Daftar Isi

Lembar Persetujuan ............................................................................................ i
Lembar Pengesahan............................................................................................. ii
Pernyataan Keaslian Skripsi............................................................................... iii
Daftar Isi ............................................................................................................... iv
Daftar Gambar .................................................................................................... vi
Daftar Tabel ......................................................................................................... vii
Daftar Lampiran ................................................................................................. viii
Daftar Simbol ...................................................................................................... ix
I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................. 2
1.3. Tujuan ............................................................................................................... 3
1.4. Manfaat ............................................................................................................. 3
1.5. Batasan Masalah ............................................................................................... 3
II. TINJUAN PUSTAKA
2.1. Kebutuhan Air Tanaman .................................................................................... 5
2.2. Energi Air Tanah................................................................................................ 6
2.2.1. Pengertan Energi Air Tanah...................................................................... 6
2.2.2. Satuan........................................................................................................ 9
2.2.3. Tekstur Tanah............................................................................................ 10
2.2.4. Struktur Tanah........................................................................................... 11
2.2.5. Pengukuran Kadar Air Tanah dan Energi Air Tanah................................ 11
2.2.6. Kurva Karakteristik Tanah........................................................................ 13
2.3. Rancang Bangun Alat Penyiram Otomatis ........................................................ 14
2.4.1. Tranducer.................................................................................................. 14
2.4.2. Pengubah Analog ke Digital ..................................................................... 16
2.4.3. Mikrokontroller AT 89S51 ....................................................................... 17
2.4.4. LCD ........................................................................................................... 20
2.4.5. Relay.......................................................................................................... 23

iv

..........................................1 Alat.......................................... 25 3... 26 3...................... 23 III........2.......1................2............. 70 5.......................... 59 V...................................................................... HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN 4........................ Cara Kerja Alat ............................... 39 IV.. 73 Daftar Pustaka Lampiran v .................... Kesimpulan .............2 Bahan ..... Waktu dan Tempat ............................ Perancangan Alat .....................1........................................ Rancangan Alat ..........................................................................2 Pengujian Alat dan Pengkalibrasian Alat.......................1...................................7 Pelaksanaan Penelitian .............................2..................................7.......................6................... 33 3.................... Bahasa Assembler .................2...... PENUTUP 5................. 34 3....................................................5............3...........4.......... 26 3...... Alat dan Bahan..... 36 3.... METODE PENELITIAN 3...................... Rancangan Fungsional .......................................................... 25 3.......................................1.................7......... 30 3......3............................. Analisa Teknik ....2..........4.............................................................. 41 4..........................................................................3......................................................................................................2... Saran...........................................................................6................................................... 36 3......................... Tanah Sebagai media yang diukur ............. Pengujian dan Pengkalibrasian Alat........... 25 3..........1 Perancangan Alat ........................................ Rancangan Struktur......................................................................................... 29 3................................. 25 3.....2...............................................

............................................ADC....................................................... Diagram Blok dari Suatu Pengubah A/D 4-bit... 23 Gambar 7.. Gambar rangkaian pengujian alat.................................. 37 Gambar 12.. 64 Gambar 23. Diagram alir program setting batas ..................................................... 17 Gambar 4.. Gambar rangkaian pengujian sensor dan pengkalibrasian .. Diagram alir program delay ................................... Diagram Alir Perancangan Alat ................... 42 Gambar 15.. 38 Gambar 13......................... 49 Gambar 19................... Grafik hubungan nilai ADC dan hasil pengukuran Kadar Air (%).............. 65 Gambar 24......... Blok diagram rancangan alat penyiram otomatis............................................... 15 Gambar 2...................................................... Diagram alir program banding data ... Grafik Hubungan Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF.... Diagram mikrokontroler AT89S51 ..... 17 Gambar 3.................. 57 Gambar 21.................................................... 20 Gambar 6........................................... 68 vi ........... 47 Gambar 16.Daftar Gambar Gambar 1............................................................................ 48 Gambar 18................... 36 Gambar 11.............................................. Grafik hubungan nilai pF dan Kadar Air (%) ................................................................. Blok Diagram Pengujian dan pengkalibrasian Alat ....................... 50 Gambar 20... Jenis-jenis Relay............................................................. rangkaian MK................. Diagram alir program perangkat lunak ............ 19 Gambar 5............................... Pengaturan internal tentang electroda silindris didalam gypsum block menunjukkan electroda yang terpusat (kanan) dan elektroda kawat yang paralel (kiri)............. Diagram alir program kalibrasi ... 40 Gambar 14.........................................Driver relay........................ Gambar layout PCB rangkaian split driver... Diagram pin dari ADC0804 3-bit pengubah A/D IC ................... 27 Gambar 8........................................................ 63 Gambar 22........ 48 Gambar 17........ Diagram Alir Pengujian Sensor.............. 33 Gambar 10.... 29 Gambar 9....................................................................................... Diagram Alir Pengujian Alat.... Gambar rangkaian sensor .............. dan rangkaian catudaya ..... Gambar Fisik Mikrokontroller AT89S51............................................................. Diagram alir program awal ......

......... Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai ADC pada sensor .................................. Kadar Air Tanah dan nilai pF .... Data kesalahan antara pF sandbox dan pF gypsum ........................ 67 Tabel 5...................................................Daftar Tabel Tabel 1... 63 Tabel 3.................... 67 vii ...................................... Data hasil pengujian pF gypsum dan Kadar Air (%) ............... 65 Tabel 4.... 34 Tabel 2......... Hasil pengukuran kadar air (%) dan nilai pF ..

............... Gambar Dokumentasi Penelitian ............ dan relay............................ 79 Lampiran VIII....................................... Anggaran Biaya Penelitian .........Daftar Lampiran Lampiran I........................ Data hasil Mapping untuk keluaran nilai pF pada LCD .... Rangkaian ADC................. 74 Lampiran III................. LCD..................................................................... Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian ..................... 78 Lampiran VII....... Rangkaian Split Driver dan sensor gypsum block ............. 81 viii ... Laporan hasil Analisa Laboratorium............... 75 Lampiran IV....... Data Sheet Komponen . 80 Lampiran IX........................................................ MK AT89S51......... driver relay........................................... 77 Lampiran VI................. Catu daya................ Rangkaian Rencana Penelitian ................................................ 76 Lampiran V.... keypad.............. 73 Lampiran II..............

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