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Aluminum Alloys

Presented by Mr. Narongrit Sosa ID: 5211440159 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Ubon Ratchathani University
July 24, 2012

Outline
Introduction to aluminum
General Overview to Aluminum Processes of primary Al production Using metals for improving the properties Applications of Aluminum Alloys
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Aluminum Alloys

Introduction to aluminum
A metal alloy refers to a metallic substance that is composed of two or more elements. Metal alloys ferrous metal alloy nonferrous metal alloy Aluminum alloys are in area of nonferrous metal
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General Overview to Aluminum


Crystal structure is FCC. Comprising 8% of the earths crust Soft and lightweight metal
Physical properties Atom. No. = 13 Atom. Weight = 26.98 Density = 2.7 g/cm3 M.p. = 660 C
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Processes of primary Al production


Mining Processing Producing

3 independent stages:

1st stage : Actual mining of the raw materials: bauxite, kaolinite, nepheline, alunite ,etc. 2nd stage: Processing of the ore and preparation of alumina
3rd stage: Producing of aluminum from alumina
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Using metals for improving the properties


Boron (B) Precipitating transition metal impurities: Ti and V Improving electrical properties A dilute master alloy (<1% B) Bismuth (Bi) Used pure metal and a dilute master alloy Enhancing machinability
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Using metals for improving the properties


Chromium (Cr) Preventing grain growth in Al-Mg alloys, Inhibiting recrystallization in Al-Mg-Si and AlMg-Zn alloys, Correcting for Fe to produce a golden color in anodizing Copper (Cu) Used in many forms (pure metal, master alloys, etc.) Increasing strength
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Using metals for improving the properties


Iron (Fe) Addition forms are similar to that for copper. Improving the high-temperature strength Magnesium (Mg) Added as the pure metal or master alloys Providing high strength and good ductility Improving excellent corrosion resistance - weldability - heat treatment ability
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Using metals for improving alloy properties


Manganese (Mn) Improving strength Preventing recrystallization Lead (Pb) Like Bismuth Used as pure metal, concentrated tablets and master alloys Enhancing machinability
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Using metals for improving the properties


Silicon (Si) Addition as pure metal, master alloys and through powder injection Giving excellent uidity in casting.
Strontium (Sr) Added as a dilute master alloy modifying the eutectic in Al-Si alloys

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Using metals for improving the properties


Titanium (Ti) Added as tablets ,pure metal and master alloys Providing an important contribution to grain renement
Zinc (Zn) Added as the pure metal Improving strength Zirconium (Zr) Added as a master alloy (up to 15% Zr) Inhibiting recrystallization
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Applications of Aluminum Alloys


Pure aluminum Used in the food and packaging industry Al-Cu alloys Mostly used for the aerospace industry Al-Mn alloys Used in the cladding of buildings Vehicle panelling.
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Applications of Aluminum Alloys


Al-Si alloys Used for castings and weld ller wire Al-Mg alloys Used for vessels, vehicles, ships and chemical plant Al-Mg-Si alloys Widely used for building structures.
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Applications of Aluminum Alloys


Al-Zn alloys Mainly used in military Other specialised applications

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Thank you for your kind attentions


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