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AS 4479.

11997

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Australian Standard
Analysis of soil Part 1: Pretreatment of potentially contaminated soil samples for heavy metal and metalloid analysis

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee CH/28, Sampling and Analysis of Soils and Biota. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 28 March 1997 and published on 5 June 1997.

The following interests are represented on Committee CH/28: Association of Consulting Engineers, Australia Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program Australian Gas Association Australian Government Analytical Laboratory Australian Institute of Environmental Health Australian Institute of Medical Scientists Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organization Australian Society of Soil Science CSIRO - Division of Soils CSIRO - Mathematical and Information Sciences Department of Mineral Resources, N.S.W. Department of Natural Resources, Queensland Environment Institute of Australia Environment Protection Authority of N.S.W. Environment Protection Authority of Victoria Hunter Area Health Services Minerals Council of Australia National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia Public Health Unit Central and Southern Sydney Queensland Health Scientific Services Royal Australian Chemical Institute University of Sydney

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Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australi an Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest editi on, and any amendments thereto. Full detail s of all Australian Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australi a Catalogue of Publi cations; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australian Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards Australia, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made wit hout delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 95363.

AS 4479.11997

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Australian Standard
Analysis of soil Part 1: Pretreatment of potentially contaminated soil samples for heavy metal and metalloid analysis

First published as AS 4479.11997.

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7337 1191 X

AS 4479.1 1997

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee CH/28, Sampling and Analysis of Soils and Biota and is based on ISO 11464:1994(E), Soil quality Pretreatment of samples for physico-chemical analyses. The objective of this Standard is to provide the procedures for drying, sieving, crushing, milling and subsampling of the laboratory soil sample to obtain that fraction of particle size less than 2 mm prior to chemical analysis. The terms normative and informative have been used in this Standard to define the application of the appendix to which they apply. A normative appendix is an integral part of a Standard, whereas an informative appendix is only for information and guidance.
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Copyright

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and software. Except where the Copyri ght Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or soft ware produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means wit hout prior permission in wri ti ng from Standards Austr alia. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropri ate royalty payment. Requests for permission and informati on on commercial soft ware royalt ies should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Austr alia wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Austr alia will also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer software programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that materi al used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of materi al in pri nt form or in computer software programs to be used commerciall y, wit h or wit hout payment, or in commercial contr acts is subject to the payment of a royalt y. This policy may be varied by Standards Australi a at any ti me.

AS 4479.1 1997

CONTENTS
Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
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SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PRINCIPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . APPARATUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CALCULATION OF EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PRETREATMENT REPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 5 5 5 7 8

APPENDICES A FLOWCHART FOR SAMPLE PRETREATMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 B MANUAL AND MECHANICAL SUBSAMPLING (QUARTERING) . . . . . . . 10

AS 4479.1 1997

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Analysis of soils Part 1: Pretreatment of potentially contaminated soil samples for heavy metal and metalloid analysis

1 SCOPE This Standard specifies the pretreatment of potentially contaminated soil samples required for heavy metal and metalloid analysis. This Standard sets out the procedures for drying, crushing, sieving, subsampling and milling of the samples.
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NOTES: 1 2 The procedure specified in this Standard requires not less than 500 g of field moist soil. This method is not appropriate for some volatile metal/metalloid species which may be subject to evaporative losses during some stages of the sample pretreatment procedure. Furthermore, because of the many and varied situations involved in potentially contaminated sites and their associated soil types, the analyst is required to make decisions as to the most appropriate sample pretreatment sequence for analysis. As a result some changes to the procedure outlined in this method may be necessary; this will depend on the nature of the soil and the objectives of the analytical program.

2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referred to in this Standard: AS 1152 2243 2243.1 2243.2 2243.3 2252 2252.1 2252.2 Specification for test sieves Safety in laboratories Part 1: General Part 2: Chemical aspects Part 3: Microbiology Biological safety cabinets Part 1: Biological safety cabinets (Class 1) for personnel and environment protection Part 2: Laminar flow biological safety cabinets (Class II) for personnel and product protection

3 3.1

DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard, the definitions below apply. Archive sample a dried, crushed and sieved sample stored for any future use.

3.2 Laboratory sample a field condition sample as prepared by the sampling personnel for sending to the laboratory and intended for inspection and testing. 3.3 Test portion a quantity of material taken from the test sample on which the test or observation is actually carried out. 3.4 Test sample a sample prepared under the analysts direction from the laboratory sample and from which test portions will be taken.

COPYRIGHT

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AS 4479.1-1997, Analysis of soils Pretreatment of potentially contaminated soil samples for heavy metal and metalloid analysis

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