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AS/NZS 2785:2000

AS/NZS 2785
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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Suspended ceilings
Design and installation

AS/NZS 2785:2000
This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical
Committee BD-035, Ceiling Systems. It was approved on behalf of the Council of
Standards Australia on 23 June 2000 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New
Zealand on 21 November 2000. It was published on 11 December 2000.

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The following interests are represented on Committee BD-035:


Australian Aluminium Council
Australian Industry Group
Ceiling Systems Contractors Association New Zealand
Federation of Wall and Ceiling Industries Australia and New Zealand
Fibreglass and Rockwool Insulation Manufacturers Association of Australia
Fire Protection Association Australia
Institution of Engineers Australia
Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand
Interior Systems Association New Zealand
Master Builders Australia

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Standards Australia International or Standards New Zealand at the address shown
on the back cover.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 99272.

AS/NZS 2785:2000

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Suspended ceilings
Design and installation

Originated as AS 27851985.
Jointly revised and designated as AS/NZS 2785:2000.

COPYRIGHT
Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any
means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the
publisher.
Jointly published by Standards Australia International Ltd, GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001
and Standards New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020
ISBN 0 7337 3570 X

AS/NZS 2785:2000

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
Committee BD/35, Suspended Ceilings, to supersede AS 27851985.
The objective of this Standard is to provide the minimum specifications covering the
manufacture and performance of suspended ceilings systems for use in residential,
commercial and industrial applications.
This Standard is based on limit states philosophy and covers aspects of the design,
performance requirements, installation, workmanship, maintenance and testing of
suspended ceiling systems.
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This edition incorporates the following major changes:


(a)

Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard.

(b)

Design is based on limit states format.

(c)

Requirements are performance based.

(d)

Earthquake requirements have been added.

(e)

Other than trafficable ceiling systems, all ceiling systems, including external ceiling
systems, have been included.

(f)

Testing and verification methods have been added.

In its deliberations the committee has taken cognizance of the following documents:
ASTM C 635

Standard Specification for the Manufacture, Performance and Testing of


Metal Suspension Systems for Acoustical Tile and Lay-in Panel Ceilings

ASTM C 636

Standard Practice for Installation of Metal Ceiling Suspension Systems for


Acoustical Tile and Lay-in Panels

ASTM E 580

Standard Practice for Application of Ceiling Suspension Systems for


Acoustical Tile and Lay-in Panels in Areas Requiring Seismic Restraint

ASTM E 1264 Standard Classification for Acoustical Ceiling Products


BS 8290

Suspended ceilings

Part 1

Part 1:

Code of practice for design

Part 2

Part 2:

Specification for performance of components and assemblies

Part 3

Part 3:

Code of practice for installation and maintenance

The terms normative and informative have been used in this Standard to define the
application of the appendix to which they apply. A normative appendix is an integral part
of a Standard, whereas an informative appendix is only for information and guidance.

AS/NZS 2785:2000

CONTENTS
Page

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SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL


1.1 SCOPE .........................................................................................................................5
1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS ...................................................................................5
1.3 DEFINITIONS .............................................................................................................5
1.4 NOTATION .................................................................................................................8
SECTION 2 MATERIALS
2.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................13
2.2 ALUMINIUM ............................................................................................................13
2.3 COPPER ....................................................................................................................13
2.4 ZINC-COATED AND ALUMINIUM/ZINC-COATED STEEL ................................13
2.5 STEEL SECTIONS ....................................................................................................13
2.6 STAINLESS STEEL ..................................................................................................13
2.7 TIMBER ....................................................................................................................13
2.8 PROTECTIVE COATINGS.......................................................................................14
2.9 PAINTS .....................................................................................................................14
2.10 PRE-PAINTED SECTIONS.......................................................................................14
2.11 COLOUR AND TEXTURE .......................................................................................14
2.12 ADHESION AND RESILIENCE...............................................................................15
SECTION 3 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
3.1 DESIGN.....................................................................................................................16
3.2 LOADS ......................................................................................................................16
3.3 ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE ......................................................................................17
3.4 SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE...........................................................................18
3.5 FIRE REACTION AND RESISTANCE ....................................................................19
3.6 ACOUSTIC REQUIREMENTS.................................................................................20
3.7 DURABILITY (For New Zealand only).....................................................................20
SECTION 4 INSTALLATION
4.1 DESIGN.....................................................................................................................21
4.2 SITE CONDITIONS AND INSTALLATION............................................................21
4.3 SETTING OUT ..........................................................................................................21
4.4 TOP FIXINGS ...........................................................................................................21
4.5 HANGERS OR STRUTS ...........................................................................................21
4.6 CEILING GRID SYSTEMS.......................................................................................22
4.7 BULKHEADS............................................................................................................22
4.8 TILES AND INFILL PANELS ..................................................................................22
4.9 LUMINAIRES ...........................................................................................................22
4.10 PARTITIONS ............................................................................................................23
4.11 SERVICES.................................................................................................................23
4.12 FINISH.......................................................................................................................23
4.13 CONTROL JOINTS AND DIFFERENTIAL MOVEMENT......................................24
4.14 PROTECTION OF INSTALLED CEILING ..............................................................24
4.15 INSPECTION OF INSTALLED CEILING................................................................24
4.16 MAINTENANCE.......................................................................................................24

AS/NZS 2785:2000

Page

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SECTION 5 TESTING
5.1 TESTING FOR ASSESSMENT OR VERIFICATION ..............................................25
5.2 TESTING FOR DETERMINING SECTION PROPERTIES .....................................25
5.3 TESTING FOR DETERMINING SUSPENSION CAPACITY..................................25
5.4 TESTING OF SINGLE POINT FASTENERS ...........................................................25
5.5 DYNAMIC TESTING ...............................................................................................25
5.6 ALTERNATIVE TEST METHODS ..........................................................................25
APPENDICES
A
INSTALLATION OF EXTERNAL CEILING ...........................................................26
B
LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS..................................................................27
C
DESIGN AND TENDER ...........................................................................................30
D
SITE CONDITIONS AND INSTALLATION............................................................32
E
SETTING OUT AND LEVELLING ..........................................................................33
F
MATERIAL SELECTION AND PERFORMANCEAUSTRALIA ONLY ............34
G
FIXING ......................................................................................................................38
H
HANGERS AND STRUTS ........................................................................................41
I
CEILING GRID SYSTEMS.......................................................................................42
J
BULKHEADS............................................................................................................45
K
TILES AND INFILL PANELS ..................................................................................46
L
PARTITIONS ............................................................................................................47

AS/NZS 2785:2000

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND


Australian/New Zealand Standard
Suspended ceilingsDesign and installation
S E CT I ON

S COP E

AND

GE NE RAL

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1.1 SCOPE
This Standard sets out the minimum requirements for the design, construction, installation,
maintenance and testing of internal and external non-trafficable suspended ceiling systems
of dry construction with suspension systems attached to a supporting structure. It is
intended for use in commercial, industrial and residential applications.
NOTE: Alternative methods for demonstrating compliance with this Standard, such as installation
of external ceilings, are described in Appendix A.

1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS


The documents referred to in this Standard are listed in Appendix B.
1.3 DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this Standard, the definitions below apply.
NOTE: In this Standard, terms in square brackets [ ] refer to New Zealand use.

1.3.1 Access hatch


A hinged or removable cover to allow access, from below the ceiling soffit, to services
within the ceiling plenum. It is not intended for human access on to the grid.
NOTE: Access hatch should be taken into consideration in the design requirement.

1.3.2 Approved
Approved by the building authority or approved by the designer and the building authority.
1.3.3 Backing board
A flat sheet of building board to which acoustical tile is attached using adhesive, screws,
staples or other suitable means (see Figure 1(a)).
1.3.4 Bow
The component of deviation in the horizontal plane of an element (see Figure 2).
1.3.5 Building authority/Territorial authority
A body having statutory control over the design and erection of buildings or structures in
the area in which the building or structure is to be erected.
1.3.6 Building board
A dry wall lining product supplied in rigid or semi-rigid sheet or panel form in a variety of
materials for the lining of ceiling grid systems.
1.3.7 Camber
The component of deviation in the vertical plane of an element (see Figure 2).

COPYRIGHT

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AS/NZS 2785:2000, Suspended ceilings - Design


and installation

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