Anda di halaman 1dari 11

HEAT EXCHANGER DESIGN CALCULATION

SHELL SIDE DATA Mass Flowrate, ms (lb/hr) = Inlet Temperature, T1 ( F) = Outlet Temperature, T2 ( F) = Inlet Pressure, Ps (psig) = Fouling Allowance, fs (hrft2oF/Btu) = Allowable Pressure Drop, dPs (psi) =
o o

4000 205 264 180 0.002 5

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SHELL SIDE FLUID INLET MEAN Temperature ( F) Sp. Heat (Btu/lb F) k (Btuft/hrft F) Density (lb/ft ) Viscosity (cp)
3 2o o o

OUTLET 264 0.61 0.068 40 0.237

205 0.58 0.072 41.2 0.284 TUBE SIDE DATA

234.5 0.595 0.07 40.6 0.2605

Mass Flowrate, mt (lb/hr) = Inlet Temperature, t1 ( F) = Outlet Temperature, t2 ( F) = Inlet Pressure, Pt (psig) = Fouling Allowance, ft (hrft F/Btu) = Allowable Pressure Drop, dPt (psi) =
2o o o

590 620 250 65 0.005 5

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF TUBE SIDE FLUID INLET MEAN Temperature ( F) Sp. Heat (Btu/lb F) k (Btuft/hrft F) Density (lb/ft ) Viscosity (cp)
3 2o o o

OUTLET 250 0.563 0.065 50.6 2.2

620 0.76 0.045 42 0.4

435 0.6615 0.055 46.3 1.3

CALCULATIONS
HEAT DUTY

QS (Btu/hr) =

140420

Qt (Btu/hr) = 144405.5 LMTD LMTD ( F) = 150.3673 R = 6.2711864 FT = 0.7365 S = 0.142169 From Fig. 12.19
o

0.736501

Corrected LMTD (oF) = 110.7455 ESTIMATE LAYOUT Material use for Shell = Material use for Tubes = Tube Outer Diameter (in) = Tube Length (ft) = Pitch (in) = Tube Inner Diameter (in) = Carbon Steel Carbon Steel 0.75 8 1 0.5837 Shell pass = Tube pass = 1 2

From Table 12.3

ESTIMATE OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT Uo (Btu/hrft F) = NUMBER OF TUBES Ao (ft2) = 187.0135 Area of One tube (ft2) = 1.570795 Number of Tubes = 119.0566 = 119 Number of Tubes per pass = 59
2o

6.78

Tube cross-section area (ft2) = 0.001858 So, Area per pass (ft ) = 0.109638 Volumetric Flowrate (ft3/s) = 0.00354
2

Tube Side Velocity (ft/s) = 0.032286

BUNDLE & SHELL DIAMETER K1 = 0.156 n1 = 2.291 From Table 12.4

Bundle Diameter (in) = 13.58975 Bundle-Shell Clearence (in) = Shell Diameter (in) = TUBE SIDE HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT Reynolds Number = 83.20359 Prandtl Number = 37.8378 Length Diameter Ratio = 164.468 Jh Factor = 0.07 From Fig. 12.23 2 12 From Fig. 12.10

Nusselt Number = 19.31771

hi (Btu/hrft F) = 21.84288 BAFFLE SPACING & SHELL SIDE VELOCITY Baffle Spacing (in) = As (ft2) =
3

2o

2.8 0.058333

Volumetric Flowrate (ft /s) = 0.027367 Shell Side Velocity (ft/s) = 0.469153 SHELL SIDE HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT Equivalent Diameter (in) = 0.945621 Reynolds Number = 8571.481 Prandtl Number = 5.358485 Jh Factor = 0.015 From Fig.12.29

hs (Btu/hrft2oF) = 198.7437

CALCULATED OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT kw (Btu/hrftoF) = 30 From Table 2-3 Ken Arnold Vol:2

Uo (Btu/hrft2oF) = 13.78507 TUBESIDE PRESSURE DROP


2 Pt = Np x (8 x jf x (L/di) + 2.5)( x v /2)

L (m) = di (m) = (Kg/m3) = v (m/s)= Pt =

2.439024 jf = 0.01483 Np = 741.263 0.009843

0.095 2

9.156678 Pa 0.0013284 psi SHELL SIDE PRESSURE DROP


2 Ps = 8 x jf x (Ds/de) x (L/lB) x ( x v /2)

L (m) = lB (m) = (Kg/m3) = v (m/s)=

2.439024 jf = 0.071138 Ds (in) = 650.006 de (in) = 0.143035

0.05 0.304878 0.024025

Ps = 1157.1946 Pa 0.1678832 psi

INPUT BOXES

HEAT EXCHANGER DESIGN CALCULATION


SHELL SIDE DATA Mass Flowrate, ms (lb/hr) = Inlet Temperature, T1 ( F) = Outlet Temperature, T2 ( F) = Inlet Pressure, Ps (psig) = Fouling Allowance, fs (hrft2oF/Btu) = Allowable Pressure Drop, dPs (psi) =
o o

4000 205 264 180 0.002 5

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SHELL SIDE FLUID INLET MEAN Temperature ( F) Sp. Heat (Btu/lb F) k (Btuft/hrft F) Density (lb/ft ) Viscosity (cp)
3 2o o o

OUTLET 264 0.61 0.068 40 0.237

205 0.58 0.072 41.2 0.284

234.5 0.595 0.07 40.6 0.2605

TUBE SIDE DATA Mass Flowrate, mt (lb/hr) = Inlet Temperature, t1 ( F) = Outlet Temperature, t2 ( F) = Inlet Pressure, Pt (psig) = Fouling Allowance, ft (hrft F/Btu) = Allowable Pressure Drop, dPt (psi) =
2o o o

590 620 250 65 0.005 5

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF TUBE SIDE FLUID INLET MEAN Temperature ( F) Sp. Heat (Btu/lb F) k (Btuft/hrft F) Density (lb/ft ) Viscosity (cp)
3 2o o o

OUTLET 250 0.563 0.065 50.6 2.2

620 0.76 0.045 42 0.4

435 0.6615 0.055 46.3 1.3

CALCULATIONS
HEAT DUTY

QS (Btu/hr) =

140420

Qt (Btu/hr) = 144405.5 LMTD LMTD ( F) = 150.3673 R = 6.271186 FT = 0.7365 169 S = 0.142169 From Fig. 12.19
o

Corrected LMTD (oF) = ESTIMATE LAYOUT Material use for Shell = Material use for Tubes = Tube Outer Diameter (in) = Tube Length (ft) = Pitch (in) = Tube Inner Diameter (in) =

Carbon Steel Carbon Steel 0.75 8 1 0.5837 Shell pass = Tube pass = 1 2

From Table 12.3

ESTIMATE OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT Uo (Btu/hrft F) = NUMBER OF TUBES Ao (ft2) = 122.5498 Area of One tube (ft2) = 1.570795 Number of Tubes = 78.01769 = 78 Number of Tubes per pass = 39
2o

6.78

Tube cross-section area (ft2) = 0.001858 So, Area per pass (ft ) = 0.072472 Volumetric Flowrate (ft3/s) = 0.00354
2

Tube Side Velocity (ft/s) = 0.048842

BUNDLE & SHELL DIAMETER K1 = 0.156 n1 = 2.291 From Table 12.4

Bundle Diameter (in) = 11.30151 Bundle-Shell Clearence (in) = Shell Diameter (in) = TUBE SIDE HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT Reynolds Number = 125.8721 Prandtl Number = 37.8378 Length Diameter Ratio = 164.468 Jh Factor = 0.07 From Fig. 12.23 2 12 From Fig. 12.10

Nusselt Number = 29.22423

hi (Btu/hrft F) = 33.04436 BAFFLE SPACING & SHELL SIDE VELOCITY Baffle Spacing (in) = As (ft2) =
3

2o

2.8 0.058333

Volumetric Flowrate (ft /s) = 0.027367 Shell Side Velocity (ft/s) = 0.469153 SHELL SIDE HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT Equivalent Diameter (in) = 0.945621 Reynolds Number = 8571.481 Prandtl Number = 5.358485 Jh Factor = 0.015 From Fig.12.29

hs (Btu/hrft2oF) = 198.7437

CALCULATED OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT kw (Btu/hrftoF) = 30 From Table 2-3 Ken Arnold Vol:2

Uo (Btu/hrft2oF) = 19.01084 TUBESIDE PRESSURE DROP


2 Pt = Np x (8 x jf x (L/di) + 2.5)( x v /2)

L (m) = di (m) =

2.439024 jf = 0.01483 Np =

0.095 2

(Kg/m3) = 741.263 v (m/s)= 0.014891 Pt = 20.95621 Pa 0.00304 psi SHELL SIDE PRESSURE DROP
2 Ps = 8 x jf x (Ds/de) x (L/lB) x ( x v /2)

L (m) = lB (m) =

2.439024 jf = 0.071138 Ds (in) =

0.05 0.304878 0.024025

(Kg/m3) = 650.006 de (in) = v (m/s)= 0.143035 Ps = 1157.195 Pa 0.167883 psi