Daftar Isi

Lembar Persetujuan ............................................................................................ i
Lembar Pengesahan............................................................................................. ii
Pernyataan Keaslian Skripsi............................................................................... iii
Daftar Isi ............................................................................................................... iv
Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................... vi
Daftar Tabel ......................................................................................................... vii
Daftar Lampiran ................................................................................................. viii
Daftar Simbol ...................................................................................................... ix
I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2
1.3. Tujuan ............................................................................................................... 3
1.4. Manfaat ............................................................................................................. 3
1.5. Batasan Masalah ............................................................................................... 3
II. TINJUAN PUSTAKA
2.1. Kebutuhan Air Tanaman .................................................................................... 5
2.2. Energi Air Tanah................................................................................................ 6
2.2.1. Pengertan Energi Air Tanah...................................................................... 6
2.2.2. Satuan........................................................................................................ 9
2.2.3. Tekstur Tanah............................................................................................ 10
2.2.4. Struktur Tanah........................................................................................... 11
2.2.5. Pengukuran Kadar Air Tanah dan Energi Air Tanah................................ 11
2.2.6. Kurva Karakteristik Tanah........................................................................ 13
2.3. Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis ........................................................ 14
2.4.1. Tranducer.................................................................................................. 14
2.4.2. Pengubah Analog ke Digital ..................................................................... 16
2.4.3. Mikrokontroller AT 89S51 ....................................................................... 17
2.4.4. LCD ........................................................................................................... 20
2.4.5. Relay.......................................................................................................... 23

iv

1................................1 Perancangan Alat . 39 IV.......................... 26 3............................1 Alat. 29 3.....................................................................2 Bahan ........................6............................... Pengujian dan Pengkalibrasian Alat.......................................5........ METODE PENELITIAN 3...................................2........... 33 3........................... Analisa Teknik ....................................1..............3.....7. 70 5........................................................................................ Bahasa Assembler .. 30 3....... Kesimpulan ......................................2......................................... Cara Kerja Alat ................................................ Alat dan Bahan............. Saran....................................................... PENUTUP 5.............................................................2................... 25 3.................................................................................7 Pelaksanaan Penelitian ........................................... Tanah Sebagai media yang diukur . 25 3.......... 73 Daftar Pustaka Lampiran v ...................................3................2........... 41 4.............6....2 Pengujian Alat dan Pengkalibrasian Alat... HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN 4...................... Rancangan Fungsional .....................2........................................ 36 3............................7.................. 26 3............................................................. 25 3.....................2........... 25 3................. Rancangan Alat .............................................................................................................. 23 III....................... 59 V...........4..............1................................ 34 3.........................................................................3...................................... Rancangan Struktur...4........................2.....................1....... Perancangan Alat ........ 36 3....................................................................... Waktu dan Tempat .............

... 17 Gambar 4............ Gambar layout PCB rangkaian split driver....................... Gambar rangkaian pengujian alat.......... 47 Gambar 16..................................................... Diagram Alir Perancangan Alat .......... rangkaian MK........................... Gambar Fisik Mikrokontroller AT89S51................................................................ 40 Gambar 14............................................. Grafik hubungan nilai pF dan Kadar Air (%) . Diagram alir program awal ....... 48 Gambar 18...................................................... 20 Gambar 6.................................... 23 Gambar 7........................ Gambar rangkaian pengujian sensor dan pengkalibrasian ....Daftar Gambar Gambar 1... Diagram pin dari ADC0804 3-bit pengubah A/D IC ..................................................... 42 Gambar 15.......... 17 Gambar 3............. Grafik hubungan nilai ADC dan hasil pengukuran Kadar Air (%).......................... 63 Gambar 22........................................................ 27 Gambar 8................... Diagram alir program kalibrasi .......................... 15 Gambar 2.....................Driver relay...................................... Diagram alir program delay . Blok Diagram Pengujian dan pengkalibrasian Alat . Grafik Hubungan Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF.................................................................................... 50 Gambar 20........ Pengaturan internal tentang electroda silindris didalam gypsum block menunjukkan electroda yang terpusat (kanan) dan elektroda kawat yang paralel (kiri)......................................................... 19 Gambar 5............................ Diagram Alir Pengujian Sensor.. Gambar rangkaian sensor ....... dan rangkaian catudaya ........... 37 Gambar 12.. Jenis-jenis Relay.......... Diagram alir program banding data ...................... 29 Gambar 9.... 33 Gambar 10............................................................. 64 Gambar 23....... Diagram Blok dari Suatu Pengubah A/D 4-bit.. 68 vi .. Diagram mikrokontroler AT89S51 ...... 38 Gambar 13........................................... Diagram Alir Pengujian Alat............... Blok diagram rancangan alat penyiram otomatis........ 48 Gambar 17........................... 49 Gambar 19...................................... 65 Gambar 24.................ADC...................................................... Diagram alir program setting batas ................... Diagram alir program perangkat lunak ........................................................................ 57 Gambar 21............................. 36 Gambar 11.......

.................. 67 vii .........Daftar Tabel Tabel 1................................ Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai pF .. 63 Tabel 3.................................................................................. 34 Tabel 2....... Data hasil pengujian pF gypsum dan Kadar Air (%) .. 65 Tabel 4....................... 67 Tabel 5............ Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai ADC pada sensor ....... Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF ............. Data kesalahan antara pF sandbox dan pF gypsum ......

................. 75 Lampiran IV......................................... 80 Lampiran IX.......................... Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian .................................... Data Sheet Komponen .......... Rangkaian ADC............... Rangkaian Split Driver dan sensor gypsum block ................. Gambar Dokumentasi Penelitian ............................ 73 Lampiran II..... driver relay... dan relay................ 77 Lampiran VI.. LCD........................ Anggaran Biaya Penelitian .................................. Data hasil Mapping untuk keluaran nilai pF pada LCD ...... MK AT89S51.......................................................Daftar Lampiran Lampiran I................ Catu daya... Rangkaian Rencana Penelitian ............. 78 Lampiran VII...................................................... 76 Lampiran V......................... 79 Lampiran VIII.......................... keypad.......... Laporan hasil Analisa Laboratorium.......................... 74 Lampiran III........... 81 viii ...

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