# PERENCANAAN PLAT LANTAI

Oleh : listiyonobudi.blogspot.com
Beban Hidup (LL) :

Beban Hidup (PPPURG’87 tabel 2)
Beban Hidup Total (LL)

Beban Mati (DL) :

Berat Jenis Beton

= 125 kg/m2
= 125 kg/m2
= 2400 kg/m3

Tebal Plat Lantai

= 0,12 m

Langit-langit dan Penggantung

= 18 kg/m2 

Beton

= 288 kg/m2

Lantai Keramik

Spesi Per cm Tebal

= 0,12 x 2400 

Lantai Keramik 

Spesi Per cm Tebal

= 4 x 21 

Langit-langit dan Penggantung
Beban Mati Total (DL)

Beban Ultimate (Qu)

Plat Lantai Type A

Penutup beton (pb)
Tebal plat (h)

Mutu beton (fc)

= 1,2DL + 1,6LL

= 24 kg/m2
= 21 kg/m2

= 24 kg/m2
= 48 kg/m2

= 18 kg/m2

= 378 kg/m2

= (1,2 x 378) + (1,6 x 125)
= 653,6 kg/m2

= 20 mm

= 120 mm

= 14,525 MPa

= 6,536 kN/m2

Mutu baja (fy)

Tulangan pokok, D

= 240 MPa
= 10 mm

Tinggi manfaat tulangan plat 

Arah lapangan x = arah tumpuan x = dx
dx

= h – pb – 0,5D

dy

= h – pb – D - 0,5D

= 120 – 20 – 0,5.10

= 95 mm

= 120 – 20 – 10 - 0,5.10

= 85 mm

Arah lapangan y = arah tumpuan y = dy
Beban ultimate (Qu)

Sisi terpendek

= Lx

= 6,536 kN/m2
= 3,00 m

Sisi terpanjang = Ly = 3,50 m
Ly/Lx

= 3,50 / 3,00 = 1,167 ≈ 1,2

Dari tabel 13.3.2 PBBI 1971 N.I.-2 (plat dianggap jepit elastis), didapat nilai
koefisien momen (C) sebagai berikut :

Mlx = -Mtx

= 46

Mly = -Mty

= 37

Mu

= 0,001 . Qu . L2 . C

Mulx

= 0,001 . Qu . Lx2 . C = 0,001 x 6,536 x 32 x 46

-Muty

= 0,001 . Qu . Ly2 . C = 0,001 x 6,536 x 3,52 x 37 = 2,962 kNm

-Mutx
Muly

= 0,001 . Qu . Lx2 . C = 0,001 x 6,536 x 32 x 46

Mulx = -Mutx = 2,706 kNm
m

= 2,706 kNm

= 0,001 . Qu . Ly2 . C = 0,001 x 6,536 x 3,52 x 37 = 2,962 kNm

Perencanaan Tulangan Arah Mulx = -Mut
Mutx
Mu / Ø

= 2,706 kNm

= 2,706 / 0,8

=

= 3,383 kNm = 3383000 Nmm

fy
240
=
0,85 . fc
0,85 x 14,525

= 19,439

Koefisien ketahanan (Rn) diambil nilai b tiap 1000 mm, sehingga 

Rn

Mn
3383000
=
b . dx ଶ
1000 x 95ଶ

= 0,37478 MPa

1,4
1,4
=
fy
240

= 0,00583

=

Rasio tulangan 
ρ min

ρb

ρ maks

ρ aktual

=

=

=

0,85 . fc . β
600
.൬

fy
600 + fy

0,85 x 14,525 x 0,85
600
x൬

240
600 + 240

= 0,04373 x 0,71429

= 0,75 . ρb

=

=

= 0,75 x 0,03124

2m . Rn
1
. ቌ1 − ඨ1 −

fy
m

= 0,03124

= 0,02343

1
2 x 19,439 x 0,37478
x ቌ1 − ඨ1 −

19,439
240

= 0,00159

1,33.ρ aktual = 1,33 x 0,00159 

1,33.ρ aktual < ρ min (0,00211 < 0,00583),

= 0,00211

sehingga dipakai : ρ pakai = ρ min

= 0,00583

= 0,00583 x 1000 x 95

= 554,167 mm2

As perlu

= ρ pakai . b . dx

s

0,25 . π . Dଶ . b
0,25 x 3,14 x 10ଶ x 1000
=
=
As perlu
554,167

Jarak antar tulangan 

Syarat 

= 141,654 mm ≈ 140 mm

s ≤ 2h  s ≤ 2 x 120
s ≤ 250 

s ≤ 240 mm 

s ≤ 250 mm

Dipilih s yang terkecil  s = 85 mm

D10 - 140 mm

a

Mn

0,25 . π . Dଶ . b
0,25 x 3,14 x 10ଶ x 1000
=
=
s
140

= 560,714 mm2

=

560,714 x 240
=
0,85 . fc . b
0,85 x 14,525 x 1000

= (As ada . fy . (dx – a/2)).1000000

= 10,900 mm

= (560,714 x 240 x (95 – 10,900/2)) x 1000000
= 12,051 kNm 

Mn > Mu/Ø (12,051 kNm > 3,383 kNm)  Aman

Perencanaan Tulangan Arah Muly
Muly = -Mut
Muty
Muly = -Muty = 2,962 kNm
Mu / Ø
m

= 2,962 / 0,8

= 3,703 kNm = 3703000 Nmm

fy
240
=
0,85 . fc
0,85 x 14,525

=

= 19,439

Koefisien ketahanan (Rn) diambil nilai b tiap 1000 mm, sehingga 

Rn

Mn
3703000
=

b . dy
1000 x 85ଶ

= 0,51253 MPa

1,4
1,4
=
fy
240

= 0,00583

=

Rasio tulangan 
ρ min

ρb

ρ maks

=

=

=

0,85 . fc . β
600
.൬

fy
600 + fy

0,85 x 14,525 x 0,85
600
x൬

240
600 + 240

= 0,04373 x 0,71429

= 0,75 . ρb

= 0,75 x 0,03124

= 0,03124

= 0,02343

ρ aktual

=
=

1
2m . Rn
. ቌ1 − ඨ1 −

m
fy

1
2 x 19,439 x 0,51253
x ቌ1 − ඨ1 −

19,439
240

= 0,00218

1,33.ρ aktual = 1,33 x 0,00218 

1,33.ρ aktual < ρ min (0,00290 < 0,00583),

sehingga dipakai : ρ pakai = ρ min

= 0,00583

= 0,00583 x 1000 x 85

= 495,833 mm2

As perlu

= ρ pakai . b . dy

s

=

Jarak antar tulangan 

Syarat 

= 0,00290

0,25 . π . Dଶ . b
0,25 x 3,14 x 10ଶ x 1000
=
As perlu
495,833

= 158,319 mm ≈ 140 mm

s ≤ 2h  s ≤ 2 x 120
s ≤ 250 

s ≤ 240 mm 

s ≤ 250 mm

Dipilih s yang terkecil  s = 95 mm

D10 - 140 mm

a

Mn

0,25 . π . Dଶ . b
0,25 x 3,14 x 10ଶ x 1000
=
=
s
140

= 560,714 mm2

=

560,714 x 240
=
0,85 . fc . b
0,85 x 14,525 x 1000

= (As ada . fy . (dx – a/2)).1000000

= 10,900 mm

= (560,714 x 240 x (95 – 10,900/2)) x 1000000
= 12,051 kNm 

Mn > Mu/Ø (12,051 kNm > 3,703 kNm)  Aman

Perencanaan Tulangan Bagi Plat
As bagi

= 0,002 . b . h

= 0,002 x 1000 x 120

Dipakai tulangan D8

Jarak antar tulangan 
s

Syarat 

=

= 240 mm2

0,25 . π . Dଶ . s
0,25 x 3,14 x 8ଶ x 1000
=
As susut
240

= 209,333 mm ≈ 200 mm

s ≤ 2h  s ≤ 2 x 120
s ≤ 250 

s ≤ 240 mm 

s ≤ 250 mm

Dipilih s yang terkecil  s = 115mm

Jadi, Dipakai Tulangan Bagi Plat D8
D8 - 200 mm

Gambar Hasil Perhitungan