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# Rectangular tank sizing Calculation

Objectives
- To calculate the thickness of tank plates
- To determine the size of stiffening frame for tank
- To determine dry and test weights
Assumptions
- Specific gravity of liquid is 1
- Acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s
2
- Density of steel is 7850 kg/m
3
- Minimum Distance between stiffeners = 1.05m
References
1. UL-142, Steel Aboveground Tanks for flammable and combustible liquids,
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
2 Eugene F. Megyesy, Pressure Vessels Handbook, Pressure Vessels
Publishing Inc.
3 Corus Construction and IndustrialStructural Sections to BS 4: Part 1:1993
& BS EN 10056:1999
4 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section II subpart D
5 Trauvay and Cauvin (2001), Piping Equipment
6 Young, W. C. & Budynas, R. G. (2002) Roark's Formulas for Stress and Strain
7th ed., McGraw-Hill. 2002
7 ASME B31.10M - 2000: Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
8 ASME B.16.5 - 2009: Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings
Notes
1 A total of 10 Stiffeners were used based on a spacing of 1.05 m on the long
sides (3 stiffeners on each longer side; and 2 stiffeners on each shorter side)
2 Sump Pump weight was not included in calculations
3 Weights are calculated weights. Final weights to be advised by vendor
Weight calulation does not include weir.
Page 1 of 8
Definition of Terms
- a Length of top plate
- b Width of top plate
- CA Corossion Allowance
- E Modulus of Elasticity
- g Gravitational acceleration
- H Height of tank
- I
min
Minimum Moment of inertia of top edge stiffening
- L Length of tank
- l Spacing between vertical stiffeners
- l
b
Spacing of bottom plate support
- R Reaction at top edge
- r Radius of contact of heaviest dead weight on top tank
- S Allowable stress of tank material
- t Required thickness
- t
a
Selected thickness
- W Heaviest Dead weight on top plate
- Z
min
Minimum Section Modulus of vertical stiffener
- Factor Depending on ratio of Length to Width of top plate a/b
- Factor Depending on ratio of Height to Length H/L

p
Density of tank material
Density of liquid in tank
Poisson ratio of tank material
CSA Cross-Sectional Area
Page 2 of 8
Equipment Tag No. ABH 8000 Project No. No. of equipments 1
1 DESIGN DATA
Tank Material SA-516 Gr. 60
Modulus of Elasticity E = N/m
2
Allowable Stress S = N/m
2
Density of tank material
p
=
kg/m
3
Tank Dimensions:
Length L = m
Width W = m
Height H = m
Type of Liquid
Specific Gravity =
Density of liquid = kg/m
3
Acceleration due to gravity g m/s
2
No. of vertical stiffeners one side =
Maximum Distance between Stiffners l = m
Corrosion Allowance CA = mm
Height/length ratio (H/L) =
Factor for H/L = (See Appendix)
2 SIDE PLATE THICKNESS
Required Plate Thickness = m
= mm
Thickness + Corossion Allowance = mm
Selected Plate thickness t
s
= mm
= N/m
= N/mm
4 VERTICAL STIFFENING
Minimum Section Modulus
= cm
3
An equal angle L-section of dimensions
150 x 150 x 15 (section modulus = cm
3
)
frame is satisfactory for vertical stiffening
Total no. of vertical stiffeners = (Note 1)
1216
1.05
0.0045733
28252.8
28.25
117.9E+06
203.4E+09
83.5
3
1000
1
Water
0.095
0.5714
3
7.57
4.57
2.4
3
4.2
7850
8
9.81
10
77.538
S
gH
l t
|
=
2
2
gH
w

=
S
Hlw
Z
1284 . 0
min
=
Page 3 of 8
5 TOP EDGE STIFFENING
Reaction at top edge = N/mm
Minimum required moment of inertia for top edge stiffening:
= mm
4
= cm
4
200 x 200 x 16 (moment of inertia = cm
3
)
frame is satisfactory for vertical stiffening
BOTTOM PLATE SUPPORT SPACING
using a minimum plate thickness of mm calculated for side plates above,
the maximum spacing of bottom plate supports:
= m
6 TOP PLATE THICKNESS
Dimensions of top plate
Length a = m
Width b = m
Constant based on length to width ratio a/b
a/b =
= (See Appendix)
Poisson's ration
Total dead weight on tank top plate = kg (Note 2)
= N
Sum of Radii of load contacts with top plate
r = mm
Total Stress due to dead load on 4.57mm required plate thickness
= N/m2
This Stress value is < S ( N/m
2
)
therefore required thickness for side plates is
Selected thickness = 8 mm
4.4
3.2
3195.0
4.57
-0.000125
30608563
325.69
2251.2
2342
0.3
1.375
8.48
22512126
117.9E+06
1475
0.406
gH
S
t l
b

254 . 1 =
( )
(

+ + = o
t
u
t r
b
t
W 2
ln 1
2
3
2
w R 3 . 0 =
a
Et
RL
I
192
4
min
=
Page 4 of 8
7 WEIGHT CALCULATIONS
a Weight of Tank Plates
(Surface area of tank * tank thickness * Density of tank material)
i- Side plates
=
ii- Bottom Plate kg
=
iii- Top Plate
=
Total weight of tank plates =
b Weight of Stiffeners
Weight of one vertical stiffener
(CSA*Length*density of stiffener) = kg
Total Weight of vertical Stiffeners = kg
Weight of top edge stiffening
(CSA*Length*density of stiffener) = kg
Total weight of stiffeners = kg
c Weights of nozzles
7 Nos. 2" nozzles @ = kg
2 Nos. 4" nozzles @ = kg
2 Nos. 24" Manways @ kg/MW = kg
Total weight of nozzles = kg
d Total Empty weight of tank
(Weights of tank plates+Stiffners+nozzles) = kg
Weight of water to fill tank
(Volume of tank * density of water) = kg
e. Operating Weight
(Empty weight of tank + Weight of water at NLL)
NLL = m
Weight of water at NLL = kg/m
3
Total Operating Weight =
f. Weight of tank filled with water
(Empty weight of tank + Weight of water) = kg 35982.818
1.06
13356
19098.818
30240
5742.818
281.22
19.06
140.6
1571.256
723.456
791.28
884.224
3845.872
3.63 kg/Nozzle
9.53 kg/Nozzle
325.69
2170.368
25.41
847.8
84.78
) ( 2 WH LH t
p
+ =
p s
LWt =
p s
abt =
Page 5 of 8
TANK SKETCH
Vertical Stiffener Cross-Section
Top-Edge stiffening Cross-Section
150mm
150mm
15mm
200mm
200mm
16mm
2
.
4
m

Top Plate
Page 6 of 8
Summary of Results
-- Tank material SA-516 Gr. 60
-- Thickness of plates
Sides = 8 mm
Bottom = 8 mm
Top = 8 mm
-- Number of vertical stiffeners = 10
-- Stiffener configuration Equal leg (L section)
Stiffener Cross-section Dimensions
Vertical = 150mm x 150mm x 15mm
Top edge = 200mm x 200mm x 16mm
-- Dry weight of tank = 5742.818 kg
-- Operating weight of tank = 19098.82 kg
-- Weight of tank filled with water = 35982.82 kg
Page 7 of 8
APPENDIX
Values for factors used
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Ratio
H/L or
H/l 0.25 0.286 0.333 0.4 0.5 0.667 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4
Constant 0.024 0.031 0.041 0.056 0.08 0.116 0.16 0.26 0.34 0.38 0.43 0.47 0.49
Table 1: Values of
Table from Ref. 3
1 2 3 4 5 6
Ratio a/b 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2
Constant -0.238 -0.08 0.011 0.053 0.068 0.067 0.067
Table 2: Values of
Table from Ref. 8
Interpolation for Interpolation for
Col. No.
5
6
-0.000125

-0.078
0.011
0.5714
0.667
H/L or H/l
0.5
0.095

0.08
0.116
H/L or H/l
1.2
1.4
1.375
Col. No.
2
3
Page 8 of 8