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contoh-notasi-sigma2

contoh-notasi-sigma2

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Dipublikasikan oleh Sehu Wardhana Putra

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Published by: Sehu Wardhana Putra on Apr 07, 2012
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09/08/2015

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Contoh Notasi Sigma

Contoh 1:
Nyatakan dalam bentuk penjumlahan

=
+
5
1
) 1 (
k
k k
Jawab:


=
+
5
1
) 1 (
k
k k
= 1(1 + 1) + 2(2 + 1) + 3(3 + 1) + 4(4 + 1) + 5(5 + 1)
= 1 ⋅ 2 + 2 ⋅ 3 + 3 ⋅ 4 + 4 ⋅ 5 + 5 ⋅ 6
= 2 + 6 + 12 + 20 + 30
Contoh 2:
Tul!lah bentuk penjumlahan be"kut dalam nota! !#ma$
a$ 2 + 4 + 6 + % + 10
b$
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
+ − + −
&$ ab
5
+ a
2
b
4
+ a
3
b
3
+ a
4
b
2
Jawab:
a$ 2 + 4 + 6 + % + 10 = 2 × 1 + 2 × 2 + 2 × 3 + 2 ×4 + 2 × 5
= 2 (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5)
=

=
5
1
2
k
k
b$
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
+ − + − = ('1)
1 1
1
+
+ ('1)
2
1 2
2
+
+ ('1)
3
1 3
3
+
+ ('1)
4
1 4
4
+
=

=
+

4
1
1
. ) 1 (
k
k
k
k
&$ ab
5
+ a
2
b
4
+ a
3
b
3
+ a
4
b
2
= a
1
b
1 6−
+ a
2
b
2 6−
+ a
3
b
3 6−
+ a
4
b
4 6−
=

=

4
1
6
k
k k
b a
Contoh 3:
Tentukan nla(nla nota! !#ma be"kut$
a$

=
10
1 p
p
b$

=
6
3
2
2
n
n
Jawab:
a$

=
10
1 p
p
= 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + ) + 10
= 55
b$

=
6
3
2
2
n
n
= 2(3
2
) + 2(4
2
) + 2(5
2
) + 2(6
2
)
= 1% + 32 + 50 + *2
= 1*2
Contoh 4:
+tun#lah nla da"

=

4
1
2
) 4 (
k
k k
Jawab:
,da 2 &a"a yan# dapat d#unakan untuk menyele!akan !oal d ata!$
Cara 1:

=

4
1
2
) 4 (
k
k k
= (1
2
' 4(1)) + (2
2
' 4(2)) + (3
2
' 4(3)) + (4
2
' 4(4))
= (1 ' 4) + (4 ' %) + (- ' 12) + (16 ' 16)
= ' 3 ' 4 ' 3 + 0
= '10
Cara 2:

=

4
1
2
) 4 (
k
k k
=
∑ ∑
= =

4
1
4
1
2
4
k k
k k
=
∑ ∑
= =

4
1
4
1
2
4
k k
k k
= (1
2
+ 2
2
+ 3
2
+ 4
2
) ' 4( 1 + 2+ 3 + 4)
= (1 + 4 + - + 16) ' 4(10)
= 30 ' 40
= '10
Contoh 5:
.en#an men##unakan !/at nota! !#ma0 buktkan bah1a :
n k k k
n
k
n
k
n
k
16 16 4 ) 4 2 (
1 1
2
1
2
+ − = −
∑ ∑ ∑
= = =
Jawab:
∑ ∑
= =
+ − = −
n
k
n
k
k k k
1
2
1
2
) 16 16 4 ( ) 4 2 (
=
∑ ∑ ∑
= = =
+ −
n
k
n
k
n
k
k k
1 1 1
2
1 16 16 4

n k k
n
k
n
k
16 16 4
1 1
2
+ − =
∑ ∑
= =
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$(te"bukt)
Contoh 6:
2bahlah bata! ba1ah !#ma menjad 1 da" nota! !#ma be"kut :
a$

=
+
5
3
) 1 (
k
k
b$

=

4
0
) 2 3 (
k
k
Jawab:
a$

=
+
5
3
) 1 (
k
k
=
∑ ∑
=

− =
+ = + +
3
1
2 5
2 3
) 3 ( 1 ) 2 (
k k
k k
b$

=

4
0
) 2 3 (
k
k
=

+
+ =
− −
1 4
1 0
)) 1 ( 2 3 (
k
k
=
∑ ∑
= =
− = + −
5
1
5
1
) 2 5 ( ) 2 2 3 (
k k
k k
Contoh *:
3uatu de"et dnyatakan den#an nota! !#ma be"kut :
a$

=
+
10
1
) 1 2 (
n
n
b$

=
6
1
2
n
n
.e"et apakah tu4 5emudan0 tentukan nlanya$
Jawab:
a$

=
+
10
1
) 1 2 (
n
n
= (2(1) + 1) + (2(2) + 1) + (2(3) + 1) + $$$ + (2(10) +
1)
= (2 + 1) + (4 + 1) + (6 + 1) + $$$ + (20 + 1)
= 3 + 5 + * + $$$ + 21
Tampak bah1a de"et tu memlk !uku(!uku yan# !el!hnya
tetap0 yatu 2$ 6ad0 de"et tu adalah de"et a"tmetka den#an !uku
a1al a = 30 beda b = 20 dan U
10
= 21$ Nla

=
+
10
1
) 1 2 (
n
n
!ama
den#an nla jumlah n !uku pe"tama0 S
10
$ .en#an men##unakan
jumlah 10 !uku pe"tama yan# kalan ketahu0 dpe"oleh
S
n
= ) (
2
1
n
U a n +
=
2
1
(10)(3 + 21)
= 120
6ad0

=
+
10
1
) 1 2 (
n
n
= 120
b$

=
6
1
2
n
n
= 2
1
+ 2
2
+ 2
3
+ 2
4
+ 2
5
+ 2
6
= 2 + 4 + % + 16 + 32 + 64
Tampak bah1a de"et tu memlk "a!o tetap0 yatu r = 2$ 6ad0
de"et n te"ma!uk de"et #eomet" den#an !uku a1al a = 2 dan
"a!o r = 2$ 7leh ka"ena tu

=
6
1
2
n
n
= S6$ 5a"ena r = 2 8 10 kta
#unakan "umu! be"kut$
1
) 1 (


=
r
r a
S
n
n
1 2
) 1 2 ( 2
6
6


= S

1
) 1 64 ( 2 −
=
= 126
6ad0

=
6
1
2
n
n
= 126$

∑ 2n n =3 6 2 Jawab: a. ∑p p =1 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + … + 10 = 55 b. Cara 1: 4 ∑ (k k =1 4 2 − 4k ) ∑ (k k =1 2 − 4k ) = (1 2 – 4(1)) + (2 2 – 4(2)) + (3 2 – 4(3)) + (4 2 – 4(4)) = (1 – 4) + (4 – 8) + (9 – 12) + (16 – 16) =–3–4–3+0 = –10 Cara 2: ∑ (k k =1 4 2 − 4k ) = = ∑ k − ∑ 4k 2 k =1 4 k =1 4 4 ∑ k 2 − 4∑ k k =1 k =1 4 = (1 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 + 4 2 ) – 4( 1 + 2+ 3 + 4) = (1 + 4 + 9 + 16) – 4(10) = 30 – 40 .Contoh 3: Tentukan nilai-nilai notasi sigma berikut. a. 10 ∑p p =1 b. ∑ 2n n =3 6 2 = 2(3 2 ) + 2(4 2 ) + 2(5 2 ) + 2(6 2 ) = 18 + 32 + 50 + 72 = 172 Contoh 4: Hitunglah nilai dari Jawab: Ada 2 cara yang dapat digunakan untuk menyelesaikan soal di atas.

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