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4.

DATA DAN PERHITUNGAN


a) Pembuatan dapar sitrat pH= 5,6 dengan kapasitas dapar = 0.01 sebanyak 250ml :
pH =pKa3 + log
5,6 = 6,4 + log
log

= - 0,8

[G] = 0,1584893192[A]
pH =-log [H3O+]
5,6 = - log [H3O+]
[H3O+] = 2,511886432 x 10-6 M
pKa = -log Ka
6,4 = - log ka
Ka = 3,981071706 x 10-7M
= 2,303. C .Ka. [H3O+]
Ka+ [H3O+]2
0,01 = 2.303.C [ 3.981071706 . 10-7 x 2,511886432. 10-6]
[( 3.981071706 . 10-7 x 2,511886432. 10-6)]2
C = 0,03676970372
[G]+[A] =C
0,1584893192 [A]+[A] = 0,03676970372
1,1584893192 [A] = 0,03676970372
[A] = 0,03173935496 M
[G] = 0,00503034876 M
Reaksinya :
H3. Sitrat

+ NaOH

Mula
: 0,03676970372 0,03676970372
Bereaksi : 0,03676970372 0,03676970372
Sisa
:
NaH2. Sitrat

+ NaOH

Mula
: 0,03676970372 0,03676970372
Bereaksi : 0,03676970372 0,03676970372
Sisa
:
-

NaH2 Sitrat + H2O


0,03676970372
0,03676970372

Na2H Sitrat + H2O


0,03676970372
0,03676970372

Na2H. Sitrat

+ NaOH

Mula
: 0,03676970372
Bereaksi : 0,00503034876
Sisa
: 0,03173935496

Na3. Sitrat + H2O

0,00503034876
0,00503034876

0,00503034876
0,00503034876

H3. Sitrat = 0.03676970372 M


X 250 ml
= 9,19242593

mmol

/250 ml

X Mr ( 210,14)
= 1.931,696385 mg = 1,9316 g
NaOH = (0,03676970372) + (0,03676970372) + ( 0,00503034876 )
= 0,078569756 M
X 250 ml
= 19,64243905

mmol

/250 ml

X Mr ( 40)
= 785,697562 mg = 0,7857 g
b) Penimbangan :
Berat botol timbang + asam sitrat =
Berat botol timbang
=
Berat asam sitrat
=
Berat botol timbang + NaOH
Berat botol timbang
Berat NaOH

=
=
=

Berat botol timabng + vitamin C =


Berat botol timbang
=
Berat vitamin C
=

c) Hasil Pengamatan Absorban


Berat vitamin C yang ditimbang = 0,048 g
Dalam 100ml terdapat 48 mg vitamin C, jadi dalam 1000ml atau 1 L terdapat 480 mg vitamin C

Hitung BPJ-nya =

x 480 = 9,6 BPJ

Kadar
Kadar t8 =

x BPJ

Kadar t15 =

x BPJ

40OC > t8

x 9,6 = 9,633

> t15 =

x 9,6 = 9,567

45OC > t8

x 9,6 = 9,033

> t15 =
-

50OC > t8

x 9,6 = 10,202

x 9,6 = 10,506

> t15 =
-

55OC > t8

x 9,6 = 8,772

x 9,6 = 10,514

> t15 =

x 9,6 = 8,766

d) Penentuan Orde Reaksi


Orde O

K40OC

K45OC

> t8

= - 4,125 x 10-3 = -0,004125

> t15

= 2,2 x 10-3 = 0,0022

> t8

= 0,070875

K50OC

K55OC

> t15

= -0,04013

> t8

= -0,11325

> t15

> t8

> t15

> t8

log

log

= 0,0552

= -0,11425

= 0,0556

Orde 1

K40OC

= 0,287875 . log 0,9965


= 0,287875 . 1,523 x 10-3
= 0,4384 x 10-3 = 0,0004384
> t15

log

= 0,1535 . log 1,003


= 0,1535. 1,301 x 10-3
= 0,199 x 10-3 = 0,000199

K45OC

> t8

log

= 0,287875 . log 1,063


= 0,287875 . 0,0265
= 7,63 x 10-3 = 0,00763

> t15

log

= 0,1535 . log 0,94099


= 0,1535. -0,02641499
= -0,0040547

K50OC

> t8

log

= 0,287875 . log 0,9137


= 0,287875 . -0,0392
= -0,01128
> t15

log

= 0,1535 . log 1,094


= 0,1535. 0,039
= 5,9865 x 10-3 = 0,0059865

K55OC

> t8

log

= 0,287875 . log 0,91306


= 0,287875 . -0,0395
= -0,01137
> t15

log

= 0,1535 . log 1,096


= 0,1535. 0,0394
= 6,0479 x 10-3 = 0,0060479

Orde 2

K40OC

K45OC

K50OC

> t8

> t15

> t8

> t15

> t8

> t15

K55OC > t8

> t15

)
=

= 0,00002379

)
)
)

= 0,0000446

= 0,00081732

= -0,00040978

= -0,00112287

= 0,00065549

= -0,00113192

= 0,0006607

K rata-rata orde 0
t8 = -0,004125+0,070875+(-0,11325)+(-0,11425) = -0,16075
t15 = 0,0022+(-0,04013)+0,0552+0,0556 = 0,07287
K rata-rata =

x 100% =

x 100% = -45,33%

K rata-rata orde 1
t8 = 0,0004384+0,00763+(-0,01128)+(-0,01137) = -0,0145816
t15 = 0,000199 +(-0,0041248)+(-0,0040547)+0,0060479 = -0,0018552
K rata-rata =

x 100% =

x 100% = 12,772%

K rata-rata orde 2
t8 = -0,0000446+0,00081732+(-0,00112287)+(-0,00113192) = -0,00148207
t15 = 0,00002379+(-0,00040978)+0,00065549+0,0006607= 0,0009302
K rata-rata =

x 100% =

x 100% = -62,763%

Tabel
Orde
Nol
Satu
Dua
Kurva
T(OC)
40
45
50
55

t
8
15
8
15
8
15

T(OK)

K40OC
-0,004125
0,0022
0,0004384
0,000199
0,0000446
0,00002379

K45OC
0,070875
-0,04013
0,00763
-0,0040547
0,00081732
-0,00040978

1/T

8
40+273=313 1/313=0,00319488
15
8
45+273=318 1/318=0,003144654
15
8
50+273=323 1/323=0,0003095975
15
8
55+273=328 1/328=0,00304878
15

K50OC
-0,11325
-0,0552
-0,01128
0,0059865
-0,00112287
0,00065549

K
0,0000446
0,00002379
0,00081732
-0,00040978
-0,00112287
0,00065549
-0,00113192
0,0006607

K55OC
-0,11425
0,0556
-0,01137
0,0060479
-0,00113192
0,0006607

K Rata-rata
-0,0401875
0,0182175
-0,0036454
-0,0004638
-0,00037052
0,00023255

log K
-4,350665
-4,623605
-3,0876078
0,999056891
0,997417835
-3,183433929
0,997397
-3,1799956

log K+5
0,649335
0,376395
1,9123922
5,99056891
5,997417835
1,816566
5,997397
1,8200044