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CONTOH SOAL

ANALISA STRUKTUR II

X:

Y:

L1
L2
L3
L4

q1
P3
8

E 9

EI

10 F

1,2EI

H2

2 EI

P1
H1

L3

L2

5.00
4.47
4.00

m
m
m

[ TUGAS ]
L1 = 3,Y
L2 = 6,0
L3 = 4,X
L4 = 6,0
H1 = 4,Y
H2 = H1

L4

*/* PENYELESAIAN
1/ MOMEN UJUNG JEPIT (FEM)
AC
1.5 1.5
BD
-5.625 kN.m
M.AC =
M.BD =
5.625 kN.m
M.CA =
M.DB =
-90 kN.m
90 kN.m

L.AC
L.DF
L.EF

EF
M.EF =
M.FE =

CE
M.CE =
M.EC =

0 kN.m
0 kN.m
-26.667 kN.m
26.667 kN.m

DF
M.DF =
M.FD =

0 kN.m
0 kN.m

DG
M.DG =

q1
q2
P1
P2
P3

20+X,Y
1,5 (q1)
15+X,Y
08+X,Y
10+X,Y

=
=
=
=
=

0 kN.m
0 kN.m

-76.00 kN.m

2/ MATRIKS DEFORMASI [A]


DERAJAT KETIDAK TENTUAN KINEMATIS (DKK) = 6 (4.ROTASI 2.TRANSLASI)
AKIBAT D1=1 SATUAN
D5

D6
9

D2
10

11

d10

d9

8
7

d8

12

D3

D4

D1=1

D1
3

C
d7

d4
+d5

d3

+d6

H
S

H=1
H/4.0 = V/3.0
H/4.0 = S/5.00
3.0
4.0 5.00

V=
S=

0.7500 0.7500
1.2500 1.2500

2
1
1.5
1.2
1.5

L1

CD
M.CD =
M.DC =

kN/m
kN/m
kN
kN
kN

1,5EI

20.00
30.00
15.00
8.00
10.00

2 EI

H
1

q1
q2
P1
P2
P3

P2

12

q2

1
4

m
m
m
m

H1 4.0 m
H2 4.0 m

11

1,5EI

3.0
6.0
4.0
2.0

4.47

2.0
4.0

4.0 4.47
2.0

kN/m
kN/m
kN
kN
kN

2
H=1
V1
V2

tg b = 4.0/2.0 = 1/V1
V1 = 0.5000 0.5000

S1

S1

UNTUK
d1=d2
d3=d4
d5=d6

D1
= +S/LAC =
= -V/LCD =
= +H/LBD =

H + V1

0.2500
-0.1250
0.2500

d7=d8 =
d9=d10 =
d11=d12 =

V2 = V V1
V2 = 0.7500 0.5000 =
=

0.25

1.1180

-0.2500
-0.0625
-0.2500

-H/LCE =
-V2/LEF =
-S1/LDF =

AKIBAT D2 = 1 SATUAN
S

d10

d9

D2
E

+d8

H=1

tg b = 4.0/2.0 = 1/V
0.5
V =
H / H2 = S/LFD
S
= 1.118

+d7

UNTUK D2
d7=d8
= +1/LCE =
d9=d10 = V/LEF =
d11=d12 = +S/LDF =

0.2500
-0.125
0.2500

MATRIKS [A]

[A]

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

D1
0.2500
0.2500
-0.1250
-0.1250
0.2500
0.2500
-0.2500
-0.2500
-0.0625
-0.0625
-0.2500
-0.2500

D2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2500
0.2500
-0.125
-0.125
0.2500
0.2500

D3
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

D4
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

D5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0

D6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0

MATRIKS [A]T
1
2
3
4
5
6

1
0.2500
0
0
0
0
0

2
3
4
0.2500 -0.1250 -0.1250
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
0.2500
0
0
1
0
0

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
0.2500 -0.2500 -0.2500 -0.0625 -0.0625 -0.2500 -0.2500
0
0.2500 0.2500 -0.125 -0.125 0.2500 0.2500
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0

3
3/ MATRIKS [S]
5.00
1.5
1
2
1.2000 0.6000
1
0.6000 1.2000
2
0
0
3
0
0
4
0
0
5
0
0
6
0
0
7
0
0
8
0
0
9
0
0
10
0
0
11
0
0
12

2
3
0
0
1.3333
0.6667
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4/ MATRIKS KEKAKUAN

[S] . [A]

[K]

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

##
6.0
4

4.0
6

2
5

0
0
0.6667
1.3333
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
2.0000
1.0000
0
0
0
0
0
0

4.0
8

1.2
7

0
0
0
0
1.0000
2.0000
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1.2000
0.6000
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0.6000
1.2000
0
0
0
0

[K] = [A]T . [S] . [A]

1
2
0.4500
0
0.4500
0
-0.2500
0
-0.2500
0
0.7500
0
0.7500
0
-0.4500 0.4500
-0.4500 0.4500
-0.0938 -0.1875
-0.0938 -0.1875
-0.5031 0.5031
-0.5031 0.5031

3
0.6000
1.2000
1.3333
0.6667
0
0
1.2000
0.6000
0
0
0
0

4
0
0
0.6667
1.3333
2.0000
1.0000
0
0
0
0
0.6708
1.3416

5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.6000
1.2000
1.0000
0.5000
0
0

6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5000
1.0000
1.3416
0.6708

= [A]T . [S] . [A]


1
2
3
4
5
6

1
2
3
4
5
6
1.1508 -0.4531 -0.2500 -0.0031 -0.5438 -0.5969
-0.4531 0.5234 0.4500 0.5031 0.2625 0.3156
-0.2500 0.4500 3.7333 0.6667 0.6000 0.0000
-0.0031 0.5031 0.6667 4.6750 0.0000 0.6708
-0.5438 0.2625 0.6000 0.0000 2.2000 0.5000
-0.5969 0.3156 0.0000 0.6708 0.5000 2.3416

MATRIKS [K]=INVERS

[K]1 =

1
2
3
4
5
6

1
1.6082
1.3677
-0.0583
-0.1712
0.1974
0.2325

2
1.3677
3.7194
-0.2917
-0.3507
-0.0151
-0.0490

3
-0.0583
-0.2917
0.3149
-0.0202
-0.0761
0.0465

4
5
6
-0.1712 0.1974 0.2325
-0.3507 -0.0151 -0.0490
-0.0202 -0.0761 0.0465
0.2655 0.0226 -0.0772
0.0226 0.5417 -0.0698
-0.0772 -0.0698 0.5299

Download - Cara Operasi-Baris GaussJordan

K-INVERS.ZIP

1
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.0000
0.5000
0
0

4.0
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5000
1.0000
0
0

1.5
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.3416
0.6708

4.47
12
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.6708
1.3416

4
5/ MATRIKS GAYA LUAR {Q}

*FREE BODY
F

E
P3
80.00

26.67

26.67

40.00

P2

40.00

40.00

40.00

0.50
10.00

P1

10.00

20.00

Q2

0.00

20.00

40.00

40.00
8.00

90

76.00

C
180.00

90

90

90.0

130.00

60.00
68.0

198.0
5.625

103.13

15.00

A
145.0
Q1
Q2

=
=

123.13
-10.00

6/ VEKTOR LENDUTAN
{D} = [K]-1 . {Q}
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

=
=
=
=
=
=

187.793
149.995
-27.852
-14.805
14.878
40.102

20.00

Q1

103.13

20.00

198.0

5.625

Q3
Q4

=
=

-84.38
14.00

Q5
Q6

7/ VEKTOR GAYA DALAM


{H} = [S].[A].{D}
67.7954
H1 =
51.0840
H2 =
-93.9544
H3 =
-85.2563
H4 =
111.2344
H5 =
126.0394
H6 =
-41.5046
H7 =
-15.8664
H8 =
-10.8003
H9 =
1.8118
H10 =
24.8549
H11 =
-11.9781
H12 =

=
=

Q
Q
Q
P
P
Q
P
P
Q
P
Q
P
Q

-26.67
26.67
8/ MOMEN AKHIR
M = H - M.PRIMER
73.4204
MAC
=
126.0394
MBD
=
45.4590
MCA
=
-3.9544
MCD
=
-41.5046
MCE
=
111.2344
MDB
=
-175.2563
MDC
=
-11.9781
MDF
=
76.0000
MDG
=
-15.8664
MEC
=
15.8664
MEF
=
-24.8549
MFE
=
24.8549
MFD
=

Periksa
.M
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

5
BTG - EF

FREE BODY

q1= 20.00

q1
HEF

P3

MEF
P2

Q = 80

4.0

P1

Q1= q1 . L3 = (20.00) (4.00) =


Q MEF = 15.866 kN m
P MFE = 24.855 kN m
4.00 m
LEF
=
HEF = HEC
HFE
HEF = 24.343
HFE
20.0
30.0
15.0
8.0
10.0

MFE
VFE

VEF

q2

q1
q2
P1
P2
P3

HFE

kN/m
kN/m
kN
kN
kN

80.00 kN
+

+
= HFD
= 24.343

M.F = 0
VEF . LEF Q. LEF/2 MEF + MFE = 0
VEF = [ 80.00 (2.00) + 15.866 24.855 ] / 4.00
VEF = 37.753 kN
VFE = Q
VEF = 42.247 kN

BTG - EC
VEC = VEF =
VCE = VEC =

VEC
MEC

P3

37.753 kN
37.753 kN

15.866 kN m
41.505 kN m

P MEC =
P MCE =

HCE

M.E = 0
HCE 4.0 + MCE + MEC = 0
HCE = [ 41.505 + 15.866 ] / 4.00

4.0
C

H=0
HEC = HCE + P3 =

HCE

14.343 kN

24.343 kN

MCE
VCE

BTG - FD
VFD = VFE =
VDF = VFD =

VFD
MFD
HFD

42.247 kN
42.247 kN

M.F = 0
HDF (4) VDF (2) + MDF MFD = 0
HDF = [ 42.247 (2.00) 11.978 + 24.855 ] / 4.00
HFD = HDF = 24.343 kN

F
4.0

HDF

BTG - DG

MDF

76.00
60.0

2.0

24.343 kN

8.00

D
VDF

24.855 kN m
11.978 kN m

Q MFD =
P MDF =

68.0

2.0

BTG - CD
VCE

P MCD =
P MDC =

VDF

HCE

3.954 kN m
175.256 kN m

HDF
HCD

VCE =
VDF =

HDC

HCA

180.00

MCD

HDB

37.753 kN
42.247 kN

MDC

VCD

VDC

6.00

.MD = 0

VCD' (6.0) 180.00 (3.0) + MCD + MDC = 0


VCD' = [ 180.00 (3.0) 3.954 175.256 ] / 6.0
VCD = VCD' + VCE =
97.884 kN
VDC
VDC

Lihat CE, CA
Lihat DF, DB

60.132 kN

= VCE + 180 + VDF VCD


= 162.116 kN
49.318
24.343

HCD = HCA HCE =


HDC = HDF HDB =

14.343 =
59.318 =

34.976 kN
-34.976 kN

BTG - AC
VCA=VCD

MCA

Q MCA =
Q MAC =

MA

HCA

VCA = VCD
VA = VCA + P1

P1= 15.00

4.0

45.459 kN m
73.420 kN m
=
=

97.884 kN
112.884 kN

M.C = 0
HA (4.00) + VA (3.00) P1 (1.50) MA MCA = 0
HA = [112.884 (3.00) 15.00 (1.50) 73.420 45.459] / 4.00
49.318 kN
HA =

HA

VA

HCA =

49.318 kN

MA

3.0
BTG - BD
VDG
VDB
VDB
VB

VDB
MDB

68.0 kN
=
= VDC + VDG
230.116 kN
=
= VDB = 230.116 kN

HDB

M.D = 0
HB (4.00) MB MDB = 0
HB = [ 126.039 + 111.234 ] / 4.00

4.0

HB
HDB == HB

59.318 kN

HB
MB

VB

Q MDB = 111.234 kN m
Q MBD = 126.039 kN m

59.318 kN

7
** PERIKSA - TERHADAP SYARAT KESETIMBANGAN
P1
P2
P3
Q1
Q2
MA
VA
HA
MB
VB
HB

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

15.00
8.00
10.00
80.00
240.00
73.420
112.884
49.318
126.039
230.116
59.318

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN m
kN
kN
kN m
kN
kN

P3
Q1

4.0

P2

P1

Q2

4.0
A

HA
MA

VA

HB

VB

3.0

4.0

2.0

MB

2.0

9.00
8.00

// TABEL KONTROL KESETIMBANGAN


JUMLAH GAYA VERTIKAL
+VA
+VB
P1
P2
Q1
Q2

=
=
=
=
=
=

112.884
230.116
-15.000
-8.000
-80.000
-240.000

0.000

** GAMBAR DIAGRAM

JUMLAH GAYA HORISONTAL

JUMLAH MOMEN DI TITIK B

+HA
HB
+P3

=
=
=

49.318
-59.318
10.000

+VA (9)
MA
MB
P1 (7.5)
+P2 (2)
+P3 (8)
Q1 (4)
Q2 (2)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1015.960
-73.420
-126.039
-112.500
16.000
80.000
-320.000
-480.000

0.000

M.B

0.000

BIDANG MOMEN
GAYA GESER / LINTANG
GAYA NORMAL / AKSIAL

** Metode 'Matriks-Kekakuan' yang digunakan masih merupakan Metode Matriks Kekakuan yang sederhana
yang hanya memperhitungkan Deformasi-Lentur struktur (Deformasi Geser dan Aksial, diabaikan).
Metode ini adalah tahap awal dari pembelajaran tentang 'Metode Matriks Kekakuan'
Metode Matriks Kekakuan yang lebih lengkap (Kekakuan Langsung / Direct Stiffness Method), disamping
memperhitungkan Deformasi-Lentur juga menyertakan Deformasi Geser dan Aksial di dalam analisisnya,
sehingga Gaya-gaya akhir yang diperoleh bukan hanya Momen-Lentur, tetapi juga berupa Gaya-Geser/
Lintang dan Gaya-Normal/Aksial.