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Daftar Istilah Matematik BM BI

Daftar Istilah Matematik BM BI

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DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI

)
PERKATAAN DAN DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK Bahasa Malaysia 1. asas 2. tapak/ dasar 1. belah dua 2. bahagi dua sama 1. ganda dua 2. duaan 1. jadual 2. sifir 1. masa 2. waktu 1. unit 2. se 1.formula 2.rumus 1.pengelompokan 2.pengumpulan a.m. (ante meridian) abad abakus absisa adil agihan Ahad akas akibat akronim alaf alat penimbang algebra algoritma altitud altitud segi tiga amaun ambiguiti anggaran anggaran munasabah angka angka bererti angka Roman ansuran antejadian anteseden antilogaritma anu anulus April arah Bahasa Inggeris base bisect double table time unit formula grouping a.m. (ante meridian) century abacus abscissa fair distribution Sunday converse consequent acronym lihat milenium weighing scale algebra algorithm altitude altitude of triangle amount ambiguity estimate reasonable estimation numeral significant figure Roman numerals installments lihat anteseden antecedent antilogarithm unknown annulus April direction
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DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI)
Bahasa Malaysia aras air aras laut aritmetik aritmetik congak aruhan asalan asas logaritma asas sistem nombor asimptot ayat benar ayat matematik bahagi bahagian baki baki bandingkan Barat Daya (BD) Barat Laut baris batu nautika bearing bekas bentuk bentuk am bentuk gabungan bentuk geometri bentuk geometri bergabung bentuk kembangan bentuk lazim bentuk menegak bentuk panjang bentuk piawai bentuk serupa bentuk termudah bentuk tertutup berat berat bersih berturutan berturut-turut besar Bahasa Inggeris water level sea level arithmetic mental arithmetic induction origin base of logarithm base of a number system asymptote true sentence mathematical sentence divide part remainder balance compare Southwest (SW) North-West row nautical mile bearing container shape general form composite shapes geometrical shapes combined geometric shape expanded form standard written method vertical form extended notation standard form similar figure simplest form closed shape heavy weight net consecutive successively big/large
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DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia besar kemungkinan beza beza antara dua kuasa dua beza sepunya bilang bilang melangkau bilang menaik bilang menurun bilang terus bilion bina binomial boleh bahagi bongkah bucu bucu sepunya bujur bukan prisma bulan bulanan bulat bulatan bulatan agung bulatan berterap lilit bulatan eksentrik bulatan lilit bulatan sepusat bulatan unit bundarkan bunga kompaun cangkum carta bar berpasangan carta gundal carta pai carta palang Celcius cerakin ciri ciri geometri ciri sudut bulatan ciri sudut poligon Bahasa Inggeris more likely difference difference of two squares common difference count skip counting count on count back lihat bilang menaik billion construct binomial divisible lihat pepejal vertex common vertex oval non-prism month monthly round circle great circle circumscribe circle eccentric circles circumcircle concentric circles unit circle round off compound interest subtends dual bar chart tally chart pie chart bar chart Celsius partition characteristic geometric property angle properties of circles angle properties of polygons 3 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia condong cubaan Bernoulli dacing darab darjah dasar data data berangka data bertertib data kategori data tak terkumpul data terkumpul deduksi deka dekad dekagon dengan mengumpul semula diameter digit dikuasakan dimensi dinamik Disember diskaun dividen dodecahedron dodekagon domain dongakan dozen dua dimensi duit eksperimen eksponen ekstrem ela esok faedah faedah biasa fakta asas faktor Bahasa Inggeris incline Bernoulli trials scale/weighing scale multiply degree lihat tapak data numerical data ordered data categorical data ungrouped data grouped data deduction deca decade decagon with regrouping diameter digit raised to a power dimension dynamics December discount dividend dodecahedron dodecagon domain elevation dozen two dimensions lihat wang experiment exponent extreme yard tomorrow interest simple interest basic fact factor 4 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia faktor perdana faktor sepunya faktor sepunya terbesar faktor skala faktorial Februari formula penambahan formula penolakan formula sudut ganda dua frustum fungsi fungsi gubahan fungsi kuadratik fungsi kuasa tiga fungsi linear fungsi trigonometri gabungan gabungan transformasi gama gambar rajah gambar rajah pokok gambar rajah Venn gambaran dengan perkataan ganda tiga gandaan gandaan sepunya gandaan sepunya terkecil garis garis bersilang/ garis persilangan garis kebolehjadian garis lurus garis mencancang garis mengufuk garis menumpu garis nombor garis padu garis paling cocok/ garis penyuaian terbaik garis pencong garis rentas lintang garis seiring Bahasa Inggeris prime factor common factor highest common factor scale factor factorial February addition formula subtraction formula double angle formula frustum function composite function quadratic function cubic function linear function trigonometric function combination combined transformation gamma diagram tree diagram Venn diagram word description triple multiple common multiple lowest common multiple line intersecting lines likelihood line straight line vertical line horizontal line converging lines number line solid line line of best fit skew lines transversal line concurrent lines 5 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia garis selari garis sempang garis sengkang garis serenjang garis simetri garis titik genap geobod geometri geometri padu graf graf bar graf garis graf halaju-masa graf jarak-masa graf laju-masa graf masa-pecutan gram grid grid segi empat sama gundal had atas had bawah had kelas halaju halaju maksimum halaju seketika halaju seragam haluan putaran harga jual harga kos hari hari dalam seminggu hari ini harian hasil bahagi hasil darab hasil darab punca hasil tambah hasil tambah punca heksagon Bahasa Inggeris parallel lines dash line lihat garis sempang perpendicular lines line of symmetry dotted line even geoboard geometry solid geometry graph lihat graf palang line graph velocity-time graph distance-time graph speed-time graph acceleration-time graph gram grid square grid tally upper limit lower limit class limit velocity maximum velocity instantaneous velocity uniform velocity direction of rotation sell price cost price day days of the week today daily quotient product product of roots sum sum of roots hexagon 6 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia heksagon sekata heksahedron hektar hemisfera heptagon hiperbola segi empat tepat hipotenus hipotesis histogram hitung hubungan hubungan tak linear hujah hukum agihan hukum asosiatif hukum identiti hukum indeks hukum kalis sekutuan hukum kalis tukar tertib hukum kumutatif hukum linear hukum logaritma hukum operasi aritmetik hukum penaburan hukum poligon hukum segi empat selari hukum songsang identiti identiti Pythagoras ikut arah jam ikut tertib imej implikasi inci indeks indeks harga indeks negatif indeks pecahan indeks positif integer integer negatif Bahasa Inggeris regular hexagon hexahedron hectare hemisphere heptagon rectangular hyperbola hypotenuse hypothesis histogram lihat kira relation non-linear relation argument lihat hukum distributif associative law identity law law of indices lihat hukum asosiatif lihat hukum kumutatif commutative law linear law laws of logarithm law of arithmetic operation distributive law polygon law parallelogram law inverse law identity Pythagorean identities clockwise in order image implication inch index price index negative index fractional index positive index integer negative integer 7 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia integer positif isi padu isi padu kisaran Isnin isometri jadual jadual kebenaran jadual kekerapan jadual nilai jadual taburan kekerapan jam jam analog jam digital jangka lukis janjang aritmetik janjang geometri Januari jarak jarum jam jarum minit jarum saat jejari jengkal jisim jitu jujukan jujukan berangka jujukan nombor Julai julat julat antara kuartil Jumaat jumlah Jun justifikasi juta kadar kadar bunga kadaran kaedah bekerja ke belakang kaedah cuba-cuba Bahasa Inggeris positive integer volume volume of revolution Monday isometry schedule truth table frequency table table of values frequency distribution table hour analogue clock digital clock compasses arithmetic progression geometric progression January distance hour hand minute hand second hand radius handspan mass accurate sequence numerical sequence number sequence July range interquartile range Friday amount/ total/ sum June justification million rate rate of interest proportion working backward method trial and error method 8 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia kaedah pematahbalikan kaedah penggantian kaedah penghapusan kaedah unitari kaki kalkulus kamiran kamiran tak tentu kamiran tentu kawasan berlorek kebarangkalian kebarangkalian eksperimen kebarangkalian kekerapan relatif kebarangkalian klasik kebarangkalian subjektif kebarangkalian teori kebolehjadian kecenderungan memusat kecerunan kecerunan negatif kecil kecil kemungkinan kecuraman kedalaman kekerapan kekerapan longgokan kelajuan min kelas kelas mod kelas seragam kembang keratan rentas keratan rentas seragam kes berambiguiti kes taksa kesamaan kesatuan set kesudahan yang mungkin ketaksamaan ketaksamaan kuadratik ketaksamaan linear Bahasa Inggeris lihat kaedah bekerja ke belakang substitution method elimination method unitary method feet calculus integral indefinite integral definite integral shaded region probability experimental probability relative frequency probability classic probability subjective probability theoretical probability likelihood central tendency gradient negative gradient small less likely steepness depth frequency cumulative frequency mean speed class modal class uniform class expand cross section uniform cross section ambiguous case lihat kes berambiguiti equality union of sets possible outcome inequality quadratic inequality linear inequality 9 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia ketaksamaan segi tiga ketaksamaan setara ketakterhinggaan keuntungan Khamis khi kilo kilogram kiloliter kilometer kilometer persegi kinetik kira kira kira hampir kitar klasifikasi knot kodomain kolinear komisen kompas kon kon membulat tegak kongruen kongsi sama banyak konjektur koordinat koordinat Cartes koordinat-x koordinat-y kosekan kosinus kotangen kuantiti pada waktu asas kuantiti. bilangan kuartil kuartil atas kuartil bawah kuartil kedua kuartil ketiga Bahasa Inggeris triangle inequality equivalent inequalities infinity profit Thursday chi kilo kilogram kilolitre kilometre square kilometre kinetics calculate compute approximate cycle classify knot codomain collinear commission compass cone right circular cone congruent share equally conjecture coordinate Cartesian coordinates x-coordinate y-coordinate cosecant cosine cotangent quantity at base time quantity quartile upper quartile lower quartile second quartile third quartile 10 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia kuartil pertama kuasa kuasa dua kuasa dua sempurna kuasa dua terkecil kuasa nombor kuasa tertinggi kuasa tiga kuasa tiga sempurna kubik kuboid kubus kubus unit kumpul semula kumpulan kurang daripada laju laju purata laju seragam lajur lakar latitud lawan arah jam lebar lebar lebih berat daripada lebih besar daripada lebih besar daripada lebih daripada lebih kecil daripada lebih panjang daripada lebih pendek daripada lebih rendah daripada lebih ringan daripada lebih tinggi daripada lebih tinggi daripada lelayang lengan sudut lengkok major lengkok minor lengkung Bahasa Inggeris first quartile power square perfect square least squares power of a number highest power cube perfect cube cubic cuboid cube unit cube regroup group less than speed average speed uniform speed column sketch latitude anticlockwise breadth width heavier than greater than larger than/ bigger than more than smaller than longer than shorter than lower than lighter than higher than taller than kite arm of an angle major arc minor arc curve 11 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia lengkung bertutup lengkung Jordan lengkung licin lereng lilitan linear lintasan liter logaritma logaritma asli lokus longitud luas luas antara dua lengkung luas di bawah graf luas permukaan luas tapak lukis lukisan berskala Mac magnitud magnitud vektor maklumat maksimum malam malar mata wang matriks matriks baris matriks identiti matriks lajur matriks sama matriks segi empat sama matriks songsang matriks tunggal matriks unit median median segi tiga Mei membalik membulat Bahasa Inggeris close curve Jordan curve smooth curve slope circumference linear path litre logarithm natural logarithms locus longitude area area between two curves area under a graph surface area base area draw scale drawing March magnitude magnitude of a vector information maximum night constant currency matrix row matrix identity matrix column matrix equal matrices square matrix inverse matrix singular matrix unit matrix median median of triangle May reverse circular 12 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia memfaktorkan memuaskan mencondong ke atas dan ke kanan mencondong ke bawah dan ke kanan mendarab silang menentusahkan mengenal pasti menilai menjajar menyelesaikan masalah menyusut mercu Meridian Meridian Greenwich meter meter padu meter persegi milenium mili miligram mililiter mililiter padu milimeter milimeter padu min min aritmetik min geometri min geometri berpemberat min sisihan minggu minimum minit mod modulus muatan muka jam mustahil negatif neraca neraca lengan sama neraca spring Bahasa Inggeris factorise satisfy inclined upwards to the right inclined downwards to the right cross-multiply verify identify evaluate align solve problem decrease lihat puncak Meridian Greenwich Meridian metre cubic metre square metre millennium milli milligram millilitre cubic millilitre millimetre cubic millimetre mean arithmetic mean geometric mean weighted geometric mean mean deviation week minimum minute mode modulus capacity clock face impossible negative lihat dacing equal arm balance spring balance 13 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia neraca timbang nilai nilai awal nilai berangka nilai digit nilai ekstrem nilai kebenaran nilai maksimum nilai minimum nilai mutlak nilai optimum nilai sepunya nilai tempat nilai terjadual nilai yang mungkin nisbah nisbah sepunya nisbah setara nisbah trigonometri nombor nombor algebra nombor asli nombor berarah nombor bercampur nombor berturutan nombor bukan sifar nombor bulat nombor Fibonacci nombor ganjil nombor genap nombor gubahan nombor indeks nombor kardinal nombor negatif nombor nisbah nombor nyata nombor ordinal nombor perdana nombor positif nombor segi tiga nombor segiempat sama Bahasa Inggeris weighing balance value initial value numerical value digit value extreme value truth value maximum value minimum value absolute value optimum value common value place value tabulated values possible value ratio common ratio equivalent ratio trigonometric ratio number algebraic number natural number directed number mixed number consecutive number non-zero number whole number Fibonacci number odd number even number composite number index number cardinal number negative number rational number real number ordinal number prime number positive number triangular number square number 14 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia nombor tabii nombor tak nisbah nombor yang didarab nonagon normal kepada lengkung normal kepada satah November objek objek bergerak objek membulat ogif Ogos oktagon oktahedron Oktober operasi operasi algebra operasi bercampur operasi bergabung operasi dedua operasi matematik operasi songsang ordinat orientasi ortopusat p.m. (post-meridian) padanan banyak dengan satu padanan satu dengan banyak padanan satu dengan satu pagi paksi paksi koordinat paksi mencancang paksi mengufuk paksi pantulan paksi simetri paksi-x paksi-y panjang panjang panjang sebenar Bahasa Inggeris lihat nombor asli irrational number multiplicand nonagon normal to a curve normal to a plane November object moving object circular object ogive August octagon octahedron October operation algebraic operation mixed operation combined operation binary operation mathematical operations inverse operation ordinate orientation orthocentre p. (post-meridian) many to one correspondence one to many correspondence one to one correspondence morning axis coordinate axis vertical axis horizontal axis axis of reflection axis of symmetry x-axis y-axis length long actual length 15 .m.

kembangkan pantulan parabola pasangan bertertib pasti pecahan pecahan algebra pecahan biasa pecahan kasar pecahan kompleks pecahan setara pecahan tak wajar pecahan termudah pecahan wajar pecutan pecutan seragam pegun pekali pekali pelopor pelan pelengkap set peluang pemalar ubahan pembahagi pembahagi dua sama pembahagi dua sama serenjang pembahagi dua sama sudut pembesaran pembeza layan pembezaan pembinaan geometri pemboleh ubah pemboleh ubah bersandar pemboleh ubah rawak diskret pemboleh ubah rawak selanjar pemboleh ubah tak bersandar pemboleh ubah terpiawai pemetaan pemfaktoran pemfaktoran perdana pemilihan rawak Bahasa Inggeris extend reflection parabola ordered pair certain fraction algebraic fraction common fraction vulgar fraction complex fraction equivalent fraction improper fraction simplest fraction proper fraction acceleration uniform acceleration stationary coefficient leading coefficient plan complement of a set chance constant of variation divisor bisector perpendicular bisector angle bisector enlargement discriminant differentiation geometrical construction variable dependent variable discrete random variable continuous random variable independent variable standardised variable mapping factorisation prime factorisation random selection 16 .DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia panjangkan.

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia penaakulan penafian penambahan pendapatan pendarab pendaraban pendaraban berulang pendaraban skalar pendek pendekatan pengamiran pengangka pengaturcaraan linear pengelasan pengkuantiti pengongsian pengurangan penjelmaan penjuru pentagon penyahpecutan penyebut penyebut sepunya penyebut sepunya terkecil penyelesaian yang mungkin penyukat silinder pepejal pepejal gabungan pepejal kisaran pepejal tegak pepenjuru pepenjuru prinsipal pepenjuru ruang pepenjuru sekunder pepenjuru utama peratus peratusan percubaan tak bersandar perentas perimeter peristiwa Bahasa Inggeris reasoning negation addition income multiplier multiplication repeated multiplication scalar multiplication short approach integration numerator linear programming classification quantifier sharing reduction lihat transformasi corner pentagon deceleration denominator common denominator lowest common denominator possible solution measuring cylinder solid composite solid solid of revolution right solid diagonal principal diagonal space diagonal secondary diagonal leading diagonal percent percentage independent trial chord perimeter event 17 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia peristiwa bergabung peristiwa bersandar peristiwa berturut-turut peristiwa mustahil peristiwa pelengkap peristiwa saling eksklusif peristiwa tak bersandar perkara rumus perkataan nombor perkisaran permukaan permukaan lateral/permukaan sisi permukaan melengkung permukaan membulat permukaan rata pernyataan pernyataan am pernyataan khusus pernyataan majmuk pernyataan matematik perpuluhan perpuluhan berakhir perpuluhan jadi semula persamaan persamaan kuadratik persamaan linear persamaan linear serentak persamaan matriks persamaan serentak persamaan tak linear persepuluh perseratus perseribu persilangan set pertama pertukaran petang petang petua indeks sifar petua kosinus petua pendaraban Bahasa Inggeris combined event dependent event successive events impossible event complement of an event mutually exclusive events independent event subject of a formula number word revolution surface lateral surface curved surface circular surface flat surface statement general statement specific statement compound statement mathematical statement decimal terminating decimal recurring decimal equation quadratic equation linear equation simultaneous linear equations matrix equation simultaneous equations non-linear equation tenths hundredths thousandths intersection of sets first exchange afternoon evening zero index rule cosine rule multiplication rule 18 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia petua rantai petua sinus petunjuk pi piktograf piktogram pilih atur pintasan pintasan-x pintasan-y piramid piramid segi tiga piramid tegak pita pengukur plot plot batang dan daun pola poligon poligon cekung poligon cembung poligon kekerapan poligon sekata poligon tak sekata polihedron positif premis prisma prisma segi empat sama prisma segi empat tepat prisma segi tiga prisma tegak protraktor pukul puluh ribu punca punca kuasa dua punca kuasa tiga punca persamaan puncak pungutan data purata Bahasa Inggeris chain rule sine rule key pi pictograph pictogram permutation intercept x-intercept y-intercept pyramid triangular pyramid right pyramid measuring tape plot stem and leaf plot pattern polygon concave polygon convex polygon frequency polygon regular polygon irregular polygon polyhedron positive premise prism square prism rectangular prism triangular prism right prism protractor o'clock ten thousands root square root cube root root of an equation apex collection of data average 19 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia pusat pusat bulatan pusat pembesaran pusat putaran putaran putaran lengkap Rabu radian rajah ralat ralat mutlak rantau ratus ratus ribu rawak refleksi rekod rencatan rendah rendah rentang rentasan lintang ribu ringan rombus ruang sampel ruang sampel barangkali sama rugi rumah puluh rumah sa rumus algebra rumus penurunan rumus setengah sudut saat Sabtu saiz saiz kelas salingan sama banyak sama dengan sama jarak Bahasa Inggeris centre centre of circle centre of enlargement centre of rotation rotation complete rotation/ turn Wednesday radian figure error absolute error region hundreds hundred thousands random lihat pantulan record retardation low short span transversal thousand light rhombus sample space equiprobable sample space loss tens ones algebraic formula reduction formula half angle formula second Saturday size class size reciprocal equally equal to equidistant 20 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia sama kemungkinan sama lateral sama sudut sampel bersistem sampel rawak satah satah Cartes satah condong satah koordinat satu satu perdua satu perempat satu putaran lengkap sebelum sebutan sebutan algebra sebutan algebra dalam dua atau lebih pemboleh ubah sebutan algebra dalam dua pemboleh ubah sebutan algebra dalam satu pemboleh ubah sebutan algebra linear sebutan algebra tak linear sebutan ke-n sebutan pertama sebutan serupa sebutan spesifik sebutan tak serupa sebutan terkecil sebutan termudah sedikit segenggam segi empat sama ajaib segi empat selari segi empat tepat segi tiga segi tiga bersudut cakah segi tiga bersudut tegak.segi tiga bersudut tepat segi tiga bersudut tirus Bahasa Inggeris equally likely equilateral equiangular systematic sample random sample plane Cartesian plane inclined plane coordinate plane one/one whole one half/one over two one quarter/one over four one whole turn before term algebraic term algebraic term in two or more unknowns algebraic term in two unknowns algebraic term in one unknown linear algebraic term non-linear algebraic term nth term first term like terms specific term unlike terms lowest term simplest term few handful magic square parallelogram rectangle triangle obtuse-angled triangle right-angled triangle acute-angle triangle 21 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia segi tiga Pascal segi tiga sama kaki segi tiga sama sisi segi tiga sama sudut segi tiga serupa segi tiga tak sama kaki segmen sekan sektor sektor major sektor minor selang selang kelas selang masa selang masa Selasa Selatan selepas semalam semibulatan sempadan sempadan atas sempadan bawah sempadan kelas sempoa sendeng sentimeter (cm) sentimeter padu sentimeter persegi sentroid separuh September sepunya seragam seratus serenjang seribu serong serupa sesaran maksimum sesiku Bahasa Inggeris Pascal’s triangle isosceles triangle equilateral triangle equiangular triangle similar triangles scalene triangle lihat tembereng secant sector major sector minor sector interval class interval time interval time interval Tuesday South after yesterday semicircle boundary upper boundary lower boundary class boundary lihat abakus lihat hipotenus centimetre (cm) cubic centimetre square centimeter centroid lihat setengah September common uniform one hundred perpendicular one thousand oblique similar maximum displacement set square 22 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia set set kosong set nol set pelengkap set sama set semesta setahun setara setengah setengah jam sfera siang sifar sifat sifir darab sifir matematik silang silinder silinder membulat tegak silinder serong silinder tegak simbol simetri simetri putaran sinar sinus (sin) siri aritmetik siri geometri sisi sisi bertentangan sisi empat sisi empat kitaran sisi lateral sisi lurus sisi melengkung sisi sebelah sisihan piawai sistem 12 jam sistem 24 jam sistem dua belas jam sistem dua puluh empat jam Bahasa Inggeris set empty set null set complementary set equal sets universal set per annum (p.a) equivalent half/one half/half full half an hour sphere day zero property times table/multiplication table mathematical tables intersect cylinder right circular cylinder oblique cylinder right cylinder symbol symmetry rotational symmetry ray sine (sin) arithmetic series geometric series side opposite side quadrilateral cyclic quadrilateral lateral side straight side curved side adjacent side standard deviation twelve-hour system twenty-four hour system twelve-hour system twenty-four-hour system 23 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia sistem koordinat Cartes sistem metrik sistem nombor skala skor-z songsang sisi songsangan songsangkan static statistik subset sudut sudut antara dua satah sudut antara garis dan satah sudut bersebelahan sudut berselang-seli sudut bertentangan sudut bertentangan bucu sudut cakah sudut dongak sudut kandung sudut khas sudut luaran sudut luaran poligon sudut luaran segi tiga sudut luaran sisi empat kitaran sudut lurus sudut negatif sudut pada lilitan sudut pedalaman sudut pedalaman bertentang sudut pedalaman bertentangan sisi empat kitaran sudut pelengkap sudut penggenap sudut positif sudut pusat sudut putaran sudut refleks sudut rujukan Bahasa Inggeris Cartesian coordinate system metric system number system scale z-score laterally inverted inverse invert statics statistics subset angle angle between two planes angle between a line and a plane adjacent angles alternate angles opposite angle vertically opposite angles obtuse angle angle of elevation included angle special angles exterior angle exterior angle of a polygon exterior angle of a triangle exterior angle of a cyclic quadrilateral flat angle/straight angle negative angle angle at the circumference interior angle interior opposite angles interior opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral complementary angle supplementary angles positive angle central angle angle of rotation reflex angle reference angle 24 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia sudut sepadan sudut tegak sudut tepat sudut tercangkum sudut tirus sudut tunduk sudut-z suhu sukatan sukatan kecenderungan memusat sukatan serakan suku suku jam sukuan surd surih susut nilai syarat syiling taakulan matematik taburan taburan binomial taburan kebarangkalian binomial taburan normal taburan normal piawai tahun tahun kabisat/tahun lompat tahunan tak bererti tak berubah tak sama tak sekata tak seragam tak terhingga tak tertakrif taksa tambah tambah berulang tan tanda kelas tanda kurung Bahasa Inggeris corresponding angle right angle lihat sudut tegak subtended angle acute angle angle of depression z-angle temperature measurement measure of central tendency measure of dispersion quarter/one quarter quarter of an hour quadrant surd trace depreciation condition coin mathematical reasoning distribution binomial distribution binomial probability distribution normal distribution standard normal distribution year leap year annual insignificant lihat tak varian not equal/unequal irregular non-uniform infinite undefined lihat ambiguiti add/plus repeated addition tonne class mark bracket 25 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia tanda operasi tanda sama dengan tanda serupa tanda tak serupa tangen tangen bulatan tangen kepada lengkung tangen sepunya tangram tanpa mengumpul semula tatasusunan tatatanda tatatanda indeks tatatanda saintifik tatatanda set tembereng tembereng garis tembereng major tembereng minor tempat perpuluhan tempoh tengah tengah hari tengah malam Tenggara teorem baki teorem faktor teorem Pythagoras teorem tembereng selang-seli tepi tepi lurus tepi sendeng terbesar terbit terbitan terbitan kedua terbitan pertama terdekat terhingga terkecil terterap dalam Bahasa Inggeris operator equal sign like signs unlike signs tangent tangent to a circle tangent to a curve common tangent tangram without regrouping array notation index notation scientific notation set notation segment line segment major segment minor segment decimal place duration middle noon midnight Southeast remainder theorem factor theorem Pythagoras’s theorem alternate segment theorem edge straight edge slant edge biggest/largest derive derivative second derivative first derivative nearest finite least/smallest inscribed 26 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia tertib tertib menaik tertib menurun tertib nombor tertib operasi teselasi tetrahedron tidak kurang daripada tidak lebih daripada tiga dimensi tiga kali ganda tiga per empat timbang / menimbang Timur Laut tinggi tinggi tinggi tinggi sendeng titik titik akhir titik genting titik kolinear titik maksimum titik minimum titik pegun titik perpuluhan titik persilangan titik pusingan titik sentuhan titik tak berubah titik tak varian titik tengah titik tetap tokok tolak transformasi transformasi isometri translasi transposisi trapezium trapezium tegak Bahasa Inggeris order ascending order descending order numerical order order of operations tessellation tetrahedron not less than not more than three-dimensional triple three over four/three quarters weigh North-East height high tall slant height point end-point critical point collinear points maximum point minimum point stationary point decimal point point of intersection turning point point of contact invariant point lihat titik tak berubah midpoint fixed point increase subtract/minus transformation isometric transformations translation transpose trapezium right trapezium 27 .

DAFTAR ISTILAH MATEMATIK (BM-BI) Bahasa Malaysia trigonometri trilion trinomial trirangkap Pythagoras tukar ubahan langsung ubahan songsang ujian kebolehbahagian ukuran padu ungkapan ungkapan algebra ungkapan algebra linear ungkapan kuadratik ungkapan linear unimod unit bukan piawai unit imperial unit metrik unit padu unit persegi unit piawai unit SI unit ukuran unjuran ortogon unsur sepunya unsur set urutan nombor Utara varians variasi tercantum vektor vektor negatif vektor nol vektor paduan vektor sifar vektor unit vinkulum wang wang kertas Bahasa Inggeris trigonometry trillion trinomial Pythagorean triples convert direct variation inverse variation tests of divisibility cubic measurement expression algebraic expression linear algebraic expression quadratic expression linear expression unimodal non-standard unit imperial unit metric unit cubic unit square unit standard unit SI units unit of measurement orthogonal projection common elements element of a set lihat jujukan nombor North variance joint variation vector negative vector null vector resultant vector zero vector unit vector vinculum money note 28 .

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