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VSAT Configuration and Installation

March 2009

Document No. DC-4491-20(D)

Gilat Satellite Networks Ltd.

This document contains information proprietary to Gilat Satellite Networks Ltd. and may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the express written consent of Gilat Satellite Networks Ltd. The disclosure by Gilat Satellite Networks Ltd. of information contained herein does not constitute any license or authorization to use or disclose the information, ideas or concepts presented. The contents of this document are subject to change without prior notice.

VSAT Configuration and Installation

Contents 1. 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. Introduction and Overview ................................................................................... 1 Scope and Limitations .................................................................................. 1 Background and Purpose ............................................................................. 1 VSAT Types ................................................................................................. 1 Mesh Connectivity ........................................................................................ 4 Inter-Facility Link (IFL) Cables ..................................................................... 5 1.5.1. Coaxial Cables ................................................................................... 5 1.5.2. LAN Cable .......................................................................................... 8 VSAT Location Coordinates, Antenna Pointing and Site Installation Overview9 VSAT Location Coordinates ......................................................................... 9 Antenna Pointing .......................................................................................... 9 VSAT Site Installation Overview ..................................................................10

2. 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 3.

3.1. 3.2.

Configuring the VSAT ..........................................................................................11 Data Required .............................................................................................11 Configuring SkyEdge VSATs via SkyManage Web Page .............................11 3.2.1. Accessing the SkyManage Web Page ...............................................11 3.2.2. Configuring the VSAT ........................................................................17 3.3. Configuring a VSAT using a File .................................................................21 3.3.1. Saving the Configuration as a File .....................................................22 3.3.2. Uploading a File to a VSAT................................................................24 3.3.3. Modifying VSAT Parameters ..............................................................24 3.4. Reset VSAT ................................................................................................24

VSAT Installation ................................................................................................................26 3.5. Grounding ...................................................................................................26 3.6. VSAT Physical Connections ........................................................................26 3.7. Using the VSAT as a Pointing Device..........................................................28 3.8. Initial Boot-Up .............................................................................................32 3.8.1. Monitoring via the LEDs .....................................................................32 3.8.2. Monitoring via the SkyManage Web Page..........................................33 3.9. Activating CW .............................................................................................35 4. 4.1. 4.2. Regulatory Requirements ...................................................................................37 Electrical Ratings ........................................................................................37 Regulatory Approvals ..................................................................................37

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4.3. 4.4. 4.5. 4.6. 4.7.

RoHS Compliant ......................................................................................... 38 IECEE CB Scheme ..................................................................................... 38 WEEE Compliance ..................................................................................... 39 Precautions ................................................................................................ 39 VSAT Sicherheitsvorschriften (Germany) .................................................... 40 4.7.1. Allgemein .......................................................................................... 40 4.7.2. Vorkehrungen ................................................................................... 41 4.7.3. Erdung und Kabelverbindung ............................................................ 41 4.8. Other Countries .......................................................................................... 41

Tables Table 1: Table 2: Table 3: Table 4: Table 5: Figures SkyEdge II IP VSAT (front view) ...................................................................... 1 SkyEdge II IP VSAT (rear viwe ........................................................................ 1 SkyEdge II Extend VSAT (front view) ............................................................... 2 SkyEdge II Extend VSAT (rear view)................................................................ 2 SkyEdge II Access VSAT (front view) .............................................................. 2 SkyEdge II Access VSAT (rear view) with 2 FXS add ons and DC Power Supply 3 Figure 7: SkyEdge II Pro VSAT (front view) .................................................................... 3 Figure 8: SkyEdge II Pro VSAT (rear view) with Slot 1 ready for mesh ........................... 3 Figure 9: SkyEdge II Extend VSAT (rear view) with Connections Labeled ...................... 4 Figure 10: Access VSAT Mesh Connectivity ................................................................... 4 Figure 11: Pro VSAT Mesh Connectivity ......................................................................... 5 Figure 12: SkyManage Home Page IP and Extend VSATs ......................................... 12 Figure 13: SkyManage Home Page IP and Extend VSATs ......................................... 13 Figure 14: Info Page Before Configuration IP or Extend VSAT................................... 14 Figure 15: Info Page Before Configuration Access or Pro VSAT ................................ 15 Figure 16: Telemetry Page ........................................................................................... 16 Figure 17: CPU Utilization Graph .................................................................................. 16 Figure 18: Rx EsNo Signal Graph ................................................................................. 17 Figure 19: Password ..................................................................................................... 17 Figure 20: Setup (compressed view)............................................................................. 18 Figure 21: Configuration Parameters ............................................................................ 19 Figure 22: Confirm Configuration Parameters ............................................................... 21 Figure 1: Figure 2: Figure 3: Figure 4: Figure 5: Figure 6: VSAT IP Ports, Add Ons and Power Modes ..................................................... 3 Coax Cable Lengths ......................................................................................... 5 Configuration Parameters ............................................................................... 20 LED Boot Sequence ....................................................................................... 32 VSAT Electrical Ratings .................................................................................. 37

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Figure 23: Figure 24: Figure 25: Figure 26: Figure 27: Figure 28: Figure 29: Figure 30: Figure 31: Figure 32: Figure 33: Figure 34: Figure 35: Figure 36: Figure 37: Figure 38: Figure 39: Figure 40: Figure 41: Figure 42: Figure 43: Figure 44: Figure 45: Figure 46: Figure 47: Tables Table 1: Table 2: Table 3: Table 4: Table 5:

Submit Successful ........................................................................................21 Setup from file ..............................................................................................22 Save as file ..................................................................................................23 Setup file ......................................................................................................23 Reset VSAT .................................................................................................24 Confirm Reset VSAT ....................................................................................25 Reset VSAT Successful ...............................................................................25 ODU and Cable Connections ........................................................................27 Start Alignment.............................................................................................28 Rx Signal before Alignment ..........................................................................29 Rx Signal Optimized .....................................................................................30 Cross Pole Alignment Starting ......................................................................30 Cross Pole Completed ..................................................................................31 VSAT LEDs ..................................................................................................32 Outbound Locked in Operational Code .........................................................33 VSAT Authenticated with Sync and Satellite Link Up ....................................34 Active VSAT .................................................................................................34 VSAT Info page for Active IP VSAT .............................................................35 CW Off .........................................................................................................36 CW On .........................................................................................................36 FCC .............................................................................................................37 c/TUV/us ...................................................................................................38 GS Mark .......................................................................................................38 CE 0682 .......................................................................................................38 WEEE Symbol ..............................................................................................39

VSAT IP Ports, Add Ons and Power Modes ..................................................... 3 Coax Cable Lengths ......................................................................................... 5 Configuration Parameters ................................................................................20 LED Boot Sequence ........................................................................................32 VSAT Electrical Ratings ..................................................................................37

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About This Manual This section describes the audience, document contents, and conventions of the SkyEdge II VSAT Configuration and Installation manual. Objectives This manual provides detailed instructions how to configure, install and monitor the operation of the SkyEdge II IP VSAT. How to Use This Manual This manual is to be used by a trained installer in order to configure and install a VSAT. The step-by-step procedures are to be closely followed in order to ensure that he configuration and installation will be successful. Audience This manual is designed for trained personnel who will be responsible for the configuration, installation and monitoring of VSATs in a SkyEdge network. Organization The table below contains a list of the chapters in the manual, the chapter titles and a short description of the material contained in each chapter.
Chapter Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter Title Introduction and Overview Configuring the VSAT Location Coordinates, Antenna Pointing and Site Installation Overview VSAT Installation Description Contains a brief description of the VSAT. Contains detailed instructions on how to configure the VSAT using the SkyManage web page. Describes how to obtain the location coordinates, explains the significance of proper antenna pointing and lists the general steps required to properly install and commission a SkyEdge II VSAT Instructs how to connect and boot-up a VSAT to a previously pointed antenna and how to ground the VSAT. Shows how to use the VSAT as a pointing device. Contains instructions on how to broadcast a CW from the VSAT. Regulatory Requirements that need to be included in this document

Chapter 4

Chapter 4

Regulatory Requirements

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Conventions This manual uses the following conventions to convey instructions and information: Convention
Boldface font Italic font

Description
Commands and keywords. The result of an instruction or command. Information to be typed into a form or dialog box. Information that is printed or displayed on a screen.

Screen font 1
Screen font 2

WARNING
This symbol means danger. It is used to describe a situation that can cause bodily injury. Before working on any equipment, know the hazards involved and how to prevent accidents.

CAUTION
This symbol means be careful. In this situation, damage can be caused to equipment or data can be lost.

NOTE
This symbol identifies notes that contain helpful suggestions and explanations.

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1. Introduction and Overview 1.1. Scope and Limitations This manual is valid for SkyEdge II VSATs. 1.2. Background and Purpose In order to enable a VSAT to come on line it has to be configured with a minimum number of parameters that are used to enable the VSAT to boot up. This operation is performed using the internal web page. This procedure is found in Section 3.2. 1.3. VSAT Types Pictures of all of the various SkyEdge II VSATs are found below. They are not shown to size:

Figure 1: SkyEdge II IP VSAT (front view)

Figure 2: SkyEdge II IP VSAT (rear viwe

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Figure 3: SkyEdge II Extend VSAT (front view)

Figure 4: SkyEdge II Extend VSAT (rear view)

Figure 5: SkyEdge II Access VSAT (front view)

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Figure 6: SkyEdge II Access VSAT (rear view) with 2 FXS add ons and DC Power Supply

Figure 7: SkyEdge II Pro VSAT (front view)

Figure 8: SkyEdge II Pro VSAT (rear view) with Slot 1 ready for mesh

Table 1 lists the number of IP ports, add-ons and power modes for the various types of VSATs. Table 1: VSAT IP Ports, Add Ons and Power Modes
VSAT Type
IP Extend Access Pro

IP Ports
1 2 4 4

Add-ons
None None 1 FXS or 2FXSs or Mesh Mesh (in slots 1 and 2) and 1 FXS or 2FXSs or 1-4 FXSs

Power Modes
AC with external power supply AC with external power supply AC direct or 24 VDC AC direct or 24/48 VDC

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Figure 9 shows a rear view of the VSAT with the connectivity ports labeled.

Figure 9: SkyEdge II Extend VSAT (rear view) with Connections Labeled

The VSAT can be in either one of two modes, Boot or Operational. The configuration parameters can only be modified while the VSAT is in Boot mode. This ensures that no changes can be made in the basis VSAT configuration parameters to a VSAT that is live in a network. All changes to such a VSAT will be made from the NMS. 1.4. Mesh Connectivity When a VSAT has a mesh card installed in slots 1 and 2, an additional cable supplied by Gilat has to be installed between the RF Out port on the Mesh Card and the RF In port on the VSAT. Figure 10 shows the Mesh Connectivity for an Access VSAT and Figure 11 shows the Mesh connectivity for Mesh on a Pro VSAT.
BUC LNB
OUTBOUND DATA

INBOUND DATA

GND

Figure 10: Access VSAT Mesh Connectivity

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BUC LNB
OUTBOUND DATA

INBOUND DATA

RF IN

RF OUT

TEST

PWR SYNC Rx WARN

GND

Figure 11: Pro VSAT Mesh Connectivity

1.5. Inter-Facility Link (IFL) Cables 1.5.1. Coaxial Cables The Inter-Facility Link between the ODU and IDU provides a full duplex communication path between the two units. It consists of two coaxial cables: IFL Tx and IFL Rx. Gives the maximum cable lengths for various power supplies, BUCs and cable types. Table 2: Coax Cable Lengths
VSAT Modem Type
SE2 IP RM SE2 IP RM SE2 IP RM SE2 IP RM SE2 IP RM SE2 EXTEND SE2 EXTEND SE2 EXTEND SE2 EXTEND SE2 EXTEND SE2 IP SE2 IP SE2 IP SE2 IP SE2 IP

Maximum Cable Length [m] Power Supply Type


200W 200W 200W 200W 200W AC EXTERNAL 70W AC EXTERNAL 70W AC EXTERNAL 70W AC EXTERNAL 70W AC EXTERNAL 70W AC/DC EXTERNAL 50W AC/DC EXTERNAL 50W AC/DC EXTERNAL 50W AC/DC EXTERNAL 50W AC/DC EXTERNAL 50W

BUC RG6
4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 42 23 20 65 38 42 13 3 65 38 36 N/A N/A 65 28

RG11
96 53 46 100 86 96 29 6 100 86 82 N/A N/A 100 65

RG11 Improved
100 100 100 100 100 100 83 18 100 100 100 N/A N/A 100 100

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VSAT Modem Type


SE2 IP SE2 IP SE2 IP SE2 IP SE2 IP SE2 (ANY) SE2 (ANY) SE2 (ANY) SE2 (ANY) SE2 (ANY) SE2 (ANY) SE2 (ANY) SE2 (ANY)

Maximum Cable Length [m] Power Supply Type


WIDE RANGE 70W WIDE RANGE 70W WIDE RANGE 70W WIDE RANGE 70W WIDE RANGE 70W AC EXTERNAL INSERTER 130W AC EXTERNAL INSERTER 130W AC EXTERNAL INSERTER 130W AC EXTERNAL INSERTER 130W AC EXTERNAL INSERTER 130W EXTERNAL INSERTER 120W (48V) EXTERNAL INSERTER 120W (48V) DC EXTERNAL INSERTER (WIDE RANGE) DC EXTERNAL INSERTER (WIDE RANGE) DC EXTERNAL INSERTER (WIDE RANGE) DC EXTERNAL INSERTER (WIDE RANGE) DC EXTERNAL INSERTER (WIDE RANGE) AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W DC 70W DC 70W

BUC RG6
4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 10W Ku linear (Agilis) 20W Ku linear (Agilis) 4W C linear (all bands) 43 8W C linear (all bands) 43 12W C linear (all bands) 14 33 48 98 43 13 3 65 39 42 23 20 65 38 47 98

RG11
98 29 7 100 89 96 53 46 100 86 100 159

RG11 Improved
100 85 19 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 159

100

SE2 (ANY)

100

SE2 (ANY)

94

SE2 (ANY)

2W Ku linear

65

100

100

SE2 (ANY) SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS

4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands)

39 42 23 18 65 38 43 9

89 96 52 42 100 86 98 20

159 100 100 100 100 100 100 59

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VSAT Modem Type


SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2 port drawer SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh

Maximum Cable Length [m] Power Supply Type


DC 70W DC 70W DC 70W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W AC EXTERNAL 100W

BUC RG6
12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 42 96 N/A 65 39 42 21 15 65 38

RG11
N/A 100 89 96 48 34 100 86

RG11 Improved
N/A 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

100

AC EXTERNAL 100W

8W C linear (all bands) 17 38 100

AC EXTERNAL 100W

12W C linear (all bands) 9 20 57

AC EXTERNAL 100W 2W Ku linear AC EXTERNAL 100W 4W Ku linear DC 70W DC 70W DC 70W DC 70W DC 70W DC 70W 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 4W C linear (all bands) 27 62 100 38 41 N/A N/A 65 35 86 93 N/A N/A 100 79 100 100 N/A N/A 100 100 65 100 100

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VSAT Modem Type


SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 ACCESS +2x 2 port drawer /Mesh SE2 PRO +4 DRAWERS SE2 PRO +4 DRAWERS SE2 PRO +4 DRAWERS SE2 PRO +4 DRAWERS SE2 PRO +4 DRAWERS

Maximum Cable Length [m] Power Supply Type BUC RG6


DC 70W 8W C linear (all bands) N/A DC 70W 12W C linear (all bands) N/A DC 70W 2W Ku linear DC 70W 4W Ku linear AC AC AC AC AC 4W C linear (all bands) 8W C linear (all bands) 12W C linear (all bands) 2W Ku linear 4W Ku linear 17 43 23 17 65 39 38 98 51 38 100 89 100 100 100 100 100 100 65 100 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A

RG11

RG11 Improved

1.5.2. LAN Cable All of the LAN cables used are type CAT-5. Ethernet hubs or switches are used to connect multiple PCs to the SkyEdge VSAT. The maximum length of a LAN cable is 100 meters (325 feet).

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2. VSAT Location Coordinates, Antenna Pointing and Site Installation Overview SkyEdge II has introduced two factors that are important in the VSAT commissioning process in order to get the maximum performance from the VSAT. VSAT Location Coordinates Antenna Pointing 2.1. VSAT Location Coordinates The specific location of the VSAT as entered in degrees, minutes and seconds (in Figure 21), must be accurate to 10 km. This data can be obtained in a number of ways as listed below: Portable GPS device this is the most accurate method of obtaining the data at the exact point where the installation is to take place. It is also the most expensive due to the cost of the device. Topographic maps most locations are found on topographic maps that can be purchased through governmental agencies in most countries. The data from the map has to be given to the installer prior to travel to the site. Online applications most of these are based upon Google Earth (www.earth.google.com). The data generally is satisfactory for use but Gilat recommends that the accuracy for the specific geographic area where the VSATs are to be used be investigated prior to using it for installations. The application can be installed on any laptop. 2.2. Antenna Pointing Since SkyEdge II uses dynamic automatic adjustment of both the Inbound and Outbound coding parameters, the antenna pointing at the remote VSAT sites has become very important. If the antenna is not pointed correctly and the signal strength is not at the maximum, the ability of the SkyEdge II system to be utilized to the full extent of its capabilities will be affected. The antenna assembly and pointing should be carried out according to the instructions of the antenna manufacturer and using the VSAT or a suitable measuring device capable of detecting small differences in signal strength.

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2.3. VSAT Site Installation Overview This section contains a general overview of the operations that have to be carried out in the successful installation of a SkyEdge II VSAT at a remote site. 1. Determine the location of the VSAT antenna, taking into consideration the antenna mount to be used. Make sure that there is a clear line-of sight for the satellite, taking into account the azimuth and elevation required. Determine the location of the VSAT, verifying that it is close to the required power source. Configure the VSAT using the parameters supplied according to the procedure found in Section 3. Assemble the antenna and mount, including the LNB and ODU according to the instructions received from the antenna manufacturer. Run the coaxial cables from the antenna to the VSAT. Make sure that all of the connections are sealed and that there is sufficient cable that there is no tension in the cable that can cause damage. At this point, connect the cables to the antenna only. Verify with the Network Operations Center (NOC) that the VSAT has been configured in the NMS. Point the antenna at the satellite and maximize the Outbound signal strength using the tool supplied. If the transponder requires cross-pol adjustment, this must be carried out together with the NOC. Send a CW to the NOC and carry out fine adjustments to the antenna in order to maximize the strength of the Inbound signal. After completing all of the antenna adjustments, verify that all of the antenna components have been properly tightened and locked. Power-off the VSAT and connect the coaxial cables from the antenna. Power-on the VSAT and monitoring the LED boot sequence to verify that the VSAT comes on line properly. Verify that internet browsing or some similar operation can be successfully carried out.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. 11.

12.

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3. Configuring the VSAT 3.1. Data Required Prior to configuring a VSAT verify that the following parameters have been supplied by the hub operations staff using the spreadsheet supplied by Gilat. The parameters are found in Table 3.

3.2. Configuring SkyEdge VSATs via SkyManage Web Page

NOTE
Before starting the configuration process verify that all of the configuration parameters required during the procedure are available.

3.2.1. Accessing the SkyManage Web Page NOTE


Microsoft Internet Explorer (V 5.5 or higher) and Firefox (V 1.0 or higher) web browsers are supported on PCs.

The SkyManage web page can be accessed in a number of different ways: Via a PC using a cross LAN cable Via a PC with a wireless link. A wireless adapter is inserted in the VSAT LAN port. Via a PDA (Palm type device) running Microsoft Mobile 2003 or Palm OS with PalmOne Blazer (V4.0 or higher) web browser. Either a cross LAN cable or a wireless connection can be used.

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NOTE
All of the captures in this section were taken using Microsoft Internet Explorer. The screens viewed when using other web browsers may be slightly different in appearance. All of the captures were carried out on a VSAT that had not yet downloaded its operational code. Verify that the device being accessed has its IP address configured on the same subnet as the built-in web page (192.168.1.1). Verify that the use of a proxy has been disabled in the browser application.

1. To open the SkyManage web page type 192.168.1.1 in the address bar and click to open.

Result: The SkyManage home page opens (Figure 12).

Figure 12: SkyManage Home Page IP and Extend VSATs

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Figure 13: SkyManage Home Page IP and Extend VSATs

The home page, viewable by all users, contains the following information (for operational VSATs additional parameters are shown): The VSAT status (in this case Boot) is shown by the logo in the upper left corner Active code type - Boot or Operational Outbound Lock state Unlocked or Locked LAN Ports speed and duplex mode. For Access and Pro VSATs ports2-4 are blocked in Boot Mode and only are available for use in Operational Mode. Port 5 is an internal port that cannot be seen by the user Powering mode Normal/Low Power/Power Save Operation time time since VSAT was powered on or reset 2. Click Info to open the page (Figure 14) showing the hardware and software components of the VSAT

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Figure 14: Info Page Before Configuration IP or Extend VSAT

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Figure 15: Info Page Before Configuration Access or Pro VSAT

The Info page, viewable by all users, contains the following: Identity VSAT ID (if configured), part number and serial number (factory assigned) Hardware identifies the hardware version of the main board. There are no expansion boards in the SkyEdge II IP or Extend VSAT. Software lists the factory boot version, active boot version and operation version of the VSAT. A VSAT that has never received operational code will have a message instead of the code version. Networking lists the MAC address, Admin IP address and Admin subnet mask (factory assigned) 3. Click Telemetry to view the available telemetries (Figure 16).

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Figure 16: Telemetry Page

This page shows the CPU Utilization and Rx Signal EbN0 (for offline VSATs the value is 0). 4. To view a graphical presentation of the telemetry, click on the Graph button next to the telemetry bar graph. Result: The CPU Utilization Graph appears (Figure 17).

Figure 17: CPU Utilization Graph

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Result: The Rx signal EsNo Graph appears (Figure 18).

Figure 18: Rx EsNo Signal Graph

3.2.2. Configuring the VSAT

To configure the VSAT from the SkyManage web site: 1. Click Installer. Result: The Password screen opens (Figure 19).

Figure 19: Password

2.

Type the User name inst and Password $Sat2598$ and click OK.

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NOTE
The password above is the default. Check with your hub operator to verify that the password has or has not been changed

Result: The Setup page opens (Figure 20).

Figure 20: Setup (compressed view)

NOTE
Figure 20 hides all of the specific parameters in order to view the entire page.

3. Enter all of the configuration parameters as shown in Figure 21 and explained in Table 3. NOTE
Parameters marked with an asterisk (*) must be typed in the field. All other parameters are selected from the dropdown list. Each of the parameters has a pop-up with the valid range. If an out of range value is used a warning will appear next to the parameter as shown below.

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Figure 21: Configuration Parameters

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Table 3: Configuration Parameters


Parameter Type
General

Parameter
VSAT ID Management PID Software Group Address Parameters Group Address (Workgroup) Inbound ID Outbound ID RF Downlink Frequency (kHz) Modulation Type Symbol Rate (sps) Note

Explanation
Assigned in NMS

DVB-S2 optional parameter 7 characters Needs to be entered when configuration parameters are modified to prevent VSAT from not rebooting. (Default 30 seconds) Enable or Disable Enable or Disable Enable or Disable Default 192.168.1.1 Custom 5.15GHz (C) 5.95 GHz (Ext.C) 9.75 GHz (Ku) 10.0 GHz (Ku) 10.6 GHz (Ku) 10.75 GHz (Ku) 11.3 GHz (Ku) Custom 4.90 GHz (C) 5.29 GHz (Palapa.C) 5.75 GHz (Ext C) 12.80 GHz (Ext Ku) 13.05 GHz (Ku) Must be set to ON. Longitude Degrees, Minutes, Seconds East/West Flag Latitude Degrees, Minutes, Seconds North/South Flag

Boot-Time Options

Software Download Timeout (sec)

Software Download DHCP Console Port Embedded Web Site BUC and LNB Web Site IP Address LNB L.O. If Custom is selected, a numerical field entitled LNB Custom L.O. appears and a frequency has to be entered.

BUC L.O. If Custom is selected, a numerical field entitled BUC Custom L.O. appears and a frequency has to be entered. ODU Reference (10 MHZ) Location Coordinates These are required fields and must be obtained via a GPS compass. Longitude

Latitude

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4.

When all of the parameters have been entered, click Submit.

Result: The confirmation message appears (Figure 22).

Figure 22: Confirm Configuration Parameters

5. Click OK. Result: The Submit Successful message appears (Figure 23).

Figure 23: Submit Successful

3.3. Configuring a VSAT using a File

NOTE
This procedure can only be used with a PC and not with a PDA.

When multiple VSATs are configured, the changes between them are minimal. In order to simplify the configuration process, the configuration of one VSAT cab used for others using the procedure in this section. The parts of the procedure are as follows: Save the configuration to a PC as a file

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Upload the file to the VSAT to be configured Modify the parameters as necessary (in all cases the VSAT ID must be changed 3.3.1. Saving the Configuration as a File To save a VSAT configuration as a file: 1. After submitting the configuration, click Setup from File.

Result: The Setup from file page opens (Figure 24).

Figure 24: Setup from file

2. Click Save current setup parameters to file.

Result: The Save as file message appears (Figure 25).

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Figure 25: Save as file

3. Click Save.

Result: A Save As dialog box opens. 4. Save the file to the desired location. It is recommended that the file be saved to the Desktop. A sample file is shown in Figure 26.

Figure 26: Setup file

CAUTION
Do not attempt to edit the saved file. All modifications should be made using the web page.

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3.3.2. Uploading a File to a VSAT To upload a file to a VSAT: 1. On the Setup from file page, click Browse (Figure 24). 2. Browse to the location of the file and click Load.

Result: The parameters are loaded to the VSAT. 3.3.3. Modifying VSAT Parameters To modify the VSAT parameters that are different from the ones in the imported file, go to Section 3.2.2 and start at step 3.

3.4. Reset VSAT To reset a VSAT: 1. On the Installer page, click Commands. Result: The Commands page opens (Figure 27).

Figure 27: Reset VSAT

2. Click Reset VSAT.

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Result: The Confirm Reset VSAT message appears (Figure 27).

Figure 28: Confirm Reset VSAT

3. Click OK.

Result: The Reset VSAT Successful message appears (Figure 29).

Figure 29: Reset VSAT Successful

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VSAT Installation

3.5. Grounding

WARNING
BEFORE INSTALLING THE UNIT, BE SURE THE ANTENNA AND CABLE SYSTEM IS GROUNDED SO AS TO PROVIDE PROTECTION AGAINST VOLTAGE SURGES AND STATIC CHARGES. SECTION 810 OF THE US NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE, ANSI/NFPA 70, AND SECTION 54 OF THE CANADIAN ELECTRICAL CODE PROVIDE INFORMATION WITH REGARD TO PROPER GROUNDING OF THE MAST AND SUPPORTING STRUCTURE, GROUNDING OF THE LEAD-IN WIRE TO AN ANTENNA DISCHARGE UNIT, SIZE OF GROUNDING CONDUCTORS, LOCATION OF ANTENNADISCHARGE UNIT, CONNECTION TO GROUNDING ELECTRODES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR THE GROUNDING ELECTRODE.

3.6. VSAT Physical Connections

CAUTION
Before starting this section verify that the VSAT power cable is disconnected from the VSAT.

To connect the VSAT to the ODU and Antenna perform the following: 1. Connect the IFL cables to the ODU as shown in Figure 30.

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Figure 30: ODU and Cable Connections

2. Place the VSAT on a flat surface with the rear panel facing towards you as shown in Figure 4. 3. Connect the coaxial cable labeled RF IN to the RF-IN connector on the VSAT as shown in Figure 9. 4. Connect the cable marked RF OUT to the RF OUT connector on the VSAT. 5. Insert the power cord into the power socket on the VSAT and then into the local power supply.

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3.7. Using the VSAT as a Pointing Device The VSAT can be used as a pointing device to assist in the final pointing of the VSAT antenna.

NOTE
The VSAT can be used as a pointing device without configuring the parameters.

To use the VSAT as a pointing device: 1. Verify that the VSAT power is turned off. 2. Install the antenna and adjust the azimuth and elevation angles in accordance with the worksheet received from the hub. 3. Connect the coaxial cable labeled RF IN to the RF-IN connector on the VSAT. 4. Connect the other end of this coaxial cable to the LNB. 5. Connect the cable marked RF OUT to the RF OUT connector on the VSAT. 6. Connect the other end of this coaxial cable to the ODU. 7. Power on the VSAT. 8. Log on to the SkyManage web page according to the instructions in Section 3.2.1. 9. Log on to the Installation page according to the instructions in Section 3.2.2, steps 1 and 2 and click Start alignment.

Figure 31: Start Alignment

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Result: The VSAT restarts in Antenna Alignment mode.

The device works by reading the outbound signal received by the VSAT. As the antenna position is adjusted, the strength of the signal is indicated simultaneously in two different forms: Bar graph with Eb/N0 reading Audio signal through speaker. The higher the pitch and strength of the sound, the higher the reading. The optimal angle is achieved when the indicators are at their maximum values. 10. Activate the speaker by clicking on it.

Figure 32: Rx Signal before Alignment

11. Rotate the antenna until the Rx Signal is optimized.

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Figure 33: Rx Signal Optimized

12. Click Cross Pole Alignment.

Result: The Cross Pole Alignment screen appears.

Figure 34: Cross Pole Alignment Starting

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13. Wait until the CW is assigned and then rotate the feed arm until the Delta value is greater than the Threshold value. Proceed to step 18.

Figure 35: Cross Pole Completed

14. Loosen the azimuth lock bolt and slowly rotate the antenna from side to side until you pass the maximum signal strength, as indicated on the screen and speaker. 15. Set the antenna to the position where the readings are at their highest, and tighten the azimuth lock bolt. 16. Loosen the elevation lock bolt and slowly rotate the antenna from side to side until you pass the maximum signal strength, as indicated by the readings. 17. Tighten the antenna in place and click End Alignment. 18. Click Reset and follow the reset procedure to allow the VSAT to go online.

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3.8. Initial Boot-Up 3.8.1. Monitoring via the LEDs After successfully assembling the ODU and antenna and pointing the antenna, the IFL (coax) cables are connected to the VSAT as described in the previous section and the external power supply is plugged in. At this point the LEDs on the VSAT (Figure 36) flash in accordance with Table 4.

Figure 36: VSAT LEDs

Table 4: LED Boot Sequence


Mode
Boot Mode

LED
PWR Tx On-Line SYNC Rx Tx Rx

Status
On Flash On and Off Flash On and Off Flash On and Off Flash On and Off Flashes On and Off for 5 seconds On Off On On Flash On and Off On Off and On Flashes

Operational Mode

Rx Rx SYNC Tx On-Line SYNC Tx

At this point the VSAT should be operating normally and web browsing can successfully carried out.

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3.8.2. Monitoring via the SkyManage Web Page This section details what is shown on the SkyManage web page after successfully assembling the ODU and antenna and pointing the antenna, the IFL (coax) cables are connected to the VSAT, the power switch is turned on or the external power supply is plugged in and the VSAT is reset as shown in Section 3.4. The captures in this section are from different pages on the web site. 1. The Outbound locks on while the VSAT is still in Boot code mode. 2. The VSAT downloads the software tables. 3. The Outbound locks on in Operational code mode.

Figure 37: Outbound Locked in Operational Code

4. The VSAT is Authorized (Sync up, Satellite link up).

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Figure 38: VSAT Authenticated with Sync and Satellite Link Up

5. The VSAT is shown to be fully active.

Figure 39: Active VSAT

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6. The VSAT Info page is updated.

Figure 40: VSAT Info page for Active IP VSAT

3.9. Activating CW

CAUTION
DO NOT TRANSMIT A CW UNLESS AUTHORIZATION TO TRANSMIT IS GIVEN BY THE HUB OPERATOR!

If the commissioning of the VSAT cannot successfully be carried out from the hub it will be necessary to initiate a CW broadcast from the VSAT. In this case, the VSAT will stay in Boot mode and no Operational code will be downloaded. To send a CW to the hub: 1. On the Install page, click CW.

Result: The CW page opens. The CW Off dialog box (Figure 41) is located in the middle of the page

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Figure 41: CW Off

NOTE
When this screen appears the frequency field is blank. The value in Figure 41 is for demonstration purposes only.

2. Type the CW Frequency and Duration (maximum 3600 seconds/default 1800 seconds) and click On.

Result: The CW is sent to the hub and CW On appears (Figure 42)

Figure 42: CW On

3. Click Off to stop the CW signal as soon as approval is received from the Hub.

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4. Regulatory Requirements

4.1. Electrical Ratings Table 5: VSAT Electrical Ratings


VSAT Description
SkyEdge II IP P/N 566000 SkyEdge II Extend P/N 561000 SkyEdge II Access (AC powered) P/N 562000 SkyEdge II Access (DC powered) P/N 56200051xxxx SkyEdge II Pro P/N 564000 SkyEdge II Pro P/N 564200 SkyEdge II Pro P/N 564100 (AC powered ) (DC powered) (DC powered)

Power Supply Type


AC Adapter 100-240Vac, 1.8Amp AC Adapter 100-240Vac, 2.5Amp AC Adapter 100-240Vac, 2.5Amp External DC source 12Vdc, 8Amp AC Mains source 50/60 Hz External DC source 48Vdc, 8Amp External DC source 24Vdc, 8Amp

VSAT Input Rating


24Vdc/3Amp 24Vdc/5Amp 24Vdc/5.5Amp 12Vdc/8Amp 100-240Vac, 2 Amp 48Vdc, 8Amp 24Vdc, 8Amp

4.2. Regulatory Approvals

The SkyEdge II VSATs are approved for the EU (European Union) and United States of America markets. They comply with the EMC, Electrical Safety and Spectrum regulations. The following labels are found on the VSATs:

Figure 43: FCC

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Figure 44: c/TUV/us

Figure 45: GS Mark

0682
Figure 46: CE 0682

4.3. RoHS Compliant Gilat complies with the EU Reduction of Hazardous Substances Directive 4.4. IECEE CB Scheme Gilat participates in the IEC System for Conformity Testing and Certification of Electrical and Electronic Components, Equipment and Products. The acronym CB Scheme simply means Certification Bodies Scheme.

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4.5. WEEE Compliance

Gilat participates in the EU recycling program.

Figure 47: WEEE Symbol

4.6. Precautions

AC powered units are intended for restricted access location in Finland, Norway and Sweden and must be connected to an earthed mains socket outlet. DC powered units are intended for restricted access location in USA and Canada. 36-75 VDC powered units are intended for restricted access location in all countries.

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11-15 VDC powered units shall be connected to DC power systems containing a protection device rated max.10 Amp. 36-75 VDC powered units shall be connected to DC power system containing a protection device rated max.7.0 Amp. A readily accessible disconnect device that is suitably approved and rated shall be incorporated in the field wiring. External protective earth terminal shall be permanently connected to protective earth. The SkyEdge IP VSAT supports an ambient temperature of 46oC. For North American power connections, select a power supply cord that is UL Listed and CSA Certified 3 - conductor, [18 AWG], terminated in a molded on plug cap rated 125 V, [15 A], with a minimum length of 1.5m [six feet] but no longer than 4.5m...

4.7. VSAT Sicherheitsvorschriften (Germany)

Allgemein Vorkehrungen Erdung und Kabelverbindung 4.7.1. Allgemein Vergewissern Sie sich, dass die VSAT-Installation ausschlielich von einem durch die Firma Gilat zugelassenen Mitarbeiter durchgefhrt wird. 1. Entfernen Sie den VSAT Deckel nicht, solange die Ausrstung an die Hauptleitungen angeschlossen ist. 2. Vergewissern Sie sich, dass der fr die Ausrstung benutzte Strom dem Leistungsgrad entspricht, der auf der Steckdose angegeben ist. 3. Vergewissern Sie sich, dass die Verbindung / Abtrennung der RF-Kabel nur dann durchgefhrt wird, wenn die VSAT-Ausrstung im OFF-Modus ist, d.h. sich im ausgeschalteten Zustand befindet. 4. Vermeiden Sie ein Kurzschlieen an den RF-Koaxialkabeln.

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5. Platzieren Sie die VSAT-Ausrstung niemals in einer Umgebung, die extremen Temperaturen oder einer hohen Luftfeuchtigkeit ausgesetzt ist. 6. Die Lftungsausgnge der VSAT-Ausrstung drfen in keinem Fall blockiert werden. 7. Fr europische Anschlsse whlen Sie bitte eine international harmonisiertes Netzkabel mit der Markierung "<HAR>", 3-phasig, 0,75 mm2 Minimum mm2 Draht, nominal 300 V, mit PVC-isoliertem Mantel. Das Kabel muss ber eine aufgeschweite Steckerkappe mit 250 V, 10 A. verfgen. 4.7.2. Vorkehrungen Die Wechselstromeinheiten sind fr Standorte mit eingeschrnktem Zugang in Finnland, Norwegen und Schweden vorgesehen und mssen an einen geerdeten Hauptleitungsanschluss angeschlossen werden. Die Gleichlstromeinheiten sind fr Standorte mit eingeschrnktem Zugang in den USA und Kanada vorgesehen. Eine jederzeit zugngliche Abschaltungsvorrichtung, die dementsprechend zugelassen und eingestuft ist, muss in der Verdrahtung integriert sein. Ein extern schtzender geerdeter Anschluss muss stndig an eine schtzende Erdung angeschlossen sein. IP- Vsats sind fr eine Umgebung von 46C 4.7.3. Erdung und Kabelverbindung See Sections 3.5 Grounding and 3.6, VSAT Physical Connections.

4.8. Other Countries

Denmark- Unit is class I, unit shall be used with an AC cord set suitable with Denmark deviations. Cord shall including an earthing conductor. Unit shall be plugged into a wall socket outlet which connected to protective earth. Socket outlets which are not connected to earth shall not be used! Finland - (Marking label and in manual) -"Laite on liitettv suojamaadoituskoskettimilla varustettuun pistorasiaan

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Norway - (Marking label and in manual) - Apparatet m tilkoples jordet stikkontakt. Unit is intended for connection to IT power systems for Norway only. Sweden - (Marking label and in manual) - "Apparaten skall anslutas till jordat uttag."

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