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The Color Wheel shows the relationships between the colors.

The three primary colors are red, yellow, and blue; they are the only colors that cannot be made by mixing two other colors. The three secondary colors are green, orange, and violet; they are each a mixture of two primary colors. Their hue is halfway between the two primary colors that were used to mix them. On the color wheel, the secondary colors are located between the colors they are made from. The six tertiary colors (red-orange, red-violet, yellow-green, yellow-orange, blue-green and blue-violet) are made by mixing a primary color with an adjacent secondary color. On the color wheel, the tertiary colors are located between the primary and secondary colors they are made from.

Colors opposite each other on the color wheel are called complementary colors. For example, violet and yellow are complementary colors. So are red and green, and blue and orange. Warm Colors and Cool Colors: The warm colors include reds, oranges, and yellows; the cool colors include blues, greens and violets. The neutral colors are black, white, and grays.

LABEL THE COLOR WHEEL


A color wheel shows the relationship between the colors. Label and color the primary, secondary, and tertiary colors on the color wheel below. The three primary colors (red, yellow, and blue) cannot be made by mixing two other colors. On the color wheel below, the primary colors are located on the points of the main triangle. Put red at the top. The three secondary colors (orange, green, and violet) are each a mixture of two primary colors. On the color wheel, the secondary colors are located on the points of the upside-down triangle, between the colors they are made from. The six tertiary colors (red-orange, red-violet, yellow-green, yellow-orange, blue-green and blue-violet) are made by mixing a primary color with an adjacent secondary color. On the color wheel, the tertiary colors are located between the primary and secondary colors they are made from.

LABEL THE COLOR WHEEL ANSWERS


A color wheel shows the relationship between the colors. Label and color the primary, secondary, and tertiary colors on the color wheel below. The three primary colors (red, yellow, and blue) cannot be made by mixing two other colors. On the color wheel below, the primary colors are located on the points of the main triangle. Put red at the top. The three secondary colors (orange, green, and violet) are each a mixture of two primary colors. On the color wheel, the secondary colors are located on the points of the upside-down triangle, between the colors they are made from. The six tertiary colors (red-orange, red-violet, yellow-green, yellow-orange, blue-green and blue-violet) are made by mixing a primary color with an adjacent secondary color. On the color wheel, the tertiary colors are located between the primary and secondary colors they are made from.

Artist
What is this job like? | How do you get ready? | How much does this job pay? | How many jobs are there? | What about the future? | Are there other jobs like this? | Where can you find more information? What is this job like? Artists make art to express what they are feeling or thinking. They use many methods including drawing, painting, and sculpting. They use an assortment of materialsdifferent kinds of paints, pencils, and pens, plaster, clay, and even computers. An artist's work may show objects, people, nature, or events. Artists fall into one of several groups. Art directors design and look at material that is going to be in magazines, newspapers, and other printed or digital form. They decide which art to use. Multi-media artists and animators create art on film, on video, or with computers. They draw by hand and use computers to create the large pictures that form movies, television programs, and computer games. Fine artists create original art. They specialize in one or two art forms, such as painting, illustrating, sketching, sculpting, printmaking, and restoring. Many fine artists have a second job as a curator or teacher. Craft artists create or reproduce hand-made objects for sale or to exhibit in galleries or museums. They may use many different materials and the same types of techniques as those used by fine artists. Illustrators create pictures for books, magazines, and other publications. They also create pictures for products such as wrapping paper, stationery, greeting cards, and calendars. Illustrators work directly on a computer. Medical and scientific illustrators combine drawing skills with knowledge of biology or other sciences. Cartoonists draw political, advertising, social, and sports cartoons. Some cartoonists work with others who create the idea or story and write the captions. Sketch artists draw using pencil, charcoal, or pastels. Their work can be used by many different people for a wide range of purposes. Sculptors make artwork using clay, glass, wire, fabric, plaster, wood, or stone. Some combine materials to make art. Printmakers create printed images. They use wood, stone, or metal. Some also use computers to aid in their work. Painting restorers restore damaged and faded paintings. Many artists work in art studios. Others work in their homes. Some share studio space, where they may also show their work. Work areas have a lot of light and air. However, artists may be exposed to fumes from glue, paint, ink, and other materials and to dust from filings, splattered paint, or spilled fluids. They may get back pain or eyestrain, or feel tired. Artists may work extra hours to meet deadlines. Self-employed artists can set their own hours. They spend a lot of time selling their art and building a reputation. How do you get ready? Though formal training is not strictly necessary for artists, it is good to take art courses in high school. It is hard to be successful without some training.

Many colleges and universities offer degree programs in fine arts, as do independent schools of art and design. These educational programs include training in computer techniques, so knowing how to use a computer is very important. Art directors usually start as beginner artists in a firm and work their way up to being a director. First they must show their artistic and leadership abilities. Some may get a degree in art administration. Those who want to teach art at public elementary or secondary schools must have a teaching certificate and a college degree. Artists hired by a firm often start with routine tasks. They may also sell their work privately. The most successful artists constantly come up with new ideas. Artists usually prepare a "portfolio"a collection of samples of their work. This collection shows their talent and skill, and it helps them sell their art and get jobs. How much does this job pay? Earnings of salaried artists vary greatly among the different specialties. In May 2008, the average yearly wages of art directors were $88,510, while multi-media artists made an average $62,380. Fine artists made an average of $48,300 yearly, and craft artists made an average of $32,570. Earnings for self-employed artists also vary widely. Many do not make enough money just from selling their art. How many jobs are there? Artists held about 221,900 jobs in 2008. About 6 out of 10 artists were self-employed. What about the future? Employment of artists is expected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations through the year 2018. However, it will be tough finding jobs because many people with a lot of talent want to be artists. Many artists will need to have a second job in order to support themselves financially. Are there other jobs like this?

Architects Designers Desktop publishers Landscape architects Photographers

Where can you find more information? More BLS information about artists and related workers can be found in the Occupational Outlook Handbook. The Handbook also shows where to find out even more about this job.

Test A
1. If you meet the President, you call him: a. your Highness b. your Excellency c. Mr. President 2. The President and his family live in: a. Blair House b. the White House c. the suburbs 3. The first President to live in the White House was: a. John Adams b. George Washington c. Thomas Jefferson 4. We celebrate birthdays of two Presidents in February; they are: a. Washington and Lincoln b. Jefferson and Adams c. T. Roosevelt and F.D. Roosevelt 5. During the War of 1812, when Madison was President, this famous song was written: a. the Battle Hymn of the Republic b. God Bless America c. The Star Spangled Banner 6. Twenty-seven Presidents have studied: a. flying b. law c. astronomy 7. The two big political parties today are: a. Republicans and Democrats b. Federalists and Whigs c. Conservatives and Liberals 8. The U S National Anthem was written by: a. George Washington b. Francis Scott Key c. Benjamin Franklin 9. The law says Presidential elections must be held on: a. the first Monday in October b. Halloween c. the first Tuesday in November

Test B
1. We hold Presidential elections every: a. two years b. four years c. six years 2. The United States is made up of: a. 13 states b. 37 states c. 50 states 3. The parties pick their Presidential candidates in: a. Presidential primaries b. national nominating conventions c. by secret vote 4. If a president dies in office, the next president is: a. the Vice President b. elected by the people c. the oldest Senator 5. If you want to run for President you should: a. go jogging b. take a nap c. make speeches 6. The only man to be elected President four times was: a. Abraham Lincoln b. Franklin Delano Roosevelt c. Ulysses S. Grant 7. The President's wife is called: a. the First Lady b. the Queen c. Mrs. President 8. The U S flag's stripes are colored: a. 6 red and 7 white b. 7 red and 6 white c. 6 red and 6 white 9. When properly folded, the U S flag should be shaped like: a. a circle b. a square c. a triangle