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AS/NZS ISO 19110:2006

ISO 19110:2005

AS/NZS ISO 19110:2006


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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Geographic informationMethodology for feature cataloguing

AS/NZS ISO 19110:2006 This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee IT-004, Geographical Information/Geomatics. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 11 January 2006 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 27 January 2006. This Standard was published on 20 February 2006. The following are represented on Committee IT-004: ACT Planning and Land Authority ANZLIC - the Spatial Information Council Association of Crown Research Institutes New Zealand Australasian Fire Authorities Council Australian Antarctic Division Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian Hydrographic Office Australian Map Circle Australian Spatial Information Business Association CSIRO Exploration & Mining Department for Administrative and Information Services, SA Department of Conservation, New Zealand Department of Defence (Australia) Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Environment. NT Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Qld Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Tas Geoscience Australia Inter Governmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping Land Information New Zealand Land Victoria Mapping Sciences Institute, Australia Telecom New Zealand Western Australian Land Information System

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Keeping Standards up-to-date


Standards are living documents which reflect progress in science, technology and systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued. Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves they are using a current Standard, which should include any amendments which may have been published since the Standard was purchased. Detailed information about joint Australian/New Zealand Standards can be found by visiting the Standards Web Shop at www.standards.com.au or Standards New Zealand web site at www.standards.co.nz and looking up the relevant Standard in the on-line catalogue. Alternatively, both organizations publish an annual printed Catalogue with full details of all current Standards. For more frequent listings or notification of revisions, amendments and withdrawals, Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand offer a number of update options. For information about these services, users should contact their respective national Standards organization. We also welcome suggestions for improvement in our Standards, and especially encourage readers to notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or ambiguities. Please address your comments to the Chief Executive of either Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand at the address shown on the back cover.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 05521.

AS/NZS ISO 19110:2006

Australian/New Zealand Standard


This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Geographic informationMethodology for feature cataloguing

First published as AS/NZS ISO 19910:2006.

COPYRIGHT Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the publisher. Jointly published by Standards Australia, GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001 and Standards New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020 ISBN 0 7337 7255 2

ii

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee IT-004, Geographical Information/Geomatics. This Standard is identical with, and has been reproduced from ISO 19110:2005, Geographic informationMethodology for feature cataloguing. The objective of this Standard is to provide designers and analysts with a specification of how the classification of feature types is organized into a feature catalogue and presented to the users of a set of geographic data. The terms normative and informative are used to define the application of the annex to which they apply. A normative annex is an integral part of a standard, whereas an informative annex is only for information and guidance. As this Standard is reproduced from an international standard, the following applies: (a) (b) (c) Its number appears on the cover and title page while the international standard number appears only on the cover. In the source text this International Standard should read this Australian/New Zealand Standard. A full point substitutes for a comma when referring to a decimal marker.

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References to International Standards should be replaced by references to Australian or Australian/New Zealand Standards, as follows: Reference to International Standard ISO 19109 19115 ISO/TS 19103 Geographic information Conceptual schema language 19103 Geographic informationConceptual schema language Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS ISO Geographic informationRules for 19109 application schema Geographic informationMetadata 19115 Geographic informationRules for application schema Geographic informationMetadata

iii

Contents

CONTENTS

Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv Page Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v 1 2 3 4 5 6 6.1 6.2


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Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1 Conformance ......................................................................................................................................... 1 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 2 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................ 3 Principal requirements ......................................................................................................................... 4 Feature catalogue ................................................................................................................................. 4 Information elements............................................................................................................................ 4

Annex A (normative) Abstract test suite.......................................................................................................... 6 Annex B (normative) Feature catalogue template......................................................................................... 16 Annex C (informative) Feature cataloguing examples.................................................................................. 31 Annex D (informative) Feature cataloguing concepts .................................................................................. 46 Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 55

ISO 2005 All rights reserved

iii

ISO 19110:2005(E)

iv INTRODUCTION

Introduction
Geographic features are real world phenomena associated with a location relative to the Earth, about which data are collected, maintained, and disseminated. Feature catalogues defining the types of features, their operations, attributes, and associations represented in geographic data are indispensable to turning the data into usable information. Such feature catalogues promote the dissemination, sharing, and use of geographic data through providing a better understanding of the content and meaning of the data. Unless suppliers and users of geographic data have a shared understanding of the kinds of real world phenomena represented by the data, users will be unable to judge whether the data supplied are fit for their purpose. The availability of standard feature catalogues that can be used multiple times will reduce costs of data acquisition and simplify the process of product specification for geographic datasets.
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This International Standard provides a standard framework for organizing and reporting the classification of real world phenomena in a set of geographic data. Any set of geographic data is a greatly simplified and reduced abstraction of a complex and diverse world. A catalogue of feature types can never capture the richness of geographic reality. However, such a feature catalogue should present the particular abstraction represented in a given dataset clearly, precisely, and in a form readily understandable and accessible to users of the data. Geographic features occur at two levels: instances and types. At the instance level, a geographic feature is represented as a discrete phenomenon that is associated with its geographic and temporal coordinates and may be portrayed by a particular graphic symbol. These individual feature instances are grouped into classes with common characteristics: feature types. It is recognized that geographic information is subjectively perceived and that its content depends upon the needs of particular applications. The needs of particular applications determine the way instances are grouped into types within a particular classification scheme. ISO 19109, Geographic information Rules for application schema specifies how data shall be organized to reflect the particular needs of applications with similar data requirements.
NOTE The full description of the contents and structure of a geographic dataset is given by the application schema developed in compliance with ISO 19109. The feature catalogue defines the meaning of the feature types and their associated feature attributes, feature operations and feature associations contained in the application schema.

The collection criteria used to identify individual real world phenomena and to represent them as feature instances in a dataset are not specified in this International Standard. Because they are not included in the standards, collection criteria should be included separately in the product specification for each dataset. A standard way of organizing feature catalogue information will not automatically result in harmonization or interoperability between applications. In situations where classifications of features differ, this International Standard may at least serve to clarify the differences and thereby help to avoid the errors that would result from ignoring them. It may also be used as a standard framework within which to harmonize existing feature catalogues that have overlapping domains.

ISO 2005 All rights reserved

1 AUSTRALIAN/NEW ZEALAND STANDARD

Geographic information Methodology for feature cataloguing

Scope

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This International Standard defines the methodology for cataloguing feature types. This International Standard specifies how the classification of feature types is organized into a feature catalogue and presented to the users of a set of geographic data. This International Standard is applicable to creating catalogues of feature types in previously uncatalogued domains and to revising existing feature catalogues to comply with standard practice. This International Standard applies to the cataloguing of feature types that are represented in digital form. Its principles can be extended to the cataloguing of other forms of geographic data. This International Standard is applicable to the definition of geographic features at the type level. This International Standard is not applicable to the representation of individual instances of each type. This International Standard excludes spatial, temporal, and portrayal schemas as specified in ISO 19107, ISO 19108, and ISO 19117, respectively. It also excludes collection criteria for feature instances. This International Standard may be used as a basis for defining the universe of discourse being modelled in a particular application, or to standardize general aspects of real world features being modelled in more than one application.

Conformance

Because this International Standard specifies a number of options that are not required for all feature catalogues, this clause specifies 12 conformance classes. These classes are differentiated on the basis of three criteria: a) What elements of a feature type are required in a catalogue: 1) 2) 3) b) c) feature attributes only? feature attributes and feature associations? feature attributes, feature associations, and feature operations?

Is there a requirement to link feature attributes, feature associations, and feature operations to only one feature type or may they be linked to multiple feature types? Is there a requirement to include inheritance relationships in the feature catalogue?

Annex A specifies a test module for each of the conformance classes, as shown in Table 1.

ISO 2005 All rights reserved

COPYRIGHT

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AS/NZS ISO 19110:2006, Geographic information Methodology for feature cataloguing


This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

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