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Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis Sesuai Dengan Nilai Pf Pada Tanah Bertekstur Lempung Liat Berdebu Dengan Pengendali Mikrokontroller At89s51 (Daftar Isi)

Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis Sesuai Dengan Nilai Pf Pada Tanah Bertekstur Lempung Liat Berdebu Dengan Pengendali Mikrokontroller At89s51 (Daftar Isi)

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Dipublikasikan oleh Andy Sudoers

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Published by: Andy Sudoers on May 17, 2012
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iv

Daftar Isi



Lembar Persetujuan ............................................................................................ i
Lembar Pengesahan............................................................................................. ii
Pernyataan Keaslian Skripsi............................................................................... iii
Daftar Isi ............................................................................................................... iv
Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................... vi
Daftar Tabel ......................................................................................................... vii
Daftar Lampiran ................................................................................................. viii
Daftar Simbol ...................................................................................................... ix
I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2
1.3. Tujuan ............................................................................................................... 3
1.4. Manfaat ............................................................................................................. 3
1.5. Batasan Masalah ............................................................................................... 3
II. TINJUAN PUSTAKA
2.1. Kebutuhan Air Tanaman.................................................................................... 5
2.2. Energi Air Tanah................................................................................................ 6
2.2.1. Pengertan Energi Air Tanah...................................................................... 6
2.2.2. Satuan........................................................................................................ 9
2.2.3. Tekstur Tanah............................................................................................ 10
2.2.4. Struktur Tanah........................................................................................... 11
2.2.5. Pengukuran Kadar Air Tanah dan Energi Air Tanah................................ 11
2.2.6. Kurva Karakteristik Tanah........................................................................ 13
2.3. Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis ........................................................ 14
2.4.1. Tranducer.................................................................................................. 14
2.4.2. Pengubah Analog ke Digital ..................................................................... 16
2.4.3. Mikrokontroller AT 89S51 ....................................................................... 17
2.4.4. LCD........................................................................................................... 20
2.4.5. Relay.......................................................................................................... 23
v
2.4.6. Bahasa Assembler ..................................................................................... 23

III. METODE PENELITIAN
3.1. Waktu dan Tempat ............................................................................................ 25
3.2. Alat dan Bahan................................................................................................... 25
3.2.1 Alat ............................................................................................................. 25
3.2.2 Bahan ......................................................................................................... 25
3.3. Rancangan Alat .................................................................................................. 26
3.3.1. Rancangan Fungsional .............................................................................. 26
3.3.2. Rancangan Struktur................................................................................... 29
3.4. Analisa Teknik ................................................................................................... 30
3.5. Tanah Sebagai media yang diukur ..................................................................... 33
3.6. Cara Kerja Alat .................................................................................................. 34
3.7 Pelaksanaan Penelitian........................................................................................ 36
3.7.1 Perancangan Alat ....................................................................................... 36
3.7.2 Pengujian Alat dan Pengkalibrasian Alat................................................... 39

IV. HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN
4.1. Perancangan Alat ............................................................................................... 41
4.2. Pengujian dan Pengkalibrasian Alat................................................................... 59
V. PENUTUP
5.1. Kesimpulan ........................................................................................................ 70
5.2. Saran................................................................................................................... 73

Daftar Pustaka

Lampiran












vi

Daftar Gambar

Gambar 1. Pengaturan internal tentang electroda silindris didalam gypsum block
menunjukkan electroda yang terpusat (kanan) dan elektroda kawat yang
paralel (kiri)............................................................................................. 15

Gambar 2. Diagram Blok dari Suatu Pengubah A/D 4-bit........................................ 17
Gambar 3. Diagram pin dari ADC0804 3-bit pengubah A/D IC.............................. 17
Gambar 4. Diagram mikrokontroler AT89S51......................................................... 19
Gambar 5. Gambar Fisik Mikrokontroller AT89S51................................................ 20
Gambar 6. Jenis-jenis Relay...................................................................................... 23
Gambar 7. Blok diagram rancangan alat penyiram otomatis.................................... 27
Gambar 8. Diagram alir program perangkat lunak .................................................. 29
Gambar 9. Grafik Hubungan Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF..................................... 33
Gambar 10. Diagram Alir Perancangan Alat ............................................................ 36
Gambar 11. Blok Diagram Pengujian dan pengkalibrasian Alat .............................. 37
Gambar 12. Diagram Alir Pengujian Sensor............................................................. 38
Gambar 13. Diagram Alir Pengujian Alat................................................................. 40
Gambar 14. Gambar rangkaian sensor ...................................................................... 42
Gambar 15. Diagram alir program awal ................................................................... 47
Gambar 16. Diagram alir program delay .................................................................. 48
Gambar 17. Diagram alir program kalibrasi ............................................................. 48
Gambar 18. Diagram alir program setting batas ....................................................... 49
Gambar 19. Diagram alir program banding data ...................................................... 50
Gambar 20. Gambar layout PCB rangkaian split driver, rangkaian MK,ADC,Driver
relay, dan rangkaian catudaya................................................................. 57
Gambar 21. Gambar rangkaian pengujian sensor dan pengkalibrasian.................... 63
Gambar 22. Grafik hubungan nilai ADC dan hasil pengukuran Kadar Air (%)...... 64
Gambar 23. Grafik hubungan nilai pF dan Kadar Air (%) ...................................... 65
Gambar 24. Gambar rangkaian pengujian alat.......................................................... 68

vii

Daftar Tabel

Tabel 1. Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF ..................................................................... 34
Tabel 2. Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai ADC pada sensor ...................... 63
Tabel 3. Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai pF.............................................. 65
Tabel 4. Data hasil pengujian pF gypsum dan Kadar Air (%) .................................. 67
Tabel 5. Data kesalahan antara pF sandbox dan pF gypsum.................................... 67






















viii

Daftar Lampiran


Lampiran I. Rangkaian Rencana Penelitian........................................................ 73
Lampiran II. Rangkaian ADC, LCD, MK AT89S51, keypad, Catu daya, driver
relay, dan relay.................................................................................. 74
Lampiran III. Rangkaian Split Driver dan sensor gypsum block .......................... 75
Lampiran IV. Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian ............................................................ 76
Lampiran V. Anggaran Biaya Penelitian ............................................................. 77
Lampiran VI. Data hasil Mapping untuk keluaran nilai pF pada LCD.......................... 78
Lampiran VII. Gambar Dokumentasi Penelitian.............................................................. 79
Lampiran VIII. Laporan hasil Analisa Laboratorium........................................................ 80
Lampiran IX. Data Sheet Komponen ............................................................................. 81














................ Kesimpulan ...................................2...2...1 Alat.................1.....................2...................3........ 29 3.. METODE PENELITIAN 3................ Cara Kerja Alat .........3.............. Analisa Teknik .... 36 3....................... 25 3..................... Rancangan Fungsional ...4............3.....7.......................... 30 3........................................... 26 3.................................................................... Pengujian dan Pengkalibrasian Alat................................................. PENUTUP 5........................................... Saran........ Alat dan Bahan........................................................ 23 III......1............4................................... Bahasa Assembler .....................6........................................1....................2........ Rancangan Alat . Tanah Sebagai media yang diukur ..............................................2....... Perancangan Alat .....................................................7.............5...........2.................1 Perancangan Alat ............. Waktu dan Tempat .............................. 39 IV...................................................................................................................................... 36 3........................................ 25 3..2............................7 Pelaksanaan Penelitian ............................1......................................... 26 3............... 70 5.......................................................................................................................... HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN 4..................................... 25 3................ 59 V................................................ 33 3................................... 41 4............................ Rancangan Struktur.................................................. 25 3.. 34 3.................................................................................. 73 Daftar Pustaka Lampiran v .............6..........................2 Pengujian Alat dan Pengkalibrasian Alat......................................................2 Bahan ......

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