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A toll Getting Started-UMTS Version 3.1.0 Forsk China May 2011 Version 3.1 GSM/GPRS/EDGE UMTS/HSPA LTE CDMA2000

Atoll Getting Started-UMTS

Version 3.1.0 Forsk China

May 2011

A toll Getting Started-UMTS Version 3.1.0 Forsk China May 2011 Version 3.1 GSM/GPRS/EDGE UMTS/HSPA LTE CDMA2000
A toll Getting Started-UMTS Version 3.1.0 Forsk China May 2011 Version 3.1 GSM/GPRS/EDGE UMTS/HSPA LTE CDMA2000

Version 3.1

GSM/GPRS/EDGE UMTS/HSPA LTE CDMA2000 1xRTT/EV-DO TD-SCDMA WiMAX/BWA Microwave Links

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Table of Contents

1

Introduction

..............................................................................................................

4

2

Installation

................................................................................................................

5

  • 3 Sequence of operations

..........................................................................................

9

  • 3.1 New

project ................................................................................................

12

  • 3.2 Import of 3D maps

14

  • 3.2.1 Import of heights map

15

  • 3.2.2 Import of clutter map

16

  • 3.2.3 Import of vector map

20

  • 3.3 Setting a coordinate system

25

  • 3.4 Network data setting

30

  • 3.4.1 Import of the Sites table

31

  • 3.4.2 Antenna parameters setting

37

  • 3.4.3 Transmitters parameters setting

.........................................................

42

  • 3.4.3.1 Transmitters table ........................................................................

42

  • 3.4.3.2 Global Parameters

46

  • 3.4.4 Cells parameters setting

49

  • 3.4.5 Import and export

...............................................................................

53

  • 3.4.5.1 Import Access database

..............................................................

53

  • 3.4.5.2 Export to Access database

55

  • 3.4.6 Add new sites

.....................................................................................

56

  • 3.4.6.1 Add new sites one by one

56

  • 3.4.6.2 Add a group of sites

57

  • 3.4.6.3 Template management ................................................................

59

  • 3.5 Propagation model

61

  • 3.5.1 SPM propagation model

.....................................................................

61

  • 3.5.1.1 Import of CW measurement

........................................................

61

  • 3.5.1.2 Automatic calibration of the SPM model

.....................................

68

  • 3.5.1.3 Model validation with CW measurements

...................................

72

  • 3.5.1.4 Set the propagation model for each transmitter

77

  • 3.5.2 Cost-Hata model .................................................................................

79

  • 3.5.2.1 Import of CW measurements

79

  • 3.5.2.2 Automatic calibration of the Cost-Hata model

79

  • 3.5.2.3 Cost-Hata model properties

82

  • 3.6 Propagation matrix calculation ...................................................................

85

  • 3.6.1 Preliminary work

.................................................................................

85

  • 3.6.1.1 Resolution of predictions and receiver altitude

85

  • 3.6.1.2 Setting the Computation Zone

86

  • 3.6.2 Propagation and prediction studies calculation

92

  • 3.6.2.1 Best server prediction

.................................................................

93

  • 3.6.2.2 Coverage by Signal Level prediction

96

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

 

3.6.2.3

Overlapping Zones prediction

99

3.6.2.4

Force calculation

.......................................................................

101

3.6.2.5

Prediction template management

101

Simulation

  • 3.7 ................................................................................................

103

3.7.1

Traffic model

103

3.7.1.1

Services

103

3.7.1.2

Mobility Types

105

3.7.1.3

Terminals

106

3.7.1.4

User Profiles

108

3.7.1.5

Environments

108

3.7.2

Creating Traffic Maps

.........................................................................

110

3.7.2.1

User profile Traffic map

..............................................................

111

3.7.2.2

User profile traffic map - User profile densities

...........................

116

3.7.2.3

Sector traffic map -Throughputs in uplink and downlink

118

3.7.2.4

Sector traffic map - Total number of users (All activity statuses) 124

3.7.2.5

Sector traffic map - number of users per activity status

124

3.7.2.6

User density traffic map (no. of users/km2)

124

3.7.3

Simulation .........................................................................................

131

  • 3.8 Point analysis tool

135

3.8.1

Profile

136

3.8.2

Reception

137

3.8.3

AS

137

3.8.4

SC Collisions

139

3.8.5

Details...............................................................................................

139

  • 3.9 Other prediction studies

...........................................................................

140

3.9.1

Prediction parameters setting

140

3.9.2

Standard prediction studies

143

3.9.3

HSDPA .............................................................................................

145

3.9.4

HSUPA .............................................................................................

155

3.9.5

Dual-Cell HSDPA Modeling

161

  • 3.10 Neighbours Allocation

..............................................................................

165

  • 3.10.1 Automatic allocation

165

  • 3.11 Scrambling Codes Allocation

169

  • 3.12 Other features ..........................................................................................

175

  • 3.12.1 User configuration function

...............................................................

175

  • 3.12.2 Store methods for path loss matrices

178

  • 4 Tips and tricks ......................................................................................................

179

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

1

Introduction

This document explains the entire process from the import of network data in Atoll to the production of prediction studies. The purpose of this document is to give an overall understanding for radio engineers, who never use Atoll. This document does not explain the algorithm and don’t give detailed explanation. The user may find in the “Technical Reference Guide” and “User Manual” the concrete algorithm and the detailed explanation of parameters. The user may find all projects and map data in the CDROM, which was provided with this document. This document describes how to get started using the Atoll version 3.1.0.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

2

Installation

The installation of Atoll is simple and needs an administrator profile.

1)

The naming structure of the Atoll installation file is generally:

“Atoll.language.version_number.build_number.exe”, as shown bellow:

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2 Installation The installation of Atoll is simp le
2) Before starting the installation of Atoll, the dongle has to be plugged out. 3) Install
2)
Before starting the installation of Atoll, the dongle has to be plugged out.
3)
Install Atoll by double clicking on the installation file.
4)
In the appeared dialog box, click on the “Next” button and choose the installation
directory (the default path is C:\Program File\Forsk\Atoll). The minimum requirement
for the installation of Atoll is a disk space of 111.9 MB.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) In the 3rd window the user may choose

5) In the 3rd window the user may choose “Full installation”, “Compact installation” or “Custom installation” and select the modules. The recommendation for a first installation of Atoll is “Full installation”, including Atoll, Add-ins (Export to Google Earth and Best Signal Export), Driver for Fixed License Keys, Distributed Calculation Server and Atoll Management Console. Later update of Atoll, models can be chosen to install. Please note, if Atoll has been uninstalled once, Driver for Fixed License Keys model should be installed again.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) In the 3rd window the user may choose

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

6) In the 4th window, fill in the “Domain”, “Username” and “Password” fields. If the user
6)
In the 4th window, fill in the “Domain”, “Username” and “Password” fields. If the user
doesn’t choose previously “Distributed Calculation Server”, then he doesn’t need to
fill in any information.
7)
Click on the “Next” button to start the installation of Atoll. After the installation, the
computer needs to be restarted.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) In the 4th window, fill in the “Domain”,

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

8)

Plug in the dongle.

Atoll users need to pay attention for the following 3 points:

(1)

It is recommended to plug in/out dongle when computer is shutting down.

(2)

If it is not necessary, don’t change the computer date when using Atoll.

(3)

If it still can not find the USB dongle driver after installed Atoll, please find and install the Sentinel Driver on Atoll installation path or download it as below:

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

  • 3 Sequence of operations

This following document presents how to establish an Atoll UMTS project and to carry out coverage predictions, simulations and production of reports:

(1)

Start a new project

(2)

Import of 3D maps

(3)

Setting the coordinate system

(4)

Import of network data

(5)

Propagation model selection and calibration

(6)

“Best Server” and “Signal Level” coverage predictions

(7)

Traffic Modeling

(8)

Monte-Carlo simulation

(9)

Calculation of other prediction studies

(10) Production of reports

The operation flow chart is represented in the following figure (dashed line frames may be chosen or not).

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Start
Start

Essential data collection

 
Import of 3D maps Choice of coordinate system Import of antenna patterns

Import of 3D maps

 
Import of 3D maps Choice of coordinate system Import of antenna patterns

Choice of coordinate system

 
Import of 3D maps Choice of coordinate system Import of antenna patterns

Import of antenna patterns

 
Import of 3D maps Choice of coordinate system Import of antenna patterns

Setting of BTS Equipments and Channel Elements

Propagation model selection

SPM model selected? Y
SPM model
selected?
Y
CW drive test
CW drive test
N
N
Site table Adjustment of special parameters
Site table
Adjustment of
special parameters

Transmitter equipments (TMA, feeder, BTS)

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Start Essential data collection Import of 3D maps Choice
Transmitter table
Transmitter table
Model calibration
Model calibration
Cells table
Cells table

Setting of the prediction properties

Drawing of the computation zone

Best server

coverage

prediction

 

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Traffic model adjustment Traffic modeling Environment User profiles WCDMA parameters setting Traffic map Terminals setting Mobility
Traffic model
adjustment
Traffic modeling
Environment
User profiles
WCDMA
parameters setting
Traffic map
Terminals
setting
Mobility
Services
Monte-Carlo simulation
N
Does the traffic
model satisfy?
Y
Commit of the simulation results
Calculation of other predictions
Neighbour allocation
Scrambling code allocation
Calculation
N
Do the calculation
results satisfy?
Y
Export the calculation results

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.1 New project

After opening Atoll, click on

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.1 New project After opening Atoll, click on or

or select File->Open.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.1 New project After opening Atoll, click on or

The project templates dialog box will appear. Choose “UMTS HSPA” template.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.1 New project After opening Atoll, click on or

Atoll opens a blank UMTS project. The new project already includes the default antenna database.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Explorer Window Map Window
Explorer Window
Map Window

The Atoll main window contains an Explorer Window and a Map Window, as seen in the figure above.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.2 Import of 3D maps

In the main tool bar, select “File->Import”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.2 Import of 3D maps In the main tool

In the appeared “Open” dialog box browse the geographical map folder.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.2 Import of 3D maps In the main tool

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Generally the following data maps need to be imported in Atoll: heights (map of the altitude above sea level), clutter classes (type of land used) and vector (vector maps). The order of import is not important, but, for this document, the following order will be used:

heights->clutter->vectors.

3.2.1 Import of heights map

1) In the “Open” dialog box, select the “Geo_Data\Brussels\Heights” folder in the CDROM. Select the “index”
1)
In the “Open” dialog box, select the “Geo_Data\Brussels\Heights” folder in the
CDROM. Select the “index” document and click on “Open”
2)
In the appeared “Data Type” dialog box, click on the “Altitudes” button and click “OK”.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Generally the following data maps need to be imported

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3)

After the map import, the following figure appears. The “heights” map is automatically put on the left side in the explorer window under the “Geo” tab named “Digital Terrain Model”

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) After the map import, the following figure appears.

3.2.2 Import of clutter map

1) Select again “File->Import” in the main toolbar. In the “Open” dialog box, select the “Geo_Data\Brussels\Clutterr” folder. Select the “index” document and click on “Open”

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) After the map import, the following figure appears.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

2) In the appeared “Data Type” dialog box, click on the “Clutter Classes” button and click
2)
In the appeared “Data Type” dialog box, click on the “Clutter Classes” button and
click on “OK”
3)
After the map is imported, the following figure appears. The clutter classes map is
automatically put on the left side in the explorer window under the “Geo” tab named
“Clutter Classes”
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) In the appeared “Data Type” dialog box, click

4) Double clicking on the “Clutter Classes” folder, open the “Clutter Classes properties” dialog box for the setting of clutter parameters. Select the “Description” tab and click on the bottom right “Refresh” button. Atoll will filter the clutter classes, which are not included into the clutter map. The following figure shows the filtered tab of clutter

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

classes. The following parameters can be defined in the dialog box: Model Standard Deviation, EC/Io Standard Deviation, DL and UL Eb/Nt Standard Deviation, Indoor Loss, Orthogonality Factor, Indoor Loss, % Pilot Finger, Spatial Multiplexing Gain Factor and Additional Transmit Diversity Gain.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 classes. The following parameters can be defined in the

Note: An additional indoor loss can now be defined per frequency band.

5)

These values have to be set according to the customer network, if “Use only default values” is chosen, Atoll will use default values for each clutter standard deviation.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 classes. The following parameters can be defined in the

6) In the “Display” tab, adjust the display color of each clutter type. Pay attention to the “Display type” and the “Field”. The following figure is the suggested setting of

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

“Display tab”. Click on the color frame to change the color for each clutter type.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 “Display tab”. Click on the color frame to change

Select “Add to legend” to display information in the legend window. Use the “Transparency” function to adjust the transparency of the map. The display of each clutter may be disabling by unchecking the check-box.

7)

After setting the “Clutter Classes properties”, the clutter map will be displayed as below:

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.2.3 Import of vector map 1) Select again “File->Import”

3.2.3 Import of vector map

1) Select again “File->Import” in the main toolbar. In the “Open” dialog box, select the “Geo_Data\Brussels\Vector” folder. Select the “index” document and click on “Open”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.2.3 Import of vector map 1) Select again “File->Import”

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

2)

In the appeared “Data Type” dialog box, click on the “Vectors” button and click “OK”

2) In the appeared “Data Type” dialog box, click on the “Vectors” button and click “OK”

3)

In the appeared “Vector import” dialog box, use the default settings and click on the “Import” button to import the map.

2) In the appeared “Data Type” dialog box, click on the “Vectors” button and click “OK”

4)

After the map import, the following figure appears. The vector map is automatically put on the left side in the explorer window under the “Geo” tab named “Vectors”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) Dragging the “Vectors” folder with the mouse to

5)

Dragging the “Vectors” folder with the mouse to the top of the explorer window, the “Vector” map will be placed as the uppermost layer, as seen in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) Dragging the “Vectors” folder with the mouse to

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

6) Double clicking on “Airport” in the “Vectors ” folder, open the “airport properties” dialog box,
6)
Double clicking on “Airport” in the “Vectors ” folder, open the “airport properties” dialog
box, and select the “Display” tab, as seen in the following figure.
7)
Clicking on the vector line to open the “Display” dialog box to set the color and style
of the vector line.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) Double clicking on “Airport” in the “Vectors ”

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

8)

As shown in the following figure, the color of the vector line is changed.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 8) As shown in the following figure, t he

9)

You may modify other vector files with the same operations as for the “airport” vector file. The following figure shows all the imported digital maps.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 8) As shown in the following figure, t he

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.3 Setting a coordinate system

Select “Document->Properties”, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.3 Setting a coordinate system Select “Document->Properties”, as shown

In the appeared “Properties” dialog box, the “Projection” and “Display” can be defined in the “Coordinate systems” frame.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.3 Setting a coordinate system Select “Document->Properties”, as shown

1)

First set the projection system (it can be known by reading the file “projection.txt” in the “heights” folder). For the demo project the projection system is “WGS 84 UTM zone 31N”.

Click on the right side of the “Projection” field on

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.3 Setting a coordinate system Select “Document->Properties”, as shown

, open “Coordinate systems”

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

dialog box and choose WGS84 UTM zones in the “Find in” box.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 dialog box and choose WGS84 UTM zones in the

2)

Then choose WGS 84/UTM zone 31N and click “OK”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 dialog box and choose WGS84 UTM zones in the

3)

After the setting of parameters, the following dialog box is displayed.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) Setting the “Display System”. The “Display system” function

4) Setting the “Display System”. The “Display system” function allows the user to choose the relative coordinates (X and Y, unit in meter) or the longitude and latitude for the Map Window. After having set the “Projection” system, Atoll automatically sets the “Display” system with the same system as the “Projection” system, as shown in the figure above. The windows map uses relative coordinate. The display has to be set for displaying the longitude and latitude.

Click on the right side of the “Display” field on the

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) Setting the “Display System”. The “Display system” function

button and open the “Coordinate

Systems” dialog box. Select “WGS84 UTM zones” and choose the “WGS 84” system (with an ellipsoidal symbol).

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) Setting the “Display System”. The “Display system” function

5)

After the setting of parameters, the following dialog box is displayed.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) After having set the “Coordinate” system, the Map

6) After having set the “Coordinate” system, the Map Window displays the longitude and latitude, default value is xx°xxxx.xxS (degreed, minute and second, ”S” means southern hemisphere), as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) After having set the “Coordinate” system, the Map

7) The user can choose the “Degree Format” among the “xx°xx'xx.xx”, “xxdxxmxx.xxsS” format (“d” is degree, “m” is minute and “s” is second, ”S” means southern hemisphere), the “xx.xxxxx” format (decimal base) or the “-xx.xxxxx” format (decimal base and southern hemisphere expressed with the minus sign), as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Note: If the user wants to use another projection

Note: If the user wants to use another projection system and wants to display the

longitude and latitude coordinates, then the display system has to be chosen

according to the projection system name. Moreover there is an ellipsoid symbol in

front of the display system.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4 Network data setting

The setting of a WCDMA project in Atoll can be done for two different cases:

(1)

The network is already deployed or the network data, including site location,

(2)

antenna patterns and so on, already exist. The network is not deployed and the user starts the network planning with site placement in the planning tool.

The following part introduces the first case.

All data have to be prepared in Excel, before importing them. Atoll needs an Excel document with network data including sites, antennas, transmitters and cells. All necessary data for the setup of the Brussels project are in the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document in the “Reference_Data\Network_Data” folder.

The “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document has 5 worksheets. The network data are contained in the first 4 worksheets and the others will be introduced later.

The import of the network data must be done by a certain order. In Atoll, the order follows the explorer window order. The following figure shows the order for the introduction of the network data:

Sites->Antennas->Transmitters->Cells.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4 Network data setting The setting of a WCDMA

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.1 Import of the Sites table 1) Open the

3.4.1 Import of the Sites table

1) Open the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document and select the “UMTS network - Sites” sheet. We have provided two sets of coordinate data. On the left side there are the relative coordinates and on the right side there are coordinates with longitude and latitude. If the WGS 84 display system has been previously chosen (display mode with longitude and latitude), the coordinate located on the right side of the sheet must be selected.

Note: If the display system is set with longitude and latitude, then the longitude and

latitude data should be transform in decimal base value.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) Copy the columns “Name”, “Longitude” and “Latitude” (except

2)

Copy the columns “Name”, “Longitude” and “Latitude” (except the title line).

3)

In the “Network” window, double click on the “Sites” folder (or right click on the “Sites” folder and select “Open Table”) will open the “Sites” table, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) Copy the columns “Name”, “Longitude” and “Latitude” (except

4) In the “Sites” table, select the first cell and paste the data. Except for the columns “Name”, “X” and “Y”, the others are automatically filled in with default value. Atoll will

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

transform automatically the longitude and latitude form decimal format to minutes and seconds system. The imported sites will be put in the “Sites” folder of the “Network” window with an alphabetic order, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 transform automatically the longitude and la titude form decimal

5)

If the user wants to delete one or several sites, he can delete them in the “Sites” table or directly in the “Network” window. In the “Sites” table, click on the left grey cell of the line, which contains the site you want to delete, select the entire line, and push the keyboard “delete” button.

In the “Network” window, right click on the site you want to delete and select “delete” in the menu, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) After the input of “Sites” data, the Map
6) After the input of “Sites” data, the Map Window is automatically updated with the new
6)
After the input of “Sites” data, the Map Window is automatically updated with the new
sites. In the following figure, a black circle represents a site.
7)
Open the “Sites” properties dialog box (right click on the “Sites” folder and select
“properties”) to change the display attributes, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Choosing “Unique” allows only a unique color for the

Choosing “Unique” allows only a unique color for the display of sites. Choosing “Discrete values” or “Value intervals” allows colors selection according to certain characteristics. By default, a site is represented by a black circle.

If necessary, the symbol and color of sites can be changed, by selecting “Properties” in the “Actions” dialog box. The appeared “Display” window allows the selection of color and symbol.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Choosing “Unique” allows only a unique color for the
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Choosing “Unique” allows only a unique color for the

8)

Site Equipment Setting. Open the Site Equipment Table on Network Settings -> Radio Resource Management on Parameters Window to define site equipment.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 © Forsk 2010 36/183

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4.2 Antenna parameters setting

Atoll needs the following antenna’s data: antenna name, antenna gain, antenna horizontal and vertical patterns. Beamwidth, Fmin and Fmax are reference parameters and they are not used for calculation. Atoll calculates and displays the electrical down tilt from the vertical pattern. The calculated electrical down tilt is only given for information. 1) Select the “UMTS network - Antennas” sheet in the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document. As seen in the following figure, the horizontal and vertical patterns are provided.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.2 Antenna parameters setting Atoll needs the following antenna’s

2)

A few physical antenna groups can be found on Radio Network Equipment Antennas folder on Parameters window. One physical antenna group with the same beamwidth, gain and Frequency but different Electrical Downtilt.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Right click on the “Antennas” fo lder in the

Right click on the “Antennas” folder in the Explorer Window and select “New” in the context menu, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Right click on the “Antennas” fo lder in the

3)

In the “Antennas New element properties” dialog box, the following tabs are available:

“General”, “Horizontal pattern””Vertical pattern” and “Other properties”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) In the “General” tab, the antenna gai n

4)

In the “General” tab, the antenna gain and the electrical tilt can be defined.

Note: The electrical tilt value is only a reference information for the user and this

parameter has no impact on the calculation. Antenna gain unit may be dBi or dBd.

The unit can be selected in the “Document—Properties—Units” dialog box.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) In the “General” tab, the antenna gai n

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

5) Copy the two columns corresponding to the horizontal pattern of the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document, and paste
5)
Copy the two columns corresponding to the horizontal pattern
of
the
“UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document, and paste it in the “Co-Polar section” of
the “Horizontal pattern” tab in Atoll.
6)
Do the same operation for the vertical pattern.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) Copy the two columns corresponding to the horizontal

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Note: Atoll allows you to enter antenna pattern attenuations for as many as 720

angles. Therefore, attenuation values can also be defined for angles other than

integer values from 0° to 359°. For example: 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 … 359, 359.5.

7) Other parameters can be set in the “Other properties” tab, but it is only reference
7)
Other parameters can be set in the “Other properties” tab, but it is only reference
information and it has no impact on the calculation.
8)
A new antenna named “UMTS Antenna Test” can be found on “Physical
Antenna:60deg 17dBi 2100MHz” on Antennas folder.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Note: Atoll allows you to enter antenna pattern attenuations

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4.3 Transmitters parameters setting

3.4.3.1 Transmitters table

1)

Open the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document and select the “UMTS network - Transmitters” sheet.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.3 Transmitters parameters setting 3.4.3.1 Transmitters table 1) Open

2) Double click on the “Transmitters” folder in “Network” window (or right click on “Transmitters” and select “Open Table”) to open the “Transmitters” tab, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) After opening the “Transmitters” table in Atoll, you

3) After opening the “Transmitters” table in Atoll, you will discover that the number of fields is larger than in the Excel file. It is because some of the parameters in Atoll don’t need the input from the user but Atoll will automatically fill in default values. The fields listed in the Excel document are those necessary parameters for the transmitters. Before copy/paste the Excel table in Atoll, the unnecessary columns have to be hidden. If the user try to paste the data and that don’t match with the “Transmitters” tab, an error message will be displayed. The following figure shows that the “Columns to be Displayed” tab can be accessed under “Display Columns”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 In the “Columns to be Displayed” tab, t he

In the “Columns to be Displayed” tab, the unnecessary fields has to be unchecked for hiding the corresponding column, as shown in the following chart. Finally the “Transmitters” tab and the Excel tab have exactly the same columns.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 In the “Columns to be Displayed” tab, t he

4) Copy the transmitter’s data of the “UMTS network - Transmitters” sheet of the Excel document (except the title line) and paste it in the “Transmitters” table in Atoll, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) After the import of data in the “Tr

5)

After the import of data in the “Transmitters” table, the Map Window will be automatically updated, without refresh or saving the document.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) After the import of data in the “Tr

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

6)

The toolbar’s button

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) The toolbar’s button may zoom in or zoom

may zoom in or zoom out the Map Window (left click will

zoom in and right click will zoom out). The toolbar’s button choose one region to be zoomed in.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) The toolbar’s button may zoom in or zoom

allows the user to

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) The toolbar’s button may zoom in or zoom

7Pushing the toolbar’s button assigns automatically different colors for each transmitter in order to differentiate them, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) The toolbar’s button may zoom in or zoom

3.4.3.2 Global Parameters

1) Right click on the “Network Settings” folder on “Parameters” window, open the “Network Settings Properties” dialogue. Select the “Global Parameters” tab, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 The Global Parameters tab has the following options: DL

The Global Parameters tab has the following options:

DL Powers: define whether the power values on the downlink are Absolute or

Relative to Pilot. The power values affected are the synchronisation channel, other common channel, HS-SCCH, and HSUPA powers defined in the cell properties, as well as the minimum and maximum traffic channel powers per R99 radio bearer. Atoll automatically converts the power values defined in the cell properties (i.e., synchronisation channel, other common channel, HS-SCCH, and HSUPA powers) when you change the option. On the other hand, the values for the minimum and maximum traffic channel powers have to be modified manually. DL Load: define whether the total power values on the downlink are Absolute or a percentage of the maximum power (% Pmax). Atoll automatically converts the total power values when you change the option.

Interferences: define the method used to calculate interference on the downlink (I0 and Nt):

I0: Atoll will calculate I0 using the noise generated by all transmitters plus thermal

noise or you can select "Without pilot" and Atoll will calculate I0 using the total noise less the pilot signal and orthogonal part of traffic channels and other common channels. Nt: Atoll will calculate Nt as the noise generated by all transmitters plus thermal

noise or you can select "Without useful signal" and Atoll will calculate Nt as the total noise less the signal of the studied cell.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Handoff: define the parameters used to model soft handoff on the uplink.

Default UL Macro-Diversity Gain: set a default value for the uplink gain due to

macro-diversity on soft and soft-soft handovers. If you clear the Shadowing taken into account check box on the Condition tab when defining a coverage prediction or during a point analysis, Atoll uses this value. If you select the Shadowing taken into account check box on the Condition tab, Atoll calculates the UL macro-diversity gain, based on the standard deviation value of EbNt on the uplink defined per clutter class. +MRC in Softer/Soft: Atoll selects the serving cell during a softer/soft handover by recombining the signal of co-site transmitters and multiplying the resulting signal by the rake efficiency factor and then comparing this value to the signal received at transmitters located on the other sites of the active set. Atoll chooses the greatest value and multiplies it by the macro-diversity gain.

Compressed Mode: define the parameters related to compressed mode. Compressed mode is used when a mobile supporting compressed mode is connected to a cell located on a site with a compressed-mode-capable equipment

and either the pilot RSCP, or the received EcI0, or both of them are lower than the defined activation thresholds.

RSCP Activation Threshold: select the RSCP Active check box and enter a

RSCP Activation Threshold. EcI0 Activation Threshold: select the EcI0 Active check box and enter a EcI0

Activation Threshold. EbNt UL and DL Target Increase: When compressed mode is activated, EbNt requirements in UL and DL are increased. In order to take this into account, Atoll adds UL and DL EbNt target increase values to the UL and DL EbNt requirements set for each radio bearer.

HSDPA: define how total noise is calculated and how the CQI (Channel Quality

Indicator) is evaluated for HSDPA. Nt: select "Total noise" and Atoll will calculate Nt as the noise generated by all

transmitters plus thermal noise or select "Without useful signal" and Atoll will calculate Nt as the total noise less the signal of the studied cell. CQI: select “Based on CPICH quality” and Atoll will measure the CQI based on the pilot EcNt or select “Based on HS-PDSCH quality” and Atoll will measure the CQI based on the HS-PDSCH EcNt. Depending on the option selected, you will have to define either a CQI=f(CPICH Ec/Nt) graph, or a CQI=f(HSPDSCH Ec/Nt) graph in the Properties dialogue of the terminal equipment. The calculated CQI will be used to determine the best bearer.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4.4 Cells parameters setting

1)

Open the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document and select the “UMTS network - Cells” sheet.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.4 Cells parameters setting 1) Open the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document

2) After importing transmitters, Atoll will create cells automatically. Generally, we need to delete all of the cells on Cells table to fix for “UMTS network - Cells” sheet. Right click Transmitters ->Cells->Open Table on Network window to open Cells table, select all of the cells and click “Delete”, as seen in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 After deleting the cells, Cells table is em pty,

After deleting the cells, Cells table is empty, as seen in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 After deleting the cells, Cells table is em pty,

3)

Adjust the “Cells table” fields according to the Excel fields, copy the data of the “UMTS network - Cells” sheet and paste it the “Cells table” of Atoll, as shown in the

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 following figure. Note: Atoll supports transmitters with more than

Note: Atoll supports transmitters with more than one cell (carrier), as shown in the

following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 following figure. Note: Atoll supports transmitters with more than

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

4)

The “Name” field in the “Cells” table may be set according to the user preference. In Atoll, the default name is set as: “Transmitter_name (0”, where “0” is the carrier number.

5)

Frequency Bands:

To open the “Frequency Bands” dialogue, select “Network Settings->Frequencies->

Bands” on “Network” window.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) The “Name” field in the “Cells” table may

Open the “Frequency Band” dialogue. Define the central frequency, the first carrier, the last carrier and the bandwidth. By default the first carrier is 0 and the last carrier is 2, so there are 3 carriers. The frequency of the carrier 0 is the central frequency. This frequency is use for the calculation of the pathloss matrices. The frequency of the carrier 1 is the central frequency + 5MHz. Atoll UMTS supports multi-frequency band, by adding a new frequency band in the last line of the “Frequency Band” dialog box.

Define TMA, Feeders, Transmitter Equipment and Repeater Equipment under Radio Network Equipment folder on Parameters window.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4.5 Import and export

The stand alone mode does not need to connect any external database, but it can be convenient to import/export network data from/to a database.

3.4.5.1 Import Access database

1)

Please

find

the

“Brussels_UMTS.mdb”

document

in

the

“Reference_Data\Access_Database” folder in the CDROM. This document is an Access database file, containing the Brussels network data (but it does not contain the map data).

2)

In Atoll, select “File->New->From an Existing Database”, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.5 Import and export The stand alone mode does

3)

In the browsing window select the “Brussels_UMTS.mdb” document from the CDROM.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) After clicking on “Open”, Atoll automatically import all
4) After clicking on “Open”, Atoll automatically import all network data from the database to the
4)
After clicking on “Open”, Atoll automatically import all network data from the database
to the Atoll project.
5)
Using
“Centre in
the
Map
Window” to lets the sites
appear
in
the
center of
the
window.

Note: The database does not include the map data, therefore the map data has to be

imported separately.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4.5.2 Export to Access database

When all network data are set in Atoll, the data may be exported to a database file, so the network data can be easily shared and transferred.

Select Menu “Document->Database->Export…”, and in the appeared “Export to a Database” dialog box, type the file name and then export the engineering data into the “.mdb” file.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.5.2 Export to Access database When all network data
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.5.2 Export to Access database When all network data

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4.6 Add new sites

The steps for importing the network data into Atoll have been introduced above. Atoll provides also another method to add new sites directly in the Map Window.

3.4.6.1 Add new sites one by one

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.6 Add new sites The steps for importing the

Clicking on the Atoll toolbar button , turn the mouse into a honeycombs shape, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.6 Add new sites The steps for importing the

In the Map Window, a new site (including 3 transmitters) can be added directly with a click on the appropriate position. Simultaneously, Atoll adds the corresponding information into the data sheets. Press the “Ctrl” key to lay continuously sites in the Map Window. When the laying of sites is finished, press the “Esc” key to withdraw from the current status.

It is possible to add new transmitters to an existing base station, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Do not select “Hexagonal Design” in the Network tab,
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Do not select “Hexagonal Design” in the Network tab,
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Do not select “Hexagonal Design” in the Network tab,

Do not select “Hexagonal Design” in the Network tab, will hide the honeycomb shape of the new sites.

  • 3.4.6.2 Add a group of sites

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Do not select “Hexagonal Design” in the Network tab,

Click on the Atoll toolbar button , then a polygonal symbol will be added behind the

cursor. Then draw a polygon in the Map Window to add a new group of sites inside the selected region. Sites will be automatically layed inside the region according to a certain inter-site distance, as seen in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Do not select “Hexagonal Design” in the Network tab,

After drawing the polygon, the following figure will appear.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Similarly, Atoll will add the corresponding inform ation to

Similarly, Atoll will add the corresponding information to the new sites into the data sheets.

If the user wants to delete a group of sites, it can be done in the “Site” table as explain above or more quickly through the following operations:

Right click on a group of the “Hexagonal Design” folder and select “Delete”, then the entire group of sites will be deleted.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Similarly, Atoll will add the corresponding inform ation to

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.4.6.3 Template management

In the previous sections, a new group of sites have been added by selecting a template and by drawing a polygon. Atoll allows the user to choose among different templates and to edit a specific template. The templates are available in the Atoll toolbar, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.6.3 Template management In the previous sections, a new

Select Station Tamplates under Network Settings folder on Parameters window to manage station tamplates.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.4.6.3 Template management In the previous sections, a new

The user can edit the template’s parameters by clicking on “Properties” button. The user may also add a new template or delete an existing one.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 In the appeared dialog box, the template’s pr operties

In the appeared dialog box, the template’s properties can be edited (for example, the number of sectors, the antenna model, the azimuth, the tilt, the height and so on).

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 In the appeared dialog box, the template’s pr operties

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.5 Propagation model

Atoll integrates many propagation models including Okuruma-Hata, Cost-Hata, SPM. ITU370, ITU526, ITU 529, Longley-Rice, Erceg-Greenstein(SUI) and WLL models. The following models are the most commonly used for UMTS projects: Okuruma-Hata, Cost-Hata and SPM.

3.5.1 SPM propagation model

SPM (Standard Propagation Model) is a model originating from Planet and using K parameters. The SPM model has also a relation with the Hata model. The SPM model may be calibrated with CW measurements.

3.5.1.1 Import of CW measurement

Note: the CW measurements used by this document are just for the purpose of

helping the user to be familiar with the use of the software. The detailed
helping
the user
to
be familiar with
the
use
of
the software. The detailed

requirements for CW measurements (including data quantity) are described in the

SPM model calibration document, which can be provided upon request.

To import the measurements, there are 2 methods: Copy/Paste and import.

1)

Copy/Paste method

(1) Open the “Site89_2 survey” worksheet in the “UMTS_Brussels_Network.xls” document. This worksheet provides the measurements corresponding to the “Site89_2” cell with the longitude, the latitude and the received signal level for each sampling point

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.5 Propagation model Atoll integrates many propagation models including

(2)

In Atoll, right click on the “CW Measurements” folder in the “Network” window, and

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

select “New” in the context menu, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 select “New” in the context menu, as shown in

(3) In “New CW Measurement Path” dialog box, fill in the file name, the corresponding transmitter, the receiver height. Then paste the Excel table data into the table, as shown in the following figure.

Note: Set the coordinate system with “WGS84” corresponding to the projection

system use in the Excel tab.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 After clicking on “OK”, the test data are immediately

After clicking on “OK”, the test data are immediately displayed on the Map Window. Each point represents a measurement sampling.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 After clicking on “OK”, the test data are immediately

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

2) (1) (2) (3) Import method Atoll supports the formats .dat, .txt, .csv and .hd (PlaNET).
2)
(1)
(2)
(3)
Import method
Atoll supports the formats .dat, .txt, .csv and .hd (PlaNET).
Please find 3 .txt documents inside the “Reference_Data” folder of the CDROM.
In Atoll, right click on “CW measurements” in the “Network” window and select
“Import” as shown in the following figure.
(4)
In the appeared “Open” dialog box, browse for the document to be imported. Atoll
supports the multi selection of files. Several measurements corresponding to the
same transmitter can be imported at the same time, but if the measurements
belong to different transmitters, then each measurement has to be imported
separately.

Provided test data corresponding to different transmitters, the measurements have to be imported one by one.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 (5) The appeared dialog box contains two tabs, “General”
(5) The appeared dialog box contains two tabs, “General” and “Setup”. In the “General” tab, define
(5)
The appeared dialog box contains two tabs, “General” and “Setup”. In the
“General” tab, define the corresponding reference transmitter, the frequency and
receiver height, as shown in the following figure.
(6)
In the “Setup” tab, fill in the “1st Measurement Row” field with 2 (because the drive

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

test document has a title line and the data start at the second line). Then click on the “Setup” button.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 test document has a title line and the data
(7) After clicking on the “Setup” button, the “CW Measurement Setup” dialog box appears, as shown
(7)
After clicking on the “Setup” button, the “CW Measurement Setup” dialog box
appears, as shown in the following figure. Define “X-Coordinates” and
“Y-Coordinates” fields with respectively the longitude and latitude.
(8)
Click on the “Import” button in the import main window and then the measurement
data will be imported into the project. After the import, the measurement data will
be automatically put in the “CW Measurements” folder of the “Network” Window.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Use “Centre in the Map Window” function to display the imported measurements in the center of the map.

Import also the “Measures_Site69_U1_Street.txt” and the
Import
also
the
“Measures_Site69_U1_Street.txt”
and
the

“Measures_Site69_U3_Street.txt” documents into the project by the similar operations above. Please note that the 3 measurements files correspond to different transmitters.

(9)

Setting

of

the

CW

measurements

display

— —

double

click

on

the

“CW

measurement” folder and open the “CW measurements properties” dialog box. In the “Display” tab, define the “Display type” as “Value Intervals” and “Field” as “M(dBm)”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Use “Centre in the Map Wi ndow” function to

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.5.1.2 Automatic calibration of the SPM model

A good propagation model calibration requires having enough data, filtering them and carrying a careful tuning of each factor of the model. The tuning steps are quite complex, which is not described in details in this document. A document of specific SPM model calibration can be provided upon request. Bellow the SPM model basic operations are introduced.

The SPM automatic calibration may help the user to find the best K parameters, the “Effective antenna height” method, the “Diffraction” method and the clutter losses.

(1) Duplicate the existing standard propagation model and make the calibration for the duplicated model. This
(1)
Duplicate the existing standard propagation model and make the calibration for the
duplicated model. This method has the advantage to preserve the existing model
and to allow a calibration of the SPM for each kind of environments.
(2)
Right click on the Copy of Standard Propagation Model and select “Calibration
Select the CW measurement(s) and click on the “Next” button.
...
”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 (3) In the appeared dialog box, select the K

(3)

In the appeared dialog box, select the K parameters that will be used for the calibration. It is recommended not to select the K6 parameter.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 (3) In the appeared dialog box, select the K

Double click on a K parameter or select a K parameter and click on “Define Range”, will open the “Define Domain” dialog box, where the range of the K parameter can be defined, as shown in the following figure. But generally it is recommended to keep the default values defined above.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 After choosing the range, click on “OK”. (4) According

After choosing the range, click on “OK”.

(4)

According to the selected CW measurements and the tuning parameters, Atoll calibrates automatically the SPM propagation model.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 After choosing the range, click on “OK”. (4) According

(5) After the computation, Atoll provides in the same dialog box the results and the statistics concerning the model, as the average error and the standard deviation. According to the results, the user may choose to commit the K parameters list by clicking on the “Commit” button.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Note: the automatic model calibration is only a mathematical

Note: the automatic model calibration is only a mathematical computation method.

The result depends on the quality of the CW measurements. Therefore a high

quality of CW measurements is required.

(6)

If the results are not satisfactory and the K parameters have been already committed, the propagation model can be deleted by right clicking on it and selecting “Delete” (or by pressing the “Delete” key on the keyboard).

(7)

If after the calibration, the model has to be used in other projects, copy it by with CTRL+C and paste it with CTRL+V in the “Modules” tab of another project.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.5.1.3 Model validation with CW measurements

Normally, the validity of the model is checked with the standard deviation. The lower the value is, the better the model is. Generally, the standard deviation has to be less than 8dB.

Another method is using the analysis tool to compare each measurement point to the associated prediction.

1) Right click on the CW measurement in the “Network” window. Then select “Properties” in the
1)
Right click on the CW measurement in the “Network” window. Then select
“Properties” in the context menu.
2)
On the appeared properties dialog box, select the calibrated propagation model and
click on “OK”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) Right click on the CW measurement and select
3) Right click on the CW measurement and select “Refresh Geo Data”. 4) Afterward right click
3)
Right click on the CW measurement and select “Refresh Geo Data”.
4)
Afterward right click on the CW measurement and select the “Calculations->
Calculate Signal Levels” function.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) So the selected propagation model will be used.

5)

So the selected propagation model will be used. Right click on the CW measurement and select “Display Statistics”. Atoll will display the statistics report and the standard deviation of the measurement is available.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) So the selected propagation model will be used.

6)

Right click on the CW measurement and select “Open the Analysis Tool”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Atoll displays automatically the “CW measurements” window , as

Atoll displays automatically the “CW measurements” window, as shown in the following figure. With the cursor clicking in the “CW measurements” window and Atoll will simultaneously represent the drive test position in the Map Window. For the selected point Atoll provides the measurement value (M) and the predicted value (P). On the right of the “CW measurements” window the user can add an additional result, as the difference between M and P.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 Note: For the document with the deta iled model

Note: For the document with the detailed model calibration operations, please

contact Atoll support team.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.5.1.4 Set the propagation model for each transmitter

After the calibration of the propagation model, open the “Transmitters” tab and select the propagation model in pull-down menu of the “Main propagation model” field. The user may use Ctrl + D.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.5.1.4 Set the propagation model for each transmitter After

If all transmitters use the same propagation model, then the quickest way is to define the model in the “Transmitters properties” dialog box. In the “Propagation” tab, select the propagation model and choose the radius and the resolution (Normally the resolution is the same as the digital map).

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 © Forsk 2010 78/183

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.5.2 Cost-Hata model

Okuruma-Hata and Cost-Hata use both the standard Hata formula. The Okuruma-Hata is suitable for a frequency smaller than 1500MHz and Cost-Hata is suitable for a frequency bigger than 1500MHz. So Cost-Hata will be used for a CDMA network. Both Okuruma-Hata and Cost-Hata can be calibrated. The following paragraph introduces only the calibration of the Cost-Hata model, but the calibration of the Okuruma-Hata model is similar.

  • 3.5.2.1 Import of CW measurements

Please refer to the paragraph 3.5.1.1.

  • 3.5.2.2 Automatic calibration of the Cost-Hata model

The following paragraph does not make an exhaustive introduction of the automatic calibration of the Cost-Hata model. Automatic calibration is quite complex because of the detailed adjustment steps. Please contact the Atoll Support Team for more information.

Firstly, the CW measurements must be in a sufficient number and of good quality, in order to calibrate accurately the Cost-Hata model.

The Cost-Hata calibration tool might help the user to find the best A1, B1, Diffraction Factor and Formula Correction for each type of clutter.

1)

Right click the Cost-Hata model and select “Duplicate” will duplicate the Cost-Hata model. So, the calibration will not affect the parameters of the existing Cost-Hata model.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.5.2 Cost-Hata model Okuruma-Hata and Cost-Hata use both the

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

2)

Double click on the folder “Copy of Cost-Hata” will open the properties dialogue. The Cost-Hata propagation model can use an en vironment formula appropriate to each clutter class when calculating. Furthermore, Cost-Hata propagation model can “add diffraction loss” and take into account “limitation to free space loss”.

Add diffraction loss: The Cost-Hata propagation model can take into account

losses due to diffraction, using a 1-knife-edge Deygout method, and using the ground altitude given in the DTM. The diffraction can be weighted for each Hata environment formula. Limitation to free space loss: When using a Hata-based propagation model, it is possible to calculate a theoretical path loss that ends up being lower than the free space loss. In Atoll, you can define any Hata-based propagation model to never calculate a path loss that is lower than the calculated free space loss per pixel.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) Double click on the folder “Copy of Cost-Hata”

3)

Right click on the folder “Copy of Cost-Hata” and select “Calibration” will open the calibration wizard. Select one or several CW measurement(s) and click “Next”, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) In the appeared dialogue select the para meters

4)

In the appeared dialogue select the parameters that Atoll will calibrate and click “Next”, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) In the appeared dialogue select the para meters

5) Atoll automatically calibrates the Cost-Hata model and displays the parameters before and after the calibration. Atoll provides also the root mean square, the average and the standard deviation before and after the calibration. According to the results the user can choose to commit the result by clicking on the “Commit” button.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) If a propagation model is not useful, it’s

6)

If a propagation model is not useful, it’s easy to delete it by right clicking on the Cost-Hata model and select “Delete” or use the “Delete” key on the keyboard.

7)

If the user wants to use the propagation model in another Atoll project, just copy the existing propagation model with CTRL+C and then paste it in the new project with CTRL+V.

3.5.2.3 Cost-Hata model properties

1)

Double click on “Copy of Cost-Hata” in “Parameters” window (or right click on the “Copy of Cost-Hata” icon and select “Properties”) will open the “Copy of Cost-Hata properties” dialog box.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 6) If a propagation model is not useful, it’s

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

2) In the “Copy of Cost-Hata properties” dialog box, the propagation formula has to be set for each kind of clutter. Click on the “Formulas” button on the bottom left for checking “Copy of Cost-Hata” formulas and default values. The propagation parameters have to be set according to the user experience.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) In the “Copy of Cost-Hata properties” dialog box,

3) Set the appropriate formula for each kind of clutter in the “Copy of Cost-Hata” properties dialog box. The following figure is an example of the “Copy of Cost-Hata” properties setting (the properties dialog box has to be set according to the user’s network environment).

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) In the “Copy of Cost-Hata properties” dialog box,

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

4)

The next step is to set up the “Copy of Cost-Hata” model for all transmitters. Right click on the ”Transmitter” folder on “Network” window, select “Properties”, and open the “Transmitters properties” dialog box. In the appeared dialog box, select the “Propagation” tab and select “Copy of Cost-Hata” for the propagation model, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) The next step is to set up the

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.6 Propagation matrix calculation

3.6.1 Preliminary work

Before launching the calculation of the pathloss matrices, the following preliminary work has to be done.

3.6.1.1 Resolution of predictions and receiver altitude

The user needs also to set the resolution for coverage studies. This resolution may be equal or lower than the map’s accuracy. The higher the resolution is the longer the processing time is.

1)

Right click on the “Predictions” folder of the “Network” window and select “Properties” (or double click directly on the “Prediction” folder).

1) Right click on the “Predict ions” folder of the “Network” window and select “Properties” (or

2)

In the “Predictions properties” dialog box, set the “Default resolution” value to 20m (this will be the resolution for the following prediction studies). Clicking on “Private Directory” allows the user to select the path loss document, which will be used to store the pathloss matrices. The user can either select the “Embedded” option to store the pathloss matrices in the current Atoll project, or select the “.\xxxxx.losses” option to store the pathloss matrices in the external “.losses” folder which in the same directory of the ATL file, or use the “Browse” option to select a folder to store the pathloss matrices externally.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.6.1.2 Setting the Computation Zone If there is no

3.6.1.2 Setting the Computation Zone

If there is no computation zone defined, the pathloss matrices for all transmitters will be calculated, based on the calculation radius and the signal threshold. If the user wants to calculate the pathloss matrices only for a specific region, a Computation Zone can either be imported or directly drawn in the Map Window.

1)

(1)

Drawing the Computation Zone Right click on “Computation Zone” in the “Geo” tab of Explorer Window and select “Draw” in the context menu.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 (2) Then draw a polygon with the mouse to
(2) Then draw a polygon with the mouse to delimitate the region, for which the propagation
(2)
Then draw a polygon with the mouse to delimitate the region, for which the
propagation will be calculated.
(3)
You
can
also
create
a
computation
zone
to
be
a
polygon,
rectangle
or

combine/delete/split vector objects by using the Vector Editor on toolbar as follows:

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) (1) Import of the Computation Zone Right click
2) (1) Import of the Computation Zone Right click on “Computation Zone” in the “Geo” tab
2)
(1)
Import of the Computation Zone
Right click on “Computation Zone” in the “Geo” tab of the Explorer Window and
select “Import” in the context menu.
(2)
In the appeared dialog box, browse for the “Reference_Data\Computation_Zone”
folder in the CDROM and open the “Brussels_Computation_Zone.mif” document.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 (3) After opening the document, the “Vector Import” dialog
(3) After opening the document, the “Vector Import” dialog box will appear, as shown in the
(3)
After opening the document, the “Vector Import” dialog box will appear, as shown in
the following figure. Press the “Import” button to import the computation zone.
(4)
After the import, the computation zone will appear in red, as seen in the following
figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 (5) Right click on “Computation Zone” in the “Geo”

(5) Right click on “Computation Zone” in the “Geo” tab and select “Export”. Then export the computation zone with .MIF, .agd (Atoll map format) or .shp format. This computation zone can be imported in other projects.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 (5) Right click on “Computation Zone” in the “Geo”

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 © Forsk 2010 91/183

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.6.2 Propagation and prediction studies calculation

The calculations in Atoll are divided in two parts, pathloss matrices calculation and prediction study calculations.

Propagation calculation:

Calculation of the propagation loss of the link between each transmitter and each pixel. The calculation results will be saved in the path loss matrices. The pixel size is the transmitter calculation resolution.

Coverage study prediction

Atoll reads the data from the pathloss matrices, which was calculated previously, and make a post processing to calculate and display the coverage study. If the pathloss matrices have been calculated and there is no modification on the RF parameters (e.g. the site location, the antenna model, the azimuth and so on), Atoll does not automatically recalculate the pathloss matrices. If some of the RF parameters of some transmitters are changed, Atoll will recalculate the pathloss matrices for these transmitters.

Right click on the folder “Predictions” in the “Network” tab and select “New”, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.6.2 Propagation and prediction studies calculation The calculations in

In the appeared “Prediction Types” dialog box, Atoll provides by default 14 types of predictions. The first 5 predictions are concerning the DL pilot power without knowing the load conditions, so the predictions can be done before the Monte Carlo simulation.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.6.2.1 Best server prediction 1) Select “Coverage by Transmitter”

3.6.2.1 Best server prediction

1) Select “Coverage by Transmitter” and clicking “OK”, then open the “Coverage by Transmitter properties” dialog
1)
Select “Coverage by Transmitter” and clicking “OK”, then open the “Coverage by
Transmitter properties” dialog box. In the “General” tab, the “Resolution” of the
prediction can be set.
2)
In the “Condition” tab, set the “Signal level” threshold (for example -120dBm) and
select “Best Signal Level” in the Server’s field.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 The default value for the Cell Edge Coverage Pro

The default value for the Cell Edge Coverage Probability is 75%. If the standard deviation is set in the Clutter Classes properties, Atoll will use this value to calculate the Shadowing Margin. Atoll supports Cell Edge Coverage Probability lower than 50%.

3)

In the “Display” tab, define the display attributes, such as coverage transparency and so one.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 The default value for the Cell Edge Coverage Pro

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

4)

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) Click on the “OK” button to close the

Click on the “OK” button to close the dialog box. Clicking on the toolbar button (or F7 on the keyboard), Atoll starts the computation and open automatically the “Event viewer” window, which shows the prediction calculation progress.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) Click on the “OK” button to close the

If the “Propagation calculation” is already calculated, Atoll will start the computation of the coverage study.

Each prediction study is stored automatically in the “Prediction” folder of the “Network” window, as shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 4) Click on the “OK” button to close the

The generated prediction study is locked automatically. So if any parameters are changed this prediction study result will not be changed. If the prediction study has to be recomputed, right click on this prediction study and unlock the study before starting the computation.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.6.2.2 Coverage by Signal Level prediction 1) In the

3.6.2.2 Coverage by Signal Level prediction

1)

In the “Prediction Types” dialog box select “Coverage by Signal Level”.

2)

In the “Condition” tab, fill in -120dBm for the signal level threshold and select “All” for the Server’s field.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.6.2.2 Coverage by Signal Level prediction 1) In the

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3) In the “Display” tab, the user can set the display attributes, such as the intervals
3)
In the “Display” tab, the user can set the display attributes, such as the intervals for
the predicted values, the color and so one. The Min and Max values and the colors
can be set by clicking on “Actions->Shading”.
4)
After defining the properties, similarly as for the “Best Server prediction”, click on the
toolbar button
(or on the keyboard F7), to start the computation.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) In the “Display” tab, the user can set

Note: Previously Atoll already calculated the pathloss matrices with the “Coverage

by transmitters” prediction. For the “Signal Level” prediction, there is no change of

RF parameters, so this time Atoll calculates only the prediction.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

5) The prediction of the coverage by signal level is represented in the following figure. 6)
5)
The prediction of the coverage by signal level is represented in the following figure.
6)
Selecting “View->Legend Window”, displays the legend in the Map Window.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 5) The prediction of the coverage by signal level

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

7) Tip text
7)
Tip text

For most object types, such as sites, transmitters, prediction maps, information about each object can be displayed on the map window in the form of a tool tip that is only visible

when the pointer is over the object. To activate the tool tip function, click the Display Tips button on the toolbar.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 7) Tip text For most object types, such as

Note: If more than one coverage prediction is displayed on the map, the tool tips

display the tip text for all the coverage predictions available.

3.6.2.3 Overlapping Zones prediction

1)

Select “Overlapping Zones” in the “Prediction Types” dialog box.

2)

In the “Condition” tab, set the signal level threshold to -120dBm, select “Best Signal Level” for the server field and set the “Margin” to 5dB.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) The coverage map is shown in the following

3)

The coverage map is shown in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) The coverage map is shown in the following

“Number of servers >=2” represents the region where the received signal level from

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

different pilots have a difference less than 5dB. “Number of servers >=3” represents the region where the received signal level of 3 different pilots have a difference less than 5dB. And so one

  • 3.6.2.4 Force calculation

If there is no change in the RF parameters, Atoll won’t recalculate the pathloss matrices before calculating a prediction. But Atoll also provides the “Force Calculation” function, which can force the calculation of the pathloss for all transmitters.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 different pilots have a difference less than 5dB. “Number

Click on the toolbar button to force the recalculation of all path loss matrices.

  • 3.6.2.5 Prediction template management

If the prediction default values don’t match the user’s need, Atoll allows the user to save a prediction template in order to store the parameters setting.

1) Right click on a prediction study and choose “Save as a Customised Prediction”. 2) A
1)
Right click on a prediction study and choose “Save as a Customised Prediction”.
2)
A “Save as” dialogue window will prompt up. Define the name and the path of the
XML file you would like to save, as shown in below the figure. By default, the storage
path is the installation folder of Atoll. All the customized prediction studies are saved
in this Studies.XML file.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) The prediction template will be added in the
3) The prediction template will be added in the “Prediction Types” dialog box. 4) If you
3)
The prediction template will be added in the “Prediction Types” dialog box.
4)
If you want to delete this template, select it and click “delete” button.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.7 Simulation

3.7.1 Traffic model

The UMTS traffic model depends of the UMTS Parameters of the “Parameters” window:

“Environments”, “User Profiles”, “Terminals”, “Mobility Types” and “Services”.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.7 Simulation 3.7.1 Traffic model The UMTS traffic model

3.7.1.1 Services

1)

By default, Atoll provides 7 kinds of service types. Double clicking on the “Voice” type will open the “Voice properties” dialog box.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

2) Set the Uplink and Downlink Activity Factors/Average requested throughput in the “General” tab. 3) On
2)
Set the Uplink and Downlink Activity Factors/Average requested throughput in the
“General” tab.
3)
On “UMTS” tab to define other parameters of the service. For more information,
please refer to User Manual.
Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) Set the Uplink and Downlink Activity Factors/Average requested

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

4) R99 Radio Bearer. Click on the button on the right of the field “R99 Radio
4)
R99 Radio Bearer. Click on the button
on the right of the field “R99 Radio
Bearer”. In the appeared dialog box “LCD12 properties” define the Nominal Rate, the
Coding Factor, the Spreading Factor, the DPCCH/DPCH Power Ratio, the Min
Allowed Downlink Traffic Channel Power and the Max Allowed Downlink Traffic
Channel Power.
5)
The user can specify a new type of Service —— Right click on the “Services” folder,
select “New” and set up all the parameters in the appeared dialog box.
3.7.1.2
Mobility Types
1)
Atoll provides by default 3 Mobility Types (the name depends of the speed). Double
clicking on the “50km/h” mobility opens the “50 km/h properties” dialog box.
2)
In the “General” tab define the speed of mobility.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) In the “UMTS” tab define the Ec/Io Threshold
3) In the “UMTS” tab define the Ec/Io Threshold and the HS-SCCH Ec/Nt Threshold according to
3)
In the “UMTS” tab define the Ec/Io Threshold and the HS-SCCH Ec/Nt Threshold
according to the mobility.
4)
The user can specify a new type of Mobility —— Right click on the “Mobility Types”
folder, select “New” and set up all the parameters in the appeared dialog box.

3.7.1.3 Terminals

1)

Atoll provides 4 kinds of Terminals by default. Double click on “Mobile phone” and open the “Mobile phone properties” dialog box.

2)

In the “General” tab define the name.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3) In the “UMTS” tab define the UMTS Equipment,
3) In the “UMTS” tab define the UMTS Equipment, the Noise Figure, the Min and Max
3)
In the “UMTS” tab define the UMTS Equipment, the Noise Figure, the Min and Max
Power, the Gain, the Losses, the Active Set Size. And whether the Terminal supports
HSDPA and HSUPA. For more information, please refer to User Manual.
4)
The user can specify a new type of terminal —— Right click on the “Terminals”
folder, select “New” and set up all the parameters in the appeared dialog box.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.7.1.4 User Profiles 1) Atoll provides by default 2 kinds of user profiles. Double click one
3.7.1.4
User Profiles
1)
Atoll provides by default 2 kinds of user profiles. Double click one “Business User” to
open the open the “Business User properties” dialog box.
2)
Various parameters can be set up in the “General” tab. For CS services, fill in the
“Terminal”, “Calls/hour” and “Duration” fields. For PS services, fill in the “Terminal”,
“Calls/hour”, “UL Volume (Kbytes) and “DL Volume (Kbytes)” fields.
3)
The user can specify a new type of User Profile. Right click on the “User profiles”
folder, select “New” and set the parameters in the appeared dialog box.
3.7.1.5
Environments
1)
Atoll provides by default 4 kinds of Environments (classify by clutter name). Double
click on “Dense Urban” and open the “Dense Urban properties” dialog box.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) Various parameters can be set up in the

2)

Various parameters can be set up in the “General” tab. For each kind of “User Profile”, fill in the corresponding “Mobility” and “Density” fields.

3)

In

the

“Clutter Weighting”

tab,

the user

can specify

a

weight

and

an indoor

percentage for each clutter class. The high er the weight is, the higher

the user

density is. If the weight is 0 for a specific clutter, then no user will be distributed on this clutter.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 2) Various parameters can be set up in the

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0

3.7.2 Creating Traffic Maps

Atoll provides 3 different methods to create the traffic maps.

1)

User profile traffic map

User profile environments

User profile densities

2)

Sector traffic maps

Uplink and Downlink Throughputs

Total Number of Users (All Activity Statuses)

Number of Users per Activity Status

3)

User density traffic maps per (No. of Users/km2)

All activity statuses

Active in uplink

Active in downlink

Active in uplink and downlink

Inactive

Right click on “Traffic” in the “Geo” tab and select “New map”, as seen in the following figure.

Atoll Getting Started UMTS Version 3.1.0 3.7.2 Creating Traffic Maps Atoll provides 3 different methods

In the appeared “New traffic Map” dialog box, the above 3 methods for traffic map creation can be selected, as shown in the following figure.