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LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS FOR HOSPITAL VISITORS

Project Start Date:

2008
Project Location:

Hyderabad, India
Mangamma has traveled a long way from Karimnagar to Hyderabad to be with her husband while he receives treatment at the reputed Osmania General Hospital (OGH). The trip was expensive and she worries about how she will pay the medical bills, find enough money to pay for food during her stay, and cover the costs of the journey home. Mangamma is pleasantly surprised to discover a rasoi-ghar, a community pay-per-use kitchen within the hospital premises that uses liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), a clean-burning and efficient cooking fuel. During the course of her husbands hospitalization, Mangamma takes advantage of the kitchen, reducing her cooking expenses and freeing herself from the drudgery and hazards of cooking in the open with inefficient fuels.

BREATHING EASY
According to the National Sample Survey Organisations (NSSO) report on Household Consumption Expenditure in India: 2006-07, three-fourths of households in rural India continue to depend on firewood and chips as the main cooking fuel. The World Health Organization estimates that exposure to indoor air pollution, mainly from cooking, causes about 500,000 deaths and 500 million incidences of illness among women and children in India each year.

S3IDFs efforts provide access to modern LPG fuel to the poor visitors at a hospital at affordable costs

Now we have no worries when it rains; along with stoves, pans are also available and Im very happy about it
- Mangamma of Karimnager

LPG is a denser and an intrinsically cleaner-burning fuel with very low emissions of pollutants directly harmful to human health. Plus, it burns much more efficiently than solid fuels. LPG stoves can be lit and turned off almost instantly and fuel flow finely tuned to meet energy needs, thereby conserving fuel.

PRO-POOR INTERVENTION
The OGH is a 2000-bed government hospital with an average of 250 inpatients and 1000 outpatients every day. The hospital provides the patients with food but the visitors and family have to rely on the hospital canteen. With a meal in the hospital canteen costing Rs. 32, a snack for Rs. 10 and tea/coffee for Rs. 4, food becomes prohibitively expensive for the poor. S3IDF convinced the hospital authorities to sanction a rasoi-ghar on the premises. The kitchen and facilities were provided by Vimala Sankar Trust and S3IDF. HPCL provided the LPG connections and 8 burners. With an operating kitchen (inclusive of water, pressure cookers and utensils) at their disposal and a charge of just Rs.3 per hour (and reduced amounts for lesser use), the women now can reduce their food expenses. The rasoighar has about 70-90 users per day and uses requires about 10 LPG refills every month. More of such community kitchens are in the pipeline such as the one in Gunagal village near Hyderabad, which will not only cater to the Health and Nutrition center but also for use by the villagers. Such Public-Private Partnerships can make a big difference for the many Mangammas who, without pro-poor interventions, would be further disadvantaged through current systems.