Daftar Isi

Lembar Persetujuan ............................................................................................ i
Lembar Pengesahan............................................................................................. ii
Pernyataan Keaslian Skripsi............................................................................... iii
Daftar Isi ............................................................................................................... iv
Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................... vi
Daftar Tabel ......................................................................................................... vii
Daftar Lampiran ................................................................................................. viii
Daftar Simbol ...................................................................................................... ix
I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2
1.3. Tujuan ............................................................................................................... 3
1.4. Manfaat ............................................................................................................. 3
1.5. Batasan Masalah ............................................................................................... 3
II. TINJUAN PUSTAKA
2.1. Kebutuhan Air Tanaman .................................................................................... 5
2.2. Energi Air Tanah................................................................................................ 6
2.2.1. Pengertan Energi Air Tanah...................................................................... 6
2.2.2. Satuan........................................................................................................ 9
2.2.3. Tekstur Tanah............................................................................................ 10
2.2.4. Struktur Tanah........................................................................................... 11
2.2.5. Pengukuran Kadar Air Tanah dan Energi Air Tanah................................ 11
2.2.6. Kurva Karakteristik Tanah........................................................................ 13
2.3. Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis ........................................................ 14
2.4.1. Tranducer.................................................................................................. 14
2.4.2. Pengubah Analog ke Digital ..................................................................... 16
2.4.3. Mikrokontroller AT 89S51 ....................................................................... 17
2.4.4. LCD ........................................................................................................... 20
2.4.5. Relay.......................................................................................................... 23

iv

................................................ 30 3.................. 29 3.............................................................................................................. Rancangan Alat ............................................. 26 3...............................2 Bahan ........ 39 IV..2......................................................... 25 3.............................3......................... 34 3...................6........................................................................ Kesimpulan ..................4............................................................... 25 3........................6.......................... 59 V.................................1 Perancangan Alat ...... HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN 4.......... METODE PENELITIAN 3......................................................... Perancangan Alat .... 25 3....1........2.....................................................7............................ 25 3...............................................7 Pelaksanaan Penelitian ............1 Alat..................... 36 3................... 36 3..5......................................................................................................................... Tanah Sebagai media yang diukur ................................2..2.................... Waktu dan Tempat .......1.................. Analisa Teknik ....................2............. Bahasa Assembler ....................................................................................2...................1........................... 41 4.......3... 73 Daftar Pustaka Lampiran v ........... Pengujian dan Pengkalibrasian Alat..................................................................2............... 26 3...................2 Pengujian Alat dan Pengkalibrasian Alat......1............................................................. 33 3... Rancangan Struktur.......... Alat dan Bahan................. PENUTUP 5................... 23 III....................................4....................................7.3.... Saran.... Cara Kerja Alat ............................. Rancangan Fungsional ............................................. 70 5..........

... 29 Gambar 9............................................................................ 23 Gambar 7............................................. 48 Gambar 17............................................................. rangkaian MK...................................... Diagram pin dari ADC0804 3-bit pengubah A/D IC ......... Gambar rangkaian pengujian alat..... Diagram Alir Pengujian Alat....... 15 Gambar 2. 47 Gambar 16... Diagram Alir Pengujian Sensor............................................................. 36 Gambar 11........ Gambar rangkaian pengujian sensor dan pengkalibrasian ............................................................... Gambar Fisik Mikrokontroller AT89S51................................ 20 Gambar 6.................... Diagram alir program setting batas ............. Diagram mikrokontroler AT89S51 .................... Diagram alir program delay ............... Diagram Blok dari Suatu Pengubah A/D 4-bit.......................................... 17 Gambar 4..........Daftar Gambar Gambar 1.......Driver relay............................................................ 19 Gambar 5................... 68 vi .................... Diagram alir program banding data .......... 37 Gambar 12............... Pengaturan internal tentang electroda silindris didalam gypsum block menunjukkan electroda yang terpusat (kanan) dan elektroda kawat yang paralel (kiri)....................... Blok diagram rancangan alat penyiram otomatis......... Diagram alir program kalibrasi .... 17 Gambar 3.............. 49 Gambar 19............................... 65 Gambar 24.......................................................................... Grafik Hubungan Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF....................................................................................................... 38 Gambar 13.................... Blok Diagram Pengujian dan pengkalibrasian Alat ........ 48 Gambar 18..................ADC... 40 Gambar 14....... 27 Gambar 8.................. Diagram alir program perangkat lunak ............................................................................................................. Gambar rangkaian sensor ........ Grafik hubungan nilai ADC dan hasil pengukuran Kadar Air (%)............................. Jenis-jenis Relay.... 63 Gambar 22....... Gambar layout PCB rangkaian split driver.. 33 Gambar 10......... 42 Gambar 15.............. 50 Gambar 20.......................................... dan rangkaian catudaya ......................... 64 Gambar 23... Diagram Alir Perancangan Alat ............ 57 Gambar 21...... Diagram alir program awal ........... Grafik hubungan nilai pF dan Kadar Air (%) ......

..........Daftar Tabel Tabel 1...... 63 Tabel 3..... 65 Tabel 4............................. Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai pF ....... 67 vii ............... Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai ADC pada sensor ................................................ 34 Tabel 2......... Data kesalahan antara pF sandbox dan pF gypsum ....................... Data hasil pengujian pF gypsum dan Kadar Air (%) ...................................... Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF ............ 67 Tabel 5...........

............... driver relay............... Anggaran Biaya Penelitian .................. MK AT89S51........................................ 79 Lampiran VIII....... Gambar Dokumentasi Penelitian ......................................................... keypad.......... LCD.............................. Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian ................................... 76 Lampiran V............................. Data hasil Mapping untuk keluaran nilai pF pada LCD ...................................... 80 Lampiran IX............................. 75 Lampiran IV.................Daftar Lampiran Lampiran I.... 73 Lampiran II............ 78 Lampiran VII... Laporan hasil Analisa Laboratorium.......................................................... dan relay... Rangkaian Rencana Penelitian ........................................... 77 Lampiran VI.......... Data Sheet Komponen ...... Rangkaian ADC......................... 74 Lampiran III. 81 viii ........ Rangkaian Split Driver dan sensor gypsum block .. Catu daya.......

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