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AirComp LLC

A Division of Allis-Chalmers Energy

Introduction to Air Drilling

Introduction to Air Drilling

Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Section 6: Section 7: Section 8: Air Drilling Applications Dust Drilling Mist Drilling Foam Drilling Aerated Drilling Nitrogen Air Hammer & Bits Performance / Results

Section 1 -- Air Drilling Applications

What describes an Ideal Candidate for Air Drilling?

Ideal Candidate for Air Drilling

Long wellbore sections with Minimal Formation Pressures Medium - Hard Formations w/ Low ROP Deviation Problems due to High Formation Dip Angles Lost Circulation Problems Formations that have Minimum Water Influx Water Sensitive Formations (Shales) are time sensitive to sloughing. Hydrocarbon zones are typically Gas bearing.

Advantages of Air Drilling

Faster R.O.P. (2-5 times faster than on Mud) Improved Deviation Control (light WOB) Minimal Formation Damage in Production section Effective Pressure Control thru Lost Circulation Zones Detection of Low Pressure Zones Faster return of drilled cuttings (formation evaluation) Overall Lower Cost per Foot

Most Common Air Drilling Applications

Hard Rock Drilling where ROP is less than 15 ft/hr using mud. Areas that have Deviation Problems with conventional BHAs and use light WOB. Lost Circulation Problems Pay-Zones that are sensitive to Formation Damage w/mud.

Disadvantages of Air Drilling

Large amount of Air Volume cuttings up the hole; High Annular Velocity is required to carry
as per 3000 ft/min Minimum Annular Velocity required for Hole Cleaning Angels Curves in 1957 5000 ft/min Annular Velocity suggested for Optimum Hole Cleaning

Formation Pressure Control is minimal; Can Not drill when H2S zones are present Danger of Down-hole fires:
Use Nitrogen Use Fire Float / Stop Use Mist

Limited Applications: geological regions with mature, stable and relatively dry formations (water influx limitations); Problems with Down-hole motors (high speeds) & EM-MWD (high vibrations) but improvements are being made and performance has improved with Mist Drilling

Section 2 -- Dust Drilling

What is Dust Drilling ?

What is Dust Drilling?

Compressed air is used as the sole circulating medium. No fluid (Water / Soap) injection means the annular returns are Dust. Cuttings are carried to surface by High Annular Velocity and routed to a pit through a Blooie-Line.

AirComp LLC
A Division of Allis-Chalmers Energy

Rig Floor Manifold Set Up

G uage G uage B a ll V a lv e C h e c k V a lv e S t d P ip e

B a ll V a lv e B a ll V a lv e

B y - P a s s to B lo o ie L in e

B y - P a s s T o P r im a r y J e t

M a in A ir F e e d F / C o m p r e s s o r s

Advantages of Dust Drilling System

Optimum environment for use with Air Hammers Least Expensive operations No fluid system to clean up or Disposal at the surface. Maximum Penetration Rates. Extended bit life.

Dust Drilling Limitations

Wellbore fluid influxes cannot be handled effectively with Dust drilling. Influxes will wet cuttings resulting in mud rings in the annulus, restricting hole cleaning. Switching to Mist or Foam allows continued Air Drilling in the presence of water. Chance of Down-Hole Fire if Mud Rings are not eliminated.

Section 3 -- Mist Drilling

When and Why should you Mist Drill ?

What is Mist Drilling?

Air Drilling with the addition of liquids usually water, soap and chemical inhibitors. Mixture of water and soap is added to the air stream at surface at a controlled rate to improve annular hole cleaning. Misting can use many different mediums (water, surfactant, etc.) When Misting the Annular Pressure increases so the ROP will typically drop VS Dusting applications
Additional Air Volume can help improve ROP

When should you Mist Drill ?

Wellbore becomes wet due to fluid influx. Annular cleaning problems lead to inconsistent flow at the Blooie line / pressure increase. Wellbore fluid influx is up to 100+ gpm / 150 Bbls/Hr but is dependent upon Air Volume. Reservoir produces large amount of Gas / Condensate which creates hole cleaning problem. Hole showing fill after connections suggesting Sloughing problems. caution Mist could increase sloughing if shales are sensitive.

AirComp LLC
A Division of Allis-Chalmers Energy

Advantages of Mist Drilling

Higher ROP than with conventional mud. Enables drilling to proceed while producing fluids. Improves Hole Cleaning capacity Reduces risk of downhole fires. Eliminates need for Nitrogen

Mist Drilling Limitations

Slower penetration rate than Dust drilling due to increased annular hydrostatic pressure.
ROP = 30 50% less than Dusting

Limited tolerance to water influx.

High amounts of Water influx typically makes Mist Drilling uneconomical. When large liquid influxes are encountered; options
Switch to Foam Switch to Aerated Mud

Extra Costs for Air Drilling

Air Package = $ 4800 / day + Fuel (30 gal/hr)
4 - 1200 CFM x 1150 psi Compressors / Boosters 1 - Mist Pump (40 Bbls/hr; 28 gpm) 2 Operators (12 hour tour) + 1 Supervisor

Rig Modifications = $ 25,000 estimate

Blooey Line Fabrication 9 5/8 Casing x 150 feet Standpipe Fabrication / Modification

Section 4: Foam Drilling

What is Foam Drilling ?

What is Foam Drilling ?

Foam is created by combining water, surfactants and air. Foam (stiff; like shaving cream) is circulated as the drilling fluid. Cuttings carrying capacity is 6-7 times grater than Air / Dust. Required annular velocity for optimum hole cleaning is significantly lower Air / Mist Drilling.
AV = 1000 1500 ft/ min

AirComp LLC
A Division of Allis-Chalmers Energy

Advantages of Foam Drilling

Foam has excellent cuttings carrying capacity. Lower Air Volume requirements can mean less Air Compression equipment required than Dust or Mist drilling. During connections (break in circulation) the cuttings will remain suspended in the annulus. Holding Back Pressure on Annulus can help reduce water influx and/or maintain hole wall stability.

Limitations for Foam Drilling

Surface requirements (pits) for Foam can become a problem. Large pits have to be built to contain the Foam and allow time for settling. Chemical cost to break down Foam can become expensive. Large influx of Fluids can break down Foam and thus reduce hole cleaning.

Section 5: Aerated Drilling Fluids

What is an Aerated Drilling Fluid ?

What is an Aerated Drilling Fluid ?

Air or Nitrogen is added to the liquid phase of the drilling fluid. This will lower the effective mud weight.
This can be accomplished by injecting air/nitrogen directly into the standpipe. This can also be achieved using parasite string or concentric casing strings.

AirComp LLC
A Division of Allis-Chalmers Energy

Standpipe Injection Option 1 Parasite String

Air or Nitrogen can be injected using a parasite string. Parasite string is attached to casing and cemented in place. Pieance Basin in CO

Standpipe Injection Option 2 Concentric Casing

Air or Nitrogen can be injected by using a concentric casing string. Concentric casing is uncemented casing run to the insertion point.

Aerated Drilling Fluids Guideline for using Air or N2

Air can be used in water based drilling fluids.
Corrosion inhibitors are highly recommended

N2 must be used with oil based mud N2 are highly recommended when Oil or condensate influx is anticipated. N2 must be used, when working with a Closed Loop System (closed separator).

Advantages of Aerated Fluids

Can be utilized with most types of drilling fluids. Allows for the adjustment of bottomhole pressures by changing the gas injection rates. Increases Penetration Rates by Lowering the annular pressure on the formation.

Section 6: How the Nitrogen Membrane works

Nitrogen Membrane Advantages

Minimizes chance of Downhole Fire Membrane Units typically will reduce operating costs VS cryogenic (liquid) nitrogen. Not limited by liquid N2 transportation problems. US Patent owned by Weatherford

Other Options to prevent Downhole Fires

Minimizes chances of spark ignition prevents mud rings (pressure ignition

Fire Stop
Stops Air / Oxygen Flow which extinguishes Fire

Fire Float / Fire Stop

Improved Drilling Performance with Air / Hammer Applications

Val Verde Basin San Juan Basin Arkoma Basin Barnett Shale (West Texas) (Farmington, NM) (S E Oklahoma) (Fort Worth Basin)

AirComp LLC
A Division of Allis-Chalmers Energy

Improved Drilling Performance with Air / Hammer Applications

Air Hammers & Bits Hammer Designs -- How does it work? Bit Designs -- Diamond Enhanced !!! Drilling Applications
Val Verde Basin San Juan Basin Pieance Basin Arkoma Basin Appalachian Basin Fort Worth Basin (West Texas) (Farmington, NM) (Southern Rockies) (Oklahoma / Arkansas) (WV, PA, NY, KY, VA) (Barnett Shale)

Faster R.O.P.
(Rate of Penetration)

Air Hammers & Bits

Hammer Designs
Conventional Air Hammers New Oilfield Air Hammer -- FAM-Us

Hammer Bit Design

Diamond Enhanced Inserts Bit Retainer Assembly

Foot Valve (Plastic)

Conventional Air Hammer Operation

Bit is off-bottom Air Circulates Bottoms Up

Bit is On-Bottom Air fills bottom Chamber which lifts piston upward

Bit is On-Bottom Air now fills top chamber forcing piston downward

Piston strikes the top of the bit With high energy 300,000 lbs force

FAM-Us (Oilfield Designed) Air Hammers Foam Air Mist - Underbalanced Series Developed in 2003; Commercialized in 2004
API Reg. Pin Connection

Fishable Length Top Sub with Float

Small-Nose Piston * Eliminates possible Foot Valve Failures * Improves ROP especially when Misting

Air Feed Tube With By-Pass Choke * Increases Hole Cleaning Capability

Pin-Drive Spline * Eliminates Metal-to-Metal Contact / Galling Double Sleeve Retainer System
(Patent Pending)

New Bit Cutting Structures * Designed to Improve Toughness & Footage

FAM-Us Air Hammers

Improved Lower Chamber Exhausting
Conventional Air Hammer FAM-Us Air Hammer

FAM-Us Air Hammer

Lower Compression Ratio Yields Higher Impact Energy

FAM-Us Air Hammer

Conventional Air Hammer

Diamond Enhanced Hammer Bits

Footage per bit is increased by 3-4 fold over Carbide bits Medium strength formations can be drilled 80+ feet/hour for 100+ hours Hard formations require Higher Energy levels (i.e. High Pressure compressors) which require improved hammer and/or bit metallurgy, bit designs, and tougher diamond inserts. Double-Sleeve Retaining System (Patent Pending) allows diamond cutting structure to be fully utilized without fear of bit body fatigue.

8 C783G Hammer Bit Face Design

Gage Row 12 15/16 DEI @ 40 Degree Angle Adj. Gage Row 6 13/16 DEI @ 20 Degree Angle

3 Exhaust Ports Optimized Face Cleaning Flat Bottom Row 3 13/16 DEI near Shank Diameter Improves Energy Dist. Concave Face Stabilizes C/S and Improves Directional Control

New Technology

Diamond Insert Technology

Manufacturer of polycrystalline diamond inserts used in oil and gas drilling Proprietary interface technology Enhances diamond/carbide attachment strength FEA improved designs favorably manage residual stresses inherent to diamond inserts for longer life Application-specific percussion insert properties: Highly impact resistant Resistant to wear (long life)

ISO 9001 Certified Quality Goals Deliver defect free products Ship directly to customer inventory


Development capabilities In-house testing necessary to develop impact resistant diamond inserts. U S Synthetic facilities allow testing of multiple designs quickly to improve product performance for its customers Diamond Air has Exclusive Rights to inserts developed together 15/16 Gage inserts 2600 TON CUBIC PRESS

Bit Design With Double-Sleeve Retainer System

Diamond Air / Marquis Bits Bit Retaining System (Patent Pending)

Large Solid Bit Retaining Shoulder
(No Thread unscrewing)

Positive Locking Split Sleeve

(locks bit head to hammer)

Protective Outer Sleeve

(keeps inner sleeve together)

Marquis Hammer Bit Nomenclature

087 - C683G
087 -- Size of hammer bit diameter in inches (8.750) C 6

-- Face Profile (Shape)

D = Drop Center F = Flat Bottom

C = Concave CV = Convex 2 = 1/2 3 = 5/8 4 = 3/4 5 = 13 /16 6 = 7/8 7 = 15/16 8= 1 9 = ?? 4 = 6 = 7 = 8 = 9 = 2 = 15 =

-- Second number designates the Dominate (Gage) Insert Size

Semi Round Diamond Insert Semi Round Diamond Insert Semi-Round Diamond Insert Semi Round Diamond Insert Semi round Diamond Insert Semi Round Diamond Insert Semi Round Diamond Insert Semi Round Diamond Insert w/ IR-340 spline w/ IR-360 spline w/ SD-8 spline w/ IR-380 spline w/ SD-10 spline w/ IR112 spline w/ SD-15 spline

-- Designates Hammer Size/Spline Type

Halco Dominator 400 Hammer Halco Dominator 600 Hammer Halco Dominator 750 Hammer Halco Mach 88 Hammer Halco Dominator 1000 Hammer Halco Dominator 132 Mission SD-15 Hammer

3 G

-- Number of Air Holes in Bit Head -- Extra Gage Protection Inserts placed on the side of bit to prevent reaming.

Marquis Hammer Bits

Standard Product List
Size . Type Feature 046.CV342 - G 060.CV462 - G 061.CV462 - G 062.CV462 - G 065.CV462 - G 067.CV463 - G 078.C673 - G 078.C683 - G 084.C683 - G 087.C683 - G 088.C683 - G 098.C693 - G 110.C693 - G 122.C623 - G 123.C623 - G 147.C623 - G 175.C6153 - G Bit Description 4 Convex 6 Convex 6 1/8 Convex 6 Convex 6 Convex 6 Convex 7 7/8 Concave 7 7/8 Concave 8 Concave 8 Concave 8 7/8 Concave 9 7/8 Concave 11 Concave 12 Concave 12 3/8 Concave 14 Concave 17 Concave Hammer Spline IR-340 IR-360 IR-360 IR-360 IR-360 IR-360 SD-8 IR-380 IR-380 IR-380 IR-380 SD-10 SD-10 or IR-111 IR-112 IR-112 IR-112 SD-15 or IR-112

Superior Hammer Repair & Maintenance Quality

Hammer Parts are micrometer inspected and are actually held to tighter tolerances than the Manufacturers Specifications.

Put in Black Light Inspection Photo

Black Light Inspection of ALL hammer Parts minimizes the chance of Down-Hole failures.

Hammer Bits go through additional QC processes including Black Light Inspection as well as being tracked by Hours as well as Footage and are then specifically chosen for each application.

Air Drilling / Hammer Supervision

Similar to Directional Drillers Train / Supervisor Drillers on how to operate Air Hammers / Bits Optimize Bit Life and ROP Monitor Hole Cleaning
Keeps rig/drillers out of trouble Determine when / if Mist Drilling is required Lower chance of Burn Offs

Best Drilling Practices for Air Hammer Drilling

Air Volumes VS Annular Velocity
Minimum A.V. of 3000 feet/min. (Angels curves) Optimum A.V. of 5000+ feet/min. (Field experience) 30% additional air volume suggested for Misting and/or Directional applications.

Hammer Configuration
Choke size should be determined to operate 350psi differential across the hammer. Hammer with heavy piston has been found to be faster in misting and/or Hard-Rock applications Hammer with lighter piston but higher frequency has been found to be faster in medium to soft rock while dusting.

Best Drilling Practices for Air Hammer Drilling

Weight-On-Bit should be minimized but must maintain a closed hammer. Typically 500 lbs or less per inch of hole diameter is found to be sufficient. (i.e. 3-4k lbs WOB for 8 3/4 hole) RPM should depend upon formation, hole size and frequency of the hammer. RPM with high frequency hammer in soft formation would utilize higher RPM (i.e. 40-60 RPM for 8 3/4 hole in

RPM for hard abrasive formations in large (12 1/4 - 17 1/2) hole sizes should be as low as possible (i.e. 10-20

Operations Comparison
8 3/4 Rotary: WOB: ROP: Roller Cone VS 70 - 100 rpm 30-40 klbs 20-40 DEI Hammer Bit 20 - 50 rpm 2- 6 klbs VS VS VS

60-100 ft/hr VS 0 2+ degrees Fixed Head Bit

Deviation: 2 8+ deg. Lost Cone Concerns Gage Wear Concern


VS Diamond Gage

Best Drilling Practices for Air Hammer Drilling

Undergage Hole Use of the G feature minimizes need for reaming Dropping Hole size (8 7/8 8 - 8 5/8) with consecutive bits will eliminate reaming but is NOT necessary with G feature. BHA Configurations Slick is typically suggested, even in most deviated areas. Pendulum is utilized to drop angle at a faster rate than slick. Packed BHA is utilized in most Extreme deviation areas with the use of Tri-Collars but can cause torque problems if not run under-gage.

Directional Drilling Applications

No True Directional Control
We can NOT Steer an Air Hammer Surveying Options
Single Shot used most of the time Steering Tool ? Can be used but must pull out wireline/electronics EM-MWD ? Not on Dust; maybe on Mist

BHA Options - Build Assembly -- Stabilized Hammer Maintain Assembly -- Packed BHA Drop Assembly -- Slick or Pendulum BHA

Applications - CBM -- Packed BHA in Horizontal sections -- NEUS Near Horizontal -- Packed BHA in Texas (Pan Handle)
Hammer below a Motor -- Can it be done?

Air Hammer Drilling -- Arkoma Basin

What has be done?

17 1/2 Intermediate (TVD 60 600): BP (Red Oak) -- Arkoma Basin Year 2001 using Rig Air (2400 SCFM) Average ROP = 30 - 40 ft/hr for hammer; 20 ft/hr on Mud with RC bits Year 2002 - 2004 using 3400 SCFM of Air Volume Air Hammer with Diamond Hammer Bit drills to Casing Point Average ROP = 75 ft/hr. World Record = 104 ft/hr by H & P # 189 (Top Drive)
Cost Savings 3/4 days = $ 10k $ 15k

Air Hammer Drilling -- Arkoma Basin

What has be done?

12 1/4 Intermediate (TVD 500 3500): BP (Red Oak) -- Arkoma Basin Year 2001 using Rig Air (2400 SCFM) Air / Hammer to top of Hartshorne Sandstone then Roller Cone Bit on Mud Average ROP = 50 - 60 ft/hr for hammer; 20 ft/hr on Mud Year 2002 - 2004 using 3300 SCFM of Air Volume Air Hammer with Diamond Hammer Bit drills to TD (200 feet into Atoka Shale) 1 trip; ROP = 120 ft/hr by H & P # 158 World Record = 243 ft/hr by H & P # 189 (Top Drive) Improved Bits and Higher Air Pressures yield reduced # of trips and ROP increase. Cost Savings 3 - 4 days = $ 45k $ 60k Recent Test with 2700 SCFM of Air on Nabors # 981 drilled only 65 ft/hr instead of 120+ ft/hr.

180.0 160.0

Red Oak Spiro 12-1/4" Air Hammer Performance History

161.4 145.9 143.5 136.0 Published World Record 97.9 ft/hr 91.8 88.6 95.5 117.8 123.1 127.1 107.9 97.8 130.3



140.0 Rate of Penetration (ft/hr) 120.0 100.0 80.0 60.0 50.4 40.0 20.0 0.0 37.4 56.7 49.8 40.3 37.4 52.1 44.7 58.5

4000 Footage (ft)





E G EO R 8 R G R E9 EE G D EO A6 R G E R 10 EE ID A D H 7 O LL M IE AX 3 EY 6 N AN H ES 1 TO D YE N 9 M AR TI FO N 8 LO RD 8 W G RE EO Y 5 R G E 1 JO 2 E 1 M U SI BL C 2 AI R LE 10 H EN WI S R 9 Y M H C FE ILL 9 R R AN SI M 9 O N H IL 1 L BL A 7 AI R 11
Well ROP Footage




Air Hammer Drilling -- Barnett Shale What has been Done ?

8 3/4 Production Hole (Vertical Section)

Objective: Drill Production Hole from 1500 to KOP @ 6500 2003 -- using Mud and Roller Cone Bits (some on motors) 3 - 4 trips for bits; ROP = 40 - 50 ft/hr average 6 - 8 days depending upon deviation problems 2004 -- using Air Hammer with 2400 - 3000 SCFM of Air 1 bit / 1 trip; 80% of jobs; 3 days; Avg. ROP = 85+ ft/hr 2 bit / 2 trip; 20% of jobs; 4 days; Avg. ROP = 100+ ft/hr Increased Air Volumes and Pressures increases ROP but Bit life has been lowered. Performance Drilling = Cost Per Foot (Guarantee) Cost Savings 2 - 4 days = $ 30k $60k

Air Hammer Drilling -- San Juan Basin

What has been Done ?

6 1/4 Production Hole (Vertical Section)

Objective: Drill Production Hole from 3500 to TD @ 8000 1998 -- using Air and Roller Cone Bits 2 RC Bits (5.1.7. + 5.4.7) ; ROP = 40 - 50 ft/hr average Hole problems due to time with open hole and fluid influx 2004 -- using Air Hammer with 1800 - 2200 SCFM of Air 1 bit / 1 trip; 90+% of jobs; 2 days; Avg. ROP = 110 ft/hr Bit Rerunable for Mesa Verde well 80+% of the time Increased Air Volumes and Pressures increases ROP but Bit life can be sacrificed in Dakota sands. Cost Savings 2 - 3 days = $ 30k $60k

2005 World Records Set by Diamond Air & Marquis Bits

Size 20 18 17 14 12 3/8 12 9 7/8 8 7/8 8 8 6 6 Type C45 C45 C624G C623G C623 H42 C693G C683G C683G C683G CV462 CV462 Footage 1060 346 314 4983 3228 3709 7380 7746 12,480 1020 3968 5003 Hours 31.25 6.0 3.0 134.3 20.0 25.5 97.0 120.0 167.0 8.75 28.25 46.0 ROP 33.9 57.7 104.6 37.1 161.4 145.5 76.1 64.6 74.7 116.5 140.5 108.8 Customer / Well # Nuevo Energy BP America / Golds. 7 BP America / Hills # 7 Nuevo Energy BP America / Blair # 10 BP America / Lowery 5-34 Newfield Southwestern Energy Newfield BP America Williams /Bobdad # 7A Pure Res. / Rincon # 133R County, State Terrell, TX Laflore, OK Latimer, OK Terrell, TX Latimer, OK Leflore, OK Edwards, TX LeFlore, OK Val Verde, TX San Juan, NM Rio Arriba, NM Rio Arriba, NM

* Bold Face = Specific World Record Category

Air Hammer Drilling - Val Verde Basin

What can be done?

17 Surface Holes (TVD = 1300 feet):
Year 2001 2002
Carbide hammer bit ROP = 20 - 25 feet per hour 2400 - 3000 CFM of Air/Mist.

Year 2002 2004

Footage Price using Diamond Hammer Bit used for 2 - 4 holes ROP = 50 - 60 feet per hour while Misting 3600+ SCFM air and 18 - 20 Bbls of water & 4-6 gallons of soap.

Increased in Air Volume / Pressures help improve hole cleaning and thus ROP
3600 4800 CFM @ 400 - 500 psi. Minimal problems getting casing to bottom

Cost Savings

1+ day = $15k - $20k

Air Hammer Drilling - Val Verde Basin

What can been done?

12 1/4 Intermediate Hole (from 1300 feet -- 7000 feet):
Year 2001 2002
2 3 Hammer bits ROP = 30 - 40 feet per hour 3000 - 3600 CFM of Air Dust.

Year 2002 2004

Fully Diamond Hammer Bit could drill entire section with 1 bit ? ROP = 50 - 60 feet per hour while Dusting 3600 - 4800 CFM air will be required.

Increased in Air Volume / Pressures help improve hole cleaning and thus ROP
4800 CFM @ 500 - 600 psi. Minimal problems getting casing to bottom

Cost Savings

3 - 4 days = $50+k

Air Hammer Drilling - Val Verde Basin

What can been done?

8 3/4 Production Hole (from 7000 feet 13,500 feet):
2 3 Fully Diamond Hammer bits 3000 3600+ CFM of Air Dust. ROP = 60 - 70 feet per hour Increased in Air Volume / Pressures help improve hole cleaning and thus ROP Production Zones will be encountered
Nitrogen is being considered ? Fire Stops may be utilized ? Misting will be last option ?

Cost Savings

3 - 4 days = $50+k

Diamond Air Drilling Services Contact List

Houston -Terry Keane -- President John Meyers VP of Percussion Drilling Office 281-951-4043 Cell 281-380-6466 E-Mail E-Mail

Wilburton, OK -Pat Hannigan (District Manager) Phone 325-277-2314 E-Mail Farmington, NM -Rick Coffman (Regional Manager) Office 505-564-4873; 505-325-8144 E-Mail Grand Junction, CO -Burke Dailey -- Regional Manager Ron Bond -- Technical Services Manager
Office 970-640-2776 E-Mail E-Mail

San Angelo, TX -Kevin Haby - Operations Manager Phone 915-651-3110 Fax 915-651-3011 E-Mail

Fort Stockton, TX -Clif Lemons (Regional Manager) Phone 432-336-3932 Cell 432-290-0743 E-Mail

Midland, TX - Bill Butler -- VP of Sales Office 432-552-7034 Cell 432-559-5262 E-Mail

Healdsburg, CA -Robert Bryant -- Product Manager

Cell 707-480-0800 E-Mail