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Australian Standard
AS 26171996

Sampling from coal seams

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee MN/1, Coal and Coke. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 16 October 1995 and published on 5 March 1996.

The following interests are represented on Committee MN/1: Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Australian Institute of Energy Australian Mining Industry Council
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Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Australian Coal Association Australian Coal Industry Research Laboratories Australian Coal Preparation Society Bureau of Steel Manufacturers of Australia CSIRO, Division of Coal and Energy Technology Department of Minerals and Energy, Queensland Electricity Supply Association of Australia Institution of Engineers, Australia Queensland Coal Board Royal Australian Chemical Institute Standing Committee on Coalfield Geology of New South Wales University of Newcastle University of New South Wales University of Queensland

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest editi on, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Australian Standards and related publications wil l be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publi cations; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australian Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives detail s of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards Australia, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made wit hout delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 95064.

AS 26171996

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Australian Standard
Sampling from coal seams

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7337 0173 6

AS 2617 1996

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee on Coal and Coke, as a revision of AS 2617 1983, Guide for the taking of samples from hard coal seams in situ. The objective of this Standard is to provide uniformity and best practices in procedures used for taking coal samples from seams in the ground. Major changes from the previous edition are as follows: (a) (b) (c)
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The inclusion of sampling from small-diameter and large-diameter drill holes. The inclusion of sampling from exposed seam faces. The inclusion of trial open-cut slots. Deletion of the appendix titled Determination of seam thickness.

(d)

The term informative has been used in this Standard to define the application of the Appendix to which it applies. An informative appendix is for guidance and information only.

Copyright

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and software. Except where the Copyri ght Act allows and except where provided for below no publi cati ons or software produced by Standards Australi a may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means wit hout pri or permission in writ ing from Standards Austr alia. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropri ate royalty payment. Requests for permission and informati on on commercial soft ware royalt ies should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Austr alia wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Austr alia will also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght materi al in computer software programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of materi al in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, wit h or wit hout payment, or in commercial contr acts is subject to the payment of a royalt y. This policy may be varied by Standards Australi a at any ti me.

AS 2617 1996

CONTENTS
Page FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 SELECTION OF SAMPLING SITE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 SAMPLING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 RECORDING OF SAMPLING AND GEOLOGICAL DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 TRANSPORTATION OF SAMPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 EXAMPLE OF STAND ARD FORM FOR RECORDING SAMPLING DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

APPENDIX A

Originated as AS CK51948. Previous edit ion AS 26171983. Second edit ion 1996.

AS 2617 1996

FOREWORD
A coal seam may consist of a single stratum of one lithotype of relatively uniform maceral constitution, or it may consist of a number of layers of different coal lithotypes varying in thickness and lateral extent. The seam may also contain discrete layers of inorganic sediments, or carbonaceous shales of varying thickness. Veins of concordant or discordant secondary mineral matter, or intrusive volcanic rock may also be present. The lithotype layers may vary considerably in hardness, texture and structure according to the nature of the coal and inorganic sediments. The inorganic layers may also thicken laterally, splitting the seam into two or more separate entities. Thus, it is not always possible to obtain samples of a full seam or seam section at one sampling point. Where significant variation in seam thickness, lithotype profile and structure occurs and a representative sample is required, several samples may have to be taken.
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Methods of sampling for the assessment of physical, chemical, petrographic or utilization properties are described for the following: (a) (b) (c) (d) Sampling from small and large diameter drill cores. Sampling from exposed seam faces. Sampling from trial open-cut excavations. Sampling from underground workings.

In a seam of variable quality, it will be necessary to take a number of samples to improve the representativeness of sampling. In operating mines, the manager should be consulted and approval should be obtained before sampling sites are selected and sampling proceeds. In the case of exploration tenements, it is often necessary to obtain permission from the State Government department that issued the tenement before a bulk sample can be extracted. In most cases, the tenement document defines what constitutes a bulk sample, usually in terms of total mass of coal involved, whereas in other cases it is left to the discretion of the department. In all sampling situations, experienced and qualified personnel will be required for supervision and to ensure that accurate records are made of location, thickness and lithotype descriptions and that all safety precautions have been addressed. It is strongly recommended that a risk analysis of the sampling exercise be undertaken by an experienced safety officer before work begins.

AS 2617 1996

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Sampling from coal seams


1 SCOPE This Standard is a guide to the methods recommended for taking samples from higher rank coal seams in the ground, whether from exploration tenements, or from operating underground or open-cut mines. The following methods are described: (a) (b)
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Bore core sampling. Drill cuttings sampling. Open-cut slot sampling. Pillar sampling. Channel sampling. Strip sampling.

(c) (d) (e) (f)

This Standard does not apply to sampling from production moving streams or any other source of coal not in place. Recommendations are made for selection and preparation of the sampling site, and methods are described for taking both small and bulk samples, and for preparing the samples for transport.
NOTE: Appendix A includes an example of a sample record form that may be used to record sampling and other relevant data, and AS 4264.1 describes how to determine the mass of sample required for representativeness at various nominal top sizes.

2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referred to in this Standard: AS 2418 2519 2916 4264 4264.1 4264.3 Coal and coke Glossary of terms Guide to the technical evaluation of higher rank coal deposits Symbols for graphical representation of coal seams and associated strata Coal and coke sampling Part 1: Higher rank coal sampling procedures Part 3: Lower rank coal Sampling procedures

3 DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard, the definitions given in AS 2418 and those below apply. 3.1 Bulk sample a sample that is larger than the normal samples taken in a particular operation. There is usually a specific reason for taking a bulk sample which is related to the amount of material required for a particular purpose. It is not possible to define the minimum size of a bulk sample, but in some cases government departments formulate guidelines that apply to exploration tenements. 3.2 Channel samplea sample of the coal and associated inorganic rock taken by removing a channel of even cross-section from the seam. Where the full section of the seam is not accessible or not required, this term may refer to a sample taken either from a specifically defined portion of the seam, or from the floor to roof as mined or exposed.

COPYRIGHT

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AS 2617-1996, Sampling from coal seams


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