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Excretory & Digestive Systems

Excretory System
 Homeostatic role of
the kidneys in the
removal of
nitrogenous wastes
and the role of the
liver in blood
detoxification.
 What organs compose
the excretory system?
Vocabulary
 Kidney
 Ureter
 Urinary bladder
 Nephron
 Filtration
 Reabsorption
Functions of the excretory system
 Every cell produces waste products.
 Excess salts, carbon dioxide, and
_____.
 Urea is a toxic compound which is a
waste product of amino acid
breakdown.
 Skin secretes _______, lungs
release______, & the liver breaks
down amino acid waste by
converting to Urea.
Kidneys
 Kidneys maintain
homeostasis by
removing waste
products from ______.
 Maintain _____ in the
blood.
 Regulate the water
content in blood.
 Regulate blood ______.
 Controls blood
pressure.
Kidneys
 Located in the low back on
either side of the spine.
 The ureter leaves the
kidneys and empties into
the ________.
 Blood enters the kidney
with waste products, gets
filtered and leaves the
kidney through the renal
vein.
Nephrons
 Units which make up
the kidney.
 Blood enters the
nephron through an
arteriole, impurities
are filtered out and
emptied into a
collecting duct.
See figure 38-17(pg.
986)
Online resources
 UNC Kidney Center
 Excretory System
 Kidney Trading Story
Digestive System
 Individual functions
and sites of
secretions of
digestive enzymes,
stomach acids &
bile salts.
Vocabulary
 Liver
 Villus
 Large intestine
 Urethra
 Amylase
 Esophagus
 Peristalsis
 Stomach
 Chyme
 Pancreas
 Small intestine
Digestion
 Begins in the mouth:
______ glands
secrete enzymes
which begin to
breakdown food.
 An average person
eats 20 tons of food in
a lifetime.
 GI tract is 26-30 feet
long.
Stomach
 Food travels down
the esophagus to
the stomach.
 Pepsin and _____
are secreted to
break down food
further.
 Peristalsis moves
food through the
system.
Pancreas & Liver
 Multifunctional organs
 Liver secretes enzymes
and bile
 Pancreas secretes
digestive enzymes which
breakdown
macromolecules.
 Gallbladder stores bile:
emulsifies fat.
 Digestive online
Small Intestine
 Most absorption of nutrients occurs here.
Villus