Anda di halaman 1dari 28

SII SI

S~st_!fn kOGr _in,asi


pa,da manusia

Ke snjar para troia'

IH fffl_n

Palnca indira

a b...,,~,,~ air 'p'-" ana ..'·So ~"~ -·u b b i!:jj;,i(~d'-'I~, o,g"n-'~.d!!' ~I§IiI'·'n- ..,.l--:·:----:'~i' A- P- y:--'--:-~,nllil)" ·t.al'""'i~'·d' I"? Kamu p- ~,~, I" r. K .w,~~! ,I.I. Ii'D .~, .r..!~ ,-enos 'U' m"-' I'~~'-' ta I -- Lt I-'I' a -8 '~I fill,'-' 'I .'.=~~.- 0 n ini I; -. k k _~.nm('f.\.a k- a..l1 re_ '1-"e.s lHl, . k a . .l'~,_ G ra .., 1, .. f l k S ,.e,. memer'l,'uk;an. koo rd inasi :5 a1~ '.,'WlS' ko:n'_:p:~,e!.ks~
'1Ii'l11i!!!i1 j£r." I:

'"'"'n° G:-'l-'L
l m'~rul

:-'

1"'1L 1'

~'iI"iI'!iI I I . ~JliLi iii. _

U:

rn ..II!!i.'"yLI!!iJ 'n,liou-,.1 ' "Ii


I., J~lilJ I., . ~I
J

I l~l

'po
[I]

~Ul

anei
!!IOiUI,

~~

y'

"~I'Iii"'Ii"g.·· [IWU It.


I:

I~ .lIllll.!i:I!.lI!t;rU

~_U

IE.

"

,!

"

'!!iii,'

'u,

_.1...

-'

,iI; Ii

!(iii,

.'~i§!I'

.JII,_

'lla.

. '_

'!!iiI1 !U

JlI!liiiIi,I

,'.

I.

'_

!!Iii',!iO!!

.. '

~,'''=''!!!!'',D'· ~ "1(:-1:~':

.:.::.,_,.....:.:...

I.".......:~,=,~.....:.~

,"

,_:.',

'.~."

'I''l'j:I.'~" -~'

.. ~

..

_:

"':'_'1.

_._~

,"

"

..

:'

_"._

iiil

~:

'J

[1

...

.....;...

-'.~'

... ~

1-

'I-J'-"

I~I'

~ -:

[-:-'11-1

--:--::l''il

,I,

. '. ~'I('---:
.

: ..

-',Ii-I-'-'

.~.-=::I~

-]

:-.

rbsdaan ked us nva adalah S::.'SI am S:~~- . __ rja -,-' ~.g:a:~:'-, ~a}. I < untuk .,;I'l,e :nang'ga,p'1 _-Ie:r'u)b'-"-,~ an, r -:gk.'u,n,:8'1- - :Y'__ ,g' ,m,@':l;oilllgSfl, - ,g.... :~._,.ii dar , :P '_. a-;u.l~ib'l'y,a. Id-,.~:~ ·t;Lan eleh b,_~,ans\ ... -'ilaDg' s> -~~~',~, ' g 'b Se,dal(l:gtan, sisterrr If:}o,nn,lo:n, " ,ekerja jauh lebih lam ~·Iat., leb ill, ,-!, ratur dan, 'b Ie I" urutan dalam jan,I:_ - '8,'," aktu y,alfl:g 1 a, 80:1. :Pe:nganglt,u',an hermon me alui psmbulu " darah,
.,1,'--1-'1--'1l

"'iI!'·to§ d t, en ,g O'l"''!!:ap/ d· d' eran -"'8 pengatu ,-,,," T 'iJ',b ih rn L'~' s:Ielur·tt :1, ,e:~.,i,atan '.'ub,uh, Kedua ·pe'f,an.' •.k.at i'ni merupakan sirs l!e'1n koor'djnasil y:m1ig' 'terd, Ii a.' 'as sis'te' - sae _ dan :S11S"lem, lO:~'D.1,o:n"
~I
'!W]l/

'I

I!o.;.,

,"!l:Ii'iI"Pii'l ,'~!U,IU

..'~I:I~*".

,;1;"

'!l;;'

J;;.'I;IJ..,

_,'~,

Iii!!ii',' ':

~.!ii"!ii ',~UL.

'U''!l:Ii1 '., . ~Ja"

,iIo,~!IuI,L.",,,·.,

g'U)

'I,-

ind era 1l1.,9 akan 0 rgan y,__ 'l~tl~1 I,-,g ;~e~ ,g--: ,d,ut1S' f\- S - etor-rese ~Ib:>,-saraf~:Se'a;g·ajs atu. sistemmeka ke iga b,ag' ia .-:',ler:SI!,'u't sali ~I:gt . ~i:I,I:::_ g: :=a.s ~ 'alarrt ..../' g',a;t'II.:" 8.k.'ti"'i'tas rub u,h,,~ te'i:aJ _ Olein" _.!lbaja:ri bab ini kame akar 5re t menge,tah'ui b!D' an:"j sis tern koord inasa rnanusia. " ,ari, eermati
'U·-l-~,!!;IiI"'~I'IiI'IiI'~' . L.!l~l'IWH, ladli, li , 'a,' .'
m _'III

SI9':nnsln't,ar-;B :illu, 2d,=I.':""~~I',~ r

S~,S't.emkcord inasi (:regu asi] pada maJ1US: at, dilakukan 0 @. ,-Ll:8, subaisbsm, ---:-ai'b.,1! S,i\t'"-:-I~' (nl"ufidj an, lenclol(['in, ,C:lO ftnO'l)l.. S I!iI _ it,. fl;I.':g s i, :1( 0 0 i.'~, I j'u~g e'l~L.ub 'u:t.lgaul de IIIan a1.a(~,.",· air _as a ,~-~a~' :~l'.~l._ 'fit,
I'; l
1 ~,~'~
'~I

:SariM (ne'u_raJ) pacta dalaJ:'~l,y'a,adaleh ja~i'ngan kemunikasi yan:! . le':llg:hub'u,"gk,311 :SI! 'u"\uh, sb,'I-'l!m, pada tubuh nanes ia, :, 'is,a. JTya" . 0 ntraks i d ia ..:m a:gnl a, P ad '8 ',,,,'ak,"'u ns p iras i ':1 ,.r

~'~

dikenda ,,II;l';.lI1ii''-i.,U,I!lii'
-

,-·~J;~.'iIi"iil f\.g,i,l~

,,-

".

-U' -,
-

"',iL

d~-,~-ll-

. II!.~ r.

'NI'IIII

,.

0:--·
.. ~

1t!iIt.... iIi1i' .~IIl, ,I" 1~,Il,'l ~·'U~'··U


~_

d'
6

.'".'s p ,i " -as 11,·V'.~r ~ ~- ..... ~-- II ~ ~


ik5'~n

,-- d 11 0" 'ta·';.· ;8 ·'UI S'~,'I/li~;1S'. ' ·m-··'· ..· . lilla'lil:B 'b, .Iakang. ,.~Oc"1110.1't berasal d ari s:ist _rll1 end,o:kri'll d.DIr:lberedar lett, dalm",. dasah untuk
lal

0"

't.-" -d ii'p1
~--

saraf p-'U'I~§I;i'" l.
iI2!!iOi1!'!!<ii'
I ..

i!i!!g,~,

~-

l~,.~

~-

-_

me.':nga: tU,' IO'fgan-,o',;g'an, khusus. 1,.,I'is:atnya, sekresi ~I ~:ra n ,-" n' ~ d·I ,r 'f B'n' IIO"~' 0'" l ·n·· ·a-'n, d ,~.l~" p" B'n,], "r'e' "'n·· , '. . . " la' ~
Ii¥I!i
l!i;.; ~ , , .' _, • ,Ii!!i; l!;; , ,I!/;; II;

,;n,a

"'!!

'l:Iii "-"'~

Ig OJ!;

'l:Iii ~

,,'.,

'lii"!iil iilII a..Ii, lli,~

e lehI· hormo - ' n t~secretin) VJ~lna 'd- ~ iDnl~l~k-' iii, "~' ",-" J~ n '10; h- d nd ti'ijjg-' 'U- UI~' hal 'I~ b- '0 ti ~ 1~ ,~ tlJ. mau:p. _en,ho, - -,-0 --::n,@'nga,tu'r :l~ I'IQISes-p:i"otU!S tub. \.,
.. ' 'I!;,
I~[-U-~Ii"'~i'il ,~II .. I!;'t, !i..'!!;r)i, .}UI,ll;;II,iIi, I!!;'

I!J,

",

iI

!&~,

I.

""

,'!1;;;

r'!IO;-j,_ii!

. ,'!I;,UIL

~§Ift

V JlI~'

','

'.',.'

ii, Ii

...:' ~,iIi, ';.~.. .

tl

.'

f~

'e!'

i§1!1

LtIl

'II

W.!iI

,'-

10"
1

,~'

..

--l&, Ii

,"'Ii

~I'- ~.Ii!!'
~ ..~

"I'

_J

..

'j.

~i

I~g.

!:iI'if'!.....I;I, ·

:9 . klu F ne'lJnln

IG I. lb :___f' 9J

Sis't,e'rll, S,flr.,· :. m;·n' '-IS ia te'.rd~':r',i a:tas o'hl_', S"unl,S:'11.~--~,'~u-B""g belakan:g" d~ians:araf ,ya:ng meng:hub u'n, ~k:an.ba:g'ian"" 'u'sa _d,e':ng,_. __ basian d"alarn b';lb'uh~

-:··.. .'I S'Ie!!, ,nauror,


'J ,..,,'

.~

~,S,O,
.

"",.'II...

-'1-

-:-.

1.:-

'Ii.;. -:-

~_-Iml,

d-"-

!',8,I,-_W,

..

..,i'11

,:-:-'i -

S. ":_""-~'W-'

.- 1- -

da -;. .:,-,~,n,~",:_,,~, d' '-_.


1- i -:I

a l_tnlW11,n~ a
. '. '. - .. ' "~" ,..

,10,

'L!t:,]!,llJl

rd .:"....," -.,l.....~ aras

'-.

"".- b ..,... "aa,g.1:an, ',': ,.·t·:-·I,U,

rm

l_Jt_~ ,I,~. 1).' 'Dan~1 ,_,''~Ii,_ . Ii;'

::: s tl"'U _t1;lf' :YaJ11' b!,'_- ~ e:ntu.~,_ :ari ' enjolen ~las ,; a, "ailS berfu gs:i 'ene:I~ls'Jml impuls menuiu
'b--, .;'SI;,;p;;, -., '~I '0 d-'- I!,UWI, S '.'w',~

2) 3)
I Iii

struktur be:ntfarna, kelabu y,a1'-:_~'m,e:ng:hasllkan e:ne fig"· b aCt'~ k eIc:t a:tan, :5lEI ne 'UfO n .. OJ ~ Il.FU'1 jl'~'If'",- .~. ,Iio" l.al'l~b· 'U-I' 'p' d ~n liein MA~ 'fl' . 1L.. ~ IL
l~l lei
l .. : • J '.

a I~li'

I,"

•.

):

~1I"IiI,~§1jf"!j;1tl" ~ll~JIti!LJj.·IlI,~-

,D~· .

~j~l~'

_~

iI!'j

A" 'U(

'be'_-_'u'~lgsi U~11~'u~k ngll2ul1arkan, f,w'lls,an,gan :m,i!'


d ,aJ,~,b.8 dl' .. ' se I ~,e ".".: - _,an
'1

~I"'I'

,.....

S8

netu

,'1' ': '. ,''''', .(.

0,

,~,aJ.11_~1
'~,,~.-.

:Pada
'Y'811,g'

U11tur.Il.n:y~,

neuron Idirs:e1.:a.~u'i olreLh,


,'=

d:i S 'ttl'S un
"ti'

0' ,-I';

S'

1119'"
1

Seldan,g.'kal'",

ba,g:~,an,ak,:50 = ;
~~J _V{ _ ,r'",.,

d Is

_J

no_ '_lU

mie m ~-i:, . :h, Y'~-Z' d, S eb ~It s.'~ s IC IW'~' ~t '1' :y'an"g' ti;d,a~, ada selu,bLl11,g mialin
5e'
'I·
l

u-:'ttng'

!!,

:8 e~I_~_ arkan fun " 8':ln,,' 'a" as


:n.1.,e'l1j lad, ".:::

'S,!!;~, s·ar'a.!

(neure n) dapat d iba :".


_ !It;<_~.
1 _.1. 1 • __ I _I. ~: ~ I 1

1)

:n,e uron :a,:'e,;;o;,e"n I( :5: 1!':fiJ'S'O ri., fungs i:n,ya adalah


,. , Ie ntransmisi

2')1

im,p 'U is; s araf k,e' su:cd:l :5,-:-_Sunan sarsf :plts: '~, :'1' '~u 0\ dansumsum belakang, neuron efe:ren, (mo terns;~ ble,rfungsi, m!E!:n'i ICI!W;,,~]jsi im I'Ll.S Sat1fif menjauhi atau 111.e::n,in"g ralkan
-11
,I

s is: b!m, :P'us: at


:I~ an,g: S'.
I'

',,'11E!

nuju

:1'Ie 0" 0

It a" a,u, ke:~ enja:r~


tub'u'i

has 10],8 beru,,_:iD


gao,.!
3)

',;§l(1;gga,i"iWl

'~elrhada:p

ne U:;-"O n
ilJ...l'O''if'''u'n-:OI~~ l~ U ~ ,ill] l I] .' '.

. nterrcuns
l~ :. 'lil'ii

til
1.

ia'l, 8, au :iJl't,er'rIR'IIi1I~,d n-:!'fii'n- 0 nd,u-1 C!t'11smpuls ,I ~,- ',ulilil c:r. liii"!I""P- '1- iii!' I~
iI!:Ii
l& l~ I~. _ ." . ';" ~ ~ 10 I: II 1.[ I; I[
[.:!Ii

',_
[',

Iii~'
'i;ll

!1M,

",~,p

I~I

I~Ul
"

'k ft"lerIB,f.\,e' c ,-,'~", 'l..,wii\ ' ,"1- -,' "",,'~ ,5) m,J.\Ui \;h; u~.ya,.' l·,e·~
,neUlon
I I

-!13,

•,

_ ,I,

I,'

neu
~

0'11
-:-

e ,erle,n,
~
-', [,

d an
. :-,

i.: '.

"'1'.

JI "",",11 - - - -,.- LB . _' , rCl"wmlIl, ~,S il< -'-I.1']


.,C -

-:-J,' sara ,P U5,a,'it;


:.. . '".:-:,~. '

G,almb,ar

Sir ktur
'pill

az

's;,:ar;al

'se-;-~u:ut

B = ~!'(i sarkan a
. :,i"_'~

S lr~

klbJ'r,c_~"'a,

neuron
n'-:' ~
",."~

d;a,pllat: __cit> a:gi m,.,c_jadi':


IU' [i~[n
_!I;IU

inte!munsl:a~l dan metens

iCIi

-,'Vi"

Ir-~In '-I' m" I,It '1 t'll 'P-' n 1- a r- r .--:,--;:~,I·


.!!ii!""",;Ii',''U'',I!ii;t,:
1'

'~i~111 ~1·!!!iiI!i,·L.I!io:I!L

-_, .---:-"~I In- (tr ,II. ,_:IIIiilll,,1 ,0'

'm---

i',',',,,,",

li~~iiJ -, -.

.'.

!I!ii;'~,i;,!I;_''!Ii,-!!i,'

tl

'n ~y-l-gl •

,"--;

iii

beb e'ra-. a cl'~ :l,d,r-it 'te ~P'~':_, _mlya satt-~ aksen, SIEdJ;a;g'I b esall~ :n,~~_rOftF,_@iuro:n, 10 ek a,M, SUlfflSW11 'be1.akang' adalah 11'~H';lr-'Ion rnult JP olar, ~"'11'urOt,b,i:polar,' aitu neuron 'y'~g :t,an,yanlle'm,-o-·.Ll'n'y'N sa,tu,
I--:,_:_ -'
l

dendrit dan rs;a:h,~mkson, dapa'it Idi~e:mt:l, 'an dj d,'a]a.m, :I,f!'tina a Id M ga'n,gliloi_ _ S ,P ~,~taLid,aJ ~ te jrll; '"a, IctalaJTl~, s

3:~ Ne'tlfOl1 'u'o.ipoLar/!"aitu, :11e"U'fOn ya:t1;1,g' 'hanya rnempunyai satu :pe:njLd,u,~~'M\, '.-' tu satu ,-,fUJI~ni@Um'\Q ,- lienis ni S flrlga't "
m,an,:g~
I ~

Jlrl,ya

1"-'

mul '8 - :; a;

E1J.

mbrie.

:Se,c::__:_-a,'urn'I-_~-_'_1Y8:1'! 1__imaks ud d.s':n;s·an s m~af' atau berkas sar _' ,,1Iai us,,, ",,',i - yan,g' te', d iri atas k umpularr beratus-ratus _ a:ta,u, be rib 'U.- rib 1..;1at L,S' 0 n yan·.' rnas ing- '" 'iI_s::ing lei fl'ls·al d a_l~i ,ne uro n b yeulS be rlainan,
I'

,',a-_-:8be< as: saraf tidak dapat d,,'ltl-ln,lc:Y,:at1 b an-badan 1-1 di dW,8n1'11Y,iL Oleh k~I_' '9:na, ru, b'ad ar ... an I,e 1,Le':l~eb ut ,Le:~ ,E!" ,-;-~ ,b,ed, . d ' .... '~I·' b d \_, uam Cf' - ean S:_~J\SW1' l_e_,~m.l\I-Lt J'U I_'_L I '_ 'IJiiUl i_ tu-_ '_~,-"" __:_:tl
,'L, ,- ~ , ~

me mb e ntuk suat u ",reIomp


, " Ie.nil'}) '-" '1,:8" , akan],

I( :Y'aR:g d, is e b'U, ga~l:gl("Of1 (' ,_>u,: ,'_Mil,:

m usa

Pene :it:ia:n mengenai sli.fa.'t irn urs :s:a.:ra'i (ll~an'8",s:an:gan) 'berkembang :5e'te lah 'h!' knik mikro kun ~ bile rke mbang. -,l,e'1.._.H di.k.le'tal"u,:~, bah 'va, SIB I~ab'u', saraf ya'11,g' s'E!d'an,g· d . rri impuls
I
. I . . . " 'lil} .

- -.::: n- g- [I!,au l'. ~ -I ~,~, '~I~ ,,;i -~ bs -Ffiry·-:; 'Ii" raj ('p'.- g,ilt' I. _ ' . a 'n~DO ·n_'Ilk.. -.-, \ 1:.. anlel ,~'-batn," ak eksigen ,_': :111 1- askan lebih 'b;an:yak k ~-~Icn',di-Q1~shJ.a, an, ..ii, ndingkan d{.':l'I'i2U1 SI'--:,B_'U.t sataf '-;;I~~S l"'L\I. a1.81n keadea ~ is t irahat, K 0 :11d, ll" -,S' im_-, tid ak te 'r~an tLtng P ad.a s ifa t ata Lt, 1. .. U":8 -: ke:k.,u'a,1ian :I·an,g:sa:n.gan 'f,ang m,i!'!l,:ye'b'ab:k·anny:a. 'te-.a,pi dari sifa :ne'uro n, I 'ttl, SIend .:1." ~ ,As aj,k an :r',2l11g"s :an\'g'an, be rs eb U e u,k,'~' :1, u;a't pi untuk n1,le'nD"b'kan sua tu Un: - uls, :-l\,ak~ aka:r d ":1,- -'orltWl, ks
';!iiM
Iii '~115'

1-:

[~',

"

b l~l

0,

1_

'J

~.iIi

11i~ ill

0, 11'.'·

'~I'n'~L' I !~

--"ii,
i

!llil~ ['

(t'!@"'iI11'l

.....
~I.

",

!lj"

iL

I,

S'l:,il'Ltn_~cll S"

~"m'

'I

'I _

s: ~_.. , p m I lu
II

hn

r
_e
l

s
', '-,',

a han t.aL a 11. ,.., " ,",,', " '- ' " " , ",' ',- " ,.. :I an,g.san,gan, a,t aU',pun,
_ -_:~
.-. .' I' t' ". '", (I

~.m,c' u! s b ;a~ 'p k


I""
',i'II "

b .....

-:- uar- C,I" -- - , b .. IIP'l, - -1· 0 alam ti D. n,~. 'U, _' l~.1be ,~,"~',~ hiat, ~,~~ kUI~.tI:b :pos~t1.fber'da.-at d,i, bagian luar dan kutub f . d ,eL;arr1. :5e L S :a1'!u" ' -" ne 101 l_- ter d a,.p 21(1-' . b a,g:,c.~,an._,~ '1 O";a; ~ -, ,_'~ [ .",
't-II!:.
I t.· I . I:!!. .::. ••
_ I _.. ll. II ... -

1· - - t- po t Iensu- '-I us ~[.''k anra a


.J

'" 'tan'ggaLpall me '~]',1L1t, '1,,1L1., ,'_ ' , '. ,- _',' ",-"', a," I, sera 1 'T t s:,~' (:ak&HJI'-,) 'tEUI"jadi kareria ac1~I:n~'"~' ~,-_'=' ,ble', ai~~af

80"1, 0111.~'i ,~!"_

-'

1.-:

",'

"[

,'[.

",

(. •

..:II

·,!5'g.~,11;

,~,o '1- _
~~
._[!I

"'I~

,-

Oi,

._

..

'if'l'jli'-o,t." ""

~
~

Q'~"~'~
~,~,

.":'IEI;.~ ~~"

'ifi'" ,0:

_'C=~

'."

l~'_ :~.

Oambalr 9.3

f- "

all(:son,
lis1irahart,

:I.,ialml ~:-=I,ad~2I11'iI

'", ,-'I ,.', _. ' ' 1' ' ym'l.g ..J],.JigU ,Ja~c.... , ~ ,-_ 'II-;~Ui___ ,oS1 ,,-~: ,~.,-, ,',It. ,-', , -,,,,,",,£-: rrar,- _',,s.-'I" ~I Y,iU-~ _,as ,p~ ..ars ," d~'ll - 'k .'iI,',I!", - dri ..dal ._. ",an,g:__l\_,~--,-~.u_~;an O_J!.n~n'l,Ii.OI_~o'n~_:I,l.i!,_-_,wan\·11 SN=W~~ ~l:m.ll_,asl ym,s' se'll .. _......-,1: S··"b~- -] ". , ,-" ~

~"ntH-gi
~I, "
ti ~,

"

'"

"

",

I,

1(:2,-3)1 ak~scuilse d an g I~:rlalui

:~' .riu"g t-~ .

oreh i

J~llUll

kuat :ata_,- eli b a,~ ah e ..ib an'l tid _,. aken r r has: Tlk, -'-~ ,-, ' '" ',' ,"':'" " "II!. I'll... ,'1,·, 't-".-·-", ,'~ 'I,~, t" ' -~'ik' -T-,·,II-· .. D, ,:5 ,ra.n,g u. a",pa Ill, ,Oll!;[ UU 8J11.. " ill )e ns .ai ,I.: S .e I~a,p1,. 'L,~ a u',
,_c _ • . 1-, ,..,
,i

I ~,1"~'1I1

'I

kakua
,8 8111'\, :_-1,

rn ':['Ullb, ulkan jumlah in" •.u'ls :'.8Jng lebih b, sar :P'·_da, :1' -'r;~oll··~_t. ' i ' Wldttu ')!lt~b~.':,.' daripad a, in':J?'U'~S Y'~' Iemah .. -,g ,

m-"lfly~a, di atas 2411'barng', naka :"'" puls akan dihantarkan r . - ,i It:I@' '~~ j 'U, n g a.,~ [$: 0 :nbO' S t: im,'U la S:'~ y s,ng' k u :ar I'~ op at
I

11

nip

Is

aa

SI

S-'sb~m,saraf pada u:m,un1n,:ya, '~'e'nr" iri atas neuron-rieuran indivie 'uail Y,i.tf'l,g' dak :5, . ing b erhub ur:t:gal~,Hal ini rneme r ukan k '11 k ,-d-j,al~l. a,-S;'Q,:n, ", S'1.:r-:-I,'l,U,_~~,e,,-'-nlS;: ~~- tl.'n,'I~\1.~: n,~te'n·ya~.'\,l:r,,-:-n pssan :~_,e'i'rt~ ,.~
I ,.

II!.

dend (,~, '8· ;-'U bae .~:1 selm ne.'u.ro:~"'-:eJljik.'u,~-ya;,-l'ta', _d a S:afl,\'b U l' . 'eu"n ,'_'_ 11:''US' '-I ~ ular ke 0 te t H: \;tn,g"EUt\, entara ro aks o:n, dari s atu neuron c 1!111,g',an end fit alt. son be I'i JL'I,'t~,>a,d iseb t d ,si-naps yang bsrasaldari bahasa y'unaru, yart'l berarti 1, ,:bt~JiZ"Q",,,
sat', nJi!'l100:n tie
': I

:Pad, a, s e ba:gian, be s·ar ,s:i]!llap:s, be.I:I"d"t),p:a:t ,CII±! all, selsbar 20 fm ymlg me -~isahkan keduamemb: ~-,:, " - OJ"'m~'Il;-lIi'p' ul~ ,~';t'le'-'I1'111iE!'~"'OiI'nl 'm' n,Bl- ,- in'iJ !L'~~~ . '''' d e,g',n t, "~ans:m,~',,- :1'" ,.I;a{' kimia Ti khus us --',a, ig ~ d~ 5;eb '~_ ,tj: _ II~Cl'~.~_, ',~I.:f er, A~' a, b e: 10ag a j, mae arn, it ~lS: i
1.' ,,~JIi~I,_,,_. "Q

'~~~I

!I,,_,~,I'.·~ ~~:

J~

'_.

. ,-

~j~J

"t1,'~I-_A

,'¥ ~ - ~ !'

~~.

,~,'.-~ !,_:

,~"

,_,~

1~

'n,le 0 transmi II

er, antara lain: ase il:k.Ql~,n, a'ng y 'b~lrd,a::lat: di 5i, apsis :sle:~,l_tr,,'-hl-ubull\ noradrenalin 'te1f,"d'apl,a:t d" I:'~S' em SI-Irai :5:".' -lpati »r d,o:p,mllin,i-~.an S'-I'\IO to n,i '~:--,i!d.ar8 etak. '. a,' 1'"m,,·,a '·,Ili .J 11~ al u :~ ~,1-'~""1' ~ 1)f' 0- , '. k-' .. # ~ ,;~1 1- ~ l.I~,~ ~1.11!5a '.-.,';. ~ll~-~.".' '.' 1- a 0
1:. .:. U-' .l_,_

! I !~~t.:Ji
J

Ii

!~,

~.'!

~~

'",

I! ....

'

r~,

. ~.

'iI\-

'iI.ii'~1 .

. -,- . -

g'

iEi,_~I'

l,-,' ..

;'i

_.'J-I~i

I;~'d.er',_~_ana D~'k.atny'a jaral "in'S' harus .,. d i],a, ui d an ce,p~atny'a, difus i, :m,le 11,Y'I!,ba'bk,an ee:pa,l:na 'U ansmis i yang _'el~jad ',}ada :S:l'n2l, S~ i
di",~l~lS i

penti iflll!'-"' 'iL, ~'~'i!=ii 'm.1 e ~'I",",'!?inl ~ [Ii.~~' I_~I.!O:-~ t1ern',pat di.l2t:~'U.l~n,y,~ '-l~S-I-_-'t.{S :~'-;,aJ1g' -:,~,e"I,ru.'w ,S'US't1Jl-,M S::~'~-'I'li 'Ti!Q,'ait s:e'm,U8 Un,_-'1J1. S '_/'iU'lg tibia di smaps d,i sruskan ,ke :ne'u:0,:11, b <N111'tn-·-y-;~ '\~"n-n~ptUI'-::"J~'_'Ia;i(91'IFlIii:-y-~ ul ·m· ~'1· ,a Ittll!hi,~ ,~.I~:~ ~'","Yi-m,~ ~'l~n;Oilp.) l,n'l'a'nli!!fil'n)ji,'u-I'I~""~"'" i!!iJlI:I'nA'n" ~ anusia t-~~illl·a.~ suah, '~illii"!i,O'''':Oit~g-'!!:ii,n C' titus __: ", SII,hil',Rga s if tap s: .m,e1,--__::. at ml 1":5 al,(Je1m.1'·I' d :a;ri, sis; 't@1", s a1t!af" 5
~S: -'Ia .t!!!,~t~
. ~ '\. '~l~"

'~'il 'R1""IiI.g.:I:!' I II !I.·I i& L . :.~

[~J

t onal m;Wl
,til

iC!': il'ni!;lii'l11'~ ill ill:& "C' ~l

~ :':::!iijli!"!li,O'a-'~ !ii! ~-Ul lila' _Ill. ,.

1L1~

\;;:)

~"-=iI1
l~ t~l

II

I.

l 'f['-',

'1- (p ' .. all "'-. I, iii9.&~1

1111

P reses ", nlgn 21__ '-Ir,an imp,ru.,J'ls, lie; at siin a p,s~s

G 8Imb,ar 5t4
I

~1~'i~ ~,~, ~.

1!i.i~,1 I 11:1'; !i:I

"

~!!J'

~"

0'"~'iFii1 ,--;:ccc ~y, I..,

;Ill,

!!Ial~'

.u:

,~!

'~n9iI'-;
~

!lJ' "

• ,~

iill"

....

-:-ID'--"'iii ,~,~ ~t--Iom-:-'-:- C!:'Q'iI~t "~ ,lttlil'J!...l~, ;ii!I'~'" "'" ,_J

ii31

I~.

'J

II

l~l

~.]

Il~

.. .lItDl ~

J.Il. l~~

WI

...

_.

II

UJIllllL.

Ii·.

J::'~l j[

.. .-._ ~!-'I 0,;.

I....

1IIttU, 1Ii,D.iWI!~

IL._~.~;

LI

··'111 ''It. '...... ~ . ' . -..' ,,! S d· '.'-..~. ',- '., untux ,r G e1'_:1,·,· e 'r' - ,aKan, po ,.1,8,&,00[1 d mas "l~,.. al1.:g ." ec e l,,~llana ,-,-,. '....-'ilL., ,FdlK :" ,m,. I'~""I :nl.re'njelask.eu:l, ,-l,e;,n',aik:' - impuls Q e:h, :s,arat :~ada, Wl1('--::n,ny',a, gelrak, ,~,-,!!~: di sei I'I-~I '. ,dlo 1""", . I;.' .. un ·"'1,.111 Ill!'I J a1, s e ca~at sa. _m,. ,nan" ,:-:-, ael a, ,,' uia .. _,,,--:-:L. ',' ,'I .- teri ,_j(~ t"1 ". a, ge ,Ir~ yang .e, ~a.[Jll an" disadari, c-rai:,U g~,I~,"a 1\1' I::J(S~ MOl,' -: uls pada ere,rakw1 sada -"~lelalui b jelan plMjrulg~ y:ai tu _'~ res i'p'to:r _J~ S araf s e nsori, d ~'ba a kle' an .. " : .• " ~., ~,ru h -" '1- 11·· 1-' .' ,ji,_ .- .. " - "-" -, o .,~t.!,tl' ,- t---,-'- C, ~QIl-'L.·~ '..-'at'-I loa~"al' .- 0 '11 '·1, 10 .. b-' - Ll-, ,Il, 't-\ ('11gg, ,', an ,.LL lI],
r'

IS

a Rf

I,

.'

II

J-~

- ,,~I -~

~I-rbed- an I.... - - - - -- -

1"1-- - -_

If;I -

~,~.,1

i-

.1".

:v'a_g' d,:iba'w'8
d 1·'
". J~~

'!:!II

1"I~I~llla&'~U11" '!l:ii'1i"!ii II:" ~'1iI"!ii,_1L..

UII"

n"le' .

0:1,1,_" ;s:'M',af If:T\ O:,cr_~se'bagai


I

pi!_,hf\,tah, y~an,s'l,afUS

,a' .. ~ '1I!!ii '~11i' "0 Jill! ~'l'-IILI ~

mlskanine gem.k :"~-,Sl den.gan gsmk If\~-ie.ks'?' ILUskus'lbn dienga,n ~anan


e ~ -

n . 'k--m--_ _1_ Um

camumenyentuh sebuahbenda yang' :panas,. reseptor:rl!S @1.pllo.r dlalarn It'lLllli,,, d i~"-:Ing':S~ll'g d an rnanimb I ,',R:'~ im_-' uls 'It1:1~O:~~~,~' um ":I~U' UW, , -,,~,.,m~i1_ iI,'tu, sara s ~'i~-!~' dan -,e'l,ju~." - '-, ,e' ,al,~~,I S UfllS'Wll ,1'0:1"\8 be lak,~,g:,;, ~d ~ J!rtl.pa( ne'U:fo:n. b'e:~.,si;_ ay~I's d.le'n:ga~, ~n.te~~'-,eu:_~o<n.ii .. S'elmMjU.'~:n,"a,. inte neuren membawa impuls itu :[' mbali me alui Satw: spinal e ke Kill; "",, "u" otot a"~st,iOill.-~!i!I.!n.-~ Ip'~f~~'~1 tad :I,,., A·"a~' a om 'p'-'n[' ~ meniadi I J,nlll e"fek 'ti f rnaka IQ to ,e ,',:0.,1("' anta,.g 0 ni stik harus mere :g'ang'~ k' - ena $ ' hal in,:i n'J! li'L atkan :P- :1/- -;gahan 'II l,lo.ng -'ya, ·'n-'?fiI't"i'iiI,.,'II,r. ke v 'n' ....... ... n' ltO-:, 'D'~-''-, kea - ~,,-,-, l'O:r~- _ _ al, 'b~ble:ra.,pa, impuls da~ans o 'A:rt= 0 tc)'t ini seeara t@l[tlS-Dlle:n.@f'u.s: dan :ln1e:n,Y'leb·a:b,kan suatu, ko :n' rr a,_.~s ,j, ,pna:l~ ,i, aa_ 'Y' a:__ d is re'I=:~ t ~'It1I_Jl~'S 0 __ C~ 5: g O ,1,angs::aJ],gan dan [Ie:sp"on, de: : ,~:; disebut :1"E!' : eks ian, spinal, dan s~lct:rar\ S,~I-",- _' yang I-,H-, 'l.~,-I impuls :il~i disebut :-~,,18 r:~ 'eks .. 1
"i
it,
'1-:
:I,~' .1,

, ",,=

,011"';

1jj!U,al'I;~ii!!iil"

,'.U'

'!;,~

,.!;

L02'U!i

,,'

u:Ji, IIH~li<=l!

g,

a~I!FIJ

aJmD:·-~j~:I~.iIII1.~t~ !!;~, ,~CJU,

~,, ,

!Ii;"

I',

',,'

1Ioft"'li,'-'" ,; 1I;,r."UJi,;O!i'''',u.;I!,!II.,~'

,ii1i

C!'

,'~

I~I

,'-!!;o!!'

,,-,l,

tliF'li" JII,i!, Ie ..

"

',~,

,-"IiI

,,,,,"Yo.

i!iii!li_

GI- rak

cc--

~'·=.',I

d. Ie:1' l:-t, t Ja 11" ,. . __ S:,_-,-:l:vaS:l\i!, d.an


IG- i-I.) air 9.5
I: - eka

e nting d.alam :P ,-,:nS8,I.'U.",O, _:-S', ~e _~ a n __ rah :P I r 11,_ ~fas an, an a k al ~g'Fa~Jru,sat U~l~alit ~~'e:l:naan~ = .rite,_)
1,,-'

ni'srru! g e Flilk

ren e - s,

se
S:l's'te',m, s arar

pt,~,sa,', "@':r',.'u,n,gs, unfuk ,m,'en,g,a,'~.;.:r d an ~-en:g,end,alli:kan, 6:1:5;, em koordinasi, S~sti9-- S-I:~,~afpUSft"t: --;-;e' iputi 0' at. I(eru:,sfala:n) dansun B'tH" tu_ 'm .g'belakang: [medulaspinalss],
,Si!,cl-n.g'~·,:=·f.\.

't-'pi, :l'tllen]farn.. ::- ika :S:'tUl~'u:n.an, sar,M rnaupun seb _-,_ikl'1','a;


S,~-~":

~I

:i,o,mm,as,~ baik

-!J:'

'(ttSftl;,

·Oak tlesar (Sere'tlIlIM)

-t

-- lOllb u s fro nit,fJftS,


,_['

, lob,u s 0 k's~p'i1,a lis LobUS.· :eITlPO~~IIS

S::a]i'S" PU'slt --

rOt:alk,

_' 0' JDk telngslh , 0 talk if! ~IA':11lii {,di~nse'


., ~ - ,~ . , -- -, --

-' 0 tl,l"

,J enrmb stan ' a[rlCI (p IDfro s)


S,al[r:af'...... ~S ' umsulm
l'

is ICI[n\ - -, -!J _,e! CiI (,SInr. b t!'lu ml I

,_,

!_~OILaIaU:S _ s all;3m HIp [m

U1an

_,,,_,,' bel alkanlQ -[,

,S ml1SUmi I:~ . 'a[H nllic' Sl~ -msu~n"'UI[: n" bill milk- 'nlg
o

-.J 3irin gain I at I(menrn "', ,a's)


L

-t

durame':e!,r
plaJ[me!

.a

!,a e hno I'd


er

__S:anJ

r.

e' ,Ii ,~~ ',::2 I)lalsang saraf', cJ'~al'," 1(\r,alniaO , - IP ,[, 3l pa :S21n sarat !,ula n g be 11811ka n'gl g

:yll'118' sangat vital '~M lunak s,e:ru:l'B:ga., ,2-'lm~t:iSdilindu'n,gi 0.1. ~"u.1.an,r 'mn,~'!k.aberup ~ "t'le.~·g~'- dan t" as...uas Itu:-:a;n,C' b'i .l --a.no:' ...SI ~-'-'n 'ora' r a. a ,j,tu, etak j u,g:a d.i.lind 'I~:_'_'_, - i 'ti a, la,p:i,s:an, s~ la ' '~lt m ~:11 'Ie in, s~,Rad,ang' '. 8'11,!, te m,'jadi pad a la:pis 811 mernb mn, inj, dis, e,b'tlt ~IJiI.'e'.~n~'1 · ·I·'~m"' ....
10· ,,'
I. 1

:11J!I'U:j. uri :S;'lUl1I,· '11

ru 2Ulg me upakan
.. .• . I.

IQ,rgan

J"

]1_1"

•.

I.

'!IIf~

ad

I.

:D 81'"~ ,Iua ke d alaen ah s eb a.:gru, be rik u.t::


r,

k e'"ig a :[a,,~:is an
dJi..IG;<U, ~

In 18 'I

'I'b ran
8, "~

Itt 8 ill.i.n,g,e's
1

1)
,. ._:::

',D"

urarna
, H'

i!l:.!II..L,iI,

1E,1!l;

~,..... m'li!!IoPtoiIP-' ;~,'L'~nl


.11'1 ' ";;;'.ii., ,1,
"1

!r-a I ,u. rOI!i!lj;',

~P'-'",'u'~'~;ijf''!i'g''' k'I-.'-. "U,.I!1.


,Ii,
u..Ji, iii"
'", -.

I~ IUl.W.I. U

'!:Iii,""

b a!jjil!i~ aru uIJ..


_
'!l;' ,ill,

o:!!

).

'iI!,..l_.'ll'!1i§'V'i!:!Iil WI "Ul~( 1:;-£

dengan tangkorak, .', .ehnei ~_-. 'm,a,tf!!~'-p- a':l-~ , 'SI- ,I, 'p., t ,:riQI,'AIj)' U,_,',_11:. -_' -< . fllf!I' ed ~'p.-'et '1.,a· ,~ll~l.li· , 1'0 ..J'1· til ,-i"iiin'y~1 cairan se"1"e1bl'ospinru,i,$ [semacem eairan im,~,1.. Arachnoid · '[1] . b 81,'. 11gS~,seb . .' f· ,a:gm, b an,lit anII unru , me" 'l'~' Un!l · o,a,k d.ar .. ,. n -I" ," .' kerusekan rn akaruk v tlL~1di
! . '-

'~I

'...:

,!WJ

I~ -

_:_j~

• ,.

_:I.,

"_,

].j ,~,

_j, I, _'

!~

._:!I!fi ,!I!,. _'~

'J

~~'"

I·-I!I!I'

....

",'j-'

,;

.~·Il:

',-

.. "

'Ij

.11'

r.

,'-

.•

'.

"'J

.~"'."

,.J-

.!.-

OJ

-'It

l~I~[!ll

". WI]

l~

,"

UJiJ L~

.~

3)

~'fiiI' ',~ I~~.:.

iii @l

'1'"iIl~ - -

'-It .. .., -';i ,', ...~ ,


SIB

,Ii' 'i-

l)
'2)
3)

,~I

ad, ian,

l, m .. m be :n':tu'" b ,ag ,~,an r a: 'j!"'i kelab '\:1 (,Erub:li tansi e

grisse a);

:s,e.f'sbut saraf r'Bng ~-,e-nb,e'ntuk. bagian :nn,a,b!'r"l, :ke,tab'u, I ,Stlb s 'tallS j, b ft,; dan sal-se] 'lle'ln~·ol',I"a, :m,le:F."u,pIEikan, jaF1l,:~lg,an'-,Il.'ft,t :1"1111' 'tel:r, ,el :ak, di antara 'se'-sel :51-1 II' d,j,dalam 8'-S: -'Iem sa ' p'us:a~,
[I

'-_)

10

1:-

aIaks ariakan sarnua ,':'U,:11g'S::i ya1':l:g' dis ad ar]. Otak 'be'r""anggu'"g ia rab b!,'-"ha.,. 'Etp '_~' la' ngalam a:n, .... e ,ng'oi arm,an b Ie'rb a:g'oi m, ale ~ -~ , _? at 'aiiIU- _-WI, '~eiiJng-.-..- .~ a 'iEiIP-' - ;§"ng-' 'U ~I~JA-',~,~~:~ 11,an'US:lo' _) :u'k ~-~ ~t, ukan ,gerlJJk,an"'ge':rakan ,'an:g el me nuruti ksmauan (d:i sad 'arc~''It d,an 1(,l!lrn,all'l(_'uan untuk melaksanakan berbagai macam pro ses me :11;_.. , se p erti in:" ,;I:tan a, 8'U rnemor 11 lEI 'fiBS a an, emosio: -al, fu'nte,~,e:ge,n.s i.~ b erkomu -.kasi, S ifa:-, , IO:U D ,k,,- ,1- riba l',-,.~ ramal dan
Otak
'I ..
(!; ~

t""'~' '!§,e- ~

'~~I~~'_~I.~'~

-··~il~~··_.!'.,

.;_~~_,

~lI5!il_-:_~_J~

_-L

;~~.lL'i~
[I

A - "li; ~;;[~, ._,~:_,':iI;~~-I~·

9 A, ·1._·~W·1l1

,"

II

!.

~I'ni!'

a]

10 'c,a}., 'b~-S,--: (.5e -e'-~, tw,,)

~1~lmh,,@ijil' n,~1~, u CI __ U 1iZI11 ~~U

merupak ..'·! bftg,~,an,·tJe'·e:s;,af"' dan b!rd"e:palll, d,ari o tat BI1:I-IS ,.S'>J 0 tak :1, ar In,-,ln - ncyai ftl', g S, i da .~. ,:-~ ;'lllrn,g a,'h.tr semua ,ak:,I'r-!as ment __ a'_ ::c be::f':ked.tal)," _ I!'clf\.g:an '-,_!e,'~n,d,'ai:an, ·-. (i Ilt ~e'g'fiU1Si., ,~ i:n,ga,':art, (memo ~:i - S,O_'~,~lti\,I~t~:; :P@ r' )1_ ' l angan,
'I ~ -

o ,at besar

S'i nJlk"''ur IDtak: (dirh at d.arri sa mp in gil

1~

1-,

'I,~

ti

'.H",l'

Otak b,e"sar' '1@~T."'d:iri. atas ,LO'b-i'fS 10ks; :pi~,taI~S ssbagai :pu,sa't :pls:ng1iha, an, L,o'm,-'s te":~''PD1'a-is' )"='~.'g berfungsi sleba.gad pusat :,Ie'n.d ,n,g'ar,~:,; da -!, ,~,Qb,14S froJ,-'~ lu' ''1 -g . -rfu ,<_1::1. S" -1;ag'l l pus a:t.
l

k-PI_"'i,b ad,i!- tl da '_pusat kemunikasi,


b)

Otak. tE':n,1 ',(m_ seas -_ falen 0, ·t·- " ;-,ah '"Ie: '~le p, 0 '..1:1-' eil d ~ j e~n"ba tan, .'~~~'l,,~, ' -0 O',c-- -, ,t 19-' -; 'bill :"'u:n:gs- PI- n,tim's: .': ada r -"fl. sks ma a, 'I:o:n:us IQI'ta
s~

-1"-

,iI!' Oil' I -,
-

_."

'I'!; -'0, ,;u..

f 'lg·-",~,;i posisi
'
1,

..'

..

,_"~I

;;Il' II;

,,'

, . - 'U
_,_.

OiI!',II;;;t:l<

~,Ii.Q'U ii;-L ~.&'J[I '.


' ' __

,_.

"ka_,JIud: u-"k- .__


. - lIE 1tJ, . , ."
._.~

- I.

--~"~"lb"I' UJ I"",..
• ._-

e )1

O'ta.k depen

(d, ie' nse ,£a10 :n,)

Otak Idll'- 'Ian terd i'l~ atas d, ua b _ ian, :yaitl1 -halam us yaJ'S ber~~' '_ng:si menerima :IU!,nl:U ran··"laJ'l dan :~"ell-plo'!- ,--11~'u,wlbau, dan ,hip1o'lhal.am,'us ':-'181' berfungsi d:alam-_e'D.g aturan s:u:h'u." :p,eIlga'-"uF'arn ·I,'u,'~ri,e' '.1" pie n'J8,g'8,a .. a.g:ar' Ihe..ap b a:ngu,n1- d ..,, :pIenumb 'Uhan s ikap g,res if~ Otak k'l' e i,1 ~:tH!' e,l um] reb O'~a'- kecil [s e reb lel~'-, . 1 'm,e:mp'u,n,yai fungs i utama .:1..: Iam ko 0 rdi nasi te'... ad iIJ:P0 to t· d at, tonus 0 to ,t.,. ke s IeU11b aJ~l:gn, d. an h a :P0 'S is 11 tub '\1, h. B Ia ada -"8:11'8'3,a. ,-Ig"at~;y'a:llg me rl1.gi",a:n,-I:ta,tl, ·EL,a: :',0,. '~'I'I ~'a g,el,r ~ - all :S ad, '~·itn.:g no tmla\1.tilak, m.'u:n.g-lc.i, =1:01"\ kan. Otak k cil j'I" .ga, 't.llgs'i me _,8 oo:"d~.'alf,,:~ g = rakan 'ang halusd all, 1 Uli\ves. d.)1
'-_"iO

le)1 -1'enlo1'bia.tml

'Y1U~Q (~.Ion;s varol 'i,)1

. ernbatan varo: me~,_:: _LtL _8 kan 0' I_!___~ rhu


m,e:n'O'kl,ubun~•an, 0_8k, lD
!~i

nan ,_cMan, S\-J.ai,n ~~t~~ besar d,an, SWTlSum ,tulan 0" b elakane, D ID
",'_.

me rupakan 'ICi,_ 'ba:g ian

s e rab y.,-_ saraf


L· ,~I'!i.

y'am,lS'

2, .

S,'D,m"u_

IDan,ju'I,aD
J
'~~!j;'!!jj

"IDJ!"
to

u' 1-.·. o'blo:n,s,


allf"~. _I
IUlILa

It', -I
'-.-l"i!"ii. ilJ., Ii.

s 'W-. t'. '~I ~a~. 'rI :-'11.. ~'il·· ~ 'b laKlItU D ~'J~ dan, 'bag-ian otak lad- '_" S't.un'StUll la.11jU:-!-1 - ,-- er ,'u'ng'si dt arrt ,8,. refleks yan,S ffile:nga: ,ur d,e:ny'u .. jantung', tekanan darah, .ge:rak::an ,
~
Ii ~Ii!""ii"!ii Ij!": l~ILI· t,!iJi.

:0'

UfI~-I'Jii· I '!:Ii!11\l;!1 'J...... ,If'" I ilii. u . _lILt~_UJ ,IL,iICllill

'1 CilUl' ~ !&;a'~" : 11'_ ~,~' l'-. __I ~ _

'!il 'Ijj;ii"r'j;~'

IL-i.1"_

"_, - JIICU

UI' .

,al'li"Iiilil,l"

1,0,

:~er-l,a,~~Ia.s:~"l, akrssi ludah, '~--Ienelt=-'nI-I,a_ - '-~an~'~a::' s u-roses, 1m -;'~'ya"


iii" ~,

.c8; SwnlU.an ' ulang b@::akan\g barbs ~,t.Llk' &bun,g d.ikeJilin,g· d -,lei iE.:.c-d.ll_. '·fr~It- .n,g b.';1 ~.ar\g'n ~\1 ral, ~~:a:n.g _. ~ 'Un,y'ai d ua ,,: s'i m '~~ p 't~n:g pennng, -caiu un uk mil ill'tltl'f ·'!~.l:I'-I'U'1sdID~i-.-'.~ ke otek, ct-:-'sl~L;a.gai : usat ref s, Pada i_.-~~s;an mI!1~1'tang, 'tJi.lfill.p,ak ada d,uet.
SUr-:-::. - __
1

·1-

.)1

-~

_---'-

'''-!iii 111--:--.81 I,U.~' ..

'1b. - '11 :11,.;.... IJI'.. ,Jj.~-- .:--_'

=--

b agian, ya,itu
be:menltuk"u,ptn-lk
Y-

b"i!'J.'g:na,:11 alaro d
.. ,pu u

,sua,n, rn.ass a bahan

kalab u

- 01 rf:_nli

,-~ :_1 'U~

','al(1,:g"Ie'm,'d,:~ri atas badan sel c an,;a:g:ian l' '-:2U, s u at u '0 ahan ,_-; utih " ':a,n,:8.; rd :iI'".i atas ik ata , :8..- son d, .I ,-'Ie .. ~e'11d,r'i ~,j:s'a,ya:p"J" 10ahan ,-~ ~a:b u 'b! f'b H.gI nte nj .·cl dl'i. a tru _d uk t, e
l

dIOI:[~a1 dan

d,tt8,

ta -Ia:ut, 'v·e::l'tr.al,
',0

1-,

anduk

v'e:n:t'-~, :m,e':ngml,dU'11S
:1{e~Ltar'

baden
~ril5uilln n Ielin'~a sumsurn ng 'Iu[alng blB'1 alkanQI

melal __ saraf · s::pi.nai manuju ke 0 to '~~...e'U'[lO:11. lair ,,·~ya,d],a),arrl S'ums 'urn. '~ulm,s ~]' be:_,ak:an,g' me:r'!:_'~pakan. interneuron,

se'·· 'n.. U:_"O:ll InO'!'O:l~ a.'n,;!:_~':, 'son~_ya

,A · s:o:n,dal:2U11 bahan •. , 'y'-:-'~i'iin- 0 --:---ii!!!JI'--' i,)' 'f'i"'m--;!ii)'lf!'l' '. '~L~,I o~,


. IW
IIji;

putih dipisahkan
ii!!~,IL,III;~

-:"1 t,il'!Ii'V:~'~ !!i.,I,L,J ~

..

~'§ft!iilia

,_

,-y·-~,,-·t\11 ialur
!!Iiitcl-ji,

d.-a), m, ikatan-ikatan a
"]-i"'Iiii!ii1 -:'§'li"'iili-' ',~,L,I'!; l!a,Ii'IJI, -

,U'UJI:,

I('~'l!"lIililil!riln~'!t..,...,',',

'1""0' ";Ii,L,O

",-:'B,C"'S)I
-"S'ilI-

jalur rnenurun -:-,JI,,-:::. 'S 'k~~1 (...1 __ l:. - ml(;t" ,g 'ti~- -"k's) b-rf"···--;-·:--s·, _ ·---;-'ll-Ib··'~-'':"'-· a ,'-:-,,--;,, l~. --'- at 1 Il~ ~L" ,lac" '_.'_ . _'. lng l,_ 1 .',_, a .. ,In', t . ,_:_ I' fe kte II!~
i~~l' C1.2(',
.c.' ,

nyalurkan

:i~:11':pU'1s

:k,'1 ctak,

--1-"-'

,_c,

-II._-"

...

r
S srem
S,af"!-I'I"

f
tlep, '-'e:rd.i:~' ,atM' sistem saraf sadar tsc
-la),'i,~,)

d an S:~I:'A!:,~~, saraf ,-=1< s'l\,d,:a:r [o tonom). S',SI,-:;:ln I:a.:~a,.', ,e:p:i 'be<dJ.as- an ara], :UTl,:i~-'ulsn,ya " rb -,Si ,-~Ie'- ~a-,'i dua, ,ym,lu, 11'''&:-1:1', ~'~J'~_,n dim, IICrCf1~ S'ist_!!" ,_~- '_:I~_c- _".JI\ _'f\:g'and,t1l'ft:I' s:lel. saraJ _ y,a1,g ~n,e"ngll!'iultaJ ,'·at-" :ilMo:mlas i d :atl res eptor :··.e s'is,'tem, saref pus at :Sislt'el'l1 saraf e"fe're'n meri and,ung 5!:1. sarai' ~'allS' men,g·h,aIl.'tarkaFi., i;[ l,o'nnas':1 dari sis tern, saraf :p'u:sa. :k:e' 0 to't dan :k.elenja:r~

s",~_,,~_

'to

S is ','-.'~- saraf S erna ik me 19B -:d ung s araf e! -'e :1"11 Di1, :Y':8:1',g :~l'n;g'~,an.' ,.':, - . _l_,;"it .1:Jj .'1 BI"~, :sisba ,~', sar,idllsa;,t' :-,1-:- ja ~in,S'an 0 et ,,_ ',g<k.-" Sis '- S:araf: so: ' ~,ati:km, nghas il~ ge' ~'.'!,c,aIl d,i j:m:i ~gM, ~,m1, oto'~ ran:'~ L.eL
l~ ~

Ss J:-m S:ID ,-j' :s:ad.-'" 'te:':su,S\;lln, atas s'arid krarual (,m,en,u:ju 8'ta:u, bsrasal dari otak] dan, saraf s- i:na], (:n'I!:I-'_U,~'u, atau 'be r,aJ1S: al dm~i. SUD1$'lUll, 'tll1an.:g)~ :Pasan,,~:a.n,saraf kranial d,';-l saraf spinal yan,C' kl!,'~ uar d aJl'~i tak dan s umst -, tu -aneD b e _ 0 " IenO'l''l~'b'u1,~'kan _ Maik'an' -tD _._-, .. -u d ,en,ganulp' es:e,p·to If da aDl, ,U'1Ll" St huh, .; a,ll-:sa.,oya tu bad an. se'] 8'mll t Ia ". -,[(: ,t 'h' . '~'-:-·Ian.:gt da,a.~,~f sss e'm, S .:-1 :pe:r.1.i'=:r a d ala'~~ie'U:I~OI'~slt:ns,o:r1,1Mg' menge 01 n, '.ok )-~'U!':I- jad i '8' gl ion d -I d skat 0 tak da - :8 rns 1- '~" "~uli,g bs,hlkan,;g" d,iU\ neUI~CH~neuro:n, r -,Io'to:r .. '~"'ben"'_-, d,a;r~l,sis"-:m, ... s:ara, 10 't.O: " 1,01: I~~,
4
•• J(
J __ , _' J I _,.__. J _ _ _ •• _ I _ __l _I _ _I _.
J .. _-

)1

_I.

_f

_I

-,

. -~

'_

Iii -

- -.

I-

I'

r-

. -.

..

-,

-t·

,-,.

-:...

,e

I,:.,

,~II:

a]

Sara> k r,a:n~ all


Sw<!af :k --m,i".
:111, '.'LISt,·
c ,
I" I.,

ada, 1- ,MM,g I;L~afl Ua. tc: ,,-.:,Ets'uk S ar~af terminal ::.~Ul,S k e'ci yang tak b er _.emb at\l:8' 'bai _,: 'N' ann,a, darn asal saraf '····,ed,-,iJ, belas saraf :krarual d,a.pat ;am,u lihart'latlda, Tab,e't, '91I11~
T albIi!~ Q,N,a rna, - s a II aa n itt is "1b u.!f sara ,r-alnial
,- s _~ Neu,ron A fe',' _n

B a ia
O!h3U)1

(ur~,'~'o . ri

i 'f i mu'o

S'I

tll- dJlu filig

I. almi ind ~'r" p. Imcium p ~.d1;lllallpiisllfil~n,dir hilCilung

IlL

10 p:tJlk

Eh~•. 'FIP I sera IU' ri Iprop~os'p"I'IllI' d aha ml 10:~ k e k:Sln rIIsfk b lOla mal~a
i.

SI !ti' gia _ _liar


.

e am .8b.: r:ap,a kle '0 '0'1 dalaml b-:d,iln Idal"1 IP,llJpil


-

rabu1: _!_ m,II' dlln etet e "Sf~flilns:~lk biOI a maj"'aJ _. --,


SI

s~n,ar

mat ,II

P FO i:os"or

Idalsl-- IDler ~.'sllinsrk beL;]

.'.e'se pfhl r Igigi jja n Ikulit .,:: Ia (p era S;CI ~I 01' O'f b 8' a s a I d allr! Ilu1iI!J v iss epa .', II< na n lulI1 u ~ s1Il<ftl' IPFOIII'iill'S' .pi '0 r·· a 111m lsa IImv a 0101: ra III _._ [ot)(J"-!II'aha'.-· g
I

Fa I pi e'lrt:a

mar:

Tun, s pe!Ili_I-c
Vllt Vesdbu~[oK.oklilar

d ep[:a'in I~id h (p e gee ,iJlp)1 a


(I<le"sei ' " a ng a mll[

p d II P,-:J
~II:. lus u

01'0t' b r- 'sai, a~'r ~ung -iiler 1_ . ,du : 0 ·o~ 1ii11lJI k a ke B f1j iii r [llJdahi dan air mata ..
l i

:Sal~luran sem~~)kull'~ u~rik-:lJU.Ut


I .

a e~ erl
01'

'I k)t kD~h~l:a

oklle a (p'e nd en g:;3lran)1


01: -, era s,a,1 IdaIii un g v ise rail k'8' iig a 0 :at f'a rilAlge a I ''I a n gl 'I.edi b a'i da IaiM 1mB niB ~an: k:lel e'~ j.a r Ilud i 'I
!I

!Of'un a's p e I1ge c a '. S:e!IPsr 'iiIQI81 lb agll~ an "e~]aanlg rdah lap":san 'f:a'-"ng
l

Vagu.s

Re~!lPJJr p,:ada se)LI ~Inor.-=-n CI,ahim ~Ialrhiiks p a 1r1Jj·_, p,a U~I ,j,i Inl' 'uln I!J t a [0 ta,

Ortol: b I!llfliil S , d a ri

~almbung

IILlln9 vis era'l (kle1c'u,all ge rang iada): etet 'fallr~nlk:'s (m,e n'e Ialn)~ 0" Oil,: Ia Fin ts tb illC; a f al (r~ 0'1 us _5'i ,~a"iU n gi,l 11(1 1_ ,"j:S r I ani' blu!iiI131.
()I,

)'l~ sii5,11

II

01'1(1'1 I' ng . i:S-!r,l~ l!',~-Ingb'l!!,rhu'


~II . 'g.,111I
I

mea 'StiD i~ dJan


.·IL Hliipogllo'sill

ufllg'an ,eI a ng dlsld· 'Y ,alii~ s1:e'fill kle'i -0 u


JaIIP'[BZ:j

us

Dar'~,kedua belas nama saraf kranial, 1:- "8'1': :nO:l110'-" III Il, dan 'n:-[ '1 ~-,iri 'o;a.s nauro - ~I~ ure -, s e' ~;s;o<~"i;sar I, no ~1;O'~rc-' X::, II1, XI:1. b!' rc ir atas ne '1"10 n-r I' uro I~ ,.0 Ito ~; s:e d ang .an 1\ ~l'G I, lain (nomor ''''''~"",.1], :IX) te:f'ti'i ri atas g Igan neuron meter "~'-'-~_
I" =:
c

t-'t'~

"'-',f

I -')-

~I" :i

sense r;i, A, at saral ',an" rn,em .'_~,n,yai,daerah je"aJah I uas S!!lhin:g ~_. disebut saraf :~'e,._'_:glemb'ar,a,. :y.aitL_ saref l'o:n1'O~''X f--_e'I~'~UJS v~a_g'us')I~
b)
:881-,:t' s P .,m,llai1,

U rat s araf s U1Tl.S: 'LtD1, t ~]l'_,a_J g' be Iakan be rjumtah 31 ( '~:ga:, .uh sa t~,)P;a5aJ1,gdan E!'F.d, _.p,alt d:i dalam .,i-'-lm-':g belakang. IU' ,,"m.t saraf ~ me ~~L1pa an :ga.b'D'ngan :n'e!' ni. k uren se nsori dan :0"0 bJ: .'" ~ ~J.:Iii: ilii lulan 0' belaks n-!O" m-'-:'I'~l..... lu"1" S- ,n"·ua ~~.-u-~ 'il",a'n- tCi' n - m- ~it""1 'I~ UI"ri"IiI'Ji:!i·lilW~ 0. I IIJ~irl~' . 'rO '1m"'_".
1!W'&'Ii&, 'I '_ . l~~
rJill .. _ l!ijl~·
i

I,

iii U

1~'!II1!

~~.

'II-l,

'.

f'

'J

C!' iI.·

'li'iil''"iil", . i ,iii, .. ~~ t:L!~lI~ lIii

I '.'

I·" ~

. l~

·s- d,atilg:ka\
'k'Ii!:!i'Iii!!i;,f:i!!Iik.· , Af
1'~~I~."IUIJ~1

-.ar

dO,f.I,S),

dsn s e:l1"tua dend ..'i ''I'y·a. be r sal f


I~

1'1

at ~i. 'ft I'

,tIQI!i!i

,- S - 'l".",-,t,a s a1r~~f'n,Q'1 10,-1. ]

luar

~-ari

S'W1\S

utl" . ~:11, 1,--8' '

balakang, rnalalui

at,M; 'v@ntrm dan. semua

:l'Je'umilnya ml~·n.',-~J\ju

me.rupakan 5:1,1 tern y'a:ng 'me'ng'l!lndaJ,ik:an g'el'",ak ,o.1~gan-o·rgan ~~Ub"U1-1 y'a1111" b,e'[_[e_j-a, S,ei eara o toma rs .. SaraJ oronorn terdjri atas d'u,a, bagjan, y,a·' ,u sara' , simpatik dan sa...~,: ~'arasinl,pa'ti I ,~ Si.s'te ~,- 5'.~ .-,-_- b) ~Oll- bias'afll,- ra .:.[0' diks ak.. n. s:eb'ag,ai, siste - :fIIO···Cr a Sis tern
s 81'·'af
1

0 ,0 :11Q:m,

'I

-'iJ

Sar, I'" otonom 11.," ak d iatur d,8lngan se 118,aja o leh sereb rum, S eb ag ian, b 1-: :8ar 01"8':- ,'-1 me ,n,l@] 11 a S, ie''-I Ie ri 'ran,g' "at s 9' rob''\1t gand, a"
S'_~'-U,
'_"':'"
~

:P~'f~-'ng~:a't'rnelelui saraf
I

1'1\

npatik dan y'M;S lair "ce,l-a'-'u:i

~,~,tr-a, ~~

..

111[-

~~

I.

g'tf!!:iiI"I't~
~~!-

_-.J

1._:.1__ .1 ,"

~~W! . 'I; IU'l~


I -

I]

- g' 'I !I!irl-Ii


' ••

'.

!'_

..:.!i!!

e.f_'_ 'b,:r d __ ,~~ o tak atau sums um 'bile 'a'i,'an,gI,i,d.a'kmal'alui s:atu, ne uron, sNe:b'a.:gaimana, '~e!r.jad:i b,a1g:i,an ~uib"ll'h lainnya, 'tela,pi 'm,eJ,1 ,ui, dua IlJeU,';[iO n :B aid all :$ e' d ari ne 'U1"'0'11,P e'MOl' ~arn _, '_ari rantai : te'rs Ie but,
ot'IOI,~ 1.IQI,m,,m,_lr1JCa",:aj, IOlrg',aI.l,
I, _ :~,
jj

I01,p'u'i'smotor s:bJ1(!I!'l1'l,

-~1'1 't'IU' ~. 'il ~,,.-, .~~_y. ,._::_


1

'§'-'t·~··"·

b' n-,(lir" ~Ad-'-§IIn-lIcr:'~nl b ~"'1 d 'II'ii~O- n-;' 'LIe-d" '-'--:~1i .~~,!I .. '., ,n_I'LL10'fiL, >os~gan;gli.on-, te '".l,j ak d,al~~,SM,gl~,oln;di sua u b!: ..Jl:pa.1t' __ di luar ;s;is'temsMal pusat, Badan 'SEd, neuron :postg'ang', ion d:ari, 5 araf s::i,m',p:a.'ti,k I@f,'l@":a'k de II.a;t s,u:mS'UOl :'U 21,:111'be a . a'n,_" ~ Sed,a:ng:ka:ll" pada sara :paras:in1patik te!'"~,etak de kat a:t,a,~1 dj, dals :~,d 'm.~in.g CL ~,grul Y'-, ~,gd, il,;~ ~ ,-~, Y~
,lIou'l-'-'-l-O-0. ttL,', 'I,',
I

~,o'n- o'r~iO- -, '-:,', I"1'11.:-1 ~* t",-'1'"'- ~, r~'~~\tii' - g~.- ,,~


t· t~

.§,!b~."

;g,'"

~-I-'
.

oQ1"¥'i1
~~~,

Ii

'0-' ,..... .t, .-,.~


-~'11

§ill -~1111 !§-~, I~:!~l~_~

~ 11'1iFlii~
~~~l

i::"

'S ~ 'iIl'iFli"li Ii·


~!~,

.'W,Ij"·_

~I'

,-,-:~

.l~,·,.'tb-j

§1!~.

',U

1'\,=1

'!liiJUlIL

~i ._I~_~

.,,'

-I ,-.

I.

-;-'

i.l'

,"J

I .. ~,

o§Ii'ii"·

I]

~J.

••

,~~l~~'

tI1,~

_.·UJL.·,,~

dWEI1l d i, I,~:_;_,g' ..'-: l,~ ~,N,s araf :5.::01': B'te:. 0:1. dan p ar8:('" : '~;8.": -, ISt~-,~I,U1- s i I is I',~ill, :1 ar' . :SJ: -', ,-:-ti.. c,:' ~ ~ umnva bersifat m,erangs'M_g kerja o~gan:5 _b, 'L.ll, ... stimulasi oleh sar a,
,I.
i

S,e'bagiilrL besar orga

_.1'1,

paresimpa
~ t e: !II! ~~
lii:lirm"
~

ik bersifat m,e:n,g11arnJba" karja


W

01('S'iln",

)'ad.:i,,, ,eJre:k.: •edJua ..

JIJ

I~ '!:Ii1'1U"'-"Ii!:' ~1~·Ul'

'~m"- , b ~ 1
.I

I"~

.0,- ~

iJ '~"l:jj,~ 1 ~I.l.wl~"1IJ..
.1

"?i ~ ~UIIL

~,O"' VI 1Lr..'OJ n.

nis

riJ!!I!l

:Ef!ek ya.ng 'be,I,"be.-'- -,'rli disebabkan neurc ransmiter ,}'aI'l\S d l' Las;iL· an jLt,ga be ,-'II' d S,.,_''.~'_ re transmi te. r seraf :s:iI11:P 8' ik at ' .a ;w" , 'I norad-J, ~ ,.1 I ':I' ,~~. Ad· "0 ,11\" '--&,'1' '-p':i,-' u· ,v 'l' , ~iJ. .!Wi, 'ad 8Lah 8'Ste t ilk 0 li 'n,;~Unttl:~'~ .~ ~ ih 1" I':fll aham i, ,m,ar i e e l,m a "i, e
;II,

='U' JII.

'-O!ti!liil'n- ~

'!iOi.L,

- 'iii -F'II

!Ii

I~

,g'Ao-'t;;;,- 'i9iJ
!;;U, illl;

- A't ''IIr-n.'.'''''''~lfliii!'T'''!I'''ii; ,; 'I1iii l!i.i.' ~u, 1,§1!\£.,~.IU,

,II;,

eg"ii1!-'
~
I.

,';

-,'~'il'ili!-g'l~ ,~RF'iI g, U;Ii, l~jl"!o\1' iii, Ii" '. '1!ii.'!I,

iii,

'G,aD:lb'2Lr 9 ~ d an, T':oolle], 9 ~,2:be: rik U' B

iru.

_~_ ill'

~f,~mn~ns
Ii)

gllkQ ~ ol~hlhil-~

e .'1':; 1-

.)ontl3, if!'iii r~~~

id'.111 '!l!imih

..... -~--....,.-;--

G :an,lb; r- .,:B
Sa ral' s~mpl d],a n alffi:ik: p:ar~s~impaJ'Ii'kmem~··lngalruh~ kIll:. curg,an

Organ ilt'S_ j a in: an

sis _em

Ere ~st'i,mullasl
S,I If af

'sjllmpar

EJIS: . 'S '.imul~rasi

'sis >em s _f I'

P,l!1i111l:iJ1111l fnil~ ;

Irh;, (pllUJ pill mata)1


Ii(

' I e'~,e'b r HI' a ir IS;(p U1IP ~ iii Tid]:a ~ ada e'nlgfUJlm_It ~selkfe"si' air nur
,
1__

, en, E!:mp~n ' a iris ('pu pJlilO

,11-njar ailr rna II

e'n!SrmU1~,a,si' k:.rel a rny


__ IH'Jl!lgSII 'g

II

a iir rr ,-ta

Keha:njlar aU' i_11 0"


0
j'

ae' Jle·si ai' Jiur'

Clln'3 r

'r1U:5,

enin!g ka ka n lite it apl,ail aln IIIe rn a p a's

___ nlgluralnlgiJ ,·'~C e _pltan blfn- pas


- - enlglec:Uk:an brorf us dan bll'onkio~Uls,

BrlDrikus

d,mnl

IJ'm'bll_,sarkan broln -, lUIS d,an ,'F,,lnl.jO[ S

Dll"On kio~us:

J an'ulliIl
P B'mDU11lJ n d a ra ~

. enu ru n k an ':e ka IIIan leila h ra

Si" -',- n urin


B._e!·m repru '- IJIlks~

~'.e niln,g _:aUttalnl D.. 111 ~ .1- - a..


--I elrangs:ang
__I

-I

urin
I)D

,e:jaktlla~l
~II~

e:rlEIIn g's ang er e': si IJI,e is rei ,3 n .f ~


- - t!nrJ.iri g SUlin gl S!@ -., .~ 9'

i"S

Usus

a J ,-- i!'ngh'illmbat slI.klrasi ,glitah lambung IKI.nl J3 ,s~ sfin --'sr d uti u r

en,=nann -'al

r-k p:rt

_ e~lrla _ Sill n QI gl 'fa n

k;, p eHi'l

Ig et,ah Iambu n g

a' t

Rlela ,.·'sas~'sfntter dubul Ti'dak ~'e rpl8'ngaruh


Tidak 1l:!rpI2l1- garu(

Ku~il

KG "l- _]11~ete

,: . e'rarngl:san.~ v',aso oninll . 'si. ytd1u ~- enaH:t-, __ -,Filill sa -. v - so - j la'Jls~,! y a i' '~ P e m'i3 cUnl, ,II dislmli!t:elf' pelmbU~Wlh d_ rah, -_ ilia·.. saran . iame-iem pe'mbuluh ll1Iallrah. nasanY,11 P slid a ,i rial a nval p,:ada all leriola.
I 11

ik F 11M 11 , e'lr,a~gIS:lng p oduksi ,I!eFiingat:


II)

_leg

.""

-0'

HIli

_ IlnlgUI)

Igllrnl-I'f:I nil ni~ i gul,;

-_-en'QIU bah, fJ u I; m,eIl1jIId~ g,liko g en

t PSII

a
.1

Sa;at :i1lli 'ban' ak aeredar cbat pll!'n,e':nang' dan, ,-Ien,g-, lila;I S rasa s akit, :~11 ekan ;s:n1.E!1 kerja obat i ,Ii :S19 cara umum eui" .. empangaruhi s· Sb!':111 Sl._;-"a,~@,,~' da eb a yan,S' 'm,-nghi'ma,l,g~,::1-8,$8

-:.g me nimbulkan ,aSH, :111, -:nim,-1\'1,J(.EU1, '-'u,si_,as'i,~ Oba -ebet ini :r-M ~]I'~,n~':ll.·.ll '''!:Ii.no- ilk ~ o"~-~ _It. "b'~'fl';'i l~ ;,"l-'n'~ 11.._.... -- ' d' o· L!I;;;i-,ttQt~ J~ d is eb t FI~' ~U~II'" u'l1,bJl,k .m.le:ngol-'ft'ti, p,e,o:akit :':_-_Ie'_,-_tal, dan ;s,arm",
u

s'o.'. it, ada, p ;-~llY<I,an;g:k.a__ll 8'ta,t.1l


u- "I.~ !\'T,n' ~IJ~' N;,llI!!Ii.t{Ki~~.·

,Il

obat

y'8,

:-1, 1_

__ ~l!l;l:" 1;1

"',' ~1"f:Ii

'Ptl', U!I;'IJ

_:'!Qal'~

1."~'!1;.,._

;a

·k-

1.~.I_·

'

'i!-,aI'rr'''::IJ'ii''ii1

"I

~'I!'~,':r'!l:lii

1'~I" ~,

I',at m a, ,. a, . ' men:Y'ls:bab:k, nmasalah :!~Ha'~'LII karena d,apa,t :-11ua:m·pe,n.garu11:i 0' "rule: : ..a:n, :P_.'~,r ku pe.m;akru,ny,a~ :P: 'n::"al,:ah,:gi'na~-,--. sat psikc aktif Ini a , O,:PEtt n,e,n,y'e:ba:bkan, :ke e'-~-Ian,tu:n.:gal' fiaik ''-'~altg disebut (;Jdz',_-:i (:k,I,·ta:g:i_ .JIll .'"
I'

ilie. aJ,

Za

--"I

S ~ It ,0

a. 1[,'. "i.' I: dl:i· '..'l:_~:1'121]( an

S Iec"a]l.

':a, i,1e

Za.t PS:·,I oaktif : nas uk ke dalam tub uh raala lui rm ,H,'t (mero ko dsnean ip'~)'. L"~ld:'i '1 nO" I mene La' usap ,.,..~t ..41alem b A'n, 'ii11~ .: ',a 'ua:pl12k! ,a:u ,,'ub,t~k)d,an da os'an, suntikan .. Bard asarkan ,pe'ng' _'"'It- .' ,
, , ,~,iIi, Y _ _"

~,.

!I;-,U, Ii,

.w, .' ~,,~

,I[U"

'i. ,"""'Ii '-'0

,!!l..w, ~, ,

...

,'liI!!_

,~~-,g",

!;,jl!Ii:i_iI. u.w,.ai,

iii,

,1;' ,

_" ,iii 1!ioJI.!i'i..

ob itt
I__

rhad ap .makas '-Yit, cb ~,t: psrkca - r,f' ap a;~ib,a:gi --,~ ~jec i ,en:l:p:a: maeam, yaib.t :I' bmul ~_ d ~i:~, e , -""S'S:-·: - ~ ha "'usino'ge, d an 1':r~.or_,L_~,_,ar~. f ~ r' ~ ee'l.mar :1 "llraJ,-= n,y&, ..
'I,'

,,'I

'11",

~·II

SmI S'tiln'tl:1a,n b e rsi


:,8',

,m,@,n,s', ~m,u:~,:a.sis istern


I~. ,~-_ ..

s araf l:inF]:pa,'~~,k
I. .

malalui
I

tts,a't di :hi, .(),'tamml,,~iI: Ss,lhi:ng':g,a meningka .. tkan ksrja o'~'!O'.I'!lei, - 'I,·,s,a] no-yo ~ - 'me' -~'n,'!)"k:a:f i!"--'tl't jant ' In,Oi" d an, "1&'-, . a lftt1 llD-' 1.'D.J . ...:l 0".!!I:1b , "1- ",[em ,m, _ ~'ln.I"~,~,a,t~_at\ k "'~"" I J' tI,a:l~~,I~, m,._in ,', e~t~.~_ , j'L\,P:L d - -I' S'u.'_,a.Ig,ara~l~ d_ -" "at', sj,:1 ,!.1.uJan rnemb eri ,(1:0, :t"angs' a:nga:n f e'l ",a"a.in:Y'8, 1J_tl1bt~: men .. u:nakan, be'fl3,g an:y a,le '·':ib, g c'le':pa:~dan, tidak merasakan sakit,
:1,
l l ... 1 1 ",. l. ~atl -" ....

-.J]

fi'l :I!.'~ ~ :f" ~-,~ ~~u.:ru.1i, '_.L ""'I'.:ii'''''~' d' 'O'}?'~' :o"',a ru'~ !"iiiO"k~' __~;m '" :~"nJr,r;t.~;q,_'_,;Q' ;'irJOL' -Ill~'::_-.l,,,,a, ' ~, kan ,, l~II:l'tas.i.:_,'a, nli~s: id:nY'Iii" b ~-_a:ri cle'nra;- :kIIC'I!':; at.a1'" ft'ns: :l,uarbias a, _ ,A,. " "" ~ r1J"TI',e'lm,n'I:,' jU,ga, :111.e:01pe ,I"garu h" :f•.u'n'_.s~, Qlrl':a:n~-'O'f,!gan 11 " :-I'a, ' ,1,,2U:l1J.'ya, ",ang [. ,e~i11Ub"1l -,I,a.n, e~lg,ao,hipctalamus, Sle:pef·t~ :pe:nin,g:katan, rasa :h;a,u;s' dan 'b,e':r:,I·'tllfal],g:ny,a, rasa ,apa:"'"' dan ·.··'aJ1., uk,

S:'thnu,'I2m d,apat barupa '-,ms'in" nikotu atau amfstamin (de ks ed rin, In, 1m' til e' -mni 11; 'I'~ 1:1 ill" ,,-i,I'alm~ S 1:1'""S, ko kain], 1 ~,'u~d,
a DIi~'~n~~'n, aO~~

.~ ~,:,,:I.,

',a I~'.

t§~,"' ~ ,~iI,II.:U,,}'

.,,11,
I..

'!!:ii~~,

,Ii.

.A1 o!y

0 pre

:_epres an ,- '~':I~,_\U,:·g's i untuk me _~ g"u'r;sulgi k -giat~_':~sis saref s,e,lm'ng'g,a,D,l,til urunkan ._ ti,v~ '1' ,e~m,akail':le, ,Pe'r.ll:akainya, tas me njad,:i lamb at d, all kad:a:ng:_' k ad ailS" memb 't~aJl1,ya te r tid, ur,
~'-,c r

,Ad,a 5
a,

.'21.:

ego ri It tar.I1,a, d repre.'san, y,al tu s eb ag;a), b e'~, ik'u'-,~


n1,11!: ak \,1 C
"..._.... J

1_'Jiilo'l (,~I'tH,alkehol)

'-',ar' itural,
_.

-,.

ebat .. -el
• •

••

8,"
I

.'!'._

'-lu

's:

,=. ti
• !.

[_

stco~,a - d a
• ' f· _' J' -_

@1 oba pe:nenang'"
:afllY'
I,

IN!",-

i--g' 'banyaik, d:i,:- a--~ adalah a'iaz'le,p


,-,0",

11-

I-~_wi,w")

IOI!'.....""u s"'III"""" n ~~." gill


S,S

~IJi!!I'n·n:IIl 1lJ~~,

n· , '11il!I:J!"!II'lr.IiI ,~lllg, n

d,

IOI:p:i:at~, m,e':ne· ~.l'PI opium, t


_I ,I

in", kodoi

,~I..

d".

,1,-,

m,e'tad,o:lt.

Il:m plO kmu~

d an b iasa Idiguna":;m1i s,e'ba:gm pile ,arlJlt:, misalnya banzen, to luena, dan karbon b!' rakle I,',d a
H
IUSi

anes te 'ti~~" :ftl, nC':e\"k'u, klc :1'"0 form, :hid,ro:k:a:rbo:n Iain 'J'an,g m ud ah

e"-e_',

dan s_ ,jlumled1,

:D1.E!I:n,:,-=uap

A,pa p en,~- r U hi na rkoiba '_eta.p ke1i1ildupa.fTBSII3,[fI

kal dan

:1,-- 11llI.,' I. ClJI, Mlanp,41ikan

~--- kaJ

nBirkoba?

:Halus:i'nog,e'n:l11eln _' unyai, :pengar.u:! _',l~;at'e:r'ila '~', persepsi t -,I'enil ihatan, pel nd e 'n,'a'rart d an j ug'a'-r e :mli:n,I_,ata.n re Ii,.-10 n emo sic nialL, :8 ub j Ie! k :111e' :ng':alanl:il :ha' 'us inas i" d Ie , ,:g'ru';1, ,d 0 sis ':r an. g' '~nIO-'lg~ - .A -I' att arjadi h-,1 _.' -Y'S~w '-y~~I"'IIU subje --, iI, . it"1i Ja . > ,W, sinesi Y--''!lilii -'g-' ~', ~ UI~ U(
l
i

n!lll

ILl

.:

'lJ

",

"J.

!£,~ fimiI'

'I

t'

t'"

~.

~,_

,tl'SI'l.L...n"iIliiiil'I~ II; tW.llli-!


'I

--

I,

I~Jt.

'1',-

§lltil

i§l'

..

I"i;

"'1

n:1
'~'I~'

i"!Ii iO ;, ILb

111' JII,,:

·~I'

~1 I,!!;,.~.:
'1'

~~

. ~.',,~,

W.,I!,

a· ,~, " m····. '~';l~""a'- end g,u' .!h",Lg,


"I

'§I;t''!ii!i'u . I~: . 'u iU,. I : 'l~ nd.

t!Ii "I~ i("IiIQ!'§I'i' 1!l;;)L.ii"

:IILO

1-

e ,iii, nd
10 >ei;,

'5liI "",-',.;

be

11.

'-!§Ii'

""',"',L,,"!F=~!Ij!-

c'=,':b'l"

tI-"Ii,d'-

V:i§1iIPllig' IL"" ,J,[I;;-&, I',~I ·1.:

~,~,"',',

1~!';;p,~L ,~,

'~'. ','~=" ~

t'~d'- :,•. ad u. ar-:-t'l" l-~id ,u,-,


""., ~, -I

"iiI1 ~ lut :~

""!i!II, :I : I!L-~,

'!!,

:H alusinoge n,_'~, ,_i:, 'uti, L,BD (,Lyse.I"g,ic ,A _:id ,D je' 'JrylQn\~ide) t :ST'~ _,e (nl~ri'p,. aftl,flt!,lt."i_ l, THe' (T,'e"~"'~Q lily',dJll' C,UJ~I "l,Qlu:~-ol), _,'_',IS, 0 lin t," " ,. "'b'i- .IU,al'"ll ~ .~ :, . ur] .. " .. , (d.,aI,l . ,:',,'h··1 kal... -,. "" ",',,e'~','·.'1'51 ,O,S~,. m I(..JI., i JI!',nu; JaDlU'!.1 d an,' .. """," 0, ,Ion, ,~US.I!!. ' 0 ")'" Rgy'1"CYC:-ldi~1'C P'IC---=I ("1:,e'ns,E!:k 'i.d:~,n,) sua obat bius :he!'wltn",
"

'

14,' .•

E E:~,fo-"a,adalah ObH,'~ y-aU1g memberikan [ rasa gem:nb ira d,1 n b'e':rgaira~"~Contehnye, 'ga!_,~ja, dan ,n"al"iy"an,a~, G,itl'ja ,ad,:,,~':~, ,;~ ;a:-:i'y'u8,:n-,"'R,:':Tlg-,eb' h k e, _,t al, K- lua IQ'Iat ,:,- rs 1'--, 'u't .:, n""g' ~,',ibatkan '.,.;~,e!!::lii~,. ,_,_) __ 1'I~y''§iIf'IiI'" .n m ~-W
_]'_, ___: ,~. _: _
I

"' ~,:_
,

II __

I~_~

__

I\~U,11!

L..

1&.01.

~I~.

"

-~ ._

llil

-',~'if

..~~
-'~-

P'enggu,n,aa;n 'V"~t.., bkan '-I"iO' J'~U",.L'!LtIl,1ll1 .~

nar
111I,~,-,L
'L:~IIiJlIDA,.,.

:,'0
Jill

"1

l!i.ll~·,

sel

':i,k

S:ieC8I'R, terus
i:i!uJLuJ[ ',~;".'
ti!!Ii ~g,'j~§i'~' ft' ~'.l~i

m,e':ner'U9
~!l!l

._"11..,

S-'iil!I"-

,i

'g'lg~'- ~ J.~,"'~:_':

a, tan
e
1

1L.,O U![I; 111ll!t.·"~I& ~ . ~AI'~''''IiI~C!'''t

,_

iii 'iiii~"!iI lUi"Ucih , '

hi '1Ji,:,""~ lot I;;,~., " 11!!:1ii"ifnCt '!:Ii,'lat

""\m iI:!' P ~ ~[II!" '1..,; r.i!! :_" ~ l,.lI. I" "'iL~',

n-jad ~ u:1

.IIi,

'iIf"U'~ ;a&'I' , i: :,;jJ ....[1..,

"II''; 11~l'iii"ll'Q"ny~' [~ll," n;M"1 : 11::& ,11,1100 U ,K . : id,

I,:al ;, ',

',~

.:1

etet ge'l!.iak" kesac 'afaj-" ,1l,!eJ:I'lll'ru~., dan d'-':lly'ut jantung melem ~,-~. serta 'te:l~jad,:i ~:,e',fu,saJca:n lan1bun:g dan h!ati~SI!,lailt i'tu-J' 'tu'bti, em,u:ru, ,~~~M.ku'tus k_r~'_c,_,g' ._·'~~,_-Ie,na'~,_af~l'~~ :makan :~ulang,~

Fun

-'Ii

p ~ ,an III_ (X, '~ _n"i d _'pf_ sa 'I) t ne{ malS'i1 g e lis:alh '3 u1~rag u- fa g ill AdiksiJ ~",el[tanICfu- '.ils1jQli1ogi'l(Ulubuh)
I'

rh Jd_llJ!

2~

311r ' ,o(tik'al

I. kokal," b. hSlrnin

c. mo' . 11m d. Dprn m


3:~ Va,ium

101: ~,al - B'ng h~ll:a g .3n ra sa sallkit n _ le'ng n~u!ll I ta n ralsv salldt: n - -Ien g t1 hi n g :~n r~ISI sililkit:
-

. nelte~'sl I: 'au pe .'_,'us

, d i'k:s~ ,isl kOI Otlgik A,d Iks~ ~,sil JJ{ ,Ollg iI'C d'iks ~ psi k@I-lollgtk

- ,dUcsiJk ~.'cadua , ,fl~sik,OIQgik UL _a)

~:asa 'JjrUulg

fL 8;,alfian penilkmat: a - mil -0 'mn


Ill.sfiehl

e. '~ein

_,lenJngk -:-'U[,:an Ilek:Dn- n dl,ilF,- h - en in glkat ksn 'IeIt a'n_ f1I da rah
__ ,snrnglkatk;an '~Iekanan

d. t'_,'(L'ron1in

__ In in gkat k,;un I'le 'I k,sln I n III;;; Fa '

dcua'_

d iks~ ~silk,oll~lig Ik D A,diks1 ~. il ::01, DIlgik s


A,dik~s~ psikcI,CJilgik,

A d'iil(s - I· silkol[ Ollg ik

"H'
"

n. '~'''f''!il'!li10.'IlIiilJ. '!ii"!i;, U [Ii" & i :


Ii!!i .A,

'iii'D"
l~l.

,;a
~

'f'iii ,~'n ''!:Ii, ,~" ~III.. !~ILgl


I

11.. ,;a 'I a, 'li"'IiJ-~ "~.1 ~." 1-'" <nl~1 ~,_'l~ 4I!. nl1_ ..::: '.. ~I,~ 11.., ~ di ..but k ,Ie 11 " ....Ja..1. 'b'~'~ ,t,~, rsec U,IL, ,I,e ,.,., .'. uri . ~'-I
~a_ ~ __

~"n' ~'a ,lll II....im ~I '11 'n '0- d ih S' ~ 1k ~ 11-, ,~ 1' I ,a, 11'1' r;..1 at .. a'~1~I . liI!!ii'II ,a 'n-'. -~, b " ,;O!!i;,., . U-,- '(' 'I lii!!iiI-~'~ )4i'~ ~'_.._ l~-I '~~I.~ ~ A 'n' _ lIJJ~' _ _' ~'.I. I'[,~-'~ n· d y 'I ..., _ '_'_

.iGii.

II

l.lllt"'-Jj ••

~I ~1I11t

llg

• _ 'll~'

LU

.i,

'iJ""ii ,~_Jl.I, L,

,Iil'\. U

II

'J

l~_~

horrnon y ...118' dihas -l,kft'o :Ian,gs'u,n.g , d 1 a,~ -_. (1 I!.. , d,1m" _:-h, ~ln,tl, . ','Ile,a! -' , W], :- ' "b _..-h . -t d , , d- ,,8
. . ti ., .. ,,' .',.
I '_illY . 1-'

.,-~.' '1' ,211 e'n,8"l"'t'~'d'k a..

_Ii;'

!!If"'

'Ii

~i

,iI!!Ii

-2'

__

till

."

l_

_I

, ....'-.', "~i'I~'" ... ' sann an, . ,mI811',P iL,U.l,yal ,,·.,t -,;i'!I ., .'.

ti

..

.,-!13.".

I,

SI

I,_:U-,:-, 'J1.

tub U_c_l~

:H 0' iT! to __'b,e'r',f'tL-_'g,si 'Wl,~,I-_'-'_,; :li,'e',n,:g'a'tln~' , -:112 rtumb 'U,_- an" :111_ ,__,_.0 eIisrns '~"U,'b_L~'}, E'\e:p:~od,'ukl~l, an ting'-.:,alb, laku, S'e,ba,:gm d

-'

koordinas -, 11;U,a, 1 hO:111'lO n, In,e:n1,:p'um1'l,aih,lt,b'un,gan 'y'e,ng o~ O-~I'~'-t·~-., '~"-~J~' ~ ~ g,fi"~,f= ,t~,'0 ,t "-':r- a d- a' _ 10 i~: eada t.lmu:n,'ny:a ',' e:n,ga.:r'uh,hcrmo __ 'be:l~b- la d,Le,n:S·-·[l S, "af~ :Pi!el,''tib ~i_ _,~~' 01- hi horme n _'ia,s'an:y:a, ,n1e ru.p,a, ;,an"e'm~Ll-' bahan :yand' rnemer'luk .. w'akt,u, ya:ng an
:s:~S'e'111
~ '~II" ~ ~Uj !L\til' ... ~tiJ " . iii! . I~~"

subsis smdalam

8.

2' g,

Ie!< ~I~ l!§j ~~

·J~'I

iliL

ITiii§
t", ~j

I 1!Il

~II

'11 ~ .II,
~'I

~U,iii,

ftrNi ~ 110~L ... ,

'C"

"

I.. .

0'"

e,:~ - ,8,'S ak .~ S Ie k s ual, ..~.


:~ ,=-:j -I

n' I0". 11;, n'"" " .l'a ,J:, ,I


'"

'I.

1rl ,r

~J Ill;

'iii ,iI. ~

I~ 1~1m- ,U I I 11~ a' n' d a" " , ~ ,:1 Ii'. " ...,'
'~i I!!.!II, .. ','

I, ~

a_saek ~_ ~·tvi a:s:, _s kel c, _ '_j ar ~ e':nd.olk:l~~ ,_ d.ib 121 akan me njadi I_.il·a, d ~ macam, :.'at _ 'U': 1,~ :ke,le~-jar :Ym1,g 1- ,,-. , -j,. ISlel,l~jang haya,t; '2,~ :k.le,l,el~jar yan,g be, ,.:,e'..B.nya m,u ,;I- S:Ba:t '11!'1r,;o'b!:n,,~u; da -, 3,~ :k'f!,l.enjar' yam,g' bekerja l,anya 'S- -_ pad. fHas't "te__enru sajal!
-

O,alm!D,3r St91 KI-Ie'njar Ihlonmon padmlsnlUSIS

._j,j,,~ hipofisis j ang te:l~-Ie't;a'k - i 0 ak bssar dis -:b'u I: juga 'UtlS ~e'" It!" glaHd, kare na m,el1gh,as'~lka,rru, b ermaeam-maeam h0n110n J'ang :firU!·_c S·la:'.'uf' ke:gia_,an _:-,1e'_i! njar hu,ftn.:ya", .Ke:i.etl;jai'"' 'h· f-· -,S; d ,:l,u,a.g·;,~ :n1.e!nla.~_l ti ·1.... • d - ,l,ga baei ~iii- 1b. t~ ~ l:PO'I,I.S' . I'ag"lan, yal.l~u a,:glaf!l, aJ"e:]r..~CL',' b as ian "ie ngall" dan b ag' all P QI S,eri ("r~ 'K s:1le':njar hip 0 f sis b IekS':fla, same dengan ,- ,p1otai.arn,tu; m,erlg',e;, 'l!daJ ikan IOf\garl-org~tl1 tubuh,
l I'

s Inn n . H-' 0, ." . bazi,I, n, an teri 01",m,B,ng,'1· "h ' " Oim:10n soma t.-,10,· ,'0:f~ ", .-' I I:P '],5:1'1; ~.'ag a 'Ie" -' :1a.s:r ,:,<r (: 10:[ ~·.-:_,o,'n. ps mb han), H 0 :rr.1,O -. i:ni berp e n.,ga, .=u-~' .~ ada ..-Iml rtumb UI-L ~In-:I ,i ~I ,'1f"ii"\' -, - I" ni 'P-~'_:~. 111 !~a ,: .§111'5'Icib-~' 'h-ill, ~"J fttu anak ... nak :_,,~,._ e ,_~~.g·a:k~'b _;_< a'-~k' r ' '~'-''~'Lt:~"afl. r _~ 'S as::i1' "81'"\:' disebut g~g'Qft!·,is'n~e'" ,A'I,at;:i ,:a"e,I,le:bi, ;a1:l ini 'erjadi pada eran .. r dieIi,\: .as 6\. ,m,en:yebab kat, ple, tumb U112l:' rnam ,'jang' Pia· a. -.j--~nr"" 'UjUillS tulang b~~.r t'e':ll:l,u s:le'perti ' :ju ng,-, uj u,:n,g: ,tulan,g muka, " at-"g d i,~s b ut -~k.''''''I~u:::8Qll~~ek .,r,~' \gM :10' ~,~.-: ',<-II rtumb uha - a -;an, e _,~ 0.11, :illie 'ng'ak ibatkan :P e ~~I'tm,'b u han ke ci~ dis eb ut Jut! iJ1~~IUC.,~
Has
,~I .
'I~
I'~ ~ ."_ '__ 'J 'J. 'J • '. J

ir-li

,t 'I '!I'Q'IIf"liI~' ,-1!§1Ii


UI~
I',

'I

•I

JlltitiL

1111 C!'
!~-~ ~

l~

l~iil

,',

s-

!!5

iIl!Ii ~

'iii

.•

III

'~~iIi,!li1

§ll'''''

Ii!ly]

I:

1]1

ii"'ii,'iiI"iIi
W II

J'

iiI

•I

'

,':.

!It?IlJ . _

I.

I~

.,

IKewla s a malip eta raj MUS ,Cllen,o ;;Uiil I_~I-I fij a r Jp 0_- iIhs e uritu k: me n glend;a ~Il: alrl ,alk1~', ~,aS 0 rglln

IG I: bJr'=,,' 0

rr :ya:n,g 'mlertgat~~,:r :p,e:I!i'h..Ultll'b'uhan dan ' u:ngsm ,ke',8",jat' :glo,n- ok a,tau ke,-I@:nja.r' '~iro~,d"" Hermon :illm, mempengeruhi :pellgan1bi I,an, 'u,nS'U'f' icdiurn dan s:i,I- t,e'sIS :11,0, (- -101 'n ,:I~O ks in, H Q' no:n ",,-, r - n1o' '-I -,0 r ik Q 'tro,l, I ,-,CTH) d Hormon
-,-:i,ro'tf'of: adalah hormc
-,!

he rme n, :""~-_;__ tan:g:!k ~ ~g k,_ 'I' me at' ad, :~@ ~ _id 'U:1F\.'I 'ul( .'-.~_ _k:l~~'si:1'1 ,-t,o:k.oll~'ti.k.o:~.d HO ~'QI-, " :Lak"bllg' '_, a'batt 11.01:~' -,0ns _~,:k Prolaktin 11,\ll!lrup:akan hermon : ani 'm,E!lran'l:s;ang :ke,le,:njar susu untuk 'In,e:ng:has:~l.'a.;n k,e' enjsr air' is 'US"U,~
EilI.l
'~,_I :_, -;,i

I'

H' o !~m('1'[1, go :0ad 0 ' ,~o pad a ' l' anita, tie:r< i::i a a:s ,F' oll:lie I e f s: f'l,u'M,ll' -,IJ-: nCU;;,uo.,ru: (F'SH)t 1'ft ~'g-~ e' ~,'"\'I,n:g! - n1,1e.m,~ang:s 8:-'g'

fol~k.el O'V'~ :i,um,., ,m-,,'-'lg',h,:asiL ,S.f\, I~S'I,t~Olg n, L'fl_-':(-=t'11-:z;~'~1',& H(tU'lUOI'i'C' ( ~.':CC) y'ft 18' 'b,~,~,'u,:l'B,si m,I':m,p'\I ~g'a~'uh,:i :".-rtumbuhan fori ,~f!llovarium m,_1oj ad i. ,ko:_~'u:5J .l.U.b!lurR, -:,O:I-:-~IU:S lIt,te'tun alton, mengh as:il tan, - 1,'(1 S'be re n I'e
: I~:r-.', ']b'1i;l8'"
OJ

lS S
II!"

b 9I

11
'~ii!l!I

~ H';pot,!. '~ :w,,;,, b • ~iI3" ~ \..r;, ,I: ~I l!l;;-'O:::":iIi.oU.IL "

i!:Ii ii""!Ii

1Il.~"

.~,-e len as:, -,a: 8.'U,


1__ ' ' _ ,

" _: e lanes
, __, _ ' _'

niD" :II ~'IUO'": !I/L<!IWII;,; 'I an' he nn I ,v ,I'Ll ahm !II'-"'IIO' h' :l,!I!!! 1·1- (. ,~,' An p 1:0,WIl
l!!!Ii

iI!II ~§'i"'1
'1/;;' ~~

"'"0

D"' 0' It:o S i!li,.i..I~O


~,'i~ ,

. __ ,~,iI;-I _' __ irti "e;i-::~o!;o .. U b . '. ,_' O'I~\,on


,_,Q~

L'S'th-rrt:ul.e(iflCt~ Horme
.

',:' ". yo

.ihes
'__ '

·11" ~Ji,

.. I. , ~ ,'-_

--: (:,,":19: )1~ '~'I- aD :f18, H .:_~ .'1 '8 ~ ..... .. __' _,1~,.' ,_ "', __ "_ '_'·· , . -,b,··':....'_.,-',,_-_ ''f:'~J:'le _' n k__ ,' __ '~
'1

,-~:t-~'-.'-,t ne:11ja( ,j, '-. I

item,

~ enJ r T r
I;'-::._"dl".' ,~,' ronin.. "y':i!J;.r·. 0" I!!..~._y.l,~.c... , .'

e n a Gon 0
k.le
,j -' . ".A,it'" _11,~I

:H O'_c-c_c _.

0 :_'

Ms'--.ihas .i.L ~an


.1'J1

11tl'

'~'"

10 -::_ ..

" s e'", pi t!1 r"_umnunan b~ f'· ,~':III_." 11. , ',' . t .... k -,,t ,•.. ,",. ~em,a,an,gan,,"9 Ie' .su -_ ursrr', ''I!.,., ,-' ... gm,-.. . d 81-', uUSI ml, . p'e,o':gu.b .-11.·, , . :g,.,U&'Q1sa, anan . '1--.'~!~. '.. 'me'n)· i 0' I·iko g n- S12' ain i'tu menehas _ ilk an he rmon ': als· 'Ito" in ad 01 POle' 1-011. ... .,'ang barfungsi nte:nJ:aga :ke,sl8 rnb angan k a S:i.'U:ITI arah, han--;-.lv' ni Y' '-;. .' a, L. ~ 'y.iQ I~D ....:J ~ ~ b ut e- U...... ._' ",""" _.' i,.t, L, _:_.~.h 1~1"¥'ii 'n--;_c .c...... -..b '~;b- '1." 'n' 'p'~ ,iI. 1 '~ ~'mtJ"s as ed,- S -. ,:g an.. -: 'l"rang ~'n hermon .",:11.i pad, - :f - :ua --, · tu -h'a.n a.J~an, .m _,nga'.J(.l a.l~_an p e nylQA!l~, , .'a.t11' d·~,:b,"; ,-' '11",,· ,,··l·,"b·· .. .. 'II.... ,.'= r __ . .ISe , J I .II I 1S,nr,6" A,,.p:au ,~a,,t.e 1Ja,Idl~i' p a da ,111a5 ,8 Ie'was a, d'~,e' . t-,!Ii." )1'" lrDeM; en... ~"".', ',"., ", ,_1"'!"·~1. "~, _a ,- ", _,~ eb l s
~ ,d :~llem" \J:r!tU;l 1 'U,,_Ji~, e :11'e<r~g:1 • _"an
'I
I'

.11' :nj,w:' b.l 0 idl stJd. wah .~:I~O. :1' ds _ . .si m' 'b,n',~ ,~. I. :I ~,'!l;1_._._.,. _.c...-.r.'~f.!lll,&'''!:i" -~' '-"li!i'd, 'p :r,,,,",, ' b'~l!b_ru.,1o~' ,I ,5 .1.".1 IlJ.,mJ v- i=.lS:l~
'~~I':it
'''ii'i'i'lo ,~ .....

i'ii9l1

I~.. "

k S id 0,__ :m,:,asn, '_ __


.,.. I .

".•

I.

•.

l.I]!l

.•.•

,I

I...

.••

.'

10'

'1

.",pl.

I" ,.yl._

~I .Ii,!I;·L
-

'1"iii"'ii'-1
I~,i!l;

I~ -

H_.

Q ,if;..I!l.'-', , ,

,"

'1"1'10', .

'I. '.' ,..,;",-~~.

1-

.' ~,~

'1"'110

0 ~I!Iii< _

'...

u, _'..
I'

,--:c

~.'-'i

_c,

-I

I"

'."

II;,/i

"1

"11'-'

,:, .....

"'1.

1,_'_

'I:.

",-1"".

ell·

,',",

,',

'1

11-

.'

,~I

..

. '--1 ", ..- &..egem,U.&.B11.) (''II.. ,-1"

11

dl·,a.11 11... :b,,-.. d·,,0,· an, '.' Ke,· OJ '-h .


II
"1'- .

ie j r :Ke,le'njIM ., ~ menghasi
~,Ct,~, l!Ii ,--,; ..

d ! ere .an
.' ""''I.
~

a
II,

na G n
'!!ii, OJ
;II,

n pia:t·'a: harmon :y2i.'l1._' b 'e',~, . e-,.;., e' ,1 Ji! ~, , '" !fii. m ct ~, - 1L.. u 'II ~ 11 d alam 'hi :nr.l!l. JJ. Ke,'l,re'bihan h,o:m(llo,n, irii m,e n - ~'e,'bab,lt,a,n kalsi: d,ariMn tulang 1~-'raDl'bl'-ll sel '~'~, 110 fa '(-rJ·~I'-~lleJ",O"e"nda·n,al' in'ctgkalsium dan ." " '. ,, [ I ~~ , .' 'D '~' :n1e :nyeb,a'bkan b atu g'~n,~;ati Pad a beb erapa 0_ a.n>i Id,a:, at 'n~ 'n"Y' '~"b',-.:;'"i.•• . "K~ ti\f' - -,' ~ 'II, ~ ,,!,,,,.'Lr''E' a IU'~'iii"iii'€F 'n au ru'[~~11... ;-'11 ,i .... ~ Il,W~ in,i, akao m.l1,e.RY'leb kan S'EIJa, a, kat a.. kapur d a am darah ab r mern 'U'll" ,keJwlgtangandan .':ak,· jari-jari ttwlgm1, mel' bengko ~ 11"a ~"l,' ,. :_. ,_'11 esemutan dan sukar tid 'U_, ~I~':b: " ,m,;. ,. ,~'';''~ ,IJ.' . '. i.. --r'
h'OI'liDO
,& >a, ,.- ..,.
,I." I~ .

':-'"!ii ,; GI'g:Ii

'~i

~...

~,m '11ii' 0011' I!1ii

-"'""IIi

Iii.

I -.

, 1,:0. i!;i-'5"

-;

'i 'iHi"li'''!ii 'Ykil; ,IL.I'

'"

~~ .. !!!iiU;"I;, Ii,

'. _ IU,J],

'~I.p

'i!;i,.l!l,

~I

,",

_I

- ,'"

i r •)

::l

lr'"

I _I

~'

•• '

1_

-l

I'~

,i£"jj

,_. _'

~'_,

"!::Ii,~

II

,'. tI 'III ~ >ni, ._: .:_:~U E~fJ ~

'_!

_l

l~_II!i.__

tC

~I

~t __ '__

-I

"

II

Ok"'

,~~

~_J.__

-_~II~

I~O ~

"!:Iio,1Ii'"ii1

'h" . A
,_l

I yl

,~.,~,I,V '_' , i

lAo

r.;;.1~·

"-=t'- ... --

-p·'!:Ii.'iii"'IilD'1

1!l.1!;;,U.1~,

,WL,

1ilII',,'~ Ift;.ILcU

.'

Ii'

I e~ e
-_',-1' ~

r
l

:K :-1:hT! ini .11', :nl l!Ol:pe'- :',; ada 'bag·an atas gi:l~j:al" P:ada s 21"tU, ginJa),e; rdape t tH.t'tu, keltS'ija,miJ ad,l'e nal :-'-ang le:r.b,a;g". '-11e'njad ",- ua 'bag'i.an-;}' 'Y'ai'tu, b at.'~a, _j-.uiI_I"(~..erteks) dan b;agia_l', tet,gM (I'll = d'uJa)!!

Ho: __ :_,_on, ang' .~:ihas'lt'


':ffi"1il:ii
I II ~

:M
~Ul lii::1I

n' 'v,a rl~"pI,,} ~ I !W~::_'

"I'IW "?Ii' iI I~'

'if" liL'W~ .Ill

--"!il'lil

I til"

d'I ari
.
I..

:i.J 1&

d "="I~·,,~,:L
.
J

ker ikoi,d, :nline'ral,~'an,g berfuagsi


fLl.

."

".

J:l1

:Ire' -I~ ~ In,'~ . s.··· !!:!II'~ i:1J1U


rjJ.1 'lUI ll. ..' I ~~

ii/"'
iii

,,-.
"

ad

IEt_~~

:'!:il IP"~·[ll,i .... ~


~~I

01[i.
J

,ml

Ij

'ii""·'k'o· ,1ILt.ilJ 'b," e'ii!lJf'·,.'l-"nO'I!!!"~ .t!i.'n~,i'k'k·'!!:i'R' I ~d·"; '!!l:il"" '8' '1;"",'1 n ~a ,~~ ..J1~I!li!l3ii.:1h- ·- ~"I , . ,iL L. ,ill, a d-I~!l§'~ r d ~ln' nl~lncr.lll'b--··g·h',gn· p·~o-··re 11 ·"en-·, " ...AI~1 ~ u. -u '0 '"",-,". ~I I, :,
u ~IO" ii"iIl 0' Jr-:l -,' JIlIIWl.w1 LIl.' ·.wl l~1 ~I
E"",,ii ~L,
, ,',

o·.

",~',.n,iI!"1iJ! IEt_~ 'L'n ~ LJi U [Lv


foo

III.

1 .' '.

I I '[ ~

I I Ig!iJl1

~J

'iI''iil''i £1 L,~ ~ llJ~D'

~IL:~

I'

~JI. ,"
l

:',1 I

~Ii

"I .·.U ~

.~J

b-l'~Ii!II[i!!!Pii!!ljlir'-!:Iln
II;, 'II!;;

I!;;.U ,iI. Ii.

'i:O

!so)I;.,

-.

.Ii.,~,

.. ,iii, ,11;,

[II

,!L

~1;,U,l,

glik,og'el1, d.an se~.~ ~ju.tnya m,e:~ja;~ti:slukosa

151.-•

Ke.:r~Ui:aka:n. pad a ba:g~al1 'ol[',e,:ks

k"e enjar
l

adremal
ndSt1,
'S -

'-~@-I:g,_'

i ~a: kan :pen:~·~ak,it:;~ddi9.ml'l~' s'n,gwl, :glejaIa lk.le ,e ,-' - an,


L.~,

,-_,_a-~,a,n bsrkurang, ~~,- t uh, lam


'I

U'~~, :n'u:n.'"'~_::-<m.ll>_i

I-~_ dan I-~:r&s:a

it di

5
Sal pada

Pa

pankreas dlike" -,811, se'bag,w, pr,d u I-Lgc~~1QJiS,~ u1.au, :h~\'l,![e __ i.l,~~'_' ' ~llas 1__ ~,-'mlS -" '~.a1':~ ~n~ll :0" m__'S u~_in-~ u~i_- b Ie '_-=ful,gs:i _O a Ins mangatur konsentrasi g': .ukesa dalam darah, Ke:le'b'ihan, gl'uko's a, akan d·i.s:kn:pm dalem se'], hali dan rselanj _'n,ya. ekan dirembak me'ojad,:i gl~'ko g[e:n, 'u:nt111" dis UJ1,,- an " 'I:.-:e''~U,,-, . _'-l'gan insulim d apa.! .-. ,ei,-yell- a'b \ a dl ~,~=,-'es: 11", tttus-' an gatng:g'l.'~'a'n J'an'\ fl,g' :se:r '8, g'l' 1]a '.'
~I
I'

iI

,-

G
~ -'!;,;,~~' ','1' ,J -, ~a ~ihaailka ~" e,11, evarium ad alah he :lD10:R e's·tl~oglt:l' dan -~ 0'OI:ml,IQ[:n, :I~o,ge's1-' _'~(ln,~, H:,o,nTU)"_~ __ :1' __log,e ',- diha-s~L,~an h FQ.~.1~,-= Gu.- _!.:!' '~ oL._ 1 Pernben .ukan,hermon ini direr ,g:s;a:~n,golell.f,S:H:~1Fungsi es -,rlOgen ad.alah lu.ef1Ji_"__'b'ul_. an dan memp ertahankan tand.a- rane a :ke'amin S'II:!" unde :1'" p:ac1,a, ',~'anitajj ITS11d:., tand a ke lam .:11. :8 e! kunder adalah tanda Y'a: ~g' I~- ,e'mib e'd,.8ka.~ an'~ara ·t1v'ani; t de'!l,ga.ft pria a ~anpa,me ~ -: @ l en1,innya~ s'al:-lya~,:p' ~'·li-. embangan ,p;a.y'ud,am iha',
_ '1iiU !Ill l l. ", I"
I _

Q1V'g"ii'"-;'W' '~i,l. Ii.' -----:-;:,,['-- '-IF

,~tIi,

~'n'l

'I

-:-,',
,I

""'",' 'I,''-.,
~

1r;.!a!!II1

't'if:
_ 'I~

I'I-"fil,i
l~

,'j

'i

'-"iII",lli~

"~

AlI"'iij

~~

l",

'j'

'La

:1 ~.

-I, ,,-. ,;-

'if ....-g
~I!~ ~...:....

'tg;
'~!!I

I',e' s ,t I!' E~'OIn, d,ihas :iI: .' ;a~n,0:1 h .' 0< :f'p[ us ~,t~. teurn " Pernbenh, kan :proge's'b~rOI!l, d:i: "gsang;' olah :LH dan bar un:g'si me:n,:, 'ia..p'kan, dinding u, erus a,S'aT dapat rnenerima tel'uri, 8'1'1 :S:'1Jtd:~'· d'-b'u~I'.ir ,-:-I~a,u l'1.,'e:I'y·Ie.,b'ab·k.-['~t '~Ie" ~,'Ie.:ba1aJl\, di -:d,:i'ng 'u~e:tus:,", ,.S[-bar.I',8,.1< ~,~'i[an, is'tJJ:'O:R'~:n,dan : regesteron ~[:ru's dihas "Ilk: ole a Ia':'p'~', '''n" "_1-"1'~ .j'p -, ~." h ,,-'am'l_ !~,~, ~ 'ttli1
He m,n, ,no ',0
1,-

-10

@I

1-

1",-.1 i~!Ii

-:"iIi

"-

iQ~
~_Q

a't~'-'

~L,

"~~I

~ ~.

--

-,1~a-,g. ' I!. 10' !liJ',

~i ~.,

;--

."

['I·'

~iAi, ~U,I!II,"

'.

I"

g,.

'I

",~,

~",r~

'~,

-,

~!

'j'

L :""

U~

g.r!l

T ~s ti,:s: III ='rU:1.akan 0 :I:g,an ~~Ie :P:f'IO_ u:ks i, .J'"LS US pria Te s tis me n:g hasi kan :[]O'm1,Qn ands 0 g en" y'al' ,u. es -as"e'~OJ1.11Tes tOIS' e ro berfu'R esi I '(!lnin1. 'Il~kan eiri-ei '1 seksual pad pria, ,isaJny" '~, dada rnenjadi bidang, '~umb'u,h,,['UD1,is.~,dan suara I nenjadi ' ebih berat,
_ II _I

_1_,1

II

"

__

__

'"

_,_,._

Ilill

1_'_"

'"_

"

'"_

'_

1"_,'"

__

',

~._"

_"

I',

n er
l

ngl

tn
,I

Indara p e!'I\1,:gli,.ata ." saeara _.' husus terd apa,t "Iad'a !o,:rran, ,,u'b~ih, :y,ai tu mate, S :ruktu aata t,erd i.r'i aeas akses oris , nata, ate.' bola 'mala, bo a mat saraf otak Jl, dan 101.', smbahasan iru ,-atty~, aJI:-I'n :n,- ~je las lc, - in~' po,ill ~~ am ~-'Ierr
_I'

ses

II

Aksesori rnata ".le:rdiri alas ali 5: mata, kelopak rna ;a" tr.,: 'U, mata d an, ,apl]~D:U~: ll1'(~r'l~"tlllis ,"ltng :masi'ing:-otas:i,n,g' 'm"e'm,f ,i "i, s tf'Uk:tlt'f."' dan ·:ung s~, ,.'a.n,g b e: ,edl a. 1)1 ,A is m.8\ta, ter Ii:r·, atas rambut :_; asar ,ang' '-_er e __-_. !ne,h,:!l'hm': I_j, atas rnata, _~er,fu.ngsi u'n'tt~.~_ kecantikan dan :me,jnd,u,f\,gi
!
I

'm' I tt;·rt'L!1t1t
o:Iil ,,~,
I I

~111LU

;'11 '!!!:Iiil'i"'·~
I

~l iI!!t ' "' '1" ..


~J!I;;'1

·n.Q.. p"·al'iI.,
J

_Illli

2 )1

fib uk a d ...:11 a,",ot 11~ t,'- ~'S (u·bibi' ris okri--+ ya:,- g' · me':I1.ye,bab kan mata manutup, Ke,],o:p'k. b srfungs i un. :elk -1~111·~ , ',,_ 'U""g',il be ~ ">'!ii~1 -;. ,;11-, -- ,~~', ~'iC!'1'" ,',C!ii"' 'y-:-~'"O"' a,d' ~ ,.;11- U·d~'~-EI.·J D ar ~L ~lJ' ..... ~.u~ ,d B,P at
'1'18
'1IL.,-!lllUU a,JlJI11L~"J -'~-~-'" ~'~.&"
(i-:~ ...

:Kelop ak mat~b!' rdi ,1. atas d u,a, b a,!ian, yaih.;l, ka Iopak atas dan 'ba"",a~,~ L_a'~,'e~'.:a ,o_o't mara m_:_:m,: "uny'a,~ cfo'_,- 'f~:~~ll~S t va ,OIJl· ptll,peb:r'if1 f '1an:: d. a,p,a,', me 'lla:ri , ke ,:o:p a s e':hi.:ngga,
J

1,IEUll!,C!

3)1

:01Ldurna

_ 7aJj,all ,'arnbu'l pada


IIC-')',II1"~' -" ",',1
1 ,_ I,'

ujung
t

kelopa
1,

c mata,

4.) Jl PrJJ ·;l~=":


,.·.·,'!l:IiII.~
_I!fl;._t;, .

'p ':$ S 10 ri, :R1.~!ta :-,ang :,11, - m,,·li .i :ke.l,enjar' air mata :y~t'_,I' b e l.~fu__S:I, unt ak :m,e:ng·,_!8S'·.l ';211'1 ai,:~~
~h

mt

:P ada 51- '-'iap' L ata 'II rd alit," enam o b) ,t lurik :'"<n,:g me :ngll1:ctbtUll:g' '21.;- b ola rneta die nga11. '~ulang .-',i, s e k itarn:y,all 0' _'IO, I t, ,i,n~'be':ri'u'_, _,:gI1, nlel:!lg':elr~akkan bola :1118'_8 se:h:h\ls':ga mata I'~-_a;pa)_' .. me ,h,.ri It E!! ,'" anan, ,. te' kiri, 'atas:$ dan b a. -rah, a'e rakan 0 hl t "0 a, mata e ks ;fins' k, i'l _'. be'm.da di b 8.l!\_;'-, n ke's:oo,RfW].!
I"

...

Bola mata 'be'-·Idiri atas -'~:ga,la,p:~'s,an.~ari luar ,kl_ dalam, yaitu, '~,u'f\:ik,a, :I~OSi~ bunika veskulesa, dan '_'~_:I_ik'a :c_,lerfVOS'tli! f~~

1··

ITunl I'
.

!!I,e- ..)

.1

,a-I fl-:I"'b-'II!'
_J I

l_Jlg

iil'JIi ': ,

..

Tunika fi.b resa b!'.rd~,riates sk I,era ,yang' 'b,e':rll\ 'af:na pultih-J.' tidlak tsmbus cabal_ a, dan kornsa be,lnbl'us ~:aha:ya, ('trans param,

Kornea

Hk.,· 11 anyak s e rab u ,-1,e'ng'and'ung :~-Ie:m auluh :-_1 arah,

memil

S araf,

re a:p i"id,ak

,,!!

If
,.

& .-

113 3mb air

S-ru: ur mat.al

s1

Lapisan ~e:llgah 'b'0 la rnata yang erdiri atas ,_' oroid~; ,0:, _'U,S l(il iaris d. an ' ris~ a. ""~. . ',- --"hn. Il u l, dl b_ I~ I" U:_'p. a ,Ed,,:~~~ 'u,- _, "l:Iip !:III'n ,',I;,_lI.l ~'"n- 'ffUJd 11l::,:,p- ~ 0' I" &:~ ~II ._'V '_~ mens and un'. f~ anvak ,_: '-,e'me 'U.llll:,' d aI",aJ1,~, ;0 ,0 ,~ .' be rwa ""-n' hi tam a.. :'!:I('~ eo 'k iat La" ~ II V' l~ U '- .. ,::-,--:, 'and, 'u,n'B' :P :-,gm,1 -,:n, s .-,,-:,-:n'lgg:a --: e :1'11-'--,;ilb,= -, '" at Ial'l . -,- ,_. _ -'~ m.". '~~'1\8 :01:B. -,8, _,._-'IIftl~a.d" :G'leJ,a", ~ II). 0 _,1 '~ b] :1<>0. r p 't1.~S -,:i., ~ a ri'S " 'E!I:r1e tak d j, an' a,1 a b at a'S depan retina lS:m11"_:~:-- bates sklers kornaa, c) :ris, :-ll,eru,:paka,n, s'el~,a"p'-'-.'. :m,e:~ingka'l~yan,g' :,"',en,:gg':a:n'_un,:g d,:i antara Iensa dan ke nsa, 'uban;g' bulat d,i, It,e'ngah ir::s d:is:,e,'but ,""~'F,il~ ,oS :1: ~-~,engant~'unB' ban,C-':ak ~lleln,'b'ulu'h. darrah d~=-~~~
1 ,I

I'

"'"'A l

Ii:!io

-II

"§i'"

~I

i/"!i,

II!"

!Il;.

1t

1Ijj;.!I.

l~

~I

~'I.

•.

':-'"!ii'!:li il. Ul

_J',

-I ~ .. .gm,".,

til., .. "

~,Ii!i, -:I "~ .

.
iil
I

'ill 'itn-'l'i ,-",:",


~·,II,
Iii ~

t..., P-- . ~11g:r.n'II J!;"


I I I,'

-II J

,11;'"

n-

'--:!"iIi

i,!L!§;,~

~ n,ol
'I~

n---: 1
", '.

ll~~l~

iii 'ill t., '~'iif"fil

l~i

·w"- e-, _.
1_.

-=n·· '~"I ~
.
J •

m"ata.. ,
,~

...

'-I;;jliiiillo
. "11'!I!i;'~1

'lI,
1. 'J

,\'Ietina merupakan lacisan ~e,rd.aj,aD1, d,aJ~:i a mata ymlS' b'O:1 :P'B ka be r·'· ad a,,_ ~ 'a.n,S;'s,ang':a;n, cabna:Y'liIli S,s d, 21:n8':- 8:0" b a.g'i: _ U'I",8'1l, n saraf optik ya:ng' tid ak piska, terhadap smar clan daera 1, mi is el'b'~I,t b!I:'l:dj:
I ;, I. I~"'-'I~'"

'ti:ga. lapis :ne"uron, yait.u Iapisan 'rod' dan 'Q~1'e (s-J :.-Ier ~cu,'t:)I- :J b a,'an.,g dip li:l"lu-!~al'untuk P'I!':l'g .ihatan :,a~_ a S Cw~u!~yareman.g, ,- m,el,r,afbay:~ ,-\g-' --:"Co 'yai d,:~pel' uka ~ 'utl'l;"k, :llgl~.~ _'o:tm"el'i:'-_ .aktu b!:ral',g' elm' untuk 'In,_1il,a. 'm~ lit, Lapis __ __ -_ ne;U,t~O _d i:b'a;gi me nj:ad,· d, t'ta :!",2hc.,amn~ raitu, _,8 pisan :ne't'too n b :i, "0 ar ._,
Rell '[11m,'te:rd:~ll'i aJt:as:
~I: -, 1_ .c ~_

dan II~-" .,~,~O'!il"iio,n 'u'rA'n' 'I 0poa


-_" _l _ I 'l~~ ~-".~ __ }~' _ -_, ~,~

~,~n@i"
_I

~I

~ A,l!i("iil '0 I_~~~[~ l~~

I"~
¥;~

n ..., s
C,w1aya,
yWIS"

masuk kJ3' daM. m bola


i

01 a'

a me .alui lub,l:g
't,

lu'p._m akar menembus empat me die refraksi, a'~lt:tt,_··O:I~ne., ~r.1:lJ. ,- !~IO:~' ae :UO' 'toll; l- 'ns: , d :af vi,t", ~us S~I I' ,-al:t, rr e ~g':,' ern i a mp at t ~. smbiasan, b aY,6l11gml : ~an ja:t uh d i f'_ tina, '[I
,Ad:a 1C'~'u,aeara 'yan,S dapat dilaku ,·an a,g:m-" baylU1,gan benda dapat ja','ul" 'ep8't pada ll'\Eri ina, '_',~ 'litU:

a, b.

:~,~. ~atllb:ah, :P anjal\lg bo ia mata, I!:_, >,- .'ng'uba,h '-.,-.:'0,8"u ~I,g,an,,--, ~,S-'i! 'P' -O:SU~:9: p,e'f't'~ ahan dar l~~_:g,ku lensa diseb ut Qk(unlJdas,i~
r-

:Sa:,'an,gan banda 1an,g ,ja,ltu~h, pada

:l~e' ma

,_ _2··.an raJl,gsan_g R1,e


l

Rod, a'l,au Co'n,e, kemud ian melalui se!:l"mn,g'l{,aian, reaksi timbul ';'acta S 13' :gang: ion, '-,~mudian, irnpuls dij ."I,Bu,"kan 'te, ' hias,ua' e opt "tt s, rt1'C, ~ IO,pt.i es, la 'U ke ha'ial',~i'S iOIP~ ''lhl's:~ Di '~:h . amus ~ Ierjad s inaps, ll;clermudan im,:p'uJ.s d iterus ar ~"!,dae rah .. i . .. ~_a:((td' Ill, -,0 '-' ksi ~,~_:_,_,s, .. .-11:.. ,"e:n,g ··'h~''- ...~~ ." _ 'Ll1 GL_ '1 tali 0 ,', J;'l:p~ ~"
I'~
c_j,__

Gamib,BF g~- 3:
.'_kOfl]) .-'alIi

mata

a
Kelainan pad amab . bE~":acl karer Ia. ka aina . ,re,lrak's,i calla.ya, .isa1 '1'8, mata 1,iAJ: yoi suaru kcndi si rnata de:,~gw" '-,Ie .nsa, '~e rlatl'i eembung at a,C1 bel a mara be:\ alu pan:JH'llg'i :D@'n,g'an, l
'I~ ~I~; I

demikien, benda ,d,-:[···,a,'~.. I;M 'te.',rlli~,:ha:t jelas :kat'·_ Jl'ba,',.anga:llja' 01'1, ,-I,atd,ar-e'UOL S,e,d,ang,k8f\, banda jauh akan terli _B't kabur karena
I_

'ba~'al'I'M, ja_uc_,·_'_:i, d,e: ·an fe'::na~ __ata jenis ini. ~_:~'k,o~e,ks:i, _ r d=:_,'~g,a'n,
'~,e' a c,e' It ung ~ ns den "'~"iill lensa 'Y:I--1j3\" ,~I ,0 'b:'r alu pi_, i atatt, b o ,e., ' .,' ta, 'te:r.lal u, pende S',e~li',g:gi\, benda,
'K-'·-',m,-'~~I~n,'.. ,Il~u. , 1
" 1!1;; r-'"!jj t, L

, '"

m-I

ia 1,I!i;;c'.

- ,. ,_ _ '--:,IIII!Ii,"--'-,'--:' -. II;, " ,.

e, , 1-,"0·-' ,_:' ' I. 'p~'I"

1""":'""1' ~~I m,ml".

m--:, ~t}l!lil

,U)!;-iIl,

,111;;,.

"!;-1!l,;L,,

fIi!! '!;;iJ!j,

etO ~'_ kilmU1 b u at !ClI mba Ir


mlsnggulrnlDn [kimma,

_.

I, ,

i~

dekat aken te'li~,~.l"a kabu ~ karer a, 'ba.'~-,9,ng,an jatuh (libe,a:-'l'g .. t r~ ti ,JL _',.= 1m,nan i:ru d,n,p"a'.; d ib antu ds :llgaJ:l ,-. _'s'a c',e'~~-"I1.'b'u:ng'"
:, "ata as,'-gm,a,,'t ialah .:: ,8;,8,
. ,e'n,g'an D,

d en

~«lllfUlist _, c:alha,Y,3 kumng


-I,

_, c:aJtmY,il I ',amng

:"e'n,g::··..U,' "ga'n pIe.rmukaan

kornea atau ensa yan tidak ra


d,engan Iensa si inner"
, ~t "Ia~a

[mulus], ~,el:a:i'_,~an,~,'m" : dikereksi

t.. "-I 'h '~... ,-aan ,,~:r'esu':10 ~I ~.'a'a" S"18-'·, ,~ea,",Ien,s'a kahi , ~Ie', ,:t,8:11ga~ 8'1,as'.t,t;, itas:: ,"f,a ,:arena 'be rtamrl'b:ah.l],y us ia, lWa'tfrl P l~e'sb iop d ib an, ..
I,

~ Pen!IJI' ~ur ~:IDkuS diu bl h,· ubh B a__rnIkllhl trr =::1 ny31 I [U . . ~rlb dsn gal,n m1D, n n s. .' ~ lJ,m plO kmu~
~I 1

de n gan

:~,I!i ns,a

eemb 'i,g,,,
d u

_.

n
'Teli ~g.
I

e
,n':1eF""U_-

r
l

akan I, dera pendengarar . Te 1.in:gIB •.Ii!I!'dili atas tiga b'ag'ia~, ·1m.t 'll b;aJ,g'1L' , -. t'e'.ing·a, :tUM, teli:n,g:a ' er~gah, d:m ..·Ie1 ng'o, dalam, T lila
Tel ,:~n,a,:.uar a.d,a,1,ah, b,ag'ian, tle':F'],u,a:f

,a.i

d,iaJ,U'11,

b!li,n,g',a'll

'_.ang:k:a daun .

~Ie' ]ing,1i

terdiri :ell'tas :ulanI' ra'.I,t" 'an elas tis ~


i

"•. ~ te ngah te rd 'Iri atas sal uran s e 'pa:l1j.an,g' :t '2,,5 em, ,ag an .-':i,s' 10 u't s a. ur an 't! 1 .n,g a I uar ,S"B, ur an i,,!l~l, 'b e ramb 'U,' d a ~. e I· m em:p u:l1y'a,:1 "k ,~,e,e -;'J ar S Ieb :SlS e a, :SH!!)S':-:m. S '1' :8, ~~a, g' dl'18,.1' ,ai, ~ ,s,,, .,--~.-Je has i,~'kn ~I- rne :Jl. ke -terran 'tt:j. ~_,ga~ :0,1 a mOt
Bagian lbe:d alam dari telin;g:a l'-'aF'aD,B' berbatasan dl!':n',' ,,_--_ __ elin:ga 'b!'lnL:g,aih berupa :5 uatu :se:'ap'u" e,: as tis ya.,' I,:g tipis, d,:i:s e;'DU,I~ d,e:ngan ge:ndan,g' ',e:U,:n,:g'aJ, (lnleln~b'~"a:I' 'iFn,p al1i),"
l

T II

en a

rn a

T--'i,~,g'a, t'le:n.g,ah b arupa 1'"0,-,.gg,a keeil '~'-a:I'g Lei ;is:i.'udl" ."~'yang' t't:rm ta~_ a,i, dalem ttd_c:' ter l:POra],t' dan dil,d.i~'lg:\',"a di],iiJ:p:i'si sel !epi tel, D'i d, iH lam 1'0:, '.g:ga, 'b!:I :in,ga be,11:" all, b!':rd,:a.:·a:t 'ti,ga tt~d,an,g' p,el"~lengara:l'.,, y'ai,tu _u,an:g rnartil, ,anl-~as"an dan, s,angg'l~rd,.:i ( s ta,plle S' )1 I!I . i,g'a, tula -.' ini s a :~,n:g . lie hub U'llS'" I, . g mal ~.' s,'-:[ld.i. yan,g 'berg'-'-,--'ro, ui
[0 -,-

lendesan

eli ,-:e:n:BM d an, s an:,s . -di. me] _'k'a",::.ada L'_JJ:a'n,g' yan.g d,is,e,b1L_~:t :~',t'~lg~a',pavol pada t el:i!1g:a
l

_c

"

I __

•~

,b·' '1 1 J(,.a_. il__ "1"" '" ..'. ~ ~i"':~ ,-,~g ,marl!l_L,-.__'1,_,_ .ka .-',",:,a ge,n, __an. ' , '!l.e_~_. '~ G
u

I""

,',

dalem,

~ ~n-:'... ("tl_ 'a.


~ ~_$: "
'J • _

Di sebe ah depan ~be:~ a, benga:h dihubungins'


rO;
~ll~

'n 10' - :.'~ fl:O'


I

@JIS

n-FIII
II

g'n- ,- 'Il#' '. " I~ d, e'n,:8an b!.1 in:ga IJ! I,g:ah~


Ii!

~ .n 'Ie h_ ~,.-' I· ElI' I~' ~,,~.I;·O'._.~ . L,! u~ 't:ae'l tius ) " ~~. b a e_is~·a.,eh.m\11s b '@ Jl~:__'n,gs i !'U
'nA'Ij;'
. •

c)-'O'O- Jt .. ka '0 0' :. 'I~O~


1 1

" ._

li V

.~

II

~j

1-'

,t '11'I" -'. " "iii :-.lill~ I I.

~I

~I ill
l~~~

'!:ii;li;"iJ

''I -.- A I! '&I


I'

• nf'ili'1,... ai' -'1 !!it


iIl,,~!'LU
I~~I~'

'IL.
~~'~'I

''I '!Ii"
iiI ~,-

'.'

~I

is -=-QI ,... ~ 1'U ~,." L~

"I~'

'~'1'"rIt'g '~·U~ 'r-=: ' "OJ rlM_i


i
II ~II

IGa'lbalf' g, 5
----I!--

S.' '...UF''telingl3 Imanusi,a ·

T Ii
I' . • .. . ""

L
"·lit.!!··~

n
. I .. III

. -la dal -t T a lOQ";:ta C,.·· .am ~ diri atas: .e La'bi,:~,'in eaea, yai.t'u 81e: an,g':k,aia,;' I~ong,'"a,'· aida, ' U, '2)l,:g' b!,nl,~ oral Y'aJ-',g: 'I,·map·s:i :s,ela.,_. ut pller'o'S"let, 'be:ris:" 'c,air, . Pi e ri1im fa,
l

""~H'"

2)

Lab irin membranasaa, mernpunyai bantuk '."ft. ',I' de ..Siat' mab m n, 10 S' Iea, 't'e "ta,pI, ItJe ,r:[e ak ... d alam n,ya. 1\',1 ' 11
"

SaQ1.a,

,'"eklea 'L. urtl,'~ Si: tl't) ~ tI,a;g:i,a;n., depan _abi.rin 'i!!"rdir.-' :a,:tas,~'_.IOI,.me;a sal'uf"an ' ang b!:I~di,~~i ~' '~!t'; ~,,:3, I,~,g-k" ~ " ~. ~. 'n-' : 11Ie~,~ IIL~' rd iil'il";1 at '~'g.',~ ~;~I ~''i"n- 0~,a v .JIlL. ~, . ~u 0
I:dil :£1

5:ejajar,'

:yai'_u S,al'U'I~,

III

t~.·l..

-'-;';l'\;' .

.•

'~Q

1.Il~lill

L·-~.

~I'~

t.~_~

~I ..~I~

'i 'il ':

~L~,~.

_.' iL-1Ji"

-'~'i'

ves _;~bU1UIl1 .;a;n,g b e:l~h;Ltbultgar\,d en,an

je!.n.ld.ei:a oval, saluran, 'b!,:ng'all dan aaluran timparu '-~I[el'U - u:n,g,-' ~I d e:n,gm-,. je.ltd,e'a bundar, l(jart saluran 1\'"',

f --~n!-)

ya,ns;

:y;_~ .: d,:1:'" is -~ d

'"I;

-L . '0' .:_ h

n~l',--j ,

'~larL

e den

:Da,fun, "be:' inga ,-e.: fungsi seperti CO,!"1i'Ji:n,g ". ,atlS me' , gunlp'!t~,_ . . an g'j!,Io:mb;an,- suara, kernudian k disalurkan :k[esaluran te:li:n',8, IUM,,, Hi, a g'elo:ln'b,w-'g' 5UU-a, :m,e:n,carpai s'elaput maka ge ,-:,dall@r :-:.,:m~, be':I~getar ~se',s''_-- _c-,Ie:ng~ ,- '~l:-:k:lJ1-nsi dan smphtudo IU8Ii!iL,

Tulang p'le'l'.cl,e~l,g,arM, ik

'_'I,

'b@,rgl

b e :rg[_-';.' 'IJ! ha,a~ m. ~s'uk 'ting},_,' me :n'-'I ie' tarkan cairan eri ,Un,fa. d:i skala 'v'e" tibuli, G 19' taran cairan iJJli, az.an 'neng:ge':ra,k,',,',a,n mern -',tan 'bas'i.llef" '~')al'g' d,e:n'gan, sendr in,ya, akan 'nrt,e:ngge'ta[':ka:m1, eairan da am sa LU'Bn timpani.

't'tt'an,g lai:t:ggt~:_-;d.i akan oval, de '-II,an Id.lem.ik~a:n.


aF.il'

Psrpindahen -111 ~-~ EJ'~ye;baDi ian n',iI!,mle''I-~ll:,l1y'~"n''~nl:b,mtl pada jane ela 'b __ ,d:iI,-,--. 'G = taran d,en,g" __ ~'_, n ~ fl~_:~"l;~=lnl:~ b!"r'be'n.t·t~ a.-,,a'_. ,,,1"., 'II... me i:l;gg' I,=. '.ru'"~:a_~, 1 \llt:"":S~1'NI ut b"lasI,,= :~~ ,y~~Ulg azan m -:ng ge rasSI' ,_ap I kat' ,se',l,~se:l,,1.'1funibu"t atas: ,d.an. It,ll ba',~~!~ ;,' etika 'ran:,b,u t-rambut ke 8112' , 'ine:n:yen:,', membran tekte ,-:al".b:!'I1:ad,i:rangs:an.g,an, [impuls] ;an,g em ltd, ian di kirim 'k_,e:p'us' a: pe nd en~g'arall,ll Kehilanga -. ind pend 'd~-I~II'P-"~[d W ani:J ~ lW,1!;U I", 'd,,~ ~ ,a.!f.!..~, dua ..T.'a,C~:.n, c-~,ai"t_~, ~ 'f'l_' '-__n,dzJaf~:karsnag - :-',gtltat1.' r~ nsmisi :S:tlata ,..,...'1 ,-,, ~l-...... A -1l Ie " w:- _~,'-0 - ,:1-",,'1, d~ :~U!eia-,i!tf'J~14',-,s:!tI'~" ,,- ~,a, ,t,_ fJ~ll, ~'k EU~L1S an, pa'~_Ij'8o,r.gm',o,~,
J1\ -:'

0"

'I,

't"

"r,.,..".;

II:__:~"

"I,

'e-Clij~

l!l;!L

-,-II!;:U

~c~~ IIj;: lILO'

-.,.-[ -. ,

I!I.,

':iL ii!ill1-:
'1;,

.o=:Ii,i~,;ji~fn

Ii.

:m"~,iii;

,1m;

f10rtL s_,'~_;_- ~vrL'ata,u"un L ')(u'";le:ks etak dlae,ral"

"'~'ll'_J!'_

'3lfal?'L

I
di bagian

nc um
:D all rah yan,g :s@ns:i.'lif

'l:1tl,:-

',-I)

in, ,-@:1:~_,

"lllcirUillM, -rilff"at
SH!j',_

a,bas .-0'11.118 lUI": un,S'," S'b~t -'tlU~' 'i,nde'ra·· ·ene~,lml.a;n; tll!:rd,~;I'ii

berup a se , s araf s eb a,s ai :re:5 [e P 'tor ..

atas

S:IEL

'pe:_',yo:~}O g yang' bl':fu.'pa __


nd u

51!'] I,: :i'_~,'

el dan

ba,u'.an,r

Fn

,~,a'. ym',g ,rrl

'iIi't .. ~ , ." .... ,... b .mlllrl~,li S:lIU'(, 'b' ';o:u . ·le:rl1.:pa

u,ap' atau gas 'nn..e' e a,p ai I'"I!s e p to 'I: bl a:l~-I, n m t_~,w,ue ara ~'IU:I" "oms i~a't i:ni.d 21.] . at' ,_fll!0!- ·t ,Z d. alam :,endi r p ada sella, 'I'U" le:OO i.l~,h:id, 'W'gif' kernudian teltjad:i p1engil,atan. .I;aJ.t dl',:ngan, 'p,roteinrnembran P ad,ade :\dl~i. dan timbu im fJl 'I-'Ii:" 'V;~lnlg-' 1if"11· ~J'::;',111"" if -. ,Ilk -&§ " -' ..L." ".... ('-"'[ m---' ~'n-UIJ'U o~ -, un.-:'~~ , ,~'L.:, U~Jll~,., Il~~
I

t 'ill glll~lr·~1l

jJll~.g!ll.:,.I.

~~~

gi'li"
[~l"':-

.-

"

Il~1

BI ~ ", ................
'~j.jlm!W,

·-.~U!:

c-

'j'

ft;~~

.~.

-:iiI_l',.t'IIf"-"fti

.I'Ii.1'i' _

~ll

r-

'

__

•••

1)

~,il:ll 8!rpl :l\\f!' tas .

iIt all, di Ito,~,~tre ks

0'

ak Pia ...a d ae', "ab, b

B.U

'2)1 :3)

dihubungkan d,le:n:gaJ'n pu,s;,a' lainn.·8" misalnya pusat :m,ttn.-ah,hila meneiern bau- 'a,'u,a;n,:. ',aJ)ll;g j~J-,>'"

p. mlle r d.&!:, g'a!l

[I'

Galmlb:a~St1 6 R,ong'ga Ihidun,g dan rese -' 'or ba~


1

,dis inl,: ~ an d i ke r

I' XS: 0

talc 5,eb ag ai me me ri t(.~,:l"gafta ~)I,~

151.-

Diduga se1tj,a,pl ,Z2'I:t penimbul rasa, bau hanya :me'1"al(l:g's:al1g S alt.u je ,- is I"e S: a p,'or :5aja, Dengan d.emik ian, 0 ,oak, d,;a"p'El't
,c_,-"

_enlb

'~o'=:an,berb -B"aj, -'~_,;-bau,


I

n
, ~i

mla
WI
J J

Anesm
~,)

11'~'!:Ii m
ll~

,i-,'Ii:-,.L ,~mm,-I 'alhl,~'1i?'il"!iig"'~!'''Iii rasa ~ Il~J L ~.. ~!triiJ! ~Ill


I J J

bau '!:;II'k"~b,,~,t',~,
UI'LtI:J t;.*_,
I

UJ"

III

" ~"Wl1b ~,'ta,,I,

:l~o:n,gga, hidv ng,


~j 'r"'O:r1Iggta,
I

I','

-,'5!ill:n, "'H p,-'- k, ·te'-~,ciB,-,-I" ,


- --

1',-olie
!!i"\,~_'. l.'

a JI'lL~ tume r'


'
- .... .'~... .... 'US ,tiK

'S e Ii' :rml1.IU 'U :I. - -- - '~... :L'

d, L:ln,8"~ - d'- ~-' :P ac at LI' .Iet., -"l ,;, 1""0rus ~ ,KS t-'_I

3:) IGang;B"1M r- ada, :sru.~

bulbus dan traktus 0 _fak:to:riulS: a, D,ll,

korteks

0'

1""!

,,~

.,

K''l~tlit erut '. akan mdera oeraba manuaia, kulit 't,e'I"dl:~'1'"i,S m a:t el? id ermis dan ermis '",~:':,i.de'rmis ialah lapis an" luar yang terd ,:;I~i ' atas la~ is an s e ya'ns: d isus un 51 aJ'lga't rapat jari ng'atn, e'l' itel. 8' I' -- ang't.an, dl~·nil is; '·,81ah la:~..i S 8_1 .- :i b :8.'W ah s :Pi,d, Q' rm i.s"C·~- g B_ ~@l"cl-',:lji aJtas:sel 'Y'ant ,Q:n,ggar:Y'-' -,8' le ak -:Y'8 'B\g's.k,-,-'B ~_-2lUllan,d ari S "I'trt :5: e 1 : s l liU_,a~
,
_I,
I~'

de

.anllJsia

n Pade :k'uh' -' '1":rC\,a,-: a, barb :~gai


an' tara 1m.n.:

J1,P-ras a d an jan

·.1 t1m'~U1'-·to,~,~

',~)

,"'Q~

,'eii~~

g, ,_: "
1'1

'-,·II"Ii'~1

~,~, ~

Res e .. 10:[' ras a n,yel:ri bel :rup:a" 1.1j ltl1g' s araf yal"rtg bebas. ,:' le'nis ii"el~'!l;,i ·lI!nn [l 1~lnl I rd i!:JiIP yJ, "'1- I !L!IIe' LJ:"I, til §I ~ ~11'~1~1111h J·I!I.:Illr~i ngjl~jnl I U, uh b-"' ub d 'I" ill! .'. b ad 8],]11,l11,:altt.p un ala. ' d '8 am, :Ras a ',I'J'e ti :8 an g' art p e'nt~,:n,g'
t!i ~ l!lu'u,
,iI,

,I~

'rI!!Ii

,~

., L-i,__:,

\.i,~,

,"",I

lll;,-_~,JLI,

. 1~1Ii, "iIi,1

,~','L-"U'I

II

. ILiU:

gll~·.

I,

k:a:rl akan 11@~nl'p'l!lt~~ n.gatk, -'-1 S ua b a:gian tt.lb,uh ~.=r'b!'m, tu ~


l ".-

:,U,

tie' -d - b e:na s;~n, pada


ujCtO ~, sla;raflOl

2)
3' )

Rasa
r··'

',;em:as;

dan, dingin,

R!'Sel-_: orn t

a, barupa

as a s:e'n,t.~-llal!l Res ep to r ras a, se ntuhan ialah korpu« ,':..-,e1S5:111CT, 4m ·-.. '-niter , .us
dan 'uj . :11:8' S·~'-'~:,·y'i!Dlg' rna In,gk,ru~i akar rambut, se;m,t~,2Ul,ya, b~I,-~,l,eb:lk Iekat permukaanl i,'.,'"

4)

:Ras a '"ek.anml1~:n"',I!':SEI'-,'tOf' rasa tekaaan, '" ail, U, k01pUS R, -,fj.:n.'- d ~In-' JrRiOSe'~ ,S'~J:nlUftnya, ter e" ak 'llg:aK (I ala

,P!acr,I~~"II~ n~-,.- da

:-,'ul~t~ .

'P,_ rmukaan 'I~I:-:--t,.. !L."a'l;;;:~· ,~~:~, 'II... -'n-,~ "I~,!IL~I tonjo !~~nl "1.1t-. WJl, !!!J ~" K~!ii!"I!a&, "~,,,,~, 'yan,g dis _I'b,u"_, 'PtI'_~_'Il~ 'J_,~le':l,u,~~'u,tb=:I"-_I.o:.J~,~~y'a papi a, dib = lakan ' :~1" adj, ti:g,~j, nis, .''aitu:
" , ", iii, ,", ,,' , iI!:ii",,~U" !iii, ,1II.1iiiIi,1!/. ~,@i,!§ii'ii"'.

r
':~,1'" '~i'fFliI,Ii~Ii/';y.-, ,iI"iu,!!';,I;I; ,. Ji,.Ii,,~,I!, v ~ Ii;

,I'I!iiU,~,

'c_.""

"

,~', ,P'IIL _, '_,I,IJ_I'_:a:rm,:J,'s:

,~']1

' -::_~ ii, 'II

f-

"',

:Pa"':.:la. 'Ifj',.(umis: '.~ erb=:I"tu.k, b'lln'Mg _. lus, 'ban,yak, "',lu:c1.apa:t a ,-'ada, 'b'a,gian Q"e:pan lidah, 1b~ :•. :'p ila. ,fitIrnS1ifo:I'Rlilis
"tuk" bJI'n~ollaIlisel'p.:.leirt~ 'ke'p·.aa, jamur, '".1 .. " ",I, . ,. _., 'brul. ak,:.I::':rd,a.p';at pi ad a be,S,lan de "M.lid,all dan b __'ia!" s,,~sll~I:__ , .. S 'Pap~',~la ."'O'i :'0 1'111'15: 'b'E!"@'·, ,. "," ,f'u) ,a" , ,.,' ,
1
H , ,.,. I .,

,I.,''''

:P' oila sir _~ vala:ta, be :l~b l':\' tuk b u:~at't, a l1n1 Ie


".' . ili-,a, ~l~
,~"\1l11_, ) .1Il] d]

lU _11I,~ I..

'k.-' d' '~I b'.'


I
11~J

II!IiI

jJl~,CJLlIll

11 ~11L.. ~ LUI ~ 0"

1t, d, w; 11 _,'ll...
~I.
J

Ijl i~i5 't!.~n le.: = 'U'S 5p

:r ti h:u~ru f

Ii

'D'~ d alanl

:5 atu

('tasb!'bt..t.-)~ SII!'tiap 'tosle'b'ud ,'-e'i'"d,ri atas e ,tI8, je ~il: s.-:, '-'~ai'.U!, 1) Se I :p e 11,YO ko :n,g 'J,'artg' be r '~Ul'g s~, -mtuk me OrO,p:a:ng,~ 2)1 S_l '_,e:n,g' ,~a:1 (51 :,11~ r Ii L'S 'bogai, I~=-5:1 'l'Or) :y,,:_,~" 11t ~ll,:ilJ(,~ bJI~~olall, se er -i m"ann'bl;l't 'ang' menonjol ke ,t_~a!!' ari resep .o~r , :pe':ng'ec;ap~
:Resi-':pb:rr 'U:11:tU'k rasa pahit, ,"e':'1. tama b!(,e·t·ak -- d-,'. ~"a.' _ - k'.it,'I ~-de 1- ..-.' d - - •an, u,n,u, k ras'a - "S _ :1<' a, , S-e',~rL,:g ----,_,"il,
--1-I -', -

,P alp ila

b! rd,apat b an]ra1t.. res tel 'I'tcu, :~.le:ng'e

C8:_.

:0-1

is dan e s,~,:n- al\: 'al( 'b~n~d, eft· i ,':1 '~j\_~.n,~, ' lid:

0.
iU

untuk
d
SiJ _" Hi §if!'"ifi'!ii iIt:U..JJ~'Il.i!!i

rasa as:am. terdapat di s:i.sLlidah


'D ~ _1'_- 'u d' !I;.';'ni
. . _' l~~IL,
1 , '.

'b'agian
~;' ~ -i

1Si;~~1
~~,-~

~J~I.~,

'~~I:t ,..;.~ 'I" , JJ;


"

Ul

t=ii IIL~,~,

'f],a,

nimbu r'~: ULll. ~JD .


II'

ilii'"al'~'~
1~~
!~_~'

ind era
1)1

,e:[';atS;'I,

d i. .. Ie d a]: .. n me.njadi b ebe f"a,', a a

P ahi t, yat~'
'''','
10" . ",

-~' _,'~,~,fl ,
/
=

~"'"
I

~A'

01itimb ttJ kan '0 leh alk 21' 0. id ',·,t, - ~ b--' ,.,-:-:~'IL 'J:-'-'~ ...
1

- D'''''"' ~,
1!Iii;.1,;1!
,

"~~

-"'""Y.i!!li!!"

',T:-:'g

1" ~',
c_'

~I'

'~.'!L:'

,,' ""-"',

rl8-'I'~'
• '

~I

e r s :~..f~a I"ae tln,", t


d it.·
~,_"'!;i.""

I'·

l_

'2) 3)1

,A,s::i n,

'I:b ul ,',an, 0 ],1911

ka lion -,- a, K, Ca,


I, ,

(11)1

:" anis d:-'t::in1bulkan, ole" gu, r'U,S IO:H'., IG''Ltgu.:s ~'n~ ! srdapat -ct- CtU'1 I'· k- ,t n d §'ii'n '~Ir.~m -. [~llno 'D1i,!li! 't;·-u 'p~r~::Ih" ~ "a 'I
l

. _.'~

I,U,

~I

"!!W

'U',;I;,',

" "~

,~I!WIIiIi,

r,

,i,,',

'_"

t- 1I!!i1n'" ['';;;,,1,''';; , I""'_-'II

131 amib;a' !It 18


(21)1 BUt) k1, , Ild'al~l.

Asem 'yang: ditirnbulkaa oleh ion H'"

(tJ') P a~plill, i

Z a: 'e rs eb D,t b ila mas


~

'U, •. ,,13 dalam '


1

mu lu t akan ter ~,MU.t' a am d


--ro"-:b, W t ".-_I: ,'1,& 1, , Ii ~ ~ la
,!,
I'

luda h, ,nfl-I'B' .d I..'.-,81-' kOI ,-I.;~'.' d,e 'ng'B11 5 l :~Q~~-'.'u ,'", ~'IIIIr"iiib,t,!111"1_ ~_. ' e; p_-1,,1a, '!s, .: : I~i-.i ..J~I
i~ ~,~~ ~

~'@'S P' '0 F' I'

,ras ~ m,e'ran;g:s·- 'l'S'


....:Il:"',:, _.
l ~ ~

S~'~'~ ']M,g;

"

.,

~~~

111'

'[" , ls uu 8'-..)an. eL.._~L._.~e'l-.pl.fh!iaS_ ~-,., - -- '1 '" " ,~ b: , ~ " d'- ..,1:)'1e'__s, OfW\ ... -.11 imputs -'an,:9= _agm rasa ,~;a~_a.'-. ... d.f .obus p;at-,:e,f.l, alis daerah k,l!lcaJ,P :p rimer danmemulai 'e~~ja,d:inya. refleks :pe·:l"'ig·l@ .uaran aj,r Iudah me, ,a)'ui. ~aEaf 0' ale """·1 d.an ~:X
--li-iii'

t' Sat8ir ,~ 0 8_'


1

I~

~~

-~~

=~
l

'.'1

~I'J

~l!

1,

-~

~I

I,JI'-,]~ _-;:'
~~"

--=k·-:.

I' _~
~

........It
'_1/-.-

[JaIl "A
". ,-,

'V

.." It"". .:1.., ·~8g,~8!'. s-nscu.:l1:S 11nH~'1"'~Jltlerak,


1 (," -,

,110

bag i.an,

nrUJI to ris

jj

hal p- :n' -n;g ap s, s,ajakah ·yan.8' :-~ rus d, It..,t - '-I,U], d. -- mT\, mll!·:mp e:[aj- ~:' a -:. nya?1 C a t a itt.ah d a 1;eun,b Ien hi.,l 'k ran Sk '-:_U11, as e 'l~ ~an." '_'tt k ar J ah h;a,Ii 1. E d 1 d'· II_!Im J!'ang·\UT.1i"n. 'Int- -,'~ --':f!.:t aJ,-,..mas 1~' _~~',_J','i: -=- amnu, an s;:arl tl
-c. ~
_c .... : ccCC~.'.
1"I' -

K am It 'te lah rn e~m,pe m,aj:a:ri sis tern kocrd :i:nas:i P ada manusta, H al-

I~

_:_

'I~ ada.

:ran'I"_ tDn,an. nlas:inl'-ln,81ing,~

'- ==_ ~

Aks

A'!I!"!iI1

'Y' .!Ii, irJ,

,Ak. .om,D dasi .. ,as'~, '

.,emmnpu:a:n, m.a
'mi- -a.m" . '-0
.I:,~, _,'!i;' _, _" _ I,
i

'la,

merub ah barrtuk
'!!::Iiil" ~
l~!!!,' , IL ..

Iensa

urr uk

I ~,._ u-

'-Ii!""

,Ii;!!'

_ ':_ ._J!!!,!l

a,li"!il

"1[&

.",

Ii;

nO"'~,Iiiiltl...a" ,~, II~, 1.__:-._,.

['- be t:a'Sj mrnirnal

msnim ~.,Iks ,-, p uls sara ~ya. -II: da a ,-,,",. n ngub IaJ1. _cr~!i_. bIt. ~'is _:5 trik,
S (L -' . 1~~:t .s ,aI,Bf ::-.'U01.:p'_l

:kek aran

-Ia'ng'sa;:~,g'an 'y'an:g d :-' ~Iat

!___

,.~,' d
~~_;.
'I.

'i~t'
'l~-~;-

'yan\g: ", ,'_ -

-11a]:ur:i(ElfIl :~_;',II \1 'S,


S' __
I., '"

- "l~ G af1!g,_l,Q 111,


I

-_ .~. I I

aI' baden-badan sel


;-0-'

.' N· u ro t riUlJEkl111,"t lEi


. -~ .-:--[ . ,--:['-j--'--:

' .. Ie.

,I ,

3at kiln:i,a di d,alanl bon ko~, s:i'na'pls mel g. - -~·t-'l~.ltan,.~- uls s __ ~l:
.

:J"~tl'gb,el'l'":-'un,g'si
b e l(-'_!- u:tl:gs 1

,_ _ e nye'D;t\1P J tan ::a __ s'el'!a~''~~'~,. a saraf ya:ns' m!e'm.p _-=ce',la' ~ aliran impuls Sk,~,: _~ _ ..
,

, e'siepi or

'. I!I:n,@1 run,a

ll~,arl8"sang
Il

S e lap u rn i.elin
,oS ,- 'I
. I' . . l~!, ....,1

',_.,_ ~ernb ungk --'s :ne 'uri f'mb ., it

,- __- - ,-- - Q_, -~,' ,-. 1 .w.w' . ,-.


" .,I~t

'Oil!

1f1iI!r.l··

:S:in'2l'
:5

tUEL saraf
sara! mia"

p _:n_,l'e._,-_~..,me n:y,a11iL:PImwn, :lniL:p S dari -'~_si,at


I~-,~'~---"

.-

e~lek',IG:I~'ii
I....:!II' ,-.

-'1''"'"1 ,. --. ,.. ' .. -I .. t '... ~son, ,@I.,en1uain arl..'larB, ._'11..,·.. .... d I·' -- '1 e.ngan,

dLl\E!,n,

,.... atau f' lO rrtt . ·t-, , e"e,l,.,[Ii,., , ""',

'··W,D"' a .
.r

b Ie rb e nh, k bo n'O"'ko, all ...


.I[

'1

'!II!

1"

,St-'lS

na ",sa "'ii' ',e" -1;" ,.1·_-:-" 1Q,lllng" . .l II: ~d,ok'-=in, ~~e':m-~,@',- t rk sua U IS' lef-~
'.<aft!'

6,,'·
_

b aw' -';t iL j
-;-'--:-'--:-'i -',~

-.'
I

EI,
''10;1'

QI'r',~
"

.n- o:l~ga
. -, ;-- n" .. --' _._RL_
ii

'0'

:-'-I~'ifi~I'

~ilII;i;!i·

"1-.'_-"

',-.

:.i

~~.

'ifi:~,.;r!-,'

,n,'''I'''' ti'!iin - I.v~,PiI'

-'"'-'"

.,_

:__:lseb'u,~
AI U
l~

~'!'"'~

11 ~ lb,,· :S~S'_l!ln, gang',d,Q,n, »; e. sssrem neuron


'"' l~ J 1

a' I~,

'I!t'! 'I~,' _~II.lJ" lii!lIi,'iii"'ll"i .IL.r.::II

~"'~,'.-'anl0·. _ 'I

a. janru __ I· b. allg:g'Q,ta g'le:rak


C'" '~,l,:I~Jw, -Ie'::~' -:-,'
• .--.'1

~ d',-

S ~ ,IS

n1. :::- rs:'- Ul"aSI~


i"'1,~ :I _

e~ sil'te:f-'
,

d. alat ,pe'""napas'a.n,
-'

"'naan,
b.. - ~-~~.l:. f!a'
I_

I!~ :sis',em,-I'o,Q,rd,U1as

g'if!s, ~1~l!L:,

2.. U':ru,"I' be'F,'ke,c:U, dari sistem


S,fjl_

saraf

adalah

il..

. :p,aras:m"lp21: -·'k', 1..


se'11S;QI!"'-:k :5: 11S:0

-=-J.....I;-'!il" iii' 11tl ii1l' D'~ ;__; ! ~.!l.~

-v---:glO'~'O'I .,~, '! ~ ...., ~


,i

ifr!~'

~I

,."o;~i!i

s_ 3
!!
'1-

dis =b,'u.t jus·a

~[lil""

b. n'A~1to:rik '
e. d

a,

b~ i

neuro

a, ~it
I .

,[\,I@'url't
I

r ik d ~,-:, aras :D1- p ,,~i" ik Pi e~ se'l'SO~,;"'"dan, motorik


'!!

d, ,n,I'utO g'.e ~ 'n;:: rilemrna u


3,. ,_an,., dimaksud
un

d,e':ngans:'t~S'Lu,an,saref
il

, t~;sa't'ad al ah B~ Ota:-', ".- -' S'Lblll,S:un:1, -tulang e,-a_k,an:g W b S,ar~" 0 t(U10:f1~. ~I-~' :pe':ri fS',f e. 'Otak,
jj

a, s:2b~ otak b, saraf etak

'j

,-,1m:

e.

X d,,~ s,w~· otak '~'C-]:II:

5 arid' 0 tak

1';0

saraf

0'

tek '.II
5 el

d ~ Sara:f':p e:ri,fe 'F'

e'~ Sumsum t.u1w1S' bela -:al'G'


t,. 'IJeln~tu1.ym18" d,@I:nd1"imya, berhubungan

9~ D~,antara dua
I,

,f'1ese:p'·or d.an ne"Uf"-'t -,1'a '1'- I' ~"'l"ul, 'ungs .. - d, e':n~g:=. :'l'@ U.: 0, - :l,a;~ : . .l disebut ne,unu,. ~~''''i a, sensorik
dj,e'n,g'8:11.
'I ~.

saraf Ibe(rdla:pa'l celah 'te'mpat 'erjadi ,:a, lompatan ' [l,PU, s Van- . ~.~ ·d-· sb JII 0 a, gang],io n d, :a.kS'O'1 ,'nd:f.· ,t b, sina, -"S" S C '" a~lle tULJJl~n
!tllf~ 'iIi,r.:i!I!I; ' r- 1:""
"U- ['!

iii"~i

. Ii

"~

b, me b) e. kenek

!I.'

10 .. ,'es,e

0:['

d" ale 1['\e'][l Eli alat :kl!'~~':·',ban:g"f .' 5.. S'us'u:nw:"l. sarm etenorn esat _,Jaital'nny'a

d.e :nsiU' a, be rpikir


tk, ~ U

'''~l''~'

yar1S' terdai a,' :pada, ratina :mata adalah a, sel b':a:tan,g dan se 1"e:ru,lcut b. sel 1.-"10, ak. dan sel ba-tan.g e. 51 = 1 k'e:lt'u!c:';~.f dan 5_,1 bulat sell b __ dan sel ko -ilk --'it.t _'" sel panjan._g dan sle_ p'e'ndek
'bll_,'
I
!Un

c' ~

'~." p" li!:!ii


W

-'_;Ii'I!I
I

~&J~.

e' 1/' n' '=ift'!ii"iI,


.iiI I J ,~ •• _ ~

l~J

e,

:nt@I' ,-~Jleng,::,-~
't~t -:-. !!..i'"

11..Ke :~,e jas n


L;O . iI!!i' K,I~
I

~t

ii~"" 'Ib' ~, ..' )~U".' k -"-~e-"n-'UJ - ij'[1- ~ ~U l.:


>Ol
t' .1, I'

end o:k:F.'i:n, d I,'$,e'b'll[t' j'ug:a


§
!i!!l i!iil

d, ~ ak -v-,"'-:tQI~ ,~~ : Yl,


1I!i;;,~.

0,.

endokrin -d~'-,
:kl'ilUSUS

~·e,·.}i1:I·"" ~yai alurs s

.-

I~

'k-,o~,::-d,cl~,'i;;;!--:
~iiif-,
I~" "

1161 .•

b. ,za't kimia :1',2118" d ihas ilkan endo krin

. -ct=-'--

14L Jndera J7'ang merm


t
ii,",~jj

d"'I!,dar:K,an ,-'au buntu


I'

',

S .-L 'ttr:_],1 -

m,' o.k Ii~ 'tidl.:-~,b f1cab ang~

Id'!1

100_

II; _

c:ab811g enc ot._,'.ill ,~~J'le!"Upla:l(,a:l1 __ l.= n.j.ar "_.' ta ~ .,' ~li~QJ l~.: !i:il o"t u" , ,,(, I al ah 'iIl... n'~ ]1 ~ '0 tid ak .Ie', e aD :a.ng
, §Iii"'!ii(lil' iI!" t.& ..

"b-

1;0

Ii;' ,_,

,L

i("i;

[',-

-"'!ii L

~ .,: Q,.-

."

~,II:;

;O, ']

,.

e"

"

p U.Ii,

':. ~nIO"' .U ,

paling' I!!'r.a:t ~,--,j,)~ a., :',- emba __ .. ~~--':_ca,p ,p III - - - bs - - -:g rtl... .... :r.' erne a , p-, - - Jl, na an, C '", ' ; 'I' :ng:1ha ~aJl'" e~~d. lr'1l:g aran i e d ~ Ie~,;a}J Pemb au :21. -·I,'lil pie ne tuman ar e. : @I :ra]b:a.~:p,e:,g'elc ap
e

'tnl1.,:Yw hubungan

'o!

--

;00

'1-',- .

=.

l'~'l!:RII!S,lep,'t"O:f y,fu',g' meneri --8, 'I~a'-,:gla~'g' :PIerub ah a '-~~ \l :h'u S II'_i ~I'I'S ft, ,t lLlb u.h is -'
c_

'~','et a, :I"e -.I -a 1-5" .e ~ ..u' j,'U,..r, "',_ -Y'-.~~ n- 'ililii, I!Lr.- -,t :~"l(U;~,p r~ 'J)
I

Oil

til, 'iii 'Ri"

be ,l·'k.el.ri.n,ga: 'te rd apat pada ·ill!1 :ktd~,' d ~ hi~_,'t:1:ng bill 0 tal< mata
,i '" to' ~

a, 1

b, 2
C'
lI,

d,~, ,4: ,,_,~ 51

!!111

'3

lei

O,;~'O'

13~Kuncu - ataru, ~~e'sp~. ,0 _ -- ("BS a 'un, ,u:~,c -J' . ~ln'~iIi."!! 'd!!ii'~~I~'pl~,t ada ""Jo~ ia~, 'uj'__ I' lidah -, d.,~, ·'~~ gk lidah b. tiengah ,jd,~ e", sisi idah e. :e:p:i :~i·_ ;'1
"

'!f!!~;i.'!"t!l:iil· .il, ~iiI!Ilg.

' .._. . ,~,

-!L;r;t

jl!<;',,mj, I[_~,~,

. iCL...

I,.. _~

I," ,_,

to,

'1,., ITui:ns':kafl dan je:~'as:kan,dua s 'b.s:~,s"tem :ylat~g ,m,em'b,en:tuk sistem 2,", T.l skan d,,-n jrelaskan bagian-b ag' all ot - -,~

keordinas].

'3,", A:pakaJ'\ yag d..mak.S'~1d, i


,4,., Hermon

I~_

.':

'-Sft . sis ~,_~:_ ~=,-~' oltolno:_.~,l_?' s:_


1

apakah 1'8.·[\g drhasilkan 0 ,Ie, k'l! enja,r oaratirosd a'ta'u, anak K1elainan a.l? a s tajak.ah. s },an,S" te l"~ad bila :_e ,1_,'_'U;f,ml!an, he :1'T.D0 :i_, ,"~? .i . J
1,_.

1'0" do ~,?

5,., Ie ask-an m,E!,kani:snl e'e'F,d.i!lng'un"8,


l

St1l8,tU,b'u'nY"I, 0 '

,eh ' e ,ing,a.,

Anda mungkin juga menyukai