Anda di halaman 1dari 31

World Trade Scenario of

Spices in India especially


Cardamom,
Pepper,Turmeric,Ginger,

Submitted by : Shilpa Dhawan


Project Mentor: Dr. D.Babu
1

Scheme of Presentation

Introduction

Objectives

Methodology

Results

Conclusion

Objectives
To examine the direction and

composition of spices especially


cardamom,pepper,turmeric,ginger in
India
To estimate the growth and
instability of exports and imports of
spices in India

Research Methodology
Secondary data is collected from various sources
like:
National Horticultural Board(NHB)
UNCOMTRADE (Commodity Trade Statistics

Database) of United Nations


World Trade Atlas, DGFT (Directorate General of
Foreign Trade)
DGCIS (Directorate General of Commercial
Intelligence and service
Trademap
Spices board of India

WORLD TRADE IN SPICES :2005-06


QTY
(MT)

VALUE
(US $ MLN.)

WORLD TRADE

750000

1650.00

INDIAS SHARE

320527

517.90

% SHARE

43

31

INDIAS STRENGTH
In the total World Spice trade in 2005 - 06
INDIA VOLUME(43%)

INDIA VALUE(31%)

MAJOR PRODUCT SEGMENTS IN EXPORTS


OF SPICES
OTHER SEEDS
10.7%

OTHER SPICES
6.1%

GINGER
3.9%

CHILLI
41.1%

CURRY POWDER
2.31%

CORIANDER
10.1%

CUMIN
4.1%

CARDAMOM (S)
0.2%

PEPPER
4.2%
TURMERIC
12.8%

MINT PRODUCTS
1.7%

OILS & OLEORESINS


2.8%

VALUE: 2004-05,Spices board of India

VANILLA
0.01%

MAJOR DESTINATION FOR INDIAN


SPICES

WEST ASIA
9%
OTHERS
1%

AFRICAN ZONE
4%
EAST ASIA
36%

EUROPEAN UNION
21%

AUST.&OCEANIC ZONE
1%

AMERICAN ZONE
27%

VALUE: 2004-05,Spices board of India

OTHER EUROPE
1%

INDIAN SPICE INDUSTRY


1998 REGISTERED EXPORTERS
364 MANUFACTURER EXPORTERS
100 EXPORTERS (5%) CONTRIBUTE OVER 80%
OF EXPORTS
98 UNITS WITH IN-HOUSE LABORATORIES
16 SPICE HOUSE CERTIFICATE HOLDERS

5 UNITS CERTIFIED UNDER ISO 9000

INDIAN SPICES LOGO PROVIDED TO


RETAIL/INSTITUTIONAL PACKS

55 SPICE BRANDS REGISTERED WITH THE BOARD


8

Selected Country-wise Import of Indian Spices


(1997-1998 to 1999-2000)
Country
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00
USA
30
30
38
UK
6
6
6
Japan
5
5
5
Germany
4
4
4
Canada
3
3
4
Netherlands
2
2
3
Russia
4
2
3
Sri Lanka
3
5
4
UAE
5
4
3
Malaysia
2
2
2

%age Country-wise Import of Indian Spices


40

35

30

25

20

1997-98
1998-99
1999-00

15

10

Major Country-wise Export of Cardamom from India


(2007-2008 to 2010-2011)
2007-2008

Major Country
Saudi Arabia
Kuwait

Qty.
(MT)
331
18.1

Value
(Rs.
Lakh)
1794.3
94.6

U.A.E
U.S.A
Japan
Pakistan
U.K
Malaysia
Israel
Australia
Canada
South Africa
Egypt (A.R.E)

3.4
6
16.2
0.4
17.2
29.3
0.2
-

Total

500

2008-2009

2009-2010

2010-2011 (E)

Qty.
(MT)
1117.7
92.2

Value
(Rs.
Lakh)
9409.5
818.6

Qty.
(MT)
724
102

Value
(Rs.
Lakh)
8155.96
1109.6

104.8
51.2
223.2
1.4
50.7
134.8
63.7
-

296
50.1
34.4
29.6
55
45.6
71
32.3
71
71
71

2519.7
473.9
319.3
269
462.8
304.1
609.7
222.7
609.7
609.7
609.7

62
40
26
33
18
21
21
16
11
9
-

641.73
627.47
376.52
288.34
238.14
229.06
216.32
185.24
141.83
105.47
-

4727

1975

16570

Qty.
(MT)
519.3
4.3

Value
(Rs.
Lakh)
3331
28.1

16.3
31.4
90.5
3.5
67.8
102.4
1
-

17.9
7.2
25
0.4
7.2
27.6
11.3
-

2475

750

15
1083 12315.68

Export of Ginger From India


(1960-1961 to 2003-2004)
Value
Quantity
(Tonnes)

(Rs. Lakhs)

Unit Value
(Rs/Kg)

1994-95

12,022

1673.03

13.92

1995-96

18,483

3892.13

21.06

1996-97

29,737

5924.41

19.92

1997-98

28,268

7262.73

25.69

1998-99

8,683

4058.32

46.74

1999-00

8,923

3253.55

36.46

2000-01

6,288

2682.06

42.65

2001-02

6,464

2311.47

35.76

2002-03

8,461

2396.59

28.33

2003-04

5,000

2340.5

46.81

Year

Export of Ginger
35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0

Quantity (Tonnes)

Export of Pepper from India


(1949-1950 to 2003-2004)

Value
Quantity (Tonnes)

(Rs. Lakhs)

Unit Value
(Rs/Kg)

1995-96

26244

19629.84

74.8

1996-97

47893

41231.84

86.09

1997-98

35907

49635.7

138.23

1998-99

35109

63479.88

180.81

1999-00

42824

88528

206.73

2000-01

21830

38081.57

174.45

2001-02

22877

20368.79

89.04

2002-03

21609

17887.98

8278

2003-04

16700

14350.5

85.93

Year

Export of Pepper from India


60000
50000
40000
30000
20000
10000
0

Quantity (Tonnes)

Growth and Instability of Export of Pepper


Exporters

2006-2007

2007-2008

2008-2009

2009-2010

growth

Instability

23

0.47
0.36
0.39
-0.33
0.91
-0.27

70.54
107.10
121.31
113.06
151.00
49.48

62.4

172.3

0.15

43.36

0.17

104.21

-0.50
-0.53
-0.01

83.16
127.99
14.55

Sri Lanka

29.1

0.2

18.2

23.4

Viet Nam

5.4

23.9

69.9

10.5

Indonesia

7.7

164.2

7.4

64.3

China

41.2

158.1

5.9

33.2

Spain

1.7

5.6

61.1

6.6

69.2

32.7

37

90.6

104.9

Jamaica
Madagasca
r
United
States of
America
Republic of
Korea

71.2

285.7

724.7

87

366.7

92.9

300

25

Germany

2500

94.9

850

97.4

Brazil

93.8

127.2

97.7

100

Method used for calculation in Excel Sheet


Analyses like growth trends, Coefficient of variation, Instability Index and

Net barter terms of trade will be carried out to fulfil the objectives.
By knowing growth and instability of particular exported product to
particular destination, it has a great applicability for policy decision making
Growth is calculated by using LOGEST function in excel which derives
cumulative annual growth rate (CAGR).
Instability is calculated by using coefficient of variation.
CV (coefficient of variation) = (standard deviation / mean)*100
CV explains the deviation from the mean value of the exported product.
For the calculation of the growth and instability the exports are taken in
terms of value which is in Rs (crores)

Growth and Instability of Import of Ginger


Importers
Bangladesh
United Kingdom
Saudi Arabia
Morocco
Spain
Netherlands
Canada
Japan
Germany
Australia
France
Philippines
South Africa
New Zealand
Israel
Belgium
Malaysia
Hong Kong, China
Poland
Kuwait
Sweden
Qatar
Nepal
Sri Lanka
Singapore
Norway
Italy
Denmark
Thailand
Viet Nam

2006-2007
10.9
24.1
36.3
19.5
30.7
9
1.6
6.6
0.2
26.9
141.7
24
71.7
34.6
14.9
20.2
1288.9
51.6
200
40.5
6.3
10
61.3
12.5
164
10.3
50
83.3
98.6
88.9

2007-2008

2008-2009
6.3
10.4
0.7
29.8
47.5
25.9
63
19.2
26.5
12.9
312.1
173.7
33.3
2.2
36.5
40.9
7.2
57.4
33.3
236.4
72.1
377.8
82.8
88.9
36.4
51.9
4.2
23.1
1400
0.6

10.2
7.9
64.8
11.8
18.6
112.3
105.7
4.9
14.5
44.3
7.9
37.5
130
46
26.2
5.5
92.5
25
100
36.5
521.1
60.5
1506.7
1850
64.3
56.5
76
75
93.3
513.3

2009-2010

Growth
436.9
77.1
31.8
116
7.4
16.6
178.1
103
70.1
34
12.4
276.9
808.7
39.4
18.8
51.2
1140
620
2275
85.1
33.1
323.5
71.8
69.2
4.3
111.1
633.3
39.3
20.7
76.1

Instability

2.18
0.38
0.51
0.56
-0.41
0.39
3.33
0.99
4.46
0.21
-0.67
0.79
1.37
0.41
0.04
0.08
0.24
0.94
1.31
0.04
1.00
1.36
0.40
1.26
-0.64
1.06
1.86
-0.10
-0.52
0.87

184.3
108.0
78.6
109.3
65.9
117.4
85.2
140.1
108.4
44.7
120.8
93.8
140.8
63.7
39.4
69.7
106.9
152.8
166.3
94.2
153.9
95.7
166.6
177.6
102.6
72.0
155.3
52.0
165.1
136.9

Growth and Instability of Import of Turmeric


Importers
Malaysia
Japan
Bangladesh
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Germany
Netherlands
Egypt
France
Singapore
Spain
Israel
Canada
Australia
Turkey
Poland
Iraq
Jordan
Denmark
Italy

2006-2007
5.8
15.8
40.8
6
8.4
7.4
8.1
7.4
7.7
24
5.9
25.8
24.4
28.8
30.1
29.7
5.2
95
49.4
69.5

2007-2008
90.3
68
84.3
56.7
37.6
65.7
28.8
106
43.2
53.5
26.3
109.3
12.2
25.6
22.3
150
26.3
10.2
166.7
65.2

2008-2009
24.3
35
12.6
22
68.6
23.6
0.9
7.4
20.6
50.4
78.6
12
27.9
33.1
142.6
79.6
79.5
8.1
1211.6
1.8

2009-2010
131.1
81.2
151.3
169.3
100.3
148.7
174.4
27.8
166.4
36.6
138.6
132.4
80
94.7
166.3
117.6
690.5
68
69.9
262.5

Growth

1.23
0.53
0.23
1.48
1.23
1.22
0.78
0.14
1.33
0.13
1.88
0.31
0.55
0.47
1.01
0.42
3.84
-0.12
0.35
0.04
0.41

Instability

92.52
59.91
83.59
115.97
73.71
103.02
154.12
126.24
122.37
33.01
95.18
85.69
83.08
72.25
82.75
54.92
163.81
95.33
149.70
113.11
92.41

Growth and Instability of Export of Spices


Exporters 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Sri Lanka

0.6

77.7

40.1

28.4

Indonesia

1.5

47

29.4

28.8

China
United
Republic of
Tanzania

26

42.8

70.6

48.3

1.1

12.9

60.3

41.6

Nigeria

56.1

3.5

48.1

194.3

Ethiopia

64.6

7900

12.4

37.7

Afghanistan

26.1

2.3

19.7

27.4

Argentina

13.9

29.5

26.8

20.9

Thailand

411.9

98.8

600

817.9

Germany

7.9

116.4

52.7

56.4

Brazil

35.8

92.2

63.2

79.1

Canada

11.6

83.6

130

682.6

France

552.3

48.4

108.1

57.1

Malaysia

49.9

39.1

40

13.8

Singapore

64.3

22.9

71.8

62.3

48

83.1

38.6

3.9

62.8

25

10

136.4

Australia
South Africa

Growth
Rate
1.98
1.32
0.27
2.47
0.89
-0.55
0.26
0.12
0.47
0.67
0.22
2.55
-0.45
-0.32
0.11
-0.56
0.15

Growth
Instability
rate%
197.73
87.09
131.53
70.43
26.60
39.24
246.96
88.65
-55.39
25.78
11.94
47.13
66.60
22.15
254.88
-45.14
-31.84
11.05
-56.38
15.15

92.95
109.29
196.19
61.20
30.39
63.19
76.33
35.92
135.56
126.38
43.13
39.77
75.02
96.42

Growth and Instability of Import of Spices


Importers
Italy

2006-2007

2007-2008

2008-2009

2009-2010

Growth rate

2.1

34.2

33.8

48.8

92.3

20

43.3

United Kingdom

14

29.2

12.3

28.6

Germany

23

44.9

37.8

72.3

Sri Lanka

44.1

19.8

3.4

28.4

Saudi Arabia

43.5

34.1

8.5

29.3

Bangladesh

128.1

56.1

31.1

60.3

28.1

9.1

3.8

1.8

9.7

20.4

5.4

41.6

Malaysia

Australia
Japan
Belgium

9.2

34.2

36.4

40.3

11.9

30.5

37.2

44.3

48

199.5

36.8

16.3

South Africa

65.4

22

14.4

93.3

Canada

14.7

28.5

10.3

32.5

Kuwait

20.2

31

14

41.2

Spain

5.9

20.4

30.3

15.7

Indonesia

45

21.7

8.8

39.8

323.2

8.7

61.9

482.4

China

250

57.3

122.4

294.9

Nepal

47.1

12.3

7.6

Poland

58.4

17.3

8.3

45.6

France

24.6

28.7

42.6

22.2

Singapore

82.6

20.5

11.9

3.3

Brazil

151.3

49.9

8.1

Thailand

112.8

141.8

44.6

41.1

Portugal

43.4

23.1

42.5

54.1

Ireland

18.3

4.3

24.4

49.5

116.3

159.9

52.4

67.8

Kenya

45.6

30.8

36

154.3

New Zealand

15.9

20.1

11.6

20.4

Philippines

44.4

11.2

22.7

43.8

Turkey

26.7

507.8

73.7

95.4

4.1

33.4

161

39

197.8

24

12.7

13

14.1

31.8

50.2

Sudan

36.2

40.4

38.7

614.5

Argentina

46.7

79.1

17.2

33.8

Netherlands
Egypt

Mexico

Afghanistan

Denmark
Ghana
Myanmar

Instability

Growth rate%

1.57
-0.26

156.65
-26.43

94.53
89.86

0.14
0.39
-0.27

13.64
38.60
-26.52

43.39
46.42
70.99

-0.23
-0.25
-0.60
0.36
0.57
0.51
-0.39
0.07
0.15
0.14
0.40
-0.12
0.37
0.13
-0.51
-0.14
0.01
-0.64
-0.82
-0.34
0.14
0.60
-0.24
0.46

-22.70
-24.80
-59.82
35.51
56.73
51.31
-38.92
6.63
14.60
14.38
39.54
-11.93
37.21
13.37
-51.37
-13.73
0.87
-63.96
-81.50
-34.20
13.55
60.34
-23.92
46.42

51.28
60.26
112.17
83.86
47.00
44.90
111.69
76.32
49.64
45.13
56.12
57.84
101.79
60.86
109.08
72.58
30.89
121.86
131.74
59.00
31.66
78.32
49.27
88.10

0.02
0.07
0.21
1.30
-0.59
1.32
1.33
-0.22

2.00
6.88
20.81
130.03
-58.54
131.69
132.85
-22.09

24.38
53.61
126.84
116.98
146.70
81.28
157.87
59.31

Conclusion
Cardamom: Main exporting countries are Singapore and

India; main importers are Saudi Arabia, United Arab


Emirates and Singapore
Pepper:Major producers of pepper across globe are
Vietnam (about 0.90 lakh tons), India (0.55 lakh tons),
Brazil (0.40 lakh tons) and Indonesia (0.3 lakh tons).
Vietnum is the largest pepper exporter whereas the USA
is the biggest importer in the world.

Cont:
Turmeric :The key export destination for Indian turmeric

are UAE - 17%, USA - 10%, Bangladesh - 9%, Sri Lanka


- 7%, Japan - 7%,Malaysia - 6% and UK - 6%. The major
importers of turmeric are the Middle East and North
African countries, Iran,Japan and Sri Lanka. These
importing countries represent 75% of the turmeric world
trade, and are mostly supplied by the Asian producing
countries
Ginger:countries like UK, Netherland, Germany are the
major importers of ginger in the world market.

Introduction..

Need for empowerment of the growers of spices and to

ensure better price realization for them.


The Spices Board has taken steps to establish Spices
Parks at the following seven locations :
a) Chhindwara [ M P] Functional Since Feb 2009
b) Guntur [A P]
c) Sivaganga [ T N]
d) Idukki [Kerala]
e) Mehsana [GJ]
f) Jhalawar [Rajastan]
g) Bydagi [Karnataka]

The projects on Spices Park are primarily


intended to benefit the growing community and
its aim is to better price realization of their

produce.
The exporters can also set up their unit in the
Parks for processing spices under the terms and
conditions of the Board.

To encourage the production of Spices in the

country in the most efficient manner.


To provide the required state-of-the art infrastructure
for improving production.
To be able to export the final product as fresh as
possible.
Quality improvement, grading and packing,
warehousing, etc basically a lot of value addition,
which would lead to better price realization.