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Answers to Continuous Evaluation New Biology — a modern

approach

21 Cell division

© Aristo Educational Press Ltd 2007 1


Answers to Continuous Evaluation New Biology — a modern
approach

Class Practice

© Aristo Educational Press Ltd 2007 2


Answers to Continuous Evaluation New Biology — a modern
approach

21.1 Cell division

21.2 Chromosomes
1. (a) parent cell
(b) daughter cells
2. (c) chromatins
3. (d) homologous
4. (e) chromatid
(f) centromere

21.3 Mitosis
A. (a) (2) → (3) → (1) → (4)
(b) Separation of chromatids
B. 1. T
2. F
3. F
4. T

21.4 Meiosis
1. F
2. T
3. T
4. F
5. F
6. T
7. F

Exam Practice
A. Multiple Choice Questions
1. B
2. A
3. A
4. D
5. C
6. C
7. D
8. B
9. B

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Answers to Continuous Evaluation New Biology — a modern
approach

B. Structured Questions
1. (a) egg mother cell – 46; egg – 23; fertilised egg – 46
(b) (i) meiosis
(ii) The chromosome number of the egg / sperm is half of that of the parent cell
so that the diploid number of chromosome is restored after fertilisation.
(iii) testis
(c) in the oviduct
(d) mitosis
2. (a) X – mitosis; Y – meiosis
(b) In cell division X the chromosomes line up individually in the middle of the cell
while in cell division Y the chromosomes line up in pairs.

(c)

Daughter cell resulting from Daughter cells resulting from


cell division X
cell division Y

(d) (i) cell division X


(ii) cell division Y

C. STS Connections
1. (a) Mitosis. The daughter cells and parent cells are genetically identical.
(b) Skin cells undergo apoptosis to form a layer of dead cells on the outermost layer of
the epidermis. This protective layer can prevent the entry of pathogens.
(c) - Maintain a healthy eating habit.
- Do not smoke. (any other reasonable answers)
2. (a) Malignant tumour
(b) Benign tumours are slowly growing and often stop growing after a while. The
tumour does not affect the surrounding tissue or spread throughout the body.
Mallignant tumours do not stop growing. The cells may spread to important
organs via bloodstream or lymphatic system. They may upset the patient’s
homeostasis and eventually kill the person.
(c) Lung cancer

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