Daftar Isi

Lembar Persetujuan ............................................................................................ i
Lembar Pengesahan............................................................................................. ii
Pernyataan Keaslian Skripsi............................................................................... iii
Daftar Isi ............................................................................................................... iv
Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................... vi
Daftar Tabel ......................................................................................................... vii
Daftar Lampiran ................................................................................................. viii
Daftar Simbol ...................................................................................................... ix
I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2
1.3. Tujuan ............................................................................................................... 3
1.4. Manfaat ............................................................................................................. 3
1.5. Batasan Masalah ............................................................................................... 3
II. TINJUAN PUSTAKA
2.1. Kebutuhan Air Tanaman .................................................................................... 5
2.2. Energi Air Tanah................................................................................................ 6
2.2.1. Pengertan Energi Air Tanah...................................................................... 6
2.2.2. Satuan........................................................................................................ 9
2.2.3. Tekstur Tanah............................................................................................ 10
2.2.4. Struktur Tanah........................................................................................... 11
2.2.5. Pengukuran Kadar Air Tanah dan Energi Air Tanah................................ 11
2.2.6. Kurva Karakteristik Tanah........................................................................ 13
2.3. Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis ........................................................ 14
2.4.1. Tranducer.................................................................................................. 14
2.4.2. Pengubah Analog ke Digital ..................................................................... 16
2.4.3. Mikrokontroller AT 89S51 ....................................................................... 17
2.4.4. LCD ........................................................................................................... 20
2.4.5. Relay.......................................................................................................... 23

iv

...... Waktu dan Tempat ...................................4........ 25 3....... Cara Kerja Alat .. 73 Daftar Pustaka Lampiran v .........................................................................................................................................................................2.............................. 26 3...........................................................................1.................................................. 41 4.............................. 36 3............. 23 III....................... 36 3.............. Pengujian dan Pengkalibrasian Alat...............................................2........2...................... PENUTUP 5............................... 29 3.. Kesimpulan .............................. 34 3...... 70 5............................ 59 V............................ Tanah Sebagai media yang diukur ....... 39 IV................................................................5...........................................3............................................................................. Perancangan Alat .....................................1 Perancangan Alat ..........7 Pelaksanaan Penelitian ....................... Rancangan Struktur.. 25 3..6.....................................2 Bahan .... 33 3............................. 25 3...... Rancangan Fungsional ............................ 25 3.........................................................................2........7.................1 Alat.............................................2 Pengujian Alat dan Pengkalibrasian Alat........1........................... Analisa Teknik ...7...............................1.................... HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN 4..................................... 26 3...................... Alat dan Bahan.... Bahasa Assembler .............6......................... METODE PENELITIAN 3.. Rancangan Alat ................................... Saran.......................................3......2......................4..........................3........................................................................ 30 3.2.........................................................................1................2......

........................................................................... 63 Gambar 22........ Jenis-jenis Relay........Driver relay................................................................................................. 57 Gambar 21...................... 37 Gambar 12...................... Diagram mikrokontroler AT89S51 . Diagram Alir Pengujian Alat......................................... Blok Diagram Pengujian dan pengkalibrasian Alat ....... Grafik hubungan nilai ADC dan hasil pengukuran Kadar Air (%)........... 48 Gambar 18........................... Diagram alir program delay .......................... 47 Gambar 16.................................Daftar Gambar Gambar 1.. dan rangkaian catudaya ................. Gambar layout PCB rangkaian split driver......... Diagram Blok dari Suatu Pengubah A/D 4-bit....................... 19 Gambar 5............... 15 Gambar 2... 48 Gambar 17.. 42 Gambar 15........... Diagram Alir Pengujian Sensor........................... Grafik Hubungan Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF.......... 29 Gambar 9. 64 Gambar 23........................ 38 Gambar 13....... 17 Gambar 3.................................. Gambar Fisik Mikrokontroller AT89S51....... Gambar rangkaian pengujian alat........ 27 Gambar 8...... Blok diagram rancangan alat penyiram otomatis..............................ADC............. 23 Gambar 7...... rangkaian MK............... 68 vi .................................................................. Diagram Alir Perancangan Alat .... Diagram alir program perangkat lunak ............................................. Diagram alir program banding data .............................. Gambar rangkaian pengujian sensor dan pengkalibrasian .......................................................................................................... Diagram pin dari ADC0804 3-bit pengubah A/D IC .... 40 Gambar 14........................... Grafik hubungan nilai pF dan Kadar Air (%) ................................................... Diagram alir program setting batas ............. Pengaturan internal tentang electroda silindris didalam gypsum block menunjukkan electroda yang terpusat (kanan) dan elektroda kawat yang paralel (kiri)............................................................ 49 Gambar 19............. Diagram alir program awal ...... 50 Gambar 20. 17 Gambar 4......................................... 65 Gambar 24.............................. 20 Gambar 6.................................................. 36 Gambar 11.............................................................. 33 Gambar 10....... Gambar rangkaian sensor ........... Diagram alir program kalibrasi .......

67 vii ....... Data hasil pengujian pF gypsum dan Kadar Air (%) ....... Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF .................................... Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai ADC pada sensor ..................... 67 Tabel 5......Daftar Tabel Tabel 1....... 65 Tabel 4............................. Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai pF . 34 Tabel 2...... Data kesalahan antara pF sandbox dan pF gypsum .................... 63 Tabel 3.........................................................................

....................... Data hasil Mapping untuk keluaran nilai pF pada LCD ....... 80 Lampiran IX... 79 Lampiran VIII.. Laporan hasil Analisa Laboratorium........................Daftar Lampiran Lampiran I............... 74 Lampiran III....................... keypad....................................... 77 Lampiran VI........................................ Data Sheet Komponen ........... 73 Lampiran II.. MK AT89S51.................................................... 76 Lampiran V..... Catu daya................ LCD....... 78 Lampiran VII................ 81 viii ... 75 Lampiran IV............. dan relay............ Gambar Dokumentasi Penelitian .................................................... Rangkaian ADC........................................ driver relay... Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian ....................................... Rangkaian Split Driver dan sensor gypsum block ....... Anggaran Biaya Penelitian .......... Rangkaian Rencana Penelitian ..........................................................

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