyak pun yang kamu mahu or sebanyak mana pun yang kamu mahu; 7. even one of (in number), [not translated]; (emphatic) se +classifier pun: they haven't any children, mereka tidak ada anak; I couldn't find any stamps in the drawer, sekeping setem pun tidak terdapat di dalam laci itu; 8. even the smallest amount of, [not translated]; (emphatic) sedikitpun, se+ classifier pun: I haven't any money, saya tidak ada wang sesen pun; 9. even the shortest (length of time, distance) walau [adverb.] pun: he could not walk any distance without falling, jika dia berjalan walau setapak pun dia akan jatuh; any /amount, number/ of, banyak (sekali); (of people) /banyak, ramai/ sekali: we have any amount of time, kita ada masa yang banyak; any number of supporters, penyokong yang banyak sekali; (at) any /moment, hour, time, etc, bila-bila masa /saja, pun/: at any time of the day or night, bila-bila masa saja; any minute now war might break out, peperangan akan meletus bila-bila masa saja; any day, bila-bila masa: come any day you like, datanglah bila-bila masa saja; any /man, person/, sesiapa pun; any others, sesiapa yang lain, yang lain lagi; (of things) yang lain lagi: are there any others?, ada sesiapa yang lain?; adverb. 1. to any degree, lagi; (relating to state, condition), [not translated]: can you speak any louder?, boleh kamu bercakap lebih kuat lagi?; I can't put it any plainer, saya tidak dapat mengatakannya dengan lebih jelas lagi; are you any better today?, kamu lebih legakah hari ini?; any the /happier, wiser, etc/,

lebih /bahagia, matang, dan sebagainya/: he wasn't any the wiser for the experience, pengalaman itu tidak menjadikan dia lebih matang; 2. (non-standard) at all, sama sekali, langsung: he doesn't care any, dia tidak peduli sama sekali; pronoun 1. one or more than one person indiscriminately (out of a group) a. (when non-emphatic in Malay) sesiapa, mana-mana: have any of them arrived?, adakah sesiapa di antara mereka yang telah sampai?; do you know any of those boys?, kenalkah kamu akan sesiapa di antara budak-budak lelaki itu?; b. (when emphatic in Malay) sesiapa /pun, saja/: any but she would have been happy, sesiapa pun kecuali dia tentu akan berasa gembira; it is not true that she is smarter than any of us, tidak benar bahawa dia lebih pandai daripada sesiapa pun antara kita; c. (in conditional sentences) sesiapa, ada, mana-mana: if any of you know his whereabouts, please inform the police, jika ada sesiapa antara kamu yang mengetahui di mana dia berada, sila beritahu pihak polis; 2. any number, amount or kind, a. (when non-emphatic in Malay) appropriate noun., nya: he needed some money; unfortunately I didn't have any, dia memerlukan wang; sayangnya saya tidak ada wang; no job and no prospect of any, tidak ada kerja dan tidak ada harapan untuk mendapatnya; b. (when emphatic in Malay) mana-mana (pun), mana-mana (saja): I need some chairs. Can I take any of these?, saya memerlukan kerusi. Boleh saya ambil mana-mana di antara kerusi-kerusi ini?; choose any you like, pilihlah mana-mana saja yang kamu sukai; c. (following "as'') yang lain-lain: scenery as beautiful as any in the Seychelles, pemandangan yang secantik pemandangan yang lain-lain di Seychelles; d. (in conditional sentences) ada, mana-mana: if any of the tapes should be lost, you will be held responsible, jika ada yang hilang di antara pita-pita ini, kamu akan dipertanggungjawabkan; 3. even one, a. (of person) seorang pun: she has many friends and I haven't any, kawannya banyak, kawan saya seorang pun tidak ada; b. (of thing other than person) Be + classifier pun, satu pun; (of abstract noun.) satu pun: he hasn't sold any (of the durians) yet, (durian-durian itu) tidak satu pun yang laku; it seems that they have sent me several reminders but I haven't received any, kononnya mereka telah menghantar beberapa pucuk surat peringatan kepada saya tetapi belum ada sepucuk pun yang saya terima; they discussed many problems but could not solve any, mereka membincangkan beberapa banyak masalah tetapi satu pun tidak dapat diselesaikan oleh mereka; 4. even the smallest amount, sedikit pun: there is hardly any left in the jug, boleh dikatakan tidak ada sedikit pun yang tinggal di dalam jag itu; if any, kalau ada pun: very few, if any, believed him, kalau ada pun, beberapa orang saja yang mempercayainya; we have little, if any food, kalau ada pun makanan, sedikit saja. *anybody (n-bd, -bd) noun. significant person, (orang) yang penting: everybody who is anybody in the town was at the dinner, setiap orang yang penting di bandar itu hadir di majlis makan malam tersebut; pronoun 1. any unspecified person, sesiapa, siapa-siapa, orang: is anybody

home?, ada sesiapa di rumah?; if anybody asks for me tell them I have gone home, kalau sesiapa menanyakan saya, beritahu dia saya sudah pulang; I doubt if anybody dare contradict him, saya sangsi apakah ada sesiapa yang berani membantahnya; 2. any person without exception, sesiapa /pun, sahaja/, siapa-siapa /pun, sahaja/: anybody can answer that question, sesiapa pun dapat menjawab soalan itu; I'll challenge anybody to a race, saya mencabar sesiapa sahaja untuk berlumba dengan saya; Hassan can do it if anybody can, jika sesiapa pun dapat membuatnya, Hassan pun dapat; 3. any other person, /sesiapa, siapa-siapa/ (pun): he knows Kuala Lumpur better than anybody, dia mengetahui Kuala Lumpur lebih daripada sesiapa pun; he doesn't mean to do anybody any harm, dia tidak berniat menganiaya sesiapa; 4. any single person, sesiapa (pun), siapa-siapa (pun), seorang pun: he refused to speak to anybody, dia tidak mahu bercakap dengan sesiapa; she does not know anybody, seorang pun tidak dikenalnya; he does not care for anybody but himself, sesiapa pun tidak dipedulikannya selain dirinya sendiri; 5. any person indiscriminately, sesiapa, siapa-siapa: you can't marry just anybody, kamu tidak boleh berkahwin dengan sesiapa sahaja; 6. whoever, sesiapa (saja), siapa-siapa (saja): anybody who knows the whereabouts of this person is asked to contact the hospital, sesiapa yang mengetahui di mana orang ini berada diminta menghubungi pihak hospital; 7. person of importance, orang yang penting; (preceded by "just") orang: he will never be anybody, dia tidak akan menjadi orang yang penting; she isn't just anybody, dia bukan sebarang orang; be anybody's guess, (colloquial) tiada/siapa, seorang/ pun yang dapat meneka, who will win is anybodys guess, tiada seorang pun yang dapat meneka siapa yang akan menang. *anyhow (n-hou) adverb. 1. in any case, (walau) bagaimanapun: you're too late anyhow, walau bagaimanapun saudara sudah terlambat; 2. in any manner, way, dengan cara apa /jua, pun/; 3. haphazardly, secara tidak teratur: she put back the books anyhow, dia meletakkan semula bukubuku itu secara tidak teratur. *anymore adverb. lagi: he doesn't live here anymore, dia tidak lagi tinggal di sini. *anyone noun. & pronoun see ANYBODY. *anyplace adverb. (colloquial) 1 in, at any place, di mana, di mana-mana; 2. to any place, ke mana (mana); anyplace else, di tempat lain: she would not meet him anyplace else, dia tidak mahu berjumpa dengannya di tempat lain. *anything noun. & pronoun 1. (non-emphatic) something, apa-apa, sesuatu: is there anything I can do to help?, adakah sesuatu yang dapat saya buat untuk menolong?; if you see anything unusual, let me know, kalau kamu nampak apa-apa yang luar biasa, beritahulah saya; 2. (emphatic) no matter

what, a. (in all except negative sentences) apa(-apa) saja, apa(-apa) pun: I'll do anything you like, saya akan melakukan apa saja yang kamu sukai; I'll eat anything but that, saya akan memakan apa saja kecuali itu; b. (in negative sentences) /apa-apa, suatu apa/pun: l don't know anything about it, saya tidak mengetahui suatu apa pun tentang perkara itu; 3. in any way, a. (in interrogative and conditional sentences), [not translated]: does she look anything like her mother?, adakah rupanya seperti ibunya?; b. (in negative sentences) sama sekali: he isn't anything like rich, dia sama sekali tidak kaya; your work isn't anything up to expectation, kerja kamu sama sekali tidak sebaik yang diharapkan; anything/between, from/, [not translated]: it will take anything between five to ten days to complete, kerja itu akan mengambil masa antara lima hingga sepuluh hari untuk disiapkan; anything but, sama sekali tidak: the family is anything but rich, keluarganya itu sama sekali tidak kaya; anything of, [not translated]: have you seen anything of him of late?, adakah kamu bertemu dengan dia akhir-akhir ini?; as + adjective. as anything, /benar-benar, sangat, sungguh/ + adjective.: I'm as hungry as anything, saya benar-benar lapar; like anything, [various translations]: it rained like anything, hujan turun selebat-lebatnya; we ran like anything, kami berlari sekuat hati; or anything, atau apa-apa pun: if he wants to talk to me or anything, I'll be here, kalau dia hendak bercakap dengan saya atau apa-apa pun, saya ada di sini. *anyway adverb. 1. see ANYHOW (sense I.); 2. usually anyway, see ANYHOW (sense 2.). *anywhere adverb. 1. in any place, di mana-mana /sahaja, pun/; (used as preposition object) tempat: dump it anywhere, buang di mana-mana sahaja: I can't see it anywhere, saya tidak nampak benda itu di mana-mana pun; that leaves him without anywhere to keep his old bicycle, nampaknya dia tidak ada tempat untuk menyimpan basikal lamanya; 2. to any place, ke mana (-mana); (followed by adjective.) ke tempat: I am not going anywhere today, saya tidak akan ke mana-mana hari ini; are we going anywhere special tonight?, adakah kita akan ke tempat yang istimewa malam ini?; anywhere else, a. any place in addition (to this) ke mana (-mana) lagi: would you like to go anywhere else?, kamu hendak ke mana-mana lagi?; b. any place different (from this) ke tempat lain: if you go anywhere else I will be furious, kalau kamu pergi ke tempat lain, saya akan meradang; anywhere /from, between/, antara: he would be anywhere from thirty to forty years old, dia mungkin berusia antara tiga puluh hingga empat puluh tahun; anywhere near, a. in any degree, [not translated]: is he anywhere near as capable as his brother?, adakah dia berkebolehan seperti abangnya?; b. at all close to (being) hampir; (in relation to distance) dekat, /berdekatan, berhampiran/ dengan; (in relation to time) dekat, hampir; (used with negative) see NOWHERE (nowhere near): are you anywhere near finished?, adakah kamu hampir siap?; we cannot say that we are anywhere near achieving our objective, kita tidak boleh mengatakan bahawa kita hampir

mencapai matlamat kita; do you live anywhere near Kuala Lumpur?, adakah kamu tinggal berdekatan dengan Kuala Lumpur?; is it anywhere near time to go home?, adakah hampir masanya untuk kita pulang?; get anywhere, berjaya: you won't get anywhere with that negative attitude, kamu tidak akan berjaya dengan sikap negatif seperti itu. *aorta (-rt) noun. plural *aortas or *aortae (-t). Anatomy. The main trunk of the systemic arteries, carrying blood from the left side of the heart to the arteries of all limbs and organs except the lungs, aorta *aortal or *aortic adjective,. *aortae plural of AORTA. *aortic aorta *aortic arch - lengkung aorta, gerbangan aorta, arka aorta *aortic body jasad aorta *aortitis aortitis *apace (-ps) adverb. At a rapid pace; swiftly, dengan cepat: winter is coming on apace, musim dingin datang dengan cepat. *apandrous apandri *apandry apandri *aparaphysis aparafisis *apart adjective. I. individual, distinct, tersendiri: a race apart, bangsa yang tersendiri; 2. divided, divergent, berbeza dari segi pendapat: the parties involved in the negotiations are still miles apart, pihak-pihak yang terlibat dalam perundingan itu masih jauh berbeza dari segi pendapat; adverb. I. away from one another, a. (of persons) berjauhan; (when distance is specified) /dengan, dalam/ jarak [noun] antara satu dengan yang lain: to sit far apart, duduk berjauhan; the sentries stood two feet apart, pengawal itu berdiri dengan jarak dua kaki antara satu dengan yang lain; b. (of person's feet, legs) terkangkang: to stand with ones feet apart, berdiri terkangkang; c. (of towns, buildings, plants, etc) berjauhan antara satu dengan yang lain, jarak antara [noun. ]; (when distance is specified) jaraknya antara satu dengan yang lain, jarak antara [noun]; (modifying main verb) berjauhan antara satu dengan yang lain, /dengan, dalam/ jarak; (modifying main verb and distance specified) jaraknya antara satu dengan yang lain, dengan jarak: in the upcountry districts the houses are usually far apart, rumah-rumah di daerah pedalaman biasanya berjauhan antara satu dengan yang lain; two points four centimetres apart, jarak empat sentimeter antara dua titik; the seedlings were planted wide apart, anak benih itu ditanam berjauhan antara satu dengan yang

lain; holes dug six feet apart, lubang-lubang yang digali dengan jarak enam kaki; 2. at interval(s) of, selang, lat: the twins were born three minutes apart, anak kembar itu dilahirkan selang tiga minit; the cars left the starting-point five minutes apart, kereta-kereta itu berlepas dari tempat permulaan selang lima minit; 3. away, at a distance, berjauhan; (because of marital problems) berasingan: due to his job commitments, he had to live apart from his family, oleh sebab tanggungjawab terhadap kerjanya, dia terpaksa tinggal berjauhan daripada keluarganya; 4. remote, detached, terasing: the little boy stood apart from the other children, budak lelaki itu berdiri terasing daripada kanak-kanak lain; 5. to one side, ke /tepi, sisi, sebelah/: he took me apart in order to have a private word with me, dia menarik saya ke tepi untuk bercakap secara peribadi dengan saya; 6. not being taken into consideration, jika tidak /diambil kira, diperhitungkan/: these things apart, the patient can be said to be making good progress, jika perkara-perkara ini tidak diambil kira, boleh dikatakan pesakit itu sedang beransur baik; 7. individually, independently, berasingan: viewed apart, his arguments leave much to be desired, jika ditimbang berasingan, alasan-alasannya tidak memuaskan; apart from, a. except for, kecuali: apart from the leaking roof the house was in good condition, rumah itu dalam keadaan baik, kecuali bumbungnya yang bocor; b. besides, selain: apart from being too young she didn't have the right qualifications, selain umurnya yang terlalu muda, dia tidak mempunyai kelayakan yang sesuai; with /feet, legs/ wide apart, dengan kaki /terkangkang, mengangkang/: he stood with his feet wide apart, dia berdiri dengan kaki terkangkang; [for phrases such as come apart, fall apart, grow apart, have apart, set apart, tear apart, etc see appropriate verbs]. *apartheid (-prtht, -ht) noun. An official policy of racial segregation practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites, aparteid. *apartment noun. 1. single room in a building, bilik; 2. (in plural) suite of rooms, bilik kediaman; the royal apartments, istana puri; 3. flat, pangsapuri; apartment /house, building/, rumah pangsa, pangsapuri. *apatetic (p-ttk) adjective. Zoology. Relating to or characterized by coloration serving as natural camouflage, apatetik *apatetic colouration kewarnaan apatetik *apathetic (p-thtk) also *apathetical (--kl) adjective. 1. having, showing no emotion, bersikap /tidak peduli, apati/: he was quite apathetic to their sufferings, dia bersikap apati terhadap kesengsaraan mereka; 2. indifferent, bersikap /acuh tak acuh, endah tak endah, apati/: the towns people were too apathetic, orang-orang bandar itu bersikap terlalu acuh tak acuh.

*apathy noun. 1. absence of interest, enthusiasm, etc, sikap /acuh tak acuh, endah tak endah, apati/; 2. absence of emotion, feeling, sikap /tidak peduli, apati/: such apathy is hard to understand, sikap apati seperti itu sukar difahami. *apatite apatit *ape (p) noun. Any of various large, tailless Old World primates of the family Pongidae, including the chimpanzee, gorilla, gibbon, and orangutan, ep *ape noun. 1. (primate) mawas; 2. any monkey, beruk; 3. mimic, orang yang mengajuk; 4. (colloquial) clumsy, uncouth person, beruk; go ape, (slang), (jadi) gila; play the ape, mengajuk; transitive verb. meniru: to ape the life-style of the rich, meniru gaya hidup orang kaya. *apedicellate apediselat *apelike adjective. seperti beruk. *ape-man noun. manusia beruk. *aperaturate aperaturat *aperien aperien *aperient (-pr-nt) adjective. Gently stimulating evacuation of the bowels; laxative, julap *aperiodic - tak berkala, langsung tak berkala *aperispermic aperisperma *aperitif noun. aperitif. *apertura piriformis apertura piriformis *aperturate aperturat *aperture - apertur, bukaan, liang *apetalous apetal *apex - mercu *apex beat denyut apeks *apex beat -denyut apeks *apex noun. 1. highest point, peak, puncak, mercu, kemuncak; (technical) mercu, puncak: the apex of a mountain, puncak gunung; the apex of a triangle, mercu segi tiga; 2. pointed end, apeks; (of tongue, leaf) apeks, hujung: the apex of the lung, apeks paru-paru; the apex of the heart, apeks

jantung; the apex of the tongue, hujung lidah; 3. end, edge, crest of mineral vein, apeks; 4. climax, mercu, puncak: he was at the apex of his career, dia berada di puncak kerjayanya. *aphagia afagia *aphanipterous afanipter *aphanitic afanitik *aphanoplasmodium afanoplasmodium *aphantobiont afantobion *aphasia afasia *aphasia noun. (penyakit) afasia. *aphasic adjective. (penyakit) afasia: aphasic amnesia, amnesia afasia; aphasic seizure, serangan penyakit afasia; noun. penghidap penyakit afasia. *apheliotropism afeliotropisme *aphid afid *aphlebium (plu. aphlebia) aflebium *aphlly afili *aphodal afodus *aphodus afodus *aphorism (f-rzm) noun. A tersely phrased statement of a truth or opinion; an adage, aforisme. *aphoristic adjective. aforisme. *aphotic (-ftk) adjective. Having no light, afoto *aphotic zone -zon afoto *aphrodisiac (fr-dz-k, -dz-) adjective. Arousing or intensifying sexual desire, afrodisiak, menaikkan syahwat, penimbul syahwat; noun. afrodisiak, afrodisia *aphthous ulcer ulser afta *aphyllopodic afilopod *aphyllous - tanpa daun, afili *aphytal afit

*aphytic afit *apiarian adjective. 1. pertaining to beehives, sarang lebah; 2. pertaining to bee-keeping, apiari. *apiarist noun. ahli apiari, pemelihara lebah. *apiary apiari *apiary (p-r) noun. A place where bees and beehives are kept, especially a place where bees are raised for their honey, apiari. *apical - mercu *apical adjective. apikal, apeks. *apical bud tunas apeks *apical meristem - meristem mercu *apical portion -bahagian apeks *apices (p-sz, p-) plural of APEX. *apiculate apikulat *apiculture noun. pemeliharaan lebah. *apiculus apikulus *apiece adverb. 1. (relating to person) seorang, masing-masing, setiap seorang: they were given six hectares apiece, mereka diberi enam hektar seorang; 2. (relating to thing) setiap, /setiap, tiap-tiap/ satu; (modifying the verb "cost") Be + appropriate classifier: those ships can carry 600 metric tons apiece, setiap kapal itu dapat membawa muatan seberat 600 tan metrik; poles that measure 2 metres apiece, tiang-tiang yang panjangnya 2 meter sebatang; the mangoes cost one ringgit apiece, buah mangga itu berharga seringgit sebiji. *apilary apilari *apileate apileat *apish adjective. 1. silly, foolish, kebodoh-bodohan: apish jesting, Benda gurau yang kebodoh-bodohan; 2. ape-like, /seperti, macam, bagai/ beruk; 3. imitative, suka mengajuk. *apitoxin apitoksin *apituitarism apituitarisme *aplacental aplasenta

*aplanetic aplanet *aplanetism aplanetisme *aplanogametangium aplanogametangium *aplanogamete aplanogamet *aplanoplastid aplanoplastid *aplanosporangium aplanosporangium *aplanospore aplanospora *aplasia aplasia *aplastic aplasia *aplenty adjective. banyak /betul, sungguh, sekali/: there's food aplenty, makanan banyak sekali; mistakes aplenty, kesalahan yang banyak sekali. *aplerotic apleron *aplomb noun. keyakinan: he delivered the speech with aplomb, dia berucap dengan penuh keyakinan. *aploperistomatous aploperistoma *aplostemonous aplostamen *apneusis apneusis *apneustic apneusis *apnoea apnea *apoamphimict apoamfimik *apobasidium apobasidium *apobiotic apobiosis *apocalypse noun. 1. revelation, ilham; 2. grand, violent event, 1 malapetaka yang maha dahsyat. *Apocalypse noun. 1.(Bible) Book of Revelation, Buku Ilham; 2. destruction and end of the world, hari kiamat. *apocalyptic, apocalyptical adjective. 1. of the nature of revelation, memberikan ramalan: an apocalyptic, apocalyptical vision, bayangan yang memberikan ramalan; 2. relating to a grand, violent event, mengakibatkan malapetaka yang maha dahsyat.

*apocarp apokarpa *apocarpous apokarpa *apocarpy apokarpi *apocentric aposentrum *apochlamydeous apoklamid *apochlorosis apoklorosis *apochromatic apokrom *apocrine apokrin *apocryphal adjective. of doubtful authenticity, kebenarannya diragui: an apocryphal story, cerita yang kebenarannya diragui. *apocyte aposit *apod apod *apoda apoda *apodal apod *apodema/*apodeme apodem *apodema/*apodeme -apodem *apoderma apoderma *apodous larva larva apod *apoendemic apoendemi *apoenzyme apoenzim *apogameon apogameon *apogamety apogameti *apogamogony apogamogoni *apogamy apogami *apogee apogi *apogee - auja

*apogee noun. 1. (astronomy) apogi; 2. highest, culminating point, puncak, mercu. *apogeny apogeni *apogeotrophic apogeotrof *apogeotropism apogeotropisme *apolar - tak berkutub, langsung tak berkutub *apolar pollen debunga tak berkutub *apolar pollen -debunga tak berkutub *apolegamic apolegami *apolitical adjective. 1. averse to, uninterested in politics, tidak suka akan politik, menjauhi politik; 2. unconcerned with politics, tidak /berunsur, berkaitan dengan/ politik: an apolitical decision, keputusan yang tidak berunsur politik. *apologetic adjective. 1. containing an apology, meminta maaf: to write an apologetic letter, menulis surat meminta maaf; apologetic pleas, rayuan untuk meminta maaf; 2. showing, expressing apology, seolah-olah meminta maaf: he gave me an apologetic smile, dia tersenyum seolah-olah meminta maaf kepada saya; to speak in an apologetic voice, bercakap dengan suara seolah-olah meminta maaf; 3. willing, anxious to apologize, a. (at specific instance) meminta maaf; b. (by nature) suka meminta maaf: she was apologetic about the mistake, dia meminta maaf kerana kesalahan itu; he is always so apologetic, dia selalu suka meminta maaf. *apologia noun. hujah bela. *apologist noun. apologis, pembela. *apologize, apologise intransitive verb. meminta maaf: he apologized to his host for being late, dia meminta maaf kepada tuan rumah kerana terlambat; to apologize for someone's rudeness, meminta maaf kerana kebiadaban seseorang. *apologue noun. apolog. *apology noun. 1. statement of regret, meminta maaf: to demand an apology from someone., menuntut supaya seseorang meminta maaf 2. see APOLOGIA; apology for, tidak seperti: an apology for a letter, surat yang tidak seperti surat; the beggar wore a sad apology for a shirt, pengemis itu memakai baju yang tidak seperti baju; accept an apology, memaafkan: he accepted my apologies, dia memaafkan saya; /make, offer/ an apology , meminta maaf.

*apolytic apolitik *apomeiosis apomeiosis *apomeiotic spory spori apomeiosis *apomict apomik *apomictic apomik *apomixis apomiksis *aponeurosis aponeurosis *aponeurosis epicranialis aponeurosis epikranialis *apopetatous apopetal *apophase apofasa *apophyllous apofil *apophysate apofisat *apophyseal pit pit apofisis *apophysis apofisis *apoplasmatic apoplasma *apoplasmodial apoplasmodium *apoplast apoplas *apoplastid apoplastid *apoplectic adjective. 1. relating to apoplexy, apopleksi; 2. (colloquial) easily made angry, mudah naik/darah, radang, marah/, pemarah, pemberang, perengus, peradang: an apoplectic kind of fellow, seorang yang mudah naik darah. *apoplexy apopleksi *apoplexy noun. apopleksi. *apopthegm, apophthegm noun. kata bernas, apotegma. *apopyle apopil *aporogamy aporogami

*aporrhysa aporisa *aposematic aposematik *aposepalous aposepal *apospecies apospesies *aposporogony aposporogoni *apospory apospori *apostamenous apostamen *apostasis apostasis *apostasy noun. 1. renunciation of ones religion, /keluar daripada, meninggalkan agama; (in Islam) kemurtadan, murtad: they were forced to choose between death and apostasy, mereka terpaksa memilih antara mati atau murtad; 2. abandonment, a. (of ideology, principles, etc) pengkhianatan, mengkhianati; b. (of party, cause, etc) pembelotan, berpaling tadah, membelot: a political apostasy, berpaling tadah terhadap pegangan politik; to be accused of apostasy, dituduh membelot. *apostate, adjective. 1. guilty of renouncing ones religion, /keluar daripada, meninggalkan/ agama; (in Islam) murtad: an apostate missionary, mubaligh yang keluar daripada agama; 2. guilty of abandoning, a. (ideology, principles, etc) mengkhianati + appropriate noun.; b. (party, cause, etc) berpaling tadah, membelot: the apostate members of a political party, ahli parti politik yang berpaling tadah; noun. 1. someone who renounces his religion, orang yang /keluar daripada agama, meninggalkan agama/; (in Islam) orang yang murtad; 2. someone who abandons, a. (ideology, principles, etc) orang yang mengkhianati + appropriate noun.; b. (cause, party, etc) pembelot, orang yang berpaling tadah. *apostatic apostasis *apostatical adjective. see APOSTATE. *apostaxis apostaksis *apostle noun. 1. often Apostle, one of twelve messengers sent forth by Christ to preach the Gospel, hawari; 2. first prominent, successful, Christian missionary in a country, mubaligh Kristian yang pertama dan ulung; 3. leader of reform, new cause, pelopor, perintis, pengasas: an apostle of socialism, pelopor sosialisme; 4. ardent supporter, penyokong kuat.

*apostolic adjective. 1. of relating to the Apostles, hawariun: apostolic teachings, ajaran hawariun; 2. of: rei to the Pope, palls. *apostolic delegate noun. /wakil, utusan/ palls. *apostoma (plu. apostomata) apostoma *apostrophe apostrofe *apostrophe (-pstr-f) noun. The superscript sign (') used to indicate the omission of a letter or letters from a word, the possessive case, and the plurals of numbers, letters, and abbreviations, koma atas, koma terbalik *apothecaries measure noun. sukatan apotekari. *apothecaries weight noun. ukuran berat apotekari. *apothecary (-pth-kr) noun. One that prepares and sells drugs and other medicines; a pharmacist, apotekari. *apothecium apotesium *apothegm noun. see APOPHTHEGM. *apothelium apotelium *apotheosis noun. 1. act of raising to divine status, pendewaan; 2. glorification, pengagungan: the apotheosis of Milton, pengagungan Milton; 3. glorified, deified ideal; contoh murni: she is the apotheosis of kindness, dialah contoh murni kebaikan hati. *apotheosize transitive verb. 1. raise to divine status, mendewakan; 2. glorify, mengagungkan. *apotome apotom *apotracheal apotrakea *apotropous apotrop *apotype apotip *apotypic apotip *appall transitive verb. (active) mengejutkan; (passive) terkejut: the condition of the refugee camp appalled us, keadaan di khemah orang-orang pelarian itu mengejutkan kami; he was appalled by..., dia terkejut (oleh) ; it appalls someone (that), seseorang terkejut...: it appalled him that no

one had gone to their assistance, dia terkejut kerana tidak ada seorang pun yang telah pergi menolong mereka; *appall transitive verb. see APPAL. *appalled adjective. 1. horrified, (berasa) gerun; (by brutality, gruesome sight), (berasa) ngeri: she stood appalled when she saw how high up we were, dia berdiri gerun melihat betapa tinggi kami berada; they were appalled at the sight of the mutilated bodies, mereka berasa ngeri melihat tubuh-tubuh yang telah dicencang-cencang itu; 2. shocked, terkejut, terperanjat: I was quite appalled to hear that he had been sacked, saya agak terkejut mendengar (bahawa) dia telah dibuang kerja. *appalling adjective. 1. horrifying, dahsyat, mengerikan: the appalling consequences of war, akibat yang dahsyat daripada peperangan; 2. shocking, teruk, mengejutkan: the tenants left the house in an appalling state, penyewa rumah meninggalkan rumah itu dalam keadaan yang teruk; 3. (colloquial) very bad, teruk: she wears clothes that are absolutely appalling, dia memakai pakaian yang cukup teruk; *appallingly adverb. 1. horrifyingly, a. (modifying simple adjective.) amat, sangat: the wound was appallingly deep, lukanya sangat dalam; b. (modifying past participle) dengan /dahsyat, teruk/ sekali: small appallingly pox has disfigured him, penyakit cacar telah mencacatkan mukanya dengan teruk sekali; 2. shockingly, a. (modifying simple adjective.) amat, sangat: his examination results were appallingly bad, keputusan peperiksaannya amat buruk; b. (modifying past participle) dengan /amat dahsyat, dahsyat sekali/: rivers that are appallingly polluted, sungai yang tercemar dengan amat dahsyat; 3. very, amat, sangat: she has become appallingly forgetful, dia telah menjadi sangat pelupa; 4. in a very unsatisfactory manner, dengan teruk sekali: the meal was appallingly prepared, makanan itu disediakan dengan teruk sekali. *apparato reticolare aparato retikolare *apparatus - radas *apparatus criticus noun. maklumat tambahan. *apparatus noun. 1. equipment, alat, perkakas; (technical) alat: the camera crew set up their apparatus in the studio, pekerja kamera memasang alat-alat mereka di studio; sports apparatus, perkakas sukan; breathing apparatus, radas pernafasan; Golgi apparatus, radas Golgi; 2. (anatomy) radas, alat: digestive apparatus, radas pencernaan; 3. organization, system, sistem: the administrative apparatus of the government. sistem pentadbiran kerajaan.

*apparel noun. (old-fashioned or formal) pakaian: beautiful wedding apparels, pakaian pengantin yang indah. *apparent - jelas, ketara, nampak, nyata, terang *apparent - ketara *apparent adjective. 1. obvious, nyata, jelas, ketara, terang: it is apparent that war is imminent, sudah nyata or nyatalah bahawa peperangan hampir akan berlaku; symptoms that should have been apparent to any doctor, gejala yang seharusnya telah nyata kepada doktor mana pun; 2. seemingly real, /nampaknya, tampaknya, kelihatan/ seperti: we were deceived by his apparent indifference, kami terpedaya oleh sikapnya yang kelihatan seperti acuh tak acuh; 3. (physics) ketara: apparent equilibrium, keseimbangan ketara; apparent loss, kehilangan ketara; apparent weight, berat ketara. *apparent depth - dalam ketara *apparent free space ruang bebas ketara *apparent magnitude see magnitud ketara. *apparent position -kedudukan ketara *apparent protein digestibility - kebolehcernaan protein ketara *apparently adverb. 1. obviously, nyata, jelas, ketara, terang-terang: she apparently misunderstood everything I said, jelas bahawa dia telah salah faham akan segala yang saya katakan; 2. seemingly, nampaknya, tampaknya, kelihatannya: a man who is apparently devoted to his family, lelaki yang nampaknya amat kasihkan keluarganya. *apparition noun. 1. appearance (especially of ghost, spirit) penjelmaan; 2. ghost, hantu, lembaga: the apparition that stalks the corridors of the old castle, hantu yang merayau-rayau di koridor istana kota tua itu. *appeal noun. 1. earnest request, rayuan: the constant appeals to the public to save water seemed to have little effect, rayuan yang kerap dibuat kepada orang ramai supaya menjimatkan air nampaknya tidak berapa berkesan; 2. attraction, daya /penarik, tarik(an)/: sex appeal, daya penarik seks; a film that has appeal for all age groups, filem yang mempunyai daya tarik bagi semua kelompok umur; 3. application for decision, corroboration etc, rayuan: the bowler's appeal to the umpire was turned down, rayuan pembaling bola kepada pengadil ditolak; 4. act of seeking support, pengharapan: their appeal to her sense of justice, pengharapan mereka terhadap pendiriannya tentang keadilan: 5. (legal) rayuan: Court of Appeal, Mahkamah Rayuan; grounds of appeal,

alasan rayuan; petition of appeal, surat rayuan; intransitive verb.; appeal against, merayu membantah, membuat rayuan bantahan terhadap: she appealed against the judgement of the lower court, dia merayu membantah keputusan mahkamah rendah; appeal for, memohon, merayu meminta: to appeal for donations, merayu meminta derma; to appeal for assistance, memohon bantuan; appeal to, a. request for a reconsidered judgement in, merayu kepada: he appealed to the court to have the sentence commuted, dia merayu kepada mahkamah supaya hukuman terhadap yang dituduh diringankan; b. make request to, /merayu, memohon/kepada: the hospital appealed to the public to donate blood, hospital itu merayu kepada orang ramai supaya mendermakan darah; c. be attractive to, menarik hati: a job such as that would appeal to her, kerja seperti itu pasti menarik hatinya; d. invoke, [various translations]: we were confident that we could appeal to his sense of loyalty, kami yakin bahawa kami boleh menyandarkan harapan terhadap rasa kesetiaannya; to appeal to someones sense of duty, merayu kepada seseorang untuk membangkitkan rasa tanggungjawabnya; *appealing adjective. 1. pleading, merayu(-rayu); (of look, eyes) meminta belas kasihan: he ignored her appealing cries, dia tidak mengendahkan tangisannya yang merayu-rayu itu; to look at someone with appealing eyes, memandang seseorang dengan mata yang meminta belas kasihan; 2. attractive, menarik; (of little animal, young child) comel: an appealing story, kisah yang menarik; his personality is not exactly appealing, keperibadiannya tidak begitu menarik; an appealing little rabbit, arnab kecil yang comel. *appear intransitive verb. 1. become visible, a. (suddenly) muncul; (of spiritual, supernatural being) menjelma; (of star) terbit; (of rash) timbul: a masked man appeared in the doorway, seorang lelaki bertopeng muncul di pintu; the devil appeared before him in the guise of a tiger, hantu itu menjelma di hadapannya dalam bentuk seekor harimau; stars appearing one by one, bintang terbit satu demi satu; as soon as spots appeared, the patient's temperature started to fall, sebaik sahaja bintik-bintik timbul, suhu badan pesakit itu pun turun; b. (slowly) kelihatan: the clouds rolled away and the sun appeared, awan berarak dan matahari pun kelihatan; they could hear the train long before it appeared, mereka terdengar akan bunyi kereta api itu lama sebelum kereta api itu kelihatan; the reef only appears when the tide is low, terumbu karang kelihatan hanya apabila air surut; a smile appeared on his lips, dia kelihatan tersenyum; 2. arrive, datang, sampai, tiba: if he doesn't appear by midday, we'll go on ahead, jika dia tidak datang menjelang tengah hari, kami akan pergi dahulu; 3. seem, look, nampaknya, tampaknya; (describing physical appearance) tampak, kelihatan: he appears to have plenty of money, dia nampaknya mempunyai banyak wang; there does not appear to be any easy solution, nampaknya tidak ada penyelesaian yang mudah; he

appeared to be in his fifties, dia tampak berusia dalam lingkungan lima puluhan; 4. be clear, obvious by evidence, jelas(lah), ternyata (lah): it now appears that his death was an accident, jelaslah sekarang bahawa kematiannya disebabkan oleh kemalangan; 5. occur, [various translations]: speech appears in the child's first or second year, kanak-kanak mula bercakap ketika berusia satu atau dua tahun; faults appeared during testing, cacatnya timbul semasa pengujian; 6. come before the public, a. (general) tampil: you cannot appear in public dressed in such clothes, kamu tidak boleh tampil di khalayak ramai dengan berpakaian begitu; he was invited to appear before the delegates at the convention, dia dipersilakan tampil di hadapan perwakilan dalam perhimpunan itu; b. (in a publication) tersiar: his article appeared in a medical journal, artikelnya tersiar dalam sebuah jurnal perubatan; it was the first time his photograph had ever appeared in a newspaper, itulah kali pertama gambarnya tersiar dalam akhbar; c. (of publication) terbit: a new magazine will appear next month, sebuah majalah baru akan terbit pada bulan hadapan; d. (of recording) dikeluarkan; e. (for sale) terdapat: his latest novel first appeared in the shops last week, novel terbarunya terdapat pada kali pertama di kedai-kedai minggu lepas; f. (as an actor, performer, etc) muncul: an actor who has appeared in several epic films, seorang pelakon yang telah muncul dalam beberapa filem epik; to appear on stage, muncul di pentas; 7. present oneself formally, hadir: to appear in court, hadir di mahkamah; to appear before the disciplinary committee, hadir di hadapan jawatankuasa tatatertib; appear for, hadir bagi pihak, mewakili : to appear for the defence, hadir bagi pihak pembela; appear on, a. be able to be seen on, terdapat: the publisher's name appears on the spine of the book, nama penerbit terdapat pada tulang buku; b. perform on, see (sense 6. f.). *appearance noun. 1. becoming visible, a. (suddenly) kemunculan; (of spiritual, supernatural being) penjelmaan; (of star) terbitnya, terbit; (of rash) timbulnya, timbul: we were startled by his sudden appearance, kami terkejut oleh kemunculannya yang tiba-tiba; the appearance of the rash confirmed the doctor's diagnosis, timbulnya ruam mengesahkan diagnosis doktor; b. (slowly) kelihatan: the castaways' hopes were raised by the appearance of a ship on the horizon, harapan orang-orang yang kapalnya telah karam itu semakin meningkat apabila sebuah kapal kelihatan di ufuk; 2. occurrence, coming into existence, [various translations]: the appearance of tyranny again and again throughout history, wujudnya kezaliman yang berulang-ulang sepanjang sejarah; the appearance of political bias in his writings, terdapat sikap politik yang berat sebelah dalam tulisan-tulisannya; the first appearance of the word in English, munculnya kata itu untuk kali pertama dalam bahasa Inggeris; 3. coming before the public, a. (general) tampil: it was the first public appearance of the baby prince, itulah kali pertama bayi diraja itu tampil di khalayak ramai; b. (in a publication) penyiaran, tersiar: he was upset over the appearance of his name in

connection with the scandal, fikirannya terganggu apabila tersiar namanya berkaitan dengan skandal itu; c. (in the form of a publication) penerbitan: the appearance of his novel was delayed by a printers' strike, penerbitan novelnya tergendala oleh mogok pekerja-pekerja cetak; d. (in the form of a recording) pengeluaran; e. (sale) terdapatnya; f. (as an actor, performer, etc) kemunculan, muncul: this was to be his last appearance at the Sydney Opera House, ini sepatutnya kali terakhir dia muncul di Rumah Opera Sydney; 4. attendance, kehadiran: her appearance at any party adds glamour to it, kehadirannya di majlis mana-mana akan menyerikan lagi majlis itu; 5. act of presenting oneself formally, kehadiran: his appearance in court caused quite a stir, kehadirannya di mahkamah menimbulkan kosak-kasik; 6. outward aspect, a. (of face) wajah, rupa: the beard completely altered his appearance, janggutnya menjadikan wajahnya berubah sama sekali; b. (of person's overall look), /rupa, wajah/ dan perawakan; (especially as indicating by his clothes) kelihatan: it was obvious from his appearance that he was ill, jelas daripada rupa dan perawakannya bahawa dia sakit; he is very like his father in appearance, rupa dan perawakannya betul-betul seperti rupa dan perawakan bapanya; I was shocked at my friend's shabby appearance, saya terkejut melihat kawan saya yang kelihatan selekeh; c. (of thing) wajah, [sometimes not translated]: the new carpet did much to improve the appearance of the room, permaidani baru itu memperelok wajah bilik itu; a heavy snowfall has transformed the appearance of the town, salji yang turun lebat telah menukar wajah pekan itu; a thorough cleaning would give the shoes a better appearance, sepatu itu akan kelihatan lebih elok jika dibersihkan betul-betul; 7. external show, pretence, kelihatan: to avoid the appearance of coveting an honour, untuk mengelakkan diri daripada kelihatan mendambakan kehormatan; although agitated, he was able to preserve an appearance of calm, walaupun perasaannya gelisah, dia tetap kelihatan tenang; 8. (often in plural) outward indication(s), (yang) kelihatan pada lahirnya: appearances are against him getting the job, kelihatan pada lahirnya bahawa dia tidak akan mendapat kerja itu; appearances aren't everything in life, hidup ini bukan yang kelihatan pada lahirnya sahaja; for the sake of appearances, demi kepentingan mata umum; give an appearance of, /kelihatan, tampak/seperti: he had given the appearance of being quite satisfied, dia kelihatan seperti berpuas hati; give someone the appearance of, menjadikan seseorang /tampak, kelihatan/: her glasses gave her the appearance of being older than she really was, kaca matanya menjadikan dia tampak lebih tua daripada yang sebenarnya; give something the appearance of, menjadikan sesuatu kelihatan: to give the painting an appearance of authenticity, menjadikan lukisan itu kelihatan tulen; have the appearance of, /kelihatan, nampak, tampak/ seperti: he had the appearance of someone who had been up all night, dia tampak seperti seorang yang telah berjaga semalam-malaman; it has the appearance of silk, kain itu kelihatan seperti sutera; in appearance, outwardly, pada lahirnya: in

appearance they seem happily married, pada lahirnya mereka suami isteri yang bahagia; judge by appearances, mengukur daripada keadaan lahir; keep up appearances, dapat menyembunyikan keadaan yang sebenarnya: despite their financial problems they managed to keep up appearances at home, walaupun mengalami masalah kewangan mereka masih dapat menyembunyikan keadaan yang sebenarnya di rumah; make/an, ones/ appearance, muncul: he made his first appearance at the Experimental Theatre, dia muncul kali pertama di Panggung Eksperimen; /put in, make/ an appearance, hadir: he did not even put in an appearance at his sister's wedding, dia hadir pun tidak di upacara perkahwinan adik perempuannya; /by, to, from/ all appearances, pada lahirnya, daripada yang dapat dilihat: he was to all appearances a generous man, pada lahirnya dia seorang yang murah hati. *appease transitive verb. 1. calm, settle, meredakan, menenangkan, menenteramkan: to appease a mutiny, meredakan pemberontakan; an attempt to appease the growing dissatisfaction, percubaan untuk menenangkan rasa tidak puas hati yang memuncak; 2. pacify, allay, a. (person) menenteramkan, menenangkan: to appease an irate husband, menenangkan suami yang marah; b. (emotion) meredakan: soft words to appease the wrath of the king, kata-kata yang lemah lembut untuk meredakan kemurkaan raja; 3. satisfy, memuaskan; (hunger, thirst) menghilangkan: an explanation that appeased her curiosity, penjelasan yang memuaskan rasa ingin tahunya; his appetite for power will never be appeased, keinginannya untuk mendapat kuasa tidak akan dapat dipuaskan; 4. conciliate (aggressor) by making concessions, memujuk: Chamberlain did not succeed in his efforts to appease Hitler, Chamberlain tidak berjaya dalam usahanya untuk memujuk Hitler. *appeasement noun. 1. policy of acceding to demands of aggressor, dasar beralah; 2. act of, a. (calming, settling) peredaan: the appeasement of the feud between the neighbouring states, peredaan permusuhan antara dua negeri yang berjiran; b. (pacifying) penenteraman, penenangan: a sacrifice offered for the appeasement of the gods, korban yang dipersembahkan untuk penenteraman dewa-dewa; c. (allaying) peredaan: the appeasement of his fury, peredaan perasaan marahnya; d. (satisfying) memuaskan; (hunger, thirst) menghilangkan: a large meal for the appeasement of his appetite, makanan yang banyak untuk memuaskan seleranya. *appellant adjective. see APPELATE; noun. perayu. *appellate adjective. rayuan: appellate court, mahkamah rayuan. *appellation noun. 1. nickname, designation, gelaran, julukan: his schoolmates bestowed on him the appellation "Shorty", rakan-rakan sekolahnya memberi dia gelaran "Si Pendek"; academic

appellations, gelaran akademik; 2. familiar name (of thing) gelar(an): Buckingham Palace is also known by the appellation "Buck House", Istana Buckingham dikenal juga dengan gelaran "Buck House"; 3. formal name, a. (of person) nama, panggilan: the Society of Friends known throughout the world by the appellation "Quakers", "Society of Friends" yang terkenal di seluruh dunia dengan nama "Quakers"; b. (of thing) nama: his boat on which he had bestowed the appellation "Nabila", kapalnya yang telah diberi hama "Nabila"; 4. descriptive name, a. (or a class of people) disebut sebagai: with his ability to foresee the future he merits the appellation of clairvoyant, dengan kebolehannya meramalkan apa-apa yang akan berlaku pada masa hadapan, layaklah dia disebut sebagai orang yang ternama; b. (of a class of things) dinamakan, disebut sebagai: an overgrown plot of land that does not deserve the appellation garden, sebidang tanah yang ditumbuhi semak dan tidak layak dinamakan taman. *append transitive verb. add, affix, menambahkan, melampirkan; (signature) menurunkan, membubuh; (on a separate piece of paper) melampirkan: a new clause was appended to the agreement, fasal baru ditambahkan pada perjanjian itu; to append footnotes, menambahkan catatan kaki; a bill from the solicitor with receipts appended to it, bil. daripada peguam dengan cara resit-resit yang dilampirkan bersamanya. *appendage noun. 1. adjunct; subordinate part, [various translations]: the ballet was once just an appendage to the opera, tarian ballet pada suatu ketika merupakan hanya satu acara sampingan opera; a house and its appendages, rumah dengan ruang-ruang tambahan; some of the directors complained that they were treated as mere appendages, setengah-setengah pengarah merungut bahawa mereka dianggap sebagai orang-orang yang tidak penting; 2. Biology. A part or an organ, such as an arm, a leg, a tail, or a fin, that is joined to the axis or trunk of a body, apendej, apendaj *appendical apendiks *appendice colli apendiks koli *appendicectomy, (United States) *appendectomy (pn-dkt-m) noun. Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix, apendektomi. *appendicitis (-pnd-sts) noun. Inflammation of the vermiform appendix, apendisitis *appendicular (pn-dky-lr) adjective. Of, relating to, or consisting of an appendage or appendages, especially the limbs, apendaj *appendicular muscle otot apendaj *appendicular skeleton rangka apendaj plural appendectomies.

*appendicularia apendikularia *appendiculate apendikulat *appendiculum apendikulum *appendifer apendifer *appendisectomy apendisektomi *appendix - umbaian, lampiran, umbai usus, apendiks *appendix noun. 1. (of book, document, etc) lampiran; 2. see VERMIFORM APPENDIX. *appendix table - jadual umbaian, jadual lampiran *apperception (pr-spshn) noun. Psychology. Conscious perception with full awareness, peramatan. *appertain (pr-tn) verb, intransitive. appertained, appertaining, appertains. intransitive verb. 1. belong to, a. (as possession) menjadi milik, kepunyaan: lands appertain to the country, tanah yang menjadi milik negara; b. (as right, privilege) menjadi hak: such rights as appertain solely to the monarch, hak seperti yang menjadi hak tunggal raja; 2. relate, concern, berkaitan, bersangkutan, berhubungan: responsibilities appertain to his office, tanggungjawab yang berkaitan dengan jawatannya; in matters appertain to religion, dalam hal-hal yang berkaitan dengan agama. *appestat (p-stt) noun. The area in the brain that is believed to regulate appetite and food intake, apestat *appetite (p-tt) noun. 1. An instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink, selera, nafsu makan: the swim had given them all an appetite, berenang membangkitkan selera mereka; have an appetite (for food, drink) berselera, mempunyai selera: normally the boy has a good appetite, biasanya budak lelaki itu berselera; spoil/ones, someones/ appetite, (menyebabkan seseorang) /patah selera, tidak lalu makan/: don't spoil your appetite by eating sweets before dinner, jangan makan gula-gula sebelum makan malam, nanti patah selera; the cakes have spoilt his appetite, kek yang dimakannya itu menyebabkan dia patah selera; 2. desire to satisfy bodily needs, nafsu: sexual appetite, nafsu seks; 3. desire, inclination, hasrat, keinginan: he seems to have lost all appetite for life, dia nampaknya telah hilang keinginan untuk hidup; tales that whetted the boy's appetite for adventure, cerita-cerita yang membangkitkan keinginan budak itu untuk mengadu untung. *appetitive selera *appetitive behaviour kelakuan selera

*appetizer, *appetiser (p-tzr) noun. 1. food, drink that stimulates appetite, pembuka selera; 2. stimulant to desire, perangsang: the first item was just an appetizer for the rest of the show, acara pertama itu hanya sebagai perangsang kepada keseluruhan persembahan itu. *appetizing, *appetising (p-tzng) adjective. Appealing to or stimulating the appetite, membangkitkan selera, mendatangkan selera, menyelerakan: the food was not appetizing at all, makanan itu tidak membangkitkan selera sama sekali. *applanate aplanat *applanation - perataan *applaud (-pld) verb. applauded, applauding, applauds. verb, intransitive. To express approval, especially by clapping the hands, bertepuk, bertepuk tangan: as soon as the film star appeared the crowd applauded enthusiastically, sebaik sahaja bintang filem itu muncul orang ramai pun bertepuk dengan gemuruh; transitive verb. 1. express approval by clapping hands, memberikan tepukan kepada, memberi [seseorang, sesuatu] tepukan: the play was loudly applauded, lakonan itu diberi tepukan gemuruh; 2. show approval of, praise, memuji: his persistence must be applauded, kegigihannya patut dipuji. *applause (-plz) noun. 1. approval by clapping hands, tepukan; 2. praise, pujian: a book that won the applause of the critics, sebuah buku yang mendapat pujian daripada pengkritik. *apple brandy noun. brandi epal. *apple (pl) noun. 1. A deciduous Eurasian tree (Malus pumila) having alternate simple leaves and white or pink flowers, pokok epal; 2. (fruit), (buah) epal; a bad apple, the rotten apple, orang yang tidak baik; an apple for the teacher, sogokan, tumbuk rusuk; an apple of discord, the apple of discord, punca perselisihan, punca pergaduhan, punca perkelahian; the apple of ones eye, kesayangan seseorang, buah hati. *apple sauce noun. 1. stewed apple puree, sos epal; 2. (United States), (slang) karut. *applecart noun. kereta sorong; upset /someones, the/ applecart, merosakkan rancangan (seseorang). *apple-green adjective. & noun. hijau pucuk pisang. *Apple Isle noun.; the Apple Isle, (Australia), (colloquial) Tasmania. *applejack noun. see APPLE BRANDY. *apple-pie order noun.; in apple-pie, (colloquial) cukup teratur: he kept the garden in apple-pie, dia menjaga taman itu dalam keadaan yang cukup teratur.

*apple-polisher noun. (United States), (slang) pengampu, pembodek. *appliance noun. 1. any device, apparatus (especially electrically operated) alat: kitchen appliances, alat dapur; fire-fighting appliances, alat pemadam api; 2. device fitted to a machine, perlengkapan; 3. see FIRE ENGINE. *applicability noun. relevance, appropriateness, dapat tidaknya dikaitkan: the applicability of this

argument to the problem is doubtful, dapat tidaknya hujah ini dikaitkan dengan masalah itu disangsikan; 2. ability to be put into use, keterterapan: the applicability of the new method of vegetable growing, keterterapan kaedah baru penanaman sayur; 3. ability to be put into effect, keterterapan, dapat tidaknya diterapkan: the law and its applicability to foreigners, undangundang dan keterterapannya pada orang-orang asing; 4. ability to be used in reference (to someone, something) dapat digunakan: a term that has varied applicability, istilah yang dapat digunakan dalam berbagai-bagai konteks. *applicable adjective. 1. relevant, appropriate, dapat dikaitkan: an assumption that is not applicable to our present problem, andaian yang tidak dapat dikaitkan dengan masalah kita sekarang; 2. able to be put into practical use, dapat digunakan: the same principle will always be applicable, prinsip yang sama sentiasa dapat digunakan; 3. able to be put into effect, dapat dikenakan: a law that is only applicable in times of emergency, undang-undang yang dapat dikenakan hanya dalam masa darurat; 4. able to be used in reference (to someone, something) dapat digunakan: the word "complicated" is hardly applicable to this situation, perkataan "rumit" tidak dapat digunakan dalam keadaan ini. *applicant noun. pemohon. *application - penggunaan, penerapan, pengenaan, kegunaan, permohonan, pemakaian *application factor faktor terapan *application noun. 1. act of; a. (putting to practical use) penerapan: the application of a theory, penerapan teori; modern techniques and their application, teknik moden dan penerapannya; b. (bringing into operation, effect) pengenaan, mengenakan; (of brakes) penekanan, menekan: he protested that the strict application of the law would be incongruous in this case, dia memprotes bahawa adalah tidak patut undang-undang dikenakan secara ketat dalam hal ini; the application of an embargo, pengenaan embargo; c. (making a request especially in writing) permohonan: an application for bail, permohonan untuk mengikat jamin; application form, borang permohonan; letter of application, surat permohonan; on application, apabila dipohon: back numbers are available on application, keluaran kebelakangan boleh diperoleh apabila dipohon; d. (spreading, dabbing,

putting on, etc) membubuh, menyapukan; (tourniquet) pengikatan, mengikatkan: he got some relief after the application of the ointment, dia berasa lega sedikit setelah membubuh salap; for external application only, untuk disapukan sahaja; e. (devoting, employing diligently) menumpukan perhatian, bertekun: by intense application to his work he managed to achieve his objectives, dengan menumpukan perhatian sepenuh-penuhnya pada kerjanya dia dapat mencapai matlamatnya; f. (using in reference to someone, something) penggunaan: a word of restricted application, perkataan yang terbatas penggunaannya; 2. relevance, kaitan: the example quoted has little application to present circumstances, contoh yang dipetik tidak banyak kaitannya dengan keadaan sekarang; 3. verbal request, permohonan: in his application to the judge, semasa membuat permohonan kepada hakim; 4. written request, a. (letter) surat permohonan: to write an application, menulis surat permohonan; b. (form) borang permohonan: to fill in an application, mengisi borang permohonan; 5. diligence, /penumpuan, menumpukan/ perhatian pada + appropriate noun: he is a clever boy but sadly lacks application, dia budak yang bijak tetapi sayangnya kurang menumpukan perhatian pada pelajarannya; 6. something applied, a. (as curative, soothing agent) ubat; /cold, hot/ application, alat /demah, tuam/; b. (as cosmetic agent) bahan pemeliharaan kulit. *applicator noun. aplikator. *applied - gunaan, terkena, dikenakan, digunakan, dipohon *applied adjective. put to practical use, gunaan: applied linguistics, linguistik gunaan; applied mathematics, matematik gunaan. *applied force -daya kenaan *applied microbiology mikrobiologi gunaan *applied pressure - tekanan yang dikenakan *applied science sains gunaan *applique adjective. tampal hias: applique patchwork, tampal hias bercantum; noun. 1. (ornamental work) tampal hias; 2. (the practice) kerja menampal hias; transitive verb. menampal hias. *apply - mengena, melaku, menerap, memohon, mengguna *apply intransitive verb. 1. be relevant, appropriate, ada /kaitan, hubungan, berkaitan, berhubungan; (preceded by modal auxiliary verb) dikaitkan: the criticisms made do not apply to you, kritikan yang dibuat tidak berkaitan dengan kamu; regulations that do not apply in this case, peraturanperaturan yang tidak ada kaitannya dengan hal ini; the charges do not apply to pensioners,

bayaran yang dikenakan itu tidak berkaitan dengan pesara-pesara; can such arguments apply here?, dapatkah hujah-hujah seperti itu dikaitkan dalam hal ini?; 2. make a request (especially in writing) memohon: he has since applied to three universities, sejak itu dia telah memohon kepada tiga buah universiti; those over fifty need not apply, sesiapa yang melebihi umur lima puluh tahun tidak perlu memohon; transitive verb. 1. put to practical use, menggunakan: new building techniques have been applied, teknik pembinaan baru telah digunakan; to apply specialized knowledge to a task, menggunakan pengetahuan yang khusus untuk membuat sesuatu kerja; to apply political pressure, menggunakan tekanan politik; 2. bring into close contact (eye, ear, mouth) merapatkan: he bent down and applied his eye to the keyhole, dia membongkok dan merapatkan matanya ke lubang kunci; apply light to (something) menyuluh (sesuatu); 3. spread, put on, membubuh; (tourniquet) mengikatkan: to apply polish, membubuh penggilap; calamine was applied to the affected part, kalamin dibubuh pada bahagian yang sakit; to apply a plaster to a wound, membubuh plaster pada luka; he applied a tourniquet to check the bleeding, dia mengikatkan alat penasak darah untuk menahan perdarahan; apply a bandage to (et) membalut (sesuatu); 4. devote, employ diligently, menumpukan: we must apply all our energies to solving this problem, kita mesti menumpukan seluruh tenaga kita untuk menyelesaikan masalah ini; apply oneself to (something) menumpukan perhatian seseorang terhadap (sesuatu): to apply oneself to the task at hand, menumpukan perhatian seseorang terhadap kerja yang sedang dilakukan; 5. bring into operation, effect, mengenakan; (brakes) menekan: the rules are only applied to temporary members, peraturan itu dikenakan hanya pada ahli sementara; to apply economic sanctions, mengenakan sekatan ekonomi; 6. use in reference (to someone, something) menggunakan: the word "courageous" can never be applied to him, perkataan "berani" tidak wajar digunakan untuknya; apply (to something) (for), memohon [noun] (daripada): he applied to the bank for a loan, dia memohon pinjaman daripada bank itu; defectors who applied for asylum, pembelot-pembelot yang memohon suaka *appoint - ambil, lantik, angkat *appoint transitive verb. 1. select for a position etc, melantik; (committee, task force, etc) menubuhkan: he was appointed captain of the team, dia dilantik sebagai ketua pasukan; to appoint an agent, melantik seorang ejen; to appoint a committee to look into the matter, menubuhkan suatu jawatankuasa untuk mengkaji perkara itu; 2. fix (time, place, etc) menentukan, menetapkan: we have not yet appointed a place for the meeting, kami belum lagi menentukan tempat mesyuarat; 3. (legal) melantik;

*appointed adjective. 1. selected for position, etc, dilantik; (of committee, task force, etc) ditubuhkan: a newly appointed member, ahli yang baharu dilantik; 2. fixed (of time, place, etc) ditentukan, ditetapkan: at the appointed hour, pada masa yang ditetapkan; 3. fitted out, furnished, dilengkapi: the doctor's surgery was well appointed, bilik bedah doktor itu dilengkapi dengan baik; a boarding house that is rather badly appointed, rumah tumpangan yang tidak dilengkapi dengan baik. *appointee noun. 1. someone appointed, orang yang dilantik; 2. (legal) yang dilantik. *appointment noun. 1. act of selecting for a position etc, pelantikan; (committee, task force, etc) penubuhan: a monarch who seldom exercised his right of appointment, raja yang jarang-jarang menggunakan kuasa pelantikannya; by appointment, a. (by royal warrant) pelantikan dengan watikah; b. (legal) pelantikan: power of appointment, kuasa pelantikan; 2. arrangement to meet someone, janji temu: to keep an appointment, menepati janji temu; to break an appointment, memungkiri janji temu; 3. position, office assigned, jawatan (lantikan); 4. (usually in plural) fitting, furnishing, perlengkapan: the new liner's appointments are the talk of the town, perlengkapan kapal baru itu menjadi bahan percakapan orang di bandar itu. *apportion transitive verb. 1. divide and assign proportionately, membahagi-bahagikan, mengagihagihkan, mengumpukkan: the board will decide how the money will be apportioned, lembaga itu akan menentukan bagaimana wang itu harus dibahagi-bahagikan; it is for the foreman to apportion the work as he sees fit, terpulanglah kepada mandur untuk mengagih-agihkan kerja sebagaimana yang difikirkannya layak; 2. economics, menguntukkan. *apportionment noun. 1. act of dividing and assigning proportionately, pembahagian, pengagihan, pengumpukan: the apportionment of land to settlers, pembahagian tanah kepada peneroka; the apportionment of places in the universities, pengagihan tempat di universiti; 2. economics penguntukan. *apposite adjective. (formal) kena pada tempatnya, tepat: an apposite question, soalan yang kena pada tempatnya; be apposite to, kena: the words he used were apposite to the situation, kata-kata yang digunakannya kena pada tempatnya. *appositeness noun. kena pada tempatnya, ketepatan. *apposition aposisi *apposition eye mata aposisi *apposition image imej aposisi

*apposition noun. aposisi. *appositional growth pertumbuhan aposisi *appraisable adjective. capable of being priced, estimated, /dapat, boleh/ /ditaksir, dinilai/. *appraisal noun. 1. estimation of price, cost of, penaksiran, penilaian; 2. evaluation of quality, significance, etc of, penilaian: an artist's appraisal of his own work is seldom reliable, penilaian pelukis terhadap karyanya sendiri jarang-jarang dapat dipercayai. *appraise transitive verb. 1. estimate price, cost of, menilai, menaksir: to appraise the estate of the deceased, menilai harta si mati; 2. evaluate the quality, significance, etc of, menilai: to appraise Tagore's contribution to literature, menilai sumbangan Tagore terhadap sastera; *appraisement noun. see APPRAISAL. *appraiser noun. penilai, jurunilai, penaksir. *appraising adjective.; cast an appraising eye, mengamat-amati: he cast an appraising eye over the pictures on display, dia mengamat-amati gambar-gambar yang dipamerkan; give someone an appraising look, mengamat-amati seseorang; under the appraising stare of someone, diamat-amati oleh seseorang: she began to feel uncomfortable under the appraising stare of the principal, dia mula berasa gelisah apabila diamat-amati oleh guru besar. *appraisive adjective. bersifat menilai: an appraisive discourse, wacana yang bersifat menilai. *appreciable adjective. agak /jelas, ketara, nyata/: an appreciable drop in sales, kejatuhan hasil jualan yang agak jelas; there has been no appreciable change in the state of the economy, tidak terdapat perubahan yang agak ketara dalam keadaan ekonomi; an appreciable loss of confidence in the management, hilangnya kepercayaan dengan agak nyata terhadap pihak pengurusan. *appreciate intransitive verb. naik, meningkat, bertambah: the value of the property appreciates yearly, nilai harta itu naik setiap tahun; transitive verb. I. be thankful for, menghargai: I appreciate your assistance, saya menghargai pertolongan saudara; 2. fully understand, menyedari sepenuhnya: the children did not appreciate the danger of the situation, kanak-kanak itu tidak menyedari bahaya keadaan itu sepenuhnya; appreciate the fact that, menyedari, /sedar, faham/ akan hakikat bahawa; 3. enjoy, a. (something that gives relief, respite) suka kalau + appropriate verb: Im sure you'll appreciate a cold drink after the game, saya yakin kamu suka kalau dapat meminum minuman sejuk selepas permainan itu; everyone appreciates a rest after a hard day's work, semua orang suka kalau dapat berehat setelah bekerja giat sepanjang hari; b. (something that has aesthetic, artistic appeal), (dapat) menikmati; (work of art, music, etc) dapat/menikmati, menghayati/: to

appreciate the view, you'll have to go to the top of the hill, untuk menikmati pemandangan sekitar, kamu harus naik ke puncak bukit; to appreciate classical music, menghayati muzik klasik; 4. value greatly, menghargai: he greatly appreciates the honours conferred on him, dia sangat menghargai penghormatan yang dikurniakan kepadanya; to appreciate someones friendship, menghargai persahabatan seseorang; 5. be sensitive to, menikmati: the blind cannot appreciate colour, orang buta tidak dapat menikmati warna; 6. raise the value of, menaikkan nilai; *appreciated adjective. telah naik nilai: appreciated currency, matawang yang telah naik nilainya. *appreciation noun. 1. thanks, (rasa) terima kasih: please accept this small token of our appreciation, terimalah sumbangan kecil ini sebagai tanda rasa terima kasih kami; 2. judgement, perception, kesedaran, menyedari: his appreciation of the difficulties involved won him the respect of his colleagues, kerana menyedari masalah yang berkaitan, dia dihormati oleh rakan-rakan sejawatnya; 3. expression of admiration or approval, penghargaan: the audience showed their appreciation by clapping loudly, para penonton menunjukkan penghargaan mereka dengan memberikan tepukan gemuruh; a bonus given in appreciation of his long service, bonus yang diberikan sebagai penghargaan terhadap perkhidmatannya yang lama itu; 4. enjoyment, tahu menikmati; (work of art, music, etc) penikmatan, penghayatan, tahu /menikmati, menghayati/: known for his appreciation of good food, dia dikenali sebagai orang yang tahu menikmati makanan yang sedap-sedap; to have no appreciation of modern art, tidak tahu menikmati seni lukis moden; 5. increase (in value) kenaikan (nilai): an appreciation in the value of gold, kenaikan nilai emas; 6. review of book, play etc, ulasan. *appreciative appreciatory adjective. menunjukkan penghargaan: the band played to an appreciative audience, pancaragam itu bermain di hadapan penonton yang menunjukkan penghargaan; he gave her an appreciative smile, dia memberi gadis itu senyuman yang menunjukkan penghargaannya; she could have been more appreciative, dia sepatutnya menunjukkan penghargaan yang lebih tinggi; appreciative words, kata-kata penghargaan; be appreciative of, showing thanks, high regard for, menghargai: we are very appreciative of your hospitality, kami menghargai layanan baik tuan. *appreciatively adverb. dengan (penuh) penghargaan: he spoke most appreciatively of the work of his predecessor, dia bercakap dengan penuh penghargaan tentang kerja orang sebelumnya. *apprehend transitive verb. 1. arrest, menangkap, memberkas: to apprehend a suspect, menangkap orang yang disyaki; 2. understand, memahami: they could not apprehend his intentions, mereka tidak memahami tujuannya; 3. (formal) anticipate with anxiety, fear, /bimbang, khuatir/ akan berlaku:

the disaster that they apprehended did not eventuate, malapetaka yang mereka bimbang akan berlaku itu tidak terjadi. *apprehensible adjective. /dapat, boleh/ difahami. *apprehension (pr-hnshn) noun. 1. anxious anticipation, kebimbangan, kekhuatiran: the words of the guide only increased her apprehension, kata-kata pemandu itu hanya menambahkan lagi kebimbangannya; 2. arrest, penangkapan: the man responsible for the apprehension of the bandits, orang yang bertanggungjawab atas penangkapan penyamun-penyamun itu; 3. understanding, tanggapan, memahami, menanggap, menangkap: such matters are beyond the apprehension of children, perkara-perkara seperti itu tidak dapat ditanggap oleh kanak-kanak; be slow of apprehension, lambat membuat tanggapan; 4. notion, conception, tanggapan, anggapan, pendapat: to doubt ones own apprehensions, menyangsikan tanggapan sendiri. *apprehensive adjective. 1. anxiously anticipating, bimbang khuatir; (of look, eyes, face), /menampakkan, menunjukkan/ /kebimbangan, kekhuatiran/: he was very apprehensive about the results of the test, dia sangat bimbang akan keputusan ujian itu; to be apprehensive of failure, bimbang akan kegagalan; the apprehensive faces of the refugees haunted him, wajah orang-orang pelarian yang menampakkan kebimbangan itu menghantuinya; menanggap, menangkap/. *apprehensiveness noun. habitual anticipation of things adverse, sifat [seseorang] yang sentiasa /bimbang, khuatir/. *apprentice noun. 1. learner of a trade, business, etc, perantis: a blacksmith's apprentice, perantis tukang besi; 2. novice, (orang yang) baru belajar: an apprentice in the art of debate, orang yang baru belajar dalam seni perdebatan; a mere apprentice in deception, orang yang baru belajar menipu; transitive verb. memperantiskan [seseorang]: his father apprenticed him to a carpenter, bapanya memperantiskannya dengan seorang tukang kayu. *apprenticeship noun. perantisan. *appresorium (plu. appressoria) apresorium *apprise transitive verb. (formal), (often passive) memaklumkan, memberitahukan. *approach graft cantuman sanding *approach noun. 1. act of coming nearer, a. (in space) mendekat, merapat, menghampiri + appropriate pronoun or noun: at our approach, the intruders fled, penceroboh-penceroboh itu lari apabila kami menghampiri mereka; the approach of the whirlwind sent people scurrying for shelter, 2. quick to understand, cepat /memahami,

orang-orang lari bertempiaran mencari tempat perlindungan apabila puting beliung menghampiri pelabuhan itu; b. (in time) menjelang, mendekat, hampir tiba; (of death) hampir tiba, sudah dekat: the approach of midnight, menjelang tengah malam; 2. approximation, semblance, hampir sama: the account makes some approach to truth, cerita itu hampir sama dengan yang sebenarnya; a fair approach to accuracy, hampir tepat; 3. access, jalan masuk: trees line the approach to the palace, pokok-pokok berderet di sepanjang jalan masuk ke istana; approach road, jalan tuju; 4. (often in plural) overture, percubaan untuk/mendekati, merapati/ + appropriate pronoun: France rejected Germany's approaches, Perancis menolak percubaan Jerman untuk mendekatinya; /easy, difficult/ of approach , /mudah, susah/ didekati, dirapati/: a man who, in spite of his rank, has always been easy of approach, walaupun berpangkat dia mudah didekati; make approaches to, mencuba/mendekati, merapati/: he made approaches to the girl, dia mencuba mendekati gadis itu; 5. means, method of doing something, pendekatan; (job, work etc) cara mengendalikan: a fresh approach to the subject, pendekatan yang baru bagi perkara itu; the book provides an excellent approach to the problem, buku itu memberikan pendekatan yang amat baik kepada masalah itu; his approach to the job is all wrong, cara dia mengendalikan kerja itu semuanya salah; 6. also approach path, (aeronautics) lintasan tuju; 1. come nearer (in space) mendekat, merapat, menghampiri + appropriate noun.; (of sound) kedengaran semakin dekat: the soldiers approached cautiously, ready for combat, askar-askar itu mendekat dengan berhati-hati, bersiap sedia untuk bertempur; they could see a storm approaching from the west, kelihatan pokok ribut berarak menghampiri pantai dari sebelah barat; as the eerie sound approached, they became more terrified, apabila bunyi yang menyeramkan itu kedengaran semakin dekat, mereka menjadi bertambah ngeri; 2. come nearer (in time) menjelang, mendekat, hampir tiba; (of event that fills one with apprehension, reluctance) hampir tiba: her wedding day is fast approaching, hari perkahwinannya hampir tiba; the day of reckoning approaches, hari pengadilan hampir tiba; transitive verb. I. come nearer, a. (in space) menghampiri, mendekati, merapati: we are now approaching the House of Parliament, sekarang kita menghampiri bangunan Parlimen; as the train approached the station, the crowd surged forward, ketika kereta api menghampiri stesen, orang ramai berasak-asak ke hadapan; b. (in time) hampir (mencapai), mendekati: he is approaching sixty, usianya hampir enam puluh tahun; 2. come nearer (in quality, character etc) a. (to a stage in life) hampir, hampir mencapai, mendekati; (to old age, senility) hampir; a boy approaching adolescence, budak lelaki yang hampir mencapai usia remaja; b. (to a certain state, level), [various translations]: the building is approaching completion, bangunan itu hampir siap; words that approach treason, kata-kata yang hampir-hampir merupakan penderhakaan; c, (to someones level of achievement, ability, etc) menandingi, menyaingi, menyamai: few writers can approach

him as a novelist, hanya beberapa orang saja penulis yang dapat menandinginya sebagai novelis; 3. make overtures to, berjumpa dengan, menemui: to approach the manager about a raise, berjumpa dengan pengurus tentang hal kenaikan gaji; 4. set about (problem, task, etc) mendekati: to approach a problem from a new angle, mendekati masalah dari sudut yang baru; 5. attempt, a. (to influence) mencuba mempengaruhi: he claimed that he was approached by the defendant's lawyers, dia mendakwa bahawa peguam-peguam pihak yang kena tuntut telah mencuba mempengaruhinya; b. (to bribe) mencuba /menyuap, menyogok/; *approachable adjective. 1. accessible, dapat didatangi: the remote valley was approachable only by helicopter, lembah yang terpencil itu dapat didatangi hanya dengan helikopter; 2. friendly, mudah /didekati, dirapati, dihampiri/: the new overseer is more approachable than his predecessor, mandur yang haru itu lebih mudah didekati daripada mandur yang sebelumnya. *approaching adjective. 1. coming nearer (in space), /menghampiri, mendekati, merapati/ + appropriate noun.; (of sound) kedengaran semakin dekat: the captain watched the approaching ship through his binoculars, nakhoda itu memperhatikan kapal yang menghampirinya dengan teropong; the towns folk were warned of a rapidly approaching tornado, penduduk bandar itu diberikan amaran tentang puting beliung yang menghampiri bandar itu dengan begitu laju; approaching footsteps, bunyi tapak kaki yang kedengaran semakin dekat; 2. coming nearer (in time) hampir tiba: the regiment will take part in the approaching campaign, pasukan itu akan mengambil bahagian dalam kempen yang hampir tiba itu; his approaching death, saat-saat kematiannya yang hampir tiba. *approbation noun. (formal) 1. approval, commendation, (memperkenan)-perkenan; (preceded by "nod", "smile", etc) tanda berkenan: we hope our efforts meet with your approbation, kami harap usaha kami akan tuan perkenan; his quick action earned him the approbation of his superior, tindakannya yang cepat itu diperkenan oleh ketuanya; a nod of approbation, mengangguk tanda berkenan; 2. official approval, kebenaran, keizinan; (of royalty) perkenan(an): we must first obtain the approbation of the authorities, kita harus terlebih dahulu mendapat kebenaran pihak berkuasa; the legislation received the royal approbation, undang-undang itu mendapat perkenan diraja. *approbatory adjective. (formal) 1. marked by praise, bersifat memuji. most of the reviews were approbatory, kebanyakan ulasan itu bersifat memuji; an approbatory /letter, remark, etc/, /surat, kata-kata, dan lain-lain / pujian; 2. showing favourable regard, tanda berkenan: an approbatory smile, senyum tanda berkenan.

*appropriate (-prpr-t) adjective. Suitable for a particular person, condition, occasion, or place; fitting, sesuai: a speech appropriate to the occasion, ucapan yang sesuai untuk majlis itu; such a remark is scarcely appropriate in the present circumstances, kata-kata seperti itu tidak sesuai dalam keadaan sekarang ini; clothes appropriate to the climate, pakaian yang sesuai dengan iklim; b. (of action, measure, step, etc) sesuai, sewajarnya, wajar: to take appropriate action, mengambil tindakan yang sewajarnya; c. (of remuneration) sesuai, sepadan, berpadanan, berpatutan: a salary appropriate to an office, gaji yang berpadanan dengan jawatan; d. (of punishment, retribution, etc) sesuai, sewajarnya, wajar: to choose an appropriate punishment for the offence, memilih hukuman yang sesuai bagi kesalahan itu; e. (of amount charged, fine, etc) berpatutan: to charge someone the appropriate amount, mengenakan bayaran yang berpatutan kepada seseorang; 1. (of specific place) berkenaan: each letter should be placed in the appropriate files, setiap surat hendaklah dimasukkan ke dalam fail yang berkenaan; appropriate boxes, kotak-kotak yang berkenaan; transitive verb. 1. take especially without permission, mencedok, mengambil: he appropriated his assistant's ideas and published them as his own, dia mencedok gagasan-gagasan pembantunya dan menerbitkannya sebagai gagasannya sendiri; 2. put aside, assign, menguntukkan, memperuntukkan, mengasingkan: huge sums were appropriated for defence purposes, jumlah wang yang besar diperuntukkan bagi tujuan pertahanan; *appropriate entry - pemasukan berpatutan *appropriated adjective. diuntukkan, diperuntukkan, diasingkan: appropriated funds, dana yang diperuntukkan. *appropriately adverb. sesuai: to be appropriately dressed, memakai pakaian yang sesuai; a formal style appropriately chosen for the subject, gaya formal yang dipilih sesuai dengan pokok persoalan; a hospital that is appropriately named after its founder, hospital yang diberi nama yang sesuai sempena nama pengasasnya. *appropriateness noun. suitability. a. (general) kesesuaian: the appropriateness of a nickname, kesesuaian nama timang-timangan; b. (of action, measure, step, etc) kesesuaian; c. (of remuneration) kesesuaian, kesepadanan; d. (of punishment, retribution, etc) kesesuaian; kewajaran; e. (of amount charged, fine, etc) kepatutan. *appropriation noun. 1. act of, a. (taking especially without permission) pengambilan, mengambil: the appropriation of monastic lands continued, pengambilan tanah biara berterusan; b, (putting aside, assigning) penguntukan: the committee agreed on the appropriation of $50,000 for the project, jawatankuasa itu bersetuju dengan penguntukan sebanyak $50,000 bagi projek itu; 2. money set

aside, peruntukan: to make appropriation for a new highway, membuat peruntukan bagi sebuah lebuh raya yang baru. *approval noun. 1. act of sanctioning, kelulusan, kebenaran, izin, meluluskan: approval for subletting shall not be arbitrarily withheld by the landlord, kebenaran untuk menyewa tumpang tidak boleh ditahan dengan sewenang-wenangnya oleh tuan tanah; a letter notifying them of the Council's approval of the scheme, sepucuk surat yang memberitahu mereka bahawa Majlis Bandaran telah meluluskan rancangan itu; 2. formal sanction, kelulusan: the board gave its approval to the proposal, lembaga memberikan kelulusannya terhadap cadangan itu; 3. agreement, persetujuan, kebenaran, izin, keizinan: she married without her father's approval, dia berkahwin tanpa persetujuan bapanya; 4.. favourable opinion, suka, berkenan; (preceded by "nod", "smile", etc) sebagai tanda berkenan: the teacher's obvious approval of his behaviour was a boost to his confidence, gurunya yang terang-terang berkenan dengan tingkah lakunya menambahkan lagi keyakinannya; he gave a nod of approval, dia mengangguk sebagai tanda berkenan; for someones approval, for someones critical examination, verdict, pertimbangan: I should like to submit what I have written for your approval, saya ingin mengemukakan seperti yang telah saya tulis untuk pertimbangan tuan; on approval, sebagai percubaan: we shall send you the books on approval, kami akan menghantar buku-buku itu kepada tuan sebagai percubaan. *approve intransitive verb. 1. think well, /berkenan, suka/ (akan) his father-in-law did not approve of him, bapa mertuanya tidak berkenan akan dia; I chose this colour, I hope you approve, saya memilih warna ini; saya harap saudara berkenan; 2. express (usually formally) favourable opinion, bersetuju: he does not approve of intermarriages, dia tidak bersetuju dengan kahwin campur; the police entirely approve of the measures we have taken, pihak polis bersetuju sepenuhnya dengan langkah-langkah yang telah kami ambil; transitive verb. I. think well of, (active) berkenan dengan; (passive) disukai: he quite approved your choice, dia agak berkenan dengan pilihan kamu; such conduct is not approved in our society, kelakuan seperti itu tidak disukai dalam masyarakat kita; 2. express (usually formally) favourable opinion of, (active) bersetuju (dengan); (passive) mendapat persetujuan, di(per)setujui: the governor approved the project, gabenor bersetuju dengan projek itu; 3. sanction formally, meluluskan: your application for leave has been approved, permohonan cuti kamu telah diluluskan; to approve a bill, meluluskan rang undangundang; *approved adjective. 1. established, tested, sudah teruji: approved methods, kaedah yang sudah teruji; 2. considered good, right, betul: to address the headmaster in the approved manner, bercakap dengan

guru besar dengan cara yang betul; 3. sanctioned, diluluskan: an approved liquidator, pencair yang diluluskan. *approving adjective. menunjukkan bahawa seseorang berkenan: he gave his son an approving smile, dia memberi anaknya senyuman yang menunjukkan bahawa dia berkenan; *approx abbreviation see APPROXIMATE & APPROXIMATELY. *approximal - terhampir *approximate - hampiran, hampir, hampirkan, menghampiri *approximate adjective. fairly exact, a. (attributive) lebih kurang, kira-kira; (in quantity, amount, value, etc) anggaran: the approximate distance between the two cities is 1,000 kilometres, jarak di antara kedua-dua bandar raya itu lebih kurang 1,000 kilometer; this gives an approximate idea of what is involved in producing a dictionary, ini akan lebih kurang memberikan gambaran tentang kerjakerja yang terlibat dalam penghasilan sebuah kamus; the approximate value of the land, nilai anggaran tanah itu; can you tell me the approximate number of students in the school?, dapatkah saudara memberitahu saya anggaran jumlah murid di sekolah ini?; b. (predicate) anggaran: the figures given are only approximate, angka yang diberikan hanya anggaran; approximate to, lebih kurang: a sum of money approximate to what is needed, jumlah wang yang lebih kurang sebanyak yang diperlukan; transitive verb. I. come close to, approach, a. (in quantity, number, etc) appropriate verb + /lebih kurang, kira-kira/: rentals approximating M$ 17,000 per annum, sewaan yang berjumlah lebih kurang M$17,000 setahun; a cupful approximates eight fluid ounces, satu cawan berukuran lebih kurang lapan auns bendalir; b. (in quantity, character, etc), [various translations]: works of art that approximate perfection, karya seni yang hampir mencapai kesempurnaan; the painting approximates reality, lukisan itu seolah-olah hidup; 2. bring close to, menganggarkan: could you approximate the cost?, bolehkah kamu menganggarkan berapa kosnya?; approximate to, a. (in quantity, number, etc)appropriate verb + /lebih kurang, kira-kira/: the cost of the building is expected to approximate to five million ringgit, harga bangunan itu dianggarkan berjumlah lebih kurang lima juta ringgit; b. (in quality, character, etc), [various translations]: his account of the accident approximates to those of the other witnesses, laporannya tentang kemalangan itu hampir sama dengan yang dibuat oleh saksi-saksi yang lain; a man approximating to that description was seen walking towards the village, seorang lelaki yang seakan-akan sama dengan yang digambarkan telah dilihat berjalan ke arah kampung itu; your latest design approximates to what I imagined the stage to be like, rekaan mutakhir kamu ini

seakan-akan sama dengan pentas yang saya bayangkan; approximate something to, see transitive verb. (sense 2.). *approximate integration - pengamiran hampiran, pengamiran hampir *approximate to nearest unit - hampir kepada unit terdekat *approximately - secara hampir, hampir, lebih kurang, kira-kira *approximately adverb. fairly exact, lebih kurang, kira-kira; (in quantity, character, etc) lebih kurang, hampir: the kitten was approximately eight weeks old, anak kucing itu berusia kira-kira lapan minggu; the car costs approximately $17,000, kereta itu berharga kira-kira $17 ,000; approximately accurate, hampir tepat; approximately what he had hoped for, lebih kurang seperti yang diharapkannya; very approximately, secara kasar: I have worked out your pay very approximately, saya telah mengira gaji kamu secara kasar. *approximately equal - hampir sama *approximation - perhampiran, hampiran, penghampiran *approximation noun. 1. process of making rough estimate, guess, etc, penganggaran: this method of approximation is widely used, kaedah penganggaran ini digunakan dengan meluas; we can only make an approximation of the distance between the two houses, kita hanya dapat membuat penganggaran tentang jarak antara kedua-dua rumah itu; 2. rough estimate, guess, etc, anggaran: such approximations are good enough for our purpose, anggaran seperti itu sudah memadai bagi tujuan kita; 3. state of being, getting near, penghampiran, hampir-hampir: his account was only an approximation to the truth, laporannya itu baru hampir-hampir saja kepada yang sebenarnya. *approximative - menghampiri *appurtenance noun. 1. (usually in plural) accessory, perlengkapan: a hotel with all its appurtenances, sebuah hotel dengan segala perlengkapannya; 2. (legal) kepunyaan. *appurtenant adjective. 1. accessory, relating to, berkaitan: the farmhouse with its appurtenant barns and stores was sold as a separate lot, rumah ladang itu berserta dengan rumah bangsal dan stor yang berkaitan dengannya telah dijual sebagai lot yang berasingan; tools appurtenant to the trade, alatalat yang berkaitan dengan pertukangan; 2. (legal) kepunyaan; noun. see APPURTENANCE. *apraxia (-prks-) noun. Total or partial loss of the ability to perform coordinated movements or manipulate objects in the absence of motor or sensory impairment, apraksia.

*apricot (pr-kt, pr-) noun. aprikot.

A deciduous Asian tree (Prunus armeniaca) having alternate leaves

and clusters of usually white flowers, pokok aprikot; 2. (fruit), (buah) aprikot 3. (colour) warna

*April Fool's Day noun. Hari April Fool. *a priori adjective. & adverb. a priori. *April noun. April. *apron noun. 1. protective garment, apron; tied to someones apron strings, (colloquial) mengikut telunjuk seseorang; 2. something resembling apron, a. forestage, bahagian hadapan pentas; b. hard apron surfaced area abutting on airfield, apron; c. protective covering for machines etc, apron, lapis lindung; d. protective shield along river bank, sea wall, etc, apron, lapis lindung; e. panel, board between window sill and skirting, rembat; f. (geology) deposit of sand, gravel, etc, tebaran; 3. continuous conveyor belt, apron. *aproned adjective. berapron, memakai apron: aproned maids, pembantu-pembantu rumah yang memakai apron. *apropos adjective. /tepat pada, kena pada/ /waktunya, masanya/: comments which were most apropos, ulasan yang sangat kena pada waktunya; adverb. 1. at an opportune time, /tepat pada, kena pada/ /waktunya, masanya/; 2. by the way, o ya: apropos did he mention when he will be going on leave?, o ya, adakah dia menyebut bila dia akan bercuti?; apropos of, (colloquial) berkenaan dengan: apropos of your new job, did you make enquiries about medical benefits?, berkenaan dengan kerja baru kamu, adakah kamu menanya tentang kemudahan perubatan? *aproterodont aproterodon *apse noun. mihrab, apsis. *apsidal adjective. apsidal. *apsidospondylian apsidospondilia *apt adjective. 1. appropriate, sesuai: an apt quotation, petikan yang sesuai; 2. likely, besar kemungkinannya: too much ambition is apt to cloud a person's judgement, cita-cita yang terlalu tinggi besar kemungkinannya akan mengaburkan pertimbangan seseorang; she is apt to jump to conclusions, besar kemungkinannya dia akan membuat kesimpulan dengan tergesa-gesa; 3. highly intelligent, pandai, pintar, cerdik: an apt student, murid yang pandai; 4. quick, cepat: she is attentive and apt to learn, dia seorang yang tekun dan cepat menangkap apa-apa yang dipelajarinya; be apt at, a. be quick at, cepat: he is apt at understanding difficult concepts, dia

cepat memahami konsep-konsep yang sukar; b. be skilful at, cekap: to be apt at picking pockets, cekap menyeluk saku. *apteral (ptr-l) adjective. Architecture. Having no columns along the sides. Used especially of a classical temple, apteral. *apteria apteria *apterous (ptr-s) adjective. Biology. Having no wings or winglike extensions: an apterous insect., apter *apterygial apterigi *apterygote apterigot *apterygotous apterigot *apteryx noun. see KIWI (sense 1.). *apthous fever demam aptus *aptitude noun. 1. (ability) kebolehan; (talent) bakat: an aptitude for acting, bakat berlakon; 2. quickness to learn, understand, kepandaian, kepintaran, kecerdikan; 3. appropriateness, kesesuaian. *aptitude test (pt-t d tst) noun. A standardized test designed to measure the ability of a person to develop skills or acquire knowledge, ujian /kebolehan, kecenderungan/. *aptness noun. appropriateness, kesesuaian: the aptness of his remarks, kesesuaian kata-katanya. *aptychus aptikus *apyrene apiren *apyrexia apireksia *aqua - air, akua, aqua *aqua compound - sebatian akua *aqua ion - ion akua *aquaculture akuakultur *aquafalfa akuafalfa *aqualung noun. alat pernafasan /juruselam, penyelam/. *aquamarine noun. 1, (beryl), (batu) akuamarin; 2. (colour), (warna) akuamarin.

*aquamount akualekap *aquanaut noun. akuanaut. *aquapharygeal bulb -bebawang akuafarinks *aquaphobia noun. akuafobia. *aquaphor akuafor *aquaplane noun. papan selancar; intransitive verb. 1. ride on aquaplane, berselancar; 2. (of motor vehicle) menyatah air. *aqua-prefix akua-. *aquarelle (kw-rl, kw-) noun. A drawing done in transparent watercolors, akuarel. *aquaria (-kwr-) plural of AQUARIUM. *Aquarian (-kwr-n) noun. One who is born under the sign of Aquarius, berbintang Aquarius *aquarist (-kwrst) noun. One who maintains an aquarium, pengurus akuarium. *aquarium (-kwr-m) noun. plural aquariums or aquaria (--). A tank, bowl, or other water-filled enclosure in which living fish or other aquatic animals and plants are kept, akuarium. *Aquarius (-kwr-s) noun. 1. zodiacal constellation between Pisces and Capricorn, Aquarius; 2. (astrology) a. (sign of the zodiac) bintang Aquarius; b. (person),(orang yang) berbintang Aquarius. *Aquarius (-kwr-s) noun. orang yang berbintang Aquarius. *aquashow noun. pertunjukan renang. *aquatic adjective. 1. growing, living in or near water, akuatik: aquatic fungi, kulat akuatik; aquatic plant, tumbuhan akuatik; 2. (of sports) air; In (biology) a. marine animal, haiwan akuatik; b. marine plant, tumbuhan akuatik; 2. (in plural) aquatic sports, sukan air. *aquatic - berair, akuatik, air, akua *aquatic animal - haiwan air *aquatic microbiology mikrobiologi akua *aquatic organism -organisma air/organisma udara *aquatic plant tumbuhan akua

*aquatic vegetation - tumbuhan akua *aquatint noun. 1. (technique) teknik akuatin; 2. (etching) karya akuatin. *aquation - pengakuaan *aqueduct noun. 1. conduit for conveying water, akueduk; 2. elevated structure supporting conduit etc, akueduk; 3. Anatomy. A channel or passage in an organ or a body part, especially such a channel for conveying fluid, akueduktus. *aqueductus cochlearis akueduktus koklearis *aqueductus vestibulum akueduktus vestibulum *aqueous adjective. 1. of, like, containing water, berair, berakua, akueus: aqueous fusion, pelakuran akueus; aqueous ion, ion akueus; 2. formed by the action of water, akua: aqueous rock, batuan akua; aqueous lava, lava akua. *aqueous fusion - pelakuran berair *aqueous humor, *aqueous humour (kw-s hy mr) noun. Anatomy. The clear, watery fluid

circulating in the chamber of the eye between the cornea and the lens, gelemaca berair, gelamair *aqueous solution - larutan berakua, larutan berair *aquiclude akuiklud *aquiculture noun. see HYDROPONICS. *aquifer (kw-fr, kw-) noun. An underground bed or layer of earth, gravel, or porous stone that yields water. *aquiferous (-kwfr-s) adjective, akuifer *aquiherbosa akuiherbosa *aquiline adjective. 1. (of nose) bengkok; 2. of an eagle, (burung) helang. *aquine-abortion virus virus pengguguran akuin *aquinox - akuinoks *aquiprata akuiprata *Arab League noun. Liga Arab. *Arab noun. 1. one of the Semitic people, Arab; 2. horse native to Arabia, kuda Arab. *arabesque noun. 1. (ballet) arabes; 2. (music) arabes; 3. (style of decoration) awan larat, arabes.

*Arabia noun. (negeri) Arab. *Arabian camel noun. unta (negeri) Arab. *Arabian Desert noun. Padang Pasir Arab. *Arabian Nights noun. the Arabian Nights, Hikayat Seribu Satu Malam. *Arabian noun. orang Arab. *Arabian Sea noun. Laut Arab. *Arabianize transitive verb. mengarabkan. *Arabic noun. bahasa Arab. *Arabic numerals noun. angka Arab. *arabinose (-rb-ns, r-b-) noun. A crystalline pentose sugar, C5H10O5, obtained from plant polysaccharides such as gums and hemicelluloses, arabinosa *arable adjective. ploughed, capable of being ploughed, suai tani: arable land, tanah suai tani; arable farming, pertanian tanaman; noun. (land) tanah suai tani. *Araby noun. (poetry), (negeri) Arab. *arachnactis araknaktis *arachnid (-rknd) noun. Any of various arthropods of the class Arachnida, such as spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks, characterized by four pairs of segmented legs and a body that is divided into two regions, the cephalothorax and the abdomen. Also called arachnoid, araknid. *arachnidium araknidium *arachniform arakniform *arachnoid (-rknoid) adjective. Anatomy. Of or relating to a delicate membrane enclosing the spinal cord and brain, araknoid *arachnoideal araknoid *aragonite aragonit *arak noun. see ARRACK. *araneose araneos *arbacioid arbasioid

*arbiter noun. 1. arbitrator, judge, pemutus, wasit; 2. one who has complete control, penentu: an arbiter of fashion, penentu fesyen. *arbitrable adjective. dapat ditimbang tara. *arbitrage noun. arbitraj. *arbitrageur, arbitrager noun. pengarbitraj. *arbitral adjective. timbangtara: arbitral tribunal, tribunal timbangtara; Court of Arbitral Justice, Mahkamah Keadilan Timbang Tara. *arbitrament noun. 1. judgement, decision of arbiter, keputusan /pemutus, wasit/: he refused to abide by the arbitrament, dia enggan mematuhi keputusan pemutus; 2. act of arbitrating, penimbangtaraan. *arbitrariness noun. 1. capriciousness, cara/ sewenang-sewenang, sembarangan/: the arbitrariness of his choice, cara sewenang-wenang dia membuat pilihannya; 2. despotism, /sifat, cara/ diktator. *arbitrary (rb-trr) adjective. 1. Determined by chance, whim, or impulse, and not by necessity, reason, or principle, (appropriate verb + secara) /sewenang-wenang, sembarangan/: an arbitrary decision, keputusan sembarangan or keputusan yang dibuat secara sembarangan; he used his power in a purely arbitrary manner, dia menggunakan kuasanya secara sembarangan sematamata; 2. despotic, diktator: arbitrary rule, pemerintahan diktator; 3. Established by a court or judge rather than by a specific law or statute, arbitrari: arbitrary confiscation, perampasan arbitrari. *arbitrate (rb-trt) verb. arbitrated, arbitrating, arbitrates. verb, transitive. To judge or decide in or as in the manner of an arbitrator, menimbang tara: he offered to arbitrate between the two contending factions, dia menawarkan diri untuk menimbang tara kedua-dua pihak yang berbalah itu; to arbitrate for peace, menimbang tara untuk perdamaian; to arbitrate a dispute, menimbang tara pertikaian. *arbitration (rb-trshn) noun. The process by which the parties to a dispute submit their differences to the judgment of an impartial person or group appointed by mutual consent or statutory provision, penimbangtaraan, ditimbang tara; (attributive) timbang tara: to refer a matter to arbitration, mengemukakan sesuatu perkara untuk ditimbang tara; arbitration clause, klausa timbang tara. *arbitrational adjective. secara timbang tara: arbitrational settlements, penyelesaian secara timbang tara. *arbitrator (rb-trtr) noun. A person chosen to settle the issue between parties engaged in a dispute, penimbang tara.

*arbitress noun. penimbang tara. *arbitress noun. wasitah. *arbor noun. (engineering) arbor. *arbor noun. (United States) see ARBOUR. *arbor vitae (rbr-vt) noun. Any of several North American or eastern Asian evergreen trees or

shrubs of the genus Thuja, having flattened branchlets with opposite, scalelike leaves and small cones. They are grown as ornamentals and for timber, arbor vita *arboreal arbor *arboreal (r-br-l, -br-) adjective. Living in trees; arboreous, arboreal: arboreal vegetation, tumbuhtumbuhan arboreal; arboreal monkeys, monyet arboreal. *arboreous (r-br-s, -br-) adjective. 1. Having many trees; wooded, arborius; 2. arboreal, arboreal. *arboreous desert gurun arbor *arborescence kearboresenan *arborescent (rb-rsnt) adjective. Having the size, form, or characteristics of a tree; treelike,

arboresen *arboretum (rb-rtm) noun. plural arboretums or arboreta (-t). A place where an extensive variety of woody plants are cultivated for scientific, educational, and ornamental purposes, arboretum *arboriculture (rbr--klchr, r-br-, -br-) noun. The planting and care of woody plants,

especially trees, arborikultur *arborisation pengarboran *arborist ahli arbor *arboroid arboroid *arbour noun. punjung, pergola. *arboured adjective. berpunjung, berpergola. *arbovirus, *arborvirus (rb-vrs) noun. Any of a large group of viruses transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, that include the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever, and dengue. *arboviral adjective. *arbovirology (rb-v-rl-j), arbovirus *arbuscle arbuskel

*arbuscular arbuskel *arbusculum arbuskulum *arc control device - peranti kawal arka *arc deflector - pemesong arka *arc furnace - relau arka *arc (rk) noun. 1. something curved, lengkung, lengkok: the drive forms a wide arc in front of the house, jalan kereta merupakan satu lengkung yang lebar di hadapan rumah itu; 2. part of circumference, curve, lengkok; 3. (electricity) arka: electric arc, arka elektrik; mercury arc, arka raksa; intransitive verb. 1. form an electric arc, mengarka; 2. move, fly in an arc, appropriate verb + /melengkung, melengkok/: the missile arced across the sky, luncuran itu bergerak melengkung di langit. *arc of circle - lengkok bulatan *arc welding - pengimpalan arka *arcade arkad *arcade noun. arked: the arcade was paved with marble, lantai arked itu diturap dengan batu marmar; a shopping arcade, arked beli belah. *arcaded adjective. berarked, mempunyai arked: arcaded streets, jalan yang mempunyai arked. *arcane adjective. penuh /misteri, rahsia/: arcane rites, upacara yang penuh misteri, *arcaneness noun. penuh /misteri, rahsia/. *arch - gerbang, gerbangan, ombakan, arka, lengkungan *arch (rch) adjective. 1. mischievous, teasing, nakal, mengusik: an arch smile, senyuman nakal; 2. cunning, mengandungi muslihat: to throw someone an arch glance, melemparkan pandangan yang mengandungi muslihat kepada seseorang; 3. supercilious, angkuh: when he stammered out an excuse she gave him an arch look, apabila lelaki itu tergagap-gagap memberikan alasan, dia melemparkan pandangan angkuh kepadanya. *arch noun. 1. curved structure spanning an opening, gerbang, lengkung: horseshoe arch, gerbang ladam; window arch, gerbang tingkap; 2. also archway, pintu gerbang; 3. something curved like an arch, lengkung: the arch of the heavens, lengkung langit; the arch of the eyebrows, lengkung bulu kening; 4. (anatomy) lengkung: arch of the foot, lengkung tapak kaki; arch of the aorta, lengkung

aorta; intransitive verb. melengkung; (of eyebrows) terangkat: the bridge arched over the gorge, jambatan itu melengkung merentangi gaung; his eyebrows arched upwards questioningly, keningnya terangkat kerana tertanya-tanya; transitive verb. 1. form an arch, melengkung; (eyebrows) mengangkat: at the sight of the dog the cat arched its back, apabila ternampak anjing, kucing itu pun melengkungkan badannya; 2. span, menggerbangi: trees arched the road, pokokpokok menggerbangi jalan; *Archaean (r-kn) adjective. Of or relating to the oldest known rocks, those of the Precambrian era, that are predominantly igneous in composition, Arkean. *archaeocyte arkeosit *archaeologic archaeological adjective. [various translations]: an archaeologic expedition, ekspedisi untuk mencari peninggalan zaman purba; an archaeologic discovery, jumpaan barang purba; archaeologic studies, pengajian arkeologi; an archaeologic site, tempat peninggalan zaman purba. *archaeologist noun. ahli/arkeologi, kaji purba/. *archaeology, *archeology (rk-l-j) noun. Abbr. archaeol. The systematic recovery and study of material evidence, such as graves, buildings, tools, and pottery, remaining from past human life and culture, arkeologi, kaji purba. *archaeopteryx (rk-ptr-ks) noun. An extinct primitive bird (genus Archaeopteryx) of the Jurassic period, having lizardlike characteristics, such as teeth and a long, bony tail. It may represent a transitional form between reptiles and birds, arkeopteriks *archaeornithes arkeornit *archaeostomatous arkeostoma *archaic (r-kk) noun. 1. ancient, kuno, purbakala: examples of archaic Egyptian art, contoh-contoh seni kuno Mesir; 2. antiquated, ketinggalan zaman: his attitude towards women is positively archaic, sikapnya terhadap wanita betul-betul ketinggalan zaman; 3. (of words, vocabulary, etc) kuno. *archaism (rk-zm, -k-) noun. Abbr. arch. An archaic word, phrase, idiom, or other expression, kekunoan, /kata, rangkai kata/ kuno: "thou" is an archaism, "thou" adalah kata kuno; "malice aforethought" is an archaism, "malice aforethought" adalah rangkai kata kuno. *archallaxis arkalaksis *archamphiaster arkamfiaster

*archangel noun. principal angel, penghulu malaikat. *archbishop noun. ketua biskop. *archbishopric noun. 1. office, rank of archbishop, jawatan ketua biskop; 2. area governed by archbishop, kawasan kekuasaan ketua biskop. *archdiocese noun. kawasan kekuasaan ketua biskop. archduchess noun. archduchess. *archduchy noun. kawasan kekuasaan /archduke, archduchess/, *archduke noun. archduke. *Archean adjective. see ARCHAEAN. *archebiosis arkebiosis *archecentric arkesentrum *arched adjective. 1. consisting of, formed into arch (es), lengkung; (of window) gerbang, lengkung: an arched doorway, pintu lengkung; an arched ceiling, siling lengkung; 2. furnished with arch(es), bergerbang: an arched cloister, serambi gereja yang bergerbang; 3. curved, a. (of nose) bengkok; b. (of eyebrows) melengkung; (purposely) terangkat; c. (of body, back, foot, instep) melengkung. *archedictyon arkediktion *archegonioophore arkegoniofor *archegonium (rk-gn-m) noun. plural *archegonia (-n-). A multicellular, often flask-shaped, egg-producing organ occurring in mosses, ferns, and most gymnosperms, arkegonium. *archegonial adjective. *archegoniate (-t) adjective. *archencephalon (rkn-sf-ln) noun. The part of the primitive embryonic brain from which the forebrain and midbrain develop, arkensefalon *arch-enemy noun. 1. chief enemy, musuh ketat; 2. usually the Arch-enemy, the Devil, Iblis. *archenotoky arkenotoki *archenteron (r-knt-rn, -tr-n) noun. The central cavity of the gastrula, which ultimately becomes the intestinal or digestive cavity. *archenteric (rkn-trk) adjective, arkenteron *archeocyte arkeosit *archeologic (al) adjective. see ARCHAEOLOGIC(AL). *archeologist noun. see ARCHAEOLOGIST.

*archeology noun. see ARCHAEOLOGY. *archer noun. 1. bowman, pemanah; 2. the A archer, the zodiacal constellation Sagittarius, Sagittarius. *archerfish (rchr-fsh) noun. plural archerfish or archerfishes. Any of various freshwater fishes of the family Toxotidae that spit drops of water at insects and prey on those knocked to the surface of the water, sumpit-sumpit, ikan sumpit. *archery (rch-r) noun. pemanah. *archespore arkespora *archesporium arkesporium *archetypal, archetypical adjective. arketip: archetypal, archetypical beliefs and images, kepercayaan dan imej arketip. *archetype (rk-tp) noun. An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; Abbr. arch. The art, sport, or skill of shooting with a bow and arrow,

memanah; 2. archer's weapons collectively, perkakas memanah; 3. archers collectively, pasukan

a prototype, contoh tipikal: he was the archetype of a businessman, dia contoh tipikal seorang peniaga; 2. prototype, arketip: the Ford Model T is the archetype of mass-produced cars, Ford Model T ialah arketip kereta-kereta yang dikeluarkan secara besar-besaran; 3. (psychology) arketip; 4. recurrent symbol, motive, in literature, etc, tipa, induk, *archetypic development -perkembangan arketip *archetypic feeding -pemakanan arketip *arch-fiend noun.; the A arch-fiend, Iblis. *archiamphiaster arkiamfiaster *archianelid arkianelid *archibenthic arkibentos *archiblast aikiblas *archiblastic arkiblas *archiblastula arkiblastula *archicarp arkikarpa *archicentrum vertebra vertebra arkisentrum

*archicerebrum arkiserebrum *archichlamydeous arkiklamidea *archicoel arkiselom *archidictyon arkidiktion *archiform muscle otot arkiform *archigastrula arkigastrula *archigenesis arkigenesis *archigony arkigoni *Archimedes (rk-mdz) Greek mathematician, engineer, and physicist. Among the most important intellectual figures of antiquity, he discovered formulas for the area and volume of various geometric figures, applied geometry to hydrostatics and mechanics, devised numerous ingenious mechanisms, such as the Archimedean screw, and discovered the principle of buoyancy. *Archimedes' principle noun. prinsip Archimedes. *archinephric arkinefros *archinephric duct duktus arkinefros *archinephridium arkinefridium *archinephros arkinefros *archipallium arkipalium *archipelagic plain -dataran kepulauan *archipelago (rk-pl-g) noun. gugusan pulau-pulau, kepulauan: the Malay archipelago, kepulauan Melayu. *archipelago -kepulauan *archiplasm arkiplasma *archipterygium arkipterigium *archisternum arkisternum *architect noun. 1. someone who designs, supervises construction of buildings, arkitek, jurubina; 2. designer of other forms of construction, arkitek: town planning architect, arkitek perancang

bandar; landscape architect, arkitek seni taman; naval architect, jurutera perkapalan; marine architect, jurutera seni bina perkapalan; 3. achiever, creator, pembina: he was the architect of his own success, dialah pembina kejayaannya sendiri. *architectural adjective. seni bina: architectural draughtsman, pelukis seni bina; architectural styles, gaya seni bina; architectural drawings, lukisan seni bina. *architecturally adverb. dari segi seni bina: architecturally, it is a very fine building, dari segi seni bina bangunan itu sangat indah. *architecture - senibina, kearkitekan *architecture noun. 1. (the art or science) seni bina; 2. style of building, gaya seni bina: Greek architecture, gaya seni bina Yunani; 3. building or buildings collectively, bangunan; 4. design, construction of anything, reka bentuk: the architecture of the universe, reka bentuk dunia. *architomy arkitomi *archive (rkv) noun. (usually in plural) arkib: the National Archives, Arkib Negara. *archivist noun. arkivis. *archniannelid arknianelid *archoplasm lihat: archiplasm *archoplasmic apparatus radas arkoplasma *archosaur arkosaur *arch- prefix 1. chief; [various translations]: arch-angel, penghulu malaikat; arch-bishop, ketua biskop; arch-priest, paderi besar; 2. extremely bad, worst of; [various translations]: arch-enemy, musuh ketat; arch-liar, pendusta besar; arch-scoundrel, betul-betul bangsat; arch-tyrant, pemerintah zalim yang paling dahsyat. *archpriest noun. paderi besar. *archrestogonime arkrestogonim *archway noun. see ARCH (sense 2.). *arcicentrous arkisentrum *arciferous arsifer *arciform arsiform

*arciform muscle otot arsiform *arcing - pengarkaan *arcocentrous arkosentrum *arcocentrum arkosentrum *arctic (rktk, rtk) adjective. 1. A arctic, of the northern polar region, Artik: the A arctic Ocean, Lautan Artik; 2. (colloquial) very cold, sejuk betul: the weather was arctic, cuaca hari itu sejuk betul; noun.; the A arctic, north polar regions, Artik. *Arctic Circle noun. Garisan Artik. *arctic fox noun. rubah artik. *Arctic Ocean (rktk shn). The waters surrounding the North Pole between North America and Eurasia. The smallest ocean in the world, it is covered by pack ice throughout the year, Lautan Artik. *arcualium (plu. arcualia) arkualium *arcuate (rky -t, -t) also *arcuated (-td) adjective. Having the form of a bow; curved, arkuat *arcuate vein vena arkuat *arculus arkulus *ardellae ardela *ardency noun. see ARDOUR. *ardent adjective. 1. passionate, a. (of person) ghairah: an ardent lover, kekasih yang ghairah; b. (of feelings) berahi: ardent desire, nafsu berahi; ardent love, cinta berahi; 2. extremely eager, zealous, betul-betul, benar-benar: to be ardent in ones pursuit of knowledge, betul-betul berusaha untuk menimba ilmu pengetahuan; she is an ardent human rights activist, dia betul-betul pejuang hak kemanusiaan; 3. devoted, setia; (of supporter) kuat. an ardent fan of Muhammad Ali, peminat setia Muhammad Ali; an ardent supporter of the cause, penyokong kuat perjuangan itu; 4. glowing, bercahaya(-cahaya), bersinar(-sinar): he looked into her ardent eyes, dia merenung mata gadis yang bercahaya itu. *ardently adverb. 1. passionately, dengan penuh berahi. to love someone ardently, mencintai seseorang dengan penuh berahi; 2. eagerly, zealously, sangat: she ardently longed for recognition, dia sangat menginginkan dirinya dihargai; 3. greatly, benar-benar, betul-betul: to love classical music

ardently, benar-benar mencintai muzik klasik; 4. devotedly, dengan sepenuh hati: to admire someone ardently, mengagumi seseorang dengan sepenuh hati; he has supported the team ardently for years, dia telah bertahun-tahun menyokong pasukan itu dengan sepenuh hati. *ardour noun. 1. warmth of feeling, keghairahan; 2. warmth of passion, rasa berahi, keberahian: the separation increased his ardour, perpisahan itu menambahkan rasa berahinya; 3. eagerness, zeal, semangat yang berkobar-kobar: he was known for his political ardour, dia terkenal dengan semangat politiknya yang berkobar-kobar; to set out with great ardour to climb the mountain, pergi dengan semangat yang berkobar-kobar untuk mendaki gunung itu. **arduous adjective. 1. hard to accomplish, achieve, sukar, sulit, susah, payah: the task was long and arduous, kerja itu memakan masa yang lama dan sukar; 2. laborious, banyak memerlukan tenaga: a life filled with arduous and unrewarding labour, kehidupan yang penuh dengan kerja-kerja yang banyak memerlukan tenaga dan tidak mendapat ganjaran apa-apa pun; 3. hard to endure, tak/tertanggung, terderita/: a long, arduous winter, musim sejuk yang panjang dan tak terderita. *are intransitive verb. & auxiliary verb see BE. *area - kawasan, luas, keluasan *area code noun. (United States) kod kawasan. *area noun. 1. surface measure, luas(nya): the area of the room is 7 metres by 5 metres, luas bilik itu ialah 7 meter kali 5 meter; the area of a cone, luas kon; 2. section, part, bahagian: areas of the brain, bahagian-bahagian otak; only certain areas of the house are affected by dry rot, hanya pada bahagian-bahagian tertentu saja rumah itu terkena reput kering; 3. region, kawasan: a swampy area, kawasan berpaya; the area around the city, kawasan di sekeliling bandar raya; area manager, pengurus kawasan; 4. ground set aside for specific purpose, tempat: parking area, tempat letak kereta; picnic area, tempat berkelah; 5. section of town, city having specific purpose, kawasan: residential area, kawasan kediaman; commercial area, kawasan perdagangan; shopping area, kawasan beli-belah; 6. part of building having specific purpose, ruang: the reception area, ruang menyambut tetamu; the dining area, ruang makan; the kitchen area, ruang dapur; 7. range, scope, lingkungan, it is beyond the area of my experience, itu di luar lingkungan pengalaman saya; the whole area of our defence policy will be affected, seluruh lingkungan dasar pertahanan kita akan turut terlibat; an area of investigation, lingkungan penyelidikan; 8. field of study, bidang, lapangan: the area of finance, bidang kewangan; the area of language teaching, bidang pengajaran bahasa; 9. (around building, on which building stands) kawasan. *area opaca lihat: zona opaca

*area pellucida lihat: zona pellucida *area vasculosa lihat: zona vasculosa *areal eruption letupan kawasan *areca (-rk, r-k) noun. Any of certain tropical Old World palms, such as those in the genera Areca and Chrysalidocarpus, pokok pinang; areca nut, (buah) pinang. *arecaine arekain *arena - arena, gelanggang, medan *arena noun. gelanggang, arena: a wrestling arena, gelanggang gusti; in the political arena, dalam arena politik. *arena stage noun. pentas arena. *arena theatre noun. see THEATRE-IN-THE-ROUND. *arenaceous arena *arenaceous shell cangkerang arena *arenicoious arenikor *arenicolous organism organisma arenikol *arenite arenit *aren't contraction of ARE NOT. *areola (-r-l) also *areole (r-l) noun. plural *areolae (-l) or *areolas also *areoles (-lz). 1. areole a. Biology. A small space or interstice in a tissue or part, such as the area bounded by small veins in a leaf or the wing of an insect. b. A small, specialized, cushionlike area on a cactus from which hairs, glochids, spines, branches, or flowers may arise. 2. Anatomy. A small ring of color around a center portion, as about the nipple of the breast or the part of the iris surrounding the pupil of the eye, areola. *areola/*areole areola *areolae plural of AREOLA. *areolar adjective. areola. *areolation pengareolaan *areole areol

*arescent aresen *arete (-rt) noun. A sharp, narrow mountain ridge or spur, aret *argent noun. (poetry) perak. *argentaffin argentafin *argenteal argenteus *argenteous argenteus *argenteum argenteum *Argentina noun. Argentina. *Argentine noun. 1. the Argentine, Argentina; 2. native, inhabitant of Argentina, orang Argentina. *argentite argentit *argentophil argentofili *argentophilous argentofili *argillaceous (rj-lshs) adjective. Containing, made of, or resembling clay; clayey, argila, bertanah liat *argillite argilit *argillophyte argilofit *arginase arginase *arginine arginina *argon noun. argon. *argosy noun. (hist & poet.) bahtera. *argot (rg, -gt) noun. A specialized vocabulary or set of idioms used by a particular group, bahasa /sulit, rahsia/. *arguable adjective. 1. disputable, /dapat, boleh/ dipertikaikan. the truth of your statement is arguable, kebenaran pernyataanmu dapat dipertikaikan; 2. sustainable by argument, dapat dipertahankan: an arguable theory, teori yang dapat dipertahankan. *argue intransitive verb 1. quarrel, dispute, bertengkar, bertegang leher, berbantah, bertikai; (imperative) membantah, melawan: a husband and wife should try not to argue in front of the children, suami

isteri harus mencuba tidak bertengkar di hadapan anak-anak; he was reprimanded for arguing with his teacher, dia ditegur kerana bertengkar dengan gurunya; do what your mother tells you, and don't argue, buat apa sahaja yang disuruh ibumu dan jangan membantah; 2. discuss, debate, berbincang, berdebat: the three men were arguing over who should pay the bill, ketiga-tiga lelaki itu sedang berbincang tentang siapa yang patut membayar bil itu; he is always ready to argue, dia sentiasa bersedia untuk berdebat; 3. present reasons (for or against) mengemukakan alasan: he argued against the proposal, dia mengemukakan alasan menentang cadangan itu; to argue for the prosecution, mengemukakan alasan bagi pihak pendakwa; I thought he argued well, saya rasa dia mengemukakan alasan dengan baik; transitive verb. I. maintain, contend, mengemukakan alasan: he argued that the risk involved was too great, dia mengemukakan alasan bahawa risikonya terlalu besar; 2. debate, discuss, memperdebatkan, mendebatkan: they argued the point for hours, mereka memperdebatkan pokok persoalan itu berjam-jam; 3. indicate, menunjukkan: their way of life argues a certain degree of wealth, cara hidup mereka menunjukkan bahawa mereka agak mewah; argue about, berdebat tentang, memperdebatkan, mendebatkan: they usually argue about politics, mereka selalu berdebat tentang politik; let us not argue about which method is the best, tidak usahlah kita berdebat tentang kaedah mana yang paling baik; argue against, a. present opinion opposing (someone, something) see intransitive verb. (sense 3.); b. (formal) suggest, prove the opposite of, menyangkal; (of previous experience), [various translations]: their findings argued against the hypothesis that the atom is the indivisible particle of matter, penemuan mereka menyangkal hipotesis bahawa atom adalah partikel jirim yang tidak dapat dibahagi; all my experience argues against my accepting his offer, berdasarkan pengalaman yang sudah-sudah, saya tidak harus menerima tawarannya; argue something away, /menghapuskan, menghilangkan/ sesuatu: he was able to argue away my fears, dia dapat menghapuskan kekhuatiran saya; argue back, mengemukakan pendapat yang bertentangan, menentang: every time he made a suggestion his sister would argue back, setiap kali dia membuat cadangan adiknya akan mengemukakan pendapat yang bertentangan; argue someone down, mengalahkan hujah seseorang: despite his lack of experience he managed to argue them down, biarpun pengalamannya kurang dia dapat mengalahkan hujah mereka; argue for, see intransitive verb. (sense 3.); argue someone into, memujuk seseorang /supaya, untuk/: he argued his son into buying the shares, dia memujuk anak lelakinya supaya membeli saham itu; he will not be argued into signing the document, dia tidak dapat dipujuk untuk menandatangani dokumen itu; argue something out, membincangkan sesuatu habis-habis: the matter was argued out at the meeting, perkara itu telah dibincangkan habis-habis dalam mesyuarat itu; argue someone out of, a. (a position, belief) mempengaruhi seseorang supaya mengubah [pendirian, kepercayaan]: it is impossible to argue him out of the position he

has taken up on the issue, dia sukar dipengaruhi supaya mengubah pendiriannya terhadap isu itu; b. (doing something) memujuk seseorang supaya tidak: his wife finally argued him out of resigning, isterinya akhirnya dapat memujuknya supaya dia tidak meletakkan jawatan; argue over, see intransitive verb. (sense 2.); argue with, a. see intransitive verb. (sense 1.); b. disagree with, mempertikaikan: I do not argue with the facts, only with the meaning you give them, saya tidak mempertikaikan kenyataan itu tetapi saya mempertikaikan makna yang kamu berikan kepadanya. *argulid infection -jangkitan argulus *argulus -argulus *argument - hujah *argument noun. 1. quarrel, dispute, pertengkaran, bertengkar, bertegang leher, berbantah; (involving younger family member, subordinate, etc) membantah, melawan: in the middle of a heated argument he stormed out of the room, di tengah-tengah pertengkaran yang hangat itu dia mengamuk lalu keluar dari bilik; the child did as he was told without argument, anak itu membuat seperti yang disuruh dengan tidak melawan; 2. debate, discussion, perdebatan, memperdebatkan: the two men spent hours on philosophical arguments, dua orang lelaki itu telah menghabiskan masa berjam-jam dalam perdebatan yang berunsur falsafah; it has been proved beyond argument that..., telah dibuktikan dan tidak dapat diperdebatkan lagi bahawa...; 3. reasons presented (for or against) alasan: he patiently listened to all the arguments before deciding, dia dengan sabar mendengar kesemua alasan itu sebelum membuat keputusan; 4. process of reasoning, cara memberikan alasan; line of argument, thread of argument, aliran hujah; 5. summary (of subject matter etc) inti bicara; 6. (mathematics) hujah. *argumentation noun. 1. methodical reasoning, cara mengemukakan alasan: the evidence was obscured by inaccurate argumentation, bukti itu terselindung kerana cara mengemukakan alasan tidak tepat; 2. see ARGUMENT (sense 2.); 3. see ARGUMENT (sense 4.). *argumentative adjective. 1. apt to argue, suka /bertengkar, berdebat, bertegang leher, berbantah/; (of younger family member, subordinate, etc) suka /membantah, melawan/: an obstinate, argumentative man, seorang lelaki yang degil dan suka bertengkar; 2. controversial, penuh dengan perdebatan: an argumentative discussion, perbincangan yang penuh dengan perdebatan. *argumentativeness noun. sikap [seseorang] yang suka /bertengkar, berdebat, bertegang leher, berbantah/; (of younger family member, subordinate, etc) sikap [seseorang] yang suka /melawan,

membantah/: the child's argumentativeness infuriated her, sikap kanak-kanak yang suka melawan itu menyebabkan dia marah. *argyrophil argirofili *aria (r-) noun. Music. A solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment, as in an opera, aria. *aricose aricos *arid adjective. 1. dry, parched, gersang, kersang, kontang: arid belt, kawasan gersang; 2. uninteresting, barren, membosankan: his life was arid and joyless, hidupnya membosankan dan tidak bahagia; a style that is arid, gaya yang membosankan. *aridity, *aridness noun. 1. dryness, parchedness, kegersangan, kekersangan, kekontangan: the aridity of the desert inhibits plant life, kegersangan gurun mencegah pertumbuhan pokok-pokok; 2. quality of being uninteresting, barren, membosankan. *Aries noun. 1. zodiacal constellation between Taurus and Pisces, Aries; 2. (astrology) a. also the Ram (sign of the zodiac) bintang Aries; b. (person), (orang) berbintang Aries. *aright adverb. (literature) tidak salah: if I heard aright, she has already been promoted, jika tidak salah pendengaran saya, dia telah pun dinaikkan pangkat. *ariid -arid *aril (rl) noun. A fleshy, usually brightly colored cover of a seed, arising from the hilum or funiculus, aril. *ariled adjective. *arillate (-lt, -lt) adjective *arillate arilat *arillode arilod *arillus aril *arise intransitive verb 1. come into being or notice, timbul; (of person) muncul; (of mist) muncul: should the occasion arise again..., sekiranya perkara itu timbul lagi ...; new problems arose as the work progressed, masalah baharu timbul semasa kerja itu berjalan; many false prophets shall arise, beberapa banyak nabi palsu akan muncul; 2. get or stand up, see RISE (sense 1.); 3. ascend see RISE (sense 5.); 4. rise (especially from the dead) see RISE (sense 21); arise from, out off, timbul /akibat, daripada/: questions arising from the minutes, persoalan-persoalan yang timbul daripada minit mesyuarat itu; the many diseases that arise from bad sanitation, penyakit-penyakit yang timbul daripada keadaan tidak bersih.

*arisen past participle of ARISE. *arista (-rst) noun. plural *aristae (-t) or *aristas. A bristlelike part or appendage, such as the awn of grains and grasses or the process near the tip of the antenna of certain flies, arista. *aristate (-tt) adjective, *aristate aristat *aristocracy noun. 1. government by the best citizens, pemerintahan aristokrasi; 2. class of nobles, golongan bangsawan, aristokrat; 3. governing body of nobles, golongan bangsawan yang memerintah; 4. states so governed, negara aristokrasi; 5. best representatives (of something) kumpulan [noun] yang terbaik: an aristocracy of intellect, kumpulan cendekiawan yang terbaik. *aristocrat (-rst-krt, rs-) noun. A member of a ruling class or of the nobility, aristokrat. *aristocratic adjective. 1. of, pertaining, belonging to the aristocracy, (golongan) /bangsawan, aristokrat/: an aristocratic family, keluarga bangsawan; aristocratic prejudices, prasangka golongan bangsawan; the so-called aristocratic group, the landlords, tuan-tuan tanah yang kononnya golongan bangsawan; 2. favouring aristocracy, kebangsawanan: aristocratic leanings, condong ke arah kebangsawanan; aristocratic sympathies, bersimpati terhadap kebangsawanan; 3. like an aristocrat, seperti orang bangsawan; (of person) mempunyai lagak seperti orang bangsawan: he has an aristocratic bearing, dia berpembawaan seperti orang bangsawan. *aristogenesis aristogenesis *aristogenic aristogen *Aristotle's lantern - lantera Aristotle *aristulale aristulat *arithmetic adjective. also arithmetical, aritmetik, (ilmu) kira-kira; noun. aritmetik, (ilmu) kira-kira. *arithmetic mean noun. min aritmetik. *arithmetic progression noun. janjang aritmetik. *arithmetician noun. ahli aritmetik, ilmu kira-kira/. *ark noun. ship built by Noah, bahtera Nabi Noh; have come out of the ark, (colloquial) ketinggalan zaman. *arkualium (plu. arcualia) arkualium *arkyochrome arkiokrom

*arm - lengan *arm palisade palisad lengan *arm formula -formula lengan *arm noun. (of man) lengan; 2. fore limb of vertebrate, tangan; 3. sleeve, lengan baju: the arms need shortening, lengan baju itu perlu dipendekkan; 4. armrest of chair etc, tempat letak tangan, tangan-tangan, kelek-kelek(an); 5. something thought to resemble an arm, a. long inlet of sea, lake, etc, cabang; b. river fork, cabang; c. projecting part of candelabrum, cabang; d. projecting part of machine, device, etc, lengan: the arm of a crane, lengan kren; the arm of the windmill, lengan kincir angin; 6, large branch of tree, dahan; 7. branch, subdivision of organization, cabang: an arm of the government, cabang kerajaan; 5. power, authority, kuasa: the long arm of the law, kuasa undang-undang yang luas; arm in arm, berganding(an) tangan; as long as /my, your/ arm, (colloquial) panjang berjela-jela, berjela-jela panjangnya: she gave me a shopping list as long as my arm, dia memberi saya senarai beli-belah yang panjang berjela-jela; /babe, child, etc/ in arms, masih bayi; carry etc something under ones arm, mengepit sesuatu; have so on ones arm, berganding(an) tangan dengan seseorang; have something on ones arm, ada [noun] di lengan seseorang: she had a basket on her arm, ada bakul di lengannya; be in someones arms, dalam pelukan seseorang; be in the arms of Morpheus, sedang tidur; keep someone at arm's length, menjauhi seseorang; linked arms, berganding(an) tangan; put ones arm around someone, memeluk seseorang; within arm's reach, sepejangkauan, sepercapaian; with open arms, dengan tangan terbuka: the family welcomed him back with open arms, keluarganya menyambutnya kembali dengan tangan terbuka; would give ones right arm, (colloquial) rela membuat apa sahaja. *arm noun. 1. (usually in plural) weapon especially firearm, senjata api: an arms manufacturer, pengeluar senjata api; 2. (usually in plural) weapons collectively, senjata: an arms depot, depot senjata; 3. branch of the armed forces, pasukan: the infantry arm, pasukan infantri; 4. (in plural) military profession, perkhidmatan tentera; 5. (in plural) heraldic devices, lambang; bear arms, a. be armed, bersenjata; b. serve as a soldier, menjadi askar; lay down ones arms, a. cease fighting, meletakkan senjata; b. surrender, menyerah kalah; small arms, senjata kecil; to arms, bersedia; under arms, bersedia untuk /berperang, bertempur/; be up in arms, bersedia untuk bertindak: the whole community was up in arms over such restrictive legislation, seluruh masyarakat itu bersedia untuk bertindak terhadap undang-undang yang begitu mengekang; intransitive verb mempersenjatai + appropriate noun., memperlengkapi + appropriate noun. dengan senjata: we must arm in preparation for the war, kita mesti mempersenjatai askar kita sebagai persediaan

untuk berperang; transitive verb. 1. furnish, equip with weapon(s) mempersenjatai, memperlengkapi (dengan senjata): the government decided to arm the faster merchant vessels, kerajaan membuat keputusan untuk memperlengkapi kapal-kapal perdagangan yang lebih laju dengan senjata; 2. furnish with tools, requisites, memperlengkapi: the company armed each salesman with brochures and a sales kit, syarikat itu memperlengkapi setiap jurujualnya dengan risalah dan kit jualan; 3. make (bomb etc) ready to explode, memasang; arm /oneself, so/ against, a. equip oneself, someone with weapons (as a defence) mempersenjatai /diri (seseorang), seseorang/ untuk menentang, memperlengkapi /diri (seseorang), seseorang/ (dengan senjata) untuk menentang: we must arm ourselves against the enemy, kita harus mempersenjatai diri kita untuk menentang musuh; b. provide oneself, someone with something that strengthens etc, memperlengkapi/diri (seseorang), seseorang/ terhadap: to arm oneself against communist propaganda, memperlengkapi diri seseorang terhadap propaganda komunis; to arm our people against the lowering of morals, memperlengkapi rakyat kita terhadap kemerosotan akhlak; arm oneself with, a. provide oneself with (weapon), (active) mempersenjatai diri seseorang dengan; (passive) bersenjatakan: he armed himself with a broken bottle and hid behind the door, dia mempersenjatai dirinya dengan botol pecah dan bersembunyi di belakang pintu; the assailants were armed with M-16 rifles, penyerang-penyerang itu bersenjatakan repal M-16; b. furnish oneself with tool, requisites, (active) bersiap sedia, bersedia; (passive) siap: the plumber had armed himself with every conceivable tool before setting out for the job, tukang paip itu bersiap sedia dengan segala perkakas sebelum dia keluar untuk bekerja; several tourists, armed with cameras, came out of the hotel, beberapa orang pelancong, siap dengan kamera, keluar dari hotel itu; c. provide oneself with (something that strengthens, protects, etc) memperlengkapi: we must arm ourselves with patience, kita mesti memperlengkapi diri dengan kesabaran; *arm wrestling (rm rslng) noun. Sports. A form of wrestling in which two opponents sit facing each other with usually right hands interlocked and elbows firmly planted, as on a table surface, and attempt to force each other's arm down. Also called Indian wrestling, gusti tangan. *armada (r-md, -m-) noun. A fleet of warships, armada. *armadillo (rm-dl) noun. plural *armadillos. Any of several omnivorous, burrowing, edentate mammals (family Dasypodidae), native to southern North America and South America and characterized by an armorlike covering consisting of jointed, bony plates, armadilo. *armament noun. 1. weapon equipment of warship, military vehicle, etc, persenjataan: nuclear armaments, persenjataan nuklear; 2. forces armed, equipped for war, pasukan bersenjata; 3.

process of equipping for war, persenjataan: plans for the armament of a country, rancangan untuk persenjataan sebuah negara. *armature - angkir *armature armatur *armature noun. 1. wire-wound core of dynamo etc, angker; 2. vibrating part of electric bell etc, angker; 3. iron bar connecting poles of magnet, armatur; 4. (sculpture) rangka lukis: 5. protective covering of animal, plant, armatur. *arm-band noun. lilitan lengan; (indicating mourning) toaha. *armchair adjective. 1. theoretical, hanya pandai berteori: armchair critic, pengkritik yang hanya pandai berteori; 2. sharing in another's experience, berkongsi pengalaman +appropriate noun. orang lain: an armchair traveller, seorang yang berkongsi pengalaman pengembaraan orang lain; noun. kerusi tangan. *armchair armed adjective. bertangan, [appropriate adjective.] + tangannya; (preceded by numeral) bertangan: a long armchair armed creature, makhluk yang bertangan panjang or makhluk yang panjang tangannya; a one armchair armed man, seorang lelaki yang bertangan satu. *armed adjective. 1. equipped with weapons, a. (of person) bersenjata: an arm security guard, pengawal keselamatan yang bersenjata; the troops were fully arm, pasukan tentera itu bersenjata lengkap; b. (ship, aircraft, etc)dipersenjatai, diperlengkapi dengan senjata: an arm galleon, geliung yang dipersenjatai; 2. supported, maintained by arms, bersenjata: arm neutrality, keberkecualian bersenjata; arm peace, keamanan bersenjata; 3. involving use of arms, bersenjata: arm conflict, persengketaan bersenjata; arm resistance, penentangan bersenjata. *armed forces noun. angkatan tentera. *armful noun. serangkum: an armful of clean sheets, serangkum kain cadar bersih. *armhole noun. lubang lengan. *armilla armila *armillate armilat *armistice noun. armistis, perjanjian gencatan senjata. *armless adjective. tidak bertangan.

*armlet noun. 1. (of sea, lake, etc) cabang kecil; 2. band, bracelet worn round upper arm, pontoh, gelang kana. *armor noun. see ARMOUR. *armorial adjective. of, pertaining to heraldic arms, (berkenaan dengan) jata; armorial bearings, lambang kebangsawanan. *armory noun. see ARMOURY. *armour, *armor (rmr) noun. 1. (history) defensive covering worn in fighting, a. (made of chain-mail) baju zirah, baju rantai, baju besi; b. (made of metal plates) baju besi; 2. metal plates protecting warship, tank, etc, perisai; 3. armoured vehicles collectively, kenderaan berperisai; 4. protective covering, a. (of animal, plant) kulit perisai; b. (of cable, hose, etc) perisai; 5. diver's suit, baju selam; 6. heraldic devices, jata; transitive verb. 1. furnish with protective metal plate, memperlengkapi dengan perisai; 2. furnish with armoured vehicles, memperlengkapi dengan kenderaan berperisai: the four divisions were being armoured, keempat-empat bahagian sedang diperlengkapi dengan kenderaan berperisai; 3. furnish with protective covering, menyalut (dengan perisai): to armour a cable with wires, menyalut kabel dengan dawai; *armour, armor - perisai, lamina *armour-bearer noun. pembawa jata. *armour-clad adjective. berperisai: armour-clad warships, kapal perang berperisai; armour-clad cable, kabel berperisai. *armoured - berperisai, berlamina *armoured adjective. 1. clad in armour, a. (made of chain-mail) berbaju zirah, berbaju rantai, berbaju besi/; b. (made of metal plates) berbaju besi; 2. equipped with protective metal plates, berperisai: armoured cars, kereta berperisai; 3. supplied with armoured vehicles, menggunakan kenderaan berperisai: an armoured brigade, briged yang menggunakan kenderaan berperisai; 4. (of warfare, fighting, etc) menggunakan kenderaan berperisai; 5. (of cable, hose, etc) berperisai: armoured hose, hos berperisai. *armoured car noun. kereta perisai. *armoured fish -ikan berperisai *armoured head -kepala berperisai *armourer noun. amra.

*armour-plate noun. perisai. *armoury noun. 1. storehouse for arms, gedung senjata; 2. arms factory, kilang senjata; 3. array of weapons, kumpulan senjata. *arm-palisade palisad lengan *armpit (rmpt) noun. The hollow under the upper part of the arm at the shoulder, ketiak. *armrest (rmrst) noun. A support for the arm, as on a piece of furniture or within a motor vehicle, tempat letak tangan, tangan-tangan, kelek-kelekan. *arms race noun, perlumbaan senjata. *army noun. 1. military land forces of a country, angkatan tentera darat. standing army, angkatan tentera darat tetap; army rations, rang sum angkatan tentera darat; be in the army, berkhidmat dalam angkatan tentera, menjadi askar; join the army, memasuki angkatan tentera; 2. organized body trained and equipped for fighting, tentera; 3. organized body united for specific purpose, angkatan: the Salvation A army, Angkatan Takhlisan; 4. a large number, kumpulan besar. an army of factory workers, sekumpulan besar pekerja kilang; an army of ants, sekumpulan besar semut. *armyworm, *army-worm (rm-wrm) noun. A caterpillar belonging to either of two genera of moth, Pseudaletia or Spodoptera, large groups of which destroy crops and other vegetation, ulat ratus, ulat cawai *arnesol farnesol *amphitrophy amfitrofi *aroint inter & verb (archaic); aroint inter thee, nyah engkau. *arolium arolium *aroma noun. 1. bau /harum, wangi, sedap/ the aroma of freshly ground coffee, bau harum kopi yang baru dikisar; 2. (figurative) suasana: an aroma of wealth, suasana kemewahan. *aromatic aroma *aromatic adjective. 1. fragrant, spicy, berbau /harum, wangi, sedap/; (of smell) harum, wangi, sedap: an aromatic concoction of herbs, campuran herba yang berbau harum; the aromatic smell of pine trees, bau harum pokok pain; 2. of organic compounds, aromatik: aromatic acid, asid aromatik; aromatic alcohol, alkohol aromatik; noun. aromatik.

*aromaticity noun. 1. (of organic compound) kearomatikan; 2. quality, state of having aroma, /keharuman, kewangian, kesedapan/ bau. *aromatize, aromatise transitive verb. 1. make fragrant, mewangikan, mengharumkan, menyedapkan bau: he aromatized the stew with spices, dia mewangikan stew itu dengan rempah-rempah; 2. convert to aromatic compound, mengaromatikkan. *aromorph aromorf *aromorphosis aromorfosis *arose past tense of ARISE. *around - keliling, sekitar *around adverb. 1. on every side or most sides (so as to surround, confine, etc), (di) kelilingnya, (di) sekelilingnya: a piece of vacant land that is fenced all around, sebidang tanah kosong yang dipagari sekelilingnya; 2. in circumference, keliling: the track is only 1,000 metres around, balapan itu hanya 1,000 meter keliling; 3. in every direction from a point of reference, di sekelilingnya, keliling; (when distance is specified) sekitar, di sekelilingnya: he looked around but couldn't see his friend anywhere, dia memandang di sekelilingnya tetapi tidak nampak kawannya di mana-mana; the blast was heard ten kilometres around; letupan itu dapat didengar sekitar sepuluh kilometer; 4. (colloquial) close at hand, in the vicinity, ada/di sini, dekat-dekat sini/: I'll be around if you should want me, saya ada di sini jika kamu memerlukan saya; the letter must be somewhere around, surat itu ada dekat-dekat sini, entah di mana; 5. here and there, a. at, in various places, di sana sini, di merata-rata tempat: scattered around, tersebar di merata-rata tempat; b. to various places, ke merata-rata tempat, ke sana sini: to travel around, mengembara ke merata-rata tempat; 6. to someones house, place of work, etc, ke /rumah, pejabat, dan lain-lain/ seseorang, [or not translated]: he came around to inspect the leak in the roof; dia datang (ke rumah saya) untuk memeriksa atap yang bocor; 7. (colloquial) in existence, circulation or activity, [no specific translation]; (when length of time is indicating) berkecimpung dalam bidang + appropriate noun: you won't find furniture of this quality around nowadays, kamu tidak akan dapat mencari perabot yang bermutu seperti ini sekarang or perabot yang bermutu seperti ini tidak lagi dijual sekarang; he must be one of the best actors around, dia tentulah salah seorang pelakon yang terbaik di antara yang ada; a singer who has been around for a number of years now, penyanyi yang telah berkecimpung dalam bidang seni suara selama beberapa tahun; all around, di/sekeliling, sekitar/ + appropriate noun., pronoun: all around are signs of decay, di sekelilingnya kelihatan tanda-tanda kereputan; from all around, di sekeliling: from all around we heard the

sound of gunshots, di sekeliling kedengaran letupan senapang; from miles around, dari /meratarata tempat, jauh dan dekat/; have been around, (colloquial) a. have had much worldly experience, telah banyak makan garam, banyak pengalaman: you should listen to his advice; he's been around, kamu patut mendengar nasihatnya; dia telah banyak makan garam; b. have been alive, hidup: when you've been around as long as I have..., kalau kamu telah hidup lama seperti saya...; preposition 1. on every side or most sides of, di (se)keliling: a race-course with stands around it, balapan lumba kuda dengan tangga kambing di sekelilingnya; 2. on, along the outer edge of, a. (so as to encircle, surround) di (se)keliling: several people seated around the table looked away in embarrassment, beberapa orang yang duduk di sekeliling meja itu memalingkan muka kerana malu; he drew a circle around the triangle, dia melukis bulatan di sekeliling segi tiga itu; b. (so as to come into contact with) di; (foil verb) pada: the brightly coloured scarf around her waist added interest to her plain outfit, selendang yang berwarna terang di pinggangnya menyerikan pakaiannya yang sederhana itu; to put decorations around the window, membubuh perhiasan pada bingkai tingkap; from around, dari,[not translated]: take your arm from around my shoulders, lepaskan tanganmu dari bahuku or jangan paut bahuku; c. (so as to make a circuit of) mengelilingi, berkeliling: she danced around the fire as if in a trance, dia menari mengelilingi unggun api itu seperti orang yang tidak sedarkan diri; d. (so as to make partial circuit of) menyusuri, mengelilingi: a voyage around the Cape of Good Hope, pelayaran mengelilingi Tanjung Harapan; 3. in every direction from (a point of reference) sekeliling, sekitar: he looked around him and could not believe what he saw, dia memandang sekelilingnya dan tidak dapat mempercayai apa yang dilihatnya; 4. situated here and there in, di sana sini di: the antique clocks around the house, jam-jam antik yang terdapat di sana sini di rumah itu; 5. from one place to another in, throughout, mengelilingi, berkeliling: to drive around the island, memandu mengelilingi pulau itu; 6. (colloquial) in the vicinity of, near, di sekitar, dekat (dengan); (following verb) dekat (dengan): the land around the river is very fertile, tanah di sekitar sungai itu sangat subur; he lives somewhere around here, dia tinggal dekat sini; 7. reached by following the curving course of, selepas: the house around the corner, rumah selepas sudut jalan itu; 8. so as to have a centre or basis in, berdasarkan. a novel built around an interesting character, novel yang ditulis berdasarkan watak yang menarik; 9. approximately at or in, sekitar, kira-kira, lebih kurang: around two o'clock, sekitar pukul dua; around 1975, sekitar tahun 1975; [for phrases such as come around, get around, hang around, lie around, turn around, wait around, etc, see appropriate verbs]; . [see also ABOUT, ROUND]. *arousal noun. act of exciting, stirring up, a. (general) berbangkit, timbul: the arousal of suspicion due to his strange behaviour, rasa syak wasangka yang berbangkit kerana tingkah lakunya yang ganjil; b.

(sexually) kebangkitan: sexual arousal, kebangkitan nafsu berahi; c. (of spirit, sentiment, etc) kebangkitan: the arousal of nationalist feelings, kebangkitan semangat kebangsaan. *arouse transitive verb. 1. excite, stir up, a. (general), (active) membangkitkan, menimbulkan; (passive) berbangkit, timbul: his wife's behaviour aroused his jealousy, tingkah laku isterinya membangkitkan perasaan cemburunya; to arouse doubts, menimbulkan perasaan was-was; a man who becomes violent when his anger is aroused, seorang lelaki yang menjadi ganas apabila kemarahannya timbul; b. (sexually), (active) /membangkitkan, menimbulkan /nafsu, berahi, syahwat/; (passive) naik /berahi, syahwat/: to be easily aroused, mudah naik berahi; c. (spirit, sentiment, etc), (active) membangkitkan, menimbulkan, membangunkan; (passive) berbangkit: a speech designed to arouse the passions of the mob, ucapan yang bertujuan untuk membangkitkan semangat perusuh; 2. awaken, mengejutkan, menggerakkan, membangkitkan, membangunkan, menjagakan. *arpeggio (r-pj-, -pj) noun. plural *arpeggios. Music. The playing of the tones of a chord in rapid succession rather than simultaneously, arpeggio. *arrack (rk, -rk) noun. A strong alcoholic drink of the Middle East and the Far East, usually distilled from fermented palm sap, rice, or molasses, arak. *arraign (-rn) verb, transitive. arraigned, arraigning, arraigns. Law. To call (an accused person) before a court to answer the charge made against him or her by indictment, information, or complaint, menghadap tuduh; 2. find fault with, menyalahkan, mempersalahkan: he arraigned the party for its lack of foresight, dia menyalahkan parti kerana tidak berpandangan jauh. *arraignment noun. 1. (legal) menghadap tuduh; 2. act of finding fault with, (perbuatan) /menyalahkan, mempersalahkan/. *arrange (-rnj) verb. arranged, arranging, arranges. intransitive verb berikhtiar, berusaha: they

arranged to be in the front row, mereka berikhtiar untuk mendapatkan tempat duduk di barisan hadapan; transitive verb. 1. put into order, a. (general) mengatur, menyusun: the chairs were arranged in rows, kerusi-kerusi itu diatur berbaris-baris; to arrange the books in the library, menyusun buku di perpustakaan; the pleats were so arranged that the flaw in the material was hidden, lisu-lisu itu disusun dengan sebegitu rupa sehingga cacat pada kain itu tidak ketara; to arrange a timetable, menyusun jadual waktu; b. (some responsibility etc that needs attention) mengurus: he arranged his business affairs before going abroad, dia mengurus urusan perniagaannya sebelum pergi ke luar negeri; c. (flowers) menggubah, menyusun; d. (hair) mendandan; e. (clothing, part of clothing) membetul-betulkan: she sat down, carefully arranging

her skirt, dia duduk dan dengan cermat membetul-betulkan skirtnya; f. (place) menyiapkan: the hall has been arranged for the concert, dewan itu telah disiapkan untuk pertunjukan itu; g. (seating arrangement) menentukan: to arrange the seating at the National Day parade, menentukan tempat duduk untuk perbarisan Hari Kebangsaan; 2. plan, prepare for in advance, mengatur, mengurus; (appointment) membuat: everything was arranged before the meeting, semuanya sudah diatur sebelum mesyuarat; to arrange a reception for the visiting team, mengatur satu jamuan untuk pasukan pelawat; he has arranged a hire-car for us, dia telah mengatur penempahan sebuah kereta sewa untuk kami; to arrange an appointment with the dentist, membuat janji temu dengan doktor gigi; 3. (marriage), (active) mengatur; (passive) berlangsung: a marriage has been arranged between Mr. C. H. Lim and Miss Iris Chong, perkahwinan antara Encik C. H. Lim dan Cik Iris Chong akan berlangsung; 4. arrive at an agreement, settle, menyelesaikan; (regarding time, place) menentukan, menetapkan: let us arrange our differences, marilah kita menyelesaikan perselisihan kita; have you arranged a date for the party yet?, sudahkah kamu menetapkan tarikh bagi majlis itu?; we must arrange a place for the next meeting, kita hendaklah menentukan tempat untuk mesyuarat yang akan datang; 5. (music) menyusun: to arrange an orchestral score for the piano, menyusun skor orkestra untuk piano; 6. adapt (play etc) for broadcasting, menyesuaikan; arrange about, mengurus: she has arranged about the food for the tea party, dia telah mengurus penyediaan makanan untuk majlis minuman teh itu; who arranged about buying the tickets?, siapakah yang mengurus pembelian tiket?; arrange for, mengurus: to arrange for a taxi, mengurus penempahan teksi; I have arranged for you to be sent straight to my office, saya telah mengurus supaya encik dihantar terus ke pejabat saya; arrange something for, a. make plans for, /mengatur, mengurus/ sesuatu: he has arranged additional classes for them, dia telah mengurus kelas tambahan untuk mereka; b. see transitive verb. (sense 4.); c. see transitive verb. (sense 5.); arrange with, a. arrive at an agreement, settle, berjanji: I arranged with a friend to meet him at the pier, saya berjanji dengan seorang kawan untuk berjumpa dengannya di pangkalan itu; b. plan, prepare for in advance, berurusan: we will arrange with headquarters for your transfer, kami akan berurusan dengan ibu pejabat supaya kamu ditukarkan ke tempat lain; *arranged adjective. (of marriage) diatur, pilihan ibu bapa: an arranged marriage, perkahwinan yang diatur. *arrangement noun. 1. act of putting into order, a. (general) penyusunan, mengatur, menyusun: she busied herself with the arrangement of the goods on the shelves, dia bersibuk-sibuk mengatur barangbarang di atas rak itu; we must allow plenty of time for the arrangement of the furniture, kita

harus memberikan masa yang banyak bagi penyusunan perabot itu; b. (flowers) penggubahan; c. (hair) mendandan; d. (seating) penentuan: the arrangement of the seating was left to the secretary, penentuan tempat duduk dipertanggungjawabkan kepada setiausaha itu; 2. act of preparing for in advance, pengurusan, mengurus, mengatur: the arrangement of a meeting, pengurusan mesyuarat; 3. mode, manner in which things are arranged, a. (general) cara [noun] disusun: the arrangement of books in a library, cara buku disusun di perpustakaan; b. (of flowers) gubahan; c. (of hair) dandanan; 4. something arranged, gubahan: a floral arrangement, gubahan bunga; 5. (in plural) plans, preparations, persiapan, persediaan; (preceded by possessive pronoun) segala yang telah [appropriate possessive pronoun] /atur , urus/: arrangements for the royal wedding, persiapan untuk upacara perkahwinan diraja itu; we will have to cancel our arrangements, kita terpaksa membatalkan segala yang telah kita atur; make arrangements, /mengatur, mengurus/ segalagalanya; make the necessary arrangements, /mengatur, mengurus/ segala yang perlu; 6. adaptation of piece of music, gubahan, susunan. *arranger noun. (music) penyusun. *arrant adjective. betul-betul, benar-benar: he is an arrant rogue, dia betul-betul bangsat; arrant nonsense, betul-betul karut. *arras noun. kain dewangga. *array noun. 1. impressive assemblage, display, kumpulan (yang mengagumkan): an array of notabilities, sekumpulan orang ternama; an array of medals, sekumpulan pingat; an array of facts, sekumpulan fakta yang mengagumkan; 2. orderly arrangement (especially of troops) ikatan: the troops were in battle array, pasukan tentera itu berada dalam ikatan perang; 3. body of troops, pasukan; 4. (poetry) clothing, dress, pakaian, baju: to be dressed in bridal array, memakai pakaian pengantin; 5. (mathematics) tata susunan; transitive verb. dress (especially in rich attire) berpakaian indah, memakai /pakaian, baju/ yang indah: he was arrayed like a prince, dia berpakaian indah seperti seorang putera raja; be arrayed in, memakai: to be arrayed in ceremonial robes, memakai jubah adat istiadat; 2. arrange in order for battle, (active) membariskan; (passive) berbaris: he arrayed his troops on the river bank, dia membariskan askar-askamya di tebing sungai itu; array oneself, a. dress oneself (especially in rich attire) memakai: she arrayed herself in all her finery, dia memakai pakaian yang indah-indah; b. arrange oneself in order for battle, menyusun baris, mengikat perang: the tribesmen arrayed themselves against the enemy, orang-orang suku kaum itu mengikat perang untuk melawan pihak musuh.

*arrears, arrearage noun. tunggakan: arrears, arrearage of taxes, tunggakan cukai; arrears, arrearage of wages, tunggakan gaji; arrears, arrearage of work, tunggakan kerja; arrears, arrearage of correspondence, tunggakan surat-menyurat; be in arrears, arrearage, tertunggak: the rent was six months in arrears, arrearage, sewanya tertunggak enam bulan; be in arrears, arrearage with (something), menunggak (sesuatu): he is two months in arrears, arrearage with his payments, dia menunggak bayaran ansurannya selama dua bulan. *arrector pili pili arektor *arrector pili muscle otot pili arektor *arrectores pilorum arektores pilorum *arrest noun. 1. act of taking into custody, penangkapan: an unlawful arrest, penangkapan yang tidak sah; to effect an arrest, melakukan penangkapan; 2. act of seizing (ship) legally, penahanan; 3. also arrestation: act of stopping, checking, a. (progress, spread, flow, etc) penyekatan, tersekatnya, terhentinya; (development) penyekatan, pembantutan, tersekatnya, terhentinya: a stroke causes a partial arrest of the vital processes, strok menyebabkan tersekatnya sebahagian daripada prosesproses penting; b. (growth) pembantutan; cardiac arrest, jantung terhenti; /place, put/ someone under arrest, menahan seseorang; (be) under arrest, ditahan; transitive verb. 1. take into custody, menangkap: he was arrested as he stepped off the plane, dia ditangkap sebaik sahaja dia turun dari kapal terbang; 2. seize (ship) legally, menahan; 3. stop, check, a. (motion of person or object) menahan: a tree branch arrested his fall, dahan pokok telah menahan dia daripada terus jatuh; b. (progress, spread, flow, etc) menyekat, menghentikan; (development) menyekat, membantutkan, menghentikan: to arrest the spread of a disease, menyekat merebaknya sesuatu penyakit; the deep cavities on the mountain slope arrested the lava flow, lekuk-lekuk pada cerun gunung yang dalam itu menyekat aliran lava; such an experience may arrest a child's development, pengalaman sebegitu rupa dapat menyekat perkembangan kanak-kanak; c. (growth) membantutkan: clipping the roots will arrest the growth of the plant, memotong akar-akar akan membantutkan pertumbuhan pokok; 4. catch (attention) menarik: its unusual shape arrested our attention, bentuknya yang luar biasa menarik perhatian kami; *arrestation noun. see ARREST (sense 3.). *arrested adjective. stopped, checked, a. (of progress, spread; flow, etc) tersekat, terhenti; (of development) tersekat, terbantut; b. (of growth) terbantut. *arrester - penangkap

*arrester, arrestor noun. 1. someone who arrests, orang yang menangkap; 2. device that stops, checks motion, penangkap. *arresting adjective. menarik (perhatian): a man with an arresting personality, lelaki yang mempunyai keperibadian yang menarik; one of his most arresting poems, salah satu sajaknya yang menarik perhatian; *arrhenogenic arenogen *arrhenoid arenoid *arrhenoplasm arenoplasma *arrhenotoky arenotoki *arrhizous /arrhizal ariza *arrhostia arostia *arrival noun. 1. act of, a. (reaching destination, appearing on the scene) ketibaan, tiba, sampai: crowds of people watched the arrival of the guests, banyak orang yang memperhatikan ketibaan para tetamu itu; to wait for the arrival of fresh supplies, menunggu bekalan yang baru tiba; his unexpected arrival at the party caused quite a stir, ketibaannya yang tidak disangka-sangka di majlis itu menimbulkan kekecohan sedikit; b. (coming of season etc) ketibaan, sampai: torrential downpours signalled the arrival of the wet season, hujan lebat yang turun mencurah-curah menandakan ketibaan musim tengkujuh; c. (reaching an objective, end) mencapai; d. (colloquial) being born, kelahiran; 2. time of arriving, waktu ketibaan: arrivals and departures, waktu ketibaan dan waktu berlepas; 3. person that has arrived, orang yang baru /tiba, sampai/: the airport was crammed with new arrivals, lapangan terbang itu penuh sesak dengan orang-orang yang baru tiba; 4. thing that has arrived, (barang) yang /tiba, sampai/: the latest arrivals have yet to be displayed, barang-barang yang baru tiba itu belum lagi dipamerkan; fresh arrivals of fruit and vegetables, buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran yang baru tiba; new arrival, (colloquial) /bayi, anak/ yang baru lahir; on (someones) arrival, /setibanya, sesampainya/ seseorang: on our arrival in Singapore we were greeted by an official of the Ministry, setibanya kami di Singapura, kami disambut oleh pegawai Kementerian itu. *arrive intransitive verb 1. reach destination, appear on the scene, tiba, sampai: he has only just arrived from Madras, dia baru saja tiba dari Madras; the parcel did not arrive until well after his birthday, bungkusan itu tiba lama selepas hari jadinya; several of the guests have already arrived, beberapa orang tetamu sudah pun tiba; 2. come (of time) tiba, sampai: the day has arrived for us to leave,

sudah tiba harinya untuk kita meninggalkan tempat ini; the little birds will be out of their nest by the time spring arrives, apabila musim bunga tiba anak-anak burung sudah meninggalkan sarangnya; 3. (colloquial) be born, dilahirkan, lahir: the baby arrived early, bayi itu dilahirkan lebih awal dari masanya; 4. (colloquial) achieve success, berjaya, mencapai kejayaan: he felt that he had arrived after getting such a tumultuous welcome, dia berasa telah berjaya apabila mendapat sambutan yang begitu bergemuruh; arrive at, mencapai: to arrive at a decision, mencapai keputusan; to arrive at a price, mencapai persetujuan tentang harga. *arrogance noun. keangkuhan, ketakburan. *arrogant adjective. 1. having exaggerated opinion of ones worth etc, angkuh, takbur: power often makes a man arrogant, kuasa selalunya menjadikan seseorang itu angkuh; 2. arising from, characterized by arrogance, angkuh: his arrogant presumption that only he was capable of leading us was infuriating, anggapannya yang angkuh bahawa dia seorang sahajalah yang dapat memimpin kami, menimbulkan kemarahan kami. *arrogate transitive verb. 1. appropriate, assume without right, mengambil: the courts will not allow any person or department to arrogate their rights, mahkamah tidak akan membenarkan sesiapa pun atau jabatan mana pun mengambil hak mereka; arrogate something to oneself, memberikan (sesuatu) kepada diri seseorang sendiri, mengambil: he arrogated to himself the right to change the law, dia memberikan hak kepada dirinya sendiri untuk mengubah undang-undang; 2. attribute unjustly (to another) menganggap adanya [sesuatu]: don't arrogate evil motives to me, janganlah menganggap adanya niat jahat pada diri saya; arrogate wrong intentions to someone, menyalah anggap tujuan seseorang. *arrogation noun. 1. act of appropriating, assuming without right, pengambilan, mengambil: an arrogation of a role that belongs to the courts, pengambilan suatu peranan yang sebenarnya hak mahkamah; 2. act of attributing unjustly (to another) anggapan /adanya, kononnya ada/ [sesuatu]. *arrow - anak panah *arrow noun. 1. missile shot from a bow, anak /panah, busur/; 2. pointer resembling an arrow, (tanda) anak panah. *arrow worm (r wrm) noun. Any of various small, slender marine worms of the phylum

Chaetognatha having a narrow, almost transparent body and sickle-shaped bristles on each side of the mouth, cacing panah, cacing torpedo *arrowhead (r-hd) noun. The pointed, removable striking tip of an arrow, kepala panah, mata panah.

*arrow-poison frog katak panah racun *arrowroot (r-r t, -r t) noun. sagu belanda/. *arroyo (-roi) noun. plural arroyos. A deep gully cut by an intermittent stream; a dry gulch, aroyo *arse (rs), *ass (s) noun. (vulgar) 1. buttocks, pantat, burit; 2. also arse-hole, anus, dubur, jubur; 3. also arse-hole, foolish, stupid person, (slang) tolol, bahlul, bangang, tongong. *arsenal noun. 1. place for storing arms, ammunition, gedung, senjata dan amunisi; 2. arms and ammunition factory, kilang senjata dan amunisi; 3. store of something regarded as weapons, kumpulan senjata: they stumbled upon an arsenal of guns and swords in the dead man's house, mereka terjumpa akan sekumpulan senjata yang terdiri daripada senapang dan pedang di rumah si mati. *arsenic acid (r-snk sd) noun. A poisonous, white, translucent crystalline compound, H3AsO4, used to manufacture arsenates, asid arsenik. *arsenic (rs-nk) noun. Symbol As A highly poisonous metallic element having three allotropic forms, yellow, black, and gray, of which the brittle, crystalline gray is the most common. Arsenic and its compounds are used in insecticides, weed killers, solid-state doping agents, and various alloys. Atomic number 33; atomic weight 74.922; valence 3, 5. Gray arsenic melts at 817C (at 28 atm pressure), sublimes at 613C, and has a specific gravity of 5.73, arsenik; noun. 1. (element) arsenik; 2. (popular) arsenic trioxide, arsenik: arsenic poisoning, keracunan arsenik. *arsenic metabolism metabolisme arsenik *arsenic trioxide (rs-nk tr-ksd) noun. A poisonous, white amorphous powder, As2O3, used in insecticides, rat poisons, and weed killers, arsenik trioksida. *arsenical adjective. berarsenik; noun. bahan berarsenik. *arsenide noun. arsenida. *arsenious adjective. arsenius. *arsenite noun. arsenit *arsine noun. arsin. *arson noun. perbuatan membakar dengan sengaja. a tropical American perennial herb (Maranta arundinacea), ubi

/garut, larut, karut/, ararut, sagu belanda; 2. (starch) kanji ubi /garut, larut, karut/ , kanji /ararut,

*arsonist noun. orang yang membakar dengan sengaja. *art noun. 1. creation of works of beauty, seni: the art of pottery, seni tembikar; art for art's sake. seni untuk seni; 2. human skill (as distinguished from nature) kemahiran seni: could this strange arrangement be the product of art?, dapatkah susunan yang ganjil ini dianggap sebagai hasil kemahiran seni?; 3. fine skill, kemahiran: the story is developed with great art, cerita itu diolah dengan kemahiran yang istimewa; there's an art to tightrope walking, berjalan di atas tali yang diregang memerlukan kemahiran; 4. works of art collectively, /(karya, ciptaan)/ seni: a work of art. karya seni; the art of the early Egyptians, karya seni Mesir purba; an art museum, muzium seni; 5. field, genre of art, seni; (especially painting) seni lukis: an art student, penuntut seni; shadow play is an art. permainan wayang kulit ialah suatu seni; 6. field using techniques of art. seni: advertising art, seni pengiklanan; industrial art, seni perusahaan; art theatre, panggung seni; art lyric, lirik seni; art linen, linen seni; art furniture, perabot seni; 7. (journalism) kerja seni; 8. method, knack, cara: the art of tying a scarf, cara mengikat selendang; the art of saying the right thing, cara mengeluarkan kata-kata yang kena pada tempatnya; 9. principles, methods governing an activity. cara, kaedah: the art of war, cara berperang; the art of government, cara memerintah; the art of building, cara membina bangunan; 10. artfulness. kelicikan; 11.(in plural) creative, non scientific branches of knowledge, (bidang) sastera: literature and philosophy are among the arts, kesusasteraan dan falsafah adalah antara bidang sastera; Bachelor of Arts, Sarjana Muda Sastera; an arts degree. ijazah sastera; 12. see FINE ARTS; 13. tricks. schemes, muslihat: all the little arts employed by women in the pursuit of men, segala muslihat yang digunakan oleh wanita untuk memikat lelaki; arts and crafts, seni lukis dan pertukangan; have got something down to a fine art, cukup pintar: she can borrow his car whenever she likes; she's got it down to a fine art, dia dapat meminjam kereta lelaki itu bila-bila masa saja yang dia suka. Dia cukup pintar; the black art, ilmu sihir. *art nouveau (r noun. -v, rt) noun. A style of decoration and architecture of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, characterized particularly by the depiction of leaves and flowers in flowing, sinuous lines, art nouveau. *art paper noun. kertas /lukis, art/ art paper *art work noun. kerja seni. *artefact artefak *artefact noun. artifak. *artenkreis artenkreis

*arterenol arterenol *arterial arteri *arterial adjective. 1. relating to, affecting, an artery, arteri: arterial disease, penyakit arteri; arterial pressure, tekanan arteri; arterial system, sistem ; arteri; 2. of, being, main road or lines of transport, utama: arterial road, jalan raya utama; arterial railways, jalan kereta Bpi utama. *arterial circle bulatan arteri *arterial system - sistem arteri *arteriolar venular *arteriolar-venular -arteriolar-venular *arteriole arteriol *arteriole noun. arteriol. *arteriosclerosis arteriosklerosis *arteriosclerosis noun. arteriosklerosis. *arteritis (rt-rts) noun. Inflammation of an artery, arteritis *artery (rt-r) noun. plural arteries. Anatomy. Any of a branching system of muscular, elastic tubes that carry blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body, arteri; 2. main channel of transport, communication, a. (of road) jalan raya utama; b. (of river etc) jalan air utama. *artesian noun.; artesian well, telaga artois. *artesian well (r-tzhn wl) noun. A well drilled through impermeable strata to reach water capable of rising to the surface by internal hydrostatic pressure, telaga artis, telaga artois. *art-form noun. 1. form of composition, bentuk seni; 2. medium of artistic expression, bentuk seni. *artful adjective. cunning, deceitful, a. (of person) licik; b. (of scheme, intrigue, etc) penuh muslihat. *artfulness noun. cunning, deceitfulness, a. (of person) kelicikan; b. (of scheme, intrigue, etc) penuh muslihat. *artherosclerosis arterosklerosis *arthritic adjective. 1. of, rel to arthritis, artritis: arthritic pains, sakit artritis; 2. affected with arthritis, a. (of person) berpenyakit artritis: an arthritic old woman, perempuan tua yang berpenyakit artritis;

b. (of part of body), /dihinggapi, kena/ penyakit artritis: arthritic joints, sendi-sendi yang dihinggapi penyakit artritis; noun. pesakit artritis. *arthritis (r-thrts) noun. Inflammation of a joint or joints resulting in pain and swelling, artritis. *arthrobranch artrobrankia *arthrobranchiae artrobrankia *arthrocyte artrosit *arthrodesis (plu. arthrodeses) artrodesis *arthrodia artrodia *arthrodial artrodia *arthrogenous artrogen *arthromere artromer *arthrophyte artrofit *arthropleure artropleure *arthropod artropod *arthropodin artropodin *arthropterous artropter *arthrosis artrosis *arthrospore artrospora *arthrostele artrostel *arthrosterigmata artrosterigmata *arthrostracous artrostrakum *arthrotergal artrotergum *arthrous bersendi *artichoke (rt-chk) noun. A Mediterranean thistlelike plant (Cynara scolymus) in the composite family, having pinnately divided leaves and large discoid heads of bluish flowers, articok. *article - makalah, benda, barang

*article (rt-kl) noun. 1. anyone of a group of things, barang: articles of clothing, barang-barang pakaian; toilet articles, barang-barang mandian; 2. unspecified, previously named thing, barang; 3. literary composition (other than fiction) rencana, makalah, artikel: a leading article on the subject, rencana utama tentang perkara itu; 4. (grammar) kata sandang: definite article, kata sandang tentu; indefinite article, kata sandang tak tentu; 5. clause, section of anything written, perkara: each article in the agreement was subject to prolonged debate, setiap perkara di dalam perjanjian itu diperdebatkan dengan panjang lebar; articles of apprenticeship, perkara-perkara perantisan; transitive verb. mengartikelkan: I was articled to a firm of solicitors for two years, saya diartikelkan dengan syarikat peguam cara; *article -sendi *articled adjective. artikel: an articled clerk, kerani artikel. *articles of association noun. tataurusan persatuan. *articulacy noun. see ARTICULATENESS. *articulamentum artikulamentum *articular artikul *articular adjective. artikul: articular bone, tulang artikul. *articular bone tulang artikul *articularis genus artikularis genus *articulate artikulat *articulate - artikulat, artikulasi *articulate adjective. 1. able to express oneself clearly, fluently, pandai /bercakap, bertutur/, petah berkata-kata: a clever and articulate man, lelaki yang bijak dan pandai bercakap; he was not articulate enough to express his feelings, dia tidak begitu pandai bercakap untuk melahirkan perasaannya; 2. having power of speech, dapat /bercakap, bertutur/; 3. distinct, clear, jelas, terang: his speech was not articulate, pertuturannya tidak jelas; 4. (biology) artikulat; intransitive verb 1. speak, enunciate, words distinctly, /bercakap. bertutur/ dengan /jelas, terang/: his tongue was so swollen that he could not articulate properly, lidahnya bengkak sedemikian rupa sehingga dia tidak dapat bercakap dengan jelas dan betul; 2. (biology) berartikulat: the thigh bone articulates with the pelvic girdle, tulang paha berartikulat dengan tulang pinggul; transitive verb. 1. speak, enunciate distinctly, menyebut dengan /jelas, terang/: many foreigners find the word difficult to

articulate, banyak orang asing yang berasa sukar untuk menyebut perkataan itu dengan jelas; 2. express coherently, clearly, /melahirkan, menyatakan/ dengan /jelas, terang/: to articulate ones anger, melahirkan perasaan marah seseorang dengan jelas; 3. (usually passive) mark with apparent joints, berartikulat: the bones of our toes are articulated, tulang-tulang jari kaki kita berartikulat *articulate -bersendi *articulated - terartikulat *articulated laticifer latisifer terartikulat *articulateness noun. 1. ability to express oneself clearly, fluently, pandai /bercakap, bertutur/; 2. distinctness, clearness, terang, jelas. *articulation pengartikulatan *articulation - pengartikulatan, artikulasi *articulation noun. act of, a. (expressing coherently, clearly) /melahirkan, menyatakan/ dengan /jelas, terang/: the articulation of ones feelings, menyatakan perasaan seseorang dengan jelas; b. (articulating speech sound) penyebutan: the tongue, the palate, the teeth and the lips all work in the articulation of words, lidah, lelangit, gigi dan bibir kesemuanya bergerak dalam penyebutan kata-kata. *articulator noun. (phonetics) alat artikulasi. *articulatory phonetics noun. fonetik artikulasi. .. *artifact - artifak *artifact lihat: artefact *artifact noun. see ARTEFACT. *artifice noun. 1. artful device, expedient, cara: the use of mirrors is an artifice to make the room look larger, penggunaan cermin ialah satu cara untuk menjadikan bilik itu kelihatan lebih luas; 2. trickery, subtle deception, muslihat, tipu daya, tipu helah: by means of this artifice she was able to trap him into marriage, dengan muslihat ini dia berjaya menjerat lelaki itu untuk berkahwin dengannya; 3. ingenious skill, kemahiran (+appropriate verb): a beauty that depended more on artifice than nature, kecantikan yang bergantung lebih pada kemahiran berdandan daripada keadaan semula jadi; a tale that needs no artifice to make it gripping, cerita yang tidak memerlukan kemahiran mengolah untuk menjadikannya sangat menarik.

*artificer noun. 1. craftsman, tukang; 2. (mil & navy) kimpu,. kipu. *artificial acquired immunity keimunan perolehan buatan *artificial buatan/tiruan *artificial - tiruan, buatan, beradas *artificial adjective. 1, man-made, not natural or real, a. (general) tiruan, buatan: artificial wood, kayu tiruan; artificial silk, sutera tiruan; artificial fertilizer, baja tiruan; artificial cream, krim tiruan; artificial rubber, getah tiruan; artificial light, cahaya lampu; b. (of flower) palsu, tiruan, buatan; c. (of gem, jewellery, etc) palsu, tiruan, buatan: artificial diamond, berlian palsu; d. (of body parts, internal organ) palsu, tiruan; (technical) tiruan: artificial limb, anggota palsu; artificial teeth, gigi palsu; artificial heart, jantung tiruan; e. (of geographical feature) buatan: artificial lake, tasik buatan; artificial meadow, tanah pamah buatan; 2. insincere. affected, dibuat-buat; (of person) suka berpura-pura: an artificial smile, senyuman yang dibuat-buat; to greet someone with artificial friendliness, menyambut seseorang dengan kemesraan yang dibuat-buat; a frivolous and artificial woman, wanita yang keanak-anakan dan suka berpura-pura. *artificial antigen antigen buatan *artificial bait -umpan buatan *artificial daylight cahaya siang buatan *artificial diet -lihat: practical diet *artificial digestion - penghadaman tiruan *artificial gin - gin buatan *artificial insemination noun. Abbr. AI Introduction of semen into the vagina or uterus without sexual contact, permanian beradas. *artificial intelligence - kepintaran buatan, kecerdasan buatan *artificial kidney noun. /ginjal, buah pinggang/ buatan. *artificial language noun. bahasa /buatan, tiruan/ *artificial pacemaker perentak buatan *artificial propagation -pembiakan buatan *artificial reef - tukun tiruan

*artificial respiration respirasi buatan / pernafasan bantuan *artificial spawning - peneluran buatan *artificial stocking penstokan buatan *artificial sunlight cahaya matahari buatan *artificiality noun. 1. quality, state of being artificial, a. unnaturalness, kepalsuan: the artificiality of the city, kepalsuan kota; b. 1 affectedness, dibuat-buat: the artificiality of her manner, gayanya yang dibuat-buat; 2. something artificial, yang dibuat-buat, yang bukan semula jadi: speech artificialities, pertuturan yang dibuat-buat; artificiality aesthetic artificialities, keindahan yang bukan semula jadi. *artificially acquired immunity - keimunan perolehan buatan *artificially adverb. 1. not naturally, secara buatan: chicks artificially hatched, anak-anak ayam yang menetas secara buatan; 2. insincerely, affectedly, secara dibuat-buat: to laugh artificially, ketawa secara dibuat-buat. *artificialness noun. see ARTIFICIALITY (sense 1.). *artillerist noun. see ARTILLERYMAN. *artillery noun. 1. high-calibre mounted gun, meriam, artileri; 2. (unit of the military) meriam: an artificially regiment, rejimen meriam. *artilleryman noun. anggota pasukan meriam. *artiodactyl artiodaktil *artioploid artioploid *artisan noun. artisan. *artist noun. 1. someone who practises one of the fine arts, seniman, artis; 2. someone who displays artistic skill in his work, (orang yang) mahir: an artist in words, orang yang mahir menggunakan kata-kata; an artist in bricklaying, orang yang mahir mengatur batu-bata; 3. see ARTISTE; 4. (slang) someone devoted to or good at something, kaki: booze artist, kaki botol; con artist, kaki tipu. *artiste noun. seniman, artis. *artistic adjective. 1. of, pertaining to art, seni: artistic talent, bakat seni; the nation's artistic treasures, khazanah seni negara; 2. of, pertaining to artists, seniman, seni: artistic temperament, pembawaan

seni; 3. done, made with art, berseni: an artistic arrangement of roses, gubahan bunga mawar yang berseni; the artistic use of colour in the film, penggunaan warna yang berseni dalam filem itu; 4. naturally skilled in art, berjiwa seni: she has always been artistic, dia memang berjiwa seni. *artistically adverb. 1. from an artistic point of view, dari segi seni: artistically, the exhibition was a success, dari segi seni, pameran itu berjaya; 2. in an artistic manner, secara artistik. *artistry noun. 1. artistic ability, bakat: her artistry as a dancer, bakatnya sebagai seorang penari; 2. artistic quality, keindahan seni: a musical presented with artistry, drama muzik yang dipersembahkan dengan penuh keindahan seni. *artless adjective. 1. without deceit or guile, naive, lurus, naif: a child's artless questions, soalan-soalan lurus seorang anak; a woman who is candid and artless, wanita yang terus terang dan lurus; 2. natural, unpretentious, bersahaja: artless girlishness, tingkah laku kegadisan-gadisan yang bersahaja; 3. lacking art, skill, tidak mempunyai keindahan seni: an artless fireplace, perapian yang tidak mempunyai keindahan seni. *artlessness noun. 1. guilessness, naivety, lurus, naif: he sat quietly, enjoying the artlessness of the girls' chatter, dia duduk berdiam diri sambil mendengar celoteh lurus budak-budak perempuan itu; the artlessness of his remark, kata-katanya yang lurus; 2. naturalness, unpretentiousness, bersahaja: the quaintness and artlessness of the old dialect, dialek lama yang menarik dan bersahaja. *arty adjective. (colloquial) 1. (of person) kononnya berjiwa seni: a rather arty young couple, pasangan muda yang kononnya berjiwa seni; 2. (of thing) kononnya mempunyai keindahan seni: arty furniture, perabot yang kononnya mempunyai keindahan seni; arty (and) crafty, (humor) a. (of furniture) hanya cantik pada pandangan sahaja; b. see (sense 1). *arundinacious arundina *Aryan noun. 1. a parent language within Indo-European family, bahasa Arya; 2. member of peoples descended from Indo-Europeans, orang keturunan Arya. *aryl sulphatase aril sulfatase *arylamidase arilamidase *arytaenoid aritenoid *arytaenoid cartilage rawan aritenoid *as preposition, con) & adverb. 1. in the capacity, role, form, etc of, sebagai: he emerged as the only suitable candidate, dia muncul sebagai satu-satunya calon yang sesuai; the cloud first appeared as

a speck on the horizon, awan itu mula-mula kelihatan sebagai bintik di kaki langit; 2. (following verbs such as "regard", "acknowledge") sebagai, [often not translated]: the film is classified as suitable only for adults, filem itu digolongkan sebagai (filem yang) sesuai untuk orang dewasa saja; he regards all students as his friends, dia menganggap semua mahasiswa sebagai kawannya; 3. (indicating) a. (grounds) /kerana, oleh sebab/ dianggap, atas alasan: the machine was rejected as (being) unsuitable, mesin itu ditolak kerana dianggap tidak sesuai or mesin itu ditolak atas alasan tidak sesuai; b. (cause) kerana, oleh sebab: it is impossible to reach the village as the road is blocked, tidak mungkin kita dapat sampai ke kampung itu kerana jalan ke sana terhalang; as you have apologized, I will forget the matter, kerana saudara telah meminta maaf, saya akan melupakan perkara itu; c. (circumstances), (following present participle) oleh sebab, kerana: living in the city as I do, I am accustomed to such things, oleh sebab saya tinggal di kota besar, hal-hal seperti itu sudah biasa bagi saya; 4. (indicating time), a. when, (se)waktu, ketika, sambil: she smiled as she received the gift, dia tersenyum sewaktu (dia) menerima hadiah itu or dia menerima hadiah itu sambil tersenyum; b. also just as, sebaik saja: just as the door opened, a rifleshot rang out, sebaik sahaja pintu itu terbuka, kedengaran tembakan senapang; c. while, sewaktu, semasa, sambil: a picture of Yi Ping as a student, gambar Yi Ping semasa dia seorang mahasiswi; he sang as he walked along, dia bernyanyi semasa (dia) berjalan or dia berjalan sambil bernyanyi; 5. (indicating similarity) like, a. (followed by noun. and usually preceded by "such") seperti, misalnya, contohnya: lofty mountain ranges, (such) as the Andes, banjaran pergunungan yang tinggi seperti banjaran Andes; in such circumstances as (those which) I have described above, dalam keadaan seperti yang sudah saya nyatakan di atas; b. (followed by clause or prepositional phrase) seperti, sebagaimana: I carried on the business as my father did, saya meneruskan perniagaan itu seperti yang dilakukan oleh bapa saya; he was not fat then as he is now, pada waktu itu dia tidak gemuk seperti sekarang ini; leave the sentence as it is, biarkan saja ayat itu seperti yang ada; 6. (indicating concession) though, walaupun, sungguhpun, meskipun, biarpun: small as he is, he's a good swimmer, walaupun kecil badannya, dia pandai berenang; relative pronoun /seperti, sebagaimana/ yang, yang: as is well known..., sebagaimana yang diketahui umum...; he was an Englishman, as could be perceived from his accent, dia seorang Inggeris, seperti yang dapat ditanggap daripada loghatnya; Malay as spoken in Kelantan is a melodious language, bahasa Melayu sebagaimana yang dituturkan di Kelantan adalah satu bahasa yang berirama; the battle as it was called, was in fact a full-scale war, yang disebut pertempuran itu sebenarnya perang besar-besaran; adverb. sebegitu: few have laboured as long or with as much diligence, tidak banyak yang telah berusaha sebegitu lama atau sebegitu rajin; [adjective.], a. (preceding noun., pronoun) [adjective.] seperti, sama [adjective.]-nya dengan: you are not as

clever as your father, kamu tidak sepandai bapa kamu or kamu tidak pandai seperti bapa kamu; a house as big as mine, rumah yang sebesar rumah saya atau rumah yang besar seperti rumah saya atau sebuah rumah yang sama besarnya dengan rumah saya; b. (preceding clause containing u such as "seem", "say., "think., etc)se-[adjective.] yang: the mountain is not as high as it seems, gunung itu tidak setinggi yang kelihatan; c. (preceding adjective.) tidak saja [adjective.] tetapi juga: Hamidah is as intelligent as she is beautiful, Hamidah tidak saja cantik tetapi juga cerdik; as [adj] as, a. (preceding noun., pronoun) se-[adjective.], [adjective.] seperti, sama [adjective.]-nya dengan: I can run as fast as you, saya dapat berlari secepat kamu or saya dapat berlari cepat seperti kamu or saya dapat berlari sama cepatnya dengan kamu; b. (preceding clause containing such as "seem ", "say", "think ., etc) se.[adjective.] yang: the gadget works as efficiently as the manufacturer claims, alat itu berfungsi sebaik yang dikatakan oleh pembuatnya; c. (preceding phrase "one can", 'possible se-[adjective.] mungkin, se-[adjective.]-nya: I'll come as quickly as I can, saya akan datang secepat mungkin or saya akan datang secepat-cepatnya;/twice, three times, etc/ as [adjective., adu], /dua, tiga, dan sebagainya/ kali lebih [adjective.] daripada: she wants a carpet twice as wide as this, dia mahu akan permaidani yang dua kali lebih luas daripada yang ini; as against, /berbanding, dibandingkan/ dengan: there were forty votes for Isa as against thirteen for Ali, ada empat puluh undi untuk Isa berbanding dengan tiga belas untuk Ali; as always, seperti biasa, sebagaimana lazimnya; as ever, seperti biasa; as follows, /seperti, sebagai/ yang berikut; as for, tentang, berkenaan dengan; (preceding pronoun), [various translations]: as for selling my house, that's out of the question, tentang menjual rumah saya, itu tak mungkin; as for me, I consider that a small matter, bagi saya, itu perkara kecil; as for you, I despise you!, kamu pula, saya benci akan kamu!; as from, as off, bermula dari, mulai: as from 31 December..., bermula dari 31 Disember...; as if, as though, seolah-olah, seakan-akan, seperti: his head felt as if it were being split in two, kepalanya terasa seakan-akan dibelah dua; as if..., /macamlah, takkan(lah), masakan/...: as if you didn't know!, takkan kamu tak tahu!; as it is, a. already, sekarang ini pun: you can't put any more books in, the box is too heavy as it is, tidak boleh lagi diisi buku, sekarang ini pun peti itu sudah terlalu berat; b. in its present state, dalam keadaan /begini, begitu/: the publisher will have to accept the manuscript as it is, penerbit terpaksa menerima naskhah itu dalam keadaan begini saja; as of, see as from; as per, menurut, mengikut; as someone likes, as someone wishes, ,/sekehendak, sesuka/ hati seseorang; as though, see as if; as to, tentang, berkenaan dengan; (preceding pronoun), [various translations]: as to your request for better facilities..., tentang permohonan kamu untuk mendapat kemudahan yang lebih baik...; as to me, I prefer to wait, kalau saya, saya lebih suka menunggu; as to you, I think you'd better leave, kamu pula, lebih baiklah kamu pergi; as was, dulunya: Jill Sutanto (Jill Cridland as was),

Jill Sutanto (dulunya Jill Cridland); as you were, balik semula; it is not as if, bukan: it's not as if he were ill, dia bukanlah sakit; it looks as if..., nampaknya, kelihatan: it looks as if the war is going to end soon, nampaknya perang akan tamat tidak lama lagi; (just) as someone.., sebagaimana... begitu(lah) juga...just as you like a cigarette in the morning, so I enjoy my cup of tea, sebagaimana kamu suka menghisap rokok pada waktu pagi, begitu juga saya suka minum teh; so , a. sometimes such, (indicating consequence) (se)begitu [adjective.] (se) hingga: the film was so moving as to have half the audience in tears, filem itu begitu mengharukan hingga separuh daripada penonton menitiskan air mata; you would surely not be so foolish as to attempt an escape, kamu tentu tidak begitu bodoh hingga mahu mencuba melarikan diri; b. (indicating purpose) supaya: I put the chair near the window so as to be able to see the whole garden, kerusi itu saya letakkan dekat jendela supaya saya dapat melihat seluruh taman; [for other idiomatic constructions involving as, see FAR, LONG, MANY, MUCH, SAME, SOON, WELL]. *asbestos also *asbestus (s-bsts, z-) noun. Abbr. asb. Either of two incombustible, chemicalresistant, fibrous mineral forms of impure magnesium silicate, used for fireproofing, electrical insulation, building materials, brake linings, and chemical filters, asbestos: asbestos board, papan asbestos; asbestos filter, kertas asbestos; asbestos wool, bulu asbestos. *asbestos pad filter penuras lapik asbestos *asbestosis (sbs-tss, z-) noun. A chronic, progressive lung disease caused by prolonged

inhalation of asbestos particles, asbestosis *ascend (-snd) verb. ascended, ascending, ascends. 1. go or move up, naik: he ascended slowly to the top of the hill, dia naik perlahan-lahan ke puncak bukit itu; the mist ascended from the valley, kabus naik dari lembah itu; cheers broke out as the balloon ascended, orang ramai bertepuk sorak apabila belon itu mula naik; 2. slope upwards, mendaki, menanjak, naik meninggi: the path ascended steeply, jalan itu mendaki dengan curamnya; the mountain ascended to 5,000 metres, gunung itu menanjak sehingga ke paras 5,000 meter; 3. rise (in rank, level, degree, etc) naik: when he ascended in rank..., apabila dia naik pangkat...; ascend to power, mula berkuasa: he ascended to power at a time when the country was in great turmoil, dia mula berkuasa ketika negara itu dalam keadaan kacau-bilau; 4. rise in pitch, meninggi: the singer's voice ascended to a high C, suara penyanyi itu meninggi ke nada C tinggi; transitive verb. 1. go or move up (something), a. (steps, ladder, etc) menaiki, memanjat; b. (hill, mountain, etc) mendaki, memanjat, menaiki; 2. go upstream, memudiki: to ascend the Ganges, memudiki Sungai Gangga; ascend the throne, naik takhta, menaiki takhta;

*ascendancy, ascendency noun. kekuasaan: the aristocrats sought to retain their /ascendancy, ascendency/, golongan bangsawan mencuba mengekalkan kekuasaan mereka; to gain /ascendancy, ascendency/ over ones rivals, memperoleh kekuasaan yang mengatasi saingan seseorang. *ascendant adjective. 1. rising, naik; 2. dominant, superior, berkuasa: the ascendant class, golongan yang berkuasa; 3. (of plant) see ASCENDING (sense 3.); noun. (astrology) bintang; in the ascendant, a. supreme, dominant, menjadi semakin penting dan berpengaruh: ideas that are now in the ascendant, idea-idea yang kini menjadi semakin penting dan berpengaruh; those who are against social reforms appear to be in the ascendant, orang-orang yang menentang pembaharuan sosial nampaknya menjadi semakin penting dan berpengaruh; b. (popular) rising, menjadi semakin cerah, sedang meningkat naik. *ascender noun. (printing) garis atas. *ascending adjective. 1. rising upwards, sedang naik: the ascending smoke drifted westward, asap yang sedang naik itu beredar ke barat; 2. sloping upwards, mendaki, memanjat, naik meninggi: an ascending footpath, jalan kecil yang mendaki; 3.(of plant) menaik, menjalar naik: an ascending stem, batang tumbuhan yang menaik; ascending order, susunan menaik; ascending scale, skala menaik. *ascending order tertib menaik *Ascension Day noun. hari /Jesus Christ, Christ/ naik ke langit. *ascension noun. 1. act of ascending, naik; 2. (Christianity) A ascension, naiknya (Jesus) ke langit. *ascent noun. 1. act of, a. (rising) naiknya (ke udara): the plane's rapid ascent, naiknya kapal terbang itu ke udara dengan derasnya; the ascent of vapours from the swamp, naiknya wap ke udara dari paya; b. (climbing) pendakian, mendaki, memanjat, menaiki; (of steps etc) menaiki, memanjat: the ascent of Everest, pendakian Gunung Everest; c. (going upstream) memudiki: they began the ascent of the Rajang before daybreak, mereka mula memudiki Sungai Rajang sebelum mata hari terbit; d. (rising in rank, level, degree, etc) peningkatan: his ascent from waiter to manager, peningkatannya daripada pelayan menjadi pengurus; 2. way by which one ascends, jalan naik, (pen)dakian :the ascent is steep and slippery, jalan naik itu curam dan licin; 3. degree of elevation, gradient, kecerunan: the road has an ascent of five degrees, kecerunan jalan itu lima darjah; make an ascent, a. rise, naik: to make an ascent in a balloon, naik dengan belon; b. climb, mendaki, memanjat, menaiki; c. go upstream, memudiki.

*ascertain transitive verb. memastikan: to ascertain that the facts are correct, memastikan fakta itu betul; the number of casualties has not yet been ascertained, bilangan orang yang cedera belum lagi dipastikan; *ascertainable adjective. dapat dipastikan: the details are not yet ascertainable, perinciannya belum lagi dapat dipastikan. *ascertained adjective. telah dipastikan: an ascertained fact, kenyataan yang telah dipastikan. *ascetic (-stk) adjective. 1. observing strict self-denial, zahid: an ascetic man, seorang zahid; 2. of, relating to ascetics or asceticism, orang zahid: he lived an ascetic life, dia hidup secara orang zahid; ascetic discipline, disiplin orang zahid; noun. orang zahid. *asceticism (-st-szm) noun. The principles and practices of an ascetic; extreme self-denial and austerity, kezahidan, asetisisme. *ascidial askidium *ascidian (-sd-n) noun. See sea squirt, askidian *ascidium (-sd-m) noun. plural *ascidia (-sd-). Botany. A pitcher-shaped or bottle-shaped part or organ, such as the hollow tubular leaf of a pitcher plant, askidium *ascigerous askiger *ascites (-stz) noun. plural ascites. An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity, askites *ascocarp (sk-krp) noun. Botany. An ascus-bearing structure found in ascomycetous fungi,

askokarpa *ascogenous beraskus *ascogonium (sk-gn-m) noun. plural ascogonia (-n-). Botany. The female reproductive organ of ascomycetous fungi, askogonium *ascoma askoma *ascon askon *ascon sponge span askon *asconoid askonoid *ascophore askofor

*ascoplasm askoplasma *ascorbic acid (-skrbk sd) noun. A white, crystalline vitamin, C6H8O6, found in citrus fruits, tomatoes, potatoes, and leafy green vegetables and used to prevent scurvy. Also called *vitamin C, asid askorbik *ascospore (sk-spr, -spr) noun. A sexually produced fungal spore formed within an ascus,

askospora *ascosporogenous yeast yis beraskospora *ascostome askostom *ascostroma (plural ascostromata) askostrom *ascribable adjective.; be ascribable to, a. may be considered to be the result of, dapat dianggap sebagai /berpunca daripada, disebabkan oleh/; b. may be considered to be the work of, dapat dianggap sebagai /ciptaan, karya/; c. may be considered to originate from, dapat dianggap (sebagai) berasal /dari, daripada/. *ascribe transitive verb.; ascribe something to, a. consider something to be the result of, menganggap [sesuatu] sebagai /berpunca daripada, disebabkan oleh/: he ascribed his success to hard work, dia menganggap kejayaannya sebagai berpunca daripada usahanya yang sungguh-sungguh; b. believe something to be the work of, menganggap [sesuatu] sebagai /ciptaan, karya/: this poem has been ascribed to Chaucer, sajak ini dianggap sebagai ciptaan Chaucer; c. attribute something to specific origin, period, etc, menganggap [sesuatu] berasal /dari, daripada/: the alphabet is generally ascribed to the Phoenicians, abjad pada umumnya dianggap berasal daripada orang Phoenecia; an invention that is variously ascribed to the sixth and the ninth centuries, sebuah rekaan yang oleh setengah-setengah orang dianggap berasal dari kurun yang keenam atau dari kurun yang kesembilan; d. assign an attribute of, /menganggap, mengatakan/ [sesuatu] sebagai sifat [seseorang d 11]: he ascribed beauty to youth, dia menganggap kecantikan sebagai sifat keremajaan. *ascription noun. statement ascribing praise to God, puji-pujian bagi Tuhan. *ascus - askus *ascus (plu. asci) askus *ascuspore askuspora *ascyphous askifi

*ASEAN noun. ASEAN. *asematic asematik *asemic asemik *asepalous asepal *asepsis asepsis *aseptate aseptat *aseptic adjective. asepsis: aseptic meningitis, meningitis asepsis. *aseptic technique teknik asepsis *asexual - tanpa seks, tanpa jantina, aseks *asexual adjective. aseks: asexual generation, generasi aseks; asexual reproduction, pembiakan aseks. *asexual alternation perselangan aseks *asexual reproduction pembiakan aseks *ash - abu *ash blond noun. 1. (colour) warna putih kekuning-kuningan; 2. (person) orang yang berambut putih kekuning-kuningan.. *ash content - kandungan abu *ash grey -kelabu arang *ash noun. 1. (frequently in plural) residue left after matter is burnt, abu; 2. (in plural) human remains (especially after cremation) abu mayat; 3. (in plural) ruins, remains, puing, runtuhan, robohan: a new city built on the ashes of the old, sebuah bandar baru yang dibina di atas puing bandar lama; 4. fine particles ejected by volcano, abu; lay in ashes, /hangus, musnah/ dijilat api; rake over the / ashes, coals/, (colloquial) /mengungkit, membangkit-bangkitkan/ hal lama; rise from the ashes, (figurative) bangun semula, *ash noun. 1. (tree) pokok ash; 2. (wood) kayu (pokok) ash. *ashamed adjective. (berasa) malu: he was ashamed that he couldn't pay the rent, dia malu kerana tak dapat membayar sewa; you ought to feel ashamed of yourself, kamu patut berasa malu akan diri kamu; he was not ashamed of his tears, dia tidak malu menangis; /be, feel/ ashamed for someone, turut (berasa) malu: I am ashamed for you, saya turut berasa malu; /be, feel/ ashamed of,

(occurring at the end of sentence) dimalukan: there is nothing to be ashamed of, tidak ada apa-apa yang patut dimalukan. *ash-bin noun. tong sampah. *ashen adjective. (tree), (pokok) ash. *ashen adjective. 1. deadly pale, pucat /lesi, kemasi, lesu, pasi/ : his face was ashen with fear, mukanya pucat lesi kerana takut; 2. of, consisting of ashes, abu; 3. ash-coloured, berwarna keabu-abuan. *ashing - mengabukan *ashlar noun. (masonry) kerja batu halus. *ashless - tanpa abu *ashore adverb. 1. towards shore or land, ke /pantai, darat/; to swim ashore, berenang ke pantai; 2. on shore or land, di /pantai, darat/: the captain was ashore when the accident happened, kapten berada di pantai semasa kemalangan itu berlaku; /run, be driven/ ashore, (of ship), /terdesak, terdorong/ ke pantai. *ashtray noun. tempat abu rokok. *ashy adjective. 1. see ASHEN 2. covered with ashes, /diliputi, dilitupi/ abu. *Asia Minor noun. Asia Kecil. *Asia noun. Asia. *Asian flu noun. flu Asia. *Asian noun. orang Asia. *Asiatic noun. see ASIAN. *asid alum hematoksilin *aside adverb. ke /sebelah, tepi, samping, sisi/: she pulled the curtain aside to let in more air, dia menarik langsir ke sebelah untuk membiarkan udara masuk lebih banyak; in her haste, she pushed me aside, kerana hendak cepat, dia menolak saya ke sebelah; his father took him aside to tell him the news, bapanya menariknya ke sebelah untuk memberitahunya tentang berita itu; aside from, see APART; [for phrases such as brush aside, push aside, put aside, set aside, etc see appropriate verbs]; noun. 1. words spoken in low tone (especially by actor) bisik kuat; 2. digression, penyimpangan.

*asinine adjective. 1.(colloquial) stupid, bodoh; (of person) bodoh, to 101, dungu, bangang, bahlul: an asinine suggestion, cadangan yang bodoh; he is an asinine fellow, dia itu tolol; 2. pertaining to asses, keldai: asinine characteristics, ciri-ciri keldai. *asiphonate asifonat **ask intransitive verb 1. inquire, bertanya: if you want to know about it, all you've got to do is ask, jika kamu hendak tahu tentang perkara itu, kamu hanya perlu bertanya; did she ask about me?, adakah dia bertanya tentang saya?; 2. make a request, meminta: you'll get nothing without asking, kamu tidak akan mendapat apa-apa jika tidak meminta; transitive verb. 1. put a question to, menanyai; (if the direct object of the Malay sentence is other than person) menanyakan: he asked them which they preferred, dia menanyai mereka yang manakah pilihan mereka; they asked him about his son, mereka menanyainya tentang anak lelakinya; we were asked our names, dia menanyakan nama kami; to ask someone the way, menanyakan jalan ke sesuatu tempat pada seseorang; 2. inquire about, menanyakan: to ask the time, menanyakan waktu; did you ask her whereabouts?, adakah kamu menanyakan di mana dia berada?; 3. frame, put (question) menanyakan: he only asked one or two questions, dia menanyakan satu dua soalan sahaja; 4. request, demand, meminta; (favour, permission, pardon, forgiveness, etc) memohon, meminta; (imperative) suruh: he was asked to speak at the meeting, dia diminta berucap dalam mesyuarat itu; the boy asked permission to leave the room, budak lelaki itu meminta izin untuk meninggalkan bilik itu; they asked to join the club, mereka memohon untuk memasuki kelab itu; ask him to go home, suruh dia pulang; 5. invite, mengajak, mempelawa: I have asked some old friends for dinner, saya telah mengajak beberapa orang kawan lama untuk datang makan malam; 6. demand as a price, meminta: how much are you asking for it?, berapa harga yang kamu minta?; they are asking $60,000 for the house, mereka meminta $60,000 untuk rumah itu; 7. require, memerlukan: the job asks both time and dedication, kerja itu memerlukan masa dan dedikasi; ask me another, (colloquial) tanyalah saya soalan lain; I ask you, (colloquial) cuba jawab, cuba cakap, cuba katakan; if you ask me, (colloquial) kalau kamu hendak tahu apa pendapat saya; ask about, see intransitive verb. (sense 1.); ask some about (something) see transitive verb. (sense 1.); ask after, a. (someone) bertanyakan khabar, menanyakan khabar, bertanya tentang kesihatan: if you meet him, remember to ask after his mother, jika kamu menemuinya, jangan lupa bertanyakan khabar ibunya; b. (someones health) bertanya tentang; ask someone back, mengajak seseorang: we owe Mr. and Mrs. Yong a dinner invitation, when shall we ask them back?, kita telah makan malam di rumah En. dan Puan Yong: bilakah kita hendak mengajak mereka pula?; ask for, a. request, meminta: to ask for more money, meminta wang lebih banyak; to ask for forgiveness, meminta

ampun; b. look for (especially to speak to someone) meminta untuk berjumpa dengan: she asked for the headmistress, dia meminta untuk berjumpa dengan guru besar; c. demand as a price, see transitive verb. (sense 6.); ask for it, ask for trouble, mencari bala, mencari susah; ask for someone's hand, melamar seseorang; ask someone for (something), meminta [sesuatu] daripada seseorang: to ask someone for advice, meminta nasihat daripada seseorang; ask something for (something), see transitive verb. (sense 6.); ask someone. in, /mengajak, mempelawa/ seseorang masuk; ask something of, a. request, meminta: may I ask a favour of you?, boleh saya meminta pertolongan kamu?; b. expect, demand, menuntut: you're asking too much of the boy expecting him to work twenty-four hours a day, kamu menuntut terlalu banyak daripada budak itu mengharapkan dia bekerja dua puluh empat jam sehari; ask someone. out, mengajak seseorang keluar: he has never asked me out, dia tidak pernah mengajak saya keluar; ask someone. over, mengajak seseorang ke rumah: I would like to ask you over, but I am not feeling well, saya hendak mengajak kamu ke rumah, tetapi saya tidak berapa sihat; ask someone. to, /mengajak, menjemput, mengundang/ seseorang ke: you need not ask all your friends to the party, kamu tidak perlu mengajak kesemua kawan kamu ke majlis itu; ask someone. up, invite someone. to come upstairs, mengajak seseorang naik; *askance, *askant adverb.; look askance at someone, a. also eye someone. askance with a side glance, /menjeling. mengerling/ kepada seseorang: she eyed him askance, dia menjeling kepada lelaki itu; b. with suspicion, disapproval, memandang seseorang dengan (rasa) /syak, curiga/: he looked askance at the beggar, dia memandang pengemis itu dengan rasa syak; look askance mereka meragui idea-idea dan teknik-teknik baharu. *askew adjective. 1. twisted to one side, herot: his nose is askew, hidungnya herot; 2. at an oblique angle, senget, miring; (of tall, narrow structure) condong, miring;.(of tree) condong: a pergola that is askew, punjung yang senget; an askew lamp post, tiang lampu yang condong; since the storm a number of the trees are askew, sejak berlakunya ribut itu beberapa batang pohon telah menjadi condong; adverb. 1. in a crooked line, herot: the seam of her skirt runs askew, kelim skirtnya dijahit herot; 2. in a crooked position, senget. the swing door hung askew, pintu ayun tergantung senget. *asking noun. act of requesting, permintaan: it was given to him at his asking, barang itu diberikan kepadanya atas permintaannya; for the asking, (of thing) jika seseorang meminta: it is yours for the asking, kamu boleh mendapatnya jika kamu meminta. *asking noun. see ASK. at something, /meragui, menyangsikan/ sesuatu: they looked askance at new ideas and techniques,

*aslant adjective. senget, miring: his hat was aslant, topinya senget; adverb. [various translations]: the rain fell aslant, hujan turun menyerong; you must hold the blade aslant, kamu mesti pegang pisau itu menyendeng; he wore his bow-tie aslant, tali leher yang dipakainya itu senget; preposition serong: the ship sailed aslant our line of buoys, kapal itu belayar serong di sisi barisan boya. *asleep adjective. 1. in a state of sleep, tidur; (of royalty) beradu; (unintentionally) tertidur, terlena, terlelap: the baby is asleep at last, akhirnya bayi itu tidur; to be sound asleep, tidur nyenyak; he was asleep on his feet, dia tertidur sambil berdiri; 2. dormant, inactive, tidur, tidak aktif, kelesa: an organization that is weak and usually asleep, sebuah pertubuhan yang lemah dan sentiasa tidur; 3. numb, kebas: my foot is asleep, kaki saya kebas; 4. (euphemism) dead, menutup mata; adjective.; fall asleep, a. also drop asleep, into a state of sleep, tertidur, tidur, terlena, terlelap; (of royalty) beradu: he fell asleep during the meeting, dia tertidur semasa mesyuarat sedang berlangsung; b. into a state of inactivity, tidur, menjadi /tidak aktif, kelesa/; c. (euphemism) into the state of death, menutup mata; lay asleep, tidur, lena; be /fast, sound/ asleep, tidur /lelap, lena, nyenyak/. *asp (sp) noun. Any of several venomous snakes of Africa, Asia, and Europe, such as the small cobra (Naja haje) or the horned viper (Cerastes cornutus), ular asp. *asparagine (-spr-jn) noun. A crystalline amino acid, C4H8N2O3, found in many plants, that is easily hydrolyzed to aspartic acid, asparagina *asparagus (-spr-gs) noun. The tender young shoots of a Eurasian plant (Asparagus officinalis), eaten as a vegetable, pokok asparagus; 2. (shoot) pucuk asparagus. *aspartic acid (-sprtk sd) noun. A nonessential amino acid, C4H7NO4, found especially in young sugar cane and sugar-beet molasses, asid asparitik *aspect noun. 1. appearance to the eye, aspek: the physical aspect of the country, aspek fizikal negeri itu; 2. facet, phase, aspek, segi: other aspects of the employment conditions should also be considered, aspek-aspek lain tentang keadaan pekerjaan hendaklah dipertimbangkan juga; 3. way in which something may be considered, aspek, segi, sudut: to study the problem from various aspects, mengkaji masalah itu dari berbagai-bagai aspek; 4. facial expression, mien, wajah, roman, air muka, rupa, paras: a man with a gentle aspect, seorang lelaki yang berwajah lembut; 5. position facing particular direction, menghadap ke, mengarah ke, menghala ke: the block of flats has a northern aspect, blok rumah pangsa itu menghadap ke utara; 6. side facing particular direction, bahagian: the dorsal aspect of a fish, bahagian dorsal ikan; 7. (grammar) aspek. *aspect ratio (spkt rsh) noun. The width-to-height ratio of a television image, nisbah bidang.

*aspection pengaspekan *aspen (spn) noun. Any of several trees of the genus Populus having leaves attached by flattened leafstalks so that they flutter readily in the wind, pokok aspen. *asperate (sp-rt) verb, transitive. asperated, asperating, asperates. 2. To make uneven; roughen, mengasari 2. Biology. asperat *asperated pit - pit teraspirat *aspergillosis (spr-j-lss) noun. An infection or a disease caused by fungi of the genus Aspergillus, aspergilosis *asperity keasperatan *asperity (-spr-t) noun. plural asperities. 1. harshness of manner, temper, kekasaran; with asperity, dengan kasarnya: he spoke with asperity about their indifference, dia bercakap dengan kasarnya tentang sikap mereka yang acuh tak acuh; 2. roughness, harshness, a. (of surface) kekasapan; b. (of sound) kekasaran; c. (of weather condition) kedahsyatan: the asperity of the Siberian winter, kedahsyatan musim sejuk Siberia; 3. bitter, unkind word, remark, etc, kata-kata yang /kesat, kasar, pedas, menyakitkan hati/; 4. condition difficult to endure, keadaan yang /getir, perit/: the asperities of life in a war-torn country, keadaan hidup yang getir dalam negara yang hancur akibat peperangan. *aspermia aspermia *asperous asper *asperse transitive verb. spread false rumours concerning, a. (person, organization, etc) memfitnah: an officer who had been aspersed by his fellows, seorang pegawai yang telah difitnah oleh rakan sejawatnya; b. (someone's good name, reputation) memburukkan, mencemarkan: I will not allow you to asperse my good name, saya tidak akan membiarkan kamu memburukkan nama baik saya; c. (someone's honour) mencemarkan. *aspersion noun. 1. harmful, slanderous remark, fitnah; cast aspersions on, memfitnah; (someone's good name, reputation) memburukkan. mencemarkan; (someone's honour) mencemarkan: the article cast aspersions on his ability as a leader, rencana itu memfitnahnya dengan mengatakan bahawa dia tidak berkebolehan sebagai pemimpin; to cast aspersions on someone's character, menfitnah seseorang; to cast aspersions on someone's honour, mencemarkan kehormatan seseorang; 2. act of aspersing, pemfitnahan, memfitnah. *asperufate asperulat

*asphalt noun. asfalt: asphalt based petroleum, petroleum asas asfalt; asphalt block, blok asfalt; asphalt cement, simen asfalt; transitive verb. mengasfalt. *asphalt sludge - enap cemar asfal *asphaltic adjective. berasfalt: asphaltic concrete, konkrit berasfalt; asphaltic surface, permukaan berasfalt. *asphyxia (s-fks-) noun. A condition in which an extreme decrease in the amount of oxygen in the body accompanied by an increase of carbon dioxide leads to loss of consciousness or death. Asphyxia can be induced by choking, drowning, electric shock, injury, or the inhalation of toxic gases, asfiksia. *aspic noun. (poetry) ular aspik. *aspic noun. lengkong aspik. *aspidobranch -aspidobrankia *aspirant adjective. bercita-cita untuk menjadi: an aspirant poet, seorang yang bercita-cita untuk menjadi penyajak; noun. orang yang bercita-cita: an aspirant to political power, seorang yang bercita-cita untuk memegang kuasa politik: the aspirants for the chairman's post, orang-orang yang bercitacita untuk memegang jawatan pengerusi. *aspirate adjective. see ASPIRATED; transitive verb. 1. (phonetics) mengaspirasi; 2. draw fluid, air by suction, menyedut; *aspirated adjective. beraspirasi: aspirated affricate, afrikat beraspirasi; aspirated stop, hentian beraspirasi. *aspirated pit pit teraspirat *aspiration noun. 1. strong desire, ambition, aspirasi, cita-cita, hasrat: political aspirations, aspirasi politik; his aspiration for greatness, aspirasinya untuk menjadi orang yang ternama; 2. an object of such desire, aspirasi, cita-cita, hasrat; 3. act of breathing, pernafasan; 4. withdrawal of air etc from body cavity by suction, penyedutan; 5. (medicine) penyedutan. *aspiration pneumonia pneumonia pengaspiratan *aspirator (sp-rtr) noun. radas sedut, penyedut A device for removing liquids or gases by suction, especially an

instrument that uses suction to remove substances, such as mucus or serum, from a body cavity,

*aspire intransitive verb; aspire /to, after/, /bercita-cita, berhasrat/ untuk: Hitler aspired to the control of Europe, Hitler bercita-cita untuk menguasai Eropah; to aspire to fame, bercita-cita untuk menjadi masyhur. *aspirin (spr-n, -prn) noun. A white, crystalline compound, CH3COOC6H4COOH, derived from salicylic acid and commonly used in tablet form to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation. Also called acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin. *asplanchnic asplanknik *asporocystid asporosistid *asporogenic asporogen *asporogenous asporogen *asporogenous yeast yis asporogen *ass noun. 1. (animal) keldai; 2. stupid, foolish person, bodoh, baghal, tolol, dungu, bangang, bahlul: he is a complete ass, dia itu bodoh betul; be an ass, jadi bodoh: don't be an ass 1, jangan jadi bodoh!; behave like an ass, berkelakuan (seperti orang) bodoh; make an ass of oneself, berkelakuan (seperti orang) bodoh. *ass noun. see ARSE. *assail transitive verb. 1. attack (with blows or words) menyerang: three thugs assailed him in the dark, tiga orang samseng menyerangnya dalam gelap; to assail someone. with harsh words, menyerang seseorang dengan kata-kata kesat; 2. overwhelm (with questions, etc) menghujani: as soon as he came out of the court-house he was assailed with questions, sebaik sahaja dia keluar dari mahkamah dia dihujani soalan; 3. beset, disturb, melanda, menyerang: to be assailed by doubts, dilanda kesangsian; 4. encounter with intention of overcoming, mastering, a. (problems, difficulty) mencuba menyelesaikan: to assail a problem, mencuba menyelesaikan masalah; b. (task etc) melakukan: he assailed the task with vigour, dia melakukan kerja itu dengan penuh semangat. *assailant noun. 1. one who attacks, penyerang; 2. hostile opponent, penentang: the assailants of the theory, penentang-penentang teori itu. *assassin bug (-ssn bg) noun. Any of various predatory bugs of the family Reduviidae, which have short, curved, powerful beaks used to prey on other insects or, in certain genera, modified to suck blood from mammals. Also called reduviid, kepinding pembunuh

*assassin noun. pembunuh (orang ternama). *assassinate transitive verb. 1. murder (especially political or religious leader) membunuh; 2. destroy, harm reputation, etc, merosakkan: an attempt by his political enemies to assassinate his reputation, satu percubaan musuh-musuh politiknya untuk merosakkan nama baiknya. *assassination noun. 1. murder (especially of political or religious leader) pembunuhan (orang ternama); 2. destruction (of reputation etc) merosakkan: it was a deliberate attempt at character assassination, itu adalah satu percubaan yang disengajakan untuk merosakkan nama baiknya. *assault - gempur, langgar, serang, serbu *assault noun. 1. hostile attack, a. (physical) serangan; be an assault on (senses, nerves, etc) menyakiti: the screech of types was an assault on the ears, bunyi ciut tayar menyakiti telinga; b. (verbal) kecaman, celaan: assaults on the freedom of the press, kecaman terhadap kebebasan akhbar; 2. (legal) serangan: to be charged with assault, dituduh melakukan serangan; indecent assault, serangan sumbang; 3. military attack (usually on fortification) serbuan, pelanggaran, penyerbuan, serangan; (attributive) serbuan, pelanggar, penyerbu: the assault was carried out at day-break, serbuan itu dilakukan pada waktu subuh; assault party, kumpulan pelanggar; assault aircraft, pesawat serbuan; assault boat, perahu pelanggar; 4. (euphemism) rape, perkosaan; transitive verb. 1. make a hostile attack upon, a. (physically) menyerang; (on the senses, nerves, etc) menyakiti: he was assaulted with an iron rod, dia diserang dengan sebatang besi; b. (verbally) menyerang, mengecam, mencela; 2. (legal) menyerang; 3. attack (usually fortification) menyerbu, melanggar, menyerang: the air force assaulted the communist stronghold, angkatan tentera udara menyerbu kubu komunis; 4. (euphemism) rape, memperkosa. *assay cerakin *assay - cerakinan, asai *assay balance - neraca cerakinan, neraca asai *assay medium medium cerakin *assay noun. 1. analysis of purity, quality, etc (of metal, ore) cerakin; 2. substance to be analysed, bahan untuk dicerakin; 3. written results of analysis, hasil cerakin; 4. any analysis, test, ujian; transitive verb. 1. test quality etc of(metal, ore) mencerakinkan; 2. evaluate, analyse, menilai: to assay the effectiveness of the new approach, menilai keberkesanan pendekatan baru itu. *assayable adjective. /dapat, boleh/ dicerakinkan.

*assemblage noun. 1. collection, assembly, kumpulan: an extraordinary assemblage of personages, kumpulan luar biasa orang-orang terkemuka; an assemblage of species of the same genus, kumpulan spesies yang sama genusnya; 2. act of: a. (bringing together) pengumpulan, penghimpunan; b. (fitting together parts of) pemasangan; 3. (art) assemblage. *assemble - himpun, kumpul *assemble himpun; himpun pasang *assemble intransitive verb berkumpul, berhimpun: the troops assembled for the parade, askar-askar itu berkumpul untuk perbarisan; transitive verb. 1. bring (persons) together in one place, (active) mengumpulkan, menghimpunkan; (passive) berkumpul, berhimpun: he assembled the pupils in the hall, dia mengumpulkan murid-murid itu di dewan; to assemble a large army, mengumpulkan angkatan tentera yang besar; they were all assembled in the foyer, mereka semua berkumpul di ruang legar; 2. bring (things) together in an orderly way, (active) mengumpulkan; (passive) terkumpul, terhimpun: to assemble data, mengumpulkan data; 3. fit together the parts of, memasang: he assembled the bookcase with great care, dia memasang almari buku itu dengan teliti sekali; cars assembled in Malaysia, kereta yang dipasang di Malaysia. *assembler - penghimpun *assembler noun. one who assembles machine, machine parts, pemasang. *assembly line noun. barisan pemasangan. *assembly noun. 1. group of people, gathering, perhimpunan, rapat: he was nervous at having to address such a large assembly, dia berasa gementar kerana diminta berucap di hadapan perhimpunan yang begitu besar; the school assembly, perhimpunan sekolah; assembly room, bilik perhimpunan; 2. A assembly, legislative body, Dewan Undangan; 3. act, state, of gathering or being gathered, perhimpunan, perkumpulan: a law that prohibits the assembly of more than five persons, undangundang yang mengharamkan perhimpunan lebih daripada lima orang; place of assembly, tempat perhimpunan; unlawful assembly, perhimpunan haram; 4. process of assembling machine, parts of structure etc, pemasangan; assembly /room, shop/, tempat pemasangan. *assemblyman noun. ahli dewan: state assemblyman, ahli dewan undangan negeri. *assent noun. 1. sanction, official consent, persetujuan; (of royalty) perkenan(an): royal assent, perkenanan raja; by common assent, dengan persetujuan ramai; (as a result of unspoken agreement) seolah-olah telah dipersetujui: appointment is by common assent, pelantikan dibuat dengan persetujuan ramai; by common assent the audience rose and gave her a rousing ovation,

seolah-olah telah dipersetujui, para penonton bangun dan memberinya tepuk sorak yang bergemuruh; with one assent (formal) sebulat suara; 2. hesitant agreement, acquiescence, persetujuan: to give ones assent, memberikan persetujuan seseorang; give a nod of assent, mengangguk tanda bersetuju; 3. (mental) acceptance, penerimaan: his assent to the doctrine, penerimaannya akan doktrin itu; intransitive verb (formal) bersetuju; (of royalty) berkenan: some demurred, but most assented, setengah-setengah orang membuat bantahan tetapi kebanyakannya bersetuju; assent to, bersetuju: to assent to a plan, bersetuju dengan sesuatu rancangan; *assentient adjective. see ASSENTING; noun. orang yang bersetuju. *assenting adjective. menyatakan persetujuan: his was one of the many assenting voices, dia antara mereka yang menyatakan persetujuannya. *assert transitive verb. 1. maintain, defend in words, menyatakan, menegaskan; (right) menuntut: to assert ones claim, menyatakan tuntutan seseorang; he asserted his right to keep his vote secret, dia menuntut haknya untuk merahsiakan undinya; 2. demonstrate the existence of, memperlihatkan, menunjukkan: to assert ones authority, memperlihatkan wibawa seseorang; to assert ones manhood, memperlihatkan sifat kejantanan seseorang; 3. declare positively, forcefully, menegaskan: he asserted that he was innocent, dia menegaskan bahawa dia tidak bersalah; to assert ones opinion, menegaskan pendapat seseorang; 4. thrust (oneself) forward in an insistent manner, menonjolkan: he was a failure as a leader because he did not assert himself sufficiently, dia gaga! sebagai seorang pemimpin kerana kurang menonjolkan dirinya. *assertion noun. 1. positive statement, kenyataan (yang) tegas: his assertion of innocence was disbelieved, kenyataannya yang tegas tentang kejujurannya tidak dipercayai; 2. act of, a. maintaining defending in words, pernyataan, penegasan; (right) tuntutan, penuntutan: the assertion of ownership, penegasan hak milik; b. demonstrating the existence of, memperlihatkan, menunjukkan: the assertion of control, memperlihatkan kekuasaan; c. declaring positively, forcefully, penegasan; self assertion, sikap menonjolkan diri. *assertive adjective. 1. disposed to making assertion, bersifat pendesak: an assertive young man, seorang pemuda yang bersifat pendesak; 2. characterized by assertion, tegas: an assertive statement, kenyataan yang tegas. *assertiveness noun. sifat pendesak. *assess - taksir *assess (-ss) verb, transitive. assessed, assessing, assesses.

transitive verb. 1. estimate, calculate value or amount of, menaksir: a. to assess the deceased's estate, menaksir harta si mati; b. after assessing a taxpayer's income for the year..., setelah menaksir pendapatan pembayar cukai bagi sesuatu tahun...; c. to assess damages, menaksir kerugian; d. to assess a fine, menaksir denda; 2. impose tax, fine, etc on, mengenakan + appropriate noun: a. each of them was assessed M$100, setiap orang daripada mereka dikenakan denda sebanyak M$100; 3. (figurative) evaluate, menilai: a. to assess the influence of Joyce on contemporary writers, menilai pengaruh Joyce terhadap penulis-penulis masa kini; b. assess something at, menaksir sesuatu bernilai; (of tax, fine) menaksir sesuatu /berjumlah, sebanyak/: i. the house was assessed at half a million dollars, rumah itu ditaksir bernilai setengah juta dolar; ii. his income tax was assessed at M$2,000, cukai pendapatannya ditaksir sebanyak RM $ 2,000. *assessable adjective. capable of having the value or amount estimated, boleh taksir: assessable income, pendapatan boleh taksir; assessable loss, kerugian boleh taksir. *assessee - yang ditaksir *assessment - taksiran *assessment noun. 1. amount assessed, taksiran; 2. evaluation, judgement, penilaian: she wrote a critical assessment of Usman Awang's latest play, dia menulis penilaian yang kritis tentang drama Usman Awang yang terbaru; 3. act of, a. (estimating value or amount of) penaksiran: assessment of damages, penaksiran ganti rugi; b. (figurative), (evaluating) penilaian: what is your assessment of the present economic situation?, bagaimanakah penilaian kamu tentang keadaan ekonomi sekarang?

*assessor noun. 1. someone. who makes assessments, penaksir; 2. (legal) pengapit. *assessor - penaksir *asset - aset *asset noun. 1. (in plural) property available for the payment of debts, aset, harta; 2 .(in plural) property of deceased available for settlement of debts, aset, harta; 3. any property, possession, harta; 4. something valuable, useful to have, sesuatu yang berharga, aset: experience is her chief asset, pengalaman adalah sesuatu yang paling berharga baginya; 5. someone. valuable, useful to have, (orang yang) berharga: he is an asset to any team, dia seorang yang berharga bagi pasukan mana pun; 6. (in plural), (as shown on balance sheet) aset. *asseverate transitive verb. menegaskan, menyatakan dengan bersungguh-sungguh: he asseverated his innocence. dia menegaskan bahawa dia tidak bersalah. *asseveration noun. penegasan, pernyataan yang bersungguh-sungguh. *assiduity noun. diligence, perseverance, ketekunan, kerajinan. *assiduous adjective. 1. diligent, persevering, tekun, rajin: an assiduous student, pelajar yang tekun; 2. undertaken with careful attention, teliti: assiduous editing, pengeditan yang teliti. *assign - umpukkan, mengumpukkan *assign noun. penerima serah hak; transitive verb. 1. appoint, menugasi: the journalist assigned to cover the trial, wartawan yang ditugaskan untuk membuat liputan tentang perbicaraan itu; 2. allot (task, problem, etc) memberi [seseorang sesuatu], memberikan [sesuatu kepada seseorang], menyerahkan [sesuatu kepada seseorang]: your teacher will assign you work to do at home, guru kamu akan memberi kamu kerja untuk dibuat di rumah; the defence of the fort was assigned to our regiment, tugas mempertahankan kota itu telah diberikan kepada rejimen kami; 3. allot (place) menguntukkan, memperuntukkan: he was assigned a small room, sebuah bilik kecil diperuntukkan kepadanya; the first floor has been assigned to us, tingkat satu telah diuntukkan kepada kami; 4. fix, specify (time, limit) menetapkan: the day for the next meeting has not yet been assigned, hari bagi mesyuarat yang akan datang belum lagi ditetapkan; 5. believe to be, a. (reason etc for something) memberikan: no reason can be assigned for his absence, tidak ada alasan yang dapat diberikan tentang mengapa dia tidak hadir; b. (motive for something) menyatakan: the police have been unable to assign any motive for the crime, pihak polis tidak dapat menyatakan apa motif jenayah itu; assign someone. to, menugasi seseorang untuk mengendalikan: he has been assigned to a new case, dia telah ditugaskan untuk mengendalikan

kes baru; assign something to, a. see transitive verb. (sense 2.); b. see transitive verb. (sense 3.); c. believe something to be the result of, mengatakan bahawa sesuatu /berpunca daripada, disebabkan oleh/: the accident has been assigned to a fault in one of the engines, kemalangan itu dikatakan berpunca daripada kerosakan dalam salah satu enjin itu; d. declare something to be the work of, mengatakan bahawa sesuatu + appropriate verb oleh: many experts assigned the work to Tun Seri Lanang, beberapa banyak pakar mengatakan bahawa karya itu ditulis oleh Tun Seri Lanang; e. declare something to belong to (particular time) mengatakan bahawa sesuatu + appropriate verb /dalam, pada/: stone inscriptions assigned to the seventh century, batu-batu bersurat yang dikatakan ditulis dalam kurun ketujuh. *assignable adjective. 1. that may be allotted (of task etc) /dapat, boleh/ /diberikan, diserahkan/ kepada seseorang: assignable power, kuasa yang dapat diberikan kepada seseorang; 2. capable of being fixed, specified, /dapat, boleh/ ditetapkan: assignable limit, yang dapat ditetapkan; 3. ascribable, a. (as reason, cause) yang /dapat, boleh/ dijadikan alasan: a definite and assignable reason, sebab yang dapat dijadikan alasan; b. (as being the result of) /dapat, boleh/ dikatakan /berpunca, disebabkan/: a condition assignable to several causes, keadaan yang dapat dikatakan berpunca daripada beberapa sebab; c. (as belonging to a particular time) dapat dikatakan + appropriate verb: the temple of Baal Lebanon is assignable to the eleventh century, kuil Baal Lebanon dapat dikatakan dibina dalam kurun kesebelas; d. (legal) transferable, /dapat, boleh/ diserahkan hak: an assignable bond, bon yang dapat diserahkan hak. *assignation noun. secret meeting especially between lovers, pertemuan sulit. *assignee noun. pemegang serah hak. *assignment - umpukan *assignment noun. 1. task or mission assigned, tugas khas; (to college or university students etc) tugasan: his most important assignment was to cover the war in the Middle East, tugas khasnya yang paling penting ialah membuat liputan tentang peperangan di Timur Tengah; she set her students too many assignments, dia memberikan tugasan yang terlalu banyak kepada penuntutnya; 2. position, post assigned to person, jawatan: to take up an assignment, mula memegang jawatan; 3. act of, a. (appointing) penugasan: his assignment to the case did not meet with universal approval, penugasannya kepada ke situ tidak mendapat persetujuan ramai; b. (allotting task, problem, etc) pemberian, penyerahan; c. (alleging something as reason, cause) mengatakan; d. (legal) transfer of claim, right, etc, penyerahan hak. *assimilate bahan asimilasi

*assimilate - cernakan, asimilasikan, mencernakan, mengasimilasikan *assimilate intransitive verb 1. become absorbed incorporated, a. berasimilasi, mesra: simple sugar assimilates easily, gula ringkas berasimilasi dengan mudah or gula ringkas mudah mesra; b. (figurative) berasimilasi: Newman stated that he could not assimilate with the Church of England, Newman mengatakan bahawa dia tidak dapat berasimilasi dengan Gereja England; 2. usually assimilate into, assimilate with, become part of (group) berasimilasi: some immigrants assimilate readily into our way of life, setengah-setengah pendatang mudah berasimilasi dengan cara hidup kita; 3. (phonetics) berasimilasi; transitive verb. 1. absorb, a. mengasimilasikan, memesrakan: the food is easy to assimilate, makanan itu mudah diasimilasi; b. (figurative) memahami: it took him a long time to assimilate the data, dia mengambil masa yang lama untuk memahami data itu; 2. allow to become part of (group) mengasimilasikan: Australia has assimilated people from many nations, Australia telah mengasimilasikan orang dari banyak negara; 3. cause to become similar, menyamakan: the laws of the colony were assimilated to those of the mother country, undangundang tanah jajahan itu disamakan dengan undang-undang negara induk; 4. (phonetics) mengasimilasi; *assimilated adjective. absorbed. terasimilasi: assimilated glucose, glukos terasimilasi. *assimilation - pencernaan, asimilasi *assimilation efficiency - kecekapan asimilasi *assimilation noun. 1. act, process of, a. (absorbing nutriment into the system) asimilasi, pemesraan: the digestion and assimilation of food, pencernaan dan asimilasi makanan; b. (absorbing and comprehending) pemahaman: education demands more than just the assimilation of facts, pendidikan memerlukan lebih daripada pemahaman fakta; c. (becoming part of group) asimilasi: the use of the same language makes for easier assimilation, penggunaan bahasa yang sama menyebabkan asimilasi menjadi lebih mudah; 2. (phonetics) asimilasi: coalescent assimilation, asimilasi cantuman; in continuous assimilation, asimilasi berantara; partial assimilation, asimilasi tak sempurna. *assimilative asimilasi *assimilative adjective. 1. characterized by, tending to absorption, a. asimilasi, pemesraan; b. (figurative) pemahaman: the assimilative processes of intellect, proses pemahaman daya fikiran; 2. characterized by socio-cultural fusion, asimilasi. *assimilative -asimilasi

**assist intransitive verb membantu, menolong: he was asked to assist at the operation, dia diminta membantu dalam pembedahan itu; transitive verb. membantu, menolong: a law that will assist the development of local councils, undang-undang yang akan membantu perkembangan majlis-majlis tempatan; assist in, /membantu, menolong/ (dalam): the neighbours assisted in the search for the missing child, jiran-jiran membantu mencari kanak-kanak yang hilang itu; everyone assisted in the campaign, semua orang membantu dalam kempen itu; assist someone. in, /membantu, menolong/ seseorang (dalam); assist with, /membantu, menolong/ (+ appropriate verb): will you assist with the afternoon tea?, bolehkah kamu membantu menyediakan minuman petang?; he assisted with the preparation of the manuscript, dia membantu menyediakan manuskrip itu; assist someone. with, /membantu, menolong/ seseorang (+ appropriate verb). *assistance noun. pertolongan, bantuan: your assistance is greatly appreciated, pertolongan kamu sangatsangat dihargai; nobody came to our assistance, tidak seorang pun yang datang untuk memberikan pertolongan kepada kami; to refuse all offers of assistance, menolak segala tawaran bantuan; be of assistance, menolong, membantu: can be of any assistance?, bolehkah saya menolong?; she is of great assistance to the team, dia banyak menolong kumpulan itu. *assistant noun. penolong, pembantu: to employ an assistant, menggaji seorang penolong; laboratory assistant, pembantu makmal; assistant librarian, penolong pustakawan; assistant minister, menteri muda. *assizes noun. (history) assizes. *assoc abbreviation 1. associate, rakan; 2. association, persatuan. *associable adjective. /dapat, boleh/ /dikaitkan, dihubungkan/. *associate - sekutu, madya, sekutu, disekutukan, sekutuan *associate adjective. bersekutu: associate director, pengarah bersekutu; associate editor, editor bersekutu; associate member, ahli bersekutu; associate membership, keahlian bersekutu; noun. 1. partner, colleague (in business etc) rakan, sekutu: a business associate, rakan perniagaan; 2. companion, kawan, rakan, teman; 3. something that accompanies another, (sesuatu yang) datang beriring: hope is an associate to happiness, harapan datang beriring dengan kebahagiaan; 4. subordinate member of institute, society, etc) ahli sekutu; intransitive verb 1. mix socially, bergaul, bercampur: he only associates with the higher-ups, dia bergaul hanya dengan orang atasan; 2. join in, form (association etc) bersekutu; transitive verb. 1. mentally connect, mengaitkan, menghubungkan: to associate the arms race with superpower rivalry, mengaitkan perlumbaan senjata dengan persaingan kuasa besar; 2. bring into partnership etc, menyekutukan; associate

oneself with, a. make oneself partner in, bersekutu: we should .. ourselves with an established firm, kita patut bersekutu dengan firma yang sudah teguh kedudukannya; to associate oneself with someone. in a business venture, bersekutu dengan seseorang dalam satu usaha perniagaan ; b. allow (OS) to be connected with, (diri seseorang) dikaitkan dengan: I don't wish to associate myself with such a scheme, saya tidak mahu diri saya dikaitkan dengan rancangan yang sebegitu rupa; he was associated with the Life Aid concert, dia dikaitkan dengan konsert "Live Aid"; *associate professor (-ssh-t pr-fsr) noun. A college or university professor who ranks above an assistant professor and below a professor, profesor madya. *associated adjective. bersekutu: associated companies, syarikat-syarikat bersekutu. *associated compound - sebatian sekutu *associated state noun. negara bersekutu. *associated statehood noun. kenegaraan bersekutu. *associating - penyekutu, menyekutukan *association - sekutuan, persatuan, penyekutuan *association colloid - koloid sekutuan *association neuron(e) neuron sekutuan *association noun. 1. society, league, etc, persatuan: Parent Teacher Association, Persatuan Ibu Bapa dan Guru; the Football Association of Malaysia, Persatuan Bola Sepak Malaysia; 2. act of associating, state of being associated, a. (between persons) perhubungan: her parents disapproved of the association between them, ibu bapanya tidak bersetuju dengan perhubungan mereka; throughout his long association with the firm..., sepanjang perhubungannya dengan firma itu ; b. (between things), (per)kaitan, hubungan: the diagram illustrates the association between the brain and the spinal cord, gambar rajah itu menunjukkan perkaitan antara otak dengan saraf tunjang; 3. friendship, companionship, perhubungan: our association did not last long, perhubungan kami tidak kekal lama; 4. mental connection, perkaitan: the association of ideas, perkaitan idea-idea; Malacca is full of historic associations, negeri Melaka penuh dengan perkaitan sejarah; 5. (psychology) perkaitan; 6. (chemistry) penyekutuan: association reaction, tindak balas penyekutuan; association theory, teori penyekutuan; 7. (ecology) sekutuan; in association (with) bersama (-sama) (dengan): the two firms of architects worked in association on the project, kedua-dua firma arkitek bekerja bersama-sama dalam projek itu. *association -sekutuan

*associative - kalis sekutuan, sekutuan *associative law - hum kalis sekutuan *associative learning pembelajaran sekutuan *associes asosies *assonance noun. asonansi. *assonant adjective. berasonansi. *assort intransitive verb associate, bergaul: his work obliged him to assort with criminals, pekerjaannya membuat dia terpaksa bergaul dengan penjenayah; transitive verb. 1. classify, mengasingasingkan: to assort the oranges for packing, mengasing-asingkan buah oren untuk dikotakkan; 2. group (with others) menggolongkan: he assorted the fiction with the short stories and novelettes, dia menggolongkan cereka itu dengan cerpen dan novelet; *assortative - mengisih *assortative adjective. especially assortative mating, perkahwinan sesama trait. *assortative breeding pembiakbakaan mengisih *assortative mating pengawanan mengisih *assorted - tertataisih *assorted adjective. 1. consisting of various kinds, aneka /jenis, pilihan/: a box of assorted chocolates, sekotak coklat aneka jenis; 2. matched, padan, sesuai: a well assorted couple, pasangan yang benar-benar padan. *assortment - tataisihan *assortment noun. 1. collection of variety of things, beraneka jenis, /berbagai-bagai, pelbagai, bermacammacam/ (jenis): an assortment of nuts, beraneka jenis kacang; an assortment of tools, beraneka jenis alat; 2. act of assorting, (kerja) mengasing-asingkan: the assortment of the specimens took many hours, kerja mengasing-asingkan spesimen itu mengambil masa yang lama. *asst. abbreviation pen. *assuage transitive verb. 1. reduce, soothe, a. (grief, fear, anger, suffering, etc) mengurangkan, meredakan: to assuage someone's anxiety, mengurangkan kerisauan seseorang; to assuage someone's fear, mengurangkan ketakutan seseorang; b. (pain) melegakan, meredakan, mengurangkan, mengabar: the antacid gradually assuaged the pain, antasid itu beransur-ansur

melegakan kesakitan; 2. satisfy, appease, (hunger) menghilangkan; (thirst) menghilangkan, memuaskan; (appetite, desire, craving) memuaskan: there was more than enough to assuage his appetite, itu pun lebih daripada cukup untuk memuaskan seleranya; 3. calm, pacify, menenteramkan, menenangkan: nothing I could say would assuage him, apa Saja yang saya katakan tidak akan dapat menenteramkannya. *assuagement noun. 1. act of relieving, soothing, a. (grief. fear, anger, suffering, etc) pengurangan, meredakan; b. (pain) pengurangan, melegakan, meredakan, mengabar: drugs for the assuagement of pain, ubat untuk melegakan kesakitan; 2. act of satisfying, appeasing, (hunger) menghilangkan; (thirst) menghilangkan, memuaskan; (appetite, desire; craving) memuaskan; 3. act of calming, pacifying, penenteraman, menenangkan. *assume - anggapkan, menganggapkan **assume transitive verb. 1. take for granted, menganggap, membuat anggapan: we assumed him to have no knowledge of the matter, kami menganggap dia tidak mengetahui apa-apa tentang perkara itu; a man who always assumes the worst, seorang yang selalu menganggap yang buruk-buruk sahaja; assuming that, katakanlah, seandainya: assuming that we win the elections, when will the cabinet be announced?, katakanlah kita memenangi pilihanraya ini, bilakah kabinet akan diisytiharkan?; 2. believe, think, kira: I assume she's at home, saya kira dia di rumah; 3. undertake, (mula)memegang; (office), (mula) /memegang, menjawat/; (obligation, responsibility) memikul: to assume ones new duties, mula memegang tugas baru seseorang; at the age of forty he assumed the office of president, pada umur empat puluh tahun dia mula memegang jawatan presiden; 4. take over, mengambil alih: in his absence, his assistant assumed his responsibilities, semasa dia tidak ada, penolongnya mengambil alih tugas-tugasnya; 5. accept, menerima: the organizers assumed responsibility for the error, pihak penganjur menerima tanggungjawab atas kesalahan itu; 6. pretend, berpura-pura: he assumed an air of indifference, dia berpura-pura acuh tak acuh; 7. use, menggunakan: to assume a new surname, menggunakan nama keluarga yang baru; 8. put on, mengenakan: the judges assumed their robes, hakim-hakim itu mengenakan jubah mereka; 9. take on, [various translations]; (visible form) menjelma menjadi: our plans are at last assuming shape, rancangan kami akhirnya menjadi kenyataan; everything assumed a new significance, segalagalanya mendapat pengertian baru; his illness assumed a grave character, penyakitnya menjadi tenat; it was said that the witch could assume the shape of a wolf. kata orang, ahli sihir itu dapat menjelma menjadi serigala; 10. usurp, appropriate, merampas, merebut: the rebels assumed control of the southern islands, pemberontak-pemberontak itu telah merampas kuasa di pulaupulau selatan;

*assumed - anggapan, dianggap *assumed adjective. 1. fictitious, palsu, samaran: an assumed name, nama palsu; 2. pretended, false, dibuat-buat: assumed cheerfulness, keriangan yang dibuat-buat; 3. taken for granted, diandaikan: the assumed load, beban yang diandaikan; 4. usurped, appropriated, dirampas, direbut: an assumed power, kuasa yang dirampas. *assumentum (plu. assumenta) asumentum *assuming adjective. angkuh: it would be altogether too assuming for a single individual to decide on such an important matter, sangatlah angkuh bagi seorang individu untuk memutuskan perkara yang begitu penting; *assumption - anggapan *assumption noun. 1. act of, a. (taking for granted) membuat anggapan; b. (undertaking), (mula) memegang; (office), (mula) /memegang, menjawat/; (obligation, responsibility) memikul; c. (usurping, appropriating) perampasan, perebutan; 2. supposition, anggapan: the article made a number of assumptions that cannot be proved, rencana itu membuat beberapa anggapan yang tidak dapat dibuktikan; 3. arrogance, keangkuhan, kepongahan, kebongkakan. *assurance noun. 1. statement that inspires confidence, jaminan; 2. pledge, promise, jaminan: he gave us his assurance that the debt would be repaid promptly, dia memberikan jaminan bahawa hutang itu akan dibayar dengan segera; 3. certainty, confidence, keyakinan, yakin(nya): to speak with assurance, bercakap dengan yakinnya; 4. (United Kingdom) asurans. *assure transitive verb. 1. convince, meyakinkan: we tried to assure the woman of her son's safety, kami mencuba meyakinkan perempuan itu bahawa anaknya selamat; 2. guarantee, promise, menjamin: we can assure you that the goods will arrive this week, kami berani menjamin bahawa barangan itu akan tiba pada minggu ini; 3. inform positively, meyakinkan: she assured me that she didn't need any help, dia meyakinkan saya bahawa dia tidak memerlukan pertolongan apa pun; 4. ensure, menjamin: a large donation will not assure the success of the campaign, derma yang banyak tidak akan menjamin kejayaan kempen itu; 5. (United Kingdom) insure, menginsuranskan; *assured adjective. 1. guaranteed, terjamin: an assured market, pasaran yang terjamin; her future is assured, masa depannya terjamin; 2. confident, a. (of person) berkeyakinan; b. (of manner, bearing) penuh keyakinan: in an assured manner, dengan gaya yang penuh keyakinan; rest

assured, yakinlah; 3. (United Kingdom) insured, diinsuranskan; the assured, orang yang diinsuranskan. *assuredly adverb. 1. certainly, /saya, kami/ yakin, sudah/tentu, pasti/: assuredly, he will not let you down, saya yakin bahawa dia tidak akan menghampakan kamu; 2. confidently, dengan penuh keyakinan. *assurgent (-srjnt) adjective. Botany. Slanting or curving upward; ascending. Asurgen,

*assurgency noun, *Assyria noun. Assyria. *Assyrian noun. 1. (inhabitant) orang Assyria; 2. (language) bahasa Assyria. *astable adjective. tak stabil. *astacene astasen *astamenous astamen *astatic (-sttk) adjective. 1. Unsteady; unstable. 2. Physics. Having no particular directional

characteristics. tak statik. - *astatically adverb *astaticism noun, *astaxanthin astaxantin *astelic astel *astely asteli *aster (str) noun. 1. Any of various plants of the genus Aster in the composite family, having radiate flower heads with white, pink, or violet rays and a usually yellow disk. 2. fibers that surround the centrosome during mitosis, aster *asterigmate asterigmat *asterion asterion *asteriscus asteriskus *asterisk (st-rsk) noun. 1. word, asterisk. *asterism (st-rzm) noun. Printing. Three asterisks in triangular form used to call attention to a following passage, tiga asterisk. A star-shaped figure (*) used in printing to indicate an omission or a The China aster. 3. Biology. A star-shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell and having raylike

reference to a footnote. 2. Linguistics. An asterisk used to indicate an unattested sound, affix, or

*astern adjective. & adverb. 1. at the stern, di buritan: the gun was mounted astern, meriam itu ditempatkan di buritan; 2. towards the stern, ke buritan; 3. backwards, berundur, undur, mundur: full speed astern, undur dengan laju; go astern, berundur; 4. behind a ship, di belakang (kapal). *asternal asternum *asteroid asteroid *asteroid (st-roid) noun. 1. Astronomy. Any of numerous small celestial bodies that revolve around the sun, with orbits lying chiefly between Mars and Jupiter and characteristic diameters between a few and several hundred kilometers. Also called *minor planet, *planetoid, asteroid; 2. Zoology. See starfish, asteroid. *asteroidal adjective. asteroid. *asterophysis asterofisis *asterosclereid asterosklereid *asteroseta asteroseta *asterospondyl asterospondil *asterospondylous asterospondil *asthenic astenia *asthenobiosis astenobiosis *asthenosphere astenosfera *asthma noun. asma, penyakit lelah. *asthmatic adjective. 1. pertaining to asthma, asma, penyakit lelah: an asthmatic attack, serangan asma; 2. suffering from asthma, /berpenyakit, menghidap penyakit/ /asma, lelah/; (of patient) asma, lelah: an asthmatic child, kanak-kanak yang berpenyakit asma; noun. /pesakit, penghidap penyakit/ /asma, lelah/. *astichous astik *astigmatic astigma *astigmatic adjective. astigmatik; noun. penghidap astigmatisme. *astigmatic -astigma

*astigmatism (-stgm-tzm) noun. 1.

A refractive defect of a lens or other optical system that

prevents light rays from converging at a single point, resulting in a blurred or imperfect image. 2. A visual defect in which the unequal curvature of one or more refractive surfaces of the eye, usually the cornea, prevents light rays from focusing clearly at one point on the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Astigmatisme. *astigmatic (stg-mtk) adjective & noun. *astigmatically adverb, *astigmatous astigma *astipulate astipulat *astir adjective. 1. up and about, (sudah)/bangun, bangkit/; 2. in a state of activity, sibuk: the whole village was astir at the news, seluruh kampung menjadi sibuk apabila mendengar berita itu. *astogeny astogeni *astomatous (-stm-ts, -stm-) also *astomous (st-ms) or *astomatal (-stm-tl, -stm-) adjective. Having no mouth or oral opening, astoma *astomous astoma *astonish transitive verb. (active), (sangat) menghairankan, (sangat) hairan; passive, (sangat) hairan: the size of the animal astonished the child, besarnya binatang tersebut sangat menghairankan anak itu; he astonished his audience with his skill, para penonton sangat hairan akan kemahirannya; *astonished adjective. (sangat) hairan: to look astonished, kelihatan sangat hairan; weren't you astonished to see him there?, tidakkah kamu hairan melihat dia di situ? *astonishing adjective. (sangat) menghairankan: an astonishing sight, pemandangan yang sangat menghairankan; the results were truly astonishing, keputusan itu benar-benar menghairankan; it is astonishing to me, saya hairan: it is astonishing to me that nobody rang the police, saya hairan tiada seorang pun yang menelefon polis; *astonishment noun. 1. amazement, kehairanan, rasa hairan: astonishment was written on his face, kehairanan terbayang di wajahnya; in astonishment, dengan hairannya, kehairanan: he looked at me in astonishment, dia memandang saya dengan rasa hairan; to someone's astonishment, seseorang hairan: to my astonishment, he jumped into the river, saya hairan apabila dia terjun ke dalam sungai itu; 2. cause of amazement, 1 (sesuatu, seseorang)1 yang menghairankan: he is a never-ending astonishment to his parents, dia sentiasa menghairankan ibu bapanya.

*astound transitive verb. 1. amaze, (active) sangat menghairankan, mengagumkan; (passive) sangat hairan, kagum; 2. shock, (active) memeranjatkan, mengejutkan; (passive) terperanjat, terkejut: the whole world was astound ed by the news, seluruh dunia terperanjat mendengar berita itu; *astounding adjective. 1. amazing, sangat menghairankan, mengagumkan: to make astounding progress, mencapai kemajuan yang mengagumkan; 2. shocking, memeranjatkan, mengejutkan. *astraddle adjective. & adverb. bercelapak. *astraeid coral karang astreid *astragalus (-strg-ls) noun. plural *astragali (-l). The bone of the ankle that articulates with the tibia and fibula to form the ankle joint. Also called anklebone, Astragalus. *astragalar adjective, *astral adjective. relating to, consisting of stars, bintang: astral influences, pengaruh bintang; astral body, a. (astronomy) bintang; b. ethereal counterpart of body, roh; astral spirits, (formerly) orang kayangan. *astral ray ruji aster *astray adjective. & adverb. tersesat, sesat, salah jalan; go astray, (tersesat) sesat, salah jalan; (in ones calculations) tersalah kira: if you follow the path you will not go astray, kalau kamu ikut lorong itu kamu tidak akan sesat; you have gone astray somewhere in your calculations, kamu telah tersalah kira; lead someone astray, a. menyebabkan seseorang sesat; b. (figurative) menyesatkan seseorang: she was led astray by her so astray called friend, dia disesatkan oleh orang yang dianggapnya sebagai kawan. *astride adverb. 1. with legs on either side, bercelapak: Victorian ladies rarely rode astride, wanita zaman Victoria jarang-jarang sekali menunggang kuda bercelapak; 2. with legs far apart, mengangkang: he stood astride with arms akimbo, dia berdiri mengangkang dengan bercekak pinggang; preposition with legs on either side, mencelapaki, bercelapak di atas: to sit astride a waterbuffalo, duduk bercelapak di atas kerbau. *astringency noun. 1. severity, austereness, a. (of something said) kepedasan; b. (of something written) ketajaman; 2. quality of being sharp, invigorating, a. (of taste) kepedaran; (chemistry) keastringenan; b. (of smell) menyegarkan; (chemistry) keastringenan; 3. property of drawing together body tissues, keastringenan *astringent adjective. 1. severe, austere, a. (of something said) pedas, memedihkan: an astringent remark, kata-kata pedas; b. (of something written) tajam: he wrote a somewhat astringent review of the

book, dia menulis ulasan yang agak tajam tentang buku itu; 2. sharp, invigorating, a. (of taste) pedar; (chemistry) astringen; b. (of smell) menyegarkan; 3. (chemistry) astringen; noun. astringen. *astroblast astroblas *astrocentre astrosentrum *astro-combining form. astro. *astrocyte astrosit *astrocytosis - astrositosis *astroid astroid *astrolabe noun. astrolab. *astrologer noun. ahli nujum. *astrological adjective. astrologi. *astrology (-strl-j) noun. Abbr. astrol. The study of the positions and aspects of celestial bodies in the belief that they have an influence on the course of natural earthly occurrences and human affairs, ilmu nujum, astrologi. *astronaut (str-nt) noun. A person trained to pilot, navigate, or otherwise participate in the flight of a spacecraft, angkasawan. *astronomer (-strn-mr) noun. Abbr. astron. One that specializes in astronomy, ahli astronomi, ahli falak. *astronomic astronomical adjective. 1. enormously large, great in extent, degree, terlalu + appropriate adjective.: to allocate sums of money for national defence, menguntukkan wang yang terlalu banyak bagi pertahanan negara; 2. of, relating to astronomy, astronomi, ilmu falak. *astronomical - astronomi, falak *astronomical telescope noun. teleskop astronomi. *astronomical tide -pasang surut falak *astronomical unit noun. unit astronomi.

*astronomy (-strn-m) noun. Abbr. astron. The scientific study of matter in outer space, especially the positions, dimensions, distribution, motion, composition, energy, and evolution of celestial bodies and phenomena, astronomi, ilmu falak. *astropodium (plu. astropodia) astropodium *astropyle astropil *astrosclereid astrosklereid *astrosphere (str-sfr) noun. astrosfera. 1. The central portion of a cell aster exclusive of the rays. 2. The entire cell aster with the exception of the centrosome. *astute adjective. (of person) pintar, panjang akal, tajam akal; (of action) bijak: an astute businessman, seorang peniaga yang pintar; an astute move, suatu langkah yang bijak; astute management of the business led to higher profits, pengurusan perniagaan yang bijak menghasilkan keuntungan yang lebih tinggi. *astuteness noun. (of person) kepintaran, panjang akal, tajam akal; (of action) kebijakan: his astuteness as a politician is undeniable, kepintarannya sebagai seorang ahli politik tidak dapat disangkal. *astylocarpellous astilokarpel *astylocarpepodic astilokarpepod *asulcal septum septum asulkus *asunder adverb. into pieces or parts, berkecai: the plate broke asunder, pinggan itu pecah berkecai; come asunder, berkecai: the porcelain doll came asunder in my hands, anak patung porselin itu berkecai dalam tangan saya; tear asunder, (active) memecahkan; passive pecah: the boat was torn asunder in the storm, perahu itu pecah dipukul ribut. *aswarm adjective. dikerumuni, dikerubungi, digerumuti; (with people) penuh sesak: the market-place was aswarm with people, pasar itu penuh sesak dengan orang. *asylum noun. 1 (formerly termed lunatic asylum) /rumah sakit, hospital, rumah orang/ gila, rumah sakit otak; 2. place of refuge, suaka, tempat berlindung; 3. refuge, perlindungan: to seek political asylum, meminta perlindungan politik. *asymmetric, asymmetrical adjective. tak simetri. *asymmetrical fold lipatan asimetri *asymmetry analysis -analisis asimetri

*asymmetry

(-sm-tr)

noun.

sifat

tak

simetri,

asimetri.

Lack of balance or symmetry. *asymptomatic (smp-t-mtk) adjective. asimptomatik

Neither causing nor exhibiting symptoms of disease. - asymptomatically adverb. . *asymptomatic infection - jangkitan asimptomatik, jangkitan tanpa gejala *asymptote (sm-tt, -mp-) noun. Mathematics. A line considered a limit to a curve in the sense that the perpendicular distance from a moving point on the curve to the line approaches zero as the point moves an infinite distance from the origin, asimptot. *asymptotic length -panjang asimptot *asymptotic stability -kestabilan asimptot *asynapsis (s-npss) noun. asinapsis

The failure of homologous chromosomes to pair during meiosis. *asynaptic asinapsis *asynchronous (-sngkr-nzm) or asynchrony (-kr-n) noun. segerakan Lack of temporal concurrence; absence of synchronism. - asynchronous (-ns) adjective, asynchronously adverb. *asyndesis asindesis *asynethogametism asinetogametisme *asyntenic asintenik *asystole asistole *at preposition 1. (place) di: a. there's someone at the door, ada orang di pintu; b. this bus stops at the library, bas ini berhenti di perpustakaan; c. he's still at the party, dia masih di pesta; d. we'll meet at Lina's, kita berjumpa di rumah Lina; tak bersingkroni, asingkroni, tak

e. I bought it at Johnson's, saya membelinya di kedai Johnson; 2. (time) pada [often omitted in colloquial speech] (relating to age) semasa: a. she arrived at six o'clock, dia tiba pada pukul enam; b. this shop is always open at night, kedai ini selalu dibuka (pada) malam hari; c. at (the age of) sixty, semasa berumur enam puluh tahun; 3. (cause, source of action) apabila, ketika: a. at a signal from their leader, the students moved forward, apabila pemimpin mereka memberi isyarat, sekalian mahasiswa itu maju ke depan; b. at the first bell you must stop writing, apabila loceng pertama berbunyi, kamu mesti berhenti menulis; 4. (cause, source of reaction, emotion) a. also at the sight of, melihat: i. they laughed at the children's antics, mereka tertawa melihat tingkah laku anak-anak itu; b. also at the sound of, mendengar: i. I jumped at the dog's sudden bark, saya terkejut mendengar anjing itu tibatiba menyalak; c. also at the /idea, thought/ of, mengingat, memikirkan: i. I am distressed at the number of people compelled to live in such conditions, pilu hati saya memikirkan betapa banyaknya orang yang terpaksa hidup dalam keadaan yang demikian; 5. (indicating state or activity) sedang: a. at work, sedang bekerja; b. at war, sedang berperang; 6. in response to, atas: a. at someone's request, atas permintaan seseorang; b. at someone's instigation, atas hasutan seseorang;

7. (relating to measurements) a. also at a price of, dengan harga: i. eggs used to sell at three cents each, dulu telur dijual dengan harga tiga sen sebiji; b. also at a distance of, dari jarak: i. he could shoot a monkey at four hundred metres, dia dapat menembak monyet dari jarak empat ratus meter; c. also at a speed of, selaju, [or not translated]: i. the vehicle travels at twenty kilometres an hour, kenderaan ini bergerak selaju dua puluh kilometer sejam; d. also at a quantity of, sebanyak: i. the number of books sold was estimated at three thousand, jumlah buku yang dijual telah ditaksirkan sebanyak tiga ribu; ii. [for phrases such as aim at, look at, shout at, etc see appropriate verbs]; at /the, its/ + superlative adjective., se + reduplicated adjective. + nya, paling + adjective. : a. he'll arrive the day after tomorrow at the latest, dia akan tiba selambat-lambatnya lusa; b. at its hottest the temperature was no more than 30, sepanas-panasnya suhu itu tidak lebih daripada 300; be at it (again) be engaged in some previously named or implied activity, melakukannya lagi, [usually translated explicitly]; c. they're at it again, are they?, jadi mereka melakukannya lagi, bukan?; d. they're at it again next door (of quarrelsome neighbours), tetangga di sebelah bergaduh lagi; keep someone at it, mengawasi seseorang supaya bekerja terus; be (on) at someone., menegur-negur: e. his mother is always (on) at him to get his hair cut, ibunya selalu menegur-negurnya supaya bergunting rambut;

for phrases such as at all, at first, at least, see under ALL, FIRST, LEAST, etc/. *atactostele ataktostel *atapase atapase *atavism (t-vzm) noun. 1. The reappearance of a characteristic in an organism after several

generations of absence, usually caused by the chance recombination of genes. 2. An individual or a part that exhibits atavism. Also called throwback. 3. The return of a trait or recurrence of previous behavior after a period of absence. atavisme *atavist noun. *atavistic adjective. *atavistically adverb, *atavistic atavus *ataxia (-tks-) also ataxy (-tks) noun. Loss of the ability to coordinate muscular movement, ataksia *ataxia telangiectasia ataksia telangiektasia *ataxy, *ataxia noun. ataksia. *ate plural of EAT. *ategmic ovule ovul ategmen *atelechore atelekor *atelectasis (tl-kt-ss) noun. 1. Total or partial collapse of the lung. 2. A congenital condition characterized by the incomplete expansion of the lungs at birth, atelektasis *ateleosis ateleosis *atelia atelia *atelocentric atelosentrum *atelomitic atelomit *athalamous atalamus *athecate hydroid hidroid atekat *atheism (th-zm) noun. a. Disbelief in or denial of the existence of God or gods. b. The doctrine that there is no God or gods, ateisme. *atheist - ateis *atheist (th-st) noun. One that disbelieves or denies the existence of God or gods, ateis.

*atheistic adjective. ateis. *Athens noun. Athens. *atherosclerosis (th-r-skl-rss) noun. A form of arteriosclerosis characterized by the deposition of atheromatous plaques containing cholesterol and lipids on the innermost layer of the walls of large and medium-sized arteries, aterosklerosis. *atherosclerotic (-rtk) adjective. *atherosclerotically adverb. *athirst adjective. eager, longing, dahaga: he was athirst for knowledge, dia dahaga akan pengetahuan. *athlete noun. 1. competitor in sport, exercises, etc, a. (general) ahli olahraga; b. (if accomplished) (masculine) olahragawan, atlet; (jem) olahragawati, atlet; 2. someone. who has aptitude for sports etc, suka berolahraga. *athlete's foot (thlts f t) noun. A contagious fungal infection of the skin usually affecting the feet and sometimes the hands, characterized by itching, blisters, cracking, and scaling, (penyakit) kaki makan air. *athletic adjective. 1. physically strong, active, kuat dan /cergas, tangkas/: an athletic young man, pemuda yang kuat dan tangkas; 2. relating to athletes, olahraga: athletic training, latihan olahraga; 3. large and muscular, begap. *athletic support noun. see JOCK-STRAP. *athletics noun. olahraga. *at-home noun. jamuan di rumah. *athrocyte atrosit *athrocytosis atrositosis *athwart adverb. from side to side, secara melintang; preposition 1. across, melintangi: a long plank was set athwart the stream, sekeping papan yang panjang diletakkan melintangi anak sungai itu; 2. in opposition to, bertentangan dengan; 3. (nautical) across the course, length of, melintangi. *ativism ativisme *Atlantic adjective. Atlantik; noun. the Atlantic, Lautan Atlantik. *Atlantic Charter noun. Piagam Atlantik.

*Atlantic Ocean (t-lntk shn). The world's second-largest ocean, divided into the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic. It extends from the Arctic in the north to the Antarctic in the south between the eastern Americas and western Europe and Africa. utan Atlantik. *Atlantic Standard Time noun. Waktu Piawai Atlantik. *Atlantis (t-lnts) noun. Mythology. A legendary island in the Atlantic Ocean west of Gibraltar, said by Plato to have sunk beneath the sea during an earthquake, Atlantis. *atlanto-occipital atlantooksipital *atlas beetle kumbang tanduk *atlas moth (Attacus atlas) rama-rama gajah *Atlas Mountains noun. Pergunungan Atlas. *atlas noun. 1. book of maps, charts, atlas, buku peta; 2. book of charts, graphs, atlas: an anatomical atlas, atlas anatomi; 3. (anatomy) atlas; 4. large size of drawing paper, atlas. *atlas vertebra vertebra atlas *atmometer (t-mm-tr) noun. An instrument that measures the rate of water evaporation, atmometer *atmosphere noun. 1. gaseous mass surrounding heavenly body, atmosfera; 2. air, climate (in any place) udara: the atmosphere in the store-room is rather stuffy, udara dalam bilik star itu agak pengap; 3. pervading feeling, mood, suasana: an atmosphere of poverty and decadence, suasana kemiskinan dan kemerosotan hidup; the atmosphere in the room was very tense, suasana di bilik itu sangat tegang; 4. prevailing mood of creative work, suasana; 5. environment typical of a given place, period, etc, suasana: the atmosphere of a Chinatown, suasana pekan Cina; the atmosphere of Victorian England, suasana zaman Victoria di England; 6. any local gaseous environment, medium, atmosfera; 7. individual effect (usually exotic) suasana istimewa: this restaurant certainly has atmosphere, ada suasana istimewa di restoran ini. *atmospheric pressure noun. tekanan atmosfera. . *atmospheric tide pasang-surut atmosfera *atmospheric, atmospherical adjective. atmosfera. *atocia atosia *atoll (tl, -l, tl, tl) noun. A ringlike coral island and reef that nearly or entirely encloses a lagoon, atol, pulau cincin

*atom noun. 1. (physics) atom; 2. very small quantity, sedikit pun: there's not an atom of truth in what he said. kata-katanya itu sedikit pun tidak ada kebenarannya; s. very small fragments, hancur: to smash something to atoms. memecahkan sesuatu sehingga hancur. *atom, atomic bomb noun. bom atom. *atomic adjective. atom: atomic cloud. awan atom; atomic formula. formula atom; atomic warfare, peperangan atom; atomic weapon, senjata atom. *atomic age noun. zaman atom. *atomic clock noun. jam atom. *atomic energy noun. see NUCLEAR ENERGY. *atomic mass noun. jisim atom. *atomic mass unit noun. unit jisim atom. *atomic number noun. nombor atom. *atomic structure noun. struktur atom. *atomic theory noun. teori atom. *atomic volume noun. isi padu atom. *atomic weight noun. berat atom. *atomicity noun. keatoman. *atomisation - pengatoman, pengabusan *atomise - mengatomkan, mengabuskan, memperatomkan, peratomkan, perkabuskan *atomization - pengatoman, pengabusan *atomization, atomisation noun. act of, a. (separating into atoms) pengatoman; b. (reducing to fine particles) peluluhan; c. (destroying by atomic bombing) pemusnahan dengan bom atom. *atomize, atomise transitive verb. 1. separate into atoms, mengatomkan; 2. reduce to fine particles, meluluhkan; s. destroy by atomic bombing, memusnahkan dengan bom atom. *atomizer - pengabus *atomizer, atomiser noun. pengabus. *atomometer atomometer

*atonal adjective. tanpa nada. *atone intransitive verb menebus + appropriate noun: how can I atone ?, bagaimana saya hendak

menebus kesalahan saya?; atone for, a. (something) menebus: nothing can atone for her carelessness, tidak ada apa-apa yang dapat menebus kecuaiannya; b. (doing something) menebus + appropriate noun: you must atone for belittling her, kamu mesti menebus kesalahan kamu kerana telah memperkecil-kecilkannya. *atonement noun. reparation, satisfaction <for wrong, injury, etc) penebusan + appropriate noun.. menebus + appropriate noun.; <for something) penebusan, menebus: he sent her flowers in atonement for his rudeness, dia mengirimkan bunga kepada gadis itu untuk menebus kekasarannya. *atop adverb. & preposition also atop of, di atas. *atopic (-tpk) adjective. Of, relating to, or caused by a hereditary predisposition toward the

development of certain hypersensitivity reactions, such as hay fever, asthma, or chronic urticaria, upon exposure to specific antigens: atopic dermatitis. Atopi. *atopy (t-p) noun, *atopy atopi *ATPase (t-ps, -z) noun. An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP; adenosine

triphosphatase, ATPase *atrabiliary atrabiliari *atractoid atraktoid *atractosome atraktosom *atresia (-trzh, -zh-) noun. The absence or closure of a normal body orifice or tubular passage such as the anus, intestine, or external ear canal, atresia *atretic atresia *atria plural of ATRIUM. *atrial atrium *atrial depolarization penyahkutuban atrium *atrichoblast atrikoblas *atrichous atrikus *atriocoelomic atrioselom

*atriopore atriopor *atrioventricular (tr--vn-trky-lr) adjective. Of, relating to, or involving the atria and the

ventricles of the heart, atrioventrikel *atrioventricular (A V) node buku atrioventrikel (A V) *atrioventricular valve -injap atrioventrikel *atrium (tr-m) noun. plural *atria (tr-) or *atriums. 1. Architecture. A rectangular court, as: a. A usually skylighted central area, often containing plants, in some modern buildings, especially of a public or commercial nature. b. The open area in the center of an ancient Roman house. c. The forecourt of a building, such as an early Christian church, enclosed on three or four sides with porticoes. 2. Anatomy. A bodily cavity or chamber, especially either of the upper chambers of the heart that receives blood from the veins and forces it into a ventricle. In this sense, also called auricle, atrium. *atrial adjective, *atrochal atroka *atrocious adjective. 1. very cruel. kejam; (of deed) kejam, zalim: an atrocious crime, jenayah yang kejam; 2. terrible, horrifying. dahsyat: an atrocious accident. kemalangan yang dahsyat; s. (colloquial) very bad. teruk: atrocious weather. cuaca yang teruk; atrocious handwriting. tulisan yang teruk. *atrocity noun. kekejaman: the atrocities of war, kekejaman peperangan; the atrocities of the prison guards were a well atrocity known fact, kekejaman pengawal penjara itu diketahui umum. *atropal atrop *atrophic rhinitis rinitis atrofi *atrophy atrofi *atrophy noun. 1. atrofi; 2. <figurative), [various translations]: the atrophy of conscience, kelumpuhan hati nurani; the atrophy of an empire, kemerosotan sebuah empayar; intransitive verb menjadi lemah dan mengecil; transitive verb. menjadikan [sesuatu] lemah dan kecil. *atropine (tr-pn, -pn) also *atropin (-pn) noun. A poisonous, bitter, crystalline alkaloid,

C17H23NO3, obtained from belladonna and other related plants. It is used to dilate the pupils of the eyes and as an antispasmodic, atropina *atropous atrop

*attach transitive verb. 1. fasten, fix, a. (general) memasang: to attach the brackets to the wall, memasang pendakap pada dinding; the hose can be attached to the vacuum cleaner, hos itu dapat dipasangkan pada pembersih vakum; b. (by gluing) menggamkan; c. (by sticking on) melekatkan, menampalkan, menempelkan, merekatkan: he attached a label to the parcel, dia melekatkan label pada bungkusan itu; d. (by tying) mengikatkan: a price tag has to be attached to every dress, tanda harga mesti diikatkan pada setiap baju; e. (by connecting) menyambungkan: the wires that were attached to the battery, wayar-wayar yang disambungkan pada bateri; f. (by joining) mencantumkan; (bones) bersendi: when you attach the skirt to the bodice..., apabila kamu mencantumkan skirt pada badan baju...; the femur is attached to the pelvis, tulang femur bersendi dengan tulang pelvis; g. (by appending, annexing) melampirkan, mengepilkan, mengembarkan; (to a book, magazine, etc) melampirkan: attached you will find..., bersama-sama surat ini dilampirkan...; there is a corrigendum attached to the book, ada ralat yang dilampirkan pada buku itu; h. (by suspending) menggantung: to attach a weight to a fishing line, menggantungkan pemberat pada tali kail; 2. (usually passive), (part of building) dengan berkembar: a house with a garage attached, rumah garaj berkembar; 3. (usually passive) appoint for special, temporary duties, menempatkan sebagai pegawai sangkut: a new interpreter will be attached to our unit, jurubahasa yang baru akan ditempatkan di unit kita sebagai pegawai sangkut; 4. (legal) arrest, seize (person, property, etc) with authority, menahan; 5. (usually passive) bind by personal ties, rapat; (to something other than person) sayang akan: he is deeply attached to his younger sister, dia sangat rapat dengan adik perempuannya; having lived there for many years, he is really attached to the place, kerana sudah bertahun-tahun tinggal di sana, dia sangat sayang akan tempat itu; attach to, come to, [not translated]: no blame attaches to him, dia tidak dapat dipersalahkan; attach oneself to, a. join oneself to (someone.) menempel dekat (seseorang); (of animal) mengekori: a gossipy woman attached herself to me throughout the dinner party, seorang perempuan yang suka mengumpat menempel dekat saya sepanjang jamuan makan malam itu; a stray cat attached itself to me as I was walking home, seekor kucing jalang mengekori saya semasa saya berjalan pulang; b. join oneself to, associate oneself with (something) menyertai: to attach oneself to a travelling theatre, menyertai kumpulan teater bergerak; c. fasten oneself to, melekat: the barnacles that attach themselves to ships' bottoms, teritip yang melekat pada bahagian bawah kapal; attach something to, a. see (sense 1.); b. attribute something to, menganggap: he attaches great importance to neatness, dia menanggap kerapian amat penting; attach credence to, mempercayai: you attach too much credence to what the papers say, kamu terlalu mempercayai berita yang disiarkan dalam akhbar; c. (usually passive) consider something

as being attributable to, [no specific translation]: no suspicion can be attached to her, dia tidak patut disyaki; *attache case noun. beg /atase, diplomat/ *attache noun. atase: military attach, atase tentera. *attached adjective. see transitive verb. (sense 5.). *attached X-chromosome kromosom X terlekat *attachment perlekatan *attachment noun. 1. means of attaching, penyambung; 2. affectionate regard, a. (to a person) rapat: he formed an attachment for a girl who worked in a travel agency, dia menjadi rapat dengan seorang gadis yang bekerja di sebuah agensi pelancongan; b. (to an animal) sayang akan; c. (to a country) rasa cinta: his attachment to the old country was obvious, rasa cintanya terhadap negara asalnya nyata sekali; 3. object (to be) attached, alat tambahan: a lathe with a drilling attachment, mesin larik serta alat tambahan untuk menggerudi; 4. act of attaching, a. (general) pemasangan, memasang; b. (by gluing) menggamkan; c. (by sticking on) penampalan, menampalkan, melekatkan, menempelkan, merekatkan; d. (by tying) pengikatan, mengikatkan; e. (by connecting) penyambungan; f. (by joining) pencantuman; g. (by appending, annexing) melampirkan, mengepilkan, mengembarkan; (to a book, magazine, etc) melampirkan; h. (by suspending) penggantungan; 5. (legal) arrest, seizure by legal authority, penahanan. *attack noun. 1. physical assault, serangan: the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, serangan Jepun ke atas Pearl Harbour; an attack on someone's life, serangan ke atas diri seseorang; they made several attacks on the enemy stronghold, mereka melakukan beberapa serangan ke atas kubu pihak musuh; come under attack, diserang; 2. adverse criticism, a. (of someone.) serangan, bidasan: the attack against the Member of Parliament, bidasan terhadap Ahli Parlimen; b. (of something) bidasan, serangan, kritikan yang hebat: to defend ones work against the attacks of the critics, mempertahankan karya seseorang daripada bidasan pengkritik; 3. (in a game, sport, etc) serangan; 4. act of setting to work upon, a. (task etc) pengerjaan, penggarapan: each task seems to call for a different method of attack, nampaknya setiap tugas memerlukan cara pengerjaan yang berlainan; b. (problem, difficulty, etc) pemecahan; 5. fit (of disease, disorder, etc) serangan, diserang: a heart attack, serangan jantung; an attack of giddiness, diserang pening; intransitive verb menyerang: the troops waited until dark to attack, pasukan itu menunggu sehingga waktu malam untuk menyerang; the opposing team attacked furiously after the first goal was scored, pasukan lawan menyerang dengan hebatnya setelah gol pertama dijaringkan; transitive verb. 1. assault

physically, menyerang; (country) menyerang, melanggar: the fishing boats were attacked by pirates, bot-bot nelayan itu diserang oleh lanun; this time they attacked the goal from the left wing, kali ini mereka menyerang pintu gol dari kawasan sayap kiri; the country was attacked without warning, negara itu diserang tanpa amaran; 2. criticize adversely, a. (someone) membidas, menyerang: the union leader was attached by the newspapers for his recent statement, pemimpin kesatuan sekerja itu dibidas oleh akhbar kerana penyataannya baru-baru ini; b. (something) membidas, mengkritik dengan hebat: the Opposition attacked the bill on several grounds, pihak Pembangkang membidas rang undang-undang itu atas beberapa sebab; 3. undertake vigorously, a. (task etc), (mula) mengerjakan, menggarap [noun] dengan /giat, penuh semangat/; b. (problem, difficulty, etc), (mula) memecahkan; 4. begin to act upon harmfully, menyerang, merosakkan: a disease that attacks the bones, penyakit yang menyerang tulang; rust attacks metals, logam diserang karat; the wooden floor has been attacked by termites, lantai kayu itu telah diserang anai-anai; *attacker noun. penyerang. *attacking adjective. menyerang: the attacking forces, pasukan-pasukan yang menyerang. *attain transitive verb. reach, achieve, mencapai: we want to attain the highest standards, kami ingin mencapai tingkat yang paling tinggi; to attain happiness, mencapai kebahagiaan; attain ones majority, mencapai usia dewasa; 2. obtain, memperoleh, mencapai: he attained distinction in the field of medicine, dia memperoleh kemasyhuran dalam bidang perubatan; attain to, (formal) a. (by deliberate effort) memperoleh: to attain to wealth, memperoleh kekayaan; b. (by moral, intellectual effort) mencapai: to attain to perfection, mencapai kesempurnaan. *attainable adjective. dapat dicapai: an attainable goal, matlamat yang dapat dicapai. *attainment noun. 1. act of attaining, pencapaian, mencapai: the attainment of ambitions, pencapaian citacita; /easy, difficult, impossible/ of attainment, /mudah, susah, tidak mungkin/ dicapai; 2. (in plural) accomplishment, pencapaian: a man well known for his scientific attainments, lelaki yang terkenal kerana pencapaiannya dalam bidang sains. *attar (tr) also *ottar (tr) or *otto (t) noun. A fragrant essential oil or perfume obtained from flowers, minyak atar. *attempt noun. percubaan: his attempts to escape were unsuccessful, percubaannya untuk melarikan diri tidak berjaya; an attempt on someone's life, percubaan untuk membunuh seseorang; make an attempt, mencuba: to make an attempt at acting, mencuba berlakon; transitive verb. 1. mencuba; (task, problem) mencuba + appropriate verb: he attempted to forge my signature, dia mencuba

memalsukan tandatangan saya; to attempt a landing, mencuba mendarat; to attempt suicide, mencuba membunuh diri; to attempt a task, mencuba membuat sesuatu tugas; 2. try to climb, mencuba /mendaki, memanjat, menanjak/: the team will attempt the north face of Mount Kina. balu, pasukan itu akan mencuba mendaki permukaan utara Gunung Kinabalu; *attempted adjective. percubaan: attempted rape, percubaan merogol. *attend intransitive verb. 1. be present at, hadir; 2. pay attention, memberikan perhatian: you are not attending, kamu tidak memberikan perhatian; transitive verb. 1. be present at, menghadiri, hadir di; (classes, lectures) mengikuti, menghadiri: to attend a seminar, menghadiri seminar; his lectures were well attended, banyak orang yang mengikuti kuliahnya; 2. go to, pergi ke, ke: my brother will not be attending school today, adik saya tidak akan pergi ke sekolah hari ini; to attend church, pergi ke gereja; 3. study at, belajar di: she attended a boarding school, dia belajar di sekolah berasrama; 4. look after, menjaga; (by doctor, nurse, etc) merawat: to attend the poor, menjaga orang-orang miskin; he was attended by an experienced doctor, dia dirawat oleh seorang doktor yang berpengalaman; 5. accompany, menyertai: success at last attended our efforts, kejayaan akhirnya menyertai usaha kami; 6. escort, accompany, mengiringi; attend /on, upon/, a. look after, menjaga; (by doctor, nurse, etc) merawat; b. accompany, menyertai: too many risks attended upon the enterprise, terlalu banyak risiko yang menyertai usaha itu; c. serve, melayani: to attend on a guest, melayani tamu; attend to, a. look after, menjaga: my assistant will attend to the shop while I go to the bank, pembantu saya akan menjaga kedai semasa saya pergi ke bank; b. give care (especially medical care) to, merawat: you must attend to the injured first, kamu mesti merawat yang cedera dahulu; c. pay attention to, memberikan perhatian; d. apply oneself to, mengurus, [otherwise various translation]: can you please attend to the correspondence?, bolehkah kamu tolong mengurus hal surat-menyurat itu?; to attend to ones business, mengurus perniagaan seseorang; to attend to ones health, menjaga kesihatan seseorang; let's attend to our work instead of gossiping, lebih baik kita membuat kerja kita daripada mengumpat; e. serve, melayani: to attend to a customer, melayani pelanggan. *attendance noun. 1 especially in attendance, a. (especially on royalty) mengiringi: to be in attendance upon the Queen, mengiringi Permaisuri; b. (especially at a hospital) memberikan rawatan: there was no doctor in attendance, tidak ada doktor yang memberikan rawatan; 2. being present, kehadiran, hadir: attendance at school, kehadiran di sekolah; attendance book, buku kedatangan; attendance register, daftar kedatangan; 3. number of times someone. attends school etc, hadir: she missed at least four attendances this month, dia tidak hadir sekurang-kurangnya empat kali dalam

bulan ini; 4. number of persons present, bilangan yang hadir: the attendance was greater than expected, bilangan yang hadir lebih besar daripada yang diduga. *attendant adjective. 1. in attendance, merawat: the attendant physician, pakar perubatan yang merawat; 2. accompanying, menyertai: the problems attendant on adolescence, masalah yang menyertai keremajaan; noun. 1. one who accompanies, waits on (someone.) pengiring: the prince and his attendants, putera raja dengan pengiringnya; 2. one doktor. *attended - berkendali, dikendalikan *attended operation - operasi berkendali *attention interjection. sedia; noun. 1. concentration of the mind (on something) perhatian; (in commercial, official correspondence) untuk perhatian: to give ones attention to something, memberikan perhatian seseorang kepada sesuatu; to attract attention, menarik perhatian; may I have your attention please!, minta perhatian!; he called attention to the error, dia menarik perhatian kami kepada kesalahan itu; attention, Mr. Khalid, untuk perhatian Encik Khalid; 2. (usually in pl) act of kindness, courtesy, perbuatan baik: she spurned his attentions, dia menolak perbuatan baik lelaki itu; bring something to someone's attention, membawa sesuatu kepada pengetahuan seseorang; come to attention, berdiri tegak; come to someone's attention, menyedari; (through being informed by someone.) sampai kepada pengetahuan seseorang: the matter has come to our attention, perkara itu sudah kami sedari; pay attention, memberikan perhatian; (colloquial) dengar sini, dengarkan ; pay ones attentions to, mencuba memikat (hati); stand at attention, berdiri tegak. *attentive adjective. 1. paying attention, observant, memberikan perhatian penuh: an attentive audience, penonton yang memberikan perhatian penuh; 2. considerate, (selalu) melayani + appropriate noun: an attentive husband, suami yang sentiasa melayani isterinya; be attentive to, (selalu) melayani: he was always attentive to her wishes, dia selalu melayani kehendak gadis itu. *attentiveness noun. 1. quality of being observant, memberikan perhatian penuh: attentiveness in class is important to both teacher and student, mustahak bagi kedua-dua guru dan murid untuk memberikan perhatian penuh di dalam bilik darjah; 2. quality of being considerate, layanan: their attentiveness to their guest's needs was commendable, layanan mereka terhadap tetamu mereka patut dipuji. *attenuate atenuat employed to provide service, atendan: parking attendant, atendan letak kereta; restroom attendant, atendan bilik air; medical attendant.

*attenuate - mengecil, mengatenuasi, atenuat *attenuate adjective. (formal) 1. weakened, lemah; 2. diluted, cair; 3. made thin, slender, halus; 4. (botany) atenuat; transitive verb. (formal) 1. weaken, melemahkan; 2. dilute, mencairkan; 3. make thin, slender, menghaluskan: the glass was attenuated into thin fibres, kaca itu dihaluskan hingga menjadi serat-serat halus; 4. make less virulent, melemahkan; 5. reduce amplitude of, melemahkan. *attenuated - teratenuat *attenuated vaccine vaksin teratenuat *attenuation - pengatenuatan *attenuation - pengecilan, atenuasi *attenuation noun. act of, a. (weakening) melemahkan; b. (diluting) mencairkan; c. (making thin, slender) menghaluskan; d. (making less virulent) melemahkan; e. (reducing amplitude of) melemahkan. *attenuation -pengecilan *attenuator atenuator *atterminal aterminal *attest transitive verb. 1. affirm the correctness, truth of, mengakui; 2. (legal) mengaku saksi; 3. be proof of, demonstrate, membuktikan, menjadi bukti: the ruins attest the greatness of Rome, reruntuhan itu menjadi bukti keagungan Rom; attest to, membuktikan, menjadi bukti: the meal attested to her culinary skill, hidangan itu membuktikan kemahirannya memasak. *attestation noun. 1. act of, a. (affirming the correctness, truth of) pengakuan; b. (legal) pengakusaksian; c. (demonstrating) pembuktian, membuktikan; 2. proof, evidence, bukti. *attic atik *attic noun. loteng, peran. *attire noun. (liter. & poet.) pakaian; transitive verb. (dated) berpakaian: to be attired in black, berpakaian serba hitam. *attitude noun. 1. mental disposition, sikap: a friendly attitude, sikap peramah; to adopt an attitude of aggression, mengambil sikap agresif; attitude of mind, sikap; 2. posture, lagak, gaya: he stood there in a threatening attitude, dia berdiri di situ dengan lagak yang mengancam; strike /an attitude, a pose/, berlagak.

*attitudinize, attitudinise intransitive verb strike an attitude, berlagak. *attorney noun. wakil; A attorney General, Peguam Negara; power of attorney, surat kuasa wakil. *attract - menarik *attract transitive verb. 1. draw to oneself, itself, a. (person) menarik (hati), tertarik; (purposely) memikat (hati): she attracts men easily, lelaki mudah tertarik kepadanya; bright colours attract babies, bayi tertarik kepada warna-warna terang; b. (physical things) menarik, tertarik: a magnet attracts iron, magnet menarik besi; the scent of flowers attracts bees, lebah tertarik oleh bau bunga; c. (attention, notice, etc) menarik: he whistled to attract attention, dia bersiul untuk menarik perhatian; 2. arouse interest of, menarik, tertarik: the proposal did not attract him, dia tidak tertarik dengan tawaran itu; *attractant bahan penarik, zat penarik *attracted adjective. tertarik: she was attracted by the higher pay, dia tertarik dengan gaji yang lebih tinggi itu; to be attracted to someone, tertarik kepada seseorang. *attraction - tarikan *attraction cone kon penarikan *attraction noun. 1. action, power of attracting, tarikan: magnetic attraction, tarikan magnet; the attraction of gravity, tarikan graviti; the old house held a powerful attraction for him, rumah lama itu mempunyai tarikan yang kuat baginya; he cannot resist the attraction of a pretty girl, dia tidak dapat melawan tarikan gadis yang cantik; 2. (usually in plural) personal charm, daya /penarik, tarikan/: her attractions were numerous, daya penariknya berbagai-bagai; 3. something that attracts, tarikan, (appropriate noun. +) menarik: the attractions of a big city, tarikan bandar raya besar; perhaps her greatest attraction was her lovely smile, barangkali yang paling menarik tentang dirinya ialah senyumannya yang manis; 4. someone that attracts, tarikan: the newly crowned Miss Universe was the main attraction at the ball, Ratu Dunia yang baru dimahkotai merupakan tarikan utama di majlis tari-menari itu. *attraction particle zarah penarikan *attraction sphere sfera penarikan *attractive adjective. menarik; (technical) tarikan: an attractive woman, seorang wanita yang menarik; this new proposal is very attractive, cadangan yang baru ini sungguh menarik; an attractive design, corak yang menarik; the attractive forces between molecules, daya tarikan antara molekul.

*attractiveness noun. daya /penarik, tarikan/. *attributable adjective. can be regarded, a. (as being the result of) dapat dianggap /berpunca, disebabkan oleh/: his success is attributable to his father's position, kejayaannya dapat dianggap disebabkan oleh kedudukan ayahnya; b. (as having been written etc by, in) dapat dianggap + appropriate verb: a sonnet that is attributable to Shakespeare, sebuah soneta yang dapat dianggap ditulis oleh Shakespeare; a figurine that is attributable to the Ming dynasty, sebuah patung kecil yang dapat dianggap diukir dalam zaman dinasti Ming; c. (as being a quality of) dapat dikatakan ada [pada seseorang]. *attribute noun. 1. quality ascribed to someone., something, sifat, atribut: patience is one of his attributes, salah satu sifatnya ialah sabar; 2. object regarded as symbol, lambang, simbol: the crown is an attribute of kingship, mahkota ialah lambang pemerintahan beraja; 3. (grammar) sifat, atribut; transitive verb.; attribute something to, a. regard to be the result of, menganggap sesuatu /berpunca daripada, disebabkan oleh/: he attributed the team's defeat to lack of training, dia menganggap kekalahan pasukan itu disebabkan oleh kurang latihan; b. regard something to have been written etc by, menganggap sesuatu + appropriate verb oleh: the play was attributed to Bertolt Brecht, lakonan itu dianggap ditulis oleh Bertolt Brecht; c. regard something to have been written etc in, menganggap sesuatu + appropriate verb /pada, dalam/: a jar that is attributed to the tenth century, sebuah pasu yang dianggap dibuat pada abad kesepuluh; d. regard as a quality of, mengatakan [seseorang] mempunyai: to attribute to someone. qualities that he does not possess, mengatakan seseorang mempunyai sifat-sifat yang tidak ada padanya. *attributive adjective. (grammar) atributif: attributive noun, kata nama atribut. *attrition (-trshn) noun. 1. A rubbing away or wearing down by friction, pergeseran, geseran; 2. (geography) atrisi; war of attrition, perang pelumpuhan *attune transitive verb. 1. bring into harmony, menyesuaikan; (ear) membiasakan; (mind) menyetalakan: to attune oneself to new ways of thinking, menyesuaikan diri seseorang dengan cara berfikir yang baru; 2. tune, menalakan; *attuned adjective. 1. harmonious, accordant, sesuai: laws attuned to present day trends, undang-undang yang sesuai dengan aliran masa kini; 2. (of ear) sudah biasa: his ears are attuned to modern music, telinganya sudah biasa dengan muzik moden; 3. (of mind) setala: their minds are attuned, fikiran mereka setala. *atypical atipikal

*au fait adjective. maklum: I'm not au fait with the latest developments in generative grammar, saya belum maklum akan perkembangan terakhir tentang tatabahasa generatif; /make, put/ someone. au fait with (something), memberitahu seseorang tentang (sesuatu). *au fond adverb. pada dasarnya. *au gratin ( grtnoun., grtnoun., gr-tN) adjective. Covered with bread crumbs and sometimes butter and grated cheese, and then browned in an oven, au gratin *au naturel ( nch-rl, n-t-rl) adjective. & adverb. 1. (euphemism) naked, tidak ada seurat benang pun pada badan seseorang; 2. uncooked, dengan tidak dimasak; 3. cooked plainly, dimasak secara /ringkas, sederhana/. *au pair ( pr) (girl) noun. A young foreigner who does domestic work for a family in exchange for room and board and a chance to learn the family's language, au pair. *au revoir ( r-vwr) interjection. Used to express farewell, sehingga berjumpa lagi, sampai berjumpa lagi, selamat tinggal. *aubergine (br-zhn, br-jn) noun. terung ungu. *auburn (brn) adjective. coklat kemerah-merahan; noun. (warna) coklat kemerah-merahan. *auction noun. (public sale) jualan lelong; Dutch auction, lelong Belanda; be up for auction, akan dilelong; put something up for auction, melelong; transitive verb. often auction something off, melelong: the farm will be auctioned off next week, ladang itu akan dilelong minggu hadapan. *auctioneer noun. pelelong, jurulelong. *audacious (-dshs) adjective. 1 daring, bold, berani: an audacious plan, rancangan yang berani; so far no one has been so audacious as to suggest such a move, sehingga ini tidak ada seorang pun yang berani mengesyorkan langkah yang seperti itu; 2. impudent, lancang. *audacity (-ds-t), audaciousness noun. 1. boldness, keberanian; 2. impudence, kelancangan, lancang; have the /audacity, audaciousness/, berani: he had the /audacity, audaciousness/ to tell me to shut up, berani dia menyuruh saya diam. *audibility noun. kebolehdengaran. *audible (d-bl) adjective. /dapat, boleh/ didengar: her voice was hardly audible, suaranya hampir tidak dapat didengar.

*audibly adverb. dengan suara yang /dapat, boleh/ didengar: audibly muttering his doubts as to our ability to do the work, dengan suara yang dapat didengar dia merungut-rungutkan rasa sangsinya terhadap kebolehan kami untuk membuat kerja itu. *audience (d-ns) noun. 1. assembly of listeners, spectators, (para) /penonton, hadirin/; 2. listener etc reached by, a. (book, magazine, etc) khalayak, para pembaca; b. (film, television programme, etc) penonton; c. (radio broadcast), (para) pendengar; 3. following, pengikut; (of entertainer) peminat; 4. formal interview, menghadap: to grant someone. an audience, memperkenankan seseorang menghadap; to request an audience with the king, memohon perkenanan raja untuk menghadap. *audio - audio *audio (d-, d-) noun. audio. *audio frequency noun. frekuensi audio. *audiometer noun. audiometer. *audio-visual noun. pandang dengar: audio-visual aid, alat pandang dengar. *audiphone noun. audifon. *audit - mengaudit, auditkan *audit noun. audit: audit office, pejabat audit; transitive verb. conduct an audit of, mengaudit. *auditing - mengauditkan, pengauditan *audition (-dshn) noun. 1. trial hearing of singer, actor, etc, uji bakat; 2. power of hearing, pendengaran; transitive verb. menguji bakat. *auditor noun. 1. someone. who audits accounts, juruaudit; A auditor General, Ketua Audit Negara; 2. someone. who listens, pendengar. *auditoria plural of AUDITORIUM. *auditorium (d-tr-m, -tr-) noun. auditorium. *auditory (d-tr, -tr) adjective. auditori: auditory ossicle, osikel auditori; auditory organ, organ auditori. *auditory capsule -kapsul auditori *auditory organ -organ auditori *auditory ossicle -osikel auditori

*auditory teeth gigi auditori *aufeis aufeis *Aug. abbreviation Ogos. *auger gerimit *auger (gr) noun. gerimit, gerudi, penggerek. *Auger effect noun. kesan Auger. *auger -gerimit *aught adverb. & pronoun see ANYTHING. *augite noun. augit. *augment - pengimbuhkan, imbuhkan *augment (g-mnt) intransitive verb makin bertambah, (menjadi) bertambah (+ I appropriate adjective.): during the summer the dust problem augments, dalam musim panas masalah debu bertambah teruk; his confidence augments with every victory, keyakinannya bertambah setiap kali dia menang; transitive verb. 1. make greater, a. (in amount),(active)menambah; (passive) I bertambah: he augmented his income by working overtime, dia menambah pendapatannya dengan bekerja lebih masa; b. (in number, size), (active) menjadikan bertambah besar; passive 1 menjadi bertambah besar: the army was augmented by national servicemen, pasukan tentera itu menjadi bertambah besar dengan adanya pasukan setia negara; c. (in degree) /menjadikan, menyebabkan/ [noun] bertambah + appropriate adjective.; 2. (music) membesarkan; *augmentation - pengimbuhan *augmentation (gmn-tshn) noun. 1. act of making greater, a. (in amount) a penambahan: the augmentation of revenue from increased taxes, penambahan hasil daripada cukai yang dinaikkan; b. (in number, a size), (active) menjadikan bertambah besar; (passive) menjadi 1 bertambah besar; c. (in degree) menjadikan, menyebabkan/ [noun] bertambah + appropriate adjective.; 2. increase, addition, tambahan; 3. (music) pembesaran. A *augmentative adjective. (grammar) agam: augmentation conjunction, kata a' penghubung agam, *augmented - imbuhan, diimbuhkan *augmented adjective. (music) luasan: augmented interval, jeda luasan; augmented octave, luasan kelapan.

*augur (gr) noun. A seer or prophet; a soothsayer, peramal, tukang ramal, ahli nujum; intransitive verb; augur /ill, well/ for, merupakan petanda, tanda, pertanda /buruk, baik/: the affair augurs ill for us, perkara itu merupakan pertanda buruk bagi kita; transitive verb. 1. predict, meramalkan: to augur no good, meramalkan sesuatu yang buruk akan berlaku; 2. portend, menandakan, memberikan / petanda, tanda, pertanda, alamat/ bahawa: problems that augur the failure of the scheme, masalahmasalah yang menandakan bahawa rancangan itu akan gagal. *augury (gy-r) noun. A sign of something coming; an omen, alamat, petanda, pertanda, tanda. *August (gst) noun. (bulan) Ogos. *august (-gst) adjective. 1. majestic, agung: an august assembly, perhimpunan yang agung; 2. venerable, mulia: august ancestry, leluhur mulia. *Augustan adjective. (zaman) Augustus. *auklet auklet *auld lang syne (ld lng zn, sn) noun. The good old days, masa dulu, waktu dulu *aulophyte aulofit *aunt noun. 1. sister of ones father or mother, mak /saudara, cik/; (eldest) mak long; (between the eldest and the youngest) mak ngah;(youngest) mak/busu, cu, su, usually, bongsu/;(polite, especially in correspondence) bonda; (of royalty) bonda; 2. ones uncle's wife, mak cik, mak + person's name or nickname; (of eldest uncle) mak long; (of uncle, between the eldest and youngest) mak ngah; (of youngest uncle) mak /busu, cu, su, usually, bongsu/; 3. (colloquial) unrelated woman friend of parents or children, mak cik (+ person's name or nickname); my (sainted etc) aunt, (slang) masyaAllah. *auntie, aunty noun. (colloquial) see AUNT. *aunt-nephew mating pengawanan ibu saudara/ anak saudara *aura (r) noun. 1. An invisible breath, emanation, or radiation. 2. A distinctive but intangible quality that seems to surround a person or thing; atmosphere. 3. Pathology. A sensation, as of a cold breeze or a bright light, that precedes the onset of certain disorders, such as an epileptic seizure or an attack of migraine, aura. *aural auris *aural (rl) adjective. 1. relating to the ear, telinga; 2. received by the ear, pendengaran: aural test, ujian pendengaran; aural-oral approach, pendekatan dengar tutur.

*auramine stain pewarna auramina *aureol aureol *aureole (r-l) also *aureola (-r-l) noun. lingkaran cahaya 1. A circle of light or radiance surrounding the head or body of a representation of a deity or holy person; a halo. 2. Astronomy. See corona.

[Middle English, from Late Latin (corna) aureola, golden (crown), feminine of Latin aureolus, golden, from aureus, from aurum, gold.]. *aureomycin aureomisin *auricle (r-kl), auricula noun. aurikel 1. 2. Anatomy. a. The outer projecting portion of the ear. Also called pinna. b. See atrium. Biology. An earlobe-shaped part, process, or appendage, especially at the base of an organ. [Middle English, auricle of the heart, from Old French, little ear, from Latin auricula, ear from diminutive of auris.]. *auricled (-kld) adjective. . *auricular (-rky-lr) adjective. aurikel 1. 2. 3. 4. Of or relating to the sense of hearing or the organs of hearing. Perceived by or spoken into the ear: an auricular confession. Shaped like an ear or an earlobe; having earlike parts or extensions. Of or relating to an auricle of the heart: auricular fibrillation.

[Middle English auriculer, spoken into the ear, from Late Latin auriculris, from Latin auricula, ear. See auricle.] *auricular feather bulu pelepah aurikel *auricularia -aurikularia *auricularis aurikularis *auriculate (-rky-lt, -lt) also *auriculated (-ltd) adjective. Having ears, auricles, or earlobeshaped parts or extensions, aurikulat

*auriculotemporal aurikulotemporal *auriculoventricular aurikuloventrikel *auriferous - beremeas, beraurum *auriform auriform *aurophore aurofor *aurora (-rr, -rr, -rr, -rr) noun. 1. (atmospheric phenomenon) aurora; 2. (poetry) dawn, fajar; 3. A aurora, Dewi Fajar. *aurora australis (-rr-strls) noun. A luminous phenomenon of southern regions that corresponds to the aurora borealis of northern regions. Also called southern lights, aurora australis. *aurora borealis (-rr br-ls, br-) noun. Luminous bands or streamers of light that are sometimes visible in the night skies of northern regions and are thought to be caused by the ejection of charged particles into the magnetic field of the earth. Also called northern lights, aurora borealis. *aurora -teja/aurora *aurorae plural of AURORA. *aurous - emas, aurum *aurum - aurum, emas *auspice (sps) noun. (in plural) especially under the auspices of, di bawah naungan: under the auspices of the government, di bawah naungan kerajaan. *auspicious (-spshs) adjective. 1. attended by good auspices, bertuah: on this auspicious occasion, pada hari yang bertuah ini; 2. giving, showing signs of future success, baik: an auspicious beginning, permulaan yang baik. *Aussie noun. (colloquial) orang Australia. *austere (-str) adjective. 1. stern, forbidding, serius: an austere expression, air muka yang serius; an austere headmistress, seorang guru besar yang serius; 2. ascetic, seperti seorang zahid; (of person) hidup seperti seorang zahid: to lead an austere life, hidup seperti seorang zahid; 3. severely simple, sangat sederhana: an austere meal, hidangan yang sangat sederhana; an austere style of painting, cara melukis yang sangat sederhana. *austerity (-str-t) noun. plural *austerities. 1. also austereness, state, quality of being, a. (stern. forbidding) keseriusan: her austerity frightened the child, keseriusannya membuat kanak-kanak

itu takut; b. (ascetic) kezahidan; c. (severely simple) sangat sederhana; 2. (often in plural) ascetic practice, habit, amalan hidup seorang zahid; 3. extreme economy, jimat cermat: an austerity programme, rancangan jimat cermat. *austral (ous-trl) adjective. Of, relating to, or coming from the south, adjective. Selatan, austral *Australasia (str-lzh, -sh). The islands of the southern Pacific Ocean, including Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea, Australasia. *Australasian noun. orang Australasia. *Australia (-strly). Abbr. Aus., Aust., Austl. The world's smallest continent, southeast of Asia between the Pacific and Indian oceans, Australia. *Australian Alps (-strlyn lps). A chain of mountain ranges of southeast Australia in the southern part of the Great Dividing Range. Mount Kosciusko, rising to 2,231.4 m (7,316 ft), is the highest elevation and the tallest peak in Australia, Alps Australia. *Australian Capital Territory noun. Ibu Negara Wilayah Persekutuan Australia. *Australian (-strlyn) adjective. Abbr. Aus., Aust., Austl. Of or relating to Australia or its peoples, languages, or cultures, orang Australia. *Australianism noun. Australianisme. *Austria (str-). Abbr. Aus., Aust. A landlocked country of central Europe. A Roman and Carolingian territory, it was later a powerful empire ruled by the Hapsburgs. The empire was broken up in 1918, and the republic of Austria was annexed by Adolf Hitler in 1938. Full sovereignty was restored in 1955. Vienna is the capital and the largest city. Population, 7,555,338, Austria. *Austrian noun. orang Austria. *Austro combining form. Austria: Austro-Prussian War, Perang Austria-Prusia. *Austro combining form. Austro. *Austro-Asiatic (str-zh-tk, -sh-, -z-) noun. A family of languages of southeast Asia once dominant in northeast India and Indochina, including Mon-Khmer and Munda. Austro-Asiatic adjective, Austro-Asia. *Austronesia (str-nzh, -sh). The islands of the Pacific Ocean, including Indonesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia, Austronesia.

*Austronesian (str-nzhn, -shn) adjective. Of or relating to Austronesia or its peoples, languages, or cultures, rumpun bahasa Austronesia. *autarchy (trk) (trk) noun. plural *autarchies. Absolute rule or power; autocracy, autarki. *autarky (trk) noun. 1. A policy of national self-sufficiency and nonreliance on imports or economic aid. 2. A self-sufficient region or country, autarki. *autarticular autartikul *autecic autosik *autecology (t-kl-j) noun. *autecological (-k-lj-kl) adjective, The branch of ecology that deals with the biological relationship between an individual organism or an individual species and its environment, autekologi *authentic (-thntk) adjective. *authentically adverb, 1. genuine, not copied, tulen; (of signature) sah: an authentic Goya, lukisan Goya yang tulen; an authentic signature, tandatangan yang sah; 2. reliable, trustworthy, boleh dipercayai; an authentic account of the massacre, laporan pembunuhan beramai-ramai yang boleh dipercayai; 3. (music) tulen; authentic cadence, kaden tulen. *authenticate (-thnt-kt) transitive verb. 1. establish genuineness of, mengesahkan ketulenan; the manuscript was authenticated by several experts, naskhah itu telah disahkan ketulenannya oleh beberapa orang pakar; 2. establish truth of, membuktikan kebenaran; to authenticate a story, membuktikan kebenaran sesuatu cerita; 3. give legal validity to, mengesahkan; to authenticate a will, mengesahkan wasiat; to authenticate a hypothesis, mengesahkan suatu hipotesis. *authenticity (thn-ts-t) noun. 1. genuineness, ketulenan; (of signature) kesahan, sah; 2. reliability, boleh dipercayai. *authigenesis -autigenesis *authigenic autigen *author (thr) noun. 1. writer, penulis, pengarang; 2. A author, creator. Pencipta; the Author of all being, Pencipta segala makhluk; 3. someone. who brings about (something) memulakan; the author of a plan for social reforms, (orang yang) memulakan rancangan bagi reformasi sosial. *authoritarian (-thr-tr-n, -thr-, -thr-, -thr-) adjective. & noun. 1. Characterized by or favoring absolute obedience to authority, as against individual freedom 2. Of, relating to, or expecting unquestioning obedience. See synonyms at dictatorial, autoritarian; authoritarian

control, kawalan autoritarian; authoritarian government, kerajaan autoritarian. *authoritarian noun *authoritarianism noun. *authoritarianism noun. autoritorianisme. *authoritative (-thr-ttv, -thr-, -thr-, -thr-) adjective. 1. accepted as reliable, berwibawa, autoritatif; an authoritative report, laporan yang berwibawa; he is regarded as an authoritative writer on shadow play, dia dianggap sebagai seorang penulis yang berwibawa tentang permainan wayang kulit; 2. commanding, memerintah: in an authoritative voice, dengan nada suara yang memerintah; 3. official, rasmi: an authoritative summary of the party's policy, ringkasan rasmi tentang dasar parti itu. *authority (-thr-t, -thr-, -thr-, -thr-) noun. 1. power, right to exact obedience, judge, etc, a. (legal) kuasa: he had no authority to act on the matter, dia tidak mempunyai kuasa untuk bertindak dalam hal itu; a teacher has authority over his pupils, guru mempunyai kuasa terhadap murid-muridnya; b. (moral) kewibawaan: he questioned the authority of his father, dia mempersoalkan kewibawaan bapanya; c. (randomly exercised) pengaruh: he exercised absolute authority over the younger children, dia mempunyai pengaruh sepenuhnya terhadap kanak-kanak yang lebih muda daripadanya; 2. (especially in plural) person, body having such power, pihak berkuasa: the university authorities, pihak berkuasa universiti; 3. delegated power, kuasa yang diberikan: he was acting on the manager's authority, dia bertindak dengan kuasa yang diberikan oleh pengurus; 4. influence, power resulting from knowledge etc. kewibawaan: his authority as a critic was undeniable, kewibawaannya sebagai pengkritik tidak dapat dinafikan; 5. source of information accepted as authoritative, appropriate noun. yang berwibawa (yang dirujuk): you must quote your authorities, kamu mesti menyebut buku yang berwibawa yang dirujuk; 6. expert in a particular field, orang yang berwibawa, pakar, ahli: an authority on Malay custom, pakar dalam adat Melayu; 7. public board, agency, lembaga: port authority, lembaga pelabuhan; have it on good authority, mendapat tahu dari sumber yang /dapat, boleh/ dipercayai; have it on the authority of someone, /menurut, mengikut/ keterangan seseorang: I have it on the authority of the Vice-Chancellor that..., menurut keterangan Naib Canselor...; be in authority, berkuasa: whoever is in authority, sesiapa saja yang berkuasa...; of authority, berwibawa: a man of authority, lelaki yang berwibawa. *authorization, *authorisation (`thr--zshn, `thr--zshn) noun. 1. act of, a. (giving authority to) pemberian kuasa kepada: the authorization of special commissioners, pemberian kuasa kepada pesuruhjaya-pesuruhjaya khas; b. (giving permission for) memberikan kebenaran untuk; 2.

sanction, permission, kebenaran: he did it without my authorization, dia melakukannya tanpa kebenaran saya. *authorize, *authorise transitive verb. l. give authority to, memberikan kuasa kepada : I authorized him to act on my behalf, saya memberikan kuasa kepadanya untuk bertindak bagi pihak saya; 2. give permission for, memberikan kebenaran untuk: the government has not authorized the issue of the permit, kerajaan belum lagi memberikan kebenaran untuk mengeluarkan permit itu; *authorized adjective. 1. endowed with authority, diberi kuasa: authorized person, orang yang diberi kuasa; authorized agent, ejen berdaftar; 2. sanctioned by authority, sahih, sah: The Authorized Version of the Bible, Versi Kitab Injil yang Sahih; authorized capital, modal dibenarkan. *authorship noun. 1. origin (of book, story, etc) pengarang, penulis; (of plan etc) pemula, orang yang memulakan: a play of unknown authorship, drama yang pengarangnya tidak diketahui; 2. profession of a writer, penulisan: his attempts at authorship were unsuccessful, percubaannya dalam penulisan tidak berjaya. *autism (tzm) noun. Abnormal introversion and egocentricity; acceptance of fantasy rather than reality, autisme. *autistic adjective. autistik. *auto noun. (United States), (colloquial) kereta: auto accessories, aksesori kereta. *autoagglutination pengautoaglutinatan *autoallergy autoalergi *autoallopolyploid autoalopoliploid *autoanalyzer pengautoanalisis *autoantibody autoantibodi *autoantibosis autoantibiosis *autoantigen autoantigen *autobahn noun. lebuh raya. *autobasidium autobasidium *autobiographer noun. penulis autobiografi. *autobiographic (al) adjective. of, relating to an autobiography, bersifat autobiografi: an autobiographic novel, novel yang bersifat autobiografi.

*autobiography (t-b-gr-f, -b-) noun. The biography of a person written by that person, autobiografi. *autobiology autobiologi *autobiotic autobiosis *autobivalent autobivalen *autoblast autoblas *autocarp autokarpa *autocatalysis pengautomangkinan *autocatalyst theory teori automangkin *autocatalytic automangkin *autochthon (-tkthn) noun. plural *autochthons or *autochthones (-th-nz). 1. One of the earliest known inhabitants of a place; an aborigine. 2. Ecology. An indigenous plant or animal, autokton *autochthonous autokton *autochthonous (-tkth-ns) also *autochthonal (-th-nl) or *autochthonic (tk-thnk) adjective. 1. Originating where found; indigenous, 2. Biology. Originating or formed in the place where found, autoktonus, autokton *autocious, *autoecious autosius *autoclave (t-klv) noun. A strong, pressurized, steam-heated vessel, as for laboratory experiments, sterilization, or cooking, autoklaf *autocoid autokoid *autocolony autokoloni *autocoprophagy autokoprofagi *autocorrelation function -fungsi autokorelasi *autocracy noun. 1. absolute government by one person, pemerintahan autokrasi; 2. country etc governed this way, negara autokrasi. *autocrat (t-krt) noun. . A ruler having unlimited power; a despot. 2. A person with unlimited

power or authority, autokrat.

*autocratic adjective. autokratik: an autocratic ruler, pemerintah yang autokratik; autocratic attitude, sikap autokratik. *autocue noun. (registered trademark) autokiu. *autocyst autosista *autodeme autodem *autodermalia autodermalium *autodont autodon *autoecious rust karat autoesius *autoecology autoekologi *auto-eroticism noun. /berani kendiri, erotisisme kendiri. *autofeeder - penyuap automatik *autofluorescence keautopendarfluoran *autogamous autogami *autogamy (-tg-m) noun. Botany. Self-fertilization in plants, autogami *autogenesis The supposed development of living organisms from nonliving matter. autogenesis *autogenetic autogenesis *autogenic autogen *autogenous (-tj-ns) also autogenic (t-jnk) adjective. Produced from within; self-generating, autogen *autogenous haemal spine - spina hema autogen *autogenous neural spine -spina saraf autogen *autogeny (-tj-n) The supposed development of living organisms from nonliving matter, autogeni *autogiro also autogyro (t-jr) noun. plural autogiros. An aircraft powered by a conventional propeller and supported in flight by a freewheeling, horizontal rotor that provides lift, autogiro. *autograft noun. autocantuman. *autograph noun. autograf; transitive verb. /menyain, menandatangani/ autograf. *autography noun. autografi.

*autogyro noun. see AUTOGIRO. *autoheteroploid autoheteroploid *autoimmune autoimun *auto-immune disease penyakit autoimun *auto-immune noun. autoimun. *autoimmunity keautoimunan *autoimmunization pengautoimunan *autoinfection autojangkitan *autointoxication pengautointoksikan *autolysin autolisin *autolysis autolisis *autolysis (-tl-ss) noun. Biochemistry. The destruction of tissues or cells of an organism by the action of substances, such as enzymes, that are produced within the organism. Also called selfdigestion, autolisis. *autolytic (t-ltk) adjective,. *autolytic autolisis *autolytic enzyme - enzim autolisis *autolyzed yeast medium medium yis terautolisis *automat noun. 1. see VENDING MACHINE; 2. (United States), (restaurant) restoran automat. *automata plural of AUTOMATON. *automate transitive verb. mengautomatikkan. *automated - berautomatik, diautomatikkan *automated data medium - medium data berautomatik *automatic - automatik *automatic (t-mtk) adjective. automatik: an automatic exchange, ibu sawat automatik; an automatic switch, suis automatik; an automatic gate, pintu pagar automatik; automatic weapons, senjata automatik; noun. automatic firearm, senjata api automatik. *automatic calibration -penentukuran automatik

*automatic data processing noun. pemprosesan data automatik. *automatic feeder -penyuap automatik *automatic frequency response gerak balas kekerapan automatik *automatic jigging machine -mesin candat automatik *automatic pilot noun. pemandu automatik. *automatic tissue processor -pemproses tisu automatik *automatic transmission noun. penghantaran automatik. *automatic typesetting noun. see COMPUTER TYPESETTING. *automaticity keautomatikan *automation noun. automasi, pengautomatikan *automatization, automatisation noun. pengautomatikan *automatize, automatise transitive verb. mengautomatikkan. *automaton noun. 1. (mech device) automaton; 2. human being who acts mechanically, spt robot: a factory staffed by human automatons, sebuah kilang yang para pekerjanya terdiri daripada manusia-manusia yang bekerja seperti robot. *automimicry keautomimikan *automixis automiksis *automobile (t-m-bl, -mbl) noun. (especially United States) kereta. *automotive adjective. kereta: automotive component, komponen kereta. *automutagen automutagen *automutation automutasi *autonarcosis autonarkosis *autonomic (t-nmk) adjective. Physiology. a. Of, relating to, or controlled by the autonomic

nervous system. b. Occurring involuntarily; automatic: autonomi *autonomic nerve -saraf autonomi *autonomic nervous system sistem saraf autonomi

*autonomous (-tn-ms) adjective.

Not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent,

berautonomi: an autonomous country, negara berautonomi. *autonomy (-tn-m) noun. 1. The condition or quality of being autonomous; independence. 2. a. Selfgovernment or the right of self-government; self-determination. b. Self-government with respect to local or internal affairs, 3. *autonym autonim *auto-orientation autoorientasi *autopalatine autopalatin *autoparasite autoparasit *autoparasitism autoparasitisme *autoparthenogenesis autopartenogenesis *autophagic vacuole vakuol autofagi *autophagous autofagi *autophagy autofagi *autophene autofen *autophilous autofili *autophya autofia *autophyllogeny autofilogeni *autophyte autofit *autophytic autofit *autoplasma autoplasma *autoplast autoplas *autoplastic autoplas *autoploid autoploid *autopodium autopodium *autopolyploid autopoliploid A self-governing state, community, or group, autonomi.

*autopolyploid (t-pl-ploid) adjective. Having more than two sets of chromosomes all derived from the same species, autopoliploid *autopotamic autopotamik *autopsy (tps, tp-) noun. Examination of a cadaver to determine or confirm the cause of death. Also called necropsy, postmortem, postmortem examination. 2. A critical assessment or examination after the fact, autopsi. *autopterotic autopterotik *autoradiograph autoradiograf *autoradiography autoradiografi *autoreduplication pengautoduaan semula *autoregulation pengautokawalaturan *autorepressor system sistem autorepresor *autoroute noun. lebuh raya. *autosegregation pengautoasingan *autosensitization pengautopekaan *autoskeleton autorangka *autosomal autosom *autosomal factor -faktor autosom *autosome noun A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome, autosom. *autosomal (-sml) adjective. *autosomally adverb. *autospasy autospasi *autospecies autospesies *autosphenotic autosfenotik *autospore autospora *autosteric effector efektor autosterik *autosterilization pengautosterilan

*autostoses autostoses *autostrada noun. lebuh raya. *autostylic autostili *autostylic jaw suspension gantungan rahang autostili *autostylic suspension -gantungan autostili *autostyly autostili *auto-suggestion noun. saranan kendiri. *autosynapsis autosinapsis *autotegulatory ability kebolehan pengautokawalaturan *autotetraploid autotetraploid *autotetraploidy autotetraploidi *autotheca autoteka *autotilly autotili *autotomy (-tt-m) noun. The spontaneous casting off of a limb or other body part, such as the tail of certain lizards or the claw of a lobster, especially when the organism is injured or under attack. Autotomi. *autotomic (t-tmk) adjective, *autotoxicity keautotoksikan *autotransplantation engautocedungan *autotrephone autotrefon *autotroph (t-trf, -trf) noun. An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy. Green plants, algae, and certain bacteria are autotrophs, autotrof. *autotrophic (-trfk, -trfk) adjective. *autotrophically adverb. *autotrophy (-ttr-f) noun. *autotrophic autotrof *autotrophic nutrition -pemakanan autotrof *autotropism autotropisme *autotropous autotrop

*autoxenous autoxenus *autozooid, *autozoid autozooid *autozygous autozigot *autugony autogoni *autumn (tm) (tm) noun. The season of the year between summer and winter, lasting from the autumnal equinox to the winter solstice and from September to December in the Northern Hemisphere; fall, musim /luruh, gugur/: in the autumn of 1940. pada musim luruh tahun 1940; autumn fashions, fesyen musim luruh. *autumnal adjective. musim luruh, musim gugur *autumnal coloration pewarnaan musim luruh *autumnal equinox (tmnl kw-nks) noun. The point at which the ecliptic intersects the celestial equator, the sun having a southerly motion, ekuinoks musim /luruh, gugur/. *auxenolionic acid asid auksenolionik *auxentriolic acid asid auksentriolik *auxesis (g-zss, k-s-) noun. Growth resulting from increase in cell size without cell division. auksesis *auxetic (g-ztk) adjective. *auxetically adverb, *auxetic auksesis *auxiliary (g-zly-r, -zl-r) adjective. 1. supplementary, additional, tambahan, bantu, bantuan, auksilari: auxiliary instruments, alat-alat tambahan; auxiliary cathode, katod tambahan; auxiliary voltage, voltan tambahan; 2. supporting, tambahan: auxiliary troops, pasukan tambahan; 3. held in reserve, simpanan: we carried an auxiliary engine on the boat, kami membawa sebuah enjin simpanan dalam bot; noun. 1. assistant, pembantu; 2. auxiliary verb, kata kerja bantu; 3. (usually in plural) auxiliary troops, /pasukan, bala/ bantuan. *auxiliary angle - sudut pembantu *auxiliary branch -cabang auksilari *auxiliary note noun. nota tambahan. *auxiliary verb noun. kata kerja bantu. *auxilium (plu. auxilia) auksilium

*auximone auksimon *auxin (ksn) noun. Any of several plant hormones that regulate various functions, including cell elongation, auksin. *auxin protector pelindung auksin *auxochrome auksokrom *auxocyte auksosit *auxospireme auksospirem *auxospore auksospora *auxotonic auksotonik *auxotroph (ks-trf, -trf) noun. An organism, such as a strain of bacteria, that has lost the ability to synthesize certain substances required for its growth and metabolism as the result of mutational changes, auksotrof *auxotrophic mutant mutan auksotrof *auxotrophy auksotrofi *auxozygote auksozigot *avail noun.; of /no, little/ avail, to no avail, tidak berhasil, sia-sia sahaja: efforts to save the company were of no avail, usaha-usaha untuk menyelamatkan syarikat itu tidak berhasil; of what avail is it...?, apa /gunanya, faedahnya/...?; intransitive verb; avail little, do not avail, a. be of no value, tidak bermakna: money and status avail little in such places, wang dan pangkat tidak bermakna di tempat yang seperti itu; b. be ineffective, sia-sia sahaja: it avails little to cry over spilt milk, siasia sahaja menyesali sesuatu yang sudah terlanjur; heroism could not avail against enemy fire, kewiraan itu sia-sia sahaja untuk melawan tembakan musuh; transitive verb.; avail someone /nothing, little/, tidak berguna pada seseorang; avail oneself of, menggunakan: to avail oneself of every opportunity to improve ones education, menggunakan setiap kesempatan untuk meningkatkan pelajaran seseorang. *availability - ketersediaan ada, ketersediaan *availability noun. adanya, terdapatnya: the availability of raw materials, adanya bahan mentah. *available - yang ada, tersedia ada, tersedia

*available adjective. ada, [more specific descriptions are preferred in Malay ]: available resources, sumber-sumber yang ada; all available ambulances were rushed to the scene of the accident, semua ambulans yang ada dikejarkan ke tempat kemalangan itu; the book is not yet available, buku itu belum diterbitkan lagi; available at all leading supermarkets, dijual di semua pasar raya utama; available in many colours, terdapat dalam berbagai-bagai warna; the doctor is available now, kamu boleh berjumpa dengan doktor sekarang; be available for, [various translations]: he was not available for comment, dia tidak dapat dihubungi untuk memberikan ulasan; is he available for a discussion this afternoon?, adakah dia lapang untuk menghadiri perbincangan pada petang ini?; maps and brochures are available for tourists at the reception-desk, peta dan brosur untuk pelancong disediakan di meja penyambut tetamu; tickets for the show are available for two weeks, tiket untuk pertunjukan itu akan dijual selama dua minggu. *available carbohydrate karbohidrat tersedia *available data - data tersedia *available energy - tenaga yang ada *available water - air tersedia *availableness noun. see AVAILABILITY. *avalanche (v-lnch) noun. 1. runtuhan + appropriate noun: many people were killed in the

avalanche, banyak orang yang terbunuh dalam runtuhan salji itu; 2. (figurative) datang mencurahcurah; (of words, questions, etc) hamburan: an avalanche of fan mail, surat peminat yang datang mencurah-curah; an avalanche of questions, hamburan pertanyaan; /inundated with, overwhelmed by, etc/ an avalanche, dihujani, dibanjiri: he was inundated with an avalanche of congratulatory messages, dia dihujani surat ucap tahniah; intransitive verb runtuh. *avant-garde (vnt-grd, vnt-) adjective. & noun. A group active in the invention and application of new techniques in a given field, especially in the arts, avant-garde: avant-garde painters, pelukispelukis avant-garde; an avant-garde painting, sebuah lukisan avant-garde; a boutique well-known for its avant-garde clothes, sebuah butik yang terkenal kerana pakaiannya yang avant-garde. *avarice (v-rs) noun. Immoderate desire for wealth; cupidity, ketamakan, kelobaan, kehalobaan, keserakahan, kerakusan. *avaricious (v-rshs) adjective. Immoderately desirous of wealth or gain; greedy, tamak, haloba, loba, serakah, rakus. *avariciously adverb. avariciousness noun. *avast interjection. (nautical) berhenti.

*avaunt interjection. (archaic) nyah. *avellaneous avelan *avenge (-vnj) transitive verb. membela, menuntut bela terhadap; (insult etc) membalas: he vowed to avenge his father's death, dia bersumpah akan membela kematian bapanya; she was determined to avenge her lover, dia bertekad untuk menuntut bela terhadap kematian kekasihnya; l will avenge the insult to my family, saya akan membalas penghinaan yang dilakukan terhadap keluarga saya; avenge oneself on someone, membalas dendam terhadap seseorang: he avenged himself on his critics in the next issue of the magazine, dia membalas dendam terhadap pengkritik-pengkritiknya dalam majalah keluaran yang berikutnya; avenge something on someone., menuntut bela terhadap seseorang: he avenged his brother's murder on the conspirators, dia menuntut bela terhadap pembelot-pembelot itu kerana membunuh abangnya. *avenger noun. pembela, penuntut bela. *avenue noun. 1. wide street, lebuh; 2. approach road (to country house) jalan; 3. road lined with trees, jalan yang dibarisi: an avenue of senna trees, jalan yang dibarisi pohon sepang; 4. way of approach, jalan: his avenue of escape was blocked by several police cars, jalan untuk dia melepaskan diri dihalang oleh beberapa buah kereta polis; to explore every possible avenue, meneroka segala jalan yang ada. *aver (-vr) verb, transitive. averred, averring, avers. To affirm positively; declare, menegaskan. *average adjective. 1. usual, typical, biasa: the average Malaysia. orang Malaysia biasa; the average skin, kulit yang biasa; 2 middling, ordinary, sederhana: a boy of average height, budak lelaki yang sederhana tingginya; her results are only average, keputusannya sederhana sahaja; 3. equal to arithmetic mean, purata, pukul rata, hitung panjang: average cost, kos purata; average speed, kelajuan purata; noun. 1. standard regarded as ordinary, sederhana: his ability is above (the) average, kebolehannya lebih daripada sederhana; below (the) average, kurang daripada sederhana; 2. normal rate, degree, amount, etc, pukul rata, rata-rata: he smokes an average of twenty cigarettes a day, rata-rata, dia menghisap dua puluh batang rokok sehari; 3. arithmetic mean, purata, pukul rata, hitung panjang: the average of 2, 4 and 6 is 4, purata bagi 2, 4 dan 6 ialah 4; law of averages, hukum purata; on /an, the/ average, pukul rata, hitung panjang, purata: on an average he comes in about three times a week, pukul rata, dia datang tiga kali seminggu; intransitive verb usually average out lat, tol, pukul rata, hitung panjang, rata-rata, purata: the profit averaged out at $200,000 a year, pukul rata keuntungan syarikat itu ialah $200,000 setahun; transitive verb. 1. estimate the mean of; mencari purata bagi, memukulratakan: you should

average your marks and compare them with those of other students, kamu patut mencari purata bagi markah kamu dan membandingkannya dengan markah penuntut-penuntut lain; 2. do, get, produce, etc, an average of, rata-rata: he averages eight hours sleep a night, rata-rata dia tidur selama 8 jam setiap malam. *average life - purata hayat *averse adjective.; averse /from, to/, enggan, tidak suka: I am averse to taking any extreme action, saya enggan mengambil sebarang tindakan yang melampau; be not averse to, tidak keberatan: he averse not to an occasional glass of brandy, sekali-sekala dia tidak keberatan untuk meminum segelas brandi. *aversion noun. 1. extreme dislike, tidak suka; (of cats, snakes, etc) geli (geleman): his aversion to any form of work, dia tidak suka akan jenis kerja apa pun; /feel, have, take/ an aversion to, tidak suka, benci: he has an aversion to getting up early, dia tidak suka bangun awal; 2. someone., something disliked, especially pet aversion, /seseorang, sesuatu/ yang tidak seseorang sukai: he is my pet aversion, dialah orang yang tidak saya sukai. *aversion zone zon pemalingan *avert transitive verb. 1. turn away, mengalih; (face) memalingkan: she averted her eyes from the horrible sight, dia mengalih pandangannya dari pemandangan yang dahsyat itu; to avert ones face in embarrassment, memalingkan mukanya kerana malu; 2. ward off, menghindarkan: to avert an accident. menghindarkan kemalangan. *Aves - Aves *aves unggas *avian (v-n) adjective. Of, relating to, or characteristic of birds, unggas, Aves *avian big liver disease penyakit hati besar unggas *avian diphtheria difteria unggas *avianized vaccine vaksin terunggas *aviary (v-r) noun. A large enclosure for holding birds in confinement, lau burung. *aviation (v-shn, v-) noun. penerbangan. *aviator (v-tr, v-) noun. One who operates an aircraft; a pilot, juruterbang, pemandu kapal terbang.

*avicolous avikolus *avicularium avikularium *avid avid *avid (vd) adjective. 1. very keen, sangat /suka, gemar/: an avid reader, orang yang sangat suka membaca; 2. desirous, terlalu mengingini: his avid fondness for publicity, dia terlalu mengingini publisiti; to be avid for power, terlalu mengingini kuasa. *avidin (v-dn) noun. A protein found in uncooked egg white that binds to and inactivates biotin. An abundance of avidin in the duct can result in a deficiency of biotin, avidin *avidity keavidan *avidity noun. 1. keenness, minat; 2. intense desire (for gain.) keinginan [seseorang] yang keterlaluan. *avifauna (v-fn, v-) noun. The birds of a specific region or period, avifauna *avirulerit avirulen *avitaminosis (-vt-m-nss) noun. A disease, such as scurvy, beriberi, or pellagra, caused by deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. *avitaminotic (-ntk) adjective, avitaminosis *avocado (v-kd, v-) noun. plural avocados. A tropical American tree (Persea americana) having oval or pear-shaped fruit with leathery skin, yellowish-green flesh, and a large seed. Also called alligator pear, pokok /avokado, adpokat, buah mentega, buah pokat /; 2. (fruit), (buah)/avokado, adpokat/. *avocation (v-kshn) noun. 1. secondary occupation, kegemaran; 2. (colloquial) vocation, pekerjaan. *Avogadro's constant, *Avogadro's number (v-gdrz nmbr) noun. Symbol N. The number of molecules in a mole of a substance, approximately 6.0225 1023. pemalar Avogadro, nombor Avogadro. *Avogadro's law, *Avogadro's hypothesis (v-gdrz l, v-) noun. number of molecules, hukum Avogadro, hipotesis Avogadro. *avoid (-void) verb, transitive. avoided, avoiding, avoids. 1. To stay clear of; shun, keep out of the way of, menghindari: after her son's death, she avoided all but her closest friends, selepas anaknya meninggal, dia menghindari semua kawannya kecuali yang rapat; 2. refrain from, mengelakkan: avoid getting it wet, elakkan barang itu daripada terkena air; 3. prevent from The principle that equal

volumes of all gases under identical conditions of pressure and temperature contain the same

happening, evade, mengelak daripada, mengelakkan: to avoid a collision, mengelak daripada berlanggar; to avoid meeting someone, mengelak daripada bertemu dengan seseorang. *avoidable adjective. dapat dielakkan: an avoidable mistake, kesalahan yang dapat dielakkan. *avoidance gradient kecerunan pengelakan *avoidance (-voidns) noun. act of, a. (keeping out of the way of) penghindaran, menghindari; b. preventing from happening, evading) pengelakan, mengelak daripada, mengelakkan: tax avoidable, pengelakan cukai; the avoidable of danger, mengelakkan bahaya. *avoiding reaction tindak balas mengelak *avow (-vou) transitive verb. 1. declare, affirm, mengatakan; 2. admit, mengakui: he avowed himself an atheist, dia mengakui dirinya sebagai ateis; *avowal (-voul) noun. pengakuan: an avowal of loyalty, pengakuan kesetiaan; to make an avowal, membuat pengakuan. *avowed adjective. self-acknowledged, mengakui dirinya: an avowed Maoist, seorang yang mengakui dirinya pengikut Mao. *avowedly adverb. terang-terangan, nyata: an avowedly militant group, kumpulan yang terang-terangan militan. *avuncular adjective. of an uncle, kebapasaudaraan: avuncular relationship, perhubungan

kebapasaudaraan. *await transitive verb. menunggu, menanti: we await your decision, kami menunggu keputusan tuan; fame and fortune awaited him, kemasyhuran dan kekayaan menunggunya. *awaited adjective. ditunggu-tunggu, dinanti-nanti: his long awaited reply, jawapannya yang telah lama dinanti-nanti. *awake adjective. 1. no longer asleep, sudah jaga; 2. not yet asleep, masih jaga; awake to, sedar akan, menyedari: he was fully awake to the dangers facing the country, dia sedar sepenuhnya akan bahaya yang dihadapi oleh negara itu; /keep, stay/ awake, berjaga: he stayed awake all night, dia berjaga sepanjang malam; keep /oneself, someone/ awake, dapat berjaga, tidak tidur. He drank three cups of coffee to keep himself awake, dia meminum tiga cawan kopi supaya dia dapat berjaga; keep someone awake, a. see keep /oneself, someone/ awake; b. cause someone to be unable to sleep, menyebabkan seseorang tidak dapat tidur: the noise from the party kept him awake, bunyi bising dari majlis itu menyebabkan dia tidak dapat tidur; intransitive verb 1. emerge

from sleep, terjaga; 2. become active, berbangkit: the hope that her son was still alive awoke in her once again, harapan bahawa anaknya masih hidup berbangkit semula di dalam hatinya; transitive verb. 1. arouse from sleep, membangunkan, membangkitkan, mengejutkan; 2. cause to become active, membangkitkan: the song awoke many old memories, lagu itu membangkitkan banyak kenangan lama; awake to, a. emerge from sleep (hearing or seeing something) terjaga: I awoke to the chirping of birds, saya terjaga lalu terdengar akan kicauan burung; b. become conscious of, (mula) menyedari: it is time he awoke to the realities of life, sudah tiba masanya dia menyedari kenyataan hidup; awake someone. to, menyedarkan seseorang tentang: we managed to awake him to the fact that it was a futile cause, kami dapat menyedarkannya tentang kenyataan bahawa perjuangan itu sia-sia. *awaken transitive verb. see AWAKE transitive verb.; *awakening noun. kesedaran: her awakening to social injustice, kesedarannya terhadap ketidakadilan sosial; (have a) rude awakening, tersentak: he had a rude awakening when he got his exam results, dia tersentak apabila mendapat keputusan peperiksaannya; the rude awakening came when the company had to close down, mereka tersentak apabila syarikat itu terpaksa ditutup. *award noun. 1. something conferred, bestowed, a. (prize) hadiah: his horse was given the highest award in the show, kudanya diberi hadiah tertinggi dalam pertunjukan itu; b. (honour) anugerah; (given by head of state) anugerah, kurnia(an): the National Literary Award, Anugerah Sastera Negara; c. (grant) hadiah bantuan: a postgraduate award, hadiah bantuan ijazah lanjutan; 2. decision made by judge, arbitrator, award: to set aside an award, mengenepikan sesuatu award; transitive verb. give, confer, a. (someone. or something a prize etc) memberi; (a prize etc to someone. or something) memberikan: she was awarded the first prize, dia diberi hadiah pertama; b. (someone. a medal) menghadiahi, menganugerahi, memberi; (a medal to someone. or something) menghadiahkan, menganugerahkan, memberikan: the gold medal was awarded to the best decorated stall, pingat emas dihadiahkan kepada gerai yang paling cantik hiasannya; c. (someone. an honour etc) menganugerahi; (an honour to someone) menganugerahkan: the university awarded him an honorary degree, universiti itu menganugerahinya ijazah kehormat; d. (someone. or something a grant) memberi, menghadiahi; (a grant to someone. or something) memberikan, menghadiahkan; e. (legal), (someone. something) memberi [seseorang] award; (something to someone) memberikan award: she was awarded $20,000 as damages, dia diberi award sebanyak $20,000 sebagai ganti rugi; the judge awarded $20,000 as damages to the accident victim, hakim memberikan award sebanyak $20,000 sebagai ganti rugi kepada mangsa kemalangan itu.

*aware adjective. 1. /of, that/, conscious, having realization, sedar akan, menyedari; (having knowledge) tahu: he was fully aware of the dangers, dia cukup sedar akan bahayanya; I was not aware that he is married, saya tidak tahu bahawa dia sudah berkahwin; make someone aware of, menyedarkan seseorang tentang, /membuat, menyebabkan/ seseorang sedar akan; 2. informed, alert, mempunyai kesedaran: to be politically aware, mempunyai kesedaran politik. *awareness noun. kesedaran: public awareness of the drug problem, kesedaran orang ramai tentang masalah dadah. *awash adjective. & adverb. 1. level with surface of water, terendam: rocks awash at high tide, batu-batu yang terendam semasa air pasang; 2. afloat, terapung-apung; 3. flooded, kebanjiran, dibanjiri air, the streets were awash after the heavy rain, jalan raya itu kebanjiran selepas hujan lebat. **away adverb. 1. distant, a. (in space), (jauhnya) dari /sini, situ, tempat ini, tempat itu/: our house is two kilometres away, rumah kami dua kilometer jauhnya dari sini; I can't wait to get away, saya tak sabar untuk pergi dari sini; b. (in time) lagi: his sixtieth birthday is only a month away, hari jadinya yang keenam puluh hanya sebulan lagi; 2. (roll by adverb.) a. in the distance, jauh: we could see the enemy positions away over to our right, kami dapat melihat kedudukan musuh jauh di sebelah kanan kami; he lives away on the other side of the river, dia tinggal jauh di sebelah sana sungai; b. in the past, dulu, dahulu: away back in the tenth century..., dalam abad kesepuluh dulu...; 3. absent, tidak ada: the boss was away yesterday, ketua tidak ada semalam; she's away at a conference, dia tidak ada kerana menghadiri persidangan; 4. (following verb) a. continuously, dengan tidak berhenti-henti, terus-menerus: to work away at ones job, bekerja dengan tidak berhenti-henti; b. to ones heart's content, sekehendak hati: he was singing away without a care in the world, dia bernyanyi sekehendak hati tanpa mempedulikan sesuatu apa pun; c. out of existence, habis: the handle has rusted away, tangkainya telah habis berkarat; part of the cupboard has been eaten away by white ants, sebahagian daripada almari itu habis dimakan anai-anai; d. (indicating activity that is wasteful) sepanjang: to laze away the morning, bermalas-malas sepanjang pagi; he slept the day away, dia tidur sepanjang hari; e. in a different direction, ke arah lain: he quickly glanced away, dia cepat-cepat memandang ke arah lain; 5. played, scored on opponents' ground, di tempat lawan: an away match, perlawanan di tempat lawan; [for phrases such as drive away, fire away, give away, keep away, move away, throw away, etc see appropriate verbs]; away from, a. (relating to distance), (jauhnya) dari; (described in terms of time taken to get to place referred to) perjalanan dari: the airport is only five kilometres away from my office, lapangan terbang itu hanya lima kilometer dari rumah saya; we are only half an hour away from Seremban, rumah kami hanya setengah jam perjalanan dari Seremban; b.

(relating to time), [noun] lagi dari: the general elections are a year away from the time of writing, pilihan raya umum setahun lagi dari waktu rencana ini ditulis; c. (relating to action), (so as to be further from a particular place) meninggalkan: he turned abruptly and walked away from our table, dia tiba-tiba berpusing lalu berjalan meninggalkan meja kami; d. absent from, (home) tidak tinggal di [rumah]; (school) tidak /hadir di, ke/ [sekolah]: the children are away from home at a boarding school, anak-anak saya tidak tinggal di rumah tetapi tinggal di sekolah berasrama; he'll be away from school for at least three days, dia tidak akan hadir di sekolah sekurang-kurangnya tiga hari; e. far removed from, jauh dari: a little house in the country away from the bustle of city