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Roadmap To a Sustainable Energy System Harnessing the Dominican Republic’s Wind and Solar Resources Evaluación
Roadmap To a Sustainable
Energy System
Harnessing the Dominican Republic’s Wind and Solar Resources
Evaluación de los Recursos Renovables para Tomadores de Decisiones en
República Dominicana
Presentation of the Report, CNE, Santo Domingo, 18 July 2012
Alexander Ochs, Lead Author and Director of Climate & Energy
Mark Konold, Project Manager, Caribbean Energy Roadmaps
Thanks Alianza en Energía y Ambiente con Centroamaérica (AEA/EEP) Comisión Nacional de Energía (CNE) 3TIER
Thanks
Alianza en Energía y Ambiente con Centroamaérica (AEA/EEP)
Comisión Nacional de Energía (CNE)
3TIER
Participants in our Stakeholder Workshop
The Need for a Sustainable Energy Roadmap in the Dominican Republic
The Need for a Sustainable
Energy Roadmap in the
Dominican Republic
Fossil Fuel Reliance, Electricity 3% Fuel Oil 12% Natural Gas 15% 43% Coal 27% Hydroelectric
Fossil Fuel Reliance,
Electricity
3%
Fuel Oil
12%
Natural Gas
15%
43%
Coal
27%
Hydroelectric
Self-generation
 85% of the country’s electricity is based on imported fossil fuels
 USD $2.6 billion spent on fossil fuel imports in 2010 (>5% GDP)
 Massive economic & social consequences
Technical Issues • One of the highest rates of distribution losses in the world •
Technical Issues
• One of the highest
rates of distribution
losses in the world
• Electricity instability
costs the country
$1 billion every year
(3.4% GDP)
• Population resorts to
inefficient small-scale
fossil fuel-based units
The Roadmap Response Renewable Energy  Holistic approach Assessment Financing Energy  Makes specific
The Roadmap Response
Renewable
Energy
 Holistic approach
Assessment
Financing
Energy
 Makes specific
recommendations based on
Options
Efficiency
this approach
 Stakeholder participation
and insight allows for
capacity building through
Grid
interactive input
Policy
Integration
Assessment
and Technical
Assessment
Socioeconomic
Analysis
Resource Assessments
Resource Assessments
National Wind Assessment
National Wind Assessment
Wind Resource by Zone • Best potential: • Montecristi • Pedernales • Bani • 70%
Wind Resource by Zone
• Best potential:
• Montecristi
• Pedernales
• Bani
• 70% of the most
attractive sites
located in
Pedernales
Wind Resource by Zone
Wind Resource by Zone
Complementarity Daily (Diurnal) Variation
Complementarity
Daily (Diurnal) Variation
Complementarity Seasonal Variation
Complementarity
Seasonal Variation
National Solar Assessment Direct Normal Irradiance
National Solar Assessment
Direct Normal Irradiance
Solar Resources in Santo Domingo Average GHI 227.1 W/m 2 Average DNI 227.1 W/m 2
Solar Resources in Santo Domingo
Average GHI 227.1 W/m 2
Average DNI 227.1 W/m 2
Monthly Variation in Santo Domingo • Average GHI highest in April and May • Monthly
Monthly Variation in Santo Domingo
• Average GHI highest in April
and May
• Monthly mean DNI much less
variable
• Peaks in March and April
• Solar irradiance lines up
well with electricity demand
(GHI stays high through
months of highest electricity
use)
Daily Variation in Santo Domingo • Highest electricity demand occurs between 7pm – 11pm •
Daily Variation in Santo Domingo
• Highest electricity demand
occurs between 7pm – 11pm
• Peak demand during the
day lines up well with GHI
• Concentrated solar
thermal power could be an
option for using solar to
serve evening demand
Solar Resources in Santiago Average GHI 233.2 W/m 2 Average DNI 223.1 W/m 2
Solar Resources in Santiago
Average GHI 233.2 W/m 2
Average DNI 223.1 W/m 2
Monthly variation in Santiago • Average GHI highest during June – August • Mean DNI
Monthly variation in Santiago
• Average GHI highest during
June – August
• Mean DNI much less variable
over the course of the year;
Peaks in July and August
Daily variation in Santiago • Peak demand during the day lines up well with GHI
Daily variation in Santiago
• Peak demand during the
day lines up well with GHI
• Again, concentrated solar
thermal power could be
an option for using solar to
serve evening demand
Socio-economic Analysis
Socio-economic Analysis
Development of Domestic Resources • Harnessing solar and wind resources will enable the DR to
Development of Domestic
Resources
• Harnessing solar and wind resources will enable the DR to
keep investment within the country rather than sending
huge amounts of its GDP overseas to pay for fossil fuel
imports
• Vulnerability to high oil prices and shocks plays a large role
in high electricity prices – developing the country’s strong
renewable energy resources will result in more stable prices
for households and businesses in the DR
Job Creation Estimates for Planned Solar PV and Wind Capacity in the Dominican Republic Planned
Job Creation Estimates for Planned Solar PV
and Wind Capacity in the Dominican Republic
Planned Installation
Capacity
Manufacturing
Installation
O&M
Total
Jobs
Jobs
Jobs
Jobs
Solar PV
GEDER Monteplata plant
30
MW
24
36
30
90
Wind
Los Cocos and Quilvio Cabrera wind farms*
33
MW
21
7
11
39
Los Cocos expansion
25
MW
16
5
8
29
Juancho wind farm
50
MW
32
10
17
59
Matafongo wind farm
30
MW
19
6
10
35
El Guanillo wind farm
50
MW
32
10
17
59
218 MW
144
74
93
311
Total
Policy and Finance Recommendations
Policy and Finance
Recommendations
1. A Long-term Vision for the Promotion of Renewables • “Long, loud, and legal” climate
1. A Long-term Vision for the
Promotion of Renewables
• “Long, loud, and legal” climate & energy targets
• Sustained for a duration reflecting financing periods of
projects
• Ambitious enough to make a real difference
• Anchored in a legally established regulatory framework
• The DR fairs well in this regard:
• Goal to reduce absolute GHG emissions by 50% below 2010
levels by 2030
• 25% renewable energy share target by 2025
2. Effective Support Mechanisms The DR has strong policies in place through Law 57-07, but
2. Effective Support Mechanisms
The DR has strong policies in place through Law 57-07, but many of
these need to be strengthened or fully implemented
• Tax exemptions and incentives: successful tool; but: greater
predictability and transparency needed – currently lengthy
procedure and uncertain criteria
• Feed-in Tariff
• Resulted in a boom in concession applications, but so far no
FiT payments have been carried out
• Identify and set an appropriate rate so it can start being
implemented – currently very high at 53-60 U.S. cents per
kWh
• Net Metering: Increase awareness
2. Effective Support Mechanisms Need to mobilize funding to support implementation of these measures and
2. Effective Support Mechanisms
Need to mobilize funding to support implementation of these
measures and other sustainable energy projects
• Resolve the Hydrocarbon Fund Issue of Law 112-00
• Supposed to fund support mechanisms in Law 57-07
• Would pay for FiT premium
• Support small-scale renewable energy development in low-
income areas through 75% capital subsidy
• Increase financial sector capacity – banks are still inexperienced
and wary of lending in the still-developing sustainable energy
sector
• Access international financing – including traditional development
aid and climate financing
3. Administrative & Organizational Effectiveness • Integrated policy goals and mainstreamed policies Application
3. Administrative &
Organizational Effectiveness
• Integrated policy goals and mainstreamed policies
Application for a
provisional
concession at
CNE
CNE publishes
the concession
request in a
national
newspaper
CNE publishes
the granting of
the provisional
concession
Application to
Granting of
Application for a
Environmental
Electricity
CNE includes the
applicant in the
Special Regime
Production
Facilities
Register
CDEEE guarantee
provisional
permanent
concession
Impact Study
Resource and
production
analysis by a
company
authorized by
CNE
Definitive
Grid study
Guarantee
Supervision
of PPA
CNE receives the
reports of the
SIE and
SEMARENA
concession
concession
(SEMARENA)
Board (SIE)
(Administrative procedure to obtain a renewable energy concession)
3. Administrative & Organizational Effectiveness • A ‘One-Stop Shop’ single administrative window •Reduce
3. Administrative &
Organizational Effectiveness
• A ‘One-Stop Shop’ single administrative window
•Reduce bureaucratic burdens on sustainable energy
investors
•Review project bankability and availability of funds
• Increase stakeholder participation in the decision-making
process to ensure that policies and support mechanisms
address investor and developer needs and concerns and have
public support
• Monitoring, reporting, and evaluation of policy
implementation
Moving Forward: Developing a Comprehensive Energy Policy
Moving Forward:
Developing a Comprehensive Energy
Policy
Muchas Gracias!! www.worldwatch.org www.cne.gob.do www.sica.int/energia
Muchas Gracias!!
www.worldwatch.org
www.cne.gob.do
www.sica.int/energia