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Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

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Automatic LED Emergency Light

admin February - 23 - 2008 223 Comments
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LED Emergency Light

We have developed three circuits under Automatic LED Emergency Light. Two of them are designed by Mr. Seetharaman, a very valuable and important contributor of this website. We have ease of reading. If you have any doubts; please comment with circuit name or circuit number.

1. Simple Emergency Light using LED 2. Automatic Emergency Light using LM317 IC 3. Modified Version of Automatic LED Emergency Lamp using LM 317

1. Simple Emergency Light Circuit

This is one of the most cost effective (cheap) and simple emergency light circuit developed for CircuitsToday This is an automatic emergency lamp with day light sensing, means it sense automatically. Similarly it senses day light and turns OFF automatically.

A simple emergency lamp which does not require any special equipment; even a multimeter to assemble and use. Any individual who can do a good quality soldering must be able to build this easily accommodated in the defunct two 6 watt tube National Emergency Lamp or any PL tube type emergency lamp. The difference will be in the working; it will work non stop for more than 8 care by the LED characteristic and over charge protection is taken care by the fixed voltage regulator.This uses a simple 3Pin fixed regulator which has a built in current limiting circuit. The only r which has to be set to ensure the LEDs just light up (it should be left at that position). The 5mm LDR is just mounted on top of the emergency light as shown in the photograph. LDR is used t time or when the room lights are ON. 2 LEDs are used in series; the dropping resistance is avoided and 2 LEDs light up with current that is required for a single LED, by which energy is saved t Note: This circuit is developed by Mr.Seetharaman for readers of CircuitsToday. This particular circuit has been kept so simple for people who has limited access to components or in other that you can build with minimum components. In addition to circuit diagram, He has shared photographs of the prototype he made in National emergency light and a PCB design.

Simple Emergency Light Circuit Diagram:



Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Photographs of prototype made in National Emergency Light:

Emergency Light Circuit PCB Design:



Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

PCB Design

2. Automatic LED Emergency Light

NOTE: Considering the doubts raised by many of our valuable readers in our Comments section, this circuit has been modified by Mr.Seetharaman, one of our valuable contributors. circuit here: Automatic LED Emergency Light Modified.


This is the circuit diagram of a low cost emergency light based on white LED.The white LED provide very bright light which turns on when the mains supply is not there.The circuit has an charging when the battery is fully charged. The IC LM 317 produces a regulated 7 V for the charging of Battery.Transistor BD 140 drives the out put.Transistor BC 548 and Zener diode controls the charging of the battery.

It is always better to connect a heat sink with BD 140.Before using the circuit out put of LM317 must be set to 7V by adjusting the potentiometer.

Automatic LED Emergency Circuit Diagram:



Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Note: R3 to R14 are all 100 ohms We have more interesting Lighting circuits for you,please take a look: 1. LED Ramping Circuit An interesting LED application with help of a ramping circuit. 2. Flashing LED Unit A circuit application to flash many LEDs. 3. Puff to OFF LED circuit A simple,hobby and more of a fun circuit where you can turn OFF an LED with a puff. 4. Street Light Circuit Want to build a street light application? This is the one you are looking for. 5. Light Activated Switch A circuit application to make a switch activated when light falls upon (and vice versa). If you are interested in knowing How an LED works ? Take a look at our article:- How an LED Works

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Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Posted in Home Circuits, Lighting Circuits Tags: circuit design, circuit diagram, hobby circuits, hobby projects, Home Circuits, Most Popular Circuits, Simple Electronics Projects

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223 Responses to Automatic LED Emergency Light

Sadiq tobi says: May 4, 2012 at 5:29 am Hi Mr Seetharaman Plz sir i need d lists of components in d construction of an emergency lamplight using remote control i also need the circuit diagram of dis device.plz send it to my mail Seetharaman says: April 18, 2012 at 8:03 am Hi Sarkar you have to use rectifier capacitor etc refer to my mains operated LED. the same circuit you have to use by increasing the value of 1uF as 1.2uF 400volts no change in other components. Santu Sarkar says: April 17, 2012 at 9:49 pm Respected sir, I want apply only 220v on 50 Leds set (3v 50mA high bright leds ).This is not Emergency. So I asked you that I have required any diode or resistor? seetharaman says: April 15, 2012 at 9:47 am Hi Sarkar you can use my earlier project with 50LEDs of 25mA bright white variety (instead of 3volt 50mA high bright 4 pin variety)replace 1uF capacitor with 0.68uF 400volt polyester required. hope you want it for 220volts 50Hz operation. Santu Sarkar says: April 15, 2012 at 5:17 am Respected sir, How to make a 50 leds set. That is on by 220v. I have required any diode or resistor? Plz explain me. seetharaman says: April 10, 2012 at 8:08 am

Hi Sarkar automatic means the light should come on once the supply fails (this happens in the second circuit even during day light). Still for automation, it should not glow in the daylight or in the near visinity. This point is taken care in the simple emergency lamp (first circuit). hence it is fully automatic. that is once power fails, if it is dark without any other light source in the ne on automatically. Santu Sarkar says: April 9, 2012 at 8:27 am Respected sir,

I was going through with the circuit diagram and wanted to work on it, sir i want to know what exactly Automatic means in this project i mean what is the process of its charging and how d complete informations related to this circuit in detail sir ill be highly thanks full to you if you reply me for all of my queries and asks i want your support for it because this projects is very m please reply me on my mail address Thank you Santu Sarkar says: 5/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

April 9, 2012 at 7:52 am I want to know what is the color code & watt R1 to R15? Please mention it. raju says: March 30, 2012 at 12:39 am

i do not electric & electronic knowledge but when i saw this article im interested to do so. can you help me to arrange an Automatic LED Emergency Circuit for me, i can pay you. how m RICK says: March 28, 2012 at 4:52 pm Really like the Auto Emergency Light,,,Nice Design;;I Like!!! seetharaman says: March 12, 2012 at 8:15 am Hi Vivek my contact mail id vivek says: March 10, 2012 at 9:57 pm more useful to me. so.i want to contact with you vaideesh says: March 8, 2012 at 6:27 am pis sir i need full description about the above circuit diagram samuel m koroma says: March 7, 2012 at 9:40 pm please sir,i want to see the full write up of the simple emergency light circuit pradeep says: March 6, 2012 at 9:20 pm sir please tell ur mail id. i want to discuss something about my project. pradeep says: March 6, 2012 at 9:18 pm sir i need the charger circuit for 14.4 v 4.5 AH laptop batery. it was made by using 3.7v,2200 mAh samsung li-ion battaries. it was made using 8 bataries 4 in series and parallel connection. how to charge the battary? i want this to use it for the emergency lamp. Seetharaman says: March 6, 2012 at 9:34 am

Hi Prasad you can use 24LEDs for a bright and long time lighting. use one more BD140 in parallel (base and emitter in parallel)and to its collector connect another group of 12 LEDs. The 11watts energy saver light and it will give you 7hrs non stop with fully charged battery. Prasad.M says: March 5, 2012 at 12:24 am Hi sir, Maximum of how many LEDS can be connected in this circuit to get high brightness and good battery back up. Plz suggest Seetharaman says: March 3, 2012 at 2:28 am

Hi prasad it is required for the light to come on automatically. Day time the light will be off and night it will turn on automatically. If you donot want the facility you can do away with R15 an switch with LEDs. This will bec ome a solar light (charging the battery with solar energy and use it as lantern during night whenever required) Prasad.M says: March 2, 2012 at 7:51 pm Hi sir you replied for my question like below Hi just buy a solar panel capable of 500mA at 12 volts. connect it through a scottky diode(2N5819 or similar)to LM317 input by deleting X1, D1 to D4. My Main concern is Should i retain R15 resistor and T2 BD140 transistor in the circuit or not for Solar powered emergency lite. Seetharaman says: March 1, 2012 at 9:21 am Hi Prasad sorry not addressing your name. it suits both the questions you can use solar cell of the capacity indicated. 6/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Prasad.M says: March 1, 2012 at 1:27 am Was this replied for my question or not. I have doubt so clarify me plz. If its replied for me then should i retain R15 resistor and T2 BD140 transistor in the circuit or not. Hi Kumar just buy a solar panel capable of 500mA at 12 volts. connect it through a scottky diode(2N5819 or similar)to LM317 input by deleting X1, D1 to D4. Seetharaman says: February 29, 2012 at 10:31 am Hi Kumar just buy a solar panel capable of 500mA at 12 volts. connect it through a scottky diode(2N5819 or similar)to LM317 input by deleting X1, D1 to D4. Prasad.M says: February 28, 2012 at 9:44 pm Hi I need to do Automatic LED Emergency Light using Solar power. Please suggest necessary changes and modified circuit for Solar Emergency LED lamp with good brightness. Email: Kumar says: February 28, 2012 at 6:38 am Hello sir, can u help me to do the same charger without a transformer and also protection of battery against over charging in it? David Colin says: February 10, 2012 at 8:46 am Hello sir I have a requirement for the above emergency light circuit but with the following alterations; 1. we need to use an off the shelf 12V 1W lamp and so need to increase the battery size 2. we would like to see a charging indicator LED to confirm the mains are on. Can you advise what changes would need to be made please seetharaman says: February 5, 2012 at 10:10 pm

Hi Shrikant no need for any calculation you can just go ahead constructing. Hi Rubel LM317 is a constant voltage regulator to protect the battery against over charge once the terminal vol will bring down the voltage through zener ZD1 and T1. This is an additional protection against over voltage. Rubel Dhiman says: February 4, 2012 at 9:04 am hi sir. please explain the working of circuit no.2.i am little confused with working of transistors and lm317.. please explain sir. rubel dhiman. shrikant says: February 3, 2012 at 9:10 am 1) there is need of calculation for power supply. or directly we connect it given in the ckt diagram Seetharaman says: January 14, 2012 at 5:18 am

Hi Ali In the first circuit 7808 is the regulator for the charger circuit. Mosfet is used for switching the LEDs, with very low drop in voltage. LDR is used for switching off the LEDs during d available from other sources. In the second circuit 317 is the regulator for charging circuit and BD140 transistor is the LED driver. Hi Edgardo thanks and I am back to India. Muhammad Ali says: January 12, 2012 at 12:22 pm I do not understand 1 emergecy light circuit.Please explain me Muhammad Ali says: January 12, 2012 at 12:18 pm Hi tony says: January 9, 2012 at 7:27 pm

i need an assist toward my project in the constrution of a low cost-automatic emergency light, av been searching for a v.resistor 2.2k and 16k 5watt resistor and i cnt get it pls can their be mentioned or wherelse can i get it 7/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Edgardo says: December 30, 2011 at 8:59 am Sorry, ERRATA; HAPPY NEW YEAR inadvance to you Edgardo Edgardo says: December 30, 2011 at 8:58 am

Hello Seetharaman, Good day and advance HAPPY NEW TO YOU.. My inquiry is this; for the circuit Automatic LED Emergency Circuit Diagram, what value of ZD1 I will connect in the case of 9.6 volts Nicad rechargeable battery I will charge, and what value also for ZD1 rechargeable batteries, just for flexibility on use of this circuit. I like this circuit, very simple. And maybe I could make use of this circuit for my interne router requiring 5VDC, 1A supply, of course I will connect a 5V regulator (LM7805) from battery B+ going to the router powe Can this be ok? Best Regards Edgardo Priyaranjan says: December 30, 2011 at 3:38 am Dear Sir, I followed the modified circuit.But I have two problems after completing the circuit i)Red LED is not glowing even the battery voltage is 5.8 volt (In charging condition) ii)Battery is maximum charged up to 6volt.I modified the circuit with 4.7k POT. Please help. Thanks. ankit sharma says: December 28, 2011 at 10:59 am hi, i assembled the automatic LED emergency light but there occurs a problem , all LEDs are turn on when i plugged the mains supply.plz help sir Seetharaman says: December 19, 2011 at 5:47 pm

Hi Nitin refer the modified drawing it has got the low voltage cut off also. regarding the simple version as there are 2 3volt LEDs in series they will not glow ar 5.3 volt hence no conduction LEDs are not glowing plug emergency light to mains for charging. All these were taken care during the design. laxman says: December 19, 2011 at 9:38 am what are the apparatus of this circuit sasi says: December 9, 2011 at 5:13 am sir, I need a led based emergency light with 12v battery.minimum back up time 8 hours.please post some circuits its very useful, nitin says: December 8, 2011 at 9:40 am

this circuit is outdated, switching of this ckt depends on mains power, but when battery goes under voltage then also led remains on and damages battery performance by deep discharging Seetharaman says: November 10, 2011 at 12:16 pm

Hi Ramasami it is a LEAD Acid Gel cell of 4 volts. You connect to supply for 24hrs and keep it away. Use the light once the LED brightness comes down charge it over night and disconn the battery will get over charged and the battery life will come down drastically, may be in 6 months you have to go for a new battery, which is not available in India at present. Available o the above circuit all are taken care. Afteral for Rs140/- that is all you can expect from Chinese. These products cannot enter USA market. These get into India market due to our greedy t Ramasami. V. says: November 10, 2011 at 3:00 am Dear SitaRaman, The Chinese made emergency lamp failed; I opened it. It uses a 2+2=4v bty; one Transistor, 1 indicator red Led; 2 capacitors; 4 resistors and 6 diodes. It works in AC 220v. There is a switch by which we can manually operate it. It can auto switch when mains fail. It has no transformer, IC LEDs. 8/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Can that cct. be explained?? Light Activated Switch Circuit says: November 10, 2011 at 2:42 am [...] 2. Automatic LED Emergency Light [...] Umer says: November 3, 2011 at 2:24 am I m using LM317 circuit, thank you sir. Seetharaman says: November 2, 2011 at 6:08 am Hi Umer if you are using Simple emrgengy lamp circuit change 7808 regulator to 7806 regulator no other change is required. If you are using LM317 circuit adjust outpur voltage for 5volts at battery terminal end, without battery connected. reduce R16 to 12 ohms and reduce ZD1 to 4.2volts Umer says: November 2, 2011 at 12:43 am sir how to modify charger circuit to charge a 4V 0.7A lead-acid battery? seetharaman says: October 28, 2011 at 6:17 pm Hi Hari for 12volt 7AH attery you require an output of 14.0 volts at 2amps. you need a major design change. With 1/2 watts LEDs 8 LEDs (4 in series in each loop) will work for 20hrs non stop. You can use the charger appeared earlier in this column M Sikandar says: October 27, 2011 at 10:45 pm Dear Sir, I want to make SERVO VOLTAGE STABILIZER (SOLID STATE DESIGN) for my university project. If you have any thesis or any material then Please mail me I realy need this. Thanks. seetharaman says: October 27, 2011 at 12:46 pm

Hi Jayaram ask for high Bright white LEDs. For LM317 see the datasheet on net. the total cost will be less than Rs500/- excluding box. if you have any old defunct one at home use its en materials from inside. for lm317 see the following link. Hi Paras you can use for blinker standard amber 5mm LEDs 5nos in series with 20mA constant current source using simple 2 transistors. For head lamp use super bright white LEDs 4pin volt. use 3 LEDs in series with 50mA constant current source. if you get 3 volt LED driver ICs use them they SMPS can take wide range of in put voltage and drive high currents the most application. hari says: October 27, 2011 at 9:28 am Hello Seetharaman, i got 12V 7 Ah Battery So please explain the circuit changes how many leds(1/2W) are used for 7Ah battery? plz help me.. hari says: October 27, 2011 at 9:15 am i got 12V 7A battery so can any one pls modify this circuit for it and i need more bulbs too pls help me JAYARAM says: October 26, 2011 at 12:59 am

i am not an electronics engineer.but i would like to try this one(automatic led lamp) out.i dont have any idea of selecting leds for the circuit.kindly mail me answers of the following queries 1. how do i rate the leds.(i need to tell the shop owner the ratings, isnt ) do i find the polarities of various components like lm317 etc 3.appropriate cost of each components. regards jv 9/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Paras says: October 23, 2011 at 10:48 pm Hello sir, I want to modify my kinetic hondas blinkers & tail lamps.. with LEDs plz help me to design circuit.& also give me the details of material requires.. we offanly see this types of lights r now used in forein countries. RICK says: October 19, 2011 at 10:55 am This Is a Interesting and Practical Circuit that is useful to have around the House Even If You arent Crazy about Building Stuff!! syed says: September 2, 2011 at 4:26 am HELLO SIR, I want 24volt/10amps smps circuit with battery(half an hour backup).If power fail go to battery mode. this my project .pls send me circuit as soon as possible. Thanks & Regards S.Syed Babu seetharaman says: August 20, 2011 at 10:06 am Add one more 1N4007 diode in series with the existing 2 diodes. this may be due to the 7808 IC. syed says: August 18, 2011 at 10:36 pm sir, battery charging volt is to reduce 7volt.pls reply me. Abul Hossain says: August 9, 2011 at 12:36 am got an idea to repair my own light. seetharaman says: June 23, 2011 at 5:06 am Hi Bhoopesh good idea. connect only 2 LEDs in normal mode (low light mode) and connect all LEDs for high brightness. This can be carried out through a switch. When ever you go out once you return locating light will not be a problem as it is already lit, now switch to full bright mode. Bhoopesh says: June 22, 2011 at 7:36 am Hi Seetharaman, Yours is a wonderful circuit.But I like to have some modifications. Can you suggest?. In the circut, the emergency light goes on with full power when main power fails (LDR function will of course work) and remains till power returns.

Modification I like On main power failure, the Emergency light should switch on at full power, all LEDs. But after a while say after 1 minuter or 2, almost all LEDs should switch off, expect 1 or 2 LED in there be LDR function included). Benifit usually the Emergency lights switch on always when power fails, and stay lit till power returns even if no one at home/even if everyone is sleeping!. My suggestion will over come this. After the main LEDs got switched off after 1 or 2 minutes of power failure, we should be able to switch on the same (main, all LEDs) by some switch (pull to?) This happen only if there is inhabitant or through PIR sensors!. This full LED re-lighting has to be linked to auto switch off on power resuming. I know linking PIR sensor is bit complicated. But most of the LED switching off can be done through some timer ICs?. Can you give some suggestions? And about me, I am basically a medical doctor but with a strong hobby in electronics Seetharaman says: May 21, 2011 at 12:43 am Hi Amit if you have 12volt 5Amp transformer, use two 5403 rectifiers and a 3.3 ohms 20watts resistance in series to limit the current to charge the battery. amit kumar dev says: May 19, 2011 at 9:44 pm 10/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

hi its amit.i have a yb5l lead acid battery used in bikes of 12v,5Ah range.i have 5 amp transformer.wt more other devices are required to build its charger.or how can it be charged using ho soon.i want to use it as inverter fahad irfan awan says: May 12, 2011 at 9:49 pm its good project for my edc Seetharaman says: April 28, 2011 at 2:12 am Hi Aswin you can use 8550 instead of BD140. aswin says: April 27, 2011 at 11:15 pm

hey there. I would like to try this circuit. I got all the parts expect BD140. Its nt available in any of the shopes in my area. I also tried for 2N2905,i think its my bad luck that it is also not av transistors that can be replaced in the place of BD140. I hope u will reply me soon. Thank you Seetharaman says: April 23, 2011 at 7:58 am Hi Roshan kindly inform me which circuit you are following so that i can give my comment. jojo says: April 23, 2011 at 1:08 am What reports ? please explain your needs. Gaurav Jindal says: April 22, 2011 at 12:03 am how to get reports in u r site telme thx Gaurav Jindal says: April 22, 2011 at 12:02 am circut of emergency light with ac 220v regience use not use transformer ok reply plz thx Roshan says: April 14, 2011 at 1:04 am Sorry Seetharaman, shorting the collector and base makes the LEDs glow when connected to the mains. Otherwise it will be off. Do I need to change the variable resistor to 4.7k.? I did correctly..I took, left as emitter, center one as collector and the right most one as base Do you have the pcb layout of the modified version of the circuit.? Seetharaman says: April 14, 2011 at 12:51 am

Hi Roshan I forgot to tell you for BD140 center collector right is base and left is emitter . This is just different from other plastic transistors. kindly correct it it will become alright. go throug Roshan says: April 13, 2011 at 11:24 pm

hello Seetharaman, i modified the circuit as on your comment. But what happens now is, when i connected to main power supply, if i short BD140s emitter and collector, the leds glow, ot remove from mains, it wont glow, even if i short those terminals. What is wrong? Roshan says: April 13, 2011 at 5:51 pm

One more doubtI am basically new to electronics. You have said that you had to forward bias the transistor T2, which is BD140. How did you do that. Did you replace the 1K resistor purpose? Roshan says: 11/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

April 13, 2011 at 5:36 pm Hello Seetharaman, thanks for the quick reply. In the comment of December 29,2009, you have referred to a common negative ..Is that the common ground of the lamp section? Seetharaman says: April 13, 2011 at 9:55 am Hi Roshan kindly refer to my comment of Dec 27th 2009 and also refer to my modified emergency light appeared in circuits today Roshan says: April 13, 2011 at 8:51 am Hello, I have tried this circuit. But didnt work. I dont know why. Please help me correct it. Following are the status of my circuit:-

1) after assembling the circuit and connecting the battery, the leds glow. but, if i connect the main power supply, the leds turn off. But if I short the 1&2 or 2&3 terminars of BD140, the led 2) After the first time, the leds are still off even after disconnecting from the mains. But shorting the terminals of the BD140 turns it on. 3) I dont know whether the battery is charging or not. 4) When I checked the voltage across anode of D1 and R15 or cathode of diode D3 and R15, the voltage shown in the multimeter is very low. Is there something wrong. Please help. Seetharaman says: March 29, 2011 at 8:56 am Hi Imran you can use 2N2905 or the recent 8550 transistor. choose ZD1 as close to 6.8volt as possible. Adel says: March 29, 2011 at 4:28 am I want a circuit to illuminate a lamb and if cut off it switchs another lamb autumatically enersystec says: February 18, 2011 at 12:06 am This is good circuit, we will try to build a few samples for evaluation. IMRAN says: January 29, 2011 at 5:11 am Hi Seetharaman, Can I replace BD140 PNP transistor with any other transistor? I didnot find this in my local market. Please Help me!! neenu says: January 15, 2011 at 7:43 pm sir, i want to add a buzzer which will make sound whenever current is going and coming(like an inveter).Please give a repley Seetharaman says: January 4, 2011 at 8:18 am Hi Ravi you can use 12-0-12 1Amp, use a good heat sink for LM317 as it has to dissipate extra 3 watts. Ravi says: January 4, 2011 at 4:55 am Can I use 12-01-12 1A transformer for the 6V 4.5Ah SLA Battery? sandy says: December 14, 2010 at 6:05 pm hey dude thanks i may start asap Seetharaman says: December 13, 2010 at 2:13 am Hi Sandy Go ahead constructing the modified version. you are sure to suceed. sandy says: December 12, 2010 at 8:51 pm hi friends this sis sandeep i am planning to start this project on my own. I need all ur help to complete successfully 12/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Seetharaman says: November 9, 2010 at 1:06 am Hi Jain you go through the modified version of this you get the full details including calculations Achin Jain says: November 8, 2010 at 10:04 am

Respected sir, I am a student of engineering, 3rd year sir i was going through with the circuit diagram and wanted to work on it, sir i want to know what exactly Automatic means in this project i mean what is the process of its charging and how the complete informations related to this circuit in detail sir ill be highly thanks full to you if you reply me for all of my queries and asks i want your support for it because this projects is ver please reply me on my mail address i.e Thank you rishaan says: November 8, 2010 at 3:01 am hi sir..i would like to know how much does constructing this full project roughly cost? because im planning on doing this project as a low cost product abhishek says: September 23, 2010 at 7:32 am i want to know how it will stop charging after full charge?? please write how voltage changes and all that for working of this ckt. Seetharaman says: September 19, 2010 at 9:40 am

Hi Patrick no modofication is required you can use12 volt 500mA transformer and 6 volt 4AH battery. For good brightness use hi bright white LEDs. Normally 12 LEDs are sufficient. if you fell it is not then add one more BD140 with 12 more LEDs with will be equivallent or better than 11 patrick vaz says: September 19, 2010 at 5:50 am Hi Admin, I made this circuit, but the Brightness is very poor, if u could prepare a circuit which would house about 50 to 60 leds would really appreciate. Thanks for the help shreya says: August 22, 2010 at 9:15 am Hi seetharaman subject: 100watt sub-woofer i shorted R9 & R10 the temperature of transistors decreased but Q7 is getting hotter than Q5 why ? patrick vaz says: August 18, 2010 at 6:30 am HI, I Have a 0-12V transormer 500ma and the battery is 6v 4ah will any modification be required in the circuit, Pls respond. Read more: Under Creative Commons License: Attribution deepak says: August 17, 2010 at 9:27 am

Sir,i want to make this circuit with 24 leds. please tell me what modifications are required for making this? tell me all changed resistors values. and also tell that,with lead acid battery of 6v give light? plz reply soon. pradeep says: August 6, 2010 at 4:18 am i am having 14.4 v, 4Ah li-ion rechargeable battery. i need to glow more lights for more hours.tell atleast the lighting circuit. pradeep says: August 6, 2010 at 4:15 am thank you for the reply. i need wattage of all the resistors used in the circuit. shreya says: August 4, 2010 at 8:59 am Hi seetharaman subject: 100watt sub-woofer 13/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

i shorted R9 & R10 the temperature of transistors decreased but Q7 is getting hotter than Q5 why ? logeshwaran says: August 4, 2010 at 2:53 am waterlevel alarm seetharaman says: August 3, 2010 at 3:56 am

Hi Sunny You can use D size torch cells will give you 500mA hour. That is if you draw 50mA from it, will work for 10hours. Normally the high bright white LED requires around 25mA at 6nos LEDs for enough brightness to read using as a table lamp. That is 300 mA the lamp may work for a maximum of 2hours only. think of alkaline cells quite expensive. think of solar rec Sunny says: August 2, 2010 at 7:15 am

Sir,in my village there is too much problem of light. So i want to make a LED LAMP which i want to light up from a dry battery. Because in night we have much diffculty in studying by usin tell us how to make led-lamp by Buying what materials from market. seetharaman says: August 1, 2010 at 3:45 am

Hi Pradeep you can use but the charging circuit has to be modified. The transformer to be replaced with 2.5 amp rating. A power transistor to be added to LM317 IC as it can handle a m to be changed to 2 ohms 20watts. pradeep says: July 31, 2010 at 7:16 am can i use 6v 9AH battery for the circuit? what are the things i should change? in the above circuit what is the wattage of resistance used? what will be the power output of the circuit? seetharaman says: July 29, 2010 at 8:45 am

If 0.5amp is flowing through 16 ohms resistance then the power dissipation by that resistance is Isq X r = 0.5 X 0.5 X 16 that is 4watts dissipation so higher wattage is preferred hence 5w wattage resistance less than 4 watts it will get cooked up. adnan says: July 29, 2010 at 7:09 am why we use the 5W resistor?what will the effect by using high wattage rating of resistor? seetharaman says: July 26, 2010 at 7:45 am yes it will improve, instead of 12 hrs it may charge in 8hrs or so. adnan says: July 26, 2010 at 5:57 am if i use 1amp transformer will the battery get charge quickly?? seetharaman says: July 25, 2010 at 10:07 am Hi Pradeep around 10 to 12 hrs. pradeep says: July 24, 2010 at 11:36 pm how much time it will works when battery is fully charged? seetharaman says: July 23, 2010 at 9:57 am Hi Adnan you can use. geetha says: July 23, 2010 at 1:23 am got an idea to repair my own light adnan says: July 21, 2010 at 11:17 am can i use 9-0 v 1A transformer for the above circuit???? adnan says: July 21, 2010 at 11:17 am 14/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

can i use 9-0 1A transformer for the above circuit???? adnan says: July 21, 2010 at 11:16 am can i use 9-0 1A transformer for the above circuit adnan says: July 21, 2010 at 11:12 am can i use 9-0 1A transformer for the above same circuit??? seetharaman says: July 19, 2010 at 1:24 am

the battery will get heated up and it cycle life will come down drastically. normally lead acid cells should work for 500 charge discharge cycles. by over charging, and charging above manu and deep discharging the batteries will get their life shortened. adnan says: July 18, 2010 at 11:14 am if i give more than 1.35 ampere current to a 4.5AH battery what will happen??? Seetharaman says: June 28, 2010 at 8:05 am

Dear Saravanan with 7AH battery it should work for 45 mts to 1hr. Check with a fully charged battery. Check whether the built charger is capable of charging at the rate of max 2.25 amp will take a very lon g time to get charged. Try the above checks and give a feed back for the solution. saravanan says: June 28, 2010 at 5:35 am we are using 7ah battery seetharaman says: June 26, 2010 at 10:30 pm

Dear Saravanan You can use a battery which can sustain for the required hours (battaery AH capacity) say in your case the battery is 12volt and watts is 50 if the inverter efficiency is say 80% you require battery is required. say for 5hrs you require 25AH battery is required. you have to use a charger suitable for the battery, that is 7.5 amp charger. as the built in charger of the inverter will n saravanan says: June 26, 2010 at 6:37 pm

i am working in mnc company.we are seperately installed 50w inverter ( output 1) 230v ac 2)12v dc ) .main is on normal working cotinusely on. if power is cut the inverter mode is on. ligh will back up 20 miniuts. if cotinues working 1 hour battery is try.customer was very un working inverter mode only 10 miniutes and then cut off automatically. if power will come operation. plase give modulation circuit for above problem. saravanan says: June 25, 2010 at 5:21 am i want automatic cut off circuit for 50w will be cut off after 10 minits ( if power cut inverter mode is on ) seetharaman says: June 16, 2010 at 2:44 am Hi Aji yes you can use. connect the base of BD140 through a 220 ohms resistance to negative by using a switch. by the flip of the switch the light will glow during charging. Hi Mahesh modify your circuit as per the modified version it will work. mahesh says: June 16, 2010 at 12:06 am

hi, ive tried this circuit bt i didnt get result. actually i confusing at bd140 transister i.m not getting output from bd140 why? i tried as like the same above circuit onlr bt i didnt getting outpu connect the bd140 circuit. AJI says: June 15, 2010 at 6:07 pm

Thank you sir for your kind reply.Im very honoured to hear from a great person like you.Sir,Can we use mains for charging as well as lighting purpose simultaneously?.Im asking this kind familiar with electronics since im an IT student.But i like to do in electronics section.. seetharaman says: June 15, 2010 at 3:44 am Hi Aji you can use 2200uF. For R16 you may use 4.7 or 5 ohms resistance 5 watts so that the battery charges within 12 hrs from discharged level. kindly refer modified circuit of this. Automatic LED Emergency Light Modified. 15/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Aji says: June 14, 2010 at 5:50 pm

hi guys,,i tried to make this circuit.But there are many problems with my circuit.I have got 2200uF capacitor instead of 1000uF.Resistor with 16ohm resistance is not available to meIs th these.Whether this problems affect my circuit Please reply.. seetharaman says: June 7, 2010 at 2:44 am Hi Tutul yes charge completed and under voltage cut off is also included in the modified version refer the following page TUTUL says: June 6, 2010 at 7:00 pm sir do you includ low voltege discannect circuit? please reply. seetharaman says: May 25, 2010 at 9:08 am

Hi John one D882 is for invertor and the other one is for voltage regulator for charging the battery. C9012 & 14 are for auto operation you may check these transtors they are PNP and N on all these transistors. john says: May 24, 2010 at 5:14 pm

Sir, I have one CFL emergency light of Champion make. This utilizes 2nos of D882,1no of C9012 and 1no of C9014 transisitors and other components.My problem is that, when mains sup not cutoff automatically.what could be the problem sir? Please give me a solution and circuit diagram if possible. Thanking you sir, With regards, John Faraz Khan says: May 23, 2010 at 6:47 am I want these requirements 1) DC Output 2) 0 to 45 and -45 to 0 Volts 3) 5A on both channels 4) It must be transformerless. seetharaman says: May 23, 2010 at 1:34 am Hi Faraz Khan Can you give the full DC side requirement, whether regulated what is the voltage etc. Faraz Khan says: May 22, 2010 at 8:40 am

Hi Guys i want to know that how can i request here. I want to make a transformerless power supply for my projects. I want a supply that can provide me 3A currents both in positive volts searched all supplies which uses a transformer but those transformers are quite expensive. seetharaman says: May 17, 2010 at 2:59 am

Hi Faraz Khan R15 you reduce to 680 ohms. from each BD140 base you connect one no. 680 ohms to negative rail. emitter of all BD 140 to positive supply. collector through 12LED in negative as the above circuit. Faraz Khan says: May 16, 2010 at 4:13 am Hi Seetharaman So i just have to place 680 ohms resistors in between each base of BD140s and leds circuit to individual collectors. Is it correct? seetharaman says: May 16, 2010 at 12:47 am

Hi Faraz Khan You can use 3 circuits of 12 leds driven by its own BD140. That is connect all the three BD140 emitters together. base through 680 ohms from each BD140 base to -ve ra BD140 collector. this will enable all the three BD140 to share the current equally. Faraz Khan says: May 15, 2010 at 11:56 am

Hey Thanks SEETHARAMAN. Ill check it. Another question i want to ask that i want some leds about 36 in number. I know about the BD140 that it will not handle the current so i gue parallel to the first one, which will make current divide, accordingly. Is it OK? 16/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

seetharaman says: May 15, 2010 at 8:51 am

Hi Faraz Khan use an electronic sounder (phezo electric) in parallel with diode D5, +ve of the sounder to cathode and -ve to anode of D5. When the battery is getting charged the sounde around 0.7volt). once the battery is fully charged T1 switches on the battery will supply sounder around 4 volt for it to sound. If dont want negative voltage of 0.7 across the sounder add a sounder to block negative voltage. Faraz Khan says: May 15, 2010 at 4:32 am Hi, Every One. I want to insert a buzzer alarm in the circuit. i want the buzzer, alarm me every time the battery get full charge. At every alarm signal i will switch off the ac main for Power Saving. seetharaman says: May 8, 2010 at 9:50 pm

Hi Colin yes i agree with you. But with the present design, if you use amber LEDs you can use two of them in series. with white LEDs the voltage requirement is 3 to 3.2volt connecting the charge of the battery, but with discharged battery may not glow at all. If you use 4volt batteries the efficiency can be improved or 12 volt with 3 LEDs in series. john says: May 4, 2010 at 11:58 pm

NOTE: Considering the doubts raised by many of our valuable readers in our Comments section, this circuit has been modified by Mr.Seetharaman, one of our valuable contributors. You here: seetharaman says: May 4, 2010 at 2:41 am hi devang you email me i will reply you in depth. devang manseta says: May 3, 2010 at 1:08 pm hey can any one explain me tha working of thid circuit? Mr.anand please try seetharaman says: May 2, 2010 at 11:54 pm My id is any way i will mail you in your id. i have already devoloped few circuits with pcb etc which are in use, i have plans to submit soon to Circuits Today for Hi prshanth the standard emergency light PCBs are available in the market using 7/11Watts 2 pin energy saver tube with 6 volt gel cells. it can be used. the charger circuit need not used. Anand says: May 2, 2010 at 9:37 pm Dear Seetharaman, Mails are bouncing back from your ID.. so please let me know any other id or send the circuit to my email id Also please send me any LED lights working we can save energy a lot if we can replace our existing bulb with these LED leights. Regards, Anand Prashanth says: May 2, 2010 at 9:20 pm This circuit to good & working fine. Is it possible to connect CFL lamp? How to hook up inverter circuit to this circuit? please let me know. If you have any simple inverter circuit please share. Rgds, Prashanth V G KRISHNA says: May 1, 2010 at 5:40 pm

Dear Seetharaman, Two mails sent to your above id failed to deliver.Kindly send the modified circuit to me also at and also kilndly send the prototype develope LEDs for the LED light through Mains. Regards and Thanks. V GOPALAKRISHNA. Seetharaman says: April 30, 2010 at 11:06 pm Hi Anand LM317 and T are the same in TO220 package. P is for full plastic package and pins as per T. D2T is SMD package, K is TO3 package similar to 2N3055. 17/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Type TO-3 TO-220 TO-220FP D2PAK LM117 LM117K - - LM217 LM217K LM217T - LM217D2T LM317 LM317K LM317T LM317P LM317D2T Hi Anand send me a email I will mail you my modified circuit. Anand says: April 30, 2010 at 12:51 pm Dear VG Krishna, Thannx for ur suggesions.. could you pls tell me wht is the difference in the pins of LM317 & LM 317T?? i found both are same in the net.. pls let me know , necoz im using 317T. rgds, Anand Anand says: April 30, 2010 at 12:17 pm Dear Seetharaman,

Could yuou please send me the revised circuits with necessary changes in the components value?? i want to assemle the same from begining in a new board. If you post or send the revised will help me a lot and also there wont be any confusion for me. regards, Anand devang manseta says: April 30, 2010 at 10:29 am hello, i need your help! please anyone who reads this and is aware of the problem please answer my question! i have tried the whole circuit leds glowing well but it glows even wen i switch off da mains i dont know wat to do? plz help n how do i rectify the batery is getting charged or not plz plz reply as soon as posssible! Anand says: April 30, 2010 at 4:37 am Dear Seetharaman, Thank you for your reply.. i will recheck the same and get back to you if any help required. Regards, Anand V G KRISHNA says: April 30, 2010 at 2:01 am Thankyou Seetharaman for your kind prompt reply. Regards. V.Gopalakrishna, Hyderabad, India. seetharaman says: April 30, 2010 at 1:17 am

Hi Krishna you can provide the switch between BD140 emitter and battery positive. To improve charging current as I have mentioned earlier reduce R16 to 4E7 5Watts. You can reduce For charge indication use BC158 transistor. connect its emitter to D5 R16 junction base through 100 ohms resistance to R16 ZD1 junction. collector through 470 ohms and an LED (I pre (BC148) emitter. When ever there is a higher charging current through R18 the LED will glow brightly and as it tapers off LED will become dim. V G KRISHNA says: April 29, 2010 at 5:06 am

Dear Seetharaman, I assembled the above circuit. All the 12 LEDs are glowing alright when I swith off the mains but it was taking 5 to 6 seconds for the LEDs to light after the power switch off. Subsequently suggested earlier by you by reducing R15 to 560 ohms,connecting 560 ohms resistance between the junction of D1 and R15 to common negative and reducing R16 to 4E7-5watts. Upon light is coming within a fraction of second. Thanks a lot to you. Now I request help from you.

No switches are provided in the original circuit. So kindly suggest for the benefit of me as well as to all users as to, where to provide a switch for the emergency light portion to switch on/o 18/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

keeping the set plugged on to mains on. Where to provide an LED light to indicate that the set is under charge. Further more I want to share with you that as per the original circuit, when I measured the voltage at the two terminals before connecting to the 6v 4ah battery, it was only 0.87 DcV and a alterations, it has improved to DC V 5.20 but when I mesured the DC amps with multimeter set under DC 10 Ah, it is still measuring/playing between zero and 0.01. I am at loss to unders charge the 6V 4 Ah battery. The preset 2.2k is adjusted to maximum by me. Kindly advise. I am verymuch interested in the circuit and Thanks to CIRCUITSTODAY for providing the circuit. V.Gopalakrishna, Hyderabad, India. seetharaman says: April 25, 2010 at 10:25 pm Hi Anand Please check the polarity of the zener diode. If it is connected as forward biased diode only this can happen. By reversing the zener will solve all your problems. V G KRISHNA says: April 24, 2010 at 9:07 am

Dear Anand, I assembled the above circuit and am happy on the success of it. Thanks to CIRCUITS TODAY. All the 12 LEDs are glowing rich. But two things what I observed are 1) the LED lights are not glowing based upon the supply from the transformer alone, unless i) we attach the 6V 4 ah. battery in the circuit, making thus the circuit comlete,and ii) only after will be convenient, if it is made to glow when power is available (work as a night lamp) and auto changeover to Battery in case power goes. 2) It is taking a few seconds (5 to 7 seconds) to the LED lights to glow, over the switch off of the mains. I think, this can be improved upon based upon the improvements suggested by Sr 2009 above. Overall the circuit is good. For increase in the light, I want to increase the no. of LEDs also , as suggested by Sri Seetharaman abaove. I am getting the maximum voltage pas 6.2v. Hope this will be suffcient to charge the battery. For your problem, please check up the assembly of your circuit for any short connections and for correct pins of the transisters 1 a for LM 317 and LM 317 T. GOOD LUCK. V.GOPALAKRISHNA, HYDERABAD, INDIA. Anand says: April 24, 2010 at 3:56 am Dear Seetharaman, I tried this circuit exactly what you mentioned in the Circuit. But I found following problems 1) The output of LM317 can be set maximum up to 2.94 v by adjusting the potentiometer. 2) Out put voltage of the battery charging end shows Zero. 3) I have connected 12 LEds and only 6 or 7 leds are working and that also not bright. Pls suggeste me wht will be the wrong. seetharaman says: April 19, 2010 at 9:53 pm

Hi Masandhie Since you are using 12volt with 20LEDs 20 X 25 is 500mA current and the voltage drop across the trasistor will be 12-3=9volt 9 X 0.5A is 4.5Watts Hence BD140 will g will be wasting huge energy as heat. Instead use 3 leds in series with 100 ohms resistance in series. with 7 loops (7 X 3 = 21 LEDs)The current will 7 X 25 175mA and the voltage drop a 11.5=0.5Volt Hence 0.5 X 0.175A = 0.0875 the transistor will be cool running, the designed circuit is meant for 6volt when we adopt it to 12 volt we have to modify the circuit according Masandhie says: April 19, 2010 at 6:14 pm

Hello Seetharaman i have tried the circuit and it work, in my experiment i use motorcycle 12v lead acid battery, 20 led with 3 resistor 27ohm/5w to limit the current and it work,the resistor will only get warm get very hot (i can put a fan on it but it will increase the battery life). can the BD140 changed with other series of transistor which has higher output current?and if it can what series do i had to applied? i have tried some series like TIP2955 or 3055 but it fail. thanks VG KRISHNA says: April 8, 2010 at 8:58 am

I salute Sri Seetharaman for his expert and excellent advices being given by him, which I have seen from many a circuits. I am a retired (finance) person having interest in electronic hobby projects. Through these columns,I have assembled about two LED circuits which are working excellent. I thank S who are participating in sharing the ideas with their expert advice. I want more and more such Projects. Thanks to ALL. V.Gopala krishna,Hyderabad, India. seetharaman says: April 6, 2010 at 8:48 am

Hi Figo Vbeo indicates the reverse break down voltage of the trasistor base emitter junction. Vbe forward bias will be 0.65 volt. R15 is sufficient to limt Ibe. regarding protection You may Admn to publish it bu which all will be benefitted. thanks Figo says: April 6, 2010 at 1:23 am Hello Seetharaman,



Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

I have two comments on this circuit, 1. The Vebo of T2 is 5V, so we need add a 9V zener from base of T2 to GND. 2. I have a sketch of discharge circuit to protect the battery, but I do not know how to share this circuit here. elex says: April 2, 2010 at 6:27 pm Dear, A good project. I will try.But what be the possible wattage of this circuit, I mean when LEDs are on, How much current required or what energy they consume. god blis elex Samba Damerla says: March 31, 2010 at 5:41 am Thanks SeethaRaman, I will search Ni-MH charger circuits. If possible could you please let me know once Adm Circuits publish a circuit for my requirements. By the way is it work if I replace present charging part of the circuit with Ni-MH charger (i mean can i still use BD140 if I replace the charging part of the circuit). Thanks & Regards Samba Damerla seetharaman says: March 30, 2010 at 3:53 am

Hi Samba for Nicad or NiMH batteries constant current charging is important and NiMH cannot be trickled successfully even at 1/40 th of rated current for 40 hrs, charging NiMH are co are available in the net. you can use Ni-MH battery charger using LT4060 appeared in Circuits today. Lots of modifications are required to the present circuit. I will request Adm Circuits meet your requirement. Samba Damerla says: March 30, 2010 at 2:21 am Hi Seetharaman, I want use 4AA 1.5 V 2500mA rechargeable cell instead of Acid battery. Please tell me how to change the circuit. Its ok if we reduce number of LEDs to 6. I want this because I want to setup this as buld and sit in a bulb holder. Thanks Samba Damerla Figo says: March 29, 2010 at 1:50 am Hello Seetharaman, Shenzhen is not only a Battery city, hehe, Thanks for your quick response, looks like you are also a professional guy in electronics design, Let me check the circuit again and to see how to improve this circuit to make it perfected. In my mind, it seems required a voltage comparator to detect the battery voltage. I will add my comments here, if you have any good ideal, please also share with us here. Samba Damerla says: March 28, 2010 at 5:57 am Hi Seetharaman, I dont want to use 6v 4.5 AH lead acid cell, instead of that I want to use four 1.5 V, 2450 mAmp AA rechargeable cell. Its fine if we reduce number of LEDs to six.

Please advice me how can i change the circuit. I want this change to make a rechargeable torch or a rechargeable bulb (which can sit in a bulb holder). Incase of bulb I dont have a chanc Thanks and Regards Samba Damerla seetharaman says: March 26, 2010 at 3:23 am

Hi Figo from the Battery city, Charging is taken care, the terminal voltage is limited to 6.8Volt and the max charge current is <30%.{ fault in LM317(short)}. 6 volt 4.5AH lead acid gel ce voltage and initial current <30%). only discharge is not taken care yes voltage less than 5.25volt is end point of 6 volt battery(infact no useful energy is available below this from the battery discharge should be cut off(load should be cut off). an additional sensing circuit to be provided to cut off the load. Thaks for your critical view. you may also suggest your improvement in the circuit. 20/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Figo says: March 25, 2010 at 10:33 pm Hello Admin, This is Figo come from Shenzhen of China, Im very interesting in this circuit, but I have some concerns: 1. How to limit the discharging current to make the battery will not be damaged due to over-discharging? 2. How to limit the charging current to avoid damage to battery due to a higher chanrging current when some fault occured. 3. What type of battery we can used on this circuit? such as Lead-acid battery, Ni-Cd or other type of battery. becoz different battery has different charging character. Hope get your response soon, Also hope we have more discussion here with guys in the world. Masandhie says: March 25, 2010 at 5:30 am Thanks a lot SEETHARAMAN thats helps me a lot seetharaman says: March 25, 2010 at 5:23 am Hi Masandhie Sorry I have missed, yes you have to increase it to 13 volt zener with the same wattage(0.5watts) Masandhie says: March 25, 2010 at 2:38 am What about the zener diode ZD1, does it function to limit the charging to battery?is it necessary to change the zener diode with the higher value? seetharaman says: March 25, 2010 at 2:28 am

Hi Masandhie yes you can use 12 volt battery and replace with 12 to 15volts transformer. set the voltage to 13.8volt. You can use 3 LEDs in series in each loop(total of 36LEDs). You ca ohms. You cannot paralllel all the LEDs and connect a common single resistance. Due to manufacturing spread the LED with least resistance will try to pass high current since no limitation limit the current through individual LEDs (safe limit of 25mA each in this case)when connected in parallel. Please do not forget the good heat sink for T2. Masandhie says: March 25, 2010 at 1:36 am

Hi SEETHARAMAN. if i use a 12V lead acid battery that will flow to the Emitter of the T2 is it ok if i use a 15V input from my 1A transformer and can i change the ZD1 with 12V or 13V for charging the batte i try to use a 15ohm 5 watt to replace the r3r14 wich will be connected paralel to my 25 LEDhopefully the current consumption will be 500mA maybe this will help lucky says: March 21, 2010 at 7:47 am Thanks seetharam. seetharaman says: March 20, 2010 at 2:24 am

Hi Lucky you can add similar circuits (with R15, TR2, LED1 to LED12 and their series resistances R3 to R14) 6 sets in parallel. So that you can drive 72 LEDs. But the battery will last fo lucky says: March 20, 2010 at 1:42 am Thanks, Seetharaman. i check it. Can you send me a 70 LEDs circuit configuration. seetharaman says: March 17, 2010 at 8:25 pm

Hi Lucky Kindly check T2. For BD140 center collector left emitter and right base. During power on base will be more positive than emitter hence T2 gets reverse biased, hence T2 will no of LEDs. lucky says: March 17, 2010 at 2:35 am its not a complete circuit, because i built it but it does not works automatic. when supply ON, then its glow and when suplly is disconnenect then its also glow Why??? whats a problem seetharaman says: March 15, 2010 at 12:19 am

Hi Sathika you can add similar circuits in parallel, that is from BD140, 12 LEDs and their current limitting resistances in series.(T2, LED1 to 12 and R3 to R14, for each additional 12 LED the battery is also capable of handling the load. the present battery with 4.5AH capacity, 36 LEDs will glow for more than 4 hrs non stop. riddick says: 21/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

March 5, 2010 at 10:37 pm A good project. I will try.But what be the possible wattage of this circuit, I mean when LEDs are on, How much current required or what energy they consume.

An emergency light is a battery-backed lighting device that comes on automatically when a building experiences a power outage. Emergency lights are standard in new commercial and high buildings, such as college dormitories. Most building codes require that they be installed in older buildings as well. Modern emergency lighting is installed in virtually every commercial and high occupancy residential building. The lights consist of one or more incandescent bulbs or one or more clusters o diodes (LED). The emergency lighting heads are usually either PAR 36 sealed beams or wedge base lamps. All units have some sort of a reflector to focus and intensify the light they prod Sathika says: March 3, 2010 at 9:52 am Thanks Seetharaman for your quick reply. but appreciate if you can tell me how can i add more LEDs (30 or 40) in to this same circuit (With 6v battery). what should i change? Its great diagram. but cant see the facility with post reply section here. Seetharaman says: March 2, 2010 at 9:35 pm

Hi sathika. yes it is for a 12volt supply. this reply is for md arifuddin sheiks quiery. for 3 white modern leds (available in india)you require 3.2 X 3 9.6 volts at 25mA. with 100 ohm curren voltage drop across transistor a 12 volt DC supply is required. i am using this circuit with my existing solar lantern with built in 7 watt energy saver tubes battery supply. Sathika says: March 2, 2010 at 7:00 am Hi SEETHARAMAN, Im very very new to electronics & still im lerning. so pls explain how we can attach 3LEDs in series with same setup(anyway circuit is having 100ohm with 6v bat). or are you planing to seetharaman says: March 1, 2010 at 9:43 am

Hi you can use 3 LEDs in series. hence you will have a total of 48 LEDs glowing(lots of illumination)still with the same current consumption of appoximately 250mA. You require a series r 12 Volt 4.5AH battery you can have a minimum of 16 hrs non stop run. better set the open circuit voltage at charging terminal to 13.6 volt which will be just correct for lead acid gel cell. Arifuddin Sheik says: February 28, 2010 at 5:25 am

How many hours of decent backup will we get using this circuit. If battery drains below 10.2V, the life of battery may decrease. This circuit needs that protection of low voltage. If we use changes we have to make to R16, diode and variable Voltage regulator. We can increase the LM317 o/p to 13v. But do we need any other changes apart from the LED current limiting re Arifuddin Sheik admin says: February 26, 2010 at 11:25 pm Reply to Vikas Billa Current rating of Transformer X1 must be 2A. the 4.5 ah battery is enough, but back up time will be less. also, fit a small heat sink to BD140 vikas billa says: February 25, 2010 at 11:42 pm here in the above circuit they used 14 leds,each led takes 30mA so 14*30mA=420mA.The ouput current from transformer is 80mA is drop across transistor. Now my question i have to connect 40 ledsso what will be the output current of my transformer .whether i have to change the battery.. please suggest me vikas billa says: February 25, 2010 at 11:34 pm hello i want to use 40 leds suggest the corrections in the circuit idris says: February 10, 2010 at 1:45 am thanks for makin such a is really it was our project finally we got good marks ravinder says: February 1, 2010 at 12:58 am After a long gap in electronics I have built this circuit. I have few spare LEAD-ACID batteries and was looking for a circuit to charge those (6v, 4.5 AH). I have built only the charger part. Output voltage is 7v and the charging current is 200ma. I will test the charger with a battery in the next few days.

Next, I plan to build the led part. I bought few small leds and one 3W PRO LIGHT LED( approx 3$). Planning to build few led projects to prepare for the power cuts in the coming su 22/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

Seetharaman says: December 29, 2009 at 2:37 am

Thanks for the very useful domestic gadget during present days of power cuts. To make the lamp work I have to forward bias transistor T2. I have reduced R5 to 560 ohms and connecte between junction of D1 & R5 to common negative. Which made the LEDs come on when power failed. By reducing R16 to 4E7 5 watt the charging could be improved to over night in m vivin says: December 16, 2009 at 9:23 am how to make emergency with maximum white led in a 6 volt batt isaac says: November 17, 2009 at 11:36 pm

hello..i will like to have more info n details based on AUTOMATIC EMERGENCY LIGHT, want to know the function and work of each component used, plz do help i need it for my fin pls e-mail to my inbox do appreciate isaac says: November 17, 2009 at 11:07 pm hello..i will like to have more info n details based on this project, want to know the function and work of each component used, plz do help i need it for my final year project thanks pls e-mail to my inbox do appreciate admin says: November 13, 2009 at 9:37 pm BC148, BC107, 2N2222 etc can be used instead of BC548 admin says: November 13, 2009 at 9:36 pm BC548 can be replace with transistors like BC148, BC107, 2N2222 etc gurmeet says: November 4, 2009 at 8:40 pm If I use 12v 9A battery, what changes are required in circuit? 1. R3-R14 resistor should be 1k each. Am I correct? 2. How much time will be required to charge 12v battery? 3. Will tranformer of 9v 500mA charger 12v battery? If not should 12v 1000ma transformer be used. Yee shin says: October 21, 2009 at 10:28 pm what can use in the place of BC548 , cause I can buy this can something take place in this place ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,can help me please Im making this ckt now plz yee shin says: October 20, 2009 at 8:48 pm what can use in the place of BC548 cause I cant by this . can help me please .Im making this now. kunal says: October 7, 2009 at 9:45 pm Good ckt but will you please give circuit diagram for same emergency light using npn transistor yeeshin says: October 4, 2009 at 10:42 pm hi can i use the BC547 in the place of BC548 cause the store have not this BC548 Please Please I need to know ,Im making the ckt now. rohit mukherjee says: October 2, 2009 at 3:05 am

hey friends plz help me I am having a problem with this circuit,when i connect the battery the 16 ohm resistace gets burnt the led blink for sometime and then it goes off the resistance gets b Thanks IFTIKHAR says: August 26, 2009 at 2:34 am hello dears i want a similar circuit with 12v & simple bulb of 50w because i want much more help THANKS mhanelle says: July 31, 2009 at 7:07 am how much time will it need to fully charge befor it stop charging?



Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

mhanelle says: July 31, 2009 at 7:05 am how many hours will the battery last? twits4twats says: June 17, 2009 at 1:49 pm

TAHIR Assuming that the LEDs you are using are standard white LEDs with forward volt drop of 2V and current consumption of 20mA. General rule of thumb for LEDs is to limit current to 10 of the LED. For R3 R14, if a 12V supply is used,use a 1K resistor and therefore for a 6V supply use a 0.5K resistor. The circuit was designed for 12 LEDs and not 24. T2 (BD140) can switch up to -1.5A so this wont be the problem (24 x 0.02 = 0.48A).

How have you connected the extra 12 LEDs? If they are just placed in series with the existing LEDs, so you have 2 in every chanel, then this fault is most likely caused from the resistor R connected like this, try changing the values to 0.2K each.

If the extra LEDs are connected in parallel to the original ones, in other words there are now 24 seperate channels, and the resistors are all about 0.5K each, the chances are that your ba admin says: June 17, 2009 at 12:07 am If you use a 12V battery instead of the 6V ; Circuit will not work properly, Battery will not get fully charged,Double amount of current will flow through the LEDs during battery mode (can cause damage to LEDs). anaz says: June 13, 2009 at 12:22 pm What will happen if i use a 12v rechargeable battery instead of 6v battery shanika says: May 16, 2009 at 10:17 am i got 12V 7A battery so can any one pls modify this circuit for it and i need more bulbs too pls help me abhay says: April 1, 2009 at 6:41 pm dEAR TAHIR CHAKE 2.2k vr1[preset] or short by 1k2resistance admin says: March 28, 2009 at 12:00 pm ok its quite fine if the ratings are same peter nyondo says: March 12, 2009 at 9:31 am Cant i use any other pnp transistors(same ratings) in place of BD140. in have several pnp transistors in stock. Kichler Lighting says: February 25, 2009 at 7:40 am This is great information for anyone whoever wanted to know what the inside of a light looked like. TAHIR says: February 6, 2009 at 1:31 am i assembled this circuit and use 24 led 5mm but problem is that all leds became dim after a few seconds. if any one has suggestion, please let me know abhay says: January 13, 2009 at 4:39 am There is promble of charging of battery it takes 20-36 hrs hyla says: January 12, 2009 at 9:17 am good site for hobbyists S Mukherjee says: December 28, 2008 at 8:35 pm

What will happen if i use a 12v rechargeable battery instead of 6v battery? should i have to change any components? if so then can u give the exact circuit diagram. Im new to electronics a this kind of hobby things. 24/31


Automatic LED Emergency Light Circuit

riaz says: November 6, 2008 at 1:06 am Dear, A good project. I will try.But what be the possible wattage of this circuit, I mean when LEDs are on, How much current required or what energy they consume. Regards, Riaz

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