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Concrete Technology (9021)

Experiment No. 5

EXPERIMENT NO : 5
1.0 TITLE:
1. To determine soundness of cement by Le-Chatelier's apparatus

2.0

PRIOR CONCEPTS:
1. Types of cement, ingredient of cement, normal consistency of cement.

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NEW CONCEPTS
Propositions 1: Soundness of Cement The cement is said to be sound when the percentage of free lime and magnesia is with in specified limits . These materials expand in the structure and thus the concrete or mortar also expand, causing unequal expansion of paste. Propositions 2: Soundness of cement Disintegration of cement compound is determined by Le- Chatelier apparatus.

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LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
Intellectual Skills: 1. To decide the suitability of given cement sample. Motor Skills 1. To fill up the Le-Chatelier mould and placing glass plate as per procedure. 2. To measure expansion of the pointer. Diagram

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APPARATUS AND MATERIALS:


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Le-Chatelier apparatus Weighing balance accurate up to 0.1gm Water bath with electric heating arrangement Measuring cylinder Glass plates

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

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Concrete Technology (9021)

Experiment No. 5

6. Stop watch 7. Trowel 8. Tray Materials: 1. Cement sample 2. Water

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STEPWISE PROCEDURE ( AS PER IS : 4031):


1. Prepare a cement paste formed by gauging cement with 0.78 times water required to give a paste of standard consistency. The gauging time should not be less than 3 minutes nor greater than 5 minutes. Oil the inner surface of the mould. Place the mould on a glass sheet and fill it with cement paste, taking care to keep the edges of the mould gently together. Cover the mould with another piece of glass sheet and peace a small weight on this covering glass sheet and immediately submerge the whole assembly in water at a temperature of 27Cand keep it for 24 hours. Take out the assembly from water after 24 hrs. Measure the distance between the indicator points and record it (D1) Submerge the mould again in water and bring the water to boiling in 25 to 30 minutes and keep it boiling for three hours. Remove the mould from the water. Allow it to cool and measure the distance between the indicator points and record it ( D2 ). Three samples should be tested and average of the results should be reported.

2.

3. 4. 5. 6.

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OBSERVATIONS:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Types and brand of cement ... Grade of cement ....... Weight of cement sample Water required for standard consistency ( Wc) (P) =gm =...%

Water added to the cement sample =0.78 x P x Wc =..

For Soundness test of cement:

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Concrete Technology (9021)

Experiment No. 5

8.0

RESULTS:
The expansion of the cement in the Le Chatelier apparatus is found to be .mm

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BIS REQUIREMENTS:
As per IS:269, when tested by Le Chatelier method, un -aerated ordinary portland cement shall not have an expansion of more than 10 mm.

10.0 CONCLUSION:
Since the average expansion of cement is... mm here Cement sample is (sound /unsound.)

11.0 QUESTIONS:
Write Answers to QQQQ. .Q( The Question No. to be allotted by teacher ) 1. State the maximum permissible Percentage of magnesia and lime in OPC & PPC ? 2. Which is the another, method to decide the soundness of cement. 3. Will you use unsound cement -.? If yes where will you use it .? 4. What are the ill effects of unsound cement on structures? . 5. State whether the BIS requirement for soundness of rapid hardening and low heat cement is different ? State the reason. 6. Why the water in this test is boiled up to its boiling point. .? 7. State the factors which can control unsoundness of cement. .? 8. What is the significance of initial split of 0.5 mm.? 9. State the importance of soundness test of cement. .? 10. State whether fineness of cement affect the soundness of cement.

( Space for answers)

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

23

Concrete Technology (9021)

Experiment No. 5

( Space for answers)

Signature of teacher

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION