Anda di halaman 1dari 9
Abstract of STRUCTURAL BOLTS, STEEL, HEAT TREATED, pomapted 120/105 KSI MINIMUM TENSILE STRENGTH oe STRUCTURAL BOLTING IFI NOTES: 1. ASTM A325 is a specification developed through the procedures of ASTM. A325 is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-16 on Fasteners. 2. This abstract presents the chemical and mechanical requirements of two types of carbon and alloy steel bolts commonly known as “A325 high strength structural bolts.” It omits those requirements dealing with the number of tests and inspection, and a listing of referenced documents. For the omitted information, refer to the complete A325. 3. The paragraph numbers throughout this abstract are those of the complete A325-2002. 4. Refer to page E-1 for a discussion of high strength bolting. 5. ASTM A325-2002 is abstracted with permission from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards, copyright American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, U.S.A. 1. Scope Type Description Type 1 Medium carbon, carbon boron, or medium car- 1.1. This specification covers two types of bon alloy steel quenched and tempered steel heavy hex struc- Type 2 Withdrawn in November 1961 tural bolts having a minimum tensile strength of ‘Type 3. Weathering steel. 120 ksi for sizes 1.0 in. and less, and 105 ksi for by NOTE 1 — Bolts for general applications, including an- sizes over 1.0 to 1-1/2 in., inclusive. iy a chor bolts, are covered by Specification ASTM A449. Also rofer to Specification ASTM Add9 for quenched and tam- 4.2 The bolts are intended for use in struc- _ered stee! bolts and studs with diameters greater than tural connections. These connections are cov- ered under the requirements of the Specifica- tion for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or ‘A490 Bolts, approved by the Research Council on Structural Connections; endorsed by the American Institute of Stee! Construction and by the Industrial Fasteners Institute. 4.3 The bolts are furnished in sizes 1/2 to 1-1/2in., inclusive. They are designated by type, denoting chemical composition as follows: 1-1/2 in,, but with similar mechanical properties. NOTE 2 —A complete metric companion to Specification ASTM A325 has been developed — Specification ASTM A325M; therefore no metric equivalents are presented in this specification. 1.4 This specification is applicable to heavy hex structural bolts only. For bolts of other con- figurations and thread lengths with similar me- chanicel properties, see Spocification ASTM ‘A449, page B-97 (e—28 © 2003 Industrial Fasteners Institute Abstract of ASTM A325 STRUCTURAL BOLTS, STEEL, HEAT TREATED, ‘STRUCTURAL BOLTING 2002 120/105 KS! MINIMUM TENSILE STRENGTH 1.5 Terms used in this specification are de- fined in Specification ASTM A1789. 4.8 The following safety hazards caveat per- tains only to the test methods portion, Section 10, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsi- bilty of the user of this standard to establish ap- propriate safety and health practices and deter- mine the applicability of regulatory limitations Prior to use. 2. Referenced Documents (Refer to the complete specification.) 3. Ordering Information 3.4 Orders for heavy hex structural bolts un- der this specification shall include the following: 3.1.1 Quantty (number of pieces of bolts and accessories). 3.1.2. Size, including nominal bolt diameter, thread pitch, and bolt length. 3.4.3 Name of product, heavy hex structural bolts. 3.1.4 When bolts threaded full length are re- quired, Supplementary Requirement S1 shall be specified. 3.4.8. Type of bolt; Type 1 or 3. When type is not specified, either Type 1 or Type 3 shall be furnished at the supplier's option. 3.4.6 ASTM designation and year of issue. 3.1.7 Other components such as nuts, wash ers, and washer-type direct tension indicators, if required. 3.4.7.4 When such other components are speci- fied to be furnished, also state “nuts, washers, and direct tension indicators, or combinations thereof, shall be furnished by lot number.” 3.1.8 Zinc Coating — Specify the zinc coating process required, for example, hot-dip, mechani- cally deposited, or no preference (see 4.3). 3.4.9 Other Finishes — Specify other protec- tive finish, if required. 3.1.10 Test reports, if required (see Section 13). 3.1.11 Supplementary or special requirements, if required. 3.1.12 For establishment of a part identifying system, see ASME B18.24.1. NOTE 3 —A typical ordering description follows: 1,000 pieces 1-1/8 - 7 UNC, 4 in. long, Heavy Hex Structural Bolt, Type 1 ASTM A325-KX; each with one Hardened Washer, ASTM F436 Type 1; and one Heavy Hex Nut, ASTM A563 Grade DH. Each component hotdip zinc coated. Nuts lubricated. 3.2 Recommended Nuts: 3.2.1 Nuts conforming to the requirements of ‘Specification ASTM A563, page B-97, are rec- ommended for use with Specification A325 heavy hex structural bolts. The nuts shall be of the class and have a surface finish for each type of bolt as follows: Nut Class and Finish AS63-C, C3, D, DH, DH3, plain ASE3.DH, zinc coated Bolt Type and Finish 41 plain (noncoated) 4, zine coated 3, plain A563-C3, DH3, plain 3.2.2 Alternatively, nuts conforming to Specifi- cation ASTM A194/A184M Gr. 2H are consid- ered a suitable substitute for use with Specifica- tion ASTM A325 Type 1 heavy hex structural bolts 3.2.3 Specification ASTM A194/A194M Gr. 2H zinc coated nuts are supplied, the zinc coating, ( © 2003 Indusirial Fasteners Institute a) Abstract of STRUCTURAL STRUCTURAL BOLTS, STEEL, HEAT TREATED, ASTM A325 BOEING 120/105 KSI MINIMUM TENSILE STRENGTH 2002 Table 1_ Chemical Requirements for Type 1 Bolts Carbon Steot/ Carbon Boron Steel ‘Alloy Steet ‘ley Boron Steet Element Weat | Product | Heat Product Heat | Product | Weat Product anaiysis | analysis | anaysis | Anaysis | analysis | Analysis | Analysis | Analysis carbon 930-052 [028-055] 030-052 | 028-085 | 030-052 | 028-055] 020-052 | 078-058 Manganese, min | 060 os? 060 os? 080 087 060 csr Prosptons, max] 0040 | 0.040 0040 cots 0035 | oto 03s 0040 Suis, max 0050 | 9.05 0.950 058 oo | 0045 oso ons Silicon 018-030 | 013-032] 010-030 | o0s-o92 | 015-025 | 0.19-027| o1s-025 | 019-097 Boron see55856| — | ocovs-0.003 | o.9005-o.003 |see55855| — | 00005-0008 | o.0005—a00s Alloy Eemenss = = = o * * : _ * Stoel, as defined by the American Iron and Steel Institute, shall be considered to be alloy when the maximum of the range given forthe content ofalloying elements exceeds one of more ofthe following limits: Manganese, 1.65%; slicon, 0.60%; copper, 0.60% or in which a definite ranga or a definite minimum quantity of any of tho folowing olomnents ie specified or roquired within the limite of the recognized feld of constructional alley Stzels: aluminum, chromium up to.3.69%, cobalt, columibium, molybdenum, nickel, tanium, tungsten, vanadium, zirconium, or any oher aloying oloments added to obtain a desired alloying offoct. covertapping, lubrication and rotational capacity testing shall be in accordance with Specification ASTM A563, page B-167. 3.3 Recommended Washers: 3.3.1 Washers conforming to Specification ASTM F438 are the recommended washers for use with Specification ASTM A325 heavy hex ‘structural bolts. The washers shall have a sur- face finish for each type of bolt as follows: Bolt Type and Finish Washer Finish 1, plain (uncoated) plain (uncoated) 1, zinc coated \c coated 3, plain feathering steel, plain 3.4 Other Accessories: 3.4.1. When compressible washer-type direct tension indicators are specified to be used with these bolts, they shall conform to Specification ASTM F959, page E-65, Type 325. 4. Materials and Manufacture 4.1 Heat Treatment: 4.1.1 Type 1 bolts produced from medium car- bon steel shall be quenched in a liquid medium from the austenitizing temperature. Type 1 bolts produced from medium carbon steel to which chromium, nickel, molybdenum, or boron were intentionally added shall be quenched only in oil from the austenitizing temperature 4.1.2. Type 3 bolts shall be quenched onl oil from the austenitizing temperature. 4.1.3 Type 1 bolts, regardless of the steel used, and Type 3 bolts shail be tempered by reheating to not less than 800°F. 4.2 Threading — Threads on bolts shall be cut or rolled. 4.3 Zinc Coatings, Hot-Dip and Mechanically Deposited: 4.3.1 Whenzinc coated fasteners are required, the purchaser shall specify the zinc coating pro- cess, for example, hot-dip, mechanically depos- ited, or no preference. 4.3.2 When hot-dip is specified, the fasteners shall be zinc coated by the hot-dip process and the coating shall conform to the coating weight! thickness and performance requirements of Class C of Specification ASTM A153, page B- 230. (e-30 © 2003 Industrial Fasteners Institute )