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Profis Anchor

Users Manual

Profis Anchor Version 1.10 August 2007

Table of Contents
Section
1.0 2.0

Topic

Page #
1 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 5 6 6 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 12 12 14 15 15 16 17 17 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 21 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 24

3.0

Introduction Installation of Profis Anchor 2.1 System Requirements 2.2 Installing Profis Anchor 2.3 Running Profis Anchor 2.4 Uninstalling Profis Anchor Operating Profis Anchor 3.1 Frequently Asked Questions 3.2 Main Construction Window 3.2.1 Construction 3.2.1.1 Construction Wizard 3.2.1.1.1 Project Description Tab 3.2.1.1.2 Design Method Tab 3.2.1.1.3 Environment Tab 3.2.1.1.4 Base Material Tab 3.2.1.1.5 Baseplate Tab 3.2.1.1.6 Anchor Pattern Tab 3.2.1.1.7 Profile Tab 3.2.1.1.8 Product Tab 3.2.1.1.9 Loads Tab 3.2.1.2 Individual Dialogue Window Icons 3.2.1.3 Direct On-screen Input 3.2.1.3.1 Work Area 3.2.1.3.2 Information Window 3.2.1.3.3 Standard and Special Construction Icons 3.2.1.3.4 Freehand Construction Icons 3.2.1.3.5 Standard Baseplate Icons 3.2.1.3.6 Stand-off Icons 3.2.1.3.7 Rotate View Icons 3.2.2 Common Function Icons 3.2.2.1 New Project Icon 3.2.2.2 Open Project Icon 3.2.2.3 Save Project Icon 3.2.2.4 Preferences Icon 3.2.2.4.1 Application Tab 3.2.2.4.2 Editing Tab 3.2.2.4.3 Documents Tab 3.2.2.5 Show Product Panel Icon 3.2.3 Menu Bar 3.2.3.1 File Menu 3.2.3.2 Edit Menu 3.2.3.3 View Menu 3.2.3.4 Help Menu 3.2.3.5 Update i

3.3

3.4

The Product Panel 3.3.1 Run Calculation and Obtain and Filter Results 3.3.1.1 Run Calculation 3.3.1.1.1 Calculation Icons 3.3.1.1.2 Method Calculators 3.3.1.1.3 Double Click on Cell 3.3.1.2 Obtain Results 3.3.1.3 Filter Results 3.3.1.3.1 Filtering Based Upon Results 3.3.1.3.2 Filtering Based Upon Design Criteria 3.3.2 Creating a Report 3.3.2.1 Create Report Window 3.3.2.2 Create Report Icons 3.3.2.3 Double Click on a Calculated Cell 3.3.3 Providing Access to Information 3.3.3.1 Hiltis Product Technical Guide (PTG) Pages 3.3.3.2 Installation Videos 3.3.3.3 CAD Details 3.3.3.4 Approvals/Listings The Reports 3.4.1 ASD Report 3.4.1.1 First Page (Anchor and Input Overview) 3.4.1.2 Second Page (Results) 3.4.1.3 Final Page (Baseplate Details) 3.4.1.4 ASD Report Glossary of Terms 3.4.2 LRFD Report (ACI 318/AC193) 3.4.2.1 First Page (Anchor and Input Overview) 3.4.2.2 Second (and subsequent) Page (Results) 3.4.2.3 Final Page (Baseplate Details) 3.4.2.4 LRFD Report Glossary of Terms

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Profis Anchor Version 1.10

User's Manual

1.0 Introduction
This Profis Anchor Users Manual was created to make the use of Hiltis Profis Anchor easier for the end user. In order to make information on specific functions of Profis Anchor quickly accessible, this document has been divided into many very specific sections and subsections. When being used in electronic format, the manual has many hyperlinks that allow the reader to jump around the document quickly when another section is referenced. At the bottom of every page is a hyperlink that takes the reader back to the Table of Contents. From the Table of Contents, the reader can quickly hyperlink to a specific section of the manual. Profis Anchor is a connection design program developed to help the engineer distribute loads at a connection and select an appropriate anchor to carry these loads. Profis Anchor provides quick and easy access to anchor information, solutions to anchoring needs and the necessary information to specify Hilti medium to heavy-duty mechanical and chemical (adhesive) anchors. Through the preferences window, the user can select their default language as described in Section 3.2.2.4. The default language and other appropriate defaults based upon region may also be selected when first opening the Profis Anchor by selecting the appropriate region. This region may be changed as described in Section 3.2.3.2. With access to a vast database, Profis Anchor is able to accept a variety of input data in either metric or English System units, including dimensional constraints, physical properties, loads and anchor configuration. With this input, Profis Anchor is able to perform calculations that output the following:

Suitability of selected anchors given design constraints1 The design load for each anchor selected The applicable edge and anchor spacing factors for the given design constraints The reason for failure to select an anchor, if any Recommended baseplate thickness given the design constraints2. Data in a choice of either English (in., lb) or metric units (mm, kN)

1. Suitability is determined by: (1) user-inputted loads being less-than-or-equal-to the published allowable load contained in the current Hilti Product Technical Guide (PTG), after application of PTG edge-distance and anchor-spacing load reduction factors for user-inputted dimensions; and (2) the application being suitable for the general type of user-inputted loading conditions, in accordance with the Anchor Selection Guide in the PTG. 2. Baseplate thickness based on finite element analysis. For additional details, click the Help tab in the Profis program, select Methods, and then Finite Element.

Profis Anchor provides the user the capability to design anchorages using data from the Hilti Product Technical Guide or from ICC-ES evaluation reports, as well as using ACI 318 Appendix D design provisions. Easy access to the published data, upon which this version of Profis Anchor is based, is explained in Section 3.3.3.

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The data, calculation methods, and formulae contained in this program was current as of the date of publication. Updates and changes may be made based on later product testing, advances in the state-of-the-art, or revised evaluation reports/approvals. For verification that the data is current, in the U.S.A. call Hilti, Inc., Customer Service at 1800-879-6000 x 6337 or visit the website at www.us.hilti.com; in Canada call Hilti (Canada) Corporation at 1-800-363-4458 or visit www.ca.hilti.com. The user may obtain the latest version of Profis Anchor by clicking on Update on the main window as explained in Section 3.2.3.5. NOTE: When you use the Update function, technical data and underlying anchor theory will be updated to the information contained in the then-most-current Hilti Product Technical Guide and product evaluation reports/approvals. You should review this information to ensure it continues to meet your specific needs and application. All anchor load values found in this program represent the results of testing performed by Hilti or other independent test organizations. Locally requisitioned base materials were used and because of variations in materials, on-site testing is necessary to determine characteristic performance at a specific site. This program is designed to provide anchor system suggestions for typical applications. A design professional should always review the specific application to determine suitability and adequacy, and verify the accuracy of the calculations. NOTE followed by bolded text is used throughout this manual to draw attention to particularly important information necessary to avoid unintended results.

2.0 Installation of Profis Anchor


2.1 System Requirements
The computer must meet the following requirements before the user can install Profis Anchor: Minimum Hardware Configuration CPU: Pentium III 500 MHz Memory: 128 MB Hard Disk: 60 MB free space CD-ROM: 8x Color Monitor with 800x600 and 16 bpp (High Color) Recommended Hardware Configuration CPU: Intel or AMD, 1200 MHz or better Memory: 256 MB Hard Disk: 600 MB free space CD-ROM: 24x or faster Color Monitor with at least 1024x768 and 32 bpp (True-Color)

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Software Requirements Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional or Microsoft Windows XP operating system The latest official service pack installed for the operating system. Correctly installed OpenGL compatible driver for the video controller. The latest version from the manufacturer is strongly suggested! Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0+

2.2 Installing Profis Anchor


The following procedure may be used to correctly install Profis Anchor onto your computer: Insert the Profis Anchor CD-ROM into the computers CD-ROM drive. Click on Install. When Installis clicked, follow the on-screen setup instructions that are given.

2.3 Running Profis Anchor


The following procedure may be used to run Profis Anchor from the computer hard drive once the program has been successfully installed: Double click on My Computer on your desktop and then Drive C:. Double click on Program Files Folder* Double click on the Hilti Folder and then on the Profis Folder*. Double click on Profis.exe and follow the on screen instructions. A Profis Anchor icon (shortcut) should have automatically been created on the desktop. * These folders are default setup. A different location may have been chosen during the setup process.

2.4 Uninstalling Profis Anchor


The following procedure may be used to uninstall Profis Anchor from the hard drive: Got to the computers control panel. Double click on add or remove files. Select Profis Anchor and click on Change/Remove Follow the on-screen directions.

3.0 Operating Profis Anchor


Once Profis Anchor has been loaded, the user can access all of Profis Anchors functions and options through the Main Construction Window and the Product Panel.

3.1 Frequently Asked Questions


Note: Tooltips are very common in Profis Anchor and will help the user considerably if they are utilized. What are Tool Tips? Tool Tips are a written function description that appears when the user moves the cursor over an icon. How do I change my units? Preferences Icon. See Section 3.2.2.4. 3 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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When I make changes to windows in the program do those changes become the default settings? Only the window locations on startup and changes made in the Preferences tabs will remain the default the next time the user opens Profis Anchor (Refer to Section 3.2.2.4). I am trying to download Product Technical Guide, Approvals, and/or CAD details. How do I access these documents? Section 3.3.3, Providing Access to Information, shows where, in Profis Anchor, to access this information. However, if you chose the minimal program installation option these documents were not downloaded due to file size. The user may download these items from the Tech Center on the Hilti website, www.us.hilti.com or, to add these items to Profis Anchor, click on Update as described in Section 3.2.3.5. Ive created my construction. How do I calculate? There are several ways to run a calculation. Please reference Section 3.3.1.1. Ive created my construction, but all of the calculation icons are red. What is the issue? The issue could be one of several. By looking at the Information Window described in Section 3.2.1.3.2, the user can find the reason, if any, a calculation is not possible. Ive input a load, but the information window still says, no or unsuitable load has been set. What do I need to do? Please refer to Section 3.2.1.1.9 Loads Tab. The user must check or uncheck the ASD checkbox. Ive run my calculation. Where do I get my results? Can I create a report? The results can be found in several places on the Product Panel. Section 3.3.1.2 discusses in details how to read these results. Reports are possible and the details of how to create a report are discussed in Section 3.3.2. Ive run a calculation. How can I narrow the number of anchor solutions? Please reference Section 3.3.1.3. Actually, the user may filter anchor possibilities based upon name, type, installation, application criteria, etc. prior to or after running a calculation. The user may also filter the anchor solutions based upon the results of the calculations. Does filtering affect my calculations? NOTE: Filtering does not affect the construction or the calculations. Filtering only limits the number of possible anchor solutions. Are there any limitations in Profis Anchor with regards to bolt patterns? Yes. These limitations are discussed in more depth in Section 3.2.1.3.4. Essentially, the default calculation methods in the Hilti North American version of Profis are limited to a 4x4 bolt pattern and the anchors must be orthogonal to each other (i.e. no circular of triangular bolt patterns). Profis Anchor does have a calculation method called SOFA that will calculate almost any pattern up to 99 anchors. SOFA is an extension of the ETAG (a European based code). It is anticipated that in the near future, the default methods found in the United States region will function with these anchor patterns, as well. 4 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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Where can I find a description of how the recommended baseplate calculation is done? The user may click on the Help Menu select Methods and choose Finite Element Calculation. Ive run my calculation and selected my anchor. How do I create a report? There are several ways to generate a report. Please reference Section 3.3.2.

3.2 Main Construction Window


The Main Construction Window, shown in Figure 1, provides the user access to all of the icons and dialog windows needed to create a construction. It also allows the user to initiate design calculations, save the design, select the units for the design and view the details with a description of what is needed to complete the construction.

Figure 1: The Main Construction Window


On the Main Window the user is allowed to modify six main properties of the construction (See Section 3.2.1): Project Settings Base Material Settings Baseplate Settings Anchor Pattern Profile And Load Input 5 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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In addition to these icons, in order to ease operation of Profis Anchor, a row of common function buttons is located in the upper right corner of the Main Window including the following (See Section 3.2.2): New Project. Open Project. Save Project. Preferences (Section 3.2.2.4). Show Product Panel Additionally, the Main Window also has a menu bar at the top of the screen with the following headings (See Section 3.2.3): File Edit View Help Update A direct link to the Hilti, Inc., U.S.A. website is accessed by clicking on the Hilti Logo on the Top Left of the screen.

3.2.1 Construction
When using Profis Anchor, most functions can be performed in three different ways. The following subsections describe the three different ways in which each of the six main construction properties may be input. 1. Construction Wizard (Section 3.2.1.1); 2. Individual Dialogue Windows (Section 3.2.1.2); and 3. Direct on-screen input (Section 3.2.1.3).

3.2.1.1 Construction Wizard


The Construction Wizard can be accessed by clicking on the Construction Wizard at the top of the Main Window. The Construction Wizard has several icon tabs that guide the user (by clicking on Next or simply selecting the next tab) through an entire construction and allows the user to generate his/her construction and to run a calculation. The user must proceed through all of the tabs and click on Generate in order to create a construction. If the user clicks on Cancel all construction data entered to that point is lost/deleted. The different tabs of the Construction Wizard are described in the following subsections. NOTE: Making any selection in the following Tabs only affects the current construction, and when Profis is opened again, it will have defaulted back to the original settings.

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3.2.1.1.1 Project Description Tab


This tab, shown in Figure 2, allows the user to enter data about the current project. The screen has fields regarding the Company and the Project. The engineer may also make comments in the box provided or the Load specifiers text may be used and a prewritten text for the current anchor will be put into this box. NOTE: Be aware that this information remains the same even if the user changes the selected anchor, so it is important to change the specifiers text if a new anchor is selected. The data entered in the Project Description tab appears on any printout related to the current project.

Figure 2: The Project Description Tab


To fill in the fields, simply click on the desired field, or press tab to move between the fields. To proceed to the next tab, simply click on the Next button or click on the next tab. To cancel the input, click on the Cancel button.

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3.2.1.1.2 Design Method Tab


This tab simply allows the user to select the desired calculation method. The HNA calculation method simply represents the data and design provisions published in the Hilti North America Product Technical Guide. The ICC Inspected and ICC Uninspected calculation methods represent the data and design provisions published in the individual ICC-ES evaluation reports for Hilti anchors. The ACI 318/AC193 calculation represents the data and design provisions provided in ACI 318 Appendix D and the individual ICC-ES reports based on ICC-ES Acceptance Criteria (AC)193. Hilti currently has two reports based on AC193, ESR1545 for the HSL-3 Heavy Duty Sleeve Anchor and ESR-1546 for the HDA Undercut Anchor. AC193 is a slightly modified version of ACI 355.2 and testing per AC193 provides data that allows the design engineer to design anchorages based upon ACI 318 Appendix D. NOTE: All the above-reference documents are the version current as of the time this program was installed or last updated.

3.2.1.1.3 Environment Tab


The Environment tab (Figure 3) allows the user to select a concrete standard, as well as desired dimension from the anchor hole to the baseplate edge as a function of the anchor diameter

Figure 3: The Environment Tab


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3.2.1.1.4 Base Material Tab


The Base Material tab (Figure 4) allows the user to specify the type of base material (currently cracked and uncracked concrete) and strength. The user may also input the concrete dimensions. Additionally, the user may specify reinforcing information (no reinforcing is set as the default). Condition A or B and the Edge Reinforcement are referenced directly from ACI 318 Appendix D.

Figure 4: The Base Material Tab 3.2.1.1.5 Baseplate Tab


The Baseplate Tab, shown in Figure 5, allows the user to select the baseplates grade of steel, as well as specify its shape and size. The e = area is to allow the user to input a stand-off fastening. For odd shaped baseplates, the user may also input several different baseplate nodes to create a custom baseplate for specialized applications.

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Figure 5: The Baseplate Tab 3.2.1.1.6 Anchor Pattern Tab


The Anchor Pattern Tab, shown below in figure 6, allows the user to select the number and arrangement of anchors in your design. The user can either select from some standard anchor patterns using the icons under the heading Anchor Pattern, or the user may insert individual anchor and set their location using the table under the heading Anchors. If a standard anchor pattern is selected, the spacing input fields automatically appear for the user to provide his/her anchor spacing. The user may also insert and specify the location of anchors using the buttons and table listed below the heading Anchors. Be aware that most Hilti calculation methods (including the four default methods found in the United States Region) do not allow large amount of anchors or uncommon anchor patterns. This is discussed in more detail in Section 3.2.1.3.2 under freehand drawing. The user may also specify a hole type as normal (e.g. drilled, punched) or slotted.

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Figure 6: The Anchor Pattern Tab 3.2.1.1.7 Profile Tab


The Profile tab, shown in Figure 7, allows the user to specify the type (using the drop down menu) and size (using the table that appears once a type is selected) profile that is attached to the baseplate. This information is mainly used for the transfer of loads in the finite element calculation to calculate baseplate thickness (discussed later in Section 3.3.2). However, the user can also input an eccentricity and offset applied load from the center of the baseplate. This automatically changes an applied tension or shear load into a moment or torque, respectively, on the anchor pattern and will be used in the calculation determining anchor solutions. Note: If no Profile is selected, the user can not input an eccentricity for the load and cannot choose to calculate a baseplate thickness as discussed in Section 3.3.2. Note: The flange thickness on the S-, M-, W-, and HP-shapes are not graphically to scale on the Work Area. This dimension does not affect the baseplate thickness calculation discussed in Section 3.3.2 or any other Profis Anchor calculation. All other dimensions are graphically to scale. Additionally, the window in the Profile tab automatically allows the user to see their current profile choice. If the profile is not positioned correctly in relation to the anchor pattern, the user may change its direction by inputting an angle in the = box. 11 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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Figure 7: The Profile Tab 3.2.1.1.8 Product Tab


The Product Tab allows the user to select a specific product to calculate. This is only necessary if the user wishes to calculate directly from the Construction Wizard. The user may simply generate a construction without calculating as discussed in Section 3.2.1.9, Loads Tab.

3.2.1.1.9 Loads Tab


The Loads tab, shown in Figure 8, allows the user to specify the loading that will be applied to the construction. The user may enter a governing tension (N) load, shear (V) load in the x- or y- direction, and/or moments about the x-, y-, or z- axis. Additionally, the user specifies what type of governing load they are applying. In other words, the user must tell Profis Anchor what type of load combinations were used to generate the governing loads (i.e. whether the governing load is an ASD load or an LRFD load). NOTE: the default setting in Profis Anchor is ASD. If it is an ASD load, the ASD checkbox should be checked. Profis Anchor will only calculate with the methods that are based on ASD. In the United States region, these methods are HNA, ICC Inspected, and ICC Uninspected. If the governing load is an LRFD load, the ASD checkbox should not be checked. Profis Anchor will only calculate with the methods that are 12 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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User's Manual based on LRFD. In the United States region, this method is ACI 318/AC193 calculation method. NOTE: The LRFD governing load is assumed to be determined using the load factors from ACI 318-02 Chapter 9, Section 1605.2.1 of the IBC, or Section 1612.2.1 of the UBC. The phi factors from ACI 318-02 D.4.4 are used appropriately. Furthermore, the user may specify the loads as short-term loads by checking the Seismic load for LRFD; Wind or Seismic loads for ASD checkbox. If this box is checked, Profis Anchor will only calculate with the anchors/calculation methods that are recognized for use with seismic and/or wind loads. With regards to the ICC Inspected and ICC Uninspected calculation methods, the loads will automatically be increased as stated in the products individual ICC-ES evaluation report (in most cases this is a 33 1/3% increase, but could be less in some cases review the applicable ICC-ES report for details). If the HNA calculation method is used, no calculation will be performed. With regards to the ACI 318/AC193 calculation method, the program will automatically use the k-factor for cracked concrete and will also apply an additional 0.75 factor as described in Section D3.3.3 of ACI 318.

Figure 8: The Loads Tab


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3.2.1.2 Individual Dialogue Window Icons


The Individual Dialogue Window Icons are located in the same icon group as the Construction Wizard at the top of the Main Window.

When clicked these icons take the user to individual windows that are nearly identical to the tabs found in the Construction Wizard and described above. However, these individual windows do not require the user to fill out all of the windows for changes to be implemented. The user must only click OK on each window to have the changes made in that window implemented. As with all windows, if the user clicks on Cancel the changes made will not be implemented. Please find below the icons, their name (tooltip), the corresponding Construction Wizard tab(s) and the sections above to reference for a detailed description. Project Settings Includes the Project Description, Design Method, and Environment tabs from the Construction Wizard, which are discussed in Sections 3.2.1.1, 3.2.1.2, and 3.2.1.3. Base Material Settings Includes the Base Material tab from the Construction Wizard, which is discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.4. Baseplate Settings Includes the Baseplate tab from the Construction Wizard, which is discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.5. Anchor Layout Includes the Anchor Pattern tab from the Construction Wizard, which is discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.6. Profile Includes the Profile tab from the Construction Wizard, which is discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.7. Product Selection Includes the Product tab from Construction Wizard, which is discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.8. Show Loads Table Input Includes Loads tab from Construction Wizard, which is discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.9.

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3.2.1.3 Direct On-screen Input


The largest portion of the Main Window contains a work area and the icons necessary to operate the work area. The Work Area and the icons are discussed in the following subsections.

3.2.1.3.1 Work Area


The Work Area, shown in Figure 9, allows the user to make on-screen changes to the construction in graphical format. If the user presses and holds down the left mouse button, the screen can be moved around by simply moving the mouse. By pressing and holding down the right mouse button, the user can zoom-in or zoom-out from the construction by moving the mouse. If the user presses the left mouse button, but does not hold it down, the user will have initiated one of many functions that will be described in more detail below (this will be referred to as left clicking through the rest of this manual).

Figure 9: The Work Area


The Work Area is very interactive. If the user left clicks on the light gray base material, the blue baseplate, dark gray profile, or numbered anchors, the Base Material, Baseplate, Profile, and Anchor Pattern Windows as described in Section 3.2.1.2 will pop up, respectively. Additionally, the user can input dimensions and loads by left clicking directly on the numbers, which will bring up a small window as shown below.

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User's Manual The user simply types in the load and strikes the Enter key on the keyboard. NOTE: Profis Anchor does not recognize commas. The user should not include any commas in load input data. Once a load is inserted an arrow showing the direction of the load appears with the load value. If the direction of the load is not correct, the user may either reenter the load as a negative or simply left click on the arrow. Furthermore, in the small window above, if the user clicks on , the Loads Window as described in Section 3.2.1.2 will appear. The default view within the Work Area is the isometric view. The user can change this view to a 2-D section view (ideal for standoff fastenings) or a 2-D plan view (ideal for freehand baseplate drawing) by left clicking on the smaller windows in the bottom right corner of the Main Window, shown in Figure 10 below. Once the user left clicks on one of these, the Work Area will change to the new view and the isometric view will replace the view in the smaller window. The user may switch the view in the Work Area between any of the three views and all of the data changes made in any view are made in all views.

Figure 10: Change Work Area View 3.2.1.3.2 Information Window


The Information Window (shown below) can be found on both the Main Construction Window (on the right hand side) and the Product Panel (in the left hand corner). It is in this location that the user can obtain all of the information about the current construction as well as the current anchor/calculation method selected on the Product Panel (See Section 3.3 for more information on the Product Panel). It is also in this window that the user can determine the reason, if any, for a calculation not being possible (e.g. anchor off of baseplate, baseplate off of concrete surface, anchor too close to edge of concrete, etc.).

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3.2.1.3.3 Standard and Special Construction Icons


In order to make changes more quickly within the Work Area, function icons were created and placed along the left side of the Main Window. The first group of icons is the Standard and Special Construction Icons as shown in Figure 11.

Figure 11: Standard Construction Icons


If the user left clicks on one of these icons, a construction with the standard bolt pattern shown on the icon is created, along with a default rectangle baseplate for the bolt pattern. The following icons are considered standard anchor patterns; , , , , and . These standard anchor patterns may be calculated by any of the calculation methods found in the United States region.

3.2.1.3.4 Freehand Construction Icons


The second group of icons is the Freehand Construction Icons as shown below. The 2-D top view is ideal when using these functions.

Figure 12: Freehand Construction Icons


If the user left clicks the deleted. icon, the baseplate and anchor pattern are

By left clicking the icon once, the user can place one anchor onto the Work Area by dragging the cursor over the work area and left clicking one more time when the anchor is in the proper position. Below the Work Area, there is a y- and x-coordinates box that tell the user the current location of the cursor. 17 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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The free anchor placement function may be turned off by clicking on the icon again. To modify the position or placement of an anchor or delete it, the user can simply click on the anchor in the Work Area. Profis Anchor will allow the user to place as many anchors as desired and in any shape, but the United States region methods will only calculate up to a 4x4 anchor matrix. It is recommended to use the matrix icon described below. Currently, any non-matrix patterns (e.g. circles or triangles) must be calculated using the calculation method SOFA, which can be accessed by selecting the World Wide region. SOFA stands for SOlution for FAstening and is an extension of the ETAG, which is a European Code. It is anticipated that in the near future, the methods found in the United States region will function with these anchor patterns. The information window (as discussed in Section 3.2.1.3.2) will tell the user when the construction requires the use of the SOFA calculation method. The user needs to scroll down for this information. The icon is used to create an anchor matrix. The user left clicks this icon once, moves the cursor over the Work Area and left clicks again. Then, when the user moves the mouse, red lines form a box. Below the Work Area and next to the y- and x-coordinates, parenthesis will appear showing the number of columns and rows of anchors which will be created when the user left clicks once again. For example in the picture below, the anchor pattern will be a 4x4 pattern.

Once the user has created the matrix, they may delete individual anchors to create different patterns (for example a 8-bolt square pattern around the profile or a U-shape around the profile). Once again, for the time being, the United States region default calculation methods are limited to a 4x4 matrix and the anchors need to be orthogonal to each other (e.g. no circular bolt patterns). It is not critical to center the matrix on the baseplate. Once the user creates one of the standard baseplates as discussed in Section 3.2.1.3.3 or creates one as described the anchor matrix will automatically be centered about the centroid of the baseplate. This is not true when using the polygon baseplate icon as discussed below. The icon is used to draw a polygon baseplate. The user left clicks on the icon once, moves the cursor to the desired starting position, left clicks again, moves to the next desired baseplate node, left clicks again, and continues this process until completed. To close the baseplate, the user simply right clicks. Profis Anchor has no real limitation with regards to baseplate shapes except that it must be able to find a centroid. 18 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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3.2.1.3.5 Standard Baseplate Icons


The next group of icons is the Standard Baseplate Icons as shown below.

Figure 13: Standard Baseplate Icons


When the user left clicks the , , , or icons, a circular, square, triangle, or hexagon, will be created, respectively. The baseplate will be a icon, default size for the anchor pattern. If the user left clicks on the the baseplate and anchor pattern are rotated 90 degrees. The base material is not rotated.

3.2.1.3.6 Stand-off Icons


The fourth group of icons is the Stand-off Icons shown below. These icons allow the user to crate a stand-off fastening. When a standoff is applied, Profis Anchor will check the possible anchors for shear (bending) as well as the standard shear (no bending). The equation used to calculate the nominal bending resistance is provided in Hiltis HNA 2005 Product Technical Guide on page 67 (or, as you update Profis Anchor, the formulae in the then-most current PTG).

V uM ,5% =

M uM ,5%

(eq. 1)

The stand-off fastening icons are shown in Figure 14 below.

Figure 14: Stand-off Fastening Icons


The first icon, , brings up a window with some standard declarations/assumptions made by Profis Anchor. NOTE: Review these declarations/assumptions to ensure they are appropriate for your specific application. Contact Hilti for clarification if necessary. The second icon, , applies a stand-off fastening. When attempting to apply a stand-off, it is recommended that the Work Area be in the 2-D section view. In the bending moment calculation mentioned above, this dimension would be a portion of z = standoff distance (the other portion being one-half the baseplate thickness), where = z + (n*d). 19 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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User's Manual The remaining two icons do not become active until the second icon is activated. The third icon, , applies a grout pad under the baseplate. Profis Anchor assumes the application of a grout pad provides rotational restraint and changes the value of M from 1.0 to 2.0 in equation 1 above, reflecting contraflexure in the bolt. The fourth icon, , places a nut and washer at the base material surface. This changes your n value from 0.5 to 0, where = z + (n*d). For ASD calculations, a global Factor of Safety of 1.7 is applied to the nominal bending resistance calculated in Equation 1. For LRFD calculations, a phi factor of 0.8 is applied. Furthermore, in the ACI 318/AC193 calculation method, a phi factor of 0.8, expressed as , is applied to the steel shear capacity of the anchor per ACI 318 Appendix D.6.1.2. Equation 1 above accounts for tension/shear combination, so this capacity is not used in the combined tension and shear loading equation. Note: Profis Anchor always checks for bending using equation (1) above when a Stand-off is specified and factors in these bending stresses in determining the suitability of an anchor solution.

3.2.1.3.7 Rotate View Icons


The rotate view icons are simply used to rotate the view of the isometric about the x-, y-, and z-axis using the appropriate + and - buttons. The view can be reset about all axes by left clicking the Reset button. Individual x, y and z axes can be reset by left clicking on the appropriate X, Y, and/or Z buttons. Rotating the view allows the user to get a view of a ceiling or wall construction for additional clarity.

3.2.2 Common Function Icons


The Common Function Icons are located in the top right hand corner of the Main Window. These icons act as shortcuts to perform various functions in Profis Anchor that can also be performed through the Menu Bar discussed below in Section 3.2.3. The common functions consist of the following icons:

3.2.2.1 New Project Icon


This icon, This icon, Anchor. This icon, , allows the user to begin a new project in Profis Anchor. , allows the user to open a previously saved project in Profis

3.2.2.2 Open Project Icon

3.2.2.3 Save Project Icon


, allows the user to save the current design project.

3.2.2.4 Preferences Icon


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3.2.2.4.1 Application Tab


The application tab shown in Figure 12 allows the user to select a default language. The user may also select several different preferences with regards to functionality and program appearance. Figure 12 shows the tab as the default. The choices presented on the Application Tab mostly affect the appearance of the Main Window or change the information that shows up when the user opens the program. A couple of choices are discussed in more detailed below. Disable Method Changes The default is for this box to be checked. If the user unchecks this box, the user may then add or remove the calculation methods using the Project Settings icon discussed in Section 3.2.1.2. NOTE: the default methods are those that are valid for the US market -- other methods are typically used in other countries. Unchecking this box allows the user to access SOFA (discussed in Section 3.2.1.3.2) Show Advanced Options The default is for this box to be checked. If the user unchecks this box, then all of the Advanced Options checkboxes found on the individual Construction Properties Tab discussed in Section 3.2.1.1 will be unchecked.

Figure 12: Application Tab


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3.2.2.4.2 Editing Tab


The editing tab, shown in Figure 13 allows the user to choose many more selections which affect functionality and appearance of the program. Figure 13 shows the tab as the default. The user can set units for the different types of dimensions and loadings found within Profs Anchor. The user may also select from what point concrete edge distances are measured (i.e. from the anchors closest to the edge or from the baseplate center). How the edge distances are expressed may also be changed. When by order is selected the edge distances are shown as c1, c2, c3, and c4. When by axis is selected the edge distances are shown as cx, c-x, cy, and c-y. As the default, a grid is shown on the Work Area (Figure 9). The user can choose not to see this grid, may change the grid size, and can choose whether the mouse snaps to the grid (especially useful for freehand drawing discussed in Section 3.2.1.3.2). Under Other, the user may make other adjustments. Photolike appearance is not recommended for working in due to the large amount of memory required to create the screen. Automatic Filtering of Results makes Filtering of Results as discussed later in Section 3.3.1.3.1 automatic.

Figure 13: Editing Tab


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3.2.2.4.3 Documents Tab


This tab simply allows the user to select the specifiers text discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.1 and to choose the paper size for the output report. The user can accept all selections in Preferences by left clicking on Ok. The user can decline inputted changes by clicking on Cancel. Finally, the user can go back to the default settings established by Hilti by clicking on Reset to Default.

3.2.2.5 Show Product Panel Icon


This icon, in Section 3.3. , simply takes the user to the Product Panel discussed in detail

3.2.3 Menu Bar


The Menu Bar, near the top of the Main Window, has many common functions found in other Windows based programs. It also shares many of the functions as the Direct On-screen Input icons.

It is a row from left to right of the following headings: File, Edit, View, Help, and Update. Click on any of these words for the associated drop-down menu.

3.2.3.1 File
The File Menu simply gives the user the capability to open a new project, open an existing project, save the current project, or exit Profis Anchor.

3.2.3.2 Edit
The Edit menu allows the user a different way of performing the same functions handled by the icons to the left of the work area. Two items of note in the Edit menu are the Undo and Select Region selections. The Undo is a common Windows function, but it is important to note that the user may only Undo one step as each screen shot takes a large amount of memory. The Select Region selection brings up the window that comes up when the user opens the program for the first time and allows the user to choose the desired region. The choices are Canada (English), Canada (French), United States, and World Wide.

3.2.3.3 View
The View menu simply allows the user to change the views in the Work Area as discussed in Section 3.2.1.3.1.

3.2.3.4 Help
The Help menu, shown below, allows the user to access many items that can help develop a better understanding of Profis Anchor.

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The items are 1.Content, which is a standard help file; 2.Methods, which gives descriptions of the different design methods found in Profis Anchor; 3.Example Calulations, which provides example calculations for each of the different design methods in Profis Anchor; 4.Tutorial, which opens the tutorial seen when the user first opened Profis Anchor; 5.Contact, which provides the user a wealth of information on Hiltis website and allows the user to register his/her Profis Anchor; and 6.About Profis, which provides information about the companies behind Profis Anchor.

3.2.3.5 Update
When the user clicks on Update, a drop-down menu does not show up. However, a window pops up that states that all unsaved data will be lost if the user continues and asks whether the user wishes to continue. If the user left clicks on Yes, the user is then asked to register Profis Anchor, if it has not been previously registered. Once the user registers Profis Anchor while connected to the internet an Install Wizard appears allowing the user to download the latest Hilti anchor updates to Profis Anchor.

3.3 The Product Panel


The Product Panel, as shown in Figure 14, is where the user can find possible solutions for the construction produced on the Main Window. The Product Panel has three main functions: 1.) Obtain and Filter Results; 2.) Create Output Report; and 3.) Provide detailed Information and Tools.

Figure 14: The Product Panel


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3.3.1

Run Calculation and Obtain and Filter Results

Before getting into the details of the icons and clicks that allow the user to obtain and filter results, it is important to understand the cell system used by Profis Anchor. The Cell area of the Product Panel is shown in Figure 15. Product solutions are provided on the left hand side of the product panel. Cells are provided on the right hand side. Each cell represents a possible solution. In Figure 15, the current cell selected is the Hilti Kwik Bolt 3 Expansion Anchor 1/2 inch diameter using the ICC Inspected calculation method.

Figure 15: Cell area of Product Panel


The Cell area is interactive and discussed in detail in the sections below.

3.3.1.1 Run Calculation


As with most of the functions in Profis Anchor, there are several ways in which to run a calculation. The user can either use the Calculation Icons, Method Calculators, or Double Click on a Cell.

3.3.1.1.1 Calculation Icons


The first possibility for performing a calculation is to left click on one of the icons shown below. These icons can be found at the top of the Product Panel and can also be found on the right hand side of the Main Window under the heading Calculation.

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The first icon, , will calculate only the active cell. For example, in Figure 15, a calculation would only be run for the Hilti Kwik Bolt 3 Expansion Anchor 1/2 inch diameter size using the ICC Inspected calculation method. If the icon is red, there is a reason why the active cell will not calculate. The user can find the reason why the cell will not calculate in the Information Window found in the upper left hand corner of Back to Table of Contents

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the Product Panel and directly under the calculation icons on the Main Window. If the icon is green, then a calculation is possible. The second icon, , will calculate all of the anchors for the design method that is active. For example, in Figure 15, a calculation would be run for all of the anchor possibilities using the ICC Insp. calculation method. Once again, if the icon is red, something is missing or incorrect and the user needs to reference the Information Window. The third icon, , will calculate all of the anchors using all of the design methods. Be aware that if the load is input as an ASD load, as discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.9, the ACI/AC193 calculation method will not calculate. If the load is input as an LRFD load the Hilti ASD, ICC Insp., and ICC Uninsp. calculation methods will not calculate. As stated above, the Calculation Icons are found on the Main Window, which allows the user to do everything except create a report from the Main Window. When the user clicks one of the Calculation Icons on the Main Window, the Product Panel will automatically appear with results. The user may view what anchor and method are being calculated on the Main Window in the Information Window found directly below the Calculation Icons.

3.3.1.1.2 Method Calculators


The Method Calculators can be found directly above the cells in the Product Panel and are shown below.

The number of individual Method Calculators depends upon the number of active calculation methods the user has available. The default methods for the US region are shown above. The user may add or remove the active calculation methods as discussed in Section 3.2.2.4.1. If the user left clicks on one of the Method Calculators, all of the anchors for that method will be calculated. Note: The user may have to click the Method Calculators twice (to activate method and run the calculation).

3.3.1.1.3 Double Click on Cell


The final way to run a calculation is by double clicking on an individual cell. Note: As with the Method Calculators, the user should single click on the cell to activate it and then double click to run the calculation. If the user double clicks on an individual cell, a calculation will be run for only that cell. 26 of 40

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3.3.1.2 Obtain Results


Once the user runs a calculation, Profis Anchor will quickly provide results in two different locations. Results are provided as numbers that represent the percent use or efficiency of the anchor capacity. For example, if the user inputs a tension load of 100 pounds and the anchors tension capacity under a specific design method is 1,000 pounds then Profis Anchor will put the number 10 in the anchor/design method cell (indicating the input load is 10% of the allowable design load), as shown below.

The number given in the cell is the largest percentage of either the Normal (tension) Force, Shear Force, or Interaction (combined loading), of the two. These results can be quickly seen under the Results Tab found directly below Cell Area of the Product Panel.

In the example above, the controlling force is the Normal Force and it has a 10% usage, so the number provided in the cell is 10. Some of the numbers given as a result will be green and some will be blue. Both colors represent the percent use as provided above, but the green simply means either the anchor has one embedment depth or that the minimum embedment depth for the anchor was used; and the blue means that an embedment greater than the minimum embedment for the anchor was used. Other items that may appear in the cell are and . When a appears, the anchor has been overloaded past the allowable design capacity, and this will also be seen under the results tab as the rows will become red. When a appears, the anchor or design method is not appropriate for the application for some reason. A note will appear under the results tab explaining the reason. For example, if the user tried to calculate with the Hilti ASD calculation method with cracked concrete, the following would appear. 27 of 40

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When the user single clicks on a calculated cell, the embedment depth to generate the results discussed above can be found in the Information Window found in the left hand corner of the Product Panel. The Information Window is discussed in detail in Section 3.2.1.3.2.

3.3.1.3 Filter Results


Because Hilti offers a wide range of anchors, the user may find numerous anchor solutions for the inputted application. To assist in narrowing down the anchors the user is interested in, Profis Anchor provides two different ways of filtering the results. The user may filter based upon the results of a calculation and/or filter based upon specific anchor design criteria/needs.

3.3.1.3.1

Filtering Based Upon Results

The user may filter based upon results only after a calculation has been run. After running a calculation for all the anchors in a specific calculation method, the user may click on the blank squares below the Method Calculators and a will appear (as shown below) and Profis Anchor will only show the anchors with positive results (i.e. Profis , or inappropriate, , anchors). Anchor does not show overloaded,

If a calculation was run for more than one method, the user may filter results for all the methods for which calculations were done and obtain only anchor solutions that have positive results in all of the calculated methods. As discussed in Section 3.2.2.4.2, the user may make this filter happen automatically when a calculation is run. Although clicking on the icon, , does not actually filter results, it can help the user find the anchor with the highest percent usage or efficiency. Note: Clicking this icon will not necessarily provide the best overall Hilti solution, but simply provide the solution with the highest percent usage.

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3.3.1.3.2

Filtering Based Upon Design Criteria

The user may filter based upon specific design criteria or needs before or after a calculation has been run. Using the tabs on the left hand side of the Product Panel the user may filter anchors using criteria such as

Product Name - This tab provides Hilti designation of all anchors along with their industry nomenclature. The user may select one or more -Profis will show all selected anchors. Anchor Classification - Classifies anchors as heavy, medium or light duty anchors. It is possible that the same anchor can fall under two categories. The user can only select one item under this tab. Anchor Type - Filters anchors by the type (e.g. Mechanical, Adhesive, Cast-in Headed Insert). The user can only select one item under this tab. Load Bearing Mechanism Under this tab, the user can specify the desired type of load bearing mechanism (e.g. Undercut, Friction, Bonded, etc.). The user may select more than one under this tab, but, unlike the Product Name, the selections are treated as and conditions, and Profis Anchor will only provide anchor solutions which meet all selected criteria. For example, if the user chooses Undercut and Bonded, Profis Anchor would only show the anchors that are both an Undercut and Bonded. Installation/Application Criteria Under this tab, the user can select from a long list of possible installation/application criteria. Like the Load Bearing Mechanism above, multiple selected criteria are treated as and conditions, with each anchor solution meeting all criteria. Anchor Material Under this tab, the user can choose simply carbon or stainless steel or choose a specific anchor material and obtain the anchors that are made of the selected material. Geometrical Under this tab, the user may limit anchor selection by the baseplate geometry (e.g. hole diameter and/or baseplate thickness). NOTE: These filters only limit the anchor selection. Filters DO NOT modify or affect the anchor calculation. For example, if the user inputs a baseplate thickness of 0.50 inches under the Geometrical tab, but has a baseplate thickness of 0.25 inches on the Main Construction Window, Profis Anchor still performs its calculations based on, and reports, the baseplate thickness as 0.25 inches. 29 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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3.3.2 Creating a Report


Much like with running a calculation, there are several ways of creating a report. The user can use the Create Report Window, Create Report Icons or Double click on a Calculated Cell.

3.3.2.1 Create Report Window


The first way that a user can create a report is by using the Create Report Window. The user accesses this window by clicking on the Create Report button found in the Results tab. This starts the process of creating a report for the active cell.

This window, shown below, provides the user with several possible ways of setting up the report.

The user may select either a Summary or Detailed report. The detailed report is the default and recommended format. The user can also choose whether they want to create an Adobe Acrobat report by checking the PDF checkbox. If the user chooses to calculate the required Baseplate thickness, Profis Anchor will run a finite element (FE) calculation and will provide a recommended baseplate thickness on the report. The recommended baseplate thickness on the report will be the greater of the thickness determined by the FE calculation or the actual baseplate thickness input by the user on the Main Window. Profis Anchor uses the outside dimensions of the profile selected as part of the FE calculation and will not run the baseplate thickness calculation if No Profile is selected. 30 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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NOTE: To verify the FE calculation is suitable for your specific application, details of how the calculation is performed can be found using the Menu Bar under Help/Methods/Finite-Element Calculation. The user can either save an Adobe Acrobat file by clicking the Save to button icon. An Adobe Acrobat or can just preview the report by clicking the report can be saved after being previewed.

3.3.2.2 Create Report Icons


The second way that a user can create a report is by using the Create Report Icons. These icons can be found at the top of the Product Panel.

The Create Report icon, , simply generates a preview report for the active cell with the characteristics determined by the other icons. The PDF format on/off icon, , like the PDF checkbox on the Create Report Window discussed in Section 3.3.2.1, determines whether or not the preview report is brought up as a .pdf file. If it is brought up as a .pdf file, it can be saved after being opened. The Summary/Detailed icon, or , simply determines whether the report is a detailed or summary report. It is recommended to use the detailed report. The Baseplate thickness calculation on/off icon, or , determines whether or not the report will include a recommended baseplate thickness, as discussed above. If the user chooses to calculate the required Baseplate thickness, Profis Anchor will run a finite element (FE) calculation and will provide a recommended baseplate thickness on the report. The recommended baseplate thickness on the report will be the greater of the thickness determined by the FE calculation or the actual baseplate thickness input by the user on the Main Window. Profis Anchor will not run the FE calculation if No Profile is selected. NOTE: To verify the FE calculation is suitable for your specific application, details of how the calculation is performed can be found using the Menu Bar under Help/Methods/Finite-Element Calculation. The Calculate baseplate thickness icon, , does not actually affect the report. This icon simply runs the FE calculation and provides a recommended baseplate thickness. This allows the user to adjust the baseplate thickness on the Main Window before generating a report. Unlike the recommended baseplate thickness given in the report, the thickness given when this icon is clicked is based solely on the FE calculation and does not adjust if the user-inputted thickness on the Main Window is greater than the FE calculation result. 31 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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3.3.2.3 Double Click on a Calculated Cell


The third way that a user can create a report is by double clicking on an already calculated cell (i.e. the cells which have a blue or green number or a in it). By double clicking on a cell, the user creates a report for that cell that has the characteristics determined by the Create Report Icons discussed in Section 3.3.2.2.

3.3.3 Providing Access to Information


Profis Anchor will not only provide the user with possible solutions for anchorageto-concrete connections, but also provides access to a large amount of information about the Hilti anchors. This information includes Hilti Product Technical Guide Pages, Installation Videos, CAD details, and Approvals/Listings. Note: Due to file size, much of the information discussed in this section will not be available in the standard download, but is available on CD or can be downloaded by clicking on Update as discussed in Section 3.2.3.5.

3.3.3.1 Hiltis Product Technical Guide (PTG) Pages


In Figure 15, there is a column with a picture of a book, , at the top. The folder icons, , found in this column provide the user access to the technical pages for the selected anchor. These technical pages are from the Hilti North America Product Technical Guide 2005 Edition (or, as you update Profis Anchor, the formulae in the then-most current PTG).

3.3.3.2 Installation Videos


In Figure 15, there is a column with a picture of a film strip, , at the top. The wrench icons, , found in this column provide the user access to a computer generated installation video for the selected anchor.

3.3.3.3 CAD Details


Directly below the Results tab, there is a tab called CAD detail. When the user opens this tab, he/she is given the opportunity to access CAD details in .wmf or .dxf format and/or access a photo of the selected anchor. Selected anchor photographs can also be accessed.

3.3.3.4 Approvals/Listings
Below the CAD detail tab, there is a tab called Approvals/Listings. When the user opens this tab, Approval/Listing reports for the selected anchor may be accessed.

3.4 The Reports


As discussed in Section 3.3.2 above, the user can create several variations of the final report. In this section we discuss the detailed reports for both ASD (Hilti ASD, ICC Insp., and ICC Uninsp. calculation methods) and LRFD (ACI/AC193 calculation method). Every page of every report shows the version of Profis Anchor from which the report was generated and provides the information input by the user in the Project Description tab discussed in Section 3.2.1.1.1 (1), except that the Specifiers text (2) only appears on the first page. 32 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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3.4.1 ASD Report


If the user runs a calculation using the Hilti ASD, ICC Insp., or ICC Uninsp., the loads applied were designated as ASD. Therefore, the report generated is based upon ASD capacities and will be set up in the manner described below.

3.4.1.1 First Page (Anchor and Input Overview)


An overview (3) of the anchor and method selected as well as information about the base material and baseplate specifications the user input on the Main Window is displayed in the section directly below the Specifiers Text on the first page. This text section is also where the user finds the embedment depth used for the calculation. Below the text section is a photo and CAD drawing of the anchor selected (4). Note: As discussed in Section 3.3.3, if the user has not downloaded the photos and CAD drawings, these will not appear in the report. Under this section, the user can find more information regarding the input. The geometry of the construction is shown in a plan and section view (5) and the loads input are shown in both vector (6) and tabulated formats (7). Refer to Figure 1 2

Figure 16: First Page of Detailed Report


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3.4.1.2 Second Page (Results)


The second page is where the user can find the results of the calculation. First, the distribution of the applied loads to each individual anchor are shown in tabulated format (8). Directly to the right of this table is a picture (9) of the baseplate and anchor pattern that demonstrates what portions of the connection is under tension and what portions are under compression (compression is shown as shaded).

At this point the report shows the calculations performed on the critical anchor. The critical anchor is commonly the anchor which sees the most load. However, the critical anchor could be the anchor with the most reductions due to spacing and edge distance reduction factors. The first table provided for the loads on the critical anchor is a summary table (10) that quickly compares the tension and/or shear load applied against the published allowable tension and/or shear load capacity (strength) of the anchor. The percent usage is shown for both tension and shear (no bending) and shear (bending) (refer to Section 3.2.1.3.6 for more details on stand-off calculations), using the nomenclature N and V, respectively. Combined loading is shown in the next table (11), and the percent use is shown as N,V. The highest percent use is the number shown in the cell on the Product Panel as discussed in Section 3.3.1.2. 10

11 Next, the details of the anchor strengths found in the summary table are shown. The first table in the details presents the reduction factors (12) to be applied to the concrete capacity of the anchor. For example, the fA,N is the spacing reduction factor for tension and should be multiplied with the fR,N (the edge distance reduction factor for tension) and then multiplied with the all Nc shown in the second table (13). In conditions where concrete failure is the controlling mode, this will provide the user with the Nrec also found in the second table and then presented as the capacity shown in the summary table. However, if the allowable steel strength, all Ns, is the controlling failure mode (i.e., less than the reduced allowable concrete capacity), than Nrec will simply be equal to all Ns. In the example in tables 12 and 13 shown below, the equation would be as follows. 34 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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Tension Strength = Nrec = all Nc* fA,N*fR,N =946 lb * 0.900 * 0.912 = 777 lb 12 13

3.4.1.3 Final Page (Baseplate Details)


The final page simply provides a shop drawing of the baseplate. If the user chooses to have Profis Anchor calculate a recommended baseplate thickness as described in Section 3.3.2, this is also where the recommended baseplate thickness would be reported.

3.4.1.4 ASD Report Glossary of Terms


First Page hef Effective Embedment Depth. fyk Specified Yield Strength of the baseplate. eb Specified stand-off. t Specified thickness of baseplate. fc Specified concrete compressive strength. h Specified concrete member thickness. Summary Table (10) and Combined Loading (11) N Tension percent usage. V Shear percent usage. N,V Combined loading percent usage. Combined loading equation exponent. Reduction Factors (12) and Detail Table (13) fA,N Tension spacing reduction factor. fA,V Shear spacing reduction factor. fR,N Tension edge distance reduction factor. fR,V Shear edge distance reduction factor. all Nc Unreduced allowable tension concrete capacity. all Vc Unreduced allowable shear concrete capacity. all Ns Allowable tension steel capacity. all Vs Allowable shear steel capacity. all M = 1.2*S*fu,min Refer to Shear Load - Bending moment calculation. Nrec Allowable tension load = lower of allowable tension steel capacity or reduced allowable tension concrete capacity (Refer to Section 3.4.1.2). Vrec Allowable shear load = lower of allowable shear steel capacity or reduced allowable shear concrete capacity (Refer to Section 3.4.1.2). Bending (Section 4.1.2.8 of Hiltis 2005 Product Technical Guide or, as the user updates Profis Anchor, the formulae in the then-most current PTG) | Bending lever arm. d Anchor diameter. M 1.0 for without grout pad, 2.0 with grout pad. red Vrec Allowable shear capacity in bending. 35 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

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3.4.2 LRFD Report (ACI 318/AC193)


If the user runs a calculation using the ACI318/AC193 method, the loads applied were designated as LRFD. Therefore, the report generated will be based upon LRFD capacities and will be set up in the manner described in the following subsections.

3.4.2.1 First Page (Anchor and Input Overview)


The first page of the LRFD report is identical to the first page of the ASD report discussed in Section 3.4.1.1.

3.4.2.2 Second (and subsequent) Page (Results)


Please refer to Section 3.4.2.4 for a glossary of terms for this section. The second page and subsequent pages of the LRFD report is similar to the second page of the ASD report. However, because ACI 318 Appendix D requires different checks than the standard ASD calculation, the results output is slightly different. Like the ASD report, the top of the page has a tabulated description of how the loads are distributed to each anchor. The summary table in the ASD report show both tension and shear results. The LRFD report provides a summary table for both tension (14) and shear (18). Note: The LRFD governing load is determined using the load factors from the current ACI 318-02 Chapter 9, Section 1605.2.1 of the IBC, or Section 1612.2.1 of the UBC. The phi factors from ACI 318-02 D.4.4 are used as appropriate. The first summary table is for tension (14). In this table, the user quickly sees the results of the tension checks done by Profis Anchor required by ACI 318 Appendix D (Steel Failure, Pull-out Failure, and Concrete Cone Failure), and the individual ICC-ES reports based on ICC-ES AC193 (The user may access these reports under the Approvals/Listings tab as described in Section 3.3.3.4).

14 Below the tension summary table are the details of the individual tension failure mode checks as per ACI 318 Appendix D. As stated above, the tension checks are Steel Failure (15), Pull-out Failure (16), and Concrete Cone Failure (17). 15 16

17

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Note: Steel and Pull-out failure are checked for the anchor with the highest applied load as shown in the tabulated distribution of loads. Concrete failure is checked for the entire connection. If the capacity given is for the highest loaded anchor, it is denoted with a superscript h (e.g. ). The Tension Steel Failure capacity of the highest loaded anchor, , is the Steel Strength in Tension, taken from the Design Information table in the ICC-ES report, multiplied by the 0.75 phi factor, also given in the Design Information table. The Tension Pull-out Failure capacity, , is the appropriate (cracked or uncracked concrete) Pullout Strength, taken from the Design Information table in the ICC-ES report and adjusted for concrete strength, multiplied by the 0.65 phi factor. The Tension Concrete Capacity is calculated per the equations provided in ACI 318 Appendix D.5.2.2 and the individual ICC-ES reports. An example problem can be found under the Help Menu by selecting Example Calculations. After the details of the tension failure mode checks, the user can see the summary table for shear (18). Like the tension summary table, the shear summary table quickly presents the results of the different failure mode checks for shear (Steel Failure, Pryout Failure, and Concrete Edge Failure or Breakout). If a stand-off is specified, Profis Anchor also checks for shear bending (refer to Section 3.2.1.3.6 for more details on stand-off calculations).

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Below the shear summary table are the details of the individual shear failure mode checks. The checks are Steel Failure (19), Pryout Failure (20), and Concrete Edge Failure (21). 19

20

21

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Profis Anchor Version 1.10

User's Manual

The Shear Steel Failure capacity of the highest loaded anchor, , is the appropriate (seismic or no seismic) Steel Strength in Shear, taken from the Design Information table in the ICC-ES report, multiplied by the 0.65 phi factor, also given in the Design Information table. The Shear Pryout Failure capacity, , and Shear Concrete Edge Failure capacity, , are calculated according to ACI 318 Appendix D and the individual ICC-ES reports. An example problem can be found under the Help Menu by selecting Example Calculations. Note: Profis Anchor stops calculating Shear Concrete Edge Failure capacity when the edge distance is greater than 10,000 mm (394 in.). The default edge distances in Profis Anchor are greater than 10,000 mm. Therefore, the Shear Concrete Failure capacity will be checked only if a different edge distance is input by the user. Be aware, due to the nature of the calculations given in ACI 318 Appendix D, the input of large edge distances can result in very large Shear Concrete Edge Failure capacities for single edge conditions (in which case Shear Steel Failure or Shear Pryout Failure would most likely control). Under the shear details is a table (22) showing the combined tension and shear load check using either the 5/3 exponent or the tri-linear method. NOTE: Profis Anchor uses the least conservative of the two equations for the check. 22

Finally, after all of the details showing the check for the LRFD calculation, the report presents the allowable tension and shear capacities for the anchorage (23). The allowable loads are calculated by dividing the controlling failure mode capacity by the -factor provided in the individual ICC-ES reports for the anchor.

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3.4.2.3 Final Page (Baseplate Details)


The final page simply provides a shop drawing of the baseplate. If the user chose to have Profis Anchor calculate a recommended baseplate thickness as described in Section 3.3.2, this is also where the recommended baseplate thickness would be reported. Note: The dimensions are given from the centroid of the baseplate.

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Profis Anchor Version 1.10

User's Manual

3.4.2.4 LRFD Report Glossary of Terms


Please refer to ACI 318-02 D.0 for more information. First Page hef Effective Embedment Depth. fyk Specified Yield Strength of the baseplate. eb Specified stand-off. t Specified thickness of baseplate. fc Specified concrete compressive strength. h Specified concrete member thickness Tension Summary and Details Tables - Tension Force applied. - Controlling Tension Failure Mode capacity. - Tension percent usage = Nua/Nn. - Load applied to highest loaded anchor in tension. - Steel Strength in Tension as given in the individual ICC-ES reports. Steel Failure capacity for highest loaded anchor in tension. - Pullout Strength as given in the individual ICC-ES reports. Pullout Failure capacity for highest loaded anchor in tension. = AN - Projected concrete failure area of an anchor or group of anchors, for calculation of strength in tension. = ANO - Projected concrete failure area of one anchor, for calculation of strength in tension when not limited by edge distance or spacing. = cmin - the smallest distance from center of an anchor shaft to the edge of concrete. - Critical edge distance as specified in the individual ICC-ES reports. and = 1 Modification factor, for strength in tension, to account for anchor groups loaded eccentrically. = 2 Modification factor, for strength in tension, to account for edge distances smaller than 1.5hef. - Modification factor as specified in ICC-ES AC193 for critical edge. = k Coefficient for tension concrete breakout strength for cracked concrete. = k*3 Coefficient for basic concrete breakout strength in tension multiplied by 3 for uncracked concrete (refer to ICC-ES reports). - Basic tension concrete breakout strength (single anchor) in cracked concrete. - Concrete breakout capacity, in tension, of a group of anchors. Shear Summary and Details Tables - Shear Force applied. - Controlling Shear Failure Mode capacity. - Shear percent usage = Vua/Vn. - Steel Strength in Shear as given in the individual ICC-ES reports. - Phi factor for steel when stand-off specified (ACI 318 D.6.1.3). See Note below. - Steel Failure capacity for highest loaded anchor in shear. - Load applied to highest loaded anchor in shear. 39 of 40 Back to Table of Contents

Profis Anchor Version 1.10

User's Manual

- Coefficient for pryout strength - Pryout Failure capacity for highest loaded anchor in shear. - Load bearing length of anchor for shear. - Outside diameter of anchor (nominal). - Distance from the center of an anchor shaft to the edge of concrete in the direction of the shear force. = Av projected concrete failure area of an anchor or a group of anchors for calculation of strength in shear. = 6 Modification factor, for strength in shear, to account for edge distances smaller than 1.5c1. - 1.0 for shear towards the edge; 2.0 for shear parallel or away from the edge (Refer to ACI 318 D.6.2.1(c) for more detail). = 5 - Modification factor, for strength in shear, to account for anchor groups loaded eccentrically. = 7 Modification factor, for strength in shear, to account for cracking. - Basic concrete breakout strength in shear of a single anchor in cracked concrete. - Concrete breakout capacity, in shear, of a group of anchors. Combined Tension and Shear Load Table - Combined loading equation exponent Combined loading percent usage Steel Failure Bending (if stand-off is selected) See Note below - Bending lever arm. - 1.0 for without grout, 2.0 with grout. - Phi factor for Steel Failure in Bending Hilti determined (See Note Below) - Steel Failure capacity for highest loaded anchor in shear for bending. Note: Bending moment calculation check is done per Section 4.1.2.8 of the Hilti 2005 Product Technical Guide (or, as the user updates Profis Anchor, the formulae in the then-most current PTG). This separate check is not a part of ACI 318 or the corresponding ICC-ES reports (Please refer to Section 3.2.1.3.6 of this Manual for more details).

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