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Pearl Ballesteros Lawrence E. Benter Bren S. Bustamante Madelaine Cantorna Lorien Nher B.

Contegino Joan de Ocampo Charmain Via Diaz Liezl Gloriozo Jennilyn Lazarte Richard Rocha Edgardo David Sevillena III Jinky Umipig

The Nacionalista Party

The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today and was responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907. The party began as the country's vehicle for independence, through the building of a

modern nation-state, and through the advocacy of efficient self rule, dominating the Philippine Assembly (19071916), the Philippine Legislature (19161935) and the prewar years of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (19351941). During the Japanese Occupation political parties were replaced by the KALIBAPI. By the second half of the century the party was one of the main political contenders for leadership in the country, in competition with the Liberals and the Progressives, during the decades between the devastation of World War II and the violent suppression of partisan politics of the Marcos dictatorship. In 1978, in a throwback to the Japanese Occupation, political parties were asked to merge into the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, although the Nacionalistas preferred to go into hibernation. Eventually, the party was revived during the late 1980s and early 1990s by the Laurel family, which has dominated the Party since the 1950s. It is now being reborn by the likes of Sen. Ralph Recto, and party president Sen. Manuel Villar. Two of the other present parties, the Liberal Party and the Nationalist People's Coalition are breakaways from the Nacionalista Party. The Nacionalista Party is also known as the NP. The party was, at the 2004 elections a member of the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow), the coalition that supported president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who won the 2004 presidential elections. In the 14 May 2007 election, the party won 6 seats Notable Nacionalistas Throughout their careers, many of the country's greatest politicians, statesmen, and leaders were, in whole or in part, Nacionalistas. Notable names include: Philippine Presidents and Vice-Presidents who ran under the NP Party Carlos P. Garcia (8th President of the Philippines)

Jos P. Laurel (3rd Philippine President; during Japanese Occupation) Elpidio Quirino (6th Philippine President) Manuel Roxas (5th Philippine President; founder of LP and moved there) Manuel L. Quezon (2nd Philippine President; during World War II) Sergio Osmea (4th Philippine President; during Douglas MacArthur's landing) Ferdinand Marcos (10th Philippine President; served for 20 years) Ramon Magsaysay (7th Philippine President) Salvador Laurel (10th Philippine Vice-President, 5th Prime Minister; under President Corazon C. Aquino) Emmanuel Pelaez (7th Vice-President of the Philippines; under Diosdado Macapagal) Fernando Lopez (4th and 8th Philippine Vice President; under Elpidio Quirino, Ferdinand E. Marcos)

Senators Claro M. Recto (Former Senator)

Jose W. Diokno (Former Senator) Blas Ople (Former Senator) Cipriano Primicias, Sr. (Former Senator) Eulogio Rodriguez (Former Senator) Manuel Briones (Former Senator)

Most of these individuals embody solid political traditions of economic and political nationalism is pertinent today, even with the party's subsequent decline. Current Some members of the House of Representatives and Senate include, but are not limited to, the following: Manuel Villar (Senator from Metro Manila and Nacionalista president), Party Chairman

Pia Cayetano (Senator from Metro Manila) Justin Marc Chipeco, (Laguna) Emmylou Talio-Santos, (North Cotabato) Cynthia Villar, (Las Pias City Representative) Alan Peter Cayetano, (Senator from Metro Manila) Laarni Lopez-Cayetano, (Taguig City-Pateros Representative)

Past party presidents House Speaker Segio Osmea (1907-1935; 1944-1953)

President Manuel L. Quezon (1935-1944) Chief Justice and Senator Jose Yulo (1943-1946) Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez (1953-1964) Senate President Gil J. Puyat (1964-1980) Mambabatas Pambansa and former House Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr. (19801989) Vice-President and Prime Minister Salvador Laurel (1989-2003) Senator Manuel Villar (2003-Present)

Platform The Nacionalista Party in the Philippines corresponds somewhat to the Republican Party in the United States. It belongs to the conservative wing of

Philippine politics, while its main opponent, the Liberal Party and the political parties belonging to the aggregation of the People's Power government all belong to the liberal wing of Philippine politics somewhat corresponding to the Democratic Party in the United States. Early history Filipino ilustrados who served in the First Philippine Republic established in Malolos, Bulacan in January 1899 had split into two factions: between those who, like Pardo de Tavera, Cayetano Arellano, Pedro Paterno and Felipe Buencamino believed in the intermediate restoration of peace and civil order under a benevolent American rule, and those who, like Apolinario Mabini, Paciano Rizal, Artemio Ricarte and Pablo Ocampo were called the "intransigents" and believed in continuing the struggle for "immediate and complete independence" even under American occupation. The Partido Nacionalista or Nacionalista Party, was the result of the union between the two camps: the Partido Independista and the Partido Union Nacionalista. Among the leaders in the unification work were Galicano Apacible, Franciso Liongson, Teodoro Sandico and Alberto Barretto.

Brief Biography of the Interviewee: Honorable Senator Alan Peter Cayetano

Alan Peter Schramm Cayetano is a Filipino Senator. He was Representative from Taguig-Pateros for 9 years. He had a sevenpoint program for his Taguig-Pateros constituency in Metro Manila. Cayetano is particularly focused on education, because he believes that while many state universities provide quality schooling, lowquality teaching in public elementary and high schools prevents poor students from stepping up. He ran for senator on the May 14, 2007 Philippine elections under the Genuine Opposition banner and won. He assumed office on June 30, 2007. Family Born to an influential family, Allan Peter Cayetano is the son of former Senator Renato Cayetano and American-German teacher Sandra Schramm. He has two younger brothers, Rene Carl Cayetano (younger brother) a former councilor of Muntinlupa City, and popular television and movie director Lino Edgardo Cayetano. His older sister, Senator Pilar Julianna Pia Cayetano is also an incumbent Senator of the Philppines. He is married to Rep. Ma. Laarni Lopez of the first district of Taguig City-Pateros. Education Allan Peter studied both elementary and high school in De La Salle-Santiago Zobel School. In 1993, he entered the University of the Philippines Diliman where he took up Bachelor of Arts in Political Science. He continued his post graduate studies at the Ateneo de Manila University, where he graduated Juris Doctor and 2nd Honors in 1997, then he got admitted to the Philippine Bar in 1998.

Profession/Occupation He is a Lawyer and served as a Representative in the Taguig City and Pateros district. Also, he is a Senior Partner in a law firm named Cayetano Sebastian Ata Dado & Cruz which has law offices in Manila and Makati City. Work experience His work experience in the government includes the following; he is an incumbent Senator of the Philippines from 2007 to 2013 (14th to 15th Congress), he became a three-term Representative of the Lone district of Taguig Pateros from 1998 to 2007 (11th to 13th Congress), he was also proclaimed as Vice Mayor, Taguig from 1995 to 1998, upon resignation of then incumbent vice mayor, however, his victory was confirmed only 10 days before his three-year term was due to end. He also served as a councilor of Taguig from 1992 to1995. Among the committees in the House of Representatives where Cayetano has headed are, Committee on Basic Education and Oversight Committee on Bases Conversion (both in the 11th Congress). In the 12th Congress, he became a member, from August 2001 to June 2003, of the Board of Regents of both Polytechnic University of the Philippines and Technological University of the Philippines. And he also became a member of the Judicial and Bar Council from November 2001 to April 2003. He also became the Deputy Majority Leader and Ex Officio member of all standing House committees in the House of Representatives. In the 13th Congress, it was his 3rd time in service as the representative in the Lone District of Taguig Pateros. He was also the Senior Deputy Minority Leader and the Ex Officio member of all standing House committees, and became the Spokesperson of the Impeachment Team of President Arroyo (2005 and 2006). As a starter in the 14th Congress, and now as a Senator, Allan Cayetano was able to hold some of the premier positions and chair the the Senate Blue Ribbon committee or the Accountability of Public Officers & Investigations Committee. Which became is the body that investigates government anomalies and among its investigations included the controversial NBN ZTE deal. He now holds the Committee on Public Information and Mass Media and together with Senator Mar Roxas, he chairs the Oversight Committee on Optical Media Board.

Interview Proper: Questions and Answers 1. State the ideologies of the party. Senator Allan Peter Cayetano stated the history of Nacionalista Party first and foremost. He said that Nacionalista Party was put up more than one hundred years ago for Philippine freedom. Even from the beginning, it had always emphasized independence ...yung tinatawag nating kasarinlan. He also added that this freedom is not just about freedom from foreign rule but also from poverty and ignorance.

He pointed out ideologies were paradigm from lies. For example, sino ba talaga ang Communists? Ang China ba komunista pero mas kapitalista ang program o ang U.S. no democracy pero marami silang program na pinapasok ngayon na socially debatedso even the very concept of ideology is being questioned its more on political principles or principles in life ang nagpapagulo. He claimed that they dont need political ideologies because there are underlying principles in these ideologies. hindi naming kailangang ikulong ang sarili naming sa ganon. But in the sense na wala kaming prinsipyo, walang programa, walang political stability, mali yun. 2. In what way will the Philippines attain economic prosperity and political maturity? With this question, the honorable senators answer is to brief which identifies the main purpose of the Nacionalista Party. Gaya nga n gaming palaging sinasabi, Nacionalista Party is always after the independence of the Philippines, he answered. 3. In terms of your partisan perspective, what is good governance? The divine or natural law will always be the foremost basic fundamentals of the law and from it, there will be good government. Senator Cayetano said, We can take the Bibles teachings, whether or not they have the same religion. Of course, there is no perfect system in humanitykahit anong galling ng leader, kahit anong ganda ng plataporma kung corrupt ang gobyerno; parang ka ng pinakamodernong gripo may tulo naman, kahit palakasin mo yung pressure, yung tulo lumalaki at tumutulo pa rin What Im saying is that you can have institution. Fro example in U.S., may corruption, pero nahuhuli. Eh satin, bawal din magnakaw ng konte. Pag kakaunti yung ninakaw mo, makukulong ka, pag malaki, hindi. He also took the opportunity in this question to defense from the accusation with his fellow party member, Senator Manny Villar regarding the C5 extension project. Right investment attitude, for example, yung sa C5, yung lagging binabato sa kanya [Sen. Manny Villar], actually created so many jobs. Kasi yung area, biglang naging commercial.

4. How would you preserve and guard democracy in the Philippines? May two kinds ng democracy, yung satin, elite democracy pa rin tayo. Meaning, I can tell you, anyone of you can run against me in Taguig, but not all of you have equal set of opportunity. For example, si Barrack Obama, he doesnt have enough tools and the party to help him raise money. So even if, in U.S., he pioneered to change a lot of thing, he didnt rely on Democratic Party to raise money, social networking, etc. Pero andoon yung mga taong willing to help... he answered indirectly. He continued his statement by establishing the major way on how to preserve and guard democracy in the Philippines. first of all is peopls participation. Pag wala kayong pakealam, wala rin. For example, sa school, pagtumaas ang tuition; pag nagrally tayo sabaysabay, walang pumasok. Diba nayayanig yung school. Eh ang nangyari, ang nagrarally, kami-kami lang. Im not saying rally is a mean. I say peoples participation. 5. What are your methodologies in educating the public regarding your ideologies? He emphasized the role and importance of communicating with the public. It is because without communication, it is impossible to dessiminte informations. Its all about communication Media plays a big role Second is message. Message is very important. Dapat good message, dapat substantial, pati kung pano mo i-deliver. 6. What are the moral requirements or procedures in securing membership in your party? The senator recommended to visit the website of the Nacionalista Party in order to identify the requirements and procedures on how to be a member of the party. Im not really sure about that but, tingnan nyo sa website. But I think almost all Political Party, pinakabasic Short Story Behind the Scene

Before anything else, we want to acknowledge the presence in the group of our beloved classmate, Ms. Lorien Nher B. Contegino together with her kind father and some officials who helped us to enter the Senate of the Philippines and to communicate the respected Senator. It would be impossible for us to have the opportunity and privileged to have personal interview with Senator Alan Peter Cayetano. Few days after our instructor assigned this activity; Ms. Contegino already proceeded to communicate with the staffs of the official members of the Nacionalista Party such as Rep. Remulla, Senator Cayetano, and the chairman, Senator Manny Villar. Days had passed, through the Facebook communication, Ms. Contegino told us that Senator Villar ignored us to conduct an interview with him. Fortunately after this announcement, she said that there was still remaining members of the Nacionalista Party who granted our request. This person is none other than Senator Cayetano. He granted us on the reason that he wanted to give chance to the students to have a personal interview with him. During the Facebook conversation of Ms. Contegino with our instructor, our instructor revealed that if ever we have the opportunity to interview the chairperson of the party, no matter what happened, we will receive the grade of flat one. But it didnt happen. But, still, we hope for the kind consideration of our instructor (its just a joke, but it is true). Other days had passed; it was September 14, Monday afternoon, the announcement came to our ears that we took for granted the opportunity to interview Sen. Cayetano. It was due to our own negligence and such other undetermined consequences happened. After this moment, we conducted a meeting in order to be prepared on whatever happened, because the opportunity will come in unknown moments. It will just be a simple text and then for just few minutes, we should already be there in the Senate. The Senators time is running and it is gold as they said. The next day, September 15, we were in the middle of the class with Dr. Buraga, another chance had come. Thanks again for Dr. Jeremias Buraga for his sincere consideration for giving us the permit to go and have our way to the Senate. Papers were already in our hands but the authoritys signature was not present on those papers. We sought for help of other Political Science professors, but no one granted us. It was just a phone call; an instant signature had come to support. At around three in the afternoon, we already rode on a jeep onwards to the MRT station at Boni Avenue. On our way, we realized that nobody among us know how to get in Senate. To cut the story short we rode in the MRT Line Three then to LRT Line One onwards to the LRT station at Vitto Cruz. From there we walk little distance to ride the so-called orange cab. We look very

pity and pathetic with our haggard face, undesirable odor, and rugged-look uniform. On our way, we grabbed the opportunity clean ourselves and be decent; others used the alcohol to unleash the odor on our body; powder had been borrowed and lend for everyones use. On the gate entering the GSIS complex, security personnel asked us if we have placards or anyone of us is an activist. It is to ensure orderly inside the Senate. They also asked us where we from, our course, our purpose, and our back-up person inside, whom we never know the real name. Thanks again that they allowed us to enter. This is the climax of the story, we already there inside the Senate, security checks had been held upon us. Two of the members went to the office of Senator Cayetano to have conversation with his staff. On their return, they told us the bad news which we only had to choices. First, according to them, we wouldnt be able to interview anymore the senator but we are going to have a picturing taking as for the documentation. We would only send the questions via electronic mail that will be answered by the senator. In the same sense, the answers will also be sent via e-mail. Secondly, we would able to have the interview process but it would be conducted on the sessions recess of the Congress on October. In order not to ignore the opportunity that were already there, we grabbed the first choice. On this situation, we went ahead the second floor of the building were the session hall of the senate is located. Some of the people there invited us to get inside the session hall to experienced and see whats inside. But, when we were entering the door the security prevented us to take another step, instead they told us to go to the other side of the hall way. It is because there were senator that will go outside from the hall. Sad to say, it was Senator Cayetano. The first thing he did before us was to shake each others hand. Then, picture had been taken by his personal photographer. Suddenly, he told us some sorts of story. Not thinking what was happened, we realized that we were already conducting the interview process. It was like an ambush interview in the hall way of the Senate. We want to thank the good senator on giving his golden time to us and sharing his knowledge regarding his Political Party. We really appreciated this task and this privileged that we experienced.