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PHYS 1402 FINAL REVIEW

Exam 1 1) Which one of the following statements concerning electromagnetic waves is false? Electromagnetic waves are longitudinal waves. 2) Which one of the following statements concerning the wavelength of an electromagnetic wave in a vacuum is true? The wavelength is inversely proportional to the frequency of the wave. 3) Light of wavelength 500 nm in air enters a glass block with an index of refraction of n=1.5. When the light enters the block, which of the following properties of the light will not change? The frequency of the light.

4) The table lists the index of refraction for various substances. Through which substance will light with a vacuum wavelength of 589 nm travel with the greatest speed? Ethyl alcohol.

5) Which one of the following statements concerning the index of refraction for a given material is true? For a given frequency, it is inversely proportional to the wavelength of light in the material.

6) Which one of the following phenomena would be observed if the wavelength of light were increased? The angular separation between the fringes would increase.

7) In a Youngs double-slit experiment, a fringe pattern is produced for each of the 3 different visible light wavelengths. Which one of the following sets is

the correct order for the most number of fringes to the least number of fringes on the diffraction scale? Blue, yellow, red

8) Which one of the following statements best explains why interference patterns are not usually observed for light from 2 ordinary light bulbs? The two sources are not coherent.

9) Which of the following statements is not a characteristic of a plane mirror? The image is real.

10)In the figure, Joe is using a device known as a periscope to observe an object, represented by an arrow. The periscope contains 2 plane mirrors tilted at an angle of 45o relative to the observers line of sight. Which one of the following pairs of characteristics of the final image is correct relative to those of the object? Upright, virtual

11)A beam of light passes from air into water. Which is necessarily true? The frequency is unchanged and the wavelength decreases.

12)A ray of green light travels through air and is refracted as it enters a glass prism shown in the figure. An unknown liquid is in contact with the right side of the prism. The light then follows the path shown. Which one of the following statements concerning the situations is true? The index of refraction of the unknown liquid is the same as that of the glass.

Exam 2 1) In a scene from a movie, a nearsighted character removes his glasses and uses them to focus the nearly parallel rays from the sun to start a fire. What is physically wrong with this scene? The eyeglasses have diverging lenses and cannot be used to focus parallel rays.

2) Two charges q1 and q2 are separated by a distance r. If the magnitudes of the charges are doubled and their separation is halved, then what happens to the electrical force between these two charges? It increases by a factor of 16.

3) Consider the following statements: i. A positively charged sphere will repel a negatively charged sphere. ii. A negatively charged sphere will attract a negatively charged sphere. iii. A positively charged sphere will attract a negatively charged sphere. iv. A positively charged sphere will attract a neutral sphere. Which of the above statements are correct? III and IV only.

4) A positively charged pith ball is suspended by an insulating thread. A neutral conducting rod on an insulating stand is brought toward the pith ball as shown. If the metal sphere touches the rod The rod will become positively charged.

5) An electron travelling horizontally enters a region where a uniform electric field is directed upward. What is the direction of the force exerted on the electron once it has entered the field? Downward

6) Two uniformly charged spheres are firmly fastened to and electrically insulated from frictionless pucks on an air table. The charge on sphere 2 is three times the charge on sphere 1. Which force diagram correctly shows the magnitude and direction of the electric forces:

7) A conductor is placed in an electric field under electrostatic conditions. Which of the following statements is correct for this situation? The electric field is zero inside the conductor All conduction (valence) electrons go to the surface The electric field on the surface of the conductor is perpendicular to the surface All of the above apply

8) Point P is equidistant from 2 point charges +Q and Q of equal magnitude as shown to the right. If a negative point charge is placed at P without moving the original charges, the net electrical force the charges +Q and Q will exert on it is Directly upward

9) The figure shows the electric field lines in the vicinity of 2 point charges. Which of the following statements concerning this situation is true? The magnitude of the ratio (q2/q1) is 0.7

Questions 10, 11, and 12 pertain to the following situation: The sketch shows cross sections of equipotential surfaces between two charged conductors shown in solid black. Points on the equipotential surfaces near the conductors are labeled A, B, C, ..., H.

10)What is the magnitude of the potential difference between points A and H? 600V

11)What is the direction of the electric field at point E? Toward G

12)How much works is required to move a +6.0 C point charge form B to F to D to A? +1.2 x 10-3 J

Exam 3 1) Which of the following statements concerning permanent magnets is false? When a permanent magnet is cut in half, one piece will be a north pole and one piece will be a south pole.

2) Complete the following statement: The electromotive force is The maximum potential difference between the terminals of a battery.

3) Which of the following circuits has the largest resistance? E

4) An atom of helium and one of argon are singly ionized one electron is removed from each. The two ions are then accelerated from rest by the electric field between 2 parallel plats with a potential difference of 150 V. After accelerating from one plate to the other, Both ions have the same kinetic energy

5) A copper wire is stretched so that its length increases and its diameter decreases. As a result, The wires resistance increases, but its resistivity stays the same.

6) The potential difference across the ends of a wire is doubled in magnitude. If Ohms law is obeyed, which of the following statements concerning the resistance of the wire is true? The resistance is not changed.

7) Which one of the following statements concerning resistors in series is necessarily true? The current through each resistor is the same.

8) A physics student performed an experiment in which the potential difference V between the ends of a long straight wire was varied. The current I in the wire was measured at each value of the potential difference with an ammeter and the results of the experiment are shown in the table. Trial V (volts) I (amperes) 1 5.0 0.25 2 10.0 0.50 3 15.0 0.75 4 20.0 1.00 5 25.0 1.50 6 30.0 1.65 7 35.0 1.55 8 40.0 1.53 Which one of the following statements is the best conclusion based on the data? The wire obeys Ohms law over the range of potential differences between 5 and 20V. 9) In the circuit shown, resistor A has three times the resistance of resistor B. Therefore, The potential difference across A is three times the potential difference across B.

10)The battery shown in the circuit has no internal resistance. After you close the switch, the brightness of bulb B, will increase

11)The following circuit contains a battery, three resistors, and two ammeters connected as shown. The battery and wires are ideal. All three resistors are different. If ammeter A1 reads a current of 10 mA, what can be said about the current in ammeter A2? The current in ammeter A2 is exactly 10mA.

12)The circuit below contains a battery, a switch, three ammeters, and two resistors. The battery and the wires are ideal. When the switch is closed, the voltage reading across the 6 resistor is The same as reading across the 3 resistor.