Daftar Isi

Lembar Persetujuan ............................................................................................ i
Lembar Pengesahan............................................................................................. ii
Pernyataan Keaslian Skripsi............................................................................... iii
Daftar Isi ............................................................................................................... iv
Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................... vi
Daftar Tabel ......................................................................................................... vii
Daftar Lampiran ................................................................................................. viii
Daftar Simbol ...................................................................................................... ix
I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2
1.3. Tujuan ............................................................................................................... 3
1.4. Manfaat ............................................................................................................. 3
1.5. Batasan Masalah ............................................................................................... 3
II. TINJUAN PUSTAKA
2.1. Kebutuhan Air Tanaman .................................................................................... 5
2.2. Energi Air Tanah................................................................................................ 6
2.2.1. Pengertan Energi Air Tanah...................................................................... 6
2.2.2. Satuan........................................................................................................ 9
2.2.3. Tekstur Tanah............................................................................................ 10
2.2.4. Struktur Tanah........................................................................................... 11
2.2.5. Pengukuran Kadar Air Tanah dan Energi Air Tanah................................ 11
2.2.6. Kurva Karakteristik Tanah........................................................................ 13
2.3. Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis ........................................................ 14
2.4.1. Tranducer.................................................................................................. 14
2.4.2. Pengubah Analog ke Digital ..................................................................... 16
2.4.3. Mikrokontroller AT 89S51 ....................................................................... 17
2.4.4. LCD ........................................................................................................... 20
2.4.5. Relay.......................................................................................................... 23

iv

...... 26 3.......1 Perancangan Alat .....................6.................................. Rancangan Fungsional .................................... Kesimpulan .........2.......................2.......... 41 4.......................................................... 26 3...........2 Bahan ........................................................................1 Alat.. Cara Kerja Alat ............................1................................................ 34 3............................3...............2.............................. 59 V................................................... 33 3....................................................... 29 3..5........2 Pengujian Alat dan Pengkalibrasian Alat................... 25 3.............................................................3............................. HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN 4....................... METODE PENELITIAN 3......7...................... PENUTUP 5....................... Tanah Sebagai media yang diukur ......................................................... Waktu dan Tempat .... Rancangan Struktur....... 23 III..............................................................2........................................................................... 25 3...............................................4...................................6............................. Perancangan Alat ............................... 36 3............................................ Rancangan Alat ............................................................................... 39 IV. Bahasa Assembler ...............3................................2...... 36 3.................................................... Saran..............................................................2........................................................................ 30 3..................... 73 Daftar Pustaka Lampiran v .............2..... Pengujian dan Pengkalibrasian Alat. 25 3. 70 5..........1...7.......................................1.7 Pelaksanaan Penelitian . Analisa Teknik ...................................................................... 25 3....4........ Alat dan Bahan.................................1.......

..................................ADC... 50 Gambar 20................ Diagram alir program delay ... 19 Gambar 5............................................... 38 Gambar 13...... 48 Gambar 17............. Grafik hubungan nilai ADC dan hasil pengukuran Kadar Air (%).................... 36 Gambar 11........................................................ Diagram pin dari ADC0804 3-bit pengubah A/D IC ............... 68 vi ............ 42 Gambar 15............ Jenis-jenis Relay......................................................................... Gambar rangkaian pengujian sensor dan pengkalibrasian .............................................. 33 Gambar 10.......................... Diagram alir program banding data ....... 49 Gambar 19.............................................. 57 Gambar 21...................... Diagram alir program kalibrasi .............................................................................................................. 27 Gambar 8......................................... Gambar rangkaian pengujian alat..................... Diagram alir program perangkat lunak ......... Grafik hubungan nilai pF dan Kadar Air (%) ........... 64 Gambar 23... 65 Gambar 24.................. Diagram mikrokontroler AT89S51 ............. Diagram alir program setting batas ........ dan rangkaian catudaya ........ Gambar Fisik Mikrokontroller AT89S51..................... 17 Gambar 3............ 20 Gambar 6...... 48 Gambar 18....... 15 Gambar 2...........................................Driver relay......................................... Gambar layout PCB rangkaian split driver............................... Diagram Alir Pengujian Sensor............................. 29 Gambar 9............ Blok diagram rancangan alat penyiram otomatis.................................... Diagram Blok dari Suatu Pengubah A/D 4-bit.. 17 Gambar 4................... Gambar rangkaian sensor .. 40 Gambar 14.. Diagram Alir Perancangan Alat ......................................................Daftar Gambar Gambar 1............. 47 Gambar 16............. Pengaturan internal tentang electroda silindris didalam gypsum block menunjukkan electroda yang terpusat (kanan) dan elektroda kawat yang paralel (kiri)....... 37 Gambar 12... Diagram Alir Pengujian Alat............... rangkaian MK...................................................................................................................... Blok Diagram Pengujian dan pengkalibrasian Alat ....... 23 Gambar 7................................. Diagram alir program awal ............................. Grafik Hubungan Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF....................... 63 Gambar 22.....

............... 34 Tabel 2.....Daftar Tabel Tabel 1................................................................ 67 Tabel 5........................................................... 63 Tabel 3....... Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai ADC pada sensor .............. 67 vii .... Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF .......................... Data kesalahan antara pF sandbox dan pF gypsum ............... 65 Tabel 4. Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai pF .. Data hasil pengujian pF gypsum dan Kadar Air (%) .

.................................. Data hasil Mapping untuk keluaran nilai pF pada LCD ........................... keypad............................................................................... 81 viii ....... 79 Lampiran VIII.................... Data Sheet Komponen ..... 76 Lampiran V.................... 75 Lampiran IV. 74 Lampiran III..................................... Rangkaian Rencana Penelitian .... Laporan hasil Analisa Laboratorium... LCD................. 80 Lampiran IX.... driver relay......Daftar Lampiran Lampiran I.............. dan relay.......................... MK AT89S51..... 78 Lampiran VII........................ 77 Lampiran VI.................................................. Rangkaian Split Driver dan sensor gypsum block ................................... Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian ............... 73 Lampiran II.... Rangkaian ADC............ Anggaran Biaya Penelitian ............ Catu daya.................. Gambar Dokumentasi Penelitian ...........................................