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Penggolongan psikotropik

Penggolongan psikotropik

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Penggolongan antipsikosis

No

Golongan

Nama Generik

Nama Dagang

Sediaan

Dosis anjuran

I. ANTIPSIKOSIS TIPIKAL 1. a. Phenothiazin Rantai Aliphatic Chlorpromazine ( largactil) Chlorpromazine (indofarma) Promacil (combiphar) Meprosetil (meprofarm) Tab. 100 mg Amp.50mg/2cc Tab. 4 mg 12 - 24 mg/hari Tab. 100 mg Tab. 25-100 mg - PO: 150 - 600 mg/h - IM: 50-100mg setiap 4-6 jam

b.

Rantai Piperazine

Perfenazine

Perfenazine (indofarma) Trifalon (Schering)

Tab 2- 4 -8 mg

Trifluoperazine

Stelazine (GlaxoSmithkline)

Tab. 1 - 5 mg

10 -15 mg/hari

Fluphenazine

Anatensol (B-M Squibb)

Tab. 2,5 - 5 mg

10 - 15 mg/hari

Fluphenazine deconoate

Modecate (B-M Squibb) Melleril (Novartis)

Vial 25 mg/cc

25 mg (IM) setiap 2 - 4 mgg

c.

Rantai Piperidine

Thioridazine

Tab.50 -100mg

150-300 mg/hari

2.

Buthirophenon

Haloperidol

Haloperidol

Tab. 0,5 - 1,5

- PO:

(indofarma)

- 5mg

5-15mg/h - IM: 5-10mg setiap

Dores (pyridam) Serenace (pfizerpharmacia)

Cap. 5 mg Tab. 1,5 mg Tab. 0,5 -1,5 5 mg Liq. 2 mg/ml Amp.50 mg/cc

4-6jam - 50mg setiap 2-4 minggu

Haldol (jansen) Govotil (Guarianpharmacia) Lodomer (Mersifarma) Haldol decanoas (Janssen) 3. Diphenilbuthilpiperidine Pimozide Orap forte (janssen)

Tab. 2 - 5 mg

Tab. 2 - 5 mg

Tab. 2 - 5 mg Amp. 5 mg/cc Amp. 50mg/cc

Tab. 4 mg

2 – 4 mg/hari

II. ANTIPSIKOSIS ATIPIKAL 1. Benzamide Supiride Dogmatil Foerte (Delagrange) Tab. 200mg Amp. 100mg/2cc 2. Dibenzodiazapine Clozapine Clozaril (Novartis) Sizoril (Meprofarm) Olanzapine Quetiapine Ziprexa Seroquel (Astra Zeneca) Zotepine Lodopin (Kalbe Farma) 3. Benzisoxazole Risperidone Risperidone (Dexamedica) Risperdal (Janssen) Risperdal consta Vial 25 50mg/cc Neripros (Pharos) Persidal (Mersifarma) Rizodal (GuardianTab. 1-2-3mg Tab. 1 - 2 - 3mg Tab. 1 - 2 - 3mg Tab. 1 - 2 - 3mg Tab. 1 - 2 - 3mg - PO: 2 – 6 mg/hari - IM : Tab. 25-100mg Tab. 5-10mg Tab. 25 – 100 - 200mg Tab. 25 - 50mg 75-100mg/hari 10-20mg/hari 50-100mg/hari Tab. 25 – 100 mg 25-100mg/hari 300 - 600mg/h 3 - 6 amp/hari IM

pharmatama) Zopredal (Kalbefarma) Aripiprazole Abilify (Otsuka) Tab. 5 – 10 – 15 mg 10- 15 mg/hari Tab. 1-2-3mg

Penggolongan antidepresan

Nama Generik Trisiklik (TCA)

Nama Dagang Amitriptyline

Sediaan Tablet 25 mg

Dosis Anjuran 75-150 mg/hari

Imipramin SSRI Sentralin Fluvoxamin Fluoxetin

Tablet 25 mg Tablet 50 mg Tablet 50 mg Kapsul 20 mg, Kaplet 20 mg

75-150 mg/hari 50-100 mg/hari 50-100 mg/hari 20-40 mg/hari

Paroxetin MAOI Atypical Moclobemide Miaserin

Tablet 20 mg Tab 150 mg Tablet 10 dan 30 mg

20-40 mg/hari 300-600 mg/hari 30-60 mg/hari

Trazodon Maprotilin

Tablet 50 mg dan 100 mg Tablet 10, 25, 50 dan 75 mg

75-150 mg/hari dosis terbagi 75-150 mg/hari dosis terbagi

Penggolongan antimania

Nama Obat

Nama Dagang

Sediaan

Dosis Anjuran

Mania akut Haloperidol Haloperidol Haldol Serenace Tab 0,5-1,5-5 mg Tab 0,5-2-5 mg Tab 0,5-1,5-5 mg Liq 2 mg/ml Amp 5 mg/cc Carbamazepin Tegretol Bamgetol Valproic acid Divalproex Profilaksis Mania Lithium Carbonate Frimania Tab 200-300-400- 250-500 mg/h 500 mg Depakene Depakote Tab 200 mg Cap 200 mg Syr 250 mg/5 ml Tab 250 mg 5 mg(im) selama 2 jam maks 100 mg/h 400-600 mg /h 2-3x perhari 3x250 mg/h 3x250 mg/h 4,5-15 mg/h

Penggolongan anti anxietas

Nama Generik Benzodiazepin

Nama Dagang Diazepam

Sediaan Tablet 2-5 mg

Dosis Anjuran Peroral 10-30 mg/hari, 2-3x/hari parental IV/IM 2-10 mg/kali, setiap 3-4 jam

Klordiazepoksoid

Tablet 5 mg Kapsul 5 mg

15-30 mg/hari 2-3 x/hari 2-3x 1 mg/hari 2-3x 10 mg/hari 3x1,5 mg/hari 2-3x 10 mg/hari 2-3x 5 mg/hari 3x 0,25-0,5 mg/hari 2-3x 5 mg/hari 100-200 mg/hari 15-30 mg/hari

Lorazepam Clobazam Brumazepin Oksazolom Klorazepat Alprazolam Prazepam Non Benzodiazepin Sulprid Buspiron

Tablet 0,5-2 mg Tablet 10 mg Tablet 1,5-3-6 mg Tablet 10 mg Capsul 5-10 mg Tablet0,25-0,5-1 mg Tablet 5 mg Capsul 50 mg Tablet 10 mg

Penggolongan anti insomnia

Nama Generik Benzodiazepin

Nama Dagang Nitrazepam

Sediaan Tablet 5 mg

Dosis Anjuran Dewasa 2 tab Lansia 1 tab

Triazolam

Tab 0,125 mg

Dewasa 2 tab Lansia 1 tab

Tab 0,250 mg

Dewasa 2 tab Lansia 1 tab

Estazolam

Tab 1 mg Tab 2 mg

1-2 mg/malam

Non Benzodiazepin Chloral hydrate

Soft cap 500 mg

1-2 cap 15-30 menit sebelum tidur

Penggolongan anti obsesif kompulsif

Nama Generik Clompramine Fluvoxamine Sertraline Fluoxetine

Nama Dagang Anafranil Luvox Zoloft Prozac Nopres Ansi Andep Elizac

Sediaan Tablet 25 mg Tablet 50 mg Tablet 50 mg Cap 20 mg Caplet 20 mg

Dosis Anjuran 75-200 mg/hr 100-200 mg/hr 50-150 mg/malam 20-80 mg/hr

Paroxetine Citalopram

Seroxat Cipram

Tablet 20 mg Tablet 20 mg

40-60 mg/ hr 40-60 mg/hari

Penggolongan anti-panik

Nama Generik Imipramine

Nama Dagang Tofranil

Sediaan

Dosis Anjuran

Tablet 25 mg Tablet 25 mg

75-150 mg/hari 75-150 mg/hari

Clomipramine Anafranil Alprazolam Xanax

Tablet 0,25 mg, 0,5 mg,1 2-4 mg/hari mg

Moclobemid Sertralin Fluoxetin

Aurorix Zoloft Prozac Elizac Ansi Andep Antiprestin Courage Kalxetin

Tablet 150 mg Tablet 50 mg Capsul dan caplet 20 mg

300-600 mg/hari 50-100 mg/hari 20-40 mg/hari

Parocetin Fluvoxamin Citalopram

Seroxat Luvox Cipram

Tablet 20 mg Tablet 50 mg Tablet 20 mg

20-40 mg/hari 50-100 mg/hari 20-40 g/hari

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