Anda di halaman 1dari 8

3.

1.4

6.6

6.0

4.2

4.4

5.3

5.6

6.8

2.5

5.4

4.4

5.4

4.7

3.5

4.0

2.4

3.0

5.6

4.7

6.5

3.0

4.1

3.4

6.8

1.7

5.3

4.7

7.4

6.0

6.7

11.7

5.5

1.1

5.1

5.6

5.5

1.4

3.9

6.6

6.2

7.5

6.2

6.0

5.8

2.8

6.1

4.1

5.7

5.8

3.1

5.8

1.6

2.5

8.1

6.6

9.4

3.4

5.8

7.6

1.4

3.7

2.0

3.7

6.8

3.1

4.7

3.8

5.9

3.3

6.2

7.6

6.6

4.4

5.7

4.5

3.7

9.4

Ketentuan untuk membuat daftar distribusi frekuensi (Aturan STRUGES):


1. Tentukan Range (R= Xmax-Xmin)
2. Tentukan banyaknya kelas interval, yaitu K= 1 + 3,3 log N; N=bny data
3. Tentukan panjang kelas interval

R
K

156 165 158 160 167 168 169 165


164 161 173 173 166 163 160 159
156 157 164 163 164 161 164 163
164 165 170 170 164 162 171 161
153 169 166 163 162 161 169 152
168 164 164 162 157 167 167 155
156 158
R = Xmax-Xmin
= 173 152 = 21
K = 1+ 3,3 log N
= 6,6

R 21

k
6
3,5 4

Interval

Turus

Frekuensi

fk

152-155

||

156-159

|||| |||

10

160-163

|||| ||||

10

20

164-167

|||| |||| |||| ||

17

37

168-171

|||| ||||

10

47

172-175

|||

50

Summation notation (Sigma)


The notation

represents the sum of

n numbers x1, x2, x3,, xn and is read as the sum of all xi with I ranging from 1 to n o
n

x x x x
i 1

======================================
Contoh 4
Berikut adalah data berat badan 5 orang Mahasiswa jurusan PWK.
55 50 65 62 73
a. Tentukan Jumlah berat badan kelima mahasiswa tersebut (
5

3x

b. Tentukan

i 1

(x
i 1

2) ,

x
i 1

2
i

If a and b are fixed numbers then


n

i 1

i 1

bx i b x i
n

(bxi a) b na
i 1

i 1

i 1

i 1

i 1

(xi a) 2 x i2 2a x i na 2
===============================================
Contoh 5
Berikut adalah data nilai statistik 7 orang Mahasiswa jurusan PWK.
7 5 6 7 8 4 9
Tentukan:
a. Rata-ratanya ( )
b. Median, Q1, Q2, Q3

Jawab
7

a.

x
i 1

7
7 5 6 7 8 4 9 46

7
7
6,57

).

b. Data diurutkan terlebih dahulu


4 5 6 7 7 8 9
Q1
Q2
Q3
Jadi Median (Q2) = 7
Kuartil 1 (Q1) = 5
Kuartil 2 (Q3) = 8
========================================
Contoh 6
Dari data contoh 5 di atas dapatkan trimmed sample mean dan winsorized sample mean.
Jawab
Data: 4 5 6 7 7 8 9
a. Data untuk Trimmed mean:
5 6 7 7 8
56778
Trimmed Mean
5
6,6
b. Data untuk Winsorized Mean:
5 5 6 7 7 8 8
5567788
7
6,57

Winsorized Mean

The sample variance s2 of a set of n measurements x1, x2,, xn is defined as


n

s2

(x
i 1

x) 2

n 1

standard deviation
n

(xi x) 2
Contoh 7

s variance i 1
n 1
================================
In a psychological experiment, a stimulating signal of fixed intensity was used on six
experimental subject. Their reaction times, recorded in seconds, were 4, 2, 3, 3, 6, 3.
Calculate the mean, variance, and standard deviation

x
4

0,5

0,25

-1,5

2,25

-0,5

0,25

-0,5

0,25

2,5

6,25

-0,5

0,25

x
i 1

21

(x

21
x
3,5
6

i 1

Sample mean
Sample variance:
6

s2

(x
i 1

x ) 2 9,5

x 3,5

x) 2

n 1
9,5
1,9 (seconds) 2
5

Sample standard deviation


s 1,9 1,4 second
-----------=-----==============
For all data sets:
a. The interval x 2s to x 2s

contains at least

(1

1
3
)
2
2
4

of the data

b. The interval x 3s to x 3s

contains at least

(1

1
8
)
2
3
9

of the data

c. In general, for any multiplier k>1 the interval

(1

1
)
k2

x ks to x ks contains at least

fraction of the data

------------------Contoh 8
Examine Chebyshevs rule in the context of the ozone concentration above.
Jawab
The compute value of

x and s are

x 4,97
s 2,00
To illustrate, we consider three interval

x 1.5s, x 2s , and x 3s
===================================
Chebyshevs rule guarantees that at least

1
0,56
(1,5) 2
1
3
1 2 0,75
2
4
1
8
1 2 0,89
3
9
1

Fractions of the set of 78 measurements must belong to these three interval, respectively.

Table 1. Checyshevs rule for ozone concentration

Interval Fraction of the 78


observ. included
Chebyshev Actually
s rule
Observe

1,5

1,97
7,97

at least
0,56

0,97
8,97

at least
0,75

-1,03
10,97

at least
0,89

Contoh 9
Berikut adalah data Jumlah motor yang lewat di Jalan depan PWK setiap menitnya.
3 3 4 4 5 7 7 8 8 8 9 10 12
Dari data tersebut buatlah boxplotnya
Jawab
Gambar 4. Boxplot
data motor
Max
Q3
Q2