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FlexiPacket MultiRadio and FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode

Table of content
1
1.1

FlexiPacket MultiRadio and FlexiPacket Hub800 Hybrid mode solution 3


Introduction ............................................................................................................. 3

2 3
3.1
3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3

Network Applications in Hybrid MBH..........................................................4 FlexiPacket Hub 800 Indoor Unit .................................................................5
Hybrid mode ............................................................................................................ 5
FPH800 Interfaces ............................................................................................................... 6 Licencing ............................................................................................................................. 7 Zerofoot print Solution with FlexiOutdoor case ............................................................... 7

4
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5
4.5.1 4.5.2

Features..........................................................................................................8
Flexipacket Hub 800 main features ....................................................................... 8 IDU ODU hybrid interface: IU/OU interface......................................................... 9 Hybrid Mode logical diagram ................................................................................. 9 TDM Cross-Connection ........................................................................................ 10 Ethernet processing ............................................................................................. 11
VLAN bridging mode......................................................................................................... 11 Quality of Service .............................................................................................................. 12

4.6

E1/Ethernet bandwidth allocation ....................................................................... 13

5
5.1
5.1.1 5.1.2

Traffic Protections.......................................................................................14
Ring Protections ................................................................................................... 14
E1 Ring Protection ............................................................................................................ 14 RSTP/MSTP........................................................................................................................ 15

5.2

FlexiPacketMultiRadio Traffic Protection ........................................................... 16

6
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4

Management.................................................................................................17
Network management using Nokia Siemens Networks NetAct........................ 17 Network management using Nokia Siemens Networks NetViewer ................. 17 Network management using FPH800 Web-based LCT...................................... 17 FlexiPacket Commissioning Tool........................................................................ 17

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

1 FlexiPacket MultiRadio and FlexiPacket Hub800 Hybrid mode solution


1.1 Introduction
FlexiPacket Hub 800 (later on referred as FPH800 in short) is a reliable and flexible indoor unit (IDU) of Nokia Siemens Networks FlexiPacket Microwave family, which can be used for tail, hub, or edge application in the mobile backhaul. It provides both TDM and packet aggregation solution, and is able to interface SDH network as well. FPH800 has the peculiarity to be able to work (via specific software release) in two different modes: in packet mode, TDM traffic is transported over packets with circuit emulation; in hybrid mode, TDM traffic is kept separated from packet traffic and the two are independently transmitted over the network.

Migration from hybrid to full packet can be implemented smoothly via SW upgrade

FlexiPacket Microwave hybrid mode solution includes the following: FlexiPacket MultiRadio (ODU) FlexiPacket Hub 800 (IDU)

This document concerns the functionalities supported by the Hybrid mode software release (R.H01)

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

2 Network Applications in Hybrid MBH

FPH800 addresses both tail and chain sites, and thanks to its variety of interfaces and modularity, perfectly suits in hub and edge sites. It is a cost-effective solution for all sites requiring multi-traffic aggregation, i.e. TDM + Ethernet. It fits in the standard Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi BTS outdoor housing, providing a zero-footprint solution and an extensive operating temperature range. Figure below provides a complete mobile backhauling solution with Nokia Siemens Networks FlexiPacket Hub 800 covering MBH segment from tail/chain sites to Hub/Edge sites.

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

3 FlexiPacket Hub 800 Indoor Unit


3.1 Hybrid mode
FPH800 is an indoor unit with 1U high only (1U = 44.45 mm), and can be mounted in standard ETSI N3 or 19 rack. It is also compatible with Flexi universal Outdoor Case. Besides main board, it has two empty slots for Plug-in Units (PIU) for flexible configuration fitting the requirements of different applications. Access interfaces for local traffic include TDM E1, STM-1, Gigabit Ethernet, and even Nokia Siemens Networks microwave proprietary FlexBus (FB) in future release. FPH800 has the peculiarity to be able to work (via different software release) in two different modes: in packet mode, TDM traffic is transported over packets with circuit emulation; in hybrid mode, TDM traffic is kept separated from packet traffic and the two are independently transmitted over the network. In Hybrid mode, TDM traffic is cross connected in the Cross Connection matrix, and together with Ethernet traffic is aggregated and sent/received from/to IDU/ODU connection. Additionally, as part of the Nokia Siemens Networks Carrier Ethernet portfolio, it allows a smooth integration in the network, ensuring end to end Quality of Service (QoS) and easy provisioning. ODU can be connected to FPH800 through a single Ethernet cable using ports with ODU power feeding support. Alternative option is to use 2 cables (with a separate power supply cable). FPH800 supports the following ODU configurations: 1+0 1+1 Hot Standby (HSB) 1 + 1 Space Diversity 1 + 1 Frequency Diversity 2+0 Cross-Polarization Interface Counteracter (XPIC) will be supported in next release

Figure : Supported configurations in Release H01


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3.1.1 FPH800 Interfaces

According to the FPH800 front panel view (see Figure 2), it has the following interfaces: Main board 2 x DC input (-48 V) 4 x 10/100/1000 BaseT electrical GE ports (two ports supports ODU power feeding) 2 x Small Form Pluggable (SFP) STM-1/GE ports 16 x E1 port 1 x DCN port (local and remote management) 1 x OOB port (local management) 1 x Alarm port (two input and two output, used for alarm interface) 1 x USB port supported cards for two plug-in units: - The two plug-in units are equipvalent to each other, there is no slot restriction for the inserted card.

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

3.1.2 Licencing
FPH800 is delivered to customer together with dedicated software release for hybrid operation (via eMedia or CD), providing the basic and essential functions needed infield, which is the basic licence configuration, while there are additional features that could be required, for instance, when the network scales up, or network security is required etc. The basic licence configuration is: enabling of E1/STM-1 ports and Ethernet ports in Main Board FPH800 H1.0 provides the following upgrading licences: RSTP/MSTP support (Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol/Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol) Encryption functions of secure management protocols (in future release): SNMP v3.0 SSH SFTP HTTPS If the upgrading licences are ordered together with the equipment, licences are installed during commissioning. In-field licence upgrading is also supported, which can be done by Nokia Siemens Networks service staff or by the operator themselves. The upgrading can be done locally or remotely through the EMS (Element Management System) while the equipment is running and without traffic disruption.

3.1.3 Zerofoot print Solution with FlexiOutdoor case


The proposed solution based on FlexiPacket Multiradio and FlexiPacket Hub 800 is available as for all the IDU in our MW portfolio for zerofootprint solution housing FlexiPacket Hub 800 in FlexiOutdoor case available for floor as well as pole monting solution as shown in the figure beloe

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

4 Features
4.1 Flexipacket Hub 800 main features
The followings are the FPH800 hybrid mode main features:

Native TDM and native Ethernet traffic TDM Cross-Connect + Packet-switching QoS E1 ring protection RSTP/MSTP (Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol/Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol) STM-1 MSP (Multiplex Section Protection) Web-based Local Craft Terminal (LCT) management

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FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

4.2 IDU ODU hybrid interface: IU/OU interface


In hybrid mode FlexiPacket MultiRadio (ODU) and FlexiPacket Hub 800 (IDU) are connected through the IU/OU interface using one cable. The physical appearance is Gigabit Ethernet, with logical NSN proprietary frame named Cable Frame. The Cable Frame is defined to carry both E1 and client Ethernet as shown in the picure below.

All the 4 GE RJ45 ports on FlexiPacket 800H mainboard support IU/OU interface mode.

4.3 Hybrid Mode logical diagram


In Hybrid mode, TDM traffic is cross connected in the Cross Connection matrix, and together with Ethernet traffic is aggregated and sent/received from/to IDU/ODU connection. Additionally, as part of the Nokia Siemens Networks Carrier Ethernet portfolio, it allows a smooth integration in the network, ensuring end to end Quality of Service (QoS) and easy provisioning.

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

4.4 TDM Cross-Connection


The TDM traffic assignment is based on E1 level, all the TDM traffic interfaces areattached to the E1 CC unit. The maximum available TDM traffic interfaces on FPH800 are illustrated on Figure below:

The real number of E1 channels over IU/OU depends on the configured RF bandwidth and modulation and activation of the E1 numbers by the user. The E1 cross connection is bidirectional and flexible, any E1 channel can be CC to another E1 channel.

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

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4.5 Ethernet processing


There is a L2 switching for Ethernet traffic network, i.e., the Ethernet forwarding is based on MAC address. FPH800 supports up to 16K MAC address, both DIX v2 and IEEE 802.3 standards are supported for Ethernet frame. The frame length can be from 64 bytes up to 1518 bytes by standard.

The MAC address aging time is configurable from 100 seconds to 2000 seconds in step of 1 second, and the default value is 300 seconds. The MAC table is automatically learnt but it is possible for the user to configure static MAC table entries and the static entries will never be deleted by the aging function. Besides learning and matching the source and destination MAC addresses, VLAN ID is also used to determine the egress port in traffic forwarding.

4.5.1 VLAN bridging mode


FPH800 supports 3 VLAN bridging modes: Disable mode Forwarding will be only based on packets MAC address, and the packet will never be modified. 802.1q mode CVLAN based forwarding only. If an untagged packet is coming from a UNI, a CVLAN (Customer VLAN) tag will be attached to the packets at the ingress port. For NNI, if an untagged packet is received, the NNIs default VLAN ID will be attached. If a packet is going out of a UNI, it is configurable per port whether to reserve the CVLAN tag with 3 options: strip all CVLAN tag; reserve all CVLAN tag; strip only default VLAN tag. The default option is reserving all CVLAN tag. 802.1 ad mode SVLAN based forwarding only. UNI is configured as translation mode or transparent mode. In VLAN translation mode, the CVID is replaced by SVID; In VLAN transparent mode, SVLAN tag is added before old CVLAN. For untagged packet, there is no difference between translation and transparent mode. For NNI, there is no difference between translation and transparent mode

Copyright 2010 Nokia Siemens Networks. All rights reserved.

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4.5.2 Quality of Service


Figure 5 shows the QoS architecture of FPH800 with main components as: Classifier and filter rule database (Mapping) Marker/Policing TrTCMF (Two-rate three-color-marker) Buffer management and Congestion avoidance Scheduling -Egress port rate limiting (Shaping)F

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4.6 E1/Ethernet bandwidth allocation


The bandwidth of IU/OU interface between FlexiPacket MultiRadio and FlexiPacket Hub 800 is determined by FlexiPacket MultiRadio setting: RF bandwidth Modulation type The connected ODU RF bandwidth determines the overal vailable bandwidth and FlexiPacket Hub 800 configures the bandwidth division between E1 and Ethernet for each RF bandwidth + Modulation type. The Table below lists the maximum number of E1 channels for each combination of RF bandwidth and modulation type and the maximum Ethernet throughput:

RF Channel

Modulation

Eth L1 Throughput (*) Mbps

Ethernet Net Radio Throughput L2 Mbps

Max E1s

7 MHz

14 MHz

28 MHz

56 MHz (**)

4 QAM 16 QAM 32 QAM 64 QAM 128 QAM 256 QAM 4 QAM 16 QAM 32 QAM 64 QAM 128 QAM 256 QAM 4 QAM 16 QAM 32 QAM 64 QAM 128 QAM 256 QAM 4 QAM 16 QAM 32 QAM 64 QAM 128 QAM 256 QAM

11,4 -14,3 22,8 - 28,7 28,6 - 36,0 34,3 - 43,2 40,1 - 50,4 45,8 - 57,6 23,0 - 28,9 46,0 - 57,9 57,6- 72,4 69,1 - 86,9 80,6 - 101,4 92,2 - 116,0 45,9 - 57,8 92,0 - 115,7 115,1 - 144,7 138,1 - 173,7 161,1 - 202,7 184,2 - 231,6 92,0 - 115,7 184,2 - 231,6 230,2 - 289,6 276,3 - 347,5 322,4 - 405,5 368,4 - 463,4

11,2 22,5 28,2 33,9 39,6 45,2 22,7 45,4 56,8 68,2 79,6 91,0 45,3 90,8 113,6 136,3 159,0 181,8 90,8 181,8 227,2 272,7 318,2 363,7

5 10 13 15 18 20 10 21 26 31 36 42 21 42 52 63 73 75 42 75 75 75 75 75

Supported IU/OU Bandwidths

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FlexiPacketMultiRadio FlexiPacket Hub 800 Hybrid Mode Summary -241210

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5 Traffic Protections
5.1 Ring Protections
E1 traffic and Ethernet traffic are protected separately over ring respectively with SNCP like protection and RSTP/MSTP protocols

5.1.1 E1 Ring Protection


E1 ring protection is supported in FPH800 to protect E1 path from link failure or intermediate equipment failure. For a source end of E1 connection, keeps receiving two directions of signals form the sink end, the E1 traffic is bridge to one of them based on the E1 AIS or external command. E1 loop protection is fixed to be non-revertive.

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5.1.2 RSTP/MSTP

Rapid/Multiple Spanning Tree protocol is supported in FPH800 to provide a loop-free redundantnetwork topology, preventing the network from broadcast storm.

RSTP Illustration

MSTP Illustration

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5.2 FlexiPacketMultiRadio Traffic Protection


FlexiPacket Hub800 supports the following FlexiPacket MultiRadio (ODU) groups: 1+0 1+1 Hot Standby 1+1 Space Diversity 1+1 Frequency Diversity Cross Polarization Interface Counteracter (XPIC) in next release Mixed configurations

Mixed configuration of (1 + 1) + 2 x (1 + 0) is also supported. In a typical example Figure below, twoFlexiPacket MultiRadio (ODUs) are configured as 1 + 1 pair, the other two FlexiPacket MultiRadio (ODUs) are connected to separated radio links. The protection scheme can be revertive or nonrevertive based on the configuration.

Example of mixed configuration

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6 Management
6.1 Network management using Nokia Siemens Networks NetAct
Nokia Siemens Networks NetAct (later referred to as NetAct) is the central network management system for collecting alarms and measurement data from FPH800 and associated FlexiPacket radio in the network. Communication between NetAct and the network elements is enabled via IP DCN. Fault and performance management data is collected to NetAct via NetViewer-NetAct Connector that's integrated to NetViewer EMS.

6.2 Network management using Nokia Siemens Networks NetViewer


NetViewer is a PC-based software application for controlling and monitoring FPH800 and associated FlexiPacket Radio. NetViewer communications with FPH800 via IP DCN. It reads and interprets the information directly from the node and the information can then be easily modified and sent back to the node.

6.3 Network management using FPH800 Web-based LCT


Embedded FPH800 LCT program can be launched as a Java program through the network connection. With the user-friendly GUI, the user can do the following task: Hardware settings Link Protection Group (LPG) settings Service settings DCN settings Software management Licensing management Performance management maintenance

6.4 FlexiPacket Commissioning Tool


Scope of FlexiPacket Commissioning Tool is to support the first installation and upgrade of the FlexiPacket system (IDU, ODUs)

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