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SULIT 4531/2 Fizik Kertas 2 MEI 2010 2 Jam

4531/2 Nama :... Tingkatan: .....4 SETIA.....



FIZIK KERTAS 2 Dua jam tiga puluh minit (Anda dinasihatkan untuk memperuntukkan masa 90 minit untuk Bahagian A, 30 minit untuk Bahagian B dan 30 minit untuk Bahagian C)

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. Tulis nama dan tingkatan anda pada ruang yang disediakan. 2. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu. 3. Jawapan kepada Bahagian A hendaklah ditulis dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan. 4. Jawapan kepada Bahagian B hendaklah ditulis dalam kertas jawapan yang disediakan. 5. Rajah tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. 6. Markah maksimum yang diperuntukkan ditunjukkan kurungan pada hujung tiap-tiap soalan atau dalam B C Jumlah Besar A Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa Bahagian Soalan 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Markah

7. Penggunaan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan adalah dibenarkan.

Kertas ini mengandungi 16 halaman bercetak

SULIT The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. a=


vu t



real depth apparent depth

v2 = u2 + 2as s = ut +

1 2 at 2


Momentum = mv F = ma Kinetic energy = mv2 Gravitational potential energy = mgh Elastic potential energy = Power, P = energy time =

1 1 1 = + f u v

22. Linear magnification, m = v u 23. P = 1/ f 24. v = f 25. =

1 Fx 2

ax D

26. Q = It 27. E = VQ

m V

Pressure, p =hg

28. V = IR 29. E = V + Ir

F Pressure, p = A
Heat, Q = mc Heat, Q = m P1V1 = P2V2 V1 = V2 T1 T2 P1 = P2 T1 T2

30. Power, P = VI 31.

N S VS = N P VP I S VS x 100% I PV P

32. Efficiency =

33. eV = mv2 34. 35. E = mc2 g = 10 ms-2



PV = constant T


sin i sin r

SULIT SECTION A (60 marks) Answer all questions in this section. The time suggested to answer this section is 90 minutes. 1. Diagram 1.1 shows a liquid-in-glass thermometer.


Diagram 1.1 (a) (i) Name the liquid P used in the thermometer. (1 mark) (ii) State the physical change in the liquid when the temperature increases. ..(1 mark) (b) Diagram 1.2 shows two types of thermometers.

Diagram 1.2 (i) Which thermometer is more sensitive?

.(1 mark) (ii) State one reason for your answer in 1 (b) (i).

........... .(1 mark)

SULIT 4531/2 2. Diagram 2.1 shows the initial reading of a stopwatch at the beginning of an experiment. The stopwatch was used to measure the time for 20 complete oscillations made by a simple pendulum of length, l. Diagram 2.2 shows the reading of the stopwatch at the end of the experiment.

D DIAGRAM 2.1 (a) (i) State the type of error shown in Diagram 2.1.


... (1 mark) (ii) What is the actual time taken for the pendulum to complete 20 oscillations? ... (1 mark) (b) (i) Find the period of one complete oscillation, T, for this pendulum.

(1 mark) (ii) The relationship between the length, l, and the period, T, of a simple pendulum is given by the equation,

g l = 2 T 2 . 4
Using the value of T obtained in (b)(i), calculate the length, l, of the pendulum. [Given that = 3.142 and g = 10 m s-2]

(2 marks) 3. Diagram 3 shows an object moves along a straight line. Diagram 3 is a graph which shows how the displacement of the object varies with time. 4

SULIT D Displacement, (m) 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 DIAGRAM 3 (a) What is the displacement of the object after 2 s? 1 P 2 Q 3 4 R 5 6 Times, (s)


... (1 mark) (b) Which section of the graph indicates that the object is not moving? ... (1 mark) (c) How long does it take before the object started on its return journey to the starting point? ... (1 mark) (d) What is the velocity of the object at stage P?

(2 marks) (e) What is the velocity of the object on its return journey during stage R?

(2 marks)

(f) What is the displacement of the object at the end of its journey?



(1 mark) 4. (a)

Q R DIAGRAM 4 (a) Diagram 4 (a) shows three strips of ticker tape from a 50 Hz ticker-timer. (i) Which strip correctly shows a ten-tick strip? _______________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (ii) Find the average velocity of (a) (i).

(1 mark) (b)
Velocity (cm / 5 ticks)

0 8 6 4 2

0 DIAGRAM 4 (b)

Time (s)

Diagram 4 (b) shows a ticker chart for a trolley moving down an inclined runway. (i) The chart shows a constant acceleration. Explain how you would come to this conclusion. 6


4531/2 _______________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (ii) Find the acceleration of the trolley from the chart.

(2 marks) 5. Diagram 5 shows a car and a lorry which has different mass approaching a zebra crossing with same velocity 15 m s-1. Jenny

DIAGRAM 5 When the driver in the vehicles saw Jenny walking across the zebra crossing, they applied the brake at the same time until the vehicles came to a complete stop. (a) What is meant by mass? ... (1 mark) (b) (i) Between the car and the lorry in Diagram 5, which first came to a complete stop? ......... (1 mark) (ii) Give one reason for your answer in (b) (i). ... (1 mark) (c) If the lorry had traveled a distance of 375 m before it came to a stop, calculate the the brake was applied until it stops. deceleration when

(2 marks) 6.



DIAGRAM 6 Diagram 6 shows that a boy (60 kg) jumps down from a wall. He lands on the floor with a velocity of 5 ms -1. He bends his knees which takes 1.2 s to stop his motion. Take the direction downward as positive. (a) Find the change in momentum on loading the floor.

(1 mark) (b) (i) Find the force acting on Man Heng.

(2 marks) (ii) Explain why the answer for b (i) is negative. .. (1 mark) (iii) If he forgets to bend his knees on landing, the time taken to stop his motion 0.05 s. Find the force on Man Hengs legs.

(2 marks) (c) Draw a conclusion from (b) on how the impulsive force can be reduced. (1 mark) (d) Give an example other than the situation above to justify your reasoning in (c) 8


4531/2 .. (1 mark)

7. h

Piled driver


DIAGRAM 7 A piledriver is released from a height, h, to hit a pile as shown in Diagram 7. The velocity of the driver just before it hits the pile is 12 ms-1. (Assume that no energy is lost in the form of heat and sound during the collision). (a) What is the height, h?

(2 marks)

(b) After the collision, the driver and the pile move together. If the mass of the pile is 400 kg and the mass of the driver is 100 kg i. What is the velocity of the pile just after the hit?

(2 marks) ii. What type of collision is this? (1 mark) (c) If the pile is driven 0.8 m into the earth as shown in Diagram 6, what is the frictional force produce between the pile and the earth?



(2 marks)



Diagram 8 (a) shows a worker pushing a trolley with five cartons of mineral water. The worker applies a force of 200 N at an angle of 300 to the vertical. The total weight of the trolley and the five cartons of mineral water is 300 N. the trolley moves forward at constant velocity. (a) Resolve the force of 200 N into its vertical and horizontal components. (i) Vertical component

(2 marks) (ii) Horizontal component

(2 marks) (b) Determine (i) the friction against the trolley,

(1 mark) (ii) the normal reaction on the wheel of the trolley. 10



(1 mark) (c)



The worker then lifts the cartons of mineral water up, one by one, to a stage by a staircase consisting of 10 steps, each with a height of 15 cm as shown in Diagram 8 (b). If the total work done is 420 J, calculate (i) the weight of a carton of mineral water,

(2 marks) (ii) the mass of the trolley. (g = 10 N kg-1)

(2 marks) (d) if the worker places the five cartons of mineral water as shown in Diagram 8 (c), will the work done be less, equal or more than 420 J? Explain your answer. ... (2 marks)

9. Loaded bag 60 N 110o 80 N floor

Children B

20 kg


Children A



DIAGRAM 9 Two children are pulling a loaded bag of mass 20 kg on a floor. The horizontal forces applied are 60 N and 80 N with an angle of 110o between them as shown in diagram 9. (a) Using a suitable scale, draw an appropriate diagram to determine the resultant of these two forces.

The resultant force is _________ N in the direction ______________________________________ from 80 N. (3marks) (b) Sketch a diagram to show how the 60 N and 80 N force combine to produce a force of 100 N.

(1 mark) (c) If the frictional force acting o the object is 79 N, what is the acceleration of the object?

(2 marks)

SECTION B (40 marks) Answer any two questions from this section. The time suggested to answer this section is 60 minutes.


SULIT 4531/2 10. Diagram 10 shows two eggs of the same mass released from the same height. One egg falls on a concrete floor and breaks while the other one falls on a thick folder towel and remains unbroken.

DIAGRAM 10 (a) (i) Define momentum. (1 mark) (ii) Relate the outcome for each material to the change in momentum. Then, deduce a relevant physics concept. (5 mark) Explain the changes in energy of the unbroken egg from the moment it is release until it touches the towel. (4 marks) A weather satellite, after its launch, is return to the earth. During the return journey, it travels in the earths atmosphere at high velocity. Using the appropriate physical concepts, suggest and explain suitable designs or ways to assure its safe return. In your explanation, emphasise the following aspects: (i) Material for the structure of the satellite (ii) (iii) The extreme heat The possibility of breaking up upon landing. (10 marks)



11.Diagram 11 shows two situations of a driver and the decorative accessory that are hung to the rear-view mirror. Diagram 11 (a) shows when his car is bumped at the back by another car and Diagram 11 (b) shows when his car stops suddenly after collision. The car in the two situation experiences great impulsive force.

(a) (i) What is meant by an impulsive force? DIAGRAM 11 (1 mark) (ii) Observe the two situations in Diagram 11 carefully. Explain what happens to the driver and the decorative accessory that are hung to the rear-view mirror when the car is bumped at the back by another car and when the car stops suddenly after collision. Give a conclusion of the situations that are related to a physics concept. (5 marks) 13

SULIT (b) Explain why the seatbelt and the headrest are useful safety device in a car.

4531/2 (4 marks)

(c) Suppose you are an engineer working in a car industry. Explain how you could design a saloon car which is safe to driver on the road. You should consider all the safety measures that are related to the concept of physics. (10 marks)

Time 5.00 -.m. 7.30 p.m. 9.00 p.m. 1.00 a.m. 10.00 a.m. 1.00 p.m.

Place Ipoh Kampar Kampar Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Ipoh Diagram 12

Distance from Ipoh 0 km 40 km 40 km 220 km 220 km 0 km


Mr. Raju departs for Kuala Lumpur from Ipoh to attend a meeting. He starts his journey at 5.00 p.m. and stops at Kampar to rest and refresh. He continues his journey at 9.00 p.m. He then rest in a hotel and attends the meeting the next morning. After the meeting, he goes straight back to Ipoh. (a) (i) What is the difference between distance and displacement? Calculate the total distance and the total displacement. (4 marks) (ii) Calculate the mean speed of the journey. (2 marks) (b) Initially, Mr. Raju drives along a level road. He then drives up the slope of the road. (i) With labeled diagrams, explain the force acting on the car on the level road and up the slope. (ii) What is the relationship between the forces if the car is moving with constant velocity? (iii) Why does Mr. Raju need to press the petrol pedal harder in order to maintain constant velocity? (9 marks) (c) Along the road. Mr. Raju overtakes many lorries which are moving slowly. Why are the lorries moving slowly? (5 marks) 14





A factory which produces photocopy paper claims that their product is 80 GSM (gram per square metre). However, the thickness of a sheet of paper is not mentioned. You are given a new pack of the photocopy paper. You are asked by your physics teacher to carry out two task: (a) (i) To determine whether the paper is really 80 GSM. (ii) To determine the thickness of a sheet of paper, using a metre rule. Explain and show the necessary calculations. (5 marks) (b) What is meant by (i) the accuracy of a measurement, (ii) the consistency of measuring instrument and (iii) the sensitivity of a measuring instrument? (c) Diagram 13 shows the results of a target shooting completion involving three competitors.

(3 marks)

DIAGRAM 13 Which of the results can be described as consistent but not accurate? Explain your answer. (2 marks) (d) The formula above shows the relationship between , the coefficient if viscosity of a liquid and other quantities. (i) Classify the quantities in the above formula (excluding ) into scalar and vector quantities. (2 marks) (ii) Express the unit for in derived units and base units. 15


4531/2 (3 marks) (e) Diagram 13 (a), 13 (b), 13 (c) and 13 (d) show the four graphs drawn by four students who use the same set of readings to plot a graph showing the relationship between quantities p and q. the students are required to determine the value of the gradient. As a teacher, you are asked to select the best of the four graphs. Justify you choice. (5 marks)





1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

trial sbp 07 no 1 Trial kedah no 2 M M Trial trg no 2 Oxford pg 21 Total ref pg 121 Oxford pg 20 n 21 Oxford pg 22 Success pg 163 Focus excel pg 104 Total pg 123 Oxford pg 7 n 8


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